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M.E.P ONLINE QUESTIONS

1.

Which of the following v/v cannot be overhauled in place without removing


valve from the piping?

Ball valve

Diaphragm valve

Globe valve

Butterfly valve

ANS D single D A multiple


NOTE: Ball valve cannot be opened at place if its union ended only except swing
out type valve or valve having flange connection. But most of them could be
overhauled in place. Butterfly valve cannot be overhauled in place without
removing it from the position or removing the piping because if we want any
maintenance in the valve disc or seat then it should be accessible at least; also we
cant remove the valve if it is stuck in open condition.
2.

Copper tubing is used in refrigerant system because (single answer)

It has less internal resistance

It is cheaper compared to other materials

It is easier to check leaks in copper based system

None of the above

NOTE: Less resistance gives less pressure drop. Piping for the smaller halocarbon
installations is usually of copper, because of the cleanliness and the ease of
fabrication and jointing. Copper and brass are not used with ammonia.
Refrigeration system pipes are sized to offer a low resistance to flow, since this
reflects directly on compression ratio, commensurate with economy of pipe cost
and minimum flow velocities to ensure oil return with the halocarbons. Copper

tube is widely used in air conditioning and refrigeration systems due to its high
thermal conductivity which is about 8 times more than that from Aluminum tube.
Copper, used for centuries, has gained new popularity in its modern form: light,
strong, corrosion-resistance tube. Its long lasting and maintenance free
characteristics make copper the leading choice for plumbing, heating, cooling and
other mechanical systems. Copper tubing is most often used for supply of hot and
cold tap water, and as refrigerant line in HVAC systems. There are two basic types
of copper tubing, soft copper and rigid copper. Copper tubing is joined using flare
connection, compression connection, or solder. Copper offers a high level of
resistance to corrosion, but is becoming very costly. The use of copper tubes for the
transport of liquids in the condensers and evaporators, the main parts of a ACR
system, is indispensable. The industry is exploring new applications and extensive
uses of copper metal due to the special inherent properties and unique abilities of
copper metal. Some of its special characteristics include high thermal conductivity
(about 8 times more than Aluminum tube), light weight, strength, corrosion
resistance tube and durability. In air conditioning systems, you should look for
parts and equipment that are small, quiet and efficient. You should look for
products with properties like, easily cold and warm bending, corrosion resistance,
excellent heat conductivity, good welding and soldering qualities, which you can
find in copper. Furthermore, some special requirements of air conditioning industry
such as the reduction or elimination of harmful emissions have made copper, a
metal of choice for product enhancement. You should also look for areas like,
compatibility of copper parts, fabricating and joining requirements, heat transfer
properties, effects of refrigerants and lubricants on copper system performance,
predictive methods and safety-tests. The other things you should look for, while
selecting products for Air Conditioning Systems are specially designed innergrooved tubes for condensation and fin-tubes for evaporative cooling.
3.
When pressure inside a system falls below that of the vapour pressure of the
liquid, cavities are formed. Cavities travelling to high pressure region
collapses releasing considerable energy to damage the metal surface which
is known as (single answer)
1

Cavitation

Erosion

Impingment corrosion

Cavitation erosion

ANS D
NOTE: The first sentence tells about the cavitation process. The second sentence
tells about the cavitation damage or erosion.
4.

Pump start out motor gets overloaded or trip on overload (multiple answer)

Alignment is wrong

Gland packing too tight

Worn out/damaged ball bearing

Cavitations exists

All of the above


ANS A B C

NOTE: Over tightening of gland packing will only cause the damage to the
packing and it will wear out very fast. Cavitation will cause vibration only. Option
(d) should not be there. Then option (e) is correct.
5.

Why should only approved toilet cleaning chemicals be used in biological


sewage treatment plant (single answer)

Unapproved chemicals can lead to corrosion in the system

Unapproved chemicals can lead to toxic conditions in the system leading to


destruction of protective coatings

Unapproved chemicals can kill aerobic bacteria making the plant ineffective

Gases produced by use of unapproved chemicals can pose threat to the


operators
ANS C

NOTE: Human safety first. However all the above can be correct. According to
sewage manual if chemicals enter into the treatment device, operation may be
hindered. Toxic chemicals going into the system chemicals like solvents, oils,
paints, disinfectants, pesticides, household cleaning products and bleaches can kill

the helpful bacteria in your septic system. This may kill the system and stop it
digesting effluent. (http://wssproducts.wilhelmsen.com/marine-chemicals/cleaningand-maintenance-1/bio-chemicals/gamazyme-btc-1/)
6.

After overhauling reciprocal pump the motor connections were wrongly


given. Determine outcome when pump is started (single answer)

The direction of flow will remain unaffected

The direction of flow will be reversed

The pump will get damaged because the suction valve will block the reverse
flow causing overpressure leading to pump breakdown

The pump will lose suction and there will be no flow


ANS A

NOTE: The direction of flow depends on the position of suction and discharge
valve in the valve box.
7.

Pump driven type clutch attached to vacuum pump are commonly used for
priming of ballast pump and emergency fire pump. What is the factor which
clutches the vacuum pump to the pump during starting of the pump? (single
answer)

Low suction pressure acting against the spring loaded clutching piston

High suction pressure acting against the spring loaded clutching piston

Low discharge pressure acting against the spring loaded clutching piston

High discharge pressure acting against the spring loaded clutching piston
ANS C

8.

The ballast valve of the forepeak tank is located in the duct keel and cannot
be opened or shut by remote operation. The valves of other tanks can be
operated without any trouble which of the following will be the best
practice? (single answer)

Valve should be checked locally for trouble shooting without which it is


difficult to find the exact problem

The actuator must be defective and should be replaced with a new one

The control circuit is defective and PCB should be replaced

Shore assistance will be required in such cases


ANS A

9.

You are responsible for daily transfers of engine room bilges. You follow
the sequences aft fwd (p)-fwd(s) bilge well and you have never experienced
a problem but 5/e started the transfer and first transferred forward (s) bilge
well without any problem and you join him later and you find that bilge
pump is not taking suction from forward (p) and aft bilge well and then you
have checked everything is normal. What is the cause? (single answer)

5th engineer made a mistake by 1st transferring the fwd (s) bilge well,
normal sequence of operation for engine room machineries should not b
disturbed

Fwd (s) bilge well suction valve is leaking

Bilge pump suction filter cover gasket is leaking

Fwd (s) bilge well suction filter cover gasket is leaking


ANS B

NOTE: Filter comes before valve so if say valve is okay then filter should not be a
problem so option (d) is wrong. If pump suction filter is leaking then it will not be
able to take suction from any well at all, so option (c) is also wrong.
10.

The centrifugal pump are normally (single answer)

Positive displacement type

Rotodynamic

Screw type

Gear type
ANS B

NOTE: According to REEDS rotodynamic pumps, in which a tangential


acceleration is imparted to the fluid. These include centrifugal, axial, mixed flow
types.
11.

Sludge pump suction pressure is going full vacuum when u start the pump
taking water of double bottom tank suction you have checked the suction
filter and found in clean condition. Taking suction from fuel oil sludge tank
does not happen. Causes of the problem (single answer)

Pump is not working efficiently and required overhauling

F.O. sludge tank suction valve is leaking

W.O. Tank D.B. Tank suction pipeline has a blockage

Cannot say what is the problem but definitely the pump needs to
be opened up for overhaul
ANS C

NOTE: As the pump is working okay when taking suction from F.O. sludge tank
there is no problem with the pump. So options (a) and (d) are wrong. Option (c)
seems to be the most appropriate one.
12.

The difference between the discharges of a centrifugal pump and


reciprocating pump the discharge of centrifugal pump is ----------while that
if reciprocating is --------- (single answer)

turbulent, laminar

intermittent, continuous

continuous, pulsating

pulsating, continuous
ANS C MULTI C A

NOTE: Both options (a) & (c) are correct.


13.

Which of the following is a true statement? (single answer)

Aluminum will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical


continuity with stainless steel in presence of an electrolyte

Stainless steel will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical


continuity with mild steel in presence of an electrolyte

Copper will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical continuity


with stainless steel in presence of an electrolyte

Aluminum will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical


continuity with zinc in presence of an electrolyte
ANS A

NOTE: Copper, stainless steel, mild steel, aluminum, zinc.


14.

Ballast pump injection filter was cleaned and the pump was lined up it was
found that there was some leakage in the suction filter suction. The pump
started and the leakage started. During de ballasting it was found that the
pump could not take suction from one of the double bottoms. The cause
could be (single answer)

Pump was drawing air from

Pump was drawing air from suction filter

One of the pipelines on the suction side of the pump might be leaking

The filter was not cleaned properly


ANS B

NOTE: When ballasting the head is positive so water is coming out of the leaky
filter. But when de ballasting, the head is negative. So air is drawn from the leaky
filter.
15.

When one of the M/E F.O. heater is not in use then (single answer)

The F.O. inlet and outlet valve should be kept shut, but steam heating
valves should be kept crack open so as to keep the heater warm

F.O. inlet and outlet valve should be kept shut and heating valves also
should be completely shut and should be drained of any remaining F.O.

F.O. inlet and outlet valve should be kept crack open so that the F.O.
recirculation through the heater can take place.

F.O. inlet and outlet valve should be kept shut while outlet valve should be
left open so that heater can be put into use as fast as possible in case required
ANS B

NOTE: When the heater is not in use we dont require heating and the first thing
we do is stop heating if we keep on heating the oil its going to vaporize and safety
valve may lift and if we cool it down the oil is going to be sticky so need to drain
it.
16.

Corrosion of mild steel can be effectively prevented by (multiple answer)

Cathodic protection

Protective coatings

Addition of suitable alloying elements

All of the above

NOTE: Here in the question its asked about method of prevention not protection.
17.

You have to dismantle a F.O. heater for cleaning. You have closed both inlet
and outlet valves of the heater, both for F.O. and steam side. What will you
do before you start opening the heater? (single answer)

There is nothing more to be done, if you know the valves are holding you
can straight away start opening the heater without wasting time

Drain the heater till pressure gauge reads zero and then start opening the
heater

Drain the heater till F.O. stops coming out of the drain and then start opening
the heater

First open the vent valve and allow the heater to depressurize and then open
the drain valve to drain the contents of the heater
ANS D

18.

Sequence of metal in the increasing order of nobelity in galvanic series


(single answer)

Stainless steel, mild steel, copper, zinc

Copper, stainless steel, mild steel, zinc

Zinc, mild steel, stainless steel, copper

Zinc, copper, stainless steel, mild steel


ANS C

NOTE: In corrosion pdf book its copper after stainless steel and in reeds its
stainless steel after copper and in Wikipedia also.
19.

During flooding of dry dock following items must be verified (single


answer)

All sea valves are operational

All overboard discharge valves are operational

Stern tube seal are operational

All of the above


ANS D

20.

When M/E is running in emergency condition which of the alarms can't be


bypassed

L.O. low pressure

Jacket water high temp

Piston cooling water high temp

All of the above


ANS D

NOTE: Emergency maneuvering means that main engine cannot be started from
remote location. When M/E is put in emergency, then just the governor is
bypassed, rest alarms will still come like lo low pressure, jacket high temperature
etc... But we never bypass L.O. low pressure alarm because if there is no L.O. in
the engine then the engine will cease.
21.

Which of the following can be done to reduce the cold corrosion of main
engine cylinder liners using high sulphur fuel oil (multiple answer)

Increasing cylinder oil feed rate

Using high TBN cylinder oil

Increasing scavenge air temperature

Decreasing cylinder oil feed rate


ANS B SINGLE,MULTI ABC

22.

Vessel is at dry dock, who issue hot work permit? JUNE

C/E

2/E

Shipyard engineer

Ship superintendent
ANS C

23.

Which of the following is not a method of applying metal coating on steel


surfaces for corrosion protection? (single answer)

Hot dipping

Metal spraying

Electro plating

Explosion bonding
ANS D

24.

Air compressor air cooler type?

Spring type

Floating type

Fixed tube

U- tube
ANS D MULTI B D

NOTE: Both (b) & (d) are correct In intercooler straight tube is used commonly
which is otherwise known as floating tube because it is floating at one end. In after
cooler U-tube is used commonly because for more heat transfer in small size, and
also its free for expansion.
25.
1
2
3
4

Cladding is the process used for


Protection of metal surfaces against corrosion
Protection of metal surfaces against erosion
Protection of metal surfaces against cavitation erosion
Protection of metal surfaces impingement corrosion
ANS A
NOTE: Cladding cannot give protection against erosion or impingement corrosion.
26. If 3 centrifugal pumps are running in parallel and the backpressure is
substantially increased, what effect will be observed on the pumps in use?
1
Flow rate will reduce
2
Increase alarms and trips (high casing temperature) will activate, if no
corrective action in the pump casing temperature
3
Safety taken

4
5

None of the above


All of the above
ANS A B C

NOTE: Throttling of discharge valve will increase back pressure decrease flow rate
also increase temperature of the fluid which in turn will increase the casing
temperature. If pumps are in tanker pump room then alarm can come due to high
casing temperature.
27. Which of the following is a true statement? (choose more than one option if
true, multiple choice)
1
Mild steel will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical
continuity with stainless steel in presence of an electrolyte
2
Stainless steel will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical
continuity with mild steel in presence of an electrolyte
3
Copper will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical continuity
with mild steel in presence of an electrolyte
4
Zinc will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical continuity
with aluminum in presence of an electrolyte
ANS A D
NOTE: Zinc, aluminum, steel, stainless steel, copper.
28. The steels with a carbon percentage close to 0.8% have
1
Poor strength but good weldability
2
High strength but poor weldability
3
Poor strength and poor weldability
4
High strength and good weldability
ANS B
NOTE: Up till 0.30 excellent weldability poor strength
0.30-0.45 very good weldability good strength
0.45-0.75 good weldability very good strength
Till 1.5-2 poor weldability excellent strength
29.
1

The lower half of main bearing of a very large diesel engine can be removed
by
Pulling out with a chain block

2
3

By hammering out with the help of a soft mallet


By slightly jacking the crankshaft and turning out the bearing half with a
rope or similar tackle provided
4
By using a special tool in the oil hole and turning the shaft to turn out the
lower half
ANS C
NOTE: According to DEVEN ARANHA to remove bottom half of the bearing, the
engine is turned so that the respective crank web is parallel to the bedplate
separating face. Mount the support cross piece and jacks below the adjoining
crank. Jack up the crank shaft by 0.1 to 0.15 mm (maximum 0.2 mm). Check the
lift with dial gauge. The shims are removed and a rope support piece is fitted. A
steel rope is passed around the lower shell and pulled out with a rope pulley.
30. A refrigerant compressor will run continuously when there is
1
Too heavy cooling load on the system
2
Air in the system
3
Insufficient refrigerant in the system
4
Any of the above
ANS A
NOTE: In case the load is too heavy then the refrigerant itself cannot cool the room
to the set temperature. So the liquid shut off valve remains open and the cut out
will never occur. In case insufficient refrigerant is there the same thing will happen
and also sometimes the pressure at suction side can decrease to have LP cut out,
but the liquid shut off valve is still open so when pressure increases it cuts in
resulting short cycling. In case of air in the system the discharge pressure will be
high enough for HP cut out.
31. The gland packing on centrifugal pump shaft should (single answer)
1
Not allow any leakage under positive suction pressure
2
Should only allow drop by drop continuous leakage under positive suction
pressure
3
Should only allow drop by drop continual leakage under positive suction
pressure
4
Should allow considerable leakage as gland packings are meant to allow
considerable leakage
ANS B

NOTE: Continuous means without any interruption but continual means with
interruption. First option is correct and if cooling is required then packing is
lubricated from pump delivery. If any leakage is there then there is a good chance
of pump sucking air from the packing under negative suction pressure.
32.

Which of the following cannot be used as sacrificial anode for the protection
of mild steel structure against corrosion
1
Cadmium
2
Magnesium
3
Copper
4
Aluminum
ANS C
NOTE: Magnesium, aluminum, cadmium, mild steel, copper.
33. Excessive lubrication in compressors can lead to (multiple)
1
Sticking of valves
2
Carryover and deposit of oil particles in pipelines and reservoirs
3
Decompression
4
Detonation
ANS A B C
NOTE: Here detonation is nothing but starting air line explosion.
34. Corrosion protection of steel surfaces by zinc coating can be carried out only
at temperatures below 65 deg. C. For higher temperatures (single answer)
1
Zinc reacts very fast and thus can only provide protection for a limited time
2
Zinc reacts with steel and protective layer vanishes due to chemical reaction
3
Steel may corrode preferentially to the zinc
4
Dezincification occurs leading to removal of zinc coating
ANS C
NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file protection of steel by zinc is good at
temperatures below 650C, but at higher temperatures it is possible for the steel to
corrode preferentially to the zinc.
35. The pumps performance depends upon
1
Clearance between the wear ring and the impeller
2
Clearance between the impeller and the casing
3
Clearance between impeller and shaft

Clearance between mechanical seal and shaft


ANS A MULTI A D
NOTE: Mc GEORGE says the clearance between the wear ring and collar of the
impeller is minimal to restrict the flow of liquid from the discharge side. A short
circuit flow would reduce efficiency and pressurize the shaft seal.
36. The type of corrosion normally occurring in cooling fresh water systems of
marine diesel engines is
1
Stress corrosion
2
Hot corrosion
3
Bimetallic corrosion
4
Selective phase corrosion
ANS D MULTI C D
NOTE: As the end covers and water boxes are commonly of cast iron or fabricated
from mild steel, unprotected cast iron in contact with sea water, suffers from
graphitization, a form of selective phase corrosion. But again as two dissimilar
materials are in an electrolyte bimetallic corrosion can also happen. Diesel engines
invariably have a cast iron cylinder block sometimes with aluminum head and the
heat exchanger and piping system is usually constructed of mixed copper alloy and
steel components. Even with fresh water there are bimetallic corrosion problems
with such mixed metal systems and depending on the climate in which the ship
will operate it may be necessary to add antifreeze solution which is invariably
inhibited ethylene glycol. The presence of copper ions in the fresh water which
may be naturally present or result from corrosion of copper alloy components in
the cooling system can cause pitting corrosion of aluminum, accelerate rusting of
iron and steel, promote softening of rubber, and oxidation of ethylene glycol with
the formation of formic and oxalic acids giving rise to further metallic corrosion.
Wasim Hussain N reason given by Swapneil sir is: thats why we maintain
LiquiDewt treatment to form a nitrite level on cooling surfaces to avoid
graphitisation of CI components. Ans D
37. The most important control measure to prevent boiler tube failure is (single
answer)
1
Use of proper refractory material
2
Proper maintenance of fuel burning equipment
3
Proper maintenance of boiler water condition
4
All of the above
ANS C MULTI B C
NOTE: According to GTH FLANAGAN by maintaining boiler water condition we

can avoid corrosion, erosion, overheating. Direct impinge of flame cause tube
failure (overheating and distortion).
38. It is given that engine room bilge pump has suction manifold on which 3
valves are located. One valve for the 3 engine room bilge wells suction,
another one for bilge tank suction and the third one is for sea water suction.
It is found that the bilge pump is unable to take suction from any of the bilge
wells, but is able to take suction efficiently from bilge tank. What is the most
probable cause?
1
Pump suction filter cover gasket leaking
2
Suction filter cover gasket of one of the bilge wells is leaking
3
Bilge well suction pipeline leaking between individual bilge well valves and
suction manifold valve
4
Bilge pump suction pipeline leaking between the manifold and the pump
NOTE: As the pump is taking suction from bilge tank there is nothing wrong with
the pump or its suction line or its filter. So options (a) and (d) are wrong. Bilge
suction filter come before the valve. If the valve is holding, then the pump should
not have any problem in taking suction from that bilge well which is not having a
leaky filter. But it cannot take suction from any bilge well. Option (b) can only be
correct when location of filter is after the pump master valve.
39. Most steam traps respond well to cleaning. But when a thermodynamic trap
fails to operate after cleaning, the next course of action should be (single
answer)
1
Throttle the steam outlet valve
2
Renew the trap
3
Lap the disc and the seat of the trap
4
Throttle the steam inlet valve
ANS C
NOTE: in mc GEORGE it is said that if cleaning is not the solution then go for
lapping the disc and seat.
40. When centrifugal pump is changed over for pumping a liquid of higher
specific gravity which of the following is going to change? (single answer)
1
Discharge pressure
2
Discharge head
3
Power consumption
4
Pump speed

ANS C MULTI A C
NOTE: Head is independent of fluid density. Speed of the motor will always
remain constant unless it is a variable speed drive, thats why the pressure and the
power consumption increase. A centrifugal pump will always develop the same
head in feet regardless of a liquids specific gravity. Pressure will increase or
decrease in direct proportion to a liquids specific gravity. Brake HP required will
vary directly with a liquids specific gravity.
41. Auxiliary engine connecting rod bottom end bolts should be tightened
1
Only as per the prescribed torque using a torque wrench
2
As per prescribed torque as well as angular measurements as recommended
by the manufacturer
3
By following previous match marks on bolt heads and connecting rod body
4
As per prescribed torque and another 10% increase during every subsequent
tightening
ANS B
42. Why are large centrifugal pumps started with their discharge valves closed?
1
To ensure proper priming
2
To limit sudden rise in discharge rate
3
To limit motor starting current
4
To minimize starting torque on motor shaft
NOTE: Normally large centrifugal pumps are provided with independent priming
system, but to ensure proper priming discharge valve is closed while priming the
pump. But for priming attached priming pump or other priming methods are used.
So priming is not the primary concern. Option (a) is not the answer. The main
concern is to reduce starting torque which in turn will reduce the starting current as
it is a huge pump.
43. Which of the following statements are true as far as painting of steel
hull/structure is concerned? (multiple choice)
1
Painting can be done under any weather condition
2
Painting can only be done after proper surface preparation is carried out
3
Painting should only be done on top of appropriate primer coating
4
Several coats of paint can be applied one after the other without any time
gap
ANS B C

44.

