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UTRAN Chapter 1

2012

UTRAN Chapter 1 2012 General Introduction to WCDMA SRAN6.0 BSC6900 System Hardware Structure RNC Hardware Structure
General Introduction to
General Introduction to
WCDMA SRAN6.0 BSC6900 System Hardware Structure
WCDMA SRAN6.0 BSC6900 System
Hardware Structure
UTRAN Chapter 1 2012 General Introduction to WCDMA SRAN6.0 BSC6900 System Hardware Structure RNC Hardware Structure

UTRAN Chapter 1

2012

FOREWORD • The BSC6900 is an important network element (NE) of Huawei Single RAN solution.
FOREWORD
• The BSC6900 is an important network element (NE)
of Huawei Single RAN solution. It adopts the
industry-leading multiple radio access technologies,
IP transmission mode, and modular design. It
features high capacity, high integration, excellent
performance, and low power consumption.
• The BSC6900 can be flexibly configured as a
BSC6900 GSM only, BSC6900 UMTS only, or
BSC6900 GU as required in different networks
Page3
REFERENCES • BSC6900 GU Product Description • BSC6900 GU Technical Description • BSC6900 GU Hardware
REFERENCES
• BSC6900 GU Product Description
• BSC6900 GU Technical Description
• BSC6900 GU Hardware Description
Page4

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OBJECTIVES • Upon completion of this course, you will be able to: – Detail the
OBJECTIVES
• Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
– Detail the functions of the components of BSC6900
– Detail the hardware structure of BSC6900
– Detail the signal flows in BSC6900
– List the typical hardware configuration of BSC6900
Page5
CONTENTS 1. BSC6900 System Overview 2. BSC6900 Hardware Architecture 3. BSC6900 Signal Flows 4. BSC6900
CONTENTS
1. BSC6900 System Overview
2. BSC6900 Hardware Architecture
3. BSC6900 Signal Flows
4. BSC6900 Typical Configuration
Page6

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2012

BSC6900 POSITION IN UMTS/GSM UE/MS UTRAN/GBSS CN Uu/Um Iu/A/Gb BSC6900 GU Iu-CS/A Iub NodeB CS
BSC6900 POSITION IN UMTS/GSM
UE/MS
UTRAN/GBSS
CN
Uu/Um
Iu/A/Gb
BSC6900 GU
Iu-CS/A
Iub
NodeB
CS
Iur
BTS
Iub/Abis
MBTS
BSC6900 GU
PS
Iu-PS/Gb
Page7
CAPACITY Specification ITEM System Capacity (Boards Supported by BSC6900 System Capacity (Boards Supported by
CAPACITY
Specification
ITEM
System Capacity (Boards
Supported by BSC6900
System Capacity (Boards
Supported by BSC6900
V900R012)
V900R013)
UMTS network
Traffic (Erl)
80,400
100,500
PS (UL+DL) data throughput
(Mbit/s)
12,000
24,000
Number of NodeBs
3,060
3,060
Number of cells
5,100
5,100
GSM network
Traffic (Erl)
24,000
Same*
Number of cells
2,048
Same
Number of TRXs
4096 Same
Maximum number of PDCHs to
be configured
30,720
Same
Maximum *A multi-core number board of DPUf activated is added in the TC subrack. In BM/TC combined 16,384 and all-TDM mode, the
PDCHs (MCS-9)
Same
number of subracks is reduced from
1MPS+3EPS to 1MPS+2EPS.
Page8
Gb interface throughput (Mbit/s)
1,536
Same

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2012

FLEXIBLE TOPOLOGIES AND SMOOTH EVOLUTION • The BSC6900 can be flexibly configured as a BSC6900
FLEXIBLE TOPOLOGIES AND SMOOTH EVOLUTION
• The BSC6900 can be flexibly configured as a BSC6900
GSM, BSC6900 UMTS, or BSC6900 GU; therefore, it is
applicable to various networking scenarios.
• The BSC6900 can be configured as one of the three
variants, therefore facilitating the smooth evolution
between GSM, GSM&UMTS, and UMTS.
• The functions of the BSC6900 boards can be set
online to dynamically adjust the capacity
allocation between the GSM network and the
UMTS network.
Page9
HIGH INTEGRATION AND CAPACITY OF GSM • Dual Switching Planes (IP+TDM) – The IP plane
HIGH INTEGRATION AND CAPACITY OF GSM
• Dual Switching Planes (IP+TDM)
– The IP plane supports a maximum of 20 Gbit/s
switching capacity.
– The TDM plane supports a maximum of
128K×128K switching capacity.
• A maximum of 16,384 active PDCHs are
supported.
• Maximum traffic: 24,000 Erl
• Comprehensive BHCA: 5,900,000
• Gb throughput: 1,536 Mbit/s
Page10

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FEATURES • Supporting GSM/UMTS dual-mode network and the all-IP platform • Supporting dynamic data configuration
FEATURES
• Supporting GSM/UMTS dual-mode network and
the all-IP platform
• Supporting dynamic data configuration and
smooth expansion of the system capacity
• Supporting different types of clock sources
– Line clock, BITS, GPS, external 8 kHz clock
• Supporting star, chain, and tree networking with
NodeBs and BTSs
• Supporting E1/T1, STM-1, FE and GE
transmission
• Supporting HSPA+, DPI, and PTT (UMTS services)
Page11
FLEXIBLE HARDWARE CONFIGURATION • GSM have three kinds of Hardware Configuration – BM/TC separated mode
FLEXIBLE HARDWARE CONFIGURATION
• GSM have three kinds of Hardware
Configuration
– BM/TC separated mode
– BM/TC combined mode
– A over IP mode
• Division of hardware configuration is not
involved in the BSC6900 UMTS.
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BSC6900 EVOLUTION PATHS BSC6810 BSC6900 BSC6900 (UMTS) SW upgrade with Legacy HW + New HW
BSC6900 EVOLUTION PATHS
BSC6810
BSC6900
BSC6900
(UMTS)
SW upgrade with Legacy
HW + New HW (optional)
UMTS only
UMTS only
SW upgradewith Legacy HW +
New HW (mandatory)
BSC6900
BSC6900
Dual mode
Dual
mode
SW upgradewith Legacy HW
+ New UMTS HW
(mandatory)
BSC6000
SW upgradewith Legacy
HW + New HW (optional)
BSC6900
BSC6900
GSM only
GSM only
(GSM)
GBSS8.1/RAN10
GBSS9.0/RAN11
GBSS12.0-13.0
2006
2008
2009
/RAN12-13
Page13
DUAL MODE DESIGNS GSM&UMTS Co-cabinet GSM&UMTS Cabinet RNC BSC RNC Software Upgrade RNC BSC RNC
DUAL MODE DESIGNS
GSM&UMTS Co-cabinet
GSM&UMTS Cabinet
RNC
BSC
RNC
Software Upgrade
RNC
BSC
RNC
BSC
RNC
BSC
 Smooth evolution from BSC to RNC with software upgrade
 Reducing CAPEX by reusing hardware
 Dynamic capacity adjustment between 2G&3G
Page14

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FEATURE OF BSC6900-CO OAM Unified CME: Simultaneous 2G/3G data configuration, correctness, and efficiency guaranteed
FEATURE OF BSC6900-CO OAM
Unified CME:
Simultaneous 2G/3G data
configuration, correctness,
and efficiency guaranteed
Unified WEB LMT for maintenance:
Easy and visual maintenance of
2G/3G systems
Page15
Interface board FEATURE OF BSC6900-CO TRM UMTS data UMTS data IP/TDM networks 3G 3G 2G
Interface board
FEATURE OF BSC6900-CO TRM
UMTS data
UMTS data
IP/TDM networks
3G
3G
2G
GSM data
2G
GSM data
Dual-mode BTS
Co-TRM
BSC6900
Page16

