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HABSHAN SULPHUR GRANULATION PLANT (HSGP)

Project No. 5267


Document Number DOCUMENT TITLE
Page: 5 of 16
RP-5267-5044-PL-006-V006
SKIN EFFECT ELECTRIC TRACE (SEET)
HEAT-UP AND COOL-DOWN CALCULATION REPORT
Rev.: 0
Date: 20-Mar-2012

2. HEAT-UP AND COOL-DOWN CALCULATION PARAMETERS
Pipeline heat-up and cool-down calculation parameters are shown in Tables 1. Refer to Tycos
Skin Effect Electric Trace (SEET) Final Basis for Design (DB-5267-5044-PL-001-V006) for a
complete list of SEET design parameters used in these calculations.

Table 1. Heat-up & Cool-down Parameters
Pipe Size: 8 12
Pipe Material: Carbon Steel Carbon Steel
Insulation Inner Layer: 63.5mm Expanded Perlite 76.2mm Expanded Perlite
Insulation Outer Layer: 38.1mm Polyurethane 63.5mm Polyurethane
Minimum Ambient Temperature: 5C 5C
Static Heat-up
Start / Final Temperatures:
5C / 135C 5C / 135C
Static Cool-down
Start / Final Temperatures:
135C / 10C 135C / 10C
Dynamic Cool-down
Start Temperature:
140C 137C
Dynamic Cool-down
SEET Circuit Length:
4,800m 4,700m
Dynamic Cool-down
Flow Rate:
1,150 TPD
(24.4 m
3
/hr)
1,350 TPD
(27.2 m
3
/hr)
Wind Speed: 10m/s 10m/s
Heat-Up Time Safety Factor: 10% 10%
Required Heat-up Time: <100 hr <100 hr
SEET Power Output (Heat-up): 2 x 65 W/m 2 x 65 W/m
SEET Power Output (Cool-down): 0 W/m 0 W/m

Table 2 shows the sulphur properties used for the heat-up and cool-down calculations.

Table 2. Sulphur Properties
Temp. Density
Heat
Capacity
Thermal
Conductivity
Latent Heat*
[C] [kg/m^3] [KJ/kg-K] [W/m-K] [KJ/Kg]
0 2,070 0.724 0.205
10 2,070 0.732 0.205
20 2,070 0.732 0.205
30 2,070 0.732 0.205
40 2,070 0.732 0.205
50 2,070 0.732 0.205

HABSHAN SULPHUR GRANULATION PLANT (HSGP)
Project No. 5267
Document Number DOCUMENT TITLE
Page: 6 of 16
RP-5267-5044-PL-006-V006
SKIN EFFECT ELECTRIC TRACE (SEET)
HEAT-UP AND COOL-DOWN CALCULATION REPORT
Rev.: 0
Date: 20-Mar-2012

Temp. Density
Heat
Capacity
Thermal
Conductivity
Latent Heat*
[C] [kg/m^3] [KJ/kg-K] [W/m-K] [KJ/Kg]
60 2,070 0.732 0.205
70 2,070 0.732 0.205
80 2,070 0.732 0.205
94 2,070 0.732 0.205 12.5
96 2,070 0.812 0.205
105 2,070 0.812 0.205
118 2,070 0.812 0.205
119 1,960 0.983 0.205 38.5
120 1,960 0.983 0.205
125 1,960 0.983 0.205
135 1,960 0.983 0.205
145 2,070 1.046 0.205
155 2,070 1.096 0.205
170 2,070 1.096 0.205
* Sulphur Heat of Fusion used in the heat-up and cool-down calculations is the sum of the heat
of transition (12.5 KJ/Kg) and the heat of fusion (38.5 KJ/Kg).