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CONTENTS

page

LEARNERS LICENCE

The K53 Learners licence Random Test Generator .................... 4

Essential Theory ....................................................................................... 6

Road Traffic Sign Classification ........................................................ 10

Road Signs ..................................................................................................... 12

DRIVERS LICENCe

PRACTICAL LICENCE TEST

Exterior Pre-trip procedure ................................................................ 28

Interior Pre-trip procedure ................................................................. 30

Driving off to be tested in the yard .................................................. 32

YARD TEST

Alley Docking .............................................................................................. 34

Parallel Parking ........................................................................................ 38

Three point turn ......................................................................................... 40

The Incline ..................................................................................................... 42

Emergency stop .......................................................................................... 42

ROAD TEST

tURNING WITHOUT STOPPING ...................................................................... 44

Stop and proceed straight on ............................................................. 44

Changing Lanes ........................................................................................... 46

Turning Left and Right at a stop sign ................................................ 48

Stopping at a stop sign without the proper road markings ... 48

The correct and incorrect way of turning .................................... 48

Traffic lights

Stop and proceed straight on .............................................................. 50

Turning Left and Right at a traffic light ......................................... 50

Slipways .......................................................................................................... 54

Traffic circles ............................................................................................ 54

INHOUD

bladsy

LEERLINGS LISENSIE

The K53 Learners licence Random Test Generator .................... 4

Belangrike Teorie ...................................................................................... 7

padteken klassifikasie ............................................................................ 10

padtekens ..................................................................................................... 12

bestuurders lisensie

PRAKTIESE LISENSIETOETS

Buitevoertuig Voorrit-inspeksieprosedure ................................... 29

Binnekajuit Voorrit-inspeksieprosedure ........................................ 31

Beweging na die toetsgronde .............................................................. 33

DIE WERFTOETS

Gangparkering ........................................................................................... 35

Parallel Parkering ................................................................................... 39

Driepuntdraai .............................................................................................. 41

Opdraende Wegtrek .................................................................................. 43

noodstop ....................................................................................................... 43

DIE PADTOETS

draai sonder om te STOP ......................................................................... 45

Stop en ry reguit aan .............................................................................. 45

Laanverwisseling ...................................................................................... 47

Links- en Regsdraai by n stopteken ................................................... 47

Stop by n stopteken sonder die behoorlike padmerke ............. 49

Die korrekte en verkeerde manier om te draai ............................. 49

Verkeersligte

Stop en reguit aanry ................................................................................ 51

Links- en Regsdraai by n verkeerslig ............................................... 51

Glipwe .......................................................................................................... 55

Verkeersirkels ........................................................................................... 55

Learners Licence
The K53 Learners licence Random Test Generator
The K53 RTG is used to test, study and prepare for your theoretical learners licence test. The program
includes light motor vehicles, heavy vehicles as well as motorcycle theory.
The test is designed to generate random a test each time, therefore no two generated tests will be the
same. However, the program was also designed in such a way that after a minimum of 10 tests has
been completed, all the questions in the database will have been viewed at least once.

Installation: To install the program do the following:


1.
2.

Place the CD into the CD-ROM


Double click the My Computer icon.

3.

Double click the D:\ (CD-ROM) icon.

4.



5.

6.

7.

Now a window will appear with the following icons that you can double click, namely:
Install_R_T_G, and jdk-1_5_0_02-windows-i586-p.exe. This is a java program and you
must first install java in order to run the program. (If you already have a jre installed on your
system it must be a version later than 1.5.02).
Double click the jdk-1_5_0_02-windows-i586-p.exe icon and follow the on screen
instructions to install the JRE.
Click on the I accept the agreement button and press next. Just click all the next buttons
that will appear until the installation is complete.
Double click the Install_R_T_G icon to begin the installation program.

Follow the on screen instructions of the installation program to install the R.T.G on your
system.
There are two ways to start the K53 R.T.G programme. You can click on the icon showed
below. This icon will be on the desktop of you computer.

Or you can use the shortcut made in the start menu. Click start, programs, K53 Random Test Generator
and then the K53_R_T_G icon.

Generate a test To generate a test do the following:

Learners Licence
1.
2.
3.

Choose the appropriate language by clicking on the language of your choice.


Choose the type of learners licence test that you want to generate by clicking on code 1,2,3.
Click on the Click here to start button to generate your test.

The test contains three sections, namely:


1.
Rules of the road (25 questions)
2.
Road signs and road markings (25 questions)
3.
Vehicle controls (5 questions)
Complete the generated test by clicking on the correct answers and using the scrollbar on the right
hand side of the screen to scroll up or down and view the rest of the questions. A question has only one
correct answer.
You will notice that there is a timer at the top right-hand corner of the screen. After one hour the time will
expire and the test will be marked automatically and show your results. If you finish the test before the
time expires, simply click the mark test button at the bottom of the test, to mark the test and show the
results.
In order to pass a test no more than 5 questions may be answered incorrectly for section 1 and 2 (Rules
of the road, and road signs and road markings) and no more than one question may be answered
incorrectly for section 3 (Vehicle controls).
The number of questions answered correctly will be displayed for each section individually. You must
succeed in all sections in order to pass the whole test.
To return to your test to view incorrect answers click on the yellow Go back to test button. Your
answers will be shown as well as the correct answers highlighted in green.

Study

To study for the learners licence test, generate a test and do the following:
1.
Stop the timer by clicking on the timer menu at the top left-hand corner of the screen, and

then selecting stop timer from the menu.

2.

To show the answers, click on the Answers option in the top menu and select Show
answers.

Now there will be no time limit and all the answers will be highlighted in green. You can therefore study
the questions and answers for as long as you like.
It is recommended that you study through at least 10 tests in this manner before you test yourself.

Generate a new test

If you are finished with the test, click on the Test menu option in the top menu and select Generate
test from the menu to go back to the first screen and allow you to select different options and generate
a new test.

English

Learners Licence

Essential Theory
Rules of the Road
Speed limits
The general speed limits are:
-
60 kilometres per hour on roads in an urban area;
-
100 kilometres per hour on roads outside an urban area for vehicles under 9000kg, and 80

kilometres per hour for vehicles 9000kg and above;
-
100 kilometres per hour for buses and mini-buses conveying passengers.
-
120 kilometres per hour on freeways, and 80 kilometres per hour for vehicles

9000kg and above.
Towing
-
-
-

-
-

Motorcycles and motor-tricycles may not tow another vehicle.


The distance between the two vehicles may not be more than 3,5 metres.
The towed vehicle must be controlled by a licence driver unless the front wheels have been
lifted off the road or a device to control the steering is being used in place of a tow-rope.
You may not be towed faster than 30 kilometres per hour, unless a solid bar is used
You may not tow a vehicle carrying passengers at a speed of more than 30 km/h unless the
towed vehicle is a semi-trailer.

Stopping
-

You may not stop on the road unless instructed to do so by a traffic officer or road sign, to
avoid an accident, or for a cause beyond your control.

You may not stop:


-
next to or opposite an excavation if this would obstruct the traffic flow;
-
in a tunnel or subway, or on a bridge;
-
within 6 metres of a tunnel, subway or bridge;
-
within 6 metres of a place where the road width has been narrowed;
-
on the right-hand side of the road facing oncoming traffic;
-
next to or opposite another vehicle where the road is less than 9 metres wide;
-
within a railway reserve at a level crossing;
-
within 9 metres of the approach side of a pedestrian crossing;
-
where you would cause an obstruction or danger to traffic.
Tyres
-

-

-
-

Motor cycles under 125cc must have a tread pattern visible on at least 80 % of the tread
width.
On other vehicles, the tread pattern must be clearly visible across the width and circumfer
ence of the tyre with a depth of not less than 1 mm.
The sidewalls should not have deep cuts and the inner cords should not be visible.
Motor cycles may not be fitted with retreaded tyres.

Afrikaans

Leerling Lisensie

Belangrike Teorie
Reels van die pad
Spoedbeperkings
Die algeemene spoedbeperkings is:
-
60 kilometer per uur op paaie in stedelike en dorpsgebiede;
-
100 kilometer per uur op paaie buite stedelike en dorpsgebiede vir voertuieonder 9 000 kg,

en 80 km per uur vir voertuie 9 000 kg en swaarder;
-
100 kilometer per uur vir n bus en mini-bus wat passasiers vervoer.
-
120 kilometer per uur op deurpaaie, en 80 km per uur vir voertuie 9 000 kg en swaarder.
Sleep
-
-
-


-

-

Motorfietse en motordriewiele mag nie ander voertuie sleep nie.


Die afstand tussen die twee voertuie mag nie meer as 3,5 meter wees nie.
Die gesleepte voertuig moet deur n gelisensieerde bestuurder beheer word tensy die
voorste wiele van die grond gelig is of n toestel om die stuur te beheer in plaas van n tau
gebruik word.
Jy mag nie vinniger as 30 km per uur gesleep word nie, tensy n soliede sleepstang gebruik
word.
n Voertuig wat passasiers vervoer mag nie vinniger as 30 km/u gesleep word, tensy die
voertuig n semi-sleepwa is nie.