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FEATURE OF BSC6900-CO RRM Service direction on UMTS/GSM Load control between UMTS/GSM UMTS UMTS Heavy
FEATURE OF BSC6900-CO RRM
Service direction on UMTS/GSM
Load control between UMTS/GSM
UMTS
UMTS
Heavy loadHeavy load
Load control
by inter-RAT HO
Voice service
Data service
GSM
GSM
Heavy loadHeavy load
The load control between GSM/UMTS improves the
service quality by directing services to different RATs
(GSM/UMTS) based on the service type.
Load control between GSM/UMTS enables the traffic to
be shared between GSM and UMTS networks. This
improves network utilization.
Huawei Lab Simulation
Page17
CONTENTS 1. BSC6900 System Overview 2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure 3. BSC6900 Signal Flows 4. BSC6900
CONTENTS
1.
BSC6900 System Overview
2.
BSC6900 Hardware Structure
3.
BSC6900 Signal Flows
4.
BSC6900 Typical Configuration
Page18

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CONTENTS 2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure 2.1 Cabinets 2.2 Subracks 2.3 Subsystems and Boards 2.4 Cables
CONTENTS
2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure
2.1 Cabinets
2.2 Subracks
2.3 Subsystems and Boards
2.4 Cables
Page19
BSC6900 CABINET • The BSC6900 uses the standard N68E-22 cabinet  The N68E-22 cabinet is
BSC6900 CABINET
• The BSC6900 uses the standard N68E-22
cabinet
 The N68E-22 cabinet is of two
types, the single-door cabinet
and the double-door cabinet
2200 mm
2200 mm
800 mm
800 mm
600
600 mm
mm
N68E-22 Cabinet (Single-door/Double-
door)
Page20

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COMPONENTS OF THE CABINET • Based on functions, cabinets are classified into the following types:
COMPONENTS OF THE CABINET
• Based on functions,
cabinets are
classified into the
following types:
MPR: main processing rack
EPR: extended processing cabinet
TCR: transcoder rack
(1) Air inlet
(2) Subrack
(3) Air defense
frame
(4) Power
distribution box
(5) Cable rack in
the cabinet
(6) Rear cable
trough
Page21
MAIN PROCESSING RACK (MPR) • Only one MPR is configured in the BSC6900. • Components
MAIN PROCESSING RACK (MPR)
• Only one MPR is configured in the BSC6900.
• Components of the cabinet:
Power distribution box
– Main processing subrack (MPS)
– Extended processing subrack (EPS)
2
EPS
• Power consumption of a GSM MPS ≤ 1200 W
• Power consumption of a GSM EPS ≤ 1200 W
1
EPS
• Power consumption of a UMTS MPS ≤ 1490 W
• Power consumption of a UMTS EPS ≤ 1310 W
0
MPS
MPR
Page22

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EXTENDED PROCESSING RACK(EPR) • A BSC6900 can be configured with one EPR or no EPR.
EXTENDED PROCESSING RACK(EPR)
• A BSC6900 can be configured with
one EPR or no EPR.
Power distribution box
5
EPS
• Components of the cabinet:
– Extended processing subrack (EPS)
4
EPS
• Power consumption of a GSM EPS
≤ 1200 W
3
EPS
• Power consumption of a UMTS EPS
≤ 1310 W
EPR
Page23
TRANSCODER RACK (TCR) • A BSC6900 can be configured Power distribution box with 0 to
TRANSCODER RACK (TCR)
• A BSC6900 can be configured
Power distribution box
with 0 to 2 TCRs.
8
TCS
• Components of the cabinet:
– Transcoder subrack (TCS)
7
TCS
• Power consumption of a
GSM TCS≤ 1000 W
6
TCS
TCR
Page24

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POWER DISTRIBUTION BOX  2 groups of 48 V inputs in 1+1 hot backup mode
POWER DISTRIBUTION BOX
 2 groups of 48 V inputs in 1+1 hot backup mode
 6 groups of independent 48 V outputs
Power distribution box
Subrack 2
Subrack 1
Subrack subrack 0 0
(1) Power distribution monitoring
(2) Run indicator
(3) Alarm indicator
board
(4) Mute switch
(5) Power output switch
(6) Power output switch labels
Page25
CONTENTS 2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure 2.1 Cabinets 2.2 Subracks 2.3 Subsystems and Boards 2.4 Cables
CONTENTS
2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure
2.1 Cabinets
2.2 Subracks
2.3 Subsystems and Boards
2.4 Cables
Page26

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SUBRACK 436 mm 12 U 500 mm (1) Fan box (2) Mounting ear (3) Guide
SUBRACK
436
mm
12 U
500
mm
(1) Fan box
(2) Mounting ear
(3) Guide rail
(4) Front cable trough
(5) Board
(6) Ground screw
(7) DC power input port
(8) Monitoring signal input port for
the power distribution box
(9) DIP switch
Page27
DIP SWITCH ON THE SUBRACK • The DIP switch on the subrack consists of eight
DIP SWITCH ON THE SUBRACK
• The DIP switch on the subrack consists of eight bits from bit 1 to bit 8.
Bit
Subrack
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
ON
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
1
0
0
0
0
1
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
0
1
0
0
0
2
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
1
1
0
0
0
3
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
0
0
1
0
0
4
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
ON
Page28
1
0
1
0
0

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2012

SLOTS IN THE SUBRACK • The boards are installed on both the front and rear
SLOTS IN THE SUBRACK
• The boards are installed on both the front and
rear sides of the backplane, which is located
in the middle of the subrack.
(1) Front slot
(2) Backplane
(3) Rear slot
Page29
UMTS MPS • Only one MPS is configured in the BSC6900. 14 15 16 17
UMTS MPS
• Only one MPS is configured in the BSC6900.
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
D
D
D
D
D
D
P
P
P
P
P
P
O
O
U
U
U
U
U
U
I
I
I
I
M
M
Rear panel
/
/
/
/
/
/
N
N
N
N
U
U
I
I
I
I
I
I
T
T
T
T
c
c
N
N
N
N
N
N
T
T
T
T
T
T
Backplane
S
S
S
S
G
G
P
P
P
P
C
C
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
U
U
U
U
U
U
Front panel
P
P
P
P
P
P
C
C
/
/
/
/
/
/
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
D
D
D
D
G
G
P
P
P
P
C
C
U
U
U
U
G
G
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Page30

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UMTS EPS • A BSC6900 UMTS can be configured with 0 to 5 EPSs. Rear
UMTS EPS
• A BSC6900 UMTS can be configured with 0 to 5 EPSs.
Rear panel
Front panel
Page31
GSM MPS (IN BM/TC SEPARATED MODE) • Only one MPS is configured in the BSC6900.
GSM MPS (IN BM/TC SEPARATED MODE)
• Only one MPS is configured in the BSC6900.
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
O
O
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
M
M
Rear panel
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
U
U
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
c
c
Backplane
T
T
S
S
D
D
G
G
X
X
X
X
N
N
C
C
P
P
C
C
Front panel
P
P
P
P
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
a
a
a
a
a
a
g
g
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Page32

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GSM EPS (IN BM/TC SEPARATED MODE) • A BSC6900 GSM can be configured with 0
GSM EPS (IN BM/TC SEPARATED MODE)
• A BSC6900 GSM can be configured with 0 to 3 EPSs.
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Rear panel
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
Backplane
T
T
S
S
D
D
D
X
X
X
X
N
N
C
C
P
P
P
Front panel
P
P
P
P
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
a
a
a
a
g
g
g
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Page33
GSM MPS (IN BM/TC COMBINED MODE) • Only one MPS is configured in the BSC6900.
GSM MPS (IN BM/TC COMBINED MODE)
Only one MPS is configured in the BSC6900.
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
O
O
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
M
M
Rear panel
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
U
U
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
c
c
Backplane
T
T
S
S
D
D
D
D
G
G
X
X
X
X
N
N
C
C
P
P
P
P
C
C
Front panel
P
P
P
P
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
a
a
a
a
a
a
g
gd
f
f
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Page34

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GSM EPS (IN BM/TC COMBINED MODE) • A BSC6900 GSM can be configured with 0
GSM EPS (IN BM/TC COMBINED MODE)
• A BSC6900 GSM can be configured with 0 to 3 EPSs.
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
D
D
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
P
P
Rear panel
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
U
U
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
f
f
Backplane
T
T
S
S
D
D
D
D
D
D
X
X
X
X
N
N
C
C
P
P
P
P
P
P
Front panel
P
P
P
P
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
a
a
a
a
g
g
g
f
f
f
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Page35
GSM MPS (IN A OVER IP MODE) • Only one MPS is configured in the
GSM MPS (IN A OVER IP MODE)
Only one MPS is configured in the BSC6900.
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
O
O
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
M
M
Rear panel
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
U
U
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
c
c
Backplane
T
T
S
S
D
D
D
D
G
G
X
X
X
X
N
N
C
C
P
P
P
P
C
C
Front panel
P
P
P
P
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
a
a
a
a
a
a
g
g
f
f
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Page36

