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Spanish Engineering and Construction Terms

The contents of this document are derived from a Spanish/English glossary started during the course of
one of our past projects. Although it has undergone an initial review for content and spelling, this
document is to be considered a preliminary draft and most likely will need additional finetuning as it is
reviewed and employed by others. !t was decided that it would be better to have the glossary in the hands
of users to start employing it in our work and through that effort, uncover any additional corrections or
additions deemed appropriate. "e believe that a document such as this, technical in nature and available
through our !ntranet, will be very useful in our work. Any corrections, additions, comments and/or
suggestions may be forwarded to Scott #effley, $echanical Engineering %& '(')('(*('.
Tip+ To locate a word, select Edit, ,ind tool bar.
A
abanico - fan
abarrotar - to place a waler or strongback
abastecer - to furnish, supply
abatanador, el - wooden maul
abatimiento - lowering- slump .conc/
abertura - opening, aperture
abiselar - to bevel, chamfer
abocardador de tubos, el - tube e0pander
abocardar - to countersink
abollar - to dent, bump
abrazadera- clamp, clip- cleat
abretubos, el - pipe swage- tube e0pander
abrigar - to shelter, cover, protect- to wrap up
abrigo- protection, cover- windbreak
absorbedor, el - absorber
absorber - to absorb
acanalar - to groove, channel, corrugate, flute
accesorios - accessories, fittings
accionado- driven, actuated, operated
-- a vapor - steamdriven
-- elctricamente - motordriven
-- por correa - beltdriven
-- por engranajes - geardriven
accionar - to drive, actuate, operate
aceitador, el - oiler- oil cup, lubricator
-- a presin - forcefeed lubricator
-- cuenta gotas - sightfeed lubricator
aceitaje, el - oiling, lubrication
aceitar - to oil, lubricate
aceite, el - oil
-- aislante - insulating oil
-- combustible - fuel or furnace oil
-- crudo - crude oil- raw oil
-- de alumbrado -illuminating oil, kerosene
-- de azufre - sulphuric acid, oil of vitriol
-- de calefaccin - furnace oil
-- de carbn - kerosene, coal oil
-- de horno - furnace or fuel oil
-- de lmpara - kerosene
-- de vitriolo - sulphuric acid, oil of vitriol
-- lubricante - lubricating oil
aceitera - oil can- oil cup
-- a presin - s1uirt can
-- con gota visible - sightfeed oil cup
-- de resorte - oil gun
aceitoso - oily
aceleracin, la - acceleration
acelerar - to accelerate, hurry
acepilladora - planer, surfacer
acepillar - to plane, face, mill- to brush
ace!uia - sewer- irrigation ditch, canal
acera - sidewalk
acero - steel
-- al carbono - carbon steel
-- al cobre - copperbearing steel
-- al cromo - chromium steel
-- al cromoni!uel - chromenickel steel
-- al manganeso - manganese steel
-- al ni!uel - nickel steel
-- colado - cast steel
-- de aleacin pobre - low alloy steel
-- de aleacin rica - high alloy steel
-- de alto carbono - high carbon steel
-- de construccin - structural steel
-- de herramientas - tool steel
-- de liga - alloy steel
-- de nitruracin - nitrided steel
-- dulce - mild or soft, or lowcarbon steel,
flange steel
-- fundido - cast steel
-- ino"idable - stainless steel
-- mangansico - manganese steel
-- moldeado - cast steel
-- muerto - killed steel
-- para nitruracin - nitriding steel, nitralloy
-- perfilado - structural shapes, rolled steel
sections
-- suave - soft or mild or lowcarbon steel
acerocromo - chromium steel
aceroni!uel - nickel steel
acetileno - acetylene
acidez, la -acidity
acidificar - to acidify, to acidi2e
cido - acid
-- clorh#drico o hidroclrico - hydrochloric acid
-- lodoso - sludge acid
-- sulfh#drico - hydrogen sulfide
-- sulf$rico - sulfuric acid
acidular - to acidulate, to acidi2e
aclarador, el - clarifier
aclarar - to clarify
acodado - bend, bent to an angle
acodalamiento - shoring, trench bracing
acodalar - to shore, brace
acodamiento - bend, elbow- shoring, trench
bracing
acodar- to bend- to shore, brace- to s1uareup-
to offset .surv./
acollar - to calk with oakum
acondicionador, el - conditioner
-- de agua - water softener
acoplamiento - coupling, splice, joint,
connection
-- electromagntico - magnetic clutch
-- hidra$lico - fluid drive
-- universal - universal joint
acoplar - to couple, join, connect, hook up
acorazado - armored- enclosed- .elec./ ironclad
acordelar - to layout with a chalk line
acorvar - to bend
acostarse - to get out of plumb
acostillado - ribbed
acotacin - elevation or dimension marked on a
plan- monument
acotamiento - setting boundary monuments-
dimensioning- shoulder of road
acumulador, el - storage battery, .mech/
accumulator .ac/cumulator
ac$stico - acoustic
achaflanar - to bevel, chamfer, splay
adelgazador, el - paint thinner
adelgazar - to make thin- to taper- to soften
.water/- to thin .paint/- to cut back .asphalt/
adema - shore, prop
ademado - timbering, bracing, shoring
-- de cajn - cribwork
ademar - to shore, timber
adiestrar - to train, guide
aditivo - additive
-- en polvo - powdered admi0ture .conc./
adulzar - to soften . metals or water/
aeronafta - aviation gasoline
afiladera - sharpener, whetstone
afilado - sharp
afilar - to sharpen, whet, grind
afirmado - road surfacing, pavement
aflojar - to loosen, slack
afluir - to flow in
agarradera - handle, grip- clamp
agotador, el - stripper .dist./- e0hauster
agotar - to strip .dist./ to e0haust- to drain
agregado - aggregate .conc./
-- coloidal - admi0ture .pet/
-- en polvo - powdered admi0ture .conc./
-- grueso - coarse aggregate
agrimensor, el - surveyor
agrimensura - land survey- surveying
agua - water
-- blanda - soft water
-- de alba%al - sewage
-- de alimentacin - feed water
-- de complemento - makeup water
-- de elaboracin - process water, .conc./
mi0ing water
-- de noria - well water
-- de reemplazo o de rellenar - makeup water
-- delgada - soft water
-- dulce - fresh water
-- dura - hard water
-- potable - drinking water- domestic water
supply
aguas
-- abajo - downstream
-- arriba - upstream
-- fecales - sewage, sanitary sewage
-- industriales - industrial wastes or sewage
-- inmundas - sewage
-- metericas - rain or storm water
-- residuales industriales - industrial wastes
aguarrs, el - turpentine
agudizar - to sharpen .tools/
agudo - sharp, acute- sharp .curve/
aguiln, el - boom, jib, mast arm
-- activo - live boom
-- de gr$a - crane boom- derrick boom
-- para pala de cable de arrastre -dragline
boom
aguja - needle- .rr/ switch point-.carp/ brad,
finishing nail
agujero - hole
-- de perno - bolt hole
-- de prueba - test hole
-- manual - hand hole
-- oblongo - slotted hole
agujuela - brad, finishing nail
aguzadera - whetstone
aguzador, el - drill sharpener
-- de lpices - pencil sharpener
aguzar - to sharpen, whet, point
aherrumbrarse - to rust
ahusado- tapered
ahusamiento - taper
ahusar - to taper- to batter
aire, el - air
-- a presin - compressed air
-- arrastrado- entrained air
-- comprimido - compressed air
airear - to aerate- to ventilate
aislacin, la - insulation
-- trmica - heat insulation
aislador, el - insulator
aislamiento - insulation- isolation
aislante, el - insulating material
aislar - to insulate, isolate
ajustador, el - machinist, fitter, mechanic-
adjusting tool
ajustar - to fit, adjust, make true- .surv/ to
balance
ajustarse a - to fit into
ajustarse sobre - to fit over
ajuste, el - adjustment, fitting, setting
-- a inglete - miter joint
-- a martillo - driving fit
-- ahusado - taper fit
-- apretado - tight or close fit
-- con holgura - loose fit
-- del trazado - balancing the survey
-- empotrado en caliente - shrink fit
-- estrecho - press fit, shrink fit
-- forzado - tight, force, press or drive fit
alambi!ue, el still .small/
-- acorazado o de casco - shell still
-- de tubos - pipe or tube still
-- desintegrador - cracking still
-- para redestilacin- rerun still
alambi!uero - stillman
alambrado - wiring, wire mesh, screen- wire
fence
alambrar- to wire
alambre, el - wire
-- cargado - live wire
-- de atar- tie wire .ref/
-- de guardia - guard or ground wire
-- de masa - ground wire
-- trenzado - braided or stranded wire
alba%al, el - sewer, drain
alba%ear - to do mason work
alba%il, el - mason, brick layer
alba%iler#a - masonry
alba&alde, el - white lead
-- rojo - red lead
alberca - pool, pond, basin, tank
alcance - reach, range
-- de trabajo - scope of work
aleacin - alloy
alear - to alloy
aleta - fin, gill- lug .mech/- vane .turb/
aletas de enfriamiento - cooling fins
alfiler, el - pin, peg
alfilerillo - finishing nail, brad
algas - algae
alicates, los - pliers- pincers- tongs
-- aislados - insulated or electrician3s pliers
-- de guarda l#nea - lineman3s pliers
alimentado a petrleo - oilfired
alimentado por gas - gasfired
alimentar - to charge- to feed
alisar - to plane, face, smooth, polish
alivio - relief
-- de esfuerozos - stress relief
-- de vac#o - vacuum relief
-- de aspiracin - suction head
almacn, el - warehouse, store room
almacenador, el - warehouseman
almacenamiento - storage
almacenar - to store, stock
al!uilar - to rent- to alkyli2e
al!uilizar - to alkyli2e
al!uilo - alkyl
al!uitarar - to distill
al!uitrn, el - tar, pitch
-- de carbn - coal tar
-- de hulla - coal tar
-- de petrleo - oil tar
-- mineral - asphalt
altitud - altitude, elevation
alto - high
altura - elevation, altitude, height- .hyd/head-
.estr/ depth
-- de carga - head
-- de descarga o de impulsin - discharge
head
-- de paso - headroom
-- de presin - pressure head
-- de succin - suction head
-- dinmica - velocity head
- esttica - static head
-- manomtrica total - total head
alumbrado - lighting
alumbrar - to light
al$mina- alumina, aluminum o0ide
aluminato - aluminate
aluminio aluminum
alveolado - honeycombed
alza- rise, lift- shim
-- de la vlvula - valve lift
alzada - .dwg/ elevation- face of a building
alzado - elevation
-- de costado - side elevation
-- delantero - front elevation
-- en corte - sectional elevation
-- trasero - rear elevation
alzar- to hoist, raise, lift
allanar - to grade, level
allane, el - leveling, grading
amarra - tie, lashing- cable clip, mooring
amarrar - to tie, lash, splice, make fast
amarre, el - tie, splice- anchorage- .conc/ bond
amasada - batch of mortar
aminorar - to lessen
amoladora - grinder
amolar - to grind, sharpen
amon#aco - ammonia
amontonar - to pile, pileup
amortiguador, el - shock absorber, damper-
muffler- door check, buffer
-- de chispas - spark arrester
-- de cho!ue - shock absorber, bumper
-- de escape - e0haust head, e0haust silencer
-- de ruido - silencer, muffler
amortiguar - to cushion, deaden, lessen- to
damp
amperaje, el - amperage
amperimetro - ammeter
amperio - ampere
analizador - analy2er
a%adir - to add
anclar- to anchor
ancorar - to anchor
ancho- width, breadth- wide
-- de via - .rr/ gage
-- tipo - .rr/ standard gage
anchura - width, breadth
andamio - scaffold
andar - to run .machinery/
andn - platform,walkway
ngulo - angle
anh#drico - anhydrous
anillo- ring, collar, rim- piston ring
-- aceitador - oil ring
-- colector - .elec/ slip or collector ring
-- de cierre hidraulico - .pump/ lantern ring
-- de mbolo - piston or packing ring
-- de empuje - thrust collar
-- de engrase - oil ring
-- de estancamiento - seal ring
-- de frotamiento - .motor/ slip ring
-- de lubricacin - oil ring
-- de respaldo - backing ring
-- de rodadura- bearing race, raceway
-- desgastable - wearing ring
-- fiador- retainer .ball bearing/
-- limpiador de aceite - wiper ring
anodizar - to anodi2e
nodo - anode
anteojos - goggles
antepresupuesto - preliminary estimate
antepro&ecto -- preliminary design
antestudio - preliminary study
anticido- acidresisting
anticoagulante - anticoagulant
antidetonante, el - antiknock
antio"idante - antirust, rustresisting,
antio0idente
antip#rico fire resisting
antirresbaladozo - nonslip, nonskid
antorcha - welding torch- plumber3s torch
anular - annular
apagar - to e0tinguish, 1uench- to slake .lime/-
.elec/ to switch off
apalancar - to pry, move with a lever
aparato - apparatus, device, fi0ture
-- de distribucin - switchgear
-- de mando - control mechanism
-- de seguridad - safety device
-- dibujador - drafting machine
aparatos sanitarios - plumbing fi0tures
aparejar - to rig- to lay out
aparejo - block and fall- chain block- tackle,
rigging
-- a cadena - chain block
-- de dibujo - drafting machine
aplanadora - roller- grader
-- a vapor - steam roller
-- con pies de cabra o de pezu%a - sheeps foot
or tamping roller
-- pata de cabra - sheep3s foot roller
aplanar - to level, grade- to smooth up
apretar - to tighten- to set .brake/
apuntalar - to share, brace, prop
arandela - washer, gasket- burr
-- de aceite - oil retainer
-- fiador o de seguridad - lock washer
-- fijadora - check or lock washer
-- de levas - camshaft
arcilla - clay
-- de flltro - filter clay
-- es!uistosa - shale
arco - arch- arc- .elec/ arc
-- cubierto - shielded arc
-- protegido - shielded arc
archivador, el - filing cabinet
archivar - to file .documents/
archivero - filing cabinet
arena - sand
argamasa - mortar
argolla - ring- staple- shackle
ariete, el - ram- water hammer
-- h&draulico - hydraulic ram- water hammer
armadura - erection,assembly- bent- truss
.conc/ reinforcement
armar - to assemble, erect- to reinforce, to truss
armella - eyebolt- staple
aro - hoop, ring- .auto/ tire rim
-- dentado - ring gear
arrancaclavos - clawbar, nail puller
arrancar - to start .a unit/
arrastrar - to haul, drag- to entrain
arrastre, el - hauling,carrying dragging
-- de agua - .boiler/ priming
-- de mbolo - piston drag
arollar - to roll, wind, reel
artefactors de alumbrado - lighting fi0tures
artefactos sanitarios - plumbing fi0tures
artesano - skilled workman, mechanic
artifice - skilled workman- maker
asa - handle- thimble
asbesto - asbestos
asentador, el - chisel- settler .petr/
asentar - to set, seat- to grind .valves/
asentarse - to settle
aserrar - to saw
aserruchar - to saw
asfalto - asphalt
-- adelgazado - asphalt cutback
-- diluido - asphalt cutback
asidero - handle
asiento - .str/ bearing, seat- .conc/ slump-
settlement .fdn/ site, location
aspa - vane- blade .propeller/- reel
aspas - 4bracing
spero - rough- uneven
asta - pole, mast- handle
astillar - to chip, splinter
astillarse - to spall
atadura - tie, knot, fastening
atar- to tie, bind, lash
atirantar - to guy, stay- to truss
atomizador, el - atomi2er
-- de pintura - paint sprayer
tomo - atom
atornillador, el - screwdriver
-- de empuje - automatic or spiral screwdriver
atornillar - to screw
atrancar - to bolt, fasten with bolts
atravesar - to cross- to pierce
aumentar - to augment,increase
azada - spade, hoe
azadn, el- hoe, grubhoe, spud
azufre, el - sulfur
azufroso - sulfurous
azulejo - gla2ed tile
'
bache, , el - rut- mudhole
bajada - descent, slope, downgrade- down
spout
ba(elita- bakelite
balance, el - balance
-- calrico - heat balance .balance de calor/
balanza - scale, balance
-- anal#tica - analytical balance
-- de plataforma - platform scale
-- de precisin - analytical balance
balde, el - bucket, pail
-- de arrastre - dragline bucket, drag scraper
balero - ball bearing
-- de rodillos - roller bearing
balicero - rodman
banco - .geol/ stratum- .carp/ bench- .const/
bent- level ground
-- aserrador - saw table
-- de cota fija - bench mark
- de doblar - bending table- . reinf. rod/
fabricating bench
-- de grava - gravel bank
-- de nivel - bench mark
-- de sierra - saw table
-- de soldar - welding table
-- de taller o de trabajo - work bench
banda - belt, band
-- de cadena - chain belt
-- del embrague - clutch band
-- de transmisin - driving belt
-- del ventilador - fan belt
-- eslabonada - endless belt
-- transportadora - belt conveyor
- ) - 5belt
ba%ar - to dip . in paint, molten 2inc, asphalt
ba!uelita - bakelite
barniz, el - varnish
-- de laca - shellac
-- secante - drier
barnizar - to varnish
baromtrico - barometric
barra - bar, rod .tool/
-- colectora - bus bar
-- de cone"in - connecting rod
-- deformada - deformed .reinf/ rod
-- radial - radius rod
-- tirante - tie rod
barrena - drill, auger, gimlet, drill bit- crowbar
barrenadora - drill
barrenar - to drill- to blast
barreno - drill- drill hole
barrera - fence
barreta - crowbar- small bar
barretear - to bar, work with a bar
barril, el - barrel
barro - clay, mud, sult- sludge
barrote, el - heavy bar- grate bar- ladder rung
basamento - base- pedestal
bscula - scale .for weighing/
-- de balancin - beam scale
-- de plataforma - platform scale
-- de pozo - pit scale
-- de via - track scale
base, la - basis- base- rail flange
*-- de la soldadura - root of weld
bastidor, el - frame- chassis
bateria - battery .all senses/
batir - to beat, hammer, tamp- to stir
bau"ita - bau0ite
benceno - ben2ene
berbi!ue, beri!ui, el - carpenter3s brace
bicho - bug, thumb tack
biela - connecting rod
-- motriz - connecting or main driving rod
bifsico - two phase .elec/
bifilar - two wire .elec/
bi"ido - dio0ide
-- carbnico - carbon dio0ide
birlo - study bolt
bisagra - hinge
bisel, el - bevel, chamfer
biselar - to bevel, chamfer
blindado - armored, ironclad- .elec/ shielded
blindaje, el - armor, armor plate- .elec/ shielding
blo!ue, el - block
blo!ueo - blocking
bobina - .elec/ coil
bobinado, bobinaje, el - .elec/ winding
bobinar - to wind
boca - mouth, entrance- no22le
bocina- bushing, bell end .of pipe/- horn
bodega - warehouse, storehouse
bolsa - bag, sack- pocket
-- de aire - air pocket, air lock
-- de vapor - vapor lock
bomba - pump, fire engine, bomb
-- a mano - hand pump
-- al vacio - vacuum pump
-- a vapor - steam pump
-- alimentadora - feed or boilerfeed pump
-- calorimtrica - pump calorimeter
-- centrifuga - centrifugal pump
-- contadora - metering pump .gasoline/
-- de diafragma - diaphragm pump
-- de doble paso o de dos escalones o de
de dos otapas o de dos grados - twostage
pump
-- de doble efecto - doubleacting pump
-- de efecto $nico - singleacting pump
-- de mbolo - piston pump
-- de mbolo buzo o de mbolo macizo -
plunger pump
-- de hlice - propeller or screw pump
-- de impulsor abierto - openimpeller pump
-- de motero - plunger pump
-- reciprocante - reciprocating pump
-- de succin al e"tremo - endsuction
centrifugal pump
-- de succin lateral - sidesuction centrifugal
pump
-- de trasiego - transfer pump
-- doble - duple0 pump
-- giratoria - rotary pump
-- multigradual - multistage pump
-- para pozos profundos - deepwell pump
-- reforzadora - booster pump
-- rotativa - rotary pump
-- triple - triple0 pump
bombas gemelas - duple0 pump
bombaje, el - pumping
bombeable - pumpable
bombeador, el - pumper
bombear - to pump- to crown
bombearse - to bulge, spring
bombero - pumpman- fireman
bo!uilla - small opening- chuck- socket-
bushing- nipple- no22le
-- aisladora - insulating bushing
-- aspersora - spray no22le
-- de borne -.elec/ terminal bushing
-- de brida - flanged no22le
-- de engrase - oilhole
-- de flujo - flow no22le
-- de manguera - hose no22le
-- mezcladora - mi0ing no22le
-- para soldar- soldering bushing
-- rociadora - spray no22le
borde, el - border, edge- dike, levee
bordear - to flange- to edge
bordo - dike- edge
-- de contencin - levee, dike
-- de encauzamiento - levee
-- provisional - cofferdam
borrador, el - rough draft- eraser
borrar - to erase
bos!uejar - to sketch
bos!uejo - sketch, plan, rough draft, outline
bote, el - bucket- dipper
bracero - laborer workman
brazo - arm- leg of an angle- branch
-- del cigue%al - crank arm
-- del mbolo - piston rod
-- de grua - boom, jib- stiffleg
-- de palanca - lever arm, leverage
-- de pared - wall bracket
-- de romana - beam of a scale
-- polar - pole arm .planimeter/
-- rigido - stiffleg
-- trazador - tracing arm .planimeter/
brazos - labor .men/
brea - pitch, tar, petroleum asphalt
brida - flange clamp- splice plate- briddle
.cable/- .rr/ splice bar
-- ciega - blind flange- blank flange
-- corrediza - slip on flange
--curva - saddle or tank or boiler flange
-- de acoplamiento - companion flange-
coupling flange
-- de cara alzada - raised face flange
-- de junta montada - 5an Stone or lapjointed
flange
-- de obturacin - blind flange
-- de orificio - orifice flange
-- lisa - blank flange
-- roscada - screwed flange
-- soldada - welded flange
bridas gemelas o de unin - flange union
companion flanges
bridar - to flange
brigada - party, s1uad, gang
-- de campo - field forces or party
-- de dibujantes -s1uad of draftsmen
-- del trnsito - transit party
broca - drill, drill bit
brocha - brush
-- para pintura - paint brush
broche, el - hasp
bronce, el - bron2e- brass
br$jula - compass
bru%ir - to burnish, polish
buje, el - bushing, sleeve
-- de contratuerca - .elec/ locknut bushing
-- de reborde - shoulder bushing
-- de reduccin - bushing
-- de tubo-conducto - .elec/ conduit bushing
-- para soldar - soldering or welding bushing
buj#a - spark plug- candle- candle power
bujia-pie - foot candle
burbuja - bubble
buril, el - small chisel
butano - butane
butileno - butylene
buzn, el - bin, bunker- letter bo0
C
caballete, el - trestle bent, A frame- gantry
-- de aserrar - saw horse
-- de aserrar - saw horse
-- en + - # frame
caballo - horse- horsepower- saw horse- wood
roof truss
-- de fuerza o de vapor - horsepower
-- caballo-hora - horsepowerhour
caballos
-- al eje - shaft horsepower
-- de rgimen - horsepower rating
cabeza - head .rivet, bolt, nail/- head of water-
flange .girder/
-- , de - on end
-- de la biela - big end
-- empa!ue - stuffing bo0
-- inferior - bottom flange .girder/
-- para llave - wrench head .bolt/
-- superior - top flange .girder/
cabezal, el - cap, header, lintel
-- de cajn - bo0 header .boiler/
-- de cerco - ring header .boiler/
-- de cone"in multiple - branch T .piping/
-- de entubamiento - casing head
-- de pozo - casing head
-- de tubos - branch T .piping/- tube header
.boiler/
cabina - elevator car
cable, el - cable, rope, line- .elec/
cable
-- acorazado - .elec/ armored cable
-- alimentador - .elec/ feed cable
-- armado - armored cable- multipleconductor
cable
-- atesador - tightening or takeup line
-- blindado - armored cable
-- corredor - running rope
-- de abaca - $anila rope
-- de acero - wire rope or cable
-- de alambre - wire rope
-- de algodn - cotton rope
-- de alzar - hoisting line
-- de arrastre - dragline, hauling cable
-- ca%amo - $inila or hemp rope
-- de carga - load or carrying cable
-- de compensacin - takeup line
-- de conductor m$ltiple - .elect/ multiple
conductor cable
-- de corrida - running rope
-- de elevacin - hoisting or fall or load line
-- hene!un - sisal rope
de izar - full or hoisting or load line
-- de labor - running rope
-- de levante - hoisting line
-- de refrenamiento - snubbing line
-- de retencin - guy cable
-- retroceso - backhaul rope
-- ,anila - $anila rope
-- mensajero - carrying or messenger or load
cable
-- muerto - standing rope- dead line
-- para vientos - guy cable
-- preformado - preformed wire rope
-- protegido - .elect/ shielded cable
-- rastrero - hauling cable
-- sustentador - carrying or load cable
-- trenzado - .elect/ stranded or braided cable
cabo - rope, strand- foreman- handle- end
-- de hacha - a0 handle
-- de labor - running rope
-- de pico - pick handle
-- de retenida - guy cable- guy strand
-- ,anila - $anila rope
-- muerto - standing rope, guy cable
-- para vientos - guy strand
cabrestante, el - winch- A frame
-- de cadena - chain block
cachucha - cap .bubble cap/
cadalso - scaffold, staging
cadena - chain- tie- brace, reinforcement-
buttress
-- afianzada - tire chain
-- transportadora - chain conveyor
cadmio - cadmium
ca#da - fall, drop- .hyd/ head- .struct/ failure
-- bruta - .hyd/ total head
-- de friccin - .hyd/ friction drop
-- efectiva - .hyd/ effective head
-- esttica - .hyd/ static head
-- pluvial - rainfall
-- $til - useful head
caimn, el - Stillson wrench- tongs
caja - bo0, case- carbody- .carp/ mortise,
recess- .mach/ housing, casing- .elec/ outlet
bo0, junction bo0- .read/ section e0cavated for
pavement
-- de acceso - inspection bo0- .elec/ pull bo0
-- de ascensor - elevator shaft
-- de bomba - pump casing
-- de cambio - .auto/ gear case, gearbo0
-- de caracol - .turb/ scroll case
-- de caudales - safe
-- de cig-e%al - .auto/ crankcase
-- de contrato - .elec/ receptacle, socket
-- de empacadura - stuffing bo0
-- de empalme - .elec/ junction or splice bo0
-- de empa!ue - packing case
-- de empa!uetadura - stuffing bo0
-- de enchufe - .elec/ receptacle, outlet
-- de engranajes - gear case, gearbo0- .auto/
transmission
-- de escalera - stairwell
-- de estopas - stuffing bo0
-- de fuego - firebo0
-- de heramientas - tool bo0, tool chest
-- de incendio - hydrant
-- de paso - .elec/ pull bo0
-- de registro - manhole .street/
-- de unin - junction bo0
-- de vlvula - valve chest- valve bo0
-- de ventilacin - air or ventilation shaft
-- del volante - flywheel housing
-- espiral - .turb/ scroll case
-- estancadora - gland
-- fuerte - safe
-- partida - split casing
-- & espiga - mortise and tenon- bell and spigot
cal, la - lime
-- apagada o hidratada o muerta- slacked lime
-- custica o viva - 1uicklime, caustic lime
calar - to perforate- to wedge- to treat with lime
calavera - tail light
calcado - tracing
calcador - tracer
calcar - to trace, copy
cace, el - wedge, liner, shim- underpinning- iron
tire
calcinador, el - calciner
calcinar - to calcine, burn
calcio - calcium
calcular - to calculate- to estimate
caldear - to heat- to weld
caldeo - heating- welding
caldera - boiler- tar kettle
-- de calor de desceho o de calor residual -
wasteheat boiler
-- de retorno de llama - returntubular boiler
-- de tornallama - returntubular boiler
-- de tubos de agua o de tubos hervidores -
water tube boiler
-- de tubos de humo o de tubos de llama -
firetube boiler
-- humotubular - firetube boiler
-- .gneotubular - firetube boiler
-- instantnea o rpida - flash boiler
-- tubular de retorno - returntubular boiler
calefaccin, la - heat heating
calentada - a heat .steel/
calentado al blanco - whitehot
calentado al rojo - redhot
calentador, el - heater- feedwater heater
calentar - to heat
calentarse - to heat up, run hot
calibrador, el - gage
calipers - si2er
calibrar - to gage- to caliper- to calibrate
calibre, el - gage, bore, caliber- calipers
caliza - limestone
calor, el - heat
-- aprovechable - useful heat
-- de desecho - waste heat
