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6 Minimum area in square meters a member supports which the design live load may be
7 Minimum height of any wall requiring structural design to resist loads onto which they are
8 Maximum deflection of a brittle finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied
perpendicular to said wall.
9 Maximum deflection of a flexible finished wall subjected to a load of 250 Pascal applied
perpendicular to said wall.
10 Maximum floor area for a low-cost housing unit.
11 The level at which the earthquake motions are considered to be imparted to the structure
or the level at which the structure, as a dynamic vibrator, is supported.
12 A member or an element provided to transfer lateral forces from a portion of a structure
to vertical elements of the lateral force resisting system.
13 A horizontal or nearly horizontal system acting to transmit lateral forces to the vertical
resisting elements, it includes horizontal bracing system.
14 The total designed lateral force or shear at the base of a structure.
15 An element at edge of opening or at perimeters of shear walls or diaphragm.
16 An essentially vertical truss system of the concentric or eccentric type which is provided
to resist lateral forces.
17 An essentially complete space frame which provides supports for gravity loads.
18 A combination of a Special or Intermediate Moment Resisting Space Frame and Shear
19 Walls or Braced Frames.
20 That form of braced frame where at least one end of each brace intersects a beam at a
point away from the column girder joint.
21 The entire assemblage at the intersection of the members.
22 The horizontal member in a frame system, a beam.
23 An element of a diaphragm parallel to the applied load which collects and transfers
diaphragm shear to vertical resisting elements or distributes loads within the diaphragm.
24 Such members may take axial tension or compression.
25 The boundary element of a diaphragm or a shear wall which is assumed to take axial
stresses analogous to the flanges of a beam
26 Those structures which are necessary for emergency post-earthquake operations.
27 That part of the structural system assigned to resist lateral forces.
28 Moment resisting space frame not meeting special detailing requirements for ductile
29 The displacement of one level relative to the level above or below.
30 The usable capacity of a structure or its members to resist loads within the deformation
limits prescribed in this document.
31 The lower rigid portion of a structure having a vertical combination of structural system.
32 Horizontal truss system that serves the same function as a diaphragm.
33 An assemblage of framing members designed to support gravity loads and resist lateral
34 forces.
35 A structural system without complete vertical load carrying space frame. This system
provide support for gravity loads. Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls
or braced frames.
36 A structural system with essentially complete space frame providing support for gravity
loads. Resistance to lateral load is provided by shear walls or braced frames.
37 A structural system with an essentially complete space frame providing support for gravity
loads. Moment resisting space frames provide resistance to lateral load primarily by
flexural action of members.
38 Is one in which the story strength is less than 80% of that of the story above.
The period of continuous application of a given load or the aggregate of periods of
Maintenance and service of accelerographs shall be provided by the___. Owner
Who shall be responsible for keeping the actual live load below the allowable limits and
Occupant of the building
shall be liable for any failure on the structure due to overloading.
Eccentric Braced Frame (EBF)
The procedures and limitations for the design of structures shall be determined by the
following factors.
Load duration
intermittent application of the same load.
Minimum number of stories recommended to be provided with at least 3 approved
recording accelerographs.
Zoning, site characteristics
Occupancy, configuring
structural system, and height
14 sqm.
1.50 mts.
1/240 of wall span
Horizontal Bracing System
Moment Resisting Frame System
Building Frame System
Bearing Wall System
Weak Story
Story Drift
Space Frame
Building Frame System
Braced Frame
Dual System
Lateral Force Resisting System
Ordinary Moment Resisting
Diaphragm Chord
Essential facilities
Diaphragm Strut
60 sqm.
1/120 of wall span
Boundary Element
Base Shear, V
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39 An elastic or inelastic dynamic analysis in which a mathematical model of the
structure is subjected to a ground motion time history. The structure's time-dependant
dynamic response to these motion is obtained through numerical integration of its
equations of motions.
