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METRIC MOTORS

The influx of foreign equipment during the 70s and 80s have put great numbers of metric motors
in plants. As a result of this and the age of these motors, we are seeing inquiries for replacement
motors that will match the IEC (International Electrical Commission) standards.
To help identify these motors and make suitable replacements, the following information could be
useful.
RATING SYSTEM
One of the first things is that ratings are given in kilowatts (KW) rather than horsepower. The first
thing to do is to convert from kilowatts to horsepower. It is important to note that even though KW is
an electrical term, in this case it is associated with mechanical output (just as horsepower is in this
country). A simple factor will make the conversion. Multiply the KW rating of the motor by 1.34 to get
the horsepower of the motor. For example, a 2 KW motor would be equal to approximately 2.7 HP
and the closest NEMA equivalent would be 3 HP.
The next item of concern would be the speed of the motor. Generally, somewhere on the nameplate
of the foreign motor, you find the speed listed in RPM. The convention in Europe seems to be to
show the no load speed of the motor and occasionally, the 50 cycle speed may be shown rather
than the 60 cycle speed. The following table shows a crossover from the 50 cycle speeds to the
equivalent 60 cycle speeds. In some cases, both the 50 and 60 cycle speeds are shown generally
separated with a slash, for example, 1500/1800 RPM. this would be a 4 pole motor that U. S.
manufacturers would show nameplated with its full load speed. In this case it might be 1725 to 1760
RPM depending on the size of the motor.

POLES
2300028503600
4150014251800
610009501200
8750700900

FREQUENCY
50 HZ SPEEDS (RPM)
SYNCHRONOUSFULL LOAD
FULL LOAD
(Typical)SYNCHRONOUS
(Typical)
3450
1725
1150
850

60 HZ SPEEDS (RPM)

FAILURE REPLACEMENT
When an IEC (metric) motor fails in service the most practical way to proceed is to attempt to get an
exact metric framed replacement motor. Baldor and other manufacturers offer a limited selection of
the most popular ratings for direct replacement.
When direct replacements are not available, the following information should be helpful in adapting
NEMA frame motors to the metric application.
FRAME SIZE
European frame sizes are handled in a different way from U. S. frame sizes. They are based on the
shaft height (equivalent to our D dimension) in millimeters. For example, a 112 frame would have

a 112 millimeters shaft height. Convert this to inches by dividing 112 by 25.4 to get an equivalent
domestic shaft height. In this case, the shaft height of a 112 frame would be slightly over 4.4 inches
and the closest NEMA frame motor would be a 180 series frame (182, 184, 182T or 184T) with a
shaft height of 4.5 inches. This is true for IEC base mounted motors. In the case of this motor, it
would be necessary to make adjustments on the machine that would allow for either using the 180
series frame domestic motor and aligning the shaft height difference or by selecting a 145T or 56
frame motor (3.5" shaft height) and shimming up to get the proper alignment. The bolt pattern on
the bases of IEC motors are given as metric dimensions and it is impossible to get complete
interchangeability with NEMA frame sizes. However, it is usually possible on foot mounted motors
to adapt to domestic frame sizes by drilling new holes or making other accommodation to accept
the different footprint of the NEMA frame motor. IEC frame sizes for rigid base motors and the
associated metric dimensions are shown on page 25. (Dimensions are in Millimeters Divide by
25.4 to get inch equivalents.)
FLANGE MOUNTED MOTORS
Flange mounted motors become a real nemesis for conversion. There are two popular face
mounting configurations used on the IEC motors. The most popular is the B5 configuration which
is closest to NEMA D flange motors. the important thing to note is that with the B5 flange, the
clearance holes are in the flange and the threaded holes are in the mating part, such as the pump,
gear reducer or machine. The other popular IEC flange is the B14 flange. In this case, the threaded
holes are in the face of the motor much the same as the NEMA C face motors.
IEC flange mounted motors all have metric rather than inch shaft diameters and where threaded
holes are involved, they are metric rather than inch threads. To replace metric flange mounted
motors, an exact flange mounting equivalent would be necessary unless someone is resourceful
enough to make adapter flanges that would convert NEMA C face motors to the metric dimensions
required. Since this usually is not the case, metric flange mounted motors have to be replaced with
metric motors. Page 26 shows typical metric dimensions for B5 and B14 metric motors. Note that
dimensions are given in Millimeters.
Baldor is now offering selections of metric, three phase, flange mounted motors. We also stock
some permanent magnet DC motors that can be used as replacement units. On a custom basis
when reasonable quantities are involved we can build many different metric equivalent motors.
SUMMARY
This information should be useful in your day-to-day dealings in metric replacements.
TYPICAL METRIC FOOT MOUNTED DIMENSIONS

Frame
Size
D63
D71
D80
D90S
D90L
D100L
D112M
D132S
D132M
D160M
D160L
D180M
D180L
D200L

