Sei sulla pagina 1di 5

Granor ® Elastomeric Bridge Bearings

ELASTOMERIC LAMINATED BEARINGS Introduction Granor ® Elastomeric Laminated Bearings are designed for use in bridge
ELASTOMERIC LAMINATED BEARINGS
Introduction
Granor ® Elastomeric Laminated Bearings are designed for use
in bridge & building structures, under pre-cast concrete beams,
steel beam supports etc as a load bearing component capable of
providing translational movement in both horizontal directions
together with rotational capacity, whilst also providing a degree
of vibration isolation to the structure they support.
The dilemma often faced by structural engineers is the attempt
to balance the factors of cost, ease of installation, life expectancy,
maintenance, corrosion protection and consistency of
manufacture of structural bearings. The structural engineer must
also at times meet restrictions on both bearing support area and
height. When balancing all the above factors the
ELASTOMERIC LAMINATED BEARING will almost
certainly triumph above any other concept of a structural load
bearing component, providing the maximum translation
required is within the capacity of an Elastomeric Bearing.
Specification / Testing
Granor ® Elastomeric Laminated Bearings are manufactured and
tested to the requirements of AS-1523 or to AUSTROADS
BDC-1992.
The above specifications are based upon the original British
Ministry of Transport publication, known as M.O.T. 802.
Material and physical testing of our bearings is available if
requested at the time of placement of orders. Such would be
carried out by a N.A.T.A. laboratory specifically registered for
the specified testing procedures.
Life Expectancy
One particular advantage that Laminated Elastomeric Bearings
have over other types of structural bearings, is their inherent long
life expectancy. Recorded visual inspection of natural rubber
pads and rings uncovered in old tunnels in London, UK, show
that after some 50 years of service, they were still in good
condition. Keeping in mind that technology in the compounding
of rubber has greatly improved since these pads and rings were
installed, it can be safely stated that current day Laminated
Elastomeric Bearings can be given a predicable life expectancy
of some 100 years.
Installation of Laminated Bearings
Whilst, as previously stated, one can expect the Granor ®
Laminated Elastomeric Bearings to last the life of the structure,
it is always good design practice to detail installation to facilitate
possible removal and / or replacement of the bearings.
The following guidelines should be considered
* Flatness of the contact surface should be within + / - 1 mm
over the required area. Where contact surfaces are
preformed, then any out of parallelism should be
considered in the context of the total available rotational
capacity of the bearing.
* The texture of the contact surface should be kept at a high coefficient of
* The texture of the contact surface should be kept at a high
coefficient of friction. Where steel plates are used, hot dip
galvanising of plates has been shown to be most
satisfactory surface treatment, although the relatively low
friction of galvanised plates must be considered.
* Edge clearance, ie; support area around perimeter of the
bearing. A distance of approx 25 mm around the bearing
should be adopted.
* Supporting mortar pads under the bearings should be of a
high quality grout or epoxy resin and should allow a
greater stress capacity than that potentially given by the
bearing under full design load, and rotation. A normal
thickness of 25 to 30 mm is typical. It should not be less
than 10mm. If greater than 25mm, re-inforcement may be
required.
Attachment Methods
Bearings may be restrained in position by friction only, provided
that under all load combinations:
H ≤ 0.1 (V + 2A eff x 10 -3 )
and under permanent loads only:
V
x 10 3
a
≥ 1+ — for plain pad and strip bearings
b
A eff
V
x 10 3
≥ 2
for laminated bearings
A eff
A eff =
Effective plan area, ie projected area common to top and
bottom and when a bearing is distorted tangentially (mm 2 ).
Where mechanical devices are used to restrain the bearing, the
design engineer should be aware that these may limit the depth
of elastomer available to accommodate shear deformation.
Figs. 1 – 4 illustrate some options of fixity.
Explanation of Tables
The technical information on the following four pages relates to
the physical and calculated performance characteristics of
bearings available in our standard ranges, both in rectangular and
circular bearings. Values quoted are nominal. Tolerances apply.
in our standard ranges, both in rectangular and circular bearings. Values quoted are nominal. Tolerances apply.
in our standard ranges, both in rectangular and circular bearings. Values quoted are nominal. Tolerances apply.

