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SHEIKH AS-

SHEIKH AS-
SADUQ
SADUQ
AL-
MAWAAIZH
THE SERMONS
Translated by:
Badr Shahin
In the name of Allah, the compassionate, the mercifl
All praise is de to Allah !hose mercy is not desponded
and for"i#eness is not despaired of$ The best blessin"s and
peace be pon the %eeper of His re#elation, the seal of His
messen"ers, the foreteller of His mercy, and the &arner
a"ainst His pnishment'the (rophet Mohammed$ The
blessin"s and peace be, too, pon his family and hosehold
thro"h &hom the ri"ht has re"ained its proper place and
the &ron" has been o#erthro&n$ )rse be on their enemies
amon" the people of disa"reement and hypocrisy &ho ha#e
bro"ht to themsel#es the sins and made themsel#es the
sb*ect of Hell$
The Imamite Shia are still %no&n of their faithfl loyalty
to the (rophet+s hosehold, peace be pon them all, since
the "lorios (rophet had nearthed his immortal mission to
man%ind$ He, ho&e#er, %ept on "i#in" credit to the lofty
standin"s and the ,alities by &hich the Shia shold be
characteri-ed$ In #ie& of that, they &ere the matter of the
"lorios (rophet+s "lad tidin"s that he .s/ carried$ He said:
The Shia of Ali will be the true winners.

! Ali" Allah has for#i$en %ou" %our &ro#en%" %our


sons" %our househol'" %our Shia (a'herents-" an' the
a'orers of %our Shia.
)
These three boo%s 'namely, al-Mawaaizh, Sifat ush-
Shia, and Fadhaail ush-Shia' that are at the hands of the
dear reader are indeed precios moral "ems presented to
the adherents of the (rophet+s hosehold$ They are the
&or%s of the master Shei%h as0Sad,, Allah ha#e mercy pon
him, &ho compiled them in di1erent times$

Refer to Kunouz ul-Haqaaiq2 34$


)
Refer to as-Sawaaiq ul-Muhriqa2 56$
The translator has depended, in his &or%, on the copy
that is pblished by Al0Maarif Al0Islamiyya 7ondation 8 9m,
and re#ised by Mr$ Mahmod Al0Badri &ho e:erted
remar%able e1orts for ad#ancin" these precios compilations
in sch a note&orthy form$
In addition to the ori"inal te:ts of the boo%s, most of the
information, notes, and comments that the re#iser has added
are translated for the prpose of e:pandin" the scope of
information and ma%in" the contents more nderstandable
and more accessible to all$ 7rthermore, a brief bio"raphy of
the compiler Shei%h as0Sad,, Allah may ha#e mercy pon
him, is added so as to introdce this ni,e personality to
the readers$
Ansari%an *ubli+ations, nderta%in" the mission of
propa"andi-in" for the sect of Ahl l0Bayt .a/ and pblici-in"
the precios immortal &or%s of the master scholars of
Shiism, is pleased to ad#ance these three precios &or%s, all
in one boo%, to the dear readers and the see%ers of the trth$
!e hope the dear reader &old ;nd this &or% con#enient
and "ide to the hman perfection and &e implore to Allah,
E:alted is He, to "rant s sccess to %eep on o1erin" the
dear readers &ith the #alable "ems of the Islamic herita"e$
Ansari%an *ubli+ations" ),,.
All praise is de to Allah, the lord of the &orlds$ All
blessin"s and peace be pon Mohammed and his family'the
pre and immaclate$ All mercy and content be pon all their
adorers and adherents$ The content of Allah be pon the
(rophet+s companions &ho honestly follo&ed him$
It is &ell %no&n that Shiism, as a sect and belief, &as not
the frit of the political circmstances that too% place after
the death of the "lorios (rophet .s/ &hen some people
srped the leadership from its le"al master in the Sa,ifa of
the Ban Saaida$ It &as also not the prodct of the political
circmstances that came abot drin" the rei"n of Imam Ali
.a/ &hen the (rophet+s &ido& .Aisha/ mtinied, callin" for
the re#en"e on those &ho shed the blood of the %illed caliph
after she had pro#o%ed all people a"ainst that #ery %illed
caliph in his lifetime, and history has %ept her famos call,
<=ill Naathat

, for he has con#erted to atheism$+


Shiism, also, &as not the prodct of the political
circmstances that occrred &hen Ma&iya mtinied,
carryin" the shirt of Othman
)
and callin" for the re#en"e on
his %illers$ That e#ent, ho&e#er, &as the reason beyond the

The (rophet+s &ido&2 Aisha said the name of Naathal to Othman bin
A1an &hen she rallied people a"ainst him and accsed him of atheism$
The name Naathal, ho&e#er, refers to a >e&ish person &ho li#ed in that
time$
)
The shirt of Othman &as bloodstained becase Othman &as pttin" it on
&hen he &as %illed$
fondin" of the =ha&ari*
-
one of &hose members %illed Amir
l0M?minin .a/ &hile he &as o1erin" a prayer in his mihrab$
Shiism, too, is not the prodct of the political
circmstances that the Mslims had to enconter after the
sa#a"e massacre of =arbala, &hich &as committed a"ainst
the (rophet+s hosehold .a/ at the hands of the @mayyad
rlin" athorities$
It is ,ite tre that Shiism &as not the prodct of any of
the pre#ios circmstances, as some please to say$ Shiism
came to li"ht and appeared on the theater of the political
and reli"ios life since the ;rst spar%s of the Islamic history$
The embracers of Shiism raised the slo"an of the lo#e and
loyalty to the (rophet+s hosehold, peace be pon them all,
adopted their "oals, and belie#ed prely that they are the
most meritorios of ta%in" the position of the (rophet .s/$
They also belie#ed that Imam Ali bin Abi Talib 'Amir l0
M?minin, the head of the reli"ion, the leader of the &hite0
forheaded honorables, the hsband of the pre lady, the
father of the t&o "randsons .of the (rophet/ al0Hasan and al0
Hssein' is the tre sccessor of the (rophet .s/ the door to
the city of his %no&led"e, and the %eeper of his &isdom$
They also belie#ed that the immaclate Imams are the tre
sccessors of the (rophet .s/ the leaders of his commnity,
and the con#eyers of his di#ine mission$
The da&n of Shiism bro%e since the ;rst days of the
blessed prophetic mission$ It &as the (rophet .s/ &ho planted
this blessed seed, clti#ated, and sper#ised it all o#er the
sta"es of his noble lifetime$ This can be pro#ed thro"h the
many hadiths that attached the ,ality of Shiism to the
follo&ers of Imam Ali .a/ praised them, and re#ealed to them
-
Some people deserted Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon him, who
was the caliph and fought against him, accusing him of having
committed a grave sin in submitting his claim to the caliphate to
arbitration after the battle of Siffin. Those deserted formed the trend,
which later was called Khawarij. The word kharaju, from which
khariji is derived, means "to withdraw" and Khawarij were, therefore,
seceders who believed in active dissent or rebellion against a state of
affairs they considered to be gravely impious.
the "lad tidin"s of ha#in" the hi"hest ran%s in the Spreme
(aradise$
The (rophet .s/ said:
! Ali" %ou" as well as %our Shia" will .oin /e on the
Di$ine *ool.
A
! Ali" %our Shia an' %ou will +o/e to Allah with
+ontent an' &leasure. 0our ene/ies will +o/e with
an#er an' will be unable to ben' their hea's to 1n'
their wa%s.
4
!n the Da% of 2esurre+tion" Ali an' his Shia will be
the winners.
B
! Ali" Allah has for#i$en %ou" %our &ro#en%" %our
sons" %our househol'" %our Shia" an' the a'orers of
%our Shia.
3
The Shia of Ali will be the true winners.
C
Moreo#er, the hadith that is called <Hadith d0Dar+ is one
of the stron"est irreftable e#idences on or claim$
..At0Tabari, in his boo% of history, records that Ibn Abbas
narrated that Ali bin Abi Talib .a/ said:
After the re#elation of the Eerse, FAnd &arn yor nearest
relations,G the (rophet .s/ smmoned me and said: FO Ali,
Allah had ordered me to &arn my near relati#es, bt I &as
nable to bear this order becase I %ne& that they &old
sho& me detestable thin"s if I &old approach sch a matter
&ith them$ I therefore %ept it secret ntil the Archan"el
Habriel came to me and said that my Iord &old pnish me if
I &old shn that order$ No&, I &ant yo to ma%e some food
&ith meat of a e&e and brin" a *ar of mil% for s, then "ather
the sons of Abdl0Mttalib so that I &ill spea% to them and
con#ey the matter that I &as ordered to con#ey$G