Stilhou
-

-







Jy mag nie op die pad stilhou nie, behalwe as n verkeersbeampte of padteken dit bevel, jy
n ongeluk moet vermy, of weens n oorsaak buite jou beheer.
Jy mag nie stilhou:
langs of teenoor n uitgrawing as dit die verkeersvloei sal belemmer nie;
binne 6 meter van, of in, of op n tonnel, duikweg of brug nie;
binne 6 meter van n plek waar die pad smaller gemaak is nie;
aan die regterkant van die pad met die gesig na aankomende verkeer nie;
langs of teenoor n ander voertuig waar die pad minder as 9 meter breed is
binne n spoorwegreserwe by n spooroorgang nie;
binne 9 meter van die naderingskant van n voetoorgang nie;
waar jy n versperring of gevaar vir verkeer kan skep nie.

Bande
-

-

-

-

Motorfietse met n enjinkapasiteit minder as 125 cc moet n sigbare loopvlak patroon van
minstens 80% van die breedte van die loopvlak toon.
Die loopvlak op alle ander voertuie moet n sigbare patroon toon regdeur oor die breedte en
hele omtrek van die band wat minstens een millimeter diep is.
loopvlak mag nie diep of lank snye of breuke in die weefsel toon en die koorde binne moet
nie sigbaar wees nie.
Motorfietse mag nie met versoolde bande toegerus wees nie

English

Learners Licence

Carrying loads on motorcycles


Projection limits:
-
Not more than 600 mm to the front of the front axle.
-
Not more than 900 mm to the rear of the back axle.
-
Not more than 450 mm to the side of the motorcycle wheels.
-
Not more than 300 mm to the side of the side-car wheel.
-
These provisions do not apply to mirrors or crashbars.
-
No person, animal or article may be carried in front of the driver on the seat, f tank or

handlebars.
Carrying loads on motor vehicles
Projection limits:
-
Not more than 300 mm beyond the front of the vehicle.
-
Not more than 1.8 metres beyond the rear of the vehicle.
-
Not more than 4.3 metres high, from the ground, on goods vehicles and not more than half

the height of the vehicle if loaded on the roof of a car, unless a bicycle.
-
Not more than 2.5 metres wide and 2.6 meters in the case of a goods vehicle with a mass

of 12 000 kg and above except in the case of abnormal loads for which permission must be

arranged with the local traffic authorities.
Safety markings:
-
Loads that project 150 mm or more to the side of the vehicle or more than 300 to the rear of

the vehicle must be marked with 300 mm square red flags at each corner during the day

and at night with white reflectors on each corner in the front, red reflectors at each corner at

the back and yellow reflectors on the sides.
-
Loads less than 600 mm wide that project 300 mm or more beyond the rear of the vehicle

must be marked with a single 300 mm square red flag during the day and with a red reflector

at night.
Seat Belts
-

-
-

-

The driver and all passengers front and rear must wear seat belts, if seat belts are fitted to
the vehicle, unless reversing or parking.
If seat belts have been removed the vehicle may not be used on public roads.
If there is no seat belt on the front seat, children up to the age of 14 must sit on the back
seat.
A passenger may not occupy a seat without a seat belt if there is a seat vacant with a seat
belt fitted.

Afrikaans

Leerling Lisensie

Vragte Op motorfietse
Uitsteekperke:
-
Nie meer as 600 mm yerby die vooras nie.
-
Nie meer as 900 mm yerby die agteras me.
-
Nie meer as 450 mm aan die kant van die motorfiets nie.
-
Nie meer as 300 mm yerby die kant van die syspanwiel nie.
-
Hierdie bepalings geld me vir spieels of pletterstawe nie.
-
Geen mens, dier of artikel mag voor die ryer op die saal, brandstoftenk of handvatsel wees

nie.
Vragte op motorvoertuie
Uitsteekperke:
-
Nie meer as 300 mm yerby die voertuig se voorkant nie.
-
Nie meer as 1,8 m yerby die voertuig se agterkant nie.
-
Nie meer as 4,3 m bokant die grond oo goederevoertuie en nie meer as die helfte van die

voertuig se hoogte as dit op n motor se dak gelaai word nie, behalwe fietse.
-
Nie meer as 2,5 m wyd nie, behalwe in die geval van abnormale voertuie waarvoor

toestemming by die plaaslike verkeersowerheid verkry moet word.
Veiligheidsaanduidings:
-
Vragte wat meer as 150 mm aan die kant of meer as 300 mm agter die voertuig uitsteek,

moet bedags by elke hoek met rooi vIae van 300 mm vierkant gemerk word en snags met

wit reflektors by elke hoek voor, rooi reflektors by elke hoek agter en geel reflektors aan die

kante.
-
Vragte minder as 600 mm breed wat 300 mm of meer agter die voertuig uitsteek, moet

bedags met n enkele rooi vlag van 300 mm vierkant en snags met n rooi reflektor gemerk

word.
Sitplekgordels
-

-

-
-

-

Die bestuurder en alle passasiers voor en agter in die voertuig moet sitplekgordels aan h as
die voertuig met sitplekgordels toegerus is.
As sitplekgordels uit die voertuig verwyder is, mag dit nie op n openbare pad gebruik word
nie.
As geen sitplekgordel voor beskikbaar is nie, moet kinders jonger as 14 agter sit.
Jy mag nie op n sitplek sonder n sitplekgordel sit as daar n sitp1ek met n gordel oop is
nie.
As jy agteruit ry of parkeer is dit nie nodig om n sitp1ekgordel te dra nie

Road Signs / Padtekens


Road Traffic Sign Classification / padteken klassifikasie
Regulatory
Control

Command

Prohibition

Reservation

Comprehensive

Warning
Advance Warning

Hazard Marker

Guidance
Location

10

Permanent

Temporary

Road Signs / Padtekens


Route Marker

Symbolic

Direction

Freeway Direction

Tourism

Diagrammatic

Information

11

Road Signs / Padtekens


Road Signs / pADTEKENS

Minimum speed
Minimum spoed

Stop
Stop

Vehicles exceeding mass


only

Stop/Yield

Slegs voortuie wat massa


oorskry
Keep left

Stop/Toegee

4-way Stop

Hou links
Proceed Left only
Gaan links voort alleenlik

4-rigting Stop
Stop/Go

Proceed right only


Gaan regs voort alleenlik
Proceed straight only

Stop/Ry

Yield

Gaan reguit alleenlik


Turn Left
Draa links

Toegeeteken
Turn Right
Yield to pedestrians
Draai regs
Gee toe aan voetgangers
Yield at a mini - circle
Gee toe by die mini-sirkel
No entry
Geen ingang
One way road to the left

12

Pedestrians only
Slegs voetgangers
Cyclist only
Slegs fietsryers
Cyclist and pedestrians only

Eenrigting pad na links

Slegs fietsryers en
voetgangers

Pedestrians priority

Motorcycles only

Voetganger voorgang

Slegs motorfietse

Road Signs / Padtekens


Motorcars only

Switch head lamps on

Slegs ligte motorvoertuie

Skakel hoofligte aan

Taxis only

Speed limit

Slegs taxis

Spoed beperking

Minibusses only

Mass limit

Slegs minibusse

Massa beperking

Busses only
Slegs busse
Delivery vehicles only
Slegs afleweringsvoertuie
Goods vehicles only
Slegs goederevoertuie
Goods vehicles over
indicated GVM only

Axle massload limit


As dra gewig
Height limit
Hoogte limiet
Length limit
Lengte limiet
No excessive noise
Oormatige klank verbode

Slegs goederevoertuie oor


die gespesifiseerde gewig

No hitch-hiking

Construction vehicles only

Geen duimgooiers

Slegs konstruksievoertuie

No unauthorised vehicles

Vehicles conveying
dangerous goods only

Geen ongemagtigde voertuie

Slegs voertuie wat gevaarlike


stowwe bevat
Abnormal vehicles only
Slegs abnormale voertuie

No left turn ahead


Geen links draai voor
No right turn ahead
Geen regs draai voor

Argricultural vehicles only

No left turn

Slegs landbouvoertuie

Geen links draai

Pay toll

No right turn

Betaal tolgeld

Geen regs draai

13

Road Signs / Padtekens


No U-turn
Geen U-draai
No overtaking
- all vehicles

Goedere voertuie oor die


gewig verbode
No construction vehicles

Verysteek verbode - alle


voertuie

Geen konstruksievoertuie

No overtaking
- goods vehicles

No vehicles conveying
dangerous goods

Verysteek verbode
- goederevoertuie

Voertuie met gevaarlike


stowwe verbode

No Parking

No Abnormal vehicles

Geen parkering

Geen abnormale voertuie

No stopping
Stop verbode
No cyclist and pedestrians
Geen voetgangers of
fietsryers
No motorcyles
Geen motorfietse
No motorcars
Geen motors
No minibusses
Geen minibusse
No busses
Geen busse