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GSM EPS (IN A OVER IP MODE) • A BSC6900 GSM can be configured with
GSM EPS (IN A OVER IP MODE)
• A BSC6900 GSM can be configured with 0 to 3 EPSs.
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Rear panel
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
Backplane
T
T
S
S
D
D
D
D
D
D
X
X
X
X
N
N
C
C
P
P
P
P
P
P
Front panel
P
P
P
P
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
a
a
a
a
g
g
g
f
f
f
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Page37
TRANSCODER SUBRACK (TCS) • A BSC6900 GSM can be configured with a maximum of four
TRANSCODER SUBRACK (TCS)
• A BSC6900 GSM can be configured with a maximum of four TCSs.
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
Rear panel
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
Backplane
D
D
D
D
D
T
T
S
S
P
P
P
P
P
N
N
C
C
Front panel
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
f
f
f
f
f
a
a
a
a
(opt
(opt
(opt
(opt
(opt
)
)
)
)
)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
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CONTENTS 2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure 2.1 Cabinets 2.2 Subracks 2.3 Subsystems and Boards 2.4 Cables
CONTENTS
2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure
2.1 Cabinets
2.2 Subracks
2.3 Subsystems and Boards
2.4 Cables
Page39
BSC6900 LOGICAL STRUCTURE Clock (optional) Clock synchronization subsystem To BTS/NodeB To other BSCs/RNCs
BSC6900 LOGICAL STRUCTURE
Clock (optional)
Clock
synchronization
subsystem
To BTS/NodeB
To other BSCs/RNCs
Interface
Switching
Service
processing
To MSC
subsystem
processing
subsystem
To SGSN
subsystem
OM subsystem
LMT/M2000
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SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM • The switching subsystem performs the following functions: – Provides data and signaling
SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM
• The switching subsystem performs the following functions:
– Provides data and signaling switching
• Intra-subrack Media Access Control (MAC)
switching
• Intra-subrack Time Division Multiplexing (TDM)
switching
• Inter-subrack MAC and TDM switching
– Provides OM channels
– Distributes clock signals to each service board
Page41
NETWORK TOPOLOGIES BETWEEN SUBRACKS • MAC switching - star topology – One node functions as
NETWORK TOPOLOGIES BETWEEN SUBRACKS
• MAC switching - star topology
– One node functions as the center node and it is
connected to each of the other nodes. The
communication between the other nodes must
be switched by the center node.
• TDM switching - mesh topology
– There is a connection between every two nodes.
When any node is out of service, the
communication between other nodes is not
affected.
Page42

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SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM • Structure of the MAC switching subsystem EPS Another board Switching and control
SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM
• Structure of the MAC switching
subsystem
EPS
Another
board
Switching
and
control
Another
unit
Another
board
Switching
board
and
control
unit
Another
Another
board
Switching
board
and
MPS
control
unit
Another
High-speed backplane channel
Ethernet cable
TCS
board
Page43
SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM • Inter-subrack cable for MAC switching EPS SCU SCU MPS SCU SCU EPS
SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM
• Inter-subrack cable for MAC switching
EPS
SCU
SCU
MPS
SCU
SCU
EPS
SCU
SCU
Page44

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SCUA BOARD  Functions  Provides the maintenance management function  Monitors the power supply,
SCUA BOARD
 Functions
 Provides the maintenance management function
 Monitors the power supply, fans, and environment of the cabinet
 Supports the port trunking function
 Provides configuration and maintenance of a subrack or the whole
BSC
 Provides a total switching capacity of 60 Gbit/s
 Distributes clock signals and RFN signals for the BSC6900
 Working mode
 Located in slots 6 and 7
 Working in dual-plane mesh topology
Page45
SCUB BOARD  Functions  Provides the maintenance management function  Monitors the power supply,
SCUB BOARD
 Functions
 Provides the maintenance management function
 Monitors the power supply, fans, and environment of the
cabinet
 Supports the port trunking function
 Provides configuration and maintenance of a subrack or the
whole BSC
 Provides a total switching capacity of 229 Gbit/s
 Distributes clock signals and RFN signals for the BSC6900
 Working mode
 Located in slots 6 and 7
 Working in dual-plane mesh topology
Page46

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INTER-SUBRACK CONNECTIONS EPS • Inter-Subrack SCUa Interconnection Ethernet Cable • Subrack interconnection are
INTER-SUBRACK CONNECTIONS
EPS
• Inter-Subrack SCUa
Interconnection Ethernet Cable
• Subrack interconnection are
made trough the SCU boards, the
SCUa
SCUa
requirements and maximum
capacities depends directly on
the SCU board versions installed
in each Rack.
(Active)
(Standby)
• Technologies for Subrack
Cascading are based on Mesh or
Chain topology.
SCUa
SCUa
(Active)
(Standby)
MPS
Page47
INTERCONNECTIONS BETWEEN SCUB BOARDS Inter-subrack cable connections between SCUb boards by using SFP+ high-speed
INTERCONNECTIONS BETWEEN SCUB BOARDS
Inter-subrack cable
connections between
SCUb boards
by using SFP+ high-speed
cables
(MPR/EPR in full
configuration)
Blue lines indicate the
SFP+ high-speed cables.
Green lines indicate the
unshielded straight-
through cables.
Page48

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INTERCONNECTIONS BETWEEN SCUB BOARDS Inter-subrack cable connections between SCUb boards by using SFP+ high-speed
INTERCONNECTIONS
BETWEEN SCUB BOARDS
Inter-subrack cable
connections between
SCUb boards by using
SFP+ high-speed cables in
BM/TC combined mode
Blue lines indicate the
SFP+ high-speed cables.
Green lines indicate the
unshielded straight-
through cables.
Page49
SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM • Structure of the TDM switching subsystem Another board TDM . switching .
SWITCHING SUBSYSTEM
• Structure of the TDM switching subsystem
Another board
TDM
.
switching
.
unit
.
Another board
Another board
.
TDM
.
switching
EPS
.
unit
Another board
Another board
MPS
TDM
.
switching
.
unit
.
High-speed backplane channel
Another board
TNU crossover cable
EPS
Page50

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TNUA BOARD  Functions  Provides 128 k * 128 k TDM switching  Allocates
TNUA BOARD
 Functions
 Provides 128 k * 128 k TDM switching
 Allocates the TDM network resources
 Supports only GSM
Page51
TNUA BOARD  Inter-TNUa crossover cables between subracks Page52
TNUA BOARD
 Inter-TNUa crossover
cables
between subracks
Page52

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SERVICE PROCESSING SUBSYSTEM • The service processing subsystem performs the following functions: – User data
SERVICE PROCESSING SUBSYSTEM
• The service processing subsystem performs the
following functions:
– User data and signaling processing
– Radio channel ciphering and deciphering
– Radio resource management and control
– System information and user message tracing
Page53
SERVICE PROCESSING SUBSYSTEM Signaling Data processing Signaling Data processing signaling signaling unit
SERVICE PROCESSING SUBSYSTEM
Signaling
Data processing
Signaling
Data processing
signaling
signaling
unit
processing unit
unit
processing unit
processing unit
processing unit
processing unit
SPU 0
DSP0
DSP0
SPU 0
DSP21
DSP21
SPU 7
SPU 7
MPS
EPS
MPS
EPS
MPS
Switching Subsystem
MPS
High-speed backplane
channel
Page54

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XPUA BOARD Functions   The XPUa board has four logic subsystems.  Subsystem 0
XPUA BOARD
Functions
 The XPUa board has four logic subsystems.
 Subsystem 0 of the main control XPUa board is
the Main Processing Unit (MPU). It is used to
manage the user plane resources, control plane
resources, and transmission resources of the
system.

