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APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.

AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 1

1. ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION

The Advanced Centre for Integrated Water Resources Management (ACIWRM)
1. Recognizing these urgent needs the SGOK established the Advanced Centre for IWRM (AC-IWRM)
1
in
February 2012 and following extensive consultation with various departments important to the
implementation of IWRM initiatives in the State. The Centre is established as a Society under Karnataka
Societies Registration Act 1960.
2. The rationale for establishing the Centre, to start with, is to create an enabling environment for the
state government to pursue the set objectives in the declared Irrigation Decade (2011 2020) which is
to move towards achieving water and food security in the state. An IWRM framework provides the
opportunity to integrate the land and water related aspects at the sub-basin or river basin level.
3. The Centre (ACIWRM) will act as a think tank to the Department of Water Resources. It is to engage
in policy analysis, policy research, and develop the knowledge base within the State and with WRDO so
that the WRD meets its future vision 2030. The activities of WALMI, Karnataka Engineering Research
Centre (KERC) and Central Mechanical Organisation (CMO) will be harmonized with the Centre and the
results fed into the policy and working of the WRD. It will also serve as a platform / agency thru WRDO
for coordination with main departments and related government agencies, NGOs, private sector firms,
water user associations and other organizations dealing with the water sector.
4. The vision for the Centre is: scientific and sustainable management of water resources to get the
maximum water, food, and energy security by balancing the demands of various sectors and to ensure
harmonious sharing and utilization of resources by mutual understanding and coordination of various
stakeholders.
5. Its purpose is to ultimately benefit the State and the farmers by improving the economy of the State
and the livelihoods of the farmers. It is to test and introduce IWRM into the state; to reform the
compartmental silo based approaches through more scientific management of the land and water
especially as a combined resource, such as by involving staff drawn from relevant departments, rather
than treating them separately
2
.
6. In addition, it is also possible to hire short term specialist / consultants with expertise in areas such
as agricultural productivity; agricultural extension; groundwater specialist; economics / livelihoods;
participation; conjunctive water use; climate change; sociology, gender and PRA, M&E, IWRM planning;
basin modelling; water supply and sanitation; aquatic ecology and fisheries; environment; salinity /
drainage; GIS; institutional development; water law; logical framework analysis; and, research
associates.
7. It will have an Administration Unit consisting of Registrar, Joint Registrar, Assistant Registrar, Section
Officers, Stenographers, Assistants, Data Entry Operators and Peons. The Personnel to the
Administration Unit will be drawn from Water Resources Department or from the Nigams coming under
the Water Resources Department.



1
Staffed by Director, Deputy Director, Agricultural specialists (2), Hydrology and Irrigation Systems specialist, groundwater specialist,
economist / livelihoods specialist, Sociologist, IWRM planning specialist, river basin modelling specialist, water supply and sanitation
specialist, aquatic environment specialist,
2
Advanced Centre for Integrated Water Resources Management. Undated booklet outlining its goal, functions, key areas of activity and
governance
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 2


IWRM Framework


8. Based on international experience
3
, effective IWRM has been found to have fairly common features
where:
(i) The institutional framework is both robust and flexible, and includes modern legislation
and supports an integrated and adaptive policy framework,
(ii) Water resource assessment, planning and management is knowledge driven. Strategic
assessment uses good data collection and management procedures and uses the data to
support planning and decision making
(iii) Integration is built into institutions, resource management, and policy and the
environment is recognised as a legitimate water user,
(iv) Stakeholder and community awareness raising and participation is a key part of water
resources management so that communities understand and contribute to solutions
through local management and actions.
(v) Regular monitoring and evaluation provides information to determine whether river
management and investment are achieving planned outcomes.

IWRM Institutional Framework

9. The institutional framework arrangements for water resources management in an IWRM context are
shown in the following figure. River basin authorities, through consultation with stakeholders, are
responsible for advising government and then organising water sharing and pollution discharge
arrangements and bulk entitlements for water management agencies (authorities, companies) in
compliance with government policies.




3
ANZEC (2011) Integrated Water Resource Management and Sustainable Water Service Delivery in Karnataka. Component 1: Institutional
Analysis and Proposed Reforms for IWRM. Final Report. ADB TA 7418-IN p5-6.

IRRIGATION AREA
INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT

CATCHMENT
INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT

RIVER BASIN
INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT





Institutions

Information

Policies

Plans


Water
&
Other
Uses


Water
&
Waste
Water


Water
&
Rural
Uses


Water
&
Aquatic
Envir.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 3

Example of the IWRM Institutional Framework


Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM)
10. Planning and management at the river basin, or hydrological unit scale is a key tool of IWRM and
involves the management of the main hydrological unit (the river basin) and involving all water sectors
(including the environment) and water users.
11. River basin plans are developed under the umbrella of National and State policies and provide long-
term strategies and directions for future water resource management in particular river basins. These
strategies are action oriented to anticipate and resolve the key water related issues across the basin as
well as providing a focus on hot spot parts of the Basin. River basin plans should coordinate water
using and water impacting sectors and provide the policies, rules, guidelines, as well as priorities for
public sector investment for the management of the Basins resources.
12. IWRM based river basin plans differ from the traditional Master Plan planning approaches which are
usually sector based with limited consideration of other sectors and the wider impacts. This in effect
treats the water resource as non-limiting. Such plans are usually are treated as inviolable plans rather
than ones that are continually reviewed and updated as better information becomes available and
demands evolve.
IWRM Information and Knowledge
13. Currently there is no single repository or point of access for water resource and related data and
information in the Karnataka. The data and information on water resources is collected and archived by
various agencies including the Water Resources Development Organization for surface water,
Groundwater Wing, Mines and Geology Department for groundwater, Karnataka State Remote Sensing
Application Centre for satellite and remote sensing data and Directorate of Economics and Statistics for
agricultural, economic, social, program implementation and meteorological.
14. The World Bank funded national Hydrology Project (HP I) took place from 1996 to 2003 and the
second phase (HP II) commenced in 2006 and was to end in 2012 but it has since been extended to
2014. Nine States, including Karnataka
4
, and central agencies such as the Central Water Commission
have been involved in the project.

4
http://www.karnataka.gov.in/karhp/HP2.htm
Government
River Basin Authority
Water Service
Agency A
Irrigation and Drainage
Authority
Urban Water
Supply Authority
Water Service
Agency B/etc



OTHER BENEFICIARIES
Clients Water User
Associations
Clients Clients
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 4

Capacity Building and Human Resource Development
15. The initial capacity building needs assessment is described in Attachment 2 of this Appendix and the
institutions involved in water resources governance in Appendix 3. Key stakeholders/target groups
central to the achievement of the Program and that will be the focus of capacity building include:
i. The Karnataka Water Resources Authority
ii. The WRD
5
and AC-IWRM
iii. The River Basin Organisation(s)
iv. Nigam
v. CADA and Agriculture Department
vi. Water related institutions, CSOs, schools, the wider community
vii. WUCS / irrigation farmers
16. Other stakeholders include other water related sector agencies including at District level, water
related faculties of universities, catchment users (consumption and pollution) such as rainfed
agriculture, foresters, fishers, industry, urban and rural communities, schools, etc.


