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Mnemonics Mnemonics in in Anatomy
Mnemonics Mnemonics in in Anatomy
Mnemonics Mnemonics in in Anatomy

MnemonicsMnemonics inin

Anatomy

Cranial Cranial sutures: sutures: “ “ Learn Learn Cranial Cranial Sutures”: Sutures”: • L ambdoid
Cranial Cranial sutures: sutures: “ “ Learn Learn Cranial Cranial Sutures”: Sutures”: • L ambdoid

CranialCranial sutures:sutures:

Cranial Cranial sutures: sutures: “ “ Learn Learn Cranial Cranial Sutures”: Sutures”: • L ambdoid •

LearnLearn CranialCranial Sutures”:Sutures”:

Lambdoid

Coronal

Sagittal

Facial Facial bones: bones: “Z oro L ikes P unching M y V ery N
Facial Facial bones: bones: “Z oro L ikes P unching M y V ery N

FacialFacial bones:bones:

Facial Facial bones: bones: “Z oro L ikes P unching M y V ery N ose

“Zoro Likes Punching My Very Nose In”:

Zygomatic

Lacrimal

Palatine

Maxillary • Vomer

Nasal

Inferior concha

Punching my nose reminds one of the facial bones.

Facial Facial bones bones (alternative): (alternative): V irgil C an N ot M ake M
Facial Facial bones bones (alternative): (alternative): V irgil C an N ot M ake M

FacialFacial bonesbones (alternative):(alternative):

Facial Facial bones bones (alternative): (alternative): V irgil C an N ot M ake M y

Virgil Can Not Make My Pet Zebra Laugh!

Vomer

Conchae

Nasal

Maxilla

Mandible

Palatine

Zygomatic

Lacrimal

Mastoid Mastoid bone bone (muscle (muscle insertion): insertion): Log Suddenly Struck my Mastoid  Longissimus
Mastoid Mastoid bone bone (muscle (muscle insertion): insertion): Log Suddenly Struck my Mastoid  Longissimus

MastoidMastoid bonebone (muscle(muscle insertion):insertion):

Mastoid bone bone (muscle (muscle insertion): insertion): Log Suddenly Struck my Mastoid  Longissimus capitis 

Log Suddenly Struck my Mastoid

Longissimus capitis

Splenius capitis

Sternomastoid

Superior Superior orbital orbital fissure fissure (structures (structures passing passing through): through): Lazy
Superior Superior orbital orbital fissure fissure (structures (structures passing passing through): through): Lazy

SuperiorSuperior orbitalorbital fissurefissure

Superior Superior orbital orbital fissure fissure (structures (structures passing passing through): through): Lazy

(structures(structures passingpassing through):through):

Lazy French Tarts Lie Naked In Anticipation Of Sex:

Lacrimal nerve Frontal nerve Trochlear nerve Lateral nerve Nasociliary nerve Internal nerve Abducens nerve Ophthalmic veins Sympathetic nerves

Trigeminal Trigeminal nerve nerve (where (where branches branches exit exit skull): skull): Standing Room Only
Trigeminal Trigeminal nerve nerve (where (where branches branches exit exit skull): skull): Standing Room Only

TrigeminalTrigeminal nervenerve (where(where branchesbranches exitexit skull):skull):

(where (where branches branches exit exit skull): skull): Standing Room Only  S uperior orbital fissure

Standing Room Only

Superior orbital fissure is V1

foramen Rotundum is

foramen Ovale is

V2

V3

Orbit Orbit (bones (bones of of medial medial wall): wall): “ M y L ittle
Orbit Orbit (bones (bones of of medial medial wall): wall): “ M y L ittle

OrbitOrbit

Orbit Orbit (bones (bones of of medial medial wall): wall): “ M y L ittle E

(bones(bones ofof medialmedial wall):wall):

My Little Eye Sits in the orbit”:

Maxilla (frontal process) Lacrimal Ethmoid Sphenoid (body)

Foramina Foramina of of the the base base of of the the skull: skull: 3
Foramina Foramina of of the the base base of of the the skull: skull: 3

ForaminaForamina ofof thethe basebase ofof thethe skull:skull:

3
3

3

Foramina of the anterior part (teeth and palate)

Incisive fossa Greater palatine fossa Lesser palatine fossa

SMALL foramina of the middle part (Small Sized Opening)

Sternomastoid foramen Foramen Spinosum Foramen ovale

3

LARGE foramina of the middle part (Laceration of artery and vein)

Foramen lacerum Carotid canal Jugular foramen

3

Foramina related to the occipital condyles

Anterior condylar foramen Posterior condylar foramen Foramen Magnum

3

Fissures of the base of the skull (one related to the eye, ear, mouth)

Inferior orbital fissure Pterygo-maxillary fissure Squamo-tympanic fissure

Foramen Foramen Ovale Ovale Contents: Contents: OVALE:  O tic ganglion (just inferior)  V
Foramen Foramen Ovale Ovale Contents: Contents: OVALE:  O tic ganglion (just inferior)  V
Foramen Foramen Ovale Ovale Contents: Contents: OVALE:  O tic ganglion (just inferior)  V

