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PPEERRFFOORRMMAANNCCEE IIMMPPRROOVVEEMMEENNTT

CSSR CDR After TCH ASS HOSR TCH Call Block BH & SDCCH Block BH ULQ0-5 & DLQ0-5

11

RReedduuccee TTCCHH BBlloocckkiinngg

Activate DualRate (TCHF TCHD) In Blocking Cells

Reduce SD Chanel In DualRate (TCHD) Cells With No SD Block

Traffic Share

22

QQuuaalliittyy OOff TTRRXX PPrroobblleemm UUnnbbaallaannccee UULL--DDLL QQuuaalliittyy ((NNDD 119966))

Swap BCCH Into Better Quality TRX

Fix Hardware Problem

Poor ULQ may be caused By Overshooting

Poor DLQ may be caused By Coo-Chanel / Interference

33

CCoovveerraaggee AAddjjuussttmmeenntt TTiimmiinngg AAddvvaannccee ((NNDD223322))

Data Cell

Distance Range Distribution Per Cell

Rx Level Plot

List Propose Mechanical Adjustment

44

DDeeccrreeaassee DDrroopp CCaallll RRaattee

Fix Hw Problem Verify Hw Problem On Pendem1 And Sengkaling3

Coverage Adjustment (ND232) Change Mechanical Adjustment (Tilt And Reorientation)

Audit TRP - Trx_Priority_In_Tch_Alloc (ZEQO) Push Traffic Camped In Better Quality TRX

Audit Adjacent Set HO Parameter in Sites Which Has Low HOSR (ND153)

55

DDeeccrreeaassee CCaallll DDrroopp WWiitthh AAddjjuusstt VVooiiccee MMoorree PPrriioorriittyy TThheenn DDaattaa GGPPRRSS

Setting TRX with the best quality as priority voice (ZEQO parameter TRP)

Setting TRX with less quality TRX as priority for data service (ZEQO, ZEQV parameter BFG)

Activate GTRX just only on TRX with less quality so traffic data GPRS only available on it (ZERO)

Adjust parameter CDED & CDEF for GPRS capacity, so availability for GPRS can be constantly (ZEQO)

66

IInntteerrffeerreennccee

Check adjacent frequency

Check MAL list, BSIC, MAIO Step

Check TO_B1

Tunning power control

MMMMLL CCOOMMMMAANNDD && NNDD AANNAALLYYSSIISS ffoorr OOPPTTIIMMIIZZAATTIIOONN

1. ZERO, ZEQO, ZEAO, ZEEI, ZEHO collect data parameter

2. ND153 : Check ADJACENT

3. ND196 : Check TRX Quality

4. ND232 : Check Timing Advance

MMMMLL CCOOMMMMAANNDD TTRROOUUBBLLEESSHHOOOOTTIINNGG::

ZEOH:2008-07-04:NR=xxxx;

ZERS:BTS=xxxx,TRX=xx,CH=xx:U; ZERS:BTS= xxxx,TRX= xx:L; ZDTI:::PCM=ET; Status LAPD ZDTC:T0769: Signaling ZEEI::BCSU; Kapasitas trx per BCSU ZUSI:BCSU; Status spare BCSU ZEQO:BTS=XX:MIS; Check configure FRL/FRU ZEAO; Adjcent cell ZYMO: Status transmisi BER <10-6

ALARM WARNING (Literature Check NED)

7604, 7606, 7738, 7725, 7743, 7745, 2993, 2992

- 2 -

MS BTS BSC TC MSC Air Abis A-Ter A
MS
BTS
BSC
TC
MSC
Air
Abis
A-Ter
A

AAccttiioonn ffoorr OOppttiimmiizzaattiioonn

1. KPI

2. Consistency Check

3. Parameter :

Default: HO margin, Retrans_max, Rx_Tx Power, Ms_Tx Power.

Planning: Adjacent, Freq./Channel, MAL (Mobile Allocation List), HSN (Hopping Sequence Number), BSIC (Base Station Indicator Code), MAIO (Mobile Allocation Indication Offset).