40 The effects on the structure due to earthquake motions acting in directions other than
parallel to the direction of resistance under consideration.
41 The secondary effect on shears and moments of frame members induced by the
vertical loads acting on the laterally displaced building frame.
42 Material other than water, aggregate, or hydraulic cement, used as an ingredient of
concrete and added to concrete before or during its mixing to modify its properties.
43 Concrete that does not conform to definition of reinforced concrete.
44 Upright compression member with a ratio of unsupported height to average least lateral
dimension of less than three.
45 Ratio of normal stress to corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stresses below
proportional limit of material.
46 In prestressed concrete, temporary force exerted by device that introduces tension into
prestressing tendons.
47 Length of embedded reinforcement provided beyond a critical section.
48 Stress remaining in prestressing tendons after all losses have occurred, excluding effects
of dead load and superimposed loads.
49 Length of embedded reinforcement required to develop the design strength of
reinforcement at a critical section.
50 Friction resulting from bends or curves in the specified prestressing tendon profile.
51 Concrete containing lightweight aggregate.
prestressing tendon that is bonded to concrete either directly or through grouting.
52 ASTM A36
53 High-Yield Strength Quenched and Tempered Alloy Steel Plate, Suitable for Welding.
54 True or False, Bar larger than 32mm in diameter shall not be bundled in beams.
55 Minimum concrete cover for a Prestressed concrete for beams and columns for
primary reinforcements.
56 In a material under tension or compression, the absolute value of the ratio of transverse
strain to the corresponding longitudinal strain.
57 In column, the ratio of its effective length to its least radius of gyration.
58 A quantity which measures the resistance of the mass to being revolved about a line.
59 A type of concrete floor which has no beam.
60 The tendency for one part of a beam to move vertically with respect to an adjacent part.
61 A change in shape of a material when subjected to the action of force.
62 The maximum value of tension, compression, or shear respectively the material sustain
without failure.
63 It means that by which a body develops internal resistance to 'stress'.
64 The greatest stress which a material is capable of developing without permanent
deformation remaining upon the complete release of stress.
65 Intensity of force per unit area.
66 Loop of reinforcing bar or wire enclosing longitudinal reinforcement.
67 The measure of stiffness of a material.
68 The failure in a base when a heavily loaded column strikes a hole through it.
69 The deformation of a structural member as a result of loads acting on it.
70 Nominal thickness of of a timber.
71 The sum of forces in the othorgonal directions and the sum of all moments about any
points are zero.
72 The complete records of tests conducted (slump, compression test, etc.) shall be
preserved and made available for inspection during the progress of construction and after
completion of the project for a period of not less than.
73 Wood board should have a thickness specification of.
74 The distance from the first to the last riser of a stair flight.
75 A high-speed rotary shaping had power tool used to make smooth cutting and curving
on solid wood.
76 The major horizontal supporting member of the floor system.
77 Wood defects are: heart shake, cup shake, star shake, and___.
78 Dressed lumber is referred to ___.
79 The other kind of handsaw other than rip-cut saw.
P-delta Effect
Orthogonal Effect
Embedment Length
Effective Prestress
Modulus of Elasticity
Jacking Force
Cross-cut saw
Smoothed or planed lumber
6 inches
Punching Shear
Portable Hand router
not less than 1"X4"
2 years
Yielding Stress
Stiffness Ratio
Tie / Stirrup
Allowable Stress
Flat Slab
Poisson's Ratio
Structural Steel
Slenderness Ratio
40 mm
Bonded Tendon
Plain Concrete
Curvature Friction
Structural Lightweight Concrete
Development Length
Time History Analysis
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80 It refers to the occupancy load which is either partially or fully in place or may not be
present at all.
81 The distance between inflection points in the column when it breaks.
82 The amount of space measured in cubic units.
83 In the formula e=PL/AE, E stands for___.
84 An expansion joint of adjacent parts of a structure to permit expected movements
between them.
the total of all tread widths in a stair.