5
Including Water Resources Development Organisation (WRDO), Water and Land Management Institute (WALMI), Karnataka Engineering
Research Centre (KERC), Central Mechanical Organisation (CMO) according to their relevant responsibilities
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 5

2. OUTPUT GOALS
2.1 Output 1 Aspects of the KISWRMIP
17. The Impact, Outcome, and Output of this Component of the KISWRMIP are presented in the Design
and Monitoring Framework (refer to relevant Appendix).
18. The key activities and milestones identified for this Output are
Water policy reviews under implementation (Jun 2014)
IWRM certification program in implementation (Dec 2014)
Water resources information system in use (Dec 2015)
River basin resources inventories prepared (Dec 2016)
State IWRM Strategy endorsed by IWRM-SC (Dec 2018)
2.2 Output 1 Governance
19. Implementation of the Output will be under the supervision of the Karnataka IWRM Steering
Committee and this is described in detail in Appendix 4C Output 3 Program management. The Central
Water Commission will be invited to be a member of the Steering Committee. Output reporting and
oversight will be to the State IWRM Steering Committee along with the other Outputs of the KISWRMIP.
20. Implementation of the Output will be led by the AC-IWRM and supported by international and
national consulting services.
21. Board terms of reference would need to be prepared to complement the overall supervisory role of
the Karnataka IWRM Steering Committee. The Boards role is suggested to be to provide effective
guidance and leadership and advise the IWRM Steering Committee on the Centres strategy, IWRM
approaches and directions, IWRM research directions, progress with implementing the Centre's Charter,
forming partnerships and utilising international collaboration opportunities, ensuring excellence, and
assisting the Centre in becoming an international standard centre of excellence.
22. The AC-IWRM will be supported by a core team of 3 consultants who will provide basic level of
support throughout the activity. Tasks included in the basic level of support include on-the job-training,
international and national study tours, training courses, work placements, and, a tri-annual international
conferences. Depending upon budget and SGOK priorities, these core activities would be expanded with
more support from international and national consultants enabling more in depth training, studies and
assistance for stakeholders identified in Attachment 1 and 2. A capacity building plan would be
prepared at the outset of the project and updated annually and focussed on policy makers, managers
and technical professionals.

23. The Output will comprise 2 sub-outputs that will be implemented over the 3 Tranches:
a. State and Basin Institutions Strengthened for IWRM
b. Output Management and Communication




APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 6

24. Activities to be conducted by the sub-Outputs are as follow:
SUB-OUTPUT 1: STATE AND BASIN INSTITUTIONS STRENGTHENED FOR IWRM
Activity Description
State IWRM Strategy Task 1: Development of IWRM Strategy
This sub-activity will take a step wise approach to developing a
comparative framework for assessing institutional and policy
arrangements and comparing approaches nationally and
internationally. This will lead to a State IWRM Strategy in Tranche 1
(2-3 years) which will lead to the detailed study and trialing of priority
policies in subsequent tranches.
Task 2: Interim RBO Arrangements for K-8 River Basin Developed
Interim arrangements for the Upper Tungabhadra River Basin
Organization will also be developed. Implementation will take place
as part of Activity 4 during Tranche 1 and 2 additional RBOs will be
established later and according to the government decisions on the
State IWRM Strategy.
Water Resources Information
System
Task 1: IWRM based Water Resource Information and Knowledge
System
This sub-activity is to investigate an IWRM based Water Resource
Information and Knowledge System (WRIS) and in Tranche 1, prepare
a draft strategy and plan for developing and implementing such a
system in Tranche 2 and 3 if feasible and agreed.
A WRIS will be prepared for the State River Basins Inventory and with
priority on the Upper Tungabhadra RB for the development of its river
basin plan. The system will support the State wide inventory, river
basin planning and management activities, and water policy studies.
The system will comprise spatial databases and GIS as well as an
integrated modelling system to support policy, river basin planning
and river operations decision making.
Task 2: RB Planning and Decision Support System
A decision support system comprising a GIS based information system
and integrated river basin modelling approach will be developed and
used for river basin planning. Training and capacity building will be
provided.
Task 3: Hydrological Monitoring for T2 and T3 Modernisation
Projects
River flow networks and monitoring will be assessed and targeted
hydrological data collected to support assessment of T2 and T3
irrigation modernisation studies of Output 2.
State River Basin Inventory An initial spatially based inventory of river basins in Karnataka, will be
developed. This will support development of the State IWRM Strategy
and provide a basis for prioritising river basin planning activities and
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 7

advice for prioritising IWRM policy needs.
River Basin Plans in Selected River
Basins
Task 1: Preparation of River Basin Plan for Tungabhadra (K-8) River
Basin
A RB Basin Plan including a status and futures report will be prepared
for the UTB RB. Development of the Plan will use the RB planning and
decision support system developed in Activity 2.Once endorsed by
government agreed components will commence implementation. A
priority subset of this task will be to assess water availability and the
impacts of T2 and T3 irrigation modernisation projects.
Task 2: River Basin Plans for 2 Additional RBs
Plans will be subsequently prepared, endorsed and implementation
commenced for at least 2 additional river basins
Task 3: RBO Arrangements
Interim arrangements for the Upper Tungabhadra River Basin
Organization will be implemented. Two additional RBOs will be
established later and according to the government decisions on the
State IWRM Strategy.
Water Use Efficiency and
Productivity
Task 1: Assessments of Basin scale WUE and Water Productivity
This task would develop the concepts and build understanding of
water productivity, water use efficiency, crop and agricultural
productivity and their practical application to water resources
management at a range of scales from river basin to farm. It would
also pilot of remote sensing of water consumption, WUE and water
productivity at river basin scales in order to make assessments of WUE
and WUP as well as to support river basin planning and management.
Task 2: Improving WUE and Irrigation Systems
This task would evaluate and analyse irrigation systems using the FAO
Mascotte system as well as make assessments of system water
balances (sw and gw), irrigation water savings approaches, and
environmental impacts (eg. non point source pollution) and their
management. The priority would be T2 and T3 projects and the
systems developed would be used to support pilot Land and Water
Management Plans activities
Community Based Land and Water
Management Plans
Community based Land and Water Management Plans (LWMP) in
irrigation areas (eg. distributary) will be trialled in Tranche 2, and if
successful used more widely in T2/ T3.
LWMP would utilize assessments and be prioritized based on the river
basin plan and the WUE and Irrigation Systems activities. The pilot
area would be located in one of the modernization areas.



APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 8

SUB-OUTPUT 2: OUTPUT MANAGEMENT AND COMMUNICATION
Activity Description
Output Management and
Coordination:
This activity will involve AC-IWRM, supported by the consultants, in
managing Output implementation and specifically the operations of
the Outputs Project Implementation Office (PIO).
Training and Capacity Building This Activity will prepare in the inception period, an initial training and
capacity building plan that is then reported and updated on annually.
It will coordinate training plans, national and international study
tours, work placements, accreditation activities, tri-annual
international conference, etc.
Communication, Awareness Raising
and IWRM Participation
This Activity will prepare in the inception period, an initial
communications, awareness raising and participation plan that is then
reported and updated on annually. It will coordinate and implement
the plan.

APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 9

3. IMPLEMENTATION PLAN: SUB OUTPUT 1: STATE AND BASIN INSTITUTIONS
STRENGTHENED FOR IWRM
3.1 Sub-Output Goal:
25. In line with the program goals, the specific expectation and need from this activity is to strengthen
and support the AC-IWRM in undertaking IWRM related studies and in making recommendations to the
SGOK for strengthened IWRM approaches. The State and AC-IWRM will become an internationally
recognised leader in IWRM
3.2 Sub-Output Impact:
26. The impact of the Sub-Output will be the adoption by the SGOK of IWRM based institutions and
policies resulting in holistic water resources management at State and Basin levels. This should have
commenced within the term of the activity.
3.3 Activity 1: State IWRM Strategy
27. During the Tranche 1 phase of this activity, national and international IWRM policy and institutional
approaches will be reviewed in order to develop a suitable analytical framework and approach for
conducting the activity. This activity will be led by the AC-IWRM and undertaken consultatively with
stakeholders. The results will form the basis for preparing discussion papers and ultimately for
recommending a State IWRM Strategy appropriate for reforming water policy arrangements in
Karnataka. Implementation of the strategy, in the form of developing, trialing and implementing specific
policies will take place in subsequent Tranches.
28. The methodological approach for implementing this activity is shown in the following diagram.

