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Fpohrvest 2s " “EXPLOSIVE . . - = : “ORDNANCE | : (ARMY. AMMUNITION 4 g R ae NAVY inmate cal) Mate thc en lad PRON ae He yk Bort “DEPARTMENTS OF THR ARMY- BT am AND, THE AIR FORCE. | -- Wasmivaton 25, D. C., 16 March 1953 ~ TM 9-1985-5/70 308-14, is publiohed for the information and guidance of all concerned. AG 471 26 Fob 53)} eH ‘ © By onpen or vax Secruraniss or tax Amy Axo rme Atm Fénce eer Bro 7 7 ee ane fo . oe a . oe r Ovrrctat: ‘ 7 seEAWTON COLL : WM. B. wthany aH ee, Chief of Sta, United Stale Army +* Major General, USA . y < 3. The Adjutant’ Ggnerél | Orrrcrat:” an HOYT S. VANDENBERG = * +0 KE, TEOEBAUD eee J Ohief of Staff, United States Air Force Air Adjutant General Disramézion: Actice Army. =. @); MDW (1)7 A @)5 CQ (2); Div (2); Sch () except 8 (), 9 ‘ay; Dep § @); POF (), OSD () PRER 0 6); ‘Ars 0 (1); Proc Dist 9 (1); T/0 & Es 6-800 FA, FB, FO, FE, FF (1). NG: No ie 8 Army RescMe: None. : For explanation of distribution formula, see SR 310-90-1. Baie fe CONTENTS Og "VOLUME: 8 - = Chapter 4. Army Ammunition: - "1's Seetion 1: Arty Projectites. . + ~ Section 3. Army Rockets -- ‘Section 3.’ Army Mortars... * Section"4. “Army Project Ib Picea Ghoprér 5. Novy Ammunition “"Seetion 1. Navy ee Section 2. Navy Rockets Section 3. Navy Morthrs .- Sention 4. Navy Projectile Fates : kr i G. JAPANESE AMMUNITION—EXPLANATORY NOTES E ‘sid mark (or type) and modification number. Japaneg#Weapons non 1, The bore diameter of Japanese Army weap-, ona _measyres an even number ‘of millimeters (metric syftem). However, the guns are ‘decig.) nated heir “nominal izes, gunually to. the nearest yes centimeter. a 2. The“bore diameter of Jupantse Navy weap-~ fons quite often measures to. an even inch in keeping with. the English system, though some common Navy guns are designed ‘witha bore diameter in am even number of millimeters. The , Navy also designates its guns by néminal sizes, ‘ vusually to tie nearest even centimeter. 3. Tor avoid. corifusion, ammunition is classified in this book by the nominal ‘ore size of the weapon according to the Japanese nomenclature with the actual’ size given in parenthesis. In 2 {Navy ammunition, above 5-em, the actiial sizé is given in both metric and English FBeasurement. 4. Both services designate: the size of guns under 5-cm by the actual ize in millimeters, e. g. 47-mm, 40-mm, 30-mm, 20-mm. cs Clastificction of Projectiles Army Projectiles ‘The Japantse nomenclature ‘for projectiles is, followed as far as practicable. The Japanese Army, terminology ia self-explanatory and con-__ forms fatrly well with U: 8. custom. Needing some explanation are the terms A. P, and.A P-H.E, ¥ : ? A. P- inidicates « projectile handed fof piercing heavy armor, for example, artior plate of-thick- * ‘nese equal to or greater than the caliber sf the “projectile. These Projectiles have an H. E. bursting charge, 0 ‘ : A. PH. E. ‘indicates a solid-nosed’ projectile “in general similar to the A. P. but designed for * goueh lighter penotrasion. These.carry an #1. E. charge approaching that of a standard H. E. projectile. Hence,. the term A. P.~H. E. is - intended ‘to indicate” ite: intermediate status det an H, E, projéptile and a*heavy Navy Projectiles » ~ The classification and designation of Navy pro- jectiles by ‘the Japancee is: highly: irregular and * cumbersome. Complete and schurate identifies tion of‘ projectile requires identification of the gun, descriptive nomenclature of the projectile, wv " : . ¢ fe ge armor- pi projectile. A. P.-H. E. projectiles taf paifited like H. E. projectiles but obyiously may be differentiated by’ their form: Example: 14'em/50 Ordinary i (Gun) (Geperal type of For projectile) ‘Type 0 . + (Design number) : this reason an arbitrary system of nomen- clature is used in this book. Japanese Navy nomenclature is given as sub-title where known, + In Jepancos Navy nomenclature all projectiles light armor-piercing typgs) are designdted with a relatively high “op charge (iricluding s) TSUJODAN, which may/be translated eifher “Ordinary “ Projéetile” or “Conimon Projectie” Since this is a composite group incliding standard high explosive projectiles 3 well as light pene- trating types, the translation “Ordinary” is used in this book for Japanese designations and the term “Common” is reserved for specific use aa @ descriptive title for light wengtrating -types of projectile (solid nose, base-fuzed) in accordance with the U. 8. meaning of “Common . jectiles having a point detonating fuze are devig- Pro: nated “High Explosive” to, conform with U. S. terminology. ° Abbreviatjons ee The following abbreviations will be used in this section: * : A.A.M.G. Antiaircraft Machine Gun. AC Aircraft Cannon A.C.M.G. Aircraft Machine Gua. ALP. Armor-Piercing. . ATP.I. ) Armor-Piercing Incendiary. AUP.T.° Armor-Piercing Tracer A. TK. Anti-tank : ¥ gE. High*Explosive. HE A.T., High-Explosive Anti-tank 4 Glollow Charge) EEL High-Explosive Incendiary. HLEWLT. High-Explosive incendiary HLE.T. — Bigh-Explosive Tracer. H.M.G. Heavy Machine Gun. 1 “Incendiary. LT. Incondiary"Tracer: 7 L.M.G. Light Macaine Gun. MK Mark. * 8 MOD Modification. 8:D. Self-Detroying. TK. Tank. : W. P- White Phosphorus. . ( Japanese Army. weapons are generally copies of INTRODUCTION * 7 : ‘ TION oy * -German or French designs or are developed follow- . ing their customs. Japanese weapona ineffective, . . | This is particularly true in considéring amall ‘arms for if the Japaneso ever mada any serious Attentpt to standardize small arms and smell arm, ammunition there is little evidence of it in the many differenit calibers and types in uso by them. The standard Weapon prior to-1930 was 6.5 mn, “but shortly therosfter this was superseded by 7.7 mm weapons. However, ‘this change was “never complete and 6.5,mra weapons wer used extensively in the last war. The foreign itifluence is apparent’ particularly after 1939 when aircraft machine guns of German and Italian design were copied. ty tp ON The earlier sircraft machine guns and aircraft canhon’ were either modifications of Japanese ground mounts or copies of foreign guns: ‘In more recent years, however, the Japanese designed air- craft cannon as large as 120 mm,” but nothing or than 57 mun was ever put in servicd uso. > “Most Japanese, artillery weapons were charac. terized by their immobility aa very-few of them were designed for rapid motor’ transport. Al. though 105 mm and 150 mm weapons were frequently encountered, the standard field piece was 75 mm. reece + t vlery pieces and @ 1054 - Tn compatison with weapons ° ‘used by other-countries in the past fow years, the ‘*sppeer to be outmoded’ and One outstanding characteristic of Jepanced’: Army ammunition is the large variety of types ‘and sizes of mortars which were in use. Mortars were'used not only os infantry support weapons but also es artillery pieces. "They ranged in size from the 50-mm Grenade. Discharger to ~the - 820-mm Spigot Mortar. » ‘The standard Antiairerdft Gun was @°75-min, gun but there was also an 88-miiAntiaireraft Gun which was one of theif most effective ertil- A. A, gun. The Japancae has designed a 150-mm Antiaireraft Gun for the defense of the home islands’ but this was used only in the last few mohths of the war. , The nowest trend in’ research and development in “ammunition was algng the line of rockets, Very, fow types during the war but there were many experimental models of antitank and artillery rockets in develop- ment, raging in size from 75 may to 60.can. Revedroh was also’ being’ conducted on smooth- . bore.and recoilless weapons but this. was @ rela- tively new program ‘and none of thase weapous * was ever developed beyond the experimental stage, a Ef 265 * of Japanese rockets were used. * JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 266, ARMY—OLD COLOR SYSTEM RED ~ "FILLED BLACK BODY FELLING IDENTIFICATION “BAND, YELLOW BAND - #.E. PRESENT ~ WO BAND ~ BLACK POWDER WHEN 7 RED-T1 PRED, WEIGHT VARIATION MARK OATA PROJECTILE FILLED ae SYMBOL: OF PLACE FILLED METAL {DENTIFICATION BAND: "WHITE BAND = HiGH GRADE STEEY GREEN BAND - LOW GRADE STEEL. NO BAN CAST IRON * “DATE ‘PROPELLANT MANUFACTURED Common Explosive Types Japanese characters giving the type number of the projectile (painted on. projectile) and type number of the gun. (painted on the case) appear only when there is chance of confusion with similar projectiles or cases. & \ * Special-Purpose Projectiles ey “Projectiles designed’ for: special purposes aye: painted black oyer ‘all: and are, identified by ‘special symbol stenciled viear the’ idle’ of the body... For a list of thesé projectiles and symbols, 1 Toler to:the-new.