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Grand Master Hiram Abiff

Who is the Grand Master?

Prepared by Bro. JCM

There is a Legendary man name Hiram Abiff. But He does not appear in the bible, or in any
historical source. The Master of Works exists only in the Temple Legend, as a character in that
great allegory.
Hiram Abiff is, in part, a composite of three biblical figures, Betzalel, Adoniram, and Hiram Abi.
According to the Bible:
Bezaleel (God is protection) was placed in charge of constructing the Tabernacle, including the
foundation stones, the wood beams, and the gold, silver, and brass works.1
In Exodus 31:1-6 and chapters 36 to 39

Adoniram (my Lord is high) was in charge of the levy of thirty thousand unskilled workers
assigned by Solomon to the Temple building project.
1 Kings 4:6; 5:14

Hiram/Huram Abi (noble, free father) was a brass smith, who made the brass furnishings and
ritual tools of the Temple. 3 Of these three biblical characters, only Bezaleel is described as
working with stone. Thus, the figure of Hiram Abiff combines the wisdom of Bezaleel and the
supervising skills of Adoniram with the metal working skills of Hiram Abi, and adds those of a
Master Mason.

2 Chronicles 2:13

However, the question remains, who is he really?

Although he was not a historical person, he remains a powerful allegory. A symbolic character
whose meaning we must discover if we are to understand the Legend.
Our first step in finding the symbolic meaning of the Grand Master is to examine the names of
Adoniram and Hiram Abi.
Analysis of their names
Adoniram is a Hebrew name, meaning my Lord is most high; Lord of might and elevation.
Adoni means Lord and comes from the same root as Adonis, the god of vegetation who
was sacrificed by the goddess. We will examine Adonis more closely later
. At the moment, it is enough to note that Adoni is an honorific that is suitable for a god. Iram
is a Hebrew name meaning the effusion of them; a high heap.
Thus, from Adoniram we get The Lord who is the effusion in the high place. Hiram is from
the Hebrew, meaning noble born or exalted brother. 4 Another given meaning is Hiram,
exaltation of life; a destroyer Abiff is from the Hebrew word for father. Some have
suggested that Hiram Abiff was the father (literal or spiritual) of King Hiram of Tyre.
This is symbolically correct, but only when one understand who King Hiram represents. Thus,
Hiram Abiff is a nobly-born, exalted brother, who has the title of father. This raises the
following questions:

Effusion of what?
What high place?
In what way was he exalted or nobly born?
To whom was he the father?
To whom was he the brother?
In order to understand these questions, we need to place them in the context of the time and
place, or setting, of the Temple Legend

The Setting
During the period in question, Palestine sat on trade routes from the east, south and north. The
peoples of Israel and Judea encountered, and were influenced by, religions in Egypt, Babylon,
Phoenicia (including Tyre), Syria, etc. Some of the mystery tales of those regions were quite
similar to the Legend of Hiram Abiff. They were similar because they were allegories of the
same process of spiritual growth and development. They were different because they were
described by and for a different people and culture. If we examine several regional legends, and
look for similarities with the Legend of Hiram, then those similarities will provide an outline of
the process hidden within the common symbols.