Which of the following can lead to sudden stopping of a diesel engine?


(multiple answer)
1
Air in fuel supply line
2
Water in fuel supply line
3
Obstruction in air filter
4
Water in the air filter
ANS A B C
NOTE: DEVEN ARANHA says air in fuel system or vapour due to water in the
fuel system can cause clogging of fuel filter resulting irregular running, misfiring
and stopping of the engine. And obstruction in air filter will cut the air supply to
the engine which will stop the combustion resulting stopping of the engine.
45.
A multistage centrifugal pump is normally used
1
High head
2
High discharge flow
3
High viscous fluids
4
Low viscous fluid
ANS A
NOTE: Generally multi staging is done to increase the head by having two stages
or impellers in one shaft. It acts as if two pumps are running in series. Pumps can
also be put on parallel operation for high discharge flow or to get variable flow, but
generally it is done by having two separate pumps not by multi staging.
46.

In a three phase electrical equipment, the immediate action in the event of a


fuse blowing in one of the phases, would be (single answer)
1
To replace with a fuse of correct rating
2
To replace fuses on all three phases
3
To try to repair the fuse
4
To investigate the fault that led to the blowing of the fuse
ANS D
NOTE: According to D.T. HALL the first step is to find the cause of the fault and
repair before the fuse link is replaced. Second step is the replacement fuse link
must be of the correct current rating, grade and type. Usually this means the
replacement fuse link is identical to the blown fuse link. The third step is to replace
all three fuses in a 3-phase supply even if only one is found blown after a fault. The

others may be seriously weakened which makes them unreliable for future use.
47. A drain cooler is provided with S.W. cooling. What is the best way to
increase the temperature of condensate draining to the hot well? (single
answer)
1
Throttle the S.W. inlet valve
2
Throttle the S.W. outlet valve
3
Open the condensate bypass to the cooler
4
Close the condensate bypass to the cooler
ANS C
NOTE: It is the best practice always to throttle the outlet valve of a heat exchanger
to control the temperature of the medium to be cooled. But it will cause insufficient
water to flow through the condenser and it will cause scaling of tubes. So to avoid
salt deposition in condenser tubes bypass is to be opened for temperature control.
48. Which of the following option gives you the correct sequence of the metals
in decreasing order of preferential corrosion when all of them are bonded
and immersed in an electrolyte? (single answer)
1
Titanium, mild steel , zinc , stainless steel
2
Titanium , stainless steel ,mild steel ,zinc
3
Zinc , mild steel , stainless steel , titanium
4
Zinc , titanium , mild steel , stainless steel
ANS C
IF INCREASING ORDER B
49. During auxiliary engine de-carbonization, which of the following checks
need to be carried out?
1
Sounding of all double bottom tanks
2
Connecting rod big end ovality
3
Liner wear
4
Crack detection tests on connecting rod serrations
ANS C MULTI B C D
NOTE: Taking sounding of all double bottom tanks is not even related to decarbonization of auxiliary engine.
50. A reciprocating pump is used for engine room bilge service because
1
Reciprocating pumps are designed for smoother discharge
2
Only small capacity pumping capacity is required, while other pumps are of
higher capacity

It doesnt churn and mix the bilge water unlike other types of rotary and
rotodynamic pumps
4
Shipbuilding industry is still going on old concept, future ships will have
centrifugal pumps installed
ANS C
NOTE: Mc GEORGE says requirement is low capacity pump which encourages
slow, smooth and laminar flow. Turbulence or agitation should be avoided since it
causes mixing and re-entertainment of the oil. Laminar or streamlined flow is
beneficial. The entrance area in oil/water separators is made large so that flow is
slow and large slugs of oil can move to the surface quickly. So option (c) is the best
one.
51. Increasing the rotational speed of a cargo pump the pump flow rate will
1
Increase in direct proportion to the increase in speed
2
Decrease in direct proportion to the increase in speed
3
Flow rate doesnt depend upon speed
4
Flow
ANS A
NOTE: Mc GEORGE says capacity varies directly as the speed.
52. While re-floating the vessel after dry dock, which of the following checks
should be carried out? (multi choice)
1
Sounding of all double bottom tanks
2
Checking leakages in the stern tube header tanks
3
Checking leakages at ship side valves
4
Checking levels of stern tube header tanks
ANS A C
NOTE: Checking any leakages in the stern tube header tanks will not give any
information about any leakage in stern tube.
53. The machinery which is usually tested first once the ship reaches a dry dock
is
1
Engine room crane
2
Engine room lift
3
Gantry crane for engine room
4
All of the above
ANS C USCG
54. The size of solid particle contaminants in hydraulic systems is measured in

(single answer)
1
Millimeter cubed
2
Nano millimeter
3
Microns
4
Micro millimeter
ANS C
55. In a reciprocating pump the direction of flow depends upon
1
Direction of rotation of the pump
2
Position & fixing of suction and discharge valves
3
High pressure to low pressure
4
Whether pump is single acting or double acting
ANS B
56. Fire side in boilers gets commonly corroded due to
1
Galvanic action
2
Formation of vanadium pentoxide and sulphuric acid
3
Stress corrosion
4
Crevice corrosion
ANS B
NOTE: As the fuel contains vanadium and sulphur according to the temperature
and other favorable condition it can form vanadium pentoxide and sulphuric acid
respectively which are highly corrosive in nature.
57. Which of the following statements is false about hydraulic jacks/tensioning
tools? (single answer)
1
The piston of the jack should be turned back by a certain degree after hand
tightening to prevent easy removal after un tightening of the nut
2
The piston of the jack should not be turned back after hand tightening during
un tightening of the nut
3
The piston of the jack need not be turned back during tightening of the nut
4
The hydraulic pressure need not be relieved during removal of the jack
ANS D
NOTE: If we dont release the pressure then it is very unsafe and difficult to
remove the jack.
58. In a shell and tube type M/E L.O. cooler, the temperature of L.O. is
controlled by an automatic temperature control valve. Out at sea with M/E
running at normal sea load it is observed that the temperature control valve

opening to the cooler is increasing day by day until it becomes 100% open to
the cooler. The L.O. outlet temperature _______________ after the above
condition has reached
1
Starts decreasing immediately
2
Starts increasing immediately
3
Will be maintained at the set point of the temperature controller
4
Cannot be maintained at the set point and will increase slowly
ANS D
NOTE: If it is running at normal sea load then there should not be any problem as
the L.O. temperature is maintained nearly constant, but here as the temperature
control valve is opening gradually that means the S.W. temperature is increasing
gradually. May be ship is moving toward hotter region. In order to maintain L.O.
temperature now the control valve is fully open, but it cannot maintain the
temperature. So the temperature of L.O. will increase slowly. He is talking about
TEMPERATURE CONTROL VALVE OPENING TO THE COOLER.
59. Which of the following is not a rotary motion valve?
1
Gate valve
2
Butterfly valve
3
Ball valve
4
Plug valve
ANS A
NOTE: Here all the valves turn to open or close, but gate valve slides to open or
close.
60. Which of the following can lead to short cycling or frequent cutting in and
cutting out of a fridge compressor? (single answer)
1
Dirty condenser
2
Air entrapped in refrigerant
3
High cooling water temperature
4
Grossly insufficient charge
ANS D
NOTE: If there is grossly insufficient charge then there will be low pressure at
suction side which will lead to L.P. cut out. This will lead to short cycling or
frequent cutting in and cutting out of a fridge compressor. But dirty condenser an
air in the system will lead to high discharge pressure resulting H.P. cut out.
61. During shutting down the purifier you find that purifier always vibrates

heavily for some time and then becomes normal until it finally comes to a
stop. What is wrong with purifier?
1
The purifier design is faulty
2
The purifier bowl has a heavy sludge deposit and requires cleaning
3
The purifier bowl is not balanced properly
4
During shutting down most of the purifiers pass through the critical speed
zone
ANS D
NOTE: It can be avoided by applying brake at the time of stopping so that it will
pass the critical speed zone very fast.
62. Hot corrosion in exhaust valves and fire side of boiler mainly when
1
Fuels containing vanadium content with high sodium content are used
2
Fuels containing vanadium content with low sodium content are used
3
Fuels containing high vanadium and high sulphur content are used
4
Fuels containing high sulphur content is used and the exhaust temperatures
are uncontrolled and exceed 600 deg. C
ANS A
NOTE: According to DEVEN ARANHA when both these impurities are present in
a sodium and vanadium ratio of 1:3, vanadium pentoxide which is formed
combines with sodium to form a very hard compound whose melting point is
around 630 deg. C. If the ratio is not proper then the reaction may not happen. So
for the ratio to be matched vanadium with sufficient sodium should be present.
63. NPSH and the total suction head are two terms which are commonly used
for pumps. Which of the following is a true statement?
1
They are one and the same thing
2
Total suction head is greater than NPSH
3
NPSH is always greater than total suction head
4
Total suction head and NPSH have no relationship
ANS B
NOTE: Total suction head vapor pressure head is NPSH.
64. You have overhauled a centrifugal pump and while assembling forgot to
install the o-ring between the sleeve (provided in way of gland packing) and
the shaft. What impact does this have? (single answer)
1
It will not affect the pump in any way
2
It will cause leakage of fluid (air/water) in between the shaft and the sleeve

and will affect the pump performance


3
It will not affect the pump performance n any way but will corrode the shaft
between the o-ring and shaft
4
It will cause dynamic imbalance of the shaft
ANS B
NOTE: Pump shafts are usually protected from erosion, corrosion, and water at
seal chambers, leakage joints, internal bearings, and in the waterways by
renewable sleeves. In designs with a metal to metal joint between the sleeve and
the impeller hub or shaft nut, a sealing device is required between the sleeve and
the shaft to prevent leakage. Pumped liquid can leak into the clearance between the
shaft and the sleeve when operating under a positive suction head and air can leak
into the pump when operating under a negative suction head.
65. You must have used reinforced rubber joints. The reinforcement is normally
provided using non-asbestos fibers. The reinforcement is provided because
(multiple answer)
1
Ordinary rubber gasket have a porous matrix, having capillaries which can
allow liquid leakage when subjected to high pressure
2
To increase the load carrying capacity of joint so it can withstand higher
pressures
3
To increase the temperature resistance of the joint
4
To protect the joints from fire or other accidental damage
NOTE: Ordinary rubber gasket is not made for high pressure application as they
will leak. So we use reinforced rubber joints. It increases the load carrying
capacity. To deal with the various forces on the joint they require fiber
reinforcement, which guarantees both flexibility and strength. Rubber expansion
joints combine a rubber matrix and a reinforcing material, so high strength to
weight ratios can be achieved. The reinforcing material, usually a kind of fiber,
provides the strength and stiffness. The rubber matrix, with low strength and
stiffness, provides air-fluid tightness and supports the reinforcing materials to
maintain their relative positions. These important positions influence the resulting
mechanical properties.
66. Metal cladding provides protection to the metal essentially for the life of
ship because
1
During cladding the protective coating reacts chemically with the base metal
and inhibits corrosion

This is the only method in which the completeness of the metal coating can
assured, while other methods are liable to defects
3
The thickness of protective coating is greater compared to any other metal
coating method used
4
The adherence of coating is best in case of metal cladding
ANS C
NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file the metal coating thickness achieved by
metal cladding is considerably greater than that obtained by the other techniques
considered, and for this reason it is frequently used where a component is required
to be essentially protected against corrosion for the life of the ship.
67. Which of the following can cause exhaust with black smoke in a diesel
engine? (multi choice)
1
Choked air filter of turbocharger
2
Water mixed with fuel
3
Bad atomization of fuel
4
Overload
ANS A C D
NOTE: Water mixed with oil will give white smoke.
68. Net positive suction head is the
1
Difference of total suction head and total discharge head
2
Difference of static head and the frictional head
3
Difference of dynamic suction head and the vapour pressure of liquid
4
Difference of static suction head and the vapour pressure of liquid
ANS D
NOTE: In fluid dynamics, Total Dynamic Head (TDH) is the total
equivalent height that a fluid is to be pumped, taking into account
friction losses in the pipe.
Htotal = (P2 P1) / g
TDH = Static Height + Static Lift + Friction Loss
Where:
Static Lift is the height the water will raise before arriving at the
pump (also known as the suction head).
Static Height is the maximum height reached by the pipe after the

pump (also known as the discharge head).


Friction Loss is Head Loss.
This equation can be derived from Equation. For a relatively
incompressible fluid such as water, TDH is simply the pressure
head difference between the inlet and outlet of the pump, if
measured at the same elevation and with inlet and outlet of equal
diameter.TDH is also the work done by the pump per unit weight,
per unit volume of fluid.
69.
1
2
3
4

The purpose of the wearing rings used in a centrifugal pump is to


Prevent internal explosion in the pump when it is overheated
Enable a visual inspection of the pump when it is running
Ensure a proper alignment of the pump coupling to the driver
To isolate suction and discharge side
ANS D
NOTE: Mc GEORGE says the clearance between the wear ring and collar of the
impeller is minimal to restrict the flow of liquid from the discharge side.
70. The automatic/manual recirculation valve provided on the S.W. overboard
line is provided so that
1
S.W. temperature can be regulated and coolers can maintain correct
temperatures even with low S.W. temperatures
2
S.W. temperature can be regulated and coolers can maintain correct
temperatures even with high S.W. temperatures
3
S.W. can be re-circulated when outside water is extremely muddy
4
S.W. can be re-circulated to conserve when sea chest suction filters become
very dirty
ANS A
71. Before putting into operation a coalescer type oily water separator, it is
important to
1
Fill it up with purge water
2
Drain it completely
3
Switch off the heater
4
Keep the three way valve manually open
ANS A
NOTE: Mc GEORGE says before initial operation, the separator must be filled

with clean water.


72. For the S.W. side of a M/E L.O. cooler it is noticed that rise in S.W.
temperature through the cooler has decreased from 12 deg. C to 7 deg. C
over a period of time, while the drop in temperature of L.O. across the cooler
has also decreased. All other coolers have been reported to be working
normal & M/E is also running at a constant load in calm weather. What is
the inference drawn by decrease in the temperature difference?
1

The cooling S.W. inlet temperature has reduced

The efficiency of the cooler has increased over a period of time

The cooler has become dirty on the S.W. side or L.O. side

S.W. side of the cooler may be partially blocked with mud and sea shells
ANS C

NOTE: If the temperature differential of both the sides is decreasing then the
cooling efficiency has decreased. This can happen when either S.W. side or L.O.
side will become dirty.
73.

Centrifugal pumps cannot handle air and require priming. But you are aware
that centrifugal which on the same principal can handle air very well. Which
two properties of air are responsible because of which the centrifugal pumps
cannot handle air

Fluidity only

Density only

Both fluidity and density

Compressibility

74.

Which of the following can lead to premature failure of roller bearings?

Misalignment

Contamination

Shrinkage

Over greasing
ANS A B D

NOTE: In pdf file for bearing failure improper lubrication or less or no lubrication
can cause damage to the bearing. Options (a) (b) (c) are correct. Option (c) can also
be correct if it means too tight on the shaft.
75.

Surface preparation of steel surfaces, prior carrying out painting is


important because (choose the best alternative)

Any rust and contaminant inclusions may cause local paint film
breakdown

Too much paint will be consumed if surface preparation is not carried out

Surface will be very rough if proper surface preparation is not carried out

Surface preparation deposits a chemical onto steel surface which reacts with
paint film and causes strong bonding
ANS A

76.

Vacuum priming pumps which work on the principle of fixed vane pumps
require _____________ for___________ clearance between vane tips and
casing

Lube oil, lubricating

Lube oil, sealing

Water, sealing

Gland packing, sealing


ANS C

NOTE: Mc GEORGE says sealing water is drawn into the oval casing through a
makeup supply pipe. The water, thrown out to the casing periphery by the turning
rotor, whirls around and forms a moving layer against the oval casing. The water
seals the rotor blades and also recedes from and re approaches the rotor boss twice

in each revolution. The effect is to produce a series of reciprocating water pistons


between the blades.
77.

The flow rate through a F.O. transfer pump will not be affected by which of
the following factors?

Low F.O. temperature

Low sounding in F.O. tank

Internal leakage within the pump

Leaking discharge valve


ANS D

NOTE: Leaking discharge valve can not affect when the pump is running and the
valve is in open condition if it is positive displacement pump.
78.

The suction pressure gauge of the engine room bilge pump is broken and
you dont have a spare. Chief engineer has asked you to troubleshoot the
problem with bilge pump not taking suction from fwd. (p) bilge well. You
try taking suction from fwd. (s) & aft bilge well and find that pump is taking
good suction. Thereafter you try suction from fwd. (p) bilge well for
sometime after priming with sea water but there is no change in level. You
inspect the suction filter of the pump and find that it is very difficult to
remove the same, you had to apply too much of force to lift the filter cover
while normally it comes out easily. What does it indicate?

It does not indicate anything; sometimes the filter covers are difficult to
remove

It indicates that the suction valve of the fwd. Bilge pump is leaking

It indicates that the suction filter of the fwd. (p) bilge well is clogged
completely

Pump suction filter might be clogged


ANS C

NOTE: Here the pump suction filter is working completely fine because pump is
taking good suction from other bilge wells. When we inspect the suction filter of
the pump and find that it is very difficult to remove the same, and had to apply too
much of force to lift the filter cover while normally it comes out easily. It indicates
that when pump is taking suction from fwd. (p) bilge well too much of vacuum is
getting produced. That means there is some blockage and here according to the
options it is the bilge well filter.
79.

Chromium is a nobler metal when compared to that of steel. In some marine


applications chromium is electroplated to the steel surfaces. Why?

Chromium is a more noble metal so it will not get corroded and thus steel
surfaces will remain protected

Chromium plating provides corrosion protection as well as high glossiness


and high hardness for better wear resistance and reduced friction to the steel
surfaces

Chromium plating is required for providing high glossiness and high


hardness for better wear resistance and reduced friction to the steel surfaces
and not for corrosion protection

Chromium reacts with steel to form an alloy during electroplating which is


corrosion resistant
ANS B

NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file chromium is also extensively used for
electro-plating components that are subjected to mechanical deterioration as hard
chrome plate surfaces can be obtained. Chromium is nobler than the steel and it is
generally necessary to use a non-porous interfacial electro-plate such as nickel
between steel and the outer chromium surface if the component is to be subjected
to corrosive conditions.
80. Correct method of greasing a centrifugal pump bearing is
1

To pump the grease until you feel high back pressure on the grease pump

To pump the grease for 3-4 pumping strokes of grease pump for each
bearing

To pump the grease when the pump is stopped and drain any old grease at
the same time by opening the drain plug, giving only 3-4 pumping strokes
on grease pump for each bearing. The drain plug should then be replaced

To pump the grease when the pump is running and drain any old grease at
the same time by opening the drain plug, until all the old grease is removed
and new grease starts coming out of the drain, repeating same for each
bearing. The drain plug should then be replaced
ANS D

81.

What is difference between pressure gauges of air compressor and fridge


compressor? Is there difference between lube oil pressure of fridge
compressor and air compressor?

Yes the difference is ref pressure gauges are of compound type meant to measure
vacuum as well as pressure along with corresponding saturation temp and some of
pressure of and L.O. for fridge.
82.

