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APPLICATION OF SOLAR PV’S IN INDIA BY Naveen Methre ME-3, III yr Mechanical MNIT,JAIPUR
APPLICATION OF
SOLAR PV’S IN INDIA
BY
Naveen Methre
ME-3,
III yr Mechanical
MNIT,JAIPUR
Condition of use of solar PV cells Cold weather Cloud condition Isolated generation
Condition of use of solar PV cells
Cold weather
Cloud condition
Isolated generation
Solar power or solar photovoltaic electricity Solar photovoltaic electricity is generated from light, employing
Solar power or solar photovoltaic
electricity
Solar photovoltaic electricity is generated from light,
employing photovoltaic modules or cells ,which
convert sunlight into electricity using cells with semi
conductors
Brief Overview of Solar PV Technology •Solar cells are made of silicon (microelectronics/semiconductors) Treated to
Brief Overview of Solar PV Technology
•Solar cells are made of
silicon
(microelectronics/semiconductors)
Treated to be positive on one side and negative on the
other.
•When light energy hits the cell, electrons are knocked loose
from the atoms in the semiconductor material.
•If electrical conductors are attached to the positive and
negative sides, forming an electrical circuit, the electrons
can be captured in the form of an electric
Module Every single photovoltaic cell has small dimensions and generally produces a power between 1
Module
Every single photovoltaic cell has small
dimensions and generally produces a
power between 1 and 3 watts and 0,5Volts,
at the standard test conditions (STC) of
1000W/m².
To get a bigger power and voltage, it is
necessary to connect several cells among
themselves to create bigger units called
modules
Panel The modules, in their turn, can be connected to constitute panels, called photovoltaic fields
Panel
The modules, in their turn, can be
connected to constitute panels, called
photovoltaic fields too, that produce the
power wanted from the application
Therefore the photovoltaic system is a
unification of mechanical, electric and
electronic components that contribute to
capture and transform the available solar
energy, for the users of electric energy
The photovoltaic system structures Systems with fixed inclination - (fixed supporting structure) Systems with active
The photovoltaic system structures
Systems with fixed inclination - (fixed
supporting structure)
Systems with active tracking -
single/double axis tracking systems
(characterized by step by step motors and
control electronics)
Self contained systems or “stand alone”
Network connected systems or “grid
connected”
Some benefits of photovoltaics No fuel requirements - In remote areas diesel or kerosene fuel
Some benefits of photovoltaics
No fuel requirements - In remote areas
diesel or kerosene fuel supplies are erratic
and often very expensive
Modular design - A solar array comprises
individual PV modules, which can be
connected to meet a particular demand.
Reliability of PV modules - This has been
shown to be significantly higher than that
of diesel generators.
Some benefits of PV systems Easy to maintain - Operation and routine maintenance requirements are
Some benefits of PV systems
Easy to maintain - Operation and routine
maintenance requirements are simple
Long life - With no moving parts and all delicate
surfaces protected, modules can be expected to
provide power for 15 years or more.
Environmentally benign - There is no pollution
through the use of a PV system – nor is there any heat
or noise generated which could cause local discomfort
PV applications Rural electrification • lighting and power supplies for remote building (mosques, churches, temples
PV applications
Rural electrification
• lighting and power supplies for remote building
(mosques, churches, temples etc, farms, schools,
mountain refuge huts) - low wattage fluorescent
lighting is recommended.
