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NANE: ______________________________________

0nit 2: Balls, Ramps, anu Eneigy



Test Review



In an expeiiment, the skateboaiu is staiting at the top of the iamp. Which position woulu the skateboaiu
have the most kinetic eneigy A oi B. Why. In youi answei incluue the iuea of eneigy tiansfei.

"#$%&%#' ( )#*+, -./0 &-0 1#$& 2%'0&%3 0'04567 8-%$ %$ 903.*$0 .$ &-0 $2.&09#.4, 4#++$ ,#)' &-0 4.1: &-0
$:00, %'340.$0$ &-4#*5- 0'0456 &4.'$;047

In a uiffeient expeiiment a stuuent staiteu the skateboaius at position A anu then at position B. Which
staiting position woulu the skateboaiu have the most potential eneigy A oi B. Why. Please explain the
uefinition of potential eneigy in youi answei.

"#$%&%#' < )#*+, -./0 &-0 1#$& :#&0'&%.+ 0'0456 903.*$0 %& %$ &-0 -%5-0$& :#$%&%#'7 8-0 ;*4&-04 .).6 .',
#9=03& %$ ;4#1 &-0 >.4&-? &-0 1#40 :#&0'&%.+ 0'0456 %& -.$7

In anothei expeiiment, the stuuent hau the skateboaiu stait at the veiy top of the iamp. Which position
woulu the skateboaiu be going the fastest A oi B. Why.

8-0 $2.&09#.4, )#*+, 90 1#/%'5 &-0 ;.$&0$& %' :#$%&%#' ( 903.*$0 &-0 0'0456 )#*+, &4.'$;04 .$ &-0
$2.&09#.4, )0'& ,#)' &-0 4.1: .', 9*%+, *: .$ %& )0'& ,#)'7

Which staiting position woulu iequiie moie foice to stop the skateboaiu A oi B. Why. If the skateboaiu
weie tiaveling at 6Su newtons, how many newtons woulu be neeueu to make it stop.

@&.4&%'5 :#$%&%#' < )#*+, 40A*%40 1#40 ;#430 &# $&#: &-0 $2.&09#.4, 903.*$0 %& )#*+, -./0 1#40 0'0456
903.*$0 %& %$ -%5-04 &-.& :#$%&%#' (7 8# $&#: . $2.&09#.4, &-.& ).$ &4./0+%'5 .& BCD '0)&#'$ #; ;#430? 6#*
)#*+, '00, BCD '0)&#'$ #; ;#4307
























A boy was iolling a wagon uown a iamp. Insiue the wagon he placeu blocks to senu uown to the bottom
of the hill. Be wanteu to know if the numbei of blocks affecteu how fast the wagon woulu tiavel in one
seconu. Be staiteu the wagon in the same position, position 6, each time he auueu a new block.

Bow fai uiu the wagon tiavel with S blocks. ED 1F$

The moie blocks the boy auueu, the ;.$&04 the wagon went.

vocabulaiy Natching
Natch the vocabulaiy woiu with its uefinition.
1. Friction: A
2. Energy: H
3. Potential Energy: E
4. Kinetic Energy: I
5. Collide: F
6. Stationary: G
7. Energy Transfer: D
8. Spring Scale: J
9. Newton: B
10. Momentum: C

Numbei of Blocks
A If a ball is rolling it will eventually come to a stop because of this.

B - the unit that we measure force in.

C - keeps an object it moving and determines how much force it will need to slow the object down or
stop it.

D - a moving object can give energy to another object when it collides with that object. For example,
when a moving ball hits a stationary cork, the cork will move because the ball gave energy to the cork.

E - the higher the ball is on a slope the more _________ __________it has.

F - when two objects hit or run into each other.

G - an object that is not moving.

H - the higher up a slope a ball starts at, the more _________ it will have at the bottom of the slope.

I - the objects potential energy turns into kinetic energy. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion.

J - the tool we used for measuring force of the balls down the ramp.



Ball A anu Ball B aie both going to colliue with Ball C. Which ball woulu push ball C the fuithest. Why.

(.++ < )#*+, :*$- (.++ G ;*4&-04 903.*$0 %& -.$ . -%5-04 $&.4&%'5 :#$%&%#'7 @%'30 %& -.$ . -%5-04 $&.4&%'5
:#$%&%#' %& )%++ :*$- (.++ G )%&- 1#40 ;#430 &-.' (.++ (7