14

No goods vehicles over


indicated GVM

No Argricultural vehicles
Geen landbouvoertuie
No Animal-drawn vehicles
Geen trekdiervoertuie
Bus reservation
Gereserveerd vir busse
Bus lane reservation
Laan gereserveerd vir busse
Motor cycle reservation
Gereserveerd vir motorfietse
Motor car reservation
Gereserveerd vir motors

No delivery vehicles

Taxi reservation

Geen afleweringsvoertuie

Gereserveerd vir taxis

No goods vehicles

Minbus reservation

Geen goederevoertuie

Gereserveerd vir minibusse

Road Signs / Padtekens


Midibus reservation
Gereserveerd vir midibusse

Delivery vehicle reservation


Gereserveerd vir
afleweringsvoertuie
Goods vehicle reservation
Gereserveerd vir
goederevoertuie
Goods vehicle over idicated
GVM reservation
Gereserveerd vir goedere oor
die gewig

Bus & minibus lane


reservation begins
Bus en minibus laan
reservering begin
Bus parking reservation
Gereserveerde bus parkering
Limited parking reservation
Gereserveerde parkering met
tydsbeperking
Motorcycle parking
reservation
Gereserveerde parkering vir
motorfietse

Construction vehicles
reservation

Motorcar parking reservation

Gereserveerd vir
konstruksievoertuie

Gereserveerde parkering vir


motors

Vehicle conveying
dangerous goods reservation

Taxi parking reservation

Gereserveerd vir voertuie


met gevaarlike stowwe

Gereserveerde parkering
vir taxis

Abnormal vehicle reservation

Minibus parking reservation

Gereserveerd vir abnormale


voertuie

Gereserveerde parkering vir


minibusse

High occupancy vehicle


reservation

Delivery vehicle parking


reservation

Gereserveerd vir voertuie


met hoe besetting
Disabled persons vehicle
reservation
Gereserveerd vir fisies
gestremde persone se
voertuie
Bus & minibus lane
reservation
Bus en minibus laan
reservering

Gereserveerde parkering vir


afleweringsvoertuie
Goods vehicle parking
reservation
Gereserveerde parkering vir
goederevoertuie
Goods vehicles over idicated
GVM parking reservation
Gereserveerde parkering
vir goederevoertuie oor die
gewig

15

Road Signs / Padtekens


Vehicles conveying
dangerous goods parking
reseravtion

Speed limit /motorcycles

Gereserveerde parkering
vir voertuie met gevaarlike
stowwe

Spoedbeperking /
motorfietse

Abnormal vehicle parking


reservation

Delivery vehicles only /


time limit

Gereserveerde parkering vir


abnormale voertuie
High occupancy vehicle
parking reservation
Gereserveerde parkering vir
voertuie met hoe besettings
inhoud
Emergency vehicle parking
reservation
Gereserveerde parkering vir
noodvoertuie
Police vehicle parking
reservation
Gereserveerde parkering vir
polisievoertuie
Authorised vehicle parking
Gereserveerde parkering vir
gemagtigde voertuie

Dangerous goods vehicles


only /
two periods time limit
Slegs voertuie met
gevaarlike stowwe / twee
periode tydsbeperkings
No motor cars /
time limit
Geen motors / tydsbeperking

No Delivery vehicles / two


periods time limit
Geen afleweringsvoertuie/
twee periode tydsbeperkings

Speed limit/night time

Construction vehicle
reservation /
time limit (temporary)

Spoedbeperking / snags

Gereserveerd vir
konstruksievoertuie /
tydsbeperking (tydelik)

Speed limit/reduced
visibility
Spoedbeperking / swak sig

16

Slegs afleweringsvoertuie /
Tydsbeperking

Mass limit / construction


vehicles (temporary)
Gewigsbeperking /
konstruksievoertuie (tydelik)

Road Signs / Padtekens


Speed limit /
goods vehicles (temporary)
Spoedbeperking / goedere
voertuie (tydelik)

No pedestrians /
time limit
Geen voetgangers/
tydsbeperking
Turn left /
delivery vehicles
Draai links /
afleweringsvoertuie

No motorcycles / engine
size limit
Geen motorfietse / enjin
grootte beperking

Overhead specific situation


lane use control
Oorhoofse spesifieke
situasie laan beheer kontrole
Winding road / distance
for
Kronkelende pad / vir
spesifieke afstand
Lane use control by
regulation /
distance for

Laan gebruik kontrole


volgens regulasie / vir
spesifieke afstand

Pay toll /
distance
Betaal tolgeld / afstand na
tolhek
Crossroad

Turn right /
two periods time limit
Draai regs / twee periode
tydsbeperkings

Kruispad
Crossraod on priority road
Prioriteits kruispad voor

Keep left /
motorcycles
Hou links / motorfietse

Priority crossroad on nonpriority road


Prioriteits kruispad op nieprioriteits pad
T-junction

No stopping /
two periods time limit
Stop verbode / twee periode
tydsbeperkings

T-aansluiting
Skew T-junction
Skewe T-aansluiting

17

Road Signs / Padtekens


Side road junction (right)

Sharp curve
(left)

Sypadaansluiting (regs)

Skerp draai (links)

Staggered junction (left


- right)
Staggered aansluiting (links
- regs)
Sharp junction
(half left)
Skerp aansluiting (half links)
Sharp junction
(half right)
Skerp aansluiting (half regs)
Y-junction
Y-aansluiting
End of dual roadway (to
right)

Haarnaald-draai (regs)
Hairpin bend
(left)
Haarnaald-draai (links)
Winding road
(left - right)
Kronkel pad (links - regs)
Combined curve
(left - right)
Gekombineerde kurwes
(links - regs)
Two-way traffic

Einde van dubbelweg (na


regs)

Twee-rigting verkeer

Beginning of dual roadway


(to left)

Two-way traffic crossroad

Begin van dubbelweg (na


links)
T-junction

Twee-rigting verkeer
kruispad voor
Right lane ends

T-aansluiting

Regter baan eindig

Traffic circle

Left lane ends

Verkeers-sirkel

Linker baan eindig

Gentle curve
(right)

Concealed driveway

Geleidelike draai (regs)

18

Hairpin bend
(right)

Verskuilde ingang

Road Signs / Padtekens


Concealed driveway (both
sides)
Verskuilde ingange (beide
kante)
Traffic signal ahead
Verkeersbeheerlig voor
Traffic control Stop ahead
Verkeersbeheer stopteken
voor
Traffic control Yield
Verkeersbeheer toegee

Farm animals
(sheep)
Plaasdiere (skape)
Wild animals ahead
Wilde diere voor
Gate
Hek
Motor gate
Motorhek
Railway crossing

Traffic control ahead


Spooroorgaan
Verkeersbeheer voor
Tunnel
Scholar patrol ahead
Tonnel
Skolierpatrollie voor
Height restricted
Pedestrian crossing
Voetoorgang voor
Pedestrians

Hoogte beperking
Length restricted

Voetgangers

Lengte beperking

Children

Steep ascent

Kinders

Steil opdraande voor

Cyclist

Steep descent

Fietsryers

Steil afdraande voor

19

Road Signs / Padtekens

20

Slow moving heavy vehicles

Road works

Stadig bewegende
swaarvoertuie

Padwerke voor

Gravel road begins

Grader working

Grondpad begin

Skraper werk voor

Narrow bridge

Loose stones

Nou brug

Los klippe

One vehicle width structure

General warning

Een voertuig breedte


struktuur voor

Algemene waarskuwing

Road narrows both sides

Surface step

Pad vernou aan beide kante

Oppervlak trap

Road narrows from right


side only

Soft shoulder

Pad vernou van regs

Sagte skouer

Uneven roadway

Stop/Go control ahead

Ongelyke padoppervlak voor

Stop/ry beheer voor

Speed bumps

Construction vehicle
crossing

Spoed hobbel voor

Konstruksievoertuig kruising

Slippery road

Emergency light flashing

Gladde pad voor

Flikkerende noodlig

Falling rocks from left

Temporary police light


flashing

Vallende rotse van links

Tydelike flikkerende
polisielig

Road Signs / Padtekens


Jetty edge
or River-bank

Railway crossing (more than


one line)

Jettie of revier bank

Spooroorgang (meer as een


spoor)

Crosswinds

Sharp curve chevron (single)

Kruiswinde

Skerp draai chevron (enkel)

Drift

Sharp curve chevron (triple)

Waterlaagte voor

Skerp draai chevron


(trippel)

Low flying aircraft


Lae vliende vliegtuie
Argricultural vehicle

Sharp curve chevron (triple)


Skerp draai chevron
(trippel)

Landbou voertuie

dead end /
road closed chevron

Accident ahead

Einde van pad of pad sluit


chevron
T-junction chevron

Ongeluk voor
T-aansluiting chevron
Reduced visibillity
Beperkte visie voor
Gravel road ends
Grondpad eindig
Danger plate
Gevaar plaat
Delineator plate
Delineator plaat

Gentle curve /
advisory speed
Geleidilike draai /
voorgestelde spoed
Winding road / distance
for
Kronkel pad vir afstand
aangedui
Traffic control stop ahead /
distance to
Verkeersbeheer stop voor /
afstand na