Assess Good International Practice
Institutional arrangements
Policies
Legislation
Assess Indian and GOK Approach
Institutional arrangements
Policies
Legislation
Develop and Consult on Initial Framework for Assessing Future Directions
Roles and responsibilities (functions of IWRM)
Principles to be pursued
Policy framework
Options for Reform
Identify options
Assess options
Consult with stakeholders
Recommend Future Policy Directions
Implement
- Institutional strengthening
- Legislation revision
- Policy development
Government Approval
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 10

29. Capacity building and training activities would include training courses, study tours and work
placements. The scope of training would cover topics such as IWRM policy and institutional issues for
managers; basin wide policies for managers and policy makers; communications and participation for
managers, policy makers.
Tasks and Workplan
Task 1: Development of State IWRM Strategy
30. The AC-IWRM supported by consultants will undertake the following tasks consultatively with key
stakeholders:
1. Review and Update Assessments
31. The CDTA undertook a number of assessments of government policies and approaches taken
elsewhere and suggested an approach to adapt Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) to
the Indian condition
32. Consultants would review relevant CDTA assessment frameworks, studies, update assessment of
government policies, laws, strategies and assessments at State and National levels and consult with the
WRD on relevance and their application in Karnataka.
2. Develop Assessment Framework
33. Develop sub-output methodology and best practice institutional framework for IWRM with
participation of key stakeholders.
34. Based on the required functions of IWRM and, in consultation with WRD, develop the principles,
scope of policies and initial assessment framework to be used for the study. For example, key principles
could include:
separation of key functions, such as regulator/standard setter/auditor resource
manager operator and service provider based around their respective roles and
responsibilities,
clear responsibility and accountability without duplication and overlap of responsibilities
between organisations,
transparency so that management objectives, processes and the basis of decision
making is clear,
efficiency and effectiveness enabling timely and clear decisions, that have beneficial
impact,
encouraging innovation,
user and polluter payment approach, etc.
describe stakeholder consultation and workshops to be conducted.
Output: Activity Inception Report including Study Methodology and Framework (month
3)
3. Review and Assess Best Practice Approaches:
35. Using literature review as well as study tours, workshops, etc, assess domestic and international
approaches.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 11

International Study Visits
36. Study visits should be made to river basins where water scarcity and irrigation management is a
priority issues and particularly where proactive interventions are made to manage the situation.
37. Planning of study visits are described in Sub-Output 2, Activity 2Training and Capacity Building
below where initially visits are planned to be multi-purpose giving initial broad exposure to water
resource institutions, policies, river basin management, irrigation management from which more
specific and targeted visits, work placements and exchanges can be made.
38. Candidate visits should include Australia (Murray Darling Basin and involved states), North China,
Indonesia, USA and Mexico and through international partnerships such as NARBO
39. The initial study visit would be to Murray Darling Basin, Australia at around month 5 and investigate
management of the Basin and the approaches used by the southern Murray Darling States (New South
Wales, Victoria, South Australia). Here, management of water scarcity within and between States is
fairly well developed and the form of government is the same as in India.
40. The study tour would investigate arrangements, roles, responsibilities and approaches especially of:
(i) State government agencies (eg. governance and the institutional set up separating functions, the
departments, regulators, policies, standards, information management, market based approaches and
PPPs, drought and climate change management etc); (ii) river basin organisations and approaches to
governance, water sharing, drought management, river operations, river health, etc; (iii) rural water
supply agencies/companies (governance, water regulation, control, enforcement, cost recovery and
funding, asset management, environmental management, water planning and supply to farmers, water
control technologies); and (iv) the involvement of customers and civil society at the different levels.
41. On the back of the study mission, arrangement of initial work placements to study in more depth
specific aspects relevant to developing GOK Policy directions should be identified. Similarly, any
organisational partnerships where closer working arrangements and exchanges/further visits should
also be identified.
42. Each visit would be assessed and reported in relation to the analytical framework described above.
The framework would be updated following each visit
Output:
(i) Report describing and assessing IWRM practice in Australia and its relevance to
Karnataka (mo 9)
(ii) Report describing and assessing IWRM practice in Indonesia and its relevance to
Karnataka (mo 15)
(iii) Report describing and assessing IWRM practice in China and its relevance to Karnataka
(mo 18)
(iv) Reports from work placements and other study visits (on-going, event reports submitted
1 month after event)
4. Assess Indian and International Approach
43. Using the above Assessment Framework and taking a SWOT approach, assess the Indian and
international approaches, including the draft National Water Policy, to IWRM regarding policies,
legislation, institutions.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 12

44. In making this assessment, consider the results of the Inventory of River Basins Activity in order to
identify the needs and drivers for reformed water resource management and as a basis for testing policy
and institutional settings.
45. Opportunities for involvement of the private sector and other forms of ownership including the
current State owned approach, the current outsourcing approaches, as well as through PPPs of
different forms, approaches to further enable the WRD to become a policy, programs and contract
management organisation, etc and assess implications should also be considered.
46. Identify the economic, social and financial benefits of reforms.
Output:
47. Assessment of Indian and international approaches (mo 30)
5. Future Directions Paper
48. Based on international best practice and GOK IWRM practice, undertake a gap analysis. Develop a
range of policy and institutional restructuring and strengthening options, including assessment of
resource implications, suitable for Karnataka. Make a SWOT analysis and propose a roadmap for
institutional and policy reform of the water sector including required laws, policies, laws and orders,
strategies, etc.
49. In discussion with WRD, prepare a Discussion Paper including options and recommending the
approach and long term strategy, including resourcing and capacity building needs for institutional
reform/restructuring for IWRM and irrigation sectors.
50. The scope of the Discussion Paper, which would lay the foundation for a State Water Strategy,
would include institutional arrangements (IWRM SC, WRA, WRD, RBO, rural and urban water service
provision) and long term policy directions for detailed development including (i) water resource sharing
and entitlements to water both formal and informal at different levels, (ii) water use efficiency and
productivity, (iii) management of the rural water supply sector (irrigation and town and village water
supply) (iv) trading and transfer and water entitlements (permanent trading) and allocations (permanent
and non permanent trading) and the possible benefits and feasibly, (v) cost recovery and water pricing;
(vi) water quality management, (vii) groundwater management (viii) management of rivers and river
health, (ix) drought management, (x) flood management, (xi) river basin and catchment management.
51. Following preparation, the paper would be discussed and considered by the WRD and line agencies,
and a Future Directions Paper developed. Awareness raising focussing on needs and benefits of reform
would be undertaken, particularly targeting the most influential stakeholders. Stakeholders would be
consulted on the Future Directions paper.
Output:
(i) Future Directions paper with recommended strategy for reform, including specific
intended outputs such as revised law, specific policies for strengthening, etc and with a
Tranche 2 and 3 program (mo 36)
(ii) Paper finalised following consultations (mo 48)

APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 13

6. Water Policy Reform Directions Endorsed by Government
52. After endorsement by the WRD the Future Directions Paper would be taken to Government (IWRM
Steering Committee) for endorsement. The government could consider issuing the endorsed approach
as a Green Paper for wider community comment.
53. A detailed implementation plan including transitional plan and arrangements, resourcing
requirements, capacity building, government orders, business management tools, etc. would be
developed.
54. Prepare and consult with key stakeholders on draft the State Water Strategy. The strategy would
identify the needs and future directions for water reform in Karnataka including the issues and drivers,
needs and drivers and benefits from reform,
Output: Output: draft State Water Strategy released and promoted (mo 54)
7. State Water Strategy submitted to Government for Approval
55. The strategy would be finalised following consultation and approval obtained by GOK.
Output: GOK approval obtained and Strategy document issued (mo 60)
8. Implementation of State Water Strategy
56. Once approved, priority elements of the Strategy would be implemented in subsequent Tranches.
Some of these might move directly into trialing or operationalisation (eg. river basin management,
water sharing) others might involve undertaking further studies (eg. water licensing approaches, market
mechanisms such as water trading, approaches to water pricing, cost recovery).
Output: Water policy discussion and implementation papers and policies agreed and
implemented on priority issues as agreed in the water strategy (on-going)
Task 2: Interim RBO Arrangements for the Upper Tungabhadra sub-Basin (K-8)
57. A priority need is to study, raise awareness and consult on options for a River Basin Organisation
(RBO) for the Upper Tungabhadra sub-Basin UTRB. Due to timing issues, the RBO will be needed before
the government has agreed formal RBO arrangements, as part of the State IWRM Strategy, and
therefore interim arrangements will be needed. This task is to conduct the consultation, assess the
options (mandate, membership, resourcing etc) draft the mandate etc. Implementation of interim
arrangements will enable trialing of an RBO to assist government decisions for permanent RBO
arrangements.
58. Interim River Basin organization arrangements are likely to be needed by around month 14 of the
Program so that an RBO can be involved as the River Basin plan is developed. However, convening of
the RBO should not occur until there is substantial progress in gathering base data so that Basin issues
and the process required to develop the plan can included from the first RBO meetings.
59. Studies involved are:
1. Assess options for an Interim RBO
60. Based upon examples from elsewhere, review the options (membership, mandate, supporting and
secretariat composition and functions, etc) for piloting an RBO for the Upper Tungabhadra sub-basin.
Hold workshops with key government and non government stakeholders on the need for and options
for a pilot RBO
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 14

