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TITLE

PROCESS CALCULATION

PROJECT
PACKAGE
CLIENT

xxxxx- STP
STP

DOC. NO.
REV.
SHEET NO

Page 1 of 8

DESIGN CALCULATIONS
150 M3/D STP EXTENDED AERATION

A
NO.

For Information
Rev

Date

Checked by-

Approved. By -

TITLE

PROCESS CALCULATION

PROJECT
PACKAGE
CLIENT

xxxxx- STP
STP

NOMENCLATURE
SYMBOL
V
Qp
Qa
PF
F/M
So
S
No
N
MLSS
X
Xr

DOC. NO.
REV.
SHEET NO

Page 2 of 8

DESCRIPTION
Volume, m3
Peak Flow, m3/hr
Average flow, m3/hr
Peak Factor
Food to microorganisms ratio, 1
Influent soluble BOD5 concentration, mg/l
Effluent BOD5 concentration, mg/l
Influent ammonia nitrogen, mg/l
Effluent ammonia nitrogen, mg/l
Mixed Liquor Suspended Solids
Concentration of the MLSS in aeration tank, mg/l
Concentration of sludge in the return sludge line,

OFR
Tr
QWR
SFR
A
D
QF
BFR
SYMBOL
AFR
O2
f
Px
Yobs
SOR

mg/l
Hydraulic retention time, h
Mean cell retention time, d
Overflow rate, m3/m2/day
Retention time, hr
Waste sludge flow rate from the sludge line, m3/d
Service Flow Rate, m3/m2/hr
Area of Sand Filter, m2
Diameter, m
Flow rate of Filter Feed Pump, m3/hr
Backwash Flow rate, m3/m2/hr
DESCRIPTION
Air flow rate to fluidize the media, m3/m2/hr
Theoretical oxygen, kg/d
Conversion factor for converting BOD5 to BODL
Net waste activated sludge product each day, kg/d
Observed yield, g/g
Standard Oxygen Requirement
Oxygen transfer correction factor for wastewater
Salinity surface tension factor
Minimal dissolved oxygen maintained in the

CSW

aeration tank, mg/l


Solubility of oxygen in tap water at field

CSW
T
Fa
N

temperature, mg/l
Solubility of oxygen in tap water at 20oC, mg/l
Temperature oC
Oxygen solubility correction factor for elevation
Theoretical air requirement under filed condition,
kg/d

E
Qr
Ap
Q
n
P2
P1
XCL

TITLE

PROCESS CALCULATION

PROJECT
PACKAGE
CLIENT

xxxxx- STP
STP

DOC. NO.
REV.
SHEET NO

Page 3 of 8

Efficiency of air diffusers


Return sludge flow, m3/hr
Sectional surface area of pipe
Flow rate, m3
Permissible start / stop frequency per hour
Cut-out pressure absolute (in bar)
Cut-in pressure absolute (in bar)
Chlorine dose mg/l

2.

TITLE

PROCESS CALCULATION

PROJECT
PACKAGE
CLIENT

xxxxx- STP
STP

DOC. NO.
REV.
SHEET NO

Page 4 of 8

DESIGN DATA
Process

Extended aeration

No of Streams

Peak Flow, m3/hr

12.5

Duration of peak flow, hrs

150

250

Design Flow, Q

m3/day

BOD, mg/l
Ammonia Nitrogen

20

Suspended Solids Concentration, mg/l

150

Effluent Quality (Secondary),mg/l


Suspended solids

10

10

BOD

, mg/l

TITLE

PROCESS CALCULATION

PROJECT
PACKAGE
CLIENT

xxxxx- STP
STP

3.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS

3.1

Bar Screen
Capacity

No of duty Screens

3.2

DOC. NO.
REV.
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Page 5 of 8

12.5 m3/hr.
:

Biological System
3.2.1 Aeration Tank
Aeration Tank , no
:
Flow
Considering
MLSS,X
Volume of Aeration Tank
( 3500 x 0.08)

1 nos.,
:
:
:
:

129 m3
:
5.7m x5.7m x 4m

:
:
:

0.5 m Free Board


4+0.5 = 4.5 m
130 m3 each

:
:
:

V / QAvg
130 / 150
20.7hrs

:
:
:
:
:

