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Allyssa Gillianne P.

BSBA 3 Major in Business Economics

Chapter 20: Ophthalmic Surgeon in Hong Kong
Rizal and the German Ladies
- There was an incident involving Rizal and the German ladies but eventually, the latter end up
treating the former with admiration and respect.
Purpose/Importance of the Borneo Colonization Project
- Rizal planned to move the landless Filipino families to North Borneo (Sabah), riched British
owned island and carve ot of its virgin wildness a New Calamba so he went to Sandakan on
board the ship Menon to negotiate with the British authorities for the establishment of a Filipino
Reasons to Return Home
- To confer with Governor Despujol regarding his Borneo Colonization Project
- To establish the Liga Filipina in Manila
- To prove that Eduardo de Lete was wrong in attacking him in Madrid that he (Rizal), being
comfortable and safe in Hong Kong, had abandoned the countrys cause

Chapter 21: Second Homecoming and The Liga Filipina

Pobres Frailes
- Rizal vigorously denied having those leaflets in either his or Lucias baggage which had been
thoroughly searched upon their arrival from Hong Kong by the customs authorities who found
Rizal Arrested & Jailed in Fort Santiago
- Despite his denial and insistent demand for investigation in accordance with the due process
of the law he was placed under arrest and escorted to Fort Santiago by Ramon Despujol,
nephew and aide of the governor general. In Fort Santiago, he was kept incommunicado.
- unrestrained and autocratic in the use of authority

Reasons for Rizals Deportation

- Rizal had published books and articles abroad which showed disloyalty to Spain and which
were frankly anti-Catholic and imprudently anti-friar.
- A few hours after his arrival in Manila there was found in one of the packages. . . a bundle of
handbills entitled Pobres Frailes in which the patient and humble generosity of Filipinos is
satirized, and which accusation is published against the customs of the religious orders.
- His novel El Filibusterismo was dedicated to the memory of three traitors (Gomez, Burgos,
Zamora), and on the title page he wrote that in view of the vices and errors of the Spanish
administration, the only salvation for the Philippines was separation from the mother country.
- The end which he pursues in his efforts and writings is to tear from the loyal Filipino breasts
the treasures of our holy Catholic faith.

Chapter 22: Exile in Dapitan, 1892-1896

Reasons to Stay in Parish Convent
- That Rizal publically retracts his errors concerning religion and make statements that were
clearly pro-Spanish against revolution.
- That he perform the church rites and make a general confession of his past life.
- That henceforth he conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and a man
of religion.
Rizal Challenges a Frenchman
- A man named, Juan Lardet, purchased many logs from the lands of Rizal. And it so happened
that the logs were of poor quality. Lardet sent a letter to Antonio Miranda, a Dapitan merchant
and Rizals friend. He expressed his disgust with the business deal. Then Miranda forwarded
the letter to Rizal. One of Rizals weaknesses is his sensitivity that why when he read the letter,
he flared up in anger and immediately confronted Lardet and challenged him to duel.
Rizals Encounter with the Friars Spy
- The spy offered to be Rizals courier of letters for the patriots in Manila. Rizal became
suspicious and wanted to throw the spy outside but considering his values and late hour of the
night, he offered the spy to spend the night at his house. Rizal went to the comandancia and
reported the impostor to Captain Juan Sitges. Sitges ordered Pablo Mercados arrest and told
Anastacio Adriatico to investigate him immediately.

Rizal and Josephine Bracken

- The death of Leonor Rivera left a poignant void in Rizals heart. He met Josephine who went to
Manila with Mr. Taufer, a blind man who adopted Josephine, to seek for his services as an
ophthalmic surgeon. Rizal and Josephine fell in love with each other at first sight. And after a
whirlwind romance of one month, they agreed to marry. They had a baby named Francisco who
only lived for three hours because it was a premature baby.

