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CBSE Worksheet-16 Class–VIII Science (Metals and non metals) 1. Hard and brittle form of iron

CBSE Worksheet-16 Class–VIII Science (Metals and non metals)

1. Hard and brittle form of iron with a high carbon content is :-

a. wrought iron

b. steel

c. pig iron

d. rust

content is :- a. wrought iron b. steel c. pig iron d. rust 2. A reaction

2. A reaction in which more reactive metal replaces a less reactive metal from its salt solution is called :-

a. addition reaction

b. double displacement reaction

c. exothermic reaction

d. displacement reaction

3. Cryolite is an ore of :-

a. aluminium

b. boron

c. copper

d. iron

4. On sweets, thin sheets of which of the following metals is put :-

a. aluminium

b. silver

c. copper

d. platinum

5. Match the column :-

Non-metals

a. Sulphur

b. Phosphorus

c. Oxygen

d. Chlorine

e. Hydrogen

Uses i) bleaching ii) respiration iii) fuel iv) making gun powder v) fertilizers

6. Fill in the blanks :- a. Mercury is the only metal found in b.

6. Fill in the blanks :-

a. Mercury is the only metal found in

b. In nature, metals are mostly found as compounds called

c. Metals can be drawn into wires and this property is called

d. The property of metals by which they can be hammered into very thin sheets without breaking is called

e. Metals are

state at room temperature.

conductors of heat and electricity.

at room temperature. conductors of heat and electricity. 7. Other than iron do any metal get

7. Other than iron do any metal get rusted? If yes explain how?

8. How will you prove the nature of metal oxides ?

9. Pick the odd word out of the following:

Au/Ag/Pt/K/C

10. What is the following picture of ?

Answer Key:- 1. c 2. d 3. a 4. b → Cu(OH) 2 + CuCO

Answer Key:-

1. c

2. d

3. a

4. b

→ Cu(OH) 2 + CuCO 3
→ Cu(OH) 2 + CuCO 3

5. a. iv, b. v, c. ii, d. i, e. iii.

6. liquid, minerals, ductility, malleability, good.

7. Yes copper also gets rusted in moist air and acquires a dull (non shiny) green coating. Copper gets corroded or rusted in the presence of carbon dioxide and water to form a green coating, which is a mixture of copper hydroxide and copper carbonate.

2Cu+H 2 O+CO 2 +O 2

8. If we burn a magnesium ribbon, white ash of magnesium oxide is formed. Now by adding little water to white ash we can prepare solution of magnesium oxide. When we dip red litmus paper into this solution it turns blue while when we dip blue litmus paper into this solution colour remains unchanged. It proves that metal oxides are basic in nature.

9. C is odd because it is carbon which is a non metal while all other are metals.

10. It is an aluminium sheet/foil.

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