The Allegory of Osiris

Osiris was a complex Egyptian deity. The most familiar version of his myth (by the Greek writer
Plutarch) is the most recent. Plutarch wrote long after the pyramid era, and closer to the period in
which the Temple is set. However, his version
leaves out several important events, and misinterprets others. Thus, the following is a brief
composite of several versions. Seth, the evil brother of Osiris, tricked him into a chest. The chest
was sealed with lead, thrown into the Nile, and floated downstream to the Mediterranean. It
eventually washed-up on the shore of Lebanon, at Byblos, and a tree grew around it. The king of
Byblos had the tree cut down and turned into the central column of his palace. Isis the sister/wife
of Osiris, found the column, recognized that her husband/brother lay within, and brought it back
to Egypt. Seth discovered the chest, stole it, cut Osiris body into fourteen parts, and scattered the
parts along the Nile shore.5 Isis searched for the parts, found them, reassembled the body of
Osiris, and attempted to raise it. She failed, and her sister Nephthys tried. Nephthys failed, and
their brother Thoth tried, using a special grip. The third attempt worked, and Osiris rose up to
The parallels between the legends of Osiris and Hiram include death, internment, search, and
raising on the third attempt. However, the polarity of Osiris does not quite seem to fit. Isis is
obviously the negative pole, the Divine Mother or Substance. Osiris, her brother/husband, is just
as obviously the positive pole, the Divine Father or Spirit. As we will see, Hiram Abiff does not
appear to be the positive pole, which appears to create a problem.
Fortunately, this problem disappears when we recall the nature of the Second Aspect or
consciousness, and look at the religious identities of the pharaohs. The Second Aspect is that self
or identity born of the relationship between Spirit and Substance. It can identify as either
Substance (I create), itself (I am), or Spirit (I will to be). Thus, the Second Aspect can take
on the identity of any of the Three Aspects. This flexible identity of the Soul is illustrated in the
spiritual identity of an Egyptian Pharaoh. A living pharaoh was Horus (the son of Isis and
Osiris) during life, and became Osiris after death. Thus, the Allegory of Osiris really does fit that
of Hiram Abiff. The mysteries of Isis and Osiris included a ladder, a pillar, a tree, and a casket in
their symbolism, similar to those in Freemasonry. These parallels are so obvious that some have
maintained that Freemasonry must have grown out of the Egyptian Mysteries. Others cite similar
parallels in other traditions, and suggest that Freemasonry must have arisen out of them. These
views do not take into consideration the reality of the Ancient Mysteries. The Ancient Mysteries
are not collections of empty stories and meaningless rituals. Their legends are symbolic
portrayals of the real process of spiritual growth and development. The rituals of the mysteries
were and are an actual part of the sacred path. The hidden rites refine the persona and unfold the
consciousness, preparing the candidate for the true path of spiritual initiation. Thus, the various
versions of the Ancient Mysteries made the process of spiritual growth available to humanity in
every time and place. Freemasonry is an expression of this process, designed for modern

humanity. It includes symbols and allegories similar to those of the ancient mysteries because it
continues the tradition of translating the spiritual quest into secret rituals and popular myths.

The Rites of Tammuz

Adonis This version of the mysteries also has a number of similarities with the Legend of
Hiram. It even appears that the rites of Tammuz were (for a time) practiced in the Temple of
Solomon, for the prophet Ezekiel complains about it. In Ezekiel 8:14 we find: Then he brought
me to the entrance of the north gate of the house of the LORD; and behold, there sat women
weeping for Tammuz. Worshipped by the Babylonians and Syrians as Tammuz, and by the
Greeks as Adonis6, the following is based on the Babylonian version of his myth. Tammuz, the
handsome god of vegetation, was the brother and spouse of the great goddess Ishtar. Tammuz
died every year (in mid summer) and Ishtar journeyed to the house of darkness, the land of death,
in search of him. During her descent, she passed through seven gates, and at each gate was
forced to give up an item of clothing, beginning with her crown, and including her earrings,
necklace, breast pins, belt, wrist and ankle bangles, and then her gown. During the absence of
Ishtar, all creation ceased. Men and beasts stopped reproducing, and all life was threatened with
destruction. Ishtar found Tammuz, resurrected him with the Water of Life, and they returned to
the world. Parallels The Babylonian version of the myth of Tammuz is fragmentary, and
interpretations vary, but this version is consistent with the Legend of Hiram. The Greek tradition
includes the internment of Adonis in a box. Thus, parallels between Tammuz/Adonis, Osiris, and

Hiram include death, internment, search, and raising. Ishtars seven items of clothing (most
obviously associated with one of the seven major centers), parallels the fourteen pieces of Osiris.
The fact that the Temple of Solomon includes the Pillar of Life, the Djed Pillar of Osiris
represents the Tree of Life, and Ishtar is raised by the Water of Life, is quite interesting. It
suggests that the Life or Spirit Aspect plays an important role in the Allegory, but is not the
central character. If we combine this with our earlier list of questions, we get something like: The
Grand Master Hiram Abiff represents a noble effusion that dies, is interned (in a shroud or box),
found by searching, and then raised. We know that Hiram is not the Great Mother, for She is the
sister/spouse who is searching for him. We know that Hiram is not the Father, for Hiram is raised
by the word/water of life, which is associated with the Father Aspect.

