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. XLVII, .1 J O U R N A L O F H I S T

J O U R N A L

O F

H I S T O R Y

year. XLVII, N o 1

Association of the Historians of the Republic of Macedonia

.1 J O U R N A L O F H I S T O R

2012

CONTENTS

/ DEDICATION

- . -

7

/ ARTICLES

M

21

Yuri STOYANOV MANICHAEAN AND EASTERN CHRISTIAN DUALIST ELEMENTS IN ALEVISM AND BEKTASHISM – EVIDENCE AND CONJECTURES

33

Florin CURTA WERE THERE ANY SLAVS IN SEVENTH-CENTURY MACEDONIA?

61

Peter IVANI WESTERN SLAVS IN THE 6 th AND 7 th CENTURY

77

Mitko B. PANOV RECONSTRUCTING 7 th CENTURY MACEDONIA: SOME NEGLECTED ASPECTS OF THE MIRACLES OF ST. DEMETRIUS

93

Dragan GJALEVSKI THE TAGMATA AND THE BYZANTINE BALKAN “RECONQUISTA” (Middle of Eight middle of Ninth Century)

117

137

Andrew P. ROACH, Maja ANGELOVSKA-PANOVA PUNISHMENT OF HERETICS: COMPARISONS AND CONTRASTS BETWEEN WESTERN AND EASTERN CHRISTIANITY IN THE MIDDLE AGES

145

AJK

173

Dick VAN NIEKERK CROSSROADS OF BOGOMILS AND CATHARS? (12 th - 13 th century) NEW LIGHT ON THE DISSIDENT “CHURCH OF THE LATINS” IN CONSTANTINOPLE

187

209

PARLAMENTARNITE IZBORI VO VARDARSKIOT DEL NA MAKEDONIJA VO 1931 GODINA

223

, TO 1958

237

Natasha KOTLAR TRAYKOVA, Liljana GUSHEVSKA PERCEPTION OF THE OTHER IN HISTORY TEXTBOOKS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

251

/ BOOK REVIEWS

Irena AVIROVI Kaneff DEEMA, WHO OWNS THE PAST? THE POLITICS OF TIME IN A “MODEL” BULGARIAN VILLAGE. Berghahn Books 2004

263

, - 1941-1944. - 2009

267

AJK

969, 976 ., 1 , , . , , ( ). , è . , .

1 , , , , , . 969 .

, . - , , . , 971 976 . - . I (969–976) , . , ,

I ( : , 2000), 357-362;

, , 1 ( : , 2007), 42-52; , , I ( :

, 1985), 635-662).

.

., ,

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2 , Regnum Sclavorum, . Ljetopis popa Dukljanina, priredio, uvod i komentar, Vladimir Mošin (Zagreb: Matica hrvatska, 1950), 55; , „ “, , V, . ( : , 1988), 205.

3 , , ( ).

4 “ . Jean Darrouzès, ed. Notitia episcopatuum ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae: text critique, introduction et notes (Paris: Institut Etudes Byzantines, 1981), 105; , , VII, , . ( : , 1967), 109-110 ( VII).

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175

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5 “. , , VI, , . ( : , 1964), 45 ( VI); . , ( : , 1970), 557; , : ( : , 1997), 153; , „ . “, . 17 (2001), 28-29. 6 Daruzes, Notitia episcopatum, 105; , , 566; VII, 109; . , . “, 29- 30; , a : ( : , 1997), ( ) 980 . , „ (969 - 1018)“ “ – 7.12.2007 ., 40 – 41).

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7 . , , , 990

. , „ “, . 90 ( : 1912), 230. 8 . 1743 .

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“. Daruzes, Notitia episcopatum, 105; . VII, 109; , , 566. 10 . 990 . , „ “, 230-232). , . 992/3, 1015 . , , 155- XI , II . , , III ( : , 1985), 726.

9

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177

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. , . : . 11 990 1015 ., , , . 12 1000 1015 . 1016 . . , , , ; 13 . 14 . . , , 1016 ., . 15 II 1019 . , ,

11 , „ “, 230 – 232. 12 , , 1. ( : , 1995), 29.

13 Ioannis Scylitzae, Synopsis Historarum, rec. J.Thurn (Berlin: 1973), 38, 65 (353); VI, 288; , III, ., ( : , 1966) , 117 -118 ( III). , , .

14 Bozidar Prokic, ed., Die Zusatze in der Handschrift Des Johannes Skylitzes: Codex Vindobonensis historia graeca LXXIV (Munchen: H.Kutzner, 1906), 32.

