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I 'ri J,Tt. .,;..!- ar.
l,ili'ill;1,'
ir
:ii_iil
Co rlra jon
r,rcrta
q
Ko
h h .i-s*^
,.,*,
Oe4epoTxBHrr pe
ny6n
r{Ko
J}rrocnoBxio
OCHOBHA
TEOJIOI.UHA
HAPTA
1 :1OO
OOO
TYMATI
3A
ATCT
TUTOFPAA
K 34-5t
oeorPOg
t973.
17-
PE,IAKULIJCKI4 O.IIEOP :
[porb.
gp Mranopan,[umr.rtpzjeaah
ilpo$.
gp Cresan I(apatrata
.[p
Bopnc Cr.rrourex
[,p .4o6pa Becenunoeuh
LlsIlaie Canesgrr feorourror
gasoA,
BeorpaA
Illramnare y rupaxry o,q 500 npramjepara Kao cacraBur{ gr.ro nprmiepra n[cta Kapre
ca xojlrm ce naxyie y uracrrrtlrry
Syrpo;ry
,,[P]IBFE,4H}'I
IIPEIJIEA"
-
Eeorpag. Maprua.ira Brpjygoea 3
KAPTY 14 TYMAI{ I43PA.[I4O:
sABOI 3A rEOJrOrrrKA r{cTpAxr.rBArbA
cp IIPHE rOpE
TITTOTPAI
1967
Avropn xapre: )KITBAJbEB!r1
MI4JIoPAA, BoKI4r ByKorA, nAJoBVa
MApKo, ca capaArrr.-
rlr{Ma rlaBeAeHrrM y yBoAy
TyMaqa.
Avropr rvmaqa: XI4BAJbEBI4E
MI4IoPAL nAJoBI,IE MAPKO, SOKI4]i ByKOTA r.r IIIKVJIETHA
[[4MI4TPIdIE, ca capagnrrlr4Ma HaBeAeHr.rM y ryrraqy.
CA.qPXAJ
yBo,[
TEOTPAOCKI4
NPETJIE.q
NPETJIB.q PAHI4JIIX I4CIIIITI4BAIbA
..
ONMC KAPTIIPAH}IX JEAfiHAIIA "..
TP}IIAC
Cpegrrr rpnjac
By.nxancxe crelre .
AnAesLItu
KepatoSrapu
fopmr tpuiac .
PETOJII,IJAC
JYPA
Jluiac. .
@aquja AoJromura
r'r
Aonomr{Trrllqrtx
KpeqrsaKa
@aquia ,qoJroMsra
,, cvrBvtx JIHTnor-
clfi.rx KpeqILaRa
@aqraja crar,rx nl4Tl{orcxr'rx Kpellrbar(a
.
JLaiac-Aorep
,[orep,
oxcQopg u Aeo
KrrMePI{ua
foprca
iypa
Orc$opn-xrmeprg
f oprru xrr*ep[u-nopTnarrA
THTOHBAJIEHXI4HI4JEH
.. ..
KPE.UA
........:..
,[orra
xpega.
Banen4uc-orpus
Bapem-anr
Aur-a.n6
.......
An6-qenouan
Heparrunarena ,qorba
r(PeAa. .
foprra xpe4a
Ileneman
Typon
Cegon .
Cenoncxs
$.nnur
.
Mac"rpnxt
CPE,UISLI EOUEH !I'i]'r
KBAPTAP
IGapiapne flnlne .
33
Mopene
........, 33
@nys[omaqnjamrr.r ce4umenrn'..... :',
IIpBeIruqa
Anyaniam*l ceAIrMeIrrIr
,[eryslljaJrrru
ceArMeuTlt .. : ...
TEKTOHITKA ...........
Tepen mn. CraPorIPNoroPcKe
xpa-
Jbyr[I1r
Cieeeporacro'$o Kpr'rJro crapoqproropcxor
antr,ucrrunoprz
jyma
Crlnrnnnarcra o6nacrT Aonrlue
3ere.. . . . .
Tepen Ky.me KPaJbYrrITlr
,flgjeloru,fiypnrropcxe
rraBJraKe
Terroncxa Rprra Jbyror Cprosqa u
Mo,qpor Bpxa .
42
Textonc<a xp[a nnaur{tlruIe ......."' 43
NPEUIE]I MI,IHEPAJIHIIX
CUPO.
B14HA
flojane r{ Jlorfltlrrra 6oxclrra
Eoxcrntn ltsmeby ff
iaca
ra T[ItorrBaJIHI*lca;
'
Eonolrr,r IEsme[y cpegrber I{ roplber
KrrMepI{ga
Borcutr ugmeby [oprnarrAa I4 BaJIeIr,qEca . .
Boxcurra
y 6apeM-a[TcKrIM
xpeqrlaqsMa . .
Eorcurz
y 6asn HaBfreE?D( Kpeqraxa. . . . .'
Eoxcratz Kao cacraBrrr{ Aeo
Mopenc-
xor matepniana .....
Iloiaee raox$a
flojaae 6utymuje.
Jlex<suta
yrpacsor r rpabeB[Hcror
NAMCIIA
Jler<rarrra urryrra, uuiecxa u
qurnapc(e
mroBaqe
I,ICTOPI,UA CTBAPAIbA
TEPEHA..
'...
49
JIuTEPATyPA....
........ 51
5
6
8
l6
t6
16
16
l6
l7
l7
18
t9
t9
19
20
20
20
2l
2l
),
22
23
24
25
25
26
26
26
27
28
28
28
29
29
30
31
-t3
JJ
35
35
35
36
36
36
40
41
42
44
44
44
46
46
46
46
47
47
47
48
48
vBoA
7
Kaprupame Ha Jrvcry Tzrorpag Bpruuo
ie
3aro4 sa reoJloruKa ficrpalxMarLa CP I-{pue
a
Ha Kaprrrparby oBor rrr.rcra yirecrBoBaJrr{ cy c.nzje,qehl4 reoJrosrr: Mzlopa4 Xueamenuh,
Byxora Boxrah, Mznocar Karesuh (1962, 1963. n 1965), Craexo Byuuuuh (1962, 1963)t
Mupxo Mupxoenh (1963, 1965),
,[paryrzn
Bnaxoezh (1965), Mapxo llajonuh, Ctannura
I4eaHoeuh rz Boruxo flejoeuh (1966). flpr-rnzxon repeucxr{x uclurr{Barr,a ca romerryrlrm reoJlo-
3r{Ma ylrecrBoBanu cy clnjegehu reonoruxrr rexHzqapil: MunaAran lrtaeorrnh, Pagonan Mzn-
uuh, )Krznomup Heruoezh u Ppxzqa Byvzh.
Pyronoguoqr{ repeHcxux exr{rra 6utwr cy Mznopag XueaJbeazh (1962, 1963), Byxora Eoxuh
(1965) u Mapxo llajonrzh (1966).
flaneonro.noruKa r{cnrrrrrBarta Bpur{rrv cy:
.[,anuqa
Kpxoeuh, Eypba flarnhenuh, Bpanxa
Mrapxoerah,
Aecanxa
fleioeuh, Cmra.:rxa flauruh, Mupyna 9alroeuh (tpujac,
jypa
u xpe4a)
ra Anexcangap Bupzh (eoqeu).
flerponoruxa vtcrrurrvrBarba Bpruuo
je
Berxo Ctujoeuh, a ce.qrrMeHroJroruxa
,flramurpuje
Illxyneruh.
Xemujcxa ucrzrrrBarLa BprxLro
je
Py4rux 6oxczta y Huxunhy.
@ororeonoruxy o6pagy repeHa o6yxnaheuor JrrrcroBrr.Ma
,,Opacv", ,,Prajexa
I{pnojeenha",
,rToJrouu", ,rKoKoua", ,rTutorpagt'
Lr
,rTy3kr"
(l :25 000) cy Bpluflnr{: Mapxo flajonzh,
Ctanzrua Zeanoszh r Eoruxo flejoexh,
AoK
ocraJror
gujerla repexa JIMIK
-
Eeorpag,
1962. ropuue.
Texcryannu
Auo
ryMaqa cy o6pa,4u.lru:
Mu.nopag )KfisaJreeuh (ysoA, reorpa$cxz fiperneA, fiperrre,q pauujvx vrcrrvtrvlBarba,
jypa,
HeoreH u ucropuja crBaparba repena), Mapxo flajonuh (upuxas oilrrrre rpafe repeua, orruc
Kaprr.rpaHax
je,qauuqa,
rpujac, KBaprap r{ uperJreA Mr.rHepanHlrx cupoeulra), Byxora Eoxrzh
.
(xpeAa v rexronuxa) z
.(ramnrpzje
Illxyreruh (pesy;rrarz ceAr{i\{eHronorrrxrrx vtcrrvtrvBaLha
*
S.nuura).
Texuuulcy o6pagy rpunora xoju ce HaJra3e y Tymauy cy rrsBplxr{nz fojxo Byxornh u Xunomup
Ffeuroeuh, reoJrorrrxrr rexHriqapy.
Tyruav
je pe,qlrroeao E. Cuxoruex, a crpyqHo*rexHlrqxy pe,qaxqujy Kapre r,I3Bpruro
je
.(.
.[paruh
(Cexsmonoruxrr saBoA CP Cp6aje Eeorpag).
rEorPAoCKl4
nPErnEA
Tepeu xoju o6yxnara Jrlrcr
"Trarorpag
HaJra3I{ ce y
iyx<nom
Aui:Iy
cP Ilpne rope, fpannun
""'a" "r"i"lehnm
;rzcrosufia
1 , IOO 000t ca zcroKa
Jrltcro* Iycnme, ca cjeaepa rucrom
Illanurrx, ca 3arlaAa nucrom Kotop
n ca
iyra 'rucrom
6ap'
v oporpa@cHoM IIorJreAy ono
ie
eehulyl
gujenorrr BVCOKoIJTaHI4HCHH
TepeH, a lIMa I{ HLrcKrD(
pur"rqr.'Br"rn"*"
#;"*..peuaxpehy
ce nsmefy 15 m anconyr'e
BI{cIrHe ra.2130 m'
v peBeQy,
AoJrr.rHa
p"i"". s*. r.r 3ercxa
paBHI{qa rpeAcraBJbaiy
uaismxra mop.6.olourxz
o6nprx. flpna ce oa JpJ"" f"ase Sere HI4sBoArro
ruilpLt ,r [ocrereHo flpena3r4
y Bienonaa-
,rtr.V pu"r,rrry. ff".io^"-o^
rp*u
!na1e
3ere y moj ce.Aurxy Marblrt u*a sehr rpe6eHn og
xoirrri
ie
naimipxanruuiz
3arlpr6eru.
OA.Kyuxa
go Illo6ajuha ce rpyxa c*opo BeprI{KaJIaH
*pl.r*u.r*" bg"i." O"rio*";rpeAa
y rojem nocroie mamr o4cieqz xoiu ce mxofe BeprI{KarIHo
yBAHx(y ras'aA y.""r
6;;;;;;'";;.
Mop6orourxn
o6nux ,*oJrHHcKux
crpaga
puiexe 3ete
pesyrrar
je
textoncxl4x r.I KacHl{irax eposuoul'D(
v
AerryAaqI{oHIlD(
[poqeca'
V
iyrxxom
truieJry
repesa HaJIa3rI
ce rpocrpaua 3ercx-a
paBHIIIIa xoiy
guielonr 3axBara ;1ucr
;d'i';
i60
gtiO.'Ot'*"p"
i.
"t"aia
rpe6eu Pymufe. V 6nuxoi .K.JTHHH Tutorpaga u Tvsu'
y oaoj
paBHIIUu
ce lrcrrrqe HeKOJII'IKo
*p"r*u.rn r* xyMoBa:
Jby6onnh' Iropraqa' ,[aj6a6cxa
ropa'
cpucxa
ropa, Illuuqrr.r.u
"Opr,
Bparrcxa ropa Kao II HeKOJILIKo MaIL!D( xyMoBa
y ceny Mn-
JIeUII.IMa.
Ha ctpanama
Iloli{elryrl{x
paBHr'IIIa :{fJl\yy.ce
rIJraH[HCKLI
BpxoBI'I: flpexopuuqa
(1926)' K:a-
meunx
(1784), lr.uu i'ii{il
*.11"6g569),
Jle6prururx
(1564), Bierepuux
(1283), Xuieao
rJraHrrHa
(2130), BJ;',i;;;;-iiliei;
iv* 6poo"txu
(1832)' Cvxa rpvscxa
(1220),
.u,e'I,h
Ga2)
u
Apyrrr'
-^--.,--,,,,;^
do nDnM wFnrEr*oM r{neqr.alrKon{
6poiull
Yruaaieneposuje
zgeny1agnieHaoBom,yHlaBHolvrKp":T::lottePeHY'cypa3BlI'eHrI
eJIelreHTIl
KapcTHOr
pe.rresa: KapcTHe
yBaJIe,
A6JI6BI{,
BpTaqe) 6JIaHIIU, Koce H
gp' Bp'ro cy
qecTr{
rr
Apyr[
KapcrHI,I
o6ruqN,
IIIKpa[e,
jame u BpJIo npocTpaHe
[ehl{He'
JanEaiy
Ce mxofe
r{ crape no-rPuru
(uraton)'
Mopsolourxn
o6luqu
yllyrap BaJIoBa Ha nnaHLIHaIra
flpexopuraqe,
Kamnury,
Jle6prunuxy
ra
Xujeey
"y
y"ru"ro*-fu"*o
"ri,.t"Suqrpaul,r
?I pa3opeHx.
^V-ciereonorn
,4uieJry
repeHa Mory ce
ia*ro
pasmaKoBar, ffi;;;;jfi"
"oi"
cy l{crorbeHe
y nospyuiy-Ctniencxor
6pAa, Konuna'
paAon.ra
roJba r4 cryaencir.
[o"p-, Ha oBoM repeHy cy [oKpuBeHe MopeHaMa'
Ha cienepnum
'-^""*
--rup*
,;.
I
up*ryq"*u y
3arpg4ll
iaeBa
ce, raxofe, roBprrr a I{cro raKo I'I ca
;;ffi;';;p;il
Sril,
i
*"y Maptuunhuma.
O6racr os Bepyure Ao
6uo'ra rpeAcraBrba
Kpeq-
r'aq*y noBprrr
n oly
l";t6";;
;p"ciexra
Mana puiexa. Tepen saraAHo og 3etcxe
paBHzIIe
raxofe
[peAcraBJba
KpeqBaqKo-AoJroMLITcKy
[oBpru'
flopeg
rrogerryrrr(
nropsolourxux
o6lraxa,
qecTe
cy
y KpeqEaIIHMa
I',I
AOJIOMT1T16MA
RpaIIrKe
y3aHe cyBe AonrrHe tqypfo""l.
Hapouuro
cy
ao6po
pairri"re
y uo,qpyqiy
Pagoeua
u KoItR;sa
Kao I{ y uoglrorxiY JanoPxa.
I4axo onai repen
go6uja 3HaTHe KoJIIIqIIHe
[aI(aBVHa,
unax
ie
s6or csor [peTe]IGo
xpeIll3a-
qgor
cacTaBa
6esaogan, TaKO
,4a
ce T6KOM Jbera 11o KaTyHI{Ma
sa uuhe
yuotpe66asa
cgex111rutra
a y ocTeJrLIM
rraceJbl{Ma,
yHraBHOM, BOAa u3 IIHCTepH}I'
Hafrehra
BoAeHrI roKoBIr Ha oBoltl
"epeHy
cy:
f19n{li-9^"1:'.y"paqa
Ao
yurta Ma'ue
praiexe
yILyIIMaMep[AI,I,aIIcKuIIpaBaIIfiHaToMAIIjelyupecrriellaKpeqBaqKoAoJIoMlITcKlITepeHy
xojemy
je ycjexra cnoi
4y6oxu
*u*on,-"ui''nnarn;e'
bg misactupa
'[yre
Ao
3,atmle'
sa
npnierrre
**u, ,t"rJ iloil ."
ry6e
y 6poine
roHope'
na ce roHoBo
iaura
xoA Cmoxosqa
H
3.naruqe. I6eue nniene np,ro*e
"V,
Xp,.ii"ttt*,
"oro*,
Mala
puiexa, Pu6nxqa
u IlrniesHa'
6
ot-
o
)
ZA BLJAK
IVANGRA D
.\
.-""
7'
-<(
'%*"
Ntx5ri o
.rr
/<
GUSINJE
O
11
/i
/
-
).t-ot/
KOTO R
(o
L
k*
v
o
f
v
,
$
18 20 22
BIJELO POLJE
Cl. l. feorpaQcxn no.iroxraj nrcra Turorpag. Geographrc
pustion of the .Titograd sheet.
IeorpaSuuecroe rroJlelxerlre nrnc, a Tutorpag.
c
AecHe
3era r Crrnnqa. Pziexa 3era namaie y Hr.rxnruhxom rloJby oA seher 6poia roxona
xoin uounpy y
iyxuom
u
iyrosauaguoM
lberoBom
gnjerry,
Aa
6n ce RoA Claua
Sopmupao
crarHg Bogerilr rog, noA utvretroltl Seta, ogaxne-teue EieaorraBauhxom paBrIHIIom
go
cnof
ymha y Mopavy.
nPErfl EA PAH
'/4,tyt)(
li{Cnli{TnBAtbA
flpne reoaoruxe noAaf,Ke.o oBoM rgpe.Hy oAHogHo
9
nojegunnm rreroBvm gnjeronqma
AaJru
cy
qlpa-Hll
l1tcrpa)nr.rBaqlr.-Mopa ce HauracvTrr
Aa
cy ce rbHxoBa npomarpara yrnaBHoM oArrocr{na
Ha repeHe y oKonuHlr ruraBHrzx cao6pahajnuqa u pujeuruD(
AoJrHHa
xoje cy 6une npucrynaunzje.
F..
Tietze (1884)
ie
nprn g4o
[oAarxe xoju ce o,qHoce Lra
Aorrr4l{y
pujexe 3ere. On
je
upru
sa6srrexrzo eorleHcxe ceAzr[eure y
AoJnrHrr
3ere, usgnojuaruu rz:< ua ceojoj xaprn Kao oMarLe
rrapruie. Taxofe
je
npuruo rpomarparba
Sluura
y flzuepuma (oxo
,[pesne)
r{ y oKonuHlr Ma-
Hacrr{pa Ocrpora. @nraru rrs HaBeAeHrrx'uo4pyuja cxBaruo
je
xao
lepqrzjapuu
$lnru.
Ou
ie
raxofe [pBrr KoHcraroBao u nageojvo ua csojof Haprr.I pyAlrcrHe KpeqraKe y
AoJrlrHI{
pziexe
3ere. Tepen og Turorpaga go
Ja6naua
o3Haqzo
je
r<ao roprby KpeAy.
L. Baldacci (1889) je
upoyuanajyhra lrznepamre nojase y
Upnoj
lopu gao rr HeKa enavajHa
reoJroruxa 3arrax(arba ca oBora repeua. @nzru
AoJII{He
pujexe 3ere
je
yBpcrl,ro y eorleH.
K. Hassert (1895) je
$nuruHe
rBopeBr4ue y
,qonr.rHr{
pujexe 3ere o6uvrerxr.ro Ha Haprrr Kao
KpeAHr.r
Srrzur.
flperrra Eangahujeauu uoAaqr{Ma repeu lrsmely
,[,e6enor
6pujera u
Ja6nana
cxBaruo
ie
xao rLtroH.
OA uauruN vcrr4ruBatra rrpBe ro,qarxe rraJraslrvro y paAoEI{Ma
J.
I{euiuha (1899, 1901). Ou
je
yoqeto BDr(aH reoreKToucxa uono>xaj nogpyvja 3ercxo-cxa4apcxe. paBHrrrle y
.(,unapcxotu
cucremy. ](rnpgzo
je,
uopeg ocraJror,
ga je
nogpyuje Cxa4apcxor
iesepa
rexroHcxa xpunio-
geupecuja;xoja je
cryrrrreHa y najuonuje reoJroruxo epujeme, a vMa sHaKoBa
Aa
ce
joru
unje
yMrrpuna. ilaxofe
je
yrnpguo
Aa
oce na6opa r{3 upaBrla C3-JI4 cxpehy rpeMa Ncroxy u cje-
BepoucroKy u raj upaeaq
je
uaseao neroxzjcxu. flpoyvaeajyhu maqujaqraje ra rexrouuxy
IlpHoropcxrrx rrJraHuHa MaJro ce
Aorr{qao
reono[rxe crapocrrz cnojera, atlrz
je y [orJreAy rrrallr{-
jarHux
uojaaa
Iao
Bpno Balr(He [oAarxe xojrz cy xacuuje KopLIcHo flocJry)r{Hnil cBI{]l[ HcnI{rH-
Baqrrua oBr{x repeHa. flpzganao
je
eenzxr snauaj pacjegzwra y nogpyvjy pujexe 3ere u ncraxao
Aa
ce
Aylr(
rbfix pasJromr{na crapa noBprrr y
4nuje
rroBprrrv, 6p4cxy na cjenepy u rlpHoropcxy
ua
jyry,
xoja ce
Aylr(
rbrrx sHarHo cnycruna, rrJrr{ Mo}(Aa cjenepua 6p4cxa yagr{rna. Kacunje
(1926), croMenyo
ie
rpz repace Mopaue xo4 yruha Mprezqe, xo
je
ce y 3ercxo
j paenuqlr ry6e
,rTaxo Aa
oxo flogroprzrle HeMa Br{rrre o,q
jegne
xonr-rromeparcxe repace,
Aor<
r{ oHa He rloroHe
rro,{ HaHoc, Cxagapcxor 6Jrarat'. V ucrom paly Ha[omrzrre
,qa
je
@;ryeuorraqujamru
marepnjan
oBor repeHa Hacrao sa npnjerrte BfipMcKe rnaquiaquje fl rLeHrrx cra4uiyma, a molr(Aa H 3a Bpn-
ieme
uperxogue (puurxe) r.naqujaqr.rje
P. Vinassa de Regny (1903) o6yxnarzo
je
cnojorvr Kaprolr{
jegau
4uo
repeua xoju upunaga
cJrr{By pnjexe Sere u ro yuraBuom uojac roprre Kpe.qe xorvre,
je
Aao
3Haruo nehe upocrpaucrBo
Hero rrrro ra, y crBapu, [rra. Ha cnojof Kaprr{
ie Snzru .qonuHe
pujexe 3ere r.rsAsojno xao
eorleHcxe rBopeBrrHe. I4snely ocranor rromrrrbe r4 aHrltKJrr{Ea.ny usmely
,flo6pcxor
Cera n
Pujexe
[puojenuha
.\. Martelli (1908) cmarpao
je ga je
repeH o,q Eno.ra
go flerenor 6pzjera KpeAHH ra
4a
je
sacryr-
JbeHa
AorLa,
cperrba rr ropE,a KpeAa. @ocnnuma
je
,qoxasao
eorleHcxy c'rapocr
$nurua
xog
Ja6nana.
Koncraronao
ie
rpujac oxo Kpxarre. Kpeumaxe ca pexBrreur.rama y Karborry
{rieaue
u y o6racru fpyua crrarpao
je
,qierumuvHo AorboxpeAHram.
8
E. Vidasz (1918)
ie
gao nsrjecHe reorroruxe roAarKe o repeny usme$y
.[o6pcxor
Cera t Puiexe
f{plrojennha Kao r{ oA Turorpa,qa
AaJBe
rpema Mar:erueey. V xpeumaql{Ma Ha notesy Mana
puiexa-Ja6JraH [pe[osHao
je
nexe rrirroHcKe Hepr4Hee re
je
na ocHoBy rora r{ no,qaraxa Hasserta,
Vinassa de Regnya u Martellia oBe yBpcrrro y rr4roH. 3uauajuu cy y oBom cmlrcny paAoBLI
F. Nopcsae (1929) xoju
je
upoyqaBao cjenepoaa6aHcxe repeHe o6yxnataiyhu n uogpyuje Cxa-
,qapcxor. iesepa.
Cxagapcxo
jesepo
cxBarzo
je
xao cI4ITHJIHHaJIHy
genpecajy yHyrap cjeeepo-
a.n6ancxe ra6.ne. Hg oxorune 9enepa rromr{rbe Kopane HS poAa Thecosmilia. On
je y yxoj
oxoJrr{Hlr Cxagapcxor
jesepa
usgaoiuo
AorLy
u roplby KpeAy. V
gorry (peAy je yspcrno
TaMHocHBe Kpeqrbaxe ca r{crrr[ ruxoJbxaitla
(Caprotinenkalke) n ro cBe Kpeqlbaxe uo o6ogy
floJr,a oA Byxcan Jlexraha
Ao
rpaHrrqe.
.[omy
Kpegy
je
o6urserxuo 11 oxo Mrznerua. Mefyrum,
Hcre raxBe KpeqrLaxe rrs
AoJrHHe
l{ujeene, ca
Ae.rzha
z Creuoea ca HcrIzM
Socznuma
craBlao
je y ropmy KpeAy. flolrrarre rpujacxe KpeqrLaKe r{
Aonomtre
y @yngunz. flpema rteronoi
rerroncxoj cxuurr cjenepne Al6aunie oea o6nacr rprrlaga cjenepoan6aucxoj ta6lu.
F. Koch (1933) roeopehn o reorrorrrxom cacraBy oxoJrr{He Ileruma Harna[IaBa
Aa
ce aHrvxnuHana
I{ernrrcxor rroJra rrpyx(a rpema
jyroacroxy ilpexo
.I{,o6pcxor
Cela u Pujexe I{pHoienuha.
Hanomurre
ga Pzjexa I{puojenuha rr3Bupe y rpujacxoiw
Aonomlitry
y rpoApr(erLy paceAa.
flo rrerosor,r MnruJremy
Aonomr4rr{
uo4pyuia Pujexe I{pnojeeuha npunagaiy roprLem tpujacy,
ruro
je
yrepfeuo ualeuum Merano,qoHz:vra.
3. Beuruh (1934) gaje raxo pehu npez os6uruiujz crparurpa$cxn rrpuxas repeHa
AonI{He
pvjexe 3ere z repeHa ra cjeeepy. Ou ua crp. 125 HaBoArr
Aa
roprLorpujacxu xpevnaqu uai-
nehrnlr glrjelom usrpalyjy [JraHrrHCKe nujeuqe u HcraKuyre BpxoBe flpexopuzqe, Jlncqa a
Kamenuxa, rrro, luefyrrzm, xacrrujum trcrpax(LtBarbrrma nuje uornp$eHo. On, raxofe,
gaje
rroAarxe o pasnzhy
$mrura
y
Aonr{Hrr
pujexe 3ere, clrarpajyhn ra roprLoKpeAHLrM,
Aa
6u xacruje
(1940, crp. 22) nmu
@nraru
cxBarrlo Kao eorleucxu. Y oBom cBoM paAy gaie gocta roAaraxa
o rnaqujarHr4m rBopeBr,rHama ca uogpyuja flpexopHaqe, Jlucrtra u Kamenzxa.
B. Cumuh, B. 9y6pznoeuh H P.
Jonauoazh
(1939) usgyajajy y pxoi oKorIIrHI{ Cxagapcxor
jesepa
crapniy u mta\y HpeAy. Crapujy Kpeny rpeAcraBJbeHy Kper{rbaurrma Ir
Aonomrrrl{Ma
cy
uegeojrann y KarBoHy I{zjeeue, uo o6ogy
Jesepa
o,4 Byxcan Jlexuha
Ao
KapayJle Poxaj, y
uoguoxrjy
,[,evnha,
na Bpamcxoj ropr rr Ha ryry C:reuon-EeHxaHa. Mnala KpeAa no lbuma
3ixBara cjerepuu
Arro
Jrr{cra Cxagap rgje uomurry
.flranoruy,
naAHHy Cyxe lpy,qcxe, ceJlo
Pyguue, @yuguny, og Kopura
go
Opaxona, usmely V6a;ra u Kocopa H oxo Euo*ra. Y oBulr
nogpyujnma KoHcraroBaJrlr cy pyArrcre. Taxofe roBope o eoIIeHy rrpeAcraBJbenum
$;rzuren
oA cena flpemuha, Cjeuurle uT. tt,[. MegyHa. 3a xapcrny o6racr oxoJruHe Tlr:rorpaga,
o6oAa CxaAapcxor
jesepa go
Pujexe Ilpnojenuha I{
AaJbe
nopeA
Jesepa
rpeKo Blapnasapa go
cena,flpauenlrha na Cxagapcxon
iesepy
Ha]r(y
na
je
r,Isrpafeua og rpzjacxux,
jypcxux
I4 eoIIeH-
cKHx rBopeBnlra. KoucraroBaJrLl cy
Aa
ce o,q floAxyma na Cxagapcxom
jesepy,
ua ys a-rr6aHcxy
rpaHrauy crojenz ucxrryqLtBo npyrxajy oA
J3
npeMa Cl4 ca raAom xa C3, pjefe xa cjeeepy.
Mefyrzm, og Turorpaga na o6ogom rroJra cBe
Ao
Tysu crojeeu ce upyrxajy C3-JIzI. Koucra-
roBaJrrr cy raxo$e ga jegau
sehz xomnrexc cnojeea ys I{ujeeuy r,ilra rpaBarl C3-J}I. flomurry
H BenHKrr pacje4
gemepa
xojr.r og oeor miecra
go Cxopaua uma upaBarl CII-J3. Oa C3-JI{
rrpaBr{a npyx(arla KoHcraroBarrfi cy oAcryrrarca o6oAon 3etcxor rroJba
,qoK
oxo Pujexe Ilpuo-
jeeuha
r.r
AaJbe
rrpema
[erumy
uujecy sar'asfirrvt HrrHaKBe
gpyre
naAoBe 6es
.fiulrapcxe.
A. flaezh (1939) je
upnu orxprro rajacxe orojene y,qoJrl4urr Mopaue 14 o rLlrma, Kao rr o oHHMa
y Konz.rry,
Aao
[pBo caorrrxrerbe. On
je
raxo$e
Aao
rr rroAarxe o 6oxorrr.rma, usmefy ocraJrux,
E o oHrrMa us uogpyvja Tpnarre.
M. flporuh, B. 9y6purorrah, B. MlrxuH.rnh-Joeanoruh (1940) cy
Sm,rurue
rBopeBHHe y
AonHHIr
pzjexe 3ere yspctnJrlr y eorleu. floiuurry
Aa
cy HarrrJII4: HymyJrure, arrBeoJrr{He, ne[rrAo-
III,IHJII{He I{ KameprrHe, aJrlr He osnauanajy JIoKaJIHocrI{.
B. Cumnh (1940) rr3Hocu cnoja npomarparra r rorJreAe ua Kyuxy KpaJbyrrrr, a ys paA je
npu-
Jroxuo [r reKroucKy cHHI{y Kyuxe KpaJbylur}r u cycjeguux o6.nacru. Cmarpa
Aa
repeH oA
Eno'Ia
4o
flelenor 6prajera o,qroBapa roprteil rpujacy. flonurre raxole enr.rucaxrunujcxe
(peqlsaKe
oxo Bferapuuxa. V Besrr cacraBa Kyuxe KpaJbyrurr.r oH Ha crp. 23 xoxe:
,rga
je
racra
cacraBJbeHa og tpujaca,.(cpe4*u rpzjac 6a.qehe ra 3axJbytruo ca perom
oxo Kp>xarre xora
je
xoHcraroBao
A. Martelli),
jype (rurou y
$aqniN
eJrarcarruHnjcxrx xpevrsaxa) r.r roprte KpeAe
ca xarlpaHama, pyAI{crI{Ma ra crrrurrm ruxoJbKar[a (pexeuenue). Cjeneprua o6og xparyrutn je
og
$rurua".
I'Icro raxo HaBoAra ga jyrosanaAHo
og Kprxarse, [pema
[nunzuy
u 3arpegn
Kperrrbaqu caAplr(e
Alzrrnorrope,
a na nujesoi o6anu Mopaue xog Jlyrona MeraJroAoHe.
Hajnuure teo,IIoruKI,Ix rloAaraxa o oBoM repeHy HaJrasr{Mo y 6pojuam paAoBr{Ma 3. Eeurnha
(1948, 1951,1952,1953,1956, 1959. uap.).y rzm o6jaarr-euni pu4o"rlnna
Kao u y oHEM He-
o6iaa.rreuum HaJra3uuo najnurue rro,qaraxa o crparr4rpa$uju, rcxtoHrarlr{ Kao r.l o py4nlur,r noja-
BaI[a ca oBor repeua. flogaqu us o6iasreuux paAoBa cyMnpanr,r cy y rry6:ruxaqnjama:
,,leoro-
ruja cjeaepo3arra,que I"{pne lope" (1953), u
,,leolorrxrr
Bo,qutr xpos HP IIprry fopy.,.
E. Munojenuh (1955)
ie 4ao,
yrrraBHom, reorpa@cxy unreprperarlujy xamoHa Mopaue c uo-
ce6uum ocBprom na epujellre crBaparta KarboHa.
E. Gr'rpnh u C. Mojcu.nossh (1958) gajy
fiogarxe o crparurpa$xju rr rexroHr{rlu crrr.rBgor
uogpyuja Mopaue.
O. Cnajuh-Munerzh (1956) ouacyje
jesrpa
HeoreHrrx c.nojeaa us 6yruorzne xBBeAeHe y ceJry
Iyctnrry y gorroj
3err.r r.r
$aylry
xojy cagpxce.
P. Pagouuzh (1956, 1957,1961. H
Ap.)
gaje
uajnrarue Mr{KporaneoHroJroruxr4x rroAaraKa sa
ty o6lacr..Ha nogpyujy 3etcxe paBHI4qe oHa rra ocnoBy maxpo@ayue usgaaja ropeA upajena-
3HHx croiena
jypa-xpe4a
r{ cBe KaroBe
AorLe
KpeAe tl
AoJra3u Ao
saKJbyrrxa
li ie
uocrojao
xoHrrrrryurer ce.qupreHrarlr.rje y roxy xpege rj . flotreB o.q ropEe
iype
go
AaHcKor
Kara.
.[.
Becenrauoruh (1965) gaje
naneouronorrrKe roAarxe Lt3 roprte
jype
ca uogpyuja Kpxa15e,
fl.rrarnja ra Kanenuxa. On sa Kpeulraxe uo< uogpyuja Kax(e,qa na ocrony
@ayuelegHr.ry
gzjerom
upunagajy Krrmepr.rgy a raxo$e r{ rraroH-BaJrengnnujeny.
C o6supoair ga je
oeaj tepen 6zo lrrrrepecaHraH rr ca eKoHoMcKe rasxe r.rleAurura (upona.naxere
v ucnvrcvtBarte 6oxcrta) u y oeon [orreAy
je
4erarsnuje
r{crrrlrr{Bau oA crpaHe-Beher 6poja
y:uJ{flrBaqar V rom lpanqy uajnurue rroAaraxa cy
AaJrr4;
3. 6eruuh, B. Byxosuh u C.
UurloBr,rh
(1955),-fI_.
Eypxh (1966),
A flaenh (1956,1903) u M. Kareeah, M.
JorNvuh
s M. Mrpr.o-
enh (1965).
t0
nPhKA3 OflUTE TPATTE TEPEHA
Teper o6yxnahen rlltcroM Turorpag
1 : lfi| 000 nerpa$yiy rnopenune xoie nprtra-
naiy
Meso3ollxy 1a KeEo3oIIKy. V rteronoi rpaSa yuecrryiy, y1.;IaBEoMr ceAHMeBTIIe
crnieHe a 3rrarrro Malbe cy sacrytrJberre ByJrKarrcKe crEierre.
V roxy [ctrrrrrrBarba KorrcraroBauo
ie Aa
ceAITMeETI{ oBora relreEa EplrtraAaiy rplriacy,
iypu,
xpequ, eoqesy u KBaPTaPY.
v orszpy rpuiaca KoEcTaToBaHrr cy: cpeArDH, ropErr rpuiac N petonuiac.
Haicrapuie oTKpI{BeIIe TBopeBIIEe Ha oBoM Tepeny upnuagaiy cpeqlf,eM rpniacy. Ilcln
;" irasr";i"
y ipaineu cienepnorvr H rrcrorr'orvr
guieny oBora rrrrcra t;. y
y-omv$v
bpi;orrri*" ilo"-m"rqe H rreAarrexo oA Jluiene Puiere
-
Ha ilnanurrnqn. V Epaio-
niticol floxnrnuqn cpegrbrr tpniac
ie
npegcraBlberr aulesrrrrrMa a Ira lllraurrrrrqn
xeparo@NpuMa I{ xpevnaqnua. Ilouenytu upeAcTaBHrIIIr cpenlber rpniaca onrx
Jro5arrgocrr{ ce HacraBJbaiy ta cycegrre repeue rqie *rrvr
ie
unoro nehe pacupocrparDerbe.
foprrn rpuiac
ie
pasnnieu y o6racru Puiexe Ilpnoiennha H upe4cranren
ie,
yrrraBrroM,
6anxonurnM !I MaCIIBHTIM AoJIoM[ITrrMa, AorroMl{TrrlrHr{M
Kpelrl6aqrrMa II SHaTrro
MaBe r(peqEaqHMa.
fioxasan ie
na ocnory 6orate MeraJlonoHcKe
oayHe.