Refer to Majmaa uz-Zawaaid2 5:ABA, Kunouz ul-Haqaaiq2 A33, and


Alisteeab2 4:JCK$
)
Refer to as-Sawaaiq ul-Muhriqa2 5B and Majmaa uz-Zawaaid2 5:ABA
-
Refer to Kunouz ul-Haqaaiq2 54
3
Refer to as-Sawaaiq ul-Muhriqa2 56$
4
Refer to Kunouz ul-Haqaaiq2 34$
I did as he as%ed me and in#ited them$ They &ere abot
forty men amon" &hom there &ere his ncles'Ab Talib,
Ham-a, al0Abbas and Ab Iahab$ !hen they all attended, he
as%ed me to fetch that food and I did$ !hen I pt it before
them, the (rophet .s/ too% a piece of the meat, tore it &ith his
teeth, thre& its pieces arond the bo&l, then said: FHere yo
are, by the Name of Allah$G Each one of them too% his
sLciency completely and I cold see only the places of their
hands$ I s&ear by Allah, each one of them ate the ,antity
that I ser#ed to all of them$ The (rophet .s/ then as%ed me to
ser#e mil% to them$ I fetched that *ar and they all dran% from
it$ By Allah I s&ear, each one of them dran% the ,antity that I
ser#ed to all of them$
!hen the (rophet .s/ tried to spea%, Ab Iahab o#ertoo%
and pre#ented him from spea%in"$ He said: FThis man has
be&itched yo$G Hence, they left &ithot lettin" the (rophet
.s/ spea% to them$
On the ne:t day, the (rophet said to me: FO Ali, that man
o#ertoo% me and said the statement that yo had heard$ They
left before I cold spea% to them$ Ma%e for s food li%e that
&hich yo did then "ather them to me$G
I did and in#ited them all$ He then as%ed me to ser#e
them the food$ I ser#ed it for them and he repeated the same
thin" that he had done the pre#ios day$ Each one of them
had his sLciency completely$ He then as%ed me to ser#e
them &ith the mil%$ I fetched the same *ar and they all dran%
from it to their sLciency$ Then, the (rophet .s/ spo%e:
FO sons of Abdl0Mttalib, I do not %no& any yon" Arab
man &ho has bro"ht to his people a thin" that is better than
that &hich I ha#e bro"ht to yo$ I ha#e bro"ht to yo the
"oodness of this &orld as &ell as the &orld to come$ Allah,
E:alted is He, has ordered me to call yo to accept this
matter$ !hich one of yo &ill spport me in this re"ard and he
&ill be my brother, sccessor, and representati#e amon"
yoMG
They all %ept silent e:cept me$ I said, &hile I &as the
yon"est amon" them, FO the (rophet of Allah, I &ill be yor
spporter in this matter$G I repeated this statement three
times$
The (rophet .s/ then too% me from the nec% and said:
FThis is my brother, sccessor, and representati#e amon"
yo$ No ths shold listen to and obey him$G
They left him la"hin" and sayin" to Ab Talib: FHe has
ordered yo to listen to and obey yor sonOG//

A deep loo% in this holy hadith pro#es that the (rophet .s/
as%ed his near relati#es, accordin" to the order of Allah, to
confess of the oneness of Allah the E:alted and his di#ine
mission, and then ordered them to listen to and obey his
brother, sccessor, and representati#e Ali bin Abi Talib .a/$ In
other &ords, the (rophet .s/ ordered them to follo& and
comply &ith Ali'to be his Shia$ The meanin" of Shiism is to
listen to, obey, and follo&$
As a reslt, the seed of Shiism and the seed of Islam &ere
planted on the same day in the same time at the same hand$
All the Mslims &ho &ere &ith the (rophet .s/ belie#ed in his
prophesy and mission, committed themsel#es to that &hich
he ordered, listened to him, obeyed him, and listened to and
obeyed the one &hom he ordered to obey$ That one &as his
cosin, brother, sccessor, and representati#e Ali bin Abi Talib
.a/$
They &ere considered as listeners and obedient to the
(rophet .s/ only &hen they carried ot his order of listenin" to
and obeyin" Ali .a/$ It &as the same order that Allah "a#e$
)onse,ently, their compliance &ith the order of the (rophet
means their adherence, i$e$ Shiism, to Ali, becase Shiism
means to listen to, obey, and follo&$

This narration is recorded in the follo&in" reference boo%s:


At-Tarikh2 at0Tabari 4:BA504A, Al-Kamil t Tarikh2 Ibn l0Athir 4:44, As-Sirat
un-!abawi""a2 al0Halabi .the Sha;ite/ A:BAA04, Kenz ul-#mmal2 al0Mtta,i
.the Hana;te/, Mustadrak us-Sahiha"n2 Al0Ha%im an0Nisapri .the Sha;ite/
B:ABB, Ad-$urr ul-Manthour2 As0Syotti .the Sha;ite/ C:K5, Al-Musnad2
Ahmed bin Hanbal .the fonder of Habalites/ A:AAA, Al-%ida"a wan-!iha"a2
Ibn =thair B:B5, Tarikh2 Ab al07idaa A:AA5, Shawahid ut-Tanzil2 Al0
Hasa%ani A:J3C H$CAJ and C3P, Tarikh $imashq& the life a''ount of (mam
Ali bin Abi Talib2 Ibn Asa%ir .the Sha;ite/ A:5K0APC H$ABB0JP, and Sharhu
!ahj ul-%ala)ha2 Ibn Abi al0Hadid .the Mta-ilite/ AB:4AP and 4JJ$
The li"ht of Shiism, then, "lared alon" &ith the li"ht of
Islam in the Arab (eninsla$ The "rand companions &ho
belie#ed in the oneness of Allah and the di#ine messa"e of
the (rophet accepted, in the same time, the obli"atory loyalty
to Ali$ Mean&hile, others, amon" those &ho trned on their
bac%s *st after the death of the (rophet, stood a"ainst him$
This &or% is in fact three boo%s &hose topics are
connected to each other$ One of them, namely Sifat ush-Shia,
focses the li"hts on the ,alities that the Shia shold ha#e
&ithin their moralities$ !ithot sch ,alities, the Shia &old
not ha#e &on sch abndant merits to &hich the second
boo%, namely Fadhaail ush-Shia, refers$ The third boo%,
namely al-Mawaaizh, compiles the ma:ims and &ords of
&isdom that are said by the (rophet and the Imams, peace be
pon them all, on #arios occasions$ It is necessary for the
Shiite, before others, to apply sch ma:ims to himself,
becase they are srely "reat masterpieces and moral
principals$
A deep loo% into these ma:ims and ,alities pro#es the
fact that the embracement of Shiism is not mere &ords that
e#eryone can say or ordinary lo#e for Amir l0M?minin, as
some thin%$ The tre Shiite is only he &ho commits himself to
those ,alities and applies them to his condcts$ The tre
Shiite is only that &hom Imam al0Ba,ir .a/ describes in the
follo&in" &ords:
5! 6abir" 'o %ou thin7 that it is su8+ient for those
who +lai/ bein# Shia to sa% that the% +herish us9 the
*ro&het:s househol';
<% Allah I swear" our a'herents (Shia- are onl%
those who fear an' obe% Allah. Their si#ns are
/o'est%" sub/ission" ful1ll/ent of the trusts" $er%
/u+h referen+e to Allah" fastin#" o=erin# &ra%ers"
&iet% to >their? &arents" ai'in# the nei#hbors
es&e+iall% the &oor" the 'estitute" the in'ebte'" an'
the or&hans" truth" re+itin# the Quran" an' a$oi'in#
/entionin# &eo&le e@+e&t for &raisin#. In a''ition"
the% are the /ost trustful of the &eo&le of their
tribes.
Do not /isun'erstan' the /atter. It is enou#h for
a /an to +lai/ that he lo$es an' follows Ali >a?. As a
/atter of fa+t" if he +lai/s that he lo$es the *ro&het
>s? who is &referable to Ali >a? but he 'oes not follow
the *ro&het:s tra'itions an' 'oes not a+t u&on his
instru+tions" su+h +lai/ of lo$e will be 'e1nitel%
useless. Hen+e" %ou shoul' fear Allah an' wor7 for the
+ause of obtainin# that whi+h He has in &ossession.
There is no relation between Allah an' an%bo'%. The
/ost fa$orable an' honorable ser$ants of Allah are
the /ost Ao'-fearin# an' the /ost &ious.
! 6abir" the onl% /eans throu#h whi+h a ser$ant
see7s to #ain Allah:s fa$or is the obe'ien+e to Hi/.
We (the *ro&het:s househol'- 'o not +arr% a &atent
for sa$in# fro/ Hell. Li7ewise" none of %ou has a +lai/
a#ainst Allah. He whoe$er obe%s Allah is onl% our
'is+i&le an' whoe$er 'isobe%s Hi/ is our ene/%. The
lo%alt% to us +annot be #aine' e@+e&t b% /eans of
'ili#ent wor7 an' &iet%.B
O Allah, ma%e my life copy the li#es of Mohammed and
his family$ !hen No sei-e my sol, ma%e me carry the same
beliefs that Mohammed and his family carried$ Ma%e me a
tre adherent of Amir l0M?minin$ I, also, implore to No to
record for me sccess, for the e1orts that I ha#e e:erted in
this re"ard, and re&ard on the Day of >d"ment$ I implore to
No to sa#e s from the prsance of passions and the
ma%in" of errors and endo& pon s &ith ri"hteosness and
appositeness$
All praise is de to Allah, !ho "ided s to this$ !ithot
his "idance, &e &old not ha#e been ri"ht$
Mah/ou' al-<a'ri" ),,,.
1.AL-MAWAAIZH
Al-Mawaaizh is the ;rst boo% in this collection$ In AB54
A$H$, it &as ;rst printed, &ith its (ersian translation of
A-i-llah Attaridi, in reliance on the only docmentary copy
that is fond in the Iibrary of An0Nassiriyya in Ia%anh,
India$ Mr$ Attaridi mentioned that he had fond that copy
drin" his *orney to India in AB36 A$H$ He also added that
the copier chose the title Sheikh As-Saduqs Al-*aaali al-
+hawali 8The Dear (earls0 for the copy that carried the same
title in the inde:es of that library$
It seems that the copier too% this title from the
introdction of the compiler &ho records in its be"innin", FSo
then, these are dear pearls and bri"ht *e&elsQG
This copy seems to be the only a#ailable one that &as
hand&ritten in A4BC A$H$ by 7eda Ali al0Msa&i of Ia%anh$
In the last of that copy, the follo&in" is &ritten:
FOn Satrday, the ;rst of Rabi I, A4BC of the he"ira, All
peace and blessin"s be pon him &ho made the he"ira and
pon his immaclate and pre hosehold, this holy copy
titled <Al-*aaali al-+hawali+ that is compiled by the lofty
Shei%h, the most pios, the decent, the master of the sect,
the "rand, the trst&orthy of the Imams, the head of the
narrators, the prodct of the prayin" of the Sinless, the
sperior %no&led"eable, or master Mohammed bin
Baba&ayh al09mmi, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him$ I am
the poor ser#ant 7eda Ali son of Sayyid Ali al0Msa&i of
Nisapr, Ia%anh, and Dahl$G
In addition to the follo&in" e#idences, &e can pro#e
thro"h the pre#ios statement that this boo% belon"s to
Shei%h as0Sad,$
A$ Most of the bio"raphists, &ho referred to Shei%h as0
Sad,, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, stated that he
compiled a boo% titled al-Mawaaizh 8The Sermons0$

Besides, the contents of the boo% are almost sermons,


ad#ices, and ma:ims$
4$ In the last of his boo% titled Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2
)hapter: An-!awadir 0The E:traordinary Reports0,
Shei%h as0Sad,, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him,
records the te:t of this boo%$
)
In the re#ision of this boo%, the pre#iosly mentioned
copy of the boo% and the last chapter of Men *a ,ahdhuruh
al-Faqih, since it is the same as the boo% of al-Mawaaizh, are
relied pon$
2. SIFAT USH-SHIA
Abot this boo%, Shei%h at0Tehrani says:
FThe boo% titled Sifat ush-Shia is compiled by Shei%h as0
Sad, Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali bin al0Hssein bin Msa
bin Baba&ayh al09mmi$ Ad-$amat us-Sakiba, Al0Ma*lisi+s
%ihar ul-Anwar, Al0Hrr Al0Aamili+s -assail ush-Shia, and Al-
Mustadrak'all these reference boo%s ,oted from Sifat ush-
Shia$ In Tehran, there is a copy of this boo%, &hich is
hand&ritten &ith an old and bi" script, is fond &ith the
Doctor$ Other copies are fond &ith Mr$ Al0@rdbadi in Na*af
and the Iibrary of At0Tehrani in Samarra that is &ritten by or
Shei%h an0Nri and, no&, %ept by his "randson Mir-a Ali
Beh-adi in Tehran$ The boo% titled Fadhaail ush-Shia is
&ithin this copy$
In the re#ision of this boo%, t&o copies are depended:
The ;rst copy is docmentary and stored in 7ay-iyya
School &ithin Hrop: AK6J No$ J$ It is a clear copy, &hich is
ended &ith the follo&in" para"raph:

Refer to Ath-Thareea2 Shei%h A"ha B-r" at0Tehrani 44:44C No$ 3K45


)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BC40J4P H$CK640C54P$
FThis is the end of the boo% titled Sifat ush-Shia and
compiled by Shei%h as0Sad, Mohammed bin Ali bin
Baba&ayh al09mmi2 the resident in Ray$ All praise is de to
Allah primarily, ;nally, openly, and secretly$ The poor ser#ant
Hssein bin Mohammed Ta,i an0Nri at0Tabirsi &rote it
himself in Na*afQ on the se#enth of Sha&al, A4KA A$H$G
The second is the copy that is fond in the Iibrary of At0
Tehrani of Samarra to &hich it &as referred in the boo% title
Ath-Thareea$ This copy &as printed in Na*af by Allama
Na*mddin ash0Sharif al0As%ari in AB3P A$H$ 8A5C3 A$D$0 and
&as attached to his boo% titled Ali wash-Shia$ In the end of
this boo%, he &rites do&n:
FThis boo% &as copied by ash0Sharif al0As%ari Na*mddin,
the son of the late scholar Shei%h Mir-a Mohammed ash0
Sharif al0As%ari .of Tehran/ in Samarra at the ni"ht of
Satrday, the t&enty0;rst of Th+l09a+da$ Allah may bless
Mohammed and his immaclate family$G

3. FADHAAIL USH-SHIA
Abot this boo%, Shei%h at0Tehrani says:
FThis boo% is also called Fadhl ush-Shia$ Al0Ma*lisi ,otes
from this one as &ell as the pre#ios$ This means that he had
them both$ Al0Hrr Al0Aamili, also, ,otes from them and had
them in possession$ In the forth appendi: of -assail ash-
Shia, he states the pre#ios fact$ The t&o boo%s, no&, are
fond in Isfahan and Mashhad at the hands of Shei%h
Hssein .al0M,,addas al0Mashhadi/$ Mir-a Mohammed at0
Tehrani too% these copies to pt them in his library in
Samarra$G
)
7or this re#ision, t&o copies of the boo% are depended:

The other printed copy of the boo%, &hich is attached to the boo% titled
Fadhaail ush-Shia &as careflly printed in Tehran: Kanune (ntisharate
Aabdi$
)
Refer to Ath-Thareea2 Shei%h A"ha B-r" at0Tehrani A6:46P No$ APC6
The ;rst one is the docmentary copy that is fond in the
library of Ayatollah al0Mar+ashi an0Na*a; .&ithot bearin" any
nmber/$ It is a "ood copy$
The second is printed$ It is the same copy of Sifat ush-
Shia to &hich &e ha#e pre#iosly referred and fond in the
Iibrary of At0Tehrani in Samarra$
In the end of this copy, the follo&in" is &ritten:
FThan%s to Allah the E:alted, the boo% titled Fadhaail
ush-Shia and compiled by Shei%h as0Sad,, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, has come to its end on the hands of
Na*mddin ash0Sharif al0As%ari .of Tehran/, the son of the
late scholar Shei%h Mir-a Mohammed al0As%ari at0Tehrani on
the ei"hth of Shaban, AB3P A$H$
Allah may bless Mohammed and his immaclate
hosehold$G
7or the sa%e of pro#idin" the te:ts as accrate as
possible, the re#iser did not depend on a sin"le de;nite copy
of the boo%$ He mo#ed bet&een all of the a#ailable copies, in
addition to the other reliable reference boo%s, incldin" the
compilations of Shei%h as0Sad, himself, sch as Al-Amali.
At-Tawhid. Meaani al-Akhbar, and the other reference boo%s
sch as %ihar ul-Anwar. -assail ush-Shia and many others$
The other tas%s that the re#iser did are as follo&s:
A$ He compared the 9ranic te:ts that are mentioned in
these boo%s &ith the holy 9ran$
4$ He referred to the same narrations that are mentioned
in other reference boo%s$
B$ He added to the te:ts of series of relaters the
statements that are fond in other reliable reference
boo%s$
J$ He referred to only some di1erences bet&een the
copies of the boo%s intended and the other reference
boo%s$
C$ He added some important comments that are
considered necessary$
6$ He sed "ide titles for each narration so as to enable
the dear reader and the searcher to bene;t by them$
K$ In the end of each boo%, he attached a nmber of sefl
inde:es$
Name and Lineage
Mohammed bin Ali bin al0Hssein bin Msa bin
Baba&ayh2 Ab >a+far As0Sad,
C
al09mmi 8i$e$ of 9m02 the
master Shei%h and the head of the narrators$
His father &as the respectfl Shei%h Ab al0Hasan Ali bin
al0Hssein bin Msa bin Baba&ayh: the master Shei%h of
C
7or more information abot the bio"raphy of Shei%h As0Sad,, refer to
al-Alam2 A-0Rar%ali, 6:4KJ, A"aan ush-Shia2 Sayyid Mhsin al0Amin,
AP:4J, Amal ul-Aamil2 al0Hrr al0Aamili, 4:43B, al-Ansaab2 As0Sam+aani,
J:CJJ, Tarikhu %a)hdad2 al0=hateeb al0Ba"hdadi, B:35, Tuhfat ul-Ahbaab2
Shei%h Abbas al09mmi, J63, Tanqeeh ul-Maqaal2 al0Mam,ani, B:ACJ,
/ami ur-0uwaat2 al0Ardabeeli, 4:ACJ, al-Khulaassa2 Allama al0Hilli, AJK, Ad-
$ira"a2 Shei%h Hssein Abds0Samad, KP, Ar-0ijal2 Ibn Da&od al0Hilli,
AK5, Ar-0ijal2 Shei%h At0Tosi, J5C, Ar-0ijal2 An0Ne*ashi, B35, 0awdhaat ul-
/annaat2 al0=ha&ansari, 6:AB4, 0i"adh ul-#lemaa2 Mir-a Abdllah Afandi,
C:AA5, 0a"hanat ul-Adab2 al0Mderris At0Tabri-i, B:JBJ, Si"eru Alam in-
!ubelaa2 Ath0Thehbi, A6:BPB, al-Fihrest2 Ibn n0Nadeem, 44K, al-Kuna wal-
Alqaab2 Shei%h Abbas al09mmi, C6P, *uluat ul-%ahrain2 Nosf al0
Bahrani, BK4, Meaalim ul-#lemaa2 Ibn Shahrashob, AAA, Mujam ul-
Muellifeen2 Omar Re-a =ahhala, AA:B, !awabi)h ur-0uwaat2 A"ha B-r"
At0Tahrani, 43K, Hadi""at ul-Aarifeen2 Ismaeel Basha al0Ba"hdadi, 4:C4,
and -assail ush-Shia2 al0Hrr al0Aamili, BP:JK3$
9m in his time$ He &as also the most precedent, the master
*risprdent, and the most trstfl of the lema of his time$

Birth and ar!" Li#e


Shei%h As0Sad, &as born in 9m$ Altho"h it &as
impossible to de;ne the #ery year in &hich he &as born, it is
&ell %no&n that he &as born after the death of Mohammed
bin Othman al0Omari .the second representati#e/,
)
&hich
&as in the year BPC A$H$ That &as the openin" year of the
representation of Ab al09asim al0Hssein bin Ra&h .the
third representati#e/, &ho died in B46 A$H$
As con;rmation of this estimation, &e pro#ide the &ords
of Shei%h As0Sad, himself in his boo% titled Kamal ud-$in
wa Tamam un-!ima:
Ab >a?far Mohammed bin Ali al0As&ad related to s:
After the death of Mohammed bin Othman al0Omari, Ali
bin al0Hssein bin Msa bin Baba&ayh .i$e$ As0Sad,+s
father/ as%ed me to tell Ab al09asim Ar0Ra&hi 8i$e$ bin
Ra&h0 to as% or master Sahib -0Raman
-
to pray to Allah
for "i#in" him a male baby$
Ab al09asim informed that he as%ed the Imam, &ho
re*ected$ Three days later, Ab al09asim informed that the
Imam .a/ had prayed to Allah for Ali bin al0Hssein and he
&old be "i#en a blessed male baby &ho &old be the