:
1
150 m3/day
12.5 m3/hr
10 m3/m2/d
15 m2
4m X 4m x 4m

Size of each
(water depth)
Total Height
Effective volume
Hydraulic Retention Time

150 m3/d
3500 mg/l
(250-10)x150 /

3.2.2 Settlement Tank


Nos. of settlement tank
QAvg to each clarifier
Qpeak to each clarifier
Overflow rate at Qavg
Area
Dimesion of clarifier
Checks
1. Overflow rate
At Qpeak
okay
2. Solids Loading rate
At Qavg

:
:

12.5 / 16 = 0.78 m3/m2/hr

(Qr ,m3/hr+ Qav m3/hr )x X


(Area,m2 x1000)

mg/l

TITLE

PROCESS CALCULATION

PROJECT
PACKAGE
CLIENT

xxxxx- STP
STP

At Qpeak

DOC. NO.
REV.
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Page 6 of 8

(6.25 + 6.25) x 3500


(16 x1000 )

2.73 kg/m2/hr Okay

(Qr ,m3/hr+ Qpeak m3/hr )x X


(Area,m2 x1000)

(6.25 + 12.5) x 3500


(16 x1000 )

4.1 kg/m2/hr Okay

Qr / Q = X / (Xr - X)

:
:

3500/(7500-3500)
1

mg/l

3.2.3 Return Sludge


Return sludge
is calculated as follows

Return Sludge (by Airlift)

6.25 m3/hr

3.2.4 Sludge wasting from each stream


Sludge produced, Kg/kg BODr :

0.6kg/kg BODr

Kg of BODr/d

:
:

150 x (250-10)/1000
36 kg/d

:
0.6 x 36
21.6 kg/d

Sludge Produced per day


Check Sludge Retention Time
Sludge retention time c
produced/dx1000)
Assume

:
:
:

:
Volume of sludge for tankering

V x X/(Sludge

130 x 3500/(1000 x 21.6)

21 days okay
:
Kg solids
(Sp.gr x Density x
consistency)

TITLE

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xxxxx- STP
STP

DOC. NO.
REV.
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Page 7 of 8

21.6/(1.03 x1000x 0.75

2.72 m3/d

%)

3.5.4
Air Requirement for Aeration Tank
Theoretical oxygen are calculated from :
O2 kg/d
:
BODr --1.42xPx+ 4.6 xKg
of N
0.68
Yobs
:
Y/(1+Kd*SRT)
:
0.6/(1+0.05*21)= 0.3
Sludge Produced /d
S)/1000

,Px

Yobs x Qa x(So

:
0.3 * 150(250 10) =
10.8 kg/d
1000
Kg of N Nitrifie
4.35
O2 kg/d
+4.6x4.35

150 x (30 -1)/1000 =

(36/0.68)-1.42x 10.8

57.6 kg/d

The standard oxygen requirement under field conditions :


SOR
:
Q2 kg/d
[Csw - Fa C)/Csw]
T-20
(1.024)
T
C
Csw
Csw
Fa

SOR, Kg/d

:
:
:
:
:
:
:

30 oC
2 mg/l
6.5 mg/l
9.17 mg/l
1
0.75
0.95

57.6 =156.5 kg/d


0.36

TITLE

PROCESS CALCULATION

PROJECT
PACKAGE
CLIENT

xxxxx- STP
STP

a. Air required, m3/hr


=
x24)
i. Air required,m3/hr =
207
ii. Safety Factor
=
iii.
Air required
=
iv. No of Duty blowers =
v. No of stand by
=
vi. Cap of each blower =

DOC. NO.
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Page 8 of 8

SOR/(Air density x % O2x diffuser eff


156.5 /(1.202 x 0.232 x 0.112 x24 )=
1.3
207 x 1.25 =269
1
1
270
m3/hr

say 270 nm3/hr

3.3 FILTRATION
@ average flow ,consider filtration rate
Qa

12 m3/m2/hr

6.25 m3/hr
Qf

Filters cross sectional area required

________________

Filtration rate
=

6.25
=

______

12

0.52083 m2

Provide 1 nos. Pressure Sand filter of 900 mm dia .


Provide 2 nos. (1 duty/ 1 stand by) filter feed/Back wash pumps which can
deliver
6.25 m3/hr @ 25 m TDH at Service and
16 m3/hr @ 30 TDH at Backwash