-- de fraguado - .conc/ heat of setting
-- especifico - specific heat
-- latente de fusin - latent heat of fusion
-- calorimetro - calorimeter
calzada - paved roadway
calzar - to wedge, shim- to key
calzo - wedge- shim- foot block
cama - bed, bed plate- cog- cam- body of flat
truck or car
cmara - .auto/ inner tube- chamber, room-
camera
cambiador, el - changer- .elec/ switch
-- de calor - heat e0changer
-- de frecuencia - fre1uency changer
-- de velocidad - speed changer, variable speed
transmission
camin, el - truck
-- chato o de cama plana - flat truck
-- de gr$a - truck crane
-- de volteo - dump truck
-- mezolador - .conc/ truck mi0er
camisa - jacket, lagging- sleeve, bushing- drill
chuck
canal, el - canel, channel- chute, flume- .elec/
raceway, wireway
canal, la - conduit, pipe, duct- channel iron- roof
gutter- groove, slot
-- de bajada - downspout
-- de lluvia - gutter
-- / - channel iron
canalado - currugated, fluted, grooved
canalizacin, la - flume- piping- system of
ducts- wiring- layout of conduits
-- de desag-es - sewer system
-- elctrica - electric wiring- system of conduits
-- maestra - mains
canasta - basket, strainer
canastilla - bucket
cangiln, el - bucket
-- de arrastre - dragline bucket
-- de elevador - elevator bucket
cantimplora - weep hole
canto - edge- thickness of a board- pebble,
boulder
-- laminado - rolled edge .steel plate/
-- recortado - sheared edge .steel plate/
-- rodado - pebble, cobble, boulder
-- vivo - s1uare edge
ca%a - shank, handle shaft- stem- rod
-- de barrena - drill shank
c%amo - hemp, jute
-- de arcilla vitrificada - sewer pipe, gla2ed tile
pipe
-- de fundicin - castiron pipe
-- de fundicin liviana - soil pipe, lightweight
castiron pipe
-- de hierro centrifugado - centrifugal castiron
pipe
-- de macho & campana - bellandspigot pipe
-- maestra o matriz - mains
-- de drenaje - drain pipe, drain tile
ca%n, el - gun barrel
capa - layer- stratum- ply- coat .paint or plaster/
course .masonry/
-- caf - brown coat .plaster/
-- de acabado - finishing coat
-- de ladrillos - course of brick
capacidad, la - capacity- .elec/ capacitance
-- asignada - rated capacity
-- de conduccin - flow capacity- .elec/ current
carrying capacity
-- electrosttica - permittance, electrostatic
capacity
-- inductiva especifica - permittivity, specific
inductive capacity, dielectric constant
-- interruptera - .elec/ interrupting capacity
-- trmica - heat or thermal capacity
capacitador, el - .elec/ capacitor, condenser
capacitancia - .elec 6 mech/ capacitance
capacitor, el - .elec/ capacitor, condenser
capataz, el - foreman, boss
capitan, el - capitan, foreman
capota - hood- auto top
captador de polvo, el - dust collector
capuchn, el - .auto/ valve cap- .piling/ driving
cap- chimney cap
caracol, el - spiral- .turb/ scroll case
cartula - dial of an instrument
carbn, el - carbon, charcoal- coal
-- de la%a o de madera o vegetal - charcoal
carborundo - carborundum
carburador, el - carburetor
carcasa - casin, frame
-- motor - motor frame
-- espiral - .turb/ scroll case
crcel, la - clamp- vise
-- de banco - bench vise
-- para sierra - saw clamp
-- para taladradora - drill or jig vise
carcomerse - to become wormeaten- to decay-
to be undermined
carcomida - decay- corrosion- .conc/
honeycomb
carcomido - .lumber/ wormy- corroded-
decayed
careta - mark, face shield
-- antigs - gas mask
-- de soldador - welding mask
carga - load, loading- freight, cargo, .hyd/ head-
.conc/ charge, batch- .elec/ charge, load- .met/
charge, heat
-- admisible - allowable load
-- de fractura - breaking load
-- de hormigonera - batch of concrete
-- de prueba - test load, trial load
-- de rotura - breaking or rupture load
-- de seguridad - safe load
-- de servicio o de trabajo - working load
-- dinmica - moving load- dynamic head
-- efectiva - .hyd/ effective or net head- .truck/
pay load
-- esttica - .hyd/ static head- .str/ static or dead
load
-- hidra$lica - head
-- inductiva - .elec/ inductive or lagging load
-- limite - safe or allowable load
-- muerta - .str/ dead load
-- permanente - .str/ dead load
-- plena - full load
-- por lotes - lessthancarload freight
-- por vagones - carload freight
-- presumida o prevista o supuesta - design
loading
-- propia - .str/ dead load
-- remanente - residual charge .elec/
-- rodante - moving or rolling load
-- tipo - .str/ standard loading
-- transversal - .str/ beam loading
-- util - pay or useful load- live load
-- viva - live load
cargadero - loading platform- freight station-
charging opening
cargar - to charge .a unit/- to load
cargo - cargo, freight
carpeta - coating- pavement- slab- folder, letter
file
-- de fundacin - foundation slab or mat
carpintear - to do carpenter work
carpinteria - carpentry- carpenter shop
-- de blanco - trim, mill work
-- de encofrado - form work
-- de modelos - pattern making
-- de obra - structural carpentry
-- de taller - shop carpentry- mill work
-- mecnica - mill work- mill, carpentar shop
-- metlica - light ironwork in a building,
especially doors and windows
carpintero - carpenter
carrera - strongback, waler, stringer- .carp/ wall
plate, sill- purling- girt- highway- .machy/ stroke,
throw, travel- .masonry/ course
-- ascendente - upstroke .piston/
-- de admisin - admission or intake stroke
-- de aspiracin - suction stroke
-- de barrida - scavenging stroke
-- de compresin - compression stroke
-- de defensa - .wharft/ fender
-- de descarga - delivery stroke
-- del distribuidor - valve travel
-- del mbolo - piston stroke
-- de encendido - ignition or working stroke
-- de escape - e0haust stroke
-- de la e"cntrica - throw of the eccentric
-- de e"pulsin - e0haust stroke- scavenging
stroke
-- de fondo - ground sill
-- de fuerza - power stroke
-- de ladrillos - course of brick
-- de la leva - lift of a can
-- de la marea - range of the tide
-- del martinete - drop of a pile hammer
-- de pared - .carp/ wall plate
-- de retroceso - back stroke
-- de techo - ceiling joist
-- de trabajo - working stroke .piston/
-- descendente - down stroke
-- motriz - working or power stroke
carreta - cart, wagon- wheelbarrow
-- de remol!ue - trailer
carrete, el - reel, coil- spool
carretilla - wheelbarrow- small car- hand truck
carretillada - wheelbarrow load
carretn, el - wagon, cart, truck- cooncrete
buggy
-- de remol!ue - trailer
-- regador - sprinkling wagon
carretonada - wagon load, truck load
carretonero - truck driver, teamster
carril, el - rail, track, traffic lane- narrow road
-- guia - guardrail
carriles de oruga - crawler tread
carrito - small car- concrete buggy- trolley,
traveller
carro - car- wagon, truck, cart- automobile
caja o cerrado o de cajn - bo0car
-- o tan!ue - tank car
-- de plataforma o plano o raso - flat car
-- de remol!ue - trailer
-- elevador - lift truck
-- entero, por - in carload lots
-- gndola - gondola car
-- inferior - undercarriage
carro-monta cargas - lift truck
carros completos, por - in carload lots
carroceria - automobile body- truck body
de volteo - dump body
crter, el - housing, casing, cover
cartn, el - cardboard, mill board, heavy paper-
gusset plate, bracket
-- al!uitranado - tar paper
de bagazo - celote0
-- de &eso - plaster board, wall board
casa - house- firm
-- de bombas - pumphouse
-- de calderas - boiler house
cascajo - gravel, crushed rock
cscara o cascarn el - casing shell
casco - shell, casing- helmet
-- de caldera - shell of a boiler
-- de soldador - welding helmet, head shield
casillero - rack .for pipe, etc./
cas!uete, el - cap- shell- helmet
-- de tubo - pipe cap
-- de unin - union bonnet .valve/
-- de la vlvula - valve bonnet
cas!uillo - ferrule- gland- sleeve, bushing-
socket- pipe cap- base of an incandescent lamp
-- de soldar - soldering bushing, sweating
thimble
-- de tubo-conducto - .elec/ conduit bushing
-- por soldar - welding neck- stub end
-- reductor - pipe bushing
catal#tico - catalytic
catalizador, el - catalyst
-- de lecho fijo - fi0edbed catlyst
-- usado - spent catalyst
catarina - sprocket
catear - to make borings, e0plore the ground- to
sample
cateto - leg of a right triangle
catin - .elec/ cation
catdico - cathodic
ctodo - .elec/ cathode
caucho - rubber
caudal, el - volume of flow
custico - caustic
cautin, el - soldering iron
cavador, el - e0cavator
-- de zanjas - trench machine, ditcher
cavadora - e0cavator
cavar - to e0cavate, dig
cavazanjas, m!uina - trench machine
cavitacin, la - cavitation
cebar - to prime .a pump/- to feed, charge . a
boiler/
cedazo - screen, sieve, strainer
cegar - to wall up- to plug, stop up
ceja - flange- tire bead
celda - cella- bin
clula - cell- cubicle
cemento - cement
-- armado - reinforced concrete
-- de alta resistencia a corto plazo - high
earlystrength cement
-- de alta resistencia inicial - highearly
strength cement
-- de alta velocidad - highearlystrength
cement
cenizas - ashes, cinders
central, la - plant, station- powerhouse-
telephone e0change
-- au"iliar - standby power plant
-- de transformacin - transformer station, sub
station
-- elevadora - pumping station, hoisting
installation
centrar - to center
centro - center
-- a centro - center to center
-- de la e
-- de la carga o de distribucin - .elec/ load
center, center of distribution
de gravedad - center of gravity
muerto - dead center
cepa - butt end- stump- footing- cut off wall
cepilladora - planer, plane- jointer
cepilladuras - shavings
cepillar - to plane, face, dress- to brush
cepillo - plane- brush
-- alambre o de acaro o metlico - wire brush
cepo - waler, strong back- clamp, vise
cera - wa0
cerca - fence- near
-- alambrada - wire fence
cercado - fence, fencing
-- eslabonado - chainlink fencing
cercar - to fence
cerco - fence- hoop- frame- .tire/ rim- iron tire
-- de alambre - wire fence
-- de puerta - door frame
-- de rueda - tire
cercha - rib of an arch center- stair string
cerda - bristle
cerillos - wa0 matches
cerner - to screen, sift
cernidor, el - screen, sieve
cernir - to screen, sift
cero - 2ero
ceroso - wa0y
cerradura - lock
cerrar - to close- to fasten, lock- to enclose- to
obstruct, block
-- con llave - to lock
el trazado - to close the survey
cerrojo - door bolt, bolt of a lock, latch
cesta - basket- bucket- strainer
cesto - basket
-- del papel - waste basket
cetano - cetane
ciclo - cycle, period of time
cicln, el - cyclone
ciego - blind .flange, nut, window, etc./, blank
.flange, etc./
cielo - ceiling- top
-- abierto, a - on the surface
-- descubierto, a - on the surface
-- raso - flat or flush ceiling- plastered ceiling
-- raso ac$stico - accoustical ceiling
ciencia - science
cierre, el - clasp, fastener- closure, locking
-- de vapor - vapor lock
-- hidra$lico - water seal
-- relmpago - 2ipper
cierro - inclosure- fence
cifra - cipher, number
cig-enal, el - crank shaft
cilindrada - piston displacemnt, cylinder
capacity
cil#ndrico - cylindrical
cilindro - cylinder- roller, roll
-- apisonador - tamping roller, paving roller
compresor - road or paving roller
-- de bomba - pump cylinder- working barrel
de caldera - shell of a boiler
-- de frenaje - brake cylinder
-- de laminar - roll in a steel mill
-- de prueba - test cylinder
cimbrarse - to sway, vibrate
cimentacin - foundation, footing
-- de zampeado - mat foundation
-- sobre pilotes - pile foundation
cimentar - to lay a foundation
cimiento - foundation, footing- foundation
material- cement
-- ensanchado - spread footing
cinc, el - 2inc
cincar - to galvani2e
cincel, el - chisel, cutter
cincelador, el - chipping hammer- chipping
chisel
cincelar - to chisel, carve- to chip
cincho - belt, hoop, band
cinta - belt- tape- strip- batten, waler- girt
-- aisladora - insulating or friction or binding
tape
-- de acero - steel tape
-- de agrimensor - measuring tape
-- de empalme - friction or insulating tape
-- de transporte - belt conveyor
circuito - circuit
-- derivado - branch circuit
-- inducido - secondary circuit
-- intuctor - primary circuit
circular - to circulate
circulo - circle
circunferencia - circumference
citacin a licitadores, la - call for bids
citarilla - thin partition block or wall
clarabo&a - skylight- transom
clarificador, el - clarifier
clarificar - to clarify
claro - clear space- clear span, bay, opening
clasificador, el - classifier, screen
clasificar - to classify, grade- to screen, to rate
clavar - to nail, spike- to drive piles
-- hasta el rebote - to drive to refusal
clave, la - key, keystone .dwg/ legend
-- de trabazon - .concrete/ bonding key
clavetear - to tack, nail
clavija - pin, peg, dowel, drift bolt, botter- .elec/
plug
-- de la cig-e%a - crankpin
-- de las patas - cotter pin
-- de escala - ladder rung
-- de e"pansin - e0pansion bolt
-- bendida - cotter pin, split pin, spring cotter
clavito - brad, small nail, tack
-- para contramarcos - casing nail
clavo - nail, spike
-- com$n de alambre - common wire nail
-- corriente - common nail
-- de doble cabeza - doubleheaded nail
-- de rosca - screw nail, drive screw
-- de 0 pulg* - two penny nail
-- de 0 012 pulg* - four penny nail
-- de 2 pulg* - si0 penny nail
-- de 2 012 pulg* - eight penny nail
-- de 3 pulg* - ten penny nail
-- 3 014 pulg* - twelve penny nail
-- 3 012 pulg* - si0teen penny nail
de 4 pulg* - twenty penny nail
de 5 pulg* - forty penny nail
de 6 pulg* - si0ty penny nail
de 7 pulg* - eighty penny spike
-- lancero - toenail
-- para hormign - concrete nail
clavo-tornillo - drive screw
cla"on, el - horn
clima artificial - air conditioning
cloaca - sewer, sanitary sewer
cloacal - pertaining to sewerage
cloracin, la - chlorination
clorador, el - chlorinator
clorar o clorificar o clorinar o clorizar - to
chlorinate
cloro - chlorine
cloraro - chloride
-- de hidrgeno - hydrogen chloride,
hydrochloric acid
-- sdico - sodium chloride
cobre, el - copper
cociente, el - 1uotient
cdigo - code
-- de edificacin - building code
cod#mero - codimer
codo - .cons/ knee- .mach/ crack- .pip/ elbow,
bend
-- abierto - long elbow
-- angular - miter elbow
-- cerrado - short elbow
-- compensador - e0pansion bend
-- con base o con soporte - base elbow
-- con derivacin o con salida lateral - side
outlet elbow
-- de campanas - bellandspigot 1uarter bend
-- de curva alargada o de rad.o largo - long
radius elbow
-- de enchufes - socketend elbow
-- de inglete - miter elbow
-- de palanca - crank
-- de reduccin - reducing elbow
-- de retorno unido - return bend .close type/
-- de servicio - service or street elbow
-- en / - return bend
-- macho & hembra - service or street elbow
-- para inodoro - .plumbing/ closet bend
-- suave - longradius elbow
coeficiente, el - coefficient
-- completo de traspaso de calor - overall
coefficient of heat transfer
-- de absorcin - absorption factor
-- de aprovechamiento - .elec/ load factor
-- de elasticidad - mo
-- de elasticidad - modulus of elasticity
-- de friccin o de frotamiento - friction factor,
coef. of friction
-- de produccin - load factor .compressor/
-- de rozamiento - coefficient of friction
-- de trabajo - factor of safety
-- de traspaso superficial de calor - film
coefficient of heat transfer
-- dielctrico - dielectric constant
cohete, el - blasting fuse- blast hole- dynamite
cartridge- rocket
cojear - to knock .engine/
cojin, el - cushion, pad- pillow block
-- roscado para soldar - welding pad
cojinete, el - bearing, pillow block, journal bo0-
bushing- die
-- a municiones - ball bearing
-- a rulemn - roller bearing
-- a"ial - a0ial or thrust bearing
-- de bancada - base or main bearnig
-- de bolas radial - radial ball bearing
-- bolillas - ball bearing
-- de empuje - thrust or a0ial bearing
-- de manguito - sleeve bearing
-- de rolletes - roller bearing
-- e"terior - outboard bearing
co(, el - coke
cola - glue- tail
-- de martillo - peen of a hammer
-- de milano o de pato - dove tail
-- de rata - rat tail file- drift pin
colada - melt .metal/- pour, batch .conc./
coladera - strainer- leaching cesspool- sewer,
drain
colado en el lugar - poured in place .conc/
colador, el - strainer
-- de cesta - baskettype strainer
-- de co!ue - coke strainer
colapso - failure, collapse
colar - to pour- to strain- to cast
colarse - to seep, percolate- to sift
colector, el - collector- catch basin, trap- sewer,
drain- .elec/ commutator
-- cloacal - main sewer
-- de aceite - oil trap- drip pan
-- de aire comprimido - air receiver
-- de polvo - dust collector
-- de sedimentos - mud drum .boiler/
colector - cabezal - header of a boiler
coleta - burlap
colgadero - hanger
colgador, el, o colgante, el - hanger
colgar - to hang
columna - column
-- compuesta - .str/ builtup column
-- de burbujeo - bubble column
-- de fraccionamiento - fractionation tower
combinarse - .chem/ to combine
combustible, el - fuel- combustible
combustin, la - combustion
-- espontnea - spontaneous combustion
-- retardada - after burning
combustleo - fuel oil
-- de calefaccin - furnace oil
comejn, el - termite
compactacin - compacting, consolidating
compacto - compact, dense
comps, el - compass- dividers, calipers
compensador, el - compensator- e1uali2er,
adjuster- balancer
compensar - to compensate- to balance,
e1uali2e
componente, el o la - component- .chem/
constituent
componer - to repair, overhaul
composturas - repairs
compresibilidad, la - compressibility
compresible - compressible
compresin, la - compression
compresive - compressive
compreso - compressed
compresora - compressor
-- a correa - beltdriven compressor
-- a motor - motordriven compressor
-- a"ial - a0ialflow compressor
centrifuga de aletas radiales - radialblade
centrifugal compressor
-- de aletas corredizas - slidingvane rotary
compressor
-- de cinco grados - fivestage compressor
-- elevadora - booster compressor
-- rotativa - rotary compressor
comprimible - compressible
comprimir - to compress, compact
compueesto - compound- .str/ builtup
-- aislador - insulating compound
-- de cortar - cutting compound
-- de curacin - .conc/ curing compound
-- de retacar - calking compound
-- de soldar - soldering paste- bra2ing
compound
-- de tarrajar - boiler compound
-- impermeabilizador - waterproofing
compound
-- para banda - belt dressing
-- para enchufes - joint compound
-- para rosca - thread paste
computar - to compute, calculate
cmputo - computation
cncavo - concave, dished
concreto - concrete
-- aguado - sloppy concrete
-- armado - reinforced concrete
-- en masa - mass concrete
-- fresco - green concrete
-- graso - rich concrete
-- magro o pobre - lean concrete
-- premezolado - readymi0ed or plantmi0ed
concrete
-- premoldeado - precast concrete
-- reforzado - reinforced concrete
concha - shell, casing- boiler scale
-- de almeja - clamshell
condensador, el - condenser- .elec/ capacitor
-- de inundacin - flooded condenser
-- de paso m$ltiple - multiflow condenser
-- de reflujo - reflu0 condenser
-- de superficie - surface condenser
condensar - to condense
conduccin, la - conduction
-- de calor - thermal conduction
conducir - to carry, conduct, convey
conductancia - conductance
-- calorifica - thermal conductivity
conductividad, la - conductivity
-- magnetica - magnetic conductivity,
permeability
-- trmica - thermal conductivity
conducto - conduit- duct- flue- chute
-- de aceite - oil duct or groove- oil pipe
-- de alambres - wireway, reaceway, .elec/
conduit
-- de desag-e - sewer, drain
-- de fibra - fiber conduit
-- de humo - flue
-- fibroso fle"ible - .elec/ fle0ible tubing
-- metlico fle"ible - .elec/ fle0ible metallic
conduit
-- m$ltiple - .elec/ multipleduct conduit
-- para barras colectores - .elec/ busway
-- portacable - .elec/ cable duct
conductor, el - .elec/ conductor- conveyor
-- a tierra - ground wire, grounding conductor
-- a tierra de la red - system grounding
conductor
-- compuesto - .elec/ composite conductor
-- de alimentacin - feed wire, feeder
-- de arrastra - drag conveyer
-- de correa - belt conveyer
-- de cubetas - bucket conveyor or elevator
-- de entrada - leadin wire
-- de gusano o espiral - screw conveyor
conectar - to connect
conector, el - connector
-- a tierra - .elec/ grounding connector
-- de brida - flanged connection
-- de rosca - threaded connection
cone"in, la - connection, joint
-- de estrella - .elec/ star or 7 connection
-- de rosca - threaded connection
-- empernada - bolted connection
-- en delta o en tringulo - .elec/ delta
connection
-- para tuberia - pipe coupling- pipe fitting
-- por enchufe - .elec/ plug connection- .pip./
bellandspigot joint
confitillo - pea gravel or stone
conformador, el - grader- driftpin- shaper
conformadora - grader- shaper- former
congelar, congelarse - to congeal, free2e,
solidify
conjunto - assembly
commutador, el - electric switch- commutator
cono - cone
conocimiento de embar!ue - bill of lading
construccin, la - construction- structure
contruido en el lugar - builtinplace
construir - to construct, build, erect
contador, el - meter
-- de ratio-horas - watthour meter
-- de vueltas - revolution counter, speed
indicator
contorno - outline, contour
contrabalancear - to counterbalance
contrabrida - counter flange- follower .8resser
coupling/
contracarril, el - guard rail
contra codo - .pip/ Sbend
contrachapada, madera - plywood
contraerse - to contract, shrink
contrafuego - fireproof, fireresisting
contrafuerte, el - buttress- abutment
contragolpe, el - return stroke .piston/
contraincendios - fireproof, fireresisting- for
fire fighting
contraincendio - fire fighting
contrapeso - counterweight
contrapresion, la - back pressure
contratante, el - contracting party
contratar - to contract
contratista, el - contractor
contrato - contract
-- a costo ms honorario - costplus or fee
contract
-- a precio determinado - fi0edpriced contract
-- a precio global o a suma alzada - lumpsum
contract
-- a precios unitarios - unitprice contract
-- de enganche - contract to furnish workman
contravstago - piston tailrod
control, el - control
-- a distancia o remoto - remote control
controlador, el - controller
controlar - to control- to check, verify
conveccin, la - convection
convenio - agreement, contract
convertidor, el - converter
convertir - to convert
coordenadas - coordinates
copia - copy
-- al carbn - carbon bopy
-- azul - blue print
cople, el - coupling
co!ue, el - coke
co!uificar, co!uizar - to coke
coraza - armor, protective covering
corazn, el - core- heart wood
corcho - cork
cordel, el - rope, cord- belt course
-- de marcar - chalk line
cordn, el - cord, strand of rope- belt lacing-
.struct/ chord, flange- .masonry/ course- .pip/
spigot end- .carp/ .weld/ bead
-- de traslape - .weld/ overlap bead
correa belt, strap- purlin, girt
-- conductora - belt conveyor
-- en cu%a - 5 belt
-- sin fin - endless belt
corredera - slide, track- .surv/ target
-- de regla - slide of a slide rule
correderas - guides- skids
corrida - run, travel
corriente, la - current, flow- electric current
-- alterna 8c*a*9 - alternating current .a.c./
-- alternada - alternating current
-- con rotor fijo - blockedmotor current
-- directa 8c*d*9 - direct current .d.c./
corroer - to corrode
corrosin, la - corrosion
-- con esfuerzo - stress corrosion
corrugado - corrugated
cortaalambre, el - wire cutters, nippers
cartaca%o - pipe cutter
cortadora - cutter, chisel
cortadura - cutting, shearing- shearing stress
cortafierro - cold chisel
cortafiletes, m!uina - threadcutting machine
cortafrio, cortahierro - cold chisel or cutter
cortar - to cut
cortarroscas - threading machine
cortatubo - pipe cutter, tube cutter
corte, el - cut- section- cutting edge- shearing
stress
corto circuito - short circuit
costalera - burlap
costo - cost
-- ms honorario fijo - cost plus fi0ed fee
-- ms porcentaje - cost plus percentage
-- ms sobre costo - cost plus fee
-- primitivo - original cost
-- seguro & flete 8CS:9 - cost, insurance and
freight .9!,/
-- unitario - unit cost
costra - scale- crust
-- de caldera - boiler scale
-- de herrumbre - rust scale
-- de laminado - mill scale
costura - seam, joint
cota, cotacin, la - elevation
cotizar - to 1uote
criba - screen, strainer
cristal, el - glass
-- armado - wire glass
-- irrompible - safety or nonshattering glass
cromo - chromium, chrome
cromoni!uel - chromenickel .steel/
cro!uis, el - sketch
cruce, el, crucero - .pip/ cross
cruceros laterales - lateral bracing
cruceta - crossarm- cross head
crucetas - 4 bracing
crudo - crude- raw .untreated/
cruz, la - .pip/ cross
-- filar o reticular - cross hairs
cuaderno - notebook, field book
-- de hojas sueltas - looseleaf notebook
-- de nivelacin - level book
cuadrado - s1uare
cuadrante, el - 1uadrant- dial of an instrument
cuadrar - .math/ .carp/ to s1uare
cuadrtico - 1uadratic
cuadrilla - gang, party, s1uad
-- de colocacin - .conc/ placing gang
-- de dibujantes - s1uad of draftsmen
cuadro - s1uare- timbre frame- table of figures,
tabulation- .elec/ switchboard
cuarteadura - crack, split
cuartearse - to crack, split, .lbr/ to check
cubeta - bucket
-- autoprensora - clamshell bucket
cubeta draga - dragline bucket
c$bico - cubic, cubical
cubierta - cover, lid- roof, roof covering- .mech/
casing, hood- overburden
-- de tuberia - pipe covering
cubilete, el - beaker
cubo - pail, bucket- cube- cubical contents- hub-
socket- boss
-- de almeja - clamshell bucket
-- de arrastre - dragline bucket
cubrejunta, el - splice plate, butt strap
cucharn, el - bucket, scoop, skip, scraper
-- cargador - skip loader
-- cogedor - scraper
-- de conchas de almeja - clamsheel bucket
cuchilla - blade, knife, cutting tool
-- de contacto - .elec/ blade of a switch
-- de interruptor - .elec/ switch blade
empujadora o niveladora - bulldo2er
-- zanjeadora - ditcher
cuchillo - knife, blade- scrapper
cuello - collar, neck, throat- journal- gland,
stuffing bo0- pipe coupling
-- )enturi - 5enturi throat
cuentavueltas, el - tachometer, counter
cuerda - cord, line, rope- chord- girder flange-
screw thread
-- de alinear o de marcar - chalk line
-- de ca%amo - $anilla rope
-- de plomada - plumb line
-- iz!uierda - lefthand thread
cuerpo - body- corps, party
compuesto - chemical compound
-- de agrimensores - survey party
-- de bomba - pump barrel- pump casing
-- de varretilla - wheelbarrow tray
-- de mbolo - piston barrel
-- de fundicion guarnecido de bronce - iron
body bron2emounted
-- de polea - shell of a tackle block
-- de remache - shank of a rivet
-- de la vlvula - valve body
-- dividido - split casing .pump/
-- espiral - .turb/ spiral casing, scroll case-