V uogpyviy Kartorra Mopaue Kao u na xpairenn cienepy repeua oBora lurcra r(oECTa-
"orao-;L
rocryugrr Jrrrrorrorrrrrl ra
Sayuncrurrxlr
npeJras roprborpriacxux rBopeBr{sa
y gorroiypcxe xoie cy usgnoietre xao petonuiacxe. Petonuiac
ie
paenniex y
ieguoi
usuuier&oi
gouotuntcxoi
Qaquin
rgie ce EeupaBlIuno cuienyiy xpeurraql{t
Aono'
Mr{TrI,
AoJroMrrrrrqurr
Kpetrnaqu, cna6o
AoJroMlrrrrqur{
r(peltrbaqur rt upexpucraJrl{caJrl{
Kpeqnaqu. OR ibayse cy I(oHcTaToBaEe BpcTe Koie xapa6Tepr111y rop15ll rpuiac
n
Aorbl{
nuiac.
Og
iypcxux
rBopeBrrna usgroierrr cy: nuiac,
gorep(?), Ir Marru.
Jluiac
ie
pasnxien y uogpyuiy Puiexe Ilpnoienuha, KaILoHa Mopaue u rra cieBePy
rrrrcra
-
y oonacrn Pagonua, KotrI{tba rr Jlucqa.
V uoqpyuiy Puiexe Ilpnoieruha roprsorpuiacxu ceAI{MeETrr rar(ote rocryuro rrnTo-
Jrourr; r{ ipaynucruuxu upeuase y nuiacxe. V onona uogpy'riy Neqnoiene cy
gnzie flIrro-
@aquie
y ox*rrpy nmiacaz 1)
gonouurfi rr
AoIroMI{Tr{trEIl
rpeqbaqrr u 2) cur,u rrHTI4o-
iocxn xpeuraqu. V no4pyuiy xarboga Mopaue, Kao u ua cierepy oBora nucta ri.
y uoapy*|y Pagon.la, Koullra n Jhcqa
ie
usgnoien cpegrbrr rl roprbu uuiac roin-ie
iasr"id", VrJraBHoM,
y i[aquiu crrBrrx lrrrrrrorlrcxux Kpetrrbaxa. V orou nogpyviy,
iocori" Ta;roxcerba cpe[rl,er rr roprrer nuiaca HacrytrHna
ie
xontrrentanna
$aea
aa npzienae xoie
ie Aourflo Ao
crBaparca 6oxcsra. V sanpurunM HHBorrMa nniaca, y
nogpyily Karf,oga Mopaue n y Ky'ruua (V6ru u Kocopn), KoHcraroBan
ie
xontu-
syarrax trpeJrac rroMerryrr.rx nniacxnx rBopeBrrua y
Aorepcre,
npeAcraBJbeurr Kpelr-
EaqHMa,
HoJroMI{TIrMa, AoJtoMr{TrrtrrrHM
r(peqEaql{Ma
u poxcHaqEMa. V oruM ceAlr-
MerrTlrMa unie nafena KapaKTepHcTHrIrra
Sayna,
anu c o6SllpoM Ha rbuxoB cytrep'
rrosrrqrroun nonorxai y
cepuiu rrpeTtrocTaBung cMO
Aa
ucrrl ogroBapaiy trairoprem
nuiacy u naigoneM
Aorepy.
1l
t
V uogpyuiy Puiere llpuoiennha rr Karrorra I{uienne usgsoiexu cy
Aorep
n crapnfn
MaIIM IIpeACTaBJBHT{
nOnoMI{TIIMa, AOIOMITTHIrHIIM
lcpeqrbaqrlMa II OOnLrTrrIIHI{M Kpell-
EarInMa.
fiorep ie
yrnarnoM KoxcraroBau cyrreprroslrrll{ouo ueuefy nuiacxr.rx rno-
peBHHa n orcQop4-Kr.rMeprrucKr,rx Kpeqruaxa ea Cladocoropsis mirabilis rtao rr Ha ocrroBy
xopeuaqnie ca cyceAur{M ceArrMenrr{Ma y uogpyuiy
fio6oura
u Eo6uie rgje
ie AoKasaH
Aorep.
Ha ocnory rraJreoHToJrorrrKrrx anarrr{sa Ea oBoM Tepeuy cy, y oKBIrpy MarrMa, usqnoiene
TBopeBrrue xoie ogrorapaiy oxc$opgxuMeprruy, KrrMepl{+-troprJrarrAy tr rrrrorr-86-
rreHArrcy.
OrcSopg-ruMepnu
ie
naqnoien rra HcrorrHoM rr 3arragnorvr o6ogy Sercxe paBrrzqe
rr y Karborry Mopaue rgie ce KorrTrruyatluo paenuia ItB
Aorepcrrrx
ceArrMerara. Ta-
xofe
je paaauieu u y cienepuorvr guieny oBor rrl{cra rgie
je
epo3lrouo
AHcKopAaETarr
na nniacxuM TBopeBI{HaMa. Ha
.ruranoM
Tepeuy oxcQopg-xlrMeprru
ie
paauuien y
r(petrbatrKoi
$aqniu
a caMo uiecrnrvru.rHo cy BacryflJbeulr
AonoMr.rrr{rrulr
Kpetrrbaqrr
Ir
AOrroMIrTE.
V
iyrxuorvr
quieny repena, y uogpyuiy Puiexe l{puoiernha, KoHcraronan
ie
MaIEIT
rrpeKng y ceArrMeHTa4uitt, ocrraqeu uoianorvr 6oxcuta, xoiu ce uieponarno
Aecrro
Kpa-
iervr
cpegrer rl rrotrerKoM ropmer KrrMepuua.
foprtx KrlMepnry-rroprrrarrg
je
uegroien Ha rrcroqHoM r{ sarraAuoM o6oqy 3ercxe
paBrr[qe x flpegcraBrren
ie florroMuTrrMa,
a Marbe
AoJroMrrrHrrHI{M
KpetrrbarluMa Il
Kpeqrf,arlHMa ca KJIrr[errHaMa.
Cn. 2. flperneAga reorrolrrxa xapra riucra Tr,IrorpaA. Generalized geological
map of the Titograd sheet. O6sopnax
reoJrorrrqecxax Kapra Jlrrcra Turorpag,
a
l:rr.rue, [eurqapfi, rrrJbyHl(oBrr. CIay, sandstones, gravels. f.nrurt, necr{aHrrxn, rpaelrft.
gl
-
Mopene. Moraines. Mopeur,r.
fgl
-
O,ryeaorlarir.rja.rur.r ceAumeHrlr. Fluvioglacial sediments.
rD;rronnor.raqllaJrl'Hble
o?roxreurrfi.
Ez
-
fleruuapn, Jranopqu 1,I KoHrJroMepatu
$;ruilra.
Sandstones, marls and conglomerates of flysch.
flecvauuxu, Meprerir u RoHrJlomeparr,r
$:raura,
*
Jlanoponma, fecxoBn?a fi Hperrrbarr(a
$aqaja S;ruila.
Marly, sandy and calcareous facies of flysch,
Mepre:rr.rcrar, rrecqaHacrax Ir rr3BecrxoBax
Sa:q:aa QrIrua.
-
Czea py,qr4crHn Kpelrlbarru. Gray rudists limestones. Cepue pygncrHbre usBecrH.axu.
-
[,gurr66rl1fi r4 MacLrBHri
AoJloMurr.r, IoJroMllrr,rlrHr'r
!(peqrbarlu rt cvlBt. Kpequaqu. Thick bedded and
massive dolomites, dolomitic limestones and gray limestones. To;rcroc,rouctr,re rr MaccrrBgbre
,{OJIOMI{TL,I, .{OJIOMI{TOBEIe
II3BeCTH.fiHLI II Cepr,Ie I'ISBeCTHEKII.
Kl
-
Eurymunosutl Hpeqrbar]fi r.r
AoJromraru.
Biturninous limestdnes and dolomites. Eurymranosur,re
-
r'r3Becrnaru a AoJromrrrlr,
Kr,r
-
CrparuSr.rxoBarrfi Hper{r6aqrr,
Ao;roMr.rru
u
AoJlomrrrnqnrl
Kpeqrrarllr. Stratified lirqestones, dolo-
mites and dolomitic limestones. Crpa:ruQnqupoBanul're l43BecrHfiHrr,
AoJloMrrroBr,re
lrsBecrtrxu
L\
IIOJIOMIITLI.
Kr
-
Vcnojeua r(perrrbarlfi,,qoJrom[Taqur{ Hpeqrsarlrr rr
Ao!'rolnnrr.
Bedded limestones, dolomitic limestones
and dolomites. C,rozcrrre ,I3BecrrrfiKr.r)
Aonomr.rroBlre
r{3BecrHfir(lr rr
AoJroMnrr,r.
J,
K
-
Cuerl elpyAHrr r{peqrbar]rr r.r
Ao.]romrrrcxr4
Kpearrrarrr.r. Grey reefy iimestones and dolomitic lime-
stones. Cepr,re pn$oeue a3BecrrfiKrr rr
.qoroMt4ToBr,re
Il3BecrutrKrr.
Il''
-
Kpzcra:racrr{ Kpeqrsallt4J
AoJroMzrr.r
rr
AoJroMr.LTcHr.r
Kpequalllr. Cristaiine limestones, dolorqites
and dolomitic limestones. Merarvrop$upoBaHxbre rrBBecrH.Exr,r,
Aonourrrr,r
r
AorroMr4ToBr,re
rasBecr-
H_AHI,I.
!zJ
-
Crparlr$uxoBaHu craBr.r Kpeqrlaqrr,
AorroMurr{qnr{
RpeqEaqu rr
AonoMrarrr.
Stratified gray limestones,
dolomitic limestones and dolomites. Ctpatr.rQuqapoBanHbre cepbre r.i3BeernfiKra)
AorroMlIToBbIe
IT3BeCTHflKLI U,qOnOMIITbr,
t2
K;
Ki
Ktr
t.'!
Y
a
.
i-
.;:
'.24
v
l
(":l
Y
"r'i:l )
Jr
-
,fl,o;romrzrzqur.r
Kper{E aqrr,
AoJroMr,rrr.r
il ct4BLr JLvrtr4.orctvt Hpeq6attr!{. Dolornitic limestones, dolo-
mites and gray Lithiotis lirnestones..[oriolranoar're u3BecrrrfiKrr,
Aono]ul{?br
I,I cepltre rr3Becruflxrr
c Jlurutorucamlr.
TrJ
-
Kpeul5aqrj
,qoJroMrirrr, AoJrol\ttrrrrqHh
KpeqrLaqrr Ir flpeKplrcranrtcarr{ Rpeql5aqn. Limestones,
dolomites, dolomitic limestones and cristalized limestones. ?I3nectuaxu,
AoJroMrtrL'r, AonoMI,IToBtle
I43BecrHflI{}I Lr MeraMop$I{poBaHHr,Ie ll3Becr Hfl I{r1.
T:
.*
Banxoenrra
AoJroMlrrrrrrux
Hpeqr6arlr4 r{
AoJromt4rrr.
Thick bedded dolomitic limestones and doio-
mites. TonctocJroacrlle [oJromrrroBbre
il3BecrHqHlI I'{
AoJroMarbr.
Tzz
-
Mepmepucauu Kperrr,ar{u. Marbly limestones. MpatrropuszpoBaHH6le Iz3BecrE.Er(Iz.
crlTe
-
Augesurr.r. Andezites. Au,qesztbr.
l3
Kpaieu
iype
na satraArroM o6ogy 3ercre paBHHqe
Aorurro
ie
go
xpahe perpecuie
oe-
HalIeHe noianaua 6oxcnra. V octanuu
guienonuua
repeEa orai uperug y ceglpren-
raqniu uuie youen.
v uogpy.riy Kyua, xartroua Mopa.re, Kao n ua cienepy oBor repena usgroien
ie
ruron-
-BaJrerrA. IlpegctarIberr
je
cupyAHuM I{ cy6cupygnuM KpeqrbaqrrMa
ca JrrrIIcoKTlr-
uuiaua.
Ila.rnranoM Tepeuy,
Aor(agarro ie
upncyctno cBHx KaroBa xaxo
AoEe
raxo n
ropEe KpeAe, sal(ibylrHo ca
AarrcKEM
KaToM.
V ornupy
Aorbe
r(pege uegroien[ cy: BaneHg-orp[Br rrepaurluranerrrr
KoMtrJreKc
AoEe
KpeAe go aa6a, 6apeu-aut, aur-an6 u an6-qerrorvrau. BanerrA-orprrB
ie
xoncraronan
y uogpyuiy Kanaenma rgie ce [ocryrruo pasnnia uB rrpeJracrrax
iypa-xpega
cnoiera
ti. rreuocpeguo r{g KpeqrbaKa ca xpyrrxrrM Tlrrrrr{Hr{Aatra. Hcre KpeqrcaqKe rBopeBnrre
IrcrorrHo op foprer Manor Bnara cy epo3lroHo
ArrexopAarrrHe
y oAHocy rra MaJrMcKe
cegflMeuTe. V oxnupy Hepaurqnarberror KoMuJrexca
Aorbe
Kpene, xoiu
ie
uegnoien y
o6nacrrua BauaAHo [r rrcrorrno og 3etcxe paBrr[qe, [aJreoHTorroruKr{ cy
AoKasarr}r
BaJreHA, orprrB r 6apena-aur. llpegcraBJberru cy Kperrrbaqr{Ma,
AonoMrrrrrMa
rr
fioJro-
MnrnlrulrM KpetrbarllrMa. Eapeu-aut
ie
uoce6rro nsgnoieu ca Hcrotrue crparre puiexe
Mopaue, y uogpyuiy Jle6purnuxa r Ifpexopurrr{e, Kao u na xpairaeu
iyroucroxy
oror
TepeHa. Taxobe cy [petrcraBJbeHlr KpelrrbatrKo-AorroMrrrcKoru
Saquionr.
Ha MarbeM
rrpocropy, y uogpyuiy Kyua (V6nr.r,
rrryua
flparuna,
Pa.re u V6anaq) cy uegnoienr
aTIT-aJI6CKII ce,qrrMerrrlr rrpeAcraBJbeHlr r(petrl6ary*tma)
AoJroMr.ITIrqHnM
KperrrsaqrrMa
[I
gonoMrlTuua.
llpena3rrl{ ceArrMerrrll
Aolse
II roprbe KpeAe, aa6-qenouaHcr(rir ceArr-
Merrrrt cy uegnoieru{ Ha l{crorrHoM Ir sarraAHoM o6oqy 3etcxe paBHnqe. IlpegcrarEeru
cy KperrIEaqHMa,
AorroMr.rrntrulrM
r(peqrbaqrrMa H
AoJroMnrr{Ma
y xoiuua ce rraJraae
6poixe pexnuenuie n
Sopauunu@epn.
Ioprra KpeAa
ie
eactyurneHa ca cBa rplt Kara. To cy naipacnpocrparennjz ceAlrMeurrr
rra oBoM TepeEy xoir.r ce [ocrerreHo pasnniaiy rr3
AorboKpeAHHx
ceAr{MeHara. I{enonaar
je
uegroien y uogpyuiy Euo'ra a y Kyuzrvra. flpegcranren
ie
MpKr.rM r{ qpurrM
crro-
ietuua
6utyuuxosulrx Kpeqraxa ca npocnoiqurvra
AorroMr.rrr.rqrrrrx
KpeqrtaKa. Typor
ce KouTrruyarruo EacraBJba rra
qeuoMarrcxe ce4r{MerrTe u paenr.rien
ie
y uogpyuiy Buoua,
crape llpne fope, 3ercxe paBrrrrqe n Kyua. Taxo$e
ie
npeqcraBJberr KpetrrbaquMa,
AOJIOMTITHIIHI,IM
KPEqmAqITMA U
AOIIOMI,ITIIMA
CA XOHAPOAOIITAMA I' 6POiXUU trPCA.
craBrrr.IqlrMa paAr.roJrr.rnga. Cenon
ie
naiaacryurenniu Kar roprbe KpeAe rra oBoM
Tepeuy [r saygrrMa, yrrraBuoM, qerrrpaJrrre rl cerepoaarraAue qnienone
flrrcra. V ornnpy
ucror cy, y uoiegrrulrM
4uieuonunaa
repena, negnoienr: K?Mfi?rr-Mitcrprrxr rr MocT-
prlxr. Cenou uarpafyiy, yrJraBrroM, Kpetrrbaqr.r a srrarrro Marbe cy sacryrrJbrrrr
floJro-
Mr{TIrtrHIr Kpeq*aqx H
AoJroMurrr.
V onrarvr ceArrMeuTr.rMa rrpeoBnafyie pygucrna r$ayna,
trpBeHcrBerro xErrypl{Trr. V oxnupy ceHoHa, [opeA r(petrbatrKo-AoJroMr.rrcKrlx ceArrMe-
Eara, paanuienn cy n
Suuururr
ceArrMenrn (gypnarrropcxr.r
$nnu)
H To y rpainem
cieneporcroqrroM guiety
repeua ri. y uogpyuiy BjerepurrKa rr Jluiene Puiere.
Kenosorrx
ie
xa ororu nlrcry rrpeAcraBJben eoqeHcr(rrM, Muorr[fiorlerrcKr.rM n KBaprap-
rrr{M ceArrMeHTaMa. Eoqen ce npocrHpe y
AorrrrHr{
puiexe Sete u EBy)rca upeua Ky-
lr[rMa. Paenrien
ie
y
$aqniu Snxrua
r.r r.rsrpa$en o[ KourJroMepara, uieur.rapa, uiec-
KoBlrrr{x r<peqrbarca I{ Jra[opaqa. Mrouunoqencxu ceAr{Merrrn cy orr([ruBeun 6yruo-
TrrHoM xog focruma (ua
iyry
repena) rlctroA ge6enux
Qnyezoraaqnianrzx
HacJrara.
3natno [pocrpaucrBo rra oBoM TepeHy saysnMaiy rnaprapxrfi cegaMerrrr{: Mopeue,
@nyuuoruaquiaunu
ceArrMeuTr.r, rJrrrue, anynniannn r
genyuularura
eeAnMeETr{.
Ha uogpyuiy o6yxnaheurrM Jrr{crou TnrorpaA oA Mr{rrepalrunx cnpoBnna sacrytrJbeuu
cy: doxcuu xoir ce
ianmaiy
y cienepuorvr gniery repena r{ y oxoJrrruu Fuiexe llpno-
ienzha;6r.r:rynannoau[
urrcpr{Jbqn y ur[poi o6nacrx 3ercxepaBnlrrleiyrpacxrr llrpa-
14
$ennncxlr
KaMen y or(oJr[Err Cuyxca rr Jrexc[rura rrrJbynr(a, nriecra rr
qrlrfiapcK
I[[o-
Barre y oKoJrr{Hrr cuyrxa rr
AoEer
ror(a Mopatre.
Texronnra oBor reperra
ie
rpno cJroxcena. V reorerroucKoM trornetry nogpy.rie Jr[cra
Turorpag trprllaAa, yrnaBIIoM,
ABeMa
cTpyl(Typuuru
iegnnnqanaa:
Ctapoqpnoropcroi
u l(yuxoi KpaJbyrurn, a y oxBrrpy xoiux cy rropa2r(eua rrJrlrrcarr{Brrrr rr
gnciynxtunnu
TeKToHcKrr o6nuqu. llcro taro sacrytrJbeua
ie
gypuuropcKa reKToEcKa
iegunuqa
rer-
ToEcKHM KptraMa Jbyror Cpronqa n llnanlrunqe.
Crapoqpuoropcroi KpaJbyrurrr y oKBrrpy oBor Jrr{cra up[uaAa crrxKJrr,rflaJrna o6nacr
gorllne 3ere r CII
rulo
crapoqpxoropcror arrrltxrrr{Hopniyua". CnxxnunopuiyM
loJrgrre
3ere upegcraBJba cJro)r(eulr crrcreM HsoKrrl{trux na6opa ca peBepcHHM pac-
KHAar6rrMa. Ha repeny xoin rpurraga CI;I
guieny
crapoqpHoropcKor anTlrxlrrrnoprr-
iyua
ucturry ce arrrrrxJrr{nana
fieur.rha
xao rr rrrra Marrrlx rrJrnxaruBrrux u
guciynKTlrB-
ElIx rexTorrcxrrx o6unKa.
Teper Kyvxe Kpalbyruru lrnnr! cJrorceH crrcreM
ge$oprvrucauilx rrJr[KarI{BHHx crpyx-
rypa og xoiux rpe6a, Ha oBoM ruiecry, rroMeuyrrl rroJrerny arrrnKJrr{Hary (ra
iyry)
Ilnarzia, xa6op Ceoqe
-
Touonosr{K }r crrrrKrrlrHaJry Jle6purnura. V onoi rexroncroi
iegnnn4n
sauarraiy ce
ABa
crrcreMa paciega: y3fiy2{flrrr (perepcnn), [orperrrrr, a
pe$e gxiarouaJrrrrr.
Baxuo rerTorrcxo o6ure:rie oBor repesa
y nogpyuiy Setcxo-cxagapcxe
paBHrrqe, ug
Tepexcxa ucur1rl{Barba flprr
AerarbHotr
Kaprrrpalby oBor JIHcra r{ ogpe46a 6oraror rraJleouTo-
Jrolrgor marepnia.na omoryhzna cy
Aa
zsBprrrumo AerarbHuie
pasrpauullerbe rBopeBI{Ha, flo
crapocrlr. Hanegenuiu uclrarnBarbr{r{a nocrurHyru cy cluie4ehla nonu pe3yJlTarrl:
V oxrrapy tujaca, y uo4pyujy Pzjexe I{pnofeeraha, ns,4eoiene cy
4nuje
nutoQaquie. V xa-
mony Mopaue
,qoxa3auo ie
ga gonomr.rrr{rrHrr Kpeqrballrt z
Aonorrrrrrr,
Ko,H cy paHrrp cmarparlrr
Kao roprborp*rjacnu, ogronapaiy
jegnum gujenom w tmjacy. Koscra:ronan
je qorep y Karbouy
I{rajenge u nacnyheuo rreroBo uocrojarre y flnatujanna. Mamn
je
mxole
gerarunje parlrqrlarLeu
y uo,qpyvjy Bjerepnnxa na oxc$opg-KumeprrrJ rr rrrroH-BaJreHAlac, a Ha I{croqHom H 3a[aAHoM
o6ogf 3ercxe paBHr.rqe na oxcsopg-KurlrepilrJ r{ roprbll KI,IMepvu. Vieluo um
je
,4aro
MHoro
eehe 14 upeqasnnje pac[pocrparLeme. OszM ]rcrrr{Tr{Barbl,Irvra
je
no IrpBrr flyr
AoKa3aHo
rrpficycrBo
rr u3BpureHo paurqnarLaBarbe
Aorbe
KpeAe Ha Jle6pruuzxy rl sarraAHum laAl{rrama Kalrenuxa.
Taxofe, ro rpBl,r nyr, zs,qsojeua
je,qoma
KpeAa ceBepHo og I{ujeeue. V oxnupy roprre xpeAe
Ha sehem
gujeily repeHa vsBprxeuo
je
uo upnn flyr paurllrrarbaBalbe Ha KaroBe
-
IIeHoMaH,
TypoH, ceHoH, xao u LrsABojeu macrpzxr a mjecrnruuuHo u KamrraH-Macrpl{xr oA BeoMa pacnpo-
crpalbeHl{x ceHoHcKI{x ceAl4MeHara.
Og nepuierueun< upo6nema ocrilJrri cy: HepaurrrllarLeu roprb?r tpnjac, ognajame roprber tpnfaca
og miaca y Karbouy Mopaue, [aJreoHroJrouKu HeAoBoJbHo
,{oKyr{enroBau Aorep,
ognajame
KaroBa y roprroj
jypu, pauunarLaBarbe
Aor6e
KpeAe y KaroBe
y nojeguuzm
gnjenosama repeua,
o4eaiama rIeHoMaHa o,(
AorLe
KpeAe y jyxnom gujeny rrr{cra,
gerarsurje paruqnarrerLe [aneolleH-
cxo-eolleHcxor
Slnura
r{ paurqJratLerre KBaprapur{x HacJlara Ejerouanrurhxe
paennqe.
ieere
cxperarbe trpyx(arba crpyKTypar
rrpaBqa C3-JII y trpaBqy
J3-CII.
t5
,l
.'t/
\/
on14c KAPThPAHI4X fiAnHilUA
Ha repeny nucta Trntorpa.q otKpLIBeIre cy rBopeBlrne xoje nprmagaiy tpujary,
iypn,
xpegn,
eorleHy r.r KBapTapy.
TPIIJAC
Hajcrapnje rBopeBrrHe xoje ynase y cacraB rcrlrrr{Baror repeua npraua4ajy rpr.ljacy. flopeg
ce,qr{MeHrurlx crujena 3acryrJbeHe cy I,I ByJIXirHcre urjeue. V oxnupy rpujaca usgeoieur
ry
cpe,qmrr, roprr{ rpuiac u perolujac.
CPEAIbIT I'PI,IJAC (T, ?)
Ha manom [pocropy y xpajmerrt cjenepoucrouuom gujery
[clr{Tr.rBauor repesa, na Kopanqy
-
cjenepno og Epcxyra, orKpLIBerrLt cy 6jenzuacrn H c*tBr4 a miecrrzruuvHo pyMeHKacrr{ Kpeq-
IBaIII{ I{HreHBr{BHo [oJIoMJbeHI{ y Macrl, xoiu ce y oBoM
AuieJry
TepeHa
AaHac
BrdAe xao
goga
MoHoJrHTHrrx 6noxosa xoju rerxe ua xeparo@zpuma. Onu caAp)fie upeBnaxe u Marle HaroMH-
rlarLe xemarvra rr BpJro cy cruqHu y rom [orneAy (xao u rro JrrrroJrourxom rl3meAy) ca onuma
rls Km.rna y uogpyujy Korryra. flouro
je goxasaHa cpe4morpzjacxa crapocr Kpeqrbaxa ca
xeMarI{ToM y Knannrrra, Ha ocrroBy xope;raqlr;'e ca HaBeAeHI{M, Kao r4 Ha ocuoBy r{croBerHllx
o,qHoca [peua xeparo$zputrta, sacaA Mo]KeMo [perfiocraBuTr
Ea
vr oBlr KpeqrLaqu upana4ajy
cpeArbem rpziacy.
Ose
.rzrbeHuqe
Mory ga uruajy sxauaj y roffreAy pjeurena upo6aema nese Kyuxe KpaJbyrrrrr,r
u rsn.
.(ypmlrropcxe
jegunuqe
(nauaxe), a xojz
ie
nocraeuo B. Cunnprh (1940). Yxomrxo 6u ce
n
$aynuctaqxl,r Aora3ara
l{cra crapocr Kpeqrbaxa fiomeHyre JroxaJrHocrrr ca oHr{Ma y Knuunma,
Morno 6u ce yrapgvtrvl
Ea
je
Kyvxa KpaJbyrur, flpexo
Ayp.Mrrropcxor
$.nmua
lpeurJra u
Aa
Ham
ce rlcrn Hpetrrbarlu
jarrajy y rexroHcKoM [po3opy.
BYJIKAHCKE CTI,IJEHE
Y xpajmem cjenepxom
guje.ny
repeHa tj . y no4pyujy Bpajonuhxe flonr.rxrrzrle) Kao r.r y uogpyujy
Ilnjene Pujexe
-
na KopaBIIy, orKpI{BeHe cy BynKaHcKe crujene. One ce Ha oBoM repeHy
ianraiy
camo MarLI{M
4uje.irom
tj . rruxoeo nehe npocrpaHcrBo
ie
ua cycegHr{rlr repeHr.rma.
KoncratosaHr{ cy aHAe3r{ru u xeparoSzpu.
AH.[ESI4TI4 (eTz)
Koncratosanu cy Ha Bpajoer,rhroj flouuxruqN. flponururucaHu cy a rra Kouraxry ca Kpeqlra-
KoM MeraMopSucann E pacnaAHyrH
Ao
crarLa rJrLtrroBHre Mace, rrJrr.I uax
jaxo
yrxKpilJ6eHlr.
Ouynana epynrr.rBHa maca
je gocra
cr{ruospua H seneui<acre 6oje.
Ha ocuony HCrII4rHBarba B. Crujonzha (1963) oee cuajeue cy usrpalene og
SenoxprrcraJra
Sengcuara,
6ojenux MuHepana r{ ocHoBHe mace. O4
Seuoxpnctala
ce
jaama
aHAesr{H u la6pa-
l6
,qop.
EoieHr cacroiqu cy Haiqeuhe rperBopeHu y ceryuAapne Mr{EepaJre (x.noput, err{Aor u
oKcInAe rnox!a), Ma,qa uma I{ caqyBaHrrx spna xoja cy ogpelena Kao ayrilr r4 xr.mepcreH. OcroeHa
rrraca
ie
uajueruhe xlrnoxplrcraJracra a
qecro
[orrryHo craxJracra. ?Isrpafeua
je
og usrr{x Mr4He-
pala xoje HaJlaslnmo u me$y
@enoxpzcraruma.
CuopeAHr.r MnHepaJrlt oBLtx crrzjena cy: maruerr{T,
I{JIMCHITT U AfIATilT.
KEPATO@I4rV (rtT2)
Orrpznexu cy y jegnom
[oiacy ca HeHopMEUrHoM flo,qvuon{ oA roprboxpe4uor
Qmlura
r{ crparr{-
rpa$cxom rroBJlarom xojy zsrpafyjy cnso-6jeJr[sacrr{ Kpeqmarlrt ca xemarr{rom. Behznom cy
IrrKpr{.JBaBe reKcrype, csr.rjernosenene r,r 6nniego)r(yre a pefe cer.rjetnocvne 6oje. Oczan xrapqa,
Hr{ y Mr4xpocxorry ce He Mory engieru npno6zruut cacrojqu, xojN cy ynrrrrrreur4. Cexyn4apuu
ill{HepaJr}r: cepuqur, KaJrqilT, xJroprrr, e[r4Aor, oxcr4A rcorx$a [r
Ap.
rrr4ue
ca4a
iegry
Macy rrr
je4l.tllo
ce Ha ocHoBy oqyBaHzx KoHrypa
QeuoxpucraJra
KBapqa,
$en4cnara
n 6ojeruo< cacaoiaxa,
Kao r4 Ha ocHoBy xonoKpacraJracre I.I xr{[oKp[craJracTe crpyKType Mo)r(e yrBpAr,rTLt MarMaTcKo
uopr,rjgxno onrur crujena. Keapq ulrfe yenjex sacrylJrerr a
iansa
ce y Br,rAy
Seuorpucrana
BeJIrrqLIHe lr5 mm. 04 cuopegnux Mr.rHepEura sacTy[Jben
ie
auatzr I{ MarHeTrrT.
roPErr TPr.rJAc (T3)
Ce4umentu roplter tpujaca cy orxpr{BeHr{ y jyrosanagnom glljeny
rrcrr4rlrBaHor repeHa y
o6naclru 3avr,rpa, Byrmnpoer,lha, Pujexe L{puojenraha, Ilhan$ona, Mpaqe.rra u Pzjeuana.
foprtz rpujac
ie
paseujeu y
Qaquier AoJromrra, Aoromurr.rqHfix
Kperrrbaxa u pele
qrlcrro(
KpeqILaKa. Y ropBzm xoplr3oHrr{Ma mjectzmravHo cy BacrylJbeHe r{ KpeqBatrKo-AoJroMrrTcKe
6peue.
Hajsacryurenujz ce4zmerrrrl cy,qonomurr{. Mjecrumnuno
qvraB
roprrri rpujac
je
npe4crar.rreu
r{crr{ma. Boje cy 6jelrrvacte tr cnzjernocvBe Ha cnjoxem flpenomy, a Ha rroBprlr{Hu cr4Bompxra.
O6raqHo cy crpatn$zxoBaur{ y 6auxe KarKaA sHarue
Ae6ruse
a pele cy Macr,rBHr. floNasyjy
3pHacry crpyxtypy,
qecro
HerrpaBuJrrry, ca urrrpoxum Bapilparbem y BeJrrrqtrnu spna. Pacuagajy
ce uonfieAapcxu a nrjecru]vtlrlrHo cy flperBopeHu y
AoromrrTcxr,r
fpyc.
Aonoanrmnqulr
Kpeqrralllr r.I Kpeurrarlu cy uogpefeulrju u crrrierryjy ce ca
,qoJromrinzMa
6o.+ro u
BeprvKaJrHo. Eoje cy crzjeme, cerajetnoczBe r{ )r(yrocr{ee. Hajueurhe cy xplncraflasrut
y^iltr
rpyABacTla a mory 6utz n
AeTpr{TI{trHr,r
ca
qecTum
Haror[r4JrarLrurn{a KpynHor Kpzcrit"flacror KaJrrIHTa;
HaKHaArro crBopeHor.
Jan.rrajy
ce y 6auquma a pefe y cnoierrma.
flo csojmn crpyxrypHlrm r,r rexcrypHzrrl oco6znama
AoJromlrrlr
yrasyjy Ha eflilreHfi rrrfi crBapama
(uocrynax BesaH sa [poqece
.pacflaAarba
a uajeehzrvr
,qujenorvr
3a xr{Apoxemuicxy axrrannocr
rIoASeMHIrD( no4a). Ho, c o6supor[ Ha BHarHo pacnpocrparberbe rr BeJrrrKy
,qe6Dany AoJroMura,
rrzje ucxryueua mor5rhnocr
Aa
cy [ocra-[z
Ar.rpeKTHr4M
lrsryrruBarrem Mr.rHepana
AoJroMura
pr3
mopcKe BoAe, MaAa
je
nnrarre reue3e
,qonoMlrra
ocrano orBopeHo.
Kpeumauxo-AoJroMr{rcxe 6peve cy BesaHe sa roprbe xopLt3oHre rpujacxrx ceAr{Menara rr cBaKaKo
yxasyjy Ha ounrahasame 6acena. To cy xpyrrHo3pHe 6peve, mjecrramrauno ca sao6JbeHlrm Ko-
MaArrMa, uBpcro rlelrlerrroBaue cu;ruqujcxil]vr Be3rrrBou. Y uojegnunm JroxaJruocrzma one 6peue
caAplr(e Kpyrrue MeraJroAoHe.
Janrajy
ce mjecrumr.rirHo, a
ge6rraua
ram Bapfipa o,q 2-15 m.
loprrorpzjacxv ceAI{MeHrr{ cy 6orarz
$aynom
a Hapoqzro rLeroBr4 eturra (m.nafn) grajelonu.
Cagprxe MeraJIoAoHe, rylxeBe, KopaJre, aJrre r{
Ap.
OA maxpo$ayne upeonnafyfy MeranoAoHr{.
F. Koch (1933) je
ogpegno Lt3 cyceAHr.D( rroxarHocrz Bjenoura ra Bzuosa 6pga ri. r{3 ce,qr.rmeHara
roprrerrpnjaca crujegehenpcre: Megalodus comltlanatus, Megalodus beickhi, oar. seguiaalois,
Megalodus ffiqueter, Megalodus aff. antpezzanus.
flo mnxpo$a4uju or;vr ceAflMeHrrz upuuagajy roprbeM rpujacy, y xojuma ce
jarrajy:
aare-
-Kpy[He KoAI{aIIee u Aasr{Knaraqee,
raymaTolopene, Kao ra
$opamnnn@ept:
Frondicularia
cf. woodwardi, glomospire u
ilp.
t7
Merano4oncxa
Qayna,
MIroIItrBo arnxpo@ocuna a Hapoqtro aJrrr{, rao u nojana 6peua, yxasyjy
Ha [JIt4rKoBoAIry cpeAl{Iry y xojoj cy crBapaHn oBfi ceArdmeurra.
.fle6rszna
roprrorpujacxrax
ceAl{MeHara ce He Moxte raqHo o,qpeAvtrvr, arv njeponarno rlsHocrt oxo 500 Merapa.
PETOJIT,TJAC
(T,J)
Ca nocryunram JrltroJrorrrKr.rm rr
Qaynzcrzurlrm.
flpeJraso]r{ ylorry jypy,
roprrz rpujac
je
pasrrjeu
y KilrboHy Mopaue Ha rloresy Mpxe
-
Mzpovesuhu r.r Kyuz:ra
-
Kpyuresavxu uorox.
Je4na
[pl.rrr4qHo [pocrpaHa tapruja TrD( rBopeBilHa HaJrasz ce y cjenepnom gnjerry
oBof JI4cra u To
nsmely Epajornhxe flour.rxrrqe u Tpmarae rj. zsmefy Jbyror Cproeqa z Mo,qpor npxa.