Dropped Call Signal strength, Bad Quality, Hardware

Blocked Call Capacity, Upgrade, Sharing Traffic

HO Fail Signal Strength, Timer Expire, Inter MSC, Inter BSC, Synchronization Fail

Call Setup Fail Signal Strength, Bad Quality, Check Neighbour

SDCCH MOC (Mobile Originating Call) / MTC(Mobile Terminating Call), LU (Location Update), IMSI Attach/Detach, SMS

- 3 -

SSEETTTTIINNGG PPAARRAAMMEETTEERR SSHHAARRIINNGG TTRRAAFFFFIICC::

Contoh setting parameter untuk sharing traffic

cell A ke cell B dipermudah, cukup gunakan parameter SL dan PMRG

     

Adjacency

 
 

default

A

B

B

A

PMRG

6

2

 

8

 

SL

-95

-98

 

-92

 

cell A ke cell B dipersulit, cukup gunakan parameter SL dan PMRG

     

Adjacency

   
 

default

A

B

B

A

PMRG

6

10

 

2

 

SL

-95

-92

 

-98

 

Traffic Sharing GSM ke DCS, selain pake SL dan PMRG, aktifkan umbrella nya dengan command ZEHO dan gunakan parameter AUCL,

GSM dipermudah ke DCS

     

Adjacency

 
 

default

GSM A

DCS A

DCS A

GSM A

PMRG

6

2

 

10

 

SL

-95

-98

 

-92

 

AUCL

-47

-88

 

-47

 

GSM dipersulit ke DCS

 
     

Adjacency

 
 

default

GSM A

DCS A

DCS A

GSM A

PMRG

6

10

 

2

 

SL

-95

-92

 

-98

 

AUCL

-47

-80

 

-47

 

PING-PONG HANDOVER:

Aktifkan C2 untuk mengatasi HO terlalu cepat, CRO (-) mencegah HO, CRO (+) menpercepat HO 1 temporary offset (T) = 20s maksimal T=31 Parameter : TEO, PET,

C2 berguna buat konfigurasi microcell selama utk mencegah perpindahan cepat MS dan membuat terjadinya cell reselection yang tidak perlu.

OVERSHOOTING Paremeter TXP untuk membatasi coverage agar tidak terlalu melebar, parameter ini sebernya tidak dianjurkan karena dapat mempersempit coverage. nilai yang diijinkan adalah antara -104 s/d -101 dBm

PATHLOSS apabila yang terjadi adalah DCS pathloss nya lebih tinggi dari gsm, maka:

1. setting parameter C2 for GSM

2. increase RXP

3. menaikkan lower uplink power control

4. mempersulit HO to GSM (HO,reselection,dgn logika DCS lebih bagus dr GSM)

5. check tilting antenna

- 4 -

CCaallll AAcccceessss

A
A
B
B

1. Cell Barred

2. C1>0

3. MS class Allowed.

C1 = (Rx_lev Rx_lev_Access_Min) Max(MS_TxCCH,0 MS_Tx Power) Cell Reselect Hysteresiss

Hyst

= 4 dB

Hyst = 4 dB 14 dB

14 dB

Cara

membatasi coverage:

1. Down Tilt.

2. MS_TxCCH.

3. Rx_lev_Acces_min.

4. Reduce Power.

5. Adjacency.

6. Negative C2 = C1 CRO (Cell Reselection Offset) with PT(Penalty Time) = 31.

7. Coba: Retrans = 1. D_max = 9 (Untuk membatasi coverage, due to rural area)

Parameter Access No = cell barred PLMN permitted : 0 7 active.

Yang perlu diperhatikan untuk create handover target: LAC, CI, BSIC, BCCH. Jika antar MSC, loading

MML and RNW.

TSC = BCC. Power control = disable.

Layering:

Untuk idle mode:

- Macro GSM

- Macro DCS, C2 = C1 + CRO (10 dB with PT=10 detik)

- Micro GSM

- Micro DCS

- Indoor.

Untuk Dedicated Mode

- FMMS

- AUCL = -80

- FMT = 4 s.

- 5 -

HHAANNDDOOVVEERR

Note: HO terjadi saat MS terkoneksi (dedicated), pada saat idle disebut Cell Selection atau Cell Reselection Terjadinya HO pada Cell Server ditentukan oleh:

1. PBGT (Power Budget)

2. Level DL / Level UL

3. Quality

4. Time Advance

5. Umbrella

6. FMMS (Fast Moving Mobile System)

Note: Normal HO di set sesuai Power Budget, Emergency HO di set sesuai Level, Quality, Time Advance, Umbrella, FMMS Pada PBGT HO terjadi saat Source HO dan Target HO terjadi selisih 4 dbm hingga 10 dbm, tergantung Margin yang diset (Margin Minimum=4 db)

Kondisi Server HO dan Target HO sebelum terjadi HO

 
 

Server

N1 (Neighbour 1)

BCCH

12

14

Signal Strength

-60 db

-75 db

Quality

0

0

TA

1

2

Kondisi Server HO dan Target HO setelah terjadi HO

 
 

Server

N1 (Neighbour 1)