A ball valve was found leaking in service. Upon inspection it was found that
the PTFE seat had worn out and was renewed. The valve stopped leaking in
closed condition. How do you think a ball valve provides perfect sealing?
(single answer)

The seat fitted is slightly smaller than the outer dimensions of the ball, thus
providing interference fit when closed

Either a floating seat is pressed onto turnnion supported ball by liquid


pressure or floating ball is pressed onto the seat

Ball is not exactly spherical and is shaped such that during closure the
surface coming into contact with seat is of slightly bigger diameter
providing sealing

Seat is not exactly spherical, but slightly tapered so that during closure the
ball sits tightly on the seat
ANS B

NOTE:

83.

It has been reported that engine room bilge pump was unable to take suction
from fwd. (p) bilge well while it is taking suction efficiently from fwd. (s) &
aft bilge wells. What could be the most probable cause?

There is leakage in the bilge suction pipeline somewhere between the bilge
wells and bilge pump

The fwd. (p) bilge well suction valve might be leaking

The fwd. (p) bilge well suction filter cover gasket might be leaking

The pump needs to be overhauled


ANS C

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE the filter is situated just before the bilge well
followed by the valve. So if the valve is leaking from the bonnet then pump will

face difficulty in suction from any of the bilge well or if it is leaking from the seat
then why should the pump cannot take suction from port bilge well, but if the filter
cover gasket is leaking then there is a good chance that the pump will suck air and
cannot take suction from that particular well.
84.

Which of the following is a correct point for sampling of system lube oil for
on board or shore analysis?

Standpipes

Purifier outlets

Inlet or outlet of l. O. Coolers

Tank drains
ANS C

NOTE: My answer is none of the above. There is a fine filter after the cooler.
Sampling should be just before lube oil in entering the main engine.
85.

After maintaining correct discharge pressure, soon ceases to discharge water


what are possible cause? (single answer)

Pressure gauge wrong

Pump sucking air

Discharge valve throttled

Casing wear ring is worn


ANS B

NOTE: After maintaining correct discharge pressure there is the only chance when
pump will lose suction is when the pump is sucking air.
86.

After removing all the bonnets and the securing nuts of a large globe valve it
is found that the bonnet is coming out because of the strong adhesion of the
gasket between the bonnet and the housing. What are you going to do in best

practice?
Screw in the valve onto the seat to lift up the valve and stem
87.

Screw pump are normally

Slow speed pump

Medium speed pump

High speed pump


ANS C MULTI ABC

NOTE: Mc GEORGE says screw pumps are suitable for operation at high
rotational speed.
88.

During connection and disconnection of bunker hoses to discharge static


electricity which of the following process is used?

Insulated flanges and hoses

Ship shore bonding cable


ANS A

89.

In refrigeration circuit, the data logger will record what?

Room temperature

Recharge temperature

Liquid line temperature

Solenoid valve operation

NOTE: Parameters to be monitored for data logger in a refrigeration system are


room temperature, discharge temperature, liquid line temperature, evaporating
pressure, condensing pressure, suction pressure and discharge pressure, HP & LP
pressure, pump/fan operation, S.W. temperature & pressure, differential oil
pressure, refrigerant leakage, defrost heating, solenoid valve operation.
90. Which of the following is a true statement?

Aluminum will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical


continuity with stainless steel in presence of an electrolyte
2
Stainless steel will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical
continuity with mild steel in presence of an electrolyte
3
Copper will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical continuity
with stainless steel in presence of an electrolyte
4
Aluminum will be subject to preferential corrosion when in electrical
continuity with zinc in presence of an electrolyte
ANS A
NOTE: According to previous question copper is nobler than stainless steel, if that
is true then option (c) is wrong.
91. The corrosion protection for cooling fresh water systems of marine diesel
engines is normally provided by
1
Sacrificial anodes
2
ICCP
3
Protective metal coatings of system components
4
Addition of corrosion inhibitors to the cooling fresh water
ANS D MULTI CD
NOTE: For fresh water system corrosion protection is given by these two methods.
In tubes we have cupro-nickel coating by skin cladding method. We also introduce
corrosion inhibitors for fresh water system to protect it from corrosion due to
dissolved oxygen or acids. These are nothing but chemicals which forms a
protective film on metal surface to protect them from corrosion. But sea water
system has sacrificial anodes as soft iron like zinc. We also use ICCP for sea water
corrosion protection.
92. For shaft sealing of a main sea water pump for ship plying in coastal muddy
waters, which is the best option?
1
Gland packing
2
Lip seal with garter spring
3
Mechanical seal
4
Cup seal
ANS A
NOTE: Mc GEORGE says for sea water pumps playing in coastal muddy waters
for shaft sealing gland packing is better than putting mechanical seal because any
ingress of foreign matter can damage the sealing surface of a mechanical seal.

93.
1
2
3
4
94.
1
2
3
4
95.

The seating material for perfectly sealing type ball valves is usually made up
of
Rubber
PTFE or nylon
Rubber reinforced with steel wire
Stainless steel
ANS B
Bilge pump is not taking suction from any bilge well or holding tank what
could be wrong inside the pump?
Bucket rings have worn out
Suction or discharge v/v have worn out and started leaking
Pump suction filter clogged
Suction or discharge v/v stuck in open and debris on the seat
ANS A MULTI ABD if recently overhauled then only D
You have seen and operated several valves onboard ships. All the butterfly
valve operation handles are operated by a locking arrangement because
(single answer)

Butterfly valves do not used gland packings and thus spindle doesnt have
anything to keep it in position and can open by vibration

Butterfly valve does have a spindle packing but same cannot be excessively
tightened to have good grip on the spindle to prevent it from opening against
vibration

Butterfly valves can move by vibration but that is not the main
consideration, the main consideration being opening/closing against liquid
pressure

All the butterfly valves do not have locking arrangement as there is no such
requirement for the same
ANS C

NOTE: The valve can change its position due to vibration or due to the pressure of
the liquid acting on it. So a locking arrangement is necessary to keep it in position.

96.

Which of the group of method are used for priming of centrifugal pumps
onboard ships? (single answer)

Gravity tank, attached vacuum pump

Attached vacuum pump, filling pump casing using a fresh water hose

Central priming system, attached vacuum pump, sea water priming

None of the above


ANS C MULTI A C

NOTE: Mc GEORGE says if the number of pumps to be primed is more than four,
then central priming system is used. Attached vacuum pump is also used as
automatic priming system for a pump. Sometimes sea water priming from an
independent supply can be given, for example opening sea suction of ballast pump.
97.
1
2
3
4

Which one of the following is a type of corrosion (single answer)


Electroplating
Galvanization
Graphitization
De emulsification
ANS C
NOTE: It is selective phase corrosion where the matrix of the alloy is converted to
iron oxides; the graphite flakes and the phosphorous rich compound are virtually
not attacked which is not visible but causes loss of strength of that material.
98. Which of the following instruments measures propeller drop? (single
answer)
1

Poker gauge

Telescopic feeler gauge

Trammel

Propeller drop gauge


ANS A

NOTE: Mc GEORGE says propeller drop or stern tube bearing wear down can be
measured by poker gauge.
99.

Your ship has an OWS and reciprocating bilge pump of capacity 2.0 m3 /hr.
It takes about 12 hours to pump out the complete bilge tank through OWS.
The ship is going to dry-dock and chief engineer is recommending company
to install a centrifugal pump of 10 m3 capacity which will take the same
space and can pump out the bilge tank only in 2.5 hrs. The company should
(single answer)

Accept the proposal as a centrifugal pump has several advantages over a


reciprocating pump

There is no question of accepting a centrifugal pump as a engine room bilge


pump

Propose to fix a gear pump instead of a centrifugal pump

Pipelines and pumps once designed cannot be changed as they are class
approved
ANS D

NOTE: Mc GEORGE says the pipeline diameter and the pump capacity for ships
bilge system is formulated and approved by classification society. Centrifugal
pump is not used for OWS as discharge flow is turbulent causing well mixing of
oil & water. It is one of the reasons why the pumps are fitted at the OWS delivery
side. Inlet of the OWS is laminar flow for efficient separation of oil from water.
100. Normally so called Single screw pumps are used as sludge pumps in engine
room. What is the correct technical name of these pumps? (single answer)
1

Snake pump

Screw pump

Progressive cavity pump

Gerotor pump
ANS C

101. In a parallel-gate type valve the sealing between the valve and the disc is
provided by (single answer)
1

Appropriate tightening torque of the valve spindle

Gate and valve seat have a taper and when tightened they will seal against
each other

Either the seat or the disc gate are free-floating, allowing upstream pressure
to seal the seat and disc against any unwanted leakage

For a gate type valve the sealing is never perfect and they always allow
some leakage

NOTE: Mc GEORGE says valves and seats of the gate valve may be tapered or are
parallel on their facing sides. When a Parallel Slide is opened or closed, the
positioning of two flat spring loaded discs will either seal or open the pipeline
passage. Closure is achieved by positioning the discs between the seat faces in the
valve body. The pressure differential across the disc forces the outlet disc against
the outlet seat, creating a tight seal which is far superior to that of a wedge gate
valve. The two separate spring loaded discs mounted in the belt eye/disc holder
have sufficient loading and freedom of movement to allow accurate contact
between the flat lapped faces over the range of expansion and contraction
regardless of the valve orientation. During valve closure the self wiping action of
the discs ensures that debris is not trapped between the sealing faces. Stem travel is
limited by the back seat in open position and the stem stop in the closed position.
The stem stop prevents stem rotation and acts as a position indicator. Unlike a
wedge gate valve it is line pressure and POSITION, not excessive mechanical
force at the end of stroke that is required to make a seal. When the position
indicator is in the closed position the valve is fully isolated. DO NOT APPLY ANY
ADDITIONAL FORCE. Because the discs are free to slide between the seat faces
it is virtually impossible to create an overstressed condition under normal
operation. The advantages of this eyelet are. It produces a smoother flow between
the seat faces by effectively eliminating the body cavity and the turbulence which
it causes. It protects the seat faces from impingement of the line fluid or anything
suspended in it. It prevents debris in the fluid being thrown out of suspension into
the valve body. When the eyelet/conduit is positioned between the seats, the
bottom of the disc faces are still in contact with seat faces. No, body guides are
required. The gate is a split design using two discs spring loaded and held together
by a gate holder with an inconel 750 springs to provide initial energizing when

closed. The gate relies for seat tightness on the primary fluid pressure acting on the
downstream half. There is no wedging action or extra loading on the seats resulting
in considerably lower operating torque. When the valve is in the open position the
gate is completely clear of the seats. During closing there is a bevel on the bottom
of the gate to guide it in between the seats and recompress the spring. Seating
surfaces are hard faced with Stellite6 to provide high cycle capability in very
high differential pressure services.

102. The crank web deflection readings of a diesel engine would be erroneous in
which of the following conditions? (multiple answer)
1

When the draught of the vessel has changed while readings were being taken

When cargo loading and discharging has been too rapid

When the crankcase temperature has changed substantially during the


process of taking the readings

None of the above

ANS A B C
NOTE: DEVEN ARANHA and RITENKER SEN say ambient temperature,
movements of ship as in rough weather, incorrect load condition resulting hogging
or sagging are the factors affecting deflections. When comparing deflections this
must be taken under similar draught conditions as the readings according to the
way the ship is loaded or ballasted. So answer is all of the above.
103. The purpose of an evaporator in the domestic refrigeration system is to
(single answer)
1

Transmit latent heat of evaporation

Absorb latent heat of fusion

Absorb latent heat of evaporation

Transmit latent heat of fusion


ANS C

NOTE: By absorbing latent heat of evaporation from the air the refrigerant cools
the air.
104. If the direction of rotation of a gear pump is reversed due to change in-phase
sequence, what happens when the pump is started? (single answer)
1

Direction of flow remains the same

The pump will get damaged due to overpressure on suction side

Pump relief valve will be lifted

The direction of flow will be reversed


ANS D

NOTE: Mc GEORGE says the liquid being pumped by the gear pump is forced out
after being carried around between gear teeth and housing, as the teeth mesh
together. So if you look at the diagram where direction of flow is given you can
imagine that when you will change the direction of rotation of the gears, the
direction of flow of liquid will also be changed.

105. Centrifugal pump will typically give you a low flow rate at a lower pressure,
where a piston pump will give you more pressure at higher flow rate. Is the
statement correct? (single answer)
1

True

False

First sentence is right. Second one is wrong

I don't know
ANS B

NOTE: According to the characteristics diagram of both the pumps given in Mc


GEORGE centrifugal pump will typically give you a low flow rate at a higher
pressure, where a piston pump will give you more pressure at lower flow rate.
Piston pump delivers constant flow rate at any head. However in practice, when
pressure increases, the internal leakages also increase, reduces the flow rate
through system.
106. Which of the following is an important requirement for proper functioning
of sacrificial anode system (multiple answer)
1

Good insulation between anodes and ships hull

Good electrical continuity between anodes and ships hull

Providing protection of anodes from being painted over during hull painting

Presence of an insulating material between anode and the cathode


ANS B C

NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file the most common reasons for failure of
sacrificial anode systems are due to ineffective electrical contact between the
anodes and the hull, or due to the anodes being painted while in dry dock.
107. The main disadvantages of a reciprocating pump over a gear pump is that
(single answer)
1

A gear pump is self priming while a reciprocating pump is not

Discharge of a gear pump is not affected by the direction of rotation while


that of reciprocating pump is reversed

The discharge of reciprocating pump is pulsating and discharge rate is lesser

Reciprocating pumps are only available in high capacities and for smaller
capacities only gear pumps can be used
ANS C

NOTE: Options (a), (b), (d) are wrong statements so left with only one option.
108. Which of the following types of damages is metal seating of a valve subject
to? Choose the correct alternative (single answer)
1

Corrosion, erosion, abrasion, deformation

Corrosion, fatigue failure, brittle fracture, caustic cracking

Erosion, caustic cracking, brittle fracture, clover leafing

None of the above


ANS A

NOTE: Classifications of Wear: Adhesive Wear material loss due to sliding


motion between metal surfaces, Abrasive Wear material loss due to cutting action
of hard particles, Erosive Wear form of abrasive wear due to particles suspended
in a fluid, Corrosive Wear material loss due to chemical attack, Surface Fatigue
Wear material loss from repeated sliding or rolling motion, Cavitation Wear
bubbles form in liquids due to sudden pressure change and then collapse producing
mechanical shock on the metal surface.
109. You are pumping out sludge to a shore facility using your sludge pump. You
find that the discharge rate of pump is very slow and suction filter is getting
clogged frequently. What is the best alternative to counteract the problem?
(single answer)
1

Remove the pump suction filter and pump out the tank

Increase the tank temperature, keep an eye on the pump suction pressure and
clean the filter as soon as it drops

As soon as the as the shore facility tells you that they are not receiving any
sludge, you stop the pump and clean the filter

Filter so that frequency of filter blockage is reduced and you can get a better
discharge rate
ANS B

110. When centrifugal pump is used to pump a liquid of higher specific gravity
the pump power will (single answer)
1

Increase

Decrease

Will not be affected as the pump power depends only on the flow capacity

None of the above


ANS A

NOTE: A centrifugal pump will always develop the same head in feet regardless of
a liquids specific gravity. Pressure will increase or decrease in direct proportion to
a liquids specific gravity. Brake HP required will vary directly with a liquids
specific gravity. Power = g (N/m3) * h (m) * Q (m3/t)
111. The process of depositing zinc on steel surfaces by diffusion coating is
known as (single answer)
1

Sherardising

Chromising

Calorising

Galvanizing
ANS A

NOTE: The process of depositing zinc on steel surfaces by diffusion coating is


known as Sherardising. The process of depositing chromium on steel surfaces by

diffusion coating is known as Chromising. The process of depositing aluminum on


steel surfaces by diffusion coating is known as Calorising.
112. By which of the following is the attached vacuum pump of a ballast pump is
driven? (single answer)
1

Electrical motor

Hydraulic motor

Pump driven clutch

Pneumatically driven
ANS C

113. High tensile steels are (single answer)


1

High carbon steels with suitably added alloying elements

Medium carbon steels with suitably added alloying elements

Low carbon steels with suitably added alloying elements

None of the above


ANS B

NOTE: High tensile steel has 0.4% carbon and it comes under medium carbon
steel.
114. After cleaning the sea chest filter you have placed the filter in the body and
tightened the cover. Which one of the following is the best alternative?
(single answer)
1

You can open the filter inlet and outlet valves & directly start using the filter

If you do not want to use the sea chest in question, you need not worry and
you can open the valves when required

Purged, any leakages and thereafter filter can be kept isolated or used as
required

You will close the other side sea chest valves first and then open this side sea
chest filter inlet and outlet valves
ANS C

115. Which of the following valves cannot prevent backflow of liquid in a


pipeline? (single answer)
1

Gate valve

Globe check valve

Swing check valve

Angle check valve


ANS A

NOTE: Gate valve is not made to prevent back flow of liquid.


116. Bronze is an alloy typically consisting of (single answer)
1

Copper , lead & tin

Copper , zinc & lead

Copper , zinc & tin

Copper , tin & lead


ANS D

NOTE: Brass 70 Cu & 30 Zn, bronze 88 copper + 12 tin, gunmetal 88 cu + 10 tin +


2 Zn compositions. Aluminum bronze- copper, tin, aluminum. Aluminum brasscopper, zinc, aluminum.
117. In a positive displacement reciprocating pump, the use of the accumulator is
to? (single answer)
1

Steady the flow in the discharge section of the pipe

Dampen the pressure surge on discharge side

To always maintain a discharge head on the pump

Both options a & b


ANS D

NOTE: According to INTRODUCTION TO MARINE ENGINEERING BY D.A.


TAYLOR an air vessel is usually fitted in the discharge pipe work to dampen out
the pressure variations during discharge. As the discharge pressure rises the air is
compressed in the vessel, and as the pressure falls the air expands. The peak
pressure energy is thus stored in the air and returned to the system when the
pressure falls.
118. The process of depositing chromium on to steel surfaces by diffusion coating
is known as (single answer)
1

Galvanizing

Chromising

Calorising

Coppering
ANS B

NOTE: The process of depositing zinc on steel surfaces by diffusion coating is


known as Sherardising. The process of depositing chromium on steel surfaces by
diffusion coating is known as Chromising. The process of depositing aluminum on
steel surfaces by diffusion coating is known as Calorising.
119. When running two centrifugal pumps in parallel, flow rate is increased
1

True

False

May be

I don't know
ANS A

NOTE: Pumps are put on parallel operation for high discharge flow or to get
variable flow.
120. You have started pumping out a fore peak tank. The ballast pump is running
showing a low discharge pressure but a positive suction pressure, chief
engineer asks you to throttle the discharge valve to increase the back
pressure on the pump. Why do you require doing the same?
1

The pumps discharge rate needs to be controlled as it is pumping at a higher


than rated capacity

Chief engineer wants you to slow down as the de ballasting is going on too
fast and will finish sooner than expected

It is a misconception that pumps operate smoothly at increased back


pressure and throttling of the discharge valve is a wrong practice

Centrifugal pumps cannot operate at greater than rated capacity, so throttling


the discharge valve is only going to decrease the discharge rate below rated
capacity
ANS D

121. Which of the following types of boiler burners have maximum turn down
ratio? (single answer)
1

Pressure jet type

Spinning cup burner

Spill type burner

Y-jet type burner


ANS D

NOTE: According to GTH FLANAGAN the turn down ratio of pressure jet type
burner is limited to a value of about 3.5. Spinning cup burner has values of over
10:1. Y-jet type burner has a turn down ratio up to 20:1.

122. F.O. transfer pump was working efficiently, but it stopped taking suction
suddenly. There is a sounding of 6.0 m in the F.O. deep tank. The suction
pressure gauge was renewed recently and is showing a positive pressure
when pump is running, but pump is not transferring any F.O. what is the
most probable cause? (single answer)
1

Pump is damaged and needs overhaul

Suction filter cover gasket might leaking

Pump relief valve might be leaking

The pump suction pipeline is blocked


ANS C

NOTE: As in the question it is said that the pump was working efficiently, but it
stopped taking suction suddenly, so there is nothing wrong with the pump. If the
pump filter cover gasket would have been leaking then the pressure gauge would
have been showing zero pressure that is the atmospheric pressure or negative. If
the pump suction pipe would have been blocked then the pressure gauge would
have been showing negative pressure. But it is showing positive pressure and it
was renewed recently so the relief valve is leaking due to which discharge side is
connected to suction side. So it is not transferring any oil.
123. Motor stator winding badly contaminated by dirt, oil and grease should be
cleaned by (single answer)
1

High pressure compressed air

Suction or vacuum cleaning

Brushing, spraying or immersion in an approved cleaning solvent

Immersion in fresh water followed by drying


ANS C

NOTE: If it is badly contaminated then vacuum cleaning is inefficient. We have to


use cleaning solvent to clean it.

