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EXTENDED MATHEMATICS

2002 2011

CLASSIFIEDS
VECTORSnMATRICES
Compiled & Edited
By
Dr. Eltayeb Abdul Rhman

www.drtayeb.wordpress.com
First Edition
2011

8
13

a
b

A and B have position vectors a and b relative to the origin O.


C is the midpoint of AB and B is the midpoint of AD.
Find, in terms of a and b, in their simplest form
(a) the position vector of C,

(b) the vector

Answer(a)

[2]

Answer(b)

[2]

T = 2

14

l
g

(a) Find T when g = 9.8 and = 2.

Answer(a) T =

[2]

Answer(b) g =

[3]

(b) Make g the subject of the formula.

UCLES 2011

0580/21/O/N/11

4
7

0 2 a 8
_
=
3 4 b 25
Find the value of a and the value of b.

Answer a =
b=

[3]

A cruise ship travels at 22 knots.


[1 knot is 1.852 kilometres per hour.]
Convert this speed into metres per second.

Answer

UCLES 2011

0580/22/O/N/11

m/s [3]

9
15

y
6

x
1

The points A(1, 2) and B(5, 5) are shown on the diagram .


(a) Work out the co-ordinates of the midpoint of AB.

Answer(a) (

(b) Write down the column vector

) [1]

Answer(b)

[1]

(c) Using a straight edge and compasses only, draw the locus of points which are equidistant
from A and from B.
[2]

UCLES 2011

0580/22/O/N/11

11
17
O

A
M

4a

= a,
O is the origin,
M is the midpoint of AB.

= c and

= 4a.

(a) Find, in terms of a and c, in their simplest form


(i) the vector

,
Answer(a)(i)

[2]

(ii) the position vector of M.

Answer(a)(ii)
(b) Mark the point D on the diagram where

= 3a + c.

w=

18

[2]
[2]

1
LC

O
O
(a) Find w when L = 8 10 3 and C = 2 10 9.
Give your answer in standard form.

Answer(a) w =

[3]

Answer(b) C =

[3]

(b) Rearrange the formula to make C the subject.

UCLES 2011

0580/22/O/N/11

2
20 (a) N = . The order of the matrix N is 2 1.
6
P = (1

3). The order of the matrix P is 1 2.

(i) Write down the order of the matrix NP.

Answer(a)(i)

[1]

Answer(a)(ii)

[1]

(ii) Calculate PN.

2 3
.
2 4

(b) M =

Find M1, the inverse of M .

Answer(b) M1 =

UCLES 2011

0580/23/O/N/11

[2]

18
11 (a)
y
5
4
3
Q

2
P

1
2

The points P and Q have co-ordinates (3, 1) and (5, 2).


(i) Write

as a column vector.

Answer(a)(i)

(ii)

[1]

1
= 2
1
[1]

Mark the point R on the grid.


(iii) Write down the position vector of the point P.

Answer(a)(iii)

UCLES 2011

0580/43/O/N/11

[1]

19
(b)
U
L

NOT TO
SCALE

u
M

= u and
2
=
K is on UV so that
3
M is the midpoint of KL.

In the diagram,

= v.
and L is on OU so that

Find the following in terms of u and v, giving your answers in their simplest form.
(i)

Answer(b)(i)

[4]

Answer(b)(ii)

[2]

(ii)

UCLES 2011

0580/43/O/N/11

9
19

B = 4 3x ,
0 1

A = 2 3 ,
2 5

C = 10 15 .
2 3

(a) A + 2B = C.
(i)

Write down an equation in x.

(ii)

Find the value of x.

Answer (a)(i) ..................................................

[1]

Answer (a)(ii) x = ...........................................

[1]

(b) Explain why C does not have an inverse.


Answer (b) ..................................................................................................................................[1]
(c) Find A 1, the inverse of A.

Answer (c)

a = 

2
5
and b =  
.
3
1

 

 

[2]

Find 3a 0 2b.

Answer

( )

[2]

0580/2, 0581/2 Jun 2003

a = 

2
5
and b =  
.
3
1

 

 

Find 3a 0 2b.

Answer

0580/2, 0581/2 Jun 2003

0580/2, 0581/2 Jun02

( )

[2]

6
Q

b
O

T
A star is made up of a regular hexagon, centre X, surrounded by 6 equilateral triangles.
{O|A # a and {O|B # b.
(a) Write the following vectors in terms of a andor b, giving your answers in their simplest form.
{O|S,

[1]

(ii) {A|B,

[1]

(iii) {C|D,

[1]

(iv) {O|R,

[2]

(v) {C|F.