A
100
112
125
140
140
160
190
216
216
254
254
279
279
318

Fixing
B
C
H
80 40 63
90 45 71
100 50 80
100 56 90
125 56 90
140 63 100
140 70 112
140 89 132
178 89 132
210 108 160
254 108 160
241 121 180
279 121 180
305 133 200

K
7
7
10
10
10
12
12
12
12
15
15
15
15
19

D
11
14
19
24
24
28
28
38
38
42
42
48
48
55

E
23
30
40
50
50
60
60
80
80
110
110
110
110
110

Shaft
F G
3 8.5
5 11
6 15.5
8 20
8 20
8 24
8 24
10 33
10 33
12 37
12 37
14 42.5
14 42.5
16 49

ED
10
14
25
32
32
40
40
56
56
80
80
80
80
80

AA
19
19
27
28
28
28
37
38
38
49
49
51
51
60

AB
119
131
157
174
174
184
214
243
243
304
304
329
329
380

BB
100
110
127
127
152
170
170
208
208
304
304
329
329
379

General
L HA AC
207 2 126
251 2 126
295 4 158
314 4 178
339 4 178
371 4 208
377 4 215
458 5 257
458 5 257
605 5 318
605 5 318
671 8 362
671 8 362
750 10 422

AD

132
140
140
138
179
189
189
239
239
278
278
300

HD
169
177
212
230
230
251
277
321
321
399
399
458
458
500

AE

102
110
110
120
130
154
154
193
193
217
217
243

TYPICAL METRIC FLANGE MOUNTED MOTOR DIMENSIONS

MOTOR
SIZE
56 A
56 B
63 A
63 B
71 A

2 POLES
HP
KW
0.12
0.09
0.16
0.12
0.25
0.18
0.33
0.25
0.5
0.37

4 POLES
HP KW
0.08 0.06
0.12 0.09
0.16 0.12
0.25 0.18
0.33 0.25

6 POLES
HP
KW

0.25
0.18

20

80 100 120 2.5 7 167 102

11

23

95 115 140 3

14

30 110 130 160 3.5 9 211 140

9 185 122

71 B
80 A
80 B
90 S
90 L
90 LL
100 LA
100 LB
112 M
132 S
132 M
132 L
160 M
160 L
180 M
180 L
200 L
225 S
225 M
250 M

0.75
0.55
0.5 0.37 0.33
0.25
1
0.75 0.75 0.55
0.5
0.37
19 40 130 165 200 3.5 11 231 164
1.5
1.1
1 0.75 0.75
0.55
2
1.5
1.5 1.1
1
0.75
245
3
2.2
2
1.5
1.5
1.1
24 50 130 165 200 3.5 11 270 181

2.5 1.8

292
4
3
3
2.2
2
1.5
304

4
3

28 60 180 215 250 4 14 304 207


5.5
4
5.5
4
3
2.2
343
7.5-10 5.5-7.5 7.5 5.5
4
3
364
12.5
9
10 7.5 5.5-7.5 4-5.5
38 80 230 265 300 4 14 402 259

12.5 9

402
15-20 11-15 15
11
10
7.5
42 110 250 300 350 5 18 540 335
25
18.5
20
15
15
11
30
22
25 18.5

48 110 250 300 350 5 18 600 374


35
26
30
22
20
15
40-50 30-37 40
30 25-30 18.5-22 55 110 300 350 400 5 18 656 416

50
37

* 60 140 350 400 450 5 18 680 416


60
45
60
45
40
30
75
55
75
55
50
37
* 65 140 450 500 550 5 18 742 490
100
75
100 75
60
45
280 S
* 75 140 450 500 550 5 18 892 490
125
90
125 90
75
55
* For 2 poles motors: Gr. 225 D = 55; E = 110 Gr. 250 D = 60; E = 140 Gr. 280 D = 65; E = 140

MOTOR
SIZE
63 A
63 B
71 A
71 B
80 A
80 B
90 S
90 L
90 LL
100 LA
100 LB
112 M

2 POLES
HP
KW
0.25 0.18
0.33 0.25
0.5 0.37
0.75 0.55
1
0.75
1.5
1.1
2
1.5
3
2.2

4
3

5.5
4

4 POLES
HP
KW
0.16 0.12
0.25 0.18
0.33 0.25
0.5 0.37
0.75 0.55
1
0.75
1.5
1.1
2
1.5
2.5
1.8
3
2.2
4
3
5.5
4

6 POLES
HP
KW

0.25 0.18
0.33 0.25
0.5 0.37
0.75 0.55
1
0.75
1.5
1.1

2
1.5

3
2.2

11 23

60

75

90

14 30

70

85

105 2.5 M6 211 140

19 40

80

100 120

M6 231 164

24 50

95

115 140

245
M8 270 181
292

2.5 M5 185 122

28 60 110 130 160 3.5 M8 304 207


28 60 110 130 160 3.5 M8 343 207