.pump/ volute casing
-- muerto - dead man
-- simple - .chem/ element
cuesta - slope, hill, grade
culata - slope, hill, grade
culata - butt- haunch- cylinder head- yoke
cuneta - ditch, gutter
cu%a - wedge- key- frog of a plane- paving stone
cu%ar - to wedge
cuota de flete - freight rate
cura - .conc/ curing
curacin, la - .conc/ curing- .lbr/ seasoning
curado - curing
curar - .conc/ to cure- .lbr/ to season
curso - stroke, throw, travel
-- del mbolo - piston travel
cursor, el - .mach/ slide- indicator .slide rule/
curva - curve, bend
-- abierta - .pip/ long sweep
-- cerrada - .pip/ short sweep
-- compensadora con doble desplaz-
amiento - doubleoffset e0pansion :bend
-- compensadora en / - e0pansion :bend
-- de deformacin o esfuerzo - deformation or
stressstrain curve
-- de dilatacin - e0pansion bend
-- histeresis - hysteresis loop
-- nivel - contour line
-- de paso - .pip/ crossover
-- de pie - .pip/ base elbow
-- de retorno - return bend
-- en / - :bend
-- senoidal - sine curve
curvar - to bend
curvatura - bending- curvature
curvo - curved
C+
chafln, el - bevel, chamfer- knee brace
chaflanar - to chamfer, bevel
chapa - sheet, plate- veneering
-- acanalada o currugada - corrugated sheet
-- calada - perforated plate
-- de nudo - gusset plate
-- de palastro - plate steel, sheet iron
-- de relleno - filler plate
-- de unin - splice plate
-- desplegada - e0panded metal
-- eti!ueta o de identidad - nameplate
-- lisa - flat sheet metal
-- nodal - gusset plate
-- ondulada - currugated sheet metal
-- tubular - tube sheet
chapeado - veneering- plywood
cha!ueta - casing- jacket
chaveta - cotter, key, wedging piece
checar - to check- to crack
chicharra - ratchet- electric bu22er
chifln, el - no22le- flume
-- de agua - water jet
-- de arena - sand blast
chispa - spark
chispar - to spark
chisporroteo - .elec/ sparking- .weld/ spatter
cho!ue, el - impact, shock, collision
-- de agua o de ariete - water hammer
-- elcctrico - electric shock
chorro - jet- stream
-- de arena - sandblast
-- de municiones o de perdigones - shot blast
-- de vapor - steam jet
chamacera sleeve, bearing, pillow block,
journal bo0
-- anular - annular or radial bearing
-- de empuje - thrust bearing
-- e"terior - outboard bearing
;
dado - die
dados para tornillos - bolt dies
dados para tuberia - pipe dies
dar - to give
-- cuerda - .inst/ to wind
-- presin - to get up steam
-- vapor - to steam
-- viaje - to taper
drsena - dock, wharf- inner harbor, basin
dato - datum
datos - data
decantador, el - settling tank, catch basin
declive, el - slope, grade, incline, pitch
dedal, el - cap, ferrule
defensa - bumper, fender, guard, protection
deformacin, la - deformation, strain- distortion
-- plstica - plastic deformation
-- de soldador - welder3s apron
delantera - front end, front part
delgadez, la - slenderness
delgado - thin, light
delinear - to design, draw
demanda - demand, load
demarcacin, la - demarcation
densidad, la - density
denso - dense, thick
depsito - warehouse- bin- tank- reservoir-
sediment, precipitate
-- de aduana - customs warehouse
-- de aire comprimido - air receiver
-- decantador o de sedimentacin - settling
basin
depurar - to purify
derecha - right hand
derechos - ta0es, duties, fees- rights
-- aduaneros o arancelarios - customs duties
-- de entrada o de importacin - import or
customs duties
-- de muelle - wharfage
-- de patente - patent royalty
-- portuarios - port charges, harbor dues
derechura - straightness
derredor, el - circuit- contour
derretido - grout- melted, molten
derretir - to melt, fuse- to dissolve
derrochar - to waste
derroche, el - waste
derrumbarse - to fail, collapse- to slide .earth/
desabollar - to straighten out dents or bulges
desacidificar - to neutrali2e acids
desacoplar - to uncouple, disconnect
desado!uinar - to tear up pavement
desaereador, el - dearator
desaguadero - drainpipe, drain- sewer
desaguar - to drain- to discharge
desag-e, el - drainage- drain- gutter
desairear - deaerate
desajustarse - to get out of order
desajuste, el - bad order, breakdown
desalojamiento - displacement
desapuntalar - to remove shores
desarmador, el - screw driver
desarmar - to dismantel, desassemble- to strip
.forms/
desarreglado - outoforder
desarreglo - bad order
desasfaltar - to remove asphalt, deasphalt
desatascar - to remove an obstruction
desatorar - to remove obstructions- to clear
away rubbish
desatornillar - to unscrew
desbarbar - to chip, trim, smooth off
desbutanizadora - debutani2er
descalibracin - faulty calibration
descanso - stair landing
descarga - unloading, dumping- .hyd/
discharge, outlet- e0haust- .elec/ discharge
descargadero - unloading platform
descargador, el - .elec/ lightning arrester-
.comp/ unloader
descargar - to unload- to discharge- to e0haust
descentrado - outofline, off center, eccentric
descomposicin, la - decomposition
descompostura - bad order, breakdown
descompuesto - outoforder- desintegrated
desconector, el - disconnect, disconnecting
switch
-- fusible - disconnecting fuse
desconectar - to disconnect- .elec/ to cut out
descontaminacin, la - decontamination
descostrar - to remove scale
descostrarse - to spall- to scale
desecacin, la - drying- .lbr/ seasoning-
drainage
desecador, el - dehydrator
desecar - to dry, season- to drain, dewater
desecho - scrap, junk- .surv/ offset- detour
desempa!uetar - to remove packing
desempolvar - to dust, remove dust from
desencajar - to throw out of gear, disjoint
deseclavijar - to remove a dowel or pin
desenergizar - to deenergi2e
desenfrenar - to release brakes
desenganchar - to unhook, disconnect-
disengage, release, uncouple
desengranar - to throw out of gear, disengage
desenmohecer - to clean off rust
desenroscar, desentornillar - to unscrew
dese!uilibrado - unbalanced
desescombrar - to clean away rubbish- to muck
dese"citar - to deenergi2e
desfasado, el - .elec/ phase displacement
desfasamiento - phase difference
desfogar - to vent
desfogue, el - relief .pressure/- vent- outleft
desforrar - to remove sheathing or lining
desfrenar - to release brakes
desgasificador, el - degasifier
desgasificar - to degasify
desgastar - to erode, wear, abrade
desgastarse - to wear, wear out
desgaste, el - erosion, abrasion, wear
desgracia - accident
desguarnecer - to strip off fittings, dismantle
desherrumbrar - to clean off rust
deshidratador, el - dehydrator, dewaterer
-- de gas - knockout drum
deshidratar - to dehydrate, dewater
deshidrogenacin, la - dehydrogenation
deshidrogenar - to dehydrogenate
desimanar, desimantar - to demagneti2e
desincrustador, el - boilertube cleaner- scaling
hammer
desincrustante, el - boiler compound
desincrustar - to remove scale
desinflado - flat .tire/
desintegracin, la - cracking
-- catalitica - catalytic cracking
-- trmica - thermal cracking
desintegradora, la - cracking unit
desintegrar - to desintegrate- to crack
desisobutanizar - to deisobutani2e
deslavar - to erode, wash away to wash, rinse
deslave, el - erosion, eroded material
deslindar - to survey
desmagnetizar - to demagneti2e, deenergi2e
desmantelar - to dismantle
desmontar - to dismantle, desassemble- to
clear .land/- to e0cavate, dig, cut
desmontavlvulas, el - valve lifter
desmonte, el - clearing- e0cavation
desnatador, el - skimmer
desnatar - to skim, remove scum
desnivel, el - difference of elevation, fall, drop-
.hyd/ head
-- bruto - gross head
-- de funcionamiento - operating head
-- efectivo - net or effective head
-- $til - useful head
desnivelacin, la -
desnudo - bare .wire/
desparafinar - to dewa0
desperdicio - spoil, e0cavated material- waste-
residue
desperfecto - damage- flaw, defect
despilfarrar - to waste
desplazamiento - displacement
desplazar - to displace
desplomar - to batter, incline- desplomarse - to
get out of plumb- to collapse- .conc/ slump
desplomo - deviation from the vertical
despojar - to back off- .pet/ to strip
despojos, los - debris, rubbish, spoil
-- de alba%al - sewage
-- de hierro - scrap iron, junk
desprender - to detach, unfasten- to give off,
emit
desprederse - to slip, slide, sag, slough
desprendimiento - loosening- landslide, slip
despropanizadora - depropani2er
despuntado - blunt, dull
desrecalentador, el - desupereater
destemplar - to anneal-
destemplarse - to loose temper
destemple, el - annealing
destilacin, la - distillation
-- al vac.o - vacuum distillation
-- intermitente - batch distillation
destiladora, destilador, el - a still
destilado - distillate
destilar - distill
destiler.a - distilling plant
destornillador, el - screwdriver- wrench
-- a cri!ue - ratchet screwdriver
-- de berbi!u. - screwdriver bit
-- de golpe o de percusin - impact
screwdriver
destornillar - to unscrew
destral, el - hatchet
destreza - skill, de0terity, ability
desulfurar - to desulfuri2e, sweeten
desviacin, la - diversion- deviation- deflation,
.surv/ departure- displacement
-- del arco - .weld/ arc blow
-- de las escobillas - .mot/ brush displacement
or shift
desviadero - .rr/ siding- turnout
desviador, el - deflector, baffle- bypass
desvio - diversion- bypass- .rr/ siding detour
detallar - to detail
detalle, el - detail
deterioro - wear and tear- deterioration
detonar - to detonate, e0plode
devanado - .elec/ winding
-- en derivacin - shunt winding
-- en jaula - s1uirrelcage winding
-- enparalelo - parallel or multiple
-- en serie - series or wave winding
-- imbricado - lap or multiple winding
-- inducido - armature winding
devanador, el - reel, spool
devanar - to reel- to wind
de"trgiro, de"trogiratorio - turning clockwise
diagonal - diagonal
diagonales cruzadas - 4 or diagonal bracing
diagrama, el - diagram
-- de fuerzas - force diagram
-- del indicador - indicator diagram
-- vectorial - vector diagram
dimetro - diameter
dibujador, el o dibujante, el - draftsman,
designer
dibujar - to draw, draft
-- en escala - to draw to scale
dibujo - drawing, plan- design, pattern
-- a mano libre o a pulso - freehand drawing
-- de construccin en fbrica - shop drawing
-- de detalle - detail drawing
-- de ejecucin o de trabajo - working drawing
-- de montaje - erection plan
-- de taller - shop drawing
-- patrn - standard plan or drawing
dieciseisavo - onesi0teenth
diente, el - tooth- cog- .conc/ bonding key
diesel, el - diesel
diezmilsimo - one tenthousandth
diezmilimetro - one tenthousandth
diezmillonsimo - one tenmillionth
diferencial, la - differential- chain block
diluente, el - diluent- .paint/ thinner
diluir - to dilute- to cut back .asphalt/
dimensin la - dimension
-- a escala - scaled dimension
-- e"trema - overall dimension
dimensional - dimensional
dimensionar - to proportion, dimension- to si2e
dinmico - dynamic
dinamita - dynamite
dinamitar - to blast
d.namo - dynamo, generator
d.namo-motor - motorgenerator
dintel, el - lintel, cap, doorhead
di"ido - dio0ide
-- carbnico - carbon dio0ide
-- de azufre - sulfure dio0ide
di!ue, el - dike, levee- dam- barrier
directrices, las - guide vanes .turb/
dise%ador, el - designer
dise%ar - to design- to sketch
dise%o - design- sketch
disipar - to dissipate .heat/, disperse
disolver, disolverse - to dissolve
disponible - spare, available- on hand
dispositivo - device, appliance- fi0ture,
mechanism- arrangement, layout- facility
-- de mando - control mechanism
-- de seguridad - safety device
dispositivos de distribucin - switchgear
distanciamiento - spacing, pitch
distribucin, la - distribution
-- del encendido - ignition timing
distribuidor, el - distributor- spreader- slide
valve .stm. eng./- distributing bar .reinf/-
manifold
-- cil#ndrico o de mbolo - piston valve
distribuir - to distribute- to sort, classify
disuelto - solute- dissolved
doblado - bent
-- al fuego o en caliente - hotbent
-- en frio - bent cold
doblador, el - bender
-- de tubos-conductos - .elec/ hickey, conduit
bender
dobladora - bending machine
doblar - to bend- to double
doble - double, duple0
-- citara - wall ; bricks thick
-- efecto, de - double acting
-- escuadra - T s1uare
-- e"tra fuerte - doublee0trastrong
doblegarse - to buckle
doblez, el - bend, kink
dormido - mudsill, sleeper
dos bocas, de - doubleended .wrench/
dos capas, de - twoply- twocoat
dos etapas, de - twostage .pump/
dosificacin dosing- .conc/ proportioning,
mi0ture
draga - dredge- dragline outfit
dragad ra - dredge
dragaje, el - dredging
dragar - to dredge
drenaje, el - drainage
drenar - to drain
drene, el - drain
d$ctil - ductible
ductilidad - ductillity
ducto de cables - cable duct
duela - stave .barrel/
duelas para cielo - ceiling
dulce - fresh .water/- soft/mild .steel/- sweet
.chem/
durable - durable
duradero - durable
duraluminio - duralumin
dureza - hardness- hardness of water
-- 'rinell - <rinell hardness
durmiento, el - mudsill, groundsill
duro - hard
E
ebullicin, la - boiling
economizador, el - economi2er
-- de trabajo - labor saving
ecuacin, la - e1uation
edificacin, la - construction- building
edificar - to build, construct, erect
edificio - a building
educcin, la - eduction- .eng/ e0haust .pump/
discharge
eductor, el - eductor, e0hauster- steam ejector
-- doble, de - doubleacting
-- simple, de, o $nico, de - singleacting
eficaz - effective
eficiencia - efficiency
efluente - effluent, out flow
eje, el - a0is- a0le, shaft, sheave pin, core
-- acodado cig-e%al - crankshaft
-- au"iliar - counter shaft
-- de atrs - rear a0le
-- de ca%amo o de hene!un - hemp center
.cable/
-- de coordenadas - a0is of coordiinates
-- de la e"cntrica - eccentric shaft
-- de levas - camshaft
-- de mando - driving a0le
-- de momentos - center of moments
-- de sierra - saw arbor, saw mandrel
-- de transmisin - driving or line or
transmission shaft
-- de visacin - line of sight .level/
-- delantero - front a0le
-- fibroso - fiber center .wire strand/
-- impulsado - driven shaft
-- loco - idler shaft
-- ma&or - majer a0is
-- menor - minor a0is
-- motor - driving shaft, driving or live a0le
-- neutro - neutral a0is
ejemplo - model, pattern- e0ample
elaboracin, la - manufacture, fabrication
processing
elaborar - to work .mat3l/- to process- to
manufacture
elasticidad, la - elasticity, resilience, spring
elstico - elastic- .auto/ a spring
elastita - Elastite
ele, la - angle iron- pipe elbow
-- cerrada - short elbow
-- con derivacin - sideoutlet elbow
-- de base - base elbow
-- de curva abierta - longradius elbow
-- de reduccin - reducing elbow
electricidad, la - electricity
electricista, el - electrician- electrical engineer
elctrico - electric, electrical
electrodo - electrode
electrogenerador, el - electric generator
electrgeno - generating electricity
electrolitico - electrolytic
electrolito - electrolyte
electromagntico - electromagnetic
electrnica - electronics
electrosttico - electrostatic
electrotcnico - electrical engineer
elemento - element- .struct/ member
-- de caldeo - heating element
elevacin, la - elevation, altitude- .dwg/
elevation- lift
-- delantera - front elevation
-- en corte - sectional elevation
-- en el e"tremo - end elevation
-- lateral - side elevation
-- posterior - rear elevation
elevador, el - elevator, lift, hoist- booster
-- de cangilones - bucket elevator
-- de correa - belt elevator
-- de cubos - bucket elevator
elevar - to elevate, hoist, raise
-- al cuadrado - .math/ to s1uare
-- a potencia - .math/ to raise to a power
elongacin, la - elongation
embalastar - to ballast
embarcadero - loading platform, wharf- ferry
embarcar - to ship- to load
embar!ue, el - shipment, loading
embobinar - .elec/ to wind
embolada - piston stroke- piston displacement
mbolo - piston, plunger
-- buzo o de empa!ue central - center piston
-- buzo de presaestopa e"terior - outside end
packed pluger
-- compensador - balance piston- .turb/ dummy
piston
-- distribuidor - piston valve
-- e!uilibrador - balancing piston
-- macizo - plunger, ram
mbolos opuestos - opposed pistons
embrague, el - clutch
embridar - to flange
embudo - funnel- hopper
embutir - to embed- to counter sink
emba!ue, el - gasket, packing, oakum- .elec.
cab/ bedding- .struct/ filler plate
-- de cara completa - fullface gasket
-- devstago - rod packing
emparejar - to grade, level off- to screed- to
rough plaster
emparrillado - grillage, grating, grid
empatar - to splice, join
empate, el - joint, splice, seam
-- de inglete - miter joint
-- de solapa - lap joint
-- de tope - butt joint
emplomar - to lead
empotrado - embedded- fi0ed .beam/
-- por una e"tremidad - fi0ed one end
empotrar - to embed, to fi0 in a wall
emprestito - borrowed fill
empuje, el - thrust, push, pressure- bearing
.rivet or pin/
emulsificar o emulsionar - to emulsify
emulsin, la - emulsion
encadenado - bond
encadenado - bond
encadenar - to chain- to brace- to buttress- to
bond .masonry/
encajar - to rabbet- to gear- to fit
encaje, el - rabbet- recess, socket- fitting
encamisar - to place lagging, lining, sleeve, or
bushing
encargado - man in charge
-- del trnsito - transitman
encendedor, el - igniter- e0citer
encender - to ignite
encenderse - to take fire
encendido - ignition
-- anticipado - preignition
-- doble - dual ignition
-- espontneo - selfignition, spontaneous
ignition
-- por chispa - spark ignition
encerado - tarpaulin- oilskin
encerrado - enclosed, sealed
encima - above, overhead, on top
encoger, encogerse - to contract, shrink,
shorten
encolado - .paint/ si2ing
encolar - to glue- to si2e
encostrarse - to form scale
encuadrar - to s1uare- to frame
encuentro - joint- junction- intersection
encu%ar - to wedge, key
enchapar - to veneer- to line with sheet metal
encha!uetado - jacketed
enchavetar - to key
enchufar - to plug iin- to telescope- to fit .a tube
or pipe/ into another
enchufe, el - bell end of a pipe- bellandspigot
joint- .elec/ plug
-- de campana - bellandspigot joint
-- fusible - fuse plug
-- hembra - bell end of pipe
-- macho - spigot end of pipe
enderezar - to line, straighten- .elec/ to rectify
endulzar - to sweeten .oil/
endurecedor, el - hardener .all senses/
endurecer - to harden
-- a martillo - to hammerharden
enduricido - hardened
enduricido - hardened
-- al airo - air hardened
-- al martillo - hammerhardened
-- superficialmente - case hardened
endurecimiento - hardening- hardness
-- de trabajo - work hardness
energia - energy, power
-- absorbida - input
-- de salida - output
-- hidraulica - water power
radiante - radiant energy
-- trmica - steamgenerated power
energizar - to energi2e
enfocar - to focus
enfo!ue, el - focus, focusing
enfrenar - to brake
enfriado - cooled
-- a li!uido - li1uidcooled
-- por agua - watercooled
-- por aire - aircooled
enfriador, el - cooler- coolant, chiller
-- intermedio - intercooler
enfriamiento - cooling, refrigeration
-- atmosfrico o evaporativo - atmospheric or
evaporating cooling
enfriar - to cool, chill
enfriarse - to cool, cool off
enganchar - to hook, couple, engage- to
employ- to recruit labor
enchanche, el - coupling, coupler, hitch-
recruiting .labor/
engargolar - to groove- to make a maleand
female joint
engarzar - to hook, couple
engranaje, el - gearing- a gear
-- angular o cnico - bevel gear
-- cilindrico - spur gear
-- de dientes helicoidales angulares - double
helical gear
-- de espina de pescado - herringbone gear --
de inglete - miter gear
-- de rosca o de tornillo sin fin - worm gear
-- doble helicoidal - herringbone gear
-- en bisel - bevel gear
-- espiral - spiral or helical gear
-- fresado - machinecut gear
-- helicoidal - helical or worm gear
-- hipoidal - hypoid gears
-- impulsado - mandado - driven gear
-- impulsor o motor - drive gear, driver
-- intermedio o loco - idle gear
-- recto - spur gear
-- reductor - reducing gear
-- transmisor - drive gear
engranar - to gear, engage
engrane, el - gear, meshing
engrasadera - grease cup
engrasado - grease job
engrasador, el - grease cup- grease gun oiler
-- a pistola - grease gun
-- de compresin - grease cup
-- de gotas visibles - slghtfeed lubricator
-- de pistn - grease gun
engrasar - to grease, lubricate
engravar - to surface with gravel
engrudo - belt dressing- paste
enjuagar - to rinse- to backwash .filter/
enlacar - to shellac
enlace, el - interlocking- linkage- lacing- bond
enladrillado - brick work, bricklaying
-- reforzado - reinforced brickwork
enladrillador, el - bricklayer
enladrillar - to lay brick
enlatar - to roof with tin- to lath- to lag- to cleat
enlistonado metlico - metal lathing
enlistonar - to lath, to lag- to cleat, batten
enmohecerse - to rust
enrejado - grating, grillage- latticing- gri22ly-
.adj./ foul .rope/ kinked
-- de alambre - wire netting- wire mesh
enrojecido al fuego - redhot
enrollar - to wind, reel, coil
enroscar - to thread, to screw up- to coil, twist
enros!ue, el - threading- screwing up
ensamblaje, el - assembling, joining, joint,
framing
ensamblar - to assemble, frame, join, connect
ensamble, el - joint, assembly
ensanchar - to widen, enlarge- to ream
ensa&o - test, assay- trail, e0periment
-- al cho!ue - impact test
-- al jabn
-- a tinte - dye test
-- a la traccin - tensile test
-- de asiento - .conc/ slump test
-- de campa%a - field test
-- de doblado - bending test
-- de golpe - shock test- impact test
entalpia - enthalpy, heat content
entrecierre, el - interlock- partial closing
entrepa%o - panel- shelf
entrepilastra - spacing of pilastera
entropia - entropy
entubar - to pipe
envoltura - casing, jacket, housing- lagging
envolvente, el - casing, jacket
-- aislador - insulating, lagging
-- de caldera - boiler shell- boiler lagging
en&esado - plastering
en&esador, el - plasterer
en&esar - to plaster
e!uidistancia - spacing, pitch
e!uilibrar - to balance, counterbalance
e!uilibrio - e1uilibrium, balance
-- de calor - heat balance
-- dinmico - dynamic or running balance
-- esttico - static or standing balance
e!uipo - e1uipment, plant, rig- gang, shift
-- clasificador - screening e1uipment
-- de dia - day shift
-- de ingenieros - engineering party
-- de noche - night shift
-- de ocasin - used e1uipment
-- mudador de tierra - earthmoving e1uipment
-- proporcionador - .conc/ batch plant
-- suavizador - softening plant .water/
e!uivalente mecnico del calor - mechanical
e1uivalent of heat
ereccin, la - erection
erector, el - erector, steel worker
erigir - to erect, set up, build
erosin, la - erosion
erosionar - to erode
erosivo - erosive
error - error
-- de cierre - .surv/ error of closure
esbozar - to sketch
esbozo - sketch
escala - ladder- scale .of a drawing/- scale
.draftsman3s/- gage
-- absoluta - .temperature/ absolute or =elvin
scale
-- de ar!uitecto - architect3s scale
-- de emergencia - fire escape
-- de flotador - float gage
-- de millas - scale of miles
-- de octanos - octane scale
-- de sueldos - wage scale
escalafn, el - scale of wages- register of
employees
escalar - to scale .a drawing/
escalera - stair, stairway, ladder
-- de escape o de salvamento - fire escape
escaln, el - step, rung, stair tread- .e0o/ bench
escalonado - stepped- graded .gravel/
escalonar - to form in steps- .surv/ to offset
escantillar - to gage, measure- to lay out
escantilln, el - straightedge, screed, screed
board- rule- gage- template
-- de 'irmingham - <irmingham wire gage
escape, el - leak- e0haust- outlet- .rr/ siding
-- de incendio - fire escape
escarpado - steep, battered
escoba - broom
escobilla - brush- whisk broom
-- de alambre - wire brush
-- de alambres - wire commutator brush
-- de carbn - .elec/ carbon brush
-- grafitica - .elec/ graphite brush
escombrar - to muck, remove spoil- to clean up
rubbish
escombros - spoil, muck, rubbish, debris, dirt
escoria - slag, clinker
-- de cemento - cement clinker
escorias de alto horno - blastfurnace slag
escrepa - scraper
-- de empuje - bulldo2er
escritorio - desk
escuadra - s1uare- angle iron- .dwg/ triangle-
knee, corner brace, gusset plate
-- a - s1uare, at right angles
-- de esambladura o de unin - gusset plate
-- en T - T s1uare
-- fuera de - out of s1uare
escurridero - drain hole, outlet- drip- leak
escurrirse - to run off, drain- to leak
esfera - sphere
esfuerzo - stress- effort
-- admisible - safe or allowable stress
-- cortante doble - double shear
-- cortante simple - single shear
-- de aplastamiento - crushing stress
-- de apo&o - bearing stress .beam/
-- de compresin - compressive stress
-- de contracn - .conc/ shrinkage stress
-- de empuje - bearing stress on rivets or pins
-- de fle"in - bending stress
-- de prueba - proof stress
-- de rotacin - torsional stress
-- de ruptura - breaking stress, ultimate or
rupture strength
-- de seguridad - safe stress
-- de tensin - tensile stress
-- de trabajo - working stress
-- en la fibra - fiber stress
-- especifico - unit stress
-- fle"or - bending stress
-- limite de trabajo - allowable working stress
-- restante - residual stress
-- tangencial - tangential or hoop stress
-- unitario - unit stress
eslabn, el - link
eslabonamiento - linkage
esmaltar - to enamel
esmeril, el - emery
esmerilado - grinding
-- al aire o sin puntas - centerless grinding
-- en h$medo - wet grinding
esmerilador, el - emery wheel, grinder
-- de vlvulas - valve grinder
esmeriladora - grinder, honing machine
esmerilar - to grind- to polish with emery
espaciado - spacing- pitch .rivet/
espaciar - to space
espacio - space
-- libre o muerto - clearance .free space, or
dead space/
con spalda - back to back
-- con espalda - back to back
esparcir - to spread, distribute
esprrago - pin, peg- welding stud
esptula - trowel- putty knife, spatula
especificacin, la - specification
-- model o normal - standard specification
especificar - to specify
espejo - mirror- model
espeso - viscous- heavy- thick, dense
espesor, el - thickness- density- viscosity- gage
.sheet/- depth .slab/
espiga & campana o & enchufe - bell and
spigot
espoleta - fuse
-- de tiempo - time fuse
-- fulminante - blasting cap
espuela - spur- .rr/ siding- .tool/ point, spur
espuma - scum- foam, froth
espumar - to foam- to froth
es!uema, el - sketch, plan, diagram- scheme,
plan
-- almbrico - wiring diagram
-- de las cargas - load diagram
es!uemtico - diagramatic, schematic
es!uina - corner, angle
estabilizacin de suelos - soil stabili2ation
estabilizador, el o estabilizadora - stabili2er
estabilizar - to stabili2e
estable - firm, steady- stable .chem/
estaca - pile, sheet pile- stake
-- de cerca - fence post
-- de declive - slope stake
-- de rasante - grade stake
-- directriz, la - guide pile
-- limitadora de talud - slope stake
estacada - sheeting, sheet piling- fence
estacar - to stake out
