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LESSON PLAN IN SCIENCE I

(First Year High School)


I. OBJECTIVES:
At the end of the period, each student:
a) Identifies the general properties of matter
b) Conducts an experiment about the properties of matter
c) Perceives the importance of the properties of matter to everyday life
II. SUBJECT MATTER
a) Properties of Matter
Concepts:
Properties that are common to all types of matter are called general properties.
Mass is the amount of matter present in a body, object or substance.
Volume is the amount of space that an object occupies.
Density is the ratio of an objects mass to its volume.
Weight is the measure of the gravitational force acting on a body or object.
b) Materials
References: Integrated Science I
c) Instructional Materials:
Ruler
Books
Beaker
Blocks of wood
Platform balance
III. METHODOLOGY / PROCEDURE
3.1 Preliminary Activity
3.1.1 Greetings & Prayer
Good morning, class.
Let us pray first. Lead us in prayer
3.1.2. Checking Attendance
Who are absent today?

Good Morning, Sir!


(One student will lead the prayer)

3.1.3. Checking of Assignment


3.2 Preparatory Activities
3.2.1. Ice Breaker (The Electric Chair)
3.2.2. Review the definition of matter
What is matter?
3.2.3. Motivation:

Can we say that matter, like us,


has properties which may be
different or same with
another?

Matter is anything that has


mass and occupies space.

3.3. Lesson Proper


TEACHERS ACTIVITY

STUDENTS ACTIVITY

3.3.1 Introduction
A single matter has its unique set of properties. Just as
people are distinguished by their physical attributes and
traits, matter is distinguished by its properties. Today,
well be discussing about properties that are present in
all kinds of matter.
3.3.2. Presentation of the lesson
General properties are the properties that are (The students will listen attentively and raise their
common to all types of matter
hands if theres a question.)
Mass - is the amount of matter present in a body,
object or substance. It is a property that will not change
under all conditions.
Weight - is the measure of the gravitational force
acting on a body or an object? The value of gravity of
any object on the earths surface is constant; 1 kg of
mass weighs 9.8 newtons.
A person with more mass has more gravity, therefore,
weighs more.
Volume - is the amount of space that an object or body
occupies. Solids occupy a definite space, while liquids
and gases take the space of their containers.
Volume of regular solids can measured using the
formula V = l x w x h. Volume of irregular solids are
determined using the water displacement method (to be
demonstrated later).
Density - is the ratio of an objects mass to its volume.
Density is measured using the formula D = M/V and is
expressed in g/cm3 or kg/m3.
3.3.3 Comparison and Abstraction
When you go to a higher surface, or on another planet, Yes.
will your weight change?
If your mass here on earth is 50 kg, will your mass No.
change if you go to the moon?
Differentiate mass and weight.

Mass is the amount of matter present in a body


while weight is a force that results from the
gravitational pull to an object. Mass does not
change under all conditions, weight varies with
location and strength of gravity on an object.

Can mass and weight be interchanged?

Weight and mass can be used interchangeably as


long as we are on the earths surface.

Whats the difference between mass and volume?

Mass is the amount of matter in an object while


volume is the amount of space that an object
occupies.

How does density relate to an objects mass and Density is obtained by dividing the mass to its

volume?

volume.

3.3.4. Application
(The students will follow the procedures while
Volume of a regular solid
observing results and answering questions.)
1. Measure the length, width, and thickness of a
book using a ruler.
2. Multiply the three measurements taken to get
the volume of the book.
Mass and Weight
Using a platform balance, compare the weights of
different things that can be found inside the classroom.
How do we measure the mass of an object?
By using a scale or balance.
Density
1. Put a block of wood on the beaker with water.
Take note of the part submerged in the water.
2. Put another wood with a different mass.
Compare the submerged parts.
What property of matter was demonstrated?
Density.
3.3.5. Generalization
What do you call the properties common to all types
of matter?
General properties.
What is the amount of a matter present in a body,
object or substance?
Mass.
What do you call the measure of gravitational force
acting on a body or object?
Weight.
What is the amount of space that an object occupies?
What is the ratio of an objects mass to its volume?
Volume.
These measurements of the general properties of
Density.
matter are important in everyday living. Many fields of
expertise that have daily applications require accurate
measurements. The concept of density is important to
the production of aircrafts, ships, etc. How do these
(Students answers may vary.)
properties affect your daily life?

IV. EVALUATION: QUIZ


Multiple Choice: Select the letter of the best answer.

1. What property of matter is common or present


to all?
a. Specific
b. General
c. Physical
d. Chemical

2. What is the formula for computing density?


a. E = mc2
b. D = M/V
c. Length x Width x Thickness
d. 1 kg x 9.8 newtons

Answer: b. General

Answer: b. D = M/V

3. What method is used to determine to volume


of irregular solids?
a. Weighing Scale
b. Length x Width x Thickness
c. Water Displacement Method
d. Water Boiling

Answer: c. Water Displacement Method

4. Which of the following DOES NOT take the


shape of a container?
a. Glass of water
b. Inflated balloon
c. Bowl of soup
d. Block of wood

Answer: d. Block of wood

5. If you weigh 50 kg on Earth, what will your


mass be on the moon?
a. 50 kg
b. 100 kg
c. 500 kg
d. 25 kg

Answer: a. 50 kg

V. ASSIGNMENT

1. Calculate the mass of a block of Iron (p=7.86 g/ml) with dimensions 52.8cm x 6.74cm x 3.73cm.
2. Calculate the density in g/ml of a piece of metal that has a mass of 12g and occupies a volume of
1.6 ml.

3. A cube of lead measures 3.0 on each edge and has a mass of 308g. Calculate the density in g/cm3.