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ABB LIMITED 2x150MW COAL BASED THERMAL POWER PROJECT M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD., BEAWAR, RAJASTHAN (INDIA)

ABB LIMITED

2x150MW COAL BASED THERMAL POWER PROJECT M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD., BEAWAR, RAJASTHAN (INDIA)

SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE FOR EQUIPMENT INTERCONNECTION

Doc No.

3VYN291401A.R0

Sheet 1 of 17

SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE FOR EQUIPMENT INTERCONNECTION OWNER M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD. OWNER’S ENGINEER Evonik Energy
SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE FOR
EQUIPMENT INTERCONNECTION
OWNER
M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.
OWNER’S ENGINEER
Evonik Energy Services (I) Pvt. Ltd.,
Noida
EPC CONTRACTOR
Cethar Vessels Limited,
Tiruchirapalli
eBOP CONTRACTOR
ABB Limited, Faridabad
R0
21.04.2010
RK/RM
Rev
Prepared
Reviewed
Approved
Date
Remarks
No.
by
by
by

We reserve all rights in this document and in the information therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. © ABB eBoP.

2x150MW COAL BASED THERMAL POWER PROJECT M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD., BEAWAR, RAJASTHAN (INDIA) Doc No.

2x150MW COAL BASED THERMAL POWER PROJECT M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD., BEAWAR, RAJASTHAN (INDIA)

Doc No.

3VYN291401A.R0

ABB LIMITED

SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE FOR EQUIPMENT INTERCONNECTION

Sheet 2 of 17

REVISION STATUS SHEET

REV. NO.

DATE

DESCRIPTION

R0

21.04.2010

FOR APPROVAL

We reserve all rights in this document and in the information therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. © ABB eBoP.

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

Short Circuit Force Calculation (For Equipments)

I

System Data:

1.1

Nominal System voltage in kV

=

400

1.2

System short circuit current in A

(I"k3) =

40000

1.3

Factor for peak short circuit current

(κ) =

1.81

1.4

Phase spacing in m

(a m)

=

7

1.5

System frequency in Hz

(f)

=

50

1.6

Auto Reclosing Feature

YES

II

Conductor data:

2 1

Busbar selected

=

4" IPS (Schedule 80) Al

.

2.2

Outer diameter

(Do)

=

114.3

mm

2.3

Inner Diameter

(Di)

=

97.18

mm

2.4

Area of Cross section

(A)

=

2844

sq.mm

2.5

Moment of inertia

(J)

=

4.00E-06

m^4

2.6

Weight

(m')

=

7.678

kg/m

2.7

Young's Modulus

(E)

=

6.57E+10

N/ sq.m

III

Reference

3.1

IEC 865 -1(1993): short circuit current calculation effects

 

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

IV Legend:

Symbol

Unit

4.1

Initial symmetrical short circuit current (r.m.s)

I"k3

Amps

4.2

Peak short circuit current

Ip3

Amps

4.3

Effective distance between main conductors

am

m

4.4

Span between supports

l

m

4.5

Outer Diameter of the conductor

Do

m

4.6

Absolute permeability of vacuum

µo

4.7

Ratio of dynamic and static force on support (As per equation in page no. 107 of IEC 865 -1(1993))

V F

4.8

Ratio of stress for a main conductor with or with out three phase auto reclosing (As per equation in page no. 109 of IEC 865 -1(1993))

V r

4.9

Factor for force on support (from table 3 of pg. 67 of IEC

865-1(1993))

a

4.10

Factor for relevant natural frequency estimation (From table 3 of pg. 67 of IEC 865-1, 1993)

γ

4.11

Natural frequency of the tube

fc

Hz

4.12

Electromagnetic force

F m

kg

4.13

Total static weight of bus

M

kg

4.14

Reaction due to electrodynamic force

Fd

kg

4.15

Youngs Modulus of conductor

E

N/m²

4.16

Moment of Inertia of main conductor

J

m^4

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

V Formulae Used

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

5.1 Peak value of short circuit current

(Ip3)

= I"k3 x k

x Sqr(2)

Amps

5.2 Electro magnetic force between conductors

(Fm)

= µ x Sqr(3) x ( Ip3) ² x

l

kg

 

2 x

2 p

x 9.81 x am

5.3 Electro dynamic force on busbar

(Fd)

=

Vf x Vr x a x Fm

 

kg

5.4 Natural Frequency of the tube

(fc)

=

γ

x

Sqr (

E J /m')

Hz

 

l

²

5.5 Calculation of V F As per IEC 865-I (Page-107) fc/f

V F

<0.04

0.232+3.52*EXP(-1.45*k)+0.166*LOG10(fc/f)

0.04

0.8

MAX(0.839+3.52*EXP(-1.45*k)+0.6*LOG10(fc/f),2.38+6*LOG10(fc/f))

0.8

1.2

1.8

1.2

1.6

1.23+7.2*LOG10(fc/f)