estacin, la - station, plant- survey station
-- de bombeo - pumping plant
-- de fuerza - power plant, power house
estacionario - stationary
estadal, el - measure of length about ).)m-
s1uare measure about &&.; s1. m- level rod
-- de corredoera - level rod
-- estadimtrico - stadia rod
estadalero - rodman .level/
estallar - to e0plode, burst
estallido - e0plosion, outburst- crash
estandar - standard
estandardizacin, la - standardi2ation
estan!ue, el - reservoir, basin
-- almacenador - storage reservoir
-- de clarificacin o de deposicin - setting
tank or basin
-- de enfriamiento - cooling pond
-- de rociada - spray pond
-- decantador - setting basin
-- mezclador - mi0ing tank
esta%o - tin
estator, el - stator
estengrafo - stenographer
estilete, el - style, pencil of a recording
instrument- .dwg/ stylus, tracer
estimacin, la - an estimate, estimating
estimador, el - estimator
estimar - to estimate, appraise
estimativo - estimated
estirado - drawn .tubing/- e0panded .metal/-
stretched
-- en caliente - hotdrawn
-- en duro - harddrawn
-- en frio - colddrawn, harddrawn
estopa - burlap- oakum, caulking yarn
estopero - staffing bo0
estrenar - to run in .machinery/
estreno - running in .machinery/
estria - groove, fluting
-- de lubricacin - oil groove
estriado - fluted, ribbed- checkered .plate/-
serrated .gasket/
estriar - to groove, flute, knurl, score
estribo - abutment- buttress- .reinf/ stirrup,
hoop- .bldg/ joist hanger, bridle iron
estructura - structure- .conc/ forms
estructural - structural
estrujar - to e0trude
estucar - to stucco
estuco - stuco
estudiar - to study- to plan, design
estudio - study- design, survey
etano - ethane
etapa - .machy/ stage- station, stop
ter, el - ether
-- de petrleo - petroleum ether
etilo - ethyl
eti!ueta - label, tag
evacuar - to empty, e0haust, evacuate
evaluacin, la - valuation, appraisal- evaluation-
computation
evaporacin, la - evaporation
evaporador, el - evaporator
-- instantneo - flash evaporator
evaporar, evaporarse, - to evaporate
e"actitude, la - accuracy
e"apolar - .elec/ si0 pole
e"cavacin, la - e0cavation, out, digging
e"cavadora - e0cavator- power shovel
-- a cangilones - trench machine, bucket
e0cavator
-- acarreadora - carryall scraper
e"cavar - to e0cavate, dig
e"cntrica, e"cntrico - eccentric
e"citacin, la - .elec/ e0citation
e"citador, el - e0citer
e"citar - to e0cite, energi2e
e"cusado - water closet, toilet room
e"pandir - to e0pand
e"pansin, la - e0pansion
e"pansor, el - e0pander
e"plosin, la - e0plosion
e"plosivo - e0plosive
e"tender - to stretch- to spread- to lay out- to
draw up .contract/
e"tensin, la - e0tension- tension
e"tinguidor, el - e0tinguisher
-- a espuma - foam fire e0tinguisher
.:nderwriters approved/
e"tinguir - to e0tinguish
e"tractor, el - e0tractor, puller
-- de engranaje - gear puller
-- de muestras - sampler
-- de neblina - mist e0tractor
e"traer - to e0tract- to pull .piles/
e"trafino - e0trafine
e"trafuerte - e0trastrong, heavyduty
e"tragrueso - e0trathick, e0traheavy
e"trapesado - e0traheavy
e"trapotente - high power
e"trarresistente - e0trastrong
e"traviarse - to get out of line
e"tremo muerto - dead end
e"tremo a e"tremo outtoout, overall
e&ector, el - ejector, eductor
-- a chorro de agua - water jet eductor
-- a chorro de vapor - steamjet ejector
-- cebador - .pump/ priming ejector
-- condensador - ejector condenser
-- de agua a vapor - steamoperated water
ejector
:
fbrica - factory, mill, shop- plant- masonry- a
building
-- contral o generatriz - control station power
house
-- de acero - steel works
-- sider$rica - steel mill
fabricacin, la - fabrication, manufacture
fabricante, el - fabricator, manufacturer
fabricar - to fabricate, manufacture- to
construct- to process
factor, el - factor .all senses/
-- de absorcin - absorption coefficient
-- de amortiguacin - damping factor
-- de amplitud - amplitude or crest or peak
factor
de capacidad - .elec/ capacity factor
-- de capacidad de la planta - plant capacity
factor
-- de carga - .elec/ load factor
-- de carga de la planta - plant load factor
-- de carga de la red - system load factor
-- de demanda - .elec/ demand factor
-- de potencia - .elec/ power factor
-- de rendimiento - performance factor, load
factor .compressor/
-- de seguridad - factor of safety
-- de seguridad final - ultimate factor of safety
facturar - to bill, invoice- to check baggage
fachada - facade, front of a building
-- de caldera - boiler front
falda - slope, hillside
faldear - to make a hillside e0cavation
faldeo - side hill cut- slope of a hill
falso - false
-- pilote - pile follower
falla - failure, breakdown
-- estructural - structural failure
fallar - to fail
fango - mud, muck, silt- sludge
farol, el - lantern, lamp- head light
fase, la - phase .elec, chem, metals/
fasmetro - .elec/ phase meter
fatiga - stress, fatigue
-- admisible - allowable stress
-- con corrosin - corrosion fatigue
-- cortante o al corte - shearing stress
-- de compresin - compressive stress
-- de fle"in - bending stress- bending fatigue
-- de metales - fatigue of metals
-- de ruptura - breaking stress, ultimate strength
-- de seguridad o de trabajo - safe or working
stress
-- de tensin o de traccin - tensile stress
-- superficial - surface fatigue
fatigmetro - strain gage
fatigar - to stress
fnico - carbolic, phenic
fenol - phenol
ferreria - iron work- iron shop
ferroteria - hardware- hardware store- iron work
frrico - ferric
ferrita - ferrite
ferritico - ferritic
ferroacero - semisteel
ferroso - ferrous
ferrugineo - containing iron
frula - ferrule
fiador, el - fastener, retainer, toggle, catch
fianza - bond .surety/
fibra - fiber- grain .wood/
-- atravesada - cross grain
-- fina - fine grain
-- gruesa - course grain
-- recta - straight grain
fibras de vidrio - fiber glass
fibroso - fibrous
fichero - card inde0
fieltro - felt
-- asfaltado - asphalt felt, roofing felt
fierro - iron
-- angular - angle iron
-- canal - channel iron
-- forjado - wrought iron
-- fundido - cast iron
figura - figure
fija - trowel
fijar - to fasten- to fi0
fijo - stationary, fi0ed
filo - cutting edge- .topo/ ridge
-- de cincel - chisel point
-- de corte - cutting edge
filoso - sharpedged .tool/
filtrador, el - filter
filtrar - to filter
filtro - filter
fino - fine- light .oil/
finos - fines
finura - fineness, grain
-- del molido - .cement/ fineness of grinding
fiscalizacin, la - control, supervision,
inspection
fiscalizador, el - inspector, supervisor
fiscalizar - to control- to inspect
fisica - physics
fisico - physicist- physical
fisurarse - to crack
flama - flame
flanche, el - flange
flecha - shaft, a0le- spade of a concrete vibrator
flete, el - freight- freight rate- freight charges
-- debido o por cobrar - freight collect
-- pagado - freight prepaid
fle"ibilidad, la - fle0ibility, pliability
fle"ible - fle0ible
fle"in, la - bending, fle0ure
-- compuesta - compound fle0ure
-- pura o simple - pure bending
fle"ionarse - to deflect, bend, buckle
flculo - floc
flojo - slack, loose- unstable .ground/
flor de, a - flush with, level with
flotador, el - float
flotante, el - float- floating
flotar - float
fluidez, la - fluidity, li1uidity
fluidificar - to li1uify, flu0, fluidi2e
fl$ido - fluid
fluir - to flow
flujo - flow- flu0- .metal/ creep
-- de dispersin - .elec/ leakage flu0
-- inductor o magntico - magnetic flu0
-- laminar o viscoso - laminar or viscous flow-
streamline flow
-- turbulento - turbulent flow
fluor, el - fluorine
flus, el - flue, tube
-- de acero enterizo - seamless tubing
-- de caldera - boiler tube
fluseria - set of boiler tubes
fluvimetro - flow meter
flu&endo - flowing
foco - focus- focal point
-- elctrico o incandescente - incandescent
lamp
fogn, el - firebo0, furnace
foguear - to stoke a furnace
fogueo - stoking
fondo - bottom, far end, base, bed- depth
-- de la caldera - boiler head
-- del cilindro - cylinder head
-- del mbolo - piston head
-- de la rosca - root of thread
-- del la soldadura - root of weld
fondos - bottoms .oil/
fontaneria - pipework, piping, plumbing
fontanero - pipe fitter, plumber
forja - forge- forging
-- con martinete - dropforging
-- de banco - bench forge
-- de herrero - blacksmith forge
-- de soldar - welding or bra2ing forge
forjable - malleable, forgeable
forjado - forged, wrought
-- a martinete o a tro!uel - dropforged
-- en caliente - hotforged
-- en frio - coldforged
forjador, el - blacksmith
forjar - to forge- to roughplaster
forma - form, shape- .conc/ form
formar - to form
formn, el - chisel
frmula - formula
forrar - to line, sheath, cover, ceil, coat, face, lag
forro - lining, lagging, sheathing- casing-
bushing
-- aislante - insulation
-- centrifugado - spun lining
-- de cilindro - cylinder lining
-- de cojinete - bearing sleeve, bushing
-- de chumacera - bushing, liner
forros de zanja - sheeting, sheet piling
fortificar - to strengthen, brace, buttress, shore
fosa - pit- drain
-- sptica - septic tank
fosa - pit- drain
-- sptica - septic tank
foso - trench, ditch, pit
-- de succin - suction pit
fotoesttico - photostatic
fotografia - photography- a photograh
fotografiar - to photograph
fotogrametria - photographic surveying
-- area - aerosurveying
-- terrestre - terrestrial photographic surveying
fotomapa - photoplan, photomap
fotosttico - photostatic
fotstato - photostat
fracaso - failure- breakdown
fraccionador, el - fractionator
fraccionamiento de viscosidad - viscosity
breaking
fraccionar - to break down- to fractionate
frgil - brittle
fragilidad, la - brittleness
-- custica - caustic embrittlement
fragua - forge- blacksmith shop- .cement/
setting
-- final - final set .cement/
-- inicial - initial set .cement/
fraguado - forging- setting .cement/
fraguador, al - blacksmith
fraguar - to forge- .cement/ to set- to cure
.asphalt/
franco - open, free, clear- e0empt
-- a bordo o sobre vagn 8:A'9- free on board
.,></
-- de derechos - dutyfree
-- sobre muelle - free alongside .,AS/
franja - strip, band
fran!ueo - postage- prepayment- clearance
.machy/ relief, backing off
-- superior - head room, vertical clearance
frecuencia - fre1uency
frenar - to brake
freno - brake
-- para puerta - door check
frente, el - face, front
-- muerto - dead front .switchboard/
-- vivo - live front .switchboard/
fresa - bit, milling tool
fesado - milling
-- & taladrado - faced and drilled
friccin, la - friction
-- cintica o de deslizamiento - sliding friction
-- de arran!ue o de zafar o esttica - starting
or breakaway friction
-- de rodamiento - rolling friction
frotador, el - rubber
frotamiento - friction
-- de deslizamiento - sliding friction
-- de rodadura - rolling friction
fuera - out, outside
-- de ajuste - outofadjustment
-- de aplomo - outofplumb
-- de centro - offcenter
-- de escuadra - outofs1uare
-- fase - outofphase
-- de linea - outofline
-- de redondo - outofround
-- de servicio - outofservice
fuerza - force, power
-- al freno - brake horsepower
-- centrifuga - centrifugal force
-- indicada de caballos - indicated horsepower
funcionamiento - operation
funcionar - to run, work, operate
fundacin, la - foundation
-- corrida - continuous footing
-- ensanchada - spread footing
-- escalonada - stepped footing
fundamentar - to lay a foundation
fundamento - foundation, footing
fundente, el - welding compound, flu0
funderia - foundry, casting
fundido - cast- fused, melted
fundir - to cast- to melt- to blow out .fuse/-
fundirse, to melt, fuse
fusible, el - fuse
-- de accin retardada - timedelay or timelag
fuse
fusin, la - fusion
<
gafas de soldador - welding goggles
galactita - ,uller3s earth
galn, el - gallon
galvanizacin 8la9 por inmersin en caliente -
hot or hotdip galvani2ing
galvanizado al fuego o en caliente - hot
galvani2ed
galvanizar - to galvani2e
galvanmetro - galvanometer
gancho - hook
ganchos escaladores - climbing irons
garantizar - to guarantee
garfios de trepar - climbing irons, climbers
garganta - throat, no22le of ejector- groove,
channel
-- del )enturi - 5enturi throat
garra - clutch, catch, claw, grip
garrote, el - brake
garrucha - sheave, pulley, tackle block
-- de cadena - chain block or hoist
-- diferencial - differential hoist
gas, el - gas
-- acetileno - acetylene gas
-- cloacal - sewer gas
-- combustible - fuel gas
-- de boca de pozo - casinghead gas
-- de desperdicio - waste gas
- icuado de petrleo - li1uefied petroleum gas
-- natural - natural or casinghead gas
-- residualo seco - dry or residual gas
gases de deshecho - waste gases
gases de escape - e0haust gases
gaseiforme o gaseoso - gaseous
gasifero - containing gas
gasificar - to gasify
gasleo - gas oil
gasolina - gasoline
-- de alto actanaje - highoctane gasoline
-- de destilacin directa - straightrun gasoline
-- estabilizada - stabili2ed gasoline
-- mezclada - blended gasoline
-- natural - natural or casinghead gasoline
-- reformada - reformed gasoline
gastar - to wear, wear out, wear away
gasto - volume of flow- discharge- consumption-
wear
-- cr.tico - critical flow
gato - jack- rail bender
gaveta - drawer, locker- .auto/ glove
compartment
gemelo - twin, duple0, double
generador, el - generator
-- de espuma - foam generator
generar - to generate
girar - to revolve, turn, slue, swivel, swing,
rotate- to gyrate- to draw .draft/
giratorio - revolving, gyratory, rotary
giro - revolving- turn- revolution
gis, el - crayon
glicol, el - glycol
-- de etileno - ethylene glycol
gobernar - to control
gobierno - control
-- a distancia - remote control
golpe, el - blow, shock- .eng./ stroke
-- de ariete o de agua - water hammer
-- de aspiracin - suction stroke
-- de compresin - compression stroke
-- de compuerta - water hammer
-- de e"pulsin - e0haust stroke
-- de retardo - back lash
-- de retroceso - return stroke- backlash
golpear - to strike, pound- .eng/ to knock
golpeo - striking, pounding- .eng/ knock
por encendido - spark knock
golpetear - .eng/ to knock, hammer
golpeteo - knocking, pounding
-- del mbolo - piston slap
goma - gum- eraser
-- de borrar - eraser
-- elstica - rubber
-- esponjosa de borrar - sponge rubber
-- laca - shellac
gordo - .conc/ rich- .water/ hard- oily- bulky- fat
gota - drop .li1uid/
goteadero - drip
gotear - to leak- to drip
goteo - leakage, leaking- dropping- drip, leak
gotera - leak- eaves, gutter
gotero drip .sill/- weep hole
gozne, el - hinge
grada - step- stepladder
gradiente, el - grade, slope, gradient
grado - grade, class, rate- .machy/ stage-
.math/ degree
-- antidetonante - antiknock rating
-- de octano - octane rating
-- de pureza - .metal/ fineness
-- de velocidad - rate of speed
--, de un - singlestage .pump/
-- unico, de - singlestage
graduacin, la - gradation, graduation, grading-
.machy/ staging
-- cetnica - cetane rating
-- de presin - .turb/ pressure staging
-- de velocidad - .turb/ velocity staging
-- octnica - octane rating
graduador, el - gage- graduator- adjuster
grfica - diagram, graph
-- del indicator - .eng/ indicator card
grfico - diagram, graph, chart- graphic-
graphical
grafio - ruling pen
grafitico - graphitic
grafito - graphite
gramo - gram
grano - grain
-- cerrado - close grain
-- fino - fine grain
-- grueso - coarse grain
granoso, granular, granuloso - granular
grnulo - granule
grapa - clip- clamp- staple
grapn, el - clamp
grasa - grease- slag
-- de copa - cup grease
-- lubricante - cup or lubricating grease
-- para caja de engranajes - transmission
grease
-- para coppilla de presin - cup grease
-- para engranajes - gear compound
-- para in&ector - gun grease
grasera de compresin - grease cup
grasiento - greasy, oily
grava - gravel
-- en bruto - pitrun gravel
-- graduada - graded gravel
-- sin cribar o tal como sale - runofbank or
unscreened gravel
gravedad especifica - specific gravity
gravera - gravel pit or bank
gravilla - fine or pea gravel
gremio - labor union- craft union- trade, craft
-- del oficio - craft union
-- obrero - tradeunion- labor union
grieta - crack, seam- .lumber/ check
-- capilar - hair crack
-- decontraccin - shrinkage crack
gr$a - crane- derrick- hoist
-- atirantada - guy derrick
-- con pie de gallo - stiffleg derrick
-- corredera o corrediza - traveling crane-
traveling derrick
-- de aguiln - derrick- jib crane
-- de arrastre - dragline e0cavator
-- de brazo - jib crane
-- de brazos rigidos - stiffleg derrick
-- caballete - gantry crane
-- de camin - truck crane
-- de carriles - crawler or caterpillar crane
-- de contravientos de cable guy derrick
-- de orugas - crawler crane
-- de palo - gin pole
-- de pescante - jib crane
-- de piernas rigidas - stiffleg derrick
-- de portico o de portal - gantry or bridge or
portal crane
-- de poste - gin pole
-- de puente - traveling crane- bridge crane
-- de retenidas - guy derrick
-- diferencial - differential hoist
-- fija - derrick
-- viajera - traveling crane
grueso - thickness- thick, dense, heavy, coarse-
hard . water/- harsh .conc/
grupo - group- set
-- de carga - batterycharging set
guantes 8los9 de soldador - welder3s gloves
guardabanda, el - belt guard
guardacorrea, el - belt guard
guarismo - figure, number, cipher
guarnecer - to trim, fit out- to stucco- to line
.brake/- to bush .bearing/
guarnicin, la - packing- gasket- lining, curb-
.mech/ insert
-- de amianto - asbestos packing
-- del embrague - clutch lining
-- de freno - brake lining
-- espiraloide - labyrinth packing
guarniciones, las - fittings, trimmings
-- de conducto - .elec/ clamp fittings
-- divididas - split fittings
guia - guide
-- colorimtrica - .lab/ color chart
-- de espigar - doweling jig
-- de rotular - .draft/ lettering guide
-- de la vlvula - valve guide
-- para biselar - chamfer gage
guiar - to guide- .auto/ to drive
guillotina - a shear
gusano - drill bit- worm
+
habilitar - to e1uip, fit out, rig
haber - to make- to do
-- asiento - to settle
-- estacin - to fi0 a transit point- to set up a
transit
-- masa - .elec/ to ground
-- saltar - .blast/ to fire, shoot
hacha - a0, hatchet
hachazo - blow of an a0
hebra - grain .wood/- thread
helar, helarse - to free2e
hlico - helical
helio - helium
hembra - pipe cap- nut- female .mech/
-- de terraja - die for male thread
-- de tornillo - nut
hemisfrico - hemispherical
hemisferio - hemisphere
hendodura - split, crack- .lumber/ check
hender - to split- .lumber/ to rip-
henderse - to split- .lumber/ to check
hendible - easily split, clearable
hendidura - split, crack, seam- .lbr/ check
heptano - heptane
hermtico - water tight, air tight, hermetic
-- al aceite - oiltight
-- al vapor - vaportight, steam tight
herraje, el - ironwork, hardware
herramienta - tool
herreria - ironwork- blacksmith shop
herero - blacksmith
herrumbre, la - rust
herrumbroso - rusty
hervidero - water leg of a boiler
hervir - to boil
he"ano - he0ane
he"opolar - .elec/ si0pole
hidrante, el - hydrant
-- de incendio - fire hydrant
hidrocarbono, hidrocarburo - hydrocarbon
hidroformacin la - hydroforming
hidrogenar - to hydrogenate
hidrgeno - hydrogen
hielo - ice
-- seco - dry ice
hierro - iron- any iron implement
-- al ni!uel - corrugated iron
-- acanalado - corrugated iron
-- acerado - semisteel
-- angular - angle iron
-- batido - wrought iron
-- canal - channel iron
-- de desecho - scrap iron, junk
-- de fragua - wrought iron
-- de fundicin - cast iron
-- de lingote - ingot iron- pig iron
-- de primera fusin - pg iron
-- dulce - wrought iron- ingot iron
-- dulce de fusin - malleable cast iron
-- en bruto - pig iron
-- forjado fraguado - wrought iron
-- fundido moldeado - cast iron
-- = - ! beam
-- laminado - rolled iron
-- ondulado - corrugated iron
-- perfilado - structural shapes
-- soldador - a soldering iron
-- / - channel iron
-- vaciado - cast iron
-- viejo - scrap, junk
hilada - layer, course, .conc/ lift
hilera - purlin- ridgepole- .mas/ course
hilo - wire- thread- strand
-- de guardia - .elec/ guard wire
-- de plomada - plumb line
-- fusible - .elec/ fuse wire
-- piloto - pilot wire
hipoidal - hypoid
histresis, la - hysteresis
hogar, el - furnace, firebo0, home
-- abierto, de - openhearth .steel/
hoja - leaf- sheet- ply- blade- pane .glass/-
window sash
-- calibradora - thickness gage, feeler
-- de computaciones - work sheet
-- de cuchillo - knife blade
-- de elstico leaf of a spring
-- de empuje - bulldo2er
-- de latn - sheet brass
-- de madera - veneer
-- de sierra - saw blade
-- maestra - main leaf .spring/
-- metlica - sheet metal- metal leaf, foil
-- niveladora - scraper blade
-- topadora - bulldo2er
hojalata - tin plate- sheet metal
hojalateria - sheetmetal - sheetmetal shop
hojalatero - tinsmith, sheetmetal worker
holgura - .machy/ play
horas e"tras - overtime
horadar - to drill, bore, perforate
horado - drilled hole, through hole
horca - gallows frame- fork
horizontal - hori2ontal
horma - mold, form- dry wall
hormign, el - concrete
-- armado - reinforced concrete
-- elaborado - readymi0ed concrete
-- en masa - mass concrete
-- enjuto o magro - lean concrete
-- gordo o graso - rich concrete
-- pobre - lean concrete
-- reforzado - reinforced concrete
-- simple - plain concrete
hormigonada - a pour, lift
hormigonar - to concrete
hormigonera - concrete mi0er
-- automvil o de camin - transit or truck
mi0er
-- por cargas - batch mi0er
hornada - .met/ a melt
horno - furnace, kiln, oven
-- de caja - bo0type furnace
-- de combustin arriba - overfired furnace
-- de combustin lateral - sidefired
-- de combustin por debajo - underfired
furnace
-- de hogar abierto - openhearth furnace
-- de recalentar - soaking furnace
-- de tubos - pipe still
hor!ueta - yoke, fork of a road
-- & tornillo e"terior - .valve/ outside screw and
yoke .>S67/
ho&o - hole, pit
huacal, el - crate- cribwork
hueco - void, hollow, cavity
-- del ascensor - elevator shaft
-- de escalera - stair well
huelga - strike .labor/
-- patronal - lockout
huelguista, el - striker
huella - stair tread, track, rut- width of tread of a
vehicle
-- antirres baladiza o de seguridad - safety
tread .stair/
hule, el - rubber
humear - to smoke, emit smoke- to fume
humedad, la - humidity, dampness, moisture
-- relativa - relative humidity
humo - smoke, fume
hundir - to sink-
hundirse - to settle- to sink- to cave in
husillo - stud, mandrel, spindle, sheave pin
huso - drum, winch head
-- de torno - lathe spindle
=
idear - to design- to plan
ignicin, la - ignition
-- a contratiempo - back fire
por compresin - compression ignition
-- por chispa - spark ignition
igualador, el - e1uali2er
igualar - to e1uali2e-
igualdad, la - e1uality- uniformity- evenness
iluminacin, la - illumination, lighting
-- difusa - diffused illumination
-- pro&ectada - flood lighting- spot lighting
iluminar - to light, illuminate
imn, el - magnet
imanar, imantar - to magneti2e
impacto - impact
impenetrable al polvo - dusttight
impermeabilizacin, la - waterproofing, damp
proofing
impermeabilizante, el - waterproofing material
impermeabilizar - to waterproof
implementos - tools
impregnado de aceite - oilimpregnated
impresin, la - print, printing
impresora - printing machine
imprimador, el - primer .paint/
imprimar - to prime
imulsar - to drive, actuate, operate
impulsin, la - discharge- impulse, drive
impulsor, el - impeller, runner .pump/- tappet
-- abierto - open impeller
-- de admisin simple - singleinlet impeller
-- de paletas alabeadas - warpedvane impeller
-- de la vlvula - tappet rod
-- encerrado - shrouded or fully enclosed
impeller
-- semiencerrado - semienclosed impeller
impulsores opuestos - opposed impellers
impurezas - impurities
incandescente - incandescent
incendio - fire
inclusin, la - inclusion
-- de escoria - slag inclusion
gaseosa - .weld/ gas inclusion
incombustible - fireproof, incombustible
inconsistente, - unstable .ground/, loose, not
compacted
incorrosible - rustresisting, rustproof
incrustacin, la - scale, incrustation
incrustado - embedded, incrusted
incrustante, el - incrustant- scaleforming
incrustar - to embed- to form scale
indicacin, la - .inst/ reading
indicador, el - indicator, gage- annunciator- sign
-- de alineacin - alignment gage
-- de fases - .elec/ phase indicator
-- de flecha - deflection gage
-- de gasto - flow indicator
-- de golpeo - .eng/ knock meter
-- de nivel - level gage- gage glass
-- de presin - pressure gage
-- de tensin - .elec/ voltage indicator- tension
indicator
-- de tiro - draft gage
-- de tuberia - pipe locator
-- de vacio - vacuum gage
-- velocidad - speedometer- speed indicator
-- registrador - recording gage
indice, el - inde0- .inst/ hand
-- antidetonante - antiknock rating
-- cetnico - cetane number
-- de acidez - acid number or value
-- de compresin - compression ratio
-- de dureza - hardness number
-- de tarjetas - card inde0
-- octnico - octane number
inducci
induccin, la - induction
inducido - armature
inducir - .elec/ to induce
inductancia - inductance
inertes, los - aggregates
inestable - .struct/ .chem/ unstable
inflamacin, la - firing- .eng/ ignition
-- de chispa - spark ignition
-- espontnea - spontaneous combustion or
ignition
inflamar - to ignite-
inflamarse to take fire, ignite
inflar - to inflate
informe, el - report
ingeniar - to devise
ingenier.a - engineering
-- de campo - field engineering
ingeniero - engineer
-- asesor o consulting - consulting engineer
-- civil - civil engineer
-- de suelos - soils engineer
-- dise%ado - designing engineer
-- electricista - electrical engineer
-- encargado - engineer in charge
-- jefe o ma&or - chief engineer
-- localizador - layout engineer
-- matriculado - licensed engineer
-- mecnico - mechanical engineer
-- petrolero - petroleum engineer
-- pro&ectista - designing engineer
-- residente - resident engineer
ingenio - mill, plant
ingreso - entrance, ingress
inhabilitado - outoforder, broken down
inhibidor, el - inhibitor
injerto - .pip/ T- 7- branch
-- a presin - pressure tap
-- doble - cross
inmiscible - immiscible
inodoro - toilet .fi0ture/- odorless
inorgnico - inorganic
ino"idable - rustless, rustresisting
inseguro - unsafe
insercin 8la9, insertado - insert
inserto - insert- inserted
insoluble - insoluble
inspeccin, la - inspection
inspeccionar - to inspect
inspector, el - inspector
instabilidad, la - instability
inestable - unstable
instalacin, la - installation- a plant
-- sanitaria - plumbing
instalador, el - erector
-- de ca%eria - pipeman, plumber
-- de lineas - .elec/ lineman
-- electricista - electrician
-- sanitario - plumber
instalar - to install, erect, place, set