61. Conduct initial awareness raising with key stakeholders and prepare workplan for instituting a pilot
RBO.
Output: Draft work plan for preparing interim RBO arrangements (mo 3)
2. Prepare the details of a proposed RBO.
62. Draft the details (justification, purpose, mandate membership, support arrangements,
implementation arrangements, etc) of the proposed RBO
3. Agreement of SGOK to proceed with pilot RBO
63. Hold workshops to build awareness with key stakeholders and the PSC and obtain approval of IWRM
Steering Committee to proceed
Output:IWRM SC agreement to interim RBO for UTBSB (mo 8)
4. Drafting of government order
64. WRD drafts the necessary government order and submit to government.
5. Approval and issuing of government order and first meeting of interim RBO
65. Interim RBO arrangements will be implemented according to the government order, RBO mandate
and agreed implementation arrangements
66. Once established the interim RBO will meet as part of Sub-Output 1 Activity 4 River Basin Plans in
Selected River Basins and will undertake capacity building activities as well as development of the river
basin plan etc. The agenda for the first meeting should include briefing and discussion on the issues in
the river basin and river basin plan, the work plan and development of a business plan as well as initial
consideration some small practical activities (eg. communications activities, consulting with the
community, identifying small community activities to be funded by the plan).
67. Interim arrangements will be updated once the SGOK has put in place formal arrangements for
RBOs in the State
Output:
(i) Secretariat/administrative support nominated/appointed and (mo 12)
(ii) RBO members appointed and inaugural meeting held (mo 14)
3.3.1 Activity 2: Water Resources Information Management System
Task 1: IWRM Based Water Resources Information and Knowledge System
68. This sub-activity is to investigate IWRM information and Knowledge Systems (IKMS) and develop a
draft strategy and plan for developing and implementing such a system in Tranche 2 and 3 if feasible and
agreed. Background to such a system is provided at Attachment 3.
69. The needs, approach, content and detailed scoping/planning, and feasibility for a State IKMS would
be studied during Tranche 1, so that if agreed implementation could commence from the start of
Tranche 2 (year 4). Successful development and implementation of such an ambitious approach
however requires the agreement of all relevant government agencies, not the least being agreement to
share data under agreed terms. Agreement of the IWRM Steering Committee therefore would be
required before possible development of the system in Tranche 2.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 15

70. Capacity building would be provided on topics such as water resource management information
systems, water related data and information for managers, etc.
71. Tasks to be conducted in Tranche 1 to scope out a detailed proposal would include:
Review the experiences within the State with State Data Centre, Hydrological Information
System (HIS) under Hydrology Project I, KSNDMC data base, DSS under Hydrology Project
II, etc. and understand the processes.
Consultation with other relevant aspects of the KIWSMIP (eg. modelling, hydrology, river
basin and irrigation planning) in order to understand needs and approaches adopted and
progress made (eg. for modeling, GIS) in Tranche 1.
Development of an assessment framework based on all elements of a successful water
resources data and information management system including user needs, standards and
methods, program planning, data custody (data entry, storage, transfer procedures,
agreements, security), data documentation, quality assurance, data validation, data
verification, pricing and access, data transmission, assessment and reporting, etc and then
use the framework for assessing, scoping and proposing a IKM system plan
Identify all the categories of decision makers, users and stakeholder at the different levels
who would use the IKMS
Consult with these decision makers, users and stakeholder to identify their IWRM related
data, information, knowledge and related decision making needs specifying the spatial and
temporal dimension and form (tabular, map, visual analytics, etc.)
Analyze comprehensively the State IWRM roadmap to identify the data, information and
knowledge needs of the various decision makers, users and stakeholder at the different
levels specifying its spatial and temporal dimension and form (tabular, map, visual analytics,
etc.)
Identify the sources and acquisition processes, of the relevant data and information needed
including those currently being collected and available and those for which new data
acquisition systems would have to be set up. Consider issues related to data sharing;
terms, agreements etc,
Assess the current data and information management processes, protocols, and procedures
and issues (eg. to standardize all the data, to make them SI unit compliant and mutually
compatible and computable)
Assess possible data sharing procedures and a Citizen Charter based on RTI Act or any other
feasible procedure; develop a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)
Prepare an IWRM IKMS Activity Report including;
- the results and discussion of the assessments,
- the need for benefits and justification of an IWRM related IKMS; and,
- a proposal that would be implemented in T2 and T3 for developing an IWRM related
IKMS including the activities to be conducted, cost, benefits, timelines, and comment
upon the feasibility of the approach.
- Ifthe approach is considered too ambitious, recommend alternative approach/options
for supporting the priority IWRM needs.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 16

- present the results and recommendations to the IWRM Steering Committee or an
agreed interdepartmental group for decision
Output:
(i) IWRM WRIS proposal (mo 24)
(ii) IWRM Steering Committee agree approach (mo 36)
(iii) WRIS implementation (mo 36+)
Task 2: River Basin IWRM Planning and Decision Support System:
72. A spatial data system is required to support water resource assessments, river basins and sub-basins
for planning and management including for studies of drought, floods, climate change, river operations,
etc. The first priority of the activity would be to support the State Water Resource Inventory,
development of the Upper Tungabhadra river basin plan and, activity 2-1 Modernisation of Irrigation
Systems.
73. Such a system needs to include cadastral information and to also access information relevant to
surface water, groundwater, water quality and quantity, and river health management. Data would be
accessed from within WRD as well as from other agencies and non government sources.
74. Data requirements would be agreed with other team members but include digital elevation models,
and hydro-meteorological, water and land use, vegetation cover and type, land use and forest zones and
classifications, surface and groundwater resources (quantity, quality, uses), monitoring networks, socio-
economic, environmental data, etc (Attachment 4).
75. Mapping of water sources and networks, water usage locations and boundaries areas and their
characteristics (eg. volume, surface area), groundwater usage and surface water usage and off take
points, and stream flows and water quality are special priority needs.
76. The RB IWRM Spatial Data System will be built to meet the day to day planning needs of the River
Basin planning and mapping of irrigation areas activities. It will be built and used in parallel with Task 1:
IWRM Information and Knowledge Management System which is investigating and planning for an
enduring and formal interdepartmental data sharing system.
77. An integrated modelling and decision support system for river basin planning and operations will be
developed and used to support the development of RB status and futures reports, RB plans (including
scenario assessment and risk management planning) and river basin management operational
procedures (eg. dam operation, water sharing, environmental enhancement, drought and flood
management). In addition the system will be used to assess water availability for Tranche 2 and 3
irrigation modernisation projects as well as the impacts of these projects on downstream water
availability.
78. The integrated modeling and decision support system should have characteristics including:
i. Capacity to be used to explore the impact of water sharing and allocation scenarios to
test and refine policy.
ii. Ability to be applied in both planning and daily operational modes for reservoirs and
control structures.
iii. Integration of catchment hydrology, river routing, groundwater/surface water
interactions (including effects of groundwater use, conjunctive use, and irrigation return
flows) and salt transport.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 17