¢olor system. iv “YELLOW - Lister’ UE cwowe sac ¢ apn dancin: RED + vou “The variation of- individual projectiles from standard weight is important. in the’ ballistics ‘problem and. can be corrected for ingetting’ sight ‘The: varintjon is therefore indicated by plus > minus signs painted on ‘ JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE & EE i: 7 "ARMY—NEW COLOR SYSTEM he new aybtem is besed on the old system, bub ‘designed as @ simplification in which fewer color bands are uéed. Body color of projectiles distinguishes broad groups, Color bands designate moro specific features. The use of accessorf markings such as tyge numbers, weight: marks, x dates, and arsenal symbols is the same in both s ystems. : RED ~ “FILLED BLACK BODY COLOR YELLOW - H.€,-HIGH GRADE STEEL GREEN ~ H.€.~SEMI-STEEL REO > SHRAPNEL OR CANNISTER WHITE .- ARWOR-PIERCENG ‘ . YELLOW . GREEN” H€-TRACER’ WHITE * 7 GREEN” PoP -~TRACER: * A.» *THE PRESENCE OF A TRACER 1S HOT ALWAYS INDICATED. e Common Explosive Types : Hollow chargé ammunition is distinguished: from other types in the H. E. high grade steel Gellow band) group by, the presence of tho symbol od 9 Pa ‘ EEE INTRODUCTION TO ARMY AMMUNITION Chemical (Gas or Liquid Filled) Projectiles = oe b. i eo *FULeo" ~ EXPLOSIVE coMPonEATS © BLUE "FILLED? ~ L1QUID COMPONENTS s YELLOW BLISTER BLUE =" CHOKE % BROWN ~ BLOOD AND NERVE. RED * = VOMIT. GREEN, ~ TEAR ; > @ Special PuroyePrietles ie 1g Projectiles designed. for special purposes as listed below are identified by the over-all: body color and by a special syigbol stenciled near the ae midge of the body. «fat Projectile Celer of bedy’ Symbol « ” i 7 Sano (igual o screen White ya : ; ae Inenniasy (nonliquid)...” Yellow..2° A - _ Mluminatin : Fey sow : Target = : Sa . : eS Sandefilled Zz ae i oe 8 c 269 COPPER sacKET tit Leao cone W000 . i. 270 ad : ca ye * ets : : ‘Chapter 4+Section 1 i : ee . 4 H . ARMY PROJECTILES : as le = Wooden 2" 2s inches. | 2 inches. 3 eo Projectile & CaN or te. ar : 7 “Panto ofwood. 2 * Projectile of paper. ' x * ‘Type 96 L. M.G. > * Mype'38 carbine, ae BEEP ae : 1). Type 44 carbines 7%,” > * eee eee eee eee . *~ “. Remirka: Ammunition’ when used in rifies and. “ri@e to launch the rifle smoke grenade,” The Et light machisje ‘guns’ will be found in* clips of 5: paper bullet round is used to.launch rifle grenades. 7 “rounds each. When used in the heavy tmaehine * , ‘The propelling powder used in the blank.rounds is © -"Fuba it will be fourid in, feeder stripe of 30.rounds ‘nitrocellulose whilé in the other rdunds it, ia each.”Tho wooden bullet round is used with the ‘erphitcontad nit ellos 7 Reo 7 —— LEAD. ei cece fa oa o ac mk Ban ‘ 7 ¢ “ : - : @ £ y : s a 7 a x Figure 202—Type 99 (Rimless) 7.7-mm Ammunition. " Von dee ae ‘ ww we | “oF Wn Ammunition me ‘Ay P. (Inch) ‘Tracer (neh) Wooden » Length of projectile ‘Weight of projecti ‘Type 92 HM. G, > ‘Type 1H. M.G. Type 97 TK. MG. “Type 99 modified rifle. Type 2 rifle. . " ‘Color aid maggings: | ot Bs Eye : , we, Remintkas: The, hoary, machine guns use feed °° : , “os. | tripe of 30 rounds. ‘Wha ed in ight mnaljne SS : > ‘guns and tho rifle, {hia ammunition is packed! in tie valet 94 Geotind clipes : 7 Be iSE Eg In'ad eth ual ra cre cao, . me : 7 PA Bes ‘ammunition with a’steel ‘case, hai boot found. ve os JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE ‘ - 274 ~~ = RUG, PIERCING INCENDIARY we STEEL CUPRO-NICKEL a i BLACK BAND) AGENTA BAND Pink gan Figuie 203—Type 92 (Semirinined) 7.7-mm Ammunition. Weapons in which used: ‘Type 89 Flexible A. C. ‘Type 89 Flexible A. C. ‘Type 89 Fixed A.C. M. ‘Type 92 H. M. G. Color and markings: ‘Tee Remake: Tho type 02 heavy machine gun inses feed strips of 30 rounds. When used for aircraft flexible machine guns, this ammunition is packed in S-round clips in « manner corresponding to the Packing ‘of rimless, rile ammunition; but the ARMY PROJECTILES . Type 92 CSemisimmed) ai-nm Ammunition a ar Ter asada Over-all length he 3K 3K Whe BM, Length of case’ 2% 2% 2% ey Ihe Kel oR ls Kk Weight of projes 203 162 155 162. +. 162 Consiruetion: : : a Prabrteore Lead. “+ Hard steel. .@ W. P. nd lead, P. ELT. N. and Iead. .& clip is of larger size to accommodate the larger bore offthe semirimmed type. ‘The P. E. T. N. in the H. E. round is set off by the heat of impact. iH e 275 lcenouay sapuoR PIERCING ~ SH i ee cat rs a * Figure 104-72 Ant ri in Amin. oa Aircraft’ Machine Gun ‘Ammunition. ‘Constrivetion: ‘Type. Projectile jacket — Prdjectile'core ea cetee = 7 Gilling metal. Lead. pat CuNi TD Hard ateet Overall length (inch). BXa.—3¥ oun WP. ad lead Length 2% Cunt PET N. and Length of projee- do.. 1K... ceric head. ' i teeetetcen . Weapons in which used: Bren type I. M,C, Weight of pro-(grams). 180. 182... a2... ‘Type 98 flexible A. C. MG. ject. oy ‘Type 100 flexible A. C. M..G. Color and markings: > ‘Type Bands ALP Baek “ Incendiary...” Magentar HEL.) White Remarks: The Bren type L. M. G. uses @ box- type magazine similar to the U.S. B.A. R. The type 8 arid type 100 A. C. M. G. use a saddle type magazine. 8-mm Pistol Ammunition & ‘ : Over-all length: 1% inches. . | Length of case? "%s inch. 7 Length of projectile: +% inch, Weight of projectile: 102 grams. Construction: Type: Ball. 5 : Projectile jacket; CuNi, Projectile core: Lead. Figure 205—8-mm Pistol Ammunition. f ARMY PROJECTILES Weapons in.which used: Nambu pistol. 7 Type 14 pistol : “Type .94 pistol. “Solothurn” submachine gun. “Bren Type” submachine gun Type 100 submachine gun. “Remarks: The propelling case is rimless and made of: brass. There is a teae-ges round, but specifications indicate that this is a relatively large missile and it is probably Inunched trem the pistol somewhat in the manner of launcifing grenades from a rifle. - 9-mmm Pistol Antmunition Over-all length: 1 inches. Length of case: "%s inch : Length of projectile: inch. Weight of projectile: 150 grams. Figure 206—9-mm Pistol Ammunition. 277, ~ | foe 7 e JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE. = Congtruction: . pe: Ball. Projectile jacket: ‘CuNi, Projectile core: Lead, Weapons in which used: ‘Type 26 revolver (Webley type). Smith and Wesson pistol, Remarks: Tho’ propelling case is rimless and mado of brass. Thero is a tear-gas round, similar _ to thet mentioned for,the 8-mm pistol. func — siee IE oars ri i i ET (tata) Ae. Bhs. Weight of projectile. - Construction: zi z ' 4 t Ball. «GUN: ! ence P, B./P-N. incendiary aiid steal P.E,'T. N. incendiary und ste P. BTN. incenuitry and std. Steel!” Lead tip, stecl core. ne Brass - Brass: “HH 1 (fazed Tealian) HL Bal. (fuzelese).. “Tracer. ALP» (Ltalian)” Weapons int which us = Color and markings: Gilding metal! OM.G.., ‘or greéni and white, White. ‘ Purple. wg Rea, biue, or green body. Green. Black tip, on nose. Remarks: ‘This ammunition was copied by the - fuzed differs from the Italian round in ‘that the fuze ‘Jopancee from the Talians. OF the two H. TE. I. used is ‘of two-piece constructién- instead ‘of o: fuzed ‘rounds, ojie is Ttaliati-and the other isa This ammunition is packed in-10-round cartons Tapancae’ copy, of it. The Japanese’ H."E. I. “nd is reloaded into meta link bolts for use. 279 JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE x 7 ql SWE G7 aN tanK Set atreRarT Gi, & Hod AIRCRAFT GN TYPE ge ani -anecaart 2 att TN cok Figure 208—Type 97 anid Fyse 98 20-mm Ammunition. * Type 97 and Type 98 20-mm Ammunition There are four Army 20-mm guns using similar projectiles and three of these guns use the same cartridge case. The guns using the small size cartridge case are the type 97 antitank gun, the - Ho 1 (fexible)-and Ho 3 (fixed) aircraft. guns. ‘The type 98. antiaircraft/antitenk gun uses the large size cartridge case. Small Large Propellant: ‘The propellant is graphited smoke- . be ry hey leas powder made in single perforated cylindrical 129.9 208.3 grains approximately 1% mm in diameter and 3 Both coses are made of drawn brass and aro “mm in length. ‘The weight of the propellant in of the rimless type. ‘The case is crimped to the erie apie projectile by three long crimps and sealed by a ’ thi small 35.8 grams and, in the large ease, clear lacquer. | 58.0 grams. 280 ; : eee see ARMY PROJECTILES . ' 20-mm High-Explosive Tracer Projectile Remarks: This projectile is made of steel with : . two cavities separated by @ septum. ‘The round Over-al] length: 8%« inches. is characterized by a sharp bourrelet., Length of projectile: 3'% inches. Weight of projectile: 4.54 ounces. 