BCCH

12

14

Signal Strength

-75 db

-60 db

Quality

0

0

TA

2

1

Signal Strength antara Server dan Target HO telah memenuhi syarat Margin 4-10 dbm Pada Level DL/UL terjadinya HO di set sesuai tingkat level yg telah di set (-95 dbm Source harus HO ke Target)

Kondisi Server HO dan Target HO sebelum terjadi HO

 

Server

N1 (Neighbour 1)

BCCH

12

14

Signal Strength

-60 db

-75 db

Quality

0

0

TA

1

2

Kondisi Server HO dan Target HO setelah terjadi HO

 
 

Server

N1 (Neighbour 1)

BCCH

12

14

Signal Strength

-95 db

-60 db

Quality

0

0

TA

2

1

Secara normal Source harus sudah HO ke Target, karena HO di set pada level -95 dbm maka HO belum bias terjadi, ketika level signal strength mencapai -95 dbm Source baru HO ke Target

- 6 -

HHOO LLaayyeerriinngg ((UUmmbbrreellllaa ddaann FFMMMMSS))

Umbrella

Terjadinya HO dari sistem GSM900 ke DCS1800 di tentukan oleh nilai AUCL (AUCL=-75 dbm), saat MS mendekati dual band site (GSM900 dan DCS1800) secara otomatis DCS1800 akan bertindak sebagai Server, setelah menjauh dari site baru GSM900 yang menjadi Server

FMMS

Ditentukan oleh nilai FMT (Fast Moving Threshold) FMT=5 detik

Call Setup

Connected

HO

GSM

GSM

DCS

Server=-50

Server=-50

Server=-80

N1 DCS=-90

N1 DCS=-80

N1=-55

HO Saat Idle HO 1 = Cell Selection HO 2 = Cell Recelection Hysterisis (CRH) HO 2 terjadi jika threshold = 6 dbm atau sesuai nilai CRO (Cell Reselect Offset) yg ditentukan C1 = Nilai Level Server yg sebenarnya C2 = Nilai Level Server setelah dilogik dengan nilai CRO

Server=-74

N1=-70

Secara normal harus terjadi HO ke N1, tetapi CRO sudah diset 6 dbm maka secara logical level Server menjadi -74 + CRO(6 dbm) sehingga tidak terjadi HO ke N1

KASUS-KASUS GSM

1. Signal Strength Low

2. Bad Quality

3. HO Fail

4. Call Drop

5. Call Block

6. Call Setup Fail

Signal Strength Low

Server DCS = -97 GSM = -80 Kemungkinan penyebab:

- New Site?

- Antenna Tilting?

- Antenna Clearance?

- BTS Installation?

Server GSM lebih kuat dari DCS nya Kemungkinan penyebab:

- Neighbour belum di create

- BCCH TRX bermasalah

- BCCH TRX Low Power

- 7 -

Server DCS lemah GSM kuat Kemungkinan penyebab:

- AUCL terlalu kecil

Server DCS kuat GSM lemah Kemungkinan penyebab:

- TRX problem

- DCS Insatallation problem

Server GSM kuat DCS lemah Kemungkinan penyebab:

- DCS Installation problem

- Umbrella (AUCL=-75)

Note: Kurangnya HO bisa mengakibatkan Signal Strength Low dan Bad Quality sehingga dapat menyebabkan Dropped Call or Blocked Call.

HO Fail Kemungkinan penyebab:

- Signal Strength Low

- Timer Expire

- Inter MSC

- Inter BSC

- Synchronization Fail (clock)

Call Drop Kemungkinan penyebab:

- Signal Strength Low

- Bad Quality

- Target HO belum di buat

Call Setup Fail Kemungkinan penyebab:

- Signal Strength Low

- Bad Quality

- Unpropper Neighbour (Tetangga yg tidak sesuai)

Call Block Kemungkinan penyebab:

- Signal Strength Low

- Bad Quality

- Target HO belum di buat

- 8 -

Analisa Pada sesi drivetest, Untuk analisa sebaiknya kita gunakan Rx full atau sub? Perlu diketahui bahwa:

1. Bila DTX diaktifkan Maka perlu digunakan Rx sub

2. Rx sub merupakan pengukuran lebih kecil dari Rx full untuk idenifikasi sinyal dengan data kosong atau tidak.

3. Jika DTX dimatikan pengukuran lebih valid dengan Rx full begitu juga sebaliknya.

4. BER jelek mungkin ada gangguan signaling dari tx transmit, antara air interface BTS dan yang diterima oleh ms

5. angka half rate 0-17, full 17-26 enhance rate 26-30

6. MS power sebagai indikasi power yang dipancarkan oleh MS, jika nilainya 0 maka power maksimal.

- 9 -

RREEFFEERREENNSSII NNEETTWWOORRKK DDOOCCTTOORR

NOKIA ND BROWSER OSS4.1

======================================================= Fault Management

027 BTS outages breakdown over 10 days

Configuration Management

Find Cell

042

Whole radio networks sorted out by BSC, BCF, BTS (042)

