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Std.

Sanskrit -

Mandakini

(For Sanskrit Entire Course)

Maithilee Potnis
M.A. (Sanskrit)

Vidnyapana Gokarnakar
M.A. (Sanskrit) M.Ed.
Parle Tilak Vidyalaya English Medium School

Salient Features:
9 Solved textual exercises with reasoning
especially in grammar.
9 Strictly based on the latest paper pattern of Std. X.
9 Inclusive of Extra important questions.
9 Sentence wise translation of prose section.
9 Grammar topics described in a stepwise pattern.
9 Model Question and Answer Paper.

Tar et PUBLICATIONS PVT. LTD.


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Sanskrit -

Mandakini

Authors

First Edition : September 2013

Price : Rs. 200/-

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PREFACE
"In the case of good books, the point is not how many of them you can get through, but rather how many can
get through to you."
Sanskrit is a historical Indo-Aryan language, one of the liturgical languages of Hinduism and Buddhism, and
one of the official languages of India. The word Sanskrit means completed, refined and perfected. Ancient
Indians considered it as the language of Gods. Sanskrit, without a doubt is the mother of most Indian
languages.
However, a general perception lingers that Sanskrit is a challenging language to master. Notwithstanding
that, it is an equally beautiful and interesting language. To ease the challenging task of learning this
historical language, we bring to you Targets Std. X: Sanskrit. A book that is critically analysed and
extensively drafted to boost students confidence. This book comprises of solved textual exercises, extra
important questions, sentence by sentence translation of prose, unseen translations and essays. We have
efficiently dealt with Grammar questions and have solved them with required explanations. Topics like
Remove Absolute Locative, Causal, Participles, Compounds, Change the Voice are described in a stepwise
manner. We have provided students with Model Question Paper alongwith solved answer sheets, as well as
tips for time management and the pattern for writing board paper. The Root List provided towards the end
of the book will definitely help students.
We hope this book turns out to be an excellent educational aid to students who are looking forward to learn
and master this beautiful language.
We express our deepest gratitude to I.E.S. Sanskrit Kendra, Dadar and Parle Tilak Vidyalaya
English Medium School, Vileparle without whom this work would not have been possible.
We are greatly indebted to Mrs. Tarangini Khot for her moral support, encouragement and constant
constructive guidance in the preparation of this book. She has bestowed all her knowledge and assistance in
making this book preeminent.
And finally, we are thankful to all our dear students who are our true inspiration behind teaching Sanskrit.
A book affects eternity; one can never tell where its influence stops.

Best of luck to all the aspirants!


Authors,
Maithilee Potnis
Vidnyapana Gokarnakar

No.

Page
No.

Name of the lesson

8.

Voice

220

9.

Past Participles

230

10.

Potential Passive Participles

240

11.

Present Participles

244

12.

Absolute Locative

247

13.

Causative Construction

250

14.

Numerical Adjectives

253

15.

Sandhis

258

Compounds

264

Prose Section
1.

DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~

2.

Tpee&meee: SJe Oevemeee:~

3.

efeuHekeej: kejcejkejcenesoe:~

4.

Story

(Dialogue)

13

Informative

25

Deeeqlcekeer mecHeod~

Story

38

5.

Heef#eefce$ee YeJeece:~

Informative

51

6.

jmeemJeeoveced~

(Dialogue)

65

16.

7.

%eevekeuHeJe=#e:~

Informative

75

17. eqJe Forms

282

8.

Decetueb efJeeles meJe&ced~

Story

85

18. veeceOeeleg Nominal Roots

284

9.

s keLes mJeeefceefJeJeskeevevome~

Story

98

19. lej-lece YeeJeJeeeke efJees<eCe Comparative and

285

10.

keueeveeb eJejb efe$eced~

(Rapid Reading)

Superlative Adjectives

114

Appendix

Poetry Section

Special Uses of Roots and Indeclinable

287

2.

English Sentences for Translation

290

3.

Unseen Prose Passages

293

4.

Unseen Verses

301

5.

Unseen Dialogues

305

147

6.

Complete Stories or Passages

311

155

7.

