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Subsea Technology Introduction

Oddmund Lervik
Customer Training Advisor
CUSTOMER SUPPORT
GOTNES (BERGEN)

Goals

Give a basic understanding of the total system


Give a basic introduction of equipment installation

Agenda / content
Page

Chapter

Description

Subsea introduction

Oil and gas production general

10

The vessels and platforms

12

Remote operated vehicle

13

Subsea systems development

13

Subsea system overview

16

Field layout

16

10

Subsea structures

20

11

Wellhead system

26

12

Completion system

29

13

Workover system

31

14

Bridge connections / bridging

33

15

Tie-in and connection systems

35

16

Production control system

37

17

Subsea processing

38

18

Subsea well intervention

SUBSEA or SURFACE?

The fields formation


Economy

Production platforms

NORWAY Jacket
Gulftide platform on the
Ekofisk-field in 1971

NORWAY Concrete platforms


Statfjord-field

Jack-up
NORWAY FPSO
Aasgard A-field

The vessels

10 - 11

Rig video link

ROV Remote Operated Vehicle

12

Subsea system overview

Workover system
Tools

Intervention system
Tie-in and connection of
Umbilicals and flowlines
permanent installed equipment

Completion system (XT)


permanent installed equipment

Production control system


permanent installed equipment

Structures/Template and
Manifold
permanent installed equipment

14

15

Field layout

16

On Template - Cluster

Subsea structures

Fixed template (Otter - UK)

Rig installable template (HOST)

8 slot template (Ormen-Lange - Norway)


16

1991 SSP Statfjord Satellite


Project (Norway)

1995 NORNE Project


(Norway)

1996 LUFENG HOST (China)


rig installable

2002 OTTER - fixed HOST


(UK)

2003 SVAN Integrated


template (Norway)

2005 ORMENLANGE
(Norway)

17

Structure development
Field

Length

Width

Height

Weight

1991 Statfjord Satellites

39,0 m

29,5 m

10,3 m

680 t

1995 Norne Over-trawl

25,0 m

19,4 m

9,3 m

450 t

1996 YME - Hinged Over Subsea


Template (HOST) with protection
structure

21,8 m

20,3 m

8,8 m

225 t

2002 Otter fixed HOST

12 m

20 m

2 m + s.
anchors

40 t

2003 SVAN integrated

36 m

36 m

9m

126 t

2005 Ormenlange

46 m

44 m

18 m

1150 t

17

Snorre A - subsea

The rig installable template HOST

18

GL = Guide Line
Guide Lines are wires attached to the Guide
Posts on the template. The wires are tension
by winches on the rig. The wires help to
guide the equipment that will be installed
from the rig down to the template

And
GLL = Guide Lineless
Guide lineless is normally used for deepwater installation. A guidance funnel or a
plate on the XT provides guidance on to the
structure. GLL systems are used from apr.
500m water dept.

18

Installation methods

GL - HOST

GLL - HOST

MANIFOLD

Umbilical

Flowline

19

Protection

Falling objects
Over-trawl-able

Manifold protection

19

The HOST story

Host video

Well Head system

Blowout preventer BOP

21

Drilling and Wellheads

UWD 15 Wellhead
15000 psi system

UWD II
10000 psi system

equipment

Anti rotation key


Vetco H4 profil
18 3/4 WH

WH housing rt.
30 conductor housing

Casing hg.
Seal assy.

22

PGB with guideposts


Drilling

Perforating link

Completion System
XT

a GL, VXT from 1991 - Statoil

a GLL, VXT from 2000 the Girasoll


project - ELF

a GLL, VXT from 2005 - BP

a GL, HXT for - Statoil

a GL, HXT for - Hydro

a GLL, VXT from 2006 - Woodside

26

Vertical XT

Vertical XT
Production tubing-hanger is landed under
XT in the wellhead
Valves in the vertical bore
5 tubing

Wing valve

XT
PMV

Actuator
Tubing Hanger

WellHead
Tubing / oil flow
27

Horizontal XT

HXT
Production tubing hanger
is landed on top of the
HXT
Valves are in the
horizontal bore
7 tubing

27

Workover System
Tools

Vertical XT Workover System

Workover System
1 Control System
- HPU
- Umbilical winch
- Control panel
- ESD system
2 Riser system
- Surface Tree
- Riser
- XTRT
- Landingstring

28

IWOCSystem XT mode

IWOCSystem LS mode

SFT

Marine riser
Umbilical

LS

WOR

DP
HXTRT
HXT

BOP

29

XT installation

29

Bridge connection or bridging

Bridge connections

CB = Choke Bridge
FCM = Flow Control Module (Statoil)
Horizontal stroking connector
Well jumper
Choke Module

Choke valve on FCM

30

HXT with FCM


FCM
HXT

30

Horizontal Stroking
Connector

30

Well jumper

30

Choke
Choke module

Choke

31

Before choking - well no. 1 110 bar at 100%


After choking well no. 1 95 bar at 85%

well no. 2 105 bar at 100%


well no. 2 95 bar at 90%

Production header

After choking well no. 4 95 bar at 95%

well no. 3 95 bar at 100%

Before choking - well no. 4 - 100 bar at 100%

well no. 3 95 bar at 100%

31

ROV working

ROV opptak 2

ROV opptak 1

Tie-in & Intervention system

Tie-in & intervention

Description
This system is normally utilized with smaller vessels
Hook up of connections between well and production unit or
installation to installation

Equipment KOSCON family


Wire deployed tools
ROV assisted tools

32

KOSCON Family
1 UTIS

3 STABCON
4 SPOOLCON
5 VECON
6 FLYCON
2 ROVCON

33

Production control system

Production control system

Description
Control of wells
Transfer to process

Equipment

Platform unit
Umbilical electrical/hydraulic
Production pipe
SCM
Distribution on manifold

34

Control system - no production


SUBSEA A
OS
CB

XT

or

FCM
Umbilical

Valve

SCM

Flowline

Manifold

HOST

Well

Electric / signal
Oil production
Hydraulic pressure 207 bar
Hydraulic pressure 0 bar

35

Subsea Processing

36

Subsea Well Intervention

37

Riser-less Light Well Intervention

Homer Simpson