124. Aluminum being lower than zinc in galvanic series provides lesser
protection to steel compared to the zinc coating. Which one of the following
is a true statement (single answer)
1

Aluminum coating provides good corrosion protection compared that of zinc


at elevated temperatures

Zinc is always preferred over aluminum coating irrespective of the


temperature of metal surface

Aluminum is never used as coating material

Aluminum reacts with steel, so cannot be used for coating steel


ANS A

NOTE: Aluminum can withstand high temperature when protecting steel from
corrosion. According to corrosion pdf file protection of steel by zinc is good at
temperatures below 650c, but at higher temperatures it is possible for the steel to
corrode preferentially to the zinc.
125. Which of the following is not a true statement? (single answer)
1

Butterfly valves are used for modulating flow and can be throttled

Globe valves can be straight flow or angle flow type

Swing check valve will provide lesser resistance than same bore diameter
globe type check valve

In a globe type valves, mechanical seals are used for providing sealing
between the valve bonnet and the spindle
ANS D

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE leakage along the valve spindle is prevented


by a stuffing box, packed with a suitable material and a gland.
126.

Impingement corrosion is an

Physical action

Chemical action

Physical and chemical action

None of the above


ANS C

NOTE: Corrosion is a chemical process in which metal reacts with its


environment. Although cavitation erosion is regarded as a mechanical deterioration
process, when considering sea water as the working fluid the influence of corrosion
must be acknowledged in any situation where damage to a metallic surface is
experienced. Conditions which lead to cavitation erosion in piping systems are also
capable of inducing impingement corrosion particularly of the comparatively thin
wall copper alloy piping downstream of components of interest. In fact, the latter
mechanism is more insidious in some respects since a lower order of
hydrodynamic forces is sufficient to promote attack and at least the presence of
cavitation may be detected by the characteristic noise emitted by the collapsing
cavities. So significant is the influence of corrosion, particularly impingement
corrosion, and those failures by hydrodynamic deterioration processes are
sometimes termed "corrosion/erosion". Design considerations for the avoidance of
impingement corrosion will be discussed in the following section. However, the
fact that cavitation may be detected makes somewhat easier the task of defining
conditions for its avoidance.
127. In which of the following types of refractory failure, softening of the
refractory bricks takes place due to presence of sodium/vanadium in fuel?
1

Spalling

Cracking

Shrinkage cracking

Slagging
ANS D

NOTE: According to GTH FLANAGAN due to reaction of vanadium and sodium


salts with the refractory material molten slag is formed, which then runs down to
the furnace floor. This reduces the wall thickness and leads to build up in the level

of furnace floor which can eventually interface with the shape of the flame. Cold
air impinging upon the hot refractory causes a surface flaking known as Spalling.
128. A thin layer of electrolyte trapped in a small pits on a metal surface and
remaining stagnant over a period of time may cause
1

Erosion

Bimetallic corrosion

Crevice corrosion

Corrosion fatigue
ANS C

NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file this is a form of attack which may occur
when a thin film of electrolyte is trapped in a crevice and becomes stagnant. Such
crevices may be formed between closely fitting components or even under mounds
of corrosion product. In this condition, corrosion occurs due to concentration cells
created by either limited oxygen availability or a difference in metal ion
concentration.
129. In case of tankers, the speed of cargo pumps is reduced while stripping,
why?
1

To avoid cavitation of the pump as the NPSHA may fall below NPSHR if
speed is not reduced

To avoid cavitation of pump as the NPSHA may rise above NPSHR if speed
is not reduced

To prevent the pump from over speeding if it loses suction

Decreasing the speed increases the discharge head of the pump which is
required to pump out the remaining cargo
ANS A

NOTE: NPSH increases when velocity of flow reduces (NPSH = Suction Head
losses vapour pressure), Losses vel. of flow2.

130. Which of the following statements is false about cleanliness of electric


motors?
1

External motor body cleanliness of totally enclosed is important since the


body helps to dissipate heat generated

Dirt, oil, grease and moisture are primary culprits in deterioration of


insulation of stator windings of a motor

High-pressure dry compressed air cleaning is preferred over suction cleaning


for stator windings

Dry compressed air at a high pressure can drive in dirt inside windings
instead of removing them
ANS C

NOTE: We never use high pressure air for cleaning as it may damage the winding
by inserting dirt inside it.
131. The attached vacuum pump of a ballast pump operates on the principle of a
1

Centrifugal pump

Reciprocating pump

Gear Pump

Vane Pump
ANS D

NOTE: Attached vacuum pump works on water ring principle of reciprocating


water piston like a positive displacement pump for example reciprocating pump.
Vane pump is also used sometimes but vanes wear and they sometimes jam in the
rotor slots. So this is not so good. Ejectors are effective is sized correctly but their
efficiency is low.
132. Super chlorinating of fresh water tanks in dry dock is done by
1

Washing the tanks with 100ppm chlorine solution

Washing the tanks with 50ppm chlorine solution

Leaving a 50ppm chlorine solution in the tank for 4 hours before flushing
with clean water

Leaving a 50ppm chlorine solution in the tank for 24 hours before flushing
with clean water
ANS C

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE super chlorinating when the vessel is dry


docked, consists of leaving a 50 ppm chlorine solution in the tank over a four hour
period, followed by flushing with clean water.
133. An auxiliary engine turbo-charged makes strange noises when the load
changes. The engine parameters however are absolutely fine. An external
examination of turbocharger parameters as stated in the manual also reveals
nothing. Would you
1

Continue to run the engine and wait for some time

Stop the engine for a while and make some checks

Reduce the load of the engine

Run it on steady load to make some checks


ANS B

NOTE: It is a symptom of turbocharger surging. So the first step is to reduce the


engine speed which in turn reduces scavenge air pressure and there is less tendency
of reverse flow from scavenge air manifold to the turbocharger diffuser. But
turbocharger should not surge within designed load. Engine should be stopped &
turbocharger checked for fouling. Here the engine itself is making noise.
134. During prolonged astern maneuvering of the relative expansion between any
of the turbine its casing is likely to increase for an alarming level you should
(multi choice)
1

Inform the bridge that no further maneuvering is possible as the turbine are
likely to be damaged

Reduce the vacuum further to control the relative expansion

Keep maneuvering irrespective of damage to the turbines

Request the bridge to try to reduce number of astern movements


ANS B D

135. Refer cooling tubes act as self-cooling & expansion by


1

Straight tube

U tube

Spring tube

Fixed tube
ANS A IF MULTI A D

NOTE: According to REEDS temperature difference is not so high and the little
expansion can be taken up by metal resilience. So we use straight tube.
136. The direction of centrifugal pump depends upon what
1

Vane curvature from eye to impeller

Vane curvature from impeller to eye

Direction of volute casing


ANS C MULTI B C

NOTE:

DIRECTION OF VOLUTE CASING

The Volute casing and Discharge tube are designed and located according to the
Direction of Rotation of the Pump" which is pre determined for a particular design.
The correct direction of rotation can be often deduced from the pumps shape.
Focusing on the discharge volute, in which direction do the areas increase? Then
that is the direction of rotation. There is a particular hazard with the double suction.
Here it is quite possible in many cases to install the impeller wrong way round. The
shaft may rotate in the correct direction, but the impeller does not. As a rule, the
impeller vanes should always curve away from the direction of rotation.
137. Purifier not rotating with desired rpm reason
1

Frequency low

Bus bar voltage low

Friction pads worn out


ANS A B C

NOTE: According to ALFA LAVAL purifier manual, Speed too low, possible cause
action:

Bowl not closed or leaking - Dismantle and check


Friction elements worn or oily - Fit new friction elements or clean the old ones if
they are oily
Belt tension too loose - Tighten the belt
Motor failure/motor bearings - Repair the motor
Bearing overheated/damaged or worn - Fit new bearings
Incorrect transmission (60 Hz pulley running on 50 Hz power supply) - Make sure
that the pulley is intended for 50 Hz power supply.
If there is an option for all of the above then go for that option.
138. Purifier leaking bowl opened, cleaned and seal ring changed and put back
but still leaking, what might be wrong
1

high temp

high density

disc size not proper

rpm low
ANS C MULTI C D

NOTE: According to ALFA LAVAL purifier manual, Outgoing water contains oil,
possible cause action:
Gravity disc hole too small - Use a gravity disc with a larger hole
Incorrect separating temperature - Adjust temperature
Throughput too high - Reduce throughput
Sludge space in bowl is filled with sludge - Clean the bowl and shorten time
between discharges
Disc stack clogged - Clean the bowl discs
Inlet clogged - Clean
Bowl speed too low See previous question for possible cause action
Gravity disc hole too large - Use a gravity disc with a smaller hole
Seal ring under the gravity disc defective - Fit a new seal ring
The supply of operating water is not sufficient due to clogged strainer, kinked hose
or low water pressure - Straighten the hose, clean the strainer, check the water
pressure
Oil discharge through water outlet = broken water seal, possible cause action
Gravity disc too large - Use a gravity disc with a smaller hole
Separation temperature too low - Increase temperature

Throughput too high - Reduce throughput


The supply of operating water is not sufficient due to clogged strainer, kinked hose
or low water pressure - Straighten the hose, clean the strainer, check the water
pressure
Valve(s) in oil outlet line closed - Open the valve(s) and adjust the back pressure to
normal value
Sealing water volume too small - Check water supply
Disc stack clogged - Clean the bowl discs
Seal ring on gravity disc/clarifier disc defective - Fit a new seal ring
Seal ring in sliding bowl bottom or upper or lower distribution ring defective Install a new seal ring
Bowl hood seal ring defective or sealing surface of sliding bowl bottom damaged Install a new seal ring, polish the surface on sliding bowl bottom or install a new
one
Valve plugs defective - Install new valve plugs on operating slide
Bowl speed too low - Bowl incorrectly assembled - Examine and make correct,
assuming leakage through water outlet.
This is taken from MITSUBHISHI PURIFIER MANUAL

139. Sherardising, Chromising, and Calorising are methods of protection from


corrosion by which method
1

Electroplating

Galvanization

Metal diffusion

Cladding
ANS C

NOTE: In diffusion coating method the most commonly used coating materials are
zinc, chromium and aluminum and the respective processes are known as
Sherardising, Chromising and Calorising.
140. In Impressed Current Cathodic protection system, the current for cathodic
protection is supplied by
1

Use of sacrificial anodes

A low voltage D.C. supply

A low voltage A.C. supply

110 V A.C. supply


ANS B

NOTE: In ICCP the supply current and the voltage are also low and D.C.
141. Which of the following instruments is used to measure rudder carrier bearing
wear down? (single answer)
1

Poker gauge

Telescopic feeler gauge

Depth gauge

Trammel
ANS D

NOTE: Trammel gauge is used to measure rudder drop.

142. In a Sea Water cooled J.C.W. cooler, the most common cause for loss in
cooling efficiency of the heater is
1

Scale formation on J.C.W. side

Mud/silt deposits on J.C.W. side

Scale formation on S.W. side

None of the above


ANS C

NOTE: In sea water cooled J.C.W. cooler the main problem is with the S.W. side
because as F.W. side is closed we put chemicals for treatment, but in S.W. side
there is always chance for scale formation which will affect the cooler efficiency.
143. Cadmium coatings provide corrosion protection. Cadmium coatings are
commercially carried out using which of the following methods
1

Metal Spraying

Electro-plating

Hot-dipping

Metal diffusion
ANS B

NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file cadmium coatings have good resistance to
marine corrosion, but the only commercially practical form is electro plating.
Consequently its application is for small components, such as fastening materials
used for atmospheric exposure conditions.
144. The common term used for failure of metal and alloys in a corrosive
environment , when subject to high stresses is known as
1

Fatigue failure

Corrosion fatigue

Stress corrosion cracking

Fretting Corrosion
ANS C

NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file stress corrosion cracking is a process


caused by the joint action of stress and a corrodent.
145. Wheel operated butterfly valves are operated through a reduction gearbox.
The Gear arrangement inside of gear box is of _________ type
1

Bevel Gear

Rack & Pinion Gear

Planetary Gear

Worm & Worm Wheel


ANS D

NOTE: M Series hand wheel gear actuators are totally enclosed, weatherproof,
worm gear actuators for reliable manual operation with Type A11, A31A and A41
High Performance Butterfly Valves. The M Series actuator consists of a body
housing, cover, worm gear, input shaft, and hand wheel. The housing is greasepacked. Gear Operators: DEMCO Weatherproof Gear Operators are offered with a
choice of hand wheel, chain-wheel, or square nut. The worm gearing has selflocking set screws to control open and closed positioning or an optional adjustable
memory stop for balance return to a preset open position after closing.
146. Use of synthetic polymer treatment limited to low pressure boiler why
1

Does not prevention of scale formation

Does not help in corrosion prevention

Does not form phosphate to tackle caustic

All of the above

NOTE: Polymer is a giant molecular built up by stringing together simple


molecules, E.G.

Poly-electrolytes-Formed from natural or synthetic ionic monomers

Polyacrylates- Polymers of acrylic acid

Polyamides- Polymers of amides

Polymer treatment prevents scale formation and minimizes sludge formation. It can
also loosen scale so established boilers introduced to this form of treatment may
develop leaks where previously plugged with scale, especially in way of expanded
joints. Also can absorb trace oil. Use limited to LP boiler as no PO4 present to
prevent caustic alkalinity for auxiliary boiler. This is a superior form of treatment
to the old alkaline and phosphate treatment. The correct level of alkalinity must be
maintained as too low a level neutralizes the electric charge of the poly-electrolyte.
Too high causes caustic alkalinity.
147. Resistance to corrosion of Aluminum alloys is due to
1

Aluminum being a very noble metal when compared to other metals in


electrochemical series

Formation of aluminum oxide (Alumina) passive film on surface

The rate of corrosion is very low due to very high corrosion potential

All of the above


ANS B

NOTE: Aluminum forms alumina on alloys exposed to air which gives a very good
corrosion resistance. It is also very noble metal as compared to others in galvanic
series. Breaks in the film do not normally lead to accelerated attack at such
positions unlike stainless steels and the film remains stable except when exposed to
alkaline waters or hot sea water.
148. Graphitization is the term used to describe (single answer)
1

Bimetallic corrosion of brass and bronze alloys leading to deposition of


graphite

Selective phase corrosion of grey cast iron leading to corrosion of graphite


flakes and leading to loss of strength

Electroplating process in which graphite is deposited on the mild steel


components to protect them against corrosion

Chemical reaction between pure graphite and iron so as to increase the


graphite content of iron
ANS B

NOTE: It is selective phase corrosion where the matrix of the alloy is converted to
iron oxides; the graphite flakes and the phosphorous rich compound are virtually
not attacked which is not visible but causes loss of strength of that material. Under
graphitization C I iron will be corroded leaving behind a soft graphite and loose its
strength and it will crack.
149. Accelerated corrosion due to removal of protective surface films (e.g.) oxide
layers on metal/alloy surfaces due to turbulence of working fluid is known
as (single answer)
1

Bimetallic corrosion

Impingement corrosion

Cavitation erosion

Selective phase corrosion


ANS B

NOTE: Impingement attack is accelerated corrosion due to the removal of


protective corrosion product films by turbulent water flow, thereby continually
exposing a clean metal surface which forms the anode site.
150. Cold and viscous lubricating oil of an auxiliary engine is most likely to
cause ___________ (single answer)
1

Sudden stopping of the engine

Difficulty in starting the engine

Rhythmic knocking sound from inside the engine

Drop in RPM of the engine


ANS B

NOTE: According to MAN B&W OPERATION MANUAL DIFFICULTY: Engine


turns on starting air, but no fuel injection occurs due to too low fuel pump index.
ONE OF THE CAUSES: Too high viscosity of fuel oil. According to DIHATSU
AUXILIARY ENGINE MANUAL troubleshooting: when starting is
difficult/engine does not start, because: too high lubricating oil viscosity.
151. A sea chest filter has to be cleaned. Which one of the following best practice
should be followed prior opening the filter?
1

Close inlet & outlet valves of the filter before opening the filter

Close inlet & outlet valves of the filter, then open the vent to release
pressure before opening the filter

Close inlet & outlet valves of the filter before opening the filter

Put the other sea chest into use, isolate the filter by closing inlet & outlet
valves, purge the filter body to depressurize it and then open up slowly
ANS D

152. What is the correct procedure in tightening a torque spanner? (multiple


answer)
1

Tightening beyond the cracking sound

By using a addition length rod

Fluctuating load

None of the above


ANS D

153. The delivery rate of an axial piston hydraulic pump is controlled by varying
the position of the _____________
1

Tilting box

Slide block

Pintle

Reaction ring
ANS A

NOTE: Mc GEORGE says tilting box is used in axial piston pump to control the
stroke by changing the tilting angle.
154. Freight paid by charterers on a quantity of cargo short-shipped, i.e. quantity
agreed upon but not loaded by the charterer is called
1

Pro-rata freight

Back Freight

Dead freight

None of the above


ANS C

NOTE: According to EDWARD F STEVENS AND C.S.J. BUTTERFIELD


(SHIPPING PRACTICE) the ship owner is not entitled to claim pro rata freight for
the part of the voyage he has carried the goods, but if the ship does not complete
the voyage, the master may make arrangements to transship the cargo to final port
of discharge and thus earn his freight, all charges for such transshipment or
forwarding being for his account. There is no exception to this rule, however: if the
consignee is notified that the ship has stopped short of its destination, and
voluntarily agrees with the ship owner to take delivery at the intermediate port,
then pro rata freight would become chargeable. Dead freight: payment for space
booked but not used. When by contract or charter party space is booked for a
definite quantity, and shippers fail to provide cargo, or do not provide the full
amount agreed, then the owner is entitled to claim dead freight for unoccupied
space. The ship owner, however, is not entitled to place him in a better financial
position by receiving dead freight in excess of the actual freight he would have
earned by the carriage of the goods. Dead freight is therefore calculated by the
amount of cargo which should have been carried, but which in fact was not, at the

agreed rate of freight, less all charges which would have been incurred by the
owner in the carriage of the goods, that is, loading and discharging expenses. Dead
freight is rarely demanded in cases in a berth shipment and fails to supply them.
Back freight: freight charged for the return of goods which have not been accepted
at port of delivery. Should a shipper forward goods to a consignee who refuses to
take delivery, the owner may either exercise his lien-if freight has not been paidand sell goods, or return them to the shipper. The shipper is then charged with an
additional amount of freight for their return, which is known as back freight.
Another form of back freight is when goods have been over stowed or over carried,
through a wrong mark appearing on the case. For example, goods intended for
Montevideo, and port marked Buenos Aires would not be accessible at
Montevideo, and would, therefore, have to be over carried to Buenos Aires. There
again back freight would be chargeable for the return of the goods from Buenos
Aires to Montevideo, and if wrongly marked would be chargeable to the shipper.
155. Which of the following will be required to be done in order to reduce
sulphur corrosion of Main Engine components
1

Increasing the atomization pressure of fuel injectors

Fitting exhaust valves with valve rotators

Running engine at or near normal sea load

Decreasing the F.O. purifier feed rate, running two purifier in series one
acting as purifier and other as clarifier
ANS C

NOTE: Running at normal sea load will maintain the cylinder temperature above
dew point, by which chances of sulphur corrosion will be less.
156. A ball valve is found leaking in service and needs to be overhauled. What
type of repairs can be carried out?
1

The ball and seat can be lap together

The ball can be machined while the seat can be replaced

Normally both the non-metallic seats get worn out and have to be replaced

Normally ball gets damaged and has to be replaced


ANS C

NOTE: Normally the seat material is softer and it worn out first. When its leaking
the seat has to be replaced.
157. When A/E stand by F.O. heater in use of main engine
1

Sudden opening F.O. inlet valve pressurized and damage the heater

F.O. in vapour lock inside heater allow steam

F.O. inlet valve causes pressure drop M/E F.O. pressure standby water is not
pressurized may cause sudden change in engine /per load/rpm

heater leaking
ANS C

158. Not preventing cold corrosion in M/E component


1

Running engine at high load

J/W cooling temperature high

High TBN cylinder oil

Cooling charge air in air cooler below dew point


ANS D

NOTE: Cooling charge air below dew point will increase the risk of water
condensation inside the cylinder which can mix with sulphur to produce sulphuric
acid and cause corrosion.
159. The function of an accumulator on the discharge side of a reciprocating bilge
pump is to
1

