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Voice of the Engineer Deep Dive Series: AAA, 802.1X, MAB Secure Access and Mobility Product

Voice of the Engineer

Deep Dive Series: AAA, 802.1X, MAB Secure Access and Mobility Product Group (SAMPG) Connected Architectures Partner Organization (CAPO)

AAA, 802.1X, MAB Secure Access and Mobility Product Group (SAMPG) Connected Architectures Partner Organization (CAPO) 1
Solutions approach to partner training • Partner Enablement through series of WebEx Training Sessions •

Solutions approach to partner training

Partner Enablement through series of WebEx Training Sessions

Basics are introductory sessions open to AM, SE, FE

Deep Dives are Field Engineer focus

Deployment information from the Experts for the Experts

Recordings and Slides will be Archived on the Partner Community

Voice of the Engineer Deep Dives

Voice of the Engineer Basics

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

2

https://communities.cisco.com/docs/DOC-30977 • Identity Services Engine (ISE)  TrustSec & ISE Overview -
https://communities.cisco.com/docs/DOC-30977 • Identity Services Engine (ISE)  TrustSec & ISE Overview -

https://communities.cisco.com/docs/DOC-30977

Identity Services Engine (ISE)

TrustSec & ISE Overview - 9/25/12

AAA, 802.1X, MAB - 10/9/12

ISE Profiling 10/23/12

Web Auth, Guest & Device Registration 11/6/12

Bring Your Own Device & EAP Chaining 11/20/12

Posture & Security Group Access 12/4/12

Troubleshooting & Best Practices (Submit requests in survey) 12/18/12

AnyConnect Tentative Schedule

AnyConnect VPN 11/13/12

AnyConnect NAM 12/11/12

AnyConnect Mobile 1/8/13

Advanced AnyConnect Configuration 1/29/13

Content Security In Planning

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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3

https://communities.cisco.com/docs/DOC-30718 • ISE Registration
https://communities.cisco.com/docs/DOC-30718 • ISE Registration

https://communities.cisco.com/docs/DOC-30718

ISE Registration

ASA Registration

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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4

TrustSec & ISE Overview AAA, 802.1X, MAB Profiling Web Authentication, Guest & Device Registration Bring
TrustSec & ISE Overview AAA, 802.1X, MAB Profiling Web Authentication, Guest & Device Registration Bring
TrustSec & ISE Overview AAA, 802.1X, MAB
TrustSec & ISE Overview
AAA, 802.1X, MAB
Profiling Web Authentication, Guest & Device Registration Bring your own Device & EAP-Chaining Posture &
Profiling
Web Authentication, Guest & Device Registration
Bring your own Device & EAP-Chaining
Posture & SGA
Troubleshooting & Best Practices
5
© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Public

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB
Identity Sources
Authentication
Authorization
Accounting & Change of Authorization
Additional considerations for MS environment
Deployment Phases

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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6

7
7
Port-Based Access control using Authentication Supplicant Beginning Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL)
Port-Based Access control using Authentication Supplicant Beginning Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL)

Port-Based Access control using Authentication

Port-Based Access control using Authentication Supplicant Beginning Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL)

Supplicant

Beginning

Access control using Authentication Supplicant Beginning Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) Authenticator

Layer 2 Point-to-Point

EAP over LAN (EAPoL)

Beginning Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) Authenticator Auth Server L a y e r

Authenticator

Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) Authenticator Auth Server L a y e r 3

Auth Server

EAP over LAN (EAPoL) Authenticator Auth Server L a y e r 3 L i n

Layer 3 Link

RADIUS

Auth Server L a y e r 3 L i n k RADIUS EAPoL Start EAPoL
EAPoL Start EAPoL Request Identity EAP-Response Identity: Alice RADIUS Access Request [AVP: EAP-Response: Alice]
EAPoL Start
EAPoL Request Identity
EAP-Response Identity: Alice
RADIUS Access Request
[AVP: EAP-Response: Alice]
RADIUS Access-Challenge
EAP-Request: PEAP
Multiple
[AVP: EAP-Request PEAP]
Challenge-
EAP-Response: PEAP
Request
RADIUS Access Request
Exchanges
Possible
[AVP: EAP-Response: PEAP]
RADIUS Access-Accept
EAP Success
[AVP: EAP Success]
[AVP: VLAN 10, dACL-n]

Middle

End

• 802.1X (EAPOL) is a delivery mechanism and it doesn't provide the actual authentication mechanisms.
• 802.1X (EAPOL) is a delivery mechanism and it doesn't provide the actual authentication
mechanisms.
• When utilizing 802.1X, you need to choose an EAP type, such as Transport Layer Security
(EAP-TLS) or PEAP, which defines how the authentication takes place.
© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Public

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

8

What about all the ‘special’ cases in the network? Smart Phones Tablet PCs Supplicant Switch

What about all the ‘special’ cases in the network?

Smart Phones Tablet PCs

‘special’ cases in the network? Smart Phones Tablet PCs Supplicant Switch NEAT Meeting Room Employee (timed

Supplicant

Switch

NEAT

the network? Smart Phones Tablet PCs Supplicant Switch NEAT Meeting Room Employee (timed out certificate –

Meeting Room

Smart Phones Tablet PCs Supplicant Switch NEAT Meeting Room Employee (timed out certificate – renew certificate)
Smart Phones Tablet PCs Supplicant Switch NEAT Meeting Room Employee (timed out certificate – renew certificate)

Employee

(timed out certificate renew certificate)

Employee (timed out certificate – renew certificate) Guest Devices without supplicants (UPS, POS, ) Voice of
Employee (timed out certificate – renew certificate) Guest Devices without supplicants (UPS, POS, ) Voice of
Employee (timed out certificate – renew certificate) Guest Devices without supplicants (UPS, POS, ) Voice of

Guest

(timed out certificate – renew certificate) Guest Devices without supplicants (UPS, POS, ) Voice of the

Devices without supplicants (UPS, POS, )

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

& ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Filtered Employee Access (ACL) Rogue

Filtered Employee Access (ACL)

& ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Filtered Employee Access (ACL) Rogue

Rogue

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9

RADIUS Server Authenticator 00.0a.95.7f.de.06 EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP
RADIUS Server Authenticator 00.0a.95.7f.de.06 EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP
RADIUS Server Authenticator 00.0a.95.7f.de.06 EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP

RADIUS Server

RADIUS Server Authenticator 00.0a.95.7f.de.06 EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP

Authenticator

00.0a.95.7f.de.06

EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity Total Time From Link Up To
EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity
EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity
EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity
Total Time
From Link
Up To
Network
Access
• IEEE 802.1X Times Out
Time until endpoint
• MAB Starts
sends first packet after
Can be accelerated
IEEE 802.1X timeout
Any Packet
RADIUS Access-Request
[AVP: 00.0a.95.7f.de.06]
using ‘authentication
control-direction in’
command
RADIUS Access-Accept
Network Access Granted

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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10

R A D I U S S e r v e r Authenticator EAPoL: EAP
R A D I U S S e r v e r Authenticator EAPoL: EAP
R A D I U S S e r v e r Authenticator EAPoL: EAP

RADIUS Server

R A D I U S S e r v e r Authenticator EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity

Authenticator

R A D I U S S e r v e r Authenticator EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity
EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity Time until endpoint sends first
EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity
EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity
EAPoL: EAP Request-Identity
Time until endpoint
sends first packet after
IEEE 802.1X timeout
endpoint sends first packet after IEEE 802.1X timeout • IEEE 802.1X Times Out • MAB Starts

IEEE 802.1X Times Out

MAB Starts

Unknown MAC address

Any Packet RADIUS Access-Request [AVP: 00.0a.95.7f.de.06] Limited Network Access RADIUS Access-Accept Or Access-Reject
Any Packet
RADIUS Access-Request
[AVP: 00.0a.95.7f.de.06]
Limited Network Access
RADIUS Access-Accept
Or Access-Reject
Network Access RADIUS Access-Accept Or Access-Reject Depends on WebAuth method Voice of the Engineer : Deep
Depends on WebAuth method
Depends on
WebAuth
method

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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11

Single Host (802.1X) Switch Only one MAC Address is allowed. 2 nd MAC Address causes
Single Host (802.1X) Switch Only one MAC Address is allowed. 2 nd MAC Address causes
Single Host (802.1X)
Switch
Only one MAC Address is allowed.
2 nd MAC Address causes Security
Violation
Hub
VLAN
dACL
Endpoint 1
Endpoint 2
Multi-Domain Auth (MDA) Switch Each domain (Voice or Data) authenticates one MAC address. 2 nd
Multi-Domain Auth (MDA)
Switch
Each domain (Voice or Data)
authenticates one MAC address.
2 nd MAC address on each domain
causes security violation
Voice
Data
VLAN
dACL
Endpoint 1
Endpoint 2
Multi-Host Switch Multi-Authentication Switch Voice domain authenticates one MAC address. Data domain authenticates
Multi-Host
Switch
Multi-Authentication
Switch
Voice domain authenticates one
MAC address. Data domain
authenticates multiple MAC
addresses. dACL or single VLAN
Assignment for all devices are
supported
1 st MAC Address is authenticated.
2 nd endpoint piggybacks on 1 st
MAC Address authentication and
bypass authentication
Hub
Voice
Authenticated
Piggyback
Data
Data
VLAN*
dACL
VLAN*
Endpoint 1
Endpoint 2
Endpoint 1
Endpoint 2

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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aaa new-model aaa authentication dot1x default group radius aaa authorization network default group radius aaa
aaa new-model aaa authentication dot1x default group radius aaa authorization network default group radius aaa
aaa new-model aaa authentication dot1x default group radius aaa authorization network default group radius aaa

aaa new-model

aaa authentication dot1x default group radius aaa authorization network default group radius

aaa accounting dot1x default start-stop group radius aaa accounting network default start-stop group radius

aaa server radius dynamic-author client {PSN} server-key {RADIUS_KEY}

ip device tracking redirect dot1x system-auth-control

ip radius source-interface {SOURCE_INT} radius-server attribute 6 on-for-login-auth

packets. radius-server attribute 8 include-in-access-req server in the access request

radius-server attribute 25 access-request include radius-server dead-criteria time 5 tries 3

radius-server deadtime {DEADTIME}

radius-server host {PSN} auth-port 1812 acct-port 1813

// Enable AAA

// use RADIUS for dot1X Authentication // use RADIUS for Authorization

// Use RADIUS for Accounting

// Enable Change of Authorization (CoA)

// Get IP addresses of endpoints for L3 enforcement method such as dACL and URL

// Enable dot1X on the switch globally

// Specify source interface for sending RADIUS request // Sends the Service-Type attribute in the authentication

// To send the IP address of a user to the RADIUS

// To include the class attribute in access-request // Criteria to mark the RADIUS server as dead

//

// Time to mark RADIUS server dead in minutes

as dead // // Time to mark RADIUS server dead in minutes key {RADIUS_KEY} Specify a

key {RADIUS_KEY}

Specify a RADIUS (ISE) server host/key and the ports to use, and the live/dead test username (default per 60 minutes)

radius-server vsa send accounting

radius-server vsa send authentication attributes

ip http server

ip http secure-server

// Limits the set of recognized VSAs to only accounting attributes // Limits the set of recognized VSAs to only authentication

// Enable http server for CWA

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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ip dhcp snooping to enable dhcp snooping on VLANs no ip dhcp snooping information option
ip dhcp snooping to enable dhcp snooping on VLANs no ip dhcp snooping information option
ip dhcp snooping to enable dhcp snooping on VLANs no ip dhcp snooping information option

ip dhcp snooping

to enable dhcp snooping on VLANs

no ip dhcp snooping information option

logging monitor informational

authentication events logging origin-id ip logging source-interface {SOURCE_INT} logging host {MnT} transport udp port 20514 epm logging

// Another way to get IP address for DHCP enabled endpoint (Optional). Also need

// Send syslog to MnT node for syslog correlation with ISE

// Send syslog to MnT node for syslog correlation with ISE ip http secure-active-session-modules none ip

ip http secure-active-session-modules none ip http active-session-modules none

snmp-server community {SNMP_RO} RO

// Setup RADIUS test user with password // Disallow web access to the switch

// Accept SNMP read from PSN. Recommended to use ACL to limit

access snmp-server enable traps snmp authentication linkdown linkup coldstart warmstart to PSN for profiling purpose. If RADIUS accounting is enabled, SNMP trap is optional snmp-server host <PSN> public snmp-server host <PSN> mac-notification snmp snmp-server source-interface traps {SOURCE_INT} mac address-table notification change mac address-table notification change interval 0