Essays

313

1.

megYeeef<eleceeuee 1~

2.

efmekeleemesleg:~

128

3.

veceeefce je<^OJepeced~

139

4.

Devlee#ejer~

5.

yegNneCeHegjefeueeuesKe:~

6.

megYeeef<eleceeuee 2~

(For recitation)

162

8.

Amarasara (Decejkees<e)

320

7.

mebmke=lee Jeeked-Yeejleeremebmke=lescet&ueced~

(Rapid Reading)

173

9.

Metres

322

(For recitation)

(For recitation)

119

Papers

Grammar Section
1.

Nouns

177

2.

Pronouns

188

3.

Roots, Tenses And Moods

194

4.

Grammatical Explanation-Exercises

205

5.

Past Perfect Tense

209

6.

Second Future Tense

213

Gerunds and Infinitives

216

Paper Pattern and Tips for Paper Writing

324

Model Question Paper 1

329

Model Answer Paper 1

333

Model Question Paper 2

340

Model Question Paper 3

344

Roots Appeared in The Text


7.

List of Transitive and Intransitive Roots

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01: DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~

Prose Section

DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~

01
Introduction

`DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~' is an eye-opener story that drives our attention to the well-known fact `ejerjceeeb Keueg
Oece&meeOeveced~' In todays materialistic life we ignore the easily available natural resources that can help us to
keep healthy physically as well as mentally. These natural factors play very important role in our fitness and
we dont have to pay anything in return. If we pay heed to these factors in our daily routine then we will
definitely be successful in keeping many diseases at bay.
Translation into English with Sandhis dissolved -

evHegjveeeqcve veiejs meesceecee& veece Oeefveke: + JeefCeied efveJemeefle mce~


A rich merchant named Somasharma used to stay in the city named Chandrapur.

leme vewkes JeJemeeee: Deemeved~


He had many trades.

GeesieJee: me: + ielee keeuesve DemJeemLeced + DevegYeJeefle mce~


Being engrossed in the work, over a period, he started feeling unhealthy.

vewkes GHeeeje: + peelee:, Hejb meJex efJeHeuee:~


Many treatments were given but all were futile.

Skeeqmceved efoves lemcew DevevleYeJeweme efJe<ees kesve + DeefHe keefLeleced~


One day, somebody told him about doctor Anantabhatta.

lele: + leced + Deeveslegb lesve Oeefvekesve melJejb mesJeke: esef<ele:~


Then, a servant was immediately sent by that rich man to bring him (Anantabhatta).

efkevleg mesJekesve Deeveerles mevoses efueefKeleced + Deemeerled , `YeJevleced + GHeeefjlegb meevevoced + Feefce~
But it was written in the message brought by a servant, I would like to treat you with pleasure.

leLee + DeefHe ceee cece efveeceeveeb Heeueveced + DeHes#eles~


Still, I expect my rules to be followed.

efeefkelmeeced + DeefYeue<eved iCe: mJeeced + SJe cece meceerHes Deeieleg~


Patient desiring treatment should come to me personally.

ke=Heee meteexoeeled + Devevlejb HeodYeeced + SJe Deeieleg~'


After the Sunrise, please come on foot.

Deefveee + SJe Deveseg: meesceecee& DevevleYeb eefle HeodYeeced + SJe ieleJeeved~


Next day, Somasharma unwillingly walked to Anantabhatta.

yeeuemete&me efkejCes<eg HeodYeeb euevesve emeVe: meesceecee&, ke=Heee, YeJeeved melJejced + GHeeejb kejesleg~
By walking in the rays of early sun, being delighted, Somasharma said, Could you please treat(me)
immidiately.

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eerIeb ievleJeb ceee, Fefle + DeJeoled~

Std. X: Sanskrit - Mandakini

I have to go quickly.

DevevleYe: + DeYee<ele, Yees:, YeJeeved eefleefoveb eYeeles kejCeereeefve keeee&efCe meceeHe Geeveme efvekes eJenle: + efvePe&jme peues mveelJee
eleeieleg~
Anantabhatta said, Oh!, having completed daily morning ablutions come back after taking a bath in the
water of the stream flowing near the garden.