85 The force adhesion per unit area of contact between two bonded surfaces.
86 A structural member spanning from truss to truss or supporting a rafter.
87 Size of camber for a 25 meters steel truss.
88 A connector such as a welded strut, spiral bar, or short length of channel which resists
horizontal shear between elements.
89 The force per unit area of cross section which tends to produce shear.
90 Size of camber for a 25 meters steel truss.
91 The law that relates the linear relationship between stresses and strains
92 Minimum spacing of Bolts in timber connectionn measured from center of bolts parallel
for parallel to grain loading is equal to ___.
93 According to the provisions of the NSCP on timber connections and fastenings, the
lodaed edge distance for perpendicular to grain loading shall be at least ___.
94 NSCP specifies spacing between rows of bolts for perpendicular to grain loading shall be
at least ___ times bolt diameter for L/d ratio of 2.
95 Minimum diameter of bolts to be used in timber connections and fastening in accordance
with NSCP specifications.
96 Simple solid timber columns have slenderness ratio not exceeding ___.
97 Nails or spikes for which the wire gauges or lengths not set forth in the NSCP
specifications shall have a required penetration of not less than ___.
98 Notches in sawn lumber bending members in accordance with the NSCP specifications
shall not exceed.
99 Notches in sawn lumber shall not be located in the ___.
100 Notches in the top and bottom of joists shall not exceed ___.
101 Allowable stresses for tension in structural steel in terms of gross area.
102 Allowable tensile stress of structural steel based on effective area.
103 Allowable stress for tension on pin connected members based on net area.
104 Allowable shear stress on structural steel on the cross sectional area effective in
resisting shear.
105 For structures carrying live loads which induce impact, the assumed live load shall be
increased sufficiently to provide for same, for supports of elevators the increase shall be.
106 The slenderness ratio of compression members shall not exceed ___.
107 The slenderness ratio main members in tension shall not exceed ___.
108 Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete
exposed to earth or weather.
109 Concrete cover for pipes, conduits, and fittings shall not be less than ___ for concrete
not exposed to earth or weather.
110 Curing of concrete (other than high-early strength) shall be maintained above 10C and
in moist condition for at least the first ___ days after placement.
111 If concrete in structure will dry under service conditions, cores shall be air-dried for ___
days before test and shall be tested dry.
112 Curing for high-early strength concrete shall be maintained above 10C and in moist
condition for at least the ___ days after palcement.
113 The minimum clear spacing between parallel bars in layer shall be db (diameter of bar)
but not less than ___.
Standard hooks used in reinforced concrete beam shall mean.
115 Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 16mm bar and smaller.
116 Standard hooks for stirrups and tie hooks 20-25mmbar.
117 Allowable tolerance on minimum concrete cover for depths greater than 200mm
180bend + 4db extension
40 mm
12 mm
at free end
90bend + 12db extension
20 mm
but not less than 65mm at free
end of bar
90bend + 6db extension
at free end
25 mm
Middle Third Span
1/6 depth of member
11 diameters
0.40 Fy
0.50 of specified minimum
1/4 the depth
0.60 of specified min. yield stress
tensile strength
0.45 Fy
12 mm
4 X diameter of bolt
Hook's Law
4 X diameter of bolt
Bond Stress
Total run
Contraction joint
Size of Dead Load Defelection
Shear Stress / Shearing Stress
Shear Connector
Size of Dead Load Defelection
Modulus of Elasticity
Effective length
Live load
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118 Allowable tolerance for longitudinal location of bends and ends of reinforcement.
119 Individual bars with a bundle terminated within the span of flexural members shall
teminate at different points with a stagger of at least ___.
120 Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be less
than ___ for strands.
121 Clear distance between pre-tensioning tendons at each end of member shall not be less
than ___ for wire.
122 Minimum concrete cover provided for reinforcement of cast in place against permanently
exposed to earth or weather using bars larger than 36mm.
75 mm
50 mm
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