// Send SNMP trap

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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15

interface GigabitEthernet x/y/z switchport access vlan {VLAN_ID} switchport mode access // Set port to access
interface GigabitEthernet x/y/z switchport access vlan {VLAN_ID} switchport mode access // Set port to access
interface GigabitEthernet x/y/z switchport access vlan {VLAN_ID} switchport mode access // Set port to access

interface GigabitEthernet x/y/z switchport access vlan {VLAN_ID}

switchport mode access

// Set port to access mode, cannot run authentication command unless port set to

access mode switchport voice vlan {VLAN_ID} ip access-group DEFAULT_ACL in

// Pre-authentication ACL for all unauthenticated traffic // Split port to Data/Voice domain and allow multiple MAC

authentication host-mode multi-auth

authentication open authentication periodic

authentication timer reauthenticate server

authentication timer inactivity server authentication violation restrict

// Forward unauthenticated traffic prior to authentication

// Enable reauthentication on a port

// reauthentication timer is sent from PSN

// inactivity timer is sent from PSN // when a new device connects to a port, traffic from new MAC

addresses are dropped. Default behavior is to shutdown the interface when new MAC address is detected

authentication event fail action next-method

// When dot1X fails, then start MAB

authentication event server dead action reinitialize vlan {VLAN_ID} (Critical VLAN) authentication event server dead action authorize voice {VLAN_ID}

// PSN Server Dead VLAN assignments

authentication event server alive action reinitialize

// When previously dead PSN becomes alive,

reinitialize the interface so connected endpoints can reauthenticate per ISE policy

mab

dot1x timeout tx-period 10

snmp trap mac-notification change added

spanning-tree portfast

// Enable MAC Authentication Bypass

// Change the timeout before falling back to MAB

Bypass // Change the timeout before falling back to MAB // Enable authentication on the port.

// Enable authentication on the port.

For more information go to http://www.cisco.com/go/trustsec

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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interface GigabitEthernet x/y/z switchport access vlan {VLAN_ID} switchport mode access access mode // Set port
interface GigabitEthernet x/y/z switchport access vlan {VLAN_ID} switchport mode access access mode // Set port
interface GigabitEthernet x/y/z switchport access vlan {VLAN_ID} switchport mode access access mode // Set port

interface GigabitEthernet x/y/z

switchport access vlan {VLAN_ID}

switchport mode access access mode

// Set port to access mode, cannot run authentication command unless port set to

switchport voice vlan {VLAN_ID} authentication host-mode multi-domain

authentication periodic

authentication timer reauthenticate server

authentication timer inactivity server authentication violation restrict

// Split port to Data/Voice domain and allow single MAC

// Enable reauthentication on a port

// reauthentication timer is sent from PSN

// inactivity timer is sent from PSN // when a new device connects to a port, traffic from new MAC

addresses are dropped. Default behavior is to shutdown the interface when new MAC address is detected

authentication event fail action next-method

// When dot1X fails, then start MAB

authentication event server dead action authorize vlan {VLAN_ID} (Critical VLAN)

// PSN Server Dead VLAN assignments

authentication event server dead action authorize voice {VLAN_ID}

authentication event server alive action reinitialize

// When previously dead PSN becomes alive,

reinitialize the interface so connected endpoints can reauthenticate per ISE policy

mab

dot1x timeout tx-period 10

snmp trap mac-notification change added

spanning-tree portfast authentication port-control auto

// Enable MAC Authentication Bypass

// Change the timeout before falling back to MAB

// Enable authentication on the port.

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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18

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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19

802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB
Identity Sources
Authentication
Authorization
Accounting & Change of Authorization
Additional considerations for MS environment
Deployment Phases

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

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RADIUS Token RSA SecurID AD Supports Prefix/Suffix removal from UserID LDAP Identity Source Sequence Which
RADIUS Token RSA SecurID AD Supports Prefix/Suffix removal from UserID LDAP Identity Source Sequence Which
RADIUS Token RSA SecurID AD Supports Prefix/Suffix removal from UserID LDAP Identity Source Sequence
RADIUS
Token
RSA
SecurID
AD
Supports Prefix/Suffix removal
from UserID
LDAP
Identity
Source
Sequence

Which identity database do we use?

Internal Internal DB Certificate Profile - Can lookup AD/LDAP for certificate matching - Can lookup
Internal
Internal
DB
Certificate
Profile
-
Can lookup AD/LDAP for
certificate matching
-
Can lookup CRL or OCSP
AD/LDAP for certificate matching - Can lookup CRL or OCSP External RADIUS RADIUS Server Sequence Voice
External RADIUS RADIUS Server Sequence
External
RADIUS
RADIUS
Server
Sequence

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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22

Administration > Identity Management > External Identity Sources > LDAP Voice of the Engineer :

Administration > Identity Management > External Identity Sources > LDAP

Management > External Identity Sources > LDAP Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
Management > External Identity Sources > LDAP Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
Management > External Identity Sources > LDAP Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
Management > External Identity Sources > LDAP Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
Management > External Identity Sources > LDAP Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
Management > External Identity Sources > LDAP Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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23

Administration > Identity Management > External Identity Sources > Certificate Authentication Profile Domain

Administration > Identity Management > External Identity Sources > Certificate Authentication Profile

Domain suffix maybe needed to differentiate for further AD/LDAP lookup
Domain suffix maybe
needed to differentiate
for further AD/LDAP
lookup

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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24

CRL: Administration > System > Certificates > Certificate Authority Certificates Voice of the Engineer :

CRL: Administration > System > Certificates > Certificate Authority Certificates

> Certificates > Certificate Authority Certificates Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
> Certificates > Certificate Authority Certificates Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

OCSP: Administration > System > Certificates > OCSP Services

Cisco Public

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There is no service account for native AD integration • An account with rights to

There is no service account for native AD integration

There is no service account for native AD integration • An account with rights to add/remove
There is no service account for native AD integration • An account with rights to add/remove

An account with rights to add/remove machines on the domain is needed

Once ISE node has been added to the domain the account information used to add ISE to the domain is not stored on ISE

All nodes can be added from primary admin node

Unless ISE node is pre-created in AD, it will be added to ‘Computers’ OU

It can be moved to other OU

However, GPO setting will not apply to ISE node

When Upgrading ISE, consider having a user with above rights present in case ISE node may need to be re-added

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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ISE will Join the Domain AD PAN Policy Service Nodes Each ISE Node will join

ISE will Join the Domain

AD PAN Policy Service Nodes
AD
PAN
Policy Service Nodes
ISE will Join the Domain AD PAN Policy Service Nodes Each ISE Node will join and
ISE will Join the Domain AD PAN Policy Service Nodes Each ISE Node will join and

Each ISE Node will join and Query AD separately, and have it’s own Computer Account in AD

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or
Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or
Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or
Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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29

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or
Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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Multiple Domains If Trust Relationship(s) Exist • Then only need to join one domain. If

Multiple Domains

If Trust Relationship(s) Exist
If Trust Relationship(s) Exist

Then only need to join one domain.