iv. Ability to analyse water quantity and quality impacts due to:
- changing water demands (eg. irrigation, catchment, urban, environmental);
- changes in land use (eg. deforestation/ afforestation, tanks, cropping patterns
etc);
- urban and industrial development; climate change; impacts on river health (in-
stream and riparian).
v. An open source architecture so that it can be configured for specific activity
requirements.
vi. An OPENI compliant interface so that it can be linked with other relevant models.
vii. An adaptable approach enabling assessments using different levels of data, initially in
data poor environments migrating to more complex algorithms as data improves.
viii. Support of decision making and exploration of policy impacts such as water pricing and
trade-off analysis such as by using network linear programming and genetic algorithms.
ix. Free or of low cost including the supply of updates and support.
x. Access to an extensive user network and community.
79. Training will be provided to AC-IWRM, Universities and consulting firms (on a fees payable basis) on
hydrology, water resources modelling and applications of modelling tools including topics such as GIS,
Integrated River basin and system Modelling, hydrological monitoring networks and data systems,
Forecasting River Flows, WRIS system design and operation, etc. Training would be augmented by
bringing in additional specialists as required for particular topics.
80. Tasks will include:
Assessing current approaches to data management relevant to the activity in SGOK and
nationally including policies, strategies, data holdings, data management (standards, data
handling and storage, protocols, QA, data sharing and access etc)
Preparing a data directory of relevant data including data type, description / purpose, Sources,
accessibility, software, custodian organisation, contact details
With other team members, prioritising spatial data requirements to support the priority needs
mentioned above and building the system in a step wise fashion to support activity needs
Constructing the data system and providing support to activity activities in particular river basin
planning and development of river operations systems
Mapping accurately (remote sensing, field GPS as required) actual irrigated areas and cropping
patterns.
Output:
i. Basic GIS data system used for State water inventory, river basin planning and planning
of modernisation of irrigation systems (mo 8)
ii. Maps of actual irrigated areas and cropping patterns obtained from satellite images (mo
12)
iii. Hydrological model and planning support system developed and being used to support
State RB inventory and the UTB RB plan (mo 15);
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 18

iv. Progressive development and application of the system, plans, operational
management, and progress reports (on-going)
Task 3: Strengthening of Hydrological Monitoring to Support River Basin Management
81. Hydrological data is held by SGOK agencies (eg. WRD, Disaster Management) as well as National
data systems (eg. the HP I and II systems). These monitoring and data systems need to be assessed from
the perspective of their adequacy for river basin planning, management and the design of irrigation
modernization projects.
82. As well as a need to assess the adequacy of hydrological monitoring networks, Tranche 2 and 3
irrigation modernisation projects require better information to assess water availability before and after
modernisation as well as the impacts on downstream water users from modernisation. This will need
additional hydrological data to be collected to enable improved hydrological modelling and assessments
to be made. The assessment of this water availability will then be made together with hydrological
modelling assessments using the integrated modelling system.
83. Tasks will include:
Assess existing hydrological monitoring networks and data for the UTB (and other priority river
basins in later Tranches) and their adequacy for preparing detailed water accounts (flows,
returns and diversions) that enable confident planning of irrigation modernisation (Tranche 2
and 3 for the Vijayanagara and Tungabhadra Left Bank Canal irrigation areas) and the
sustainable management of water resources in rivers.
Evaluate, and if necessary and possible using existing data sets, generate flow data that can be
used for river basin planning, support irrigation modernisation water balance needs, and
advising on the operation of river regulation infrastructure.
Undertake flow gauging at key points in the river system to support irrigation modernisation
assessments and if needed, design and recommend flow monitoring network requirements
including capital and O&M costs, implementation issues, would be prepared for WRD
consideration.
Output:
(i) Report on hydrological monitoring and data availability in UTB river basin and proposal
for infilling flow data to support irrigation modernisation project assessment and river
basin planning (mo 9)
(ii) Assessment of river flows as a basis to support river basin planning and water availability
studies for irrigation modernisation (mo 30)
3.3.2 Activity 3: Inventory of River Basins in Karnataka
84. An initial spatially based inventory of the river basins in Karnataka, will be developed. This will
provide a basis for prioritising river basin planning activities and advice for prioritising IWRM policy
needs (activity 2-1).
85. The study will also support development of the State Water Strategy (Activity 1-1) and for this
purpose a preliminary inventory will be provided early in the activity.
86. The inventory will include:
Assessment of surface water, groundwater, water quality and quantity, river health, water uses
and future demand, drought and floods, climate change, etc.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 19

Identification of water allocations and water rules such as the Krishna Water Disputes Tribunals
Award
Water resource development opportunity as well as water resource and environmental
conservation and rehabilitation needs
Identification of water resource management issues, both from the assessment but also from
consultation with agencies and civil society in each of the river basins.
A risk based assessment and prioritisation of the issues
87. Preparation of the inventory will be supported by Sub-Activity 2.
Output:
(i) Preliminary assessment of river basins in Karnataka (mo 12)
(ii) Water resources inventory of river basins in Karnataka (mo 36)
3.3.3 Activity 4: Preparation of River Basin Plans
Task 1: Upper Tungabhadra sub basin (Basin K8)
88. A river basin plan will be developed for the Upper Tungabhadra Basin (Sub-Basin K-8 including up to
the border with Andhra Pradesh) using the information and knowledge system and decision support
systems developed as part of the activity. The plan will be developed participatively with stakeholders
and follow the process outlined in Attachment 5.
89. A RB status and futures (including scenario and risk assessments), and river basin plan, building on
the CDTA work, will be prepared for the UTB sub-basin. Once endorsed by government agreed
components will commence implementation.
90. Capacity building and training activities will be provided in on the job training by the core
consultants and arranged, as integral part of the activity, through training courses, study tours and work
placements. The scope of training would cover topics such as river basin planning, participation and
communications in river basin management, water sharing and water allocations, environmental and
cultural water requirements, climate change- floods and drought and their management, emergency
response management, river operations, etc.
91. The River Basin Plans will be developed participatively with stakeholders
Outputs:
(i) RB Status and Futures Report for the UTB SB (mo 18),
(ii) draft UTB River Basin Plan endorsed by WRD (mo 24),
(iii) UTB RB plan under implementation (T2 and T3)

APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 20

Task 2: Additional River Basins Plans
92. Development of a plan for another priority basin will be commenced. The second river basin will be
selected on the basis of the state-wide inventory of river basins and agreed criteria such as listed below.
A third river basin will be selected for development in Tranche 2. Depending upon progress and need,
additional river basins may be selected in Tranche 3.
93. Suggested criteria for prioritizing other pilot river basins for study are :
i. The Basin is a self contained hydrological unit/basin within Karnataka
ii. Evidence of water management issues that cause/will cause conflict
iii. Basin conflict has a dimension of interstate impact/conflict
iv. The problem(s) is considered to be tractable from a technical, institutional and legal
perspective to assist successful early piloting
v. Improved cooperation between agencies and participation of water resource users and
managers is needed
vi. There is technical, legal and administrative capacity to undertake the pilot.
vii. Key stakeholders are generally receptive to participating in a pilot activity
viii. Major related programs of initiatives are underway or about to commence
Outputs:
(i) #2 priority river basin selected (mo 36)
(ii) RB Status and Futures Report (mo 50), RB plan (mo 54) for #2 river basin
(iii) RB Plan for #2 river basin endorsed and implementation commences (mo 60)
(iv) #3 river basin selected (mo 48)
(v) RB Status and Futures Report (mo 60), RB plan (mo 66) for #3 river basin
(vi) RB Plan for #3 river basin endorsed and implementation commences (mo 72)
Task 3: Establishment of River Basin Organisations
94. An interim RBO will be established for the UTB RB according to the findings of Activity 1 dealing with
policy and institutional issues. This will include establishment of RBO offices and secretariat, meetings
of the interim RBO, and preparation and implementation of an RBO business plan.
95. A permanent RBO would be installed once government has agreed the approach however this is
likely to be in later Tranches.
96. Capacity building would be provided on the support and operations of RBOs.
97. River Basin Organisation will be established for two further river basins according to government
order following from Activity 1 findings.
Outputs
(i) An established UTB RBO office (mo 12),
(ii) Meetings of the interim UTB RBO evidenced by meeting agenda, reports and minuted
(mo 16)
(iii) Additional RBOs and offices established (#2 RB mo 45, #3 RB mo 66).
3.3.4 Activity 5: Water Productivity and Water Use Efficiency
Task 1: Assessments of River Basin Scale WUE and Water Productivity
98. The concepts and understanding of water productivity, water use efficiency (WUE) at different
scales, water productivity, and their practical application to water resources management and regional
agricultural production will be developed. This will support the study of government policies, river basin
management, and irrigation system management.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 21