DevevleYeme + Deeosesve Gefive: meesceecee& leled + mLeeveb ielJee mveeveb ke=leJeeved~


Agitated due to the instructions of Anantabhatta, having gone to that place, Somasharma took a bath.

egefeYet&le: meesceecee& DevevleYeme ie=nb eleeieleJeeved~


Refreshed Somasharma returned to the house of Anantabhatta.

lele: + leme Jeweme Helvee HeefjJesef<eleb meeeqJekeced + DeuHeb eelejeeb Ye#eefelJee mevleg<: + DeYeJeled~
Then he was contented, having eaten wholesome little breakfast served by the wife of that doctor.

Devevlejb me: DevevleYesve men Geeves DeeceJe=#eme + DeOe: oesueeeeced + GHeefJe<:~


Then after, with Anantbhatta, he sat on the swing below the mango tree in the garden.

Deew<eOeeveeb efJe<ees Jeejb Jeejb meesceece&Cee He=<s meefle DevevleYe: + JeeOee: keereb Heer[eefvle Sleled mHe<erkegJe&ved + Deemeerled~
Being repeatedly asked by Somasharma, regarding the medicines, Anantabhatta was explaning that how
diseases cause pain.

oesueeeeced + GHeefJe<: meesceecee& evew: evew: efveeOeerve: + peele:~


Somasharma being seated on the swing, gradually fell asleep.

menmee ueIJeeIeelesve peeieefjle: meesceecee& mebkeesesve + DeJeoled , #eceleeced~


Suddenly, awakened by a small jerk, Somasharma embarasingly said, excuse (me).

efveeHeeref[le: + Denb keoe megHle: Fefle ve peeves~


Being afflicted by sleep, I dont know when I felt asleep.

Dele: + eefkele: + Denced~


So, I was surprised.

ke=Heee YeJeeved cece GHeeejeved keLeeefle efkeced?


Could you please tell me about my treatment?

megnemeJeove: DevevleYe: + DeJeoled , YeJele: + GHeeeje: eejyOee: + SJe~


Having pleasant smile on the face, Anantabhatta said, Your treatments have already started.

cece <e[defYe: meneekew: + Jewew: efeefkelmekeHesCe keee&ced + DeejyOeced~


My six assistant doctors have started the work as healers.

Sleled + efveece eefkeleeefkele: meesceecee& DeHe=led, <e[d Jewee:?


Having heard this, extremely astonished Somasharma asked, Six doctors?

DevevleYe: elegJeee mete&ekeee:, megKeoJeeeg:, eerleuepeueb, Jeeeece:, meeeqJekeYeespeveb, efJeeece: + e + Fefle~


Anantabhatta replied, Sunlight, pleasant breeze, cool water, exercise, wholesome food and rest.
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SlesYe: + cenlleje: kes + DeefHe meneekee: Jewee: + ve Jele&vles~

01: DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~

There are no other assistant doctors superior than these ones.

YeJelmeee: + efJeefJeOekeee&Jeee: + pevee: + Sles<eg <edmeg Jewes<eg ve + DeJeOeeveb ooefle + Fefle peeveeefce + Denced~
I know that, people like you who are busy in various works, dont pay attention to these six doctors.

Dele: + SJe YeJeeved eYeeles HeodYeeced + Deeieleg Fefle ceee keefLeleced~


That is why, I told you to come on foot in the morning.

YeJevleced + Denb eerleuepeues mveelegb meeeqJekeYeespeveb Yeeskelegb e esefjleJeeved~


I motivated you to bath in cool water and eat wholesome food.

Sles meJex + DevegYeJee: Deevevooeekee: + Fefle YeJelee metefeleced + SJe~


It was indicated by you that all these experiences were delightful.

YeJeeved + Sleeved <e[dJeweeved eefle DeJeOeeveb oJee Deevevoced + DevegYeJeleg~


You experience happiness by paying attention to these six doctors.

Sles<eeb <eCCeeb Jeweeveeced + GHeeeje: + Gllecee: + ve meefvle efkeced?


Are not the treatments of these six doctors the best?