If no Trust Relationships
If no Trust Relationships

Complicated. Depends on Authentication Requirements & EAP Methods.

One option: LDAP

Other option: RADIUS-Proxy

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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Protocol Internal Active Directory L D A P RADIUS Token PAP Yes Yes Yes Yes
Protocol Internal Active Directory L D A P RADIUS Token PAP Yes Yes Yes Yes

Protocol

Internal

Active

Directory

LDAP

RADIUS

Token

PAP

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

CHAP

Yes

No

No

No

MS-CHAPv1/v2

Yes

Yes

No

No

EAP-MD5

Yes

No

No

No

PEAP-TLS

No

Yes*

Yes*

No

EAP-TLS

No

Yes*

Yes*

No

EAP-GTC

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

* TLS authentication does not require an DB, but can be used for Authorization

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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Use if request cannot be differentiated Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec

Use if request cannot be differentiated

Use if request cannot be differentiated Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Questions to ask before using identity source sequence

Is there any way to identify the request using attributes?

How long would it take for the authentication process?

Cisco Public

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NAD: “show authentication session” Which ISE: Detailed Authentication Report one??? About that session… RADIUS

NAD: “show authentication session”

Which ISE: Detailed Authentication Report one???
Which
ISE: Detailed Authentication Report
one???
About that session… RADIUS
About that
session…
RADIUS

Browser: url-redirect for webauth

https://ise11.example.com:8443/guestportal/gateway?C0A8013C00000618B3C1CAFB&portal=&action=cwa

NAC Agent: url-redirect for posture

https://ise11.example.com:8443/guestportal/gateway?C0A8013C00000618B3C1CAFB&portal=&action=cpp

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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C0A8013C00000618B3C1CAFB NAS IP Address Session Count Time Stamp • Session is created when NAD sends
C0A8013C00000618B3C1CAFB NAS IP Address Session Count Time Stamp • Session is created when NAD sends
C0A8013C00000618B3C1CAFB NAS IP Address Session Count Time Stamp • Session is created when NAD sends
C0A8013C00000618B3C1CAFB NAS IP Address Session Count Time Stamp • Session is created when NAD sends

C0A8013C00000618B3C1CAFB

NAS IP Address

Session Count

Time Stamp

Session is created when NAD sends RADIUS authentication request to the RADIUS server

Used for correlation of events

Used for Change of Authorization (CoA)

Depends on time

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB
Identity Sources
Authentication
Authorization
Accounting & Change of Authorization
Additional considerations for MS environment
Deployment Phases

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

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39
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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40

Policy > Authentication RADIUS Attributes EAP Types Identity Source Service type NAS IP Username SSID

Policy > Authentication

RADIUS Attributes

EAP Types

Identity Source

Service type NAS IP Username SSID

Service type NAS IP Username SSID
Service type NAS IP Username SSID

EAP-FAST EAP-TLS PEAP

EAP-FAST EAP-TLS PEAP

EAP-MD5

Host lookup

Internal/Certificate Active Directory

LDAPv3

RADIUS Identity Sequence

RADIUS Identity Sequence
Active Directory LDAPv3 RADIUS Identity Sequence 802.1X / MAB Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive
Active Directory LDAPv3 RADIUS Identity Sequence 802.1X / MAB Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive
Active Directory LDAPv3 RADIUS Identity Sequence 802.1X / MAB Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive
802.1X / MAB
802.1X / MAB

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE Authentication Options © 2012 Cisco
Authentication Options
Authentication
Options

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

– TrustSec & ISE Authentication Options © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco

Cisco Public

– TrustSec & ISE Authentication Options © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco
– TrustSec & ISE Authentication Options © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco

41

Policy > Authentication • Well used attributes hi-lighted Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive
Policy > Authentication • Well used attributes hi-lighted
Policy > Authentication
Well used attributes hi-lighted

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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42

RADIUS Username != MAC address Service-Type = Framed NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet 802.1X Voice of the
RADIUS Username != MAC address Service-Type = Framed NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet 802.1X Voice of the
RADIUS Username != MAC address Service-Type = Framed NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet 802.1X Voice of the
RADIUS
RADIUS

Username != MAC address

RADIUS Username != MAC address Service-Type = Framed NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet 802.1X Voice of the Engineer

Service-Type = Framed

RADIUS Username != MAC address Service-Type = Framed NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet 802.1X Voice of the Engineer

NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet

MAC address Service-Type = Framed NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet 802.1X Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive
MAC address Service-Type = Framed NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet 802.1X Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive
802.1X
802.1X

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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43

RADIUS Username = MAC Address Service-Type = Call-Check NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet MAB Voice of the
RADIUS Username = MAC Address Service-Type = Call-Check NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet MAB Voice of the
RADIUS Username = MAC Address Service-Type = Call-Check NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet MAB Voice of the
RADIUS
RADIUS

Username = MAC Address

RADIUS Username = MAC Address Service-Type = Call-Check NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet MAB Voice of the Engineer
RADIUS Username = MAC Address Service-Type = Call-Check NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet MAB Voice of the Engineer

Service-Type = Call-Check

RADIUS Username = MAC Address Service-Type = Call-Check NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet MAB Voice of the Engineer

NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet

Address Service-Type = Call-Check NAS-Port-Type = Ethernet MAB Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive –
MAB
MAB

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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44

Policy > Policy Elements > Conditions > Authentication > Compound Conditions Voice of the Engineer

Policy > Policy Elements > Conditions > Authentication > Compound Conditions

Conditions > Authentication > Compound Conditions Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
Conditions > Authentication > Compound Conditions Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or its

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights

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45

Authentication Method Framed: 802.1X Service-Type Call-Check: MAB Outbound: LWA Type of user Starts with host\:
Authentication Method Framed: 802.1X Service-Type Call-Check: MAB Outbound: LWA
Authentication Method
Framed: 802.1X
Service-Type
Call-Check: MAB
Outbound: LWA
Type of user Starts with host\: Machine Username Ends with @domain.com: User
Type of user
Starts with host\: Machine
Username
Ends with @domain.com: User
EAP Method PEAP Tunnel-Type EAP-FAST
EAP Method
PEAP
Tunnel-Type
EAP-FAST

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

SSID Aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff:SSID Called-Station-Id Matches: .*:SSID Cisco Public
SSID
Aa-bb-cc-dd-ee-ff:SSID
Called-Station-Id
Matches: .*:SSID
Cisco Public

46

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Policy > Policy Elements > Results > Authentication > Allowed Protocols • This section can

Policy > Policy Elements > Results > Authentication > Allowed Protocols

> Results > Authentication > Allowed Protocols • This section can be used to enable/disable

This section can be used to enable/disable authentication protocols

Also, includes protocol specific configurations options

This screen also allows enabling EAP-Chaining

If FIPS mode is enabled globally, some of the protocols will not be available

globally, some of the protocols will not be available © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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47

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

Policy > Authentication EAP-FAST-GTC EAP-TLS PEAP-MSCHAPv2 Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec

Policy > Authentication

Policy > Authentication EAP-FAST-GTC EAP-TLS PEAP-MSCHAPv2 Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &

EAP-FAST-GTC

EAP-TLS

PEAP-MSCHAPv2
PEAP-MSCHAPv2

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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48

• Why would we want to ‘Drop’ when process fails? • Why would we want
• Why would we want to ‘Drop’ when process fails? • Why would we want

Why would we want to ‘Drop’ when process fails?