ForamenForamen OvaleOvale Contents:Contents:

OVALE:

Otic ganglion (just inferior) V3 cranial nerve Accessory meningeal artery

Lesser petrosal nerve

Emissary veins

TrigeminalTrigeminal nervenerve (where(where branchesbranches exitexit skull):skull):

(where (where branches branches exit exit skull): skull): “Standing Room Only”: S uperior orbital fissure is

“Standing Room Only”:

Superior orbital fissure is V1 uperior orbital fissure is V1

foramen R otundum is V2 Rotundum is V2

foramen O vale is V3 Ovale is V3

Scalp Scalp layers: layers: SCALP: (From superficial to deep) : S kin C onnective tissue
Scalp Scalp layers: layers: SCALP: (From superficial to deep) : S kin C onnective tissue

ScalpScalp layers:layers:

Scalp Scalp layers: layers: SCALP: (From superficial to deep) : S kin C onnective tissue A

SCALP: (From superficial to deep) :

Skin Connective tissue Aponeurosis Loose areolar tissue Pericranium

Scalp Scalp Nerve Nerve Supply: Supply: “GLASS”:  G reater occipital/ Greater auricular  L
Scalp Scalp Nerve Nerve Supply: Supply: “GLASS”:  G reater occipital/ Greater auricular  L

ScalpScalp NerveNerve Supply:Supply:

Scalp Scalp Nerve Nerve Supply: Supply: “GLASS”:  G reater occipital/ Greater auricular  L esser

“GLASS”:

Greater occipital/ Greater auricular

Lesser occipital Auriculotemporal

Supratrochlear

Supraorbital

Pterygoid Pterygoid muscles muscles (function): (function): Look at how your jaw ends up when saying
Pterygoid Pterygoid muscles muscles (function): (function): Look at how your jaw ends up when saying

PterygoidPterygoid musclesmuscles (function):(function):

Pterygoid Pterygoid muscles muscles (function): (function): Look at how your jaw ends up when saying first

Look at how your jaw ends up when saying first syllable of 'Lateral' or 'Medial'

"La":

your jaw is now open, so Lateral opens mouth.

"Me":

your jaw is still closed, so medial closes the mandible.

Eye Eye rotation rotation by by Oblique Oblique Muscles: Muscles: I Love S&M: I nferior
Eye Eye rotation rotation by by Oblique Oblique Muscles: Muscles: I Love S&M: I nferior

EyeEye rotationrotation byby ObliqueOblique Muscles:Muscles:

rotation rotation by by Oblique Oblique Muscles: Muscles: I Love S&M: I nferior oblique: L ateral

I Love S&M:

Inferior oblique:

Lateral eye rotation.

Superior oblique:

Medial eye rotation.

Extrinsic Extrinsic muscles muscles of of tongue tongue Paris St. Germain's Hour : P alatoglossus
Extrinsic Extrinsic muscles muscles of of tongue tongue Paris St. Germain's Hour : P alatoglossus

ExtrinsicExtrinsic musclesmuscles ofof tonguetongue

Extrinsic Extrinsic muscles muscles of of tongue tongue Paris St. Germain's Hour : P alatoglossus S

Paris St. Germain's Hour :

Palatoglossus

Styloglossus

Genioglossus

Hyoglossus

Note:

PSG is a French soccer team (foreign), hence extrinsic comes to mind.

External External Carotid Carotid Artery Artery Branches Branches Some Angry Lady Figured Out PMS: S
External External Carotid Carotid Artery Artery Branches Branches Some Angry Lady Figured Out PMS: S

ExternalExternal CarotidCarotid ArteryArtery BranchesBranches

External Carotid Carotid Artery Artery Branches Branches Some Angry Lady Figured Out PMS: S uperior thyroid

Some Angry Lady Figured Out PMS:

Superior thyroid Ascending pharyngeal Lingual Facial Occipital Posterior auricular Maxillary Superificial temporal

External External carotid carotid artery artery branches branches Some Aggressive Lovers Find Odd Positions More
External External carotid carotid artery artery branches branches Some Aggressive Lovers Find Odd Positions More

ExternalExternal carotidcarotid arteryartery branchesbranches

External carotid carotid artery artery branches branches Some Aggressive Lovers Find Odd Positions More Stimulating:

Some Aggressive Lovers Find Odd Positions More Stimulating:

Superior thyroid Ascending pharyngeal Lingual Facial Occiptal Posterior auricular Maxillary Superficial temporal

Foramen Foramen Ovale Ovale Contents: Contents: OVALE: O tic ganglion (just inferior) V 3 cranial
Foramen Foramen Ovale Ovale Contents: Contents: OVALE: O tic ganglion (just inferior) V 3 cranial

ForamenForamen OvaleOvale Contents:Contents:

Foramen Foramen Ovale Ovale Contents: Contents: OVALE: O tic ganglion (just inferior) V 3 cranial nerve

OVALE:

Otic ganglion (just inferior) V3 cranial nerve Accessory meningeal artery Lesser petrosal nerve Emissary veins

Cavernous Cavernous sinus sinus contents: contents: O TOM CAT O TOM are lateral wall components,
Cavernous Cavernous sinus sinus contents: contents: O TOM CAT O TOM are lateral wall components,

CavernousCavernous sinussinus contents:contents:

Cavernous Cavernous sinus sinus contents: contents: O TOM CAT O TOM are lateral wall components, in

O TOM CAT

O TOM are lateral wall components, in order from superior to inferior. CA are the components within the sinus, from medial to lateral. CA ends at the level of T from O TOM.