Y no4pyujy Jlncqa, a oAaBAe rrpema cjenepy rj. naCrpmuenzm rpeAama, Bemrom
AoJry
ra
Korary petoanjacxu ceAl{Menrrl ce
jasmajy y Herlpexrrl{ytom uojacy. Ose rropeerrne cy raxofe
pasnxjene y Kyuzma y uogpyujy Jla6y,qnrle rr oKo loprre Crpasue.
Ha-qnjororu oBoM rpocropy peroJrrjacxe reopenune ranajy rcrorjerno paaruhe. Ha ocnory
ceAumerrroJrorrlxrrx rrcrrr{rr4Baba o6ar.rsenr,m oA crpaHe
[.
Illxyrerut,La (1966) y HexoJrr.rKo
Kapaxrepzcrr{qHrn( JroxiurHocrr4, KoHcraroBano
je
,qa
je petonujac pazsujen y
je4uoj
usmzje-
rrenoj goromnrcxoj
Saryrjz
Kao r.r ga
cepnja nnje raxo rvror{oroHa y Ju4Tonorrrxon{ fronreAy,
KaKo ce to panuje cmarpaJro. Y percnnjacxoj cepzju mefyco6uo ce HerpaBr.rmro cmjemyjy
KpeqlbaqKr,I
AoJroMrrTrr, AoIoMr{TI,FIHn
Kpeqlbarlr{, cna6o
AoroMr.rTLIrIHI,I
KperilLaqu r4 [peKplr-
crulrtcall{ Kpeqlbaqr{. flpanror
AoJroMI{Ta
HeMa, oAHocHo HeMa rrtrrLlrrurrD( rrpeAcraBHilHa Hrir
,qoJIoMI{Ta
HLr Kperrlbaxa reh cy 3acryrrJbeHz rbIrD(oBLt npeJIaBHIrt o6arrqn. Ha reperry ce yovanajy
rsnjecuu [ocryrrulrt rrpeJras]I og
iegnor
Ka
Apyrolvr
rapujeeery, Irrro ce amlruSecryje upomjenom
y 6oju Kao II caAplr(ajem paanzuzrrcr rpaxacrux rexcrypa y uoje4znru Jrr.rroJrorrrKrrm
rrJraHoBrrma
one cepzie. V ropmem
ArieJry AoJromurcxe
cepzje
jar,:tajy
ce rpexpr,rcralwrcailv Kpeqrbarlr
xojn cy nsrpalenu cKopo ucrsbyrrrBo o,q ct4ruospuor
Ao
cpeArto3pHor xaJrrllrra.
Ha ocnony cacraBa n muxpoSaqujatmux KapaKTepr{crr4xa Mo}r(e ce 3irr{Jbyru4rv
la
cry oBz ceAz-
Merrrl{ uJr}ITHoBoAHe rBopeBzHe. Y cepzju, [peMa rome, Ire uocroje nexe 6zrnzje anzxpo-
Saqujamre
pasJruKe,
jep
ie
y qjenzrut zsrpafeua oA
,qoJroml4ra
r4 rLr{xoBrlu( rrprzrJra3Hrix o6maxa
(xpeursauxra
AoJromr{Trr
rr
AoJromr{rlrrrrrrl
xpewsaqlr). flopeg rror\r.erryrlrlx JurroJrorrrxvrx rIJIaHoBa
y onoj cepnjn ce
jaerajy
v Marltt upocnojqu MarLe r.rJrrir Brrure HaKHaAno cr,urr.r$raroBarr[x
KpeqrLaKa.
3a ogpefuearbe crapocrr{ oBrrD( ceAzmeHara HaiBurrre [aneoHToJrorrrKr{x fio,qaraxa ama fi3
KaILoHa Mopave rAe [o.Merryre rBopeBrrHe rropeA ]\[eruroAoHa caAp]r(e rz nrnxpo$ayuy. V
Karbolry Mopaue, xo4 Bjetpune KoucraroBanvr cy 6pojuu upecjeqn MeraroAoua. E. Bupzh z
C. Mojcznonuh (1958) nai:oge
4a
je
ras oBe rroxarruocrz C. flanrvh o,qpeAzrra Megalodon
%Tnpezzanus IIIKoJbKy KapaKTepr.rcTrzqHy 3a foprboAixrurajucxe caojene, oAHocHo peTcKlr KaT
roprber rpujaca.
Ha gujtilry
repeHa Kynraua-KpyrueBuqxr{ rrorox, Ha ocHoBy Mr{KpouaJreoHToJroruKr{x a*aJrutga,
xoncr-erorano
je ga
uaupr.ljeg roilreuyre rBopeBzHe upzua4ajy roprbe.m rp*rjacy, oAHocHo cr{-
nypuo'pery z
Aorberl
tujacy. V roxannocrz Kynzna KoHcraroBaHra cy
SparmeHrr{
aJrrrr v3
rpyue qzjauo$zta,
upecjeqr.r
,qa3r{KnaAarlea,
KoAr{aqea u
@parnneuu4
ayJroropryca. VIs rroxaJr-
nocrz Ourra (nujeea crpaHa Mopaue Hacrpajr Kyuuue) xoucraroBlHa
je
Thaumatoporella
praooztesiculifera, Frondicularia sp.
14
pzjerxu upecjeqz Aynoropryca. Ha ractoj crpaHr.r
Mopaue, HeAaJreHo og Ourre, y Jroxanuocriz
lerpuua
KoucraroBaHo
je
upucyctso: Frondicularia
sp.: Trochol'ina sp., Aulotortus sp.,
yt.
Triassina hantkeni. Hajsag, y oBol{ Karrorry y rrome-
HyruM rBopeBI{HaMa y ycjexy KoJrcxor uyra
-
Hacrrparu. Kpyrueeauxor rroroKa KoHcraroBaHr,r
cy upecjequ
$opamzuu$epa:
Triasina hantkeni, Aulotivtus sinuosus, Frondicularia sp. u
uajsa4 crpyKTypa xoja uo4cjeha na anry fi3 poAa Giroanella.
Ha ocnoay rpoytreuor rrrarepzjala C. flanruh p$r.rmr,rpa cnuje,qehe:
,rHa
gujerq,
repeHa
Kyuuna-KpylueBavxl,I rrorox, Ha ocHoBy MrrKpo[aneoHToJrolrrxr{x HaJraga, ycranonren
ie
l8
1f
roplbr,r rpr4iac, crrypau per rr
Aorbr,r
r:aajac. flpurycrno pera norrpfyje acoqvjaquja Triassina
hantkeni rz Aulotonus sp.
,[a
oBe rBopeBilHe ogronapajy ]r
,qorLoM
tmjacy roBopr{ ilpr4cycrBo
atte Palaeodasycladus mediterraneus u Foraminifera
,rLituosepto".
flomenyru rumpo$ocrErua,
KaRo HaBoArr C. flanrzh (1962), Kapaxrepr4rrry najeaure xopr.IsoHre
Aorber
t:ajaca. Ona rarole
[perfiocraBJba
,qa Auo
cepzje
Ao
crrypuro( roprLrtx HuBoa
Aorber
tujaca [pr4[aAa najeeponar-
nzje, upema cyrepno3r{quju, raxole
Aorbem
gujeily
AorLer
tujaca.
flpenas oA pera y
Aorbr.r
tmjac
je
[ocry[au, raxo
Aa
ce
jacra
rpanr,qa He Mo)r(e uoeyhlr, s6or
qera
cy oBe rBopeBr{ne lrs4nojene Kao peronr.rjac.
,[e6runa
ose cepuie qzjenu
ce Ha oKo 600 m.
flonorxaj flomeHyrr,rx rBopeBrdua y oAHocy Ha ceAumeHre KpeAe y uogpyujy Cez6e, Enrnsue
u Mpxa
je
rexroucxu rj, zcre cy HaByqeue Ha roprLoxpeAHe Kpetrrraxe.
JvPA
Jypcxe
rBopeBr4ue Ha repeuy xojz o6yxrara onaj aucr ramajy sHarHo pacrpomparbene. fla.neon-
TOJrOrrrKr.r cy yrnpfeuu ceAr{MeHTlr xrajaca,
Aorepa
u MaJr&ra. KoncraronaHu cy r{ [peJraSHr{
clojean
jypa-xpe4a.
Tpe6a HaroMeHyrr{ ga je
npo6nemarl{uHo uoctojane
Aorepa
wm 6ap
IberoBux mnafrx gujerona.
JII4JAC
Tnopenune rujaca umaiy penarrBHo BeJruKo pacupocrparbelbe. V cjenepnou
gzje.rry
ouor
Jlucra orxpt4BeHe cy y HerrpeKr,rnyrorvr uojacy xoju ce upyx og Konr.ma fipeKo Ceoqa, Jlzjr.rnor
6p4a,
Jexone
ruraBe r.r Illyjaxa
4o
Kyuune y Mopauz. Ca manzm rpeKVAoM, zsnefy Pasgorsa
ra Bpesoeror pyua, oaaj nojac ce HasraBJba rrpexo Posaqxux rmaruja y [paBrly cjesepa ilcrroA
JIasuHa [r
AaJbe
BaH rpaHzrla oBor Jrucra. Ca nrajene crpaue Mopaue rBopeBvHe w{aca cy
orKpI{BeHe y Jlyroravxram unarrajalra, usmefy
Aorber
roxa KpyureBaqxor rroroxa u Jlyrora
xao u r.rsmefy Kyunue n lpxanqa. V o6racra Mare pzjexe orxpr{BeHe cy y Tnpgunr crujenama
ua nogpyujy,[orrer Crpanva r Jlaznonzha. V Kyuzma
je pasurjeu Ha rpocropy EaSe Hnxr.rha,
{emrope rn Paqarra. flpzcycrno tujaca
AoxasaHo
je
z cjesepno o4 6noua rj. oxo 3arpafa,
y I{pxeuqana Kao h y Kocopcxorvr xnuje6y r{crotrHo og Ezoua. V xpajrrem
jyrosanagnom
4zjery
nrcm rj. y uogpyvjy Pnjexe Ilpnoiesuha, celr{MeHrr{ tujaca ce upyrxaiy y BuAy uojaca na
ror*y Ytruhu
-
Pzjexa
Tlpuojeezha.
V nujacy"uoueuyrrlD( repeHa.rrsABojene cy
Saquje: AoJromrrrt4
Lt
,qoJromilruqHfl
Kpeqba\v u
AOJIOMI{TU
yt
CUtBVt J[4Tr4OTLICKPI Kpelrrbaul.I.
oArIr4JA
AOIOMZTA
14,UOnOMI4Tr4[rHI4X KPEr{I5AKA (tJr)
V xpajmem
iyroqauagnom 4zjery
ru.rcra rj. y uogpyujy Pzjexe Idpnojenzha nnjac novzrre
AoJroMI{rIrMa
xojra xouxopAaurHo Jre}r(e Ha rpujacxurw
AoJroulrrr{n{a
ua
je
rpanuqy usmely
jegunx
r4
ApyryD(
reruKo noeyhr. V mpyxrypHo-rexcrypHLrm oco6lruama tuiacxu.qoJroMzrlr
ne uoxasyjy Hr{KaKBy pa3nrrKy y oAHocy na rpzjacxe, re zM
je
renesa najnjeporarnuje racra.
3a pasnuxy og rzjacxux, rpujacxz
AoJromrzrlr
caAplr(e
qecro
l\,teraJroAoHe z njecrramrzuuo cy
mmnuie 6oje.
,(onolrutrvtqnvt
Kpeqrrarllr cy uogpeleauju y o4nocy Ha
AoJromr{re.
Oonnrzunz cy
Ao
[cey.qoooltvrrvrttuvt. Eanxosuru cy, pele Macr{BHu. Y rrniua cy naleuz cvrrnvt
SopamuuzSepz:
KpucreJrapuje, cuupurrzHe, HoAo3apzje ll gp. Koncraroeaue cy c.nujegehe epcre: Spiritina
turgida, Cristellaria sp. r{
Ap.
.[,e6rnna ceAr.rmeHara one
Qaqzje
je
oxo 100 m.
l9
<DAII?UA
.IOJIOMITITA
L\ Cr4Bl4X IrtlTr4OTr CKI4X KPEtTILaXe
(1,;
Kouxop4anrHo, npexo nauprjeg orrr4cauriu(
$aqnja
Jre)xe
Aorlomwr:a
n cilr;Lt rIzrI4orI.IcK,I Kpeq-
EarILt. Vrpa\yjy repeue C u CV og Przjexe I{pnojeruha rj . upoctapy ce y o6.nacrN flanala,
I{pnor Bpxa, Tmopa I.r flprxnr,rxa,
Aa
6u rpema
jyroncroxy,
BHarHo cy)fieHlr (rexroncxz)
o6yxnatrnn rrcroqHlr
Alro
Jlncma n
jyrxue
rraAuHe Pace u 3ne rope.
Y
4omem
gzjely rBopeBr.rHa ore
$aqraje
HaJra3e ce
AoJIoMrIrrI
xojn ce cmjerryiy ca Heruro
TarLrrM cnojenzma KpeqmaKa, flpexo xojux reixe cur,u, crl.a6nle ranoponarn, JIt4TIirorIrcKH
xpetrrbarlu. I4s ouzcaHux ceAulfleHara ogpefena
je
cwrje4eha
Sayua:
Terebratula cf . punuata
Piotocardia ef. eppiana, Lima (Plagiostoma) sauccina, Chlamus (Aequipeum) thollierei, Me-
galodus pumilus, M. oacceki, Lithiotis problematica, Durga crassa, vr
Ep.
Og M[xpo$ayHe Konc"raroBaHrir cy uuje4ehz poAoBu I,r Bpcre Paleodasycladus mediteraneus,
Orbitopsella praecursor, Aeolisacus sp., Glomospira sp., Pseudocyclamina sp.
@AU?UA CVTBI4:'' JII4TI,IOTI,ICKpIX KPETTILAXa ( I
?')
Jlr.rruorucrn KpeqmarlI,r cy zsgrojeur,r y Herlpexflrryrom uoiacy xojr,r ce rpyx oA Konnra
rpexo Ceoqa, Lllmjnuor 6pAa,
Joroee
HraBe, Illyjaxa
go Kyuune y Mopavu. Ca ru,rjeee crpaue
Mopaue
iaemajy
ce y Jlyronatrrr.rm unarzjama usmefy
AorLer
roxa KpyrueBavxor roroxa I{
Jlyroea u usmefy Kyuune lr lpxaeqa, 3arum y Marof pnjequ u y Kyuurvra.
V cjenepnr.m
gnienoauma oBor repeHa KoucraroBanu cy y oeoj
@aqujz
Kps[roxpacraracrn,
M[Kp0rpy,qBacru, rpyABacTu u nceyAoooJrrlrcKrlr
,4o
fpyABacrrr KpetIILaqrI: ca uomenyrrzu
Kpeqlraquma
jaz:-rraly
ce Kao npoclojqz urLtuoBrrrr{ cnojeen xojlr anjemarnuvHo rlpeJrase y
rJrr.IHeHe rrrKpraJbr{e r{ rrrrpr{JbaBe Jrarropqe
qpue 6oje. V rauoposrnto-rrlltHoBuruirr npoclojqr.rma
cxopo peAoBHo ce HaJra3z
$ayna,
ylJraBHoM
$parmenrz
Jrkrrl4orr{cxlrx Jbylrrrypa.
E. Enpnh, C. Mojcznonzh (1957) HaBoAe
Aa
rrm
je
o,4 caxynmenux
Qocnna
xog Mupoqesuha
y KarLoHy Mopaue n na
Jexonoj
rJraBr{,
jyxno
o,4 Bpohruaxa, P. PaAolr.rrh o4pegvna c.rujegehe
Bpcre: I:ithiotis problematica, Durga uassa,, Durga trigonalis, Orbitopsella praecursor.
Y roxy Harur,D( Ltc[r,rrzBarLa Ha HexoJrraKo mjecra ogpefena
je
nnjacxa maxpo$ayna. I{s cusux
Kpelrrbaxa na cjenepuom o6o4y Kouzra, Ha crasu xoja aoglr xa Eancroj uraBI,I o4pelene cy
Bpc,re: Proleptophylis costa.ta, Lithiotis
problematica, Pecten aequiaalis, Rlrynchonella la,t'ifrons,
Terebratula punctata, Durga cf. crassa, Montliztaltia laksa.
Ca uo4pyuia cena Ceoqa, ucroqHo oA rrperxoAue JroxaJrHocra, ogpelene cy Bpcre: Pleuromia
cf.
jauberti,
Ampularia sp,'Epismilia cf . eudesi.
Y nenocpegnoj 6nusrann oBe JroxaJrHocrt4, y )Knerz, ucrt4 cy Kpeqrballu, raxofe, 6oratra ca
@ayuorrr.
O4peleue cy crzjegehe Bpcre: Cyathophyllia cf. liassica, Diplocoenia cf . ambigus,
Montlfualtia aff. superficialis, Cyathopora cJ. globosa, Astea cf. gracilis.
Hs uoc.me4rrrar
gnejy
roxarHocrr{ ogpefene cy oA Ml{Kpo$ayne: Vidalina martana, u Orbirc-
psella praecursor.
V Mapruuzhxom locrnrry n
Janopxy
KoucraroBaHr4 cy Kpeqrcar.Ir{ ca Liruosepta recoarensis.
JrrrIAc-Aorsp (Jr,z)
V cjeaepuom
gujelry repeHa, y KarboHy Mopave passajeuu cy ceArrmeHrz sa xoje rperrrocraB-
Jbamo
Aa
6ra lrornra oAroBaparr{ roprrem nnjacy-gorepy. Ca
AecHe
crpaHe Mopaue oBe rBopeBltHe
cy usgsojene y Br.rgy
ie,4uor
uojaca Ha uore3y Tprvrana'-O6sosu 6pzjer*Jla3uHe, a ca anjeee
crpaHe Ha rrore3y Kpyruerauxra uorox-Byvir,I xpru.
20
,,.
Ory cepzjy clojena
qlrHe
rpymyJbvtqasrv, rpyABacrr.r opraHoreno-Aerplrrr.Lrrur.r u ooJrurr.rqHr4
KpetllLalllr ca Malbnm uaprzjama
AoJIoMIrra
rr
AoJroMurr{lrHrlD(
Kpetrrbaxa xoje peAoBHo flpaTe
po)fiHarlu y BIIAy npoclojaxa, [peBJraKa z
jaxo
r.I3Ay)fieHr.rx coqr{Ba. flomerryrz ceA[MeHTrr cy,
uaiueurhe, crepl{Jrlr\t I{JII{ rrax caAp)fie HeoApe,qr,rBe
Soczle.
V onxm xoja ce HaJrase ca o6le
crpaHe Mopave KoHcraloBaHe cy pujerxe KoArrarlee) eoJrucaxyct4 tL cr{THe
Qopamuuusepe,
TeKCTyJIapr,rAr{, TpOXaMI{He, BepHeJIr{Hr..rAe r,r
Ap.
flomeuyru ce,qlaMeHTz cy ge6erz
HeKoJrrrxo
,qecerr{Ha
Merapa rr
rrrrHe
3aBprxHu guo
nnjacxe
cepufe ca njeposarHvm saJralxerbem y
Aorep.
Ha nogpyujy Y6ala z Kocopa KpeqlrarlI,r r43 oBe cepuje cagp)r(e o6urre opraHcr(or
AerpLtryca,
xoaouuje xoparra, cuzxyne cnonrzja, czrne
$opamznn@epe
z gp.
KoncraroBaua
ie
c"rrniegeha
@ayna:
Vidalina ma.rtana, Cristellaria sp., Lithocardium agregatum.
Ha oorony usnrajetor, Mzrur6er6a cmo,
Aa
r{ TBopeBVHe flo.Merryror uogpyvja npnuagaiy upllje-
rra3Hlm_ cJroienzma tujac
-
Aorep.
[orEI,roKc(DopI
rr
[Eo
Kr.rMEpr{gA
(I2,3)
Ha zcro.troln o6o4y 3ercxe paBHrrqe, y no,qpyujy
rremepa
r{
,qaJbe
y Karrony r-{niesue xao u
ciesepoucrouuo y o6lacrra,flersaja u Eeuxauraja pasnujena je
cepuja xap6ouarnnx ceAr{MeHara
sa xoje uperlocraBrbaMo
Aa
6ra morne oAroBaparv
Aorepy
u oxcSop,4-xamepugy. CeAuanenru
xojz 6u moffILt oAtoBaparl{
Aorepy
fioqzrry cr{Br{M r.r cBerJrocrlBr.rrlr Kpeqmarryma xoiu ce 6oqno
H Beprr.IKaJruo cmjemyfy ca
Aonoml{rl,Irrta.
Hajnuxz cnojeez y onoi cepvrju
Aocra
rnqe Ha Jru-
jacre
xpevrsaxe. Hajveurhe
ry
rpygeasururrvtficey,qoooJrzruqmvrvtcaAp)r(e
ocrarre BepHeJIHHrr-
Aa,
TeHcryJrapuAa r{ IIexrlD(
,qpyrl{x
$opamznn@epa.
V Bt4rrrr.rM
Aujenonzma
cy ooJrrllrrqHr{,
IIoHeKaE ca KpyrHI{M ooJILITI{.Ma ca
AerpuTycom oprauoreuor uOpvjexJra,
,qasr{KJraAarleama,
6pr,rosoama t oAnomrlrt[ta Jbyurrypa racrpo[oAa. Ha ose ooJrr{rzsHe Kpelrrbaxe uactan.rrajy ce
KpelIIbaIII{ ca KJlaAoKopollcilcruvla,
garrrlr4
y KpeqrLaKe ca rpoxoJrr.rHaMa,
Aa
6u ce y
gatBp[rHrrM
HlrBor{ma
iar'unu
KpetIrBaIIz ca Cladocwopsis mirabilis. Ocmn nane,qeHe Bpcre y oBr{M ceAr{-
MeHrurra KoHcraroBaHa
je
cnnje4eha
$ayua:
Protopeneroplis striata, Thaumatoporella parao-
aesic_ulifera, Kurnubia palastiniensis,
Labyrintina mirabilis, Pfenderina salernitaia, Pfmderina
lrochoidea.
V xamony
Uuienue
Kpeqrrallll cy
jaxo
ooJIIrrr{qHV, [r{soooJrr{Trlrtrut4 r,r caApr(e o6r,me KopaJra rr
Aurlepaca. Ceyga cy KpewLal{u crrBolr{.pxr{
Ao IpHr{:
mjecrramzuuo MaJro .rauoponzrn. Og
anuxpo@ayne ogpe$ene cyBpcre: Protopeneroplis striata, Coniscospiril,ina
basiliensis, Pseudo-
cyclammina lituus, Cladocoropsis mirabilis.
Kpeurraqu ilS rroMenyrl4x JroKaJrHocrr{ BeoMa cy cJrrrqrHr.r oHuMa zs Eenxanaja rgje
je
o4pefrelr
Diceras sp. 14 Mt4xpo@ayua: Trocholina alp,ina, Trocholina elongata.
Ha Ver'rapy
je y cnujeuocrrBl{M cy6xpuctaracrzm, gu;'enom
AerpzrrllrHr{m Kpeqrbarluma, KoH-
craroBaHo o6raBe xlrApo3oa, 6paxnonoga Lr MeKyuraqa (nepulrea).
KoucrarosaHe cy KpylHe
$opme Azrlepaca.
roPrbA
JyPA
Ha osom rep-ery rBopeBLIHe roprte jype paseujeHe cy Ha rrplrnurrHo BeJrr4xorr [pocrpaucrBy.
V merosou ciesepozcr_ovnonn
ruajeny
nppxajy ce y BLtAy Herpexr4AHor uojaca ta moiy cdnparuru
o4 crygeuor
.[ora
n 3aspurja y
jyroncrouHom
rpaBrly rpexo nogpyuia flpexopuzqe, ilncqa,
Jaropxa,
Pa4orua, Jle6prrryru1s, Kameru,rxar Epohnraxa, Bjerepuuxa, Ha nogpyujy Mare pujexe,
Kpxarre u rrajsag na o6ogrmra 3ercxe paBHr.rqe.
Ha oeroey raJreorIroJIoIlKID(
aHaJrfisa Ha oBom repeuy
ry
nsgnojene rBopeBrrue xoje o4roaapaiy
oxcQopg-xllMepuuy, Kr{1\fiepraq-noprJraugy r.r ruroH-BaJreHAr{cy.
2t
i
T
{
-t
\
oKCooPn- KaMEPHU
( Jl,2)
Ca o6je crpaHe Mopave na nogpyujy Bierepnuxa, Byujer Kprra, Kpyureeauxor floroxa, Enova,
na 3psaez sarrnm no o6ogy Sercxe paBHr.qe, na uogpyujy
.[evuha,
Eparzre, Pe$zrqa r
Bparaja, cBe
,qo
Mauaja r.rs,4eojeur cy ceAr{MeHTI,r xojz Ha ocHoBy rraJreouToJroruKux HaJraga
ogrorapaiy oxc@opgy r{
Aorbem ALrjeIry
Kumeprzua.
V uogpyujy KarboHa Mopaue pasenjenz cy 6anxonutl{ Kpeqmarlu cfiBe flJwr orBopeHocuBe
6oie, sarm rxyhxacrz z 6jerzuacril Kpeqnarlrr. Kpeumaqu cy Kpt4craJracry!, a mory 6nrra
rycror
xa6utyca r,r IrrKoJbxacror upeJroma. flopeg rromeHyrrrD( Kpelrrbara pasezjear cy r,r
AoJro-
MtiTLI t4
,qoJIoMIITrIqHv
KpeqEaqrrr xoju ce HazsmeHLIqHo crvrfelbyjy, Kao rrrTo
je
crryuai y JroKaJr-
nocru 3psaje. Y nuronoruKom rror.rregy cxopo He uocroju rrfiKaxBa pa3Jrr4xa ueuely oBrin( ra
TrrrouBaJreHAujcxux KpeqrLaKa oBor [o,qpyuja. 36or tora
ie
nsgeajame oBrlrx Kpelrrbaxa
SHaTHO OTe)fiaHO.
.[yx<
norolrsrpalenor uyra fle.nen Epuy'er
-
Jlyroro upr,rryrubeHa
je
u o4pelena cnnje4eha
Sayra:
Montlioaltia ellipsocentes, Aplosmilia cf. mmconi, Pleurosmilia aff.
feliksi,
Montli-
oaltia cachensis ztar. depressa, Stylosmilia rugosa. flpena MrrrrrJberLy ogpelznava oee
$ayne
(,[. Kpxonuh, B. flaruhesuh r E. Mzpxosnh) xpewraqr us xoirar lrcra rrorrrrre o,qro-
napa
jy
oxc$opg-xumepu$y.
Hs roxaruocru Crapr Jlasv (Bjerepurax) o4pefene cy Bpsre Calamoph.yllia cf.
flabellu,m,
Thecosmilia trichotoma xoje no r4crama o4ronapajy mxofe oxcSopg-xzmeprauy,
I,Icro taxo y uogpyuiy Bjerepnnxa (Bu4auzqa) lona mpana, (Byujrr Kpu), Hana3e ce crpyAHlr,
MpHLI, qpur{
Ir 6anxosuru Kpeqrcaqr{, naiueruhe
jaxo
cxapurhenn. Onn cy 6orarn KopancKom
$aynom
a caApxe r,r cna6o oqyBaue KpyrHe
$oprrre
racrpolo,qa. Oelr xpevrrarlrr Jre)Ke rrpexo
;rr,riac-4orepclt[x Kpeqmaxa ca po]ruardr,rma (?) a usuag rbnx cy 6jorr,ruacrz r{Jrr{ cr{BorJraBrr
eJllaficaxrzHzjcxr,r xpeumaqu. Ha ocuoBy rblzxoBor uororxaja y cepnilr sa ca4a cy yspruhenn
y oxc$op4-Krrmepzg.
Ha sauagnom o6ogy Sercxe paBrrr{qe pasnuienr cy Kpeqrbarlu ca Cladocoropsis mirabilis.
Kpevrraqz ca oBorlr Bpcrom zmajy noxanHo pacrpocrparLerbe y upegjeJry f. Manor Enara.
Kao nojac C3-JI4 upaBr{a upyx{arba oxnzpyiy romerryry roxaruocr ca cjeeepne, cjerepo-
I{crollHe I{ Ltcroque crpaHe. Ha rom rror$y Kpeqmarlil ca KJragoxoponcucuma upe4crarraiy
HopMaJIaH lrpoAy)fierax ceAfiMeHrarlzie cpegmoiypcxrx ceArlmeHara. flouumy 6anxoBrarum
cIIBLIM
4o
crujernocr,rBrrm Kpeqrbarlrrmacaprjerxrmocrardr{Ma KJraAoxopo[cvcarra Hoje Harexry
HerrITo
Ae6rr
ooJu4TI,IqHr,r Kpeqrbarllt ca rpoxoJrr{Haivra. Ha ILIID( ce rrouoBo nacranmajy Kpeqrsaqu
ca HJra,qoKoprcvcl{Ma. IIs ose JroKaJruocrrr ogpefena
je
cnajegeha
Sayna:
Cladocoropsis
mirabilis, Valoulinella
jurassica,
Trocholina alpina, Thaumatoporella sp.
V rEctoqnom o6o4y 3ercxe parurale Kperrrbar+r ca KJraAoKopolcr4clrma Kao najcmpzje rBopeBrrrre
usrpa$yiy aIrrI{KJruHrJry Beurfia, sarr{rvr ce nojaeryjy xo4 Bparzre r{
IaJbe
rperra cjerepo-
LIcroKy y rpaBr{y Pe@zlrqa z Eaanaia cBe
,qo
Mauaja, rgje uperase rra repr4roprajy An6auzje.
Kpeumaqr ca KJraAoxopolcr{crama r{B oBor nojaca noxasyiy usnjecre Jrr{ronorrrxe pasJrraxe y
oAuocy na zcrogo6He celr{Merrre 3a[aAHor o6oga SercKe paBHr{qe. CeAwvrenrn orc@opg-
-KIlIvIepEua Ha oBor/r uogpyvjy npegcfanreur{ cy ramHocraBrr.r[ MaJro 6zrywrrEnosnzm Kpeqmaqr,rma
y xoiuma ce yqecraJro
uojaeryje ..Cladocoropsis mirabilis, rope,q Kora cy KoHcraroBaurr:
Kurnubia wellingsi, Kurnubia palastiniensis, Coskinolinoides sp., Pianella sellii.
,[g6.muna oBrlD( ceAr.Menara je
oxo 150 m.
._
roPr6r4 KIIMEPI4U-IOPTIAHI (J3,3)
V sanaguom o6oxy 3etcxe paBHr{rle, ceArrmeHrfi xoju o,4ronapaiy ropmenn xr.rmepflrJy-rroprJraH,ry,
roqnmy y upegjery rpa6one lrasrzue z Illrzrapa oAaKJre ce rrpFxo Baraqa npyxajy npeMa
iyroucrory
usrpafyiyhn uogpyuie Eo,qnzxa, B.
,I{paua,
Kzwr6ap,4e,
Aa
6r.r ce rpeKo cjenepnux
22
. 'l/
w,
rra4r.Iga Eo6uie z Crrula HacraBr{Jrr{ rrrcroqHlrlvt rraAlrHaivla Be.me Jbeuraee u Karulie. Ko,q uo-
CneAIbrD( JrOKIJIHOCTE OBII Ce,qvmerfru Cy y TeKTOHCKOM OAIIOCy Ca
AOILOKpeAHLIM
TBOpeBIaHaMa.
V ncro.rHorr{
gnjerry Sercxe paBHrrqe r.rsrpafyiy aHTI,IKJrIlHaJry ,[,euzha.
VsaHa soHa oBrD( ceALI-
MeHara orr(pr.rBeHa
je
na
,qeqroi
ctpauv KaIboHa I{njeene
y [oApyJiy lllymuqar- oAa]ue ce
nacran6ajy rpega cjeeeponcroxy
-se
go
iyrozcrollHllD(
IIaAuHa Cyxe Pas, rgje rpeJlase,
raxofe, Ha reprrroplliy An6aunje.
To
ie
xpeumaq6o-AoJrogr,lrcxa
Saqnja
ca MHorurBoM aJIrI4 Clypeina
iurassica,
sarnm
Sopamz'
uU$epana (rexcry;rapIa4aMa, BepHeJlnu{gama), ocrpaxogama,
npeciequma racrpolloAa I'I
Apyrog
Saynom.
Hajpacupocrpameunju
cy 6anxosrarr{
AoJroMI{Tt4
I{
AoJIoIu4TI4!IHII
KpeqIbaIIrI
AoR
cy
!u4crl{ KpeqrrallI,r nogpefeHllju.
,[,oro*rrra.to,
Kpellrbaql{ cy cLtBo}I(yre 6oie, uaiueurhe cy
-
Kpr{craJracrvt zrv
gerpzrzvnz (detritus alga Dasycladacea) r{Jlrr-opraHoreHrr
_KaAa.cy
y.rocayr-
,rt"r, ,u"pa\eun og ,ro*"tyr" ame. OgpefeHe cy crz-i95eh9 Bpcre: Clypein-a
jurassica'
Kurnubia
'ute'lingsi,
itrudocyilammina lituui, Pionella sellii, Pianella grudi, Kurnubia sp.,
Haplophragmoides sp., Glomospira sp.
flpzcycrno
Aa3r,IKJraAarIea
yxaayie
Aa
cy ce oBr.I ceArrlvreHTlI TaIro>rJYIJTvI y [JrIrTnoBoAHHm ape-
aJrLtMarofrJrr{x mopa rj . uperexno cy nr4TepaJlHor KapaKrepa Lr ro y gnjenornma mopa y Ko-
juma
cy ilecre ocqilnaqzie nopcxor
AHa.
Ae6.rrulra
oBlrx ceAlrMeHara rrpoqerbyie ce na oxo 200 m'
TIIT OHB A JIEH XI,IHIIJEH (J,K)
V cierepuom
guieny repega, y uo4pyujy rrJraHvge
-flpexopunqe,
Jle6purni[(a, Ka6e1rz6a,
Patos.ra z KowIJb?; iarnrrr y KaIboHy Mopaue(flnnuie),y Kyumta
y,[orroi r foprroi Kpxamu,
Kao r{ y no4pyujy Xziona pasezjenvr cy clpyAHr r,r cy6cupyAnz KpeTIIBaII[, ruroHcKe IiI BaJreH-
,quicKe
crapocrll.
Ha
.rzrasom
rope [omeHyrom nogpyviy ruroH t4 BaJreH)NIrHIrjen cy upe4ctztBJbegE cflpy,qHlnm ]I
ry6cnpy4nralr
n per*uqr*a, cune, cerajetnoczne, xyhxacre, cmebe ra 6jelrzuacre 6oie. I'Ictz
Cy
AeTpLtTrrqHr{,
uCeyAoooJILtTLtqHt4, rpyMyJbrtqacTll, MI4KpOKpI4CTaJIaCTIT, KpI{gIaJIaCTIlI,
_OpraHO-
"."r,
oorrrzqrrr. MucrBHLt cy Iz ycrojeuu y
Ae6ere
6anxe.
Jaxo
cy rapcrn$uxoBaHu.
Miecru-
Mt4rrHo oBrr Kpeqnarlu uajueruhL upeJra3e y 6anxoszte
AoJIon{IrrItqHe
Kpeqrtare xoiu ce cmierryiy
ca
rrrltcrr{M
EoJromrrrrrma
a HeKaA npeJla3e y rlpaBe spHacre, 6jelruacre I{JIrI czBe
AoJToMIITe
pa3nrrqr4re
Ae6rune
xoja ce xpehe u
Ao
50 m. Hajeehe usgeojene uapruie
AoroMnruqHID(
KpeqrLaKa oAHocHo
AonoMr4ra
ce HaJra3e y xpajmervr cjeeeposaua,4nom
gzierry Jrl{gra,
y nogpyuiy
Crpyuruuqe
I4s,4najame oBrlrx KpewLaxa oA crapujzx, ropmojypcxrx
je
snarno orelr(auo s6or ILrD(ose
rrrrroJrorrr1e cnutruocf,t4. Bnarogapehra'ranacxy
$ayue
I43 HeKoJIrrKo noxannoctra 6ra.no
fe
yuerom{Ko oJraxrrrauo rLuxoBo usgeaiame Ha repeuy.
I{s roxargocru Illxpuxo (xota 1954) ca no,qpyvja Bjetepuuxa I{3 roMeHyrLtx xpeumaxa
ie
o4pefena: Ellipsactinia etlipsoidea a r43 JroxarlHocrlt Berryjzqe Bpcre: Ellipsactinia cf . ra-
*iro', Ellipsictinia ,oprritr. I4s xpeurraxa Auteureeqa o,4pefena
je,
raxofe, Ellipsactinia
ellipsoidea, a zg Kraceruge Prygmatis pseudobruntruntana.