Why would we want to ‘Continue’ when user is not found?

Reject: Send ‘Access-Reject’ back to the NAD

Continue: Continue to authorization regardless of authentication outcome

Drop: Do not respond to the NAD NAD will treat as if RADIUS server is

dead

As, note states, not all EAP types support ‘Continue’ option

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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49

When to drop RADIUS request I will pretend I am not available! 1.1.1.1 is down,

When to drop RADIUS request

I will pretend I am not available!
I will pretend I am not
available!
1.1.1.1 is down, let me try 2.2.2.2 RADIUS 1.1.1.1 RADIUS Global Config radius-server host 1.1.1.1
1.1.1.1 is down, let
me try 2.2.2.2
RADIUS
1.1.1.1
RADIUS
Global Config
radius-server host 1.1.1.1 key cisco123
radius-server host 2.2.2.2 key cisco123
Radius-server dead time ….

2.2.2.2

2.2.2.2 key cisco123 Radius-server dead time …. 2.2.2.2 Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive –

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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50

Only works for PAP/ASCII, EAP- TLS, EAP-MD5. Other request is rejected
Only works for
PAP/ASCII, EAP-
TLS, EAP-MD5.
Other request is
rejected
PAP/ASCII, EAP- TLS, EAP-MD5. Other request is rejected When to send ‘Access - Accept’ for unknown

When to send ‘Access-Accept’ for unknown MAB authentication

ACCESS-REJECT
ACCESS-REJECT
ACCESS-ACCEPT
ACCESS-ACCEPT

NAD controlled

RADIUS controlled

ISE sends Access-Reject to the NAD

No-response VLAN (Guest VLAN) Lack of visibility from ISE CoA is not supported ACL for enforcement

ISE sends Access-Accept to the

switch

Can assign dynamic VLAN or ACL

User access visible from ISE

Supports CoA operation

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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51

Use case A u t h C M e t h o d ID Store
Use case A u t h C M e t h o d ID Store

Use case

AuthC

Method

ID Store

AuthZ

Conditions

Permissions

Employee

PEAP-

AD

Machine

MSCHAPv2

Contractor

EAP-FAST-GTC

LDAP

Guest

Central Web Authentication

ISE - Internal

Supplicantless

devices

MAB

ISE - Internal

IP Phone/LWAP

MAB

ISE - Internal

VPN

Token

SecurID

MAB ISE - Internal VPN Token SecurID Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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52

Policy > Authentication Where is the authentication policy for guest use case??? Voice of the

Policy > Authentication

Policy > Authentication Where is the authentication policy for guest use case??? Voice of the Engineer

Where is the authentication policy for guest use case???

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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53

802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB
Identity Sources
Authentication
Authorization
Accounting & Change of Authorization
Additional considerations for MS environment
Deployment Phases

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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54

55
55
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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56

Policy > Authorization 802.1X / MAB What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions Voice
Policy > Authorization 802.1X / MAB What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions Voice
Policy > Authorization 802.1X / MAB What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions Voice
Policy > Authorization 802.1X / MAB What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions Voice
Policy > Authorization 802.1X / MAB What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions Voice

Policy > Authorization

Policy > Authorization 802.1X / MAB What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions Voice of
802.1X / MAB
802.1X / MAB

What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions

/ MAB What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions Voice of the Engineer : Deep
/ MAB What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions Voice of the Engineer : Deep
/ MAB What Permissions to assign based on the Conditions Voice of the Engineer : Deep

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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57

External Identity Groups RADIUS & Directory Session Attributes Attributes AuthZ Condition Posture Profiled
External Identity Groups RADIUS & Directory Session Attributes Attributes AuthZ Condition Posture Profiled
External
Identity
Groups
RADIUS
&
Directory
Session
Attributes
Attributes
AuthZ
Condition
Posture
Profiled
State
Groups
AuthZ Condition Posture Profiled State Groups Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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58

Administration > Identity Management > External Identity Sources > AD or LDAP External Groups External

Administration > Identity Management > External Identity Sources > AD or LDAP

External Groups

Identity Sources > AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the

External Attributes

> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :
> AD or LDAP External Groups External Attributes Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer :

Policy > Authorization

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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59

- With ACCESS-ACCEPT, NAD applies additional attributes Well used Well Profile used attributes attributes -
- With ACCESS-ACCEPT, NAD applies additional attributes
Well
used Well Profile used attributes attributes
- With ACCESS-REJECT, no attributes can be set
Any custom attributes
Preview of attributes
can be set Any custom attributes Preview of attributes Policy > Policy Elements > Results >

Policy > Policy Elements > Results > Authorization

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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60

Dynamic VLAN Downloadable ACL Voice VSA Switch VSA
Dynamic VLAN
Downloadable ACL
Voice VSA
Switch VSA

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

61

Downloadable ACL RADIUS MAB
Downloadable ACL
RADIUS
MAB

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

62

RADIUS VLAN ID M A B Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
RADIUS VLAN ID M A B Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
RADIUS
RADIUS

VLAN ID

RADIUS VLAN ID M A B Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &
RADIUS VLAN ID M A B Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec &

MAB

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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63

• Attributes can be added/removed/substituted prior to being sent to upstream RADIUS server • Attributes

Attributes can be added/removed/substituted prior to being sent to upstream RADIUS server

Attributes can be added/removed/substituted prior to being sent back to the NAD

Can also go through normal Authorization rule

the NAD • Can also go through normal Authorization rule RADIUS Voice of the Engineer :
RADIUS
RADIUS
• Can also go through normal Authorization rule RADIUS Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