Fle: + DeefHe eefo YeJeeved + DeefOekeb meeneeced + DeHes#eles leefn& meHlece: + Jewe: + Denb menkeeee&Le meoe + SJe efme: + Deeqmce +
Fefle~
If at all, you expect further additional help, then myself, the seventh doctor is always ready to help.

yeeeefue: meesceecee& meeojced + DevevleYeee DekeLeeled meHleceme Jeweme DeeJeekelee ve meeled SleoLex + Denb meoe + SJe eLeeeeqkele
eeefle<es~
With folded hands, Somasharma said with due respect to Anantabhatta, I will always strive to the best of
my capability, so that there should not be the need of seventh doctor.

lele: + Jewejepeee OeveJeeoeved eoee meesceecee& men<e mJeie=nb veJele&le~


Then after giving thanks to the great doctor, Somasharma happily returned to his home.
Q.1. Answer the following questions in English *1. What message did Somasharmas servant bring from the doctor?
Ans:
Lesson `DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~' talks about six naturally available precious doctors which keep the real
doctor away.
Somasharma was a rich merchant. Once he was not feeling well, so he had sent his servant to
bring the doctor himself. The doctor didnt come there but he sent the message through the servant.
It was written in the message that doctor will surely treat this patient. Doctor was truly having
mastery in his profession. So he wanted his own rules to be followed. The first and foremost thing was
the patient who will undergo the treatment should come to him on his own. So he called the patient, i.e.
Somasharma after the sunrise.
Thus, the message was sent to Somasharma through his servant.
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Std. X: Sanskrit - Mandakini

*2. What instructions did Anantabhatta give to Somasharma?


Ans:
Lesson `DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~' talks about six naturally available precious doctors which keep the real
doctor away.
Anantabhatta was a famous physician. When he got to know the health problem of Somasharma,
he understood what the treatment should be.
He told Somasharma to get up early in the morning, complete his daily ablutions, then take a bath
in cool water of flowing stream near the garden and then come to him.
In this way he instructed Somasharma.
*3. What are the six precious doctors?
Ans:
Lesson `DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~' talks about six naturally available precious doctors which keep the real
doctor away.
Sunlight, pleasant breeze, cool water, exercise, wholesome food and rest are the six doctors. They
mentally and physically fit and fine.
*4. How can we live a happy life with the help of the six doctors?
Ans:
Lesson `DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~' talks about six naturally available precious doctors which keep the real
doctor away.
Sound Mind in a Sound Body leads to happy life. Six doctors mentioned in the lesson give us
both mental and physical health.
Walking in the early sun gives vitamin D. Cool breeze removes fatigue. Taking bath in cool
water activates functioning of the body. wholesome food at proper time helps in energyzing the body.
Exercise stimulates the whole body and mind. Rest regulates all internal functionings of the body.
In this way, six doctors help us to live happy life.
Q.2. Answer the following questions in Sanskrit -

meesceecee& keg$e efveJemeefle mce?


Ans: meesceecee& evHegjveeeqcve veiejs efveJemeefle mce~
*1.

*2.

Jeweme Helvee efkeb HeefjJesef<eleced ?


Ans: Jeweme Helvee meeeqJekeced DeuHeb eelejeeb HeefjJesef<eleced~
*3. meesceecee& DevevleYedb eefle keLeb ieleJeeved?
Ans: meesceecee& DevevleYedb eefle HeodYeeced SJe ieleJeeved~
*4.

meesceecee& DevevleYedsve men keg$e GHeefJe<:?


Ans: meesceecee& DevevleYedsve men Geeves DeeceJe=#eme DeOe: oesueeeeced GHeefJe<:~
*5.

meesceecee& keg$e efveeOeerve: peele:?


Ans: meesceecee& oesueeeeced SJe efveeOeerve: peele:~
*6.

efJeefJeOekeee&Jeee: pevee: efkeb kegJe&efvle?


Ans: efJeefJeOekeee&Jeee: pevee: <edmeg Jewes<eg DeJeOeeveb ve ooefle~
7.

meHlece: Jewe: ke:?


Ans: meHlece: Jewe: DevevleYed:~
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8.
meesceecee& ke: Deemeerled?

01: DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~

Ans:

meesceecee& Oeefveke: JeefCeied Deemeerled~

9.

keere: iCe: mJeeced SJe Jeweme meceerHes Deeieleg?