21

Road Signs / Padtekens


General warning /
text message

Tourism direction

Algemene waarskuwing /
met boodskap

Toeriste aanwysings

Winding road / advisory


speed / distance for

Advance SOS service

Kronkel pad /voorgestelde


snelheid /vir afstand
aangedui
Speed limit /
winding road / distance
for

Spoedbeperking/kronkelpad/
vir afstand aangedui

Gevorderde SOS dienste

Confirmation alternative
route
Bevestiging van alternatiewe
roete
Traffic movement affected by
obstruction

Verkeersvloei geaffekteer
deur obstruksie
Temporary barricade
Tydelike versperring
Traffic signals out of order

Additional lane

Additionele laan

Verkeersseine buitewerking
Route marker

Lane use control by


regulation

Roete aanwyser
Laan gebruik beheer deur
regulasie
Gore exit direction

Gore uitgang rigting

Overhead freeway direction


Oorhoofse snelweg
aanwysings

22

Lane merge

Lane word een

Road Signs / Padtekens


Lane converge

Traffic signals

Verkeerseine
Lane converge

Heavy vehicle control arrestor bed advance exit

Swaarvoertuig beheer
- stuitbedding gevorderde
uitgang
Heavy vehicle control
- arrestor bed gore exit

Traffic signals
- Can turn left while yielding
to other traffic
Verkeerseine - Kan links
draai terwyl toegee vir ander
verkeer
Traffic signals
- Turn right
- right of way
Verkeerseine - Draai regs
- ryvoorrang
Traffic signals - Straight and
left turn has right of way

Swaarvoertuig beheer stuitbedding gore uitgang

Engage lower gear

Verwissel na laer rat

Verkeerseine - Reguit aan en


links het ryvoorrang
Traffic signals
- Right turn
- right of way
Verkeerseine - Draai regs
- ryvoorrang
Traffic signals
- Left turn
- right of way

Heavy vehicle control


overhead arrestor bed exit

Swaarvoertuig beheer
- oorhoofse stuitbedding
uitgang aanduiding
Overhead lane use control
by regulation

Oorhoofse laan beheer deur


regulasie

Verkeerseine - Draai links


- ryvoorrang
Pedestrian signal
Voetganger sein
Overhead lane direction
control arrows
- Driving in that lane is
prohibited
Oorhoofse laan rigting
beheer pyle - Bestuur in
hierdie laan is verbode

23

Road Signs / Padtekens


Overhead lane direction
control arrows
- Driving in that lane is
allowed
Oorhoofse laan rigting
beheer pyle - Bestuur in
hierdie laan is toelaatbaar
Stop traffic from behind

Yield line

Toegeelyn

Block pedestrian crossing


Blok voetoorgang

Stop verkeer van agter


No crossing line
Stop traffic from front and
rear
Stof verkeer van voor en
agter

Geen kruising lyn

Painted island

Proceed from front


Geverfde eiland
Ry van voor
Parking bay
Stop
Parkeer area
Stop
Exclusve parking bay
Proceed

Ry

Warning

Waarskuwing

24

Eksklusiewe parkeer area

Exclusive lane line

Eksklusiewe laan lyn

Road Signs / Padtekens


Box junction

Boks-aansluiting

Reversible lane

Omkeerbare laan

Yield sign ahead


Zig-zig zone
Toegeeteken voor
Zig-zig sone
No stopping line
Left edge line

Stop verbode lyn

Linker kant lyn

Lane reduction arrow (left)

Cyclist lane

Laanverminderings pyl
(links)

Fietryer laan

Lane reduction arrow (right)

mini-cirle

Laanverminderings pyl
(regs)

mini-sirkel

No overtaking or no crossing
line ahead

Railway crossing

Verbysteek verbode / geen


kruisings lyn
Speed hump

Spooroorgang
Spoed hobbel voor
Dividing line

Skeidingslyn

Channelising line

Kannaliserings lyn

25

Road Signs / Padtekens


Overtaking from one
direction only

Fire fighting vehicles

Verbysteek van eenrigting


alleenlik

Brandweer voortuie
Defence force

Airport
Beskermings mag
Lughawe
Diplomatic vehicles
Disabled person facility

Diplomatiese voertuie

Fasaliteit vir gestremde


persone

Mini-busses

No motor cycle

Mini-busse

Geen motorfietse

Ambulance

Ambulaans

SOS-telephones
SOS-telefone
Countdown (100m)
Aftel (100m)

Busses
Countdown (200m)
Busse
Aftel (200m)
Loading zones

26

Countdown (300m)

Laai-sone

Aftel (300m)

Taxis

Lane use control by


regulation /
distance for

Taxis

Laan gebruik beheer deur


regulasie / vir aangeduide
afstand

Road Signs / Padtekens


Lane use control by
regulation

Flashing red light

Laan gebruik beheer deur


regulasie

Flikkerende rooi lig

Traffic movement affected by


obstruction / distance

Cul-de sac

Cul-de sac
Verkeersvloei geaffekteer
deur obstruksie / vir
aangeduide afstand
Additional lane

Additionele laan

Cul-de sac
(right)
Cul-de sac (regs)

Cul-de sac
(left)

Winding road / Advisory


speed

Cul-de sac (links)

Kronkel pad / voorgestelde


spoed

Alternative route marker

Right of way

Alternatiewe roete merker

Ryvoorrang
Traffic signal / prosecution
by camera
Verkeersein / vervolging
d.m.v kamera
Speed limit / prosecution
by camera
Spoedbeperking / vervolging
d.m.v kamera
Railway crossing

Spooroorgang

27

English

Drivers Licence

PROLOGUE
The aim with this CD is primarily to acquaint the holder of a learners licence, of what
he/she has to be able to do on the day when he/she will be tested by a registered testing
officer before a valid driving licence will be issued.
It is imperative that you should first read this booklet prior to watching the visual material.

PRACTICAL LICENCE TEST


Exterior Pre-trip procedure
(Report to the testing officer the following in a conversational manner maximum of three
minutes of the exterior and interior):


The pre-trip inspection, must be done before every departure in an anti-clockwise


way starting at the drivers door, check for any obstacle underneath the vehicle
and behind and in front of the tyres, as well as any oil leakages.

Make sure that each door is working properly and that all doors can open from
the inside and the outside of the vehicle.

Check that all of the windows of the doors work properly, and that the outside
right-hand mirror is:

Moving on to the windscreen you check for cracks, marks and anything that will
obstruct your vision when driving, and check that the wiper blades are
still in order.

There are four things you must mention when checking each tyre, namely:

28

clean,
undamaged,
secure (c.u.s.- formula).

The running surface of the tyre is acceptable (grooves must be at least


1 mm deep over 75% of the running surface).
There are no cuts or knobs on the side-wall of the tyre.
Tyre pressure is correct.
The nuts or bolts of the tyre rim are secure.

At the front of the vehicle check that the head lights, indicators and number plate
are still clean, attached and not broken and make sure that the
registration number of the vehicle corresponds with the registration disc number
affixed to the windscreen of the vehicle.

Afrikaans

Bestuurders Lisensie

VOORWOORD
Die doel met hierdie CD is hoofsaaklik om die houer van n leerlinglisensie vertroud te
maak met wat hy/sy in staat moet kan wees om te doen op die dag wat hy/sy deur n
geregistreerde toetsbeampte getoets sal word voordat n geldige bestuurslisensie uitgereik
sal word.
Dit is uiters belangrik dat jy eers di boekie sal lees voordat jy na die visuele materiaal kyk.

PRAKTIESE LISENSIETOETS
Buitevoertuig Voorrit-inspeksieprosedure
(Lewer mondelings op n geselstrant kommentaar aan die toetsbeampte oor wat jy besig is
om te kontroleer). Maksimum tyd hiervoor drie minute, buite en binne.)



Die voorritinspeksie moet voor elke vertrek gedoen word. Altyd in n anti-
kloksgewyse rigting, begin by die bestuurder se deur, kyk vir enige obstruksies
onder die voertuig en voor en agter die wiele, asook enige olielekke onder die
voertuig.

Maak seker dat elke deur in werkende toestand is en dat alle deure van binne en
buite kan oopmaak.

Kontroleer dat al die vensters van die deure in werkende toestand is en dat die
buitespiel regs:

Beweeg dan na die windskerm, kyk vir krake, merke en enige iets wat jou sig kan
versper as jy sou bestuur en kontroleer dat die ruitver heel is.

Daar is vier dinge wat jy moet doen wanneer jy die bande kontroleer, naamlik:

Die loopvlak van die band moet aanvaarbaar wees (groewe moet ten minste 1
mm diep wees oor 75% van die loopvlak).
Daar moet geen snye of knoppe op die kant van die band wees nie.
Die banddruk in orde is.
Die boute en moere van die bandvelling vas is.

Aan die voorkant van die voertuig, kontroleer dat die hoofligte, flikkerligte se
lense en die nommerplaat nog skoon is, vas is en nie gebreek is nie. Maak ook
seker dat die registrasienommer van die voertuig ooreenstem met die
lisensieskyfnommer wat op die windskerm vasgeplak is.

heel
skoon, en
stewig is (hss-formule)

29

English

Under the bonnet you must be able to name and point out the following (if the
testing officer requires it):

Moving anti-clockwise around the vehicle, check that the left front tyre is in the
same condition as the previous one, the windscreen and wiper blade are secure
and undamaged, and check that the licence disk of the vehicle is still valid
and corresponds with the registration plate.