Supply liquid even when the pump is not running

Dampen out the pressure pulses and smoothen the flow

Increase the discharge pressure by storing liquid under pressure

No such device is required to be fitted to modern bilge pumps


ANS B

NOTE: The function of an accumulator in reciprocating pump is to steady the flow


in the discharge section of the pipe and dampen the pressure surge on discharge
side. According to INTRODUCTION TO MARINE ENGINEERING BY D.A.
TAYLOR an air vessel is usually fitted in the discharge pipe work to dampen out
the pressure variations during discharge. As the discharge pressure rises the air is
compressed in the vessel, and as the pressure falls the air expands. The peak
pressure energy is thus stored in the air and returned to the system when the
pressure falls.
160. Which of the listed operations will cause an automatically controlled
refrigeration compressor to restart?
1

Closing of the solenoid valve

Closing of the expansion valve

An increase in the suction pressure

Decreasing the suction pressure


ANS C

NOTE: Automatic operation of refrigeration compressor depends on LP cut out. LP


cut out automatically starts the compressor when there is an increase in suction
pressure above set pressure.
161. The discharge head of a centrifugal pump will vary directly with the
1

Change in impeller diameter

Square of the impeller diameter

Cube of the impeller diameter

Impeller efficiency for large changes in the size of the impeller


ANS B

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE in case of a constant speed pump the head


varies as the square of the diameter, the capacity varies as the diameter and the
power varies as the cube of the diameter.
162. The gland of main sea water pump was leaking badly. You have renewed all
the packings using packings of correct size and specification. After starting
the pump, you see that the pump gland is still leaking badly and doesnt stop
even after tightening of gland. What is the most probable cause?
1

The packings used are duplicate and should be replaced with the original

The cooling water supply to lantern ring is clogged

There is some scale formation on the shaft in way of gland packings

The shaft sleeve is scored and needs replacement


ANS D

NOTE: As the packing is good sleeve might not be properly finished to give
perfect sealing.
163. What is the purpose of the Bypass valve (Automatic or Manual operated) on
the positive displacement pump?
1

Control the Discharge Pressure

Another valve provided for Discharging

Not required

I don't know
ANS A

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE bypass or relief valves are often fitted with
automatic volume control valves which control the output of the pump in order to
maintain either a constant pressure or a vacuum at a specific point in the system, as

in diesel engine lubricating oil supply to ensure constant pressure at engine inlet
irrespective of oil viscosity.
164. You have a two stage centrifugal pump, with both stages in parallel
configuration. After dismantling the pump you realize that you forgot
to the marking and both impellers are identical. Both the impellers are
single entry type and the eye of both the impellers will come in
opposite direction what are you going to do?
1

Since marking was forgotten, so we need not worry, any impeller


can come in any place as they are identical

Any impeller can come in any place, but the phase sequence of the
electrical motor driving the pump may have to be reversed, if impellers have
exchanged places

You have to find out the right placement of the right impeller
with respect to the direction of rotation or by looking at the volute
casing

Hit n trial method can be utilized for fitting the impellers


ANS C

NOTE: If we dont fit the impellers in correct position as per their direction of
rotation then they are not going to serve the purpose.
165. Boiler corrosion is prevented above 100 deg by formation of a protective
layer inside of
1

Ferrous hydroxide

Magnetite

Hematite

Iron sulphate
ANS B

NOTE: According to REEDS BOILER hydrazine reserve is essential for


maintaining the black magnetite (Fe3O4) layer, removing oxygen and keeping the

water in a reducing condition. According to REEDS GENERAL caustic corrosion


results in the destruction of the protective magnetic oxide of iron film (Fe3O4) and
the base metal is then attacked by the concentrated sodium hydroxide.
166. Removable sleeves on centrifugal pump shaft
1

Make easier to replace pump shaft packing

They can be economically replaced as they wear out

To lighten weight of pump

Increase strength of shaft


ANS B

NOTE: Basically to protect shaft from erosion, corrosion and wear sleeves are
provided so that in case of more damage we can replace the sleeve no need to
replace the whole shaft.
167. Boiler pump operate at an elevated temperature and pressure. The ideal
materials for the pump casing and impeller should be
1

Gunmetal casing, al bronze impeller

High grade CI casing, bronze impeller

Cast steel casing, SS impeller

Cast steel casing, al bronze impeller


ANS C

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE boiler feed pump casing is of cast steel, shaft
and impeller are of stainless steel.
168. Direction of rotation of centrifugal pump is reversed by changing the motor
connections
1

Pump will deliver the liquid in reverse direction

Pump discharge and capacity will be affected

Efficiency will decrease

Casing get overheated


ANS B C D

NOTE: If the direction of rotation is reversed then the impeller will do nothing but
churn the liquid inside it. So the discharge and capacity will affect. Temperature of
the liquid can go up due to churning action. Casing temperature can also increase.
Overall efficiency will be affected. There is a big difference between the terms
"Reverse Rotation" and "Reverse Flow" related to the Centrifugal Pump. Reverse
Rotation means that the direction of the rotation of the Impeller is reversed. This
may be caused by the reversal of the direction of the driving motor by the reversing
of the wiring connections. In this case there will be no difference in the Operation
of the Pump principally. That means the Pump would still continue to deliver the
fluid from the low pressure suction side to the Higher Pressure Delivery side in the
positive direction of flow. But the fact is that the flow would not be generating the
flow characteristics and parameters according to the original design. The flow
would certainly be forward directed but there will be jamming in the flow and
pressure heads would drastically change affecting the discharge. This is actually
happening because of the original design of the Involutes Casing of the pump and
the location of the Discharge tube. The Volute casing and Discharge tube are
designed and located according to the Direction of Rotation of the Pump" which
is pre determined for a particular design. The Impeller type used (open flow,
closed, mixed type) and the Volute Casing designed as per the original pump
specifications will be responsible for the actual type of discrepancy in the pressure
head and the flow characteristic observed and will vary from pump to pump. But
certainly the changed flow pattern (though forward directed) will reduce the
efficiency and cause bubbling etc. in the flow chamber eventually affecting the
efficiency of the pump and reducing the discharge. There may be cavitation
observed in the larger sections of the volute chamber and the pressure head will be
affected accordingly. But as far as the Basic Pumping action is considered the
Pump would still continue to pump the fluid in the Positive Discharge Direction.
169. Main engine is running but viscosity of fuel cannot be maintained. Fuel oil
heater has a maximum rating of 4 bar steam pressure. Steam through a
pressure reducing valve is provided to the heater at 4 bars but still viscosity
of fuel cannot be brought down below 20cst. As a good marine engineering
practice what will you do?

Let the engine run at same rpm n wait for the port to come to carry out the
cleaning of heater

Reduce the rpm till next port arrives n then clean the heaters

Increase the steam pressure by adjusting the setting of steam reducing valve

Stop the engine and clean the heaters


ANS D

NOTE: With high viscosity engine will have difficulty in firing and cause irregular
running. So we cannot continue to run the engine at high viscosity. We also cannot
increase steam pressure more than the maximum rating. So we have to stop the
engine and clean the filters.
170. Fuels as produced in a refinery are generally sterile, however contamination
can occur as fuels are
1

Stored at the refinery

Stored on the vessel

Transported to the distribution sites

All of the above are correct


ANS D

171. Which of the following statements concerning antifriction bearings installed


on pumps is true?
1

The inner race should be free to turn on the shaft

The outer race should be free to turn its housing

Alignment is not a critical factor in their installation

They are usually pressed on to their shafts


ANS D

NOTE: Antifriction bearings are nothing but the ball or roller bearings. The inner
race is fixed to the shaft and the outer race is fixed to the bearing housing. The only
thing which free to rotate is balls or rollers. If alignment is not proper then load
distribution among the balls will be unequal resulting damage to the bearing. Here
last option is the best one.
172. The water from discharge side of the a centrifugal pump is supplied as
sealing water to the stuffing box for the pump shaft at
1

Sealing ring

Shaft sleeve

Lantern ring

Neck bush
ANS C

NOTE: The pumped liquid is supplied as sealing water sometime act as cooling
water also to the stuffing box for the pump shaft at lantern ring.
173. After overhauling pumps, pumps cannot be turned freely by hand. The
possible cause could be
1

Uneven tightness of the casing Nuts

Gasket between the casing too thin

Big clearance between the wear Ring

Only A

Both A and B
ANS E

174. Resistance testing should be ideally done on electrical equipment when the
equipment is
1

Cold

Hot or at working temperature

In operation

At part load
ANS B

NOTE: When measuring resistance the equipment must be dead. At working


temperature readings are better.
175. Auxiliary engine crankpin bearings are normally renewed
1

At each de-carbonization

At alternate de-carbonization

At 10000 hours interval

After checking the bearings wear down


ANS D

NOTE: In DAIHATSU engine manual its 20000 hours.


176. It is a known fact that centrifugal pumps require priming for pumping
liquids, as they cant handle air and will lose suction due to air entry. But on
the other hand turbochargers use centrifugal compressors for supercharging.
Which of the following do you think makes a centrifugal compressor to
pump air and behave differently than the centrifugal pumps?
1

Presence of air cooler

Presence of labyrinth seal

High speed of rotation, very fine internal clearance and large impeller
diameters

Difference in the principle of operation


ANS C

NOTE: According to REEDS motor the air from the inducer enters into the eye of
the impeller and flung radially outward at increasing velocity due to the centrifugal
effect at high rotational speed. At discharge from the impeller it passes to the
diffuser where its velocity is reduced in the divergent passages thus converting its
kinetic energy into pressure energy.
177. Which of the following cannot be removed from fuel oil by centrifugal force
in the purifier and micro filtration?
1

Sodium

Aluminum and silicon

Vanadium

Ash
ANS C

178. Sudden opening or closing of sea water pipe can cause


1

Cavitation

Water hammering

Steam hammering

No problem
ANS B

NOTE: High initial velocity of water will cause severely water hammering in the
pipelines.
179. Steam stop valve is eased off its seat during boiler start up for?
1

To allow thermal expansion of parts

To allow steam flow during start up

To prevent water hammer

All of the above


ANS A

NOTE: To prevent water hammer we open the drain of main steam line. To warm
up main steam line and parts we normally crack open the steam stop valve.
180. Which of the following is the material is used to manufacture tube plates of
a shell and tube type heat exchanger?
1

Cupro nickel

Aluminum brass

Admiralty brass

Gunmetal
ANS C

NOTE: Cupro nickel and aluminum brass are used for tubes. Naval brass (60% Cu
40% Zn 1% Sn) and admiralty brass (69%-Cu 30%-Zn 1%-Sn 0.02-0.06% As) are
used for tube plates.
181. Throttling of suction valve of screw pump?
1

Alter discharge capacity

No alter discharge capacity

Alter fluid density

Alter fluid pressure & density


ANS A

NOTE: Throttling of suction valve of screw pump will only affect the discharge
quantity and the suction pressure. If we close the valve more less liquid will get
sucked into the pump and less liquid will also discharge.
182. Reciprocating compressors lines are fitted with a _______ to keep the
discharge free of pulses

Accumulator

Unloader

Safety valve

Pressure reducing valve


ANS A

183. Boiler not starting in 2-3 time, what do we do?


1

Check fuel ignition system

Check fuel burning system

Check furnace

All above
ANS D

184. Sea chest is to be cleaned and you found that the filter is stainless steel
bucket type filter, inside which there is a zinc anode. The purpose of the
anode is to __________ and should be electrically _________ with filter
body.
1

Stainless steel filter, isolated

Mild steel body, continuous

Protect adjacent pipelines, continuous

Sea chest, isolated


ANS C MULTI B C

NOTE: The body or pipelines are made of mild steel and the filter is made of
stainless steel. Mild steel can corrode preferentially to stainless steel. If we put zinc
as anode then being less noble it will corrode first saving them.
185. Sewage air compressor frequency of starting

Every 18 hour

Every 24 hour

Continuously

Once in two week


ANS C

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE in order to exist, the bacteria need a continuing


supply of oxygen from the air and sewage wastes. If plant is shut down or
bypassed or if the air supply fails, the bacteria die and the plant cannot function
correctly until a new bacteria colony is generated. So in order to fulfill this
requirement the air compressor has to run continuously.
186. After removing all the bonnet securing nuts of a large size globe valve it is
found that the bonnet is not coming out because of strong adhesion of the
gasket between the bonnet and the body. What are you going to do in line
with the best practices? (choose the best alternative) (single answer)
1

A chain block can be hooked onto the hand wheel and bonnet should be
(freed out of gasket adhesion) lifted clear of the valve body

Hammer the valve bonnet and the bridge from all sides using a big hammer
until the bonnet is free

Use a hammer and chisel and try to force the chisel in, at the joint of bonnet
and body equally from all the sides until the bonnet is clear

Try to close the valve disc further onto the seat by turning the hand wheel in
closing direction so as to jack-up the bonnet
ANS D

NOTE: Usually it is combination of all depending on the strength of adhesion.


187. Double entry impeller of centrifugal pump
1

Increases axial thrust

Increases motor load

Reduces Load on pump bearings

Increases load on pump


ANS C

NOTE: In case of double entry impeller theoretically the hydraulic forces are
balanced but practically it is not possible due to the construction of pipelines and
the motion at which the fluid is entering into the impeller. But eventually the load
and the thrust are lesser as compared to other types.
188. Corrosion resistance of stainless steel in presence of oxygen in aerated
water?
1

Oxygen inhibits chemical reaction

Oxygen combines with stainless steel to form passive oxide layer

Oxygen gets absorbed into stainless steel


ANS B

NOTE: Stainless steel forms an oxide film spontaneously on exposure to oxygen in


air or aerated water. Without this oxide film their corrosion resistance is only
slightly better than normal engineering steels but with it they act as noble alloys.
The corrosion resistance of stainless steel in sea water is dominated by the ability
to maintain and repair the passive oxide film.
189. Before starting either a centrifugal pump or a priming pump, it should be
ensured that _____ is at the correct level
1

Lube oil

Sealing water

Fuel oil

Sealing oil
ANS B

NOTE: During starting of a centrifugal pump the most important thing is priming.
So sealing water is important factor.
190. The amt of current required for ICCP depends upon
1

Wetted surface area

Quality and condition of protective paint coatings

Speed of the ship

Sea water temperature


ANS A MULTI ALL

NOTE: According to D.T. HALL changes in underwater hull area, speed, water
temperature, salinity and paint condition will all cause the anode currents to vary in
ICCP system.
191. Which of the following anodes of ICCP can be used for comparatively
higher current densities?
1

Zinc

High silicon iron

Lead silver

Platinized titanium
ANS D

192. What could be the reason if feed pump can hardly pump in water to the
auxiliary boiler causing cascade level to rise and temp too high?
1

High ambient temp

Clogged condense water tubes

Filter dirty

Low cascade water level

ANS B
NOTE: High temperature of feed water reduces NPSH, pump looses suction.
193. #1 cargo tank has a cargo A with specific gravity of 0.7 and #2 cargo tank
having cargo B with specific gravity of 1.05. #1 cargo pump is taking
suction from #1 cargo tank while #2 from #2 and both is pumping shore to
two identical tanks. #1 and #2 cargo tanks both are identical and both had
same sounding during starting. Pumps are also identical and placed in pump
room. Discharge manifold and shore pipelines for both the cargoes are
identical and discharge valve for both are fully open. What will be the
discharge pressure reading of both the pumps?
1

#1 discharge pressure will be higher than 2nd one

#2 discharge pressure will be higher than 1st one

Both will be same as pipelines are identical

Cant say anything as discharge pressure will be affected by various other


parameters
ANS B

NOTE: Head is independent of fluid density. Speed of the motor will always
remain constant unless it is a variable speed drive, thats why the pressure and the
power consumption increase. A centrifugal pump will always develop the same
head in feet regardless of a liquids specific gravity. Pressure will increase or
decrease in direct proportion to a liquids specific gravity. Brake HP required will
vary directly with a liquids specific gravity.
194. Which is biggest?
1

NPSH

NPSHA

NPSHR

Total suction head


ANS D

NOTE: Total suction head vapor pressure head is NPSH.


195. Carbon content in steel?
1

Less than 1%

Less than 2 %

Less than 3 %

Any carbon content


ANS B

NOTE: 0.05-2.0%
196. Screw pump normally used for
1

Fluid with high viscosity

For better performance at variable temp

Fluid mixed with solids

All above
ANS A

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE screw pumps are used at sea especially for
pumping high viscosity liquids such as oil and some liquid cargoes.
197. Centrifugal pump required priming because they are unable to handle
1

Volatile liquid

High temp liquid

Lighter liquid

Air & gas


ANS D MULTI A D

198. A centrifugal pump may fail to deliver water when first started if the
_________
1

Water seal pipe is plugged

Pump is not primed

Seal ring is improperly located

Impeller is flooded

ANS B
199. In a centrifugal pump sealing between gland packing and bearing housing is
provided by_____
1

Shaft seal

Water flinger

O-ring

Lantern ring
ANS B

200. Two compressors should not run in parallel because


1

Its not efficient

It will give overcapacity in the system

There is possibility of losing oil from one compressor to other

Both a and b
ANS C

201. Less vacuum in centrifugal pump


1

Leaky discharge valve

Loss of gland packing

Loss of fluid from suction tank

Long suction pipe


ANS B MULTI B D

NOTE: There is a chance of sucking air from the gland packing area. So vacuum
will be less.
202. Sewage plant blower is off, what is the ideal alarm
1

Blower suction pressure low

Blower disc pressure low

Blower motor fail

None of the above


ANS D

NOTE: Sewage treatment plant abnormal.


203. Which of the following will cause cavitation
1

Low discharge pressure

Throttling the suction valve

Low water level in the wet well

High discharge pressure


ANS B MULTI B C

NOTE: Throttling of suction valve may cause the pressure to fall below vapour
pressure which will cause cavitation. Low suction head causes low NPSH.

204. With reference to centrifugal pump characteristics what will be the effect
when pump is started with suction valve closed or discharge valve closed
(single answer)
1

Suction valve shut head & flow rate will be 0; discharge valve shut flow rate
will be 0 and head will be maximum height

Suction valve shut head will be 0 & flow rate will be minimum, discharge
valve shut flow rate will be 0 head will be minimum height

Suction valve shut head and flow rate will be 0; discharge valve shut flow
rate will be minimum and head will be at min height

None of the above


ANS A

NOTE: According to the characteristic diagram if suction valve is shut then flow
and head both will be zero. If discharge valve shut then flow will be zero and head
will be at maximum.
205. The overheating of fuel oil in the fuel oil heaters may result in
1

Excessive atomization

Clogged fuel oil heaters

Ineffective straining of fuel oil

Low fuel service pump discharge pressure


ANS B

NOTE: According to DEVEN ARANHA atomization depends on fuel temperature


and viscosity. If we overheat the fuel excessive atomization can occur. High
temperature will cause lower in density so the pressure developed by the service
pump will also be low. USCG BOOK 13 QUES 1348 ANS IS B
206. In refrigeration system vegetable room and meat room are maintained at
different temperature by
1

Different expansion

By putting solenoid valves

By boiling refrigerant at different pressures

By using smaller evaporator


ANS B

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE the temperature of the refrigerated spaces with


a direct expansion system is controlled between limits through a thermostatic
switch and a solenoid valve which is either fully open to permit flow of refrigerant
to the room evaporator or closed to shut off flow.
207. The best way to clean compressor impeller of an auxiliary engine
turbocharger would be
1

By soaking it overnight in a strong chemical solution like carbon remover or


air cooler cleaning chemical

By chipping the dirt off the impeller blades

By using a pneumatic wire brush

By soaking in warm water and then cleaning it gently by rags


ANS D

208. For any pump maximum theoretical lift is


1

10.5 feet

10.2 meter

10.5 meter

12.0 meter

None
ANS E

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE the theoretical suction lift of a pump at sea


level with water at 150C is 1.013 x 10.2 = 10.3 meter where the barometric
pressure is 1.013 bar (1 atm) and 10.2 meter is the head of water equivalent to 1
bar.
209. De sludging sequence for purifier?
1

Stop feed- give sealing water- close sealing water- shut operating wateropen and close de sludging water quickly

Stop feed-shut operating water- open and close de sludging water quickly

Shut operating water- stop feed- open seal water for short time- close open
and close de sludging water

Shut operating water- stop feed- open and close de sludging water quickly
ANS A

210. Globe valve is in operation. It is seen that the gland packing is leaking, when
valve is in throttled condition, tightening of gland packing doesnt stop the
leakage. What is the reason?
1

Valve spindle was badly scored in a way gland packing while throttled.
While movement of the spindle cause smooth portion of valve spindle to
come in the way of packing thus stop leak

Valve spindle was bent and eccentric of spindle in way of gland packing
decreased while valve was opened completely thus provide better seal in
good position

Almost all globe valve are designed with back seat and spindle seat itself on
the back seat when fully open thus packing stopped leakage

Leakage sometimes just stops and it has nothing to do with any of the above
ANS A

NOTE: If the spindle itself is badly scored then the gland packing is not going to
provide perfect sealing.
211. In A/C room people complained of being too cool the problem might be

Relative humidity high

Air velocity low

Heater failure to cut out at proper temperature

Relative humidity low


ANS D

NOTE: USCG 4464 D BOMBE 4


212. Purpose of balancing hole on single entry enclosed type impeller of
centrifugal pump
1

Static balancing of impeller

Dynamic balancing of impeller

Balance out axial thrust on the impeller & hence the shaft

To reduce weight of impeller at the same time of dynamic balancing the


complete rotating assembly
ANS C

NOTE: To eliminate the axial thrust of a single suction impeller, a pump can be
provided with both front and back wear rings. To equalize the thrust areas, the
inner diameter of both rings is made the same. Pressure approximately equal to the
suction pressure is maintained in a chamber located on the impeller side of the
back wearing ring by drilling balancing holes through the impeller. Leakage past
the back wearing ring is returned to the suction area through these holes. However,
with large single stage single suction pumps, balancing holes are considered
undesirable because leakage back to the impeller suction opposes the main flow,
creating disturbances. In such pumps, a pipe connection to the pump suction
replaces the balancing holes.
213. Primary advantage of central cooling system is
1

More simplified cooling circuit

Most part of the cooling system being fresh water based, corrosion is
minimized

It allows better control of temperature by using fewer controllers

All of the above


ANS B

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE the corrosion and other problems associated


with salt water circulation systems can be minimized by using it for cooling central
coolers through which fresh water from a closed circuit is passed.
214. Which of the following is false statement about galvanic corrosion?
1

Metals close to anodic end of the series corrode in preferentially to those


near cathodic end

When single metal exist in the system galvanic corrosion doesnt take place

Zinc is anodic to steel and used as a protective coating

Corrosion rate is affected by temperature


ANS B

NOTE: Alloys can corrode on their own in presence of favorable condition.