Refer to Ar-0ijal2 An0Ne*ashi, 46A H$63J


)
After the Hrand In#isibility .Hhaybah/ of Imam al0Mahdi, Hod may hasten
his retrn, for representati#es &ere sccessi#ely appointed as the means
bet&een the Imam and people$ The second representati#e &as
Mohammed bin Othman al0Omari$
-
Many are the titles of Imam al0Mahdi2 Hod may hasten his retrn, sch
li%e sahib -0Raman 'the o&ner of the time', al09a+im 'the e:ector',
al0Mnta-har 'the a&aited', and al0H**a 'the claim of Hod'$
means by &hich Allah, E:alted is He, &old bene;t .many
people/$ Moreo#er, many boys &old come after that baby$
.Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0As&ad said/ After a
period, Ali bin al0Hssein &as "i#en Mohammed .i$e$ As0
Sad,/ follo&ed by many other boys$

.Another Narrati#e/
Shei%h At0Tsi said that some people narrated from Ab
>a+far Mohammed bin Ali bin al0Hssein bin Msa bin
Baba&ayh and Ab Abdllah al0Hssein bin Ali bin Msa bin
Baba&ayh .his brother/ that Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0
As&ad related to s:
After the death of Mohammed bin Othman al0Omari, Ali
bin al0Hssein bin Msa bin Baba&ayh .i$e$ As0Sad,+s
father/ as%ed me to tell Ab al09asim Ar0Ra&hi to as% or
master Sahib -0Raman .a/ to pray to Allah for "i#in" him a
male baby$
Ab al09asim informed that he as%ed the Imam, &ho
re*ected$ Three days later, Ab al09asim informed that the
Imam .a/ had prayed to Allah for Ali bin al0Hssein and he
&old be "i#en a blessed male baby &ho &old be the
means by &hich Allah, E:alted is He, &old bene;t .many
people/$ Moreo#er, many boys &old come after that baby$
.Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0As&ad said/ I as%ed him
to pray to Allah to "i#e me a male baby, bt he did not
ans&er$ He said: This is impossible$
After a period, Ali bin al0Hssein &as "i#en Mohammed
.i$e$ As0Sad,/ follo&ed by many other boys$ 7or me, I &as
not "i#en anythin"$
Ab >a+far bin Baba&ayh commented: As he noticed me
attendin" the classes of or master Mohammed bin al0
Hssein bin al0!aleed fre,ently &hile I &as interested in
recordin" and retainin" the items of %no&led"e, Ab >a+far
Mohammed bin Ali al0As&ad sed to say to me, <It is not
stran"e for yo to ha#e sch an insistent desire for learnin"

Refer to Kamal ud-$in wa Tamam un-!ima2 CPB H$BA$


since yo came to this &orld by the spplication of the Imam
.a/$

Ar0Ra&andi, in his al-Kharaaij, related the li%e of the


pre#ios narrati#e, yet brief$
)
Besides, At0Tabirsi, in his boo%
titled Alam ul--ara
3
, Sayyid Hashim al0Bahrani, in his
Tabssirat ul--ali
$
, and Sayyid Ali bin Abdl0=arim An0Na*a;,
in his Muntakhab ul-Anwar il-Mudheea
%
, referred to the
same narrati#e$
Imadddin Mohammed bin Ali At0Tsi, in his Thaqib ul-
Manaqib,
D
referred to a part of that narrati#e$
In his reference to the bio"raphy of Ali bin al0Hssein bin
Msa2 As0Sad,+s father, An0Ne*ashi said that the man &as in
Ira, &hen he met Ab al09asim al0Hssein bin Ra&h, Allah
may ha#e mercy be pon him, and as%ed him many
,estions$ After that, As0Sad,+s father corresponded &ith
Ab al09asim at the hands of Ali bin >a+far bin al0As&ad and
as%ed him to deli#er a paper to Imam al0Mahdi, Allah may
hasten his retrn, in &hich he as%ed for a male baby$
The ans&er &as, <!e ha#e prayed to Allah for yo and
yo &ill be "i#en t&o #irtos male babies$+
Hence, Ab >a+far and Ab Abdllah
E
, &hose mother &as
a bond&oman, &ere born$
F

Refer to al-+ha"bah2 4B H$466$


)
Refer to al-Kharaij wa al-/araih2 B:AA4J H$466$
-
Refer to Alam ul--ara: J44$
3
Refer to Tabssirat ul--ali: H$C6$
4
Refer to Muntakhab ul-Anwar il-Mudheea: AAB$
D
Refer to Thaqib ul-Manaqib2 4KP$
E
Ab Abdillah .As0Sad,+s brother/ is al0Hssein bin Ali bin al0Hssein bin
Msa bin Baba&ayh$ He &as also ri"hteos master and retainer$ He dies in
JA3 A$H$ He compiled many boo%s, sch as At-Tawhid and !af" ut-Tashbih$
F
Refer to Ar-0ijal2 an0Ne*ashi 466A H$63J$
7rom the pre#ios &e can conclde that Shei%h As0
Sad,, Allah may ha#e mercy be pon him, had come to this
&orld ot of the prayer of Imam al0H**a .a/ after the death
of Mohammed bin Othman al0Omari2 after the year BPC A$H$,
&hen his father Shei%h Ali bin al0Hssein tra#eled to Ira, and
met Ab al09asim al0Hssein bin Ra&h and as%ed him some
,estionsQ etc$ Hence, Shei%h As0Sad, &as born in abot
BP6 A$H$
Shei%h As0Sad, sed to ta%e pride in sch a birth and
say, <I &as born de to the prayer of Imam al0Mahdi .a/$+

Shei%h As0Sad, "re& p in the laps of #irte2 his father


sed to feed him &ith the %no&led"e, sho&er him &ith the
abndance of his %no&led"e and moralities, and circlate on
him the li"hts of his prity, Hod0fearin", piety, and ascetics$
All these contribted in the scholastic perfection and "ro&th
of Shei%h As0Sad, &ho li#ed nder the &in" of his father for
more than t&enty years drin" &hich he dran% these
%no&led"es and too% from the "reat So& of his father+s
information, moralities, and condcts$ In addition, he "re&
p in the city of 9m &hich &as s&armin" &ith the scholars
and narrators, sch as the master of the scholars of 9m
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed and
Ham-a bin Mohammed bin Ahmed bin >a+far bin Mohammed
bin Raid bin Ali as &ell as many others &hose sessions and
lectres &ere fre,ently attended by Shei%h As0Sad,$
After a short &hile, Shei%h As0Sad, became that "reat
;"re by &hom people &ere bene;tin"$ He also became
sch a distincti#e si"n of retainin" and intelli"ence$ He
e:ceeded his companions in ;elds of #irte and %no&led"e
and became sch an nparalleled person$
7rthermore, the political circmstances of that period
played a si"ni;cant role in crystalli-in" the personality of
Shei%h As0Sad, &ho li#ed in the rei"n of the Byid in Ira,
and (ersia .B4A0JJK A$H$/, the 7atimids in Northern Africa
.4560C6K A$H$/, and the Hamdanian State in Mosel 8
Northern Ira,0 and Syria .BBB0B5J A$H$/