instrumental, el - set of instruments-
instrumental
instrumentista - .surv/ instrument man
instrumento - instrument
-- grfico o registrado - recording or graphic
instrument
-- indicador - indicating instrument
instrumentos de agrimensura - surveying
instruments
instrumentos de dibujo - drafting instruments
integrador, el - integrator, totali2er
intercambiador, el - interchanger, e0chanager
-- de calor - heat e0changer
intercierre, el - interlock
intercondensador, el - intercondenser
interenfriador, el - intercooler
interenfriamiento - intercooling
interfacial - interfacial
interfase, la - interface
intergranular - intergranular
interpolar - to interpolate
interruptor, el - .elec/ switch- circuit breaker-
relase- interruptor
-- al aire - airbreak or air switch
-- a distancia - remotecontrol switch
-- a flotador - float switch
-- automtico de circuito protector - circuit
breaker
-- de separacin o desconectador -
disconnect switch
-- en aceite - oil or oilbreak switch
-- maestro - main or master switch
intersticio -
intersticio - .turb/ clearance
intervalo - .elec/ gap
inutilizado - brokendown, outofplay
invertido - .sewer/ invert
in&eccin, la - grouting, injection
in&ectar - to inject- to grout
-- de cemento o de lechada - grout machine
-- de grasa - grease gun
isomero - isomer
isomtrico - isometric
isooctano - isooctane
izador, el - hoist, elevator
izaje 8el9, izamiento - hoisting
izar - to hoist- to heave
>
jalar - to haul, pull
jaln, el - .surv/ rod, pole- milepost
-- de mira - level rod
jalonar - to run a survey line
jalonero - rodman
jaula - cage- crate
-- de ardilla - s1uirrel cage .motor/
-- de bolas - ball cage, retainer
-- de cojinete - bearing cage
jefe, el - chief
-- de brigada o de e!uipo - .surv/ chief of party
-- de carpinteros - carpenter foreman
-- de compras de servicio - purchasing agent
-- de construccin - construction manager,
superintendent
-- de cuadrilla - s1uad boss
-- de dibujantes - chief draftsman
-- de estudios - chief designer
-- de ma!uinaria - master mechanic
-- de obras - works or project or construction
manager
-- de oficina - office manager
-- de operarios - labor foreman
-- de pro&ectos - chief designer
-- de taller - shop mechanic, master mechanic
-- de turno - shift boss
-- mecnico - master mechanic
jeringa - syringe
-- de grasa - grease gun
-- para aceite - oil gun
jornada - day3s work- shift
-- doble - double shift
jornal, el - wate, day3s wates
juego - set- .machy/ throw- .machy/ play,
clearance, lash
-- de la leva - lift of a cam
-- de motor & dinamo - motorgenerator set
-- de nuez - ballandsocket joint
-- de planos - set of plans
-- en vacio - lost motion
-- generador - generator set
-- lateral - side play
-- longitudinal - end play
-- muerto o perdido - lost motion, backlash
junta - drift pin
-- a inglete - miter joint
-- a tope - butt joint
-- atornillada - screwed coupling, threaded joint
-- corrediza - slip or e0pansion joint
-- de anillo - ring joint
-- de colado - .conc/ construction joint
-- de compensacin de dilatacin -
e0pansion joint
-- de construccin - construction joint
-- de cubrejunta - butt joint
-- de hule - rubber gasket
-- de montaje - field joint
-- de pasador - pin joint
-- de superposicin - lap joint
-- de trabajo - .conc/ construction joint
-- enchuflada - bellandspigot or maleand
female joint
-- giratoria - swivel joint
-- metaloplstica - metallic gasket
-- montada solapada - lap joint
-- resbaladiza - slip joint
>unta ?acional de Aseguradores - ?ational
<oard of ,ire :nderwriters
juntas
-- a rosca - screwed joints
-- alternadas - broken or staggered joints
juntar - to splice, join, couple
juntura - jont, splice
-- de pesta%a - flanged coupling
-- montante - vertical joint- field joint
-- para manguera - hose coupling
@
(erosina - kerosene
(ilovatiaje, el - power in kilowatts
(ilovatio - kilowatt
(ilovatio-hora kilowatthour
(ilovoltamperio - kilovoltampere
(ilovolt#metro - kilovoltmeter
(ilovoltio - kilovolt
A
laberinto - labyrinth
labio - lip, edge
-- cortante - cutting edge .drill/
labor, la - work, labor
laboratorio - laboratory
laboratorista, el - laboratory worker
labrable - machinable
labrado - dressing, machining- wrought-
manufactured
-- por llama - flame machining
labrar - to work- to dress, face mill- to
manufacture
-- en caliente - to hotwork
-- en frio - to coldwork
-- toscamente - to roughdress
laca - lac1uer- shellac
lacar - to shellac
ladeado - outofplumb
ladearse - to tip, get outofplumb- to tilt- to warp
ladeo - sway, tilting, sidesway
ladero - .rr/ siding
lado - side- let of an angle
ladrillado - brick work
ladrillar, el - brickyard- brick kiln
ladrillar - to lay brick, pave with brick
ladrillo - brick
-- aislador - insulating brick
-- alivianado - hollow brick
-- com$n o corriente - common brick
-- de fuego - fire brick
-- recio - common brick
-- refractario - fire brick
-- refractario aislante - insulating firebrick
lagrimal, el - weephole
laja - layer- stratum of rock- spall
lajeado - laminated
lmina - sheet, plate- sheet metal
-- acanalada - corrugated iron
-- de ballesta - spring leaf
-- de fibra - fiber board
-- de goma - sheet rubber
laminacin, la - lamination
laminado - laminate- rolled .steel/- laminated
-- a tro!uel - dierolled
-- en caliente - hotrolled
-- en frio - coldrolled
laminador, el - rolling mill- roll
-- acabador - finishing roll
-- de planchas plate mill
laminar - to roll .steel/- to laminate- laminated
.adj/
laminilla - scale .rust/, flake
-- matlica - metal foil
laminita - shim, small plate
lmpara - lamp
-- plomero o de soldar - blowtorch, gasoline
torch
lamparilla - small lamp- incandescent lamp
lana - wool
-- de asbesto - mineral wool
-- de cristal o de vidrio - glass wool
-- mineral - mineral or rock wool
-- ptrea - rock wool
lanzaarena - sandblast outfit
lanzamortero - cement gun
lapicero - mechanical pencil- pencil holder of a
compass .draft/
lpiz, el - graphite- pencil, lead for pencil or
compass- .elec/ carbon point
-- de maderero - lumber crayon
la!uear - to lac1uer
largo - length- long
-- desarrollado - developed length
-- total - overall length
lastrar - to ballast, weigh down- to surface with
gravel
latente - latent
lateral - .pipe/ lateral, 7- side .adj/
-- de reduccin - reducing 7 or lateral
latigazo - whipping of a cable
latn, el - brass- a large can
-- cobrizo - red brass
-- corriente - yellow brass
-- de aluminio - aluminum brass
lavado contra corriente - countercurrent
washing
lavador, el - washer
-- de arena - sand washer or tank
-- de gas - gas scrubber
lavar - to wash
lazo - loop, tie
lectura - .inst/ reading
lechada - grout- slurry
lecho - bed, stratum
leng-eta - tongue, lug- .rr/ switch point or blade-
.rr/ point of a frog- .mech/ key, spline
-- calibradora - thickness gage
-- paralela postiza - feather key, spline
& ranura - tongue and groove
lenta !uemadura, de - slowburning
lente, el - lens
-- ocular - .inst/ eyepiece, eyeglass
letrero - sign- .dwg/ title
letreros - .dwg/ lettering
leva - cam- dog, catch
levador, el - cam
levantador, el - lifter, elevator
levantamiento - survey- raising, lifting
-- altimtrico - topographical survey
-- de planos - surveying, mapping
-- estadimtrico ta!uimtrico - stadia survey
-- ordinario o planimtrico o plano - plane
surveying
levantar - to hoist- to survey- to lift, heave
-- una planimetria - to make a survey
-- una topografia - to make a topographical
survey
levantavlvula, el - tappet, push rod- valve lifter
levgiro - turning counterclockwise
libra - pound
libraphi, el - footpound
libre - free
-- al costado vapor - free alongside .,AS/
-- a bordo 8AA'9 - free on board .,></- loaded
on cars
-- de derechos - dutyfree
-- de impuesto - ta0e0empt
librementeapo&ado - simply supported
libreta - notebook
-- de campo - field book
-- de trazada - transit notebook
licuar - to li1uefy
liga metlica - alloy
ligar - to bond, tie- to alloy
ligazn, la - tie, fastening- .masonry/ bond
ligero - thin, light .oil/
lignina - lignin
lija - sandpaper
-- de barborundo - carborundum paper
-- esmeril - emery paper
lijadora - sandpapering machine- sander
lijar - to sandpaper
lima - file .tool/- .roof/ hip or valley, hip or valley
rafter
limaduras, limalla - filings
limar - to file- to shape
limite, el - boundary, limit
-- de elasticidad - elastic limit
-- elstico aparente - yield point
limo - mud, silt
limpia - cleaning- clean
-- por chorro de arena - sandblasting
-- por llama - .paint/ flamecleaning
-- por vapor - steamcleaning
limpiador, el - cleaner- stripper
-- al vacio de succin - vacuum cleaner
limpiaparabrisas, el - windshield wiper
limpiar - to clean- to strip, clear
limpiatubos, el - pipecleaning machine- tube
cleaner
limpiavidrio - windshield wiper
limpieza - cleaning, clearing- stripping
limpio - clean
linaza - linseed
lindero - boundary, border, property line
l#nea - line, track- onetwelfth of an inch
-- bsica de base - baseline
-- continua o corrida - .dwg/ full line
-- de cota - .dwg/ dimension line
-- de eje - a0is, center line
-- de fuerza - .elec/ line of force
-- de marcar - chalk line
-- de mira - line of sight
-- de montaje - production or assembly line
-- de punteria - line of sight
-- de punto & ra&a de puntos & trazos -
.dwg/ dotanddash line
-- de puntos - .dwg/ dotted line
-- de ra&as de trazos - .dwg/ broken or dash
line
-- de transporte de energia o de transmisin -
transmission line
-- frrea o ferroviaria - railroad track, railroad
-- interrumpida - .dwg/ dotted or broken line
-- limitrofe - boundary line
-- llena - full or solid line
-- media - center line
-- puntada o punteada - .dwg/ dotted line
-- !uebrada - .dwg/ dash or broken line
-- troncal - .rr/ trunk line
lingote, el - .met/ pig, ingot- bloom- billet
lintel, el - lintel
lista - list- strip
-- de empa!ue - packing list
-- de partes - .machy/ parts list
listn, el - lath, cleat, batten, slat- lattice bar
-- de cierre - sealing strip
-- de defensa - wearing strip
-- de enrasar - furring strip
-- para clavado - nailing strip
-- &esero - lath
listn-guia - screed, ground
listonado - lath, lathing
-- metlico - metal lath
listonar - to lath
listoncillo - lath
litro - liter
liviano - light .wt/
lbulo - lobe, lug- flange
localizar - to lay out, locate, place
lodo - mud- sludge
lodoso - muddy
lomo - ridge- shoulder of a road- .mech/ boss
lona - canvas- tarpaulin
lon
longitud, la - longitude- length
lubricacin, la - lubrication
-- a inundacin o por inmersin - flood
librication
-- a plena presin de presin completa -
fullpressure lubrication
-- a salpicn o por salpicaduras - splash
lubrication
-- de goteo dropfeed oiling
-- forzada - forcefeed oiling
-- por anillo - ring oiling
-- por mecha - wick lubrication
lubricador, el - lubricator
-- de alimentacin regulable - adjustablefeed
lubricator
-- de alimentacin visible - sightfeed lubricator
lubricante, lubrificante, el - lubricant
lubricar, lubrificar - to lubricate
luces, las - lights
lumbre, la - light- skylight- transom
lumbrera - opening- shaft- skylight- engine port-
louvre
-- de admisin - steam or intake or admission
port
-- de aspiracin - .pump/ suction port
luz, la - light, span, opening- clearance .bldg/
bay
-- trasera - tail light
AA
llama - flame
-- aeroacetilnica - airacetylene flame
-- carbonizadora - corboni2ing flame
-- de arco - arc flame
-- e"idante - o0idi2ing flame
-- reductora - reducing flame
llamar a concurso a licitacin - to call for
bids
llana - plain- plasterer3s trowel, mason3s float
llanta - iron tire, tire rim- tread- rubber tire- steel
flat
-- de refaccin o de repuesto - spare tire
-- de volante - flywheel rim
-- picada o ponchada - punctured tire
llantas de oruga - crawler tread, caterpillar
mounting
llantera - tire iron
llave, la - key .lock/- wrench- .mech/ key,
wedge- valve, cock, bibb, faucet- .elec/ key,
small switch- .masonry/ header, keystone
-- a botn a pulsador - pushbutton switch
-- a cri!ue - ratchet wrench
-- acodada angular - offset wrench- angle
-- de boca - openend wrench
-- de bridas - flanged valve
-- de cadena - chain wrench or tongs
-- de caja o de cas!uillo o de copa o de cubo
- socket or bo0 wrench
-- de ca%o - pipe wrench
-- de cola - fittingup or spud wrench
-- de compuerta - gate valve
-- de chicharra - ratchet wrench
-- de compuerta - gate valve
-- de chicharra - ratchet wrench
-- de cho!ue - impact or pneumatic wrench
-- de doble entrada o de dos bocas - double
ended wrench
-- de escape - e0haust valve- blowoff cock,
petcock
-- de golpe o de impacto - impact wrench
-- de macho - plug valve or cock
-- de media vuelta - plug cock- stop cock
-- de nivel o de prueba - gage cock
-- de paso - bypass valve- shutoff or line valve-
master key
-- de purga - blowoff valve, drain cock, pet cock
-- de retencin - check valve- shutoff cock
-- de seguridad - safety valve
-- de torsin - tor1ue wrench
-- de trabazn - .conc/ bonding key
-- de trin!uete - ratchet wrench
-- de tuercas - wrench
-- desconectadora - disconnect switch
-- indicadora - indicator cock
-- inglesa - monkey wrench
-- maestra - master or pass key
-- para boca de agua o para hidrante - hydrant
wrench
-- para tubos - pipe wrench
-- tubular - socket wrench
-- universal - monkey wrench
llenaderas - loading rack
llenador, el - filler plate
llenar - to fill
llevar - to carry, convey
-- una poligonal - .surv/ to run a traverse
lloradera - leak
lloradero - weep or drain hole- leak
,
macho - dowel- mandrel, shaft, journal, spindle-
sheave pin- sledge hammer- pier, buttess- tap-
plug valve- spud .vibrator/
-- llave - plug of a cock
-- de perno - bolt tap
-- de roscar o de terraja - tap
-- para tuberia pipe tap
-- & campana - bell and spigot
-- & hembra - male and female
madero - log- a timber
-- de escuadria - s1uared timber
madrina - shore, brace- stringer
maestra - .pipe/ main- screed, ground
.masonry/- girder
maestro - journeyman, master workman
-- de obras - construction manager-
superintendent
malacate, el - hoisting engine, winch, hoist
-- de hincar - piledriver engine
maleable - malleable
malla - mesh, screen- network
-- ancha - coarse mesh
-- angosta - fine mesh
-- de alambre o metalic - wire mesh
-- cerca - wovenwire fencing
mamparo - bulkhead
-- contraincendio - fire wall
mampostear - to build with masonry
mamposteria - masonry, stonework
mampuesta - a course
mandado - driven, actuated, controlled
mandar - to send- to control, drive, actuate
mandibula - jaw
mandil, el - apron
-- alimentador - apron feeder
mando - drive, operation, control
-- a distancia - remote control
-- a mano - hand control
-- de engranaje - gear drive
mandril, el - mandrel, spindle, arbor, driftpin-
broach- boring tool- chuck
-- de ensanchar - driftpin
-- de e"pansin - tube e0pander- e0panding or
cone mandrel
mandrilar - to bore- to roll .tubes/ to broach, to
drift .holes/
manecilla - hand of a gage- small lever, handle
manejabilidad, la - .conc/ workability
manejar - to handle- to manage- .auto/ to drive-
.eng/ to run, operate
manejo - handling- management- operation
-- a distancia - remote control
-- de materiales - material handling
manga - hose- .mech/ sleeve
mangas de soldador - welder3s sleeves
mango - shank, handle, grip
manguera - hose- inner tube
-- de incendio - fire hose
-- neumtica - air hose
-- para vapor - steam hose
manguito - sleeve, pipe coupling- bushing-
socket- small handle, chuck
-- aislante - insulating sleeve or coupling
-- de acoplamiento - sleeve coupling
-- de cilindro - cylinder sleeve
-- de unin - .elec/ splicing sleeve- coupling
sleeve
-- enroscada - threaded coupling
-- para soldar - welding sleeve
-- sujetador - .elec/ hickey
manija - handle- clamp- hand of a gage
-- para machos - tap wrench
-- para robinetes - cock wrench
maniobra - operation- control- handling
maniobrar - to operate, handle
manipular - to handle
manivela - crank, handle
mano, la - hand- .paint/ coat
--, a, - by hand
-- aprestadora o de aparejo o de fondo -
priming or filler coat
-- de campo - field coat
-- de obra - labor- workmanship
-- de taller - shop coat
manmetro - pressure or steam gage,
manometer
-- al vacio - vacuum gage
-- de agua - water manometer
-- de 'ourdon - <ourdon gage
-- de diafragma - diaphragm gage
-- de mercurio - mercury manometer
-- de tubo / - :tube manometer
-- marcado o registrador - recording gage
mantener - to maintain
mantenimiento - maintenance
manuabilidad - .conc/ workability
manuable - handy, easily handled- .conc/
workable
manubrio - crank, handle
manutencin, la - maintenance
mapa, el - map
-- topogrfico - contour map, topographical
plan
m!uina - machine, engine
-- a nafta - gasoline engine
-- a vapor - steam engine
-- borradora - .dwg/ erasing machine
-- calculadora - calculating machine
-- de dibujar - drafting machine
-- de elevacin - hoist
-- de encorvar - bending machine
-- de enroscar - threading machine
-- de escribir - typewriter
-- de imprimir - .dwg/ printing machine
-- de in&ectar cemento - grout machine
-- de sumar - adding machine
-- ;iesel - 8iesel engine
-- dobladora - power bender, bending machine
-- heliogrfica - blueprint machine
-- izadora - hoisting engine, hoist
-- motriz - prime mover
-- rotuladora - .dwg/ lettering machine
ma!uinar - to machine
ma!uinaria - machinery
-- caminera - road machinery, roadbuilding
e1uipment
-- de construccin - construction e1uipment
ma!uinista, el - hoist operator
-- de tractor - tractor operator, cat skinner
marca - brand, make- mark
-- de comercio o de fbrica o registrada -
trademark
marcas guias - erection marks- match marks
marco rigido - .struct/ rigid frame
marcha - movement, progress
-- de ensa&o - trial run
-- en vacio - idling- running with no load
-- muerta - lost motion, backlash
marchar - to go, move, function- to progress-
.machy/ to run, operate
mariposa - butterfly .valve/- wing nut
-- regulador de tiro - butterfly damper
marmita - small furnace, tar kettle, small boiler
maroma - cable, rope
martillar - to hammer
-- cincelador - chipping hammer
-- con bolita o boca esfrica o de bola - ball
peen hammer
-- de carpintero o de orejas o de u%a - claw or
carpenter3s hammer
-- macho - sledge hammer
-- neumtico - air hammer- jackhammer
-- para descanti
-- perforador -
-- rompedor -
martillo-cincel -
martillo-piln -
martinete, el - pile driver, pile or drop hammer
-- de caida - .piling/ drop hammer
-- forjador - trip or forging hammer
masa - mass, bulk- .elec/ ground
masilla - putty
masoner.a - masonry
masti!ue, el - mastic
matar - to bevel- to round off- .met/ to kill- .lime/
to slack- .elec/ to disconnect
matraca - ratchet
matricula - license
matriculado - registered, licensed
matriz, la - die, mold, form
mazo - maul, sledge
macnica - mechanics- machinery, mechanism
mecanismo - mechanism, gear
-- de control - .elec/ switchgear
-- de maniobra - operating mechanism
mecanizar - to mechani2e
mecangrafo, mecangrafa - typist
mecate, el - rope
mecha - fuse- wick- drill bit
-- aceitadora - oiling wick
-- de e"pansin - e0tension bit
-- e"tractora - tap or screw e0tractor
media - .math/ mean
medicin, la - measurement- mensuration
-- de comprobacin - .surv/ tie or check
distance
mediciones de referencia - .surv/ ties,
reference measurements
medida - measure, measurements- rule,
measuring tape
-- con calibrador - caliper rule
-- de tabla o para madera - board, measure
medidor, el meter- batcher, measuring device-
gage- .surv/ tapeman
-- cargas - .conc/ batcher
-- de corriente - flow meter
-- de deformacin - strain gage
-- de flujo o de gasto - flow meter
-- de golpeo - knock meter
-- de velocidad - speedometer
-- de voltaje - voltmeter
medidora de piladas - .conc/ batcher
medio - middle, mean
medir - to measure
megavatio - megawatt
megavoltio - megavolt
mejorador, el - .conc/ admi0ture
menos - minus
mercurio - mercury
mesa - table- stair landing- wall plate
-- de control - control desk
-- dibujo - drawing or drafting table
-- de entradas - an office in every @overnment
dept. where all docs are received for subse1uent
distribution
-- de trabajo - work bench
metal, el - metal- ore
-- antifriccin o blanco <abbit or bearing
metal
-- bsico - .weld/ base or parent metal
-- de aporte - .weld/ filler metal
-- desplegado - e0panded metal
-- estirado - e0panded metal- drawn metal
-- monel - monel metal
-- no ferroso - nonferrous metal
metlico - metallic, metal
metano - methane
metanol, el - methanol
metileno - methylene
metilo - methyl
mtrico - metric
metro - rule, scale- .meas/ meter, lineal meter
-- cuadrado - s1uare meter
-- c$bico - cubic meter
-- de tramos o plegadizo - folding rule
mezcla - mi0, mi0ture- mortar
-- a brazos - .conc/ hand mi0ing
-- delgada o pobre - lean mi0ture
-- grasa - rich mi0ture
mezclador, el - mi0er
mezcladora - mi0er
-- de lechada - grout mi0er or machine
-- de macdam bituminoso - bituminous mi0er
-- en camin - truck or transit mi0er
-- por cargas - batch mi0er
mezclar - to mi0
micrmetro - micrometer
miembro - member, piece
milsimo - thousandth
mina - mine, pit
-- de arena - sand pit
-- de grava - gravel pit or bank
mingitorio - urinal .upright/
minimo - minimum
minio - red lead
minutas - .surv/ notes
-- ta!uimtricas - stadia notes
mira - level rod- a sight
-- atrs - back sight
-- a adelante o de frente - foresight
-- de espalda - back sight, plus sight .level/
-- de estadia - stadia rod
-- de nivelar - level rod
-- ta!uimtrica - stadia rod
mirilla - small opening in a boiler door- small
window- .surv/ target- .inst/ peep sight
miscible - miscible
mitad, la - half- middle
modelar - to form, shape
modelo - model- pattern- standard- blank form
-- a escala - scale model
mdulo - modulus
-- de elasticidad en corte - modulus of
elasticity in shear, coefficient of rigidity
-- de finura - fineness modulus
molal - molal, molar
moldaje - forms, forming
moldar - to form- to mold
molde, el - form- mold- pattern
-- deslizante - .conc/ slip form
moldes, los - .conc/ forms
-- ensamblados en obra o hechos en sitio -
forms built in place
-- laminados o contraplacados - plywood
forms
moldeado - forming- formed
-- en el lugar - .conc/ cast in place
-- en el terreno - .piling/ cast in place
moldear - to cast- to mold- to form
moldeo - forming, centering- casting
-- centrifugo - centrifugal casting
-- en matriz - die casting
moldura - a molding
molcula - molecule
molcula-gramo - gram molecule, mole, mol
molecular - molecular
moledor, el - grinder
moledora - grinder
moler - to grind
molibdono - molybdenum
molido - grinding
molienda - grinding, milling
molino - mill, grinder
momento - moment
-- de fle"in o fle"ionante o fle"or - bending
moment
-- de inercia - moment of inertia
-- de vuelco - overturning moment
monofsico - .elec/ single phase
monofilar - singlewire
monolitico - monolithic
mon"ido carbnico - carbon mono0ide
montacarga, el - material hoist- winch,
windlass, hoisting engine
-- de cadena - chain hoist or block
montado en bronce - bron2emounted
montador, el - erector, steelworker
montadura - mounting, setting, erection- .boiler/
setting
montaje, el - mounting, erection, installation
montante, el - post, upright, stud- jamb, guide-
stile- vertical member of a truss- mullion
-- cornijal - corner post
-- de contencin - .boiler/ buckstay
-- de escala - ladder string
montar - to erect, assemble, mount, set
-- en caliente - to shrink on
montear - to lay out, make a working drawing of
montera - skylight- overburden
montn, el - pile, heap
-- de acopio de almacenamiento - stock pile
mordaza - clamp, jam
-- tirador de alambre - comealong clamp
.lineman/
morsa - vise
mortaja - mortise, socket
mortajar - to mortise
mortero - mortar
-- bastardo - mortar gaged with plaster of Aaris
-- hidrulico - cement mortar
-- lanzado - gunite
motobomba - pump and engine
motocamin, el - motor truck
motocompresor, el - motordriven compressor
motogenerador, el - motorgenerator
motogr$a - truck crane
motomezolador, el - .conc/ truck mi0er
motor, el - motor- engine- driving, motive
-- a combustin interna - internalcombustion
engine
-- a nafta - gasoline engine
-- abierto - open motor
-- blindado - totally enclosed motor
-- de anillo de anillos rozantes de aro
corredizo - slipring motor
-- de combustin - internal combustion engine
-- de cuatro tiemo - fourcycle engine
-- de e"plosin - gasoline engineer
-- de gas - gas engine
-- de induccin - induction motor
-- de inducido de jaula de jaula de ardilla -
s1uirrelcage or barwound motor
-- de inducido devanado - slipring motor
-- de potencia fraccionada - fractional
horsepower motor
-- ;iesel completo - full8iesel engine
-- en derivacin - shuntwound motor
-- en serie - serieswound motor
-- primario - prime mover
-- sincrnico - synchronous motor
motor-generador - motorgenerator
motorizar - to motori2e
movedizo - movable, unstable
mover - to move, drive, actuate
movido a correa - beltdriven
movido por motor - motordriven
mvil - portable, movable, mobile
movimiento - movement, motion
-- de tierras - dirt moving
-- perdido - lost motion
muebles 8los9 para ba%o - plumbing fi0tures
muela - grindstone, whetstone- grinder
-- de esmeril - emery wheel
muelle, el - spring- wharf, dock, pier- .rr/
platform
-- antagonista - recoil or reactive spring
-- de ballesta de hojas - laminated spring
-- de compresin - compression spring
-- de retorno - retraction or return spring
-- en espiral - spiral spring
-- tensor - tension or e0tension spring
muerto - deadman, anchorage
muesca - notch, mortise, groove
-- de chaveta - keyway
muestra - sample
-- fortuita sin escoger - grab sample
muestreador, el - sampler
-- de tierra - soil sampler
muestrear - to sample
muestreo - sampling
mufla - block and fall
-- con cadena - chain block
multicapa - multilayer
multifsico - .elec/ polyphase
multifilar - multiwire
m$ltiple, el - manifold- multiple
-- de admisin - intake manifold
-- de escape - e0haust manifold
-- efecto, de - multipleeffect
mu%n, el - journal, pivot, trunnion
-- de cig-e%al de la manivela - crankpin
mu%onera - socket- journal bo0, bearing
muro - wall
-- a prueba de incendio contrafuego
cortafuego - fire wall or stop
-- de apo&o - retaining wall- bearing wall
-- de carga - bearing wall
-- de cimiento - foundation wall
-- de contencin a gravedad - gravity retaining
wall
-- de cortina - .bldg/ curtain wall
-- de defensa - wing wall- parapet
-- de fachada - front wall
-- de retencin de sosten de
sostenimiento - retaining wall
-- divisorio - partition wall
-- refractario - fire wall
?