RADIUS
RADIUS

Cisco Public

: Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

64

Use case A u t h C M e t h o d ID Store
Use case A u t h C M e t h o d ID Store

Use case

AuthC

Method

ID Store

AuthZ

Conditions

Permissions

Employee

PEAP-

AD

AD security group

Full

Machine

MSCHAPv2

Contractor

EAP-FAST-GTC

LDAP

Limited ACL

AD security group

Guest

Central Web Authentication

ISE - Internal

ISE Guest group

Internet Only ACL and VLAN

Supplicantless

devices

MAB

ISE - Internal

Profiled group

Full

IP Phone/LWAP

MAB

ISE - Internal

Profiled group

Full

VPN

Token

SecurID

Full

Profiled group Full VPN Token SecurID Full Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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65

Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE ©

Policy > Authorization

Policy > Authorization Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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66

Advanced Editing Advanced Editor Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE

Advanced Editing

Advanced Editor
Advanced Editor

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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67

Advanced Editing Simple Conditions © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public

Advanced Editing

Simple Conditions © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Cisco Public
Simple Conditions
© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Cisco Public

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

68

Nested conditions using dictionary • (Member of ‘Domain Computers Group’ or DN includes ‘OU=NA’) and

Nested conditions using dictionary

(Member of ‘Domain Computers Group’ or DN includes ‘OU=NA’) and Posture state != Compliant

or DN includes ‘OU=NA’) and Posture state != Compliant Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive
or DN includes ‘OU=NA’) and Posture state != Compliant Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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69

802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB
Identity Sources
Authentication
Authorization
Accounting & Change of Authorization
Additional considerations for MS environment
Deployment Phases

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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70

71
71
• Provides additional information about the session • Marks end of a session (Removes endpoint

Provides additional information about the session

Marks end of a session (Removes endpoint from licensing count)

Provides IP address

Profile

Device Sensor

• Provides IP address • Profile • Device Sensor RADIUS Accounting Proxy EAPoL Logoff CDP 2
• Provides IP address • Profile • Device Sensor RADIUS Accounting Proxy EAPoL Logoff CDP 2
RADIUS Accounting
RADIUS
Accounting
address • Profile • Device Sensor RADIUS Accounting Proxy EAPoL Logoff CDP 2 nd port RADIUS
address • Profile • Device Sensor RADIUS Accounting Proxy EAPoL Logoff CDP 2 nd port RADIUS
address • Profile • Device Sensor RADIUS Accounting Proxy EAPoL Logoff CDP 2 nd port RADIUS
Proxy EAPoL Logoff CDP 2 nd port
Proxy EAPoL Logoff
CDP 2 nd port
RADIUS Accounting
RADIUS
Accounting
RADIUS Accounting
RADIUS
Accounting

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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73
73
73
 RADIUS protocol is initiated by the network devices  No way to change authorization
 RADIUS protocol is initiated by the network devices  No way to change authorization

RADIUS protocol is initiated by the network devices

No way to change authorization from the ISE

aaa server radius dynamic-author client {PSN} server-key {RADIUS_KEY}
aaa server radius dynamic-author
client {PSN} server-key {RADIUS_KEY}

Now network devices listens to CoA request from ISE

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Now I can control ports when I want to! RADIUS CoA •Re-authenticate session •Terminate session
Now I can control
ports when I want to!
RADIUS
CoA
•Re-authenticate session
•Terminate session
•Terminate session with port
bounce
•Disable host port

Cisco Public

74

Auth Server Supplicant Authenticator Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) L a y e
Auth Server Supplicant Authenticator Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) L a y e
Auth Server Supplicant Authenticator Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) L a y e
Auth Server Supplicant Authenticator Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) L a y e

Auth Server

Auth Server Supplicant Authenticator Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) L a y e r

Supplicant

Auth Server Supplicant Authenticator Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) L a y e r

Authenticator

Layer 2 Point-to-Point

EAP over LAN (EAPoL)

Authenticator Layer 2 Point-to-Point EAP over LAN (EAPoL) L a y e r 3 L i

Layer 3 Link

RADIUS

RADIUS Access-Accept EAP Success [AVP: EAP Success] [AVP: VLAN 10, dACL-n] RADIUS CoA-Request [VSA: subscriber:
RADIUS Access-Accept
EAP Success
[AVP: EAP Success]
[AVP: VLAN 10, dACL-n]
RADIUS CoA-Request
[VSA: subscriber: reauthenticate]
RADIUS CoA-Ack
EAPoL Request Identity
EAP-Response Identity: Alice RADIUS Access Request [AVP: EAP-Response: Alice] RADIUS Access-Challenge EAP-Request:
EAP-Response Identity: Alice
RADIUS Access Request
[AVP: EAP-Response: Alice]
RADIUS Access-Challenge
EAP-Request: PEAP
Multiple
[AVP: EAP-Request PEAP]
Challenge-
EAP-Response: PEAP
Request
RADIUS Access Request
Exchanges
Possible
[AVP: EAP-Response: PEAP]

Initial

Authentication

Change of Authorization

Re-

Authentication

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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75

802.1X / MAB / WebAuth CoA Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth CoA Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth CoA Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth
802.1X / MAB / WebAuth
CoA
CoA

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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76

Posture Assessment Profile change - Endpoint is profiled for the 1 st time. - Endpoint
Posture Assessment Profile change - Endpoint is profiled for the 1 st time. - Endpoint
Posture Assessment Profile change - Endpoint is profiled for the 1 st time. - Endpoint
Posture Assessment
Posture Assessment
Profile change - Endpoint is profiled for the 1 st time. - Endpoint is statically
Profile change
- Endpoint is profiled for the 1 st time.
- Endpoint is statically assigned with a new Policy
- Endpoint is deleted from ISE DB.
Or… Exception action
From MnT session report
From MnT session report

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

REST API Session Troubleshooting Management Change of Authorization Endpoint Protection Service Cisco Public
REST API
Session
Troubleshooting
Management
Change of
Authorization
Endpoint Protection
Service
Cisco Public

77

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB
Identity Sources
Authentication
Authorization
Accounting & Change of Authorization
Additional considerations for MS environment
Deployment Phases

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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79
79
79
Indexed Attributes Non-indexed Attributes For large AD/LDAP lookup for non- indexed attributes can take a
Indexed Attributes
Indexed Attributes

Indexed Attributes

Indexed Attributes
Indexed Attributes
Indexed Attributes
Indexed Attributes
Non-indexed Attributes
Non-indexed Attributes

Non-indexed Attributes

Non-indexed Attributes
Non-indexed Attributes
Non-indexed Attributes
Non-indexed Attributes
Non-indexed Attributes

For large AD/LDAP lookup for non-

indexed attributes can take a long time!