Check each door, mirror and tyre just as you did on the drivers side of the
vehicle.

At the rear end of the vehicle check that the following are attached and not
broken:

State that the vehicle has a jack, properly inflated spare wheel and wheel
spanner inside the boot and that they are in working order.

State that the fuel cap is secure and that the doors, tyre and windows are all in
the same condition as the previous ones; ending where you started.

Radiator and other water levels were checked as well as


Oil level.
Brake fluid, and
Fan belt.

Brake and park light lenses.


Window.
Number plate.

Interior Pre-trip procedure


(Also verbally reported to the testing officer.)




Inside the vehicle check that your seat is in the correct position; you can see
in all three the mirrors and, that there are no obstacles underneath your feet or
pedals. Check that your seat belt is working properly; the emergency
brake of the vehicle is activated and that the gear lever is in a neutral position.
Check that you have pressure on both clutch and brake pedals.

Now, on request of the testing officer, check the working order of your vehicles
indicators, brake lights and headlights both in front of the vehicle and at the rear.
Finally check the wipers and hooter of the vehicle (test both physically).

Now we know that our vehicle is safe and working properly and we may begin
our driving.

30

Afrikaans

Onder die enjinkap moet jy die volgende noem of kan uitwys en kontroleer
(indien die toetsbeampte dit sou vereis):

Nog steeds in n anti-kloksgewyse rigting om die voertuig, kontroleer die linker


voorband dat dit presies soos die vorige band is, die windskerm en ruitver vas
en heel is, kontroleer dat die lisensieskyfie van die voertuig nog geldig
is en ooreenstem met die nommerplaat.

Kontroleer elke deur, spiel en band net soos jy aan die bestuurderskant van die
voertuig gedoen het.

Aan die agterkant van die voertuig kontroleer dat die volgende vas en heel is:

Meld dat die voertuig n domkrag het, n korrek gepompte noodwiel en


wielsleutel binne in die bagasiebak het en dat alles in werkende toestand is.

Meld dat die brandstofprop stewig is en die deure, band en vensters in dieselfde
toestand as die voriges is - eindig waar jy begin het.

Verkoeler en ander watervlakke is nagegaan, asook


Olievlak.
Remvloeistof, en
waaierband.

Remlig en parkeerlense.
Agterruit.
Nommerplaat.

Binnekajuit Voorrit-inspeksieprosedure
(Ook mondelings genoem aan die toetsbeampte.)





Binne in die voertuig, kontroleer dat jou sitplek in die regte posisie is, dat jy in
al drie die spiels kan sien en dat daar geen obstruksies onder jou
voete en onder die pedale is nie. Kontroleer dat jou sitplekgordel in werkende
toestand is, die noodrem van jou voertuig geaktiveer is en dat die rathefboom in
n neutrale posisie is. Kontroleer dat jy drukking het op beide die koppelaar- en
rempedale.

Nou, op aanvraag van die toetsbeampte, kontroleer die werkende toestand


van jou voertuig se flikkerligte, remligte en hoofligte aan die voorkant
sowel as aan die agterkant. As finale aksie kontroleer die toeter en die ruitvers
van die voertuig (toets beide fisies).

Nou weet ons dat ons voertuig veilig en in werkende toestand is en dat ons mag
begin bestuur.

31

English
Driving off to be tested in the yard
Observation (as for the rest of your life)
The basic observation you must be able to master is the five point observation, according
to the following procedure:




Check the blind spot over your left shoulder.


Left-hand mirror.
Rear view mirror in the middle.
Right-hand mirror.
Blind spot over your right shoulder.

Before driving (as for the rest of your life)


As we mentioned earlier there are a few things that we have to check before driving:




Make sure that the emergency brake is applied.


The gear lever is in neutral.
You can see in all three mirrors.
That the seat is in the correct position for driving.
The seat belt is in working order.

The steering method (as for the rest of your life)


Defensive driving (K53) prescribes that the steering wheel must be held in a very specific
manner: The hands should be in the ten to two position, with the thumbs resting on the
outer rim of the steering wheel.
When turning the steering wheel, your arms or hands should preferably never cross each
other. The ideal is to push the steering wheel with the hand furthest away from your
chosen direction of turn and to pull with the hand closest to your chosen direction of turn.
If a wider turn is executed, and the hands have to be adjusted, this push/pull method must
be applied.
Pulling away (as for the rest of your life)
Before you pull into a road, the following must be done:

Switch on the vehicle.

Do the five point observation starting on any side of vehicle checking the blind spot, side
mirror, rear view mirror, side mirror and the other blind spot yet again.

32

Indicate the direction you have chosen to turn into.


Put the vehicle in first gear.

Afrikaans
Beweging na die toetsgronde
Observasie (soos vir die res van jou lewe)
Die basiese observasie wat jy moet bemeester is die vyfpunt observasie wat soos volg
uitgevoer word:




Kontroleer die blindekol oor jou linkerskouer.


Linkerhandse spiel.
Truspiel vir agtersig in die middel.
Regterhandse spiel.
Blindekol oor jou regterskouer.

Voor bestuur (soos vir die res van jou lewe)


Soos vroer genoem, is daar n paar dinge wat ons moet kontroleer voordat ons begin
bestuur:




Maak seker dat die noodrem geaktiveer is.


Die rathefboom in neutraal is.
Jy in al drie die spiels kan sien.
Dat die sitplek in die korrekte posisie is vir bestuur.
Dat die sitplekgordel in werkende toestand is.

Die stuurmetode (soos vir die res van jou lewe)


Die Defensiewe Bestuurmetode (K53) skryf voor dat die stuurwiel op n spesifieke manier
vasgehou moet word: Die hande moet in die tien voor twee posisie wees, met die duime
wat rus op die buiterand van die stuurwiel.
Wanneer die stuurwiel gedraai word, moet die hande en arms liefs nooit gekruis word nie.
Dit is ideaal om die stuurwiel met die hand verste weg van jou gekose draairigting te stoot
terwyl die hand die naaste aan jou gekose draairigting die stuurwiel moet trek.
Wegtrek (soos vir die res van jou lewe)
Voordat jy in n openbare pad in beweeg, moet jy die volgende doen:

Skakel die voertuig aan.

Doen die vyfpunt observasie, begin aan enige kant van die voertuig kyk in die blindekol,
kantspiel, truspiel, die ander kantspiel en die ander blindekol by wyse van herhaling.



Sein in die rigting wat jy gekies het.


Skakel die voertuig in eerste rat.
Kontroleer die blindekol in die rigting waarheen jy draai.
Slegs dan mag die noodrem gedeaktiveer word en weggetrek word.

33

English

Check the blind spot in the direction you are turning into.
Only then can you lower the emergency brake and pull away.

Clutch control (as for the rest of your life)


Make sure that you establish clutch control, before you deactivate the emergency brake.
When you feel the vehicle wants to start moving while the clutch pedal is slowly released,
then you have clutch control and whilst keeping your foot on the clutch pedal in the same
position and deactivating the emergency brake, the vehicle will start moving automatically.

YARD TEST

(Maximum 17 minutes, remember you have already used three minutes for the pre-trip
inspections.)
Before each manoeuvre there are certain procedures that you must perform before you can
start, namely:


Activate the emergency brake of your vehicle.


Put the gear lever in a neutral position.
Do the five point observation where you check the following:

Indicate in the direction you are going to turn into.


Put the vehicle in the right gear.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now you can start moving (but remember as soon as you start turning to check
the appropriate blind spot).

Left blind spot.


The left-hand outside mirror.
The rear view mirror.
Right-hand mirror.
The right blind spot.

Alley Docking
Alley Docking to the LEFT
Stop the vehicle in the demarcated block as marked on the road.
After stopping:


34

Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.

Afrikaans
Koppelaarbeheer (soos vir die res van jou lewe)
Maak seker dat jy koppelaarbeheer uitoefen, voordat jy die noodrem deaktiveer. Wanneer
jy voel dat die voertuig wil begin beweeg, terwyl die koppelaarpedaal stadig uitgelaat
word, dan het jy koppelaarbeheer terwyl jou voet op die koppelaarpedaal in dieselfde
posisie gehou word en die noodrem gedeaktiveer word. Die voertuig sal dan outomaties
begin beweeg.

DIE WERFTOETS

(Maksimum 17 minute, onthou jy het alreeds drie minute vir die voorritinspeksies gebruik.)
Voor elke beweging moet jy sekere prosedures uitvoer voordat jy kan begin, naamlik:


Aktiveer die noodrem van jou voertuig.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie, waar jy die volgende kontroleer:

Sein in die rigting waarheen jy gaan draai.


Skakel die voertuig in die regte ratposisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie weer n keer.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Nou mag jy begin beweeg (onthou kry koppelaarbeheer), maar onthou om die
toepaslike blindekol te kontroleer voordat jy begin draai.