nafta - gasoline, naphtha
-- de alto octanaje - highoctane gasoline
naftalina - naphthalene
neopreno - neoprene
nervadura - rib- .roof/ purlin
nervio - rib- .str/ web- stay- purlin
neumtico - pneumatic tire- pneumatic
-- de repuesto - spare tire
nicromio - ?ichrome .alloy/
nicho - niche- .elec/ cubicle- .elec/ cabinet
niple, el - .pipe/ nipple
-- corto - short nipple
-- de largo minimo de resca corrida - close
nipple
ni!uel, el - nickel
ni!uelado - nickelplated
ni!uelifero - containing nickel
nitrogeno - nitrogen
nitruracin - nitriding
nivel, el - grade, level, elevation- .inst/ level
nivelacin, la - leveling, grading
nivelador, el - grader- .surv/ levelman
niveladora - grader, road scraper
nivelar - to level, grade- to run levels
nomograme, el - nomograph, nomogram,
alignment chart
norma - norm, standard, pattern
normal, la - standard, normal- perpendicular
normalizar - to standardi2e- to normali2e .iron/
n$cleo - core- nucleus
-- de c%amo - hemp center .cable/
-- de cordn metlico de torn de alambre
wirestrand core
-- del transformador - transformer core
nudo - knot .rope or lumber/- .truss/ panel point,
connection- coupling
-- apretado - .lumber/ sound or fast knot
-- blando - .lumber/ rotten knot
-- corredizo - running knot or bowline- slip knot
-- de presilla - bowline knot
-- de rizos derecho llano - reef or s1uare
knot
-- flojo - .lumber/ loose knot
-- sano - .lumber/ sound or tight knot
nuez, la - drill chuck- ballandsocket
n$mero - number
B
obra - work- job, project- structure
obrar - to work- to construct, make
obras - works- jobs
obrero - workman- laborer
-- diestro - skilled workman
obstruir - to obstruct, block
obturacin, la - plugging off
obturador, el - plug, stopper- .plumbing/ trap
obturar - to stop up, plug, seal
octagonal - octagonal
octgono, el - octagon- octagonal
octanaje, el - octane rating
octnico - octane .adj/
octano - octane
octavo 8un9 - one eighth
oferta - bid, proposal
oficina de campo - field office
ohmio - ohm
ojo - eye- opening, span, bay
-- de la escalera - stair well
olefinas - ofefins
leo - oil
oleoductos - pipeline for oil
oleosidad, la - oiliness
oleoso - oily
mnibus, el - bus, omnibus
--, barra - .elec/ bus bar
onda - wave- .elec/ surge, impulse
-- senoidal sinusoide - sine wave
-- sonora o ac$stica - sound wave
-- transversal - .vibration/ shear or transverse
or S wave
operar - to run, operate, work
operario - workman, laborer, operative
operar - to run, operate, work
operario - workman, laborer, operative
opresor, el - setscrew- cable clip
o!uedad, la - cavity, hollow- porosity
orden de compra - purchase order
oreja - lug, flange
orificio - orifice, hole
-- alargado - slotted hole
-- de admisin - .eng/ intake port
-- de aristas vivas de borde afilado - sharp
edged orifice
-- de drenaje - weep or drain hole
-- de entrada redondeada - roundedapproach
orifice
-- de escape - .eng/ e0haust port
-- de estrangulacin - throttling orifice
-- de purga - drain hole
-- de revisin - inspection hole
-- guia - pilot hole
-- sin contraccin - suppressed orifice
orilla - edge- .river/ bank, shore
-- cortante - cutting edge
-- de acera - curb
orillar - to trim, edge- to skirt
orinal, orinario - urinal
ovalado - oval, slotted .hole/
overoles, los - overalls
o"idacin, la - o0idation, rusting
o"idar - to o0idi2e- o"idarse - to rust
"ido - o0ide
-- de hierro - iron o0ide
o"igeno - o0ygen
C
pabilo - wick- packing
paila - boiler .small/- boiler plate
paileria - boiler shop
pailero - boilermaker
pala - shovel- blade- paddle- scraper
-- a vapor - steam shovel
-- de arrastre de bue& de caballo - drag or
slip scraper
-- de cable de arrastre - dragline e0cavator
-- de fuerza de potencia - power shovel
-- empujadora - do2er shovel
-- mecnica - power shovel
-- oval redonda - point shovel
-- punta cuadrada - s1uarepoint shovel
-- transportadora - carryall or hauling scraper
-- zanjadora - ditching shovel, trench hoe
pala-draga, pala-gr$a rastrera - dragline
e0cavator
palada - shovelful
palanca - lever, crowbar- arm of a couple-
purchase
-- de cambios - gearshift lever
palan!uear - to pry
palan!uita - small lever
palastrear - to trowel
palastro - steel plate- sheet metal
-- de ensamble - gusset plate
-- ondulado - corrugated sheets
paleador, el - shoveler
palear - to pound- to shovel
paleo - shoveling
paleta - small shovel- blade- trowel- blade
tamper- pallet- paddle- .turb/ wicket, vane- .turb/
bucket
-- acabadora - finishing trowel
-- de amasar - gaging trowel
-- de la hlice - propeller blade
-- de madera - .masonry/ float
-- de regulacin - .turbine/ wicket- guide vane
-- directriz o guiadora - .turb/ guide vane,
wicket gate
palomilla - wall bracket- bearing- journal bo0
-- de barandilla - handrail bracket
panales, el - .conc/ honeycomb
pandear - to buckle, sag, bulge
pandeo - buckling, sagging, bulging
panel, el - panel- bay of a building
pantalla - screen- .inst/ sunshade- .weld/ face
shield
pa%o - panel- cloth
-- de filtro - filter cloth
papel, el - paper
-- aislador - insulating paper
-- al!uitranado - tar paper
-- cuadriculado - crosssection or graph or
coordiante paper
-- de calcar - tracing paper
-- de carbn - carbon paper
-- de cartucho - .drafting/ cartridge paper
-- de dibujo - drawing paper
-- de edificacin - building paper
-- de esmeril - emery paper
-- de granate - garnet paper
-- de lija - sandpaper
-- embreado - roofing or tar paper
-- heliografico - blueprint paper
-- para juntas - gasket paper
-- para perfiles - profile paper
-- semilogaritmico - semilogarithmic paper
pa!uete, el - package- .met/ billet
par, el - .mech/ .elec/ couple- .bldg/ rafter-
.elec/ cell
-- de arran!ue - starting tor1ue
-- de fuerzas - couple
-- elctrico - electric moment- electric cell
-- motor de rotacin - tor1ue
-- trmico - thermocouple
parabrisas, el - windshield
parachispas, el - spark arrestor
parada - stop- obstruction- .elec/ outage- shift,
gang, crew
parado - steep
parador, el - .mech/ stop
parafango - mudguard
parafina - paraffin
parafinicidad, la - parafincicity
parafinico - paraffinic
parafinoso - containing paraffin
paragolpes, el - bumper, buffer- bumping post-
fender pile
paralela - parallel
paralelas de cruceta - crosshead guides
paralelar - to parallel
paralelo - parallel
paralizar - to stop, shutdown
parallamas, el - flame arrester or check- fire
stop or wall
parar - to stop, shutdown
pararra&os, el - lightening arrester or rod
paraviento - windshield
parchar - to patch
parche, el - patch
pared, la - wall
-- cargada de apol&o - bearing wall
-- corta fuego contra incendio - fire wall
-- de arrimo - curtain wall- partition
-- de relleno - curtain or panel or filler or
enclosure or apron wall
-- divisoria de separacin - division wall,
partition
-- divisoria parafuego - fire partition
-- maestra - main or bearing wall
paredn, el - thick wall
parejo - even, flush
paro - shutdown- breakdown- strike- lockout
-- obrero - strike
-- patronal - lockout
parte, el - report, communication
-- del accidente - accident report
-- del accidente - accident report
partidora de hormign - concrete or paving
breaker
pasada - .e0ch/ .weld/ pass
pasador, el - pin, cotter- tie rod
-- ahusado - taper pin, driftpin
-- de articulacin - wrist pin
-- del cigue%al - crankpin
-- del la cruceta - crosshead pin
-- de chaveta - cotter pin
-- de grillete - shackle bolt
-- hendido - cotter pin
pasamano - handrail, banister- gangway
paso - step, pace, passage- step, stair tread-
ladder rung- .mech/ pitch
-- circunferencial - circular or arch pitch
-- de hombre - manhole
-- regulable - .turb/ variable pitch
pasta - paste
-- de cal - lime putty or paste
-- de cierre - .elec/ sealing compound
-- de soldar - soldering paste
-- para correas - belt dressing
-- para vlvulas - valvegrinding compound
pasteca - snatch block, guide or lead block
patente, la - patent- license, permit
patin, el - shoe- brake shoe- skid, slide- base of
a rail- flange- leg of an angle
patitas de carnero - sheep3s foot .roller/
patrn, el - standard- template, pattern, jig
-- de agujerear - drilling template
-- de taladrar - drill jig
pavimentacin, la - pavings, pavement
pavimentar - to pave
pavimento - pavement
pedal, el - pedal, treadle, foot lever
pedernal, el - flint- niggerhead .stone/
pedestal, el - pedestal
-- de armadura - .struct/ truss shoe
-- de chumacera - .mach/ bearing pedestal
pedido - order, re1uisition- demand
pedregal, el - gravel bed- stony ground
pedrusco - boulder- cobble
pega - pitch, mastic, cementing material
pegada - blast, shot
pegar - to stock, glue- to hit, strike- to fire a blast
pegarse - to cohere, cake, stick, bind
pegar fuego - to set fire
peine, el - screw chaser, die for threading-
grooving tool- .elec/ comb, collector
-- para hembras - inside chaser
-- para machos - outside chaser
pelarse - to scale off
pelda%o - step, tread, ladder rung
-- de registro - manhole step
-- de seguridad - safety tread
pelicula - film
-- superficial - surface film
pelo - hair- fiber, filament- .inst/ crosshair
pendiente, la - grade slope, gradient
penetracin, la - penetration, punching .shear/
pena - peen of a hammer
pen, el - laborer- .mech/ journal, spindle
-- de alba%il - mason3s helper, hod carrier
-- de muelle - dock laborer, stevedore
-- de pico & pala - common laborer
peonaje, el - common labor- gang of laborers
peraltar - to raise- to bank .curve/
peralte, el - raising- depth of a girder- .stair/ rise
peralto - rise .arch/ .step/
percolador, el - filter
percolarse - to seep, percolate
prdida - loss
perfil, el - profile, section- a rolled steel shape
-- angular - steel angel
-- de canal - channel iron
-- de construccin estructural - structural
shape, rolled steel section
-- doble T = - ! beam
-- edafolgico - soil profile
-- en escuadra - steel angle, angle iron
-- laminado - rolled steel section
-- / - channel iron
perfiles corrientes - regular structural shapes
perfiles de ala ancha - wideflanged sections
perforacin, la - drilling, boring, perforation- drill
hole- rivet hole
-- de prueba - test boring
perforadora - drill
-- de ho&os para postes - posthole digger
-- de mano - jackhammer- hand drill
perforar - to drill, bore, perforate
periferia - periphery
perifrico - peripheral
perimetro - perimeter, girth
periodo - .elec/ period- cycle- stage
permiso - permit, license
-- de importacin - import permit
permutador trmico - heat e0changer
perno - bolt, spike, pin, stud
-- agarrador - clamp bolt
-- ciego clavado - drift bolt
-- com$n - machine bolt
-- de anclaje de cimiento - anchor or
foundation bolt
-- de ereccin de montaje - fitting up or
erection bolt
-- de grillete - shackle bolt or pin
-- de puntal - stay bolt
-- de sujecin - anchor bolt
-- ordinario - machine bolt
-- prisionero - stud bolt, tap bolt- anchor bolt
perpendicular - plumb bob- perpendicular
persiana - window blind, shutter- louver
perspectiva - perspective
pesa - a weight- counterweight
pesas de contrapeso - counterbalance weights
pesada, la - weighing
pesado - heavy- viscous
pesantez, la - weight, heaviness- gravity
pesar - to weigh
pescante, el - jib, boom- cab of truck
peso - weight- a scale
-- atmico - atomic weight
-- bruto - gross weight
-- dinmico - live or moving load
-- especifico - specific gravity- unit weight
-- esttico muerto propio - dead weight,
dead load
-- unitario - unit weight
pesta%a - flange, rib, shoulder- tire rim
pestillo - latch, catch- bolt of a lock
petrleo - oil, petroleum
-- a granel oil in bulk
-- combustible - fuel oil
-- crudo - crude oil
-- de alta gravedad - highgravity oil
-- dulce - sweet oil
-- parafinoso - paraffinbase oil
petrolizador, el - oil sprayer, road oiler
petrolizar - to oil .raod/, coat with oil
pezu%a - sheep foot .roller/
picada - survey line, line of stakes- staking out
picador, el - worker with a pick- operator of a
pneumatic tool
picadora - chipper
picadura - puncture- pitting- cut of a file-
roughening of a concrete surface
-- gruesa - rough cut .file/
picaduras - pitting
picar - to pick- to break, crush, to chop- .conc/
to roughen- to pit .rust/- to puncture tire/
picarse - to become pitted
pico - pick- spout, no22le- tip- beak of anvil
-- , a, - steep
-- bate - tamping pick
-- soldador - welding tip
pichancha - strainer
pie, el - foot- leg of a bent
-- corrido - running foot
-- cuadrado - s1uare foot
-- cuadrado de table - board foot
-- c$bico - cubic foot
-- de cabra - pinch bar, crow bar- claw bar-
sheep3s foot .roller/
-- de re& - foot rule- gage
-- de table - board foot
-- de talud - toe or foot of a slope
-- derecho - stud, upright, leg of a bent, post,
column, stanchion
-- por segundo - footsecond
pie-bujia, el - footcandle
pie-libra, el - footpound
piedra - stone, rock
-- afiladera aguzadera asentadora de
aceite de afilar de repasar - oilstone,
whetstone
--amoladera de afilar - grindstone
-- de cordn de guarnicin - curbstone
pierna - post, upright, leg- leg of an angle
pieza - piece, part, member- room
-- comprimida - .struct/ compression member
-- acordamiento - transmition piece
-- de acuerdo - .pipe/ fitting- transition piece
-- de armadura - .struc/ web member
-- de enrejado .struc/ web member- lattice bar
-- de m!uinas - engine room
-- de prueba - test piece
-- de repuesto - spare part
piezas de reserva - spare parts
pigmento - pigment .paint/
pila - basin- raised reservoir- water tap- pile,
heap- .blgd/ pier- .elec/ battery, cell
-- de acopio - storge pile
-- de e"istencia - stock pile
-- de pilotes - pile bent
-- termoelctrica - thermocouple, thermopile
pilar, el - pier, buttress- column, standard
pilastra - pilaster
pileta - sink, basin, trough- pool
-- de sedimentacin - settling basin
piln, el - basin- tower, trestle bent- drop
hammer
-- de gravedad - drop hammer
-- de vapor - steam hammer
pilotaje, el - piling
-- de retencin - sheet piling
pilote, el - pile
-- compuesto - composite pile
-- con resistencia de punta - pointbearing pile
-- de carga - bearing pile
-- de cimiento - bearing or foundation pile
-- de columna - endbearing pile
-- de ensa&o de prueba - test pile
-- de friccin - friction pile
-- encerrado - cased .concrete/ pile
-- inclinado - bater or brace pile
-- prevaciado - precast concrete pile
-- sustentador - bearing pile
-- vaciado en sitio - concrete pile cast in place
pilotes de palastro - steel sheet piling
pilotear - to drive piles
pincel, el - brush
-- para pintura - paint brush
pincelada - brush stroke- brush coat
pinchadura - puncture .tire/
pinchar - to puncture- to tap
pinchazao - puncture .tire/
pinta - pint
pintar - to paint
pintor, el - painter
pintura - paint, painting
-- al agua a la cola de agua fria - cold
water paint, kalsomine
-- al barniz - varnish paint
-- al leo de aceite - oil paint
-- aluminica - aluminum paint
contrafuego - fireresisting paint
-- de rociar - spraying paint
-- mate - flate paint
-- primaria - priming paint
-- vidriada - enamel paint
pinza - clamp, clip
pinzas - pinchers, nippers, pliers, tongs, forceps
-- con corte adelante - endcutting pliers
-- cortantes de filo - cutting pliers
-- cortantes al costado - sidecutting pliers
pi%n, el - pinion
pi!uete, el - stake- survey pole- picket
pi!ueteo - staking- piling- pile driving
pirlisis, el - pyrolisis
pirmetro - pyrometer
piso - floor, story- road bed- bottom
-- monolitico - concrete floor having finish cast
integrally with slab
pisonador, el pisonadora - tamper
-- de impacto - impact tamper
-- de relleno - backfill tamper
pisonadura - tamping, ramming
pisonar, pisonear - to tamp, compact, ram
pistola - pistol- paint sprayer- jackhammer
-- de arena - sandblast no22le
-- de barrenacin - jackhammer
-- de cemento - cement gun
-- de grasa - grease gun
-- lubricadora - grease or oil gun
-- neumtica - jackhammer
-- pulverizadora - spray gun- airbrush
-- remachadora - riveting hammer
-- rompedora - paving breaker
pistn, el - piston
pistonada - piston stroke
pistoneo - piston slap
pitn, el - no22le, spout- screw eye
-- atomizador - spray no22le
pivotar - to pivot
pivote, el - pivot
-- de direccin - .auto/ king pin, knuckle pin
placa - plate, slab, sheet
-- de apo&o - .struct/ bearing plate
-- de asiento - bearing or wall or base plate,
bedplate
-- de base - bed plate, base plate
-- de burbujeo - bubble tray
-- de cara - .struct/ face plate
-- de cubierta - cover plate
-- cu%a - liner- shim
-- de cho!ue - baffle plate
-- de defensa - wearing plate
-- de empalme - gusset or connecting plate
-- del fabricante - name plate
-- de frotamiento - wearing plate
-- de fundacin - base plate, bed plate
-- de junta - splice or gusset plate
-- de nudo - gusset or connection plate
-- de orificio - orifice plate
-- recubrimiento - .struct/ face plate
-- de relleno - .struct/ filler plate
-- de rozamiento - rubbing or waring or chafing
plate
-- de tubos - tube sheet, flue plate .boiler/
-- de unin - splice plate, gusset plate
-- deflectora - baffle plate
-- delantal - skirt plate
-- escurridiza - flashing
-- portatubos - tube sheet
placa-marca - name plate
plan, el - plan, scheme, design
-- de trabajo - construction program
plana - trowel, flat
plancha - plate, sheet, slab- plank
-- abovedada - .struct/ buckle plate
-- atiesadora - .struct/ tie plate
-- cizallada - sheared plate, plate with sheared
edges
-- de alma - web plate
-- de asfalto - asphalt smoother
-- de base - base plate
-- de canto laminado - milledge plate
-- de canto recortado - shearededge plate
-- de cubierta - cover or flange plate
-- de desgaste - wearing plate
-- de doblar - .pipe/ bending slab
-- de escurrimiento - flashing
-- de fondo - bed plate
-- de orificio - orifice plate
-- de unin - splice plate- gusset plate
-- estriada - checkered plate
planchita - shim, small plate
planialtimetria - contour map- topographical
survey
planimetrar - to measure with a planimeter
planimetr#a - planimetry- plane surveying,
mapping- ground plan, map
--, en, -- in plan
planimetro - planimeter
plano - plan, drawing- plane- flat, level
-- acotado - topographical plan- dimensional
drawing
-- altimtrico - topographical plan, contour map
-- azul - blueprint
--, de, -- on the flat
-- de colado - .conc/ fill plane, lift line
-- de comparacin de referencia -datum
plane
-- de ejecucin - working drawing
-- de taller - shop drawing
-- hidrogrfico - chart
-- maestro - master plan
-- topogrfico - topographical plan, contour
map
planta - plant, e1uipment- ground plan- floor
-- alta - upper floor or story
-- baja - ground floor
-- de fuerza - powerhouse, power plant
-- del piso - floor plan
-- de repuesto - spare e1uipment
-- desintegradora - cracking plant
-- estabilizadora - stabili2ing plant
--filtradora - filtering plant
-- generadora - electric power plant
-- filtradora - filtering plant
-- generadora - electric power plant, generating
statioin
-- hormigonera - .conc/ mi0ing plant
-- mezcladora de cemento - cementblending
plant
-- piloto - pilot plant
-- !uebradora - crushing plant
-- revolvedora - .conc/ mi0ing plant
-- seleccionadora - .aggregate/ screening plant
-- suavizadora de agua - watersoftening plant
-- vista - top view, plan
plantar - to place, set- to set up erect
planteo - layout, arrangmenet
plantilla - pattern, jig, template- screed-
subgrade- invert- .dwg/ ,rench curve
-- del canal - bottom, floor
-- de espesor - thickness gage, feeler
-- de filetear - screw chaser
-- de gu#a jig
-- de montaje - assembly jig
-- de rotular - .dwg/ lettering guide
-- de soldador - welding -jig
-- de taladrar - drilling template
-- de &eso - floating screed
-- sujetadora para soldar - welding fi0ture or jig
pla!uita - shim, small plate
plastocemento - plastic cement
plataforma - platform, road bed, subgrade- flat
car
platinos - .auto/ contact points
-- del distribuidor - distributor points
-- del ruptor - breaker points
plato - plate, disc- web of a wheel- face plat of a
lathe, chuck
plegar - to fold, bend- to snub .belt/
plena carga - full load
plena velocidad - full speed
pleno - plenum- full, complete
pliego - folder- file of papers- document
-- de condiciones - specifications, bidding
conditions
-- de licitacin - information for bidders- bidding
form
pliegue, el - ply, sheet- fold, bend
plomada - plumb bob
plomar, plomear - to plumb
plomeria - plumbing, lead work
plomero - plumber
plomo - lead- plumb bob
--,a, - plumb, vertical
-- tetraetilo - tetraethyl lead, ethyl fluid
pluma - pen- boom- gin pole
-- de dibujo - lettering pen
-- de gr$a - derrick or crane boom
-- para cable de arrastre - dragline boom
plumbito sdico - sodium plumbite
pobre - poor- lean .conc/- lean .mi0ture/
pocillo - sump, catch basin
poder, el - power, strength- authority
-- dielctrico - dielectric strength
-- resolutivo - resolving power .inst/
podrimiento - rot, rotting
podrirse - to rot, decay
polainas de soldador - welder3s leggings
polea - pulley, sheave
-- acanalada - sheave
-- de aparejo - tackle block
-- de garganta - sheave
-- de pesta%a - flanged pulley
-- diferencial - differential hoist, chain block
-- ranurada - sheave
-- poliestireno - polystyrene
polietileno - polyethylene
polifsico - polyphase, multiphase
polifilar - multiplewire, multiwire
polilla - termite
polin, el - roller- skid- ground sill- nailing strip on
!beam
polipaste, polispasto - tackle, block and fall,
rigging
-- diferencial - differential hoist
polisulfuro - po
polisulfuro - polysulfide
polivinilo - polyvinyl
polo - pole
polucin, la - pollution
poluto - polluted
polvo - powder, dust
plvora - powder, gun powder
polvorero, polvorista, el - blaster, powderman
ponchadura - puncture
ponchar - to puncture
poner - to put- .inst/ to set- .surv/ to set up
-- a tierra - to ground .elec/
-- aire - to inflate
-- el freno - to set the brake
-- en circuito - to switch on .elec/
-- en marcha - to start .machinery/
-- en obra - to erect, install
porcelana - porcelain
porosidad, la - porosity
poroso - porous
porra - maul, sledge
portaaislador, el - .elec/ insulator bracket
portaalambre, el - .elec/ wire holder
portabandera, el - .lev/ rodman, flagman
portabarrera, el - guardrail support
portabolas, el - ball or bearing race
portacadena, el - .lev/ chain man
portatubo - pipe hanger
porte, el - freight
-- a pagar - freight collect
-- pagado - freight prepaid
portezuelo - handhole
prtico - gantry- portal- .struct/ mill bent- rigid
frame
-- de claro m$ltiple - multiplespan bent
-- dentado - sawtooth bent
portillo - opening in a wall- weep hole- gate
portn, el - opening- large door- gate
posicionador, el - welding positioner, positioner
.inst/
postcalentamiento - post heating
postcondensador, el - aftercondenser
poste, el - pole, stud, column, stanchion
-- de agua potable - drinking fountain
-- de alambrado - fence post .wire fence/
-- de alumbrado - lighting standard, lamppost
-- de cabria - gin pole
-- de cerca - fence post
-- de farol - lamppost
-- de lmpara - lamppost
-- gr$a - gin pole- podestal crane
posteria - line of posts
postor, el - bidder
postura - bidding- a bid
potable - potable
potencia - power
-- a plena carga - fullload horsepower
-- al freno - brake horsepower
-- calorifica - calorific or heating value
-- consumida - input
-- de ane"in - .elec/ connected load
-- de entrada - input power
-- hidrulica - water power
-- indicada - indicated horsepower- rating
-- instalada - installed capacity
-- motora o motriz - motive poDer
-- $til - useful power
potencial, el - potential
potencimetro - potentiometer
pozo - well, pit
-- de ascensor - elevator pit
-- de aspiracin - suction pit
-- de decantacin - settling basin
-- de entrada - manhole
-- de escalera - stair well
-- de percolacin - leaching cesspool
-- de recogida - sump
-- de registro de visita - manhole
-- negro - cesspool
-- sptico - septic tank
prearmado - preassembled
prebombeo - cold springing, initial distortion
precalentador, el - preheater
precalentar - to preheat
precio - price
-- alzado - lump sum price
-- corriente de plaza - market or current price
-- unitario por unidad - unit price
precipitador, el - precipitator
-- de polvo - dust precipitator
precolar - .conc/ to precast
preencendido - preignition
preenfriador, el - precooler
preenfriar - to precool
preensamblado - preassembly
prefabricado - prefabricated
prefatiga - initial stress, prestress
prefatigado - prestressed
preignicin, la - preignition
premezclado - .con/ premi0ed
premoldeado - precast, premolded
prendas de proteccin - .weld/ protective
clothing
prensa - press, vise, clamp
-- a cadena - chain vise
-- de banco - bench vise
-- de curvar de doblar - bending press
-- de chapa caliente - hot press
-- de filtrar - filter press
-- de taladro - drill press
-- de tornillo - vise- screw press
-- dobladora - crimping or bending press
-- para ca%os - pipe vise
-- rebordeadora flanging press
-- recalcadora - upsetting press
-- taladradora - drill press
prensado en caliente - hotpressed
prensado en frio - coldpressed
prensaestopas, el - stuffing bo0
-- de laberinto - labyrinth stuffing bo0
prensar - to press
presaturado - presaturated
preservativo - preservative
presilla - clip, clamp- loop, bight
presin , la - pressure
-- a reventar - bursting pressure
-- asignada - rated pressure
-- de aplastamiento - collapsing pressure
-- a apo&o - bearing pressure
-- de ensa&o de prueba - test pressure
-- de estallido - bursting pressure
-- de rgimen - cooking or rated pressure
-- de trabajo - working pressure
-- manomtrica - gage pressure
-- media efectiva - mean effective pressure
-- no e!uilibrada - unbalanced pressure
prstamo - borrowed fill- borrow pit- a loan
presuponer - to estimate
presupuestar - to estimate, to budget
presupuesto - estimate- budget
pretratar - to pretreat
prevaciado - .conc/ prescast
primario - primary
primera destilacin, planta de - topping plant
primera mano - .paint/ priming coat
prisionero - setscrew, stud bolt, tap bolt, cap
screw
-- de cabeza hueca - sockethead cap screw
-- de resalto - shoulder stud
-- de rosca continua - continuousthread stud
bolt
-- de rosca doble - doubleend stud bolt
-- encajado - hollow set screw
-- espigado - pivotpoint set screw
privada - privy
privado - private
probador, el - tester- testing machine
probar - to test, to taste
probeta - test piece- test tube- buret
procedimiento - process, method, system,
procedure
proceso - process, processing
produccin la - production- product, throughput
producir - to yield, produce
producto - product, yield- income- thruput
-- de desecho - waste product
-- secundario - byproduct
profundidad, la - depth
profundizar - to deepen
profundo - deep
prolongar - to prolong- .dwg/ to produce
propano - propane
propileno - propylene
propuesta - bid, proposal, tender
-- a precios unitarios - unitprice bid
-- a suma alzada - lumpsum bid
propulsin , la - propulsion, drive
-- a cadena - chain drive
-- de engranajes - gear drive
-- por correa - belt drive
propulsor, el - propeller- impeller- propulsive,
driving
prorrogar - to e0tend, prolong
prorrogar - to e0tend, prolong
proteger - to protect
protuberancia - .mech/ boss
-- para cone"in roscada - .pipe/ tapping boss
pro&eccin, la - projection- designing
-- ortogonal - orthographic or orthogonal
projection
pro&ectar - to design, plan- to project
pro&ecto - design, plan- a project
-- de ejecucin - detail design
prueba - test- test piece
-- al cho!ue - impact test
-- al freno - brake test
-- de doblado - bending test .bar/
-- de fle"in libre - free bend test
-- de fluidez - pour test
de mella - nickbreak test
-- de pliegue en frio - coldbending test
-- en fbrica - mill test
-- por plegado - bending test
prueba de, a, - proof against
-- cidos - acidproof
-- agua - waterproof
-- aire - airtight
-- chispa - sparkproof, nonsparking
-- moho - rustproof
-- e"plosiones - e0plosionproof
-- fuego incendio - fireproof
-- goteo - drip proof, leak proof
-- polvo - dust proof
puente, el - bridge- .carp/ cap header
-- de alcantarilla - culvert bridge
-- del hogar - .furnace/ bridge wall, fire or flame
bridge
-- delantero - .auto/ front a0le
-- posterior trasero - .auto/ rear a0le
puerta - door- gate
-- contrafuego a prueba de incendio - .bldg/
fire door
-- de cerco - gate
-- de cortina articulada - rolling steel door
-- de hombre - manhole
-- incombustible - .bldg/ fire door
puesta - setting, placing
-- a punto - adjusting
-- a tierra - .elec/ ground connection
-- en marcha - .mach/ starting
-- en obra - placing, erection, installation
-- en servicio - putting into service
puesto a bordo - free on board .,></
puesto sobre vagn - loaded on cars
pulgada - inch
-- cuadrada - s1uare inch
pulidora - polisher, buffer
pulimentadora - lapping or buffing
machine
pulimentar - to polish- to buff- .valve/ to grind
pulir - to polish- to finish- to surface
pulsacin, la - pulsation- .elec/
surgir - .elec/ pulsa
pulsador, el - pulsator- push botton
pulsar - to pulsate
pulsativo - pulsating
pulso, a - by hand- .dwg/ free hand
pulsometro - pulsometer
pulverizador, el - pulveri2er- atomi2er sprayer
-- de pintura - paint sprayer
pulverizar - to atomi2e- to pulveri2e
punta - point- nail
-- coladora - point- nail
--, de, - on end
-- de aguja - .rr/ switch point- needle point
.compass/
-- de cabeza perdida - brad, finishing nail
-- de cajonero - bo0 nail
-- de los dedos, a - fingertip .control/
-- de flecha - .dwg/ arrow point
-- de Caris - common wire nail
-- de torno - lathe center
-- de vidriar - gla2ier3s point
-- fija - dead center
-- para hormign - concrete nail
-- rmbica - diamond point
puntal, el - shore, strut, prop, compression
member
punteado - pitted .rust/
puntiagudo - pointed, sharp
puntilla - finishing nail, brad
punto - point
-- a punto - pointtopoint
-- caliente - hot spot
-- caracteristico - .pump/ design point
-- cedente - yield point
-- de burbujeo - bubble point
-- de combustin - fire point- burning point
-- de condensacin - fire point- burning point
-- de condensacin - dew point
-- de congelacin - free2ing point- pour point
-- de cota fija - bench mark
-- de deformacin - yield point, elastic limit
-- de destilacin - distillation point
-- de ebullicin - boiling point
-- de encendido - ignition point
-- de fluidez - pour point
-- de fuga - .dwg/ vanishing point
-- de fusin - melting point
-- de ignicin - ignition point
-- de inflamacin - flash or ignition point
-- de infle"in - .struct/ point of contrafle0ure,
inflection point
-- de partida - .lev/ starting point
-- de rasante - .lev/ grade point
-- de referencia - .lev/ reference point datum
point
-- de rocio - dew point
-- de tangencia de trmino - point of
tangency
-- fijo altimtrico fijo de nivel - bench mark
-- muerto - dead end- dead center- .auto/
neutral position
-- obligado - .lev/ control or governing point
-- topografico de referencia - bench mark
-- & ra&a & trazo - dot and dash .line/
punzar - to punch
punzn, el - punch- .valve/ needle- pile spud
-- centrador de centrar - center punch
-- de marcar de puntear - center or prick
punch
-- para clavos - nail set
punzonar - to punch
pu%o - grip- door knob- handle
pureza - purity
purga - draining- venting- blowoff
purgador, el - blowoff, drain cock
purgar
purgar - to drain- to cleanse- to vent- to blow off-
to purge
purificador, el - purifier
purificar - to purify
E
!uebrado - .math/ fraction- broken- bankrupt-
.topo/ hilly
!uebrador, elF !uebradora - crusher
!uebrajar, !uebrajarse - to crack, split
!uebrantable - brittle
!uebrantadora - crusher- paving breaker
!uebrantar - to crush, break
!uebrar - to crush, break, rupture- to fail,
become bankbrupt
!uemador, el - burner
-- a chorro de vapor - steamatomi2ing burner
-- de petrleo - oil burner
-- de surtidores m$ltiples - multiple burner
-- mecnico - mechanicalatomi2ing burner
-- para combustibles m$ltiples - multifuel
burner
!uemar - to burn- !uemarse - to burn up, to
burn out .bearing/
!uiebra - crack- brankruptcy, failure
!uimica - chemistry
!uimico - chemist- chemical
!uitacostra - scale remover
!uitapintura - paint remover
!uitar - to remove take away- e0tract, take off,
strip
G
rabo - shank, handle- breech .tackle block/
radiacin, la - radiation
radiador, el - radiator
radiante - radiant- radian
radiar - to radiate
radio - radius, radium
-- de giro - bradius of gyration- turning radius
-- de viraje - turning radius
radioa"ial - radialthrust .bearing/
ra#z, la - root- .math/ root
-- cuadrada - s1uare root
-- c$bica - cube root
-- de la soldadura - root of weld
raja - crack, fissure, split- splinter, chip- .lumber/
check
rajable, rajadizo - easily split, fissile
rajadura - crack, fissure, split
rajar - to split- .pile/ to broom- rajarse - to crack,
split- .pile/ to broom
ralo - light, thin .li1uid/
rama - branch, arm- leg of an angle
ramas desiguales - une1ual legs .angle/
ramas iguales - e1ual legs
ramal, el - branch arm- strand of rope
-- a 45o o H - .pipe/ 7
-- a IJo o T - .pipe/ T
ramificarse - to branch off
rampa - ramp, slope, grade, incline
rana - .rr/ frog
rangua - socket- step bearing, pivot bearing
ranura - groove, slot .as in bubble cap/, keyway,
channel, rabbet, dado
-- de aceite - boil groove
de chaveta .mach/ keyway