Main control
Non-main control
signaling
signaling
XPUa
XPUa
SSN0 MPU
SSN0 SPU
SSN1 SPU
SSN1 SPU
 Subsystems 1 to 3 of a main control XPUa board
and subsystems 0 to 3 of a non-main control
XPUa board are signaling processing units
(SPUs), which process services of the control
plane.
SSN2 SPU
SSN2 SPU
SSN3 SPU
SSN3 SPU
 A main control XPUa board supports 270 TRXs
and a non-main control XPUa board supports
360 TRXs.
Page55
XPUB BOARD Functions   The main control XPUb board has eight logical subsystems. Therefore,
XPUB BOARD
Functions
 The main control XPUb board has eight logical
subsystems. Therefore, the processing
capability of the XPUb board is higher than
that of the XPUa board by 75% to 100%. The
XPUb board is used only for GSM.
Main control
Non-main control
signaling
signaling
XPUb
XPUb
SSN0 MPU
SSN0 SPU
 The main processing unit (MPU) is used to
manage the user plane resources, control
plane resources, and transport plane
SSN7 SPU
SSN7 SPU
resources.
 The signaling processing unit (SPU) is used to
process services on the control plane.
 Both the main control and non-main control
XPUb boards support a minimum of 640 TRXs.
Page56

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SPUA/SPUB BOARD  Functions  The SPUa and SPUb boards support both Main Non-main control
SPUA/SPUB BOARD
 Functions
 The SPUa and SPUb boards support both
Main
Non-main control
signaling
signaling
control
SPUa
GSM and UMTS.
SPUa
SSN0 MPU
SSN0 SPU
 The SPUa board has four logic subsystems,
SSN1 SPU
SSN1 SPU
whereas the SPUb board has eight logic
subsystems. Therefore, the processing
SSN2 SPU
SSN2 SPU
capability of the SPUb board is higher
SSN3 SPU
SSN3 SPU
than the SPUa board by 75% to 100%.
Page57
SPUA BOARD • It has four logic subsystems. – Main control SPUa board (MPU) •
SPUA BOARD
• It has four logic subsystems.
– Main control SPUa board (MPU)
• Manages the user plane resources;
manages the load sharing of the
user plane resources between
Main control
Non-main control
signaling
signaling
SPUa
SPUa
subracks
SSN0 MPU
SSN0 SPU
• Maintains the load of the control
plane within the subrack;
exchanges the load information on
the control planes between
subracks
SSN1 SPU
SSN1 SPU
SSN2 SPU
SSN2 SPU
SSN3 SPU
SSN3 SPU
– Non-main control SPUa board (SPU)
• Processes upper-layer signaling
over the Uu, Iu, Iur, Iub, A, Um, Abis,
and Ater interfaces
• Work mode: active and standby
Page58

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SPUB BOARD • Components and Functions • The SPUb board has eight subsystems. – Main
SPUB BOARD
• Components and Functions
• The SPUb board has eight subsystems.
– Main control SPUb board (MPU)
• Manages the user plane
Main control
Non-main control
signaling
signaling
resources; manages the load
sharing of the user plane
resources between subracks
SPUb
SPUb
SSN0 MPU
SSN0 SPU
• Maintains the load of the control
plane within the subrack;
exchanges the load information
on the control planes between
subracks
SSN7 SPU
SSN7 SPU
– Non-main control SPUb board (SPU)
• Processes upper-layer signaling
over the Uu, Iu, Iur, Iub, A, Um,
Abis, and Ater interfaces
• Work mode: active and standby
Page59
DPUB BOARD • Components – 22 DSP chips • Functions – The DPUb board processes
DPUB BOARD
Components
22 DSP chips
Functions
– The DPUb board processes and distributes the UMTS user-plane
service data.
– Selects and distributes data
– Multiplexes and demultiplexes
– Performs the functions of the GTP-U, IUUP, PDCP, RLC, MAC, and FP
protocols
– Processes the Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service (MBMS) at
the RLC layer and the MAC layer
Work mode: resource pool
Page61

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DPUE BOARD • Components – 28 hardware threads • Functions – The DPUe board processes
DPUE BOARD
• Components
– 28 hardware threads
• Functions
– The DPUe board processes UMTS voice services and data
services.
– Selects and distributes data
– Multiplexes and demultiplexes
– Performs the functions of the GTP-U, IUUP, PDCP, RLC, MAC,
and FP protocols
– Processes the Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service
(MBMS) at the RLC layer and the MAC layer
• Work mode: resource pool
Page62
DPUC BOARD • Components – 22 DSP chips • Functions – Converts the speech format
DPUC BOARD
• Components
– 22 DSP chips
• Functions
– Converts the speech format and forwards data
– Performs codec of voice services of 960 TCH/Fs and
supports 3,740 IWF flow numbers
– Provides the Tandem Free Operation (TFO) function
– Provides the voice enhancement function
– Detects voice faults automatically
• Work mode: resource pool
Page63

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DPUD BOARD • Components – 22 DSP chips • Functions – Processes the PS services
DPUD BOARD
• Components
– 22 DSP chips
• Functions
– Processes the PS services on up to 1,024
simultaneously active PDCHs where signals are
coded in MCS9
– Processes packet links
– Detects packet faults automatically
– Supports GSM only
• Work mode: resource pool
Page64
DPUG BOARD • The DPUg board has almost the same functions as the DPUb board,
DPUG BOARD
• The DPUg board has almost the same functions as the
DPUb board, whereas its capacity is higher than the
DPUb board.
• The DPUg board supports the same number of active
PDCHs as the DPUb or DPUd board, whereas its packet
service processing capability (number of accessing
subscribers) is much higher than the DPUb or DPUd
board.
• The DPUg board can process the PS services on up to
1,024 simultaneously active PDCHs where signals are
coded in MCS9.
Page65

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DPUF BOARD • Functions – Converts the speech format and forwards data – Encodes and
DPUF BOARD
• Functions
– Converts the speech format and forwards data
– Encodes and decodes voice services
– Provides the Tandem Free Operation (TFO)
function
– Provides the voice enhancement function
– Detects voice faults automatically
– Supports GSM only
Page66
NIUA BOARD  Components  28 hardware threads  Functions  The NIUa board identifies
NIUA BOARD
 Components
 28 hardware threads
 Functions
 The NIUa board identifies the service type, which
facilitates scheduling of services with different
priorities and therefore helps achieve differentiated
services.
 Work mode: resource pool
Page67
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CLOCK SUBSYSTEM CN BITS GPS MPS GCUa S To MBTS I I C N N
CLOCK SUBSYSTEM
CN
BITS
GPS
MPS
GCUa
S
To MBTS
I
I
C
N
N
Clock module
U
T
T
8
a
kHz
19.44 MHz, 32.768 MHz, 8 kHz
8
EPS
EPS
S
kHz
S
To BTS
I
I
To NodeB
C
C
N
N
U
U
T
T
a
a
19.44 MHz, 32.768 MHz,
8 kHz
19.44 MHz, 32.768 MHz,
8 kHz
High-speed backplane
Clock cable
channel
Page68
GCUA/GCGA BOARD • Functions – Extracts timing signals from the external synchronization timing port and
GCUA/GCGA BOARD
• Functions
– Extracts timing signals from the external
synchronization timing port and from the
synchronization line signals, processes the
timing signals,
– and provides the timing signals and the
reference clock for the entire system
– Performs the fast pull-in and holdover
functions on the system clock
– Generates RFN signals for the system
– Supports active/standby switchover
• Work mode: active and standby
Page69

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GCUA/GCGA BOARD • Clock cable between the GCUa/GCGa board and the SCUa board Page70
GCUA/GCGA BOARD
• Clock cable
between the
GCUa/GCGa
board and the
SCUa board
Page70
TRANSPORT SUBSYSTEM-INTERFACE BOARD  Board categorization Electrical port E1 AEUa ATM Channelized AOUa AOUc
TRANSPORT SUBSYSTEM-INTERFACE BOARD
 Board categorization
Electrical port
E1
AEUa
ATM
Channelized
AOUa
AOUc
STM-1
Optical port
Unchannelized
UOIa_ATM
UOIc_ATM
STM-1
E1
PEUa
Electrical port
FE/GE
FG2a
FG2c
Interface
IP
Channelized
board
POUa
POUc
STM-1
STM-1
Unchannelized
UOIa_IP
Optical port
STM-1
GE
GOUa
GOUc
Electrical port
E1
EIUa
TDM
Channelized
Optical port
OIUa
STM-1
Page71

