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Topicwise Solved

Multiple Choice Questions


For IES

PSUs

and Other UPSC


Competitive Exams

general studies
Geography
History
Indian Polity
General Science
General Knowledge

2500
Solved

Multiple Choice Questions

by

B. Singh (Ex. IES)


CMD, MADE EASY Group

MADE EASY

MADE EASY Publications

MADE EASY

MADE EASY Publications


Corporate Office: 44-A/1, Kalu Sarai, New Delhi-110016
Website: www.madeeasypublications.org | Phone: 011-45124612, 09958995830
E-mail: infomep@madeeasy.in

Topicwise Multiple Choice Questions of IES, PSUs & Other UPSC Competitive Exams :
General Studies
Copyright 2013, by MADE EASY Publications.
All rights are reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced
into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical,
photo-copying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of the above
mentioned publisher of thisbook.

First Edition: 2013


ISBN: 978-93-81069-16-5

Published by: MADE EASY Publications, New Delhi-110016

Dedicated to
.......
All aspirants,
preparing for competitive examinations . . .

iv

Preface
It gives me great happiness to introduce this book on General Studies,
containing nearly 2500 Solved Multiple Choice Questions. Though every
candidate has ability to succeed but competitive environment, quality
guidance and good source & references for study certainly give competitive
edge.
General study plays a very important role in all the examinations today. For the students
of science background it becomes extremely difficult to shift from objective, logical and
facts based approach to subjective approach, to study non-technical subjects like History,
Geography, and Polity etc. This book aims to inculcate the objective approach of study required
in these subjects too. Solving the questions contained in this book and then referring to standard
books if there is any doubt will make General Study an interesting read. This book essentially
provides the candidates with a blend of questions which covers the entire syllabus topic-wise.
Each topic is further divided into sub-topics which makes this book unique. Authenticity of
the answers as well as the questions, level of difficulty and arrangement of the topics is taken
care of. Questions asked in previous examinations like IES, CDS, PSUs and Civil Services are
also included in this practice book but level of difficulty is also kept in consideration.
Year by year number of competitors are increasing and the variety of questions asked in
examination is widening, under such scenario this book will definitely help students to enhance
their skills required to succeed in competitive exams like IES, PSUs and State Engineering
Services etc.
I have true desire to serve student community by way of providing good sources of study and
quality guidance. I hope this book will be proved an important tool to succeed in competitive
examinations. Any suggestions from the readers for the improvement of this book are most
welcome.

B. Singh (Ex. IES)


Chairman and Managing Director
MADE EASY Group

vi

vii

CONTENTS
1.

Geography

A. Indian Geography.........................................................................................................1

1.

Physical Geography of India & Some General Facts.......................................................... 2

2.

Drainage System, Power Projects and Climate of India...................................................... 8

3.

Soil, Forests and Wildlife and Natural Vegetation of India................................................. 16

4.

Agriculture, Mineral & Industry in India.............................................................................. 23

5.

Miscellaneous.................................................................................................................... 33

B. World Geography........................................................................................................41
1.

Physical Geography of World & Some General Facts....................................................... 42

2.

Atmosphere, Climate & Drainage System of the World..................................................... 52

3.

Oceans, Coral Reefs & Natural Vegetation of the World................................................... 64

4.

Worlds Major Mineral Resources & Industrial Centres...................................................... 76

5.

Miscellaneous.................................................................................................................... 81

2.

Indian History

A. Ancient India...............................................................................................................89

1.

Harappan / Indus Valley Civilization.................................................................................. 90

2.

The Vedic Age.................................................................................................................... 92

3.

Buddhism & Jainism.......................................................................................................... 94

4.

The Magadhan Empire...................................................................................................... 97

5.

Gupta & Post Gupta Period............................................................................................. 102

6.

Miscellaneous (Including South India)............................................................................. 104

B. Medieval India.......................................................................................................... 107


1.

Early Medieval India......................................................................................................... 108

2.

The Delhi Sultanate.......................................................................................................... 109

3.

The Mughal and Later Mughal Age................................................................................. 113

4.

Miscellaneous.................................................................................................................. 119

C. Modern India............................................................................................................ 127


1.

Advent of Europeans in India & The Companys Rule..................................................... 128

2.

Socio-Religious & Cultural reforms.................................................................................. 135

3.

Freedom Struggle & The Indian National Movement....................................................... 140

4.

Miscellaneous.................................................................................................................. 152

viii

3.

Indian Polity

Indian Polity..................................................................................................................... 156


1.

Constitution of India, Historical Background, Salient Features and The Preamble......... 157

2.

Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties and

The Citizenship . ........................................................................................................... 162

3.

The Union Executive & The Union Legislature................................................................. 169

4.

The State Executive & The State Legislature................................................................... 183

5.

Indian Judiciary and The Election Commission............................................................... 189

6.

Miscellaneous (Including Constitutional & Statutory bodies,

Panchayati Raj, Centre State Relations etc.)...................................................................... 196

4.

General Science

General Science................................................................................................................ 212


1.

Life Science..................................................................................................................... 213

2.

Physics............................................................................................................................. 230

3.

Chemistry......................................................................................................................... 241

4.

Miscellaneous.................................................................................................................. 250

5.

General Knowledge

General Knowledge......................................................................................................... 257


1.

International Organizations.............................................................................................. 258

2.

Defence............................................................................................................................ 266

3.

Science and Technology.................................................................................................. 268

4.

Youth and Sports.............................................................................................................. 271

5.

Miscellaneous.................................................................................................................. 276

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