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1.1. Latar Belakang

1.2. Rumusan Masalah

1.3. Tujuan Penulisan

1.4. Manfaat Sistem

2.1. Book Flipping Scanning
There is a growing demand for camera-based document analysis and recognition. Book digitization, a
relatively new application of camera-based document capturing which images all of the pages in a book,
has a rapidly expanding market globally and is attracting various types of potential users, including
libraries, corporations, and general users of books, official documents, and notes. However, the
conventional technology cannot meet the demands for ease-of-use and high-speed book digitization.
One emerging solution that meets these demands is Book Flipping Scanning. Book Flipping Scanning is
a new style of book digitization to overcome the speed of book scanning. In this technique, all pages of
a book are captured while a user continuously flips through the pages without stopping on each page.
We propose multiple types of systems for various use cases.

2.2. BFS-Auto: High Speed & High Definition Book Scanner
BFS-Auto can achieve high-speed and high-definition book digitization at over 250 pages/min using the
original media format. This performance is realized by three key points: high-speed fully-automated
page flipping, real-time 3D recognition of the flipped pages, and high-accuracy restoration to a flat
document image.
1. High-speed page flipping machine at 250 pages/min The automated flipping machine can provide
high-speed and labor-saving style of book digitization. The key point is to design the mechanism not to
cause obstruction for the scanner while maintaining full speed. The developed system can flip and scan
the book at over 250 pages/min without modifying the book by cutting. Therefore, we can finish a book
(250 page) within a minute.
2. High-speed & high-definition book digitization based on real-time 3D recognition Our system
continuously observes 3D deformation of the each flipped page at 500 times per second, and
recognizes the best moment for book image digitization at the highest quality using the newly
constructed original algorithm in real-time. At this recognized moment, the high-definition camera
captures the document so that both high-speed and high-definition performance all is realized. The
definition performance is enhanced to 400 pixels per inch. This technology enables high-speed and
high-definition digitization with the speed of the developed flipping machine without missing any pages.
3. Real-time 3D restoration to a flat document image This system has a technology to restore a
captured image which is distorted because of page curling to a flat original document image by using the
captured image and the obtained 3D deformation. This system's new improvement to processing speed
allows real-time restoration for capturing books. In the diagram at the left, before and after images show
the restoration process.

2.3. BFS-Solo: High Speed Book Digitalization using Monocular Video
BFS-Solo enables high-speed book digitization using monocular video captured while the paper is
deformed. Our original method can reconstruct the 3D deformation and restore a flat document image
by taking into account the physical constraints on deformation for a sheet of paper from the monocular
image sequence. This system allows flexibility of configuration for high-speed book digitization,
anywhere and anytime. BFS-Solo is designed for a simple and convenient style of book digitization for
personal use, and the design concept is different from BFS-Auto which is an automatic and high-
performance system for professional use. The principle introduced in this system is totally different from
the BFS-Auto principle. Toward the practical use, BFS-Solo is planned to be designed to be used under
the copyright law.

2.4. Automatic page turner machine for Book Flipping Scanning
In recent years, there has been an increasing demand to digitize a huge number of books. In order to
meet this demand, a new promising approach called Book Flipping Scanning has been proposed. This
is a new style of scanning in which all pages of a book are captured while a user continuously flips
through the pages without stopping at each page. Although this new technology has had a tremendous
impact in the field of book digitization, the page turner is done by human hand. This point causes a
bottleneck in the development of the high-speed book digitization. Based on this background, we
propose a newly designed high-speed and precise book page turner machine.
Our machine transfers paper in contactless by utilizing the elastic force of the paper and the air blow.
This design enables high-speed performance that is ten times faster than the conventional ones. In
addition this configuration is unobstructed for the digitization. We evaluated the proposed machine
performance using various papers with different qualities.
The results show that our machine achieved almost 100% success rate of turning pages at around
300 pages/min and was promising for the high-speed and precise book page turner.

2.5. Digitalization of Deformed Documents using a High-speed Multi-camera Array
Digitization of documents recently has become an important technology. However, it is difficult for
existing scanners to read books at high speed and at high resolution simultaneously. In order to realize
a promising new book scanning system, we aimed to scan a book containing many pages by using
multiple high-speed cameras to acquire images while continuously flipping through the pages, then
integrating the images viewed by different cameras to digitize all of the pages. However, high-accuracy
integration with the non-uniform rectification required for such input images is a challenging task
because the sheets of the document are deformed and the image resolution is so high that
misalignment can easily occur.
This research proposes a new multi-camera-array book scanning system and a method of achieving
high-accuracy three-dimensional deformation estimation and high-resolution rectification of the distorted
document images with a system configuration in which multiple high-speed cameras are arranged with
small overlapping captured areas. Experiments using the developed system showed that highaccuracy
document images were reconstructed.

Left: developed system, Center: observed images, Right: integrated & rectified image

2.6. Proof-of-concept prototype for Book Flipping Scanning
Digitalization of documents has become an important technology. The technical challenge is to realize
an easy-to-use, simple, and high-speed scanning system. The key point is how the system can
decrease the user's workload when scanning document information on many pages.
Our Book Flipping Scanning is a new method of scanning large stacks of paper while the user performs
a continuous page flipping action.
Here we report the core of this proposed technology, which is simultaneous sensing of 3D paper
deformation and the information printed on the pages. Our prototype also has a novel function of
reconstructing the document image from a distorted one based on a paper deformation model.

2.7. Estimation of Non-rigid Surface Deformation using Developable Surface Model
There is a strong demand for a method of acquiring a non-rigid shape under deformation with high
accuracy and high resolution. However, this is difficult to achieve because of performance limitations in
measurement hardware.
We propose a modelbased method for estimating non-rigid deformation of a developable surface. The
model is based on geometric characteristics of the surface, which are important in various applications.
This method improves the accuracy of surface estimation and planar development from a low-resolution
point cloud. Experiments using curved documents showed the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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3.1. Tahapan Penulisan
a. Studi Literatur
b. Pengumpulan Data Uji
c. Implementasi Program
d. Evaluasi dan Analisa Hasil
3.2. Data Percobaan
3.3. Rancangan Sistem