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REPASO: Treaty of Versailles

(ToV) 1919-1920
AIMS AND REASONS OF BIG 3(ToV done to
see what to do with Germany after WWI)

WILSON (USA) (14


points)

1) Disarmament:

because of the

increasing
tensions, ARMS
RACE caused
WWI.

LLOYD GEORGE
(UK)
1) Punish Germany (but
not to harsh):

2)Self-Determination:

Imperialism created
tension and conflict.
Led to WWI.

CLEMENCEAU
(France)
1) Cripple Germany
(divide into smaller
states):

Fear of revenge
Dont want to leave
France as major power.
(Germany lo
equilibraba)
Good trade partner
Lloyd George has
National Interest
(piensa en el futuro.)
Still, Britons suffered
lots of loss = quieren
un duro castigo =
pressure on the
president.

In 19th Cent.

Too weak G. Could fall


to Communism.

2)Reduce German Navy: 2)Reparations ($200


UK had best navy, major Billion):
source of power. German
War fought in French
navy had grew and was
big competition.

3)Free Navigation &


Trade:

USA economic
interest.
Interindepence =
less likely to solve
problems by
aggresion.

Germany was divided


into smaller states.
German unification =
cause of WWI. And
added problems to
French security.
Fear of Germany
becoming a
superpower.

Western Front. Need to


rebuilt.
El pas con mas deudas,
necesitaba repay.

3)Take German
3) Obtain AlsaceColonies:
Lorraine, Saar &
Rhineland:
Britain to grow in power
Evadir que Germany gain Good industries produced
power.

there.
Resentment = antes
Als.Lorr, pertenecia a Fr.
Good for economic
recovery.
Buffer Zones = + security

4)Set up LoN:

4) Disarm Germany:
Germany is a border

To create a forum
to settle disputes
by peaceful means.

To stop secret
pacts which led to
+ tensions = wars.

country. Need of +
security.
Lower down German
power to up rise their own.

WHY DID ToV CAUSE RESENTMENT IN


GERMANY?
Diktat:

Germany had to accept complete blame for the

war.
Reasons for resentment:
1. Humilliation: no negotiations
2. Germany wasnt the only guilty
country for starting the war.
3. Felt betrayed by Wilsons 14
point list. (Wilson announced his 14
p. Before the ToV confference was
done, Germany tomo por sentado que
esos 14 p, iba a ser el castigo)

Reparations:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

(decided on 1921) 6600 MILLION MARKS.


Para los Germans era un blanc check pq lso hicieron firmar el
ToV
sin decirles la cifra.
Reasons for resentment:
Germany already had its
own problems + weak
economy.
Germany was the only one
that had to pay

Military Forces:

Limited to 100.000 soldiers


Only 6 battleships
No air force
Demilitarisation of Rhineland
Conscriptions banned

Territory:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Saar to LoN (for 15 years)


Upper Silesia to Poland
Alsace-Lorraine to France
Union with Austria =
BANNED

Reasons for resentment:


Army was a sign of pride
Only Germany disarmed
Unemployement for
industries who provided
godos for the army.
Reasons for resentment:
Loss of industrial reas
Less power
German speaking people
now living in other states