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Blowdown Orifice Sizing Calculation

Standard Calculation WS-CA-PR-023, Rev. A, "Issued for Review", Date 05-Feb-03


Validated WS-CA-PR-023, Rev. A, "Issued for Review" , Date 05-Feb-03
CLIENT

PROJ No

PROJECT

CALC No

SUBJECT

SHEET

REVISION

DATE

BY

Vessel
Fluid Phase

CHECKED

REVISION

DATE

BY

REVISION

OF
DATE

BY

10-RO-1401
Vapour
P1

63

bar a #

Target Downstream Pressure P2

8.0

bar a #

Relief Temperature
Relief Load
Compressibility
Molecular Weight
Upstream Diameter
Cp / Cv
Specific Gravity
Discharge Coefficient

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Relief Pressure

OK - Critical Flow
T
W
z
MW
D
k
g
C

Ycr = [(k/z (2 / (k + 1))(k + 1)/(k - 1)]0.5

361
K
6803 kg/h
0.88
24.52
49.22 mm
1.18
0.85
0.83932

0.69

Estimate Blowdown Orifice Diameter d


d = (W / 0.1668762 C Ycr Ftp P1 (g / T)0.5)0.5
d=

15.22

Let Ftp =1

mm

Calculate Ftp using the estimated d


Ftp = 1 + ki/2 (2 / (ki+1))(ki + 1)/(ki - 1) b4

where b = d/D

0.31

Ftp = 1.0019
in2
Calculate d using Ftp
d=
15.20 mm

Area =

182

mm2

Pcrit / Ftp P1 = (2 / (ki + 1)) (ki / (ki - 1))


Critical Pressure Ratio for a Thick Orifice
=>
(For thick square edged orifices and steady, isentropic flow)
Critical P
=
36
bar a

OK - Critical Flow

CHECKED