Refer to Ar-0ijal2 an0Ne*ashi 466A H$63J$


It is &ell %no&n that all these states &ere declarin" their
loyalty to the leadership of the (rophet+s hosehold$ In other
&ords, they &ere Shia$
S&h'!a(ti& )'*rne"(
Not only &as the intention of Shei%h As0Sad, to sLce
&ith recei#in" %no&led"e from the master scholars of his
to&n, bt also it rose hi"her to encora"e him to tra#el and
emi"rate far a&ay from his hometo&n for see%in" stdies
and %no&led"e$ In the be"innin", he tra#eled to the city of
Ray to ans&er the smmons of R%n ad0Da&la al0B&ayhi
.the Byid/, &ho died in B66 A$H$ There, Shei%h As0Sad,
met the scholars of that city, sch li%e Shei%h Ab al0Hasan
Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Ali bin Asad al0Asadi &hose
famos nic%name is Ab >rada al0Barda+i$ That &as in BJK
A$H$ He also met Na+,ob bin Nosf bin Na+,ob, Ahmed bin
Mohammed bin As0Sa,r As0Sa+i"h al0Adl .the decent/, Ab Ali
Ahmed bin al0Hasan al09attan and many others$
He then tra#eled to the city of =hrasan for the #isitation
of the Holy Shrine of Imam Ar0Ridha .a/ in BC4 A$H$ After
that, he retrned to the city of Ray$
In B6K A$H$, he made his second *orney to the Holy
Shrine of Imam Ar0Ridha .a/$ Drin" his third *orney &hich
&as made in B63 A$H$, he passed by the cities of Istrabad

and >r*an
)
&here he attended the lectres of Shei%h Ab al0
Hasan Mohammed bin al09asim Alistrabadi'the famos
e:e"esist .of the Holy 9ran/ and orator$ He also attended
the classes of Shei%h Ab Mohammed al09asim bin
Mohammed Alistrabadi, Shei%h Ab Mohammed Abdos bin
Ali bin al0Abbas al0>r*ani, and Shei%h Mohammed bin Ali
Alistrabadi$

Istrabad is a famos to&n of Tabaristan$


)
>r*an is a famos city lyin" bet&een Tabaristan and =hrasan$
In his *orney bac% from the #isitation of the Holy Shrine
of Imam Ar0Ridha .a/ Shei%h As0Sad, passed by the city of
Nisapr and resided there for a period$
Abot this residence, he said:
FAfter I had satis;ed my &ishes for the #isitation of
Imam Ali bin Msa Ar0Ridha .a/ I &as bac% in Nisapr &here I
resided$ I fond that the ma*ority of the Shia there, &ho &ere
fre,ently referrin" to me, &ere perple:ed by the In#isibility
8+ha"bah- and dobted the matter of al09a+im .a/$ They
therefore left the ri"ht corse of the sbmission .to Allah/ to
*oin the path of personal opinions and analo"y$ Hence, I
e:erted all my e1orts for "idin" them to the ri"ht and
ta%in" them bac% to the path of correctitde by means of the
rele#ant narrati#es of the (rophet and the Imams, peace be
pon them$G

In Nisapr, Shei%h As0Sad, related the lessons of most


of the scholars of that city, sch li%e Shei%h Ab Ali al0
Hssein bin Ahmed al0Bayha,i, Shei%h Abdl0!ahid bin
Mohammed bin Abdos An0Nisapri, Shei%h Ab Mansor
Ahmed bin Ibrahim bin Ba%r al0=h-i, Shei%h Ab Saeed
Mohammed bin al07adhl bin Mohammed bin Isha, al0
Mthe%%ir An0Nisapri, Shei%h Ab at0Tayyib al0Hssein bin
Ahmed bin Mohammed Ar0Ra-i and many others$
As he passed by the cities of Mar&alrth and Sara%hs
)
,
Shei%h As0Sad, attended the classes of Shei%h Mohammed
bin Ali al0Mar&alrthi, Shei%h Ab Nosf bin Abdllah bin
Abdl0Mali%, and Shei%h Ab Nasr Mohammed bin Ahmed bin
Tamim As0Sara%hsi$
In the years BC4 and BCC A$H$, Shei%h As0Sad, &as in
Ba"hdad &here he learnt from Shei%h Ab al0Hasan Ali bin
Thabit Ad0Da&alibi, Shei%h Ab Mohammed al0Hasan bin
Mohammed bin Nahya al0Hsseini al0Ala&i2 Ibn Tahir, and
Shei%h Ibrahim bin Harn al0Hiti as &ell as many others$

Refer to Kamal ud-$in2 4 .the introdction/$


)
Mar&alrth and Sara%hs are t&o cities in =hrasan$
In BCJ A$H$, Shei%h As0Sad, had the honor to
pil"rima"e to the Holy Hose of Allah$ In his &ay, he passed
by =fa and learnt from the master scholars there, sch li%e
Shei%h Mohammed bin Ba%ran An0Na,,ash, Shei%h Ahmed
bin Ibrahim bin Harn al07ami, Shei%h al0Hasan bin
Mohammed bin Saeed al0Hashimi, Shei%h Ab al0Hasan Ali
bin Easa al0M*a&ir, Shei%h Ab Tharr Nahya bin Raid bin al0
Abbas bin al0!aleed al0Be--a-, Shei%h Ab al09asim al0
Hasan bin Mohammed As0Sa%ni al0=; and many others$
He also tra#eled to many cities sch as Hamadan, Ila,,
Bal%h, Samar,and, 7ara"hana

and others$
In sch *orneys, Shei%h as0Sad, attended the lessons
of many scholars in the cities that he passed by$
S&h'!a(ti& State and S&h'!ar(
+,ini'n(
Shei%h As0Sad,, Allah may promote his position, &as
one of the master scholars of Shiism, "reat intellectals, and
&ell0#ersed men of %no&led"e$ He &as sch a "rand
mastermind, abndant %no&led"eable, and &ell informed$ In
his time, he &as one of the most distin"ishable scholars to
&hom e#eryone referred in ,estions concernin" the rlin"s
of the Sharia and &as the si"n pon &hom e#eryone acted in
the reli"ios problems$
Shei%h At0Tsi2 the master scholar of the sect mentioned
Shei%h As0Sad, &ith the follo&in" &ords:
Mohammed bin Ali bin al0Hssein bin Msa bin
Baba&ayh al09mmi is the lofty master$ His srname is Ab
>a+far$ He &as so admirable, "ood narrator of hadith, s%illfl
%no&in" of men, and bri"ht critici-er of narrations$ Besides,

Hamadan is a bi" city &estern Iran$ Ila, is a #illa"e in B%hara$ Bal%h


&as a bi" city$ Today, it is a small #illa"e in Af"hanistan$ Samar,and is a
famos Uzbek city in east-central Uzbekistan. 7ara"hana is a city eastern
@-be%istan$
he &as sch distinct relater and encyclopedic that no one of
the people of 9m cold attain his ran%$ He had &ritten
abot three hndred boo%s$

An0Ne*ashi referred to Shei%h As0Sad, &ith the


follo&in" &ordin":
Ab >a+far al09mmi &ho resided in Ray &as or Shei%h
and master *risprdent$ He &as the representati#e of the
sect .of Shiism/ in =hrasan$
)
In his Meaalim ul-#lemaa, Ibn Shahrashob said the
follo&in" abot Shei%h As0Sad,:
He &as the best of the scholars of 9m$ He &rote abot
three hndred boo%s$
-
In As-Saraair, Ibn Idris referred to Shei%h As0Sad, &ith
the follo&in" &ordin":
He &as trst&orthy, hi"hly re#erent, &ell #ersed in
narrations, "ood critici-er of the reports, &ell %no&in" of
men, and &ell memori-er$ He &as the master of or Shei%h
al0M;d Mohammed bin Mohammed bin An0N+man$
3

