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# EXTENDED MATHEMATICS

2002 2011

CLASSIFIEDS
VECTORSnMATRICES
Compiled & Edited
By
Dr. Eltayeb Abdul Rhman

www.drtayeb.wordpress.com
First Edition
2011

8
13

a
b

## A and B have position vectors a and b relative to the origin O.

C is the midpoint of AB and B is the midpoint of AD.
Find, in terms of a and b, in their simplest form
(a) the position vector of C,





T = 2

14

l
g





## (b) Make g the subject of the formula.

UCLES 2011

0580/21/O/N/11

4
7

0 2 a 8
_
=
3 4 b 25
Find the value of a and the value of b.

b=



## A cruise ship travels at 22 knots.

[1 knot is 1.852 kilometres per hour.]
Convert this speed into metres per second.

UCLES 2011

0580/22/O/N/11

m/s 

9
15

y
6

x
1

## The points A(1, 2) and B(5, 5) are shown on the diagram .

(a) Work out the co-ordinates of the midpoint of AB.

## (b) Write down the column vector

) 



(c) Using a straight edge and compasses only, draw the locus of points which are equidistant
from A and from B.


UCLES 2011

0580/22/O/N/11

11
17
O

A
M

4a

= a,
O is the origin,
M is the midpoint of AB.

= c and

= 4a.

(i) the vector

,



## (ii) the position vector of M.

(b) Mark the point D on the diagram where

= 3a + c.

w=

18




1
LC

O
O
(a) Find w when L = 8 10 3 and C = 2 10 9.





## (b) Rearrange the formula to make C the subject.

UCLES 2011

0580/22/O/N/11

2
20 (a) N = . The order of the matrix N is 2 1.
6
P = (1





2 3
.
2 4

(b) M =

UCLES 2011

0580/23/O/N/11



18
11 (a)
y
5
4
3
Q

2
P

1
2

## The points P and Q have co-ordinates (3, 1) and (5, 2).

(i) Write

as a column vector.

(ii)



1
= 2
1


## Mark the point R on the grid.

(iii) Write down the position vector of the point P.

UCLES 2011

0580/43/O/N/11



19
(b)
U
L

NOT TO
SCALE

u
M

= u and
2
=
K is on UV so that
3
M is the midpoint of KL.

In the diagram,

= v.
and L is on OU so that

Find the following in terms of u and v, giving your answers in their simplest form.
(i)





(ii)

UCLES 2011

0580/43/O/N/11

9
19

B = 4 3x ,
0 1

A = 2 3 ,
2 5

C = 10 15 .
2 3

(a) A + 2B = C.
(i)

(ii)





## (b) Explain why C does not have an inverse.

(c) Find A 1, the inverse of A.

a = 

2
5
and b =  
.
3
1

 

 



Find 3a 0 2b.

( )



a = 

2
5
and b =  
.
3
1

 

 

Find 3a 0 2b.

## 0580/2, 0581/2 Jun02

( )



6
Q

b
O

T
A star is made up of a regular hexagon, centre X, surrounded by 6 equilateral triangles.
{O|A # a and {O|B # b.
(a) Write the following vectors in terms of a andor b, giving your answers in their simplest form.
{O|S,



(ii) {A|B,



(iii) {C|D,



(iv) {O|R,



(v) {C|F.



(i)

| b |,



(ii) | a 0 b |.



(i)

(i)

## triangle OBA onto triangle OQS,

(ii) triangle OBA onto triangle RDE, with O mapped onto R and B mapped onto D.
(d) (i)

## How many lines of symmetry does the star have?





(ii) When triangle OQS is rotated clockwise about X, it lies on triangle PRT, with O on P.
Write down the angle of rotation.


11
22

A = (5 - 8)

5 - 4

B=

4
D=
- 2

5 - 2

C=

(i) AB

(ii)

(iii)

BA

(iv)

DA



## (b) Calculate BC.





(c) Use your answer to part (b) to write down B-1, the inverse of B.

UCLES 2004

## 11 n( ) = 21, n(A B) = 19, n(A B' ) = 8 and n(A) = 12.

Complete the Venn diagram to show this information.
A

.......