[2]

(i)

(b) When | a | # 5, write down the value of


| b |,

[1]

(ii) | a 0 b |.

[1]

(i)

(c) Describe fully a single transformation which maps


(i)

triangle OBA onto triangle OQS,

(ii) triangle OBA onto triangle RDE, with O mapped onto R and B mapped onto D.
(d) (i)

How many lines of symmetry does the star have?

[2]
[2]
[1]

(ii) When triangle OQS is rotated clockwise about X, it lies on triangle PRT, with O on P.
Write down the angle of rotation.
[1]

0580/4, 0581/4 Jun/03

11
22

A = (5 - 8)

5 - 4

B=

4
D=
- 2

5 - 2

C=

(a) Which one of the following matrix calculations is not possible?


(i) AB

(ii)

AD

(iii)

BA

(iv)

DA

Answer(a)

[2]

(b) Calculate BC.

Answer(b) BC =

[2]

[1]

(c) Use your answer to part (b) to write down B-1, the inverse of B.

Answer(c) B-1 =

UCLES 2004

0580/2, 0581/2 Jun/04

11 n( ) = 21, n(A B) = 19, n(A B' ) = 8 and n(A) = 12.


Complete the Venn diagram to show this information.
Answer
A

.......

.......

.......

.......

[3]

M=

12

x 2x
.
2x x

Find
(a) 2M,
Answer (a)

[1]

Answer (b)

[2]

(b) M2.

UCLES 2005

0580/02, 0581/02 Jun 05

[Turn over

11

23

The origin O is the centre of the octagon PQRSTUVW.


= a and
= b.
(a) Write down in terms of a and b
,

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Answer(a)(i)

[1]

Answer(a)(ii)

[1]

Answer(a)(iii)

[2]

Answer(a)(iv)

[1]

Answer(b)

[1]

(iv) the position vector of the point P.

(b) In the diagram, 1 centimetre represents 1 unit.


Write down the value of a b.

UCLES 2006

0580/02, 0581/02 Jun 06

6
7

3
Transformation T is translation by the vector .
2
Transformation M is reflection in the line y = x.
(a) The point A has co-ordinates (2, 1).
Find the co-ordinates of
(i) T(A),

[1]

(ii) MT(A).

[2]

(b) Find the 2 by 2 matrix M, which represents the transformation M.

[2]

(c) Show that, for any value of k, the point Q (k 2, k 3) maps onto a point on the line y = x following
the transformation TM(Q).
[3]
(d) Find M-1, the inverse of the matrix M.

[2]

0 3 0 4
=
.
1 0 0 0

(e) N is the matrix such that N +

(i) Write down the matrix N.

[2]

(ii) Describe completely the single transformation represented by N.

[3]

(a)

2x + 4

x+2

NOT TO
SCALE

x2 40
The diagram shows a trapezium.
Two of its angles are 90o.
The lengths of the sides are given in terms of x.
The perimeter is 62 units.
(i) Write down a quadratic equation in x to show this information. Simplify your equation.

[2]

(ii) Solve your quadratic equation.

[2]

(iii) Write down the only possible value of x.

[1]

(iv) Calculate the area of the trapezium.

[2]

UCLES 2006

0580/04, 0581/04 Jun 2006

7
5
B

25 cm
M

C
14 cm
NOT TO
SCALE

OBCD is a rhombus with sides of 25 cm. The length of the diagonal OC is 14 cm.
(a) Show, by calculation, that the length of the diagonal BD is 48 cm.

[3]

(b) Calculate, correct to the nearest degree,


(i) angle BCD,

[2]

(ii) angle OBC.

[1]

(c) DB = 2p and OC = 2q.


Find, in terms of p and q,
(i) OB ,

[1]

(ii) OD.

[1]

(d) BE is parallel to OC and DCE is a straight line.


Find, in its simplest form, OE in terms of p and q.

[2]

(e) M is the mid-point of CE.


Find, in its simplest form, OM in terms of p and q.
(f) O is the origin of a co-ordinate grid. OC lies along the x-axis and q =

[2]
7

0

(DB is vertical and DB = 48.)


Write down as column vectors
(i) p,

[1]

(ii) BC .

