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CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level

MARK SCHEME for the October/November 2013 series

9702 PHYSICS
9702/51

Paper 5 (Planning, Analysis and Evaluation),


maximum raw mark 30

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of
the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not
indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners meeting before marking began,
which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers.
Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner
Report for Teachers.

Cambridge will not enter into discussions about these mark schemes.

Cambridge is publishing the mark schemes for the October/November 2013 series for most IGCSE,
GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level components and some Ordinary Level
components.

Page 2
1

Mark Scheme
GCE AS/A LEVEL October/November 2013

Syllabus
9702

Paper
51

Planning (15 marks)


Defining the problem (3 marks)
P

f is the independent variable or vary f.

[1]

h is the dependent variable or measure h.

[1]

Keep current in coil constant.

[1]

Methods of data collection (5 marks)


M

Labelled diagram of apparatus: including working circuit with a.c. supply, coil, stand and ring.
[1]

Signal generator (or variable frequency power generator).

[1]

Measure h with a rule/calipers.

[1]

Measure f using oscilloscope/read off signal generator.

[1]

Measure h from opposite sides of the ring (and determine mean)/wait for ring to stabilise. [1]

Method of analysis (2 marks)


A

Plot a graph of lg h against lg f. (Allow ln ln graphs.)

[1]

k = 10y-intercept and n = gradient.

[1]

Safety considerations (1 mark)


S

Reasoned method to prevent the coil overheating switch off when not in use. Or reasoned
method to prevent injury from hot coil do not touch hot coil, use gloves. Do not allow small
currents.
[1]

Additional detail (4 marks)


D Relevant points might include
1 Use iron/steel retort stand
2 Method to keep current constant
3 Method to determine period from oscilloscope using time-base
4 When using oscilloscope, f = 1/T
5 Use coil of many turns/large current to have measurable heights
6 Logarithmic equation e.g. lg h = n lg f + lg k
7 Relationship is valid if a straight line is produced

[4]

Do not allow vague computer methods.


[Total: 15]

Cambridge International Examinations 2013

Page 3
2

Mark Scheme
GCE AS/A LEVEL October/November 2013

Syllabus
9702

Paper
51

Analysis, conclusions and evaluation (15 marks)


Mark

Expected Answer

Additional Guidance

(a)

A1

Gradient = v/4
y-intercept = k

y-intercept must be negative.

(b)

T1

1/f / 103 s

Column heading. Allow equivalent unit.


e.g. f 1/ 103 Hz1 or 1/f (103 s)

T2

A mixture of 3 s.f. and 4 s.f. is allowed.


3.13 or 3.125
2.94 or 2.941
2.65 or 2.646
2.34 or 2.336
2.08 or 2.083
1.95 or 1.953

(c) (i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

G1

Six points plotted correctly

Must be less than half a small square. Ecf allowed


from table. Penalise blobs.

U1

All error bars in d plotted


correctly

Must be within half a small square. Each error


bars should be five small squares

G2

Line of best fit

If points are plotted correctly then lower end of


line should pass between (2.06, 16) and
(2.10, 16) and upper end of line should pass
between (3.12, 24.5) and (3.16, 24.5).

G3

Worst acceptable straight


line.
Steepest or shallowest
possible line that passes
through all the error bars.

Line should be clearly labelled or dashed. Should


pass from top of top error bar to bottom of bottom
error bar or bottom of top error bar to top of
bottom error bar. Mark scored only if error bars
are plotted.

C1

Gradient of best fit line

The triangle used should be at least half the


length of the drawn line. Check the read offs.
Work to half a small square. Do not penalise
POT.

U2

Uncertainty in gradient

Method of determining absolute uncertainty


Difference in worst gradient and gradient.

C2

y-intercept must be
negative

Check substitution in y = mx + c.
Allow ecf from (c)(iii). FOX does not score.
Should be about 1 (0.35 to 1.33).

U3

Uncertainty in y-intercept

Check substitution in y = mx + c.
Difference in worst y-intercept and y-intercept.
Allow ecf from (c)(iv) but FOX does not score.

Cambridge International Examinations 2013

Page 4

(d)

Mark Scheme
GCE AS/A LEVEL October/November 2013

Syllabus
9702

Paper
51

C3

k = y-intercept cm or m
v = 4 gradient cm s1 or
m s1

Method required with appropriate unit.


