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18th Century Material Culture

Departing this Earth: Death

Death

Portrait of a Deceased Girl, Probably Catharina Margaretha van Valkenburg


by Johannes Thopas 1682
(Private Collection)

Portrait of a Deceased Girl, Probably Catharina Margaretha van Valkenburg


by Johannes Thopas 1682
(Private Collection)

REPRESENTATION DE LA MORT.
1593
(Victoria & Albert Museum)

Time Smoking a Picture


by William Hogarth 1761
(The British Museum)

Sterne & Death


by Thomas Patch 1768
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The GOOD MAN at the HOUR of DEATH


by Bowles & Carver after Francis Hayman c. 1766 - 1784
(The British Museum)

The GOOD MAN at the HOUR of DEATH


by Robert Sayer 1771
(Lewis Walpole Library)

Rachel (Brewer / Peale) Weeping


by Her Husband, Charles Wilson Peale c. 1772 - 1776
(Philadelphia Museum of Art)

MACARONIES DRAWN AFTER their LIFE


by Sayer & Bennett, London 1773
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The LAST DROP


by Robert Sayer 1773
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The DEATH HUNTER MACARONI


1773
(Lewis Walpole Library)

DEATH and the WOODMAN


by Carington Bowles 1776
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The DEATH of ROCHESTER.


by Wm. Humphrey 1777
(Lewis Walpole Library)

EMBLEMS OF HUMAN NATURE Or, TIMES Warning to all People


c. 1770 - 1780
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The Stages of Life


by Bennett & Sayer c. 1777 - 1783
(The British Museum)

The SORROWFUL LAMENTATION, and Last farewell to the World


c. 1770 - 1780
(Lewis Walpole Library)

Beautys Lot
1778

A DREAM by the late Lord Littleton three Nights before his Death
by R. Wilkinson 1780
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The BAD MAN at the HOUR of DEATH


by Thomas A E Chambars, Published by John Boydell 1783
(The British Museum)

VICAR and MOSES (Staggering Out to Bury an Infant after Drinking until Midnight)
by Thomas Rowlandson, published by Hannah Humphrey 1784
(The British Museum)

DEATH and LIFE controlled, or An ESSAY on MAN.


by Bowles & Carver
(Lewis Walpole Museum)

Danse Macabre & Momento Mori


by Johann Rudolf Schellenberg

LA MOR ET LES SACREMENS.


c. 1755 - 1800
(The British Museum)

French Skull & Crossbones, Possibly Used for Funerals


c. 1700 - 1800
(The British Museum)

Scottish Mortbox with Keys


Used by the Buckhaven Mortcloth Society, Fife, to Raise Money Towards Poor Relief for the Payment of Funeral Expenses
Dated 1661
(National Museums Scotland)

Charity Boxes

Judaica, Tsedakah, Likely for Hevrah Kadisham Pewter Burial Box


Dated 1742
(Antique Associates of West Townsend)

Judaica, Tsedakah, Likely for Hevrah Kadisham Pewter Burial Box


Dated 1742
(Antique Associates of West Townsend)

Judaica, Tsedakah, Likely for Hevrah Kadisham Pewter Burial Box


Dated 1742
(Antique Associates of West Townsend)

Judaica, Tsedakah, Likely for Hevrah Kadisham Pewter Burial Box


Dated 1742
(Antique Associates of West Townsend)

Undertakers
&
Grave Diggers

The Company of Undertakers


by William Hogarth 1736
(The British Museum)

The Company of Undertakers


by Bowles & Carver, After William Hogarth c. 1790
(The British Museum)

Trade Card
Late 18th Century - Early 19th Century
(The British Museum)

Trade Card for John Urwin


c. 1740 - 1765
(Museum of London)

Trade Card for George Smithson


18th Century
(Spitalfieldslife.com)

Trade Card for Henry Slater


1762
(Bodleian Library, University of Oxford)

Trade Card for Willson


c. 1785
(Bodleian Library, University of Oxford)

Trade Card for Daniel Collins


1782
(Bodleian Library, University of Oxford)

Trade Card for William Hindley


18th Century
(Bodleian Library, University of Oxford)

Trade Card for Henry Sidgier


18th Century
(Spitalfieldslife.com)

Trade Card
1745
(Private Collection)

The Grave Digger of St James's Parish 1758


by Paul Sandby
(The Royal Collection)

Funeral
Invitations & Tickets

"Memento Mori Remember to Die,"


c. 1640
(Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington DC.)