Blindekol links.
Buitespiel links.
Die truspiel.
Buitespiel regs.
Blindekol regs.

Gangparkering
Gangparkering na LINKS
Stop die voertuig in die afgebakende blok, soos op die padoppervlakte gemerk.
Nadat jy gestop het:






Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Sein na LINKS.
Skakel die rathefboom in die truposisie.
Doen weer die vyfpunt observasie.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.

35

English






Indicate to the LEFT.


Put the gear lever in the reverse position.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now you can start moving, but as soon as you start turning, check
your blind spot over your RIGHT shoulder, because you are
moving backwards, whilst turning left.

Make sure that you do not start turning too early or too soon, as you will hit one of the
obstacles (posts) or the pavement.
An immediate termination of your practical test may be one of the following:







Your vehicle hits an obstacle.


Your vehicle rolls forward or backwards if you are supposed to stand
still, or rolls in the opposite direction in which you intend to drive.
If you mount the kerb.
Any uncontrolled or dangerous action.
Any violation of a traffic law.
Any violation of a road traffic sign.
Exceeding the number of attempts on a manoeuvre.

Without stopping, reverse slowly through the posts, without hitting them, until you almost
reach the end of the alley.
After stopping:









Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.
Indicate to the RIGHT.
Put the gear lever in first gear.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now you can start moving towards the demarcated block on your
RIGHT, but as soon as you start turning, check your blind
spot over your LEFT shoulder, because you are moving forward.

Alley Docking to the RIGHT


Stop the vehicle in the demarcated block as marked on the road.
After stopping:


36

Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.

Afrikaans


Nou mag jy begin beweeg, maar onthou om die oomblik as jy begin draai die
blindekol oor jou REGTERskouer te kontroleer omdat jy agteruit begin
beweeg en na links draai.

Maak seker dat jy nie te vroeg begin draai nie, jy mag dan dalk een van die paaltjies of die
randsteen raak.
Die onmiddellike beindiging van jou praktiese toets mag die gevolg van een van die
volgende wees:







Jou voertuig raak n hindernis (paaltjie).


Jou voertuig rol vorentoe of agtertoe as jy veronderstel is om doodstil te staan, of
rol in die teenoorgestelde rigting waarin jy wil ry.
As jy bo-op die randsteen beland.
Enige onbeheerde of gevaarlike aksie uitvoer.
Enige oortreding van n verkeersrel.
Enige oortreding van n padverkeersteken.
Die aantal pogings om n beweging uit te voer, oorskry.

Sonder om te stop, ry stadig agteruit tussen die paaltjies deur, sonder om hulle te raak, tot
jy feitlik aan die einde van die gang is.
Nadat jy daar gestop het:









Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Sein na REGS.
Skakel die rathefboom na eerste rat.
Doen weer die vyfpunt observasie.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Nou kan jy begin beweeg, (onthou koppelaar beheer) na die afbebakende blok
REGS, maar sodra jy begin draai, kyk na die blindekol oor jou LINKERskouer,
omdat jy besig is om vorentoe te beweeg en besig is om na REGS te draai.

Gangparkering na REGS
Stop die voertuig in die afgebakende blok soos op die padoppervlakte gemerk.
Nadat jy gestop het:





Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Sein na REGS.
Skakel die rathefboom in die truposisie.
Doen weer die vyfpunt observasie.

37

English







Indicate to the RIGHT.


Put the gear lever in the reverse position.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now you can start moving (remember clutch control), but as soon as
you start turning, check your blind spot over your
LEFT shoulder, because you are moving forward and turning
to the RIGHT.

Make sure that you do not start turning too early or too soon, as you will hit one of the
obstacles (posts) or the pavement.
Without stopping, reverse slowly through the posts, without hitting them, until you almost
reach the end of the alley.
After stopping there:

Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.

Parallel Parking
Parallel Parking to the LEFT
Stop the vehicle in the demarcated block, marked on the road.
After stopping:









Apply the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.
Indicate to the LEFT.
Put the gear lever in the reverse position.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now you can start moving, but as soon as you start turning, check
your blind spot over your RIGHT shoulder, because you are
moving backwards.

Make sure that you do not start turning too early or too soon, as you will hit one of the
obstacles (posts) or the pavement.
Parallel Parking to the RIGHT
Stop the vehicle in the demarcated block, marked on the road.

38

Afrikaans



Deaktiveer die noodrem.


Nou mag jy begin beweeg (onthou kry koppelaarbeheer), maar onthou om
die oomblik as jy begin draai die blindekol oor jou LINKERskouer te kontroleer
omdat jy agteruit begin beweeg en na regs draai.

Maak seker dat jy nie te vroeg begin draai nie, jy mag dan dalk een van die paaltjies of die
randsteen raak.
Sonder om te stop, ry stadig agteruit tussen die paaltjies deur, sonder om hulle te raak, tot
jy feitlik aan die einde van die gang is.
Nadat jy daar gestop het:

Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.

Parallel Parkering
Parallel Parkering na LINKS
Stop die voertuig in die afgebakende blok, soos op die padoppervlakte gemerk.
Nadat jy gestop het:








Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Sein na LINKS.
Skakel die rathefboom in die truposisie.
Doen weer die vyfpunt observasie.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Nou kan jy begin beweeg, maar sodra jy begin draai, kyk na die blindekol oor
jou REGTERskouer, omdat jy besig is om agteruit te beweeg en links te draai.

Maak seker dat jy nie te vroeg begin draai nie, jy mag dalk een van die paaltjies raak.

Stop en aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.

Parallel Parkering na REGS


Stop die voertuig in die afgebakende blok soos op die padoppervlakte gemerk.
Nadat jy gestop het:

Aktiveer die noodrem.

39

English
After stopping:









Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.
Indicate to the RIGHT.
Put the gear lever in the reverse position.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now you can start moving, but as soon as you start turning, check
your blind spot over your LEFT shoulder, because you are
moving backwards.

Make sure that you do not start turning too early or too soon, as you will hit one of the
obstacles (posts) or the pavement.
Three point turn
Stop the vehicle in the demarcated block, marked on the road.
After stopping:









Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.
Indicate to the RIGHT.
Put the gear lever in 1st gear.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now without stopping, turn to the RIGHT, check your LEFT blind spot
and stop in front of the pavement with the wheels of your vehicle in a
straight position.

Now do the following:


After stopping:








40

Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.
Indicate to the LEFT.
Put the gear lever in the reverse position.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now you can start moving, but as soon as you start turning, check
your blind spot over your RIGHT shoulder, because you are

Afrikaans







Plaas die rathefboom in die neutrale posisie.


Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Sein na REGS.
Skakel die rathefboom in die truposisie.
Doen weer die vyfpunt observasie.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Nou kan jy begin beweeg, maar sodra jy begin draai, kyk na die blindekol oor
jou LINKERskouer, omdat jy besig is om agteruit te beweeg en na regs draai.

Maak seker dat jy nie te vroeg draai nie, jy mag dalk een van die paaltjies raak.

Stop, en aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.

Driepuntdraai
Stop die voertuig in die afgebakende blok soos op die padoppervlakte gemerk.
Nadat jy gestop het:









Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in die neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Sein na REGS.
Skakel die rathefboom in eerste rat.
Doen weer die vyfpunt observasie.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Nou, sonder om te stop, ry stadig en draai na REGS, kontroleer jou blindekol na
REGS en stop voor die randsteen met die wiele van jou voertuig reguit
na vorentoe.

Doen nou die volgende:


Nadat jy gestop het:








Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in die neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Sein na LINKS.
Skakel die rathefboom in die truposisie.
Doen weer die vyfpunt observasie.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Nou kan jy begin beweeg, maar sodra jy begin draai, kyk na die blindekol oor
jou REGTERskouer, omdat jy besig is om agteruit te beweeg en na links te draai.

41

English

moving backwards, and turning left.

Move backwards until you almost reach the pavement behind you, but do not touch it !!
Stop.









Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.
Indicate to the RIGHT.
Put the gear lever in 1st gear.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now you can start moving, but as soon as you start turning, check
your blind spot over your RIGHT shoulder, because you are
moving forward.

Now, move and stop behind the solid white line marked on the road.

Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.

The Incline
Stop behind the solid white line on the way up.
After stopping:









Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.
Put the gear lever in 1st gear.
Do the five point observation again.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Now, pull away (remember to establish clutch control) without your
vehicle rolling backwards and stop on top of the incline.
Activate the emergency brake.
Put the gear lever in neutral.

Emergency stop
You will be given the command to stop!! by the testing officer on a straight road on the
testing ground. Bring your vehicle to a total stand still without locking the wheels in the
shortest possible distance.
Just before the vehicle comes to a dead stop, apply the clutch pedal to prevent the vehicle
from stalling remember to firmly hold on to the steering wheel.

42

Afrikaans
Beweeg agteruit totdat jy naby die randsteen agter jou is, maar moet dit nie raak nie!!
Stop.








Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in die neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Sein na REGS.
Skakel die rathefboom in eerste rat.
Doen weer die vyfpunt observasie.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Nou kan jy begin beweeg, maar sodra jy begin draai, kyk na die blindekol oor
jou REGTERskouer, omdat jy besig is om vorentoe te beweeg.