1.6

2.4

2.7

2.4

2.74

8.59-15.5*LOG10(fc/f)

2.74

3.0

8.59-15.5*LOG10(fc/f)

3.0

6.0

1.5-0.646*LOG(fc/f)

>6

1

5.6 Calculation of V r

fc/f

<=0.05

>0.05 and <1

>=1

V r

1.8

1-0.615Log(fc/f)

1

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

TYPICAL SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE CALCULATION FOR 400kV ISOLATOR

VI Support Arrangement

Refer Figure 1

6.1

Equipment Dimension (Terminal to Terminal) in m

 

4.8

m

 

Left

Right

6.2

Support Span in Metre

(L)

=

9

10.5

6.3

Equipment Dimension (Terminal to Terminal) in m

4.821

0

6.4

Support type for Equipment

FIXED

SIMPLE

6.5

Support type for other equipment

SIMPLE

FIXED

VII

Calculation

7.1

Peak short circuit current

Ip3

=

102389

A

 

Left

Right

7.2

Factor a at Support A

0.625

0.375

7.3

Factor a at Support B

0.375

0.625

7.4

Factor b

0.73

0.73

7.5

Factor γ

2.45

2.45

7.6

Effective Distance (mts)

l

=

4.19

8.1

7.7

Electromagnetic forces between conductors

Fm

=

110.79

214.18

7.8

Natural frequency of the Tube (Hz)

fc

=

25.824

6.9099

7.9

Ratio

fc / f

=

0.5165

0.1382

7.10

Ratio of dynamic & Static force on supports

VF =

1.0128

0.6692

7.11

Ratio of stress for main conductor with & without 3 phase Auto reclosing

VR

=

1.1765

1.5286

7.12

Factor a

0.625

0.375

7.13

Dynamic force (Bending Force) (kg)

Fd =

82.505

82.164

7.14

Total Dynamic force due to Left & Right spans

=

164.67

kg

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

TYPICAL SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE CALCULATION FOR 400kV CIRCUIT BREAKER

VI Support Arrangement

Refer Figure 2

6.1

Equipment Dimension (Terminal to Terminal) in m

4.821

m

 

Left

Right

6.2

Support Span in Metre

(L)

=

12

9

6.3

Equipment Dimension (Terminal to Terminal) in m

0.55

4.8

6.4

Support type for Equipment

SIMPLE

SIMPLE

6.5

Support type for other equipment

FIXED

FIXED

VII

Calculation

7.1

Peak short circuit current

Ip3

=

102389

A

 

Left

Right

7.2

Factor a at Support A

0.375

0.375

7.3

Factor a at Support B

0.625

0.625

7.4

Factor b

0.73

0.73

7.5

Factor γ

2.45

2.45

7.6

Effective Distance (mts)

l

=

9.315

4.189

7.7

Electromagnetic forces between conductors

Fm

=

246.31

110.77

7.8

Natural frequency of the Tube (Hz)

fc

=

5.2249

25.836

7.9

Ratio

fc / f

=

0.1045

0.5167

7.10

Ratio of dynamic & Static force on supports

VF =

0.5964

1.0129

7.11

Ratio of stress for main conductor with & without 3 phase Auto reclosing

VR =

1.6032

1.1763

7.12

Factor a

0.375

0.375

7.13

Dynamic force (Bending Force)

Fd

=

88.317

49.492

7.14

Total Dynamic force due to Left & Right spans

=

137.81

kg

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

TYPICAL SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE CALCULATION FOR 400kV CURRENT TRANSFORMER

VI Support Arrangement

Refer Figure 3

6.1

Equipment Dimension (Terminal to Terminal) in m

0.55

m

 

Left

Right

6.2

Support Span in Metre

(L)

=

12

5.5

6.3

Equipment Dimension (Terminal to Terminal) in m

4.82

4.8

6.4

Support type for Equipment

FIXED

SIMPLE

6.5

Support type for other equipment

SIMPLE

FIXED

VII

Calculation

7.1

Peak short circuit current

Ip3

=

102389

A

 

Left

Right

7.2

Factor a at Support A

0.625

0.375

7.3

Factor a at Support B

0.375

0.625

7.4

Factor b

0.73

0.73

7.5

Factor γ

2.45

2.45

7.6

Effective Distance (mts)

l

=

9.318

2.827

7.7

Electromagnetic forces between conductors

Fm

=

246.39

74.7526

7.8

Natural frequency of the Tube (Hz)

fc

=

5.2215

56.7273

7.9

Ratio

fc / f

=

0.1044

1.13455

7.10

Ratio of dynamic & Static force on supports

VF =

0.5962

1.8

7.11

Ratio of stress for main conductor with & without 3 phase Auto reclosing

VR =

1.6034

1

7.12

Factor a

0.625

0.375

7.13

Dynamic force (Bending Force)

Fd

=

147.22

50.458

7.14

Total Dynamic force due to Left & Right spans

=

197.67

kg

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

TYPICAL SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE CALCULATION FOR 400kV BUS POST INSULATOR

VI Support Arrangement

Refer Figure 4

6.1

Equipment Dimension (Terminal to Terminal) in m

6.2

Support Span in Metre

(L)