V xpeurraquna fleneeor 6pnjera uafene cy Ellipsactinia tyrhenica, Ptygmati-s ca.rpathica,
Pty[matis bruntruntono. I,Is-roxarHocru I-{epoearl o,4pe$ena
je
Ptygmatis carpathica, a vcIIoA
florxprua Nerinea cf monocarinata.
Kpeurraqn uogpyuja Xujeea cy
iaKo
6oratra ca eJlu[caxr]Iunjarrra.
.[.
Becenunosnh (1955)
ie
o,qpeguo rr orrrcao.$ayrry roplbe
iype
us HeKoJrIrKo JIoKaJrHoctt{
ca
oBor repeHa. trlls roxarHocru Pauroe KqJrar r,r Kalrrenrax HaBoAI,r
crruiegehe Bpcre: Pwpuroidea
23
ltgh@,
Phaneroptyxis staszycii. Hapounro 6orary
6ayny ie
ogpegno ca nogpyvja Kyva.
I'Is lopme Kpxarce, I-{eporqa HaBoAz crrajegehy
$ayny:
Itieria polymorpha,
Itiqta rugifera,
Phaneroptyxis staszycii, Ptygmatis brun*Lmtana, Ptygmatis carpathica, Nerinea defrancei
aar
posthuma.
I,Is
,{orre
Kprxane oApeAao
je
Phaneroptyxis renieri. VIs JroKaJrHocrLt
I-{ar.rnran, fletno Bpgo ogpegzo
je
cnuje4ehe npcre: Cryptoplocus consobrinus, Cryptoplocus
subpyramidalis, Nerinea hoheneggeri, Nerinea defrancei aar posthuma.
PIs cjeeepnor
gziela
oBor rll{cra ri. us Easmer
,(ora
ra Typje oApeAuo
ie
Cerithium (Austoma)
migrans.
Ha oorony ogpefeue
Sayue
nseeo
je
crrnjegehu saxJbyqaK:
,rl{uje.ua
rrouen5ma
$aynracrrauxa
acoqujaquia
janra
ce cxopo yBeK y jeprom
r{crol/r crparurpa@cKom Hr{Boy y 6anxoermram r.r
MacrrBHLtM KpeqIbaIIr,IMa uuja
je
crapocr ogpelena Kao rr{roH. Ha nexum mjecruma fipeqrbarlLl
ca [oMelryrom
$aynom
je4nraru gnjenorvr
upzuagajy Kr{Mepugy a raxofe u rr{ronBaJreuxnrmjeny.
Ha flarnerznnjunoiu rpxy
je
ua$eua muxpo$ayna xoja yxasyje Ha crapocr rraroHa a naj4ome
Kpege (rnnrmrnga).
Kpevrraqu,
AoJIoMLITI4uHLT
Kpeqrballrr r{
.qoJroMt4TH
oBe cf,apocrr,r cByr,qe Jre}r(e rpaHcrpecr.rBHo
rlpeHo crapnjzx mesosojcxux ceAr{MeHara, perorujaca wtu tnjaca. V no4pyujy ulanuna
Jlrzcqa u Jle6puurraxa r4je ce HaJra3e r{ eKoHonrcxt4 suauajua Jrex(Ltrura rlpBeHfix 6oxcura uome-
I{yTa TBOpeBLIHa !II{IIe IbI.IxOBy [OBJIaTy.
Haee4eue rBopeBLIHe rlocryrruo [pena3e y cfiuqHe rBopeBuHe
Aorbe
KpeAe rra r1D(
je
zs ror
pa3Jlora reIIrKo rasgnojztr.r oA
AorboKpeAHI{x
rBopeBr,rna. 3aro
je
u rpanzqa o3HaqeHa, yuraBHonr,
Kao [peT[ocTaBJbeHa.
V cienepnom, oAlrocHo cjeeeposana4nom gujery
repeHa, y uogpyujy Jle6punuxa ra fllaununrle,
Kperlrballl4 caAp)I(e npecjexe rrrroHcHl4x KJrv[eLIHa n aaleu,4ujcKr.x rr.rHTrirHr.rAa,
AoK
y uo,qpyujy
Bjetepuuxa r Xrajosa, xao rrrro
je
neh Hauoneuyro
janrajy
ce c[pyAut4 Kpeqr6arlrr, yrJraBrro,M,
ca eJrrrrrcElxTuunjama.
,fle6rulra
ruHouBaJreH)r(annjena npoqienyje ce Ha oxo 250 m.
KPETA
Kpegnz ceAuMerrrll ua uogpyujy xoir o6yxnara rrr{cr Tnrorpa4 I : 100 000 rurajy rehe pacupo-
crparberbe Hero cBe ocraJle crparzrpa@cxe
je4unuqe
saje4no. Passujeull cy cBu oAerbr{t4
Kpene raKo
Aa
ce Ha sehuril{ mjecta xo}rrLtHyrrrpaHo Mory [parzrrr rrrjecrzmrauuo u [orKaroBt{.
flojac ose
OopMarluje
je
np-no BeJrr.rxr.r v Ha Br.rr-rre rvrjecra
je
urzpor oxo 15 km. Ha sar:mtry u
cjeeepy rrpyrxarre ceAIuIMeHara
je
cjeeeposaua4-jyrozcrox, y rIeHrpaJrHoM
Arieny
r{crox-sarra,4
4?
6fr y [crouHom
AVieJry
JII,Icra y o6nacr[ fipema rpaHrlrtrr,r An6auzje cxperryJro y rrpaBarl
J3-Cr4.
Kpegnu ceArlMeHTIr cy [peAcraBJbeuz Kperrrbarluua,
AonomLtrl{rrHrlrM
KpeqrbarlLrma r4
Aonomr{-
tzma. @aqzjalna pasuonpcrrrocr je
snarna, rar(o
Aa,
y ourrrrrM qprama,
uoieguuzm oAeJbrlr{.Ma
KpeAe oAroBapa ogpelena 6oia u cacraB ceArzlteHaTa. Hapasno, oBa ce KapaKrepricruKa He
Iuolr(e ygerrz Kao cacBI,IM Taqna Ba crparr.rrpa$cxo paruqnarbaBarbe.
Ha uajuroxerrr gnjeny
iannaiy
ce 6njem,r go
czro6ienntnacilt Kpeqmardr4, sarnan cnnje,qe cr{Bxacrrr Kperrrbarlr a y
npeJrasHulvl. c.rojeerma a.n6-qenoman, flopeA KpetrrLaKa
jar'r.rajy
ce u
go6po ycJroieHrz u ctruluje
6utymunosrm
AonoMI{:rI{
I{
AoJToMLITT{trHu
Kpe\rr6aqr,r. Tamnocuee 6wpnuHo3ue KpelrrbaKe
xoju
ry
sehuHom BesaHrI 3a IIeHoMaH-rypoH cmjemyjy He[rro cneurzjz 6anxoszru Kpeqrbarlfi
a pe$e
AoJromarlrt
ceHoHa. Cenon 3aBpruaBa rvracrplrxrcKlrm rrorxarom npeAcraBrbeHrrm [pe-
Te)r(Ho 6je.nzuactum Kpetrmarlrrma.
24
,rlJ
V oxrupy KpeAe r,tsgaojenr,r cy: BaJrerr,qrc-orpllB, Heparuqrarbegl{ HoM[JreKc
Eorbe
KpeAe,
6apem-aru, agr-ar6, ar6-qenoman, rleuorfau, Typou, Eepamrurarbeur{ ceuorr, ceuon
Ao
macrprD(-
ra, xamrrau-Macrplitxr, ceuorrcxl{
Sauur
u
4elrje
rbaqfije y oxB[py Macrpnxra.
AOrf,A
KPEIA (K1)
Ce,qr,rmeHru
Aorbe
KpeAe zmajy snaruo Marbe [pocrpaucrBa y
oAuocy Ha roprboxpeAue ceArl-
MEIITE.
Ha repeuy xojfl saxnara cjeeepna ronoBvHa Jrrrcra
iaBJbajy
ce y nN4y ogeojenzx naprzja.
Hajnehe rm
je
npocrparrcrBo y cr,IuKnuuanra Jle6prurmxa, y Eparono>xrahurna r
y Kyuuma oxo
V6ana, Pa.rama n Y6anqa, a 3arrrm na CureB[xy, Cspauznana, flpexopur,Iqr\ n 9yxapaqz.
V
jyrosauagruun
AuieroBuma
oBor Jrr,Icra
AorroxpeAur4
ceAr.rmegrr,I ce Eanase y o6racru Opaxa,
Penese, Bperxr.ura, Ionearaga r lp6aqa r4je cy rroKpLIBeHLI KBaprapHrrm
Slynzorna4rjannr,rrvt
ceAr{Merrrr{ivn Sercxe paBHEqe. Ha osou
Auieny
repeua ceArmeru{ zmajy npanaq upy)rrLa
cjeneposana4-jyroucrox ca MarLrrM cKperalrem y jyrxnom
Arjery
repena y flpaBaII I{croK-3auaA,
a mjecrzmnuuo
qaK
r,I rpaBarl CI,I-J3, ,I ro Ha onon
gnje.rry rgje
4o.rraae
y KoHraKr ca KBap-
rapHrr.M rBopeBr&rama. V o6nacrpr,[,eqnha
AorboKpeAurr
ceArrMeuril ce upyrxajy ncrox-cjerepo-
lrcroK-3anaA-jyrosanag. V o6.nacrrr Cxopava, Xe.nmurle u Tpe6ojrna Crapor rnmajy upyrxarae
CLI-JS, ga 6n y uoApy.riy 3arpujeuva u Opaxona r{Ma;rrit rrpyx(arbe upu6mrxno npaBrly
cjenep-jyr.
V oxerrpy
Aorbe
KpeAe
,qoxagauo
je
uocrojarre cBr4x rbeHLIx KaroBa anfi s6or nlrroJroruxe D
Sayruacrr,ruxe
rocryrnocru y uoje4rnrrm
A[ienos[Ma
repeua ucrz nujecy Mourr{
,qa
ce rpe-
rtzsru{ie us4roje..
Iparuuta
Aolbe
KpeAe rpema ropmojypcxum ceArlilreHrrlma
je
na uajeehem
,4uje;ry
repeHa rroys-
A{rHo
yrBpJbera r,r upahesa. O6enerxena
je
rfiHTI.(Ht4AcKI,rnt Kperrmarl\Ma a mjecrzmu.rgo u 6ox-
cL\TfiMa. Ha
jyircrom
ErlieJry
Jtr4cra rpaufirla
AorboxpeAHrrx
ceAltmerrara rrpema qenomarry nuje
MorJra 6urr,r ra.nrzje ogpeleua s6or o,4cyctBa KapaxreprrcrrrqHe
Qayne
ua cy ar6 r,t rIeHoMaH
zcgaojeuz saje4no.
Ha oso.M repelry cy us4nojen?r: BaJreuAzc-orpriB, HepauqnarLeur{ KoMlJreKc
AorLe
KpeAe
,qo
an6a, sarr,Iu 6apem-aur, aur-a.n6
lI al6-qenomau xoja cy y uorflyuocrr,I LIJrr{
Aie;uaru.rgo
flaJreou-
ToIoIUKE AoKyMeHToBaHI{.
BAnEH.qr4C-OTPI4B
Ha npocropy r,tsme$y Kpcraqa, Ko$ursenux 6peroea, Komr{qa I,r rrraBuor rpe6ena Kamenzxa u
o4 I-{pnenua, ua
jyr go Mogpor Bpxa, Ha cjenepy, pasnnjenu cy raMHoclrBu 14 c:,zclfi 6anxoezrr,
pjefe cnojeeritrrrr,
Aerprtrylttuy\
vr [ceyAoooJrlrrl,rqHr,I Kpetrrcauu. MjecruluaqHo cy nalopoBrrrl.I,
Ju4moril4rlrcaulr rr
Aonomllrnr+ru.
Ylcru Kpelrrbaqll [orreraA ca rrJraBom uujancom cy pasertjerur
EcrotrHo og Mopaue Ha C[IIeBuKy, Kamenoj ffraBr4, sarilM y cjeeepnom
4n1'eny
Borryjzqa z oxo
MoxpNue
qecme.
Pasnujajy ce rocryrrHo r,r3 rpena3Hr{x
jypcxo-xpeArurx
c.rojena Herocpeguo
I43 Kpeulbaxa ca Kpynurtm rr4Hrr.IErrAarvra. V rbr,Iua ce pe,qoBxo raa\y Salpingoporella annulata,
Cladocoropsis mirabilis y acoquiaquiu upllrMrlrr{BHr.tx KyrreoJrrrga: Faoreina salez.tensis,
Cuneolina camposauri, n
,qp.
[opel al::. 4 y oBr{M ceA\4mer{rvma ce
qecro
rraJra3e r
Sopamurun-
$epn
rwefy xojzma Haporu4ro (MunzornAe, o@ranmu,qfine, fexcryaapr,rAe I,r snauro pjefe
m,rryonr,4e).
P. Pagozurh (1961)
I43 Brllrrer
lujer,a
one cepuje y oxonr4Hrr Turorpaga ucrr{rre xop?rsou1 ca
Munieria baconica, (y cmucny Carczzia), Actinoporella podolica,
Pianella n. sp., MaKpoEo-
peJIaMa L\
Ap.
anraua) Kao fi ,,ioru
jegan
neruro m;ra$u xop[I3oHr raxofe ca
ArlBaKJraAarIeaMa:
Cylindroporella sp., Pianella n. sp. t4
ApyflrM
HeAerepMnHr,IcaHAM BpcraMa. Onaj nocEegrrr4
xoprtsoHr norao 6z ce
qxBarr{flr
r,r Kao 6apemcxu."
25
flpaea ge6rrlrra
BaneHAr{c-orplrBcKor gr.rjela
KpeAHe cepnje r{sHocr,r oxo 200 m.
Y nogpyujy Kyuzje u O6lyna, zcrorrHo og l. Manor Erara, na 6je.rrNuacro-xcyhxacruln
6arr<o-
Brrrt4m u cloieazrr.mr KperIIbIII{Ma ca Clypeina
jurassica,
.nexe 6ie.nuvacru
Jegpa
Kpeq6arlr4
ca KpynHI,IM rtIHrrrHI4AaMa. flpexo rrrHrl4HrrAcnlrx KpeirrBaKa ce Hana3e 6anxogrrlr x{yhHacTrr,
rlceylooonzrttrlHllt t4
AerprrrlrtllHfi
KpeqrLalllr,
,4e6.rsraue
50 m ca Pianella amulata, a Bafl4m
AoJIoMrrrHqHu
6ietruuacxa Kpeqlballu ca pzjerxum Munieria baconica. V oson{
AraieJry
repega
BaJreHAr.tc je
eposzono
AHcnopAaHTaH
y o,qHocy ua roprcojypcKe ce,qr{Merrre.
EAPEM-AIIT
I4croquo oA Mopaue usmely
Jeruuor .I[,y6a,
ua
iyry,
u crapzx Jrasa Ha cjeeepy y o6racu
Kyuunor r.r hynuena
Aona,
M. z B. lpa6onHvxa y Bparouo>xnhuma, oaxpzBegr{ cy aa sehem
rlpocropy 6ujettu,4o6po ycnojeruE KpeqrbaUr,r xoju ce crujerryjy ca rasxocnofeemurn u rJroqa-
cTrIM
AoJIoMI4TLIIIHLIM
Kpeqrballuma rI
AoJIoMI{TI{nru,
klcru xap6ouarun ce,qzmeHTfi upl,mjeheura
cy.na Kornuhy, cjeeepno oA Kore 1375, ua 3anaAHr4M \aqvr*awa Jle6puruuxa zsmefy Maprn-
nrnhxe JroKBe u Byxoruqe, sarrrivt na flpexopnvtrJurvt I{yxapuqu u oxo Kypose6a u Cspaw*ra.
Je4an
ysauu uojac oeux ceAl{MeHara ornpr{BeH
je
y rjelneuy auruxlunali xoa florsruIa u Ha
cacBHM orpaHl4qeHont [pocrpaHcrBy y o6racrr,r Kauaruraxa. I4s oeux KpeqrraKa
ie
ca euue
mjecta ogpelena Requienia ammonia, u y rperaparuma cuneolina camposiurii.
Haj.neha
4e6ruua
onor grljena
KpeAe y HaBeAeHoM gprjery
repeHa nsHocr{ oxo 150 m.
Ha xpajrem
jyroucroxy
rrwcra rrs.qBo
jeuu
cy 6apeivr-aurcxr{ ceAr.rmeHrr{ xojn cy y re11roHcKog
9gH9cy
ca. roprcoiypcxttu r.I an6-qenorvraucxzm ceAilMeHrrr.Ma. flpyxajy ce o4 Eprnja rpeKo
9a@-npociexa na cjenepouc'rox
Ao
rpaHarle An6anuie. To cy cIzBr.r, ramHocvrByr vt cra6nie
6nrynunosnfi
Kperrrballu, pele goromnrr, y xojuma
ry
oape$euL: Pianetla dinarica, Cuneol,ina
camposaurii
Kao rrr
Apyrn
nejacuu ocrarllr
$opanunra$epa.
ArIT-AJIB
V o6racru v6ana, IIIyme
.[parraHe,
Paua z v6anqa y Kyvuma, ns4eojeua y'e jegna
uaprnja
AerpI{TI4lIHI,Ix
opraHoreHlD( xpetrrbaKa xojn cBe Blrure y Beprr{KaJrHo.r\{ cmt4cny uocrajy
AonoMr.I-
ruqHrr a mjectzmnuno ce upz6nurxanajy flpaBil]vr
AoJroMr4TuMa. V razxonoM Mr4xpo[aJreoHTo-
l9IrIH9M
cagprxajy na$ene cy: Orbitolina pensia, Neonocholina sp., Bacinella irregularis,
Pianella dinarica u
ap.
A-rIE-UEHOMAH (Kr,z)
Kaxo
ie
paseahe KpeAe Ha cxopo cnum
gujenoBrrua
repeHa fiorrryHo, ro
je
morna 6rar1r r.rs,qao-
jeua
crparurpa$cxa jeguuuqa
y xojoj ce HarrlJra Hajmnafa
Aorra
v uajcrapnja roprba KpeAa.
flourro
je
upenas an6-qeuoman [ocrefieu, oBa
ABa
Kara cy zs4eojena sajegno. V
jyrosauagnoan
AI4ieJIy
JIIrcra rpyxarLe oBlrx ce,qzmeHara
ie
cieneposauag-jyroucrox
a
jaemaiy
ce y Bnqy soHe
mjectruur,rvno url{poxe rrpeKo I km, xoja npexo Opaxa, Penese, Kolo6yvnuxa u B. npxa sartas?r
noA KBaprapue
$rrynzor:raqzjamre
ceAvueHre 3ercxe paBuilrle. flo.ren oA ucrotrgor o6o,qa
oBe paBHr{IIe fip})fialLe oBr{x ceAlameHara
je
zsruzjerreuo. Taxo, y o6nacrz Enuhe$era,
,flunorua
r flzxana ce,qrrmeHrl{ lr3 npaBIIa rpy}r(arba CI4-J3 rpeJrase y nogpyujy Myrxeuxe z Opaorunz-
Ka y npaBaII 6nusax rpaBrly cjeeep-jyr. Oae reopenune cy nsgnojeHe y uoApyvjy cena To.rrorua
Hao u Ha Jby6osnhy, ttcrotrHtrm [aAuHaMa
,(ai6a6cxe
rope a sarurw
jyrrno
o,q aHTr{rsru*are
.[euuha,
rAie cy y reKroHcKom o.qHocy ca roprcojypcxrm ce.qrrmeHruma.
CeAIameutz a.n6-qeuomana [peAcraBJbeHz cy cranorx5,fixacrruu 6aHxosurram z caojeerarram
Kpeqrballl,rua, sarum'
,qoJIoMI{THMa
I{
,qoJromrrruqHrm rtpeqrlarlrama uuie
ie
yqemhe BIrarHo
uosehauo y oAHocy na crapnje crojene
Aorbe
KpeAe
26
v
I,Is4aojenu cy Ha ocHoBy 6orare mzxpo$ayne Kao r4 cynepnosuqzje y oAuocy na 6apem-aur,
y rroAuHil r4 TypoH y rroBJraTr.t. Bpno cy
qecTe
He3a3aTe, rrpeaJrBeonuae, 6pojne Mrurr{onr4Ae rr
KyHeoJrrrHe. Oxpebeue cy crzjegehe Bpcre
pr
poAonr{: Nezzazata simplex, Coscinolina sunni-
landensis, Coscinolina sp. u
Ep.
O4maxpoSayHe secrecyuaxuoAorrrHe rrrnoJbxe, pzjerxene-
puneje u rnayxonzje.
Ibnxora
Ae6.rrzna
lr3Hocr.r oxo 350 m.
HEPAIIITIJIAIbEHA
[oIbA
KPEAA (K1)
Y sauagnom u
jyrosana4nom
4njerry
oBor Jrrrcra Kao rr y rrcrolluom grrjeny [pema An6aunjra,
zs4nojena
je
nepaurunarbeua
Aorba
KpeAa, Barcrryirgo ca a[ToM xoja ua 3a[aAy uma C3-JI4
[paBarl npyxrba a [pema 3ercxoj paBrrnrlr{ cxpehe Ha rrcrox. Y sanaAnom
aujery
3etcxe
paBur,qe upnmujeheue cy uojane 6oxcprta usmefy roprbe
iype
u
Aorbe
KpeAe, xoira ylyhyiy
ua xpahu upeKLrA y ce,4rurenraqzju.
I,Icroqno oA 3ercxe paBgr,rqe rr{ ceAr4.iuerrrz uonnjaiy na cjenepor.rcroK, oAHoqro cjeeep.
Orxpunena
je y o6nzxy Herrpexr.rAHe 3oHe y o6nacrilMa Opaxa, Pe.tese, 3arope, Epe>xzna,
Ionemaga. Tone noA KBaprapue ceAumeHre sarraAHo og Boryna. IIa zcro.ruorrt o6o.4y Sercxe
paBHVqe fioqrrrbe og Mranerua v fipyx(a ce [peKo
,[,e.ruha
ua
jyroucrox
I4 r.IcroK, oAaxne cxpehe
KarboHom L{ujenne ua cjeneponcroK
Ao
Crjeuona, o,qaKJre I,IMa rlpyx(ame cxopo cjenep-jyr.
Taxole
je
nsgeojena r
iyx<uo
oA aHTuxJrrruane
Ae.rzha,
y o6nacrr.r flpexara n Kpense.
Csu xarosz y oxBr,rpy oBor KoIK[JreKca
Aorbe
KpeAe KoucraroBaHfi cy Ha ocHoBy
$ocnna,
ann
s6or uocrlrmrocru y rbr.D(oBoM Jrr4ToJroruKom u
$aynucruuxom
pasnuhy, uzje rax 6uno moryhe
zs,qnojnrz.
Banengnjcxz xar
je
[peAcraBJben
jegpurrr,
6ienrnuacrnrrl u 6tietmrur KpeqBaIII{Ma ca KpyrIHI{M
rt4urr{Hr.rAaMa og xojnr
ry
ogpefene Campbelliella mile{i, Daturellina zetica, Kao Lr poA
Faoeloides sp. Lt
Ep.Ha
6auquma ca rrrrrrrruuAaMa Jrelrcu cepuja Kpeqliaxa xoju ce crnjercyjy
ca
Ionomr,rrrriua,
ge6rrue
ol 150-200 m. V
AorLeM
gujeny oee cepuje HauJra3r{mo Ha
Aa3I{-
KnaAaqee Pianella annulata,
AoK
ce y roprbem
gzjeny jannajy
Kpeqrballz ca: Munieria baconica'
Actinoporella
podolica, Pianella sp., Mauoporella, r{Ap. anre, satum
$opamuuuQepe
og xojzx
cy sacrylJrene 6poine MlrJrr.roJrrr,qe, o@raruuuguge rr rexcryJrapvAe Kao rr ocrpaxoAe.
Ha eehem 6poiy .noxanHocrr{ trecru cy rpygBacru u cta6uje ooJrrrruqHu KpeqBaIryI ca KoAI{a-
rleaMa.
V crojesuma 6apem-aura,
ge6enrarrr
oxo 250 m, xoju ce HacraBJbajy na uperxogue clojese
rr
Aube
ce
jasrajy
anre. Mefyrram, nogehy ynory ca,qa urvrajy
$opamznu$epz.
Ona
6opa-
mznnSepcxa
$ayua
HeMa sehu crparr.rrpaScxr,rsuauajrt3yseB KyHeoJrr,IHa a uapouuro op6z-
roJrrrHr{Aa (poAoeu Orbitolina, Dictycconus i Coskinolina).
3a 6asarHe cnojene 6apen-aura rpe6ano 6r,r car.arparvr xyro6jenzuacre, 6aHKoB[re Kpeq]bare
ca Salpingoporella n. sp., Cylindroporella cf. sugdeni u ca pefuru
Sopamunz$epama.
Ha ose
ce,qrlMeHTe uacraerajy ce )ilyrocr.rBu vr caBvr 6anxoszru ra c;rojenzrv Kpeqrrallra ca Pianella
dinarica. OBa anra
ie
spno
qecra
rra reper{y ri sehuuo.ir,r ce
jaera y craBrrM 6asxonr.rtzm z c.noje-
Br{rLlvr Kpeqrraqvma. lyc"ro
je pacuope$enay N'a.cLr Kpeqrbara r.I JIaKo
je yourzna na
je
y ogpe-
lusarry
crojena 6apem-aura o,q BpJro BeJrrrxe Ba)r(Hocrl{.
V sarprunuu xopr{soHTlrma arrra, saiegno ca
AuHapr{Kama iasraiy
ce n xapo@ntfi y cnBur u
c.nojerutran Jra[opoBr.rrr4ivr Kperrrbarlr{Ma. Vqecrara uojaea xapo$ura y oBuM KpeqmaIIVMa Kao
u y npocnojqr.rMa Jrafloparla osHatraBa roqerax an6cxor xata. Oeu KperIIbaIIu ce cmiemyjy ca
c.rrojenmra y xoirura HaJrasr.rmo op6uronuuuge.
Jegan Ar4o
Kpeulbaxa ca xapo$l.z,rvlma, n ro onaj
Auo
y KoMe rx( HaJrasvmo sajegno ca
AuHaprxama
[pu[aAao 62,
gar.ue,
a[Ty,
AoH
6u yuecra.irtl
xapo$ntu y cIrBrrM JralopoBr{TrrM KpegrbarlrrMa rd y cBe Br{rrle
AoJIoMI{Tur{Hnm
KpeqIbarII,IMa ca
27
I
I
'1,.J
l
\l
op6aroraHzAama (Orbitolina
sP., Cosk'inolina s?., ,r Dictyoconus arabicus), aHeJrr{IaMa,
ocTpaKoAr.rMa I,I oAnoMrlrrma n{,eKyrrrar{a
qPIHr{Jra
6asy an6a.
TOPIbA KPEIA
Ioprla KpeAa, yorlrrre y3ero, paclpocrparLeHa
ie
c o6ie crpaue pzjere 3ere, o,q Cnana go
Blto'ra z Tzrorpaga, Kao u y Kyvuma. Y xpajmem cjeeeporacrovuom gujery
repeua pasnnjena
ie
y
Saqlrju @;rr.rura.
To
je
ruzpa o6nacr Jlujeee Prajexe u
J,a6"rraua.
Ce4umentu roprbe xpeAe y 3arraAHom u cjereposauaAHom
4rajeny
macra uruajy C3-JI4 rpaBartr
upyx(alba
tra
6v' [onyr ceAlrmeHara
,qone
KpeAe, y ucrorrHom u
jyroacrounom gnjerry
truaJrr.r
rpylxarbe r4crox-SaraA, cjenepor.rcrox-jyrosauag, na Ha xpajy ra rpaBaq cjeeep-jyr. 36or
pa3HoBpclre LI I{HTeH3IIBHe TeKTOHLIKe y OBoM
glajery
TepeHa HeMa [paBprJlHocTrr y [pyxarLy
ceArrrleHara Ha KaKBy HaI,IJIa3I{Mo y rperxoAHoj o6racru, oAHocHo y uogpyvjy crape I{pne lope.
Y csult{ grajenoezma
repeHa ceArameHrarluja ce xonrznyaJrHo HacraBra. Teruxoha y ns,qeajarry
roplLoKpe,qHilx oA
AolboHpeArrrDr
ceArrrfieHara orxeAa ce y oAcyTrrocrrr TrrutllrHe rIeHoMaHcKe,
rrpBeucrBeuo maxpo@ayne.
V
rypouy
HaIrJra3LIMo xa
@ayny
y)Ke c?parurpaScxe epuje4uocru, na
je
rberoBa rpaHuqa y
oAHocy Ha IIeHoMaH cllrypHo yrepfena, rpBeHCrBeHo Ha ocHoBy xoHApoAonrra. 36or yjegnauene
nnro.norraje I{ HeAocrarKa KapaxTepracrrrtrue
$ayue,
rpaHzrla rypoua rrpema ceHoHcKrrm ce,qr{-
MerrrttMa
ie
aupoxcvmarl4BHo JIoIIlrpaHa. I{cror Kapaxrepa
je
u rpanr,rqa Macrpt4xra rrpema
crapujwm rrorxaroButvra ceuoHa.
loprra KpeAa
ie
pasnzjena y Kpeqrbaqxo-Aoromnrcroj
Saqzjn. .[o.rromrzua
npeoenafyjy y
rbe,HoM
Aor6efi AuieJry
(qeuoanan, rypoH),
AoK
KpeqlLaqu upeonlalyjy y ceuory. Taxole
je
u 6urymzno3Hocr ceAr.uvreHara Kapaxiepucrzvna ia crapujy iop*ry KpeAy.
V oxerapy roprbe KpeAe Iil3ABojenn cy: rIeHoMaH (y
ipxnom Najeny
Jrrrcra rIeHoMaH
ie
rpunasau
saie4uo ca an6oru), rypou n cexoH.
TiEHoMAH
(Kl)
Ha.
jyroucrorrHum
I{ LlcrotrHltltr rraAlruama Berxarusaxa, 3arHM Ha [pocropy cena Mpxa r.r ca
rzjeee crpaHe Mopaue,
jyrosaua4Ho
o,4 Br.roua, orKpr{BeHu cy Mpxr,r u rlpHr,r crojeeviu u 6au-
KoBI'ITI'r 6utyuranosnz Kpellrrarlrl ca upocrojquua uHTeHglrBHo
AonoMHTr{lIHux xpeqrbaxa.
Cagpxe raHKe JbyrrlType rrSxI4oAoHTHzx rrrKoJbaKa rr cr{rue racrpo[oAe. Jlexe y ueuocpegnoj
6asz curypno
AoKa3aHI{x
rypoucKr.D( ce,qrrmeHara. I4e:ua1,[. Mpxa, upexo rIeHoMaHa, y rexroH-
cKoM oAHocy, Jlex(e petoazjacxa
AoJromurr.rlrxz
KpetrrbarlLt. Taxole y uogpyuiy Jlaieurra y
Kyuzrua y rexToucxom oAuocy ca ocraJ[lxr ceArrmerrru,ua ce Hana3e czeo6leruuicrr,r uonomrerl.r
Ir rrpeKpncralurcarv Kpeqrballu rIeHoMaHa ca mrzxpo@ayuom: Cuneolina camposaurii, Cuneolina
cf . paaonia pqroa,
Nummoloculina heimi Kao r.r
Apyre
Mr.rnuoJrzAe rr
qecre
npeanBeongHe.
.rvr,ou
(rl)
Kaxo
ie
ceAuMeHraIII{ja y ropmoj KpeAu 6rana xonrr.tryytpa*arTypoH ce
janra
y Br{Ay rurrpoKe
sone xoja ce Hac'raBJba Ha ceAliMeHre ceuoHa v BaxBara BeJrr{Ke floBprrrr{He cripe I-{pre iope.
flporerxe ce oA Bapjarrronlrqe rpexo flporouonuha, Byporra n Ciasuceruha saium y 111u-
poKoltl [oresy og f.
flpaxeBrrHa
pI
3eneszxe ua go
Koxora, rgje sanasz rroA KBaprapHe ceArr-
mente Setcxe paBHzIIe.
Taxofe usrpalyjy Kpeqmaqxa ocrpBa y 3ercxoj paennqu, Cpucxy n
.{aj6a6cxy
ropy, Jby6oeuh,
.(orry
ropNrtry, xao u
jyxrue
naAilHe Bemer 6paa. Typouixr.r
ceAplmeurl{ Ha l,rcroxy_ ce HacraBJbajy og
.Uunorua
r{ rpeJrase y o6lacr Kyua y xojerrr gzjeJry
ogcxynaiy oA C3-JL{ ilpaBl{a rpy)ffarLa, ua,qajyhu yrnaBuom rpema cieeeposanaly u sanagy.
28
V
Y cjeaepnom
Arrie-rry
Jrr,rcra rypoHcxu ce,qr.rmeHrn cy ns4nojeuu y o6ramulna: Beru Vm, flerpr
ruhu,
,[,onoerr,
Bexreurur4x r{ Ko,q Bzo.ra. V neupexrz4nolr nojacy orKpuBeurl cy o4 floruqa
rrpeKo Orurpor Bpxa r{ Oropenzue, Kourrzqe, Hes6poja u Kyunuona
Ao
Cana.r,[,ona. ?Ima rrx
u y o6nacrra Kaururaxa r,4je lerxe upexo rrrroHBaJreHAzjcxux Kpeqrbaxa. I{sme$y oBI'Ix ceAH-
m.raru npumnieheuu cy rparoBu IIpBeHor 6oxcuta.
Typon usrpafyjy xyro6jennuacrn 6anxoBmvt u MacI{BHI,I
qecro
caxapovtlut4
AoJIoIvIHTI,I,
Aonomlrrrrrruu
Kpeqmarlu z 6jeruuacrorxyhxac-ru LI cl{Bxacrrr, 6anxoeratu, pefe cnojenvrrvt vt
rvracrrBHr{ Kpetrrbarlr{. Taxofe y 3alaAHoM
gnjely repeHa, y
,uor6eM
gujely rypoua, uoiaaryje
ce BoHa
Ae6mrure
15 m rauxocnojesnrlrx rr flnollacrfix KperllbaKa ca pox{sallt4ma. Mo>xe ce
rrparurr.r Ha
Ay)rs{Hrr
oA oxo 10 km. Burymranosue crujene xoje ce
jaeraiy y Ileuomarry n oegie
umajy suavajno pacupocrpalbelre. Vrna3nom cy Be3aue sa
AoILLt
z cpeAIbI,I Typou.
V oxeupy oBor Kara KapaKTepzcruuuo
je
upeoeraluearbe
AonoMI{Ta
I,I
AoJroMLITLluHrrx
KpelIImKa
HaA Kpeqrbaquma. TnopeBraHe rypoHa cy
Ioxyr[eHroBaHe
anaxpo$aynom, upBeHcrBeHo xoHApo-
AoHraMa
v pa$vri.Irrrngrama. Hai.reurha
Sopma
xoja ce cpehe y
,qorbem
rypony
je
Chondro-
donta
joannae, xojy rraJrasnmo y cBr,rm
gujeronrma repeHa r4ie
ie
pasrrajeu oea
j
xat t,r saxBa-
.rryjyhu rtoj morna
je
6uru yrnp$eua
Aorba
rpaHr.rqa rypoua y oArrocy Ha cegl{Melrre IIeHoMaHa.
Hajueruhe ce
jarrsa y
Aonomr.rrt4ma
rr
AoJromrrruqHurvt
KperubaIII,IMa uunehu, miecrramauno,
lI}ITaBe JryMaKeJre.
V no4pyqiy flerposzha, BerxerunrExa, Pajuen
Aora, Jacenoaa ,[,ona
ll Brao.Ia ogpelenu cy
[peAcraBur.Iqu pa,ql{oJluruga: Radiolites cf. peroni, Rad:iolites lusitanicus.
V nogpyvjy crape I{pne lope, og pyArrcra xojz cy
Aocra
3acryrJbeHll, MaAa
Aocra
nolrle oqy-
BaHr{, ogpefeue cy cnujegehe Bpcre rr poAoBrr: Hippurites requieni, Hippurites resectus
z;ar. mexicana, Biradiolites angulosus, Durania sp., Sduaagesia sp. flopeg pyAl'Icra I'I3 rypox-
c6ux ceAz6eHara cy o,4pefenn r4 racrpoloAr,t: Itruaia abbreoiata, Nerinea olipsoponensist
Cerithium sturi, :r;ao H
Aocra
HerlrurrqHe ra 6pojue peKBI,IeHuAe xoie ce cpehy y oBnm ceAsmen-
TI{MA.