Invitation to the Funeral of Mr. Samuel Reddington


1688
(Adam Partridge)

Invitation to the Funeral of Mr. John Moor


1712
(Gilbreath - McLorn Museum)

Satirical Funeral Ticket for the Directors of the South Sea Company
by George Bickham the Elder c. 1721
(The British Museum)

Funeral Invitation
by William Henry Toms, After Antoine Coypel c. 1730 - 1750
(The British Museum)

English Funeral Invitation


1747
(Victoria & Albert Museum)

Scottish Funeral Ticket for John White


1739
(National Museums Scotland)

A FUNERAL TICKET FOR LORD LOVET


1747
(Lewis Walpole Library)

Funeral Ticket
by Thomas Dent c. 1770 - 1773
(The British Museum)

English Funeral Invitation


1752
(Private Collection)

English Funeral Invitation


1756
(Museum of London)

English Funeral Invitation


1776
(Victoria & Albert Museum)

French Funeral Invitation


1783

Funerals

The Funeral Hearse of Robert Devereux, Third Earl of Essex


by British School 1646
(The British Museum)

Decorations for the Funeral of Anne of Austria, dowager Queen of France


by Pietro del Po, after Elpidio Benedetti
(The British Museum)

...Funeral solemnities observed at the interment of his Grace John Duke of Rothes ... 23 August 1681
by Thomas Sommers 1681
(The British Museum)

...Funeral solemnities observed at the interment of his Grace John Duke of Rothes ... 23 August 1681
by Thomas Sommers 1681
(The British Museum)

...Funeral solemnities observed at the interment of his Grace John Duke of Rothes ... 23 August 1681
by Thomas Sommers 1681
(The British Museum)

...Funeral solemnities observed at the interment of his Grace John Duke of Rothes ... 23 August 1681
by Thomas Sommers 1681
(The British Museum)

FOLIES EXTRAVAGANTES DE LA FRANCE


1690
(The British Museum)

FOLIES EXTRAVAGANTES DE LA FRANCE


1690
(The British Museum)

ROU POORT VAN WITHAL


View of the Entrance to the Palace of Whitehall during the preparations for the Funeral of Queen Mary
by Pieter Persoy 1694
(The British Museum)

The Funeral Procession of Queen Mary II


Engraved by Lorenz Schem, Published by Carel Allard 1695
(Library of Congress)

Dutch Funeral Procession Willem De Derde


1702
(The British Museum)

THE FUNERAL of the LOW CHURCH, or, The WHIGS last WILL and TESTAMENT
London 1710
(Lewis Walpole Library)

THE FUNERAL of the LOW CHURCH, or, The WHIGS last WILL and TESTAMENT
London 1710
(Lewis Walpole Library)

A true Plan of the Royal Vault in King Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abby...
by John Stuart c. 1714 - 1730
(The British Museum)

Funeral Ticket
by William Hogarth c. 1721 - 1736
(The British Museum)

THE FUNERAL PTOCESSIONof the Celebrated Mr IONATHAN WILD Thief-Taker General of Great Britain & Ireland
c, 1725
(The British Museum)

THE FUNERAL PTOCESSIONof the Celebrated Mr IONATHAN WILD Thief-Taker General of Great Britain & Ireland
c, 1725
(The British Museum)

The funerall of Independency


1741
(The British Museum)

The FUNERAL of FACTION


1741
(The British Museum)

The FUNERAL of FACTION.


Printed for T. Cooper, at the Globe in Pater - noster - Row 1741
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The FUNERAL of FACTION.


Printed for T. Cooper, at the Globe in Pater - noster - Row 1741
(Lewis Walpole Library)

Industry and Idleness


by William Hogarth 1747
(The British Museum)

The IDLE 'PRENTICE Executed at Tyburn / Industry and Idleness


by William Hogarth 1747
(The British Museum)

St. JAMESs: IN OCTOBER , THE K---AT H---, MDCCL.


by T. Fox 1750
(Lewis Walpole Library)

St. JAMESs: IN OCTOBER , THE K---AT H---, MDCCL.


by T. Fox 1750
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The Funeral Procession of Madam Geneva, Sepr 29, 1751


for John Bowles & Son, London 1751
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The Funeral Procession of Madam Geneva, Sepr 29, 1751


for John Bowles & Son, London 1751
(The British Museum)

"Capt: William Henry Cranstoun With his pompous Funeral Procession in Flanders"
by Benjamin Cole c. 1752
(The British Museum)

"Capt: William Henry Cranstoun With his pompous Funeral Procession in Flanders"
by Benjamin Cole c. 1752
(The British Museum)

The Funeral of Chrystom and Marcella vindicating herself


London 1738, published 1756
(Lewis Walpole Library)

A Funeral Scene
by Paul Sandby c. 1760 - 1770
(The British Museum)

THE WEST FRONT OF ST. PAULS COVENT GARDEN.


by Edward Rooker, After Thomas Sandby 1766
(The British Museum)

THE FUNERAL PROCESSION of ANTI SEJANUS


London 1766
(Lewis Walpole Library)

THE REPEAL Or THE FUNERAL OF THE MIS AME STAMP


Prime Minister George Grenville Carries a Childs Coffin Marked Born 1765, Died 1766
(Library of Congress)

THE REPEAL Or THE FUNERAL OF THE MIS AME STAMP


Prime Minister George Grenville Carries a Childs Coffin Marked Born 1765, Died 1766
by Carington Bowles 1766
(Metropolitan Museum of Art)

THE REPEAL Or the Funeral Procession of Miss AMERIC-STAMP


Prime Minister George Grenville Carries a Childs Coffin Marked Born 1765, Died 1766
by Carington Bowles 1766
(Princeton University)