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

All attributes will be retrieved if selected for all users

Use group tab for group membership instead of attributes

For large AD, consider adding group name manually

Limited RegEx available

GCS will have visibility to All AD

domains; however, not all attributes are present on GCS

Cisco Public

80

How do I ensure Local PSN is connecting to Local AD controller? Without Site &
How do I ensure Local PSN is connecting to Local AD controller? Without Site &

How do I ensure Local PSN is connecting to Local AD controller?

Without Site & Services Which AD server should I connect to? AD ‘X’ Which AD
Without Site & Services
Which AD
server
should I
connect to?
AD ‘X’
Which AD
server
should I
connect to?
Site ‘X’
Site ‘Y’
AD ‘Y’
Properly configured AD ‘X’ I will communicate with local AD server! Site ‘X’ Site ‘Y’
Properly configured
AD ‘X’
I will
communicate
with local AD
server!
Site ‘X’
Site ‘Y’
I will
communicate
with local AD
server
AD ‘Y’

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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81

Consider following Authorization Policy They are independent EAP-TLS: Machine Certificate (Supplicant may prefix

Consider following Authorization Policy

They are independent

EAP-TLS: Machine Certificate (Supplicant may prefix ‘host/’) PEAP-MSCHAPv2: Windows AD shared secret EAP-FAST:
EAP-TLS: Machine Certificate (Supplicant may prefix ‘host/’)
PEAP-MSCHAPv2: Windows AD shared secret
EAP-FAST: Machine authentication name prefix ‘host/’
1. 2. 3.
1.
2.
3.

Machine Authentication

4.

User Authentication

Machine boots up

Interface becomes active (not authenticated)

802.1X authentication starts Machine sends its credential

If user logs on to machine, machine sends EAPOL-start message to notify the access point or switch that a new authentication is being performed Following EAP-TLS, PEAP-MSCHAPv2, EAP-FAST authentication will be done with users credential

EAP-FAST authentication will be done with users credential Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive –
EAP-FAST authentication will be done with users credential Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive –
EAP-FAST authentication will be done with users credential Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive –

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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What is Machine Access Restriction (MAR)? Consider following Authorization Policy No way to deny access

What is Machine Access Restriction (MAR)?

Consider following Authorization Policy

No way to deny access for user only authentication
No way to deny access for
user only authentication

User Authentication

If user logs on to machine, machine sends EAPOL-start message to notify the access point or switch that a new authentication is being performed Following EAP-TLS, PEAP-MSCHAPv2, EAP-FAST authentication will be done with users credential

EAP-FAST authentication will be done with users credential Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive –

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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On Premise PC re-imaging Bulk PC re-imaging Remote Support Voice of the Engineer : Deep
On Premise PC re-imaging
On Premise PC re-imaging
Bulk PC re-imaging
Bulk PC re-imaging
Remote Support
Remote Support

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

PXE Boot Cisco Public
PXE Boot
Cisco Public

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© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Use case A u t h C M e t h o d ID Store
Use case A u t h C M e t h o d ID Store

Use case

AuthC

Method

ID Store

AuthZ

Conditions

Permissions

Employee

PEAP-

AD

AD security group

Full

Machine

MSCHAPv2

Contractor

EAP-FAST-GTC

LDAP

Limited ACL

AD security group

Guest

Central Web Authentication

ISE - Internal

ISE Guest group

Internet Only ACL and VLAN

Supplicantless

devices

MAB

ISE - Internal

Profiled group

Full

IP Phone/LWAP

MAB

ISE - Internal

Profiled group

Full

VPN

Token

SecurID

Full

PC Re-Image

MAB

ISE - Internal

Manual Whitelist

Limited ACL

Remote Support

Central Web Authentication

AD

AD security group

Limited ACL

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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Use case A u t h C M e t h o d ID Store
Use case A u t h C M e t h o d ID Store

Use case

AuthC

Method

ID Store

AuthZ

Conditions

Permissions

Employee

PEAP-

AD

AD security group

Full

Machine

MSCHAPv2

Contractor

EAP-FAST-GTC

LDAP

Limited ACL

AD security group

Guest

Central Web Authentication

ISE - Internal

ISE Guest group

Internet Only ACL and VLAN

Supplicantless

devices

MAB

ISE - Internal

Profiled group

Full

IP Phone/LWAP

MAB

ISE - Internal

Profiled group

Full

VPN

Token

SecurID

Full

PC Re-Image

MAB

ISE - Internal

Manual Whitelist

Limited ACL

Remote Support

Central Web Authentication

AD

AD security group

Limited ACL

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB Identity Sources Authentication Authorization Accounting & Change of Authorization Additional
802.1X & MAB
Identity Sources
Authentication
Authorization
Accounting & Change of Authorization
Additional considerations for MS environment
Deployment Phases

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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88
88
Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or
Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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Location Conference Rooms Campus LAN Remote Offices Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive –

Location

Conference Rooms
Conference
Rooms
Location Conference Rooms Campus LAN Remote Offices Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
Campus LAN
Campus
LAN
Location Conference Rooms Campus LAN Remote Offices Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec
Remote Offices
Remote
Offices

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

User Type

Guest Access
Guest
Access
: Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE User Type Guest Access Contractors Employees © 2012 Cisco
Contractors
Contractors
– TrustSec & ISE User Type Guest Access Contractors Employees © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates.
Employees
Employees

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Access Type

VPN
VPN
Employees © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Access Type VPN Wireless Wired Cisco
Wireless
Wireless
Employees © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Access Type VPN Wireless Wired Cisco

Wired

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Low Risk High Risk Low- Monitor Impact Monitor Closed Voice of the Engineer : Deep
Low Risk High Risk Low- Monitor Impact Monitor Closed Voice of the Engineer : Deep

Low

Risk

Low Risk High Risk Low- Monitor Impact Monitor Closed Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive

High

Risk

Low- Monitor Impact
Low-
Monitor
Impact
Monitor Closed
Monitor
Closed

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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A Process, Not just a Command Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode multi-auth

A Process, Not just a Command

A Process, Not just a Command Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode multi-auth
Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode multi-auth authentication open authentication
Interface Config
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
authentication host-mode multi-auth
authentication open
authentication port-control auto
mab
dot1x pae authenticator

Enables 802.1X Authentication on the Switch

But: Even failed Authentication will gain Access

Allows Network Admins to see who would have failed, and fix it, before causing a Denial of Service