Ans:

efeefkelmeeced DeefYeue<eved iCe: mJeeced SJe Jeweme meceerHes Deeieleg~

10.

kemcew OeveJeeoeved eoee meesceecee& mJeie=nb veJele&le?

Ans:

Jewejepeee DevevleYedee OeveJeeoeved eoee meesceecee& mJeie=nb veJele&le~

Q.3. Give Sanskrit Synonyms.


*1.

Oeefveke:(Rich)

eerceeved, OeveJeeved, Oevee{e:~

*2.

melJejced (Quickly)

eerIeced, eHeueced, letCe&ced, Deeeg~

*3.

meceerHes (Near)

meefJeOes, efvekes, Deotjs~

*4.

Helveer (Wife)

Yeeee&, peeee, keue$eced~

*5.

Jewe: (Doctor)

efYe<eiJej:, efYe<eked~

*6.

efJeeece: (Rest)

efJeeeefvle:, efJejefle:~

*7.

DeveIe&: (Priceless)

Decetue:, cetueJeeved, Deven&:~

8.

HeodYeeced (By feet)

HeoeYeeced, ejCeeYeeced, HeeoeYeeced~

9.

efvee (Sleep)

megeqHle:, mJeHee~

10.

Deveseg: (Next day)

Hejseg:~

11.

DeYee<ele (Said)

DeJeoled, Deieoled, DeYeCeled, DeyeJeerled~

Q.4. Give Sanskrit Antonyms.


*1.

evew: (Slowly)

melJejced~

*2.

peeieefjle: (Awakened)

megHle:~

*3.

efvekes (Near)

otjs~

*4.

DeOe: (Below)

GHeefj~

5.

emevve: (Delightful)

Deemevve:~

6.

Oeefveke: (Rich)

oefj:~

7.

Gecee: (Greatest)

DeJeje:, DeOecee:~

8.

DeeJeekelee (Necessity)

DeveeJeekelee~

9.

efJeHeuee: (Futile)

meHeuee:~

10.

meteexoe: (Sunrise)

metee&mle:~
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Std. X: Sanskrit - Mandakini

Q.5. Recognise the Forms.


*1.

JeefCeked

*2.

kejesleg

*3.

<eCCeeced

*4.

Deeveslegced
efoefe

*5.

*6.

ke=leJeeved

*7.

peeves

*8.

DeHe=led

*9.

peeveeefme

*10.

ooefle

*11.

veJele&le

12.

DeefYeue<eved

13.

mHe<erkegJe&ved

Noun `JeefCeped' ending in `ped'


Masculine gender,
Nominative Singular,
Vocative Singular.
`ke=' (8 Ubhayapada here Parasmaipada),
Imperative Mood,
III person Singular.
Numerical Adjective, `<e<ed' (always plural),
Common in all genders.
Genitive plural.
`Dee + veer' (1 Ubhayapada),
Infinitive of purpose,

legcevle DeJee.
Noun `efoed'ending in `ed'
Feminine gender,
Locative Singular.
`ke=' (8 Ubhayapada),
Past Active Participle,
Masculine gender,
Nominative Singular.
`%ee' (9 Ubhayapada here Atmanepada),
Present Tense,
I person singular.
`ed He=d' (6 Parasmaipada),
Imperfect Past Tense,
III person singular.
`%ee' (9 Ubhayapada here Parasmaipada),
Present Tense,
II Person Singular.
`oe' (3 Ubhayapada here Parasmaipada),
Present Tense,
III person plural.
`efve + Je=led Jeled&' (1 Atmanepada)
Imperfect Past Tense
III person singular.
`DeefYe + ue<ed' (1 Parasmaipada),
Present Active Participle,
Masculine gender
Nominative singular.
`mHe< + ke=' (8 Ubhayapada here Parasmaipada),
eqJe form, Present Active Participle,
Masculine gender,
Nominative Singular.

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14.
eJenle:

15.

ielee

16.

meefle

17.

eleeieleJeeved

18.

esefjleJeeved

19.

ke=leJeeved

20.