215. Double entry impellers have advantage over single entry impeller. What is
it?<DOUBT>
1

They balance out axial thrust

It gives a higher pumping efficiency

It is cheaper and easier to manufacture

The need of installing line bearing onto the pump shaft is eliminated
ANS A B

NOTE: For the general service single stage axially split design, a double suction
impeller is favored because it is theoretically in an axial hydraulic balance and
because the grater suction area of a double suction impeller permits the pump to
operate with less net absolute suction head.
216. HSS are
1

High carbon steels with suitably added alloying elements

Medium carbon steels with suitably added alloying elements

Low carbon steels with suitably added alloying elements

None of the above


ANS A

NOTE: Normally high speed steels are used for cutting tools. So they are alloyed
with different metals like chromium, tungsten, vanadium, cobalt, molybdenum and
given with high carbon percentage, more than 0.7% to make them strong enough
for this use.
217. Non return valve of main sea water pump is leaking in closed position. You
have a return type of valve onboard of same dimension. What will you do?
1

Do nothing and run same pump order for a new one

Replace and run the same pump keeping the other standby until new valve
arrives

Put blank on the valve and run other pump

ANS B
218. In a electro- hydraulic steering gear, the movement of actuator is created by
_______________________
1

Starting the motors on both power units

Operating the isolating valves

Starting at least one power unit and actuating the direction valves

Starting both power units and actuating the direction valves


ANS C

NOTE: To get hydraulic pressure for the movement of actuator we need to start at
least one power unit. Direction valve if actuated will allow the flow of pressurized
oil into the system.
219. A retarded fuel injection timing can be due to
1

Worn timing chain

Incorrect VIT setting

Worn fuel pumps

All of the above


ANS D

220. The side thrust due to the oscillatory movement of the con-rod in a 2-stroke
trunk type engine will be taken by
1

Crosshead guide and shoe

Piston and liner

Crosshead and piston rod

Crank pin and the crosshead pin


ANS A

221. Scaling of boiler tubes from within will lead to overheating of the tubes.
How does it affect the boiler operation?
1

It doesnt affect the boiler as the boilers are designed to run with scaling of
tubes

Excessive overheating may lead to tube material oxidation as well as loss in


strength at elevated temperature leading to tube failure

If tubes are overheated, it will lead to greater steam generation

The natural circulation of water will be effected


ANS B

NOTE: According to GTH FLANAGAN overheating is caused due to loss of


cooling effect caused by loss of circulation and scaling. Due to overheating metal
loses its strength and distorts. This can result in expanded tubes pulling out of tube
plates, local bulging of tube surfaces with eventual rupture, the sagging of super
heater tubes between their supports.
222. In modern 2-stroke marine diesel engines, the combustion chamber is
designed to have a _____________ shape to suit 3 fuel injector used
1

Cylindrical

Toroidal

Cycloidal

Spherical

223. One function of the fuel pump delivery check valve is to


1

Prevent carbon deposits from forming on the injector nozzle

Help the injector needle reseat without dribbling at the nozzle holes

Provide a prolonged pressure drop in the high pressure steel piping to the
injector

Ensure a fuel leak off between the plunger and barrel which provides
lubrication for relative movement
ANS B

224. A control action which produces a corrective signal relative to the


length of time the controlled variable has been away from the set point,
is known as
1

Integral action

Proportional action

Rate action

Derivative action

225. Which of the following is one of the major advantages of resin chocking
over cast iron chocking, in holding down arrangements of modern diesel
engines?
1

Better vibration damping properties

Better compressive strength

100% contact, no need for surface preparation

None of the above


ANS C

NOTE: According to DEVEN ARANHA resin chocks gives 100% contact on


uneven surfaces.
226. The over speeding of the diesel engine driving an electric generator could
cause
1

Low voltage trip to trip

Reverse power trip to trip

Damage to windings

Excessive exhaust temperatures


ANS C

227. How do you know that a ballast pump is taking suction or not? If a ballast
pump is taking good suction it will depend on the available suction head and
a positive discharge pressure. To confirm if the pump is still pumping,
throttling of suction valve will lead to a fall in suction& discharge pressure,
while throttling of discharge valve will to a rise in suction and discharge
pressure show (single answer)
1

Positive suction pressure and positive discharge pressure

Negative suction pressure and positive discharge pressure

Negative or positive suction pressure depending on the available suction


head and a positive discharge pressure

Negative or positive suction pressure depending on the available suction


head and a positive discharge pressure
ANS A

228. Viscosity of fuel oil used for M/E was 14.5 cst. New fuel comes whose
viscosity is more than earlier. What should you do?
1

Increase temp setting

Change setting of viscotherm

Do nothing

Open steam valve manually more


ANS C

NOTE: Viscosity of fuel to the engine is maintained at set point by viscotherm by


opening the steam valve automatically. If the new oil is having different viscosity
then in order to maintain the viscosity at correct value the viscotherm will open the
steam valve accordingly. We dont need to do anything manually. Assuming the
viscotherm is working absolutely fine.
229. Pump driven clutch type attached vacuum pumps are commonly used for
priming ballast pumps and emergency fire pump. What is the factor which
de-clutches the vacuum pump from the pump clutch?

Low suction pressure acting against the spring loaded declutching piston

High suction pressure acting against the spring loaded declutching piston

Low discharge pressure acting against the spring loaded declutching piston

High discharge pressure acting against the spring loaded declutching piston
ANS D

230. How many power strokes per crank shaft revolution are there in an eight
cylinder two stroke diesel engine?
1

One

Two

Four

Three
ANS A

NOTE: In a two stroke engine power stroke is achieved in one revolution of crank
shaft.
231. By using which of the tank we can change the draft but not changing trim of
the ship
1

peak tank

DB tank

Deep tank

Top side tank


ANS C

NOTE: None of these are correct. Tank cg should be at centre of floatation for no
change in trim. But assuming DB tank is in the center option (b) can be correct.

232. How much is fresh water allowance?


1

5 TPC

10 TPC

20 TPC

40 TPC
ANS D

NOTE: All wrong. Correct answer is /40 TPC. According to H.J. PURSEY fresh
water allowance is equal to /40 TPC.
233. Which of the following option gives you the correct sequence of the
metals/alloys in decreasing order of preferential corrosion when all of them
are bonded and immersed in an electrolyte? (multiple question)
1

Stainless Steel, Naval Brass, Aluminum bronze, Copper

Aluminum Bronze, Cupro-Nickel, Monel metal, Titanium

Stainless Steel, Cupro-Nickel, Naval Brass, Monel Metal

Stainless Steel, Copper, Naval Brass, Aluminum bronze


ANS A B

234. The main disadvantage of a centrifugal pump is that


1

They are only available in high capacities

They are difficult to maintain

They are not self priming in nature

They are extremely expensive pumps


ANS C

235. The advantage of a reciprocating bilge pump over centrifugal pumps is that

They do not have any advantage over a centrifugal pump

They have greater capacity to weight ratio

They give a smoother discharge if used in conjunction with an accumulator

They are self priming in nature


ANS D

NOTE: According to INTRODUCTION TO MARINE ENGINEERING BY D.A.


TAYLOR reciprocating displacement pumps are self priming, will accept high
suction lifts.
236. Refer compressor oil should have the following properties
1

Chemically inert with respect to refrigerant

Should be able to perform at lower temp (viscosity and cloud point)

Should have a certain emulsification properties with water

Should absorb water but still perform the lubrication


ANS A B

NOTE: According to A. R. TROTT AND T. WELCH (REFRIGERATION AND


AIR CONDITIONING) it must be compatible with the refrigerant, i.e. not form
any compounds or promote chemical activity. The mixture with the refrigerant in
the lubrication circuit must provide adequate lubrication of the working parts. It
must not solidify or throw out any solids such as waxes, within the working range,
or clog strainers or driers. It must be free of water or other contaminants which will
affect the system. It must not be prone to foaming. It must be resistant to oxidation
(high flash-point).It must have a low vapour pressure. For hermetic and semihermetic compressors, it must have a high dielectric strength. According to REEDS
the first essential for such oil is that it should have a low pour point, i.e. must
remain fluid with good lubrication properties at low temperatures. Oils which are
miscible with the refrigerant can be carried round the circuit and could congeal on
the evaporator coils so drastically reducing heat transfer rates. The oil should be
free from moisture under all conditions to prevent plant corrosion and freezing at

the expansion valve. The viscosity should not be seriously affected at low
temperature.
237. Where boiler point temp is high?
1

Riser

Super heater

Primary steam drum

Secondary steam drum


ANS B

238. IR testing of 3 phase induction motor is done across


1

Phase to phase

Earth to body

Phase to earth

Both a and b
ANS A C

NOTE: Actually it is measured across phase to earth but in case of normal motor
we check ohmic value of winding across phase to phase. In case of star delta starter
used motor we may check IR across phase to phase but only after disconnecting
the terminals from the starter and completely isolating the motor from the circuit
because in this case the windings are not connected with each other, they are
connected outside the motor in the starter panel when the motor is starting or
running. According to D.T HALL for insulation resistance test on a three phase
machine, measure and log the phase to phase insulation resistance values. Three
readings should be measured as U-V, V-W, and W-U. Measure and log the phase to
earth insulation resistance values. Three readings should be measured as U-E, V-E,
and W-E.
239. Which of the following valves are designed to have valve seat in pairs - one
facing the inlet side and the other facing the outlet side within the valve
body?

Butterfly valve

Ball valve

Globe valve

Gate valve
ANS D MULTI B D

240. Which of the following is NOT a correct point for sampling of system lube
oil for on board or shore analysis?
1

Standpipes

Purifier outlets

Inlet or outlet of L. O. coolers

Tank drains
ANS A B D

NOTE: Option (c) is also not correct but best option to take sample
241. All other conditions remaining constant, when centrifugal pump is changed
over for pumping a liquid of higher specific gravity, the discharge head of
the pump at the rated capacity will
1

Increase

Decrease

Remain same

Cant say, depends on other factors too


ANS C

NOTE: A centrifugal pump will always develop the same head in feet regardless of
a liquids specific gravity. Pressure will increase or decrease in direct proportion to

a liquids specific gravity. Brake HP required will vary directly with a liquids
specific gravity.
242. Static suction head of the pump is
1

Distance of the suction liquid level above the centre line of the pump

Distance of the suction liquid level below the centre line of the pump

Force necessary to overcome frictional losses in the pump and piping

Amount in inches of mercury the total suction head is below atmospheric


pressure
ANS A

NOTE: Meaningless.
243. Which of these not self actuating valves?
1

Check valve

Relief valve

Ball valve

Safety valve
ANS C

244. When two dissimilar metal having electrical continuity are placed in an
electrolyte, the type of corrosion is (single answer)
1

Selective phase corrosion

Cavitation erosion

Bimetal corrosion

Corrosion fatigue
ANS C

NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file when two metals of different electric
potential are in contact with an electrolyte then bimetallic corrosion can occur.
245. Cavitation of centrifugal pump
1

NPSHR > NPSHA

NPSHA > NPSHR

Total suction head < NPSHR

Total suction head > NPSHR


ANS A

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE in actual practice always NPSHA > NPSHR. A


lesser cavitation problem occurs when NPSHR by the pump is only just matched
by the NPSHA from the system, because centrifugal pumps have features which
promote localized cavitation. So when NPSHR > NPSHA cavitation problem will
be more.
246. Cavitation erosion occurs due to
1

Chemical action

Physical action

Chemical or physical action

Combination of chemical or physical action


ANS B

NOTE: When pressure inside a system falls below that of the vapour pressure of
the liquid, cavities are formed. Cavities travelling to high pressure region collapse
releasing considerable energy to damage the metal surface. It is completely a
physical action.
247. Best sealing is which?
1

Globe valve

Butterfly valve

Gate valve

Ball valve
ANS C D

248. Protection by zinc protective coating is good at


1

500C

650C

900C

1150c
ANS B

NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file protection of steel by zinc is


good at temperatures below 650c, but at higher temperatures it is
possible for the steel to corrode preferentially to the zinc.
249. If oil ingresses in the boiler feed water, what will be the
effects?
1

Increase in tube temperature

Corrosion of tubes

Low water density

All the above


ANS D

NOTE: According to REEDS oil can get in to feed system sue to


over lubrication of machinery and inefficient filtering of the feed.
Oils such as animal and vegetable oils can decompose in the
boiler liberating their fatty acids, these acids can cause corrosion.
Hence it is advisable to use pure mineral oil for lubrication of

machine parts where contamination of feed can result, but oil of


any description should never be allowed to enter the boiler as it
can adhere to the heating surfaces causing overheating. It can
also cause priming due to excessive ebullition. As oil density is
less than water it will lower feed water density also.
250. Centrifugal pump dismantled, without marking how to
reassemble, there are three questions but options are not
available
1

If pump is single stage


Answer - Look at the direction of running of motor and
the curvature of impeller. Construction of volute casing
also gives an idea about the running direction of the
pump.

If pump is multistage with opposite eye

Answer Impellers should be opposite to each other. You have to find out
the right placement of the right impeller with respect to the direction of
rotation or by looking at the volute casing.

If pump is double entry impeller


Answer - Look at the direction of running of motor and
the curvature of impeller. Construction of volute casing
also gives an idea about the running direction of the
pump.

251. What to check if engine is not taking load?


1

Water tightness to be checked

Air to be removed from jacket water outlet line

Priming lube oil pump to run before starting the engine

Check the lube oil level

Check the flow of lube oil

Blow through the engine before starting

NOTE: All the above things should be checked


252. Shaft tunnel requires
1

Drain

Escape trunk

Water tight door

All the above


ANS D

NOTE: According to D A TAYLOR the forward end of the tunnel is


fitted with a sliding water tight door to seal off the tunnel if
necessary. The tunnel is made of sufficient proportions to enable
access for maintenance to the shafting, and an escape route is
provided from the after end. According to H J PURSEY a water
tight door must be fitted at the engine room bulkhead, to enable
the tunnel to be sealed off in emergency, whilst an escape shaft
must be provided at the after end. Drainage from the tunnel is
provided for by a tunnel well. This usually formed by stopping
the inner bottom plating four or five floor spaces short of the after
peak bulkhead and fitting a suction in the space thus formed.
253. When securing a centrifugal distillate pump, which of the
listed steps should be carried out first?
1

Stop the pump

Close the pressure gage valves

Trip the three-way solenoid valve

Close the sealing line valves to the pump

ANS A
NOTE: According to fresh water generator manual we stop the
pump first and then turn off the salinity alarm.
254. Which are self expansion condenser
1

Straight tube

Spring type

U tube

Open type
ANS C

NOTE: U tubes are free to expand at one end.


255. Liquid ring primer used for priming main and emergency fire
pumps onboard
1

Is to be filled with water in the water tank to maintain water


level

Is to be capable of automatic engagement and


disengagement with drive shaft

Is to have sufficient capacity to exhaust air out from pump in


all sea conditions

All of the above


ANS D

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE the continuous supply of sealing


water is circulated from the primer reservoir to the whirlpool
casing and discharged with the air back to the reservoir.
Automatic means of engagement is provided by a clutch or float.
It should be of sufficient capacity also.

256. In case of failure of control air supply, some valves continue


locked in the position they were at the time of failure. They
are said to be
1

Fail safe

Fail proof

Fail set

Fail blocked
ANS C

257. If the superheat value of a thermostatic expansion valve is


set too low________
1

The suction line of the compressor will be too hot

The suction line of the compressor will be too cold

The discharge line of the compressor will be too hot

The discharge line of the compressor will be too cold


ANS B

NOTE: Lower the superheat value lesser the temperature at


suction side of the compressor. There is also chance of liquid
going to the suction side of the compressor.
258. Water carryover from boiler onboard through the steam
causes(DOUBT)
1

Erosion of the steam plant machinery

Low water level inside the boiler

Build up of deposits on the steam plant machinery

None of the above


ANS C MULTI C A

NOTE: According to GTH FLANAGAN priming and carry over must


be avoided, as impurities passing over with the water will result in
a buildup of deposits in the super heater tubes, again causing
eventual overheating.
259. A major controlling factor in the location of the condensate
return piping from a heating system is/are
1

The requirement for a gravity return

The requirement for short laterals run

The requirement to minimize conflict with headroom and


other services

All of the above


ANS D

260. How is the water circulated between water and steam drums
in a water tube D type boiler?
1

By the boiler feed water pump

By a circulating pump outside the boiler

Due to difference in densities of water and steam

None of the above


ANS C

NOTE: According to GTH FLANAGAN in Foster Wheeler D- type


boiler feed water entering the steam drum flows through the
down comers to the water drum to replace the water rising up
through the water wall and generating tubes, as its density
decreases upon receiving heat from the hot gases, thus providing
the positive circulation of water required in all types of water tube
boilers.

261. Water leaking from a pump packing gland is kept away from
the bearing housing by the use of
1

Shaft sleeves

Lantern rings

Water flingers

Water seals
ANS C

262. To prevent main engine stoppage during periods of bad


weather
1

Ensure lube oil level is topped up

Ensure over speed trip override switch set up to rough sea


setting

Ensure reduced speed setting to prevent overload

All of the above


ANS D

263. Supercharging an existing medium speed naturally aspirated


engine will
1

Reduce weight of the engine

Reduce bulk of the engine

Increase existing power

Increase piston speed

Reduce fuel consumption


ANS C

NOTE: According to RITENKER SEN and DEVEN ARANHA by


supercharging the engine power will increase for same engine
dimension and piston speed. Thermal efficiency will be higher
lowering the fuel consumption for the same power. For the same
power the engine can be made of more compact design, smaller
size, space and weight of engine. However according to RITENKER
SEN chapter 4 question 4 page 165 for existing engine
supercharging will only increase the existing power.
264. The muffling of exhaust gas noise in 4 stroke auxiliary
engines in achieved by
1

Allowing the gas to expand

Change the direction of their flow

Cool the gas with injected water

Cool the gas with scavenge air


ANS A B C

NOTE: RITENKER SEN page 15 questions 12.


