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F (δ) F h 1 h 2

K 1 < K 2 < K 3

F 1 = K 1 h 1 F 2 = F F 1

1

K

=

1

K

1

+

1

K

2

+

1

K

3

K 2 h 2

.

F 1 F F 2

F

>

F 2

1

K

=

1

K 3

1

K = 1

K

2

ossia

+

1

K

3

.

K =

K 3 .

3 K 2 h 2 . F 1 ≤ F ≤ F 2 F > F
3 K 2 h 2 . F 1 ≤ F ≤ F 2 F > F

N 1 p 1 N 2 p 2 K 1 K 2 N 1 N

N 1 p 1 N 2 p 2

K 1 K 2 N 1 N 2

K

=

K 1 K 2

.

K 1 + K 2

p 1 p 1 < p 2 p 1 2d N 1 s = (N 1 1)(p 1 2d) F

¯

F

= K (N 1 1)(p 1 2).

¯

F

>

F K 2

K

=

Gd 4

8ND 3

K 1 = Gd 4 /(8D 3 )

N

1

= cost

N

1

e

K 2

=

cost

N 2 ,

K

=

cost

N 1 + N 2 ,

K 2 = cost/N 2 F = f (δ)

F i F m a x D 1 D 2 d 1 d 2 C

F i F max D 1 D 2 d 1 d 2 C 2 τ max C 1 C 2 N 1 N 2 CS S ns S us d 2 d 1 S us S ns

τ max

= K W

8FD

πd 3

F δ

F

=

G

d

4

8D 3 N δ.

K W1 8F 1 D 1

πd 3

1

=

K W2 8F 2 D 2

.

πd 3

2

8F 1 D 3

1

N 1

Gd 4

1

F 1 D 3

1

N 1

d

4

1

=

=

8F 2 D

3

2

N 2

Gd 4

2

F 2 D

3

2

N 2

,

d

4

2

.

K

W1

K

W1

d 1 D 1 D 1

1

N 1

1

1

C 1 D 1

N 1

= K W2

= K W2

d 2 D 2 D 2 N 2 ,

1

1

1

C 2 D 2 N 2

.

N 1 N 2 K W1 = K W2 C 1 = C 2

d

1

D 2

1

N

1

1

=

=

D 1 N 1

d

2

D

2

2

N 2 ,

1

.

D 2 N 2

D 1 N 1

= D 2 N 2

N 1 = N 2 D 2 /D 1 C 1 = C 2

D

1

d

1

=

D 2

d

2

= 6, 7.

τ max 2

τ min

= τ max

F

min

F max

=

275N/mm 2

τ m 2 τ a 2 τ m τ a S n S u

K 1 K 2 F i F M T F i F i = K

K 1 K 2 F i F

M T F i F i = K δ o K = K 1 K 2 /(K 1 + K 2 ) δ o δ 1 = F i /K 1 δ 2 = F i /K 2

F 1 2 F i X 1 Y

X

+ Y

=

F

X Y

=

K

1

K 2 ,

F

X

=

K 1

K 1 + K 2

1

F 1

= F i

2

F 2

= F i

F

+ X

= F i +

Y

= F i

Y

=

K 2

 

K 1 + K 2

 

K

1

K 1 +

K 2 F,

 

K 2

F.

K 1 + K 2

F.

K 1 K 2 δ o F k = K 1 K 2 /(K 1 + K 2 ) F i = o X Y ·

F i K 1 K 2 δ o F

C F N a 2F D 1 C K

d

D o d o D 1 C d 1 = D 1 /C τ max = K WS 8F D/(πd 3 ) = K WS 8F C/(πd 2 )

K

WS

8FC

πd

2

o

=

K WS 8(2F )C

πd 2

1

d 1

= 2 d o .

K = Gd 4 /(8N a D 3 ) = Gd/(8N a C 3 )

=

d

o

d 1

N

ao

N

a1

N a1

= N ao d 1

d

o

N a1 = N ao 2

F i

δ F i

F max

D

F S = F max + K h m =

F max = F i + K δ

F max + K 0, 1 F max = 1, 1 F max

K

τ R

= K W

F S

8D

πd

3

= 1, 1(F i + K δ)

F S

= K W 1, 1

πd 8D 3 (F i + K δ).

K = Gd 4 /(8N a D 3 ) N a

N a =

Gδ

πD 2 τ R

1, 1 K W d

1

K W (1, 1 · 8)DF i πτ R d 3

.

L S

=

N t d = N a d + N i d.

N a d K W τ R d L S (d) d d

L S d

d N t = L S /d

L S d d N t = L S /d S ( d ) N a

S (d)

N a = N t N i K = Gd 4 /8N a D 3 δ Max = F Max /K F S = 1, 1 F Max F S /K F S L f = L S + F S /K

d d

Φ e Φ i G

d 0.5 (Φ e Φ i 2 G)

D o p l i m d τ a m m δ

D o p lim d τ amm δ D N a

δ = L max L min

A

F max = pA F s = 1, 1 F max

τ amm C

=

0, 25πD

2

o

2

C = τ amm πd 2 1, 6/(8F s ) 1/0,86 = 6, 2;

D = C d K = (F max F min ) N N = Gd 4 /(8D 3 K) ν = 353000d/(ND 2 )

h o c N h 1 N N

h o c N h 1 N N ν = 0, 45 d h o c

Θ =

1 2ν

E

(σ x + σ y + σ z ).

V o

V = ΘV o .

ν = 0, 5 Θ ν Oz σ z = p = N/A

Θ

1

= 1 2ν

p.

E h o

q σ r = σ c = q

Θ

2

= 1 2ν

E

(2q + p).

q

r =

E 1 [σ r

ν(σ c

+ σ z )]

σ r

= σ c

=

q σ z

= p

p =

1 ν

ν

q.

q p q N = p A = 239, 5 h o E E E E Θ h

q = 0 Θ 1

q

=

0 Θ 2

V o = π(d c) 2 h o /4 3

V 1 = Θ 1 V o = 9701mm 3

V f 1

h 1

= V o V 1 = 69820mm 3 .

h

=

4V f

πd 2

Θ 2 V f 1 3

V f 2 = V f 1 V 2 3 h 2

V 2 =