Page 3

Granor ® Elastomeric Laminated Bearings

Dimensions nominated are subject to standard manufacturing tolerances.

 

RECTANGULAR PLAN SERIES BEARINGS

   

PLAN

   

Rated load

Shear

Rotation capacity at unit applied load

Number

Calculated

compressive stiffness at zero shear

Mean

shear stiffness (Tol. ± 20%)

Height

   

deflection

   

of

         

SIZE

Granor

Part

overall

At

max.

shear

At

zero

shear

capacity

Short dimension

Long dimension

internal

rubber

Number

mm

kN

kN

mm

10 -6 rad/kN

10 -6 rad/kN

layers

10 3 kN/m

10 3 kN/m

SERIES A

GAA-02-M

35

190

280

10.0

28.9

18.8

2

243

1.33

GAA-04-M

57

180

280

16.0

57.7

37.6

4

159

0.830

 

GAA-06-M

79

170

280

22.0

86.6

56.5

6

118

0.604

230

GAA-08-M

101

160*

280

27.6*

115.5

75.3

8

94.2

0.474

X

GAB-01-M

27

130

190

8.5

45.4

29.6

1

187

1.56

GAB-02-M

41

130

190

13.0

90.8

59.2

2

114

1.02

GAB-04-M

69

120

190

22.0

181.5

118.4

4

64.2

0.604

150

GAB-06-M

97

120*

190

27.6*

272.3

177.6

6

44.7

0.428

 

GBA-02-M

35

310

450

10.0

11.6

10.1

2

441

1.77

SERIES B

GBA-04-M

57

300

450

16.0

23.2

20.2

4

291

1.11

GBA-06-M

79

290

450

22.0

34.9

30.3

6

218

0.805

230

GBA-09-M

112

280

450

31.0

52.3

45.5

9

158

0.571

X

GBB-01-M

27

210

300

8.5

18.0

15.7

1

344

2.08

GBB-02-M

41

210

300

13.0

36.0

31.3

2

212

1.36

 

GBB-04-M

69

200

300

22.0

72.0

62.6

4

120

0.805

200

GBB-06-M

97

190

300

31.0

108.1

94.0

6

83.9

0.571

GBB-08-M

125

180*

300

37.6*

144.1

125.3

8

64.5

0.443

SERIES C

GCA-02-M

35

430

620

10.0

9.4

4.6

2

636

2.29

GCA-04-M

57

410

620

16.0

18.8

9.1

4

422

1.43

GCA-06-M

79

400

620

22.0

28.2

13.7

6

316

1.04

350

GCA-09-M

112

370

620

31.0

42.3

20.5

9

229

0.739

X

GCB-02-M

41

290

420

13.0

28.9

14.0

2

310

1.76

GCB-04-M

69

270

420

22.0

57.8

28.1

4

176

1.04

170

GCB-06-M

97

250

420

31.0

86.7

42.1

6

123

0.739

 

GDB-02

45

630

900

15.0

6.4

5.1

2

576

2.52

GDB-04

73

610

900

24.0

12.8

10.2

4

380

1.57

GDB-06

101

580

900

33.0

19.1

15.3

6

284

1.14

SERIES D

GDB-08

129

560

900

42.0

25.5

20.4

8

227

0.898

GDB-10

157

540

900

51.0

31.9

25.5

10

188

0.740

350

                   

GDC-02

51

470

680

18.0

14.2

11.4

2

353

2.10

GDC-04

85

450

680

30.0

28.5

22.8

4

207

1.26

X

GDC-06

119

420

680

42.0

42.7

34.1

6

147

0.898

GDC-08

153

410*

680

52.0*

56.9

45.5

8

114

0.699

280

GDD-02

57

380

550

21.0

26.8

21.4

2

218

1.80

GDD-04

97

350

550

36.0

53.6

42.9

4

120

1.05

GDD-06

137

330

550

51.0

80.4

64.3

6

82.7

0.740

 