265. To avoid the engine running too long on critical speed during
start up it is necessary to
1

Start at speeds above critical speed

Start at speeds just below critical speed and quickly move


across the critical speed

Start at maximum speed and quickly bring down to just


above critical speed

Eliminate totally the hazards of critical speed by ignoring it


ANS B

266. Both power units of a steering gear system need to be switched on


____________

When the ship is within 12 nautical miles from shore

When pilot is on board

When navigational circumstances demand caution

All of the above


ANS D

267. Dezincification of brasses may be prevented by introducing


which of the following additives during manufacturing brass?
1

0.04% Nickel

0.04% Cobalt

0.04%Arsenic

0.04%Tungste
ANS C

NOTE: According to corrosion pdf file the only plain brass of interest is the alloy
containing 70% copper, 30% zinc and inhibited by 0.02-0.05 % arsenic against
dezincification.
268. Back pressure valve in a refrigeration system with multiple chambers is
fitted_____________
1

At the refrigerant exit end of evaporator of each chamber

At the refrigerant exit end of evaporators of chambers with higher


temperature settings

At the refrigerant exit end of evaporators of chambers with lower


temperature settings

None of the above


ANS B

NOTE: Back pressure regulation valves can be used in the suction line, and their
function is to prevent the evaporator pressure falling below a predetermined or
controlled value, although the compressor suction pressure may be lower. It
permits two or more evaporators, working at different load temperatures, to work
with the same temperatures, to work with the same compressor.
269. Frequent cutting- in & cutting -out of a fresh water pump on
a hydrophore system indicates which of the following?
1

Nothing abnormal

Excessive air charge

Insufficient air charge

The differential setting between cut-in and cut out is


too low
ANS C MULTI C D

NOTE: If the differential setting is too low then it is the obvious reason for cutting
in cutting out of the pump. If there is insufficient air charge then the run time of the
pump will increase.
270. Which of the following will result in automatic stopping of IG blower
1

Low water level in deck water seal

Oxygen content above 8%

Scrubber tower low water level

Scrubber tower high water level


ANS A

NOTE: According to IGS pdf file for inert gas systems of the flue, gas type and the
inert gas generator type, audible and visual alarms shall be provided to indicate
low water pressure or low water flow rate to the flue gas scrubber, high water level
in the flue gas scrubber, high gas temperature, failure of inert gas blowers, oxygen
content in excess of 5% by volume, failure of the power supply to the automatic

control system for the gas regulating valve and to the indicating devices, low water
level in water seal, gas pressure less than 100 mm water gauge. The alarm
arrangement shall be such as to ensure that the pressure in slop tanks in
combination carriers can be monitored at all times; and high gas pressure forward
of the non-return devices. High oxygen content of gas in IGS main; alarms
activated at an 8% concentration. A low level water alarm, high level water alarm,
or low flow pressure alarm fitted to the deck water seal to shut down the IGS
blowers automatically.
271. Engaging the turning gear and turning the engine until working temperatures
are reduced
1

Blank starting air to the affected cylinder

Shut cylinder oil to the affected cylinder

Shut all cylinder liner ports of affected cylinder

Open relief valve of affected cylinder


ANS A

272. The coating on a electrode used for electric arc welding


_________________
1

Creates a gas shield to prevent oxidation of the weld material

Helps the weld formation by shaping the metal transfer

Provides an electrical insulation for the user

All of the above


ANS A

NOTE: According to HAJRA CHOUDHURY WORKSHOP TECHNOLOGY


AND REEDS it helps to protect the molten metal from the oxygen and nitrogen of
the air by producing a shield of gas around the arc and weld pool.

273. A diffuser is provided at the end of a mechanical atomizer in boiler onboard


(multiple answer)<DOUBT>
1

To prevent blow back of the flame

To mix the air and fuel properly

To prevent blow out of the flame

To eject the excess fumes from the atomizer


ANS A B

274. Duty of standby person at the entrance of the enclosed compartment during
enclosed space entry is
1

To alert others in case of untoward emergency

To provide first aid to injured person

To assist for the work carried out in the enclosed compartment

All of the above


ANS D

275. Which of the following statements about the design of D- type boilers is
false?
1

The heavier water in top drum flows back to the bottom drum through the
down- comers outside the furnace

Inside the furnace the water is heated up in the risers

The upper drum is the steam/water drum and the lower one is the water
drum

The feed water is pumped into the lower drum


ANS D

NOTE: According to GTH FLANAGAN the feed water is fed directly to the steam
drum. So, option (d) is false. Risers are the generating tubes in D-type boiler. Other
options are correct.
276. If the watch keeping engineer encounters a main engine slow down alarm he
should____________________
1

Immediately cancel the slowdown in the control panel

If navigation circumstances permit, after consulting chief engineer he should


tell bridge to stop engine, investigate the fault, rectify it in consultation with
senior engineers and then prepare for restarting the engine

He should raise engineer's alarm and wait for all engineers to reach the
engine room

He need not take any action and wait for the alarm to resolve on its own and
then cancel the slowdown
ANS B

277. Which of the following types of coatings used in tanks of a chemical carrier
provides a comprehensive protection against most solvents?
1

Epoxy coatings

Polyurethane coatings

Zinc silicate

Phenolic resins
ANS D

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE all of the above coatings are used in tankers of
a chemical tanker. Phenolic resins have good resistance to strong solvents and most
of the substances acceptable to the other coatings.
278. Presence of catalytic fines in fuel oil is significant to engineers on board
because_____________
1

Catalytic fines tend to impair proper operation of purifiers

Catalytic fines lead to abrasive wear in liners , piston rings and fuel injection
equipment

Catalytic fines necessitate increase in injection temperature

Catalytic fines necessitate increase in storage temperature


ANS B

279. A partial opening of which of the following kinds of valves can lead to wire
-drawing of its seat?
1

Globe Valve

Butterfly valve

Gate Valve

Full bore angle valve


ANS C

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE gate valve is not suitable to partially open


operation since wire-drawing of the seat will occur.
280. Which of the following types of steam traps uses the pressure energy of the
steam to close the outlet?
1

Thermostatic trap

Thermodynamic trap

Mechanical trap

Vacuum trap
ANS B

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE thermodynamic type of trap uses the pressure


energy of the steam to close the valve which consists of a simple metal disc.

281. Sequential starting of machineries after black out in engine room is


necessary
1

To prevent overload of Generators

To quickly restore the failed power supply in order

To prevent damage to machinery which has been switched off

All of the above


ANS A

282. Positive displacement, helical gear pumps are well suited for pumping oil
because
1

Stuffing boxes eliminate the leakage problems usually associated with other
gear pumps

It is not necessary to closely maintain design clearances this pump

They are essentially self-priming and produce a high suction lift

These pumps are designed with extreme tooth angles


ANS C

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE these pumps are used at sea specially for
pumping high viscosity liquids such as oil and some liquid cargoes. Being self
priming and able to pump liquid and vapour without loss of suction they are
particularly useful when draining tanks of high vapour pressure liquids.
283. Scale formation in a fresh water generator evaporator can lead to
____________________
1

Impaired heat transfer

Reduced capacity

Increased shell temperature

All of the above

ANS D
284. Salinity of distilled water produced from fresh water generator onboard
depends on
1

Amount of feed set in fresh water production

Amount of salt water leaking from condenser if any

Temperature of the sea water used

Efficiency of brine ejector from the evaporator shell


ANS A B D

285. Prior to major overhaul of main engine onboard, the engine room crane is
tested by
1

Operating the crane through the normal range

Testing of the crane with two sample ???abnormal??? conditions

Inspection of the crane hook and other safety arrangements

Stress testing of crane wire with peak loads


ANS C MULTI A C

286. A high pressure differential in a main engine fuel oil filter onboard can be
best reduced by
1

Back flushing the filter manually

Stopping the main engine to change the filter element

Changing over to stand by filter if provided

None of the Above


ANS C MULTI A C

287. When there is excessive ingress of water in the engine room onboard
causing dangerous levels of bilge water
1

Start oily water separator and pump overboard

Start General service pump and pump bilges overboard

Use bilge injection valve and pump bilges overboard

None of the above


ANS C MULTI B C

288. The by-products of oxidation, as a result of water contamination of hydraulic


oil, are generally
1

Removed by cellulose type filters

Gums, varnishes, and acids

Always neutralized by oil additives

Harmless and have no effect on system components


ANS B

NOTE: USCG book 11 question 6


289. Short cycling of a fridge compressor can occur in which of the following
cases?
1

Air ingress into the system

A leaking solenoid valve

High cooling water temperature going to the condenser

Excessive refrigerant charge


ANS B

290. A ballast pump is use to de ballast a fore peak tank which is


full. It is seen that suction pressure is positive and discharge
pressure is very low compared to rated discharge head. It
indicates that (single answer)
1

Pump is not operating satisfactorily and pumping capacity is


too low

Pump is not operating satisfactorily and pumping capacity is


higher than rated, throttling of discharge valve is required

Pumping capacity is not affected by suction and discharge


pressures

Pump is operating normally


ANS A

291. Which of the following valves is liable to open or close under


influence of fluid pressure if not locked in position (single
answer)
1

Gate valve

Globe valve

Plug valve

Butterfly valve
ANS D

292. An engine room should be _________ for better performance


of turbochargers (single answer)
1

Slightly under pressurized

Slightly over pressurized

Substantially under pressurized

None of the above

ANS B
293. Impingement corrosion can be best avoided during pipeline
system design by (single answer)
1

Keeping flow velocity to a minimum

Keeping fluid temperatures low

Avoiding conditions leading to cavitation and turbulence

Keeping working pressures in the system high


ANS C

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE to avoid the impingement attack,


care must be taken with the water velocity through tubes. For
aluminum brass, the upper limit is about 2.5 m/s.
294. On centrifugal pump the impeller is generally (single answer)
1

Shrunk fit on the shaft

Welded on to the shaft

Key fit on the shaft

Held with a shaft with a holding nut


ANS C

295. Last month you found one globe valve with a stuck spindle,
the valve was stuck in crack open position. You had removed
the valve and replaced it with a spare one. Today you have
found that spindle of one butterfly valve is stuck with valve
about half open position. What are you likely to do? (Choose
the best alternative)
1

Remove the butterfly valve from flanges in the pipeline and


replace the entire valve

It is not possible to remove a butterfly valve stuck in open


position. Either the spindle has to be freed somehow or the
pipe section on one side has to be removed to create a gap
to remove the open valve

There is no need to remove the valve from pipeline and it


can be overhauled in place

You will hammer the valve body and the spindle using a
hammer to free the spindle before trying to remove the
valve from pipeline
ANS B

296. An inverted gate valve (stem pointing downward) may be


subject to wear sooner than a similar valve installed in the
upright position because ______________
1

The gate's full weight is upon the stem

The gland stud nuts are under more pressure

Sediment collects in the bonnet

The packing will not properly adhere to the stem


ANS C

297. The gasket and the broken studs have been replaced on a tank manhole cover.
Which of the following methods is satisfactory for testing the repair?
1
Pressurize the tank with 10 psig air, soap the repaired area, watch for visible
signs of leakage or bubbles
2
Fill the tank with water via the ballast pump until the reading corresponds to the
maximum depth of the tank
3
Hose test the repaired area with a minimum of 100 psig water pressure
4
Fill the tank via the ballast pump until water flows from the vent line opening
on deck
ANS C
NOTE: USCG book 11 question 130

298.
1
2
3
4

Pipe threads are cut with a taper to


Prevent over tightening the joint
Provide a leak proof fit
Permit easy joint disassembly
Produce a fine even thread
ANS B
NOTE: USCG book 11 question 102
299. Exhaust gas boiler fire suitable measures
1
Frequent soot blowing
2
Increase engine speed to blow soot
3
Stop cooling water circulation to avoid leakages
4
None of the above
ANS D
300. Which of the crankshaft is lighter, if same power required
1
Welded type
2
Forged type
3
Semi built
4
Fully built
ANS A
NOTE: According to DEVEN ARANHA welded type crank shaft is the lighter one.
301. Evaporator pressure testing in (multiple answer) <DOUBT>
1
Pressure testing in shell
2
Leak test in vacuum pump n fittings
3
Leak test in distillate pump
4
Vacuum testing in shell
ANS A B C
NOTE: According to fresh water generator manual for any leakage or plant not
maintain vacuum pressure testing is carried out by keeping the shell pressure of about
0.05 MPa and applying soap solution to packing and joints.
302. During the vessels stay in a dry dock the following machinery may be still kept
in operation
1
Air conditioning system
2
Refrigeration system
3
Sewage treatment plant
4
All of the above

ANS D
303. Which of the following instruments can be used without interrupting a live
electrical circuit?
1
Megger tester
2
Continuity tester
3
Current clamp meter
4
None of the above
ANS C
NOTE: According to D.T. HALL power currents (A.C.) can be measured simply by
means of a clamp meter which acts as a current transformer. The instrument tongs are
dipped round a single insulated conductor and the circuit is not interrupted.
304. When specified Discharge pressure is not achieved, the possible cause could be
1
Discharge pressure too high
2
Pump speed too low
3
Casing ring is worn out
4
Cavitations exists
5
All of the above
ANS B C D
NOTE: According to pumps manual for insufficient discharge the causes could be air
leakage, speed too low, discharge head too high, suction lift too high, suction pipe end
not sufficiently submerged, suction strainer and suction line clogged, impeller
clogged, wrong direction of rotation, clearance between impeller and mouth ring, due
to wear down, cavitation due to high liquid temperature.
305. You must have worked with mooring winch and windlass
hydraulic systems. The cooling of hydraulic oil for the above
system on large merchant ships is provided by
1

There is no cooling arrangement as the system doesnt


require cooling

Air cooled hydraulic reservoir

Water cooled plate or shell type heat exchangers

Radiator and fan arrangement


ANS C

NOTE: According to Mc GEORGE oil cooling is provided by


conventional sea water circulated tube type heat exchangers.
306. The dipping of aluminum on metal by electroplating is known
as
1

Sheradising

Aluminizing

Graphitization

Calorising
ANS B

307. Turbocharger running, what washing not to be done?


1

Dry washing on blower side

Wet washing on blower side

Dry washing on turbine side

Wet washing on turbine side


ANS A

308. Which washing we cannot do on turbochargers?


1

Wet washing during full load condition on turbine

Wet washing during full load condition on impeller

Dry washing during full load condition on turbine

Dry washing during full load condition on impeller


ANS D

309. Which one of the following is not a type of corrosion


1

Dezincification

Coppering

Graphitization

Galvanization
ANS D

310. When steel components electroplated with chromium are used in a corrosive
environment then
1

Chromium plating provides corrosion protection to the steel components

Chromium plating cannot provide corrosion protection as steel will be


preferentially corroded

Zinc plating is to be used on top of chromium plating for corrosion


protection

Thickness of chromium plating is required to be increased for corrosion


protection
ANS A D

311. Which of the following can provide galvanic protection to cupro-nickel


tubes of sea water coolers (single answer)
1

Steel

Zinc

Aluminum

All of the above


ANS D

312. How do you know that a ballast pump is taking suction or not? If a ballast
pump is taking good suction it will show
1

Positive suction pressure and positive discharge pressure

Negative suction pressure and positive discharge pressure

Negative or positive suction pressure depending on the available suction


head and a positive discharge pressure

Negative or positive suction pressure depending on the available suction


head and a positive discharge pressure. To confirm if the pump is still
pumping, throttling of suction valve will lead to a fall in suction& discharge
pressure, while throttling of discharge valve will to a rise in suction and
discharge pressure
ANS D

313. You have to clean a sea chest filter. You have closed both the inlet and outlet
valves of the filter. Upon opening the vent valve on the filter body, you find
that there is no water coming out of the vent valve. Which of the following
is a true statement?
1

It is perfectly safe to open the filter cover

Vent valve is for purging the air out of the casing before putting the filter
into use, and should not be used while opening the filter

No water is coming out of the vent doesnt mean that it is safe to open the
filter cover. It should be confirmed that vent valve is not choked, by crack
opening the filter inlet valve

The sea chest valves are valves with high level of reliability and hence there
is no need to check by vent valves
ANS C

314. In old ships we used to carry ballast water in same tank as for carrying
cargo. If the water is having same density as of the cargo oil then the current
for motor of ballast pump will
1

Increase

Decrease

Same

Motor current does not depends upon the density of the fluid to pump

ANS C
315. While overhauling double impeller how will you assemble?
1

Hit and trial method

It does not effect because impeller of same

Assemble the pump than see the pressure if it is not coming than change it

Impeller should be assemble by checking the direction of rotation and volute


casing
ANS D

316. How the discharge rate of oil to shore is calculated?


1

Pump characteristics

Shore line characteristics

Pump characteristics and shore line characteristics

Port inspector tells the discharge rate


ANS D

317. Pump is not discharging what is the most possible cause?


1

Water seal pipe is plugged

Pump is not primed

Casing ring is improper

Any of the above


ANS B

318. You are transferring oil from forward deep well. Sounding is 5m and heating
is set to 45 deg. Pump is put on auto-stop. Last time oil was transferred
without any problem. But this time pump is running double the time but still
running. What could be possible cause?

Pump filter clogged

Viscosity is high, so temperature need to be increased

Suction head is very less


ANS A

319. Which valves is not bi directional flow?


1

Gate v/v

Globe v/v

Butterfly v/v

Ball v/v
ANS B

320. Process of enrichment of surface of steel and steel alloys by zinc using
electroplating is known as
1

Cathodisation

Galvanization

Neutralization

Dezincification
ANS B

321. Corrosion of mild steel can be effectively prevented by


1

Cathodic protection

Protective coatings

Addition of suitable alloying elements

Using some adhesives


ANS A B C

322. Which of these are not self actuating valves?


1

Check valve

Relief valve

Ball valve

Safety valve
ANS C

323.
1
2
3
4

Which of the following can leads to degradation of foam?


Exposure to excess of heat
Mixing of different grade of foam
Exposure to air
None of the above
ANS A B C
324. When removing the cap from a sounding tube on a MODU, the sound of air
escaping indicates _______________
1
The tank is full
2
The tank may be partially flooded
3
The tank level has dropped
4
The tank is completely flooded
ANS B
325. During shutting down the purifier you find that purifier always vibrates
heavily for some time and then becomes normal until it finally comes to a
stop. What should be done to avoid this situation?
1

The purifier bowl should be cleaned before next startup

The brake should be applied so that the critical speed doesnt last long

Complete overhaul of the purifier should be carried out and the bearings
need to be renewed

The bowl should be sent for balancing


ANS B

326. Dezincification is the term used to describe


1

Loss of zinc an alloy due to formation of internal bimetallic cells due to


different alloying elements

Loss of zinc due to external bimetallic cells between zinc alloy and another
dissimilar metal or alloy

Removal of zinc from an alloy by precipitation from Eutectic solution

Removal of zinc from an alloy by dissolving the alloy in a zinc dissolving


chemical
ANS A

327. When centrifugal pump is overhauled it was found that shaft had developed
grooves on it and no spare is available onboard what action can be taken
1

Order a new spare

Assemble the pump without doing anything and wait for the spare to arrive

Machine the shaft sleeve on lathe and put back with new packing

Leave the pump as it is


ANS C

328. Dirty air filter on a centrifugal blower cause


1

Overheating

Cavitation

Vibration

All
ANS A

329. ____ Provide protection against mild steel in galvanic corrosion


1

Copper

Aluminum

Stainless steel

None
ANS B

330. Fire pump 1, water to deck discharge pressure is 5 bars, but deck hydrant is
not getting water. Fire pump 2 discharge pressure is 2.5 bars and gives water.
Fire pump 1 unable to send water to hydrant. What is the reason?
1

Pump pressure gauge defective

Overboard discharge valve fully opened, so water is not going to deck

Pump suction filter choke

Pump discharge valve may be stuck


ANS D

331. Corrosion resistance of stainless steel in presence of O2 in aerated water?


1

O2 inhibits chemical reaction

O2 combines with stainless steel to form passive oxide layer

O2 gets absorbed into stainless steel


ANS B

332. After cleaning the M/E F.O. heater you have assembled the heater and want
to try out the heater before putting into use. Which is the correct sequence of
operation of the valves?
1

Vent valve open (2) F.O. inlet valve crack open (3) When F.O. starts coming
out of vent line close vent (4) F.O. inlet valve full open (5) F.O. outlet valve
full open (6) Steam return and inlet valves slowly opened up

(1) Vent valve open (2) F.O. outlet valve crack open (3) When F.O. starts
coming out of vent line close vent (4) F.O. outlet valve full open (5) F.O.
inlet valve full open (6) Steam valves slowly return and inlet opened up

(1) F.O. outlet valve crack open (2) F.O. inlet valve crack open (3) As the
pressure gauge shows pressure open steam heating valves slowly (4) Fully
open F.O. inlet and outlet valves

(1) Open steam return


ANS A

333. A submerged type centrifugal pump is sometimes used as the Main L.O.
pump. Why is this?
1

Flow rate required for Main L.O. systems are very high

The pressure required for Main L.O. system is high

It is a wrong design and such systems normally give problem

Both the pumps can be run together when the bearing temperatures are
increasing
ANS A

334. Refer compressor working continuously. Reason could be


1

Insufficient condenser cooling

Air in the system

Leakage from solenoid valve

Excessive refrigerant
ANS C

335. You have valves of same bore diameter but of different types. Which of the
following is arranged in the decreasing order closing torque required for
giving a perfect seal?