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INTERFACE PROCESSING SUBSYSTEM  Interface board categorization Board Transmission Supported Connector Type Board
INTERFACE PROCESSING SUBSYSTEM
 Interface board categorization
Board
Transmission
Supported
Connector Type
Board
Type
Mode
RAT
Electrical port
EIUa
GSM Only
TDM
Optical port
OIUa
GSM&UMTS
FE/GE
FG2a/FG2c
GSM&UMTS
Electrical
INT
port
E1
PEUa
GSM&UMTS
IP
STM-1
POUc
GSM&UMTS
Optical
port
GE
GOUa/GOUc
GSM&UMTS
Page72
EIUA BOARD Functions   Transmits and receives 32 E1/T1 signals, and encodes and decodes
EIUA BOARD
Functions
 Transmits and receives 32 E1/T1 signals, and encodes and decodes
the E1/T1 signals
 Processes signals according to the Link Access Procedure on the D
channel (LAPD) protocol and SS7 Message Transfer Part Layer 2
(MTP2) protocol
 Provides the board-level Tributary Protect Switch (TPS) function
 Provides the OM links when the TCS is configured on the MSC side
 Supports the A, Abis, Ater, and Pb interfaces
 Supports 384 TRXs when serving as the Abis interface board and
supports 960 CICs when serving as the A interface board
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OIUA BOARD  Functions  Provides one STM-1 port for TDM transmission and supports the
OIUA BOARD
 Functions
 Provides one STM-1 port for TDM transmission and supports the rate of
155.52 Mbit/s
 Provides the board-level Automatic Protection Switching (APS) function
 Processes signals according to the Link Access Procedure on the D
channel (LAPD) protocol and SS7 Message Transfer Part Layer 2 (MTP2)
protocol
 Provides the OM links when the TCS is configured on the MSC side
 Supports the A, Abis, Ater, and Pb interfaces
 Supports 384 TRXs when serving as the Abis interface board and
supports 1920 CICs when serving as the A interface board
Page74
FG2A BOARD • Functions – Provides transmission of IP over Ethernet – Provides 8 channels
FG2A BOARD
• Functions
– Provides transmission of IP over Ethernet
– Provides 8 channels over FE ports or 2 channels over GE
electrical ports
– Provides the routing-based backup and load sharing
– Provides the link aggregation function at the MAC layer
– Supports the A, Abis, Gb, Iu, Iur, and Iub interfaces
– Supports 384 TRXs when serving as the Abis interface board,
supports 6144 CICs when serving as the A interface board,
and supports a maximum data flow of 128 Mbit/s when
serving as the Gb interface board
Page75

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FG2C BOARD • Functions – Provides transmission of IP over Ethernet 10M/100M/1000M – Provides 12
FG2C BOARD
• Functions
– Provides transmission of IP over Ethernet
10M/100M/1000M
– Provides 12 channels over FE ports or 4 channels
over GE electrical ports
– Provides the routing-based backup and load
sharing
– Supports the A, Abis, Gb, Iu, Iur, and Iub
interfaces
10M/100M
– Supports 2048 TRXs when serving as the Abis
interface board, supports 23040 CICs when
serving as the A interface board, and supports a
maximum data flow of 1024 Mbit/s when serving
as the Gb interface board
Page76
PEUA BOARD • Functions – Provides 32 channels of HDLC over E1/T1 or 32 channels
PEUA BOARD
Functions
– Provides 32 channels of HDLC over E1/T1 or 32 channels of IP
over PPP/MLPPP over E1/T1
– Provides 128 PPP links or 32 MLPPP groups, with each MLPPP
group containing eight MLPPP links
– Provides the board-level Tributary Protect Switch (TPS)
function
– Transmits, receives, encodes, and decodes the 32 E1s/T1s.
The E1 transmission rate is 2.048 Mbit/s; the T1 transmission
rate is 1.544 Mbit/s
– Supports the Abis, Gb, and Iub interfaces
– Supports 384 TRXs when serving as the Abis interface board
and supports 64 Mbit/s throughput when serving as the Gb
interface board
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POUA BOARD • Functions – Provides two channels over channelized optical STM-1/OC- 3 ports based
POUA BOARD
• Functions
– Provides two channels over channelized optical STM-1/OC-
3 ports based on IP protocol, which support 126 E1 links
and 168 T1 links
– Supports IP over E1/T1 over SDH/SONET
– Supports Multi-Link PPP
– Supports the extraction of line clock signals
– Provides the board-level Tributary Protect Switch (TPS)
function
– Provides clock signals for NodeBs
– Supports the Iub interface
Page78
POUC BOARD • Functions – Provides four channels over the channelized STM-1/OC-3c optical ports based
POUC BOARD
Functions
– Provides four channels over the channelized STM-1/OC-3c optical
ports based on TDM or IP
– Supports the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
– Provides the line clock recovery function
– Provides the board-level Automatic Protection Switching (APS)
function
– Supports the A, Abis, Gb, Ater, Pb, Iur, and Iub interfaces
– In TDM mode, it supports 512 TRXs when serving as the Abis
interface board in POUc over TDM mode, supports 3906 CICs
when serving as the A interface board, and supports 504 Mbit/s
throughput when serving as the Gb interface board.
– In IP mode, it supports 2048 TRXs when serving as the Abis
interface board and supports 23,040 CICs when serving as the A
interface board.
Page79

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GOUA BOARD • Functions – Provides two channels over GE ports, which are used for
GOUA BOARD
• Functions
– Provides two channels over GE ports, which
are used for IP transmission
– Provides the board-level Tributary Protect
Switch (TPS) function
– Provides the routing-based backup and load
sharing
– Supports the A, Abis, Iu, Iur, and Iub interfaces
– Supports 384 TRXs when serving as the Abis
interface board and supports 6144 CICs when
serving as the A interface board
Page80
GOUC BOARD • Functions – Provides four channels over GE ports, which are used for
GOUC BOARD
• Functions
– Provides four channels over GE ports, which are
used for IP transmission
– Provides the routing-based backup and load
sharing
– Supports the extraction of line clock signals
– Supports the A, Abis, Gb, Iu, Iur, and Iub
interfaces
– Supports 2048 TRXs when serving as the Abis
interface board, supports 23040 CICs when
serving as the A interface board, and supports a
maximum data flow of 1024 Mbit/s when
serving as the Gb interface board
Page81

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AEUA BOARD • Functions – Provides 32 E1/T1 links over ATM – Provides 32 IMA
AEUA BOARD
• Functions
– Provides 32 E1/T1 links over ATM
– Provides 32 IMA groups or 32 UNI links
– Supports the Iub interface
– Provides the fractional ATM and the fractional
IMA functions
– Supporting the timeslot cross-connection
function
– Extracts clock signals from the Iu interface and
sends the signals to the GCUa and GCGa boards
Page82
AOUA BOARD  Functions  Provides two channels over channelized STM-1/OC-3 optical ports based on
AOUA BOARD
 Functions
 Provides two channels over channelized STM-1/OC-3
optical ports based on ATM
 Provides the AAL2 switching function
 Supports configurations of inverse multiplexing over
ATM (IMA) and user network interface (UNI)
 Supports the Iub interface
 Provides the line clock recovery function
Page83

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AOUC BOARD Functions – Provides four channels over the channelized optical STM-1/OC-3 ports based on
AOUC BOARD
Functions
– Provides four channels over the channelized
optical STM-1/OC-3 ports based on ATM
– Supports inverse multiplexing over ATM (IMA)
– Supports the extraction of line clock signals
– Provides clock signals for NodeBs
– Supports the Iu, Iur, and Iub interfaces
Page84
UOIA BOARD • Functions – Provides four channels over the unchannelized STM-1/OC- 3c optical ports
UOIA BOARD
Functions
– Provides four channels over the unchannelized STM-1/OC-
3c optical ports
– Supports ATM/IP over SDH/SONET
– Extracts line clock signals and sends the signals to the
GCUa board
– Provides the board-level Automatic Protection Switching
(APS) function
– Provides clock signals for NodeBs
– Supports the Iu, Iur, and Iub interfaces
Page85

