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Chapter III

METHODOLOGY
This chapter presents the research design, research locale,
respondents of the study, sampling technique, research
instrument, research procedure, and statistical treatment of the
data.
Research Design
In this study, frequency and percentage was used. This type
of research is utilized since it would determine the disease
prevention and health promotion among the residents in Barangay
Zone III and Station District in Rosales, Pangasinan.
Descriptive research is designed to summarize the status of
phenomenon of interest as they currently exist.
Sources of Data
This study was conducted among the residents of the two
communities in Rosales, Pangasinan; Barangay Zone III, with a
household of 792 and Station District with a household of 1178
(Statistics Gathered from Rural Health Unit, 2012). The site is
selected due to its accessibility and to achieve a more
comprehensive study.
Instrumentation and Data Collection
The respondents of the study consisted of the selected
residents of Barangay Zone III and Rosales Pangasinan above 18
years of age. Through these respondents they aimed to determine
the level of disease prevention and health promotion of the two
communities. The researcher also believes that these respondents
will be honest and truthful upon answering the questionnaires.
Table 1
Distribution of the Respondents
Community Actual No. of Household
January 2012 December 2013
n (Sample Size)
Barangay Zone III 792 133
Station District 1178 199
Total 1970 332

Table 1 show the actual number of household in Barangay
Zone III which is 792 (January 2012 December 2013 Statistics
Gathered from Rural Health Unit) while in Station District is
1178 (January 2012 December 2013 Statistics Gathered from Rural
Health Unit). Thus, the total number of households in the 2
areas is 1970. The number of households that will be the
respondents of this study in Barangay Zone III is 133 while in
Station District is 199 and the total sample size of the two
areas is 332. Proportion and allocation is use to distribute the
respondents.
Sampling Technique
Random sampling is the method used in this study. The
researcher used this method because the respondents in this
research study involves the whole household and that the
researcher just chose randomly one representative each
household. The researcher used the Slovins formula to determine
the sample size of the two communities that was the respondents
of this study as shown below:
n = N _
(1 + Ne
2
)
Where:
1 - constant
N- population size
n- sample size
e- margin of error

n=_____1970_____
1+1970 (0.05)
2


n=_____1970_____
1+1970 (0.0025)

n=_____1970_____
1+4.925
n=____1970______ n= 332.4894515
5.925
The total sample size of this study is 332.

Tools for Data Analysis
The researcher utilized a survey questionnaire in
determining the respondents level of disease prevention and
health promotion.

The scale below is found in the survey questionnaire and
was use as the basis in determining the level of disease
prevention and health promotion among the selected residents of
Barangay Zone III and Station District.
Rank Interval Interpretation
4 3.27 - 4.0 Very Effective
3 2.52 3.26 Effective
2 1.36 2.51 Good
1 1.0 1.35 Poor

Research Procedure
Permission to conduct the study was obtained from the
Barangay officials of Barangay Zone III and Station District
through a communication signed by the researcher and noted by
the adviser and the dean. Permission to conduct the study was
granted, the questionnaire was administered by the researcher
and it was also retrieved after the respondents had finished
answering it. After, the data collected were then be tallied and
statistically treated.





















A. Disease Prevention
Total Number of Population Population Served Percentage
Barangay Zone III 792 554 70 %
Station District 1178 624 53 %

B. Health Promotion
Total Number of Population Population Served Percentage
Barangay Zone III 792 554 30 %
Station District 1178 554 47 %


2.) What are the types of disease that affected the health of
the residents of the two Barangays?
Types of
Diseases
affected the
Barangay
Total
population
affected in
Barangay
zone III


Percentage
Total
population
affected in
Barangay
zone III


Percentage
DENGUE FEVER 14 56
THYPHOID FEVER 30 84
PULMONARY
TUBERCULOSIS
49 279
PNEUMONIA 23 328
AMOEBIASIS 28 243
MEASLES 62 193
ACUTE
GASTROENTERITIS
97 485
3
Activities where engaged in by the health personnel in the rural
health unit serving the Barangays during disease prevention and
health promotion

Activities Barangay
zone 3
Mean Interpretation Station
District
Mean Interpretation
Fogging
Distribution
of anti PTB
drugs

Monitoring of
PTB patients

Educating
persons with
PTB

Measles
Vaccination

BCG
Vaccination

Cleaning of
canals and
waterways

Seminars on
food
preparations











Disease Prevention and Health Promotion among the Selected
Respondents of Barangay Zone III and Station District in
Rosales, Pangasinan

In the 40-item questionnaire given out, the researchers
ranked the mean score in both baranggays into highest and lowest
and compared the difference between the two baranggays. The
highest mean score in Catalunan Pequeno is 3.58 which means that
most of their respondents always takes a bath every day, while
in Sto. Nio has a highest mean score of 3.53 which means that
their respondents also do the same thing. This implies that most
of the respondents of both the community knows the importance of
proper hygiene and applies it to themselves not only as a means
of preventing diseases but also as a means of promoting health
and well being.
The lowest mean score in Catalunan Pequeno is 1.90 which
means that their respondents sometimes drink alcoholic
beverages, while in Sto. Nio has a lowest mean score of 1.94
which means that their respondents also do the same thing. This
implies that most of the respondents of both the community have
a good reputation in taking alcoholic beverages occasionally.
The rest of the items are not interpreted as poor but
rather good, very good and excellent, this implies that both the
communities has developed in keeping self-care practices by
doing proper hygiene in order to prevent diseases and promote
healthy lifestyle for the benefit of their children.
4
Problems being met by the rural health personnel serving the two
Barangays relative to their promotion with disease prevention
and health promotion and how serious are they?