-- de engrase de lubricacin - oil groove
-- para aro - piston ring groove
-- & lengueta - tongue and groove
ranuradora - grooving machine or tool- slotting
machine
ranurar - to slot, groove, rabbet, channel
rpida - chute, flume
rapidez, la - speed
ras, el - level, surface, plane
-- de, al, - flush with
rasador, el - straight edge, screed board
rasante, la - grade line, subgrade
-- con - flush with
rasar - to level, smooth off, strike off
rascaceite, aro - scraper ring .piston/
rascadera, rascador, el - scraper
rascar - to scrape, roughen
rasero - straight edge, screed board
rasgador, el, rasgadora - rooter, ripper
rasgar - to rip, tear
rasgueo - .dwg/ shading
raspa - rasp, coarse file
raspador, el - rasp, scraper- .pet/ stripper
-- de tinta - ink eraser
raspante, el - abrasive
raspa pintura, el - paint scraper
raspar - to scrape, rasp
raspatubos, el - tube cleaner- godevil
ras!ueta - scraper
ras!uetear - to scrape- to roughen
ras!ueteo - scraping
ra&a - line- boundary- payroll, day3s wages
ra&ado - ruling- laborer- fluted, scored ribbed
ra&ador, el - grooving tool- timekeeper
ra&ar - to groove, scratch, score- to pay off-
.dwg/ to hatch- to rule
ra&o - ray- spoke- stroke of lightening- radius
razn, la - ratio, rate
-- agua-cemento - watercement ratio
-- de delgadez - .struct/ slenderness ratio
-- de engranajes - gear ratio
-- de transformacin - transformer ratio
reaccin, la - reaction
reaccionar - to react
reactor, el - reactor- .elec/ reactor, impedance
coil- converter
rebabador, rebabeadora - chipping hammer
rabajado - recessed, offset- cut back .asphalt/-
.lumber/ plowed
rebajar - to decrease- to cut down, relieve,
rabbet, scarf, shave off, back off- to offset- to
neck down- to cut back, dilute- .struct/ to cope
rebaje, el - a cut
rebajo - offfset, rabbet, scarf- groove, recess
reblandecer - to soften- to cut back .asphalt/-
reblandecerse - to soften
reblandecimiento de agua - water softening
reborde, el - edge- dike- flange- .weld/ overlap,
roll
-- de acera - curb
-- del macho - .pipe/ spigot bead
rebordeadora - flanging tool
rebordear - to flange
rebosar - to overflow
rebotar - to rebound
rebote, el - rebound, resilience
recalcar - to calk- .struct/ to upset- .rr/ to tamp-
.masonry/ to point
recalce, el - underpinning, wedging
recalentador, el - superheater- reheating pan
.asphalt/
recalentar - to superheat- to overheat- to reheat-
recalentarse - .mach/ to run hot, heat up
recalentn - overheating
recmara - bedroom
recarga - recharging
recargar - .mech/ .elec/ to recharge
recargue, el - recharge- surcharge- super
imposed load
recepcin, la - acceptance, .of the job/
-- definitiva - final acceptance .job/
receptculo - .elec/ receptable- jack
receptor, el - receiver .all senses/
-- de aire - air receiver
-- del condensado - condensate receiver
-- telefnico - telephone receiver
recibidor 8el9 de aire - air receiver
recio - strong- coarse
recipiente, el - container, vessel- air receiver-
pressure tank
-- de acetileno - acetylene cylinder or bottle
-- de aire - air receiver
reclamador, el - reclaimer
reclutamiento - recruiting .labor/
recoccin, la - annealing
recocer - to anneal
recocido - annealing
-- completo - full annealing
recedo - bend
recogedero - collecting basin- drainage area
recogedor, el - collector
-- de aceite - drip pan
-- de cieno - sludge collector
recompresin, la - recompression
reconcentrado - a concentrate
reconcentrar - to concentrate
reconocer - to inspect
reconstruccin, la - reconstruction
reconstruir - to reconstruct, rebuild
recorredor 8el9 de la linea - .elec/ lineman
recorrido - route, path, travel, run- .eng/ stroke
-- del mbolo - piston stroke or travel
recortado a la orden - cut to length
recortadora - cutter- shear- shaper
recortar - to cut, cut off, cut away- .struct/ to
cope
recorte, el - cutting, a cut- .struct/ cope
-- en bisel - bevel cutoff
recortes - cuttings, chips
recta - straight line- .rr/ tangent
rectificacin, la - rectification
rectificador, el - rectifier .all senses/- grinder,
honing machine
-- de cilindro - .eng/ cylinder hone
-- de engranajes - gear grinder
-- de herramientas - tool grinder
rectificadora - rectifier- grinder, dresser
-- de barrenas - drill grinder
-- de fresas - cutter grinder
-- de machos - tap grinder
-- de mesa - bench grinder or dresser
-- sin puntas - centerless grinder
rectificar - to rectify- to rebore .cylinder/- to true
up
recto - straight- right .angle/
recuadro - panel
recubrimiento - lap, overlap- facing, covering-
road surfacing- coating- .reinf/ embedment
recubrir - to cover- to sheath- to lap- .auto/ to
recap
recuperable - recoverable
recuperar - recover- to reclaim
rechazar - to reject
rechazo - rejection
rechazos - rejects .screen/
rechinado - .mach/ s1ueaking
rechinar - to s1ueak
red, la - net, netting- network, system
-- de aguas corrientes - water system
-- de alambre - wire mesh
-- de distribucin - .elec/ .water/ distribution
system
-- de saneamiento - sewerage or drainage
system
redestiladora - redistillation or rerun column
redevanar - to rewind
redituar - to produce, yield
redondear - to round off
redondo - round
reduccin, la - reduction .all senses/- reducer
reducido - .piping/ reducer
reductor, el - reducer- reducing valve
-- de luz - .auto/ dimmer
-- de velocidad a engranaje cnicohelicoidal -
spiralbevelgear spped reducer
-- de velocidad a engranaje recto - spurgear
speed reducer
-- soldable - .pip/ welding reducer
reempa!uetar - to repack
reemblazable - renewable
reemplazar - to replace, renew, substitute
reensavar - to retest
reesmerilable - regrinding .valve/
refaccin, la - spare part, replacement
refaccionar - to repair
refiln, de - obli1uely, on the skew
refinacin, la - refining
refinado - refined
refinador, el - refiner
refinar - to refine
refineria - refinery
-- de petrleo - oil refinery
refinero - refiner
reflector, el - searchlight, headlight- reflector-
reflecting
reflejar - to reflect
refle"in, la - reflection
refluir - to flow back
reflujo - reflu0
reformacin, la - reforming
-- catalitica - catalytic reforming
-- trmica - thermal reforming
reformador, el - reformer, platformer
reforrar - to relign
reforzado - reinforced
reforzador, el - booster .all senses/
reforzar - to reinforce- to strengthen- .elec/ to
boost
refraccionar - refractionate
refractario - fireresisting, refractory
refractividad, la - refractivity
refrenar - to snub .cable/
refrigeracin, la - refrigeration, cooling
-- por absorcin - absorption refrigeration
-- por aire - air cooling
refrigerado por aceite - oilcooled
refrigerador, el - cooler, refrigerator
refrigerante, el - refrigerant
refrigerar - to cool- to refrigerate
refuerzo - reinforcement
-- de malla soldada - welded wire reinforcement
-- negativo - reinforcement for negative bending
moment
-- positivo - reinforcement for positive bending
moment
regalia - bonus- royalty
regar - to sprinkle, spray, water
regenerador, el - regenerator- stripper-
regenerative
regenerar - to regenerate .all senses/
regenerativo - regenerative
registrador, el - recorder
-- de demanda - .elec/ demand register
-- de esfuerzos - stress recorder
-- de flujo - flow recorder
-- de temperature - temperature recorder
-- de tiro - draft recorder
registrar - to record, register, enter- to e0amine-
to check .baggage/
registro - record, log- opening, handhole,
manhole
-- de chimenea - damper
-- de empalme de encuentro - .sewer/
junction manhole
-- de hombre - manhole
-- de inspeccin - manhole
-- de limpieza - handhole, cleanout hole
-- de mano - handhole
-- de tiro - damper
-- de vlvula - valve bo0
-- grfico - a graph
regla - rule, scale- straightedge, level board,
screed board- rule, precept
-- de clculo - slide rule
-- de curvas - .draft/ irregular or ,rench curve
-- de enrasar - straightedge, screed board
-- fle"ible - .draft/ spline, curve rule
plegadiza - folding rule
recta straightedge
T
-- T - T s1uare
reglamentar - to regulate
reglamento de edificacin - building code
reglilla - slide of a slide rule
regln, el - straightedge- measuring rod
regreso - return
regulable - adjustable- controllable
regulacin, la - regulation, governing- .eng/
timing
regulador, el - governor, regulator, adjuster,
controller- throttle valve
-- a presin de aceite - oilpressure governor
-- centrifugo - centrifugal or flyball governor
-- del agua de alimentacin - boilerfeed
regulator
-- de aire - .auto/ choke
-- de rbol - shaft governor
-- de bobina mvil - .elec/ movingcoil regulator
-- de bolas - ball governor
-- del campo - .elec/ field regulator
-- de carga - .elec/ load regulator
-- de la contrapresin - backpressure
regulator
-- de correa - belt takeup
-- de corriente - .elec/ current regulator
-- de disparo - disengagement governor
-- de estrangulacin de gollete - throttling
governor
-- de fre!uencia - fre1uency regulator
-- de gasto - rateofflow controller
-- de inercia - inercia governor
-- de mariposa - throttle valve
-- de nivel - level control
-- de presin - pressure regulator
-- de resorte - spring governor
-- de temperatura - temperature regulator
-- de tiro - damper, draft controller
-- de volante - flywheel governor
-- de voltaje - voltage regulator
-- del volumen del flujo - rateofflow controller
-- diferencial o dinamomtrico - differential or
dynamometric governor
-- registrador - recording controller
regular - to regulate, govern- regular
rehabilitar - to recondition, overhaul
rehervidor, el - reboiler
rehervir - to reboil
reja - rack, grating, grill
rejado - rating
rejilla - rack, grating, grid, grill, bar screen
-- del radiador - .auto/ radiator grill
-- de ventilacin - louver- ventilation grill
rejuntar - to point, fill joints
relacin, la - ratio, relation- report
-- agua-cemento - .conc/ watercement ratio
-- de amortiguacin - damping ratio
-- de compresin - compression ratio
-- de engranajes - gear ratio
-- de esbeltez - .struct/ slenderness ratio
-- de transformacin - transformer ratio
relai 8el9, relais8los9 - .elec/ relay
-- de sobrecarga - overload relay
-- de tensin - voltage relay
-- disparador - trip relay
relaminado - rerolled .steel/
relampaguear - to flash
relampagueo - flashing
rejejar - to taper, slope- to step back .wall/- to
batter
relevador, el - release, tripping device- .elec/
relay
relevo - relief, shift .men/- .mech/ relief, spare
releve, el - relief .map/
rellano - stair landing
rellenador, el - .struct/ filler plate
rellenar - to backfill, fill, refill
relleno - backfilling, filling, fill, earthfill- filler
remachacar - to recrush
remachado - riveting
-- de montaje - field riveting
-- de taller - shop riveting
remachar - to rivet- to clinch
remache, el - rivet
-- abocardado - countersunk rivet
-- ciego - blind rivet
-- de cabeza achatada - flathead rivet
-- de cabeza cilindrica - machinehead rivet
-- de cabeza de cono truncado - conehead
rivet
- de cabeza embutida - countersunk rivet
-- de cabeza rasa - flush rivet
-- de campo de montaje - field rivet
-- de taller - shop rivet
-- flojo - loose rivet
remandrilar - to rebore .cylinder- to reroll .boiler
tubes/
rema!uinado - refacing
rematar - to finish, top out- to take bids
remate, el - competitive bidding- top crest- pile
cap
remendador 8el9 de mangueras - hose mender
remendar - to patch- to repair
remojar - to wet, moisten, drench, soak
remoledor 8el9 - tubular - tube mill
remoler - to regrind- to grind
rendija - crack, crevice
rendimiento, redimientos - efficiency, output,
yield, duty- earnings
rendir - to produce, yield
renovable - renewable
renovacin, la - renewal, replacement
restato - .elec/ rheostat
-- de rejilla - grid rheostat
reostriccin, la - .elec/ pinch effect
reparaciones, las - repairs
reparar - to repair
reparo - repair, repairing- protection, defense-
obstruction
reparticin, la - distribution- division, section,
department
-- de las cargas - load distribution
-- de los esfuerzos - stress distribution
repartir - to distribute
repasadora - .carp/ finishing plane
repasar - to review- to revise- to recycle
repaso - review, revision- recycling
repavimentar - to repave
repelente, el - repellent
-- al agua - waterrepellent
-- al fuego - firerepellent
repellador, el - plasterer
repellar - to plaster, stucco
repello - plaster, stucco
-- ac$stico - acoustic plaster
repicar - .conc/ to roughen with a pick or
hammer and chisel
repi!uetear - .mach/ to clatter, chatter
repisa de ventana - window stool or sill
reposadero, reposadera - setting basin, sump
reposarse - to settle .sediment/
reposicin, la - replacement- .elec/ reset
-- manual - .elec/ hand reset
reposo - settling, depositing sediment
repuesto - recovery, replacement
repuestos - spare parts
resanar - .conc/ to patch and point- to mend
resbalar - to slide, slip, skid
resbalo - steep slide
resbaloso - slippery
rescatar - to recover, salvage
resecar - to dry- to drain
resfriar - to cool- .met/ to chill
residuo - residue- sludge
residuos - rubbish, garbage
resistencia - resistance, strength- .elec/
resistance, resistor
-- al aplastamiento - crushing strength
-- al cizallamiento a la cortadura - shearing
strength or resistance
-- a la compresin - compressive strength
-- a la e"tensin a la traccin o tensora -
tensile strength
-- al fallar a la fractura a la rotura -
breaking or ultimate strength
-- a la fatiga - fatigue resistance
-- a la fle"in - bending strength
-- a punto cedente - yield strength
-- a reventar - bursting strength
-- al rodamiento - rolling resistance
-- a la torsin - torsional strength
-- aisladora - electric or dielectric or insulating
strength
-- de arran!ue - starting resistance
-- de carga - compressive strength
-- de columna - .struct/ column strength- .pile/
point resistance
-- de frotamiento de rozamiento - frictional
resistance
-- de puesta en marcha - starting resistance
-- de punta - .pile/ point resistance
-- del suelo - bearing power of the soil
-- del viento - wind resistance
-- dielctrica - electric or dielectric or disruptive
strength, dielectric rigidity
-- especifica - unit strength- .elec/ resistivity,
specific resistance
-- final - ultimate strength
-- friccional frotante - frictional resistance
resistente - strong, resistant
-- al agua - waterresistant
-- a la friccin - antifriction
-- al fuego - fireresisting
resorte, el - spring .steel/
-- de ballesta de hojas - laminated spring
-- de espira cnica - volute spring
-- de tirabuzn - spiral spring
-- espiral - coil or spiral spring
respaldo - back- .weld/ backing strip
respirador, el - respirator
res!uebrajar, res!uebrajarse - to crack, split
res!uebrajo - crack, split, fissure
res!uebrar, res!uebrarse - to crack, split
res!uicio - crack, crevice, split, chink
restirador, el - drafting board
resumidero - catch basin, sump
retacador, el - calker
-- de relleno - backfill tamper
retacar - to calk- to tamp
reta!ue, el - calking- packing- tampering
retazos - scrap
retn, el - pawl, catch, dog, fastener
-- de aceite - oil retainer
-- de bolas - ball retainer .bearing/
-- de engrase - grease seal
-- de lubricacin - oil seal
-- de vidrio - gla2ing molding
retenedor, el - .mach/ retainer
retenida - guy, tieback- .elec/ bridle
reticulado - framework- framed
-- de alambre - wire mesh
retraso - retardation, delay- lag
-- de fase - .elec/ phase lag
retrete, el - water closet, toilet room, latrine
retroceso - backward motion
-- de la llama - backfiring- .weld/ flashback
retrolectura, retrovisual - backsight
reventar - to burst, e0plode, blow out-
reventarse - to burst- .blast/ to go off
reventn, el - blowout, e0plosiBn- chalk line
revestido de cemento - cementlined
revestimiento - lining, facing, sheathing,
surfacing
-- aeroceludar - aircell pipe covering
-- de embrague - clutch facing or lining
-- de taludes - slope paving, riprap
-- por rotacin - .pipe/ spun lining
revestir - to line, face, surface, coat
revisin, la - inspection, review, e0amination
-- aduanera - custom inspection
revocar - to plaster, stucco, to deny
revoco - plastering, stucco
revoltura - mi0ture- .conc/ batch- mortar
-- de comprobacin de contra ensa&o -
.conc/ check batch
-- de tanteo - trial batch
revolucin, la - .mach/ revolution
revolvedora - .conc/ mi0er
-- de camin - truck or transit mi0er
-- intermitente - batch mi0er
revolver - to revolve, turn- to turn over, mi0- to
agitate, stir
revuelta - winding- a turn
rezago - salvage material
ribera - river shore
ribero - dike, levee
riel, el - rail- track- ingot
riesgo - risk, ha2ard
-- de incendio - fire ha2ard
rigidez, la - stiffness, rigidity
rigido - rigid, stiff
rima - reamer
rimar - to ream
rimero - pile, stack
rincn, el - corner, angle .interior/- groin
rinconera - corner, angle- corner bracket- corner
piece
ri%n, el - haunch
roca - rock
-- picada - crushed stone
-- rodada - boulder
roce, el - friction
-- resbaladizo - sliding friction
-- rodadero - rolling friction
rociador, el - spraying no22le
-- de brea - tar spray
-- de pintura - paint sprayer, airbrush
rociar - to sprinkle, spray
rocio - spray- sprinkling- dew- light shower
-- de enfriamiento - cooling spray
-- metlico - metal spraying, metali2ing
rocoso - rocky
rodado - cobble, boulder- running gear- tread of
a wheel- rounded
-- tipo oruga - crawler tread
rodadura - rolling- rut- tread of a wheel
rodaja - sheave- small wheel, caster
rodaje, el - tread of a wheel- set of wheels
rodamiento - a bearing- revolving, rolling
-- de bolas - ball bearing
-- de rodillos - roller bearing
rodar - to revolve, roll
rodete, el - rotor, impeller, .pump or turbine/
runner- ring
-- impusor - pump runner
rodillo - roller
-- a vapor - steam roller
-- apisonador compresor - tamping roller
-- de pie de cabra pata de cabra - sheep foot
roller
-- guia - guide roller or pulley
-- loco - idler roller or pulley
-- tensor - tension roller, idler pulley
-- triburador - crushing roll
roer - to erode, corrode- to wear out
rojo - red
-- apagado - dull red
-- cereza - cherry red
rol, el - roller
roladora - roll, roller
rolar - to roll
rollo - log- roller- roll, coil
rompedor, el - breaker, crusher
-- de caminos - road ripper, rooter
-- de concreto neumtico - concrete or
paving breaker
-- a cilindros - crushing roll, roll crusher
rompepavimentos, el - paving breaker
rompepiedras, el - stone crusher
romper - to break, crush, rupture
-- juntas - to break joints
romperremaches, el - rivet buster
rompevientos, el - wind break
rondana - washer, burr
-- de presin - lock washer
rosca - thread- nipple- nut
-- a la iz!uierda o zurda - lefthanded thread
-- cnica - taper thread
-- cortada o labrada - cut thread
-- cruzada - crossed thread
-- de tubo - pipe thread
-- de perno - bolt thread
-- de tornillo - screw thread
-- hembra o matriz - remale or internal thread
-- macho - male thread
roscar - to thread, tap
-- a macho - to tap
rotacin, la - rotation, revolution
-- de"trorsa - clockwise rotation
-- sinistrorsum - counterwise rotation
rotmetro - rotameter
rotar - to roll- to rotate
roto - broken
rotmetro - rotometer
rotor, el - .elec/ rotor- .turb/ runner
-- bobinado devanado de arrollamiento -
wound rotor
-- en jaula de ardilla - s1uirrelcage rotor
rtula - hinge joint- knuckle
rotulacin, la - lettering on a plan- hinge joint
rutular - .dwg/ to letter
rtulo - tag, label- sign
rotura - fracture, breaking, rupture
rozador, el - .elec/ wiper
rozadura - friction, rubbing, chafing
rozamiento - friction, rubbing
-- cintico de deslizamiento - sliding friction
-- de rodadura por rotacin - rolling friction
-- esttico - starting friction
rueda - wheel- .turb/ runner
-- achatada - flat wheel
-- de amolar - grinding wheel
-- de garganta - sheave
-- dentada - gear- sprocket- chain pulley
-- esmeril - emery wheel
-- e"cntrica - cam or eccentric wheel
ruido - noise
rumbo - direction, route, course- compass
bearing
ruptura - rupture, breaking, failure
S
sacapuntas, el - pencil sharpener
sacar - to pull out, draw, e0tract, take away
-- una muestra - to take a sample
sacudida - shaking
sacudir - to shake
sala - room
-- de dibujo - drafting room
salida - outlet, mouth, outfall- .elec/ outlet-
.bldg/ e0it
-- de incendio - fire escape
salirse - to leak
salpicadura - .lubr/ splash- .weld/ spatter,
splatter
salpicar - to splash- .weld/ to spatter
salto - fall
sangrar - to bleed
saponificar - to saponify
saturacin, la - saturation
saturadora - saturator
saturar - to saturate
secado al aire - airdried, air seasoned
secado al horno - kilndried
secador secadora - drier
secar - to dry- to season
secarse to dry out, become dry
seccin, la - section
seccionado seccional - sectional
seccionar - to section- to crosssection
seco - dry
seco&a - redwood
secundario - secondary
sedimentable - settling, settleable .solids/
sedimentacin, la - sedimentation, sett silting
up
sedimentar - to deposit silt- to cause to settle
segregacin - .conc/ segregation
segueta mecnica - power saw
segueta para arco - hacksaw blade
segueta para fierro - hacksaw
segundos de viscosidad Sa&bolt - Saybolt
seconds
seguro - .mech/ pawl, dog, latch, stop
insurance
sellar - to seal, close
sello - seal
-- a presin - pressure seal
-- de grasa - grease seal
-- de lubricatin de aceite - oil seal
semforo - signal .light/
semicirculo - semicircle
semieliptico - semielliptical
semiesfera - hemisphere
semirredondo - half round
sencillo - single, simple
seno - sine- slack of rope- sag, bight
-- de onda - trough of a wave
senoidal - .adj/ sine
sensibilidad, la - .inst/ sensitivity,
responsiveness, smallest reading
sensitividad, la - sensitivity
se%al, la - signal, sign
se%alar - to signal- to place signs
separador, el - separator- spreader, spacer
-- de aceite - oil separator
separadora - separator, classifier
sptico - septic
serie, la - series
-- electro!uimica electropotencial -
electronotive series
-- parafincia - paraffin series
serpentin, el - .pipe/ coil, worm
-- calentador - heating coil
-- enfriador de refrigeracin - cooling coil
serrin, el - saw dust
serrucho - hand saw- crosscut saw
-- de cortar a inglete - miter saw
servicio - service- duty
-- pesado - heavy duty
sesgar - to skew- to chamfer, bevel
sesgo - skew
sierra - saw
-- circular de disco - circular or bu22 saw
-- corta metal de arco para metales -
hacksaw
-- de cadena - chain saw
-- de cinta de cordn huincha o sin fin -
band saw
sifn, el - siphon- trap
sifonar - to siphon
signo - sign, mark, signal, symbol
silbido - whistle
silbato - whistle signal- .elec/ hissing .arc/,
whistling
silenciador, el - silencer, muffler
silice gelatinosa - silica gel
silla - saddle, chair
simbolo - symbol
simple - single, simple
-- efecto, de - singleacting
sin condensacin - noncondensing
sin costura - seamless
sin chispas - sparkless
sin retorno - non return .trap/
sincrnico - .elec/ synchronous
sincronizador, el - synchroni2er
sincronizar - to synchroni2e
sincrono - synchronous
sindicato - syndicate
-- gremial - tradeunion, labor union
-- iindustrial - industrial union
-- obrero - labor union
siniestra - lefthand
sintesis, la - synthesis
sinttico - synthetic
sintetizar - to synthesi2e
sismico - seismic
sismo - earth1uake
sistema, el - system
-- a vacio - vacuum system
-- cloacal - sewer system, sewerage
-- de enfriamiento - cooling system
sobrecalentador, el - superheater
sobrecalentar - to overheat- to superheat
sobrecarga - surcharge- overload- live load-
overburden
sobrecargar - to overload- to surcharge- .elec/
to
sobrecosto - fee on costplus contract
sobreedificar - to build on top of
sobreelevacin, la - superlevation- increase in
height
sobrenfriar - to supercool- to overcool
sobreesfuerzo - overstress
sobrefatiga - overstress
sobrefatigar - to overstress
sobreintensidad, la - overvoltage
sobrejunta - splice plate, butt strap, scab
sobrejuntar - to splice with butt straps- to scab
sobremedida - oversi2e
sobremonta - .weld/ overlap
sobrenadar - to float
sobrepeso - overweight
sobrepresin, la - e0cess pressure
sobresaliente - overhanging, projecting
sobresalir - to overhang, jut out, project
sobresaturado - supersaturated
sobrestante, el - foreman
sobretama%o - oversi2e
sobretensin - overvoltage
sobretiempo - overtime
sobreverterse - to overflow
socavar - to undermine- to e0cavate- .hyd/ to
scour, undercut
soclo - footing
soda custica caustic soda
soga - rope
solapa - lap
solapadura - lap
solapar - to lap, overlap
solar, el - plot, lot
soldabilidad, la - weldability
soldable - weldable
soldado - welded, soldered
-- a solapa - lapwelded
-- a tope - buttwelded
-- por recubrimiento por superposicin -
lapwelded
soldador, el - welder- soldering iron
soldadora - welding outfit
soldadura - welding, soldering- solder- welding
compound- a weld
-- al arco - arc welding
-- a gas - gas welding
-- a horno - furnace weld
-- con arco de hidrgeno atmico - atomic
hydrogen welding
-- con filete - fillet weld
-- de arco protegido - shieldedarc welding
-- de cu%a - plug weld
-- de electrodo cubierto- coveredelectrode
welding
-- de esprragos - stud welding
-- de forja a mano del herrero - blacksmith
welding
-- de montaje - field weld
-- de obturacin de sello - seal welding
-- de paso multiple - multipass weld
-- de paso simple - singlepass weld
-- de plata - silver solder- silver bra2ing
-- de plomero - plumber3s solder
-- de prueba - test weld
-- de solapa - lap weld, lapwelding
-- de tapn - plug weld
-- en ngulo interior - fillet weld
-- en posicin plana - downhand welding
-- estancadora - seal weld
-- fuerte - bra2ing or hard solder- bra2ing
-- fundente - welding compound
-- intermitente - intermittent weld
-- oblonga - slot weld
-- o"hidrica al arco - atomic hydrogen welding
-- o"iacetilenica - o0yacetylene welding
-- punteada por puntos - spot or tack or
intermittent welding
-- salteada - skip weld, staggard intermittent
welding
-- sobrecabeza - overhead weld
soldaje, el - welding
soldar - to weld, solder, bra2e, sweat
-- con latn con soldadura fuerte en
fuerte - to bra2e
solenoide, el - solenoid
solera - sill, sole piece- .hyd/ invert- a steel flat-
floor tile- curb
-- de fondo - sill, ground plate, ground sill
-- de puerta - saddle, threshold, door sill
-- de ventana - window sill
solidificar - to solidify
slido - solid
soltar - to loosen, release, let go
solubilidad, la
solubilidad, la - solubility
soluble - soluble
solucin, la - solution
solvente, el - solvent
sombreado - .dwg/ shading
sonda - drill, earth auger
sondar, sondear - to make borings, to drill- to
take soundings
sondeo - boring- sounding- drilling
soplador, el - blower, ventilator
sopladura - blowhole .casting/
soplar - to blow
soplete - blowtorch, welding torch
-- atomizador - paint sprayer
-- cortador - cutting torch
-- de arena - sandblast
-- de perdigones - shot blast
-- o"iacetilnico - o0yacetylene torch
sopletear - to weld with a torch- to solder
soplo - blast
soportar - to support, carry
soporte, el - support, bearing, standard
-- colgante - hanger
-- de cu%a - knifeedge bearing
-- de rodillos - e0pansion bearing, roller support
-- e"terior - outboard bearing
sordo - soundproof
sostn, el - small pier, support
sostener - to support
stano - cellar, basement
suave - smooth- soft .water/- mild .steel/- easy
.curve/- light .grade/
suavizador, el - water softener
suavizar - to soften .water/- to flatten .slope/
subalimentador, el - .elec/ subfeeder
subasta - competetive bidding
subastar - to take bids- to auction
subcontratar - to subcontract
subestacin, la - .elec/ substation
subestructura - substructure
subida - ascent, upgrade, rise
subsanar - to repair- to correct- .conc/ to patch
and point
subsuperficial, la - subsurface
sub&acente - underlying
succin, la - suction
-- al e"tremo - end suction
-- lateral - side suction
suelo - floor- ground, soil- bottom
-- falso - filled ground
sufrir - to carry, support
sujecin, la - fastening
sujetaalambre, el - wire holder or clip
sujetacable, el - cable clip
sujetador, el - fastener, clip, clamp, anchor
sujetadora - clip, clamp, fastener
sujetafusible, el - .elec/ fuse clip
sujetatubos, el - pipe clamp
sulfato - sulfate
sulfuro - sulfide
sumadora - adding machine
sumar - to add- to recapitulate
sumersin, la - submersion, submergence-
.paint/ dipping- .metal/ 1uenching
sumidero - sump, catch basin- cesspool- sink
supercargador, el - supercharger
superconstruccin, la la superestructura -
superstructure
superficie, la - surface, area
-- calrica de caldeo - heating surface
-- de apo&o - bearing area
superfraccionador, el - superfractionator
supersaturar - to supersaturate
surtidor, el - jet- supply pipe- spout, no22le
surtir - to furnish, supply- to spout, spurt
suspender - to hand, suspend
suspensin, la - suspension
suspenso - suspended, hanging
suspensor, el - hanger
-- de muelle - spring hanger
sustentar - to support
T
T, la - .pipe/ T- T .steel/- .dwg/ T s1uare
-- de dibujante - T s1uare
tabi!ue, el - partition- flat brick
-- desviador interceptor - baffle wall
tabla - board- width of a board- .struct/ cover
plate- table, tabulation
-- aisladora - insulating board
-- de dibujo - drafting board
-- de materiales - bill of materials
-- de pie - .scaffold/ toe board
-- de piezas de repuesto - parts list
-- de zcalo - base board
-- multilaminar - plywood
tablero - switchboard- .carp/ panel- .bldg/ floor-
panel of a truss
-- de anuncios - bulletin board
-- de bornes - .elec/ terminal board or block
-- de conmutadores - switchboard
-- de cortacircuitos - panel board
-- de control - switchboard, panel board
-- de dibujo - drafting board
-- de distribucin - switchboard, distribution
switchboard
-- de fusibles - fuseboard
-- de gobierno o de mando - control panel
-- de instrumentos - instrument board- .auto/
dash
-- de torno - apron of a lathe
-- rebajado - drop panel
-- terminal - .elec/ terminal board
tablestaca - sheet pile
-- de alas - steel sheet pile with center flange
-- en K - Ctype steel sheet piling
tablestacas
-- de alma combada - archedweb sheet piling
-- de alma profunda - deepweb sheet piling
-- de alma recta - straightweb sheet piling
-- entrelazadas de enlace - interlocking sheet
piling
tablestacado - sheet piling
-- de traba - interlocking sheet piling
tabln, el - plank
tabln-llana - straightedge, screed board
taco - plug, bung- chock
tacmetro - tachometer
tachuela - tack, small nail
tajada - cut, slice- section
tajadera - cutter, chisel, colt set- rivet buster-
hacksaw
tajadora - cutter
tajar - to cut, notch
tajo - cut, e0cavation, trench- wooden block
-- a media ladera o en balcn - side hill cut
-- abierto o descubierto - open cut
taladrar - to drill, bore
taladro - drill, auger, carpenter3s brace- drill
hole, bolt hole
-- a mandril - chucking drill
-- anular de alma - core drill
-- de tierra - earth auger
-- para macho - tap drill
talud, el - slope, batter
-- natural - slope of repose
taludar - to slope
talla - cut .file/
tallador, el - cutter
-- de roscas - threading machine
tallar - to cut, carve, dress- .mech/ to generate
taller, el - shop, mill, factory
-- agremiado o e"lusivo - union or closed shop
-- de forja - blacksmith or forge shop
-- de fundicin - foundry, casting shop
-- de laminacin - rolling mill
-- de mecnica o mecanico - machine shop
-- de modelaje - pattern shop
-- franco - open shop
-- sider$rgico - steel mill
tallerista - shopworker
tallo - shank of a tool
tama%o - si2e
tambor, el - drum, reel
-- classificador - revolving screen
-- de compensacin - .pump/ balance drum
-- del freno - brake drum
-- de izar elevador - hoisting drum
-- de vapor - .boiler/ steam drum
tamizador, el - screen, strainer, sifter
tamizar - to screen, sift
tan!ue, el - tank
-- almacenador - storage tank
-- asentador de decantacin - settling tank
-- de acero empernado - bolted steel tank
-- de compresin - air receiver, pressure tank
-- de reposo o de sedimentacin - settling
basin
-- depurador - scrubber
-- sptico - septic tank
tanteos, por - by trial and error
tanto - so much- .conc/ batch
tapa - cover, lid, cap- cylinder head- pipe cap
-- de registro - manhole or handhole cover
-- de tubo - pipe cap
-- de unin - .valve/ union bonnet
-- para soldar - welding cap
tapadera - cap, cover, lid
tapador, el plug, stopper- packer- cover-
sealant
tapajunta, el - splice plate, butt strap, scab
tapaporos, el - .paint/ primer, filler
tapar - to cover- to plug
tapn, el - plug, stopper, bung- bulkhead
-- ciego - bull plug
-- de avellanar de cabeza hueca -
countersunk plug
-- de evacuacin de limpieza de purga -
drain plug, washout or cleanout plug
-- de prueba - test plug
-- de receptculo - .elec/ receptacle plug
taponar, taponear - to plug
ta!uigrado, ta!uifrafa - stenographer
tarabilla - latch, catch
tarima - platform, bench, stand, rack
tarraja - boltandpipe machine, threading
machine
tarrajadora - threading machine- tapper
tarrajar - to thread
-- con macho - to tap
tas, el - small anvil
tasa - rate- valuation- rating
-- de agua - water rate
tasar - to rate- to appraise
taza - basing, bowl, bucket
-- de grasa - grease cup
-- engrasadora lubricadora - oil cup
te, la - .pipe/ T- .struct/ T bar
-- de bridas - flanged T
-- de rosca - screwed T
tecla - key of adding machine, typewriter, etc.