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UOIC BOARD • Functions – Provides eight channels over unchannelized STM-1/OC-3c optical ports – Supports
UOIC BOARD
• Functions
– Provides eight channels over unchannelized
STM-1/OC-3c optical ports
– Supports ATM over SDH/SONET
– Extracts line clock signals and sends the signals
to the GCUa board
– Provides the board-level Automatic Protection
Switching (APS) function
– Provides clock signals for NodeBs
– Supports the Iu, Iur, and Iub interfaces
Page87
OM SUBSYSTEM S S C C U U EPS a a S S Intranet O
OM SUBSYSTEM
S
S
C
C
U
U
EPS
a
a
S
S
Intranet
O
O
C
C
M
M
U
U
U
U
MPS
a
a
Extranet
To
M2000
HUB
Ethernet cable
Serial port
cable
Alarm
LMT
box
Page88

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DUAL OM PLANE • The OMU works in active and standby mode. • The active/standby
DUAL OM PLANE
• The OMU works in active and
standby mode.
• The active/standby OMU boards
use the same external virtual IP
address to communicate with the
LMT or M2000.
• The active/standby OMU boards
use the same internal virtual IP
address to communicate with the
SCU boards.
Page89
OMUA/OMUB BOARD • The OMUa/OMUb board works as a back administration module (BAM). It performs
OMUA/OMUB BOARD
• The OMUa/OMUb board works as
a back administration module
(BAM). It performs the following
functions:
– Manages the configuration,
performance, and loading, facilitates
troubleshooting, and ensures
security
– Provides LMT or M2000 users with
an interface for OM of BSC6900
Page90

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OMUC BOARD  The OMUc board works as a back administration module (BAM) of BSC6900.
OMUC BOARD
 The OMUc board works as a back
administration module (BAM) of BSC6900. It
performs the following functions:
 Manages the configuration, performance, and
loading, facilitates troubleshooting, and ensures
security
 Provides LMT or M2000 users with an interface
for OM of BSC6900
•Difference:
An OMUc board occupies only one slot and contains a
single hard disk.
Page91
Page91
HARDWARE RELIABILITY Board Redundancy Mode SCUa/SCUb Board redundancy + port trunking on GE ports XPUa/XPUbSPUa/SPUb
HARDWARE RELIABILITY
Board
Redundancy Mode
SCUa/SCUb
Board redundancy + port trunking on GE ports
XPUa/XPUbSPUa/SPUb
Board redundancy
DPUb/DPUc/DPUd/DPUf/DPUg
Board resource pool
GCUa/GCGa
Board redundancy
AOUa/AOUc/OIUa/
Board redundancy + MSP 1:1 or MSP 1+1 optical port
redundancy
UOIa/UOIc/POUa/POUc
TNUa
Board redundancy
PEUa/AEUa/EIUa
Board redundancy
GOUa/GOUc
Board redundancy + GE port redundancy or load sharing
FG2a/FG2c
Board redundancy + GE/FE port redundancy or load sharing
OMUa/OMUc
Board redundancy
Page92

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OVERALL STRUCTURE Page93
OVERALL STRUCTURE
Page93
CLASSIFICATION OF BSC6900 BOARDS • OM boards: OMUa/OMUb/OMUc • Network intelligent board: NIUa • Switching
CLASSIFICATION OF BSC6900 BOARDS
• OM boards: OMUa/OMUb/OMUc
• Network intelligent board: NIUa
• Switching and control boards: SCUa/SCUb
• Clock signal processing board: GCUa/GCGa
• Signaling processing board: SPUa/SPUb/XPUa/XPUb
• Universal data processing board:
DPUa/DPUb/DPUc/DPUd/DPUe/DPUf/DPUg
• Interface processing board:
– AEUa, AOUa, EIUa, OIUa, FG2a, GOUa, PEUa, POUa, UOIa
– AOUc, FG2c, GOUc, POUc, UOIc
Page94

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CLASSIFICATION OF BSC6900 BOARDS GCP UCP SPUa/SPUb RGCP eXtensible Processing Unit (XPU) RUCP MCP GCP
CLASSIFICATION OF BSC6900 BOARDS
GCP
UCP
SPUa/SPUb
RGCP
eXtensible Processing Unit
(XPU)
RUCP
MCP
GCP
XPUa/XPUb
RGCP
MCP
DPUa/DPUc/DPUf
GTC
GTC
DPUb
GPCU
Data Processing Unit (DPU)
UUP
DPUd/DPUg
GPCU
DPUe
UUP
Page95
CONTENTS 2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure 2.1 Cabinets 2.2 Subracks 2.3 Subsystems and Boards 2.4 Cables
CONTENTS
2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure
2.1 Cabinets
2.2 Subracks
2.3 Subsystems and Boards
2.4 Cables
Page96

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BSC6900 CABLE CONNECTIONS Page97
BSC6900 CABLE CONNECTIONS
Page97
CABLES • Trunk cables: – 75-ohm coaxial cables and active/standby 75-ohm coaxial cables – 120-ohm
CABLES
• Trunk cables:
– 75-ohm coaxial cables and active/standby 75-ohm coaxial cables
– 120-ohm twisted pair cables and active/standby 120-ohm twisted
pair cables
• Ethernet cables
• Optical fibers
• Y-shaped clock cables
• TNUa connection cables
• Alarm cables
• Monitoring cables
Page98

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TRUNK CABLES • 75-ohm coaxial cables/120-ohm twisted pair cables (1) DB44 connector (2) Main label
TRUNK CABLES
• 75-ohm coaxial cables/120-ohm twisted pair
cables
(1) DB44 connector
(2) Main label (containing the cable code,
version, and manufacturer information)
(3) Label (identifying a coaxial
cable/twisted pair)
(4) Metallic jacket of the DB44 connector
Page99
TRUNK CABLES • Active/standby 75-ohm coaxial cable (1) DB44 connector (2) Metallic jacket of the
TRUNK CABLES
• Active/standby 75-ohm coaxial cable
(1) DB44 connector
(2) Metallic jacket of the DB44 connector
(3) Label 1 (identifying a coaxial
cable)
(4) Main label (containing the cable code, version, and
manufacturer information)
(5) Label 2 (identifying a coaxial
cable)
Page100

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TRUNK CABLES • Active/standby 120-ohm twisted pair cable (1) DB44 connector (2) Metallic jacket of
TRUNK CABLES
• Active/standby 120-ohm twisted pair cable
(1) DB44 connector
(2) Metallic jacket of the DB44 connector
(3) Label 1 (identifying a twisted pair
cable)
(4) Main label (containing the cable code, version, and
manufacturer information)
(5) Label 2 (identifying a twisted pair
cable)
Page101
ETHERNET CABLES • Straight-Through Cables Page102
ETHERNET CABLES
• Straight-Through Cables
Page102

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ETHERNET CABLES • Straight-Through Cables Page103
ETHERNET CABLES
• Straight-Through Cables
Page103
OPTICAL FIBERS • An optical fiber is used to connect the optical interface board to
OPTICAL FIBERS
• An optical fiber is used to connect the optical
interface board to the Optical Distribution
Frame (ODF) or other NEs.
Page105

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Y-SHAPED CLOCK CABLES The Y-shaped clock cable transmits 8 kHz clock signals from the GCUa/GCGa
Y-SHAPED CLOCK CABLES
The Y-shaped clock cable transmits 8 kHz clock signals from the
GCUa/GCGa board in the MPS to the SCUa boards in the EPSs.
(1) Label (identifying a
twisted pair cable)
(2) RJ45 connector
Page106
MONITORING CABLES FOR THE POWER DISTRIBUTION BOX • The monitoring cable for the power distribution
MONITORING CABLES FOR THE POWER DISTRIBUTION
BOX
• The monitoring cable for the power
distribution box transmits monitoring signals
from the power distribution box to each
service processing subrack.
Page107

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QUESTIONS • How many subsystems does BSC6900 have? And what are they? • How to
QUESTIONS
• How many subsystems does BSC6900 have?
And what are they?
• How to set the DIP switches for MPS?
Page108
CONTENTS 1. BSC6900 System Overview 2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure 3. BSC6900 Signal Flows 4. BSC6900
CONTENTS
1. BSC6900 System Overview
2.
BSC6900 Hardware Structure
3.
BSC6900 Signal Flows
4.
BSC6900 Typical Configuration
Page109