Occulomotor nerve (III) Trochlear nerve (IV) Ophthalmic nerve (V1) Maxillary nerve (V2) Carotid artery Abducent nerve (VI)

T:When written, connects to the T of OTOM

Superior Superior thyroid thyroid artery artery branches: branches: May I Softly Squeeze Charlie's Girl? M
Superior Superior thyroid thyroid artery artery branches: branches: May I Softly Squeeze Charlie's Girl? M

SuperiorSuperior thyroidthyroid arteryartery branches:branches:

thyroid thyroid artery artery branches: branches: May I Softly Squeeze Charlie's Girl? M uscular I

May I Softly Squeeze Charlie's Girl?

Muscular Infrahyoid Superior laryngeal Sternomastoid Cricothyroid Glandular

Internal Internal jugular jugular vein: vein: tributaries: tributaries: Medical Schools Let Confident People In (
Internal Internal jugular jugular vein: vein: tributaries: tributaries: Medical Schools Let Confident People In (

InternalInternal jugularjugular vein:vein:

Internal Internal jugular jugular vein: vein: tributaries: tributaries: Medical Schools Let Confident People In ( From

tributaries:tributaries:

Medical Schools Let Confident People In (From inferior to superior):

Middle thyroid Superior thyroid Lingual Common facial Pharyngeal Inferior petrosal sinus

External External jugular jugular vein: vein: tributaries: tributaries: PAST: P osterior external jugular vein A
External External jugular jugular vein: vein: tributaries: tributaries: PAST: P osterior external jugular vein A
External External jugular jugular vein: vein: tributaries: tributaries: PAST: P osterior external jugular vein A

ExternalExternal jugularjugular vein:vein:

tributaries:tributaries:

PAST:

Posterior external jugular vein Anterior jugular vein Suprascapular vein Transverse cervical vein

Carotid Carotid sheath sheath contents contents I See 10 CC's in the IV I See
Carotid Carotid sheath sheath contents contents I See 10 CC's in the IV I See
Carotid Carotid sheath sheath contents contents I See 10 CC's in the IV I See

CarotidCarotid sheathsheath contentscontents

I See 10 CC's in the IV

I See (I.C.) = Internal Carotid artery

10

CC

IV

= CN 10 (Vagus nerve) = Common Carotid artery

= Internal Jugular Vein

Innervation Innervation 3 3 foramina of the anterior part (teeth and palate) Incisive fossa Greater
Innervation Innervation 3 3 foramina of the anterior part (teeth and palate) Incisive fossa Greater

InnervationInnervation

3
3

3

foramina of the anterior part (teeth and palate)

Incisive fossa Greater palatine fossa Lesser palatine fossa

SMALL foramina of the middle part (Small Sized Opening)

Sternomastoid foramen Foramen Spinosum Foramen ovale

3

LARGE foramina of the middle part (Laceration of artery and vein)

Foramen lacerum Carotid canal Jugular foramen

3

foramina related to the occipital condyles

Anterior condylar foramen Posterior condylar foramen Foramen Magnum

3

fissures of the base of the skull (one related to the eye, ear, mouth)

Inferior orbital fissure Pterygo-maxillary fissure Squamo-tympanic fissure

Foramina Foramina of of the the base base of of the the skull: skull: 3
Foramina Foramina of of the the base base of of the the skull: skull: 3

ForaminaForamina ofof thethe basebase ofof thethe skull:skull:

3
3

3

foramina of the anterior part (teeth and palate)

Incisive fossa Greater palatine fossa Lesser palatine fossa

SMALL foramina of the middle part (Small Sized Opening)

Sternomastoid foramen Foramen Spinosum Foramen ovale

3

LARGE foramina of the middle part (Laceration of artery and vein)

Foramen lacerum Carotid canal Jugular foramen

3

foramina related to the occipital condyles

Anterior condylar foramen Posterior condylar foramen Foramen Magnum

3

fissures of the base of the skull (one related to the eye, ear, mouth)

Inferior orbital fissure Pterygo-maxillary fissure Squamo-tympanic fissure

Cranial Cranial bones: bones: STEP OF 6 The 6 skull bones are: – S phenoid
Cranial Cranial bones: bones: STEP OF 6 The 6 skull bones are: – S phenoid

CranialCranial bones:bones:

Cranial Cranial bones: bones: STEP OF 6 The 6 skull bones are: – S phenoid –

STEP OF 6 The 6 skull bones are:

Sphenoid

Temporal

Ethmoid

Parietal

Occipital

Frontal

Alternatively: "STEP OFf my skull".