Beweeg nou en stop agter die soliede wit lyn wat op die oppervlakte gemerk is.

Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in die neutrale posisie.

Opdraende Wegtrek
Stop agter die soliede wit lyn op pad na bo.
Nadat jy gestop het:









Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in die neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Skakel die rathefboom na eerste rat.
Doen weer die vyfpunt observasie.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Trek nou weg (oefen koppelaarbeheer uit), sonder dat jou voertuig agteruit rol en
stop bo-op die bultjie.
Aktiveer die noodrem.
Plaas die rathefboom in die neutrale posisie.

Noodstop
Jy sal die bevel STOP!! van die toetsbeampte op n reguit pad op die toetsterrein ontvang.
Bring jou voertuig tot stilstand, sonder om die wiele te laat sluit oor die kortste moontlike
afstand.
Net voordat die voertuig tot algehele stilstand kom, trap die koppelaarpedaal om te
verhoed dat die voertuig stol. Onthou om die stuurwiel baie ferm vas te hou.

43

English
ROAD TEST

(Maximum of 20 minutes.)
tURNING WITHOUT STOPPING
Turning to the left without stopping
As you approach a left turn, you must:





check your three mirrors,


and the blind spot in the direction you are turning into (in this case left),
indicate in the direction you are going to turn into (in this case left),
select 1st or 2nd gear, depending on the speed of your vehicle,
check the left blind spot again (left),
and turn, using the correct steering method.

Turning to the right without stopping


As you approach a right turn, you must:





check your three mirrors,


and the blind spot to the right,
indicate to the right,
select 1st or 2nd gear, depending on the speed of your vehicle,
check the right blind spot again,
and turn, using the correct steering method.

Stop and proceed straight on


Just before stopping at a stop sign or anywhere else;


Check your three mirrors.


Brake using only the brake pedal, and just before the vehicle comes to a
complete standstill, apply the clutch.

After stopping:







44

Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.
Put the vehicle in first gear.
Establish clutch control.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Pull away slowly.
Check right and left at the intersection.

Afrikaans
DIE PADTOETS

(20 Minute maksimum.)


draai sonder om te STOP
Linksdraai sonder om te stop
Voordat jy gaan links draai, moet jy die volgende doen:





kontroleer jou drie spiels,


en die blindekol aan die kant waarna jy draai (in di geval links),
sein na links,
kies eerste of tweede rat, afhangende van die spoed van jou voertuig,
kyk weer in die blindekol (links),
draai, terwyl die regte bestuurmetode gebruik word.

Regsdraai sonder om te stop


Voordat jy gaan regs draai, moet jy die volgende doen:





kontroleer jou drie spiels,


en die blindekol aan die kant waarna jy draai (in di geval regs),
sein na regs,
kies eerste of tweede rat, afhangende van die spoed van jou voertuig,
kyk weer in die blindekol (regs),
draai, terwyl die regte bestuurmetode gebruik word.

Stop en ry reguit aan


Voordat daar by n stopteken of enige plek elders gestop word:

Kontroleer jou drie spiels.

Rem deur slegs die rempedaal te gebruik, en net voordat jou voertuig tot

algehele stilstand kom, gebruik dan die koppelaar.
Nadat gestop is:







Aktiveer die noodrem


Plaas die rathefboom in die neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Skakel die rathefboom na eerste rat.
Verkry koppelaarbeheer.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Trek stadig weg.
Kyk regs en links voor jy die kruising binnegaan.

45

English
Changing Lanes
Moving to the RIGHT lane




Check the three mirrors.


And the blind spot towards the lane you want to turn into, in this case RIGHT.
Indicate to the RIGHT.
Check your blind spot to the RIGHT again.
Safely move over to the other lane.

Moving to the LEFT lane






Check the three mirrors.


And the blind spot towards the lane you want to turn into, in this case LEFT.
Indicate to the LEFT.
Check your blind spot to the LEFT again.
Safely move over to the other lane.

Remember to turn your head and check each intersection that you pass.
Turning Left and Right at a stop sign
Turning to the RIGHT
As you approach a right turn, you must:




Check your three mirrors,


and the blind spot to the RIGHT,
and indicate to the RIGHT.
Check your three mirrors and bring the vehicle to a complete standstill by firstly
using the brake, and then the clutch pedal.

After stopping:

Activate the emergency brake.

Put the gear lever in neutral.

Do the five point observation.

Put the vehicle in first gear.

Establish clutch control.

Deactivate the emergency brake.

Pull away slowly.

Check right and left at the intersection.

Remember to check your blind spot to the RIGHT as the last action, before

turning.
Remember that you may not change gears whilst turning. It must be done before or after
turning.

46

Afrikaans
Laanverwisseling
Beweging na die REGTERlaan




Kontroleer die drie spiels.


So ook die blindekol in die laan waarheen jy wil beweeg, in di geval REGS.
Sein na REGS.
Kontroleer weer die blindekol na REGS.
Beweeg met veiligheid oor na die ander laan.

Beweging na die LINKERlaan






Kontroleer die drie spiels.


So ook die blindekol in die laan waarheen jy wil beweeg, in di geval LINKS.
Sein na LINKS.
Kontroleer weer die blindekol na LINKS.
Beweeg met veiligheid oor na die ander laan.

Onthou om jou kop te draai in elke kruising waardeur jy beweeg om dit te kontroleer.
Links- en Regsdraai by n stopteken
REGSdraai
As n REGSdraai beoog word:




Kontroleer jou drie spiels,


asook die blindekol na REGS.
Sein na REGS.
Kontroleer jou drie spiels en bring die voertuig tot algehele stilstand deur eerste
die rempedaal en dan die koppelaarpedaal te gebruik.

Nadat gestop is:










Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Skakel die rathefboom in eerste rat.
Verkry koppelaarbeheer.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Trek stadig weg.
Kontroleer regs en links by die kruising.
Onthou om in jou blindekol REGS te kyk as die laaste aksie voordat jy draai.

Onthou, jy mag nie ratte verwissel terwyl jy draai nie dit moet gedoen word nadat jy
gedraai het.

47

English
Turning to the LEFT
As you approach a LEFT turn, you must:




check your three mirrors,


and the blind spot to the LEFT,
and indicate to the LEFT.
Check your three mirrors and bring the vehicle to a complete standstill by firstly
using the brake, and then the clutch pedal.

After stopping:









Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral.
Do the five point observation.
Put the vehicle in first gear.
Establish clutch control.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Pull away slowly.
Check right and left at the intersection.
Remember to check your blind spot to the LEFT as the last action, before
turning.

Stopping at a stop sign without the proper road markings


When there is no road marking at a stop sign and no line to stop behind, make yourself an
imaginary line parallel to the stop sign and stop at least a metre away from the imaginary
line.
The correct and incorrect way of turning
There are two incorrect and unsafe ways of turning, namely:


Cutting a corner, thus turning too soon and maybe colliding with another vehicle,
or
taking the turn too wide resulting in hitting the pavement.

Now view the correct way of turning.


The yellow cross on the road
You may never stop on top of a yellow cross road marking. You may only stop in front of it
or behind it. If you stop on top of it, you are obstructing the traffic that is supposed to turn
there resulting into the immediate termination of your road test.

48

Afrikaans
LINKSdraai
As n LINKSdraai beoog word:




kontroleer jou drie spiels,


asook die blindekol na LINKS.
Sein na LINKS.
Kontroleer jou drie spiels en bring die voertuig tot algehele stilstand deur eerste
die rempedaal en dan die koppelaarpedaal te gebruik.

Nadat gestop is:










Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in n neutrale posisie.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Skakel die rathefboom in eerste rat.
Verkry koppelaarbeheer.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Trek stadig weg.
Kontroleer regs en links by die kruising.
Onthou om in jou blindekol LINKS te kyk as die laaste aksie voordat jy draai.

Stop by n stopteken sonder die behoorlike padmerke


Wanneer daar geen padmerke by n stopteken is en geen lyn waaragter jy moet stop nie;
bepaal vir jouself n denkbeeldige lyn parallel met die stopteken en stop dan ten minste n
meter agter daardie denkbeeldige lyn.
Die korrekte en verkeerde manier om te draai
Daar is twee verkeerde en onveilige maniere om te draai, naamlik:

Om n draai te sny, jy draai te vroeg en mag dalk bots met n ander voertuig, of
om n draai te wyd te neem, wat tot gevolg het dat die randsteen getref word.

Kyk nou na die korrekte manier van draai.


Die geel kruis op die padoppervlakte
Jy mag nooit bo-op n geel kruis wat op die padoppervlakte geverf is, stop nie. Jy
mag slegs voor of agter dit stop. As jy bo-op dit stop, is jy besig om ander verkeer wat
veronderstel is om daar te draai, se weg te versper en druip jy onmiddelik jou padtoets.

49

English
Traffic lights
Stop and proceed straight on
Just before stopping at a stop sign or anywhere else:


Check your three mirrors.


Brake using only the brake pedal, and just before the vehicle comes to a
complete standstill, apply the clutch.