.......

.......

.......



M=

12

x 2x
.
2x x

Find
(a) 2M,





(b) M2.

UCLES 2005

[Turn over

11

23

## The origin O is the centre of the octagon PQRSTUVW.

= a and
= b.
(a) Write down in terms of a and b
,

(i)

(ii)

(iii)











## (b) In the diagram, 1 centimetre represents 1 unit.

Write down the value of a b.

UCLES 2006

## 0580/02, 0581/02 Jun 06

6
7

3
Transformation T is translation by the vector .
2
Transformation M is reflection in the line y = x.
(a) The point A has co-ordinates (2, 1).
Find the co-ordinates of
(i) T(A),



(ii) MT(A).



## (b) Find the 2 by 2 matrix M, which represents the transformation M.



(c) Show that, for any value of k, the point Q (k 2, k 3) maps onto a point on the line y = x following
the transformation TM(Q).

(d) Find M-1, the inverse of the matrix M.



0 3 0 4
=
.
1 0 0 0



## (ii) Describe completely the single transformation represented by N.



(a)

2x + 4

x+2

NOT TO
SCALE

x2 40
The diagram shows a trapezium.
Two of its angles are 90o.
The lengths of the sides are given in terms of x.
The perimeter is 62 units.
(i) Write down a quadratic equation in x to show this information. Simplify your equation.









UCLES 2006

## 0580/04, 0581/04 Jun 2006

7
5
B

25 cm
M

C
14 cm
NOT TO
SCALE

OBCD is a rhombus with sides of 25 cm. The length of the diagonal OC is 14 cm.
(a) Show, by calculation, that the length of the diagonal BD is 48 cm.



(i) angle BCD,





## (c) DB = 2p and OC = 2q.

Find, in terms of p and q,
(i) OB ,



(ii) OD.



## (d) BE is parallel to OC and DCE is a straight line.

Find, in its simplest form, OE in terms of p and q.



## (e) M is the mid-point of CE.

Find, in its simplest form, OM in terms of p and q.
(f) O is the origin of a co-ordinate grid. OC lies along the x-axis and q =


7

0

## (DB is vertical and DB = 48.)

Write down as column vectors
(i) p,



(ii) BC .



UCLES 2007


0580/04/M/J/07

7
6

5
4

3
2
1
4

A
2

D
x
1

## The pentagon OABCD is shown on the grid above.

(a) Write as column vectors
,



(ii) BC .



(i)

(b) Describe fully the single transformation which maps the side BC onto the side OD.



## (c) The shaded area inside the pentagon is defined by 5 inequalities.

One of these inequalities is y Y

1
x + 4.
2

UCLES 2008



0580/04/M/J/08

10

## 19 The position vector r is given by r = 2p + t(p + q).

(a) Complete the table below for the given values of t.
Write each vector in its simplest form.
One result has been done for you.
t

4p + 2q


(b) O is the origin and p and q are shown on the diagram.
(i) Plot the 4 points given by the position vectors in the table.


(ii) What can you say about these four points?

UCLES 2010



0580/21/M/J/10

12

## 21 (a) A is a (2 4) matrix, B is a (3 2) matrix and C is a (1 3) matrix.

Which two of the following matrix products is it possible to work out?
A2

B2

C2

AB

AC

BA

BC

CA

CB

and

3
4





UCLES 2010



0580/21/M/J/10

13
M=

6 3 x

5 1
4

## (a) Find the matrix M.

(b) Simplify ( x





1 ) M.

14

y
10

10

12

14

16

18

By shading the unwanted regions of the grid above, find and label the region R which satisfies the
following four inequalities.
y[2

UCLES 2010

x+y [6

0580/22/M/J/10

yYx+4

x + 2y Y 18



12

A = (1 4 )

23

B=

( 23 12 )

Find
(a) AB,







## (b) the inverse matrix B1 ,

(c) BB1.