043

All cells with LAC and CI (043)

050

Find locked BCFs, BTSs, TRXs and channels (050)

051

Find cells having GPRS enabled TRXs (051)

Adjacencies

070

BTSs with maximum number of adjacencies (070)

071

Cells with minimum number of adjacencies (071)

074

Adjacencies of cells (074)

Network Entities

090

Network configuration summary (090)

054

Segment configuration (054)

Frequencies

111 Frequency plan (111)

Checks

065

Adjacencies to non-existing or foreign cells (slow, 065)

060

Adjacency discrepancies (060)

061

Non-symmetrical adjacencies (061)

062

Frequency check of adjacent cells (062)

069

Adjacent cell double frequencies (069)

076

Adjacent cells with the same NCC, BCC and frequency (076)

067

Handover synchronization (067)

068

BTS parameter survey (068)

063

BTS audit (063)

Performance Management BSS

SDCCH and TCH Access, availability

134

Cells having RACH rejections (134)

130

Cells having SDCCH congestion (130)

135

Cells having TCH congestion (135)

138

Cells having TCH blocking, raw and call blocking (138)

139

Cells having unavailable radio timeslots (139)

Handover

150

Cells having high HO failure ratio (150)

153

Adjacencies having high HO failure ratio (153)

154

Handover cause distribution, by cells (154)

151

Common BCCH, Multi-BCF HO, cell-level (151)

151

Common BCCH, Multi-BCF HO, BSC-level (151)

- 10 -

282

Cell Reselection, BTS level (282)

288

Cell Reselection, adjacency level (288)

Drop Call

163

Cells having high TCH drop call ratio (163)

164

Transcoder failures (164)

166

SDCCH Drop ratio per cell (166)

167

Cells having high drop call count in handovers (167)

Traffic and Load

182

Busy hour traffic for all cells (182)

181

Daily TCH traffic profile for a BTS (181)

185

Cells having maximum TCH traffic (185)

186

Cells having maximum paging traffic (186)

189

Cells sorted out by SDCCH or TCH holding time (189)

Interference, Quality and Link Balance

190

Cells having UL interference, 24-hour/10-day breakdowns (190)

196

UL and DL quality and UL interference per TRX, 24-hour/10-day breakdowns (196)

197

UL and DL quality per TRX (197)

244

Distribution of call samples by codecs and quality classes (BER) (244)

245

Distribution of call samples by codecs and quality classes (FER) (245)

246

AMR call time and quality, dynamic time and object aggregation (246)

195

Cells by DL and UL level balance (195)

191

Cells having bad link balance (191)

208

Link balance per TRX (208)

(E)GPRS

229

GPRS KPI (229)

226

(E)GPRS KPIs, enhancements from 229 (226)

235

GPRS counters (235)

275

EGPRS RLC statistics (275)

280

Dynamic Abis (280)

257

Sleeping GPRS BTSs (257)

284

Gb Over IP (284)

(E)QoS

270

Quality of Service (270)

281

EQoS (281)

289

EQoS Quality Control (289)

AMR

244

Distribution of call samples by codecs and quality classes (BER) (244)

245

Distribution of call samples by codecs and quality classes (FER) (245)

246

AMR call time and quality, dynamic time and object aggregation (246)

247

Transcoder failure ratio (247)

248

Codec set modification failure ratio (248)

PBS

260

Position based services (260)

DFCA

- 11 -

276 DFCA (276)

277 DFCA Assignment Quality (277)

Other BSS PM

203

Location update success ratio per BSC (203)

522

BSC ET Profile (522)

278

Wireless Priority Services PI (278)

Benchmark and analysis

213

BTS Doctor. (213) BTS doctor with all selections BTS doctor with configuration and parameters BTS doctor with adjacencies or alarms BTS doctor with performance statistics

216

BTS analyser (216)

BTS analyser with all or cell performance profile selection BTS analyser with configuration and parameters BTS analyser with performance statistics BTS analyser with adjacency checks or alarm statistics

290

Planning and Optimisation KPIs (290)

802

(E)GPRS Benchmark KPIs (802)

204

Network benchmark statistics (heavy, use small area, 204)

800

Quality survey (800)

205

BTS GSM KPI/PI table, dynamic object and time aggregation (205)

206

TRX level GSM KPI/PI table, dynamic object and time aggregation (206)

212

BSC doctor (212)

Extra

022

Active base station alarms (022)

234

Timing advance distribution per TRX (234)

- 12 -