15 Daruzes, Notitia episcopatum, 105; . VII, 110; , , 566; . , „ “, 231-234; III, 118, . 134; , „ “, , - XXXII (1994): 19 – 24.

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16 VI, 40 - 44; . , 1, 55 – 57; , , 550 – 555.

17 Scylitzae, Synopsis, 38, 65 - 85 (353 - 354); VI, 288; III, 117 - 118.

18 Scylitzae, Synopsis, 41, 75-80 (357-358); VI, 290-291; III, 124-

., I, 399;

, I, 685; , , 98-99; , VI XIV ( : , 2009), 122.

19 ,

, - ( : 1871),

30.

20 Hainrich Gelzer, Der Patriarchat von Achrida (Leibzig: 1902), 8.

21 , 1, 55-57, 29-31.

22 , I, 684.

23 , , 100-102.

125;

.

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. 24 , , . , , . . 25 , , “. 26 . , , . , 1016 1018 . , - . 27 , , . ,

24 Ioannes Zonaras, „Annales“ Patrologiae cursus completus, series Graecae, tomus CXXXIV, ed. J. P. Migne (Paris: 1866), III, 5 (col. 549); . VII, 189.

, .

24 1118 .

26 Scylitzae, Synopsis, 24, 55; 41, 75-80 (342; 357-358); Prokic, Die Zusatze, 32; 38 (32; 33).

27 II 1018/19 . , . Prokic, Die Zusatze, 56 (35).

25 Prokic, Die Zusatze,

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. 28 , . , , , ( ) . , II. , , ( ). . 29 - : 1) . ; 2) , , 3) . . . , 30 . 1682 1685 . , . 31

28 . : , ( : 1996), 171-185; . , , 175. 29 , 1, 27-29; , , 96-97.

30 . 31 1685 , 1693 . Gelzer, Der Patriarchat von Achrida, 52; , , 2. ( :

, 1995), 224.

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181

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, . 32 ( ). , , . 33 , , , . , . , , XIII , . ( ) , , ( ) . , . . , . , , , , . 34 . , , . , . , - , , , - , è ,

32 , ( ) . XVII XIX , 1690 , 1741 , 1774 1856 . , „ “, , I, . 5 6 ( : 1925), 27; „ . “, 181-185.

33 . “, 172, 177.

34 . “, 171, 175.

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35 XIV . , 1, 340-341; , , 36-37.

„ dedit crucem ligneam misitque eos ad regem“. Ljetopis, XXXVI, 83; .

, „ “, 210.

37 Scylitzae, Synopsis, 38, 65 (353); VI, 288; III, 117-118.

38 Prokic, Die Zusatze, 32 (32).

39 Ljetopis, XXXVI, 84; . , „ “, 215-216. Craini , , . , .

duobus episcopis et uno hermita, mentiendo illis maligne, fidem suam

36 accersitis

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183

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, , . . . . 41 , . : , 996 , , X–XI . , , . 42 , - , - , 996 . 43 , , - , , . . , 1966 . ,

. . Craini, , . , „ “, 216. 40 , , , 184-191.

41 , [ ], ( : 1925), 6.

42 .

43 , , 26 – 28.

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1002. 44 . . , . , , : , . , , .

44 , „ - “, , IV, . ( : , 1981), 509-513.

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Dragan ZAJKOVSKI

OHRID PATRIARCHATE CHURCH HIERARCHY AT THE TIME OF SAMUEL’ STATE

- s u m m a r y -

One of the least studied questions in church historiography is certainly the first stage of the Ohrid Patriarchate (Archdiocese). Without doubt, the reason is the scarcity of genuine testimonials. Therefore, precise answers to many questions related to the history of the Patriarchate at the time of Samuel's state are missing. Among them there is one that concerns the church hierarchy. However, based on available historical sources we can conclude that the Ohrid Patriarchate at the time of Samuel's state counted three patriarchs: German named Gabriel, Philip and John. Finally, the comparative analysis of the sources questions the historicity of two other leaders: David and Nicholas The Miraculous. Sources where these church leaders are mention have full of other historical inaccuracies. Moreover, they are of later date. Those are the reasons that we categorize them as unreliable historical sources. Above mentioned three persons of the highest ecclesiastical hierarchy of the Ohrid Patriarchate, sources attest to the names of two hierarchs of priestly rank. These are priests Andrew and Athanasius.