7 He Filling: Cyclonite, tracer composition, Type 98'20-mm High-Explosive Tracer Color end markings: Biack body with yellow Projectil band just aft of bourrelet and white band for- ward of rotating band Over-all length: 72%, inches. Fuzing: Type 93 small instantaneous fuze. ' Length of projectile: 2'%4, inches. ** “Weapons in which used: Type 08 antiaircraft/- 8 antitank gun. aces yun : x0 r : : i sercnste . 7 | Pt ctcionte : ue : . satin + | { & i YELION, I ‘| tect TE cen Ye : te Figure 209-20-mm ee Tracer Projectile Figure 210—Type 98 20 -mm High-Explosive Trocer ijectile. > eae « ‘ 3 28! JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE : 7 Filling: Cyclonite, tracer-composition, Type 100 20-mm H. E. T. (Self-Destroying) Fuzing: Type 93 small instantaneous fuze. ~ Project Color and markings: Black body with red band if ea “type 97 A/TKC Type 98 AAJA/TIC * Over-all length... 7K inches... 8's inches. forward’ of rotating bend. « AWK Tength of projec: 8%uinches,-. 8% inches ipst aft of bourrelet, green, and yellow bands (Type 98) is stenciled on the body. Weight of projec- 4.7 grams... 4.7 grams. Weapons in which used: Type 97 antitank gun. tile. Remarks: This projectile is made of steel, with Filling: Cyclonite, tracer, composition two cavities separated bysp septum. + Fuzing: Type 100 experimental projectile used - @ type 93. small instantaneous fuze; other iw Projectiles use type 100 small instantancous fuze. , Color and’ markings: Black body with red band just aft of bourrelet, green and yellow bande . forward of rotating band. Type 100 has Eee -_ oO ox stenciled on body, type 100 7 experimental be = QOH St stenciled on ‘body, and type 100 Mod 1 haa at : -oost HE stenciled on body, Weapons in which used: ‘Type 97 antitank gun. = i seus sTagr ne Type 98 ae : yeu: Remarks: The projectile is made of steel wilf——~ + two cavities separated by a septum. Leading aut roroee through the septum and into the explosive cavity is a black powder lead-in, When the Laver bas burned out it will ignite the Jeed-in win‘el will detonbte the explosive Ailing. Phere is an earlier model of this projectile, designated type 100 Experimental which does not have # self-destroying feature ‘There is also a type 100 Mod 1 which ditfers from this projectile in that it id tilled with black powder instead of eyclonite 20-mm High Explosive Incendiary Projectile Over-All length: 7'%,inebes. Length of case: 4% inches. Length of projectile: 3%¢ inches. ‘Weight of projectile: 4.48 ounces. > Figure 211—Type 100 20-mm High-Explosive Tracer Filling: Cyclonite, incendiary compositien, (Self-Destroying) Projectile, Fuzing: Type 93 small instantaneous fuze. A 282 : ‘ FE . y : i : & ARMY PROJECTILES” oe Remarks: The projectile is mado’ gf steel. ‘Tt contains two pelléts, the forward one, surrounding 2 the fuze gaine, is cyclonite while the after pellét is an incendiary mixture, -y 20-mm High-Expitotive Incendiary (Ma 201) 7 * Projectile Over-All length: 7% inches. Length of,case: 4% inches. | excuse ——rewon * ctnbiany ic | "Figure 212—20-mm High:Explosive Incendiary Projectile. Qblor and matkings: Black body with red band “just abeft bourélet, yellow band forward of rotating ban 1@ characters 7 ee (fixed or flexible machine cannon) aro stenciled down the body. ’ DARE ; _ ‘Weapéns in which used: Ho-I- (flexible) and Ho-8 Figur 213-20-mm High-Explosive licendiory,” (Gixed) aireraft-cannon, (MA 201) Projectile. . - eee "283 4 ‘ an ; “ . é JAPARESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Length of projectile: 31%, inches Weight of projectile: 3.85 ounées. Filling: P. T. . N., incendiary composition, Fuzing:, Fwzeless Coli and markings: Black body with red band abaft bogrelet. Characters SQ — (201) arg stencilled on the body. A Weapons in which used: Ho-1 (flexible) and Ho-3 (fixedy aireraft easinon. Remarks: The projectile is mado of ptecl. “A brass nose piece filled with P. E. T. N. threads into the incendiary filled projectile. “Detonation of the, projectile is accomplished hy the Grushing action of the P. E. T. N. filled"nose piece, 20-mim High- plonve Incendiary Trac rojectile Over-All Tength: 7 '% inches. * Lengih of projectile: 4% inches, Length of case: 4% ine Filling: Cycloniye, incendiary composition, tracer composition. Fusing: Type 100 smell instantaneous fuze, Color tind markings: Black body with red band just ubaft bourrelet, green and yellow bands before . rotating band. ‘ Characters” SE B Fie (flexible or fixed machine cannon) itenciled on body. a fapons., in. which used: Hog (flexible) and ° Ho- (fixed) aireraft cannon. “+: Remarks: The projectile ig made of stecl and “has two cavities, a main charge cavity anda racer cavity, separated bya septum. The main charge’ cavity contains two pellets, the forward one, fisting around ‘the fuze" gaine, is cyclonite while the after one js aa incendiary mixture. A+ sass shoe y ritce oeay : . Figure 214-20. -mem bok cplosive Incendiary Tracer Proje ‘ i i ; ARMY PROJECTILES Color and inirkings: Bluek body with re bad f just abeft bourrelet, green and yellow’ bande before rotating band, Characters -ooxk = FE (type 100 Mod 2) are stenciled on body. Weapons in which used: ‘Type 98 ‘antiaircraft/ antitank gun. . Remarks: This i¢ tho same projectile’ as the type,100.and type 100 Mod ‘1 H. E. ‘T., but uitwe is“no high explosive ‘other than that used in the gaine: - S0-0m)AimorPorcis Tracer Projectile _ Type STA/TH + “Ho-t and Hot” < Overall length... “7% inches... 7 vices. Length of case... 4% inches... 4% iuctivg. Length of projec- 3%: inches... 3M; iuches. tile, Weight of projec- 6.5 ounces.__ 5.5 ounces. Type 98 AL. A/T Over-all length 88 inches Lerigth of ease. 5K inches, 7 Length of projectile 3%: inches. / Weight of projectile 22 8.6 ounces, Filling: Tracer composition. | a ° Color and marking: Hard round (type 100): black Figure 215~Type: 100 Mod 2 20-mm'l, T: body, green and white bands before rotating ; (Self-Destroving) Projectile. : beind medium-round (typo 97): hae . & ferret : 7 00 at Type 100 Mod 2 20-mm it. (Self Desnoyinig) (type 100) fieectat c stenciled on the bouy, black body; green band _ ‘Over-All length: 8'%, inches. * ” before rotating band soft. round (type 97 wub- ‘Length of projectile: 3% inched. |. stitute): .black over-all. Filing: Incendiary’ composition, tracer ‘compési- Weapons in which used: Type ¥7 antitank gua, tion, _ Ho-i (Gexible) and Ho-3 (fixed) aircraft « Fuzing: Type 100 small iistantaneous faz’, < « on, type 98 antisircreft/entivank gun . BEEee ra eee a) - ‘ JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE. Figure 216—20-mm Armor-Piercing Tracer Projectile. : Ne . « Remarks: This,projectile is a solid: steel: shot with a tracér cavity drilled into the base, .This prejectile, with different colored tracers and mark: ings, is used in three guns. ‘There are-three types. ‘of rounds differing in grades of hardness’ of steel. “Ho-5 20-1 Ammonition ‘The latest Army 20-mm gun developed is tlie Ho- ajroraft gun' which is of excellent design and ahs * : representa, considerable improvement over pre- vious Army 20-inm aircraft machine guuis, Case: Length: 3*%s inches. Diameter of base: "fs inches Material; Brass, . Weight (empty): 11.5 grams.” ‘The case is of the rimlesé type'and has « slight taper toward the neck. ae Propellant: The propellant is 21.4 grams of graphited smokeless powder in fine cylindrical grains. 5 7 practice Posecrice j——-— Pore air aucins OURGE , Figure 217—HO-5 20-mm Ammunition. ‘ ' ARMY PROJECTILES -cvcuow te w a rio ( cen an TT eats ew ! i Le ‘ Au Figure 218—Type 2 ond Type 2 Modified 20-mm High-Explosive Incendiary Projectile. Type 2 and Type 2 Modified 20-mm H. E. I. 5 » Projectile Overall length: 5% inches. Length of projectile: 2% inches (fuzed). ‘Weight of projectile: 77.4 grams (fuzed): . - Weight of filling: “. Cyclonite, type 2 modified: 3.4 grams. Cyclofite, type 2: 0.4 grams, Incendiary composition: 3.7 grams. Filling: Cyclonite and incendiary composition Puxing: ‘Type 2: Type 2 Small Tnstuntanvous or type 2 sinall instaritancous modified fuze Type 2 Modified: Type 4 superdetorating fuze. Color and markings The type 2 projectile is painted Suck over alll and in some cases has & yellow bund aroused body. Type 2 modified projectile is painted silvere ‘gray over all. Remarks: The differenve between the type 2 and the type 2 modified is in the fuze” The type 2 projectile uses a fuze that has an external gaine and thus has less explosive filling than che type 2 modified projectile which uses & fuze with the gaine built into the fuze body. : . Type.4 20-mm H. E. T. (Ma 209) Projectile Over-all length: 5% inches. * Length of projectile: 2s inches. ‘Weight of projectile: 78.2 grams (fuzed). Weight of filling: OPE. T. Ni: 3.2 grams Incendiary composition: 8.7 grams Filling: P. B. T. N, and incendiary composition (barium nitrate, aluminum powder, magnesium powder, and wax). Fuzin, ‘ Color and markings: Black over all with charac- tors = Q se (202) stenciled ov ule body. Fuzeless. Remarks: ‘The projectile is made of steel with a brass nose piece threaded to it, The nose piece is filled with P. B. T.N. and is designed to explode by the crushing action of impact. An 287 JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE bias nose piece PET e FECT ea. Fre 219—Type 4 20-mm High-Explosive Incendiary (MA 202)| Projectile, incendiary mixtute contained in-the steal body is separatéd from the high explosive bye fat + pad and a threaded brass dise, This disc two lead-in holes, Type 2 20-mm Armor-Piercing Tracer Projectile. Over-All length: 5% inches, - a “Length of projectile: 24 inches, 288 Weight, of projectile: Soft round: 112. 