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CDMA Parameter

TXPOWER is the phones transmitter power. We know that power control is guaranteed call
quality and address the CDMA community interference tolerance and one of the key means of
mobile phone from the base station near, uplink quality good, the mobile phone transmitting
power is smaller, because at the base station is able to guarantee the reception of the signal to
launch mobile phone and fer also small and mobile phones transmitting power is smaller to other
mobile phones in the community is also a small interference. So mobile phones transmit power
level, reflecting the handsets current uplink loss and interference. Uplink loss of large, or there
is serious interference with the phones transmitter power will be greatly missed mobile phone
transmitting power is smaller. Roadtest, in normal circumstances, the more closer to the base
station or Repeater, the mobile phone transmitting power is reduced, away from the base station
and Repeater, the mobile phone transmitting power increases. If the base station and Repeater
nearby mobile phone transmitting power, obviously it is not normal. Perhaps there is
interference, the uplink can be a base station and Repeater itself. Such as community antenna
wrong receive carrier frequency amplifier circuit problems, etc. If the Repeater nearby, cell
phone transmitter power, it may be a Repeater malfunctions, uplink gain set too small, and so on.
Above you can see, the road of TXPOWER level reflects the base station coverage area of
reverse link quality and uplink interference levels.
RXPOWER is a mobile phone to receive power. In CDMA, according to my personal
understanding, there are three parameters is very close by, you can almost equivalent to the use
of parameters. Namely RXPOWER, RSSI, Io. RXPOWER is amobile phone to receive power,
Io is mobile phones currently receives all signal strength, RSSI is receives downlink band
of total power, as currently I have access to information, the title explains, but understanding is
very similar, is the phonereceives a total of signal strength. RXPOWER and reflects the current
signal receiving phone, RXPOWER small area, the weak positive fall within the coverage area,
RXPOWER places belong to the covered area. But the high places, RXPOWER and does not
necessarily signal quality is good, because there may be no signal, leading to frequency, or too
many strong pilot, pilot frequency pollution. Therefore, the analysis of RXPOWER to EcIo to
analysis. Above you can see, RXPOWER and simply reflects the drive test signal coverage area,
rather than the quality of the signal coverage.
3. EcIo
EcIo reflects the handset in the current received pilot signal level. This is an integrated pilot
signal. Why, because mobile phones are a multi-channel soft switching, which translates
into mobile phones often lies in more than one pilot overlapping coverage area, the level of
the phone, EcIo reflects the phone at this point that a multi-channel pilot signal level of the
overall coverage. We know that the Ec is a mobile phone available pilot signal strength, and Io is

the mobile phone receives all the strength of the signal. Therefore, EcIo reflects the available
signal strength in occupies all signals. The higher the value, the greater the proportion of a useful
signal, on the other hand also reversed. At some point EcIo big, there are two possibilities. First,
the Ec is very large, dominant level here, Ec, Io is very small, that is to say here is from another
base stations messy little pilot signal, EcIo also larger. In the latter case is weak, because the Ec
small, Io is also small, so small, so RSSI also there may be dropped. At some point EcIo also
small, there are two possible, first, the Ec is also small small RSSI, this is the weak coverage
area. The Ec is not small, RSSI, this illustrates the Io is the overall intensity of the signal is not
bad. This situation is often a BSC switch data configuration, no nearby strong pilot signal into
the adjacent community table, so the phone doesnt recognize the strong pilot signal in the
vicinity as a jamming signal processing. On the road, in the case of a typical phenomenon is
the phone in a move to maintain certain RSSI, EcIo level, rapid rise to FER and eventually
TXADJ reflects the up and down-link a balance. Note that this value is calculated from the
measurement, instead. 800M CDMA system is Tx_adjust = 73dB + Tx_power + Rx_power,
1900M CDMA is Tx_adjust = 76dB + Tx_power + Rx_power.
TXADJ reflects the current location of the mobile uplink and downlink of a more mass. We
know that under normal circumstances, the cell phone away from the base station close to
the phones transmitter power will decrease, and
received power will become larger and far away from the cell phone, mobile phone base station
transmitter power will increase while receiving power gets smaller. Normally, the transmitter
power and receiver power plus a constant fixed values, the result should be a small interval (for
example,-10 to + 10). If TXADJ great, it means that the phones transmitter power, receive the
power, then it is obvious that mobile current downlink of good quality (receiving power), and the
poor quality of the uplink (transmitter power), this time forward link is better than a reverse link.
On the contrary, TXADJ is very small, explains this reverse link well to the forward link. We
know that the base station coverage depends on the reverse link loss level. Therefore, in General,
we require the following TXADJ in 0. But greater than 10, the reverse link forward link than are
poor, the situation is not ideal. For TXADJ, nor can they be said to be as small as possible. But in
the actual drive test, we generally encounter, often TXADJ too high, forward link, reverse link.
5. FER
FER is a forward-fer. Forward fer with EcIo also is a comprehensive quality of forward link.
Because when the phone is in the multi-channel soft switching, fer actually multi-channel
forward an integrated signal quality. FER, description of themobile phone of the forward link
better, received signal is good, this time EcIo also should be better. The larger the
Description cell phone FER the received signal strength is poor, EcIo should also at this time.
FER is large, it may also be due to a neighboring community switch parameter configuration
error. If you switch between adjacent community with leakage, single and mobile to mobile,

adjacent to the pilot was not recognized, and the pilot does not recognize, it will become
interference signal, resulting in increased FER. In reality, often manifested in mobile, mobile
phones, FER a rapid rise in sharp decline, EcIo, and finally dropped. Above that is closely
followed by EcIo FER. FER reflects the call quality is good or bad, reflects the RoadTest
regional coverage quality level, rather than the signal coverage strength level. In some areas
although belonging to the weak signal coverage area, but relatively clean (messy signals, noise),
as well as be good FER.
Note the above parameters, EcIo, RXPOWER is the phone in standby or call have parameters,
TXPOWER, TXADJ, FER is only a phone call and from the only parameter. The above five
parameters, together, to analysis of drive test region to cover the intensity level, the former to
override the quality level, as well as the reverse link loss level, and so on, is the analysis of drive
test is the most important parameters. In-depth understanding of the five parameters, combined
with the overall situation for drive testing specific analysis, is engaged in network optimization
staff in one of the basic conditions.
RSCP: The Received Signal Code Power (RSCP) is the collected RF energy after the
correlation / descrambling process, usually given in dBm. Only this code power is of interest for
the following receiver stages when judging on the quality of the reception.
Ec/Io: This is the ratio of the received energy per chip (= code bit) and the interference level,
usually given in dB. In case no true interference is present, the interference level is equal to the
noise level.
Because of the system gain (see 1), the interference level can be higher than the wanted signal
level. Therefore, at the coverage border, the value of Ec/I0 is usually negative.
RSSI: The Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) is a value that takes into account both
RSCP and Ec/I0. It is usually given in dBm and can be calculated as follows: RSSI [dBm] =
RSCP [dBm] Ec/I0 [dB]
Simply speaking, when the number of strong cells exceeds the active set size, there is pilot
pollution in the area. Typically the active set size is 3, so if there are more than 3 strong cells
then there is pilot pollution.
Definition of strong cell: pilots within the handover window size from the strongest cell.
Typical handover window size is between 4 to 6dB. For example, if there are more than 2 cells
(besides the strongest cell) within 4dB of the strongest cell then there is pilot pollution.

Gallas, Hatur Nuhun.