[2]

(g) Write down the value of DE .


UCLES 2007

[1]
0580/04/M/J/07

7
6

5
4

3
2
1
4

A
2

D
x
1

The pentagon OABCD is shown on the grid above.


(a) Write as column vectors
,

[1]

(ii) BC .

[1]

(i)

(b) Describe fully the single transformation which maps the side BC onto the side OD.

[2]

(c) The shaded area inside the pentagon is defined by 5 inequalities.


One of these inequalities is y Y

1
x + 4.
2

Find the other 4 inequalities.

UCLES 2008

[5]

0580/04/M/J/08

10

19 The position vector r is given by r = 2p + t(p + q).


(a) Complete the table below for the given values of t.
Write each vector in its simplest form.
One result has been done for you.
t

4p + 2q

[3]
(b) O is the origin and p and q are shown on the diagram.
(i) Plot the 4 points given by the position vectors in the table.

[2]
(ii) What can you say about these four points?
Answer(b)(ii)

UCLES 2010

[1]

0580/21/M/J/10

12

21 (a) A is a (2 4) matrix, B is a (3 2) matrix and C is a (1 3) matrix.


Which two of the following matrix products is it possible to work out?
A2

B2

C2

AB

AC

BA

BC

CA

CB

and

Answer(a)

(b) Find the inverse of

3
4

[2]

Simplify your answer as far as possible.

Answer(b)

(c) Explain why the matrix

[3]

does not have an inverse.

Answer(c)

UCLES 2010

[1]

0580/21/M/J/10

13
M=

6 3 x


5 1
4

(a) Find the matrix M.

(b) Simplify ( x

Answer(a) M =

[2]

Answer(b)

[2]

1 ) M.

14

y
10

10

12

14

16

18

By shading the unwanted regions of the grid above, find and label the region R which satisfies the
following four inequalities.
y[2

UCLES 2010

x+y [6

0580/22/M/J/10

yYx+4

x + 2y Y 18

[4]

12

A = (1 4 )

23

B=

( 23 12 )

Find
(a) AB,

Answer(a) AB =

[2]

Answer(b) B1 =

[2]

Answer(c) BB1 =

[1]

(b) the inverse matrix B1 ,

(c) BB1.

UCLES 2010

0580/23/M/J/10

3
6
(a) p = and q = .
3
2

(i) Find, as a single column vector, p + 2q.

Answer(a)(i)

[2]

(ii) Calculate the value of | p + 2q |.

Answer(a)(ii)
(b)

[2]

NOT TO
SCALE
M

In the diagram, CM = MV and OL = 2LV.


= c and
= v.
O is the origin.
Find, in terms of c and v, in their simplest forms
(i)

Answer(b)(i)

[2]

Answer(b)(ii)

[2]

Answer(b)(iii)

[2]

(ii) the position vector of M,

(iii)

UCLES 2010

0580/42/M/J/10

8
17
y
4
3
2
B

1
3

2
A

1
2
3

(a) Write down the vector

Answer(a)

[1]

(b)

Mark the point C on the grid.

[1]

(c) Work out

(i)

(ii)

UCLES 2011

3 7
+ ,
1 4
Answer(c)(i)

[1]

Answer(c)(ii)

[1]

3
.
1

0580/11/M/J/11

y
4
3
2
P

5 4 3 2 1 O
1

2
In the diagram O is the origin and P is the point (2, 1).
as a column vector.

(a) Write

Answer(a)

[1]

(b)

Mark the point Q on the diagram.

[1]

Using integers between 10 and 30, write down


(a) an odd multiple of 7,
Answer(a)

[1]

Answer(b)

[1]

(b) a cube number.

UCLES 2011

0580/13/M/J/11

10
18

NOT TO
SCALE

M
R
In the diagram, PQS, PMR, MXS and QXR are straight lines.
PQ = 2 QS.
M is the midpoint of PR.
QX : XR = 1 : 3.
= r.

= q and

(a) Find, in terms of q and r,


(i)

(ii)

Answer(a)(i)

[1]

Answer(a)(ii)

[1]

(b) By finding

, show that X is the midpoint of MS.