teclado - keyboard
techado - roofiing, roof covering- a roof
techar - to roof
techo - ceiling- roof
techumbre, la - roof, ceiling
tejaroz, el - eaves
tejido - fabric- mesh
-- de refuerzo - mesh reinforcement
tejo - bearing, pillow block
tela - cloth
-- ce calcar - tracing cloth
-- de dibujar - drawing cloth
-- esmeril lija - emery cloth
teleinterruptor, el - .elec/ remotecontrol switch
telerregulacin, la - remote control
teletipo - teletype
temblor, el - earth1uake
temperatura - temperature
-- de acercamiento - approach temperature
-- de ampolleta h$meda - wetbulb temperature
-- de ampolleta seca - drybulb temperature
-- de rocio - dew point
-- de saturacin - saturation temperature, dew
point
templa - .conc/ batch
templado - tempering, 1uenching
-- al aceite - oiltempered- oil 1uenched
-- a llama en fragua - flamehardened
templar - to temper, 1uench- to stress- to haul
taut
temple, el - temper, tempering
tenacillas - pliers, pincers, twee2ers
tenaza - claw, clamp
-- de cadena - chain wrench or tongs
tenazas - cutters, pliers, tongs, nippers, pincers
-- atornilladoras - pipe tongs
-- de corte - cutting pliers or nippers
tender - to spread, stretch- to lay .rails/- to set
.forms/- to pull .wires/ to spread plaster
tendido - line- stretch, run- slope of a roof- coat
of plaster
-- de tuberia - pipe lines
-- elctrico - electric wiring
tensin, la - tension
-- aplicada - impressed voltage
-- de circuito abierto - opencircuit voltage
-- de desenganche - dropout voltage
-- de entrada - input voltage
-- de rgimen - rated voltage
-- de rotura - ultimate tensile strength
-- de salto - flashover voltage
-- de servicio - working or operating voltage
-- especifica - unit tensile stress
-- superficial surface tension
tenso - taut
tensor, el - tension member- guy- turnbuckle,
sleeve nut
tentemozo - shore, prop, strut
teodolito - transit
termal - thermal
trmico - thermic, thermal
termocupla - thermocouple
termmetro - thermometer
termopar, el - thermocouple
termopermutador, el - head e0changer
terracerias - earth fill, earthwork
terraja - stock .for dies/- threading machine
terrajadora - threading machine
terrajar - to thread, cut threads, tap
terapln, el - earth fill, earthwork, embankment
terraplenar - to fill with earth
terremoto - earth1uake
terreno - land, ground, soil- terrain
-- de cimentacin - foundation material
-- de recubrimiento - overburden
-- falso - filled ground, unstable ground
-- flojo - unstable soil, loose ground
-- sano - solid ground
tesar - to tighten, have taut
teso - taut
testa - face, front, head
-- de, - on end
testera - front, front wall- header
testigo - sample, specimen- .surv/ reference
point
tetraetilo - tetraethyl
tiempo - time- weather- .eng/ cycle, stroke
tienta - earth auger, sounding rod- feeler gage
tientaclaro - feeler gage
tierra - earth, soil, land, ground, dir .elec/
ground
tieso - stiff, taut, tight- .conc/ stiff
tijera - shears, snips- saw horse
tijerales - 4 bracing
tijeras - scissors
tipo - standard- rate- type, kind
-- de flete - freight rate
tira - a length .pipe/- strip, stripe
-- aislante - .elec/ insulating strip
-- calibradora - feeder gage
-- de respaldo - .weld/ backing strip
tirada - lift of concrete, coourse of masonry- a
stretch, length
tirador, el - handle, door pull, door knob- puller
-- de alambre - wire puller, comealong clamp
-- de cable - cable puller
tirafondo - wood screw
tiraje, el - draft
-- descendente - down draft
-- forzado - forced draft
-- inducido - induced draft
tiralineas, el - drawing pen
-- loco - contour pen
-- para ra&ado - hatching pen
tirante, el - tie rod, guy, tension member- stay
bolt- beam- depth of water- .adj/ taut
tiranteria - framework, floor framing
tirar - to pull, drag, draw- to throw, throw away-
to blast- to dump- to waste .e0cavation/- to draw
.stack/
tiravlvula, el - valve rod
tiro - .mech/ draft- a length- flight of stairs
-- aspirado - induced draft
-- de escalera - flight of stairs
-- descendente - down draft
-- forzado - forced draft
-- normal - natural draft
-- ventilador - air or ventilation shaft
tironear - to drag, labor, hold back, work with an
effort
titulo - .dwg/ title- license
tiza, tizate - chalk
tobera - no22le, tuyere
-- atomizadora - spray no22le
-- de aspiracin - suction no22le
-- de cho!ue - impingement no22le
-- lanza arena - sandblast no22le
-- lanza mortero - cementgun no22le
-- pulverizadora - spray no22le
tocho - .met/ billet
toda velocidad - full speed
tolerancia - tolerance
-- en ms - plus tolerance
-- en menos - minus tolerance
tolva - hopper, bin
tolvas cargadoras - .conc/ mi0er bins
tomas - intake- water tap- .elec/ outlet- .elec/
tap
-- de embutir - .elec/ flush outlet
-- de enchufe - .elec/ plug receptable
-- de potencia - power takeoff
-- de receptculo - .elec/ receptacle outlet
tomacorriente, el - .elec/ outlet, tap
-- de clavija - plug receptacle
tomadero - inlet, intake
tomafuerza - power takeoff
tonelada - ton
-- bruta larga - long or gross ton
-- corta neta - net or short ton
-- mtrica - metric ton
toneladas de porte - tons capacity
tonelaje, el - tonnage
topadora - bulldo2er
topar - to strike against, butt into, collide with- to
make a butt joint
tope, el - butt- lug- bumper, buffer- stop, check-
butt end
--, a, - butt to butt
-- amortiguador - shockabsorbing bumper
-- retn de bolas - thrust ball bearing
torbellino - whirlpool, eddy
torcer - to twist
torcido - .cable/ strand- .adj/ twisted
torcretar - to place gunite, do cementgun work
torcreto - gunite- shotcrete
tornallamas, el - fire bridge, bridge wall
tornapunta - spreader, brace, strut, spur
torneado - turning .latne/
torneadora - turning machine or tool, cutter bit
torneaduras - latne cuttings, chips
tornear - to turn on a lathe- to machine
torneo - turning
torneria - lathe work- lathe shop
tornillo - screw- bolt- vise
-- a charnela - hinged vise
-- de ajuste o de apriete o de descanso o de
fijacin o de presin - set screw
-- de armar - erection bolt
-- de cabeza o de cas!uete - cap screw
-- de cadena o de cas!uete - cap screw
-- de cadena - chain vise
-- de coche - carriage bolt
-- de e"pansin - e0pansion bolt
-- de m!uina - machine bolt
-- de mordazas - jaw vise
-- esprrago - stud bolt
-- e"terior & caballete - .valve/ outside screw
and yoke
-- fijador u opresor - set screw- stud bolt
-- prisionero - set screw
-- prisionero de punta ahuecada - cuppointed
set screw
-- sujetador o tapn o trabante - set screw
-- tensor - turn buckle
-- transportador - screw conveyor
-- & &ugo e"teriores .valve/ outside screw and
yoke
-- zurdo - lefthand screw
tornillos calzadores niveladores - .inst/
leveling screws
torni!uete, el - turn buckle- turnstile- fence
ratchet- tourni1uet
torno - lathe- hoist, hoisting engine- drum, reel
-- corredizo - traveling hoist
-- de aire - pneumatic or air hoist
-- de espiar - warping drum
torn, el - .cable/ strand
torre, la - tower
-- de absorcin - absorption column
-- de borbotaje de burbujeo - bubble column
-- de destilacin - distillation tower
-- de elaboracin - processing tower
-- de enfriamiento atmosferico - atmospheric
cooling tower
-- de enfriamiento de tiro mecnico -
mechanicaldraft cooling tower
-- de e"pansin - flash tower
-- de fraccionamiento - fractionating tower
-- de perforacin de taladrar - .oil/ derrick
-- de primera destilacin - stripping tower
-- de transmisin - .elec/ transmission tower
-- deasfaltadora - deasphalting tower
-- despentanizadora - depentani2er
-- enfriadora o refrigeradora - cooling tower
-- rociadora - spray tower
torsin, la - torsion- twist
torzal, el - twist, strand
-- empa!uetador - twist packing
tosco - coarse, rough- tough
to"icidad, la - to0icity
t"ico - to0ic
traba - tie- chock- .masonry/ bond- obstruction
trabado - lock- interlock
trabudura - bonding, bond
trabajafilidad, la - .conc/ workability
trabajable - workable
trabajar - to work
-- en vacio - to idle .machine/
trabajo - work, job- labor- duty- stress
-- de desmontes - dirt moving, e0cavation
trabar - to fasten- to lock- to join- to jam- .mas/
to bond- to set .saw/
trabarse - to jam- .cable/ to foul
trabazn, la - .mas/ bond- .str/ web of a truss
trabe, la - beam, girder
-- armada - plate girder
-- compuesta - builtup girder
-- de alma llena - plate girder
trabilla - .str/ anchor
trajante, el - flue, breeching- smoke jack- air
shaft- throat
-- de cloaca - sewer inlet
-- de piso - floor drain
trailla - scraper
traillar - to grade with a scraper
trama - .cable/ lay- construction
tramo - bay, span, panel- flight .stairs/- length,
run, stretch
trampa - trap- trap door
-- basculadora - tilting steam trap
-- compuesta - compound steam trap
-- de aire - air trap
-- de cubo invertido - inverted bucket steam
trap
-- de flotador abierto - bucket steam trap, open
float trap
-- de flujo a nivel - .pipe/ running trap
-- de impuso - impulse steam trap
trancar - to dam- to obstruct, block
tran!uil, el - plumb line
transformador, el - transformer
transformar - to transform
trnsito - transit
transmisin, la - transmission
transmisor, el - transmitter- .adj/ transmitting
transmitir - to transmit
transportador, el - conveyor, carrier- protractor
tra!ueteo - vibration, trembling, chattering
trascolar - to seep, percolate
trasegar - to transfer li1uid to another container
trasladar - to transfer, shift, traverse
traslado de tierra - earth moving
traslapar - to lap, overlap
traslapo - lap, overlap
trasminacin, la - seepage
traspalar, traspalear - to shovel
traspaleo - shoveling
traspaso - .mech/ transfer
-- de calor - heat transfer
tratado - treatise- treated
-- al caldeo - heattreated
-- a presin - pressuretreated
tratador - treater
tratamiento - treatment
-- por llama - flametreating
-- trmico - heat treatment
tratar - to treat .water, timber, etc./- to negotiate-
to process
travs de la linea, a - .elec/ acrosstheline
travesa%o - cap, header, spreader, batten,
crosspiece, bolster- floor beam
travesero - cap, batten, cleat, crosspiece
traviesa - .rr/ crosstie- batten, cap, header, sill-
.elec/ crossarm
trazado - line
trazado - line, route, location- traverse
-- cerrado - closed survey, loop traverse
trazador, el - one who lays out work
trazadora - plotting machine- tracer
trazar - to locate, layout- to traverse, to plan,
design, draw- to trace
trazo - line, location- .dwg/ dash- .dwg/ trace
-- & punto - dot and dash .line/
trazumo - seepage
trefilado - stranded .wire/
treintaidosavo - one thirtysecond
trementina - turpentine
tren - train- e1uipment, outfit
-- de construccin - construction plant or
e1uipment
-- de dragado - dredging e1uipment
-- de engranajes - gear train
-- de ensamblaje - assembly line
-- de sondeo - boring outfit, drilling rig
-- generador - .elec/ generating set
trpano - drill
-- de sondar - earth auger
trepar - to drill, bore- to climb
trepidacin, la - vibration
trifsico - .elec/ threephase
trifilar - .elec/ threewire
trincar - to lash- .cable/ to sei2e
trincha - chisel
trinchera - trench, ditch, deep cut
trincheradora - ditching machine
trincherar - to ditch, dig trenches
trin!uete, el - pawl, dog- ratchet
triple efecto, de - tripleacting
triplice - triple, triple0
tripular - to man
triturador, el o trituradora - crusher
triturar - to crush, stamp
troca - truck
trocha - trail- .rr/ gage- .rd/ traffic lane- tread,
gage
trole, el - trolley
trompa - no22le- .conc/ elephanttrunk chute
tronchador, el - cutter
tronera - opening in a wall- flue, chimney
tro!ue, el - truck
tro!uel, el - die
tro!uelar - to stamp, form in a die- to wedge
trucha - winch- jib crane
trulla - trowel
tuberia - pipe, piping, pipe line- tubing- pipe
work
-- alimentadora - feeder pipe
-- colectora - gathering lines
-- conductora - line pipe
-- corriente de rosca - standard screwed pipe
-- de arcilla vitrificada - vitrified clay pipe
-- de bridas - flanged piping
-- de conduccin - line pipe- supply main
-- de duelas de madera - woodstave pipe
-- de enchufe & cordn - bellandspigot pipe
-- de fundicin - castiron pipe
-- de hierro centrifugado - centrifugal castiron
pipe
-- de pared delgada - thinwalled pipe
-- de pared gruesa - thickwalled pipe
-- de platinas - flanged pipe
-- de tornillo - screwed or threaded pipe
-- de unin de enchufe - bellandspigot pipe
-- enteriza - seamless tubing
-- estirada - drawn tubing
-- e"traliviana - light weight or e0tralight pipe
-- forrada de caucho - rubberlined pipe
-- forrada de vidrio - glasslined pipe
tuberia-filtro - strainer- well point
tubero - pipe man- pipe or steam fitter
tubo - pipe, tube
-- acodado - a bend
-- ahor!uillado - 7 branch
-- ascendente - riser
-- aspirante - suction pipe- .turb/ draft tube
-- con aletas - finned tube
-- de bajada de descenso - downspout,
leader, downpipe
-- de burbuja - .inst/ bubble tube
-- de escape - e0haust pipe, outlet
-- de e"pulsin - e0haust pipe- discharge pipe
-- humo de llama - .boiler/ fire tube
-- de impulsin - discharge or pressure pipe
-- de llegada - inlet pipe
-- de nivel de agua - .
-- de nivel de agua - .boiler/ gage glass
-- de paso - bypass
-- de rebose - overflow pipe
-- de salida - outlet pipe
-- de subida - riser
-- desviador - bypass
-- estirado - drawn tubing
-- e"pelente - discharge or delivery pipe
-- hervidor - .boiler/ water tube
-- montante - riser
-- m$ltiple de admisin - intake manifold
-- m$ltiple de escape - e0haust manifold
-- sin costura - seamless tube
-- soldado a solapa - lapwelded pipe
-- soldado en espiral - spiralwelded pipe
tubo-conducto - conduit- raceway, electric
conduit
tubo-embudo - .conc/ tremie
tubuladura - tubing, piping
tubular - tubular
tuerca - nut- lock nut
tulipa - bell end of pipe- bellmouthed opening
tupido - dense, thick
tupir - to pack, calk
turbina - turbine
-- a vapor - steam turbine
-- de e"pansin multiple - multistage turbine
turbogenerador, el - turbogenerator
turbosoplador, el - turboblower
turbulencia - turbulence
turbulento - turbulent
turno - shift .period or work/
-- de colada - .conc/ a batch
-- de fundicin - .metals/ a heat
/
ubicacin, la - location, site
ubicador 8el9 de escapes - leak detector
ubicador 8el9 de tuberia - pipe finder
ubicar - to locate
umbral, el - sill, threshold- lintel
undulado - corrugated- wavy- undulating
unidad, la - unit
-- britnica de calor trmina inglesa - <ritish
thermal unit
unifilar - onewire
uniformar - to standardi2e
unin, la - joint, coupling, connection- .pipe/
union
-- cardn - universal joint
-- circular de circunferencia - girth
or circumferential joint
-- corrediza - slip or e0pansion joint
-- de anillo & ranura - .pipe/ ringandgroove
joint
-- de bisel - miter joint
-- de bridas - flange union, flanged connection
-- de deslizamiento - telescope or sliding joint
-- de dilatacin - e0pansion joint
-- de enchufe - bellandspigot joint
-- de gozne - hinge joint
-- de montaje - .str/ field joint or splice
-- de pesta%a de platinas - .pipe/ flange
union
-- de reduccin - .pipe/ reducing coupling
-- de solapa - lap joint
-- giratoria - swivel joint
-- macho & hembra - maleandfemale union
-- para soldar - .pipe/ welding union
-- resbaladiza - slip joint
-- roscada - threaded coupling- screw joint-
screw union
-- universal - universal joint
unir - to couple, connect
urinario - urinal
ustible - combustible
$til, el - tool
$tiles, los - tools, e1uipment
-- de dibujo - drafting instruments- drawing
materials
utillar - to tool, e1uip with tools
)
vaciada - dumping- .met/ a melt- .conc/ a pour
vaciado - casting, pouring, dumping-
e0cavation, .adj/ cast, poured, dumped
vaciar - to empty, evacuate- to pour, cast- to
dump- to e0cavate
vacio - vacuum, void- .adj/ empty
-- en, - .mach/ idle, light, with no load
vacuo - vacuum
vacumetro - vacuum gage
vahos - fumes
valor, el - value
-- antidetonante - knock rating .gasoline/
-- calrico - fuel value
-- calorifico - heat value
vlvula - valve
-- angular - angle valve
-- corrediza - slide valve
-- checadora - check valve
-- de aleta - butterfly valve
-- de alivio - safety valve- relief or vacuum
breaking valve
-- de barra - barstock valve
-- de caja de hierro - ironbody valve
-- de columpio - swing check valve
-- de compuerta - gate valve
-- de comperta acu%ada - wedgegate valve
-- corredera - slide valve
-- de cortina en cu%a - wedgegate valve
-- cuerpo de fundicin - ironbody valve
-- de cu%a - wedgegate valve
-- de charnela - flap or swing check valve
-- de derivacin - bypass valve
-- de desahogo - relief or safety valve
-- de desahogo a la atmsfera - atmospheric
relief valve
-- de descarga - blowoff or e0haust or
unloading valve
-- de disco tapn - globe valve with plugtype
disc
-- disparo - pop or pop safety valve
-- de espiga - needle valve
-- de estrangulacin - throttle valve
-- de e"pulsin - discharge valve- blowoff valve
-- de flotador - float valve
-- de flobo - flobe valve
-- de flobo tipo aguja - needlepoint valve
-- de gozne - flap or check valve
-- de leng-eta feather valve
-- de mando - pilot valve- control valve
-- de maniobra - control valve
-- de mariposa - butterfly valve
-- de paso - bypass valve- shutoff or line valve
-- de placa - plate valve
-- de platillo - tappet valve
-- de purga - blowoff valve
-- de reduccin de presin - pressurereducing
valve
-- de retencin a bisagra - swing check valve
-- de retencin a bola - ball check valve
-- de retencin de vapor - .boiler/ nonreturn or
stopandcheck valve
-- de seguridad de disparo - pop safety valve
-- de seguridad de palanca - lever safety valve
-- de seguridad de resorte - spring safety valve
-- de solenoide - solenoid valve
-- de tapn - plug valve
-- desviadora - bypass valve
-- esfrica - globe valve
-- estranguladora - choke or throttle valve
-- globular - globe valve
-- labrada de barra - barstock valve
-- reguladora - pressureregulating valve-
governing valve
-- reguladora de gasto - flowcontrol valve
-- respiradera - vent valve
valla - fence, barrier, barricade
vallado - fencing
vallar - to fence
vano - opening in a wall- .bldg/ bay
-- de puerta - doorway
vapor, el - steam- vapor
-- acuoso - water vapor
-- agotado perdido de escape - e0haust
steam
-- de elaboracin - process steam
-- recalentado - superheated steam
-- vivo - live steam
vaporar - to vapori2e
vaporizacin 8la9 instantnea - flash
vapori2ation
vaporizar - to vapori2e
varilla - rod, bar, steam
-- corrugada - .reinf/ corrugated bar
-- de la corredera del distribuidor - valve
stem or rod
-- de bombeo - sucker rod- pump rod
-- del mbolo - piston rod
-- de refuerzo - reinforcing bar
-- de vlvula - valve stem
-- deformada - .reinf/ deformed bar
-- fundente soldadora - welding rod
-- tirante - tie rod
varillar - to rod .conc/
vaso - basin, reservoir- vessel, receptacle,
battery jar
vstago - stem, shank, rod, spindle
-- corredizo ascendente - traveling spindle,
rising stem
-- de corredera - valve stem or rod
-- del mbolo - piston rod
-- de la vlvula - valve stem
-- guia - guide stem- .engine/ tail rod
-- saliente - rising stem
vatiaje, el - wattage
vatihora - watthour
vatijormetro - watthour meter
vatimetro - watt meter
vatio - watt
vatio-hora, el - watthour
velocidad, la - velocity, speed
-- caracteristica - specific speed
-- con plena carga - fullload speed
-- critica - critical velocity or speed- stalling
speed
-- de acceso o de apro"imacin - .hyd/
velocity of approach
-- de embalamiento - .eng/ runaway speed
-- de llegada - .hyd/ velocity of approach
-- de rgimen - working or rated speed
-- de sincronismo - .mot/ synchronous speed
-- especifica - specific speed
-- unitaria - rate of speed
ventana - window, window sash
-- a bisagra - casement or hinged window
-- batiente - casement window
-- corrediza - sliding sash
-- de contrapeso de guillotina - doublehung
window
venteo - vent
ventilacin, la - ventilation
ventilador, el - ventilator, fan, blower
-- aspirador - e0haust fan
-- a"ial - a0ialflow fan
-- centrifugo - centrifugal fan
-- continuo de caballete - continuous ridge
ventilator
-- de cumbrera - ridge ventilator
-- de hlice - propellertype fan
-- de tiro forzado - forceddraft fan
-- eductor - e0haust fan, e0hauster
-- para caballete - ridge ventilator
-- soplador - blower
-- tipo hongo - mushroom ventilator
ventose - air valve, vent
venturimetro - .hyd/ 5enturi meter
vera - edge, border
verificacin, la - verification- .inst/ adjustment
verificar - to check- .inst/ to adjust
vernier, la - vernier
verruga - .met/ blister
vertedera - mold board- blade of a bulldo2er or
road scraper
vertedero - .hyd/ spillway, weir
vertedor, el - pouring device- .hyd/ spillway,
weir
verter - to pour- to dump- verterse - to spill over
vertical, la - vertical line- .adj/ vertical
vrtice, el - crest, peak, verte0- .surv/ corner
vertido - .conc/ a pour
vertiente, la - slope of a roof- a drip
vertidura - lining
vibracin, la - vibration
-- amortiguada - damped vibration
-- libre - free vibration
-- simptica - sympathetic vibration
vibrador, el - vibrator
-- de pala - .conc/ spade vibrator
-- superficial - .conc/ surface vibrator
vibradora - vibrator
vibrar - to vibrate
vicio - defect, flaw
vidriar - to gla2a .window or tile/
vidriera - window- window sash
vidrio - glass- pane, light of glass
-- acanalado - ribbed or fluted glass
-- alambrado o armado - wire glass
-- cilindrado - plate glass
-- de nivel - gage glass
-- de seguridad - safety or nonshattering glass
-- deslustrado despulido esmerilado -
ground or frosted glass
-- inastillable - nonshattering glass
-- reforzado - wire glass
vidriosidad, la - .met/ cold, shut
vidrioso - vitreous
viento - wind- guy
vientos reinantes - prevailing winds
vierteaguas, el - .bldg/ flashing- .elec/ rain shed
viga - beam, girder, joist
-- acartelada consola - cantilever beam
-- armada - trussed beam- builtup girder
-- atiesadora - stiffening beam
-- canal - bchannel iron
-- cepo - spreader for hoisting
-- compuesta de alma llena - builtup or plate
girder
-- continua - continuous beam
-- de losa de placa - .conc/ T beam
-- de palastro - plate girder
-- de rigidez - stiffening beam
-- doble T - ! beam
-- embutida o empotrada o encastrada - fi0ed
beam
-- ensamblada - builtup girder
-- + - # beam
-- maestra - girder
-- / - channel
-- voladiza - cantilever beam- overhanging
beam
vigueria, vigueteria- set of beams, floor framing
vigueta - beam, joist purlin
-- cabecero - header beam
-- de canal - channel iron
-- = - ! beam
vigueta-escuadra - angle iron
vilorta - hoop, ring, collar- washer
virgen, la - .mach/ support, standard, housing
virola - collar, hoop, ring, ferrule
virotillo - strut, brace, stud- stay bolt
-- de tubo - pipe separator
viruta de acero - steel wool
virutas - shavings, cuttings, turnings
-- de sierra - saw dust
-- de taladro - drill cuttings
viscosidad, la - viscosity
-- Sa&bolt - Saybolt viscosity
viscosimetro - viscosimeter
viscoso - viscous, thick
vista - view
-- anterior o delantera o frontal - front view
-- de e"tremidad - end view
-- desde arriba o por encima - top view
-- en corte - sectional view
-- lateral o de lado - side view
-- posterior - rear view
-- recortada - cutaway view
visto bueno - approval, >=- approved
visual, la - .surv/ a sight
-- a la espalda - back sight
-- adelante o al frente - foresight
vitreo - vitreous
vitrificar - to vitrify
viviendas - housing
vivo - sharp .edge/
voladizo - outrigger, outlooker, cantilever-
overhanging, projecting
volado - overhanding, projecting
volador, el - cantilever beam, outlooker- column
cap
voladora - fly wheel
voladura - blasting- a blast
volandera - .mech/ washer
volante, el - flywheel, handwheel, steering
wheel
-- de direccin - steering wheel
-- de maniobra - handwheel, steering wheel
volante-manubrio - handwheel
volar - to blast- to overhang, project
voltil - volatile
volatilidad, la - volatility
volatilizar - to volatili2e, vapori2e- volatili2arse,
to vapori2e
volatizar - to volatili2e
volcamiento - overturning
volcar - to overturn, dump
vol!uear, vol!uearse - to tip, overturn, dump
vol!uete, el - dump truck or cart- dumping- any
dumping device
voltaje, el - voltage
-- cr#tico - critical potential or voltage
-- de arco - arc voltage
-- de carga - impressed voltage
-- de circuito cerrado o de servicio - closed
circuit or working voltage
-- de disparo - dropout voltage
-- de salto - flashover voltage
-- disruptivo - breakdown voltage
-- efective - effective or rootmeans1uare
voltage
-- final - cutoff or final voltage
-- impreso - impressed voltage
voltmetro - voltmeter
voltamperimetro - wattmeter, voltampere
meter
voltamperio - voltampere
voltamperios reactivos - reactive volt
amperes, wattless power
voltear - to dump- to overturn
volteo - dumping- overturning
voltimetro - voltmeter
voltio - volt
voltio-amperio - voltampere
volumen, el - volume
volumtrico - volumetric
voluta - volute
volvedor, el - tap wrench- screwdriver
volver - to turn, tornover, invert
vrtice, el - vorte0, whirlpool
vuelco - overturning- dumping
vuelo - projection, overhang
vuelta - turn, bend- .mach/ revolution- .cable/
hitch, wrap, bend
-- corrediza estranguladora - .cable/ choker
or anchor hitch
-- de cabo - hitch
vulcanizar - to vulcani2e
L
Daipe, el - cotton waste
Datthorimetro - watthour meter
Dinche, el - hoisting engine
M
"ileno - 0ylene
H
&eso - gypsum- plaster, plaster of Aaris
&un!ue, el - anvil- striking plate
&ute, el - jute, burlap
&u&os - weeds
K
zafar - to loosen, free, clar- zafarse - to come
loose
zamarra - bloom .steel/, slab- .met/ salamander
zampeado - foundation course
zanca - stair string, carriage- shore- scaffold
pole
zanco de andamio - scaffold pole
zanja - trench, ditch
zanjadora - ditcher, trenching machine
zanjar, zanjear - to trench, ditch
zanjeador, el - ditch digger
zanjeo - ditching, ditch digging
zapa - digging- trenching
zapadora - e0cavator
zapar - to undermine- to e0cavate
zapata - shoe- brake shoe- brake block- tread
plate
-- de la cruceta - crosshead shoe
-- de curvar - .pipe/ bending shoe
zapato - .mech/ shoe
zarandar, zarandear - to screen, sift
zarpa - footing- berm- projection of wall footing
zenit, el - 2enith
zinc, el - 2inc
zcalo - base of a wall- footing, foundation-
base of a machine- baseboard- sill
zona - 2one
zueco - pile shoe
zulacar, zula!uear - to pack joints with mastic
zula!ue, el - mortar or mastic for filling pipe
joints
zuncho - band, hoop
-- del inducido - .elec/ armature band
-- del pilote - pile band