99. Remote sensing of ET (and mapping of irrigation areas) and analysis of water productivity and water
use efficiency will be demonstrated for the UTB Basin and to support river basin planning and
inventories of the irrigation areas. This is a highly innovative and game changing technology.
100. The study would develop the concepts of water use efficiency (WUE), water productivity (WP), and
their practical application to water resources management at river basin, regional and irrigation system
levels. Remote sensing of ET and analysis of water productivity and water use efficiency would be
demonstrated for the UTB Basin and the application of the results used to support river basin planning
and assessments of the irrigation areas.
101. The study would also serve as a trial and demonstration of remote sensing of water use using
regional scale data (250m resolution) to assess WUE, WP etc at river basin (UTB RB) and irrigation levels
in the dry season and to link to water management decisions at that scale.
102. Subject to the results of the trial, the Activity would be extended into Tranche 2 and 3 to other river
basins
Outputs
(i) Concept paper on water productivity, water use efficiency, water productivity, water use
efficiency and their practical application to water resources management and farm and
regional agricultural production (mo 18),
(ii) Report and spatial data of WUE, water productivity and implications for river basin
management, irrigation system management and government policy for the UTB RB.
Proposal for further applications. (mo 24)
(iii) Implementation of wider remote sensing studies (on going)
Task 2: Improving WUE and Irrigation Systems
103. This task would evaluate and analyse irrigation systems using the FAO Mascotte system.
Assessments of system water balances (sw and gw), likely real water savings, and environmental
impacts (eg. non point source pollution) and their management would be made using the integrated
modelling system. The priority would be T2 and T3 projects and the systems developed would be used
to support pilot Land and Water Management Plans activities.
104. Capacity building will be provided on the use of the Mascotte system as well as the modelling of the
water balance, water and agricultural conditions in the irrigation areas. Studies of water savings and
productivity enhancing technologies will also be made.
105. The results of the assessments will be used to support development of community based Land and
Water Management Plans (Activity 6).
106. Activity Outputs
(i) Mascotte Assessments of selected irrigation systems (mo 24)
(ii) Water resource assessments and scope for real water savings of selected irrigation
areas (mo 30)
3.3.5 Activity 6: Trialing of community based Land and Water Management Plans
107. Integrated irrigation Land and Water Management Plans will be trialed in Tranche 2, and if
successful used more widely in T2 and T3.
108. The LWMPs would use a community based approach implemented at an appropriate local level (eg.
Water User Federation) in managing the local land and water system sustainably. This would involve the
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 22

sustainable and most productive use of surface and groundwater, real water savings, improving water
use productivity and farmer incomes, managing water quality including of drainage water, as well as
other important local issues (eg. salinity, fisheries, and environmental management).
109. Capacity building will be provided on requirements for developing LWMPs including community
involvement and participation and complement capacity building delivered through WUCS activities.
110. Depending upon the results and identification of hot spot areas and river basin targets, rainfed
areas could be similarly targeted for integrated land and water management at a catchment scale.
Activity Output:
(i) Discussion paper, guidelines and selection criteria for LWMPS prepared (mo 24)
(ii) Priority locations for pilot study agreed (mo 30)
(iii) Pilot LWMP developed (mo 36 to 54)
(iv) Additional LWMPs (irrigation and rainfed) developed and implemented as
agreed (mo 54 to 110)

APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 23

4. IMPLEMENTATION PLAN: SUB OUTPUT 2: OUTPUT MANAGEMENT AND
COMMUNICATION
4.1 Sub-Output Goal:
111. The sub-Output goal is for the sub-Output to be managed effectively and efficiently so that Output
goals and impact are achieved.
4.2 Sub-Output Impact:
112. The impact of the Sub-Output will be a strong management and coordination capacity of the AC-
IWRM and SGoK supporting the adoption of IWRM based institutions and policies resulting at State and
Basin levels and with established and lasting partnerships with national and international organisations.
4.3 Overview of Sub-Output
113. The sub-output comprises the following Activities.
SUB-OUTPUT 2: OUTPUT MANAGEMENT AND COMMUNICATIONS
Activity Description
Output Management and
Coordination:
This activity will involve AC-IWRM, supported by the consultants, in
managing and reporting Output implementation and specifically the
operations of the Outputs Project Implementation Office (PIO) and
Output oversight by an international advisory board.
Training and Capacity Building This Activity will prepare in the inception period and initial training
and capacity building plan that is then reported and updated on
annually. It will coordinate training plans, national and international
study tours, work placements, accreditation activities, tri-annual
international conference, etc.
Communication, Awareness Raising
and IWRM Participation
This Activity will prepare in the inception period an initial
communications, awareness raising and participation plan that is then
reported and updated on annually. It will coordinate and implement
the plan.
4.4 Activity 1: Management and Coordination
114. Implementation responsibility for Program Output 1 will be primarily lie with AC-IWRM, WRD.
AnActivity Implementation Office (PIO) for Output 1 will be established within AC-IWRM.
115. Implementation of Output 1 will involve the following actions.
Establishment and Operation of the AC-IWRM
116. AC-IWRM will be the Implementing Agency, lead and be responsible for implementing Output 1.
117. Before fielding of assistance the SGOK would have established the AC-IWRM including its office
arrangements, staff (administrative and technical) and priority contractors/consultants. AC-IWRM and
its staff and key contractors ideally would have been functional for at least 6 months prior to the fielding
the consulting team.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 24

118. With the exception of the AC-IWRM Director; staff and consultants should have training to tertiary
level preferably with post graduate qualifications all in the specified area of expertise.
119. The Director of the AC-IWRM should have training to tertiary level and with a PhD in water
resources management and substantial experience with IWRM. The Director should have a strong
international reputation in IWRM and be active professionally.
120. Establishing the PIO will involve:
arranging, modernising and equipping AC-IWRM offices large enough for the AC-IWRM staff
as well as national and international consultants. Offices would include meeting rooms,
individual work units, wireless internet, printers, photocopiers, whiteboards etc (refer to
budget list of equipment)
advertising and appointing staff and national level consultants as required
staff and national consultants familiarising themselves with the activity, CDTA reports and
other activity information and by undertaking initial studies and information collection prior
to arrival of international consultants.
121. The Director of the AC-IWRM will also be the Director of the PIO. Administrative support would be
provided by the AC-IWRMs Administration Unit consisting of Registrar, Joint Registrar, Assistant
Registrar, Section Officers, Stenographers, Assistants, Data Entry Operators and Peons. The Personnel to
the Administration Unit will be drawn from Water Resources Department or from the Nigams coming
under the Water Resources Department.
Sl.No
.
Name of the Post No. of
posts
Method of Recruitment
1 Registrar in the cadre of Superintending Engineer
with MBA specialization.
01
Deputation from Water
Resources Department or
from the Nigams coming
under the Water Resources
Department.
2 Joint Registrar in the cadre of Executive Engineer. 01
3 Assistant Registrar in the cadre of Assistant
Executive Engineer.
01
4 Section Officers in the cadre of Assistant Engineer/
Junior Engineer.
03
5 Stenographers 03
6 Assistants 03
7 Data Entry Operators 04
8 Peons 04
9 Drivers 2 Contract