Do not penalise POT. Allow ecf from (c)(iii) and
(iv).

U4

Determines absolute
uncertainties in k and v

Uncertainty k = uncertainty in y-intercept.


Uncertainty in v = 4 uncertainty in gradient.

(e) (i)

C4

Between 250 and 260 given


to 2 or 3 s.f.

Must be in range. Check method.

(ii)

U5

Percentage uncertainty in f

Absolute uncertainties in d and k must be added.


(d + k) = d + k
% uncertainty in v + % uncertainty in (d + k).
[Total: 15]

Uncertainties in Question 2
(c) (iii) Gradient [U2]
Uncertainty = gradient of line of best fit gradient of worst acceptable line
Uncertainty = (steepest worst line gradient shallowest worst line gradient)
(c) (iv) y-intercept [U3]
Uncertainty = y-intercept of line of best fit y-intercept of worst acceptable line
Uncertainty = (steepest worst line y-intercept shallowest worst line y-intercept)
(d) [U4]
Uncertainty in k = uncertainty in y-intercept
Uncertainty in v = 4 uncertainty in gradient
(e) [U5]
max f =

max gradient
max v
=
4(min d + min k ) (min d + min k )

min f =

min gradient
min v
=
4(max d + max k ) 4(max d + max k )

Percentage uncertainty = % uncertainty in v + % uncertainty in (d + k)


Percentage uncertainty = % uncertainty in gradient + % uncertainty in (d + k)

Cambridge International Examinations 2013

CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS


GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level

MARK SCHEME for the October/November 2013 series

9702 PHYSICS
9702/52

Paper 5 (Planning, Analysis and Evaluation),


maximum raw mark 30

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of
the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not
indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners meeting before marking began,
which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers.
Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner
Report for Teachers.

Cambridge will not enter into discussions about these mark schemes.

Cambridge is publishing the mark schemes for the October/November 2013 series for most IGCSE,
GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level components and some Ordinary Level
components.

Page 2
1

Mark Scheme
GCE AS/A LEVEL October/November 2013

Syllabus
9702

Paper
52

Planning (15 marks)


Defining the problem (3 marks)
P

f is the independent variable or vary f.

[1]

h is the dependent variable or measure h.

[1]

Keep current in coil constant.

[1]

Methods of data collection (5 marks)


M

Labelled diagram of apparatus: including working circuit with a.c. supply, coil, stand and ring.
[1]

Signal generator (or variable frequency power generator).

[1]

Measure h with a rule/calipers.

[1]

Measure f using oscilloscope/read off signal generator.

[1]

Measure h from opposite sides of the ring (and determine mean)/wait for ring to stabilise. [1]

Method of analysis (2 marks)


A

Plot a graph of lg h against lg f. (Allow ln ln graphs.)

[1]

k = 10y-intercept and n = gradient.

[1]

Safety considerations (1 mark)


S

Reasoned method to prevent the coil overheating switch off when not in use. Or reasoned
method to prevent injury from hot coil do not touch hot coil, use gloves. Do not allow small
currents.
[1]

Additional detail (4 marks)


D Relevant points might include
1 Use iron/steel retort stand
2 Method to keep current constant
3 Method to determine period from oscilloscope using time-base
4 When using oscilloscope, f = 1/T
5 Use coil of many turns/large current to have measurable heights
6 Logarithmic equation e.g. lg h = n lg f + lg k
7 Relationship is valid if a straight line is produced

[4]

Do not allow vague computer methods.


[Total: 15]

Cambridge International Examinations 2013

Page 3
2

Mark Scheme
GCE AS/A LEVEL October/November 2013

Syllabus
9702

Paper
52

Analysis, conclusions and evaluation (15 marks)


Mark

Expected Answer

Additional Guidance

(a)

A1

Gradient = v/4
y-intercept = k

y-intercept must be negative.

(b)

T1

1/f / 103 s

Column heading. Allow equivalent unit.


e.g. f 1/ 103 Hz1 or 1/f (103 s)

T2

A mixture of 3 s.f. and 4 s.f. is allowed.


3.13 or 3.125
2.94 or 2.941
2.65 or 2.646
2.34 or 2.336
2.08 or 2.083
1.95 or 1.953

(c) (i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

G1

Six points plotted correctly

Must be less than half a small square. Ecf allowed


from table. Penalise blobs.