Who, then, is Hiram Abiff?

By Their Works You Shall Know Them
Our earlier examination of the three temples provides a final clue. We identified the Tabernacle
as the three-fold persona instrument, the Temple of Solomon as the Light Body of the Soul, and
the Temple of Ezekiel as the Sheath of the Spirit. In the process, we indicated that the Greater
Builders built the Temple of Solomon, under the direction of the Spiritual Soul. We also
identified the Tabernacle or persona as the box into which the Soul moved, and in which it died
to its self. In this perspective, Hiram Abiff is the Spiritual Soul, the Second Aspect of Divinity,
born of the polar relationship between Spirit (the First Aspect), and Substance (the Third Aspect).
If we put all of this together, then we find that the Legend of Hiram is an allegory of the life of
the Soul. The Spiritual Soul, directing the Greater Builders, creates a body for itself on the
buddhic plane. It moves into the three lower worlds, creates a persona instrument, and dies to
itself as it moves into and identifies with the body, emotions, and mind. In this condition, the
Soul is the infant Child of God. Born of the relation between the Father and Mother, it shares
their Divine Characteristics, but those capacities are slumbering, waiting for the awakening
word. Through the long, slow process of spiritual growth, encompassing many incarnations, the
three-fold persona is purified and the consciousness is redeemed. The Soul regains awareness of
its self, and becomes the brother/husband of Substance. Gross matter is transformed into light
and uplifts the incarnate Soul. The divine couple (Substance and Soul, sister/wife and
brother/husband) rise to heaven together. When the ascension is complete, the Soul becomes the
Adult Son. His awareness is at-one with the entire planetary life, and His Mind includes the
whole of the planetary mind. Christ One of the common criticisms of Freemasonry is that
nowhere in its rites and rituals is the name of Christ mentioned. This criticism dissolves if one
looks for the identity of Christ rather than the name. Christ is the Adult Child of God, who has
risen to realize His/Her identity as the child of the Father and the Mother, the Spiritual Soul atone with Spirit and Substance, with Divine Will and Divine Intelligence. This is who and what
Hiram Abiff becomes after he is raised, the Risen Child of God or Christ. Any true initiate of

the ancient mysteries recognizes Him, by whatever name, for we know ourselves to be children
of the One Divine Parent. We are all brother/sisters growing into awareness of ourselves and atone-ment with the Divine.

The Symbolism of 3 Persona

"What does a Master's lodge represent?"

Ans. "The Sanctum Sanctorum, or holy of holies of King Solomon's Temple."

"How long was the temple building?"

Ans. Seven years, during which it rained not in the day-time, that the workmen might not be
obstructed in their labor."
"What supported the temple."
Ans. "Fourteen hundred and fifty-three columns and two thousand nine hundred and six pilasters,
all hewn from the finest Parian marble."
"What further supported it?"
Ans. "Three grand columns, or pillars."

"What were they called?"

Ans. "Wisdom, strength and beauty."
"What did they represent?"
Ans. "The pillar of wisdom represented Solomon, King of Israel, whose wisdom contrived the
mighty fabric; the pillar of strength, Hiram, King of Tyre, who strengthened Solomon in his

glorious undertaking; the pillar of beauty, Hiram Abiff, the widow's son, whose cunning craft and
curious workmanship beautified and adorned the temple."
"How many were there employed in the building of King Solomon's Temple?"
Ans. "Three Grand Masters, three thousand three hundred Masters, or overseers of the work,
eighty thousand Fellow Crafts, and seventy thousand Entered Apprentices; all those were classed
and arranged in such a manner by the wisdom of Solomon that neither envy, discord nor
confusion were suffered to interrupt that universal peace and tranquillity that pervaded the work
at that important period."