Contracting International Technical Support
122. International technical support for the Output will be contracted via international competitive
bidding in the first instance for Tranche 1 as described in the procurement section.
Output Management Arrangements
123. The Output Manager will be the Director of the AC-IWRM and the Deputy Director, the Deputy
Director of the Output. They will be supported by the Team Leader of the international team who will
also be the IWRM Policy specialist. His Deputy will be the international river basin management
specialist.
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 25

124. The AC-IWRM PIO will coordinate preparation of annual work and procurement plans, budgeting,
accounting, procurement, annual reporting, M&E for AC-IWRM activities under the direction and
coordination of the PMU.
Mobilisation
125. Mobilisation will commence with a 2 month inception period with the international Team Leader
and other key consultants. They will support the Output Manager/Director AC-IWRM and staff in
preparing a detailed inception report and work plan for Tranche 1.
126. The AC-IWRM will undertake the Output Activities supported by the core international team that
will comprise 2-4 members depending upon budget which have practical skills and experience in IWRM,
river basin management, hydrology and modelling, and in government/river basin organisations.
Additional core activities include capacity building activities such as training courses and workshops
provided by the core international team, international and national study tours and workshops, work
placements for SGoK staff and internationally, and post graduate fellowships.
Procurement of Additional Support and Studies
127. The Output budget is designed with the core, minimum budget and an additional budget fora series
of complementary optional and additional support for specialist assistance and value adding studies.
Output Supervision and Coordination
128. The Leader of the Output, the Director of AC-IWRM, will report to the AC-IWRM Director General /
Principal Secretary of the Water Resources Department. The Output will report directly to the IWRM
Steering Committee. The IWRM Steering Committee is chaired by the Chief Secretary to Government
and the Principal Secretary, WRD is its Member and Secretary. It comprises senior representatives of
relevant line agencies as well as invitees from ADB and is described more fully below.
129. A technical working group (nodal officers from each Department) convened by AC-IWRM and
comprising relevant line agencies will provide information and support technical studies of the Output.
This will include for planning of the conduct of the river basin planning activities. These arrangements
will be organized via the Director General AC-IWRM according to the sub-activity/Activity needs.
130. Board terms of reference would need to be prepared to complement the overall supervisory role of
the Karnataka IWRM Steering Committee. The Boards role is suggested to be to provide effective
guidance and leadership and advise the IWRM Steering Committee on the Centresstrategy, IWRM
approaches and directions, IWRM research directions, progress with implementing the Centre's Charter,
forming partnerships and utilising international collaborationopportunities,ensuring excellence, and
assisting the Centre in becoming an international standard centre of excellence.
Output
(i) AC-IWRM Offices including for consultants established and staffed 6 months prior to
consultants mobilisation (6 mo before project)
(ii) International consulting team mobilised and functioning effectively (on going)
(iii) PIO producing timely and good quality plans, reports, procurement, M&E under
coordination of PIU (on going)
(iv) IWRM Steering Committee actively over sighting AC-IWRM and the activity (on going)
(v) IWRM international advisory board established, functioning and adding value (mo 12)
(vi) Establishment and coordination of Output partnerships (on-going).

APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 26

4.5 Activity 2: Training and Capacity Building
131. The primary role of the TA will be to provide support, training and assistance to the AC-IWRM and
other involved agencies. This will include study tours to elsewhere nationally and in the region,
internationally as well as work placements, fellowships, with relevant collaborating organisations.
Attachment 2 identifies the organisations and the proposed forms of training.
132. This Activity will plan, arrange, and coordinate training plans, national and international study tours
and work placements for the Output 1. In particular planning a study tours (eg. topics, organisations to
visit, schedule, workshops and discussions, study lessons and report preparation) needs good planning
and coordinating so that best value is achieved from them. Initial study tours should cover the scope of
water policies, institutions and river basin management so that subsequent visits can be specifically
planned and purpose oriented.
133. Work placements of staff (eg. KNNL) in equivalent international organisations (eg. rural water
supply authorities) would be explored and promoted. International study tours would identify well
performing institutions at which work placements would be considered useful. The Program would
make arrangements to ensure that benefits of the placements are maximised and of lasting benefit (eg.
reports, presentations/workshops, ensuring participants come from and continue in positions where
they can make full use of their placements).
134. Student/postgraduate/researcher exchanges and programs would be encouraged between
overseas and Karnataka universities and research institutions to work on Program areas of importance
(eg. aspects of river basin/water resource planning, IWRM). As well as building the knowledge base this
would lead to a larger cohort of water professionals to benefit IWRM in the State.
135. Part of this activity will also promote partnerships with other organisations internationally such as
water resource agencies of other countries, international organisations such as NARBO, IHE-UNESCO,
UN-Water group such as Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations University (UNU), UN-
DESA, UNDP, IWMI, Water Resources Group (WRG) 2030 of the World Economic Forum to introduce
best practices to the state for enhancing water use efficiency and agricultural productivity.
136. On the job training will be imparted to the engineers and staff from other related departments in
using the MASSCOTE tools for modernizing the irrigation management. MASSCOTE exercise will be
carried out for the irrigation activities where investments are planned and a certification will be issued
for the engineers about use of these FAO developed tools.
137. An international conference would be help tri-annually commencing from year 3 of the Program in
order to connect with international organisations and best practice. This could be styled on the Yellow
River Forum model.
Output:
(i) Preparation and twice yearly updating of training and partnership plans and
implementation progress (on-going)
(ii) Reports from training and capacity building events and findings and relevance to water
resource management in Karnataka (on-going)
(iii) Partnerships, placements and exchanges arranged with relevant organisations (on-
going)
(iv) International conference (mo 36, 72, 110)
4.6 Activity 3: Communication, Awareness Raising and IWRM Participation
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 27

138. All stakeholders have interest in water resources management and to varying degrees need to be
involved in water policy development, river basin and Land and Water Management planning.
139. In order to best focus the most appropriate type of participation each of the main activities of the
activity will undertake a stakeholder assessment (identifying stakeholders, their interests and
responsibilities for water resource management outcomes, prioritization of their direct involvement,
appropriate form of involvement) appropriate to the activity.
140. Forms of participation for IWRM will include:
i. Direct involvement in activity development, planning and implementation through
membership of activity groups
ii. Consultation at key stages of activity development and implementation (eg. through
public meetings, surveys, focus group discussions)
iii. Communication and awareness raising approaches such as through newsletters (paper
and electronic), newspaper, television, annual calendars, posters etc
iv. Specific activities that target community participation such as community based
monitoring programs (eg. water quality, water availability, groundwater), schools
programs (eg. art competitions), river basin management, and Land and Water
Management Plans
Output:
(i) Preparation and twice yearly updating of awareness raising and participation plans (on-
going)
(ii) Conduct of awareness raising events (on-going)
(iii) Assessment and proposal on specific and targeted community participation activities to
raise awareness and understanding of water resource and environmental issues (mo 9)
(iv) Implementation of participation activities (from mo 12)

APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 28

5. SCHEDULE AND DELIVERABLES
141. The schedule of the activityOutput is as follows:



Procurement and mobilisation of consulting services
Provision of services
Inception
Activity 1: State IWRM Strategy
Training and Capacity Building in IWRM Policy
State level IWRM policy and institutional studies
Assessment on international and Indian IWRM best practice
Assessment of options for State IWRM approach
Future directions policy paper- development and consultation
State IWRM Strategy Endorsed by IWRM-SC
Implementation of State IWRM Strategy
Establishment of interim K8 RBO
Activity 2. Water Resources Information System
Training and Capacity Building in IRBM
Building information system for K8 Basin
Design of Statewide WRIS
Strengthening of hydrological monitoring in K8 RB
Implementation of Statewide WRIS
Activity 3: Statewide Inventory of River Basins
Preparation of statewide inventory of river basins
Activity 4: Management of Selected River Basins
Preparation of K8 river basin plan
Implmentation of interim K8 RBO
Implementation of K8 river basin plan
Preparation of river basin plan #2
Establishment of interim #2 RBO
Implementation of river basin plan #2
Preparation of river basin plan #3
Establishment of interim #3 RBO
Implementation of K8 river basin plan #3
Activity 5: Water Use Efficiency and Productivity
Assessments of River Basin Scale WUE and Water Productivity
Assessments of WUE and Irrigation Systems
Activity 6: Community Based LWMPs
Preparation of community based LWMP plans
Output management and coordination office established
Procurement and mobilisation of consulting services
Administrative arrangements established and strengthened
Training and capacity building in administrative procedures
Management Business plan prepared and implemented
IWRM capacity building plan developed and implemented
IWRM communications plan developed and implemented
IWRM participation plan developed and implemented
Output gender plan developed and implemented
Establishment and coordination of partnerships
Implementation of management and communication activities
Y7
SUB-OUTPUT 1 - STATE AND BASIN INSTITUTIONS STRENGTHENED FOR IWRM
SUB-OUTPUT 2: OUTPUT MANAGEMENT AND COMMUNICATION
OUTPUT SCHEDULE
Y8 Y9 Y10 Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5 Y6
Tranche 1
Tranche 2
Tranche 3
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 29

6. CONSULTING AND GOK STAFFING REQUIREMENTS
Core and Complementary Activities:
142. AC-IWRM staff will conduct the Activities described in Section 4 and 5 and scheduled in Section 6
with the support of the core international assistance. The core international support team will
comprise:
a. Team Leader and IWRM policy and planning specialist
b. Hydrologist, modeller and river basin manager
c. Awareness raising and participation specialist
143. The core team would provide basic support, on-the-job training and advice to the AC-IWRM in
planning and implementing the Output, undertaking technical studies, advising on study tours and
IWRM debriefing reporting, work placements, partnerships, identification of where additional support
might be required, etc. The core/foundation project also provides for training events, study tours, office
equipment,etc, as well as some initial hydrological monitoring equipment.
144. Non core activity has been planned and budgeted for cases where project Activities might require
or benefit from additional in depth training and support, highly specialist advice or studies beyond the
capacity or time of the core consultants to provide. In this case, the project would chose to procure
such support on a needs basis, or it might be assisted by a project partner. National consultants would
be procured through this way. Additional optional support for each Activity has been estimated in the
budget for this purpose.
145. The suggested services, studies, equipment materials are budgeted in COSTAB. A summary budget
is provided in the Appendices. The AC-IWRM and international and national services on which this is
based are shown below. The allocation of time between activities should be taken as broadly indicative
as time would be allocated according to need during implementation :
6.1 AC-IWRM and Government Staff (Core)
146. AC-IWRM staff on contract and secondment are as follows:
Government Seconded Staff
Input (pers mo)
T1 (3y) T2 (4y) T3 (3y)
Registrar 36 48 36
Deputy Registrar 36 48 36
Assistant Registrar 36 48 36
Section Officer (3) 36 48 36
Stenographer (3) 36 48 36
Data Entry Operator (4) 36 48 36
Assistants (3) 36 48 36
Driver (2) 36 48 36
Peons (4) 36 48 36
TOTAL (months) 324 432 324
AC-IWRM staff on Contract
Input (pers mo)
T1 (3y) T2 (4y) T3 (3y)
Director/Output Manager (IWRM Specialist) 36 48 36
Deputy Director (Water Resources Specialist) 36 48 36
River Basin Management Specialist 36 48 36
Land & Water Management Specialist 36 48 36
Hydrologist/Modeller 36 48 36
WRIS and GIS Specialist 36 48 36
Principal Coordinator for Engineers (Capacity Building) 36 48 36
Principal Coordinator (Awareness Raising & Participation) 36 48 36
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 30

Project Officer Procurement 36 48 36
Translation/interpreters 36 48 36
TOTAL (years) 360 480 360

6.2 International Consultants
147. Core international consultant inputs are allowed for as follows:
Table 1: International consultant inputs
International Specialists Total (PM) T1(4y) T 2 (3y) T3 (3y)
Core Consultants
TL/IWRM Policy and Planning 24 12 6 6
Hydrologist, Modeller and River Basin Manager 5 5 - -
Awareness Raising and Participation Specialist 3 3 - -
Unallocated 10 4 3 3
TOTAL (person months) 42 24 9 9

6.3 National Non Core Consultants
148. Non core consultants provide capacity building and support on an activity by activity basis
additional to that provided by the time allowed for the core consultants. In budgeting for potential
additional support for each of the Activities the following specialist skills have been allowed for on a
results (output) basis.
149. The Activities and optional non-core national inputs and specialist skill requirements are:
Activity Total (PM) T1(3y) T 2 (4y) T3 (3y)
Activity 1: State IWRM Strategy 57 30 18 9
Activity 2. Water Resources Information System 32 12 (3y) 14 (4y) 6 (3y)
Activity 3: Statewide Inventory of River Basins 10 10 - -
Activity 4: Management of Selected River Basins 30 14 10 6
Activity 5: Water Use Efficiency and Productivity 9 5 4 -
Activity 6: Community Based LWMPs 30 14 10 6
TOTAL (person months) 168 73 42 21

6.4 International Non Core Consultants
150. Non core consultants provide capacity building and support on an activity by activity basis
additional to that provided by the time allowed for the core consultants. It could be additional time for
the core consultants or it could involve bringing additional specialist consultants. In budgeting for
potential additional support for each of the Activities the following specialist skills have allowed for on a
results (output) basis.
151. Anticipated additional international consultant input for the respective activities:

Activity Total (PM) T1(3y) T 2 (4y) T3 (3y)
Activity 1: State IWRM Strategy 11 9.5 1.25 -
Activity 2. Water Resources Information System 7 6 1 -
Activity 3: Statewide Inventory of River Basins 2 2 - -
APPENDIX 4A: OUTPUT 1 - IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.
AC-IWRM STRENGTHENED
TO SUPPORT STATE AND BASIN LEVEL IWRM INSTITUTIONS AND POLICIES

Text from PPTA report, 2013 31

Activity 4: Management of Selected River Basins 40 13 15 12
Activity 5: Remote sensing of WUE and WUP 7 4 3 -
Activity 6: Water Use Efficiency and Productivity 10 8 2
Activity 7: Community Based LWMPs 7 - 7 -
TOTAL (person months) 84 42.5 29.25 12

6.5 Intensive Training Courses
152. The KISIWRMIP is expected to participate in national level training being provided through MWR by
the Australia-China Water Partnership. It is planned under this Output to procure additional intensive, 1
week long, modularised training courses specifically tailored to KISWRMIP needs and these are planned
and budgeted as non core activities.
153. Initial topics are:
i. Conceptual and Institutional IWRM Issues for Managers
ii. Basin wide policies and strategies for Managers and Policy Makers
iii. Communication and Participation for Managers, Policy makers, and Communicators
iv. Monitoring and Assessing Sustainability
v. Good Water Related Data and Information for Managers
vi. Source Total Integrated River System Modelling
vii. Forecasting River Flows
viii. Basin wide policies and strategies for Managers and Policy Makers
ix. River Basin Planning for River Basin Planners
x. Environmental and Cultural Water requirements
xi. Climate Change- Floods and Drought and their Management
xii. Emergency Response Management
xiii. River Operations
xiv. Source Integrated Irrigation System Modelling
xv. LWMP and Water Savings and WUE
xvi. Participative Land and Water Management Plans


6.6 Consultant Responsibilities
154. Consultant responsibilities and terms of reference are outlined in the ADB Aide-Memoire of
February 2013.
7. COSTS
155. Output Costs are included in Appendix of the report showing the COSTAB tables.