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# 2.

## Design, develop, and run a program in any language to implement Johnsons

algorithm and determine its performance.
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using LabPrograms;
using System.Diagnostics;
namespace ConsoleApplication
{
class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
TestJohnsonAlgo();
}
}
private static void TestJohnsonAlgo()
{
int i, j, n,k,source, check;
bool flag=false;
int[] dist = new int[20];
int[] parent = new int[20];
int[,] w = new int[20, 20];
int[] N = new int[20];
int[] D = new int[20];
JohnsonAlgo johnsonAlgo = new JohnsonAlgo();
Console.Write("\n Enter the no. of vertices:");
Console.Write("\n Enter the weight matrix:");
for (i = 1; i <= n; i++)
for (j = 1; j <= n; j++)
{
if (i != j)
{
Console.Write("\n Enter the weight of edge w[{0:D}]
[{1:D}]:", i, j);
if (w[i, j] < 0)
flag = true;
}
}
if (flag)

{
for (i = 1; i <= n + 1; i++)
{
w[i, n + 1] = 999;
w[n + 1, i] = 0;
}
source = n + 1;
for (i = 1; i <= n + 1; i++)
{
dist[i] = 999;
parent[i] = 999;
}
dist[source] = 0;
parent[source] = -1;
check = johnsonAlgo.BellmanFord(dist, w, parent, n);
if (check == 0)
{
Console.Write("\n No solution exists because of -ve edge
cycle in input graph!!! \n\n");
return;
}
for (i = 1; i <= n; i++)
for (j = 1; j <= n; j++)
{
if ((i != j) && (w[i, j] != 999))
w[i, j] += dist[i] - dist[j];
}
}
// Print the details of the distance b/w source and vertex
for (j = 1; j <= n; j++)
{
int m;
k = 1;
source = j;
for (m = 1; m <= n; N[m++] = 0)
;
D[source] = 0;
N[k++] = source;
johnsonAlgo.Dijikstras(D, N, source, n, w, k);
Console.Write("\n(source s,vertex v): shortest distance from
source {0:D} to vertex v \n", j);
for (i = 1; i <= n; i++)
{
if (johnsonAlgo.InotinN(N,i,n) != 0)
Console.Write("\n (V{0:D},V{1:D}):{2:D} \t", N[1], i, D[i]);
if ((N[i] != source) && (N[i] != 0))
{

## Console.Write("\n (V{0:D},V{1:D}):{2:D} \t", N[1], N[i],

D[N[i]]);
johnsonAlgo.Print(N[i],D,w,source,N);
}
}
Console.Write("\n\n");
}
Console.WriteLine("--------------------------------------------------------");
}
using
using
using
using

System;
System.Collections.Generic;
System.Linq;
System.Text;

namespace LabPrograms
{
public class JohnsonAlgo
{
static int j = 2;
public int BellmanFord(int[] dist,int[,] w ,int[] parent,int n)
{
int i, j;
for (var pass = 1; pass <= n; pass++)
{
for (i = 1; i <= n + 1; i++)
for (j = 1; j <= n + 1; j++)
{
if ((dist[i] + w[i, j]) < dist[j])
{
parent[j] = i;
dist[j] = dist[i] + w[i, j];
}
}
}
for (i = 1; i <= n + 1; i++)
for (j = 1; j <= n + 1; j++)
{
if ((dist[i] + w[i, j]) < dist[j])
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
public int InotinN(int[] N,int i,int n)
{
for (var j = 1; j <= n; j++)
if (N[j] == i)

return 0;
return 1;
}
public int Min(int a, int b)
{
return a < b ? a : b;
}
public int Print(int x,int[] D,int[,] w,int source,int[] N)
{
if (D[x] == w[source, x])
Console.Write(" {0:D} --> {1:D} ", source, x);
else
{
while (true)
{
if (D[x] == (D[N[j]] + w[N[j], x]))
{
Print(N[j],D,w,source,N);
break;
}
j++;
}
Console.Write(" --> {0:D} ", x);
}
return 0;
}
public int Dijikstras(int[] D, int[] N, int source, int n, int[,] w,int k)
{
int i,j,x=0,min;
for (i = 1; i <= n; i++)
if (i != source)
D[i] = w[source, i];
while (true)
{
min = 999;
for (i = 1; i <= n; i++)
{
if (InotinN(N,i,n) != 0 && D[i] < min)
{
min = D[i];
x = i;
}
}
if (InotinN(N,x,n) != 0)

N[k++] = x;
else
N[k++] = 0;
if (k == n + 1)
break;
else
{
for (i = 1; i <= n; i++)
if (InotinN(N,i,n) != 0)
D[i] = Min(D[i], D[x] + w[x, i]);
}
}
return 0;
}
}
}

Output:

## Enter the no. of vertices:3

Enter the weight matrix:
Enter the weight of edge w[1][2]:1
Enter the weight of edge w[1][3]:3
Enter the weight of edge w[2][1]:2
Enter the weight of edge w[2][3]:4
Enter the weight of edge w[3][1]:5
Enter the weight of edge w[3][2]:2
(source s,vertex v): shortest distance from source 1 to vertex v

(V1,V2):1

1 --> 2

(V1,V3):3

1 --> 3

(V2,V1):2

2 --> 1

(V2,V3):4

2 --> 3

(V3,V2):2

3 --> 2

(V3,V1):4

3 --> 2 --> 1