GHeefJe<:

21.

megHlee:

22.

peelee:

23.

keefLeleced

24.

efueefKeleced

01: DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~

`e + Jend' (1 Ubhayapada),
Present Active Participle,
Masculine gender,
Accusative plural, Ablative and Genitive Singular.
`ieced ied' (1 Parasmaipada),
Present Active Participle,
Masculine gender.
Instrumental singular.
`Demed' (2 Parasmaipada),
Present Active Participle,
Masculine gender,
Locative singular.
`eefle + Dee + ieced ied' (1 Parasmaipada),
Past Active Participle,
Masculine gender,
Nominative Singular.
`e + F&jd' (2 Atmanepada),
Causal,
Past Active Participle,
Masculine gender,
Nominative Singular.
`ke=' (8 Ubhayapada),
Past Active Participle,
Masculine gender,
Nominative Singular.
`GHe + efJeed' (6 Parasmaipada) (Intransitive root),
Past Active Participle,
Masculine gender.
Nominative Singular.
`mJeHed' (2 Parasmaipada) (Intransitive root),
Past Active Participle,
Masculine gender,
Nominative Plural.
`peved pee' (4 Atmanepada) (Intransitive root),
Past Active Participle,
Masculine gender,
Nominative Plural.
`keLed' (10 Ubhayapada)
Past Passive Participle,
Neuter gender,
Nominative Singular.
`efueKed' (6 Parasmaipada),
Past Passive Participle,
Neuter gender,
Nominative Singular.
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25.
He=<s

26.

eejyOee:

27.

HeodYeeced

Std. X: Sanskrit - Mandakini

`ed He=d' (6 Parasmaipada),


Past Passive Participle,
Masculine gender,
Locative singular.
`e + Dee + jYed' (1 Atmanepada),
Past Passive Participle,
Masculine gender,
Nominative Plural.
Noun `Heeo' ending in `De',
Masculine gender,
Instrumental Dual,
Optional form.

Q.6. Complete the Following Tables.


Compound Word

Dissolution

Case

Name of the Compound

*1.

DemJeemLeced

ve mJeemLeced~

ve_ed lelHeg<e

*2.

meevevoced

efeeeefJees<eCe men yengJeerefn

efeeeefJees<eCe men yengJeerefn

leee~

ve_ed lelHeg<e

<e<er lelHeg<e

DeJeeerYeeJe

DeJeeerYeeJe

efJees<eCe-HetJe&Heo kece&Oeeje

meHleceer lelHeg<e

eeefo yengJeerefn

efeeeefJees<eCe men yengJeerefn

le=leeree lelHeg<e

lesve~

efJees<eCe-HetJe&Heo kece&Oeeje

meceeveeefOekejCe yengJeerefn

(Unhealthiness)

Deevevosve men eLee meeled leLee~


(Happily)

meeojced

*3.

DeeojsCe men eLee meeled leLee~


(Respectfully)

*4.

Deefveee

ve Fe~

*5.

mete&ekeee:

mete&me ekeee:~

*6.

eefleefoveced

efoves efoves~

(No desire)
(Light of the sun)
(Every day)

eLeeeeqkele

*7.

eeqkeleced Devegme=le/Deveefleece~
(To the best of ones power)

meeeqJekeYeespeveced

*8.

meeeqJekeb Yeespeveced~
(Nutritious food)

9.

GeesieJee:

10.

efJeHeuee:

11.

melJejced

Geesies<eg Jee:~
(Engrossed in work)

efJeieleb Heueb esYe: les~


(Futile)

lJejee men eLee meeled leLee~


(Quickly)

efveeHeeref[le:

12.

efveee Heeref[le:~
(Afflicted by sleep)

13.

ueIJeeIeelesve

14.

megnemeJeove:

ueIeg: DeeIeele:~
(Small jerk)

megnemeb Jeoveb eme me:~


(One who is having pleasant smile
on face)

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15. YeJelmeee:

01: DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~

YeJelee meee:~

le=leeree lelHeg<e

leeved~

efJees<eCe-HetJe&Heo kece&Oeeje

elegLeea lelHeg<e

(Like you)
16.

<e[dJeweeved

<e[d Jewee:~
(Six doctors)

17.

menkeeee&Le&ced

menkeeee&e Foced~
(For the help)

18.

evHegjveeeqcve

evHegjb veece eme leled ~

leeqmceved~ meceeveeefOekejCe yengJeerefn

(One whose name is evHegj)


19.