power supplies for remote villages
street lighting
individual house systems
battery charging
mini grids
Used for pumping system PV can be used to power water pumping systems ©Practical Action
Used for pumping system
PV can be used to power water pumping systems ©Practical Action
PV applications 2.Water pumping and treatment systems • pumping for drinking water • pumping for
PV applications
2.Water pumping and treatment systems
• pumping for drinking water
• pumping for irrigation
• dewatering and drainage
• ice production
• saltwater desalination systems
• water purification
PV applications 3.Health care systems • lighting in rural clinics • UHF transceivers between health
PV applications
3.Health care systems
• lighting in rural clinics
• UHF transceivers between health centres
• vaccine refrigeration
• ice pack freezing for vaccine carriers
• sterilizes
• blood storage refrigerators
PV applications 4. Communications • radio repeaters • remote TV and radio receivers • remote
PV applications
4. Communications
• radio repeaters
• remote TV and radio receivers
• remote weather measuring
• mobile radios
• rural telephone kiosks
• data acquisition and transmission (for example, river
levels and seismographs)
PV applications 5. Transport aids • road sign lighting • railway crossings and signals •
PV applications
5. Transport aids
• road sign lighting
• railway crossings and signals
• hazard and warning lights
• navigation buoys
• road markers
PV applications 6. Security systems • security lighting • remote alarm system • electric fences
PV applications
6. Security systems
• security lighting
• remote alarm system
• electric fences
PV applications 7. Miscellaneous • ventilation systems • calculators • pumping and automated feeding systems
PV applications
7. Miscellaneous
• ventilation systems
• calculators
• pumping and automated feeding systems on fish farms
• solar water heater circulation pumps
• boat / ship power
• vehicle battery trickle chargers
• earthquake monitoring systems
• emergency power for disaster relief
India’s Solar Profile •India ranks 3rd in annual production capacity of solar PV ahead of
India’s Solar Profile
•India ranks 3rd in annual
production capacity of solar
PV ahead of Germany,
France and Australia
•India increasing budget for
implementing solar power
plants
India Has a Lot of Sunlight Sunlight on the surface of earth is the radiation
India Has a Lot of Sunlight
Sunlight on the surface of earth is the radiation
received from sun.
India has adequate sunshine available for most parts
of the year, including rural areas.
The amount of solar energy impacting the surface of
earth is 1000 watts per square meter, which is about
32.8 million MW every second on the Indian land
mass.
*A large part of the incident heat is reflected to the
outer space or radiated back to space.
Lead kindly Light Solar lanterns : A recent innovation in solar technology is the solar
Lead kindly Light
Solar lanterns : A recent innovation in solar
technology is the solar lantern. Originally designed
for the outdoor leisure market in western countries,
this simple lantern with a small PV module (5 -10
watts) is extremely appropriate to use in rural areas of
developing countries for replacing kerosene lamps.
Cost is still a barrier, as is the potential for local
manufacture, but there is enormous scope for
widespread dissemination of a simple, robust solar
lantern.
Cost Analysis of Different Lamps
Cost Analysis of Different
Lamps
Illumination Level of Lamps
Illumination Level of Lamps
Experimental Investigation on Solar Lamps The out put power generated by PV Source during insolation
Experimental Investigation on
Solar Lamps
The out put power generated by PV Source during insolation
A Basket weavers in a Solar Rural House of Bodam Village In Patamda Block of
A Basket weavers in a Solar Rural House of Bodam Village In
Patamda Block of East Singhbhoom District of Jharkhand State
Some Reference Q Ah San “Solar Power Lantern for Flood Affected Area” IEEE 2000 page
Some Reference
Q Ah San “Solar Power Lantern for Flood Affected
Area” IEEE 2000 page 487 – 492
INTELLIGENT SOLAR LAMPS FOR RURAL INDIA-
Case study in Jharkhand by S. N . Singh , Dr A .K
.Singh Dept of ECE NIT JAMSHEDPUR.
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Photovoltaic Program: 55000 street lighting systems 340,000 home lighting
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
Photovoltaic Program:
55000 street lighting systems
340,000 home lighting systems
1566 kW of power plants
540,000 solar lanterns have been
produced
REMOTE VILLAGES SELECTED FOR SOLAR ELECTRIFICATION
REMOTE VILLAGES SELECTED
FOR SOLAR ELECTRIFICATION
FUTURE PLANS BY MNES A 10 million square meter solar collector area capable of conserving
FUTURE PLANS BY MNES
A 10 million square meter solar collector area capable
of conserving electricity equivalent to that generated
from a 500 MW power plant is expected to be set up
by 2022.
India has recently proposed to augment cooking,
lighting, and motive power with renewable in 600,000
villages by 2032, starting with 10,000 remote off-grid
villages by 2012.
Solar photovoltaic mini-grids in Sunderbans Nine SPV mini-grids with a cumulative installed capacity of 344.5
Solar photovoltaic mini-grids in Sunderbans
Nine SPV mini-grids with a cumulative
installed capacity of 344.5 kWp have been
installed by WBREDA in Sunderbans
Each of the 1,750 consumers, who typically
would have used kerosene for lighting and
diesel- based battery charging for TV
viewing, has the potential of saving 228.2 kg
CO2 emissions annually, as per a study
conducted in the year 2000
Save diesel and lessen CO2 emission Considering the emission rate of 1.3 kg CO2 per
Save diesel and lessen CO2 emission
Considering the emission rate of 1.3 kg CO2
per kWh for diesel –generated electricity,
each 100 kWp mini-grid has the potential of
saving about 180 tonnes of CO2 emissions
annually.