MuxpoQayua rreMa rehy crparrarpa@cxy epvjeguocr a [peAcraBJbana
je
mruuoJl[Aama, Kyueo-
JrlrHar[a, He3a3araMa (Nezzazatasimplex)r 3arr{M TayMaroflopenaMa, curHLIM ocrpaKoAama r{TA.
,[,e6ru,rHa
rypoHcKrrx ceArrmeHara l{3trocl{ oxo 500-700 m.
cEHoH (Ki)
V uogpyuiy Komaua, Berer 6pga, Cafenqa u usmeby cacraBa 3ete ra Mopaue
jaeraiy
ce
crano6jennuacrvr, cytBvr rr ct4Bolr(yrr4 xperrrbarlu, Kao r{
AonoMlrrvqHl,t
Kpeqrballra LI
AoJroMtITIt.
Haiueluhe cy 6auxonzra u cnojenuru a pele r4 rvracrrBuu.
.V
oaum ceAIaMerrrLIMa upeonna$yie
6orara pyAr,rcrHa
$ayua,
rpBeucrBeuo xr{flypurrz, o4 xojnx cy ogpefene cnnje,4ehe Bpcre:
Hippurites
(Vaccinites) exaratus, Hippurites socialis, Hippurites oppeli, Hippurites sulcatus,
Hippurites (Orbignya) nabrensiensis, Hippurites atheniensis, Hippurites heritschi, Hippurites
resectus z;ar. mexicana, Radiolites cf. gallaprooincialis, Biradiolites leychertensis, Lapeirousia
peroinquierei, Sauoagesia meneghiniana. 3amyurene cy taxofe
$opamunz@epe
u pe$e alra
T haumatopor ella p aro ozt e siculif er a Ir Ko,qvaqee.
Ha ocuony Halene
$ayue
oBe rBopeBr{ue cy ogpeleue Kao crapnie ceHoucxe oAHocHo
.qa
oAro-
sapaiy KoHuaK-caHrorry Ir
jegnum gzjenom KaM[aHy.
cEHoHCKr4 onr4rr (Ki)
@nrallrru ce,qr.rMeHru roprbe KpeAe
jarrajy
ce y cjesepolrtcrotlHlrm
glajelonuma repeHa o6yxna-
heruo< oBlrm Jrrdcrorrr. To
je
maru.r
Ar,ro
flpocrpauor
Snzurror
uojaca xoiz ce ns Xepqerooune
rporelxe rpexo cpeAr4uHux
,quje.noea
l{pue lope LI HacraBJba y cierepny A.n6auuiy.
29
Ha
iyrosanagy,
Ha roresy
Ja6nax-flrnh,
6asamre 6peue o6nrrex<asajy rpaHr'Iqy npema
ropnoi
jypn,
ognocrro
4orsoi
KpeArL
Hajnehran
guje.nom
$nmu
je
npe4crauren uiecxonnto-JraropoBl,Irom
$aqzjom.
Aocta
mane
je
3acryrubeHa Kpeqrratrxa
$aquia.
Basarue 6peve nsrpafryjy cna6o sao6renu xpellmauxn KomaAlr
xoje aesyje xap6onarno Be3r4Bo. V rtzma ce najueurhe rraJrase KoMaAI4 Kpeurbaxa ca upeciequma
pegBplegr{a, Kaflpr{rryJra r,r paArroJrrrrtrAa. Komagu eo4e uopujexJlo oA
AoItoKpeAIxD(
rr roplbo-
jypcxux
KpeqrbaKa. Ha noje,qnnnm miecruma 6peuy
.rNHe
cra6o BesaHI{ BaJbaHil Komalu{ oA
rromeHyre
Sayue.
Jlzcramn r4 TaHKo[Jrosacrr{ Jraflopqil y clrjemuearry ca Jrl{cl(yHoBzuam ujeuruapumar- Kao urro
ie
neh nanomeuyro, cy najenure 3acry[JbeHu. Ca rrraua ce, rIoHeKaA, y pI4TMy jaarsajy
Hao ilpo-
cloiqz, mn*r,r crolen, BaflrroBurrrx njeruuapa, ujecxoeztux Kpeqlraxa LI Hpeqmaqxlo< 6peua.
I{smely flraqa u Cnaqxor, a sarulr ua BypunonI4y
pasnuienn cy 6peuac:ru KpeqI5aIIId,
Pebe
,.peur.avr,. 6peue u crparu@r,rxoBaHrr Jra[opoBurr Kpeqmal{u. flouexa,4 ce Kao upoclojqn z
myme
jaerajy
ca rbr{Ma crrBo)r(yrLr po}KHarILt. Y ujecxonurt4m Kpeqrbaldl{Ma !r BanuoBlrrrrlvt
ujeruuapuna xoju ce pefe
jasmajy ys oBe Kpeqrsaxe, 3aralxa ce rpaAarlroua, SarllM xoprlsoH-
a211rrta, Koca r4 yxprrrreHa'cnojenurocr. Y xomagnma xpeulbaqxru< 6peua BuAe ce fipeciequ
pyAllcra na cna6o sao6rseuum KouaAlrrma oAnomaxa crzjena.
04 mnrcpo$ocr.rJra y oBrrm Kpelrrbaquma rrp[cyrue cy uaiueurhe rruvr6e.nrrne, uo6otpynxane,
,rrro""rie, i6"p", ,"r."ryrupi1e,
Ae"tanuie,
6orrr"N*re,
pa3ue poraJlr'I,qe n
ap.
oapebeHe cy
Pithonella oztaiis, Globouuncana lapparmti, Globotruncana calcaratq, Orbitolina lenticslaris
u
Ap.
Idrarnpane
@oprrre
ylyhyiy Ha KaglaH-Macrpk1xrcgy crapocr oBI'Ix ceAumeHara.
A. Martelli
(1908) jena
cnojof Kaprrr
$lzur
r<og
Ja6nana
r Bparyra o3Haqzo Kao ropmlt eoIIeH.
Vcrajajyhn tvruruJberoe A. Martellia o eor{eucKoj crapocrr
Qnznra
xog
Ja6nana
E. Vadasz
(1918) rBpALr
Aa
cy HpeAHu Kperrrbar${ Ha oBom rwjecry HaBylIeHIrt [peKo
SaruIa
r4
,qa
ce He
Mo)rce yserlr Kao trcrrpaBHo cxBararbe A. Martellia
Aa
roprra KpeAa I{ eol{eH yJra3e HopMaJrHo
y cacraB vcrorrHor Kprrna rrlroHcxe auTurJrrrHure Bjerapnuxa. O6puyro, florTrro
ie
xpega
nanyuena npexo
Smrua,
a
@lrrur
ce
jaera
usmefy KpeAe il HaByqIeHe ua.neosoicxo-rpr'rjacxe
ceplrje
,fl,ypmzropa,
E. Vadasz cmarpa
la ie
osaie y rtlrarLy rexroHcxu upo3op.
B. Cnmuh (1940) HaBo,qu
Aa ,rxoJrr.rKo
rog
je
rryra rpomarpau oAlroc roprLoxpeAHla( KperrlbaKa
KpaJbyrrrru flpema
Qmaury,
ynrajex ce zclocraBrrJro,
Aa
je
xoutart reKroucrlt . . . u
ga
ie
$nnur
sace6na reKToHcKa
ieAznuqa
xoia nema Be3e ca KylIKoM rparyuttu".
E. lhzpuh u C. Mojcanonzh (1958) cmarpaiy
ga
$rzru
,,Jre)r(H
rpero roprrojypcxttx lrJILr
roprroxpe4eurrx Kpeqrcaxa", aru Lr
Aa ,r:rra
sehnHu rIpoMarpaHID( upoSuna (lrslas r43 KaISoHa
flrarrzje,
flyuxe)
zsmefy
$aurua
u craprajux Kpeqmaxa uoctoju rexroncxo epo3t4oHa
AI'IcKop-
Aanquja,
unfi Irocryflau upzjena3 ca ceAume]rruom Be3oM".
Ha ocuony ogpefeHe
Sayue
oA crpaHe Br.rtue ayropa r.rs cyciegHl{x repeHa osor
@.nraurror
uojaca, sa ca,qa Mo)r{emo [puxBararr.r Mr4rIrJEerLe o meroeoj Ka]$flau-Macrpuxrcxo, crapocrl{'
rvracrprxr (oKl)
CeAnmenrra oBor florxara asgeojeun cy y o6lacrn laua y runpoj oKoJrLIHu Cnyrxa, y uo,qpyuiy
Byxoelrha rr
Aoga3aHrr
y o6nacrr,r @yn4une, rgje rx nuje 6u.rro moryhe noce6no zsgeoiurz.
Kpeumaqn aairuruer HuBoa Macrpr.xra raxofe cy cavyBaHLI ra nsgeoienn Ha MarLeM [pocropy
r{ ro: y je4uom
uojacy na
gecuoi crpaHtl Cyruuqe, y 3arapuy,
,fi,onoenma
(rzsmefy M. lr B.
fapua), Jlasaperom Kpc.y, ua Crryruxol llaezqu lr Bucouzqra Kao rr Marbe uaptnje Ha mHoro
miecra usmely
,[anxloerpaga
z Claua, Kao a y 6asn [aneoIIeHcKo-eoIIeHCKor
Snurua.
30
Macrpmr
ie
paseuien y
Saq,rju
cnniernocraux, KpucraJlacm< 6nzje4olr(yrlrx fipeqrraxa
a KarKaA E
AoJlol{rrrruHro(
Kpeqmaxa ca 6poiuon r{axpo z maxpo$ayHom, Kao z mnxpoS;ropou.
LIs roxaJtrrocrz Byxonnha w
I.
3arapaua ogpeleua
je
crzjegeha maxpo$ayna: Hippurites
(Orbignya) lapeirousei, H. cornucopiae, H. oariabilis, Pseudopolyconites ooalis,
Joufia
reticu-
lata, Pironaea polystyla slatsonica, Sabinia sublacensis.
Kpewraqu Macrprxra y oBoM
gnjery repeHa cy 6oratn ivrzxpo$aynom ylr(e crpatnrpaQcxe
npujegnocru og xoje cy ogpeleue cnujegehe Bpcre: Orbitoides medias, Orbitoides cf. tissoti,
Orbitoides apiculata, Siderolites calcitrapoides, Omphalocyclus macroporzs. flopeg nane-
AeH[x
Qopamunz$epa
3acf,ylJbeHe cy r{ KaJrHapeHrrAe a
qecre
cy z mero6esne.
V o6racrn 3arapaua, Kao il
AoJr[rHu
Sere y macrpr{xrcxzrrr ceAuMeHrIaMa cy o4pefenu cnuiegehu
Qoculn:
Dicyclina schlwmbergeri, Cladocoropsis cf. mirabilis, Aeolisaccus kotori, sarLIM
porL[r.IHe, afJryruHfipaHe
$opamznzoepe, $parmermn
Mero6esua, ocrallu pyAEcra tr,q.
Osz Npeumaqr{ y BLtruktm HrrBouma [peJrase y cltBe u 6jetuuacre, rroHexaA 6ujere, JralopoBlrre
crparr.r@nxoBaHe Kpeqrbaxe
Qune
crpyxrype, urxoJbxacror [penoma H MaKpoKoHruromepare.
V xpeurraquma oBor Ht4Boa nafenu cy Ha Burue mjecra
(CrryruNa lnarzqa, Bracounqa, flerpona
fpega r Sarapau) Acteonella gigantea,
Joufia
reticulata, Sqbinia sp. peKBEeHk\eAe, op6l4ror,IALt,
xao u Pseudopolyconites dechaseauxi, Pseudopolyconites orientalis.
M. flporuh, B. 9y6pranoezh r,r capaAHLtqu (1940) cy rsnuie.rua xouctaraqrajy
:rAa
je
na gna
mjecra y xapcruoj KpeAll upumujehena
je,4na
sace6Ha
$aqzja
raHKolJrouacrl4x, sBoHKr{x Jralo-
paqa ca rrHorlepailrycvlma n
jerxenurrra"
xoje
fe
uo rbrrxoBom l\$urrrJbelby mory&e us4sojurz na
MaJroM upocropy xoA
Joeanonuha,
cjenepHo oA
.fi,anuroerpaAa
u y H3Boprrlxry 3ere rcnog
Eoreruha.
P. Pagouunh (1958) HaruraruaBa
,,Aa
r{3BecHlr npxmjepqu JlaropoBuror Kpeqlbaxa ca mo6orpyn-
KaHaMa, ca uogpyuja l. 3ere, mHoro uogcehajy Ha Kpeqrbailxo-JralopoBr{re ceAumeHre
Ayp-
rvrr{Topcxor
$amua".
Hajnehe pacrpocrparberre oBr Kperrrbarlu umaiy Ha gecroj crpaHn Cyruuqe n y 3arapuy
(.[,ononzma, GypuuHoer.rhvtma v Jlasapenom Kpcry).
CPEAIbfi EOIIEH (Ez)
Tnopennne xoje o,qronapaiy cpe4rrem eoqeuy znajy upnnrzquo flpocrpaHcrno. To cy
Q.nuruuu
ce,qr{MeHrrl xoju ce
ianrajy
y Br{Ay
Ayre
3oHe roqeB oA rpaH}rqe ca An6anujom flpeKo ceJra
@yngune ra
,[,orana,
yaasehr y
Aonr.rHy
pujexe 3ere, a o,qaBAe [peKo Karamla z
,(,yre
na
repzropnjy Bocue u Xepqerosune.
Cegzuenru
$nltua
oBor rroApyqja upe,4crauEeHlr cy IroHrnomeparr4rma, pasJlrrrrrlrrr.rm Bpcrama
njeurvapa rr Jraropaqa. Konrnomeparu cy
Aocra
pasJrrrqurrr. V.[ony fljeruunauxom ce
iarroaiy
y BrAy
Ae6erzx
6auaxa y uajgy6rem
Auierry
cepurje. Matepzian y r6r,rma
je
cna6o coprlrpaH,
a uoHeKaA r{ xaorrrrrHo pacuopefeu. I4srpafeun cy o,E oArroMaKa Kpeqrtaxa pa3rt4qr4Te BeJrr{qrraHe.
flpeonnafyjy oAJroMrILr BeJrr{rrrEe oa 2-10 cr[:
noK
cy oAnomrtrt4 BeJrrrqune rrpexo 25 cm
ueurro pefn. BesueHH marepujar KoA oBux crujena
ie
rap6ouarnn. V ronr.nomeparuma ce
janmajy gocra pzjerKo rd Myure polr(Haqa. V soHr.r
$.nzura,
JroxaJrHocrr{
.[o
flieurEeaqxr{, ce
HaJrase MaJre uapruje KoHffroMepara y caruo
j
cepuju r,r KoA rLrlx
je
marepzjan 3uarrro coprupanziz.
I4srpafeuz cy raxofe o,q oAJromaxa Kpeqrraxa BeJrar{fiHe 2-5 cm, a BesuBo urvr
je
xap6onaruo rir
UIIIHOBI'ITO.
Y cepujr
$rurrunnx
ceAumeHara y JroxaJrHocra @yugzne KorrrJromeparu ce pajerxo
janrajy.
Cacroje ce oA oAJroMaKa Kpeqmaxa, Jralopar{a n
guiadasa, xpyunujux o,q I cm. Oglomqr cy
yHIaBHoM
gao6resu.
Kap6onarnn
Aerpltryc
je go6pum grajenom
[peKpr4crairucao. OAnoMrItl
Auia6asa
cy peJrarrBHo pzjerxn r o,qJuxyjy ce
jacrom
oSurcxorw crpyxrypou. O4lomrln KBapr{a
3l
xoiu cy raKobe rpucyrHr4 y oBrrm crr.rieHama, cy yuractu
Ao
floJryynracrvt H To 3axBaJbyiyh[
Kopo3lroHom
4ejctry
xap6ouarue marepzje. OAromrIN KBapqa cy peAoBHo Hetrr{crn r,rJrlr caApx(e
rparllxacre unxrysuje. i.{emenr r<oA oBr,D( cnujeua
je
xap6ouatnu u go6puru
4njenom ie
rrpexpr-
craJrr{cao a
jarra
ce y flopama. Vourure y3eB, marepujar, y oBrrM KoHrJromeparrd[a
je
4o6po
coprr,rpaH.
fljeruvapz cy pefe 3acryrrJbeHlr o.q JraropoBvro-r,rrrrrHoBr,rtzx crnjena n
jar,:'r;aiy
ce y Brngy
crojena
Ae6rune
go l5 cm. I{srpafenu cy oA roJryyuracrrrx
Ao
yrJracrrrx spHa KBapqa, rlrarzo-
KJraca il oAJromaxa
gpyrvx
mrjena. 3pna nnarzoxJraca cy y rpoqecy rpanc$oprvmqaje z uoxa-
syjy uejacuy Jrr,rHeapuy rpaby. Keapq
ie
sacrynreu y Heruro mamoj xoJrrrruHti. ILerono upo-
rleHryaJrHo yuemhe ce xpehe go 30o/o. To cy spna neje4uaxe BeJrvrrrrHe, yuraBHou cy Heqrrcra
LI caEpll(e rpaurxacre uuxnysuje. Hajueuhe ce ycnzje4 rrpr{rr{caxa xojer cy uperpnjenu
yuAynaropHo uompauyjy. Cuopegnz cacrojryr xoA oBlrx ujeuruapa cy KlJrrlr.rr n cepnqr,rr.
Ilemenr
je
xap6ouaruo-rrrr.rHoBr{rn. OAromqu crujena cy [peACraBJbeHu po]KHarlr.rma, narrop-
rluMa v KpeqbaqrrMa.
Jlauopqu usrpafryiy uajsehu
4zo
cepzje. 6oje cy ymaBHoM crrBo3erreHe. V nexzm
guienonnma
cepzje
Snurua
uoje4unz crojenz cy
ge6enu
Ao
4 m. Ore crajeue cy zsrpafeue og
Slrarunor
rJrrrHoBllror, xap6onarnor marepzjala, asmujeuraHl4 ca cI{THI{ivI BpHnMa KBaprIa v cepurlr{ra.
3pua xeapqa ce
janrajy y uogpefenoj xorzvunlr y oAuocy Ha ocHoBHy xap6ouarno-Drr{Ho-
BVry Macy. Ananrrse na CaCOs uoxasyiy
,qa
oBe upo6e ca,qpx(e oxo 40o/o oBe KomuoHeHre
ruro orflpr{Jrrrxe oAroBapa xemrajcxom cacraBy nalopaqa.
Kpevrraqu cy pzjerxu
qraHoBz
cepaje
Snurua
u
jar,:r,ajy
ce y Br,rAy c.nojeea
4e6nune
og 10-20
cm. Y muxpocxouy uoxasyjy
Aa
cy pasJrratrl4rrir rlo cacraBy r.r Mr{Kpocrpyxrypr{. I4srpafeuz cy
najueruhe og xap6onatHor
Aerprrryca,
ay uogpefeuoj KoJrLttrrrur.r caAp)fie cr.rrHa
gpHa
reaprla r{
rJI:IrHoKJraca. flonexag
je
s6or ca4p>xaja ujecxorure xomrroueHre reruxo oApeAurr4 rgje
je
jacrra
rpauzqa nsmefy ujecxonrarzx
(peqrLaKa
fi Ba[oHoBlrrzx njeuruapa. Ipy4nacrr.r napujerern
KpeiulaKa ce raxofe
jasraiy y cepuju
$.:rzrua.
Ouz pnjerxo caApxe ujecxonnry KourroHerrry r{
xap6ouaruu
Aerpr4ryc.
LIs Hexoruxo JIoKaJIHoc"rIa ca oBor nogpyuja nprrxylJbeHa
je
u o4pelena
$ayua
Ha ocuoBy
xoje
je
z ogpelena crparurpaScKa rrpuraAHocr oBzx rBopeBHHa.
P.
Uouo-Tomuh
(1955) je
ne
@nuruHrrx
ceAnmeHara (rrutra) Eapa Illyrvranoerha oApeAr{na
Sopamnrur$epe:
Robulus cultratus, Nonion graniferum, Textularia ocalana, Globorotalia
aragonensis, Entosolenis cf. tricarinata, Globigerina trialoba, Immodisus polygyrus
u
Ap.
Ha ocnony o4pefene
Sayne
cmarpa
la
6u oBr.r ceAzmerrrr.r rprrraAalu uajeehum
4ujenom
cpeAILeM eoqeuy r{ ro Hapoqlnro Ha ocHoBy Bpcre: Globorotalia aragonensis, Globigerina
eocena, Robulus cultratus.
A. flasnh (1961)
!e
y 6peuacro-KoHruromeparurruprm cnojesr,ma nogpyuja Kasnonnqe KoHcra-
roBao: Discocycl'ina suunesi,
,rDisticheplex"
biserialis, Operculina cf, heberti. flope4 oer,rx,
on
je
ca no4pyvja Kynxa, flonaie, lpagqa,
,[,omzx
Ilpnaqa oApeA[o: Nu;rnmulites planulatus,
I'lummulites globulus, Assilina grannulosa. flopeg HaBeAeHr{x Bpcra y 6peuama r{ KoHr,rro-
Meparzma ce HaJIa3e u Nummulites aticicus, Nummulites murchisoni r.r
Apyra
SayHa
xoja ce
sehuHoilr
janra
y cpeArber[ eorleHy.
A. lupzh (1962) je
ns
@nmuHrax
ceAl4meHara
AoJrr{He
3ere o4peguo: Alaeol'ina minuta,
Aloeolina eschusageri, Akteolina cf. ciofalcid, Alzteolina cf. peronai,
Aloeolina ovolum.
Ha ocnony ogpefeue
$ayne,
ncrz
je
Aorrrao Ao
saxJbyqxa,
Aa
oBe rBopeBrrHe ogronapajy
cpe,qlLeM eoUeHy. On upetnocraBJla
4a
6u morao ro
ga
6yge roprbrr
Auo
cpeAr6er eoqeHa.
@nurunrn ceAumeurllt ce Ha repelry zcuo.rranajy y BlrAy ycxrx( r{nu rrcupeKr.rgaHLrx uojaceea
npaBIIa [pyx(al6a yrnaBHotvt C3-JI4. Hajveurhe ce reKroHcKv rpaHr{qe ca roprboKpeAHlrM
7)
ceAuMeHTI{n[a a
Ao6pI4M Al4ierolvr
cy noKpLIBeHIn KBaprapHr{M TBopeBuHaMa. Ha ocHoBy
Aoca-
AatlILIa(
TIaJIeOHToJIoTUKLD( [oAaTaKa rbuxoBa cTapocT
je
cxnaheua Kao cpeArbe-eolleHcxa.
flpany mohnocr
je
reurxo oApeArrrrl, aJru rrperlocraBJba ce
Aa
lrsHocz oxo 100 m.
KBAPTAP
Kraprapne rBopeBrrHe ua uogpyujy JILIcra Trrrorpa4 umajy peJrarr.rBHo BeJrr,rxo pac[pocrpa-
rberbe y cpeAuruHlrM, cjenepuzm z cjenepoucrorrHlrm gujeronzma
repeHa. llsgnojene cy KBap-
TapHe rJII{He, MopeHe u
@nyruorraqnjanue
rBopeBlrHe, sarrrM rlpBeHr{rla, gerrynujanne
u aJryBt4-
iaane
rnopenrne.
KBAPTAPHE rnr4HE (Q1)
3aysnmajy najeehu
AHo AoJIrrHe
plrjexe Sere y Ejenouaenuhurvra. To cy 3eJreHe, )r(yre uJrz
6ieruuacre rJr[IHe uuja ge6rutra lrjecrznravHo
Aocrra]r(e
pr,qo
80 m, rrrro
je
yrnp$euo 6yurerrem.
V uoerarrl HaBeAeurrx ctrjena :uarra3r ce MpKo xymycHo BemJburrrre, ge6rszne
og l-2 m.
flpema B. Pagojuzhy (1959) oBe rrruue cy HacrLre ycneA rrperpafznarra pujexe 3ere upr.r yruhy
y Mopauy s6or
qera je gourno go yjesepuearta 3ere ua uogpyujy Bjenouannrahxe paBHlqe.
Ona
,,nperpaga"
je
HacraJla
jauom
axymyraqujom
Srryeuornaqnjanuor
lrarepujana Mopave.
flocteuenzrr orl{Ilarbem BoAa 3aocrane cy ge6ene rrrrrue y Bjenouanluhxoj paennqz. Hzsnogno
og Crryrxa ucuoranajy ce
gaaje
$nyeujanue
repace xoje ce BepoBarHo nesyjy sa
$nyezoma-
qzjanne
repace Mopave, rj. rreuy
Apyry
u rpehy repacy.
MOPEHE (gl)
flnar*urcxo uogpyuje flpexopnzqe, Jkcqa, Kaiuenaxa u 3uiena 6uno
je
sa npujeme
Ar{nyBrir-
jyma
saxeaheuo uHreHsvBHolr rJrarlr{iar{zjom. O rome cejegoue qlrpxoBr{,
BaJroBlr Kao u BeJrrrKe
KoJrr4lrzHe mopeucxor marepvjala xojn ce :aarrasfl Ha oBonfi Tepeuy,
Ylcruuy ce
ABa
maqaja;rua nogpyvja
-
cjenepuo u rrcrorruo. Y oxnupy cjesepnor
-
Mara-
HuqKrr rJler{ep ce Kperao rlpeMa
jyry
zs o6.iracrz lpe6eurxa [pocrpaHoM yBaJroM Kpcraqa,
fliepa
,[o:ra
u Byxornqe rpema Ideponry, locrumy ra Pagonauxum V6ruma. Ha upocropy
HaBeAeIrrlD( mjec"ra saocrao
je
4e6eo
MopeHcxrr marepzjan a Hapoqrrro y o6aacrz Pa4onva,
KouIEra, I4r,auy1ra, Eoponor
,[o.ira
u Cry4enor. Y uogpyuiy Kamernrxa ce raxofe HaJrasLl
rtopeHcxr{ marepraja;r, y yBaJrama I{puor laosga, Kapauonzx Pyna, Mapxonzha Karyua z na
npyruM.
ttecTr{Ma.
?Ictorrno rnaquja.nno uo4pyvje o6yxnara rrJraHrrrrcKt4 MacuB )(rajona. Ca one [rraHlrHe rneqepfi
cy ce KperaJrpl rlpeMa I{ujeenz II ceny KpxaILu il aKyr{yrrLtpanr,r
4e6eo
MopeHcKtI marepujan
y no4pyujy Crpaeva, Kpx<arre Iz Opaxoaa.
Mopeue y rcpe HaBeAeHVm uogpyujzna cacraBJbeHe cy oA [orry3ao6menr,rx a mjecrumzvuo ra
sao6JbeHzx 6noxosa, o6rryrraxa, KoMaAa, Kao H cLtrHogpHor rrlJbyHxoBr{To-njecxonraror u
rnlrHoBlrror uarepajala. Kapaxrepnury ce Hecoprrapauourhy r{ pa3rt4qurr4M [erponorrrKr{r[
cacraBoilt o6rrymxa. Hajnuure cy 3acrynJbeHrr Hpeqrbar{r{ r.r
AoJromLt'rv
a pjefe ny;rxancxe
crzjeue, polxHaurr u ujeruuapu.
@JIyBI4O|TIAUTIJAIHI{ CE.(I{MEHTH (fel)
Hanase ce y uoApytrjy 3etcxe paBHrrqe, na Pa4onvy n Konnry u y xarboHt4ma Mopaue u
ll1ienue.
Hajnehe pacrpocrparLerre
nmaiy y 3ercxoj paBHrrqu.
"(eraruuje
ra
je
o6palunana
J.
Mapxornh-Mapjanouuh (1961) roAuHe. To
je yrnanuoM ruJr,yHxonrzro-ujecxorntri Mareplr-
33
jan,
miecrulnaqHo Be3aH
y Ko]rlIlrelHe RoHrJroMepare. o6ryqa cy KpeqlLaqKor u
.4onoMlrrcl{Or
cacraBa. MaFe cy sacryrubeHz po)+Gaqu z ujeuruapn. Beszno
je
ujeurvapcxo. Be.nuqr,lna
cacrojaxa ce xpehe oA cr.rruospuor nrajecxa
,qo
sao6JbeHzx 6loxona, aJrfi fipeoBJrafyjy o6ryqrl
xpyunohe 3*10 cm.
.[,e6runa
Hauoca ce xpehe og 30 m,
y ciesepuolt
avieily
3etcxe paBHfiIIe,
go80m-yjpxuomAuierry.
Hacrauarre 3ercxe paBHIrUe, Kao Ir arymynaqzje
y KopI,Iry pzjexe (Mopaue z Idzjenne) cy
Besaga sa pasrarrrrre r.raqujaqzje. Taxo, rlpBo Hacvlarre uajcrapujn< repacul{x
-ceArzmeHara
je
rjeponaino Besauo sa MI{HAerrcHy rlaqzjaqzfy
(uo
J.
Mapxonuh-Mapjanonzh). Y Mebry-
peuiy onaf uanoc
je ge6eo
oxo 20 m n Molr(e ce flparilrl4 cBe
Ao
Ezotra ca Herrrro cmarbeHom
ae6.rrranom. Jegan
gno oBor Marepr4jana
je
AoHerIreH
y, reh uop$o.noruxu
Soprvrzpany,
3ercxy
parur,rrry. O
"errrrorarlt
axylvtyJlaqzje
y 3ercxoi
pannzqz
je
reurxo rura oAp.ebeuzje piehu,
MaAa ce ca cgrypHoruhy moxce [peruocraBr4Tr4 EeHo rrocro,alse, a ruro
Aoxa3yry
m,ecrlIMI{lIHo
oqyBauu repacul,r omiqu (rpz-tepacra oAcexa
y pa3nutryfi:au rrrrBouma
-y
roApyqjy 3aro-
pfiqa, Kao rr Bilrue repacHrrD( oAc,exa Ha
,yrorrcrorruolw
o6o,qy Eenoecxor floJba
-
upenta Idu-
iennz).
Onaf nafcrapujr,r repacrz ogcjex
je
nehuuoan sapaBlbeH, raKo
Aa
ce nnie morao rpa-
Trrrr4 Ha
Ayx(eg
rroresy, ua ocuoey xojer 6u ce curypuo MorJro 3aKJBylIInrt4 o nomoiamy
naicrapzjzx repacHrD( ceArrmeHara
-
qerBpre
repace.
3a rpzjeme
Ayre
r{Hrepuraqnjaryrje Mlrngen-Pnc crBopeH
ie
sucorur repacHl4oAcjex (110 m,
y Mefypeujy u 43 m,
y Bzovy).
Apyra
axyruynaquja
je
aesana sa uajznreusunuuje Hacuuarre y onoj odtrusrw.vr rlaAa y apuieme
P*rixe rnaqzjaqzjerrro r6euor rrpBor cra4rnjyrrra (Rr). flosHato
je ga
uaineha UJIeI{crorIeHcKa
saxlaferra uaAaiy y npzjeme one uaqujaqzje, urro
je goeeno
Ao
cHalrffir4x rtaquiatunx,
oAHocHo
Snynuoiraqnjanuro<
HaHoca y Mopavu, I{ujeeuu z 3ercxoj paBHtrqv, rgie
je
Ae6rrEna
osor Hagoca
go
50 m. On upunaga ceArrmeHrrrua rpehe repace.(ta) xojvt saysruraiy naiezme
rpocropa, y oAHocy Ha ocraJre repacHe ceArrMeHre y oBoM rogpyvjy. Tpeha repaca
ie
pasezjeua
y-uogpyvjy 3aropava, Eeiuoscxor rroJba,
,fl,znourxor
rroJba, Jbeur<onora u Tonoruxor rloJba.
iacra iepaia upe4cranrsa rJraBHy repacy a mjecrumnuno
je
u
jegnua y KarLoHy pujexe Mopaue
u I-[rajenue.
Tpehy repacy usrpalyie rrrJbyHxoBurz narepujan xofn
fe
yieguavennfl4 ro KpyrrHohz y ognocy
Ha.ceAugeHre
rrerBpre
repace. Cpegrua BeJrrrrr{Ha o6rytaxa
je
og 2-8 cm' flopeg KopLIra
prqexa, a u,ecrltmrrquo rr ylryrap rLrax, t4crrr ruatepujan
ie
nesalr y KoMrIaKTIre KonruroMepare,
i pjefe ujeruuape. Besuso
je
ujeuruapcxo. Ha repeuy, y oKBI4py oBe repace, y nierurauxlr
orxp1rBeHu.ivr upo$ulzma ce yoqaBa HerrpaBllJrHo cmrerblrmalse
qlrcrol
[urecxa pa3nI/EII{Ie
ge6Luue (moxe 6uruu
ao
2 m) ca rrrJbyHxom pasJll{llfire xpyuuohe u
Ae6rrarle.
Ha ocuoey
Tora ce He Mo)r(e zse1fiz saxJbylrax o npaBilJrHocrl,I y pac[ope4y I4 3acryrrJbeuoctu uoi,e4ranrzx
Bpcra oBor narepzja.na. flonpuuana rpehe tepace
je
uoxpuneHa raHKlrtvt cnoiem og 0110
go
0150 m
upBeHxacre
3emJbe z rlpBeHrrqe uonzieruaue ca lxJbyuKo.lt{
3a apzjeme Pncxor unrepctagnja;ra (R1- R2) creopeu
je
nepruxanHll repacHu ogcje-x tpehe
rcpace u:rLja
je peJrarrzBlra Bt4cr{Ha y Harborry Mopave 20 m, a y 3ercxoj paBHfirlz oxo 3-6 m'
Bjeponaruo
ie, Aa
je
sa epzjeme
gpyror craguia Prrcxe uaqrnjaqnje (R2) ctnopeHa HoBa
axylrrynaquja'ruJbyHxa y xoprnrurtra palexa, a xoja
je
ejeponaruo epoAoBaHa y
4o6a
l4HrepilIa-
qziar{aje Pzc-Bupm. Ha ro yxasy
je
ra uulrenurla
Aa
je
Aanarulsa Apyra
repaca (t2) crBopeHa vcrt4M
Hacr{rrarbe.ilr xao z rpeha, oA"o.rro repacurrr ogciex
Apyre
repace ycjeuen je y uanocy roiu
ie
crBopeH y npBoM cragujaty plrcxe rnaqujaqzje.
Beh
je
6lrno uauolrenyro
Aa
crBaparbe
Apyfe
repace unje 6nno eesauo 3a HaKHaAHo Hacl4rrarse,
ruro BHaqu
Aa
ceAVMeHTrr oBe repace ogronapajy ce,4?rmeHrulrta rpehe repace. To ce orne,qa n y
BeJruqr.rHrr cacrojaxa, coprr{paHocrz lr rbuxoBom cactojy. V upuaor rome r{Ae I{ lIurbeHHIIa
Aa
cy ceArrgerrrr,r
Apyre
ra rpehe repace rroxpuBeHr{ rIpBeHIrIIoM xoja
fe
ejepoearno Besaua 3a
I{Hreprrraqt
jauuiy
Puc-Bupm.
3a npnjeme r{aBeAeHe rrHrepriraqujaquie c'rBopeH
ie
tepacnn ogcjex
Apyre
repace unia
ie
Bracr.rHa y Melypeujy 20 m, a y 3ercxoj
paBHr{qu oxo 3 m. ,[,pyra
rcpaca IaMa MaJIo upocrpaHcrBo
r caqyBaHa
je y xamonlrma prajexe Mopaue z 3ere, Kao rr y 3etcxoj paBHrrqu.
34
V mry npBor crawiatn Bvpmcxe r.rraqnjaqnje
AoJrasrr Ao
rrouoBuor maner nacuuana. To
ie
aajunreusnennin craguiaJr oBe rnaqnjaquje (uo
].
I{eujuhy z M. Mr.rranxosuhy). Oso uacr-r-
uame rr.rje 6uro o4 seher
gHa.raja
y
$opmuparry
axymyJrufuia, seh ce oApaslrJro camo y Koprrry
pujexa. Kao
Aoxas
sa ro HaBoAr.r ce [oAaraK
ga
na crapzjl{rfi repacIma neana maafux axpnylaqnia
rrgaceAumeHrr,rqpBerepace(tr)nr.rjecyrroxpuBeHil rlpBeHurloivr, ruro
je
cnyuaj ca rperxoAHlrM
lepacama. V Mefypeujy penarueua Blrcrrua o4cjexa upBe repace
je
10 m, a Saropzuy oxo 6 m.