Jewejepeee

Jeweeveeb jepee~

lemcew~

<e<er lelHeg<e

(King of doctors)
Q.7. Dissolve Sandhis.
*1.

efmeeseqmce

es = : + De

efme: + Deeqmce~

*2.

Oeefvekees JeefCeked

kees Je = ke: + Je

Oeefveke: + JeefCeked~

*3.

FleJeoled

le = efle + De

Fefle + DeJeoled~

*4.

Sleefvveece

efvve = led + efve

Sleled + efveece~

*5.

meneekewJezew:

kewJez = kew: + Jew

meneekew: + Jewew:~

6.

Lelemleced

mle = : + le

lele: + leced~

7.

kesefHe

kes = kes + De

kes + DeefHe~

8.

Jeweesnced

ees = e: + De

Jewe: + Denced~

d: + De = des
efle + F = leer
e: + De = ees
efce + De = ce

DevevleYedesYee<ele~
ooleerefle~
Jeweesnced~
peeveecenced~

Q.8. Make Sandhis.


*1.
*2.
*3.
*4.

DevevleYed: + DeYee<ele
ooefle + Fefle
Jewe: + Denced
peeveeefce + Denced

Q.9. Select the proper alternative from the bracket and rewrite the sentence.

iCe: mJeecesJe ________ meceerHes Deeieleg~ (cece, cendeb, ceeced)


Ans: iCe: mJeecesJe cece meceerHes Deeieleg~
*1.

*2.

Sles<eg ________ Jewes<eg veeJeOeeveb ooleerefle~ (<e[defYe:, <edmeg, <e[d)


Ans: Sles<eg <edmeg Jewes<eg veeJeOeeveb ooleerefle~
*3.

________efvekes eJenlees efvePe&jme peues mveelJee eleeieleg~ (Geeves, Geeveeled, Geeveme)

Ans:

Geeveme efvekes eJenlees efvePe&jme peues mveelJee eleeieleg~

4.

me: ________ men oesueeeecegHeefJe<:~ (DevevleYedee, DevevleYedsve, DevevleYedme)


Ans: me: DevevleYedsve men oesueeeecegHeefJe<:~
9

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5.
__________ OeveJeeoeved eoee meesceecee& mJeie=nb veJele&le~ (Jewejepesve, Jewejepeee, Jewejepeme)
Ans: Jewejepeee OeveJeeoeved eoee meesceecee& mJeie=nb veJele&le~

Std. X: Sanskrit - Mandakini

6.

meesceecee& meeojced ________ DekeLeeled ~ (DevevleYeds, DevvevleYedced, DevevleYedee)


Ans: meesceecee& meeojced DevevleYedee DekeLeeled~
7.

pevee: ve DeJeOeeveb _________ ~ (ooeefle, ooefle, oe:)


Ans: pevee: ve DeJeOeeveb ooefle~
8.

_________ ceneje: meneekee; ve Jele&vles~ (Sles<eg, SlesYe:, Slew:)

Ans:

SlesYe: ceneje: meneekee: ve Jele&vles~

Q.10. Do as Directed.

lesve Oeefvekesve melJejb mesJeke: esef<ele:~ (Change the voice)


Ans: me: Oeefveke: melJejb mesJekeb esef<eleJeeved~
1.

Note
Adjective
3

lesve

Subject

Object

Oeefvekesve

melJejb

Past Passive
Participle
1

mesJeke:

= Passive Voice

esef<ele:~

doesnt
Change

me:

Oeefveke:

1
1
Adjective Subject

melJejb

mesJekeb

2
doesnt Object
Change

esef<eleJeeved~
1
Past Active
Participle

= Active Voice

meesceecee& veece Oeefvekees efveJemeefle mce~ (Remove mce)


Ans: meesceecee& veece Oeefvekees veJemeled~
Note Drop mce
2.

Change the verb in Imperfect Past Tense.

Keep person and number of the verb as it is.