U1

All error bars in d plotted


correctly

Must be within half a small square. Each error


bars should be five small squares

G2

Line of best fit

If points are plotted correctly then lower end of


line should pass between (2.06, 16) and
(2.10, 16) and upper end of line should pass
between (3.12, 24.5) and (3.16, 24.5).

G3

Worst acceptable straight


line.
Steepest or shallowest
possible line that passes
through all the error bars.

Line should be clearly labelled or dashed. Should


pass from top of top error bar to bottom of bottom
error bar or bottom of top error bar to top of
bottom error bar. Mark scored only if error bars
are plotted.

C1

Gradient of best fit line

The triangle used should be at least half the


length of the drawn line. Check the read offs.
Work to half a small square. Do not penalise
POT.

U2

Uncertainty in gradient

Method of determining absolute uncertainty


Difference in worst gradient and gradient.

C2

y-intercept must be
negative

Check substitution in y = mx + c.
Allow ecf from (c)(iii). FOX does not score.
Should be about 1 (0.35 to 1.33).

U3

Uncertainty in y-intercept

Check substitution in y = mx + c.
Difference in worst y-intercept and y-intercept.
Allow ecf from (c)(iv) but FOX does not score.

Cambridge International Examinations 2013

Page 4

(d)

Mark Scheme
GCE AS/A LEVEL October/November 2013

Syllabus
9702

Paper
52

C3

k = y-intercept cm or m
v = 4 gradient cm s1 or
m s1

Method required with appropriate unit.


Do not penalise POT. Allow ecf from (c)(iii) and
(iv).

U4

Determines absolute
uncertainties in k and v

Uncertainty k = uncertainty in y-intercept.


Uncertainty in v = 4 uncertainty in gradient.

(e) (i)

C4

Between 250 and 260 given


to 2 or 3 s.f.

Must be in range. Check method.

(ii)

U5

Percentage uncertainty in f

Absolute uncertainties in d and k must be added.


(d + k) = d + k
% uncertainty in v + % uncertainty in (d + k).
[Total: 15]

Uncertainties in Question 2
(c) (iii) Gradient [U2]
Uncertainty = gradient of line of best fit gradient of worst acceptable line
Uncertainty = (steepest worst line gradient shallowest worst line gradient)
(c) (iv) y-intercept [U3]
Uncertainty = y-intercept of line of best fit y-intercept of worst acceptable line
Uncertainty = (steepest worst line y-intercept shallowest worst line y-intercept)
(d) [U4]
Uncertainty in k = uncertainty in y-intercept
Uncertainty in v = 4 uncertainty in gradient
(e) [U5]
max f =

max gradient
max v
=
4(min d + min k ) (min d + min k )

min f =

min gradient
min v
=
4(max d + max k ) 4(max d + max k )

Percentage uncertainty = % uncertainty in v + % uncertainty in (d + k)


Percentage uncertainty = % uncertainty in gradient + % uncertainty in (d + k)

Cambridge International Examinations 2013

CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS


GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level

MARK SCHEME for the October/November 2013 series

9702 PHYSICS
9702/53

Paper 5 (Planning, Analysis and Evaluation),


maximum raw mark 30

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of
the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not
indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners meeting before marking began,
which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers.
Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner
Report for Teachers.

Cambridge will not enter into discussions about these mark schemes.

Cambridge is publishing the mark schemes for the October/November 2013 series for most IGCSE,
GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level components and some Ordinary Level
components.

Page 2
1

Mark Scheme
GCE AS/A LEVEL October/November 2013

Syllabus
9702

Paper
53

Planning (15 marks)


Defining the problem (3 marks)
P

is the independent variable or vary .

[1]

R is the dependent variable or measure R.

[1]

Keep length of wire constant.

[1]

Methods of data collection (5 marks)


M

Labelled diagram of apparatus: wire in oil/water bath or oven or beaker with water and
source of heat.
[1]

Circuit diagram to measure resistance.

Use thermometer to measure the temperature of wire/water/oven. (Could be on diagram if


labelled.)
[1]

Method to determine resistance from circuit, e.g. read off ohmmeter/R = V/I

[1]

Method to determine R0 e.g. use ice-water mixture.