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BSC6900 UMTS SIGNAL FLOWS • Control-Plane Signal Flow – Signaling Flow on the Uu Interface
BSC6900 UMTS SIGNAL FLOWS
• Control-Plane Signal Flow
– Signaling Flow on the Uu Interface
– Signaling Flow on the Iub Interface
– Signaling Flow on the Iu/Iur Interface
• User-Plane Signal Flow
– UMTS Signal Flow Between Iub and Iu-CS/Iu-PS
Page110
INTRA-BSC6900 SIGNALING FLOW ON THE UU INTERFACE Page111
INTRA-BSC6900 SIGNALING FLOW ON THE UU
INTERFACE
Page111

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INTER-BSC6900 SIGNALING FLOW ON THE UU INTERFACE Page112
INTER-BSC6900 SIGNALING FLOW ON THE UU
INTERFACE
Page112
SIGNALING FLOW ON THE IUB INTERFACE Page113
SIGNALING FLOW ON THE IUB INTERFACE
Page113

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SIGNALING FLOW ON THE IU/IUR INTERFACE 2 Page114
SIGNALING FLOW ON THE IU/IUR INTERFACE
2
Page114
INTRA-BSC6900 DATA FLOW BETWEEN IUB AND IU- CS/IU-PS Page115
INTRA-BSC6900 DATA FLOW BETWEEN IUB AND IU-
CS/IU-PS
Page115

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INTER-BSC6900 DATA FLOW BETWEEN IUB AND IU-CS/IU-PS Page116
INTER-BSC6900 DATA FLOW BETWEEN IUB AND
IU-CS/IU-PS
Page116
BSC6900 GSM SIGNAL FLOWS • User-Plane Signal Flow – GSM CS Signal Flow – GSM
BSC6900 GSM SIGNAL FLOWS
• User-Plane Signal Flow
– GSM CS Signal Flow
– GSM PS Signal Flow
• Control-Plane Signal Flow
– Signaling Flow on the A Interface
– Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface
– Signaling Flow on the Gb Interface
Page117

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GSM CS SIGNAL FLOW • Abis over TDM & A over TDM Page118
GSM CS SIGNAL FLOW
• Abis over TDM & A over TDM
Page118
GSM CS SIGNAL FLOW • Abis over HDLC/IP & A over TDM Page119
GSM CS SIGNAL FLOW
• Abis over HDLC/IP & A over TDM
Page119

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GSM CS SIGNAL FLOW • Abis over HDLC/IP & A over TDM Page120
GSM CS SIGNAL FLOW
• Abis over HDLC/IP & A over TDM
Page120
GSM PS SIGNAL FLOW • Abis over TDM Page121
GSM PS SIGNAL FLOW
• Abis over TDM
Page121

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SIGNALING FLOW ON THE A INTERFACE • A over TDM Page122
SIGNALING FLOW ON THE A INTERFACE
• A over TDM
Page122
SIGNALING FLOW ON THE A INTERFACE • A over IP Page123
SIGNALING FLOW ON THE A INTERFACE
• A over IP
Page123

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SIGNALING FLOW ON THE ABIS INTERFACE • Abis over TDM/IP/HDLC Page124
SIGNALING FLOW ON THE ABIS INTERFACE
• Abis over TDM/IP/HDLC
Page124
SIGNALING FLOW ON THE GB INTERFACE • Gb over IP/HDLC Page125
SIGNALING FLOW ON THE GB INTERFACE
• Gb over IP/HDLC
Page125

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QUESTIONS • Why does control-plane signaling of the Uu interface go though the DPU board
QUESTIONS
• Why does control-plane signaling of the Uu
interface go though the DPU board first?
• Which board does the RRC message
terminate in?
Page126
CONTENTS 1. BSC6900 System Overview 2. BSC6900 Hardware Structure 3. BSC6900 Signal Flows 4. BSC6900
CONTENTS
1.
BSC6900 System Overview
2.
BSC6900 Hardware Structure
3.
BSC6900 Signal Flows
4.
BSC6900 Typical Configuration
Page127

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CONTENTS 4. BSC6900 Typical Configuration 4.1 UMTS Configuration 4.2 GSM Configuration Page128
CONTENTS
4. BSC6900 Typical Configuration
4.1 UMTS Configuration
4.2 GSM Configuration
Page128
TYPICAL HARDWARE CONFIGURATION (UMTS) • Subrack – At least one MPS should be configured. –
TYPICAL HARDWARE CONFIGURATION (UMTS)
• Subrack
– At least one MPS should be configured.
– At least five EPSs should be configured.
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TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS HW69 R12 HW69 R13 Subrack MPS EPS MPS EPS BHCA (k) 420
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS
HW69 R12
HW69 R13
Subrack
MPS
EPS
MPS
EPS
BHCA (k)
420
560
620
620
Traffic (Erl)
13,400
13,400
16750
16750
PS (UL + DL) data
2,000
2,000
4000
4000
throughput (Mbit/s)
Number of NodeBs
540
720
900
900
Number of cells
1,200
1,200
1500
1500
Page130
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS OF HW68 R11 BOARDS Specification/Subrack 1 MPS (Minimum Configuration) 1 MPS +
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS OF HW68
R11 BOARDS
Specification/Subrack
1 MPS (Minimum
Configuration)
1 MPS +
1 MPS +
1
MPS +
1
MPS +
1 MPS + 5
Configuration
1 EPS
2 EPSs
3
EPSs
4
EPSs
EPSs
(Maximum
Configuration)
BHCA (k)
320
720
1,040
1,360
1,680
2,000
Traffic (Erl)
7,200
18,000
28,800
39,600
50,400
61,200
PS (UL + DL) data throughput
460
1,150
1,840
2,530
3,220
3,910
(Mbit/s)
Number of NodeBs
200
500
800
1,100
1,400
1,700
Number of cells
600
1,500
2,400
3,300
4,200
5,100
Note:
The BHCA capability and traffic specification are based on Huawei traffic model.
Page131

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TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS OF HW69 R12 BOARDS Specification/Subrack 1 MPS 1 MPS + 1 MPS
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS OF HW69 R12 BOARDS
Specification/Subrack
1
MPS
1 MPS +
1 MPS +
1
MPS +
1
MPS +
1
MPS + 5 EPSs
Configuration
(Minimum
1 EPS
2 EPSs
3
EPSs
4
EPSs
(Maximum
Configuration)
Configuration)
BHCA (k)
420
980
1,540
2,100
2,660
3,220
Traffic (Erl)
13,400
26,800
40,200
53,600
67,00
80,400
PS (UL + DL) data
2,000
4,000
6,000
8,000
10,000
12,000
throughput (Mbit/s)
Number of NodeBs
540
1,260
1,980
2,700
3,060
3,060
Number of cells
1,200
2,400
3,600
4,800
5,100
5,100
Note:
The BHCA capability and traffic specification are based on Huawei traffic model.
Page132
Page132
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS OF HW69 R13 BOARDS Specification/Subrack 1 MPS 1 MPS + 1 MPS
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS OF HW69
R13 BOARDS
Specification/Subrack
1
MPS
1 MPS +
1 MPS +
1
MPS +
1
MPS +
1
MPS + 5 EPSs
Configuration
(Minimum
1 EPS
2 EPSs
3
EPSs
4
EPSs
(Maximum
Configuration)
Configuration)
BHCA (k)
620
1240
1860
2480
3100
3720
Traffic (Erl)
16,750
33,500
50,250
67,000
83,750
10,500
PS (UL + DL) data
4000
8000
12,000
16,000
20,000
24,000
throughput (Mbit/s)
Number of NodeBs
900
1800
2700
3060
3060
3060
Number of cells
1500
3000
4500
5100
5100
5100
Note:
The BHCA capability and traffic specification are based on Huawei traffic model.
Page133