Make sure if there is another vehicle in front of you and that you keep a distance of at least
three metres, from it when you stop this is your clear space.
After stopping:









Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral and wait for the other traffic light to turn amber.
As soon as the other drivers traffic light turns amber you can:
Put the vehicle in first gear.
Do the five point observation.
Wait for the green light.
Establish clutch control.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Pull away slowly.
Check right and left before entering the intersection.

Turning Left and Right at a traffic light


Turning to the RIGHT
As you approach a right turn, you must:




Check your three mirrors.


The blind spot to the RIGHT.
Indicate to the RIGHT.
Check your three mirrors and bring the vehicle to a complete standstill by firstly
using the brake, and then the clutch pedal.

Just before stopping at a stop sign or anywhere else:




check your three mirrors,


Brake using only the brake pedal, and just before the vehicle comes to a
complete standstill, apply the clutch.

Make sure that if there is another vehicle in front of you that you keep a distance of at least
three metres, from it.

50

Afrikaans
Verkeersligte
Stop en reguit aanry
Voordat by n stopteken of enige ander plek gestop word:


Kontroleer jou drie spiels.


Rem deur slegs die rempedaal te gebruik net voordat jou voertuig tot stilstand
kom, moet die koppelaar gebruik word.

Maak seker dat, as daar n ander voertuig voor jou is, jy nie nader as drie meter van di
voertuig af stop nie dit is die skoon ruimte.
Nadat gestop is:










Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in neutraal en wag vir die ander bestuurders se verkeerslig
om na oranje oor te slaan.
Sodra daardie lig oranje gekleur het:
Skakel die rathefboom in eerste rat.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Wag vir die groen lig.
Verkry koppelaarbeheer.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Trek stadig weg.
Kyk regs en links voor jy die kruising binnegaan.

Links- en Regsdraai by n verkeerslig


REGSdraai
As jy beoog om regs te draai, doen die volgende:




Kontroleer die drie spiels.


Die blindekol na REGS.
Sein na REGS.
Kontroleer jou drie spiels en bring die voertuig tot algehele stilstand deur eers
die rempedaal en dan die koppelaarpedaal te gebruik.

Net voordat by n stopteken of enige ander plek gestop word:




Kontroleer die drie spiels.


Rem deur slegs die rempedaal te gebruik net voordat jou voertuig tot stilstand
kom mag jy die koppelaar gebruik.

Maak seker dat, as daar n ander voertuig voor jou is, jy nie nader as twee meter van di

51

English
After stopping:











Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral and wait for the other traffic light to turns amber.
As soon as the other drivers traffic light turns amber you can:
Put the vehicle in first gear.
Do the five point observation.
Wait for the green light.
Establish clutch control.
Deactivate the emergency brake.
Pull away slowly.
Check right and left before entering the intersection.
Turn to the right and remember to check the blind spot to the right as the last
action before turning.

Remember that you may not change gears whilst turning. It must be done before or after
turning.
Turning to the LEFT
As you approach a left turn, you must:




Check your three mirrors.


The blind spot to the LEFT.
Indicate to the LEFT.
Check your three mirrors and bring the vehicle to a complete standstill by firstly
using the brake, and then the clutch pedal.

Just before stopping at a stop sign or anywhere else:




check your three mirrors,


brake using only the brake pedal, and just before the vehicle comes a complete
standstill, apply the clutch.

Make sure that if there is another vehicle in front of you that you keep a distance of at least
three metres, from it (clear space).
After stopping:







52

Activate the emergency brake.


Put the gear lever in neutral and wait for the other traffic light to turn amber.
As soon as the other drivers traffic light turns amber you can:
Put the vehicle in first gear.
Do the five point observation.
Wait for the green light.
Establish clutch control.
Deactivate the emergency brake.

Afrikaans
voertuig af stop nie.
Nadat gestop is:












Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in neutraal en wag vir die ander bestuurders se verkeerslig
om na oranje oor te slaan.
Sodra daardie lig oranje gekleur het:
Skakel die rathefboom na eerste rat.
Doen die vyfpunt observasie.
Wag vir die groen lig.
Verkry koppelaarbeheer.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Trek stadig weg.
Kyk regs en links voor jy die kruising binnegaan.
Draai nou REGS indien veilig, so nie wag vir alle aankomende verkeer en onthou
om in jou blindekol REGS te kyk as die laaste aksie voordat jy begin draai.

Onthou dat jy nie ratte mag verwissel terwyl jy besig is om te draai nie. Dit moet voor of
nadat gedraai is, gedoen word.
LINKSdraai
Wanneer jy die linksdraaipunt nader:




Kontroleer die drie spiels.


Die blindekol na LINKS.
Sein na LINKS.
Kontroleer jou drie spiels en bring die voertuig tot algehele stilstand deur eers
die rempedaal en dan die koppelaarpedaal te gebruik.

Net voordat by n stopteken of enige ander plek gestop word:




kontroleer die drie spiels,


rem deur slegs die rempedaal te gebruik net voordat jou voertuig tot stilstand
kom mag jy die koppelaar gebruik.

Maak seker dat, as daar n ander voertuig voor jou is, jy nie nader as drie meter van di
voertuig af stop nie (skoon ruimte).
Nadat gestop is:




Aktiveer die noodrem.


Plaas die rathefboom in neutraal en wag vir die ander bestuurders se verkeerslig
om na oranje oor te slaan.
Sodra daardie lig oranje gekleur het:
Skakel die rathefboom in eerste rat.

53

English




Pull away slowly.


Check right and left before entering the intersection.
Turn to the LEFT and remember to check the blind spot to the LEFT as the last
action before turning remember pedestrian always have right of way
over vehicles.

Slipways
Turning LEFT at a slipway
When turning LEFT at a slipway:





Check the three mirrors.


Blind spot to the LEFT.
Indicate to the LEFT.
Gear down to second gear.
Check the LEFT blind spot again.
Turn into the slipway.

Coming out of the slipway make sure that there are no oncoming traffic before you move
into another lane. If there are; stop, do the necessary observations (like at a stop sign) and
if it is safe to do so, drive further.
Traffic circles
What to do at a mini circle
A mini circle is treated like a four way stop, and you must yield to other vehicles inside the
circle.
Circle observations when driving straight through




Check the three mirrors.


Slow down.
Gear down to second gear.
Look RIGHT and LEFT for oncoming traffic.
If it is safe, continue moving through the circle.

If there is another vehicle inside the circle, stop behind the yield road marking and treat it
as a four way stop sign with the necessary observation, like we discussed before, before
moving on.

54

Afrikaans







Doen die vyfpunt observasie.


Wag vir die groen lig.
Verkry koppelaarbeheer.
Deaktiveer die noodrem.
Trek stadig weg.
Kyk regs en links voor jy die kruising binnegaan.
Draai nou LINKS en onthou om in jou blindekol LINKS te kyk as die laaste aksie
voordat jy begin draai onthou voetgangers kry voorrang bo voertuie.

Glipwe
LINKSdraai by n glipweg





Kontroleer die drie spiels.


Die blindekol na LINKS.
Sein na LINKS.
Skakel die rathefboom in tweede rat.
Kyk weer in die blindekol na LINKS.
Draai nou weg in die glipweg in.

Sodra jy uit die glipweg uitkom, maak seker dat daar geen aankomende verkeer is voordat
jy in n ander laan inbeweeg. As daar verkeer is; stop, doen die nodige observasies (soos
by n stopteken) en as dit veilig is, ry dan verder.
Verkeersirkels
Wat om te doen by n mini-sirkel
n Mini-sirkel moet soos n vierrigting stop hanteer word, en jy moet ryvoorrang toelaat aan
ander voertuie wat reeds binne die sirkel is.
Sirkelobservasies wanneer jy reguit aanry




Kontroleer die drie spiels.


Verminder spoed.
Skakel die rathefboom in tweede rat.
Kyk REGS en LINKS vir aankomende verkeer.
Wanneer dit veilig is, hou aan beweeg en ry om die sirkel en dan reguit aan.

As daar n ander voertuig binne die sirkel is, stop agter die toegee padmerke en behandel
die sirkel soos n vierrigtingstopteken met die nodige observasie, soos vantevore bespreek
en beweeg verder.

55

English
Turning at a mini circle
As you approach the mini circle:





Check your three mirrors.


The blind spot in the direction you are turning into.
Indicate in the direction you are turning into.
Gear down to second gear.
Check RIGHT and LEFT before moving into the circle.
Finally, check the blind spot in the direction you are turning into, before turning.

Proudly brought to you by CPT Consulting


www.infront.co.za

56

Afrikaans
Draai by n mini-sirkel
By die nadering van die mini-sirkel:






Kontroleer die drie spiels.


Die blindekol in die rigting waarin jy gaan draai.
Sein in die rigting waarin jy gaan draai.
Skakel die rathefboom in tweede rat.
Kontroleer REGS en LINKS voordat jy die sirkel binnegaan.
Ten slotte, kyk in die blindekol in die rigting waarheen jy draai, voordat jy begin
draai.

Proudly brought to you by CPT Consulting


www.infront.co.za

57