GEB-02

45

810

1170

15.0

5.3

2.8

2

774

3.08

GEB-04

73

780

1170

24.0

10.6

5.5

4

512

1.92

SERIES E

GEB-06

101

740

1170

33.0

15.9

8.3

6

383

1.4

GEB-08

129

710

1170

42.0

21.1

11.0

8

305

1.1

480

GEC-02

51

600

890

18.0

11.7

6.1

2

476

2.57

GEC-04

85

570

890

30.0

23.5

12.2

4

280

1.54

X

GEC-06

119

540

890

42.0

35.2

18.3

6

199

1.1

250

GED-02

37

480

720

21.0

22.1

11.5

2

295

2.20

GED-04

97

450

720

36.0

44.1

23.0

4

163

1.28

GED-06

137

440*

720

46.0*

66.2

34.5

6

112

0.906

*Note 1 - *Note 2 -

Value based on the maximum allowable reduction in projected plan area = 20 per cent for shear parallel to the short dimension. For fixed bearings, with holes, it should be noted that a reduction in rated load capacity will occur. Exact load capacity figures can be

*Note 3 -

determined from first principals. Consultation with us can assist in determining these values. Manufacturing tolerances do not apply to compressive stiffness values stated in these tables. If the rotational capacity of the bearing selected is "marginal", then it is suggested the next thicker bearing should be specified.

Page 4

of the bearing selected is "marginal", then it is suggested the next thicker bearing should be
of the bearing selected is "marginal", then it is suggested the next thicker bearing should be

Granor ® Elastomeric Laminated Bearings

Dimensions nominated are subject to standard manufacturing tolerances.

 

RECTANGULAR PLAN SERIES BEARINGS

   

PLAN

   

Rated load

Shear

Rotation capacity at unit applied load

Number

Calculated compressive stiffness at zero shear

Mean shear stiffness (Tol. ± 20%)

Height

   

deflection

   

of

SIZE

Granor

Part

overall

At

max.

shear

At

zero

shear

capacity

Short dimension

Long dimension

internal

rubber

Number

mm

kN

kN

mm

10 -6 rad/kN

10 -6 rad/kN

layers

10 3 kN/m

10 3 kN/m

 

GFB-03

59

1110

1620

19.5

4.4

2.7

3

919

2.84

GFB-05

87

1070

1620

28.5

7.3

4.6

5

655

1.95

SERIES F

GFB-07

115

1040

1620

37.5

10.2

6.4

7

509

1.48

GFB-09

143

1000

1620

46.5

13.1

8.2

9

416

1.19

480

GFC-02

51

840

1220

18.0

6.4

4.0

2

719

3.08

GFC-04

85

810

1220

30.0

12.8

8.0

4

425

1.85

X

GFC-06

119

770

1220

42.0

19.2

12.0

6

302

1.32

GFC-08

153

730

1220

54.0

25.6

16.0

8

234

1.03

300

GFD-02

57

670

980

21.0

12.0

7.5

2

449

2.64

GFD-04

97

630

980

36.0

23.9

15.0

4

249

1.54

 

GFD-06

137

590

980

51.0

35.9

22.4

6

172

1.09

 

GGB-04

73

1660

2410

24.0

2.8

2.2

4

1240

2.93

GGB-06

101

1620

2410

33.0

4.2

3.3

6

932

2.13

SERIES G

GGB-08

129

1570

2410

42.0

5.6

4.5

8

746

1.67

GGB-10

157

1530

2410

51.0

7.0

5.6

10

622

1.38

480

GGC-03

68

1250

1810

24.0

4.5

3.6

3

882

2.93

GGC-05

102

1210

1810

36.0

7.6

6.0

5

585

1.95

 

GGC-07

136

1160

1810

48.0

10.6

8.4

7

438

1.46

X

GGC-10

187

1090

1810

66.0

15.1

12.0

10

318

1.06

GGD-03

77

990

1460

28.5

8.4

6.7

3

535

2.460

380

GGD-05

117

950

1460

43.5

14.0

11.1

5

341

1.610

GGD-07

157

900

1460

58.5

19.6

15.5

7

250

1.200

GGD-09

197

870*

1460

72.0*

25.2

20.0

9

197

0.955

 

