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API 650

REVIEW Section 5
1. Welding of API 650 ASTs must be performed according to the welding procedures
qualified in accordance with:
Section IX of the ASME Code.
2. When the temperature of the base metal of the tank is 0F to 32F or the thickness of
the base metal is in excess of 1.25, the base metal within _____ of the place where
welding is to be started shall be heated to a temperature warm to the hand.
3. When fabricating a new AST, what is the maximum acceptable undercut for a vertical
butt weld of the shell?
4. When fabricating a new AST, what is the maximum acceptable undercut for a
horizontal butt weld of the shell?
5. A course of a new AST is made of thick plate. The inspector is concerned about
vertical weld reinforcement. What maximum reinforcement thickness is acceptable on
each side of the plate?
6. Tack welds used during the assembly of vertical joints of a new AST when manual
welding is the method of fabrication shall be:
Removed and shall not remain in the finished joint.
7. When constructing a new AST in accordance with API 650, what welds should be
practically completed before welding out the bottom plates?
The shell to the bottom welds.
8. What is the usual size of a vacuum testing box (the size given in API 650)?
6 wide by 30 long.
9. What partial vacuum pressure should the gage on the vacuum box register during the
testing of an AST bottom seam?
3 pounds per square inch gage.
10. A reinforcing pad is installed on a NPS 8 nozzle. What pneumatic pressure should be
used between the tank shell and the reinforcement plate to test the welds of the repad?
15 pounds per square inch gage. 5.3.5
11. When hydro-testing the shell of a new AST that has a tight roof, how high should the
tank be filled if not restricted by overflows, an internal floating roof, or other
freeboard agreed to by the purchaser and the manufacturer?
Fill 2 above the weld connecting the roof plate or compression bar to the top
angle or shell. 5.3.6
12. A new AST has a gas tight roof made from thick plate. The tank has a supported
cone roof with a slope of 2 in 12. The tank is 90 in diameter and it is 32 high.
What is the maximum pneumatic pressure (psi) that may be put on the tank to check
the roof using a soap solution?
0.071 psi. (a), 3.4.1 & C.3.3.2
13. A new AST under hydrostatic test, has a leak in a horizontal weld seam in the bottom
of the fourth course. The tank is 125 diameter and 40 high (5 eight feet courses). To
what level must the water be lowered to repair the weld or what height would the
water be from the bottom to the tank?
23, 5.4.4

API 650
REVIEW Section 5
14. A new AST, 40 high by 120 diameter, is checked for out-of-plumbness (top of shell
to the bottom of the shell). The inspector checks API 650 and finds the permissible
out-of plumbness must not exceed:
2.4, 5.5.2
15. The bottom course of a new AST, 120 in diameter by 40 high, is checked 1 above
the bottom to shell weld out-of-roundness (radius tolerance). What is the maximum
acceptable out of tolerance?
+/- , 5.5.3
16. How long are the sweep boards used for checking peaking and banding of a new AST
36, 5.5.4
17. A board used for checking for peaking shall be:
Cut to the nominal radius of the tank. 5.5.4