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Getting to Know The Periodic Table of Elements

Instructions: Check off each step as you complete it. Be sure to use the appropriate colors. It
needs to be color-coded.
_____1. Fill each box in the blank chart with the chemical symbol, the atomic mass (the larger
number), and the atomic number (the smaller number). Complete this on the large periodic
table
_____2. Label the following parts: Complete this on the large periodic table.
A. Period numbers 1-7.
B. Group (family) numbers 1-18.
C. Zig_zag.
_____3. Color in each of the following groups (families). Each group needs to be a different color.
Be careful, some elements belong to more than one group. You must show that. Some
elements will not be colored in. Complete this on the small periodic table 1.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.

Alkali metals (blue)


Alkaline earth metals (green)
Transition metals (yellow)
Halogens (orange)
Noble gases (also known as inert gases). (red)
Lanthanide series (purple)
Actinide series (gray)
Synthetic elements (leave white)
Legend (Key).

_____4. Trace the metals in blue; trace the metalloids in green; trace the nonmetals in yellow.
Complete this on the small periodic table 2.
_____5. Trace the gases in red; trace the liquids orange; trace the solids in purple. Complete this
on the small periodic table 3.
_____6. Label the ionization energy trend in blue on the small periodic table 4. Label the
electronegativity trend in red on the small periodic table 4.
_____7. Identify other trends and label them on the small periodic table 5. Include a legend and
color code them.
_____8. Label the relative size of atoms and ions on the small periodic table 6.

Unit: Atomic and Molecular Structure


Directions: Using the table below, complete an orbital diagram, an electron configuration, and a
lewis dot structure for elements 1-18.
Element
(chemical
symbol and
name)
Hydrogen
H

Orbital Diagram

Electron
Configuration
1s1

Shell
Diagram

Lewis Dot
Structure

Math in Chemistry

Classification of Matter

CElements Atoms Ions Isotopes and Perodic Table Concept Map

Name________________________________

Period___ Date ___/___/___

1 Matter & Measurements


TIME PROBLEMS & DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS
As chemistry students, you have two goals with problems. First, get the correct answer. Second, be able to
show others WHY your answer is correct. Dimensional analysis meets both of these goals.
Dimensional analysis is always a Given value and one or more conversion factors that allow you to
determine the Desired value.
1 hour
60 min
60 min
1 hour
Any mathematical fact can serve as a conversion factor. 1 hour = 60 minutes
or
Ex. Convert 1.25 years into seconds.

1. Convert 2.83 days into seconds.

2. Convert 7.72 years into days.

3. Convert 0.0035 weeks into seconds.

4. Convert 180 days into minutes.

5. Convert your age into seconds

Density is often used as a conversion factor between the mass and volume of a sample. For example, the
density of liquid mercury is 13.6 g/mL.
6. What is the volume of a 175 gram sample of mercury?

7. What is the mass of 1.00 gallon of mercury? [1 cup = 236.588 mL]

8. When I carry in a 5-gallon container of water from my car, I always wonder its weight. I looked up on the
web and found that 1 lb = 0.453542 kg and 1 qt = .946353 Liter. Calculate its weight in pounds.

Lecture Measurement and Calculation

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. In figure A, the measurement recorded in your notebook would most likely be...
a. 24.6

c. 24.6 cm

b. 24

d. 24 cm

2. In figure B , the measurement you would include in your lab notebook would be...
a. 24.6 cm

c. 24.63

b. 24.63 cm

d. 24 cm

3. Look at figure A and figure B. Which ruler in which figure would provide you a more precise
measurement?
a. A

b. B

4. The units cm represent a unit that measures


a. length

c. temperature

b. mass

d. volume

5. In figure C, the scale shows a mass of 0.567 grams. How many significant figures should you
record in your notebook?
a. 1

c. 3

b. 2

d. 4

6. You measured 0.567 grams on a scale. You also measured the acceleration of gravity to be 9.8
m/s*s (meters per second squared are the units for acceleration). You now have to multiply
0.567 grams and 9.8 m/s*s to find force. How many significant figures should you record in your
notebook?
a. 1

c. 3

b. 2

d. 4

7. You measure the volume using a graduated cylinder from figure D. The number and unit you
would most likely record in your notebook is ...
a. 25 mL

c. 26.5 mL

b. 26 mL

d. 26.5 g

8. You measure the temperature of water in the beaker. Using figure E, the number you most likely
record will be
a. 85 degrees Celsius

c. 55.5 Kelvin

b. 85.5 degrees Celsius

d. 85.5 Kelvin

9. How many significant figures should your answer have from reading the thermometer in figure E
a. 1

c. 3

b. 2

d. 4

_ 10. If you read the thermometer in figure E, recorded the significant figures properly, then what
should your number be in scientific notation?
a. 8 x 10 exp 0

c. 8.55 x 10 exp 1

b. 8.5 x 10 exp 1

d. 8.6 x 10 exp 1

_ 11. Using figure F, which diagram shows precision?


a. a and b

c. c and d

b. b and c

d. a and c

_ 12. Using figure F, which diagram shows accuracy and precision?


a. a

c. c

b. b

d. d

_ 13. You measured 3.0 inches and you need to convert it to centimeters because scientists use the
metric system. After you use dimensional analysis (show work below for 1 point), your final
answer should be ...
a. 7.62 in

c. 7.7 in

b. 7.62 cm

d. 7.7 cm

_ 14. Significant figures show precision or accuracy in an answer?


a. accuracy

b. precision

Question 15: Show your work from problem 13 using dimensional analysis.

16. Carbon
17. O
18. F
19. Be
20. Lithium
21. He
22. Boron
23. Cl
24. Argon
25. Ne
26. Hydrogen
27. Sodium
28. Mg
29. Si
30. Phosphorus
31. Aluminum