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Hazmat Industry Technician Instructor Guide

Rescue Considerations

Hazmat Rescue Considerations

Main Points

• Hazard Identification

• Risk Assessment for Rescues

• Rescue Techniques and Tactics

• Employer Policies

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Hazmat Industry Technician Instructor Guide

Rescue Considerations

Objectives

Terminal Performance Objective

Demonstrate the ability to implement the employer's emergency response plan. Demonstrate the ability to function within an assigned role in the ICS as specified by the employer’s emergency response plan. Demonstrate the ability to perform advanced control, containment, and/or confinement operations and rescue injured or contaminated persons within the capabilities of the resources and PPE available with the workplace.

Enabling Objectives

Identify common and/or likely hazards to rescue personnel at the worksite. Describe a process for evaluating risks present in a rescue situation. Identify acceptable and unacceptable risks in a rescue situation. List and describe the rescue techniques available at the worksite. Describe the employer’s policy on rescue in an IDLH environment.

References

California Code of Regulations Title 8, §5192(q) 29 CFR 1910.120(q)

FAA System Safety Handbook, Chapter 15: Operational Risk Management Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials, 2010 Edition, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)

Recommended Pre-Course Instructor Preparation

Review references and applicable employer policies. Review the emergency response plan for the workplace where the training is taking place. Identify potential IDLH conditions at that workplace. Tailor this training accordingly.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Rescue Considerations

Resources, Supplies and Materials Needed

There are no other materials or supplies needed in addition to those required for the rest of the course.

Glossary of Terms

Operational Risk Management: decision-making tool to systematically help identify operational risks and benefits and determine the best courses of action for any given situation

Risk: The chance of personal injury or property damage or loss.

Hazard: Any real or potential condition that can endanger a mission; cause personal injury, illness, or death; or damage equipment or property.

Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH): Any condition that poses an immediate or delayed threat to life or that would cause irreversible adverse health effects or that would interfere with an individual's ability to escape unaided from a permit space.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Rescue Considerations

Unit Outline— Hazmat Rescue Considerations

1. Hazards Identification.

a. Introduction and definitions.

b. Categories of hazards.

c. Hazard identification tools.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Rescue Considerations

Instructor Recommendations.

Introduction

Rescue procedures are driven by the type(s) of hazards present. Tell the class that it’s important to identify and assess the hazards so they can use the correct procedures and PPE.

Question for Class

“What are some examples of hazards in this workplace?”

Categories

This section lists the general types of hazards that may be present in a workplace. Briefly discuss each and try to relate them to the hazards the class participants have identified. At most facilities they are well marked and facility personnel know where they are and how they’re stored.

Hazard ID Tools

Briefly discuss this. The next page will go into more detail on this subject.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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1. Hazards Identification. (continued)

a. Introduction and definitions.

b. Categories of hazards.

c. Hazard Identification. (continued)

1) Signs.

2) Documents.

3) Transportation markings.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Instructor Recommendations.

Hazard ID

This page continues the general discussion of hazard identification. It gets into more specifics about facility markings, documentation and transportation-related markings. Briefly discuss each as appropriate for that workplace. Show photographs of examples from the workplace where the training is taking place. This is similar to the information presented in FRO training. The differences are: recognition vs. identification and the need to identify hazards (not just hazardous materials) that can affect rescue.

Question for Class

“What are some other examples of clues that will help you identify a potential hazard that could affect a rescue effort?”

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Rescue Considerations

2. Risk Assessment for Rescues.

a. Basics of risk assessment.

b. Principles of risk assessment.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Instructor Recommendations.

Assessment

Emphasize to the class that risk assessment is a process with concrete criteria for making decisions. They don’t have to wing it. It’s also more complex than risk versus gain, which is a simplistic concept. A simple risk vs. gain process doesn’t provide the tools to adequately assess a complex set of hazards.

Question for Class

Ask the class to identify a hazardous substance in the workplace where the training is taking place that is noticeably affected by changes in the environment. Ask the class how this product will behave in the different environmental conditions they are likely to encounter.

Principles

The risk vs. gain model doesn’t take into account necessary and unnecessary risks. Subsequent steps are on the next page.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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2. Risk Assessment for Rescues. (continued)

a. Basics of risk assessment.

b. Principles of risk assessment. (continued)

c. Steps in risk assessment process.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Instructor Recommendations.

Principles

Emphasize to the class that they all play a vital role in assessing risks. If they see something wrong they should speak up. This concept may not be familiar to employees in some workplaces if they have a strict set of hierarchical controls.

Steps

Discuss these with the class in terms of the hazards present at their workplace. As much as possible, use photos and examples from the workplace where the training is taking place.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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2. Risk Assessment for Rescues. (continued)

a. Basics of risk assessment.

b. Principles of risk assessment.

c. Steps in risk assessment process. (continued)

d. Risk control measures.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Instructor Recommendations.

Controls

These are the basic controls used in every workplace. Safety personnel commonly use these classifications.

Engineering

Discuss with the class the engineering controls present at the facility. Take photos of applicable equipment and structures and show them to the class to illustrate the concept of engineering controls.

Admin & PPE

The primary administrative control is hazmat response is the site safety plan. We cover that and PPE in other modules of this course.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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2. Risk Assessment for Rescues. (continued)

a. Basics of risk assessment.

b. Principles of risk assessment.

c. Steps in risk assessment process.

d. Risk control measures.

e. Risks in hazmat response.

f. Unacceptable risks.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Instructor Recommendations.

Typical Risks

This section gives some general examples. Take photos of more specific examples at that workplace and use them in your presentation.

Unacceptable Risks

Discuss with the class examples of unacceptable risks at that facility. Solicit their input by asking them to provide examples. You may want to use some sort of brainstorming activity for this.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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2. Risk Assessment for Rescues. (continued)

a. Basics of risk assessment.

b. Principles of risk assessment.

c. Steps in risk assessment process.

d. Risk control measures.

e. Risks in hazmat response.

f. Unacceptable risks.

g. Lesser risks.

3. Rescue Techniques and Tactics.

a. Planning for a response.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Instructor Recommendations.

Techniques

This section of the module is a general discussion of rescue techniques and the need to plan for rescue. The content you present will vary greatly from facility to facility. You will need to determine before the class what the policies are for the worksite where the training is taking place.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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3. Rescue Techniques and Tactics. (continued)

a. Planning for a response. (continued)

4. Employer Policies.

a. IDLH conditions.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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Instructor Recommendations.

Planning

The material presented here is generic. Discuss with the class the specifics of their policies. You may want to include a rescue scenario in the class exercises.

©State of California (CalEMA/CSTI) 2010

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