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BEARINGSBEARINGSBEARINGSBEARINGS

BEARINGSBEARINGSBEARINGSBEARINGS BALLBALLBALLBALL BEARINGSBEARINGS:BEARINGSBEARINGS::: ~ A ball bearing consists of an

BALLBALLBALLBALL BEARINGSBEARINGS:BEARINGSBEARINGS:::

~ A ball bearing consists of an inner race, an outer race and one or more sets of balls,

and a ball retainer or cage.

~ The purpose of the retainer or cage is to prevent the balls touching one another.

~ Ball bearings are used for radial and thrust loads

~ A ball bearing specially designed for thrust loads would have very deep grooves in the races or be of the angular bearing type, these must always be fitted the correct way round.

ROLLERROLLERROLLERROLLER BEARINGSBEARINGS:BEARINGSBEARINGS:::

~ These bearings are manufactured in various shapes and sizes and will withstand greater radial loads than ball

bearings because of greater contact area.

~ They allow axial movement of the shaft, this is very useful in a gas turbine due to expansion of the engine due to the heat it produces.

OTHEROTHEROTHEROTHER TYPESTYPESTYPESTYPES OFOFOFOF BEARINGSBEARINGS:BEARINGSBEARINGS:::

~ It is rare to find taper roller or needle bearings used in gas turbine engines.

~ However, some APU’s use plain bearings to support the turbine end of the main shaft.

LUBRICATIONLUBRICATION:LUBRICATIONLUBRICATION:::

~ The bearing chamber will have an oil feed which is sprayed on to the bearing to lubricate and cool it.

~ On some engines, to minimise the effect of the dynamic loads transmitted from the rotating assemblies

to the bearing housings, a ‘squeeze film' type of bearing is used.

~ They have a small clearance between the outer race of the bearing and housing with the clearance being filled with

pressurised oil.

~ The oil film dampens the radial motion of the rotating assembly and the dynamic loads transmitted to the bearing

housing thus reducing the vibration level of the engine and the possibility of damage by fatigue.

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BEARINGSBEARINGSBEARINGSBEARINGS (contd.)(contd.)(contd.)(contd.)

~ The main bearings are those which support the turbine and compressor assemblies.

~ In the simplest case (a single spool engine), these usually consist of a roller bearing at the front of the compressor and another in front of the turbine assembly, with a ball bearing behind the compressor to take the axial thrust on the main shaft.

front of the turbine assembly , with a ball bearing behind the compressor to take the
front of the turbine assembly , with a ball bearing behind the compressor to take the

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BEARINGSBEARINGSBEARINGSBEARINGS (contd.)(contd.)(contd.)(contd.)

CFM56CFM56-CFM56CFM56--7-777 ---- MainMainMainMain EngineEngineEngineEngine BearingsBearings:BearingsBearings:::

BearingsBearings:BearingsBearings::: ~ Five main engine bearings hold the N1 shaft and the N2

~ Five main engine bearings hold the N1 shaft and the N2 shaft. Numbers from 1 to 5 identify the engine

bearings. Ball bearings absorb the axial and the radial loads from the shafts. Roller bearings absorb only radial

loads.

“Squeeze“Squeeze“Squeeze“Squeeze film”film”film”film” mainmainmainmain bearingsbearings:bearingsbearings:::

~ These have been introduced to reduce transfer of rotor vibration to the aircraft.

~ In this type of bearing pressure oil is fed to a small annular space between the bearing outer track and the housing.

~ The figure below shows that the bearing will therefore “float” in pressure oil, which will damp out much of the vibration.

below shows that the bearing will therefore “float” in pressure oil, which will damp out much

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