7 grams, Medium round: 116.7 grams: Hord round: 119.5 grams, Weight, of filling: 7.0 grams. Filling: Tracer composition Color tind markings: F “Soft round: black over-all. Medium round: black with green band around body. Figure 220—Type 2 neon eimai Tracer - Hard round:, Black with a green and a white ‘band around body. Characters xt (type 2) are stenciled on the body. Remarks: Thoro are threo different models of this projectile differing in the grades of hardness of the.steol. This difference is indicated by the color markings. +_ARMY PROJECTILES 20-mm Practice Projectile Over-Alll length: 5% inches. Length of projectile: 2% inches Weight 6f projectile: 61.0 grams, Filling: None, Color and markings? Black over-all Remarks: ‘The projectile approximates the shapo.of the type 2 HELL. projectile, It is unfilled and closed at the base by # threaded plug. 37-mm High-Explosive Incendiary Projectile Over-all length of projectile: 89 mm (3% inches) without fuze, Length of complete round: 197mm (7% inches) fused. ‘Diameter at bourrelet: 87-4nm (+tol.). 1 Width of rotating band: 10 mm (#4, inch). Weight of projectile Slled: 436.2 grams. Filling: Cyclonite and incendiary mixture * Weapons in which used: Ho-203 aircraft cannoh. Case: Length: 111.5 mm. Diameter at base: 47.0 mun. Weight, (empty): 226.5 grams: ‘The case is comparatively short, made of brass, end is slightly necked. Propellant: Graphited sinokeless “powder in flat 4-nim squares poured loosely into the case and sealed in with a cardboard disc. .The weight of the propellant is 50.8 grams. Color and markings: Black body, red nose band, yellow body band: Characters GroO= “(Ho 203) are stenciled on’ the body. 7 Fung: Type 100 0 gmall instantaneous fuze. Remarks: This projectile is constructed in two pieces. . It has’ a nearly straight-sided main body ‘and an ogivel-shaped nose piece which threads into-the main body. ‘The main charge is cyclonite and an incendiary mixture. The inceidiary mix- ture is pressed into the base of the cavity, with the cyclonite filling the remainggr of the cavity andthe nose piece. =. 289 : JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Figure 222—37-mm High-Explotive Incendiary * Projectile. ‘There, is also an empty practice. projectile similar‘in appearance to the H. B. I. but having the nose piece and dummy, fuze constructed: in one piece. ‘The projectile is painted black over- all and. has Fa O S_ Ho 20s) and stenciled on the body. 290 37-mm High-Explosive Incendiary Projectile Over-all length of projectile: .89 aim (3% inches) without fuze. Length of complete round: 246 mmm (9*Ks inches) tured, : Diameter at bourrelet: 37 mm (<. tol.), Width of rotating band: 10 mm. Weight of projectile empty: 398.3 grams, Filling: Mixture of eyclonite and -wax and in- cendiary composition. venion | ———incenoranr conten T10H }———— orci Te - Figure 293—37-mih High-Explosive Incendiary Projectile. Cope SA ian ene iether “only one cavity into which both the. incendiary Nw . “ARMY PROJECTILES Weapons in which used: Ho 204 aireraft cannon. Case: : , Lengths 144.0 mm, see Diameter at base: 43.5 mm. ‘Weight-(empty): 381.2 grams, : ‘Tho case is of tho rimless type and is slightly necked. Propellant: Graphited sthokeless powder in flat 4mm squares poured loosely into the case and sealed in with a cardboard-disk. ‘The weight” of the propellant is 75.1 grams. Color and markings; Black body, red nose tip, yellow body band. "Characters ¥=¢qB (Ho 204) are stenciled on the body. 4 Fuzing: Type 4 super-detonating fuze. F Sea Lace bey. Remarks: ‘The ammunition for the Ho 204 . | uses the same projectile as the Ho 203 ammunition, but the caso is longer. The projectile is constructed in two pieces: a straight sided main body and an ogival-shaped nose which screws into the maig body. ‘There is and high-explosive filling are preased. : 37-mm Practice Projectile” Over-all length of projectile: 124 mm (4% inches). ‘Length of case: 144 mm (5*%s itches). Length of complete round: 247 min (9'%, inches.) Diameter at bourrelet: 37 mm (+ tol). Width of rotating band: 8 mm. ease rus 1 Fillings Sawdust. : ‘Weapons in which used: Ho 204zaireraft cannon. ‘ ‘ Color and markings: pesaeniatsaia all. Figure 224—37-mm Practice Projectile. Fuzing: None. Remarks: This projectile has the appearance of o an A. P. projectile. It ia sawdust filled apd has . ~ = the cavity closed by a base plug. 29 SISSIES te JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE - 292 : i : ( ARMY PROJECTILES 37-mm Ammupition ‘There are gight 37-mm antitank and tank guns, all sizes of which use the same projectiles but have different cartridge ‘cases. Presented below is in- formation on the cases and the’ propellant, Cases: : u Gun Mitinse (omni) beth Markings ditehes) (canter) (inches) ‘Type 11th year isfan- i iy tie u rene ettcet rok OEE ‘Typo 94 tan a4 |. 5% x a Be 7 + ‘Type 94 antitank’. 2K 13.0 6h ee Ba ( : Mm 130° OK Be A et Lo eo ee oom: > : ; : ek ‘Type 97 antitank** 2 151 o% : ‘Type | antitank**. he 22.7 9% : Ihe (227. O% ~ Bx ‘Binee the iype 94 antitank, type 98 tank, aid type 100 tank guna sise tha same eartridge case, canes will be found i". “marked for individual guns or for all three guts. ‘The cases for thé. type 97 and’type 1 sotitenk guns oan he distinguished by the faot:that the typé 97 is almost straight, whereas the type 1 has 4 pronounced tieck... The type I tank and type 1 antitank guns use the seme case. Propellant: : Type 1th year infantry gun: 1.85 oz. of ‘graphited smokeless powder inthe form of flakes poured into the case and sealed with a cardboard closing aise. ‘Type 94 tank gun: 2.7 oz. of graphited amoke- lesa) powder: in the form of rectangular ‘flakes. : ~] ‘Type 94 antitank gun, type 08 gun, and type 100 tank gun: 4.3 ounces’ of graphited smokeless powder in the form of unitubular grains contained ine silk bag, ‘Type 97 antitank gun; 5.0 ounces of graphited smokeless powder in the form of short, cylindrical grains contained in a silk bug. : 293 JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE gee 4630, Figure 226—37-min Type 94 High-Explosive: >, Figure 297—Type 94 37-mm Armot-Pievcing ” oe Projectile, i : HighExplosive Projectile. if ARMY. PROHECTILES > : | Type 94 37-ma High-Explosive Projectile 7 7) os Type L Al. + 73 an whfix ‘skh, “ethic TRB ett eis 125 .mm 125. nim 9125 mm 125 mm 125 mm i w/o fuze. -wjo ftize. w/o tuze:*-w/o fuze." _ w/o fone, 349 mm 266 “mm. 223. mm’ 349 fam 221 mm’. e fused, tured, fuzed. ~ ftized “fuged Diameter at bourrelet_ 37 mm__ 37 mm_ 37mm, Width of rotating bind. 2° 8mm &.mg. 8 mm Simm. Weight f projectile filled: S98--gramis . \ , Over-all length of proje Length of complete ro ‘Weapons isi whichiused: AN'3; 5 Color and markings: Black body, ri noee'band, yellow Body band (some round my heve white bady bund added). E Bo Fuzing: Type 93 inal instantaneous fuze. E 7 ‘ ee Remarks: This steel projectile ig filled with ‘ TNG and picric acid. -'The after two-thirds of — : : a the' projectile cavity is filled-with high gradé-east ENT. Tho forward one-third of -the. projectile eee ‘ - cavity isefilled with pictic agid. ‘The entire burst. : fe * * ~~ ing charge is encloged in‘a heavy waxed paper : sy Heed = “ casing with » double. thickness between the ‘TNT ee qe and picrig acid charge. 2 af : woe aia Type 94 37-mm Armor-Piercing High-Explosive Projectile = pace ) Snype 94TH Type 94 ATK Type s7arR HE Overall length of proj af rim 114 mms 114 mm Lm, : w/o.fuze. w/o fuze” —_w/o,fuze. _@ w/o Ture. Length of complete round... 