Shei%h Hssein bin Abds0Samad al0Harithi 'father of
Shei%h al0Bahaa+i' said abot Shei%h As0Sad,:
He &as hi"hly re#erent, hi"h0ran%in" scholar amon" the
pper class as &ell as the ordinary people, "ood narrator of
hadith, &ell %no&in" of *risprdence and men, "ood
discernin" of the mental and analytical sciences, and "ood
critici-er of reports$ He &as also the master scholar,
*risprdent, and chief of the Sa#ed Sect .Shia/ in =hrasan
and Ira, of the non0Arabs2 .i$e$ (ersia/$
In the ;elds of narration and abndance of %no&led"e,
he &as so distinct o#er all those &ho li#ed in his time$
4

Refer to al-Fihrest2 ACK, H$65C$


)
Refer to Ar-0ijal2 An0Ne*ashi, B53, H$APJ5$
-
Refer to Meaalim ul-#lemaa2 AAA H$K6J$
3
Refer to As-Saraair2 4:C45$
4
Refer to Ad-$ira"a2 KP$
The pre#ios models ha#e been fe& &ordin"s of praise
and e:tolment that &ere said abot Shei%h As0Sad,$ To
%no& more abot this respectfl personality, it is
recommendable to refer to the nmeros reference boo%s
that recorded the bio"raphy of him some of &hich &e ha#e
*st e:cerpted$
Tea&her( and St*dent(
Becase of the many *orneys that Shei%h As0Sad,
made to #arios contries for the prpose of see%in" stdies,
he cold read, listen, deli#er lectres, and "ain the license of
many scholars and masters of the contries that he passed
by in the #arios ;elds of %no&led"e$
A "ood loo% in his nmeros boo%s, sch as al-Amali.
Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih. At-Tawhid. Thawab ul-Amaal and
many others, pro#es that he rested pon many of the Shiite
and Snni master scholars in the ;eld of narrations$ He also
depended pon sch scholars in the ;elds of hadith
re"ardin" a "reat #ariety of sciences and ;elds$ The famos
names of the master scholars pon &hom Shei%h As0Sad,
depended in relation of the reports are innmerable$
7or a#oidin" len"thiness, &e as% the dear reader to refer
to the nmeros boo%s of bio"raphy so as to ha#e an idea
abot the teachers of Shei%h As0Sad,$
The stdents and the narrators on the athority of
Shei%h As0Sad, are also too many to be mentioned in this
boo%$ Reference boo%s of bio"raphy referred to some famos
names sch as the lofty Shei%h Mohammed bin Mohammed
bin An0N+man At0Tal+a%bari &hose nic%name is Shei%h al0
M;d, the trst&orthy Shei%h Ali bin Ahmed bin al0Abbas
.father of Shei%h An0Ne*ashi/, Shei%h Ab al0Hasan
Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Ali bin Shathan al09mmi, Sayyid
al0Mrtedha Alam l0Hda, and many others that &e cold
not mention their names in details$ To ha#e more information
abot sch names, it is recommendable to refer to the many
boo%s that discssed this topic and from &hich &e e:cerpted
this brief bio"raphy$
Hi( W'r-(
Shei%h As0Sad, dealt &ith a "reat #ariety of arts and
sciences$ He &rote many boo%s2 more than three hndred
ones$ @nfortnately, most of these boo%s &ere lost$ !e,
hereby, refer to some of them:
12 Alitiqadat
32 al-Amali
42 Thawab ul-Amaal
52 al-Khissal
62 Sifat ush-Shia
72 (qab ul-Amaal
82 (lal ush-Sharaa"i
92 #"ounu Akhbar ir-0eza
:2 Fadhaail ul-Ashhur ith-Thalatha
1;2Fadhaail ush-Shia
112Kamal ud-$in wa Tamam un-!ima
132Mussadaqat ul-(khwan
1
142Meaani al-Akhbar
152al-Muqannaa al-Fiqh
162Men *a ,ahdhuruh al-Faqih
2
172al-Mawaaizh
182al-Hida"atu al-Fiqh
7rthermore, there are tens of boo%s most of &hich &ere
lost, as &e ha#e pre#iosly mentioned$ To ha#e more
information abot sch boo%s, it is recommendable to refer

Some scholars ascribe this boo% to the father of Shei%h As0Sad,


)
This boo% is one of the for master reference boo%s of Shia pon &hich
the scholars depend totally and the *risprdents e:tract the rlin"s$
to the boo%s that mentioned the bio"raphy of Shei%h As0
Sad,$
Hi( Death
Shei%h As0Sad, died in B3A A$H$ He &as more than
se#enty years old$ He &as bried in the city of Ray near the
tomb of Abdl0A-heem al0Hasani, Allah be pleased &ith him$
Today, his tomb is one of the famos shrines &hom are
fre,ently #isited by people &ho see% blessin"s there$
In nearly A4B3 A$ H$, Sltan 7at+h Ali Shah the 9a*ar
reconstrcted that holy shrine after the spread of the ne&s
of the "ood charismata that had been seen there$
Al0=ha&ansari, in his Ar-0awdhat, al0Mam,ani, in his
Tanqeeh ul-Maqaal, and other scholars mentioned a nmber
of charismata of Shei%h As0Sad, .after his death/ occrred
in his blessed shrine$ In the year A4B3 A$H$, a ;ssre
occrred to the shrine de to the hea#y rain$ !hen some
people entered inside the shrine for chasin" the sorce of
that ;ssre, they cold reach the "tter in &hich Shei%h As0
Sad, &as bried$ They fond that his dead body &as laid
ot &hile the "enitals &ere co#ered$ It &as #ery sond and
handsome$ On the nails of the body, they cold notice the
si"ns of dye, &hile on the limbs, there &ere old threads of
the torn coLn$
As this e#ent &as rmored in the city of Tehran, Sltan
7at+h AliQ ordered to reform that ;ssre and reconstrct that
shrine$
INTRODUCTION OF THE COMPILER
All praise is de to the tre Master and Deser#er of all
praise$ Honorable blessin"s and peace be pon the
honorable bein"'Mohammed the seal of the "reat prophets
and messen"ers of Allah and his immaclate da"hter and
noble sinless sccessors$
So then, these are dear pearls and bri"ht *e&els$ They
are commandments that &ere prodced by the head of
prophecy, the core of the Di#ine Epistle, the -one of the
di#ine blessin"s, and the re#ealer of the endless mercies2
Allah bless him as &ell as his immaclate sccessors &ho are
the honorable bein"s in the si"ht of Allah$ Then comes the
sol#er of the problems and the arbitrator of the isses2 or
master and leader Amir l0M+minin 0commander of the
faithfl belie#ers0 and the Imam of the Mslims Ali bin Abi
Talib, Allah bless him as &ell as his sinless pro"eny$ Blessed
are those &ho retain the comin" commandments and store
them in their hearts and &elcome to those &ho &ill e:ert
e1orts for retainin" them by means of their sond intellect
and mind$
THE *2!*HET:S
G!MMAHDMEHTS I!2 AMI2
UL-MU:MIHIH
.A/ Hemmad bin Amr and Anas bin Mohammed related
from his father

from >a+far bin Mohammed from his father

Referrin" to the series of relaters of this commandment, Shei%h as0


Sad, records the follo&in" in his Al-Mash"akha:
.Abot the commandment of the (rophet, peace be pon him and his
from his "randfather from Ali bin Abi Talib .a/ that the
(rophet .s/ said to him:
O Ali, I &ill con#ey to yo a commandment that yo
shold retain$ No &ill %eep p yorself in "oodness as lon"
as yo follo& my commandment$
O Ali, for those &ho sppress their an"er &hile they are
able to pnish, Allah &ill endo& them &ith secrity and
tastefl faith on the Day of Resrrection$
O Ali, he &ho does not pro#ide a proper &ill in his ;nal
hors is s1erin" a defect in his personality and &ill be
depri#ed of the ri"ht of Intercession$