Tepacnu ogcjex rpBe repace crBopeH
je
y rzurepcraguja][y Vr- Ve, a HaKHaAHo
je
x npo4y6-
JbeH, TaKo
ga
ie
nzcuna
AaHarurero4cjeraupne
repace MHoro neha. 3a npzjeme oBor r,IHTep-
cragnjala yffraBHom cy oAuerrreHe axymyJrarlzje ctnopene y [perxo4Hom cra4ujany, raro
ga
ie
trpBa repaca crBopeHa y Pucxorrr HaHocy. To
ie
uajyoumuezje y xopr,lry prajexe L{uienue,
a a3pa)r(eHo
je
u y xopllrrlma Mopaue r.r Pz6uzqe. Cacran Kao rI BeJrr{qrura o6nyraxa rBopeBr{Ha
rrpBe repace oAroBapa cacraBy rrperxo,qHr,D(
Sryeuomaqujanuux
repaca. Cegr.rmeurra upee
Tepace ce
janrajy
cropaAr4truo u mjecrramnuHo cy carryBaHrr [opeA pNl'exe Mopaue (Aoranu
n Jlujeurru) Pra6nnqe z Ifnjenne (xog Eurua$era, Prxaru{qKor Mocra, Xersgsur,rsxor nrocra
LrrA.).
Cegramenrr
gpyre u rrpBe repace cy rujecrznnzuuo rroxpr.rBerrlr Jrecom. Octaqu Jreca ce HaJraBe
oxo,[ai6a6cxe rope rgje
je
$aynucruvxlr AoKasaH
ca Rilix
pomatija (no
J.
Mapxonzh-Mapia-
nonuh), Kao r{ KoA 6omrzqe
,,Kpyrueeaqt'ryTrarorpagy. ,[e6.irzIra
r4 pacfipocrparrerbe Jreca cy
6esnauajuir rn nemoryhe ra
je
6nno usgsojuru. Cnarpa ce
,qa
je
crBopeu sa spnjeme Vs z Va
Kao rr
,qa
je pauzje r{Mao rrrHoro nehe pacnpocrparberbe.
@rrysuornaqujannz ceAzmerrrLt cy mxo$e sacry[JbeHr4 y
AoILem AuieJry
Pagorauxor rroJba,
Korumcxom noJby r,r floruqrura. flpegcraemeHil cy crarHospHl.rm ruJbyHxoRr4tvra xoju cy miecrr-
Mrlrruo Be3anu y KorrrJromepare, Kao u njecxonmra. Y Kourarsy, y Koprrry rroBpemeuor rroroxa
calryBaua cy rpz repacHa o,4cjexa xoju 6u morJrr{, Bpe}reucrer,
Aa
ce Be}r(y sa repacue ogcjexe
3ercre paBH[qe, a ciurrrirm TrlM u crapocr cyceAHru( l{opeucxr,rx HacJrara
ga
Mr{rrAeJrcxy, oArrocuo
pEcIry rmrg.rjarsrjy.
UPBEH?IUA
(ts)
Ha rrrrensuBno xapcru$lrxoBauom KperrrraqKom Tepeuy crape Idpne lope, a marre y ocf,aJruu
,ryrjeronNma
repeHa,
trecre
cy nojaee IIpBeH[qe xoje nemajy rehe pacupocrparberLe ocu,ir
y
iyxuom mie.lry Aomer
3arapaua.
AJIYBI4JAJIHI4 CE,UI4MEHTI4 (aD
3aysnmafy maJro rpocrpascrBo y
AoIreM
roNy pujexe Mopaue rj. y uo.qpyujy Jlajxoauha,
Maxy.rre u lony6onaqa, Kao r{ y
AonvHLt
3ere y Bjerouarruhurrra. flpegcraBJbeHrr cy ruJByH-
KoBrrMa ra niecxormna.
TEJIYBI4JANHLI
CEAZMEHTI4 (d)
Llmajy najnehe pacflpocrparrerre y repeHrma usrpaleuram o4
Sruuruzx
ceAr{J[eHara, rrpeA-
gtaBJbeHH
pacnaguyrrtr marepziarom r{ ocyJrzHcx*m 6peuama, Kao z H4 crpur.rm rraArrHama
xalboHa Mopaue r I-[ujeaue
-
[pe,qcraBmenra sehru{ou cur.raprrrilla.
35
\r=*ro H ,,r(A
:{
\
fepeu
xoiz saxrara JIrIsr Turorpa4 I : 100 000 npzuaga y cmrrcny cxBararra @. Kocmara
(1924)
3a[aAHoM Ilpuoropcxo-xpBarcxom
Bzcoxo]r{ Hapcry, a y cmzcrycxBararLa K. flerxosuha
HaBnaqa Bzcoror Hprlra. 3. Eeruzh (1959)
cr[arpa
Aa
oBa o6racr rpr{raAa Her(oJrrrKr{M crpyx-
rypHIrM jegnnr.rqama
z ro
4zjelom
craporlpnoropcroj a
gnjenorvr
xyvxoi KpaJbyrurn.
Pa4r 6ore upenre,quocrrr 6r,rhe upzxasaue Behe crpyxrypHe
qjenr,rne z ro:
{.-Tgpexzxoinupznagaiyrss.
Ctapoqpnoropcxoj KpaJbyrrrrt4, B.
*TepenKytrxeKparbyruru,
C.
-
.fluienonu .(yprurmopcKe HaBJraKe.
A. TEPEH T3B. CTAPOUPHOTOPCKE KPAJByIUTTT
Onai repeu BaxBara
jpxne
Ir sa[aAHe gujerore
oBor Jrr4rcra a ca Kyvxom r<pubyrrrrra ce rpaHrrlrr,r
Ayx(
TeHToHcxe aznzje
Apyror
pega.
Jyrosa[aArrr{
gujenonu
oae rliemlue cy BaH
AoMeHa
oBor
JII4CTA.
Crparzrpa$cKl4 HI{3
Soprrraryja
orxpr{BeHr{x Ha oBuM TepeHvma rrorrr{rbe oA roprber rpujaca,
a saBplrraBa ce ceAItMeHrr4Ma eorleHa. I4cuog
Snynno-maqujannzx
ceArameHa?a 3ercxe paBur{qe
a BaH rpaHzqa r{clurzBaHor repeua KoucraroBan
je
rcrparxnrm 6yruerrem MapilHcKLr HeoreH.
Ha oBom repeuy yrepfenu cy rrpexuAr4 y ceArameura:ql,r.iuil ro: nergje cpeAr4Hom KrrmeprrilIa ]r
florrerxom BureHAvca. Mefyrnm, oBr4 rrpeKruArrr, osuatrenv rrprrrcycrBon{ 6oxczra, 6utru cy y
cBaKom uyuajy xparxotpajarr z p$ynrar cy elzporeHzx xone6arra y ycnoBr.rma rrJrrirxe BoAe.
Vxonrzxo 6oxczru He oApaxaBajy cuequ@nirau pex(r.rM ceAumeHrarl[je, ropme uocraexe 6ra
6une raqHe.
V oxszpy oBe crpyxrypne
je4nuuqe jacro je
il3palr(eHo cjeeepor.rcroqHo Kpr.rJro craporlpHorop-
cKor aHrr4KJruuopujyma oAHocHo
jyrosauaguo
Kpvno cvHHnfiHopr{jyma
,qoluue
3ere.
V
Aomeuy
oBe crpyKrypne.
jeglznnqe
cy r{sparr(eHrr rrJrvKarytBmvr v
gucjyuxrunurr reKToHCKr4
o6auqz. flpanqu oca, cem y xpajrreru
jyrozcrouuoru grnjeny
repeua cy cjeaeposauag-jyroucrox
a y uupoj o6racrz Tysu cy a3palr(eHz ereMeHTLr cKperarra oca Ha cjenepoucroxy.
CJEBEPOI,ICTOI{HO KPI,IJI O CTAPOUPHOTOP CKOT A HTIZ KJIPI H OPT{IYMA
Anrurnrarraua
fleurha
(1).
-Hanagn
ce y xpajnem
jyroucrovnon
4zjeny
repena. To
je
fIOJIeruIa fi peBepcHo pacxl4lryTa aHTLIKJILIHaJIa. I5ena Oca ce rrppxa sarraAHo Og.fi,evrahaupa-
aqelr cjenepo3arraA
-
jyroucrox
4o ,(,y6paee
a oAaBAe [pexo Cnrarra fiocrerreHo uonzja rpeMa
cjenepor,rctoxY, Y rjervreny oBe aHTI,IKnurraJre orxplIBeHr4 cy oxc$op4-xumepurJcKtr ceArauelrrrr a
Ha KpI{JII{Ma KilMepzu-floprJrauAcxt4. CjenepoucrorrHo) oAHocHo cjenepuo xpzrro
je
nopmanno
rgje upexo ropmojypcxrrxJlexte
AorboKpeAHr,r
ce.qr.rmeHrn.
Jpxuun
KpHJroMlrrzraBa capyxrypa
je
xparyuracro HaJreurana an6-qeHoMaHcxe ceAr.rMeuTe.
V ruupeln flJralry rexroncxor cxJrorra oBor repeHa ce
jacuo yoqaBa Bepreurla na6opa olto 50o
lpeMa jyrosaua,4y.
Oca antzxnuHaJle y oBoM
ELtjerry
repeHa roHe flpeMa cjeeeposauaAy, [o,4
36
\,f,/
10 Km
Cn. 3. flperaeArra rexTorrcxa r{apra lucra Turorpag
A. Tepeu Ctapoqpnoropcre RpaJbyrrrrr,r.- B. Tepen Kyrxe xparyurrra.-C.
,[zjenoer.r,fiypmrrropcxe
HaBJraKe,
Generalized tectonic map of the Titograd sheet.
A. The area of the Old Montenegrous thrust,
-
B. The area of the Kudi thrust,
-
C. Some parts of the Dur-
mitor nappe.
Os6opnar rexTorrr{trecKafi Kapra Jrrrcra Trarorpag
A. O6nactr crapollepuoropcxoro HaABr,rra.
-
B. O6nacm Kylrxoro HaABr{ra.
-
C.
gac:rr
Aypu[Topq(oro
rroRpoBa.
yrJrollr
oKo 8o. I4croqno oA
,Uy6paBe
ucra crpyxrypa
ie
rrcpacuje4aua l,r rroJrerura, flpyxiyh]r ce
lpeMa cieBepor4croxy.
y
oKBr,rpy oBe crpyKrype, ropeA y3,qpr$rro( peBepcHt4x pacieAa ucro-
JbeHV cy r{ rorpellHl{ pacje,qu, KoiI4 ce npecujeqaiy rr Koiu 6ztno ne yr}r.ry Ha cKJro[ repeHa.
37
^\
\N
CRsxnunana Senenuxe (2).
-
3auaAno og Tarorpa,4a na 6pgy 3enenuxa xouctaronana
je
MaIBa cIrHKJrr,IHaJIa
y celroHclrillvr r.r rypoHcxzlvt ceAlrmeHTrr.Ma. Oca cr{HKJIaHane ce [pyx [paBIIeI[
C3-JI4 r4roHerrpema cjeeeposanagy uoA yrrrorvr oA l0o. Pacnon crpyKrype
ie
oxo 2 kmr a na
ocHoBy sa.nzjerana ceAzrreuara Mo)Ke ce saxJbyqlrrrt
ga je
amunnryAa ltaJra. Cama crpyxrypa
ie
zcupeczjeqaHa ysgylr{Hum r{ uorpeqnilM pace,qzma. Ha cjeneponcrorrHui[ [aAuHlMa 3elenra-
Ke HaJra3rr ce HvB MaIbI/D( na6opa n pacjega xojz nemaiy eeher sua.Iaja sa cauy cTpyKTypy.
Anruxnrnala Ca$enqa (3).
-
Cjeeepuo oA uperxoAuo orrucaHe crpyKType ce HaJIa3rr ztrrra-
KJr[rHaJra CabeBqa xoia y jesrpy
LtMa caHToH-KirN[raHcKe Kperrlbaxe) a Ha Kpltnuma tracrpril(rcxe.
Jlaxure ce yoqaBa
Sororeo;rourxz.
9rarasa crpyxrypa
je
rcnpeczjellaHa HrI3oM uonpeqH?D(,
a pele ysAylr{Hzx paciega.
Plsrne4a
ga axcrjamra uoBprrrr{Ha oBe crpyKrype rraAa fipema cjerepozctoxy,
AoK
ocit roHe Ka
ciereposaua,4y ruro ce
Aa
saKJbyrrr4rrr Ha ocHoBy crparl,rrpa@cxor
paclopeAa ceArrlvreHara.
V oxnupy
qjelrzne (Crapoqpuoropcxe xparyurtu) ua uogpyujy B. u M. Iapua r,I
Aorrrrue
pujexe
3ere xoncraroBaue cy roprboKpeAHe (ryponcxe v cenoucxe) rBopeBI{He, rlaJreoqelrcKo-eolleHcxl{
Snmu
rr KBaprapHe rBopeBrrHe. Ha
4ecuoi
crpaHr4 3ere y o6nacrra B. u M. Iapqa ympleu
ie
r{soxJrvHaJrau KapaKrep rrJruxarzBHr{x crpyKTypa xofe cy eIrraJIoHcKI{ pacnopeSene. flpanqu
rpylr(arba oca crpyxTypa
ry
C3-JI4 a rorreme
ie
y rpaBqy
iyroumoxa.
Ba.rra uomenyrra
rroJrerny cnrrxJrrrnaJry
flomer
3arapaua
@)
-
V
uzjem ce
AHy
Hura3e Kpeqrrarlrl nainuruer
MaCTpLD(Ta.
V cna6o euanoulrpauom o,qnocy cieneposaua,quo ce Harrasl{ cnErcrrrrnaJra Mapxonuue
(5),
raxo$e Herrrro [oJrerJra a fiapanenuo ca oBortl, Kao
Aeo
ficror r43oxJrrruamror na6opa
jaera
ce aH-
TrrrcJrrrnarra Berer fap.ri (6). Axcxiamre paBHLt onran na6opa cy
Aocra
crpme (oxo 45").
Jyrosana4ua
Kpr,rJra clrHxJrr.ruaJra
,[,omer
3arapua r Mapxonuue pacje4rryra cy pacje4orvr (7)
ca eJreMeHTLtMa rra,(a
pacieAne [oBprrrr{He oxo 30o a ro raxo urto
je
cflytrrreH rILIo KoMruIeHc
cjenepovcro.uror 6noxa cBe
Ao
Cyuruuror paciega (17). Ouaj pacjeg ca npaBIIeM rlpy)rEa
cjeneposauag-iyrozcror rj. uaparerHo ca ocama ua6opa, upahen
je
na
gyxnHr{ oxo 9 km,
a no cBemy cy4ehz BeJrusrrHa cxoxa rro HaBeAeHr{.rvt eJreMeHrI{Ma uzje nenuxa. Bpziegan rIoMeHa
ie u pacieg
fionona
(8), xoiu
je
cxopo rorpelrau Ha oce na6opa. V o6lamz Tspgoura ruoryhe
je
6uno Ha HeKoJrr4Ko mjecra yrBp,rlrrr,r
4a ie
crryruren
jyrozcrounr,r
6.nox
gyx( pacjegue paBHI4
(8) naruyre oxo 50o. Cxox ua onom pacjegy
ie
rehr Hero KoA rperxo,qHo orficaHor, anv my
je
mury epujegHocr rerrrxo yrBpAfirfi. Jlaxo
je
seh Ha camom repeuy 3arla3urr{
ga je
tepen Ma.nor
fapva cryrrrreH y oAr{ocy na cjeneposaraAH\r 6rox
(Beru lapau). Ha
,4yxtznn
oxo 4 km
upaheua
je
sona pacieguror 6peua, a
A1ybe
Iasrrrefy B. Ia M. Iapua ilpeKo
,[,oloea
pacje4
je
HoucraroBau
@ororeonourxn.
Kapaxrepucrr4truo
ie,
aa ie
Jrl{Tonoumn KotlflrrJrerc Berer lapua
ucupeczjeqaH ca Brrrue marLlrx pacjega xojz ca nperxoArro orrucaua
4na
paciega unne
4na iacno
yolrJbr.rBa crrcrema o4 xojm<
je
snauajnniu onai Kora rpeAcrarra pacieg
.[olosa.
V xpeumavxo-AoJroMrrrcxzrl ceArrMeHTr{Ma Megosorrra, 3arraArro o,q 3ercxe paBHI{rIe, y cierepo-
r{crorrgom Kprury craporlpuoropcxor arrrvxnralroplrfpra,
flopeA IILIHaTIIBHLD( nocroie Ir
qecrl{
4raciynxrzenfi
TexroHcKrr o6nuqn, xoju cy Hapoqzro z3palr(eHl{ oxo Cragapcxor
iesepa.
To cy
nehranom
gzjarouannz I,r rorpe\IHLI pacjegu,
[oK
cy ysAy]nulr pacieg[ pjefu. Buxoe
paclope,q
gaje
nojegranram o6nacrrlMa r{3rneA rapxerue crpyKType.
04
gujaronaJrHlD( pacjega najsnavajnzju
je pacieg
geurrapa
(9) xoin ce npyxa C3-JI4
a vcToilHo og P. Ilpuojeeuha cxpehe rpema
jyry.
flpaheu
ie
ua
gpxrnfi oA rrpexo 17 km.
flpyxa ce og Opaxa, na cjeneposarragy, rrpexo Illtr,rrapa,
geurrapa
go Meteprzsan Jlucuwa,
Ha
iyry. ,[yrx
onor pacjega crryrrrreHo
ie
cjeeepoucroquo
Kplaro, Ilrro ce Hapoql'Iro
yoqaBa
y nogpyujy Illrurapa u
geur.rrapa.
V upegzjerry Opaxa oerun paciegom
ie
qenomaH
AoBeAeH
38
I
y KoHraKr ca 6apemorr{ a Ha Kpairrem
jyry
nujacxn ce,qI,IMeHTI{ ltiecrrzmruno
Apn
nera uagajy
no4 rpzjacre. Crox osor pacjega je
oxo 300 m.
Cfenepuo o,A P.
UpHojeezha
rj. y jyrosaua4uom cryrrrreuom 6lory 3arilr(eHo
ie
r*ts ys,qyxcnrur,
qreleHr,ilracrra(
pacjega xojurvra
je
upr,rnra4no uonehana
Ae6muna
;rzjacxrx ceAilMeHara.
Marre suauajnzia
ie
pacie4 Opaxa (10) xoir ce rpyx zsmefy
,[,orrmr
u lopmrar Opaxa
rrpeMa r.rcroKy
go Eanova, y
Ay>t<vtmtt
oxo 12 km. Ha ocHoBy pacropeAa opatzrpaScxrx
ieruI-
Hrrrla Mox(e ce saxJbyirrrrr4
ga je gourno
Ao
pa3mraqalra KpeAHID( ceAzueHara y xoptlSoHTaJIHoM
rrpaBrly, y
,qy)xunrr
oxo 500 m.
V nogpyujy Tepgorua ra frrefese KoHCraroBaH
je pacie4 (10a) ucror rvtrtaLr npp1<alba.
Oxonr,lra I. Malor Enara
ie
r{HreH3r{BHo zspacuiegana. Pacjegla Iaivrajy nparall npprcarba
3a[aA-rncrox ca Marbr{M cKperarLem rrpema
jyroucroxy. Buure pacjega
ie
na uctounoi crpaurl
l. Maror Enara xogcraroBana P. Pa4ozuzh (1961). O,q rtI,u< cy uajsnauajuwjn ctmjegehu:
Jbeurancxra, lp6aszuxtz ra pacjeg O6nyua.
Jbeurancxlr pacieg (11)ceuporexe o4 Jleuepzha upexo Epuba
Ao
fp6aeaqa Ha
Ay)I&IHII
oxo
8 km. Ha uuraroj
Apru.rHu
rrparr{ ra 3ona reKToHcKIuIx 6peva urzpune
Ao
10 m, a you.rrun
ie
u ua
SorocHlrMqrrma.
Jyxnuje
oA rperxoAHor ce Harrasr{ fp6anauxn pacieg (12) xojn ce [pyx(a npexo 3ne rope,
jyrxuo
oA Curt,r{a 14 rrpeJrasr{ Ha vcroqHy crpaHy l. Manor Elara cjerepHum [aAuuama Koao-
sy6a.
.[px
onor pacje,qa, cjeeeposarraAnor f. M. Erara,
Aorba
KpeAa
je
crryrurena y HI{Bo
ropmojypcxrrrx ce4zmeuara, a rrcroquo on f . M. B.nata cegrameuTr4
Aorbe
KpeAe r,r a.r6-qenouana
cy
,qoBe,qeHr,r
y Hr4Bo roprrojypcxlrD( KpeqrLaKa. Cxox onor paciega
ie
oxo 500 m
(P. Pa4oz-
.nah
1961).
Pacieg O6xyua (13)
-
ce raxole rpyx(a y upaBrly C3-JI4
pt
Ayx
zcror
je
crryIxreuo
iyxtlto
KpIIJIO, O,4HOCHO
AOI$OKpeAHIa
CeALIMeHTIT, 3a oKO 150 m.
V oxorumra I. M. Enara HaJraBV ce Behz 6poj pacje,qa ca asumyrom rpyx(arDa og 90-110o.
,[yrx
mux cy cryrrrrreHa
jyrxna
oAHocHo
jyrosanagna
KpuJra.
Jyxno
ogylrha Curnraqey Mopauy
reoSzsuuxu
je
xoucraroBaHa
Ar.rcJroxaqraja
xoia ce [pyrxa [pema lacroxy. To u xapaxtep
orrr{caHr{x paciega yxasyje rra cnyrrrrarbe y carvroj cxagapcxoj
,4eupecujz,
urto
je
rIoBJIaqI{Jro I{
ogrosapaiyhe rroxpere uo o6ognzan
gzjenoszl,ra oee
geupeczje.
A.nncxa oporeHe3a ce Hapolrr{To o4pa3lrna y cf,Baparry rurl{KarvBHla>( crpyKTypHro( o6nzxa y
uogpyujy 3ercxe paBHr.rqe. flpzje onurorleucKtl ceAuuernr naiueurhe
ry
y6paun a HaKHaAHI{M
,qucjyuxrzsurrr
rexroHcxrrm [oxperr,rMa
Aoruno
je go
uopemehaja oeux na6opuux crpyxTypa.
O uoc"rojamy oer,or ua6opuux uopemehaja, uocnuje ruraBurDr y6uparta u KpaJbyrurama cnie,qoue
rrpylr(arre rr rrag ceArrmeuara
.[aj6a6cxe
rope, rrag axcnjanurzr< paBHu LtsoKJII{Ht4x na6opa
rpema cjeneposauagy cynporlro raAoBravla crpyxrypa oBor repeHa. Crujegehr
goxas
ie
npy-
)r(ar6e ceArameuara Ha Cpncxoj ropz,
,(orroj
lopuqu, J6y6oruhy z Bpamcxoj roptr, xao II
uaisnauajuujz
goxas,
uocrojame Mapuucxor HeoreHa, na6yluenor 2 km
fyxlro
oA JII{cra TIato-
rpag r.rcrroA
Qnynraronaqraiannru<
ceAr,rvreHara.
2[croqno og 3ercxe paBHrrqe ce HaJra3z rills eehra( paciega o4 xojrz:< sehuHa rurajy uparaq
npyxna
jyrosauag-cjeBepolrcrox,
upz6nraxno fiapanenHo tpacu Kyuxe KpaJbyrurt4 y oBoM
gr.rjery repeHa, a pefe cjereposauag-jyroucrox, o,qIrocHo 3arlaA-ucror.
Ha noresy Tysu-Cnrrre, rpaBrleM rpylxama cjenepbsanag-iyrovcror, flpyx ce rpaca Kpa-
Jbyrrrrrr (14) xoja o4
,[y6paee
cxpehe Ha r{crox
go
Cnrame,
Aa
6v ce oAaB,qe HasraBfiJla rrpema
cjenepoucroxy.
,[yx(
roBprxr{He KpaJbyrrrrarra noKperryra
ie
anrzxnmrara,[euuha ca
iypcKnm
ceAumerrrLtua rrpero cegrameHara an6-qenomana.
Hajjacawiu pacieg oee o6racrr.r
ie
pacieg 9enaepa (15) xoier cy Korrcrarosaru B. Cumuh-
B. 9y6pruoBuh
-
P.
]oeanoezh
(1939). To
je
pacje,q peBepcHor rnna xoir ce rpyx rpaBIIeM
39
cieBepoucrox-iyrosauaA o,q
UuieBHe
rpexo 9emepna, Tpa6ojNna Crapor, Xenmzqe, Cxopaua
u
ry6u
ce 3ara.qHo oA Cuuma. Oeaj penepuru pacieg uema nehy aMnJrlrryAy rr3Ar.r3arra.
Jegau
og suavajuujux pacjega y oBoM uo4pyujy
je
n pacie4 Crieuora (15a) xojz ce rpyxa
[paBIIeM cjerep-jyr z
Ayx
xojer
je
clyrureHo 3arraAHo Kpr{Jro, uITo
je
AoBeJro Ao
HeHopMaJrHor
KoHTaKra roplboxpeAHux (qenomancxru<) r
AorboxpeAHr,rx
(6apemaurcxrax)
cegumenara.
Ci4HKJII4HAJIHA OE-IIACT
AOJII4HE
3ETE (16)
Oua npe4craBJba cJroxreu crlcrem u3oxJu4Ht4x na6opa y xojuna cy [pucyrrra r{ peBepcua pacxr.r-
,qarca.
?IsoxJrrrHe crpyxrype zmajy JrzHeapau KapaKrep rr naKcr{MaJrno cy s6ujeue. Vcxn noja-
ceBI{ rlaJleorenor
$.nzua Fyhyiy
uainrarue Ha oBaKBe saKJbyqKe. Ocum. pesepcHor pacKr4Aarba
xoje xapaxtepr,rrue cjeeeposanagHa KpilJra
$.nuunrx
cvHKJrrlHaJra reHepanuor [paBrla [py-
>xarra C3-J14, sana>xajy ce u upz6ruxuo Beprr{Kaluz pacie4r.r [apaJreJrHr,r ca rruma o4 xoinx
oco6lrro tpe6a uoanenyrz Cyruu.rxu pacieg (17). Ou ce Lrcro.q flerpone lpege rE flnane nNgrz
Kao BpJIo ctpru o4cjer Ha
Ay)rffrHt4
oxo 6 km. Oeaj pacje,q Kao il r6emy rapaJrenaH pacjeg Er-rienor
nora (18) KoHcraroBau
je
ra
QororeoJrorrlxl{.
Pacjegarre
Ayx(
oBa gea pacjega rrma Kapaxrep
unscnojnor cmr{Ilarba Ha crpmo[aAajyhnm cjeneposanaAuzm KplrJrrama aHrLtxJruHana. I{ctor
ie
rnrta il pacieg
fio6por
rrorba (19) ca cjeneposauagHe crpaHe
,(o6por
ror6a Kao u pacieg
Saoprterua (20). Vouurte ce Moll{e pehu, ga cy cjerepozcrorrue rpaHr{rle
@luunm<
uoiacesa
TeKToHcHe tj. uocroie peBepcHa Hamrrrlarba Kpyrrrx Kperrrtaqrxr.rx Maca Ha
Sm.rurue
repeHe.
36or rora
ie
uojeryrnaquo orLtcr4Barbe oBrax peBepcHrlx pacjega cyBr.rurHo. Og snauajnujnx
peBepcultx paciega, tj. mamzx xpaJbyrurLt uorpe6uo
ie
racrahz KpaJbyrur Megyxa (35),
Kpalbyrurn
florana
u @yngr.rne (36), xparyun Maprunnha (37) Lr KpaJbyrurn Kaarro-
rrqe (38).
Konuxo
je y oeraru c.rryuajenzma xopr4soHraJrua KomloHeHra y Kperarby
,qo[rJra
go
uspaxaja
relrrKo
je
curypuo yrBpArtrr,r uorrrro cy MarbzM pacje4aErula o,{r{ocr{ KoMfrJrLtKoBaHlr. Oee
BalRHe uI{rLeHVqe KoHcraroBao je
A. Bittner (1880) v osHatrr{o rD( Kao
gracloxaqrzjy
rrpBor peAa.
Ta lauuuja je
xacruje osHatreHa xao rurnzja Kyuxe KpaJbyrurLt.
Tpe6a ro,meHyrt4 rr peBepcHrr pacieq Korurr.rqe (21). Onaj pacje4
je
upaheu og Cauav
.[,ora
rpexo Korurr,rqe, Epxa cee go
BpajosrEhxor locrura Ha
Aylnrruu
o,q oxo 18 km. Vuannom
je
y KpeqBaIIuMa rypoua ca crpmom peBepcuom rroBprut4uom xoja uaga xa cjenepozcroxy. Kog
Kourrzqe ce
Aprt
oBe
ALIcJIoKaquje
ru4u soHa rexroHcxzx 6peva a Ha MHou.M mjecrrEma gyrx
rpace oBe
gucnoxaqzje
rypouc!{tl Kpeqmarlu cy MrrJroHrrrrrsytpanr.
Eausy tpace Kyvxe xpa.rrjrrurz yrspfeua je
anruxnunana ilo:ruaa (22) ca upaBqem rpyx(arba
oce cjereposauaA-jyror.rcrox r{ Torberbeitt xa
iyroflcroKy.
V rrenom remeuy cy Ha MaJroM rrpocropy
orHpI,IBeHrr 6apem-amcxr{ Kpeqrbarlra r4 rIeHoMaH. Harnyra
je
na
iyrosaua4.
Crzqua
ie
anruxnnnana Berer Vua (23) ua gecuoj crpaHr.r Mopaue r4croJbeHa cBa y rypoHy.
flpocrop usme$y Hes6poja u Kamrnaxa (cjereposanaAHr{
Ar,ro
nncra) KapaKrepuue rapxerrra
crpyKrypa xojy ur.uru Mpex(a pacjega,
og xojrx ce r4rrax Molr(e
Aarrr
rrpr4opurer oHr.rma y czcremy
napaJIeJIHoM peBepcHz.rlr pacjegrzrwa. Taxo ce upexo Kyuznosa, Hes6poja, Bnnzha, Ipaqa
Kao I{ y o6.namn Eprjecroea, Eyparuenor,[ola r,r Kosaqxux
AonoBa
Mo]r(e rrparr{Tra
je,4an
cKopo
BeprI4KaJIHLt pacje4 Ha r(ome ce, Ha rraue mjecra, HaJra3e olryBaua reKroucxa oue4ala.
Je4no
TaKBo reKToHcKo
orJleAano
je
mpmun ogcjex ceaa Epujecroea-Br,tHuha u y Kosaqxr,rm
.[oro-
BI'IMa. TaMo rgje ue uoc, oju rexroHcxo orJreArJro HacraBJba ce Mr.rJrouurcxn marepujail
qniu
ie
rrrnrtqaH [prnmep lpagaq.
Marra pacjegarra cy yorleHa roroBo cByAa y oBoM roApyujy atu uemajy uoce6as snauaj sa
TeKToHr{Ky repeHa. Hajueruhe ce Bv4rt ycxa
,rsona(t,
pacegnrz:< 6peva. Ha uexzm raKBHl[ [paB-
qruna
$opmupaHr.r
cy HrrsoBrr KapcrH?rx o6laxa.
40
B. TEPEH KYTIKE KPAJbYIIIT}I
Tepen xoin ce flpyxra cjenepoucrorruo oA noresa Kaururax
-
Eso
-
Epajoenhxo locrr.Lrre
-
Konrrre
-
Oxcesu-E.nzsna-.fl,yra-,Br4oqe
-Y6tu
-
Ta$e Huxzhes
-
Crpyx<HurlalpunaAa
o6nacua xoja
je
y Jrrareparyprr rrosuara xao Kyura xparyrut (24).
Jlnro.nourxlr KoMrrJIeKc pujoru
Kyuxe KpaJbyrurrr xojra ce HaJrasr.r ua no4pyvjy oBor Jrr,rcra
qI{Ht4
crparrrrpa$cxra nus
Qopmaquja
oL roprrer rpujaca saKJbyrrHo ca
$lvrruelr
ropre KpeAe.
flpumuiehenn cy cauo rrpexrrAr{ y
fe4norrr
grjery cpeArLe u ropme
jype.
Mefyu{lr, oBrrr npexuAu
uemajy ofirrrrtI snavaj fi Br{rrre cy JroKanHa uojaea, Te ce Mo}r(e roBopzrr{ r,r o KoMrrJrerHo]vl
pasnahy roplbe
jype.
Taxofe rpe6a HarromeHyrlr
ga je
rpauaqa roprboxpeAuor
$nurua
ra rrrroH-
sa.nen4rzjcrrx KpevrbaKay mnpoj o6racrr.r Bjerepnxxa epo3lroHa r{ TeKroHcKa. 04 roprrer
rpn;'aca
Ao
KoMlaH-Macrpr.rxra He 3aIIa}I(a ce yrnoBHa
Ar.rcKopAaHrluja
ruely uojegznnm cTpaTr{-
rpa$cxraar qjenznama,
qaK
H*t y,qeraJbrrma. Oeo yuyhyje Ha BaKJbyqKe ga naie 6zno oporenrax
loxpera y rom tzHTepBa;ry seh ce Mo)fiAa paArrno o MarbLtM errr{poreHercxun xone6arLrrua,
yKoJILlHo ce He paArr o cuequ$nvHam ycnoBur{a ce,qzMeHTaqzje 6oxOlra. Og ropmer rpujaca
Ao
cpeAr4ue ceHoua ceArrmeHTarlr{ja
je
npruena y ycJroBrzma uJrurxe ro4e. Oae o,qirrrKe traHe
cyrurrrHy pasnrrKa crBaparba ceAuMeHTa y yHyrparumilM u crroJba[rrrr{M
,fizuapugurua.
Ha ocuony BI4.qJrLIBI,IX eJreMeHara, 6ap ua oaoru
gujery repeHa, rerrrxo
je yrnp,4raru xoju
je
reHercHrr o6lzx Kyuxe Hpajbyrurr{ aJrlr ce Mo)r(e fipenosrraTu Her(oJrLrKo rrnr.IHarilBlrxx o6nraxa og
xoiux
je
uajsnauajnuja nenrzxa rroJreua aHrtrxJrrrHarra, unje
jearpo quHe
perorr,rjacxu cegu-
MeHrrr. Orxprareua
je
usnrefy cena Kyuzne z yurha Kpyrueeavxor rroroxa (xarcou Mopaue).
Onaj u
jour
nexz
Apyrlr
rroAarlu ylyhyiy
Aa
ce pacrrrAarbe BpruuJro y [pocrpaHom aHrlrKJrr{Ho-
plliyMy.
Curypuo ce
Aa
yrBpAt4Tu
la
je
ora Maca KoA Br.ro.ra zuana xopLr3oHranHo Kperarbe
lpeKo roprLoxpe,qHrrx ceArrmeHara Ha
Aylr(r{Hu
oxo 700
p.
Kao qjenzua pasnor[JbeHa je
se.rrzxnu
paciegom nsmely Jlytoea ra Euo.ra xojn cy E. Ezpuh u C. Mojcvnonzh (1958) o3HaqLtrru r<ao
Pacnosa.rru pacieg (25).
.[yx
oeor pacjega u3BprrreHo
je
cnyrurame ucror{Hor 6noxa sa
Br{rrre oA 200 m.
Antuxnurrana [I'taruia (26).-Oeacrpyxrypa jeuo.remarpema jyry,arrenaocace
rppxa
cjeaeposaua4-jyroncrox.
Ocauponaszner,qje Ha [paBqy Tprvrarsa-MyruHrrrqa flpexo Kyuuue.
Pacieguyta je pacroeavxum pacje,qon a raxole n pacjegon xoju zge rpeKo Tpmarre. V o6na-
crla Mo4por Bpxa uTpmamerpexo me
je
naayueua rJraca Jbyror Cpronqa.Oca
joj
ce rpoAy-
)fiaBa rpexo Eparonorxuha y rpaBqy
.Ilomer
Crpaeua ca peronziacoM Ko,q Kacrpara.
3auaguo og Mopaue yorraBa ce crrHxlrrruana Ceoqa (27). Marrc
je
xoca a rpaBarl oce
je
CS-JIL IIa uexonzxo mjecra
je
zapacjegaHa MarLytM pacjegurvra. V menom
,qHy
ce HaJra3e
ceAI,IMeHrr{ roprLe
jype
ucuog xojzx ce KoA PaAoBrra z Kounra
janrajy
6oxcnrra.
Arrrurnunana
Touononuxa (28).
-
OHa
je
cacraeur,r
4zo
6ope urajra cauxnr.rHiurHv
guo (cun-
KJII4HaJTa Ceoqa)
je
reh oll4caH. Kapaxrepuure
ie
eracoxz xzucomerprjcxu uonorxaj peronujacx-
IiIX CeAr4.iVIeHaTa TOUOnOe[Xa,
Cunxlurrana Jle6punrura (29).-Cxopo
6ra ce mor,ra cmarparrr uspacje4anom 6paxucnn-
KJrI{HanoM. ILeuo
$opruuparre
je
najnieponamrzje ycJroBJbeHo HaBJraqerbem Mace Jbyror Cpro-
sqa. V cpeALIruHoM
Arierry
HaJrase ce ceAnMeHTrr
Aorbe
KpeAe n rIeHoMaHa. flpaeaq rbeHe oce
ie
reuepamro C3-JII. Pacje4nym
je
ca azrue pacje.qa o,4 xojrx
je
uajsuavajnzin pacieg us-
rue$y M. u B. Jle6puruura (30) cxopo Mepvgujancxor upaBrla rpy)narLa.