3.

meesceece&Cee He=<s meefle DevevleYedes JeeOee: keereb Heer[eefvle Sleled mHe<erkegJe&vveemeerled~ (Remove Absolute Locative)
Ans: eoe meesceece&Cee He=<ced Deemeerled leoe DevevleYedes JeeOee: keero=eb Heer[eefvle Sleled mHe<erkegJe&vveemeerled~
Note

10

Identify the subordinate clause

Use `eoe .... leoe' (when . then) on either side of it.

Change words in the subordinate from Locative to Nominative case.


Rearrange the words if required.

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(

meesceece&Cee

01: DeveIee&: <e[d Jewee:~


7

He=<s

meefle

) DevevleYedes JeeOee: keereb Heer[eefvle Sleled mHe<erkegJe&vveemeerled~

eoe meesceece&Cee He=<ced Deemeerled leoe DevevleYedes JeeOee: keero=eb Heer[eefvle Sleled mHe<erkegJe&vveemeerled~
1

4.

cece ____ meneekewJezew: efeefkelmekeHesCe keee&ceejyOeced~


(Use Sanskrit Numeral of Six)
Ans: cece <e[defYe: meneekewJezew: efeefkelmekeHesCe keee&ceejyOeced~
Note Numerical Adjective <e<ed follows the noun Jewew:
Jewew: Instrumental Plural
<e<ed Instrumental Plural is <e[defYe:
5.

YeJeeved Sleeved <e[d Jeweeved eefle DeJeOeeveb oJee DeevevocevegYeJeleg~ (Use DevegYeJe in place of DevegYeJeleg)
Ans: lJeced Sleeved <e[d Jeweeved eefle DeJeOeeveb oJee Deevevoced DevegYeJe~
Note YeJeeved is used with III Person Singular Verb form.
lJeced is used with II Person Singular Verb form.
6.

Sles<eeb _______ JeweeveecegHeeeje Gecee ve meefvle efkeced?


(Use Sanskrit Numeral of six)
Ans: Sles<eeb <eCCeeb JeweeveecegHeeeje Gecee ve meefvle efkeced?
Note Numerical Adjective <e<ed is applicable for the noun Jeweeveeced
Jeweeveeced is Genitive Plural
Genitive Plural of <e<ed is <eCCeeced.
7.

YeJeeved melJejcegHeeejb kejesleg~ (Use lJeced in place of YeJeeved)


Ans: lJeb melJejcegHeeejb keg~
Note YeJeeved is used with III Person Singular Verb form
lJeced is used with II Person Singular Verb form.
8.

me ielee keeuesve DemJeemLecevegYeJeefle mce~ (Remove mce)


Ans: me ielee keeuesve DemJeemLecevJeYeJeled~
Note Drop mce
Change the verb in Imperfect Past Tense.

Keep person and number of the verb as it is.

9.

YeJeeved eYeeles HeodYeeceeieleg~ (Use lJeced instead of YeJeeved)


Ans: lJeb eYeeles HeodYeeceeie~
Note YeJeeved is used with III Person Singular Verb form
lJeced is used with II Person Singular Verb form.
11

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Std. X: Sanskrit - Mandakini

Participles at a glance . (lesson No.1)


1.

Present Active Participles

eJenle:
e + Jend (1PP)

meefle
Demed (2PP)

Present
Active
Participles

DeefYeue<eved
DeefYe + ue<ed (1PP)

ielee
ieced ied (1PP)
mHe<erkegJe&ved
mHe< + ke= (8UP) (eqJe)

2.

Past Passive or Active Participles


Past Passive Participles
of transitive roots

keefLeleced (keLed 10UP)


efueefKeleced (efueKed 6PP)
metefeleced (meted 10UP)
He=<s (ed He=d 6PP)
eejyOee: (e + Dee + jYed 1AP)
esef<ele: (e + F<ed 4PP)

12

Past Active Participles


of transitive roots

eleeieleJeeved (eefle + Dee + ieced ied IPP)


ke=leJeeved (ke= 8UP)
esefjleJeeved (e + F&jd 2AP causal)
Past Active Participles
of intransitive roots

GHeefJe<: (GHe + efJeed 6 P.P.)


megHlee: (mJeHed 2PP)
peelee: (peved pee 4AP)