GHB-05

87

1750

2610

28.5

3.7

2.1

5

1160

2.67

GHB-07

115

1700

2610

37.5

5.2

2.9

7

900

2.03

SERIES H

GHB-09

143

1640

2610

46.5

6.7

3.7

9

737

1.64

GHB-11

117

1590

2610

55.5

8.2

4.5

11

624

1.37

600

GHC-03

68

1340

1970

24.0

4.8

2.6

3

958

3.18

GHC-05

102

1290

1970

36.0

8.0

4.4

5

636

2.12

GHC-07

136

1230

1970

48.0

11.2

6.2

7

476

1.59

X

GHC-09

170

1770

1970

60.0

14.4

7.9

9

380

1.27

GHD-02

57

1090

1590

21.0

5.9

3.3

2

812

3.63

330

GHD-04

97

1040

1590

36.0

11.9

6.5

4

452

2.12

GHD-06

137

980

1590

51.0

17.8

9.8

6

313

1.49

GHD-08

177

960’

1590

62.0*

23.8

13.1

8

240

1.15

 

GJC-03

68

2320

3330

24.0

1.8

1.4

3

1840

4.33

GJC-05

102

2250

3330

36.0

3.0

2.3

5

1220

2.89

GJC-07

136

2190

3330

48.0

4.2

3.2

7

919

2.17

SERIES J

GJC-09

170

2120

3330

60.0

5.4

4.1

9

735

1.73

GJC-11

204

2050

3330

72.0

6.7

5.0

11

613

1.44

600

GJD-03

77

1840

2670

28.5

3.3

2.5

3

1140

3.65

GJD-05

117

1780

2670

43.5

5.5

4.1

5

727

2.39

 

GJD-07

157

1710

2670

58.5

7.7

5.8

7

534

1.78

X

GJD-09

197

1640

2670

73.5

9.9

7.4

9

422

1.41

GJD-11

237

1600*

2670

86.0*

12.1

9.1

11

349

1.17

450

GJE-03

86

1530

2240

33.0

5.5

4.1

3

731

3.15

GJE-05

132

1460

2240

51.0

9.1

6.8

5

457

2.04

GJE-07

178

1390

2240

69.0

12.8

9.6

7

332

1.51

GJE-09

224

1330*

2240

86.0*

16.4

12.3

9

261

1.19

 

GKD-04

97

2930

4220

36.0

1.9

1.9

4

1560

3.85

SERIES K

GKD-06

137

2850

4220

51.0

2.8

2.8

6

1090

2.72

GKD-08

177

2770

4220

66.0

3.7

3.7

8

833

2.10

600

GKD-10

217

2680

4220

81.0

4.7

4.7

10

676

1.71

GKD-13

277

2560

4220

103.5

6.1

6.1

13

527

1.34

X

GKE-04

109

2420

3530

42.0

3.1

3.1

4

1000

3.30

GKE-06

155

2340

3530

60.0

4.6

4.6

6

687

2.31

 

GKE-08

201

2260

3530

78.0

6.1

6.1

8

523

1.78

600

GKE-10

247

2180

3530

96.0

7.6

7.6

10

422

1.44

GKE-12

293

2100

3530

114.0

9.2

9.2

12

353

1.22

*Note 1 - *Note 2 -

Value based on the maximum allowable reduction in projected plan area = 20 per cent for shear parallel to the short dimension. For fixed bearings, with holes, it should be noted that a reduction in rated load capacity will occur. Exact load capacity figures can be

*Note 3 -

determined from first principals. Consultation with us can assist in determining these values. Manufacturing tolerances do not apply to compressive stiffness values stated in these tables. If the rotational capacity of the bearing selected is "marginal", then it is suggested the next thicker bearing should be specified.

of the bearing selected is "marginal", then it is suggested the next thicker bearing should be
of the bearing selected is "marginal", then it is suggested the next thicker bearing should be

Page 5

Granor ® Elastomeric Laminated Bearings

Dimensions nominated are subject to standard manufacturing tolerances.

