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Chapter 7 Lab

Research RAM on the internet

1 - What might you want to upgrade RAM on system?

RAM is the temporary storage space the operating system and applications use to store data in use. Accessing RAM is much faster than trying to access data on hard drive. Upgrading RAM, makes the pc work faster and efficient.

2. How many pin are one the different types of DIMMs?

DIMMs have 168, 184, or 240 pins on the edge connector of the board and can hold from 8MB to 2GB of RAM.

3. Which is more expensive ddr-dimm or rim?

RIMM is more expensive.

4. What is the disadvantage of using two 512mb modules instead of a single 1 gb module in the

system with slots for memory modules?

Primarily, restriction of future expandability; with two 512MB sticks in a three-slot main board, we will only have one slot remaining for future upgrades. This would mean having to buy a higher capacity, more expensive stick of RAM rather than two smaller ones, or settling for only a 50% increase with a matching stick. It might also make overclocks less stable (for advanced users), requiring looser RAM timings where a single stick might be more stable at higher clock speeds.

5- What are two disadvantages of using only one 2 GB module rather than two 1 GB modules?

If board supports dual channel we will get better performance from using two 1 GB modules.

7.2 Explore the Kingston web site

1. Is a dimm or rimm more expensive given that both hold the same amount of memory? Why

do you think the price varies?

RIMM memory is more expensive than DIMM memory, but is capable of greater access speeds.

2. Summarize why adding ram offers a performance advantage?

Adding RAM offers a performance advantage because it allows a larger percentage of the working set (that part of virtual memory currently in use) to be backed by RAM, and thus reducing the paging rate to the disk.

3. Which tool on the kingston website could you use to find kingston modules for your system if

you know the model of your system motherboard?

Search by manufacturer/ model options

4. If you were planning to buy a new system would you choose a motherboard that uses DIMMs

and RIMMs? why?

I would use dimm because it is the newest fastest, and compatible with today’s computers.

7.3 Upgrade RAM

1. What is the minimum and recommended memory requirement for the OS your system is

running?

I am using windows 7 64 bit. 2 GB RAM (64-bit) memory is requirement for my OS.

Method 1:

- Use the Windows Task manager

- Right Click on the bottom right hand side of the screen normally where the date and time are shown.

- A menu should appear offering choices including "Task Manager"

- Left Click on the Task Manger Line

- select the tab that says performance

- Bottom left will show physical memory in Mb.

Method 2:

-Click on Start>Run.

-Type "dxdiag" and click OK.

If a dialog box appears just say YES. The computer might load for a while now. On the first

window that appears, the third entry from the bottom is "Memory" and next to this is the amount of RAM you have.

3. Which sandra modules can be used to display information about system memory?

4. What feature is used on memory slots and modules to prevent modules from being inserted

incorrectly?

A

small plastic piece within the slot, which matches the small cut on the RAM chip.

5.

In what situation might you want to disable quick post? Why ?

Quick POST is great for cutting down boot up time during normal use, but when installing new RAM, it's best to give the system every opportunity to detect a problem.

7.4 Use Vista Ready boost

1. Why does ready boost increase the performance of a windows vista machine?

It improves performance when opening programs and so forth basically by increasing memory decreasing lag time. Nothing critical gets stored on it (if we use flash with ready boost) but we can easily add more ram for the same price and there is no substitute for ram. It sees ram as hard drive and can store everything there not so in the case of a stick. Only non-critical files can go on there so there is no sub for ram. Most computers have 2 or more slots for memory cards built in already. When disc space is low, it causes excessive paging/indexing in the system and it is hard to organize files for ease of access by our computer decreasing speed. Once our remaining space is limited, it can no longer defrag to ease search since there is no place to move files to etc. for our computer to organize. 2GB is recommended for Vista and most come 512 GB stock so we really need about 4x that. Adding a 1GB card can make a real difference and anyone can do it. I have read reviews on boost and some do see a modest increase (mostly those with Vista who have never added ram) but adding real memory always seems to outperform for about the same cost.

2. Do you think readyboost would help system that was already running the maximum ram supported by the operating system?

Yes because the ready boost device is just a cache it doesn't act as more physical memory.

3. Which of the following would give a better increase in performance adding more RAM or

adding an equal amount of reserved space on a flash device? Why?

Adding more RAM is the way to go for better performance, although there are many factors involved in upgrading performance. PC World identifies the following four areas to look at; CPU, RAM, Hard Drive, Graphics Board.

7.5 Troubleshoot memory problems

1 what are some common symptoms of a thermal intermittent?

Thermal Intermittent occur when certain temperatures are reached and problems occur. These problems could be data corruption, applications hanging at unexpected times, the system rebooting, or windows hanging and displaying the "blue screen of death" which is only an error message displayed on a blue background.

2. How many times does post usually test memory?

Only once

3. Why must the memtest86 run from boot disk?

The memory must be available, so no operating system can be loaded. Though, technically there is no reason why you can’t run it from a hard disk.

4. Describe the symptoms caused by a dead memory module.

If we have a dead memory module (RAM Unit) then the computer should refuse to start up, and our BIOS should signal with various long and short beeps.

5 why would a continuous test be ideal for diagnosing a thermal intermittent?

Testing over and over again is great for the system and it tells us what we need to know.