Globe valve, Ball valve, Butterfly valve(rubber seat)

Ball valve, Globe valve, Butterfly valve(rubber seat)

Butterfly valve(rubber seat), Globe valve, Ball valve

Globe valve, Butterfly valve(rubber seat), Ball Valve


ANS C DOUBT

336. Which of the following conditions can cause above normal air temperature
to develop in the intake manifold of a four stroke cycle, turbocharged, diesel
engine?
1

Clogged air intake filters

Piston blow by

A defective after cooler

Faulty exhaust valves


ANS C

337. Which of the following is an important factor in hydrodynamic lubrication?


1

Viscosity of the lubricating oil

Relative speed between lubricated surfaces

Bearing clearance

All of the above


ANS D

338. The purpose of down comers in a water tube boiler is


1

To allow the steam to rise to the steam drum

To allow cold water to sink to the bottom

To protect the fire wall tubes

They are one type of generating tubes


ANS B

339. Which of the following reduce fatigue endurance limit in engine


components?
1

Surface flaws

Stress raisers like oil holes, change in sections etc

Corrosive environment

All of the above


ANS D

340. High pressure cut out in refrigeration system is activated when


1

Low cooling in condenser

Air in the system

Over charge

None of the above


ANS A B C

341. Ship is in dry dock, stern tube seal renewal has been carried out, how will
you check for leak?
1

Fill the system with oil to maximum level in header tank

Fill the system with oil to just fill stern tube

Fill the aft seal and forward seal tank to the deepest draught

Refloat vessel to check for any leak


ANS A MULTI A C

342. When G.S. centrifugal pump shows zero discharge and negative suction
1

Discharge valve closed

Suction strainer clogged

Clearance in impeller

4
ANS B
343. Why centrifugal pump is not provided with safety valve while positive
displacement pump is provided with?JUNE
1

Centrifugal pump shut down head is 0

Centrifugal pump shut down head is infinity

Centrifugal pump is so designed that it can withstand high pressure

4
ANS C
344. Butterfly valve stuck in half open position. How to repair? (multiple answer)
1

Cant be taken out in open position from line, so try to close valve any how

Apply hammer to shut it

Remove pipeline and do overhaul

Cannot be repaired onboard


ANS C

345. Which of the following statements about pipe repairs is true?


1

A very small hole in a pipe does not necessitate permanent repair by way of
renewal of section

Welded doublers are acceptable as permanent repairs

Permanent repairs can only be done by using classification society approved


material

None of the above


ANS C

346. M/E F.O. heater steam control valve set on viscosity control mode, when
you start using F.O. with different viscosity
1

Change setting viscosity index

Temperature controller

No change in viscosity and viscosity will automatically controlled

We have to change the mode manually


ANS C

347. SDNR valve is the term used for which of the following type of valves?
1

Standard Dimension Non-Rusting Valve

Screw Down Non-Return Valve

Small Diameter Negative-Range Valve

Stainless Disc Non-Rusting Valve


ANS B

348. Which of the following valve types is available with non-return


arrangement?
1

Gate Valve

Globe Valve

Ball Valve

Butterfly Valve
ANS B

349. In a centrifugal pump discharge must be in the direction as that of


1

Direction of vane curvature from eye to impeller

Direction of vane curvature from impeller to eye

Depends on shape of volute casing

None of the above


ANS C MULTI B C

350. A simultaneous rise in stern tube forward seal tank and drop
in level of header tank indicates_________________
1

Aft seal ring of forward seal assembly damaged or


sealing disturbed by foreign object

Forward seal ring of forward seal assembly damaged or


sealing disturbed by foreign object

Either of the above

None of the above


ANS A

351. Throttling the discharge valve of a centrifugal pump the NPSHR


1

Increases

Decreases

NPSHR remains constant depending on pump design and only NPSHA


changes

Both the NPSHR & NPSHA will remain unaffected by throttling of


discharge valve
ANS C

NOTE: NPSH increases when velocity of flow reduces (NPSH = Suction Head
losses vapour pressure), Losses vel. of flow2. NPSHA will increase.

352. Centrifugal pump recently overhauled, connections were wrongly given by


interchanging the terminals. Now the pump is rotating in opposite direction.
What will happen? (single answer)
1

Suction pressure will be above the normal

No effect

Flow will be reversed

Pump suction and discharge pressure/head will be affected


ANS D

353. When de ballasting ballast pump suction filter was clogged. The pump will
show (single answer)
1

Positive suction pressure

Nothing

High negative suction pressure

Positive suction pressure and positive discharge pressure


ANS C

354. Diffusion coating on metal surface is done to prevent them against


corrosion. What is the best advantage over other metal coating method?
(single answer)
ANS: The essential difference between diffusion coatings and the other metal
coatings are that this coating consists essentially of an alloy of the coating metal
and the base metal which has been coated. The great advantage of the process is
that the diffusion coating results in little dimensional change on the base
component size and, consequently, it can be applied to components subjected to
fairly tight tolerances.
355. What is the metal composition of gunmetal? (single answer)
1
Copper and zinc
2
Copper and tin
3
Copper, tin and zinc with a little lead
4
Copper, zinc and antimony/arsenic

ANS C
356. F.O. heater to be open, before opening it you will _____ the heater by
opening _______ to _______ it (single answer)
ANS: purge, vent valve, depressurize
357. Which valve is use to moderate/regulate flow (single answer)
1
Globe valve
2
Gate valve
3
Swing check valve
4
Relief valve
ANS A
358. Moisture in refrigeration system will cause (single answer)
1
Faulty thermostatic expansion valve
2
Discharge temperature high/low
3
Suction temperature high/low
4
Evaporator pressure low/high
ANS A
359. F.O. heater to be opened up. You opened the vent valve two or three drops of
oil came out, but the pressure gauge is showing 8 bars. Then you open drain
valve still no oil is coming out and the pressure is not falling down. What
will you do to open the heater? (single answer)
1
Dont open, clear the vent/drain valve first then depressurize and check the
valves are holding
2
You dont care because you have done everything. You will open the heater
no matter what happened
3
Leave it to cool down and then open because the chances of fire hazard with
cold oil is less when you open it
4
Leave it for sometime then the pressure will automatically come down
ANS A
360. Which valve doesnt turn quarterly to open? (single answer)
1
Gate valve
2
Ball valve
3
Butterfly valve
4
Plug valve
ANS A
361. Why flinger ring is provided? (single answer)
1
To prevent leakage of grease from the bearings
2
To prevent leakage from the gland
3
To prevent leakage of water from the pump packing gland to the bearing
housing
4

362.
1
2
3
4
363.
1
2
3
4
364.
1
2
3
4
365.

ANS C
Purifier is rotating slower than rated rpm. What is the most probable cause?
(single answer)
Frequency low
Bus bar voltage low
Friction pads worn out
High temperature
ANS C
To know weldability of steels what is the best criteria? (single answer)
Carbon percentage
Carbon equivalent
Welding type
Welding electrode type
ANS B
You know carbon equivalent is the best way to determine weldability of
steels. It is denoted by CE. Excellent weldability comes under which CE?
(single answer)
< = 0.3
0.4 - 0.6
0.6 0.7
0.7 2
ANS A
Use of polymers is limited to LP boilers. What is the most probable reason?
(single answer)

Does not help in prevention of scale formation

Does not help in corrosion prevention

Use limited to LP boiler as no PO4 present to prevent caustic alkalinity

All of the above


ANS C

NOTE: Polymer is a giant molecular built up by stringing together simple


molecules, E.G.
4

Poly-electrolytes-Formed from natural or synthetic ionic monomers

Polyacrylates- Polymers of acrylic acid

Polyamides- Polymers of amides

Polymer treatment prevents scale formation and minimizes sludge formation. It can
also loosen scale so established boilers introduced to this form of treatment may
develop leaks where previously plugged with scale, especially in way of expanded
joints. Also can absorb trace oil. Use limited to LP boiler as no PO4 present to
prevent caustic alkalinity for auxiliary boiler. This is a superior form of treatment
to the old alkaline and phosphate treatment. The correct level of alkalinity must be
maintained as too low a level neutralizes the electric charge of the poly-electrolyte.
Too high causes caustic alkalinity.
366. Which of the refrigerants listed is considered safe and ideal for most marine
applications?
1

R-21

Ammonia

R-12

Sulfur dioxide
ANS A

367. In reference to air conditioning, when air attains the maximum amount of
moisture it can hold at a specific temperature, it is said to be
1

Superheated

Saturated

Condensed

Convected
ANS B

368. Which of the following terms represents the form of heat removed from the
refrigerant in the condenser of a refrigeration system?
1

Latent heat of vaporization

Heat of compression

Superheat

All of the above


ANS B

369. The temperature at which water vapor in the atmosphere begins to condense
is called the
1

Dew point temperature

Condensation temperature

Psychometric temperature

Absolute humidity temperature


ANS A

NOTE: The dew point is the temperature below which the water vapor in a volume
of humid air at a given constant barometric pressure will condense into liquid
water at the same rate at which it evaporates. Condensed water is called dew when
it forms on a solid surface.
370. In a refrigeration system, the refrigerant absorbs the latent heat of
vaporization in the
1

Compressor

Condenser

Receiver

Evaporator
ANS D

371. The only means of removing the latent heat of condensation from a
refrigerant in the normal refrigeration cycle is by
1

Passing it through the expansion valve

Condensing refrigerant in the system condenser

Passing the gaseous refrigerant through the heat interchanger on the suction
side of the compressor

Maintaining a high pressure on the system's receiver


ANS B

372. The heat required to change a substance from a solid to a liquid while at its
freezing temperature, is known as the latent heat of
1

Fusion

Vaporization

Condensation

Sublimation
ANS A

373. The heat required to change a substance from a liquid to a gas without
experiencing a temperature change, is defined as the latent heat of
1

Fusion

Vaporization

Sublimation

Condensation
ANS B

374. Heat which brings about a change in the physical state of a substance
without a change in temperature, is called
1

Specific heat

Sensible heat

Latent heat

Ambient heat
ANS C

375. Latent heat can be defined as the heat which must be added to a substance in
order to change it from a
1

Solid to liquid

Liquid to vapor

Solid to vapor

All of the above


ANS D

376. Personnel working with refrigeration systems, and subject to the exposure of
refrigerants should wear
1

face shield

a respirator

rubber gloves

an all purpose gas mask


ANS A C D

377. The amount of moisture in a given sample of air, when compared with the
amount of moisture the air could hold if totally saturated at the existing
temperature of the sample, is called
1

Absolute humidity

Specific humidity

Effective humidity

Relative humidity
ANS D

378. The ratio of the weight of moisture contained in a given volume of air, to the
weight of moisture that the same sample would hold if saturated, is called
the
1

Absolute humidity

Relative humidity

Specific humidity

Total humidity
ANS B

379. The moisture sensitive element of a humidistat can be made of


1

Hair

Copper

Plastic

Steel
ANS A

380. When handling contaminated oil from a hermetically sealed refrigeration


compressor unit that has burned out its motor, you should
1

Store the oil in a clean refrigerant drum

Use rubber gloves

Circulate the oil through a filter drier

Remove the oil with a portable charging cylinder

381. When replacing ball bearings on an electric motor shaft, you should
1

Tap the outer race with a mallet

Apply even pressure to the outer race

Apply even force to the inner race

Apply pressure evenly to both the inner and outer races


ANS C

382. People familiar with ammonia refrigeration systems become accustomed to


its odor and may forget that the vapors
1

In a low concentration can cause death

Will dissolve in perspiration and cause caustic burns

Will burn or explode

All of the above


ANS D

383. Ammonia when used as a refrigerant is valuable because of its high


efficiency, it is however
1

Toxic

Flammable

Explosive

All of the above


ANS D

384. When subjected to high heat from an open flame, or an electric heating
element, which of the listed refrigerants will break down and produce
phosgene gas?
1

CO2

Methyl chloride

R-22

Sulfur dioxide

ANS C
385. When the relief valve opens it discharges high pressure refrigerant vapor to
the
1

Liquid strainer

Refrigerant inlet of the condenser

Inlet side of the evaporator

Suction side of the compressor


ANS D

386. In the presence of an open flame or hot surfaces, chlorinated fluorocarbon


refrigerants decomposes and form
1

Petroleum crystals

Phosgene gas

Water vapor

Carbon monoxide
ANS B

387. R-12 is generally considered to be a safe, nontoxic, nonflammable, and no


explosive refrigerant. It can, however, become highly toxic when
1

Superheated outside the system

In contact with an open flame

Heated to the boiling point

All of the above


ANS B

388. A refrigeration system contaminated with moisture can be affected by


1

Acid formation

Sludge formation

Ice in the expansion valve

All of the above


ANS D

389. Some chlorinated fluorocarbon refrigerants may decompose into a toxic


irritating gas if it is
1

Stored at temperatures below 100 C

Charged into a system having copper fittings

Allowed to mix with compressor oil

Exposed to an open flame or hot surfaces


ANS D

390. For the proper control of the air temperature in an air conditioning system
using chilled water circulation, which of the listed conditions should remain
constant regardless of load changes?
1

Chilled water system supply temperature

Chilled water system return temperature

Compressor discharge temperature

Compressor suction pressure

391. In a direct expansion type multi-box refrigeration system, the compressor is


set up to cycle on and off by the
1

Pressure stat

High pressure cut out

Solenoid valve

Low pressure cut out switch

ANS D
392. Saltwater is typically provided to a refrigeration system to
1

Cool the expansion valve

Prevent refrigerant superheating

Condense the refrigerant gas

Prevent motor overheating


ANS C

393. In a direct expansion type cargo refrigeration system, a box is normally


changed from chill to freeze by adjusting the
1

Hand expansion valve

Compressor suction valve

Solenoid bypass

Back pressure regulating valve


ANS A

394. A pressure drop in the liquid line of a refrigeration system may cause
1

The solenoid valve to seize

The compressor to hunt

Flash gas to form in the liquid line

The expansion valve to freeze open

395. Moisture is removed from a refrigeration system by


1

Bleeding refrigerant from the condenser

Opening a drain petcock on the oil separator

Condensing the water in the heat exchanger

Using a dehydrator cartridge


ANS D

396. Moisture in the refrigerant may


1

Freeze on the expansion valve seat and reduce the flow of liquid refrigerant

Emulsify the oil in the condenser

Freeze in the king valve

Clog the oil trap


ANS A

397. Moisture entering a typical refrigeration system will most likely


1

Boil in the condenser

Be removed by the liquid line strainers

Cause sweating and frost on the evaporator coils

Freeze in the expansion valve


ANS D

398. Moisture in a refrigeration system can cause


1

Freezing the expansion valve closed

Corrosion of system piping

Improper temperature regulation

All of the above


ANS D

399. Which of the problems listed could be indicated if a sight glass in the
refrigerant liquid line is full of bubbles?
1

Proper refrigerant charge

Faulty expansion valve

Insufficient refrigerant

Solenoid valve stuck open


ANS C

400. Some refrigeration systems have chemical moisture indicators installed in


conjunction with the sight glass in the liquid line. If excess moisture is
present in the system, the indicator will
1

Activate the driers

Change color

Secure the compressor

Add the predetermined amount of liquid drier

401. A liquid indicator sight glass is useful in determining whether or not a


refrigeration system is sufficiently charged. It is generally located in the
1

High pressure liquid line

Low pressure liquid line

High pressure vapor line

Low pressure vapor line


ANS A

402. If a liquid sight flow indicator in a refrigeration system shows gas bubbles in
motion passing inside of the glass, there is
1

Too much refrigerant in the system

Oil entrained in the refrigerant

Less than a full charge of refrigerant in the system

Ice crystals forming in the refrigerants

ANS C
403. A sight glass is installed in the liquid line to indicate the condition of the
refrigerant charge and may also indicate the
1

Condition of the expansion valve

Moisture in the system

Condition of the compressor suction valves

Condenser temperature

404. In an operating refrigeration system low on refrigerant, a liquid line sight


glass will
1

Be clear

Be blue

Be light green

Show bubbles
ANS D

405. If the refrigeration compressor crankcase is sweating, the cause may be due
to
1

A shortage of refrigerant

The compressor running continuously

Liquid refrigerant returning to the compressor

The compressor short cycling on the high pressure cutout


ANS C

406. If the suction line between the evaporator and compressor is frosting up, the
cause may be due to the thermal expansion valve
1

Thermal bulb coming loose from the suction line

Needle valve is stuck closed

Thermal bulb is in a cold air stream

All of the above


ANS D

407. If a refrigerating compressor crankcase is sweating, the trouble could be


caused by
1

Excessive superheat

A minor amount of air in the system

Normal oil circulation with the refrigerant

The expansion valve being stuck in the open position


ANS D

408. Frosting or sweating of the suction line of a reciprocating refrigeration


compressor indicates a condition which could result in severe damage due
to
1

Minor amount of oil in the refrigerant

Liquid slugging

Insufficient refrigerant

A failed heat interchanger


ANS B

409. A refrigeration system compressor crankcase is sweating or unusually cold.


This is an indication of
1

A shortage of refrigerant in the system

Air in the system

An accumulation of liquid refrigerant in the crankcase

A shortage of oil in the crankcase


ANS C

410. Refrigeration system compressor crankcase sweating is an indication of


1

Insufficient lube oil circulating through the system

Excessive circulation of lube oil through the system

Insufficient refrigerant in the system

An overworked compressor

411. Sweating of the refrigeration system compressor crankcase is caused by


1

Too much superheat

Insufficient superheat

Suction pressure too low

Excessive refrigerant returning to the compressor


ANS D

412. Crankcase sweating in a refrigeration system is caused by


1

A stuck solenoid valve

A shortage of refrigerant

Too much oil in circulation

Too much superheat


ANS A

413. Properties of good refrigeration oil include


1

Low wax content

High pour point

High viscosity

All of the above


ANS A

414. Oil separators installed in refrigeration systems serve to


1

Remove excess oil from the system

Remove oil entrained in high pressure liquid line

Return oil entrained in refrigerant vapor back to the compressor crankcase

All of the above


ANS D

415. An oil separator is a device used to remove oil from the


1

Liquid refrigerant

Receiver

Gaseous refrigerant

Expansion valve
ANS C

416. The oil separator (trap) used in a shipboard refrigeration system is located
between the
1

Compressor discharge valve and the condenser

Condenser and the receiver

Receiver and the king valve

Receiver and the expansion valve


ANS A

417. The purpose of the refrigeration system low pressure cutout switch is to
1

Protect the compressor from liquid flood back

Protect the compressor from low discharge pressure

Start and stop the compressor upon system demand

Start the compressor after a drop in the evaporator pressure


ANS C

418. The purpose of the low pressure cutout switch is to


1

Maintain liquid refrigerant at the suction of the compressor

Maintain a preset suction pressure to the compressor

Start and stop the compressor at preset operating pressures

Operate at minimum efficiency


ANS C

419. The sensing line for the low pressure cutout switch to a refrigeration system
is located
1

In the chill box

Before the receiver

On the suction side of the compressor

On the discharge side of the compressor


ANS C

420. The refrigeration system low pressure cutout switch is actuated by


1

An electric system manager

A sensing bulb at the tail coil of the evaporator

Pressure changes in the suction line

Failure of the king solenoid valve


ANS C

421. When you adjust thermostatic expansion valve


1

Refrigerant must be bled off the sensing line before adjustments are made

All refrigerant must be pumped into the receiver before adjustments are
made

Time must be allowed for conditions to stabilize in the evaporator before


further adjustments are made

All refrigerant must be routed through the dehydrator while changing the
superheat setting
ANS C

422. The cylinder unloading mechanism used on low pressure air compressors is
an example of which mode control?
1

Two positions

Derivative

Integral

Single speed floating

423. Which of the following is the primary operational difference between a


huddling chamber safety valve and a nozzle reaction safety valve?
1

Adjustment of lifting pressure

Valve relieving capacities

Principle in accomplishing blow down

Initial valve opening cause by steam pressurejj