Pre-AuthC S W I T C H P O R T Permit All D H
Pre-AuthC
S
W I T C H P O R T
Permit All
D
H C P
T
F T P
K
R B 5
E
A P o L
H
T T P
P O R T Post-AuthC S W I T C H Permit All D H
P O R T
Post-AuthC
S W I T C H
Permit All
D
H C P
T
F T P
E
A P o L
H
T T P
K
R B 5
All D H C P T F T P E A P o L H T

Traffic always allowed

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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Address risks before enforcement Update MAB list Monitor ISE Logs Address supplicant issues Add new

Address risks before enforcement

Update MAB list

Address risks before enforcement Update MAB list Monitor ISE Logs Address supplicant issues Add new profiles

Monitor ISE Logs

risks before enforcement Update MAB list Monitor ISE Logs Address supplicant issues Add new profiles Voice
risks before enforcement Update MAB list Monitor ISE Logs Address supplicant issues Add new profiles Voice
risks before enforcement Update MAB list Monitor ISE Logs Address supplicant issues Add new profiles Voice

Address

supplicant

issues

Add new profiles

Monitor ISE Logs Address supplicant issues Add new profiles Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Advance to Low-Impact or Closed phase Authentication

Advance to Low-Impact or

Closed phase Authentication should have high % of success rate
Closed phase
Authentication
should have high %
of success rate
reserved. Advance to Low-Impact or Closed phase Authentication should have high % of success rate Cisco

Cisco Public

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If Authentication is Valid, then Full Access! Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode
If Authentication is Valid, then Full Access! Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode
If Authentication is Valid, then Full Access! Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode

If Authentication is Valid, then Full Access!

If Authentication is Valid, then Full Access! Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode
Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode multi-auth authentication open authentication
Interface Config
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
authentication host-mode multi-auth
authentication open
authentication port-control auto
mab
dot1x pae authenticator
ip access-group default-ACL in

Monitor Mode + ACL to limit traffic flow

AuthC success = Full Access

Failed AuthC would only be able to communicate to certain services

WebAuth for non-Authenticated

 
Pre-AuthC S W I T C H P O R T Permit Some D H
Pre-AuthC
S
W I T C H P O R T
Permit
Some
D H C P
T F T P
K R B 5
E A P o L
H T T P
S W I T C H P O R T Post-AuthC Permit All D H
S
W I T C H P O R T
Post-AuthC
Permit All
D H C P
T F T P
E A P o L
K R B 5
H T T P

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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If Authentication is Valid, then full or Specific Access! Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
If Authentication is Valid, then full or Specific Access! Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1

If Authentication is Valid, then full or Specific Access!

If Authentication is Valid, then full or Specific Access! Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode multi-auth authentication open authentication
Interface Config
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
authentication host-mode multi-auth
authentication open
authentication port-control auto
mab
dot1x pae authenticator
ip access-group default-ACL in

AuthC Success = Role Specific Access

dVLAN Assignment / dACLs

Specific dACL, dVLAN

Secure Group Access

Still Allows for pre-AuthC Access for Thin Clients,

PXE, etc

WebAuth for non-Authenticated

Pre-AuthC S W I T C H P O R T Permit Some D H
Pre-AuthC
S
W I T C H P O R T
Permit
Some
D H C P
T F T P
K R B 5
E A P o L
H T T P
S W I T C H P O R T Post-AuthC SGT Role-Based ACL D
S
W I T C H P O R T
Post-AuthC
SGT
Role-Based ACL
D H C P
R D P
E A P o L
K R B 5
H T T P

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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No Access prior to Login, then Full or Specific Access! Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication

No Access prior to Login, then Full or Specific Access!

Interface Config interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1 authentication host-mode multi-auth authentication port-control auto
Interface Config
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1
authentication host-mode multi-auth
authentication port-control auto
mab
dot1x pae authenticator

Default 802.1X Behavior

No access at all prior to AuthC

Still use all AuthZ Enforcement Types

dACL, dVLAN, SGA

Must take considerations for Thin Clients

& PXE, etc…

Pre-AuthC S W I T C H P O R T Permit EAP D H
Pre-AuthC
S
W I T C H P O R T
Permit
EAP
D H C P
T F T P
K R B 5
E A P o L
H T T P
S W I T C H P O R T Post-AuthC SGT Permit All -
S
W I T C H P O R T
Post-AuthC
SGT
Permit All
- or -
D H C P
T F T P
E A P o L
K R B 5
H T T P
Role-Based ACL Cisco Public
Role-Based ACL
Cisco Public

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or its

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Who What Where When How TrustSec 802.1X 802.1X • MACSec • SGA ISE • Profiling
Who What Where When How
Who
What
Where
When
How
TrustSec 802.1X 802.1X • MACSec • SGA ISE • Profiling AnyConnect • Posture • Guest
TrustSec
802.1X
802.1X
• MACSec
• SGA
ISE
• Profiling
AnyConnect
• Posture
• Guest

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

© 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Low- Monitor Impact
Low-
Monitor
Impact
Monitor Closed
Monitor
Closed

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• ISE ATP Portal: http://ciscosecurityatp.com/ • Cisco Partner ISE Resources: http://cisco.com/go/isepartner •

ISE ATP Portal: http://ciscosecurityatp.com/

Cisco Partner ISE Resources: http://cisco.com/go/isepartner

ISE HLD Help Alias (US): ise_hld_help@cisco.com

ATP requirements and guidelines for ISE:

Sales Acceleration Center (SAC) for HLD submissions: sac-support@cisco.com

SAMPG Partner Team:

Sheila Rone srone@cisco.com

Phuong Nguyen pvnguyen@cisco.com

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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• ISE Security Basics - https://communities.cisco.com/docs/DOC-30718 • ISE Best Practices VoD - PVT Express

ISE Best Practices VoD - PVT Express 2010-2012 - Replays and Presentations

802.1X Training on PEC

Team MIDAS Wireless ISE and BYOD classes

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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• ISE Product - http://www.cisco.com/go/ise • TrustSec - http://www.cisco.com/go/trustsec • ISE 1.1.1 Demos

ISE Product - http://www.cisco.com/go/ise

ISE 1.1.1 Demos

dCloud BYOD Hosted Demos http://www.cisco.com/go/byoddemo

Free NFR Lab Software for Partners (1.1.1 Update Coming Soon)

Cisco Marketplace - $24.95 VMware image, perpetual license, 20 endpoints http://cisco.mediuscorp.com/ise

PDI Helpdesk - Webpage: http://www.cisco.com/go/pdihelpdesk

Program-related questions: pdihd-bn@cisco.com

Your Cisco PDM and CSE

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

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Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive TrustSec & ISE

Voice of the Engineer : Deep Dive – TrustSec & ISE © 2012 Cisco and/or its

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