Chapter 23: Last Trip Abroad (1896)

Victim of Spanish Duplicity
- His mistake is that he sealed his own doom by refusing to break his word of honor in
Singapore. He thought General Blanco was a man of honor because he let him to go as a free
man to Spain to become a physician-surgeon of the Spanish army in Cuba, and gave him two
letters of introduction addressed to the Spanish minister of war and colonies.
Rizal Arrested before Reaching Barcelona
- A passenger told Rizal that he would be arrested by order of General Blanco and would be
sent to prison in Ceuta. Shocked by alarming news, Rizal belatedly realized that he was duped
by the unscrupulous Spanish officials, particularly the sly Blanco.

Chapter 24: Last Homecoming and Trial

Documentary Evidences
- A letter from Antonio to Mariano Ponce dated Madrid October 16, 1888, showing Rizal
connection with the Filipino reform campaign in Spain.
- A letter of Rizal to his family, dated Madrid, August 20,1890, stating that the deportations are
good for they will encourage the people to hate tyranny.
- A letter from Marcelo H. del Pilar to Deodato Arellano,dated Madrid, January 7, 1889,
implicating Rizal in the propaganda movement campaign in Spain.
- A poem entitled Kundiman , allegedly written by Rizalin Manila on September 12, 1891
- A letter from Carlos Oliver to an unidentified person, dated Barcelona, September 18, 1891,
describing Rizal as the man tofree the Philippines from Spanish oppression.
- A Masonic lodge document, dated Manila, February 9, 1892,honoring Rizal for his patriotic

- A letter signed Dimasalang ( Rizals pseudonym) to Tenlunz (Juan Zuluetas pseudonym), dated Hongkong,
May 24, 1892,stating that he was preparing a safe refuge for Filipinos who may persecuted by
the Spanish authorities.
- A letter to Dimasalang to an unidentified committee, dated Hongkong, June 1, 1892, soliciting
the aid of the committee in the patriotic work
- An anonymous and undated letter to the Editor of Hongkong Telegraph, censuring the banishment of Rizal to
- A letter to Ildefonso Laurel to Rizal, dated Manila,informing an unidentified correspondent
of the arrest and the banishment of Doroteo Cortes and Ambrosio Salvador.
- A letter to Marcelo H. del Pilar to Don Juan A. Tenluz (Juan Zulueta), dated Madrid, June 1, 1893
recommending the establishment of a special organization, independent of Masonry, to help the cause of the
Filipino people.
- Transcript of a speech of Pingkian (Emilio Jacinto) in a reunion to a Katipunan on July 23, 1893, in which the
following cry uttered Long Live the Philippines! Long Live Liberty! Long live Dr. Rizal Unity!
- Transcript of speech of Tik-Tik (Jose Turiano Santiago) in the same Katipunan reunion wherein
the katipuneros shouted Long Live the eminent Dr. Jose Rizal! Death to the oppressor nation!
- A poem by Laong Laan (Jose Rizal) entitled Talisay, in which the author makes Dapitan school
boys sing that they know how to fight of their rights.
Testimonial evidence
- consisted of the oral testimonies of Martin Constantino, Aguedo del Rosario, Jose Reyes,
Moises Salvador Jose Dizon, Domingo Franco, Deodato Arellano,Ambrosio Salvador, Pedro
Serrano Laktaw, Dr. Pio Valenzuela,Antonio Salazar, Francisco Quison, and Temoteo Paez.
Rizals defender
-Rizal chooses a defense council which is the only right given to him by the Spanish authorities.
December 8, 1896 100 first and second lieutenants in the Spanish Army was presented to Rizal.
Lt. Taviel de Andrade chosen by Rizal to be his defense, he was the brother of Jose Taviel de
Andrade his previous bodyguard
Chapter 25: Martyrdom at Bagumbayan
Last Hours of Rizal
- He was busy meeting visitors, including Jesuit priests, Josephine Bracken and members of his
family, a Spanish newspaper correspondent (Santiago Mataix), some friends, and secretly
finishing his farewell poem. Rizal exactly died at 7:03 am on December 30, 1896 at
Bagumbayan, Manila.