Ill. 1
Here is the Representation of the Pillars as Macrocosm (Cosmo or Spiritual Force) within the
Microcosm (Man)

Macrocosm and microcosm is an ancient Greek Neo-Platonic schema of seeing the same patterns
reproduced in all levels of the cosmos, from the largest scale (macrocosm or universe-level, Or
Divine Force) all the way down to the smallest scale (microcosm or sub-sub-atomic or even
metaphysical-level). In the system the midpoint is Man, who summarizes the cosmos. In Kabbalistic
Axioms it is called As Above, So Below.

Ill. 2

Ill. 3
Here is the representation of the Officers of the Lodge, within the kabbalistic Sphere. It will be
explained to you in the higher bodies.

This is the Anatomy of Adam Kadmon who attained perfection and Godhead. Before the fall of
Eden or Primordial Sin.
Adam Kadmon is a phrase in the religious writings of Kabbalah meaning "original man". The
oldest mainstream rabbinic source for the term Adam ha- admoni where Biblical Adam is styled, not
as usually Ha-Rishon ("the first"), but "Ha-Kadmoni" ("the original"). In Kabbalah, Adam
admon ("above" or Perfect Man) is the first of the comprehensive Five spiritual Worlds in creation,
distinguished from Biblical Adam Ha-Rishon ("below" the fall of adam in Mount in Eden), who
included within himself all future human souls before the sin of the Tree of Knowledge. The spiritual

realm of Adam admon represents the sephirah (divine attribute) of ether ("crown"), the specific
divine will and plan for subsequent creation. Adam Kadmon is the Goal of Everymen to be a perfect
human being. Which connects to the temple legend of Death and Resurrection of GMHA. A death of
Lower of Adam (Adam Ha-Rishon) a gross material man, and a Resurrection of Adam Ha-Kadmoni
of a Perfect Spiritual Man.
Before the Death of GMHA he is in the Personality of Adam Ha-Rishon or Lower Personality of Men,
after his Resurrection he became the Adam Ha-Kadmoni a New Personality of a Perfected Divine
Now let us see how this pillars and kabbalistic tree transform into Perfect Ashlar or a Cube of
Space, sometimes it is called the Cube of Metatron.

Let us Removed the Pillars. And Let us see this beautiful Gematria of a Perfect Ashlar

A Qoute: Learn to see. Realize that everything connects to everything else- Leonardo Da Vinci

Adam Ha-Kadmoni Within the Perfect Ashlar. A state of Gods Consciousness.

See and Realize that we are connected to the Celestial vibration, we are inter-connected, We are
vibration of extraordinary energy that vibrates.

This is the Man who attained illumination and Christ Consciousness A.K.A The Perfect Ashlar of
a Master Mason.

Perfect Ashlar also Called the Cube of Metraton or Merkabah

What is Archangel Metatron's Cube in Sacred Geometry?
In sacred geometry, an archangel named Metatron oversees the flow of energy in a mystical
cube known as Metatron's Cube, which contains all of the geometric shapes in God's
creation and represents the patterns that make up everything God has made. These duties
tie in with Metatron's work overseeing the Tree of Life in Kabbalah, where Metatron sends
creative energy down from the top (the crown) of the tree toward all the parts of creation.

The Cube-Twenty-two lines/paths in the Cube expand to seventy

eight lines in Metatrons cube, each line begetting an archetypal
form. Each subatomic particle represents a note on a vibrating string
or vibrating membrane. We now have a candidate for the mind of
God that Einstein wrote about for the last 30 years of his life, the
mind of God in this picture is cosmic music resonating throughout
11 dimensional hyperspace, This is a beautiful and lucid

articulation of Qabalistic metaphysics, in harmony with budding

theoretical physics.

To summarized this allegories. It is the Raising or Resurrection of

Atma or Soul Personality in the Essence of Divinity.

For more info please check Merkabah Mysticism, Lost Keys of

Freemasonry, Morals and Dogma, The Temple and the Word.
Here ends The Esoteric & Exoteric Symbolical Allegories of GMHA.