SPV mini-grid benefits include:- Another survey in this region has reported upon the tangible benefits
SPV mini-grid benefits include:-
Another survey in this region has reported upon the
tangible benefits of SPV mini-grids
These benefits include:-
the ability to do agricultural work at night
longer periods of work for small trades and
an ensuing increase in income due to these extended
hours of operation
Kaveri Agri-Care Pvt. Ltd., India The plant specializes in drying coir peat, which is a
Kaveri Agri-Care Pvt. Ltd., India
The plant specializes in drying coir peat, which is a
fine granular material extracted from underneath the
coconut skin.
The final product is extremely absorbent and buoyant,
making it ideal for usage in soil replacement and oil
spills
It was important to have a drying process that would
be cost effective, that would not add further pollution
to the local environment, and that would not
adversely harm the coir peat.
SolarWall® panels It was determined that SolarWall® technology would provide a cost-effective means for reducing
SolarWall® panels
It was determined that SolarWall® technology would
provide a cost-effective means for reducing diesel fuel.
414 m square (4456 ft2) of solar cladding were
installed on the south facing roof.
The heat from the panels is ducted down into the
burner, yielding a nominal air flow of 60 m3/h/m2
and preheating the air entering the dryer by 20 °C.
It displaces about 14% of the heating fuel, yielding a 2
year payback.
SolarWall® panels are mounted on the roof of the processing plant to provide a supply
SolarWall® panels are mounted on the roof of the processing plant to provide a
supply of warm air to dry the coir peat
PV Manufacturers in India TATA BP BHEL CENTRAL ELECTRONICS LTD SELCO INDIA
PV Manufacturers in India
TATA BP
BHEL
CENTRAL ELECTRONICS LTD
SELCO INDIA
Disadvantages of Solar Energy for Rural India Low intensity or dispersion Its unpredictability, which varies
Disadvantages of Solar
Energy for Rural India
Low intensity or dispersion
Its unpredictability, which varies with the whims of
weather (Monsoon Season)
Cost of Solar Equipment for the poor – Financing
schemes
Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency
(IREDA) - a Public Limited Company, providing
revolving fund to financing and leasing companies
offering affordable credit for the purchase of PV
systems
CONCLUSION In India, the scientific focus is deliberately moving towards transforming coal into clean energy
CONCLUSION
In India, the scientific focus is deliberately moving
towards transforming coal into clean energy as well as
harnessing hydropower.
The recent surge in nuclear energy is also diverting
focus from the solar energy enhancement.
In all probability, the Indian government will support
off-grid solar energy production through a
decentralized manner
BIBILOGRAPHY http://ecoworld.com/features/2007/05/15/indias- solar-power/ Solar Energy: Alternative to Combat Energy
BIBILOGRAPHY
http://ecoworld.com/features/2007/05/15/indias-
solar-power/
Solar Energy: Alternative to Combat Energy
Insecurity in India, Shikha Bisht & Biswajayee
Patra Article No:96, December 12, 2006
http://www.economywatch.com/business-and-
economy/india-energy.html
Akanksha Chaurey, TERI, E-mail:
akanksha@teri.res.in
Some links Chaurey, A. “Ramakrishna Mission Initiative Impact Study.” Final Report under the contract NREL/SR-
Some links
Chaurey, A. “Ramakrishna Mission Initiative Impact
Study.” Final Report under the contract NREL/SR-
520-28601. Available at <http://www.doe.gov/bridge>.
http://Solarwall.com
Photovoltaic systems: solar energy based technology
http://dev.emcelettronica.com/print/51991
http://practicalaction.org
Some more links http://www.ren21.net http://mnes.nic.in/annualreport/2004_2005_English/ ch12_pg1.htm CII – Godrej
Some more links
http://www.ren21.net
http://mnes.nic.in/annualreport/2004_2005_English/
ch12_pg1.htm
CII – Godrej GBC Publication, RES - Fact Sheet - No.3
INTELLIGENT SOLAR LAMPS FOR RURAL INDIA
a case study by S. N . Singh , Dr A .K .Singh- NIT
JAMSHEDPUR
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