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Software Verification AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 PROGRAM NAME: REVISION NO.: ETABS 0 W IDE F

Software Verification

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

ETABS

0

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMBINED COMPRESSION & BIAXIAL BENDING

EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION

A check of the column adequacy is checked for combined axial compression and flexural loads. The column is 14 feet tall and loaded with an axial load,

= 200k-ft and 70k-ft, respectively. It is

assumed that there is reverse-curvature bending with equal end moments about both axes and no loads along the member. The column demand/capacity ratio is checked against the results of Example 6.2 in the 3 rd Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel Construction, pages 6-6 to 6-8.

P

u

1400

kips and bending,

M , M

u x

u y

GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING

bending, M , M u x u y G EOMETRY , P ROPERTIES AND L OADING

Member Properties

W14X176

E

F y =

= 29000 ksi

50 ksi

Loading P u = 1,400 kips

M ux = 200 kip-ft M uy = 70 kip-ft

Geometry H = 14.0 ft

TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED

Section compactness check (compression)

Member compression capacity

Member bending capacity

Demand/capacity ratio, D/C

Software Verification R ESULTS C OMPARISON PROGRAM NAME: REVISION NO.: ETABS 0 Independent results are

Software Verification

RESULTS COMPARISON

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

ETABS

0

Independent results are hand calculated and compared with the results from Example 6.2 in the 3 rd Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel Construction, pages 6-6 to

6-8.

     

Percent

Output Parameter

ETABS

Independent

Difference

Compactness

Compact

Compact

0.00%

P

c

n

(kips)

1937.84

1937.84

0.00%

M

b

nx

(k-ft)

1200

1200

0.00%

M

b

n y

(k-ft)

600.478

600.478

0.00%

D/C

0.974

0.974

0.00%

COMPUTER FILE: AISC LRFD-93 EX002

CONCLUSION

The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.

Software Verification H AND C ALCULATION Properties: Material: ASTM A992 Grade 50 Steel F y

Software Verification

HAND CALCULATION

Properties:

Material: ASTM A992 Grade 50 Steel F y = 50 ksi, E = 29,000 ksi

Section: W14x176

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

A = 51.8 in 2 ,

b f = 15.7 in, t f = 1.31 in, d = 15.2 in, t w = 0.83 in

h

c

d t

2

f

15.2

2

1.31

12.58 in

ETABS

0

I x = 2,140 in 4 , I y = 838 in 4 , r x = 6.4275 in, r y = 4.0221 in

x = 281.579 in 3 ,

S

Member:

K x = K y = 1.0

L = L b = 14 ft

Other

c

b

0.85

0.9

S y = 106.7516 in 3 , Z x = 320.0 in 3 ,

Loadings:

P u

M ux = 200 k-ft

M uy = 70 k-ft

= 1400 kips

Section Compactness:

Localized Buckling for Flange:

 b / 2   15.7 / 2  f    
b
/ 2
15.7 / 2
f
 
 5.99
t
1.31
f
65
65
 9.19
p
F
50
  
y
p , No localized flange buckling

Flange is Compact.

Z y = 163.0 in 3 .

Software Verification Localized Buckling for Web: PROGRAM NAME: REVISION NO.: ETABS 0 h 12.58 

Software Verification

Localized Buckling for Web:

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

ETABS

0

h 12.58   c   15.16 t 0.83  P w  
h
12.58
 
c
 15.16
t
0.83
P
w
A
F
 0.9
 51.8  50  2331 kips
b
y
b
g
y
P
1400
u
 0.601
P
2331
b
y
P
u
 0.601
 0.125
Since
P
b
y
191
P
253
   2.33 
u
  
p
F
P
F
y
b
y
y
191
253
2.33
0.601
46.714 
 35.780
p
50
50

  

p , No localized web buckling

Web is Compact.

Section is Compact

.

Member Compression Capacity:

For braced frames, K = 1.0 and K x L x = K y L y = 14.0 ft, From AISC Table 4-2,

 

c

P 1940 kips

n

 

Or by hand,

 
 

K

L

y

F y E
F
y
E

1.0

14

12

50 29000
50
29000

0.552

 

c

r

4.022



 

y

Since

c

1.5,

 

F

F

0.658

c

2

50 0.658

0.552

2

44.012 ksi

cr

y

   

P

 

F

A

0.85 44.012 51.8

 

c

n

c

cr

g

P

1937.84

kips

 

c

n

3

0

py

12

ETABS

REVISION NO.:

3 0 py 12 ETABS REVISION NO.: P 1400 PROGRAM NAME: Section Bending Capacity Member Bending

P 1400

PROGRAM NAME:

Section Bending Capacity

Member Bending Capacity

Software Verification

From LRFD Specification Section H1.2,

 

50

310

 

M

F

Z

1333.333 k-ft

 

px

y

x

12

 

M

F

Z

 

py

y

y

However,

Z

y

163

1.527

1.5,

 

S 106.7516

 
 

y

So

 

Z

1.5

S

1.5 106.7516 160.1274 in

 

y

y

 

50

160.1274

 
 

M

 

667.198 k-ft

From LRFD Specification Equation F1-4,

Therefore, LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a governs.

0.722

0.2

u

1937.84

n

c

P

  M

px

b

b

nx

M

0.9 1333.333

b

nx

M

1200 k-ft

b

nx

M

  M

py

ny

b

b

M

0.9•667.198

b

ny

M

600.478 k-ft

ny

b

M

14ft

b

L

Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: REVISION NO.: ETABS 0 Interaction Capacity: Compression & Bending From LRFD

Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

ETABS

0

Interaction Capacity: Compression & Bending

From LRFD Specification section C1.2, for a braced frame, M lt = 0.

M

M

ux

uy

B

1

B

B

1 x

1 y

C

M

M

m

ntx

nty

1

P

u

P

e 1

,

,

where

where

1

M

M

ntx

nty

200

70

kip-ft; and

kip-ft

For reverse curvature bending and equal end moments:

M

1

  1.0

 

M

 

2

 

M

 

C

m

 

0.6

0.4

M

1

2

C

m

0.6 0.41.00.2

 
 

2

EI

 

p

e 1

 

KL

2

 

2

29000

 

2140

 

p

e

1

x

2

14.0

12

2

29000 838

 

21, 702 kips

 

p

e

1

y

14.0

C

12

2

8, 498

B

1 x

1

 

mx

1

 

P

u

P

e

1

   

x

 

0.2

B

1 x

 

1

1400

0.214 1

 

 

21702

 

Software Verification  1 B 1 x C my   1 B 1 y

Software Verification

 1 B 1 x C my   1 B 1 y  
 1
B 1 x
C
my
 1
B 1 y
 
P
u
  1 
P
 
e
1
y
0.2
B
0.239
1
1 y
1400
1 
 1
  
8498
 
B 1 y
M  1.0  200
 200
ux
kip-ft;
and
M  1.0  70
 70
uy
kip-ft
From LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a,
1400
200
70
 0.974
1940
8 9   
1200
600.478
  
D
 0.974
C

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

1.0

, OK

ETABS

0