Answer (b)

[3]

UCLES 2011

0580/21/M/J/11

16
10 (a)
C

NOT TO
SCALE

N
M

ABCD is a parallelogram.
L is the midpoint of DC, M is the midpoint of BC and N is the midpoint of LM.
= p and
= q.
(i) Find the following in terms of p and q, in their simplest form.
(a)

Answer(a)(i)(a)

[1]

Answer(a)(i)(b)

[2]

Answer(a)(i)(c)

[2]

(b)

(c)

(ii) Explain why your answer for

shows that the point N lies on the line AC.

[1]

Answer(a)(ii)

UCLES 2011

0580/43/M/J/11

9
P

20
A

NOT TO
SCALE

T
B

In the diagram OA = 32 OP and OB = 34 OQ.


{O|P # p and {O|Q # q.
(a) Find in terms of p and q
(i)

{A|Q,
Answer (a)(i){A|Q # ........................... [2]

(ii) {B|P.
Answer (a)(ii){B|P #........................... [2]
(b) AQ and BP intersect at T.
BT = 31 BP.
Find {Q|T in terms of p and q, in its simplest form.

Answer (b){Q|T # ............................... [2]

0580/02/0581/02/O/N/03

11
21
y
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
A

(a) Using a scale of 1cm to represent 1 unit, draw the vectors


=

3
and
5

4
on the grid above.
0

[2]

(b) ABCD is a parallelogram.


Write down the coordinates of D.
Answer(b)
(c) Calculate

[2]

Answer(c)

UCLES 2004

0580/02/O/N/04

[2]

[1]

5
19 (a) Find (3 4 ) .
2
Answer(a)

7
(b) ( x
3

[2]

2 8 42
. Find the values of x and y.
y ) =
12 18

Answer(b) x =

y=

[2]

15 20
does not have an inverse.
6 8

(c) Explain why

Answer(c)

UCLES 2006

[1]

0580/02/N/06

8
18

2
5

A=

3
5

B=

(a) Work out AB.

Answer(a)

[2]

Answer(b)

[1]

Answer(c)

[2]

(b) Find | B |, the determinant of B.

(c) I is the (2 2) identity matrix.


Find the matrix C, where C = A 7I .

UCLES 2010

0580/22/O/N/10

13
(ii)

0
= .
7

Work out

as a column vector.

Answer(b)(ii)

[2]

(c)
R

NOT TO
SCALE

r
P

Q
t

= r and
= t.
P is on RT such that RP : PT = 2 : 1.
2
Q is on OT such that OQ = OT.
3
Write the following in terms of r and/or t.
Simplify your answers where possible.
(i)
Answer(c)(i)

[1]

Answer(c)(ii)

[2]

Answer(c)(iii)

[2]

(ii)

(iii)

(iv) Write down two conclusions you can make about the line segment QP.
Answer(c)(iv)
[2]

UCLES 2010

0580/41/O/N/10

6
4

(a)

2 3

4 5

A=

2
B=
7

C = (1 2 )

Find the following matrices.


(i) AB

Answer(a)(i)

[2]

Answer(a)(ii)

[2]

Answer(a)(iii)

[2]

(ii) CB

(iii) A-1, the inverse of A

0
.
_
0 1

(b) Describe fully the single transformation represented by the matrix

Answer(b)

[2]

(c) Find the 2 by 2 matrix that represents an anticlockwise rotation of 90 about the origin.

Answer(c)

UCLES 2010

0580/43/O/N/10

[2]

14
9

(a)
y
3

2
1
4

1 0
1

2
3
4

The points A (5, 3), B (1, 4) and C (4, 2) are shown in the diagram.
as a column vector.

(i) Write

Answer(a)(i)

(ii) Find

[1]

[2]

as a single column vector.

Answer(a)(ii)

(iii) Complete the following statement.

(iv) Calculate

UCLES 2010

[1]

Answer(a)(iv)

[2]

0580/43/O/N/10

15
(b)
D

C
NOT TO
SCALE

t
M

ABCD is a trapezium with DC parallel to AB and DC =

1
AB.
2

M is the midpoint of BC.


= t and

= u.

Find the following vectors in terms of t and / or u.


Give each answer in its simplest form.
(i)

Answer(b)(i)

[1]

(ii)

Answer(b)(ii)

[2]

Answer(b)(iii)

[2]

(iii)

UCLES 2010

0580/43/O/N/10

EXTENDED MATHEMATICS
2002 2011

CLASSIFIEDS VECTORSnMATRICES
Compiled & Edited
By
Dr. Eltayeb Abdul Rhman

www.drtayeb.wordpress.com
First Edition
2011