 

CIRCULAR PLAN SERIES BEARINGS

   
     

Rated load

 

Rotation

 

Calculated

Mean

PLAN

Shear

capacity at unit applied load

Number

compressive stiffness at zero shear

shear stiffness (Tol. ± 20%)

Height

At

At

deflection

of

SIZE

Granor

Part

overall

max.

shear

zero

shear

capacity

internal

rubber

Number

mm

kN

kN

mm

10 -6 rad/kN

layers

10 3 kN/m

10 3 kN/m

 

GNA-02

35

350

500

10.0

7.9

2

532

1.74

GNA-04

57

340

500

16.0

15.8

4

354

1.09

GNA-06

79

330

500

22.0

23.7

6

265

0.792

GNA-08

101

310

500

28.0

31.6

8

212

0.622

SERIES N

GNA-10

123

300

500

34.0

39.5

10

176

0.512

GNB-02

41

230

340

13.0

24.1

2

261

1.34

240

Ø

GNB-04

69

220

340

22.0

48.3

4

149

0.792

GNB-06

97

210

340

31.0

72.4

6

104

0.562

 

GNB-08

125

210*

340

35.8*

96.5

8

79.8

0.435

CIRCULAR

GNB-10

153

220*

340

35.8*

120.7

10

64.8

0.355

                 
 

GNC-02

47

170

260

16.0

54.5

2

134

1.09

GNC-04

81

160

260

28.0

109.1

4

71.4

0.622

GNC-06

115

160*

260

35.8*

163.6

6

48.7

0.435

GNC-08

149

170*

260

35.8*

218.2

8

36.9

0.335

 

GQB-03

59

620

910

19.5

7.5

3

491

1.69

GQB-05

87

600

910

28.5

12.5

5

349

1.16

SERIES Q

GQB-07

115

570

910

37.5

17.5

7

271

0.878

GQB-1O

157

540*

910

50.0*

25.1

10

203

0.646

 

GQC-02

51

470

690

18.0

11.1

2

380

1.83

330

Ø

GQC-04

85

450

690

30.0

22.2

4

224

1.10

GQC-06

119

420

690

42.0

33.3

6

159

0.784

CIRCULAR

GQC-08

153

420*

690

50.0*

44.4

8

123

0.610

GQD-02

57

380

560

21.0

20.8

2

236

1.57

 

GQD-04

97

350

560

36.0

41.7

4

130

0.915

GQD-06

137

330*

560

50.0*

62.5

6

90

0.646

 

GRB-04

73

1050

1550

24.0

4.3

4

774

2.02

GRB-07

115

1000

1550

37.5

7.5

7

516

1.29

GRB-10

157

950

1550

51.0

10.8

10

387

0.949

GRC-02

51

810

1170

18.0

4.7

2

732

2.69

SERIES R

GRC-04

85

780

1170

30.0

9.3

4

435

1.61

GRC-06

119

740

1170

42.0

14.0

6

309

1.15

 

GRC-08

53

710

1170

54.0

18.7

8

240

0.896

400

Ø

GRC-09

170

690

1170

59.7*

21.0

9

216

0.806

                 
 

GRD-02

57

650

940

21.0

8.7

2

461

2.30

CIRCULAR

GRD-04

97

610

940

36.0

17.4

4

256

1.34

GRD-06

137

580

940

51.0

26.1

6

177

0.949

 

GRD-08

177

580*

940

59.7*

34.8

8

135

0.733

GRE-02

63

540

790

24.0

14.6

2

299

2.02

GRE-04

109

500

790

42.0

29.1

4

160

1.15

GRE-06

155

470*

790

59.7

43.7

6

109

0.806

 

GSD-04

85

1400

2070

30.0

3.8

4

875

2.32

GSD-06

119

1350

2070

42.0

5.7

6

624

1.66

GSD-08

153

1300

2070

54.0

7.7

8

485

1.29

SERIES S

GSD-10

187

1250

2070

66.0

9.6

10

397

1.06

GSE-03

77

1130

1660

28.5

5.3

3

671

2.44

480

Ø

GSE-05

117

1080

1660

43.5

8.8

5

428

1.60

GSE-07

157

1030

1660

58.5

12.3

.7

315

1.19

 

GSE-09

197

990*

1660

72.3*

15.8

9

249

0.948

CIRCULAR

GSF-02

63

960

1390

24.0

5.8

2

616

2.90

GSF-04

109

910

1390

42.0

11.7

4

331

1.66

GSF-06

155

860

1390

60.0

17.5

6

226

1.16

GSF-08

201

850*

1390

72.3*

23.3

8

172

0.893

 

GTC-03

68

1960

2810

24.0

1.8

3

1580

3.54