The FUNERAL of FREEDOM


c. 1769
(The British Museum)

The True Portraits of the Majority of the Par-l-t of Pandemonium


1771
(The British Museum)

A Funeral Procession
c. 1780 - 1790
(The British Museum)

A French Depiction of an English Funeral


18th Century
(Colonial Williamsburg)

An Illustration to the Lady's Magazine


after Stothard 1785
(The British Museum)

The Funeral of Trade, who died of a Mortal Stab receivd on the 13th of June 1785.
by Samuel Collings 1785
(The British Museum)

The Funeral Procession of MISS REGENCY.


by James Gillray 1789
(The British Museum)

OLD MAIDS AT A CATS FUNERAL


by John Pettit 1789
(Lewis Walpole Library)

OLD MAIDS AT A CATS FUNERAL


by John Pettit 1789
(Lewis Walpole Library)

Funeral
Hand Bells

Funeral Hand Bell used by a Parish Clerk or Sexton


Rung while the Body of the Deceased was Carried in Procession to the Church for Burial
Found Buried near Worcester Cathedral. Cast in 1638
(Victoria & Albert Museum)

Scottish Bronze Deid - Bell from Ratho Kirk Near Edinburgh


Rung to Announce a Death & Carried and Rung Before a Coffin in a Funeral Procession
Dated 1695
(National Museums Scotland)

Coffins

English Coffin
c. 1650
(The British Museum)

The Body of Countess Maria Elisabeth of Stollberg


by Johan Jakob Haid c. 1741
(The British Museum)

Margaret Dickson arising from her Coffin near Edinburgh, as She was being taken from the Place of Execution
c. 1730 - 1786
(The British Museum)

Margaret Dickson arising from her Coffin near Edinburgh, as She was being taken from the Place of Execution
c. 1730 - 1786
(The British Museum)

Like an Old Soldier...


by George Bickham the Younger c. 1731 - 1771
(The British Museum)

Like an Old Soldier...


by George Bickham the Younger c. 1731 - 1771
(The British Museum)

A Harlots Progress
by William Hogarth c. 1732
(Lewis Walpole Library)

The European Mourners: or, the Emperor's Funeral With Belleisle's Progres to Captivity
by George Bickman the Younger 1745
(The British Museum)

Watercolor
c. 1752

King Regnier's Mistress, from the Original Painting in the Convent of Celestines at Avignon
by George Keate 1754
(The British Museum)

Lead Coffin for Infant Burial


18th Century

Laurence Shirley, Earl Ferrers, in His Coffin


18th Century

Trade Card
18th Century
(Lewis Walpole Library)

Trade Card
18th Century
(Lewis Walpole Library)

Trade Card
18th Century
(Lewis Walpole Library)

A Wonderful Fish; tail-piece vignette


Attributed to Luke Clennell c. 1768 - 1800
(The British Museum)

Trade Card - Metal Work for Coffins


c. 1768 - 1820
(The British Museum)

Illustration from Tuesby and Cooper's Coffin Furniture and Ironmongery Warehouse
Southwark, England c. 1783
(Victoria & Albert)

LOVE in a COFFIN
by J. Trotter 1784
(Lewis Walpole Library)

Love in a Stone Coffin.


by Bowles & Carver
(The British Museum)

Love in a Stone Coffin.


by Bowles & Carver
(The British Museum)

SETTLING THE IRISH AFFAIRS, OR, PARTY MATTERS BURIED IN A STONE COFFIN
by William Dent, published by J. Brown 1785
(The British Museum)

SETTLING THE IRISH AFFAIRS, OR, PARTY MATTERS BURIED IN A STONE COFFIN
by William Dent, published by J. Brown 1785
(The British Museum)

Something Tells Me
Those Ladies
Arent Dead...

Copper Coffin Shaped Snuff Box


1792
(Victoria & Albert)

Austrian Memento Mori Coffin


c. 1761
(Finch & Co.)

German Memento Mori Coffin


18th Century
(J.B. A.M. OTT Fine Arts)

German Memento Mori Coffin from Augsburg


Late 17th Century
(Private Collection)

Stick Pin
18th Century
(Art of Mourning)

Stick Pin
18th Century
(Art of Mourning)

Grave Robbers
&

Dissections

THE CONSPIRATORS
by Carington Bowles 1774
(The British Museum)

Doctors Dissecting
by Samuel Ireland after John Hamilton Mortimer 1785
(The British Museum)

Trade Card
18th Century
(Wellcome Library)

Ghosts

AN APPARITION
by Richard Newton 1790
(Lewis Walpole Library)

To W-m P-t Esqr. a Ghost


London 1746
(Lewis Walpole Library)

YOUNG BATEMANS GHOST...


London 1760
(Lewis Walpole Library)

Admiral Hosiers Ghost


London 1740
(The British Museum)

A 19th Century
Acknowledgement

Broadside
by Charles Sambroke Ordoyno 1818
(The British Museum)

FUNERAL PROCESSION OF GEORGE III.


by George Cruikshank 1820
(Museum of London)

Acknowledgements
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- The 18th Century Material Culture Resource Center