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PA8-6

A Study on the Calculation and Reduction Method of Torque Ripple for Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor by using the Load Angle Curves

Ki-Chan Kim, Joon Seon Ahn, Sung Hong Won and Ju Lee, Senior Member IEEE

Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University Haengdang, Seongdong, Seoul, 133-791, Korea channykim@ihanyang.ac.kr

Abstract— The paper presents a new method for torque ripple calculation of permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance motor (PMa-SynRM) by load angle curve simulations. We can directly detect the load angle of minimum torque ripple and maximum average torque by several load angle curves with different current state. The analysis results were verified by the experiment.

I.

INTRODUCTION

In a synchronous reluctance motor (SynRM), high saliency ratio is required to achieve high torque and power factor. However it is very difficult to increase saliency ratio with

small rotor. So, we insert permanent magnets into the barriers

for high torque. The advantages of PMa-SynRM compared to

IPM motor are low back emf and wide constant power region

with a small d-axis current at the field weakening control area.

On the contrary, PMa-SynRM has larger torque ripple due to

its complex barrier structure [1]. The magnitude of torque ripple as well as average torque is changed by load angle. Therefore we should analyze the characteristics of torque ripple according to load angle. This paper presents an efficient method for torque ripple calculation by load angle curve calculation by FEM.

II. ANALYSIS MODEL OF PMA-SYNRM

We should design the optimal barriers of a rotor in order to maximize the saliency ratio [2]. In the paper, we inserted PM in the middle of barriers as shown in Fig. 1(a). Fig. 1(b) shows

the

FEM analysis model for torque ripple calculation.

the FEM analysis model for torque ripple calculation. (a) Rotor of PMa-SynRM (b) FEM analysis model
the FEM analysis model for torque ripple calculation. (a) Rotor of PMa-SynRM (b) FEM analysis model

(a) Rotor of PMa-SynRM

(b) FEM analysis model

Fig. 1. The analysis model of PMa-SynRM

III.

ANALYSIS OF TORQUE ANGLE CURVE

In order to analyze torque property according to load angle,

we

just perform a FE analysis generally on an assumption that

the dc currents at 1st point of Fig.2 (a) flow into the three phase windings, and then rotor rotates up to 180 electrical angles. However, the load angle curve by single condition of

dc current dose not presents average torque at each torque

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angle, but shows torque property adding torque ripple. If so, the superposition of toque angle curve by inputting the current of each state from 2nd to 7th from Fig.3 gives us torque ripple and average torque at the given torque angle. Fig. 2(b) shows the results by proposed analysis method.

Fig. 2(b) shows the results by proposed analysis method. (a) Condition of Input currents (b) An

(a) Condition of Input currents

(b) Analysis results of torque angle curve

Fig. 2. The torque ripple calculation method by torque angle curve

IV. VERIFICATION OF TORQUE RIPPLE CHARACTERISTIC

In the Fig. 2(b), we can see that torque ripple at the load angle 90° is smaller than that at 130°. In order to verify the proposed method, we perform the time stepping FE simulation with sinusoidal rated current source and fixed load angle points. Fig. 3 shows the results of torque ripple waveform, and it gives good agreement with results by proposed method. We are going to presenting the effective magnet distribution method in barriers by proposed method in order to minimize torque ripple.

by proposed method in order to minimize torque ripple. Fig. 3. Torque ripple waveform by time

Fig. 3. Torque ripple waveform by time stepping FE analysis

V.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

This work was financially supported in part by Korea Energy Management Corporation through the Energy Technology R&D program.

VI.

REFERENCES

[1]

Niazi, P. and Toliyat, H.A., “Design of a low-cost concentric winding

[2]

permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance motor drive”, Industry Applications Conference, Fortieth IAS Annual Meeting. Vol. 3, pp. 1744–1748, 2-6 Oct. 2005 I. Boldea, T. Fukao, T.A. Lipo, L. Malesani, T.J.E. Miller and A. Vagati, Synchronous Reluctance Motors and Drives A New Alternative, IEEE IAS 29th Annual Meeting, Oct. 1994.