V o6nactra Jlzcqa
jaercajy
ce rr3oKnr{Hanue crpyxrype s6ujeuor ril[a.
Ha flpexopHLtqll I{ 9yxapuqrz oBLrM nrrcrom cy saxsaheHlr carvro malz
jyrosarraAHr4
AuienoBu
IJTLITKI{X ct4HKJIIzHaJIa. Ha oso yuyhyje rpucycrBo 6apen-aura ua naieehum Br,rcr.rHaMa, rropeA
opr,rjeumqny'e 6anaxa u crojera.
flope4 [omeEyrl{x flnilxarraBHt4x o6r[Ka, Ha repeHy osor gzjera Kyuxe Kparbyrur[ cy rpucyrue
u
AucjynxrnBue
crpyxrype. Hajsnauajnuju crrcrem pacjega Ha
qr4raBom
repeHy ce ilpyx(a
41
\
+\
\l
cjeneporacrox-jyrosanag,
AaKJre
y[paBno Ha oce rrJrzKarrzBHux c"rpyKrypa. Ocrana cilcregr{
umajy snaruo uogpe$enuju s:rrauaj.
Llxyfui oA cjereposarlaAa rrpema
jyror,rmoxy
rrpBrz 3Hatrajnnju olrrnx
je
czcrem pacjega y
o6nacrra T.eruor,(ona. Mory ce flparurrr Ha
Ay)rfl4rrama
oA rro HeKoJu4Ko xzroanerapi. O6ene-
)KeHLI cy 3oHaMa pacje4ulax 6peua urapoxrar njecrr.rmr,ll{Ho rro HeKoJrrrKo Merapa,
3nauajnu cy raxofe pacjegz rapaneJrlrrl
,qonuHrr
Byxorraqe, zsmely xojzx ce HaJraBe rBopeBrzHe
.qorLe
KpeAe. Cr,rnxlzuana Jle6prunzxa
je
pacje,qnyra aeh uomeuyruiw pac;'egom xoju ce og
Eopone JroKBe Mo)fie flparvrlr
Ao
y Pagoeavxe MopeHe.
Pacieq Epesornnx Pyra (31) Mo)r(e ce nparrrrr,r Ha
Aylr{t4Hrr
oxo 10 km. ILzme
je pas.rrom.-
JbeHa aHrI{KrwtHara flnatuja y upaBIIy rraga axcujaJrue paBHri. flapanenau je
ca najeehum
pacje4om
Ha oBoM repeuy xojn ce Molr(e nparrarra og flrzua
no
Eroqa v
AarBe
na
jyr go Sercxe
paBHI'Iqe.
.[yrx
onor pacjega crryluraHa
je
sa upexo 200 n xomunerua mzjeucxa Maca Eparo-
noxuha n Kyva. 36or oBor pacjegarna
AoBe,qeuu
cy y vctu Hr4Bo ceAilMeHrr,r
Aorbe
Kpege ca
peto.nnjacxran,
usmefy Illyjaxa rz Euo.ra.
Y Eparonorxahxom gnjeny youaeajy ce HexoJrr.rxo, cxopo napaneJrHrrx, pacjega vcror cprcrega
laq
rrrro cy: pacjeg og Kamene rrlaBe
Ao
Kzcerrzqe, sarrru
ABa
pacjega og Anrerue31la
Ao
Jlaiunonraha r{JrpeKo
,[penone
rJraBe. Marer cy snavaja HeKoJrvxo picje,qa y uo4pyvjy CeorunE-
qe
z rsrvrefy flpeEy6onuqe r Koxora.
V ropmram KyvuTa xajsnauajHuja
ie
pacieg lleporqa (32) xoju ce upyxa oA rtrpKBe y loprrem
Ctpanuy rrpeKo Kp>xarrego I{er,rnzna. VrnaeHo.M ce Mory pac[o3Harrr
vr rtparil,tt4 rro BoHaMa
pacie4nzx
6peua.
Ha pacje4y [peKo Sarpege c[yrureHr4 cy 3a HeKoJulKo
Aeceruga
Merapa Kpelrrbarllr r!
AoJromlrru
,qorbe
KpeAe.
C.
TI,IJEJIOB}I IYPMTITOPCKE HABJIAKE
TEKTOIICKA KPITA JbyTOr CPTOBUA 71MO,4pOr BpxA (33)
V xpajmem cienepuon
4rnjeny
Jlrrcra y uo.qpyujy Jbyror Cpronqa v Mo4por epxa paseajenz
cy ctpatr'r$uKoBaHrr
AonoMrrrLItIHt4
Kperrrrarlr{ rr
AoJromr{rz
ca MeraJroAosrzrna. Ha Epajonvfrxoj
IIOHIIKBI'IqI4 ucIIoA rblrx Jrex(e yrnaBHom yrxxprzJreur{ r{ pacfiaAHyrrr
aHAe3rrru. Kouraxr ca .
ropmojypcxo-AolLoxpeAHuu
ceAIzMeHrr{Ma je
ua uzranoj
4yrxunfi
rexroucnz.
,[onomr.ura
3areAHo ca aHAe3rrrltMa na Epaioevhxoj nounxBzrl[ y cyrrrrLrHrr caAa rrpeAcraerajy jegag
uoHpoB upeKo nutafux rBopeBlrHa. Ilzuuja KoHraxra je
osuaveua jaxo
uonou.meHr.rnfl r{-fi3ryx{-
BarrI{M Kpe\IrbaI{I{Ma roplbe
iype
Ia
Aorbe
KpeAe a ua uoje4zuun rujecrzma
Aorronr.yrr{
cy rroJrog-
JbeHu
Ao
crarba
AoJIoMI4rcxor
6pau[ra. Teruxo
je,
mefyrzm, yrBpArrrra, ga
tu
je
zcroepemeno z
,l KOHTaKT aHAffizra il
AoJIoMzrIrqHLrx Kpeqmaxa rexToHcxu. To u3 pa3Jrora) ruro cy N
je4ue
u
gpyre
ctzjeue Moparle
Aa
rperple vcroBpemeuo MexaHVqHe npomjene. flo ceemy cygehr, ange-
swrucy clapujz o4nnelaJro,qoHcnKl/D( KperrrraKa rzongje cy ca rruma4onyueua.Tpl"u'rrorp*r*.
rraBnatrerra (33) upyrxlge og flonnxezqe (jyrxno
og Myxnnylr,ec*e) upe6o Iio.rorr* gioro"u,
iyrosana,qnum 4ujenom
Mogpor Bpxa
Ao
Tprwame r4je ie ry6zyrpanarrixe onoperre. O4ange ce
upeKo
lPzjerexa
HacraBJba y upaBIIy cjenepa Ha
JaceHoB
go
u gar,e
rlBBaH rpaHr.rqa oBor
Jrticra. Ko4
Jacenoror AoJra
y
AoJroMzrI{Ma
}r
AoJromr4"r{trHr{M Kperrmarlr{Ma cy naf^erru MeraJro-
gouz.
flagonra cy opujenrncauLry ceBepoficrolrHo rroJbe vr
Earbe
oA KoHra11ra
"V
Ai* (Ao 10.).
Osy crpyxrypy cy orucaJlu 6. Gzprah rz C. MojcNnoezh (1958)
xao Poeaqxa rrrraca y cxJrory
rgs' Poeaqxe HpaJbylurl4. flo saruen Mr.rrur6er6y, ongje anorxe ga
6yge y mlrarLy cal*ro
leana
TeKToHcKa Kp[a I4 Ire Mo]Ke ce [pllAo,qarz nonerloj aHTrrKJILtHaJrn flrraruja [peKo vzjer pa-
cieguyror
cjenepouctouHor KpIrJIa,_y crBapil, Jrexor y reKroHcKog oAHocy.
ibeno cienepuo
rpo.qy)r(eme
HaJra3rr ce Ha Jrucry IIIaeHrax I : 100
000,
42
ii
T
v/
TEKTOHCKA KPIIA NNAHI4HZUE (34)
Y ciesepoucaoqHom
gfijeny
Jrrrcra, cjenepno og Bpcxym y reKroucrom oAnocy nexs{ flpexo
ropnorpeAHor
Slzrua
jegna
oeeha luaca cpeArborpzjacxur< Kpelrlbaxa Ia xeparoQrapa. B. Czruuh
(1940)
ie
nanomerryo
,qa
HaBeAeHI4 ropmorpNjacxn Kpetubaqr u nop$zpllru y
Sruuuy
Nog
Jlujene Plljexe rj. na flnarr.nrzqx mljecy y HopuaJrHom KorrraxTy. On repgn ocvitr rora,
Aa
oBa
ycaMJBeHa uaprnja [omeHyrr.rx ctujena uprzrraAa Byienof rrJraHI,IHI{, ruro
je
rro Halrrem tlnlrrJbelby
6es ocuoea. Ha rreronoj rexroncxoj cKt4rlrr Kyuxe KpaJbylxru oso
je
o3uaveHo Kao ocrarax
Kyuxe KpaJbyrrrr[, rlm
qera
rportstrJra3rr
ga
ie
Kyuxa KpaJbyrur rIpeIIrJIa rlpexo
Smlura.
M. Bu-
Aosuh
(1962) y pyxorucrrom usejeurrajy u ua maHycKprrnrnoj xaptra crrarpa
4a
je
uocroiao
ua.teoperse$ y
$nmuy,
rrrro ce rro Harrreu MurrrJberby He Molr(e ygerl{ Kao r{c[paBHo, Y csaxom
crryvajy rpuiacxn xap6onarnr.r ceAfiMerrrrr r{ ByJrKarrcxe crrjene flnarlrruzrde cierepno o4
Epcr<yra .nexce
,qanac
ia roprroxpeAuom
Snuury
u rpeAcraBJba TeICToHcKy xpuy (34).
t
t
5
I
F--a
13
n PErnEA M',4HEPAn
Hl//-)( C|//.POBhIHA
Ha repeny
rllcra TurorpaA BacrylJreHe cy cnuje4ehe MuHepange czpoBr{He: uo
jaee
r.r Jre}rfl{rrrra
6oxczra;
nojaee MuHepaJIa rnorxfa , rpi6zm; uojane 6iryru,uuosHzx ruKpr.rrbarla;
ne5(*rrrrra
yKpacHor
z rpafenuucKor KaMeHa, Jle)fiilIrrra ruJbyHKa u uujecxa r.r Jre)rs{rrrra rlr{rnapcge
I{JIOBAlIC.
TIOJABE I,I JIEXITIITA EOKCI,ITA
Eoxczrn umaiy seluxo pacnpocrparberLe.
Hajeehe uojane u relxr{rrrra ce HaJra3e y cjeeepnom
gr'Ijeny
nr'rcra y [oApyrrjy uaanune Jlucqa, Jle6pruuzxa u Kamenaxa, a MarLe Ha sauaAHom
o6ogy.3ercxe paBHUIIe
-
y roApyrrjy Illtzrapa,
^9.**ap,
z oxonzue loprser Maaor Bnara.
Jar-rrajy
ce y Bllxe crparurpa@cxI.rx
xopvsoHara. Taxofe cy Bac?yrJbeH, do*"rm xoj, nrlecy
Be3aHH sa o,qpefene crparurpa@cxe xopl,I3oHre seh ce nalase ,.ao ,a*yrerru (sajegro
ca cra-
pujun
ceAr{MeHrr.rivra) na cexyngaprom mjecry, Hlrvr c\t .,ux, ,peruro*.r, (y'nnopeucxorn
anarepr.rjany).
Ha ocuosy HaBe,qeHor, 6oxcr.rrra- cy no4raiel-eHlr Ha:
1' 6oxczre usruefy twiacar4 rl4roHBaJleula,
?.6oxczre
uanrefy cpeArLer ra ropmer Kggeprrua,
3. 6oxczre zsrvrely [oprnaHAa LI BaJIeHra, 4.6oxcure y 6apem-aurcxr{ivr Kpelrrbarlr.Ima, 5. 6oxcure
y
6asu HaByireur{x KpetrrbaKa, u 6. 6oxcnte Kao cacraBHu
Ar4o mopeuior *arepriaru.
BOKCI4TI4 }I3MERY JII4JACA I,1 TI4TOHBAJIEHAI,ICA
V uogpyujy rIJIaHIrHcKor. npoc'Topa Jlzcqa u Jre6prunuxa HaJrase ce MHore nojaee rr Jrexs.[rrra
IIpBeHflx 6oxcura, o4 xojzx Hajeehz
Auto
IaMa exonomcxu snauai. Hajueruhe
"y
1p *o*rr"*rp
rlpBelru 6oxcurz xojrz ce
iae.maiy
y BuEy Haromrrrrarra Ha xpacrr@uqrapanoj
,rogro"r, t4Jrn
qag
y BHAy cloja.
Y 6asu 6oxczra naiueruhe ce HaJIa3e rrJroqacrrr rz cnojenrzrv 6;rwje4ocranz u rxyhxacrz Jrauopo-
B.HrI{ Hpeqr6aqr'r xoiz caApx(e 6paxzonoge LI KprrHov,qe. O4 nnxpo@ocuna
"r4p*er
Spiri)l.ina
liassica, Frondicularia
zpoodwardi u
gp.
flopeA HaBeAeHux ce4rmeirara y ,roj"4r"r1r ,o*rr-
HocruMa Sacry[JbeHrr cy
AoJIoMrrrI{, AoJroMnrzrrHrr KpeqILaIII,I ]r Kpelrrbaqll, xoiu raxole upu-
nagajy tujacy.
flonnary6oxcutaqnne6aHxoelTTl,r
Kpelrrbarlrr xoju cy mjecrzmuuuo
AonomurLtq1vt
yr
xoju og
muxpo$oc,zna
caAplr(e: Clypeina
jurassica,
Pianelia ainulata, xapo@ure
z
Ap.
Ha o""o"V i oi"i
je
z o4pelena crapocr rroBrrare.
Beh
je
Ha[oMeHyro
,qa
ce 6oxcr.rru
iaemaiy
y BaAy Harorrfinarra ua xapcrz$uqupauoj
roAJro3\r
rgje um,qe6rsnua
zsHocr{ r rpexo lo
mitily niry cloja ge6mr"e
og t-j
m. Behaierxr*ra
y,::^1T
*gpr{:oHry.cy:
Arune nor{Be, Melyropje, XeJbena
,[yra,
Janopax,I{pneno flpro,
upHaq .tt'o,
Icarra Y-irur1a, Irpserl flpo4on z
gp.
cagpxaj Al2o3 je
aocra
iipor,.re"rrr" y
r{crom rre)rs4rrrry u xpehe ce og 30-60o/oza uajueuhe og 4o-50o/o.'Taxofe
catpxai Sioz
ie
nponfeH.rsur n xpehe ce, yrJraBrrom, go-2}oyn,
a miecurmnuuo
I.r Buue,
44
MedJugorJe
T,)
At'rjino tokvo
'(c
K{
-r;,"m;"t
Krion;o
,^ K"o
ffii;,.,
IITOGRAD
xl
Benkoni
Jr'
Jr,t
Ja.)
(ro
Jtr
A
R.Crnoleviio
Moholo
10 Km
Or A, A,
[---la As
r.ao, rAz rAs
]fs
Cn. 4. Ilper.ireArra Kapra Mrruepanurzx cupoBr{rra lucm Turorpag
)
' yxpacnor KaMerra.
-
6. Boxnuje [rrbyuxape.
-
7. Barxnul'e [ecxape.
-
8. Baxnraja ilrug]rrlra.
-
9.
Jaucxlr
paA rranyrrrTerr.
Fig. 4. Generalized map of the mineral raw materials of the Titograd sheet
l. Iron ore occurrences.
-
2. Occurrences ofbauxite.
-
3. Deposits ofbauxite.
-
4. Bituminous occurrences.
-
5.
Quarry
of decorative stone.
-
6. More important gravel pit.
-
7 . More important sand pit.
-
8 . More
important clay pit.
-
9. Underground working, abandonned.
Puc. 4. O6sopaaa
(apra
rroJresrrl,rx lrcxoraembrx Ha rrrcre Trlrorpag.
l . Mec"ropoxtgenr{e }r(eJre3a.
-
2. flr;rcuufi 6oxcuta.
-
3 . Mecropox(Aerrrfi 6oxcura,
-
4. ffarreuua 6uryma.
-
5. Krprep
Aexoparr.rBrroro
xainua.ffi53ffe#ffi;h*:*o recxa
-
8. Kaprep raraurr
-
9.
!s
EOKCIITI,I }ISMERY CPE.UILET I,I TOPIbET KIIMEPI{UA
Y urupem no,qpyujy Pzjexe I{pnojearfia (cjeeeponmovuo) y o6aamN fpa6one f.nanrEqe,
Balaqa, 9eurrapa u rog I. Ma.nor Bnata
-
y JroKaJrl{ocrLr
r{axonuqe
n Bera Jleurala Hua3e
ce 6oxcztr,r y Kr,rMepI{ItrcKI{M ceA\rmeurlllna. I4croiu xopuaoHry upzna4ajy r.r 6oxcaru na rpajrem
I{croxy repeua, y JroxaJrHocrr,r Benxaura. Ona uojaea
je
ronuxo rrHTepecanTunja ruro Ha repeHr.I}ta
LlcroqHo og Sercxe paBHurle,
Ao
oBr,Ix rrc[r.rrrnBarba, nnjecy 6urpr xoncraroBarflr 6oxcnrrn.
flo4uny 6oxcura oBor xopn3ollTa
qLIHe
6asxoslurr ooJrlrrilqurr Ir MzKpoxpucraJracrfi Kpeqnarlrl
a rvriectramrauuo
AoJroMIlT[
u.qoJloMr{rralruu Kpeqrbar{rr r(ao }r crrpyAur,r Kpeqrbarlu ca Cladocoropsis
mirabilis. V uosrarr ce rrrjecrnmnuno
janrajy
KoHrJromeparrr (Ipa6ora lnanr,lqa) a sehuuou
cy ro 6anxoBttrt4 *r crojenura Kpeqnarlr{, uruduie nalopoBr4Tt4, fipexo xojux nexe Kpeqrrarlrl
ca Clypeina
jwassica.
V ucrom crojy 6oxcura r.I3palr(eHe cy BeJrr,IKe pasJrnxe y
Qasuuxurrr
n xemujcrum oco6r.*rama,
Taxo,
Aa
ua pacrojanrama o4 50 m rrma 6rujegorxyuD( HoMnaKTrrrlD(, rrJroqacrr.rx 6oxcuta,
sa?rlm KoMrIaKrHLtx crojerztro< 6oxczra rIpBeHe 6oje, xojx ce mjectnruuuuo melyco6no ciuie-
nyiy. Tarofe cy sacryrrJbe*ru n 6nuiego)nyrr{ u rlpBeuxacrrr c.na6o ouapcnra 6oxcraru, miectu-
MIrqHo HrI{HoBzrIrt (tleur.rrapn,
qaxorrzqa
u Be.rra Jleura.na), Kao r{ xryhKacrfi [ugorEturlHLr
(Eenxauu).
Ha oclrony HaBeAeHor,
jacuo je,
Aa
r.r caAplr(aj AlzOs, cruuaquje u rsorxla BHarHo
Bapl{pa r xpehe ce uaiveruhe go 40o/o Alzos, 10-30% SiOz n 20o/o FezOs.
EOKCI4TLI I43MEBY IIOPTJIAH.4A M BATEHAA
V uenocpegnoj 6nasrur,r flperxoAHor xopl,IgoHTa, cxopo [apaJreJrHo ca rb\rm, HaJrasr{ ce xoplrgotrr
6oxcrata xoia
ie
Hapoquro LrspalxeH y uo4pyujy
r{eru.rrapa
u xojra ce rpema 3ercxoi paButrr{a
cBoAI,I caMo Ha rparoBe 6oxcuta. Boxcnru oBor xopr,rsoHra cy KoHcraroBaHra y Illrumpuma,
Bapquma, 9eurmapuma, XyuN
,[o6pcxoj
x yrnaBuom uenajy eKoHoMcKu anauai.
Ibnxoey rloAuny ur,rne cnojervrrrt vt 6auxonnrn, cnujernocunzTr,rHT[HrrrAcKuxpeqr6aqu, urn
,qoJroMI{Tu,
a rloBJrary
-
cnojeeuru cunu, miecrumsqHo ralopoBt4rr4 xpeqBarlr{, Kao rr
Aonoil}rTu
ca aHyJlaraMa r.I cI{rHI{m racrporlo,qpil{a xoiu npunagajy ranen4ujcxoM Kary
Aorbe
r(peAe.
Eoxcnru cy 6nujeAoixyre u rIpBeHe 6oje, xoanuaxrHr4 [r mjecrzmuuno ycrojena, ca flpucycrBom
6lujegocunu:< HrI{Ha.
,[,e6rrzna
cnoia y
rleur.rsapnma
u3nocr{ l---2 m, a y ocrannm
4uienoaunra
TepeHa
je
anaruo malba I{JII{ ce cBoAH Ha rparoBe. Ksarrarer osru( 6oxcura
ie
gocra
cna6
iep
je
cagpxtai AlzOa n SiOz cxopo Ncru (og 30-40%) a FeaOs
Ao
20o/o.
6OKCI4TPI Y BAPEM-AIITCKI4M KPETIIbAIII,IMA
V nogpyujy Cnpuune u Kyposeea na cjeeeposanaAHom
graieny
mrcra
janraiy
ce mnnonuro-
-6oxczrnrn ceA[MeHrLI xyhxacre
Ao
ramHorlpnene 6oie. ILru<osa ge6runa
z3nocz
go
40 cm.
Ha ocnoey xemricxzx aHaJlusa KoncraroBauo
ie,
ga cy m morx$eBtre urrrHe a mjecrnmuuuo u
6oxcutr, roiu ce
jasrajy
Ha 6pevacmn utu cta6o mparnQuxoBaHrru Kpetrrtarluma a r.rsuag
Korzx ce Ha;rase Kpeqrrarlu ca Pianella dinarica.
V ruupem uogpyujy Pnjexe I{puojenuha, y 6apem-aurcxrdm Kpeqrraquma, raxole cy KoHcraro-
rane reoxfeBvre ilrr{He n 6oxcrarr xojr ce y cyrurr,IHlt cBoAe camo Ha rparoBe.
Onr'Icane noiare cy 6es exoHomcxor snavaja u
jeguno yxasyjy Ha Kparxorpajno ouruhaBarbe 3a
npuieme xojer cy ce oHe crBapaJre.
EOKCI4TIA Y EA3IZ HABYI{EHTIX KPEI{}LAKA
Ha no,qpyuiy Tpmame (ncroune
naAHHe Kamenraxa) HaJrase ce 6oxcurn u ro y
[pnenom
Yrny,
Ilpnenoi laanrqn, Bapuom.{ony ra [aAr{HaMa Kauenur<a. I,Icro raxo u y no4pyvjy cena Cnu6L,
6
ca
Aecne
crpaHe Mopaue, koucraroBaHe cy rbr{xoBe marre uojane. O rrr.rxoson crparurpa$cxolvr
uono>xajy uocroje oupeuna MrarrrJberLa. Ha ocnony nalru4x LtcfIIlTI{Barba
AorrrJrLt
cMo
Ao
gaKJDyqKa,
.qa
oBe uojane 6oxcrara nenrajy eKoHomcxr.r suauaj, Hao v ro,
Aa,qauarruLe
rbr{xoBo [pocrr,Iparbe
rulje racroepemeHo rr mjecro rbrrxoBor crBaparLa. Cne uorvrenyre rBopeBrrHe saje4no ca, yruraB-
HoM, roplLorpzjacxzlr
Aonomritrr{qHrrlr
KpeirrbarlfiMa u
Aonomlirrvua,
HaBylreue cy aiepoearuo
lpexo KpeAHr.rx r ropmojypcKr4x Kpeqltaxa.
EOKCIIT\I KAO CACTABHI4
.UI4O
MOPEHCKOT MATEPI4JANA
Ocrm 6oxcura o xojuma
je
6zno
Ao
caAa pujeuu, Ha oBoM Tepelry ce HaJrase r.r 6oxczra xoju
yJra3e y cacraB Mopeucxor rwarepzjara.
Jegna
o4 raxBr{x uojaea 6oxcnra, npujegua rromeHa,
6wndu xog I{nan Y6na. Ha oson no4pyujy
janra
ce 6oxcar Ha Beoma rrrtrpoKom rpocropy,
pas6aqan sajegno ca ocraJrlrm MopeHcKuM lrareprEjarom ro MopeHcKoi xocu snanoi 6utro u y
rrenoj oKoJrraHu
-
uo Boponom
.[ony
u Llr,au V6ry.
noJABE IBOII(bA
Suauajuufe uojane reorrfa (xemarvra u nnivronnra)
jansajy
ce y lopmzlr Kyuuma, cjenepo-
sanaAHo og Turorpa4auy ceny.fiorra Kp>xarra. Ha xpajrrem cieeepy oBora repeHa, y Bpajo-
enhxoj flonzxnqn, Hana3e ce 6esuauajne uojaee Mr{HepaJra raoxcla u rpa$ara. C o6supom na
renercxy pasnrrxy HaBe,qeHrrx uojaea, 6uhe npuxasane ognojeno.
floiaea rBosAeHe pyAe, xemarurra fi rrumoHLtra, y
.flomoj
Kpxarcn Hana3r, ce y Kpeqrbarlzma
czne 6oje rrrroH-BaJreHAr.rcxe crapocrz. Kpeurraqu cy MacLIBHt4 ustu ctn6uie crparuSzxonaHz
y Br{Ay
4e6enru<
6auaxa. flomeuyre nojaee cy I,tcuoJbeue y MacuBHoM gzjery
oBLIx Kpeulbaxa
lr ro y o6nrxy HerrpaBlrJrHLtx Marblrx rHujesga. Pyla y onzm ruujesgzrvra uzje
qplcra
MIaHepaJIHa
maca Hero
je
r,rslnujeurana ca ujecxoBLtrr4m z 6pevacrruvr KpeqBaIIr{Ma rr rJrrrr}roB[To-ujecroeururn
rlrxpLtJbrlr{flra. Mruleparua Maca ce
ian.rna
y rauxrdrvr npocrojquma oA HeKoJIr{Ko
Aecerl{I{a
caHTIrt-
merapa, uajeurue
go 1 m.
Oso
je
rrarrfiqHo ceAvrvleurHo Jre]rs4rure reorxfa. Py.qa
je go6por KBaJILIrera ruro cy [oKa3aJIn
r,I pesyJrrarr{ xemujcxnx amalrvl. ,a. Cagp>xaj Fe ce xpehe og 4l-600/0, oAHocHo oa 59
go 85o/o
FezOe.
V roxy 1955. rognue ua oeoj uojaau BprueHr{ cy ncrpa}KHr4 pa4oB}r y BuAy rorr(oua ll pacKola
xojuiwa ce
Aoxa3aJro ,qa
cy KoJrr{rruHe py.qe MaJre, a exclnoararlfiia 6u 6wta eKoHoMcHIr He-
olpaBAaHa.
Ha cjenepy rrcrrrrrzBaHor repeHa y Epajonuhxoj flonzxrullfl HaJra3e ce MiIrLe uoiane xemarilra,
\upLffau rpa$zra (xao u Jrr{rroHr{ra xoju
je
Hacrao cexyngapuo), y BzAy aMfipernarlrija eesanzx
3a aHAe3rzre ose o6nacru. B. Byjanonuh(1952) roAVHe cmarpa
Aa
cy HaBeAene uoiase xrrApo-
repMaJrHor uopzjexra, rgje ce pyAa Lr3JryquJra rr3 reJra ycnuje4 rrpoqeca xoju cy HacraJru no-
cnraje xoucotmgagnje au,qe3ilTa. Oee uojane cy 6es r{KaKBor exoHol,rcxor snauaja.
fIOJABE EIITYMI,IJE
Burymuje zmajy reruxo pacflpocaparberbe Ha ofrrrcr{BaHom [o,qpyqiy. Behnnorvr cy Be3aHe sa
ce,qrameHre
Aorber
rypoHa ra nairopmer rIeHoMaHa. V crrapr,r, to cy 6urymuHosHu ruKpr,rJbrlu
Besarrr{ 3a HpeqrbaKe, xoiu ce Mory [parvrlr
qr{TaBo.rvr
Ay)rtrrHom
[pocrplpalba roprLoKpeAHux
ce,ql{MeHara og loprrer Opaxa rpexo flporuosuha, Cranrcerzha, flogcrpane rE Mnxzje
-
na
gallaAHo.nir
o6o,4y 3ercxe paBHvrle, a Ha r{crolrHo.rvr
-
oA
!,unoura,
flpeKo ffrxara, Cenrarura,
Eygse, flogrpaga
go
Opaxona. flojane 6uryrrlzuosnux rrrKpurbarla cy vctturuBaue oA crpaue
47
B. Bepxosuha (1961), xojz
ie Aao AerarEan
rpl,rxa3 cnlrx 6uryirnr.rHoaHux crujena I{pue lope
Kao I{ IbIrD(One uoiase.
Beh
je
flauoueuyro
ga cy 6uryrvrnje, ognocHo 6lr:rylr{EuosHu rrrxpt4rbrlr{, Be3aHH yrnaBrrom
3a KpeuILaKe a pefe sa
AonomrrrllqHe
Kpeqrbaxe.
Janrajy
ce y Br.rAy rrpocJrojaxa
4e6rzne
og 2
go
20 cm y cnojennra KpeqrbaKa. Vztaaa cepraja ceArrmeuara, y oxBt4py Kojru< ce uojar.rryjy,
je
mame vilvtButrre 6zrymunosna, a
Ee1rbu:oa
cepzje rrsHoclr oa 10-50 Merapa. I{exe og onr.o<
nojaaa cy ucrpax(HBaHe pacxonr.Ima a Bprrreue cy rl xemnjcxe auaJrlrse (y flogrpalry, Konannma
I.r
Ep.)
uuju pesy,rrarn yxaayiy Ha peJrarr{BHo MaJrLr cagprxai 6rarymena, ogl-lr7o/o.
Burymvja
je
eehznom cr,IHreHercKor Kapar(repa rr BesaHa
je
sa uoje4uue cnojeee r{Jrrr [aK rpyly
c.nojena. Bpno pzjerxo ce uojae.rryje y rrgy uMrrperHarlrrja r,qie BaryrtaBa rryxorr.rue y Kpeqrba-
qnma.
C o6snpom ga ca4prxai 6nryruzje y xperrrral{LlMa ycJroBJraea rehy [racrr4rruocr ceAr.r-
MeHara ro uplr na6lrparry o.qHocHo [puTzcrluma
AoJrasrl Ao
r4crr{cKlrBarra rr mraxpona6opama
6uryrvrranosnux rrrxprrJbarla y oKBLtpy uojeguuro< crojeea Kpeqrraxa.
JIEXITIIITA YKPACHOT I,t IPAREBIIHCKOT KAMEHA
Y 6nruroi oKoJII,IHLT Cnyrxa HaJraBe ce
,qororrrlrrvqHu
Kpeqrbarlrr KpeM 6oje xoju cy HarrrJrra
upumjeuy Kao oAruqaH rpafenuucxll yKpacHLI marepujal. V oeolu rrorJreAy rro3Hare cy noxan-
nocrr.r Bucoquqa, Marsar, Kruxonaue n Bunzhz, oq xojux cy y excnJroararyrin Knraxosaqe E
Brauuhu. flomeuyrn
AoJIoMItrutIHr.r
r<peqrtar{H cy ge6eno6aHKoBurrr r,r caAp)r(e 6pojny xrurypzr-
cxy
Sayry
xoja ce uoiaeryje y 3oHama ge6rnne go 0r5 m. Ose BoHe ca pyAacrHonr
SayHom,
naparenHo ca crpatn$zxaqujom 6auaxa, ce cmierayjy ca creprrJrHam 3oHama (6es maxpo$ayne)
mxofe go 0r5 5n
ge6rrane.
Pacnopeg maxpo$ayue y oBtlivl ceAlrmeHrltma
'lrvrrr AoJromr{rr.rrrue
Kpeqlraxe, oAHocHo Hpeqrbaxe, yxpacHrrm. flpelom uiu
je
ueupaBr4Jrarr, mjecrnmnvno ruxoJb-
xact. Y rrorrleAy
$r,rsuvxo-mexaHr4rrKr4x
KapaxTeprrcrr.rxa, yolrure yseB, KpeqrbaK
ie
eplo
oT[opaH Ha nplrTr.rcaK, ca yMepeHr.rm yuujarrem BoAe, cpe,qlLoM flopo3Horuhy u 3aAoBoJbaBa-
iyhom
uoctojauoruhy. Vxpaxo, Kapaxrepvcrr{He oBor xa.Meua cy Beoma [oBorbHe uucru
je
loAecaH 3a Kopr4llrheme y rpafeurHapcrBy sa
.qeKoparraBHe
cBpxe s6or.rera
je
rpaxcen Ha
AoMa-
heru ra crpaHom rp)rs,tury. Kao uosoJbHa oxoJrHocr 3a exclJroaraqnjy oeor KaMeHa
je
6xusu-
Ha ne)r(Hrrrra cao6pahajnuqarua.
JIEXIIIITA IIIJbYHKA, TIIIJECKA II
q'IUIAPCKE
IIJIOBAIIE
Ha.nase ce y oKoJIuHu CuyrNa r{ y [pocropy
,qorLer
roxa Mopave. Illrynxoaz cy
Qlyszoua-
qzjamror
uopnjex.na, (nexcuune xog Horor Cera) z.rrz, [aK, rrpeAcraerajy alyezjamre
ceAaueHre y KopurrrMa pujexa 3ere u Mopaue. Jlerxurura nrljecxa cy Be3aua sa a;ryeujanne
ceAuMerrre 3ere rr Mopaue rr eKcrJroarlrruy ce xog Cupxa rr y
AorLeM
roxy Mopave. Mabe
J'IextulrrTe >xyhxactzx a.nynujanurzx uIHHa, xoA Cuyxa, upeAcTaBJba crrpoBHHy 3a rlHrnapcKy
ungycrpEiy.
{E
i
lr
W
NCTOPAJA CTBAPA}bA TEPEHA
Ha tepeuy rmc:ra Trarorpa,4 pasnujeHe cy rBopeBuHe r{esosor{Ka z KeHosoHKa xoje cy, ynraB-
aoil, crBopeue y [Jrr{rxoBo4noj cpegznn.
Orto.ret<a raJrolxerba najcraprzjm< ce,4r{meHara ua
,qo AaHac,
[poqec ceAr{rvrerrraqr{je y osoru
miery Aprapcr(e
reoczHKJrzHane.rurie rexao He[peKrrAHo. Marut utu nehut flpexr.rAr.r, ogHalreur{
regocrajareu uojegnuux crpararpaScxrrx
rrJrauoBa
u rojasoan 6oxczra, yxasyiy Ha
qecre
oqraryrje rr pa3nuqrrre rraJreoreorpaScxe ycJroBe y uoje4ruurvr rieur{rvr guienonrzma.
Crnapane ceAzmeHara r, rbtlxoB pasnoj Ha reper{y nracra TzrorpaA Mo)r(e ce [par!r1u4 oA noqerra
ropner rpujaca. 3acryn.rrene cy r.r rBopeBzne (angeszru, xeparoSupn z xpeurraqn) cpeAlser
rpriaca uzje pasnrhe je
sesauo'3a
Eypmrdropcxy
reorexroucxy
jegznnqy
xoja ce He Hrurasa
ra uo4pyriy oBot Jrrrqra.
3a epr.rjeme roprber rpujaca, oeaj repen
je
noxpusano [JrrrtrKo r[ope y KoMe cy ce crBapaJrr{
[oJromr{Tt4, AoJroMt4rI{qHu
Kpeq}barllt 14 Kpeqrcarlr. flaneoreorpaScxz ycJroBr.r ropmer rpzjaca
BrlaAaiy rr y
Aorbelvl
tujacy, ca r{crrrivr KapaKrepoM ceAlrmeHara. V roxy cpeArber tujaca
EoJrasr.r
go
oruu.fianarba Ivropa KaAa ce crsapajy r,Bpasr{To [JuzrKoBoAHH ceArrmeHrlr (xpeuraqz
ca
ruruorucuma).