228 mm 262° mm = $45- mm * 228 min ha fuzed. fused. + fuzed, fuze Diameter at hourrelet . 37 mm_.-. 37 mm_ +37 mm. S)Wideh of rotating band. 9.0'mm>. 8.5mm." jpons jn-whieh used: : eae ‘i i * ', Typé 11th year Infantry gun. i ra ‘Type 9s TK gun, Z aoe Ei ‘Ty pe 94 arititank gun, ut : “Type 97 antitank gun. aoe ® : ‘Type 98 TK gun. 9 - \ + : +. ‘Type 100 TK gun. * see . Color aud markings: Black body, red idee tip, ns whiie body band,“ , Fuzing: Type 94 small-delay Bane fuse. ae : Remaiks; ‘This projectile is made'of high grade ee ee ~ : ateel.’: The main charge cavity contains’ a small i » wooderi plug in the forward portion and a paper 4 ae covered pieric acid charge aft of the wooden nose”. is .: plug. ‘The Type 94 small delay base fuze screws a ten [> fale the base’ of the projectile, ‘sao seting exe y ‘ 7 (295 JAPANESE: EXPLOSIVE, ORDNANCE ae tHe Calor wud umarkings: Black-body, red none tip, white body ( 9 Paring: Small Me Iobase fuze Remarks: This projectile is constructed of high grade steel. It has no sharply defined bourrelet. Tt uses.a smatkMk 1 base fuze which also acts as bade plug. 40-mm Ho-301 High-Explasive Proje | Projectile Dimensions: * Length of yrjectite (fuged): 129 mun (5X inches) ° Tuzed.. + Length of projectile (without fuze) 108 mm (4¥ inches) » Type t 37-mm Hig! ela Prete Eee a hee Over-all length of pproigetil, 104-mm ‘w/o Fuse, * sts fuse. Length of complete round...~ 250% tse fused. fuzed, ingicter at bourrelet.. 7 mn, Wridth of routing band mu Mea of protect: 1 pou Timm uno lib Sapo. Mean i hh oe ep. Figute 229--40-mm HO-301 High-Explosive Type ot antvaak pu, : Projectile. - 296 “a : Distance base to rotating band (lower edge 415 mm ('%s inch). Width of rotating band: 8'mmp (. inch), Diameter of rotating band: 41mm (1X inches). ‘ Diameter af body: 39 mm ns inches). Diameter of bourrelét: 39.5 mm (1% inches). +, Width, of bourrelet: 6 mm (% inch). Distance base to bourrelet (lower edge): 91 mim + 3%: inches). +” Wall “thickness (propellant chamber): 5 mm CX eineh). Wall thickness (HE. chamber): 4 sam (Keine. + Length: 9 mm (i, inch); Diameter (thread): 12 mm (‘sine TPL: MLA ‘Weapon in which used: (H0,301 ) craft cannon): This isan unusual‘wéapon sintilar in’ design. to an Oerlikon’. blow-back operated eannon, but with the head of the bolt machined 3° ml Ciereauela ARMY PROJECTILES ton which closes the breech at the forward | end of ite stroke, Filling: Tho filling consists of TNT with « for- ward pellet of pieric acid or TNT.’ ? Propellant: ‘The propellant consieté of small, gteenish-gray, square flakes of smokeless powder (eppresimately 1 mm square) enclosed. in « sill bag which is inserted in the efter cavity of the projectile. A. éealing ig, of thin ayasinum. around the te end ofthe propellant bag and the charge and cup arp held’in by a perforated base, plate which screws (L.. H.) into the base of - the cavity, ‘The base plate hae an outer. ring of twelvé Xinch holes and a central hole, threaded (L:. H.} to receive the amall fish primer: ‘The aluminum sealing cup is’ perforated by 9. single hole in the'center to permit the fash fro tie .primer to reach the propéllant. “The force ofthe propellant gases blows through the alumi. num cup to ‘open the main. series of holes. simple direct-acting nose fuze ‘with a central axial striker held in .the unarmed condition by». slotted, safety block which in turfi is held, by two spring-loaded detenis. «apart: ‘There’'ig aléo a practice. projectile ‘hich has the same dimensions and appesrence te the HE, projectlo. Ils painted bisck over « all and has a nose plug instead of a fuze. - eos cs ; Type 1 47-nyn High-Explosive. Projectile ‘Weight ot round: 2.44 kg.'(6.4 pounds). ~ «Weight of, projectile (without fuze): 1.15:kg. (2.6 pounds). Weight of 0.087 kg. (0.2 pound). - : Filling: Tae papér-wrapped blocks * a taped together and waxed. The forward block 7 consista of two. pellste of ‘picric: acid—-w ring © *.- pellet around the guine and a solid’pellet be- Beat the gui, The after block is one piece of cast, TNT. © : ~ Diameter of base of case: Man (2%« inches). 140 mm.” Weapons if which used: is Z ‘Type 1 antitank gin. Length of propillaat éaee: ‘283 mm (11¥ inches). ‘Type 1 tank gun. “Length. of ‘aseeinbled | ‘round (without fuze): 389... Fusing: ‘Type 88 Inst. Nose fuze (guy type), type 88 short-delay nose fuze (gun tyme). JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE “ORDNANCE : seauins o1se { oaorEQUaNT i case ass on STEEL neo veer wir Figure 230—-Type 1 47-mm High-Explosive Projectile. Weight of propellant: 0:388 kg: (0.9 pound). Propellant Single perforated cylindrical grains ‘| , (a inch Jong, %+ inch diameter) of » graph- “ited double-base powder . of. the following : a EE composition: » Type 1 47-mm Armoi-Piercing Projectile ‘Weight of complete round: 2.75 kg. (6.1 pounds). ‘Weight of projectile, fuzed: 1.38 kg. (3.0 pounds). i (without, fuze): 1.27 kg. 0.018 kg. (0.04 pound). Filling: RDX, 90 percent; paraffin, 10 percent. Diameter at bourrelet: 47 mm. (minus tol.). Length of projectile (without fuze): 143 mm" “(GK inches).’ Length, of propellant cage: 283 min-(11} inched) Lengih’of assembled round: 398 mun (15% wba Diameter of base of case: 72 mtn (2'Ks inches) Width of rotating band: 12mm. ‘Weapons in which used Type 3 antifaak gun, type 1 tank gun. Fuzing: Small Mk 2 base fuze.(short-delay). “‘fracer: Yellow, 5 grams eight, of propellant: 0.398-kg. (0.9 pound); ‘Propellasit: Single~‘perforated cylindrical grains (Ke inich long, ¥s inch in diameter) of a graphited dopble-base powder of the following’ composition: ‘Nibrocellulose: 60.0 percent; Nitroglycerine; 34.5,percent. - . “Ethyl centralite: 3.0 percent. . = Dipheasl formamide: 2.5 poyeant, Figure 231—Type. 1 47-mm Armor Percog west Projectile. @ _ JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE ‘ . 7 ' a an i « eo TENE 8 soavrer ser sent SEALING CF ofp eur to buacr seb, suite case SEALING o1Se uo couoR systew Figure 232-Type 90 5. I en High-Explosive Projectile. Length of propellant ease: 121 mim (4% inché&) Length of assembled round (without fuzo and Type 90 5.7 em (57-mm) High-Explorive Projectile Weight of complete round: 2.91 kg. (6.40 pounds). ‘Weight of projectile, filled (fuzed): 2.36 kgs (5.18 pounds). Weight of filling: 0.25 kg. Filling: TNT. Diameter at bourrelet: 57 mm (minus tol.). Length of projectile (without fuze): 181 mm 7% inches). 7 3000 \ adapter): 280-mm (11 inches). Width of totating band; 9.5 mm. "Weapons in which used: Typé 90 tank gun, type 97 tank gun. Fusing: Type 88 short-delay fuze. Propellant: Mk 1 square grain (med.), 113"grams. t wy ARMY PROJECTILES Figure 233-—Type 90 '5.7:cm Substitute Projectile. Type 90 5.7-cm (57-mm) Substitute Projectile © ‘Weight of complete round: 3.04 kg. (6.70. pounds). “Weight of projectile, filled: 2:23 kg. (4.91 pounds). Weight of filling: 0.07 kg. Filling: Black powder. i Diameter at bourrelet: 57 mm. (2} inches). Length of projectile (without fuze): 183mm (7% inches). ~ Length of propgbiant case: 121 mm (4¥, inches). Length of assembled round (without fuze): 272 mm (10 ‘is inchés). Width of rotating band: 9.5 mm. ‘Weapons in which used: Type 90 tank gun, type 97 tank gun. fr Puring: Type 88 short-delay fuset Propellant: MK 1 sq. grain (med), 113 grams. Remarks: This projectile is made of cast iron and has very thick walls, 301 Type 99 5.J-em (57-nttn) Armor-Piercing Protestile” Weight of eomplete rourid: 3.13 kg" (9.69 pounds): Weight of projectile, filled. ¢fuzed); 2.58 kg. (5.68 * pounds). ‘Weight of filling: 0.10 kg. Filling: Two sections, of atMosives sdaividunly ‘whapped in'paper: Upper section, pressed picrie acid and waxzlower section, cast TNT. Diameter at bourrelet: 57 im (ninus tol.). 