=

6.3

Equipment Dimension (Terminal to Terminal) in m

6.4

Support type for Equipment

6.5

Support type for other equipment

VII

Calculation

7.1

Peak short circuit current

Ip3

=

7.2

Factor a at Support A

7.3

Factor a at Support B

7.4

Factor b

7.5

Factor γ

7.6

Effective Distance (mts)

l

=

7.7

Electromagnetic forces between conductors

Fm

=

7.8

Natural frequency of the Tube (Hz)

fc

=

7.9

Ratio

fc / f

=

7.10

Ratio of dynamic & Static force on supports

VF =

7.11

Ratio of stress for main conductor with & without 3 phase Auto reclosing

VR =

7.12

Factor a

7.13

Dynamic force (Bending Force)

Fd =

7.14

Total Dynamic force due to Left span

=

0

m

Left

Right

10.5

0

4.8

0

FIXED

SIMPLE

102389

A

Left

Right

0.625

0

0.375

0

0.73

0

2.45

0

8.1

0

214.18

0

6.9099

0

0.1382

0

0.6692

0

1.529

0.625

0

136.94

0

136.94

kg

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

 

Fd

   

164.6688

 

137.809

 

197.6749

 

136.9396

Total

(Kg)

   

Right

 

82.505 82.1638

 

88.317 49.4919

 

50.458

 

0

Left

         

147.22

 

136.94

   

Right

 

1.529

 

1.176

 

1

 

0

Left

 

1.176

 

1.603

 

1.603

 

1.529

VrVF

 

Right

 

0.6692

 

1.0129

 

1.8

 

0

Left

 

6.91 1.0128

 

25.84 0.5964

 

56.73 0.5962

 

0 0.6692

TABLE 1. Bending Force on 400kV Equipments

fc (Hz)

 

Right

               

Left

 

25.8

 

5.22

 

5.22

 

6.91

Fm (Kg)

 

Right

 

214.18

 

110.77

 

74.753

 

0

Left

 

110.8

 

246.3

 

246.4

 

214.2

Effective

Length(m)

Right

 

8.1

 

4.189

 

2.827

 

0

Left

 

4.19

 

9.315

 

9.318

 

8.1

Fd (Kg)Distance

between

Eqpts(m)

Right

 

10.5

 

9

 

5.5

 

0

Left

 

9

 

12

 

12

 

10.5

 

Other Equipment

Support

Right

 

FIXED

 

FIXED

 

FIXED

 

0

Left

 

SIMPLE

 

FIXED

 

SIMPLE

 

0 SIMPLE

Equipment Support

 

Right

 

SIMPLE

 

SIMPLE

400kV Current Transformer

SIMPLE

400kV Bus Post Insulator

 

Left

400kV Isolator

FIXED

400kV Circuit Breaker

SIMPLE

FIXED

FIXED

           

Sl.No.

 

A

 

B

 

C

 

D

 

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

400kV SHREE CEMENT S/S

CALCULATION OF SHORT CIRCUIT FORCE FOR TWIN MOOSE ACSR IN

1. FORMULAE USED

400kV SYSTEM

Electro magnetic force on flexible main conductors in 3 Phase System is given by

(F')

2. LEGEND

= Mo * 0.75 *

(ik3)² /(2 * pi * am)

F' = Electro magnetic force in N/m

(As per IEC-865-1 Page No. 39)

ik3 = Initial symmetrical short circuit current in amps

Mo = Absolute permeability of vacuum , 4 (pi) x 10^ (-7) in H/m

am = Effective distance between main conductor (phase spacing) in metres

3. SYSTEM

DATA

System short circuit current (ik3) in Amps

=

40000

(i.e. 40 kA)

Phase spacing (am) in metres

=

7

4. CALCULATION Refer Figure No.5

Electromagnetic force on conductor (TWIN Moose ACSR)

(Short circuit force)

(F')

=

34.29 N/m

 

=

3.5 Kg/m

Force on CVT (15.13m span)

=

52.96 Kg

Force on LA (14.75m span)

=

51.63

Kg

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

e-BOP:ABB LIMITED - Faridabad

CUSTOMER: (2x150 MW) M/S SHREE CEMENT LTD.,

400kV SHREE CEMENT S/S

Summary :

PART A

Calculation of Short Circuit force on Equipments with 4'' IPS Al. Tube

1. Isolator

Force for 400kV

=

164.67 kg

2. Circuit Breaker Force for 400kV

=

137.81 kg

3. Current Transformer Force for 400kV

=

197.67

kg

4. Bus Post Insulator Force for 400kV

=

136.94 kg

PART B

Calculation of Short Circuit force on Equipments with TWIN MOOSE ACSR

1. CVT

Force for 400kV

=

52.96

kg

1.

LA Force for 400kV

=

51.63

kg