UCLES 2010

0580/23/M/J/10

3
6
(a) p = and q = .
3
2



(b)



NOT TO
SCALE
M

## In the diagram, CM = MV and OL = 2LV.

= c and
= v.
O is the origin.
Find, in terms of c and v, in their simplest forms
(i)







(iii)

UCLES 2010

0580/42/M/J/10

8
17
y
4
3
2
B

1
3

2
A

1
2
3



(b)



## (c) Work out

(i)

(ii)

UCLES 2011

3 7
+ ,
1 4





3
.
1

0580/11/M/J/11

y
4
3
2
P

5 4 3 2 1 O
1

2
In the diagram O is the origin and P is the point (2, 1).
as a column vector.

(a) Write



(b)



## Using integers between 10 and 30, write down

(a) an odd multiple of 7,





## (b) a cube number.

UCLES 2011

0580/13/M/J/11

10
18

NOT TO
SCALE

M
R
In the diagram, PQS, PMR, MXS and QXR are straight lines.
PQ = 2 QS.
M is the midpoint of PR.
QX : XR = 1 : 3.
= r.

= q and

(i)

(ii)





(b) By finding

## , show that X is the midpoint of MS.



UCLES 2011

0580/21/M/J/11

16
10 (a)
C

NOT TO
SCALE

N
M

ABCD is a parallelogram.
L is the midpoint of DC, M is the midpoint of BC and N is the midpoint of LM.
= p and
= q.
(i) Find the following in terms of p and q, in their simplest form.
(a)







(b)

(c)



UCLES 2011

0580/43/M/J/11

9
P

20
A

NOT TO
SCALE

T
B

## In the diagram OA = 32 OP and OB = 34 OQ.

{O|P # p and {O|Q # q.
(a) Find in terms of p and q
(i)

{A|Q,

(ii) {B|P.
(b) AQ and BP intersect at T.
BT = 31 BP.
Find {Q|T in terms of p and q, in its simplest form.

## Answer (b){Q|T # ............................... 

0580/02/0581/02/O/N/03

11
21
y
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
A

## (a) Using a scale of 1cm to represent 1 unit, draw the vectors

=

3
and
5

4
on the grid above.
0



## (b) ABCD is a parallelogram.

Write down the coordinates of D.
(c) Calculate



UCLES 2004

0580/02/O/N/04





5
19 (a) Find (3 4 ) .
2

7
(b) ( x
3



2 8 42
. Find the values of x and y.
y ) =
12 18

y=



15 20
does not have an inverse.
6 8

UCLES 2006



0580/02/N/06

8
18

2
5

A=

3
5

B=







## (c) I is the (2 2) identity matrix.

Find the matrix C, where C = A 7I .

UCLES 2010

0580/22/O/N/10

13
(ii)

0
= .
7

Work out

as a column vector.



(c)
R

NOT TO
SCALE

r
P

Q
t

= r and
= t.
P is on RT such that RP : PT = 2 : 1.
2
Q is on OT such that OQ = OT.
3
Write the following in terms of r and/or t.
(i)







(ii)

(iii)

(iv) Write down two conclusions you can make about the line segment QP.


UCLES 2010

0580/41/O/N/10

6
4

(a)

2 3

4 5

A=

2
B=
7

C = (1 2 )

(i) AB







(ii) CB

0
.
_
0 1

## (b) Describe fully the single transformation represented by the matrix



(c) Find the 2 by 2 matrix that represents an anticlockwise rotation of 90 about the origin.

UCLES 2010

0580/43/O/N/10



14
9

(a)
y
3

2
1
4

1 0
1

2
3
4

The points A (5, 3), B (1, 4) and C (4, 2) are shown in the diagram.
as a column vector.

(i) Write

(ii) Find





(iv) Calculate

UCLES 2010





0580/43/O/N/10

15
(b)
D

C
NOT TO
SCALE

t
M

1
AB.
2

= t and

= u.

## Find the following vectors in terms of t and / or u.

Give each answer in its simplest form.
(i)



(ii)





(iii)

UCLES 2010

0580/43/O/N/10

EXTENDED MATHEMATICS
2002 2011

CLASSIFIEDS VECTORSnMATRICES
Compiled & Edited
By
Dr. Eltayeb Abdul Rhman

www.drtayeb.wordpress.com
First Edition
2011