302 t “ ASE FUE (0-THACER) Seeing 0i8c Figure 234—Type 92 5.7-cm Armor-Piercing Projectile. aio, coun sesteu? oe Langth of projctle (without fuze sdapter): 1 mm (7% inches). * Length,pf propellant case: 12) mm (4% inches). Length of assembled round: 280 mim , (11M ‘imches). Width of rotatifig band:\10 mm. 4 Weapons in which used: Type 90 tank gun; type + 97 tank guri,. + Fuzing: Type 92 small ase fuze. Propellawt: Mk 1'sq. grain (med.), 113 grams. Figure 235—S7-mm HO-401. High-Explosive Proje 57-mm Ho-401 High-Explosive Projectile Weight of complete round: 2.15 kg. (4:75 pounds). Weight of projectile, filled (fuzed); 2.58 kg. (3.25 pounds). Weight of filling: No date. ~~ Filling: No date. Diameter at bourrelet: 57 mm (2% inches). . i ARMY PROJECTILES EXPLOSIVE CHERGE «Length of projectile (without fuze): 163 mm (6%. inches). Length of propellant case: 121mm (4% inches) Length of assembled round: 270 mm (10% inches), Width of rotating band:' 11 mm. ‘Weapons in which used: Ho-401 aircraft, cannon. Fuzing: No data. Propellant: ‘No data. 303 JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Assen Ker sone cae I Ti ante aac Ht DLs £C10R 5 57H sexuin he 4 Figure 236—Type 92 7-cm High-Explosive Prd ile. Type 92 T-cm (70-mm) High- Explosive rojectile Weight of complete round: 4.48 kg. (9.90 pounds). Weight of projectile fuzed: 3.81 kg. (8.38 pounds). - Weight of filling: 0.59 kg. 7 : - +, Length -of projectile (without fuze): 234 (9% Standard, cast TNT. inches). Alternate, pressed mixture of RDX afid am- © Length of propellant case: 101 mm (4 inches) monium nitrate. Length of aisembled round (without fuze): 306 mm Diameter at bourrelet: 70 mm (minus tal): (12K inchee). 304 ; . : ae Diameter of base of case: 81 mm (3X1 inches) Width of rotating band: 10 mmn. Weapons in which used: Type 92 (howitzer). Fuzing: ‘Type 88 instantaneous nose, fuze (howitzer, ‘mortar type) ‘Type, 88 short-delay nose fuze (howitzer, mortar type). : Propellant: 50 grams of smokeless powder in 0.5 mm square flakes. This powder is contained in four pads made by sewing portions of the powder between two dark blue silk discs. The dises are not of uniform size, holding 5.4, 8.9; 16.8, and 18.7 grams of powder each. A fifth disc, light blue in color, contains a 3.1 “gram black powder ignition charge. ‘The propellant cases are of two designs, ‘The newer type, designated “B” (OTSU) dy the Japanese, is one piece and ‘lips off of the projec tile to change the propellant charge. An-older design, presuniably “A” has a threaded base which may be unscrewed to vary the charge. Remarks: ‘This projectile is the same as the high-expiosive, type 92, used in the type 94 tank gun, : infantry gun Type 92 T-cm (70-mm) Substitute Projectile Weight of complete round: No data. Weight of projectile fazed: No data. : Weight of filling: No data. Filling; Black powder. Diameter at bourrelet: 70 mr (minus tol.). Length of projectile (without fuze): 187 mm (7% inches). : ‘Length of. propellant case: 101 mm (4 inches). Length of assembled round (without fuze): 259 mm (10%, inches). si Diameter of base of case: 81 mm (3X inches). Width of rotating band: 10 mm. . » Weapons in which used: Type 92 infantry gun (Howitzer). Fusing: : ‘Type 88 instantaneous nose fuze (howitzer, mortar type).: ‘Type 88 shortclay nose fuze (howitzer, mortar type). Propellant: Refer to the type 92 high-explosive projectile. : : “Weight of complete round: No data. ARMY PROJECTILES "Figure 237—Type 92 7-cm Substitute Projectile, Type 37-cm (70-mm) Hollow-Charge Projectile Weight of projectile (without fuze): (2.80 kg.) 6 pounds, 4.75 ounces. ‘Weight of filling: (0.99 kg.) 1 pound. Filling: A cast mixture of ‘TNT’ snd, Gyclonite (RDX) wrapped in varnished paper Diameter at, bourrelet: 69.5 mun (24%, inches) 305 acy eco awit CONICAL STEEL LINC * tay Fase cen a re eso ane cxguente Poe sTaNs case "at Figure 238—Type 3 7-cm Hollow-Charge Projectile. Length over all (without fuze): 229 mm (@ inches). Length protruding’ from case: 186 mm. (7"%. inches). Length of projectile body without nose cap: 170 » mm (6*%. inches). Width of rotating band: 10 mm. Weapons in which used: ‘Type 92 infantry gun (howitzer). Fuzing: Type. 88 instantaneous fuze (howitzer, mortar\ type). Operation and Employment: ‘This robnd is used principally as an anti-tank ‘weapon, 306 Y Remarks: ‘The use of « white band above « yellow bund to idéntify hollow charge projectiles is assumed ta be a combination of thie ase of awhile band for armor-piercing and yellow band for" hits explosive in the new color system, Both Danes are near the middle of the projectile ‘This arrangement is not to be comfused with the combination of yellow band above white band to identify high explosive projectiles in the old color system, in which case the yellow band is at the bourrelet and the white band just above the rotating band. ~ Type 95 7-em (70-mm) Illuminating Projectile Weight of complete round: 4.20kg. (9:24 pounds). Weight of projectile, fuzed: 3.50 kg. (7.79 pounds). Weight of filling: No data. Filling: Ejection charge: Black powder. Tlumminating composition: Not known. 1t is probably a mixture of magnesium, alumi- Thum, ‘and barium nitrate which is used commonly by the Japanese for illuminut- ing charges. Diameter at bourrelet: 70 mm (minus tol.) Length of projectile (without fuze): No data. ‘Length of propellant case: 101 mmi (4, inches). Length of assembled round (without fuze): 292 mim (11% inches). Diameter of base of case: 81 mm (3%. inches). Width of rotating band: No date. Weapons in which used: Type 92 infantry gun (howitzer) Fuzing: Type 89 small time fuze. Propellant: 0.6-mm' square flakes (50 grains) Bither of the propellant cases discussed for the HE. found may be used for this round Remarks: The ijluminating charge burns for approximately 20‘ecohds with an intensity of * about 90,000 tandlepower. ac ARMY PROJECTILES * » a Lack sopy : 4 sos! SET SCREW EJECTION CHARGE, REINFORCING WIRE ULLUMENATING CHARGE PARACHUTE PROPELLING CHARGE INCREMENTS» "| EALING DISC 4 * OW COLOR srsTEM * Figure'239—Type. 95. 7- Strip 600g. 174g). $008. No data... Mk 1 Flat Mk 3 Med. vole Mk 2 Flat. : Strip Fiat Sirip Sip 600g. * 260 : cee Mkt Flat 7 Strip 075 6. - Nodate... Mk 1 Fat” Strip 600 g. - Nodata.... Mk 1 Fat’... ‘Strip : i 600 8. : < . HB, (conv'’a) ‘Type No data... Nottate.<. 98 (Moain. ig J Noidate... Mk 1 Flat, = Grain 7 Strip ise 5 p LE. Bemi,§t. Type HR, “Semi-8t Tee Mkt 8a, Undet.:... + Grain ‘ e - It ; - - z He "ARMY PROJECTILES Sl + ARMY 7-CM (75-MM) COMPLETE ROUNDS—Continued : ee Propellant charge used for various guns ‘Type 90 tela “Mic 1 Flat Me 1 Flat Strip Burlp 00g. 655.8, Shrapnel Type 90 "Smoke (W. P) Type ‘Undet. * smoke (W.P) Type 00. “Mk 1 84. (Sq. Giain Mk 1 Flat -Mk 1 Flat : Grain 320g) Strip ‘Siip : 265 g. a 600 g.. 655 ¢. ot BEEEe No date... No data... No data. Incendiary (Non-liquid) No data. “Type 90. Ue : Muminasing Type 90.. Mk 1 Sq: No data... Mic 1 Med, cee | Gmins Flat. Steip 28g, _ 135 6. “ Mk 1 Med. Bu. Gran > "Target Type 11¥r (- i sae : 1608 Incendiary (Liquid) © (Sq. Grain ‘Type Undet. 265 g.). Voruit Gas'Type Undet. No data... No data... "MEY, Blank signifies that the indiated combination of projectile and propellant ease has either been recovered nor f 6 found Japanese documents. [No data” indlentes that this combination ia listed i docussenta or haa been rerovered, but that no infurnation on ‘he propellant in available, « @ Weg Neel ee peer . BIT, Pept . i Nae ce } ar Ht ste snes, eTemaron Figure 247—7:em High-Explosive Antiaircroft Projectile: T-cm (75-mm) H. EWA. A. Projectile ‘The drawing given here in basgd on « Japanese 1 Inbelled only “Circular-layered projectile.” The projectile n of apparent Tamm size and the body ap- pears to be made Up of numerous steel rings bolted together with sovers! bolts which are grooved at Intervals “to produce better fraguientation. This projectile is believed to be the same re- ferred to in other documents as “H. E-A. A. Projectile” for the eee lith-year field A. A, gun. 318: : 4 vee * the following applies only if this presumption is correct. Weight of projectile, filled (taza) (14.52 pounds). Filling: “ONA,” a mixture of picric acid apd dinitronaphthelene, Fuzing: Type 10-year A. A. powder time fuze. Weapons in which used: Type 11-year field. Av A. gun, 2 6.60 kg. . : ARMY PROJECTILES » “auxseusnr ewe Le japan rn scccres veut Vata cusege ae ‘uo ccuce syste! ‘ o losive Anti Loop Pointed Projectile, Type 90 7-cm (75-mm) H. E.-A. A. Long. “Lengthe projecting from case: de mm (7'% . Pointed Projectile -_inehes). ‘Width of forward rotating band: 9°5'mm. Weight. of projectile, filed CENT): 6.55 kg. Width of aftér rotating band? 8.5 mm. (14.37 pounds). Width of space between rotating bands: 6.4 mm. ‘Weight of filing: 0.385 kg. (0.85 pound). Width of copper bourrelets 14 mm. Filling: Standard, TNT cast directly into lncquer- “ Distance from base to after edge of .bourrelet: ed cavity (recovered); alternate, picric acid’ _ 140 mm. (documentary evidence). + Fuzing: Type 89 long:pointed powder time fuze’ Diameter at, bourrelet: 75 mm (minus tol.). fn nose. An auxiliary fuze armed by setback Length May (without fuze): 257 mm (10% - and centrifugal foree is used immediately below inches} the time fuze. 319 , : + JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORONANCE ee * Weapons in which used: * ie ( ‘Type Uth-year 7.5-0f field A. A. gub : ‘Type 88 7-cm field A. A. gun, case, 19% i inches, : : : > ‘Type 88 7~cm field A. A. gun (epecial), case, > 19% inches. — 7 | . ° : rotggns ATTEN 7 ai - miler vicocrTy | 0 smn sravee “hrae wanin . : ‘i ae = i : Figure 249—Type 90 7-cm High-Explosive Long-Pointed: Projectile. 