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CONTENTS 4. BSC6900 Typical Configuration 4.1 UMTS Configuration 4.2 GSM Configuration Page134
CONTENTS
4. BSC6900 Typical Configuration
4.1 UMTS Configuration
4.2 GSM Configuration
Page134
TYPICAL HARDWARE CONFIGURATION (GSM) • Service processing boards – The number of A-interface circuits should
TYPICAL HARDWARE CONFIGURATION (GSM)
• Service processing boards
– The number of A-interface circuits should be considered in the configuration of DPUc/f
boards.
– The number of PDCHs should be considered in the configuration of DPUd/g boards.
– The number of TRXs should be considered in the configuration of XPUa/XPUb boards.
• Interface boards
– In Abis over IP mode, the FG2a, FG2c, PEUa, POUc, GOUa, and GOUc boards can be
configured. In Abis over TDM mode, the EIUa and OIUa boards can be configured.
– In A over IP mode, the FG2a, FG2a, GOUa, and GOUc boards can be configured. In A
over TDM mode, the EIUa, OIUa, and POUc boards can be configured.
Page135

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TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS (GSM) • Configuration of service processing boards of BSC6000 V900R008 and
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATIONS (GSM)
Configuration of service processing boards of BSC6000 V900R008 and BSC6900
V900R012/R013
BSC6900
BSC6000 V900R008
BSC6900 V900R012
V900R013
Board
Non-
Main
Main
Non-main
main
DPU
control
DPUd
control
control
DPUc
DPUd
DPUf
DPUg
control
c
XPUa
XPUb
XPUb
XPUa
Number of
270
360
- 640
-
640
-
-
-
-
TRXs
Number of cells
270
360
- 640
-
640
-
-
-
-
Number of
270
360
- 640
-
640
-
-
-
-
BTSs
Number of
active Page136 PDCHs
-
-
- -
1024
-
-
1024
-
1024
(MCS-9)
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATION (GSM) • Interface board specifications Item EIUa FG2a OIUa PEUa GOUa FG2c
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION SPECIFICATION (GSM)
• Interface board specifications
Item
EIUa
FG2a
OIUa
PEUa
GOUa
FG2c
GOUc
POUc_TDM
POUc_IP
Number of
384
384
384
384
384
2048
2048
512
2048
TRXs
Number of
CICs (64 K)
over the A
interface
960
6144
1920
-
6144
23,040
23,040
3906
23,040
Gb (Mbit/s)
-
128
-
64
-
1024
1024
504
-
Page137

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MAXIMUM SPECIFICATIONS (V900R012/R013 GO) R12 R13 EPS 1536 TRXs R12/R13 R12/R13 1536 TRXs 1536 TRXs
MAXIMUM SPECIFICATIONS (V900R012/R013
GO)
R12
R13
EPS
1536
TRXs
R12/R13
R12/R13
1536
TRXs
1536
TRXs
EPS
1024
TRXs
EPS
EPS
EPS
1024
TRXs
1536
TRXs
1536
TRXs
2048
TRXs
EPS
EPS
1024
TRXs
EPS
EPS
1024
TRXs
1024
TRXs
1024
TRXs
512 TRXs
MPS
MPS
MPS
MPS
BM/TC Combined
BM/TC Separated
A over IP
Page138
DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC) DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
SCUb
POUc(A)
SCUb
SCUb
SCUb
POUc(A)
SCUb
SCUb
POUc(A)
TNUa
POUc(A)
TNUa
POUc(A)
TNUa
POUc(A)
TNUa
POUc(A)
TNUa
POUc(A)
TNUa
OIUa(Ater)
DPUf(TC)
OIUa(Ater)
OIUa(Ater)
OIUa(Ater)
OIUa(Ater)
OIUa(Ater)
OIUa(Ater)
OIUa(Ater)
DPUg
DPUg
OMUC
GCUa
DPUg
DPUg
OMUc
GCUa
DPUg
DPUg
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (V900R013 GO)
XPUb
OIUa(Ater)
XPUb
OIUa(Ater)
POUc(GB)
OIUa(Ater)
SCUb
OIUa(Ater)
SCUb
SCUb
4096TRX
TC
OIUa(Ater)
SCUb
OIUa(Ater)
SCUb
SCUb
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
POUc(Abis)
TNUa
POUc(Abis)
TNUa
OIUa(Ater)
TNUa
• BM/TC Separated (4096 TRXs)
POUc(Abis)
TNUa
POUc(Abis)
TNUa
OIUa(Ater)
TNUa
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
– The DPUf/g board is used.
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
– Abis/Ater/A interface: TDM (optical
transmission)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
– Gb interface: FR (optical
transmission)
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
• Because of the lack of backplane
TDM resource, the POUc and OIUa
boards that serve as the Ater
interface boards have the same
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
specifications.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Page139

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TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (V900R013 GO) 4096TRX 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (V900R013 GO)
4096TRX
14
15 16
17
18 19
20
21
22 23
24 25
26
27
• BM/TC Combined (4096
TRXs)
– The DPUf board is used.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
– Abis/Ater/A interface: TDM (optical
transmission)
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
– Gb interface: FR (optical transmission)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
Page140
0
1
2 3
4
5 6
7 8
9 10
11
12 13
DPUg
DPUg
DPUf(TC)
OMUc
GCUa
DPUg
DPUg
DPUf(TC)
OMUc
GCUa
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUg
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUf(TC)
DPUg
DPUf(TC)
POUc(A)
DPUf(TC)
XPUb
DPUf(TC)
POUc(A)
DPUf(TC)
POUc(GB)
XPUb
DPUf(TC)
POUc(A)
SCUb
POUc(A)
SCUb
SCUb
POUc(A)
SCUb
POUc(A)
SCUb
SCUb
POUc(Abis)
TNUa
POUc(Abis)
TNUa
POUc(A)
TNUa
POUc(Abis)
TNUa
POUc(Abis)
TNUa
POUc(A)
TNUa
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
POUc(Abis)
XPUb
DPUg DPUf(IWF) DPUg DPUf(IWF) OMUc GCUa DPUg DPUg DPUf(IWF) OMUc GCUa DPUf(IWF) DPUf(IWF) XPUb XPUb
DPUg
DPUf(IWF)
DPUg
DPUf(IWF)
OMUc
GCUa
DPUg
DPUg
DPUf(IWF)
OMUc
GCUa
DPUf(IWF)
DPUf(IWF)
XPUb
XPUb
SCUb
SCUb
SCUb
SCUb
SCUb
SCUb
GOUc(A)
GOUc(A)
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (GO)
GOUc(A)
GOUc(A)
XPUb
XPUb
XPUb
XPUb
XPUb
FG2c(GB)
XPUb
All-IP transmission
XPUb
FG2c(Abis)
XPUb
FG2c(Abis)
XPUb
4096TRX
XPUb
FG2c(Abis)
XPUb
FG2c(Abis)
XPUb
• The DPUf/g board is used.
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• All-IP transmission is used.
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Abis/A/Gb interface: IP
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UTRAN Chapter 1

2012

TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (UO-ATM INTERFACE) • The AOUc board serves as the Iub interface board. •
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (UO-ATM INTERFACE)
• The AOUc board
serves as the Iub
interface board.
• The UOIc board
serves as the Iu
interface board.
Page142
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (UO-ATM INTERFACE) • In ATM mode, UOIc boards serve as the Iu and
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (UO-ATM INTERFACE)
• In ATM mode, UOIc
boards serve as the
Iu and Iub interface
boards.
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TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (UO-IP INTERFACE)  In IP mode, GOUc boards serve as the Iu and
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (UO-IP INTERFACE)
 In IP mode, GOUc
boards serve as the Iu
and Iub interface
boards.
Page144
Page144
Page144
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (GU)  UO: Four subracks are configured, with GOUc boards serving as the
TYPICAL CONFIGURATION (GU)
 UO: Four subracks are
configured, with GOUc boards
serving as the Iu and Iub
interface boards.
 GO: Two subracks are
configured, with POUc boards
serving as the A and Abis
interface boards.
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SUMMARY • We have learned about the BSC6900 in terms of its features and functions,
SUMMARY
• We have learned about the BSC6900 in terms of its
features and functions, subracks, boards,
subsystems, signal flows of both the control plane
and user plane of all interfaces, configuration
principles, and typical configurations.
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TERMS • EPS: extended processing subrack • MPS: main processing subrack • TCS: transcoder subrack
TERMS
• EPS: extended processing subrack
• MPS: main processing subrack
• TCS: transcoder subrack
• LMT: local maintenance terminal
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UTRAN Chapter 1 2012 RNC Hardware Structure 73