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On Line Quiz

HI 102

Chapters 27 & 28

_____ 1. The Spanish Civil War was a crucial development during the 1930s because
A.
it demonstrated that the democracies lacked the will to oppose aggression in Europe.
B.
it created a strong new Fascist power that played a vital role in World War II.
C.
it offered an opportunity for the West and Russia to cooperate as they would later in the war.
D.
it proved that aggression would be met by forceful action by the democracies, deterring war.
_____ 2. The Five Year Plans accomplished all of the following EXCEPT
A.
collectivizing agriculture, despite massive resistance, deportations, and famines that killed millions.
B.
making the USSR the world's third largest producer, increasing steel by five times and electricity by 24!
C.
increasing literacy rates from below 50 percent to above 80 percent, and raising the standard of living.
D.
ending the need for strict political controls because of widespread satisfaction with the economic growth.
_____ 3. After Lenin died, leadership in the Soviet Union went to
A.
Stalin.
B.
Trotsky.
C.
Bukharin.
D.
a collective leadership including all three.
_____4. Hitler and the Nazis were able to come to power in Germany because of all of the following EXCEPT
A.
Hitler's messianic speaking style, his angry yet hopeful message, wealthy patrons, and the use of violence.
B.
long-term dissatisfactions of many Germans with the defeat in World War I and social upheavals after.
C.
the misery caused by the Great Depression, which the Weimar republic seemed unable to solve.
D.
Hitler sold his soul to the Devil to avenge having to work as a male prostitute in pre-World War I Vienna.
_____ 5. By 1932 the Great Depression was so bad that all of the following were true EXCEPT
A.
the world was producing only two-third as many manufactured goods as in 1928.
B.
13,000,000 Americans, 6,000,000 Germans, and 3,000,000 English people were unemployed.
C.
Germany stopped paying reparations, and the ex-Allied countries stopped paying their war debts.
D.
a series of communist revolutions broke out across Europe, inspired by Russia's success.
_____ 6. Freud's theories made people particularly uncomfortable for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
they involved sex, which was a taboo subject in nineteenth century middle class society.
B.
they made explicit and therefore threatened the delicate balance of forces within people's psyches.
C.
they undercut the security people derived from feeling that they could control the world rationally.
D.
they came at a time when all other facets of the culture were validating the liberal consensus.
_____ 7. All of the following characterized Fascist rule in Italy EXCEPT
A.
the leader of the party, Mussolini, ruled by decree.
B.
opponents were outlawed and suppressed.
C.
economic life was regulated by confederations of employers and workers.
D.
people's lives gradually improved as per capita output and the real wage rose.
_____ 8. The New Economic Policy
A.
imposed communism on Russia through collectivization and the five year plans.

B.
C.
D.

permitted small businesses and peasant enterprise to help rebuild the country.
intensified and extended "war communism" to cope with the threat of civil war.
accepted private ownership of major industries while taking over the small businesses.

_____ 9. In January 1933 Adolf Hitler became


A.
President of the Reichstag
B.
Chancellor of Germany
C.
Chairman of the National Socialist German Workers Party
D.
Prime Minister of Austria
10. While many historians consider WWII a continuation of the Great War, the generally accepted date for the
beginning of WWII is:
A.
May 1, 1934
B.
September 1, 1939
C.
December 7, 1941
D.
August 5, 1945
_____ 11. The German word Anschluss refers to the
A.
Fall of France
B.
The invasion of Poland
C.
The annexation of Austria
D.
combined arms warfare (named Blitzkrieg by an American newspaper reporter)
_____ 12. Which of the following statements would you attribute to Adolf Hitler:

A.
B.
C.
D.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason
and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Humanity seems to have run like boys let out of school away from the humanitarian, idealistic
nineteenth century. Our time represents a wide and wild reaction.
All great cultures of the past perished because the original creative race was destroyed by the
poisoning of its blood.
In a soldiers stance I aimed my hand at the mongrel dogs who teach. Fearing not that Id
become my enemy in the instant that I preach.

_____13. The Allies used the Nuremberg Trials:

A.
B.
C.
D.

to destroy Germany so that it could never again be a menace to Europe


to cover up the evidence that the Holocaust really took place
to emphasize the strength and justice of Western legal systems, even in dealing with genocide
to blame the victims of the Holocaust for their own destruction

_____ 14. Which of the following statements can be attributed to Neville Chamberlain:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Hitler, Im gonna come at you like a spider monkey.


From Stettin in the Baltic to Triest in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the
ContinentThis is certainly not the liberated Europe we fought to build up.
Imagine there's no countries, it isn't hard to do; no things to kill or die for, and no religion, too.
Imagine all the people living life in peace. You may say I'm a dreamer, but Im not the only one
My good friends this is the second time in our history that there has come back from Germany
[Munich] to Downing Street peace with honor. I believe it is peace in our time.

_____

15. Established in June 1944, the Second Front against Germany was opened by the Allies at:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Yalta, in the Crimea


Tunisia, North Africa
Normandy, France
Stalingrad, Russia

_____ 16. During the Holocaust (The Final Solution) nearly 6 million Jews and over 1 million __________ were killed
A.
ethnic Poles
B.
Freemasons
C.
Homosexuals
D.
Jehovahs Witnesses
_____ 17. Historian Theodore Ropp described WWII as four separate but connected wars. The largest of these was
A.
The Great Pacific War (US vs. Japan)
B.
The Great Patriotic War (USSR vs. Germany)
C.
The Second German War (UK and US vs. Germany)
D.
The War for East Asia (China vs. Japan)
_____ 18. The War Crime Trials (Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials) resulted in the execution of ___ Axis leaders
A.
none
B.
8
C.
19
D.
84
_____ 19. _________ ordered the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
A.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
B.
General George Marshall
C.
General Douglas MacArthur
D.
President Harry Truman
_____ 20.
A.
B.
C.
C.

Post-War Germany was divided into sectors controlled by:


USSR, USA, UK, Italy
USA, UK, France, Spain
UK, Switzerland, France, Spain
France, USA, USSR, UK