320 . . is). Weight of filling: 049 Filling: “eovered).y Diasiieter st bourrele}: 75. mm {mints tol.).” Length ‘over: all Lsaphout fi fuse): ares arn aH + Indi ted by F ra patted on body. : imates i ‘ Jw) Ii my E. Long-Pointed (oithout fuze) (INT): 1.08, pounds). pi ard, TNT came diréetly into'a lacquered cs cavity, (documentary). Alternaté,’\“HEINED” caioplon die toe , 7 ARMY PROJECTILES iat-of the; type’ 90" long:pointed: Ay AA projectile, when the A.A.’ time fuze is installe x inches): ‘The. proje Also ‘used for other weapons, as Length’, protruding “from. “es rg mm. (10%, shawn below. : y inches). | Weapoas i Which Used: : Width of slating bands: "Type $8 field A.A” (special), -case,” T9Me inches:.* te ( _ “Type 8 delay (gun). “SOperation and eniployment: It ie bélieved this projectile was: designed ‘primarily to tadapt the ‘type 88, 75mm, high velocity: A. A: gu'to a duel- purpose field gun "G. e., for air and -ground’ tar- sels). The baie fri ofthis projectile sppro _ Type 38 field gun grdup (four wEapons), ease, 41% itiches, a Type 90 field gir ‘Type'94 mountain gun. , tase 168% inches.” - Remarks; Whtn this ‘projectile isensed, for ibe, ‘in the typo.88 field’ A\-A. gun ‘(special), “ “Type 94 Tem (78-mm) Hi Explore * eee rojectile pet pea : * Weight‘of projectile, filled, (TINT): 6.02 ie cc unds); an ’ Diameter at bourrelet: 15 mum (mina ioe ite ; ae Tata over-all ‘orlthons ‘tomy: 303. mm" (11'%e - af ing 081 hg. 0.78 jonas Mn E Wfeduced » propelling charge is used. - This’ reduced- charge is indicated “by a Roman numeral {1 the case. > neiled on. 32 JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE: 6 Fuzing: Type 88 instantaneous noie fuze (gun type); type 88 short-delay nose fuze (gun type): ‘Weapons in which used: ‘Type 41 mounlain gun (regimental gun): = Case,.7% inches. ‘Type 94 mountain gun: Case,11%s inches. ‘Type 38 field gun group: Case, 11s inches. ‘Type 88 field: A. A. gun: Case, 19% inches. Typo 88 field A. A. (epecial) gun: Case 19%e inches, ‘Type 90.field gun: Case, 164 inches. 322 po ft xs ooo marks: Two other designs. essentially the same as the type 94 are known: ~ 1. H. E,, type 10 year. 2. HE. , type 90. ‘These have the same over-all length as the type 94, and have the same external form and general construction except for the following fe 1. The explosive cavity does not taper in the base as in the type 4, but is suraight-sided. 2. The slight. boat-tail present on the type 94 is absent in the other designs, 1g: 3. Below the rotating’ band in the type 10-year design only, there is an annular groove into which the ease is erimped. T-cm (75-mm) Design “A” High-I Explosive Projectile Weight of projectile, filled: 6.46 kg. (14.2 pounds). Weight of filling: -0.625 kg. (1.38 pound). Filling: “ONA", a mixture of picric acid and dinitronaphthalene, in two preformed blocks. Diameter at bourrelet: 75 mm (minus tol.). Figure 251—7:¢m Design “A” High-Explesive Projectile. ARMY PROJECTILES 1 ate czrenates Length over all (without fuze): No data. Length protruding from case: No’ date, Width’of rotating band: No data. Fusing: Type d-year combination time and impact fuze. + Weapons in which used: aH ‘Type 41° mountain gun (regimental gun) Case, 74 inches. . ‘Type 94 mountain gun: Case,’ 11%« inches. Type 38 field gun group: Case, 11% inches. Remarks: ‘This is an old projectile and is now obsolete. Ete pp tee _oeronaton. aoserens | }———soosten we» soosren * fp—— way crane” Figure 252—7-m Design “B” : Th (15-mm) Design “B" High-Explotive Projectile - Weigne f projectile, filled: 6.61 kg. (14:6 pounds). Weight if filling: 1.24 pounds. Filling! ““ONA", a mixture of picric acid and dinitronaphthalene in two preformed blocks wrapped as a single unit, Diameter at bourrelet: 75 mm (minus tol.), Length over all (without fuze): 12% inches. Length protruding from case (without fuze): 10% inches. ‘ 324 ~ = tit . High-Explosive Projectile. *, Width of rotating band: No date. Fuzing: Type 88, instantaneous nose fuze (gun type); type 88, short-delay nose fuze (gun type). ‘Wegpons in which used: 2 Type 41 mountain, gun (regimental gun): Case, 7M inches. = Type 94 mountain gun*-Caso, 11% inches. ‘Type 38 field gun group: Case,-11%s inches., - Remarks; This is an old projectile and is now * obsolete. Type 98 Modified 7-cm (75-mm) High- Explosive Projectile * Weight of projectile, filled: 4.5 kg. (9.9 pounds). Weight of filling: 0.95 kg. (2.1 pounds) Filling: TNT cast directly into lacquered cavity, Diameter at bourrelet: 75 mim (minus tol.) Eength over all (without fuze): 279 mm (11 inches) Length protruding from case: 240 mm (0¥, inches). Width of rotating band: 10 myn. ARMY PROJECTILES Fusing: Type 88 instantaneous nose fui ty] type 88 ‘short-delay nose fu: type) : “Weapons in, which used: © ‘Type’ 41 mountain. gun (regimental guy): Case, 74 inches, ‘Type 38 field gun group: Case, 11%, inches. : Remarks: The body of this projectile was designed® for use as shrapnel projectile employ- ing a large combination fuze. In the convested form, the projectile is filled with TNT instead of deur (yun 3 ae 7 F fs ccaunc tir} fami jaune a : jase cots ; j———eeten Wit \ . ain oven pe, nee i 5 : ; Lt : r < . Cr PR MORAU SSE Sat, at 7 igure 253—Type 98 Modified 7- eate hollow-charge design. 3 In the earlcet rounds found, the projectiles ‘1 were marked by a yellow band around the middle of the body, indicating “High-Explosive” accord-_ * ing to the new color system: Later Teooveried ARMY PROJECTILES eco) indicate the adoption of the combination of. white band, used to indicate “ArmorPiercing,” to- gether with the yellow band. Both bands appear jear the middle af the body. This arrangement ia not to be confused with the use, in the old color system, of a yellow band above a white baad-for marking “High-Explosive” projectiles EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 7 ee ee u‘\ JAPANESE x 9001 i x : vain cowie“ . © we “veuwow 7 ee Lh Figure 259—Trie 95 Tem Armot Piercing High-Explosive Projectile. Type $ Tem (75-1 mm) Agmor-Piercing “. Width of rotating band: No data. High-Explosive Projectile _ + Fuzing: Type 95-small. bese fuze. : Weapons in which’ used: Weight of projéttile, filled (fused): 6.21 kg. Type 41 mourtain gun (regimental gun) Case, 7 inches. (13.66 pounds). ‘Type 38 field gun group: Case, 11% inches Weight of filing: 0.46 kg. (1.01 pou Filling: “ONA” @ mixture of pieric acid dnd’ . ‘Type 90 field guut: Case, 161i inches ‘dinitronaphthalene. _ ‘Type 94 mountain gun: Cuse, 11 he inches Diameter at bourrelet; 75,0 mm (mipus tol.). Type 88 7 cm field A. A. gun (pecial) Length over all (without fuze): No data. , : ‘Case, 19%. inches. Length ‘protruding from case: 265.5 mm (10%« Penetrating power: When used in the type 41 inches) motintain gun this projectile is designed to pene> } trate 20 mm of stect plate at a:maximura range of 3,000 meters. wo Remarks: ,By. design, this projéctile is intended for a functidn intermediate between that of ARMY PROJECTILES + E. projectiles and true armor-picreing types. For this reason the Japanese designate it “A. P,- HED APB. E. Projects are painted like the H. E. rather than the A. P. class. ‘ Type 17cm (75-mm) ‘Armor-Pietcing Projectile Weight of projedtile, ‘filled (faded): (14.4 pounds). 6.56 kg. Weight of projectile, empty (without fuze and , ' gaine): 6.14 kg. (1335 pounds), Weight of filling: 0.053 kg. (0.12 Filling: junds), Ajgnixture of,90 percent cyeforiite (R D X) and 10 percent paraffin, coated with graphite e.: and packed in an akiminum foil wrapper. 