Do not allow ice (allow ice at 0 C or melting ice).

[1]

[1]

Method of analysis (2 marks)


Do NOT allow log-log graphs.
R/R0 against

R against

= gradient/R0 = gradient

against R

[1]

= 1/ (R0 gradient)
= 1/yintercept

[1]

Safety considerations (1 mark)


S

Reasoned method to prevent injury from hot water/hot wire e.g. gloves (to prevent injury)
from hot water/wire; goggles to prevent splashes from hot water; do not touch hot
wire/beaker.
[1]

Additional detail (4 marks)


D
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Relevant points might include


[4]
Use insulated wire
Use long/thin wire to increase resistance
Stir liquid
Wait for temperature to stabilise
Relationship is valid if straight line, provided plotted graph is correct
Relationship is valid if straight line not passing through origin, provided plotted graph is
correct (any quoted expression must be correct, e.g. y-intercept = R0)
Use small current to minimise heating effect

Do not allow vague computer methods.


[Total 15]
Cambridge International Examinations 2013

Page 3
2

Mark Scheme
GCE AS/A LEVEL October/November 2013

Syllabus
9702

Paper
53

Analysis, conclusions and evaluation (15 marks)


Mark

Expected Answer

(a)

A1

Gradient = 1/2a
y-intercept = t

(b)

T1

d/v /s

T2

Additional Guidance

Column heading. Allow equivalent unit.

1.3 or 1.30

A mixture of 2 s.f. and 3 s.f. is allowed.

1.6 or 1.63
2.0 or 1.98
2.3 or 2.30
2.6 or 2.63
2.9 or 2.94

(c) (i)

(ii)

(iii)

U1

0.2 / 0.16 to 0.09 / 0.1

Uncertainties in d/v.

G1

Six points plotted correctly

Must be within half a small square. Ecf


allowed from table. Penalise blobs.

U2

All error bars in d/v plotted correctly

Must be within half a small square. Ecf


allowed from table.

G2

Line of best fit

If points are plotted correctly then lower


end of line should pass between
(9.5, 1.3) and (10.5, 1.3) and upper end
of line should pass between (34.0, 2.9)
and (35.5, 2.9). Allow ecf from points
plotted incorrectly examiner judgement.

G3

Worst acceptable straight line.


Steepest or shallowest possible
line that passes through all the
error bars.

Line should be clearly labelled or


dashed. Should pass from top of top
error bar to bottom of bottom error bar or
bottom of top error bar to top of bottom
error bar. Mark scored only if error bars
are plotted.

C1

Gradient of best fit line

The triangle used should be at least half


the length of the drawn line. Check the
read offs. Work to half a small square.
Do not penalise POT.

U3

Uncertainty in gradient

Method of determining absolute


uncertainty
Difference in worst gradient and gradient.

Cambridge International Examinations 2013

Page 4

(iv)

(d) (i)

(ii)

Mark Scheme
GCE AS/A LEVEL October/November 2013

Syllabus
9702

Paper
53

C2

y-intercept of best fit line

Check substitution in y = mx + c.
Should be about 0.6 0.7.
FOX does not score.

U4

Uncertainty in y-intercept

Check substitution in y = mx + c.
Difference in worst y-intercept and
y-intercept.
FOX does not score. Allow ecf
from (c)(iv).

C3

a = 1/(2 gradient) and in the


range 7.25 to 7.74 and given to
2 s.f. or 3 s.f.

Allow 7.3 to 7.7.

C4

t = y-intercept and
units for a [m s2] and t [s]

U5

Percentage uncertainties in a and t

Percentage uncertainty in gradient.


Percentage uncertainty in y-intercept.
[Total 15]

Uncertainties in Question 2
(c) (iii) Gradient [U3]
Uncertainty = gradient of line of best fit gradient of worst acceptable line
Uncertainty = (steepest worst line gradient shallowest worst line gradient)
(iv) [U4]
Uncertainty = y-intercept of line of best fit y-intercept of worst acceptable line
Uncertainty = (steepest worst line y-intercept shallowest worst line y-intercept)
(d) (ii) [U5]
Percentage uncertainty in a =

a
m
100 =
100
a
m

Percentage uncertainty in t =

t
c
100 =
100
t
c

Cambridge International Examinations 2013