Kpaiem cpeArrer nzjaca nouzme
4n$epenquparbe
rrJrr4rxor.nuiacxor 6aceua (sjepoBaruo ycJroB-
JbeEo ell}rporeHeTcKlrtM noxpetrma). Ca rurper uogpyvja flpexopunqe mope ce IIoBJraqI,I, a y
mpbeill toxy Mopaue (flnariaje) upo4y6ryje. Ty ce crsapajy Jrafioprlr{, po}rffiarlLt rr JrauopoBrrrrr
r(pewar1r.I
-
cBe
4o
xpaia,qorepa. Konno flpexopunqe oAp)Kairo ce.qo rr.rroHa, sa xoje epujeme
cy crBopeHr,r 6oxcratr.r. Y
jyxuom
AfiieJry
repeHa, y roxy roprber tnjaca ycJroBra sa crBaparLe
ce.@teHara uzjecy rzsnrzjerreura, re rrJrr{TKoBoAHo nzjacxo Mope er3rrcryje xpos
Aorep
ca
Eq)ETCKT{M HapaKTepoM ceAVMeHaTa.
Y mry roprre
jype
ena4a.nr cy pa3ruqzrr.r rraJreoreorpa$cxtt ycJroBE. V ropmem rory Mopaue
AorepcKo
mope ounzhaBa, rrrro ycJroBJbaBa Marby rpaHcrpecujy ta
AnieJry
repeHa flperopnzqe
(xoix
ie
6rlo xouno oA roprber xtjaca). V oxc@op,qy,
Aorbem
v cpeArbeivr Hr.rrvreprrrJy, Ha
qrrraBom
Teper{y crsapajy ce nuropaJrurr r,r c[pyAut4 ceAfiMeHTfi. V roprrem Klrmepu$y, ca
jyrosauagnor
EreJra
repeua Mope ce uoBJraqr. Oeaj upexw4
je
rpajao Bpno Kparxo, a o6e.nerxen
je
uojanama
6oxczTa.
flotret<om rlrroHa.qoJra3r.r
Ao
cualr(He rpaxcrpecuje, TaKo
ga je
uzme repeH rroA ruopem. To
ie
ruIETr(o mope ca JrlrropaJrHLtm KapaxTepom ce,EzueHara y najeehem
Aujetry
TepeHa, r.rsyseB
y troApyqiy Eesjoea ra Kprxarre rgje ce meapajy crpyAuo-KopaJrrrreHz ceAr.rmerrrrr.
Kpajeu rruoua u uo.rerxom BaneH.qr{ca Ha
qraraBor,r
repeuy mope onnuhaBa, a y
jyroaaua4nom
Arjery
repeua
AoJraslr
go
enepsrEje. Onaj rpeKrrA
je
xparxo rpafao (o6rarrexeu je qpeenr,rm
6oxczrmra 6es
gzcxop4aHrlrje)
-
Ao
rroqerxa BaJrengr{ca KaAa ce Ha
qrrraBon{.
repeuy cuapajy
JrtrTrrp:uruz rr Hepzrcxll ceALIMeHTI{. Ocnaferur ceArzmerrrr.r y
4orroj
KpeALr, xao ra uojane 6on-
carnnr rrluna (y 6apemy), yxasyjy Ha ocrlr,uraqr{je unnrxor
Aorboxpe4Hor
mopa. IZmz pextlrM
@ MaEml qpo,ry6Earar6eM
rflopa y r{eHorrarry, BJraAa rr y roKy ropBe KpeAe,
,qo
KaM[:IHa,
6aAa CII
AEo
repeHa saxeatajy oporeHercxr4 [orpe?r{ xoju cy ycJroBr{Jrrr crBaparbe
genpeczie
pen{ouulrror
Kapaxrepa, y xoioj ce raJrox(e
$nurunz
ceAr{Mexrr,r (4ypmnropcxz
$nzur).
Vlcrwm rrorpemma, xpajem Macrpr{xra, ycJroBJseHo je
rasgnsarce
qrrraBor
repeqa xoju uocraje
KOIIHO.
49
V
4oneu
(?) eoqery, oporeHr.I [oxperrr yoroeranajy crBaparbe sercxo-6jenonaerr.rhre
Aerpe-
craje y rojoj ce raJrox(e
@lrrurru
ceAlrmeHru. Cee
4o
xpaja cpegmer (?)
eoqeua
-
KaAa u onaj
Auo
repeua nocraje KorrHo.
Cnaxtrre oporeHercKe rloxpere xoju cy
AoBeJrrr Ao
pacxr.r{arLa r.r HpaJbyrurarba Ha oBoM Tepeuy
3 . Eeurvh ( t 959) u
,qp
. nesyjy Ba caBcKy oporeuy
Sasy,
gox
B. Bngonnh (1962)
-
3a xeJrBercgy.
Pasrzxe
AoJIa3e,
yrnaBuom, s6or crparzrpa$cxe
Aerepmr,rHarluje
najmna\ra<
Snurunnx
cegu-
MeHara na xoje cy HaByqeHu KpeAHrr ceALIMeHTu. V roxy KpaJbyrxrarba u HaBJraqerLa, a Hapotrrrro
xacrnje,
,qorrrno ie
go cnaxnzx pagujamrflx rroxpera xojrma
je
vzraa repeH r{3paciegau.
04 roprrer ( ?) eoqeHa
go
uajroprcer MlroIIeHa repen
je
6uo fisroxeu gejcrry
ersorenux
Sax-
rcpa. To
je
rpzjeme rexroHcxe ma6ulusaqzje.
Kpajervr l\[I{orleHa z rrollstxom rIn[oIIeHa
Aonasu ,qo
HoBHx oporeurrD( noKpera xoju cy ycJroBr{nr{
cTBapaBeTeKToHcKeIIoToJIIIHecjesepuoogCxagapcxorjesepa(Aauarurra3ercxapanrruqa),<
y Koiy ca
jyrorzctoxa
[poAl4pe rulr4orleucKo luope. CegumeHTrr
Aoxa3aHor ,qorber
flJrLtoqesa
oaKpI{BeHIr cy 6yruerrem ua xpajmem
iyry
rulcra ucrroA ge6emlx
[JreHcrorleHcKr.Ix HacJrara.
Bjepooarno xpajem [JII{oIIeHa Mope ce rroBJrarrr4 r4 ca oBor
gujeta
repeHa r{
rrr{raBa
o6racr
h
no gpyrE
uyr-ocraje 6es eo4euor .ro*prz"uua.
^
+r
-
Y unezctoqery cjeeepne ra cjeeepozcrorrHe
AzienoBe
repeHa uoxpzsajy rreAHurlu xojra cy 6nruo
rasmzjeuunr,r nop$onorujy repeHa r{ crBopr{Jrrr orpouau mareprajan sa
$.nynnorlaqujalne
ceAaMeHTe xoju cy ce aKyMynl{par](,1,. y Kar6oHr.r.naa Mopaue u I{rEjenne, y o6lacrr Pagoeua,
Kouzma, Ejelonan.rurhxe paeuuqe, a suarHo Br{rxe y upocrpauoj 3ercxoj paBHrrqu. @rryeno-
rnaqujanne repace y KarboHy Mopaue z 3ercxe paBHuqe yxasyjy,
Ia
cy ce Ha oBoM Tepeuy
ogpasz.rre rpu nehe rnaqzjaqzie
-
Mrnge.rr, Puc u Bnpm.
V roxy [JIeI,IcroIIeHa
AeuaBaJII{
cy ce Marbv rexToHcxpr [oxperrr y o6nacru
gomer
roxa prajexe
Mopaue, Be3aHI4 sa cra6rErr,rsaqujy Cxagapcxe rroroJrrrue, na vrlje uocrojane yxasyjy cMarbeHa
F,ucuJJa repeHcKllx ogcjexa Nsmeby uojegunux repaca u ge6e,ru
$rryeuornaqajannu
uanoc
(qo 88 m) y gerrervr
Auierry
Sercxe paBHarle. Ono uo,4pyvje
je
n
Aauac
rexroHcxu Heqra6r{JrHo
-
o treMy cBeAoqe
qecTra
Se]llJboTpecu.
l
n
il
50
NhTEPATYPA
A a
!
e n r( o B u h M. (1962): I'PAHI4UA I,l3MEEy
AOI6E
LI CPEAILE
JyPE
y
J:/I'OCJIABIUI,I.
Pe-
rpeparr. ca V casjeroBar6a reoJrora @HPJ, Ieonorraja,
4eo
I, Eeorpa,A.
Eangahr JI. (1889): MI4HEPAJIHI,I CnOJEBI
UPHE
IOPE. flpocejera, ca. IV-IX, I{errrre,
Eenrsb 3. (1936)r IIPETXO.{HA CAOIIIIITEIbA O IEOJIOIIIKOJ fPAEIt LIpffE IOPE. Ieon.
arana Ea.nrcancxor rroJryocrpBa, xrr. XIII, Beorpa4.
Berurh 3.(1937):fIPIAnOfKAIIOSH.ABAIbY TEOIOTI4JE HI4KIIMSKE x(yIIE (qPHA [OPA)-
Ieorourxlr ananrl Eanran. rroJryocrpBa, xrl. XIV, Eeorpag,
E e m r h 3. (1948): IEOTEKTOHCKA CTPyKTyPA CEBEPHE IIPHE IOPE. fnacnun flpupo,qta.u<or:
myseja Cpncxe semrBe, cepuia A-1, Beorpag.
E eru r h 3. (1951): HEKtr'I HOBI,I IIOIJIEI?I 14 CXBATAILA O IEOTEI{TOHfiIII4
,{I4HAPIIAA.
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E e ur ra h 3. (1952): IIP?IJIOI KA IIO3HABAILy IEOJIOIVJE
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Beruuh 3.,
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?I3BEIIITAJOKOMI4CVIJ-
CKOM nPEfnEAy IIOJABA IBOXBA
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IEAEHO.{OEA
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JyIO3AIIA,UHOM
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Tr.ltorpa4.
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HAnA3AK KPErrrLAr{Kr4x AJrrr4
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3a reoJrorrrra r{crparrr{Barra CPIIf
-
Trarorpa4.
,
53
GEOLOTET OF TIIE SHEET TTTOGiRAD
THE SHEET TITOGRAD HAS BEEN MAI'PED AND THE EXPLANATORY
TEXT PREPARED BY
THE srAFF oF INSTrrurE FoR GEoLocrcAL ExpLoRATroN
bF socrAirSf-nbiUnrre
OF MONTENEGRO, TITOGRAD.
The area covered by Titograd sheet is situated in the southern part of sR Montenegro.
The geology sf
tle
sheet area consists of Triassic,
Jurassic, Cretaceous, Eocene and
euaternary
sedimentay
rocks; the volcanites are also developed, but in a lesser dlgree.
The oldest rocks are the Middle Triassic limestone-s, intruded by andesites and keratophyres. The
(Jpper
Triassic
thick bedded and massive, dolornites, dolomitic limestones, and, infrequent, pure limistones are iivefopea in
Njeka Crnojevi6a area, where the rich megalodon fauna has been found.-
littlp,
D99er.and Malm have been identified within the
Jurassic
strara. The Liassic sediments are developed
f
Rrieka crnojevi6a area,. where
$9v
represent the graduai lithological t *ritio" ofuil;; i;ffi;.Jdi*.rrt,,
they are composed of dolomite, dolomitic limestonJ and gray Litfiiotis limestone.
Due.to th-e development of a continental phase after the Upper Liassic, the presence
of Middle
Jurassic was no
confirmed with a good degree of certainty.
Due to t}e fact that this discontinuity has been observed over most of the sheet area, it has been assumed that
the middle part.of
sequelge be]o^ngs lo,Dogger, althgugh it is not proved
f""lrtic"fr" irr. upp.r paits
ot trre
s.equ:nc^er accor_ding to collected farlna, bpfgng to Oxfordian-Kimm6ridgian, Portland
-*a
fitfriii""IV"f""gir";
ll_:,9dgldi"+-Kimmeidgian
consists of fimistone and dolomitic faci&, and U;p;; Kir;;;iagiu"
""a
no.t-
landlan ol dolomite and less dolomitic limestone. By the end of
Jurassic,
a short iigression took
[tac.
atong th"
margin of Zeta plain,
where some bauxite has been deposited;-similar'phinomenum
was not observed in the
other parts
of sheet area.
The presence
of almost entire L,ower and Upper Cretaceous, including the Danian stage, has been proved
nearly
over the whole sheet area..The-sedirygntar-y
complexes
"or.erporriirrgt
vrt""giai:riautrivi*i-i"ir.*i"r,-
-Aptian and Aptian-Albian have been identified in-the Lower Ciretaceolr-sequerri.; the Valangian Hautrivian
limstone and dolomite represent a gr?4Fal transition from Malm,
"rra
n".r.-oriao-Aptian is
"o-poi.Jof
aolomite
and limestone as well. The_Aptian-Albian,
as well as the Albian-Cenomanian transition beds are also of similar
composition. The all three,Upper Cretaceous stages have been identified, and the Upper Cretaceorr ,.pr"r.rrt.
the. most extensively developed sequence in thii area: it is gradually
d;.l;t; ir;il-.h;-L";;;"ir-.."".oo,
carbonate sediments. Cenomanian is composed of dark uituriinous t"imistone'*itr,
aofo*iti"l"virr] *io trr.
Touronian deposited continuosly over ceriomanian. The S;;;;;;";;i.r ih. Irrg. parts oi thJ centr* srreet
11.3*1-"^"lt::::^i1ll.f
limestone with some subordinate dolomite. The rudistf
"i.a
p"iii*i*rv
ihe nyp-
puntes,
are lrequent in these sediments. In addition to carbonate sediments, the flysch is developed it, tt
"
Nf
part of sheet area (the Flysch of Durmitor).
fhe
p99ery ftvsc! is developed alon-g the.Zeta river valley, and, the Miocene-Pliocene sediments outcrop beneath
l:_$i:k
fluvio-glacial.deposits
at Gostilja.-The
Quaterriary
nwi*gt"c,iarlalluvial
and deluvial sediments and
morarnes occupy the srgmficant portions
of the sheet area,
Mineral raw materials in this sheet are represented by bauxite, building and decorative stone.
The structural relations ar-e relatively complicated, and
lh!
sheet area belongs, generally, to ttre Old Montenegro
and Kyd!-t!rust zone, with sever-al iompicious foid and flglt type rt*"t"rZrl Arc zriivai.y s-yrrcri". and the
part
of Old Montenegdan anticliloriurir
belong to the old l,6ff*A;iirrort ,orr.. The Kudi thrusr zon
repre.sents a complicated system with several folied and faulted structuiei, the most important U.i"e tfr.-p]itil
anticline, Seoce-Topolovnik
fold and the Lebrsnik synclini. fi ir"p;;iaiirl,i.-n*"ii."tiilJih""aii;r}6i;
from the original N!7-SE direction of structures i" tir. zita-St"aarii"ne iowaras S\r-NE direction.
Translated by
S. Gojkovi6
54
LEGEND OF MAPPING UNITS
Holocene
1. Deluvium.
-
2. Alluvium.
-
3. Terra rossa'
Plelstocene
4. The lowest terrace.
-
5. Middle terrace.
-
6. The
wrperroost
terrace.
-
7. Yellow-green and whitish clay'
-
8.. Glaciofluvial sediments.
-
9. Moraine'
Eocene
lo. I.lysch: co4gloqrerate, sandstone, sandy limestone and marls (Middle Eocene).
[&pcrGctaecous
u. whiiishmarJy lisrestone
-
aaaasuichtian -
-
L2; Grey-whitish
lirnestone,
dolomitic lirnestone anddolo:nite
-.senonian -
r3" crey'aid sfifi,
stfifi"a rir".rt
"ia
Senonian.
-
14: sandtone and matl
,-
Senonian'
-
15. Basal breciia anA coigiomer"t.
-
Senonian.
-
16. Dolomitq dolorritic limestone apd Jimestone
-
-
Touronian.
-
17. Slt"-ii;r li;stone, dolomitic limestone and dolomite
-
Cenomanian'
Lorer Cretaceous
t& Dolomite, dolornitic
limestone and.limestone
-
Arhiaa.Cernoqanian
-
19--I-imesrone"
"marly
limestone,
dcilomitic Jimestone and dolonr.ite-
Malm
20.^Ree&,massiveandsrratifieflJiglestone(a)1ma|sivcandthick.bedd",.rand.saccharoiddologrite_Tithonian-
:+"dc}fiil-:if-
norJ*iii-Ur,,r,*t*r.,
litiomit" *a-Iimestone
-
lGmmeridgian"Pord;andian.
-
22' Gtev
rnA rv]6lftr limestone a*a AOortiti*,fimistona
-
Oxfordian Kinrmeridgian.
Dogger
23" Stratified dolomite and limesfone
-.poggeriau,
Oxfordian and Lowcr
part
'of
Kimmeridgian
'
-
24" Organo-
g.;;-dtltiti; [*eti*", dolouritic
timeqto'e and ctert
-
Toarian, Doggerian'
Liasslc
25. I-ithiotis limssrone, slate and sphietalrs
marl.
-
26. Thicl.bedded
aqd ieddsd JirnsstqDF asd dolomite
':r.
Strartfiedg;tlime;6;d A&*ir..
-Zt.
f-i-irto'nr, tlolomite".dolomitialimestone
aoilrecryst"iflized
Umestone vrith iters
-T.haet-I-iasic.
Triasic
29. Massive and thick-bedded dolomite, dsnitic lirnestoneanattimestone'
-
30. Whitishandpinkish
limestone'
-
31. Keratophyre.
-
32. Andgsite.
LEGEND.OF STANDARD MAI, DSNOTATIONS
l. Normal boundary:
ascertaind (with dip) and csycred or approximste*5r toead.
-
2.;Discoofocmity;
flrcer-
toinart
qn.{
navarart or cnnroyimarelv Iocated-
-
f. nio of beii: normal istatistical)
and overturned
(statistical)
;il.f,ffi ffi.,[;'";;;;;;;ditft;6'dl
i. bip of beii,
11orm31
(statistical).and overturned(s111*?P
*
-'T;d
fid;;h ,ythd.f
gi"a.a
t.aairrs,
in igrmal
rcp'Ji*.
-.f.
Bedding traces,
1
4' Be{ with--hyercglipt,
.
"^-
-r^-^ ^r
*-+r-
--i
aiA,ila .,lin
-
.6 A{is ,6f ermrs}rt
.6r
obtr1du
.anuedne,emd
,rbdftd, i* p1amp of
ggir$ s"d ;iddle dip.
--6.
Axis
,of
upriqlt or oblique antidine
'emd
;i
^r ^r,a+*r*e
* -***r'.o. r.r;.nr"-ana. i*mcl,i,m.
-,S"
AJd; & ueoight or obtique antidi-
ffiffi::;:i#;ffi;il;iT;fi;;t,,,r,fi;;j*4'y::,,S.
-
t
.1f:_ :t
yry1l*S
:H**,#*l;
;ffi'#:':d: ffifi;#.ffifril:;fiil.iril
[ri'.
--ro.
e'iti-a;*" a*d syncliue
(*
-.D-)
with horizontal
--^--i-^-^l-- t^^^a-I l, Eoillf
ffi*: ;.'i,fiff i;ii[#ffi&;;;;ififfi;Ip60"..,.i"
,*uere{
.or
eoqp1,,1,itetv
loea$ed.
-.12'
FaErlt
supposed and .photogeorryiffi3ll'&fr.
lll aii*ti*
-#"ri*"t
or*iaes oTault hor{zontat
type and-relativelv
do,*n&**n:b6.
-
1.4"-F.{Gfui.fittinr*tr,*Ce.t*ia.a
a"ap.rr"m or
qpproorirnately located.- 15..&[ieroflora'
-
t6. Microfam a,
-
17, Afrir"'auni"f*t"a,--
fC. Ilsnatite mcurryes
(hm).
-.
f9. Btuxif depositr
'and
"."i"i",G.,O+:mlo"ffii*Eulml"rt'riru*t
fqurl.-
lJ,cra*ilaryry'Pr-32'
$and.d+ssi s'
-
23.
dpo;G'of
Uii"t-"fin
-
i+.'U"po*its
and quarries of decorative
stone.
-
25. More important
quarrles
of UnAiri!-"to"*
-
ZO. Btii""ff"'-2i. Mot" imiortant sinkhole
(Ponor)'
-
28' Cave'
-
29' Terrace scarp'
-
30. Grqge.
55
I'DOJIOTI,Ifl JII,TCTA TI,ITOTPAI
trr6cT Tr{TorpAA cHr4I\{A.Ir7r rl [OfiCHrrTEJIbHbrrt TEKCT HAII,{CAJITI
CoTPyIHTIKI{ TEOJIOIT4TIECKOIO I{HCTTITyTA, Tr{TOrpAA
Teppnropra,
garrwMaeMafi
JMcrtoM T.rrorrpag, Dac.rioJr,ox<srra e rolKrorZ
vacrr
qep,uoropr4rr.
3ty o6nacru B ocHoBrlorM cJtararoT ocag,oiurre EqpoAbr, Ho ,rMeroTcE lr ayara,romecurre..cpeAr
IlepBbrx ycTaHoBJIeHEI ,Or6pasOaa,nra
T,trMaca, rqpbr, MeJra,
goqeHa
t4 KBapTepa.
Hau6o.nee
.qlleBupre
orJloxlerua rlpr&raAnerxar tr cpe,qHeMy rpr{acy; oiH nl}engraBJreubr ,r3BeqxHa-
x1Yu, axrAeprlTryet vt xepano$o4)aa/I,r. Bepxrurfi 11)rrac
ycraEroBreu
a paftone peKrr Pr{eK,a Ifuuoe-
Btrta w rq)eAcraBJleg pu1somrrruvrur
Maccme,HsrMt,
AoJroMrrtaMr4, .4bilortrrarzgoeaHubrrlxrc ,rgBegrxaKaMrr
r4, B 3l{aqrmensno *resrruefi creue,ml, ,rgBecTHrrKaMw, 7llx BepxHerprraooerrrZ aoapacrr or5)qAeneH
Cpegff lqpcxr{x ocaX*o," ycragoBneHbr
neftaco,esre,
Aorrepcxre
(?)
u nra,rsnrcKrle
,orJroraerus.
Jleftac
pa3BttT
a
paftone p.
Parera Ifpmoesrr.ra. 3gecr orue.reu lnoererrerrHsrfi
,netrrexog ror Bepxgrglpna-
coBErx [< ueftacoesru o6.pasoeaunaivr. Itrocne,4uze flpeAcraBJrer{br
IoJroMr{\aNM
u
AorroflvrrfnoBbrMr{
I43BeCTIIEKaMI4, I!a,K>Xe KaK ,I CepbXI/ID.I ,ISBeCTlHgKaM[,!
C tI:,4I1WOTIt/trCA,Mr/t ftrOC.ne BepXHOTO neftalgla 6fr,-
lleqeHa KoHrI/IHeHTaJIsnaa
$asa,
BCJIeAqtBI4e KoTopoft pa3Bu"rre
Ao,rrqpa
graB.rrrlca
mo4 ao'rpoc,
3a ,rcKJrloqeEr,r4eM Tex Mecr, rAe rra6.nro4aerca r:otsuft pagpeg rop6r, Korga cpe4Hrop vac6 pas-
pe3a lrpeArroJlroxn4TeJrbtro oTlloc'ET K
.4orrepy,
rraJleoFrr,ororr4lrecKtl, oAHaKo, HeoxapaKTepr4iroBanHo[,ry,
Manruacr<l're orJro>Keu,r4s Era ocrroBaHrrr4 rraJreouToJrornqeoKr4x
,qaHHbrx
[o,qpasAeJreurr rra or!@opA-
cr< Ie, Nr{Mep0rArr-rropTJra[rAcKr{e E4 rlr4Tog-BaJragx<rrHcKr4e ,o6pasosaura.
Omc@opg ,r x[o\4qpl,!A:r
pa3Blrrbl
r
$i;arytz
'rrsBeqrHflKoB rd
.qoJlo{Mrrrots. Bepxruaft rca,irepu4:r n
,uoprr-arii'fip@craBreHbr
,4oJroMurar[u,
pex(e
,4onoMtrrr4soBa,IrrrbrMr4
,r3BecTHEKaNirr. B r(ollrle ropBr rro,.oKparrHe 3ercKolZ pa!|-
Hr6rrbl qpor43olrrJra
lrpaTKoeperue*rrnaa perpeo@{s ioTMetreHHas
.s.eJlero{ffMrr
,6ox6zra,
Ha octaUirfofi
TeIUMmSlrat4 Jrr4sra
gror
mqpepbrts rre rra,6.nroAaetca.
Ha nrtcte IYfitorpaA ycraHoBJIeHo pagg'rrue
Bcex .gpycoB MeJra, BKJrrorrrrrqrrEr{o c
garc,rcar.
B rlra-
LeM MeJIy BEIAeJIeSbI CJlenypuryfe KOMIIJIeKCBT: EaJI,aIDKT{.H-DOrepneCr-uft, 6a6fpeot-A,nnCKuft r a,fit-
-atiudcxmil. Banarr:xzn-rrorepmcrvrft
fiocrerrtego pa3BvBaerqa r,r3 MaJrbMa r,r'-rq]eAc{aBrEr ugBeqtr-
I<oBoft
Oarry{eft c rpynnsnvrr trarrru,nnr.nraruu. Earppenr-a.ErcKrrft ro><e
trpe4-craaJreH
,f,}BeqNrff-
,Ka:.!,,l u
IonoMI4TaMrr.
Itroqo6aoe paS.B
rrile ,rMeeur,aur-aus6crrfi KoMrIJIeKc, BMec?e c rrepexqproft
na.nroft K ceHoMaHy,
Begl>ruzfi MeJr rroJrr3yertcs nau6onuur,rlM pacupocTpausr{rleM
B
groft
o6nacrz ,!. pagBr{T floflHoc-
rblo. IlepexoA 'Or HI4rrKrIerO
K'BepXHeMy MeJIy llocTeuesrtsrjt. Cenouan rpeACraBJreH
qepErbE\4rl
cJIorIcrbrMI4 uI4TyMt4x{o3HBrMrr il3BeqrHffrna0/ru c upocJroEMrl
AoJroMr$os.
Typo,r* oenaraetch 6es u6-
pepblBa
Ha cerroMarrcKrrx orJr,ox<eHr4nx. Cerlog pa3Brrr
na 6orrr:roft rroBepxnocrn ,, 3atry.rMae[
rlelrrpaJrbrrgre ,( ceBepo3arraAnbre yqaqrrn
rr eTa. OH cJto)KeH rJraBrrbrM
,o6paoou
rr[BBeqlHsrraMrl u
s MeHbureft crerrenil
AoJrioqvrl4maMr. B swrx orrox{ermsx upeo6ra4aer pynncroBa.E, qper4uJnqecr-
Eelrno rI4rrtrypuroBag
Sayud.
Kporue ra3BecrrloBblx, na rpafrueu ceBepoBocro!*noM yrracrre
Jrrrcra
pasBrrrbr
$nrcuenrre
oruoxenzC
GypMuropcr<laft <birr,rur).
-
Kaftnogof, r4)eAcraBJlen
goqerroBbn\,rr,
MrlotrrJrx,roqeuoBbrMtt u
r{erBeprrr4rrHgrM[4
orrJrox<eirrugmr.
go-
I{eH pacrrlpocllprreg
B
EoJrr/Ere
pecor
3ersr %
pasBr4r
e
$a,qr.ara $nnura.
lltmorunnoqermBBre otJro-
x<eH!4E o6napyx<enrr paAoM
c focrmne uog nrbulnrrruz
&nro,sraornaqTa6nrlwr
,ooagranr,n.
B,ria-na-
IeJI6HB!M paer{pocq)aHeHr4er[
Gra
gDoM
Jrr4qre rroJrb3yrorcE
qTBeprntrllbre
orJr,orl.qHr,Isl
$nro,uo-
rngqxaJGrrEre' MopeHbI, aJrJrIoBI4aJrBHbre il
leJrtoBr4[aJlr,Hbre
.orJroxe,ErE. r
.
ffouegnrre JrcKoi[aeMbre 3,qecb rtr]encraBJreHbr 6o5cr.mo,rvr, ctponreJrEHbrrd,r
AeKoparrrBrrrbrM
KaMHeM.
Terronz'recroe -cr'poeHrre sroft o6r,acrrr BecEilra cJrorrcrro. B ee crpoeHrre Bx,qAET
qerrryr4
Crapoft
{elruorop-zz w Ky,tu, B rlpg,nleJtax rr<yropBlx o{rMeqargrlcg ntruxatr.renrre 14
,q\rrctroHx$lsusre
sre-
MeIrrBr. K
,crapouepnoropcxofi qeurye
fipr{HarqJrex<rfr
qrtrrKJrrlHaJrb
p. 3errr ,{ ceBepoBoclloturas
qagrb qepEro$opcKoro
ar{n rKJru4[ro[Ma.
qeuryro
Ky.rn cocraeJraer cJro>KHaa cr4creMa HapyrueE-
-
Hbrx
gKJraIqarErx
crpyr{Tyip, qpeAr!
BortopbDr cdre,qyer yrroMrrHyrb aHTUKJM[raJrb llilarrre, aHTil-
r.JMHaJIb Me)r,4y Harep- Ceoqe ra To,nonosnzrou {t cri}rKJrfidHafib JIe6purE {xa. Brrgaloulafica Terr-
TorD{tIecKaE mo6ernroctr
gloft
o6Jla,qrlr{
-
o{rKJroHerfiie i+pyr<Typ a paftone
3ercno-Cxa,qapcroft
eA,{HAqbr 'or
ceBElotsarraA-Ioro{BoqroqHoro
K roro3aEaA-ceBepotsocTosnroMy HarrpaBJrerMro.
Ilepenq4:
A;
,fiaru"roua
56
\
NETEHAA KAPTI4POBAHHLIX EAI4HI4U
foroqeu
l. .{emoeraft.
-
2. Affrrosuir.
-
3. Teppa pocca.
Ilneficroqen
4. Hrxtnsa reppaca.
-
5. Cpegrmr reppaca.
-
6. Bepxnxa reppaca.
-
7. Xteatosaro-3eJreuoBarrIe u 6enrre
r:rnr6r.
-
8. @moer{orJrfiIll{aJrbrrbre orJrox(eunrr.
-
9. MopensI.
Soqes
10. @muu: KourJromeparj rrecqaErrx, uecqaruacrr,rfi rr3BecrHfiK r{ MepreJrb (cpegHrfi soIIeH).
BeD*ufi uen
11. Eenosarbrft meprenzcrrrft r13Becrgs1
-
Maacrprrxr.
-
12. Ceponaro-6e.noeatuii I,I3BecrHflHr 4o.nortrr{msrrft
E3BecrnEK 14
AoJroMr4T
-
cerron.
-
13. Cepufi r, KpacuoBarbrft crpam$wlupoeannr,rft r'I3Besrrrax
-
ceuorr.
-
14. flec.ranrar< r4 rflepreJrb
-
cexou.
-
15. Easaffiirre 6pexurr,r rr Houuromeparbr
-
cerrou.
-
16.
Aonorutrr
s
AoJroMr{ToB6re
r{3Besrgflrc, u r{BBecrrrfiK
*
Typon.
-
17. Ezrymlrnosnurfi zseecruar,
AonoMlrtosrrft
EgBecrlrgK
u
AonoMr.rT
-
ceHoMaII.
Hpxuui uen
18.
Aonomr,rr, 4o:romraronrrft
rrsBecrurrR rr lmBecrxfiK
-
anr,6-cenonas.
-
19. I{seectuax, r*epreauctrrii,
r3BeqrrrfiK, go.norvrr,rtoerrfi rrgBecrllax rr
AoJroMIaT.
Manru
20. Pu$oeu[, MaccyBuuft u c"rparra$rarilrponannrrit r{sBecrrrfiK
(a); lrraccraenrrfi r.r toacrocaoracrrrfi Ia caxapo-
s44l6rfi
AoJroMr4T
(6), u.rron-eanaHlr&rH.
-
21.
.flonouzroebrft
ussecfirtrHr AoJroMrdr
r{ r,BBecrrrfiK
-
KraMeprrA}(-
-rroprnarrA.
-
22. Cep*,tit a 6e.nosartrii rr3BecrH.EK rr
AoJroMllToBr,rft
usrectssx
-
oKc$opA-KrrMepr'rtrx{.
florrep
23. Crparu(bmfrapoeanngii AoJroMr4T
r4 1r3BecTrrfx
-
Aorrep,
oxc$opg lI Hrrlr(H.fi.fi
qacrr,
HrlMepl4g>r<a.
-
24.
Oprarrorenno-o6norrro.16rft r43BecrHrIK,
4orroanraroerrii
lrsBecrrlfiR ,.r
grrrMlr
-
Aorrep.
JIefiac
25. Vlg1ecmtg1r{ c Jrr{Trnorr{ciuu, aprlrJrJrltr r{ cJraHrleBarbrt meprenr.
-
26. Toncmcaolrclrrfi ra cloractrrft
r{sBeqrgrr1 lr
AoJrogt4r.
*
21 .-Ciparrsuqraponarurri ceprrfi rassectusr r4
AonoMilT.
-
28. I4asecrxoesrfi
AoJroMlrr, 4o.nonnrmer,rfi
rasnecrusi< u l,reramoplpagosaunrrfi rr3BegruflK c srumaMrr
-
p3T-Jrefiac.
Tpzac
29. Maccraeqsrft u ro.ncrocnorzcrsrii
AoJroMr,rr
rr
AoJroMr,rroBr,rft
raeseqruqx r4 rlsBecrrrfiK.
-
30 Beaonatrrft ra
xpacuonarsrft i3Becruxr(.
-
31. Keparo(bup.
-
32. Angesur.
t":
JIEIEHAA CTAHAAPTHI4X OEO3HATIEHIIIZ
1. Hopma.nrna.fr rpaur{qa: ycrauoBJreurras (c nagenraenn) r4 Bar(prrrafl wwt npn6tuevteJrbHo
onpeAeJreHHafl'
\
-
2. Iiecornacnafi rpaHrrqa: ycraHoBJreuuas r,r saxpbrrafi wunpi6t usttr.errbuo orrpeAeJreHuaa.
-
3. S.nenentrr
""11-.*
a"o", *op*"r""rir
("rarrcrrr.c*,
orrpe,rt"rer"ufi) ubnpoxrnytrrfi
(cralrzcruqecxll oflpeAenennr,rft).
:
-
4. Cnou c raepornu$aMn lrirrr rpagar{rrouuar cJror{crocrb, B rropmarrrroM 3aJreraHr,Ila.
-
). lpaccbr rroBepx-
Hocrer,r cJror4crocrlr
@droreonorzuecxv
onpeAeneHur,re: AJrfi
rloBepxuocrl rr cpeAuero
rraAeHrrfi.
-
6' Ocr
eepmxanrnofi zrrra rrai*aorrrofi anrr.ncm,uraniu cu:rrt<ttn:aarr:a.
-
I . Oir oupoxnnytoft ra.nra nexratreft
anruxlrsa'nn
rr cr{HrsrrruaJrn.
-
8. Ocr Beprrrr{arrluoro r,rJrr{ HaKJroHHoro aHTnxnr{Hopus.
-
9. florpyrxenue
ocrr aHTr4rdlrr'uraJrr'r
rrJrr4 cr,rrrxJrr&raJru.
-
10. Airnxnnnanr u cnHKrr,rHaJrE (m
-
Dm)
"iopr"or"rrr"noft
octro.
-
11' C6poc 6es
o6ogna.renns xapar{Tepa: ycaarroBJregubrt
" """p"rrt
ft ,r* .rpr6rrtsr.riem*o ofipeAeneHgbrit'
-
12' C6poc
rrpeAroJraraeMrri r,r
Siotoieororurrecxrr
onpegeainr+rft.
-
13. Ornocrarenrnoe
lnr.uNenue
HpbrnbeB c6poca
roprr3onTrurbgoro rrfira r{ orrrocr4TeJrrrro orryrqennlrft 6aor.
-
14. flepe4orafl
qacrr
HaABIiIra:
ycrar'roineHHafi
r.r saxpbrrafi unr. npvltnztrerrbrro orpeAerrl"ira".
-
15. MnrpoS.top;. 16. Muxpo@ayna.
-
17:
{Iopcr-a-x
*"xp66"y.".
-
10. flpornrerrrr reirarrra (hm).
-
19. Mecrofox&eurfi r,r rponB;eur-6oKcrra
(bx).
.-
20.
flpoanaenrar 6urymraaoenrrx cnaurleB (Sb).
-
21. Mecroporx4errr{e Iqe6urr.
-
22, Mecropox(AeE[e
[ecKa'
23. MecroporxAeurnfl Kr{prrr{rtrrot rrrranrr.
-
24. Mecropox(AeHsff rr xap6ep},r
AeKoparrrBuoro
KaMrrff.
-
25. Bonee sni.rareargr,re RamerroJrorfirr
grpor{TeJrrgoro
KaMHfi.
-
26. Scrasera.
-
27. KapcroBafi
BopoHKa
rourorqaroqan Bony.
-
28. fleqepa.
-
29. Teppacoerrfi orxoc.
-
30. I{rpx.
57