331 JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE » Dixmeter'at bourrelet: 75.0 mm (minus tol.). Length over all (without fuze): 240.0. mm (Gs inches). Length puptruding from case: 200.0 mm (7Ke! inches). Width of rotating band: 10.0 mm, Fuzing: Medium Mk I base fuze (short delay) with red tracer. a Operation and-employment: This projectile, was evidently developed to adapt the type 41 and type 94 guné for use as antitank weapons. Weapons in which used: ‘Type 94 mountain gun: Case, 11% inches. Type 41 mountain or reginiéntal gun: Case, 7H inches ‘Type 90 field'gun: Case, 161%, inches. ‘Type 38 field gun, group: Casey, 11%. inches. Remarks:, Identical projectiles; all with tracers have been’ found marked with either a single white band near the middle of the body or with white-and-green double band (green in conjunction with another band indicates presence of tracer). It is believed that this represents optional marking in the now system rather then old and new mark- ing. : * "Type 38 T-em (75-mm) Shrapnel Projectile ’ : Weight of projectile: 6,88 kg. (15.0 pounds). Bursting charge: 0.10 kg. (0.22 pound). Black powder contained in. the base of the projectile and ine central brass tube... « Diameter at bourrelet: 75 mm (minus tol.), Length over alll (without, fuze): 250 mm (0% <% inehés). © Length protruding from easc. (without fuze): 188 mm (7% inches). width’ f rotating band: No ate, soa Fuzing: 2 tute, “ew fuze. ‘Weapons in which use Case; 7% inches, eaters ._ Type th year eoimbination time and impact 7 ‘Type 3d year Cue tite and impact type 94 mountain gun: Case, tins inches. ‘Type 38 field gun group: Case ,11%s inches. + Type 90 field gun: Case, 16H inches.- Remarks: “All guns except type'90 field gun and type 94 mountain gun use the typa 3d year fuze ‘in thie projectile. Typé 90 field gun uses type . : */ either fuze, Sth your fuze only; type 9f mountain gun uses _ ; ARMY PROJECTILES iss oat ree ‘ ae no o inte Buistone HAGE (BACK PONDER) . . Figure 260—Type 38. 7-em Shropnel Projectile: Type 90 7-em (7! S-mm) Shrapnel Proj - Weight of projectile, filled: 7.00 kg. (15.4 pounds). : Bursting ‘charge: 0.100 kg. (0.22 pound). Black ia * ‘powder contained in base of the projectile and in.a central brass tube. Shrapné) filling: Approximately’ 272 lead bal (20.5 grams each) packed in a rosin matrix. ‘The balls are separated from the bursting chiarge in the basé by a steal disk which rests on a shoulder in the projectile cavity. a 333 JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Figure 261—Typd 90 Diameter at bourrelet: 75 mm (minus tol.). ‘Length. over all (without fuze): 285, mm (0% inches). Length protrtiding from ease (without fuze): 197 mm (7% inches). Width of rotating band: 10 mm. Fuzing: Type 5th year combination time and impact fuze. 7 334 cura TURE (BLACK #CW0ER) 7-com Shrapnel Projectile. : Weapons in which used: Type 41 mountain gun (regimental gun): Case, 7% inches. ‘Typo 04 mountain gun: Case, 11%. inches. ‘Type 38 field gun group: Case, 11% inches. ‘Type 00 Beld gun: Case, 16%. inches. “eb ‘T-cm (75-mm) Smoke (W. P.) Projectile Weight of projectile, filled: No dutar Weight of bursting charge: No data, Bursting charges: Black powder in base, of pro™ jectile. Filling of* central exploder tube. is eprobably also black powder." Chemical agent: White phosphorus in a sealed ‘can which slips into the cavity of the projectile and through which passes te exploder tube f ARMY PROJECTILES Diameter at bourrelet: 73. man (anitues tol.) _ Longth over all (without fuze}: No data Length protruding fron ease (without fuze): Np data. Width of rotating band: No data. Fuzing: Type 3d ycar combination time and impact fuze ‘This projectile appears to be & con- verted type 90 shrapnel projectile!” Figure 262--7-cm Smoke (W. P.Wirojectile. ’ Tre Prespuots conranen” - cea. exreoit Tt « 335 ” - JAPANESE EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE __ 2 soAeEH SE Sega neab oF PROSE HAE Figure 263—Type 90 7m Smoke (W. P.) Projectile. Type 90 7-cm(75-mm) Smoke (W. P.) Projectile. ary ‘Weight of projectile, filled:'5.72 kg. (12.60 pounds) Bursting, charge: 0.10 kg. (0.22 pound). “ONA", ‘8 50-60 mixture of picric acid and dinitro- naphthalene, in a preformed, paper-wrapped block. Chemical agent: 700 grams. White phosphorus «sealed, in a soldered brass can which fitg into the lacquered cavity below the burating charge. Diameter at bourrelet: 75 mm (minus tol.). Length over all (without fuze): 202 mm (114" inches). Length projecting from case. (without faze) 253 u ‘mi (10 inches). “ : Width of rotating band: 10 mm. 5 Fuzing: Type 88. instantaneous hosp fuze (gun ‘type). Weapons in which used: Type 41 mountain gun (regigental gun): Case, 7% inches. ‘Type 94 mountain gun: Case, 11%. inches. ‘Type 38 field gun group: Case, 11% inehes ‘Type 90 field gun: Case, 16% inches Screening capacity (Japanese figures): + Height, 20 meters. Width, 20 meters. Duration, 1 to 2 minutes. Type 90, 7-cm (75-mm) Incendiary Projectile Waighit of projectile, filed (with fuse): 6.4 be (15.3 pounds). Weight of expelling charge: 20 gram Weight of incendiary composition: Expelling charge: Black powder. josition: Not determined. ‘5 min (minus tol.). Length of projectile (without fuze): No data. J Length protruding from cate (without fuze): 213° mm (8% inches.) Width of rotating band: No data, Euzing: Type 5th year modified combination fuze (gun). ‘Weapons'in which ‘used™, ‘Type 41 mountaitkgun: Case, 7¥%-inehes. Type 94 mountain Gun: Case, 11X¢ inches. Type 38 field gun group: Caso, 11X¢ inches. ‘Type 90 field gun: Case,.16*H, inches, Operation: After a preset time.or on impaci, the combination fuze fires the expelling charge. This forces the incendiary unit out the base of thé'pro- jectile and at the same time ignites it. Information pertaining to the ‘incendiary uit is lacking, but the burning compound is apparently. dry, com- position. 0 grams. ARMY proiechites Sows + fee we cote ot i como CENDIAY OMIT CADE INCENDIARY cou - Ser ScHeM Figure 264 Tie 90 Z-m Incendiary Projectile «Remarks: According to the néw marking sys tem, this projectile is painted gs follows: Yellow _ body with the symbol © stenciled near the middle. TT x Sree mate it | Figure 265—Type 90 7-cm Mluininating Projectile. Type 90 7-cm (75-mm) Illuminating Projectile, Weight. of projectile, filled (fuzed): 5.65 kg. (12.44 pounds). # Weight of illuminating. ; gompound: 0.25 kg. (0.55, pound). Filling: 4 Wxpeljing change, black powder. Tluminating compound, nof known. (A: . common illuminating compound used by the Japanese is a mixture of barium nitrate, magnesium and aluminum.) Diameter at bourrelet: 75.0 mm (minus tol.) Length over all (without fuze): No data. Length * protruding from case: 210.0 mm (8% inches). Width of rotating band: No data. i Fuzing: Type 5th year combination fuze. Weapons in whic! used: ’< ‘Type 41 mountain gun: Case, 7% inches, ‘Typp 38 field gun group: Caso, 11Xs inches. 90 field gun: Case, 16H inches. Type 94mountain gun: Case, 11% inchs. Remark#®1. Japanese figures state that this illuminating charge burné with gn intensity of approximately 90,000 candlepower, for « period of 20 seconds. * 2. Acgording to the'new marking system; this projéctile’is ‘painted as follows: Red body with the symbol @ stenciled near the middle. Under the old marking system, it was painted black over all-with the s#ine symbol stenciled on the body. ARMY PROJECTILES ~ Type’11 Year 7-cm (75-mm).Target Projectile Weight of projectile, filled (ized); 5.04 kg. (11.10 pounds): Filling: Folded ‘parachute and’shrouds in eard- ard cylinder. Diameter at bourrelet: 75.) mm (minus tol) Length over-all (without fuze): 271 mm (104 inches). . Length protriiding from case: No data. Width of rotating band: 10mm, Fuzing: Type 10th, year A.A. time (weak). © Weapons in which used: ‘Type-Ii-year fidld A. A. gua! Case" length ‘not known. ‘Type 88 field A. A. gun? Case; 10% inches. Remarks: Projectiles dosignated “Target” in Japanese Army nomenclature are believed to be actual parachute-suspended aerial targets for anti- aircraft practice, ‘Phe drawing and the dita given « here are from captured documents. ‘Though oper= ‘ation was nol described, it is presuined that the tine fuzgejects the parachute at the desiredaltitude and that the projectile body remains attached us a weight. The descenging parachute ther serves us? a target for A. A. fire. No ejection charge-oth -than thé magazine charge in the fuze is indicate the document, and the fuze is designated as "Tes assumed that this arrangement is intended to deayase,the force of explosion to the minimuin nécessary to eject the parachyte Color marking: ‘Black hody, no color bands, the symbol ©. siencilled near the. midile of ‘the body. | Tem (75-mm) Liquid incendiary Projectile Mited (tuted): 5.36 ky. (11.78 Weight of projectile pounds). Bursting charge: A standard. 40-gram booster (fine geanular picrie acid in paper container) serves as the only birsting chiatge. Incendiary filling: A solution of white phosphorus (W. P.) and.rubber pellets in carbon disulphide (C8). : Liquid: 0:30 kg. (0.66 pound). Rubber pellets: 0.32 kg. (0.70 pound), Diameter at bourrelet: 75 mm:(minus tol.). Length over-all without, fuze and adapter: 300 sam (11% inches)... 339