O Ali, the best of *ihad is to be"in yor day &ithot


intendin" to oppress anybody$
O Ali, he &hose tterance is a#oided by people &ill be an
inhabitant of Hell$
family, for Amir l0M?minin, peace be pon him, that is narrated by
Hemmad bin Amr and Anas bin Mohammed, I ha#e narrated it from
Mohammed bin Ali Shah in Mar&alrth from Ab Hamid Ahmed bin
Mohammed bin Ahmed bin al0Hssein from Ab Na-id Ahmed bin =halid at0
Tamimi from Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Salih at0Tamimi from his father
Ahmed bin Salih at0Tamimi from Mohamed Bihar l0An&ar2 Hatem al0
9attan from Hemmad bin Amr from >a+far bin Mohammed from his father
from his "randfather from Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be pon him$
I also narrated it from Mohammed bin Ali Shah from Ab Hamid from Ab
Na-id from Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Salih at0Tamimi from his father from
Anas bin Mohammed Ab Mali% from his father from >a+far bin Mohammed
from his father from his "randfather from Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be pon
him, that the (rophet, peace be pon him and his family, said: O Ali, I
commandQ/

This means that sch a person does not deser#e to intercede for
anybody or be interceded by anyone, for his omission of dedicatin" a one0
third of his &ill to charity$
O Ali, the e#ilest of my people are those &hom people
respect for a#oidin" their e#ildoin"s$

O Ali, the e#ilest people are those &ho sold their li#es to
come &ith their &orldly li#es$ Those &ho sold their li#es to
come &ith others+ &orldly li#es are e#iler than the pre#ios$
O Ali, he &ho re*ects an apolo"y, &hether tre or false,
&ill be depri#ed of my Intercession .on the Day of
Resrrection/$
O Ali, Allah li%ed tellin" ;bs for the prpose of
conciliation and disli%ed tellin" trths for the prpose of
anta"onism$
)
O Ali, for those &ho "i#e p drin%in" &ines for sa%e of
somethin" other than Allah, Allah &ill ser#e them &ith the
sealed &ine of (aradise$
Ali .a/ &ondered: FE#en if it is for sa%e of somethin"
other than AllahMG

In other &ay of narration, the &ord <obscene lan"a"e+ replaces the


&ord <e#ildoin"+$
)
It is clearly e#ident that it is nla&fl to tell ntrths and that lyin" is
rec%oned as same as any other act of disobedience to Hod$ In case it is
either to tell ntrth or commit a matter that is more serios, it becomes
obli"atory to prefer the more serios matter, becase reason *d"es the
necessity of preferrin" the more serios matter in case of competition
bet&een t&o matters one of &hich shold be preferred$ !hen the
sal#ation of a dro&ned person re,ires the omission of an obli"atory
matter, it is rational to omit the obli"atory matter for the prpose of bein"
able to li#e ot the most important matter, &hich is sa#in" a dro&ned
person$ Al0=layni related: Ma&iya bin Nessar narrated that Imam As0
Sadi,, peace be pon him, said: The reformer is not liar$
The (rophet .s/ ans&ered: Nes, it is$ E#en if he "i#es it p
for sa#in" himself .from its disad#anta"es/$ Allah &ill than%
him for so$

O Ali, the drin%er of &ines is as same as the idolater$


)
O Ali, for the drin%ers of &ines, Allah &ill not accept their
prayers for forty days$ If they die in this period, they &ill be
re"arded as the atheists$
<ommentar" of the 'om=iler&
.Only those &ho deem la&fl to drin% &ines are inclded
in sch a rlin"$/
O Ali, any into:icatin" drin% is haram 8prohibited0$ A
sin"le dose of a drin% &hose mch amont cases
into:ication is haram$
O Ali, all the sins are sitated in a hose &hose %ey is
drin%in" &ines$
O Ali, an hor comes pon the drin%ers of &ines in &hich
they do not reali-e their Almi"hty Iord$
O Ali, to mo#e a montain from its place is easier than
tryin" to rin a po&er in other than its deadline$
O Ali, it is &orthless to sit &ith him &ho does not bene;t
by his reli"ion and his &orldly life$
-
No shold not respect or
honor him &ho did not respect and honor yo$
O Ali, the .faithfl/ belie#er shold en*oy ei"ht
characters2 he shold be #enerable in sha%in" sitations,

E:cept for drin%in" &ines, the intention is conditional for "ainin" the
re&ard of "i#in" p any act of disobedience to Hod$ Many narrati#es
con;rm this fact$
)
This means that the drn%en &ill s1er the same pnishment that is
decided for the idolaters$ This is for the fact that the idolaters &ill be in
Hell fore#er, &hile the drin%ers of &ines are pnished as same as the
committers of one of the "rand sins$
-
In al-Faqih and al-%ihar, this statement is recorded in the follo&in" form:
FIt is &orthless to sit &ith him &hom yo do not bene;t by his reli"ion or
&orld$G
steadfast a"ainst misfortnes, than%fl in l:ry, satis;ed
&ith &hat Allah has decided for him, a#oid oppressin" the
enemies, a#oid o#erta:in" the associates, shold fati"e his
body, and ma%e people feel "lad &ith him$
O Ali, the prayers of for classes of people are ne#er
refted: the *st rlers, fathers &hen they pray for their sons,
people &ho pray for their brothers secretly, and the
oppressed$ Allah says: By My "lory and ma*esty I ta%e the
oath, I &ill "i#e trimph to the oppressed e#en if a lon"
period passes$
O Ali, ei"ht classes of people shold blame no one bt
themsel#es if they are inslted: he &ho attends a ban,et
&ithot in#itation, he &ho beha#es imperiosly pon the
o&ner, he &ho see%s "oodness from his enemies, he &ho
see%s fa#ors from the mean ones, he &ho intrdes himself in
a secret matter of t&o persons, he &ho moc%s at the rlers,
he &ho sits himself in an improper place, and he &ho spea%s
to him &ho does not listen to him$
O Ali, for e#ery obscene, indecent, and shameless
indi#idal &ho does not care for his speech or for &hat is
said to him, Allah has banned him from bein" in (aradise$
O Ali, blessed is he &hose a"e is lon" and deeds are
"ood$
O Ali, do not *o%e2 lest, yo &ill lose respect, and do not
tell ntrths2 lest, yo &ill lose illmination$ Be&are of t&o
characters: indolence and la-iness, for if yo are indolent,
yo &ill not stand the ri"ht and if yo are la-y, yo &ill not
fl;ll the ri"ht properly$
O Ali, e#ery sin can be repented e:cept bad mannerism$
!hene#er the ill0mannered ,its a sin, he enters into
another$
O Ali, for matters are the ,ic%est in pnishment: to
recompense the fa#or &ith mistreatment, to trespass him
&ho does not sho& hostility, to brea% the faith of the party
&ho %eeps p his faith, and to rptre the relations &ith the
relati#es &ho re"ard yo properly$
O Ali, rest &ill depart him &home#er is predominated by
indolence$
O Ali, a Mslim shold en*oy t&el#e characters in re"ard
&ith sittin" to the dinin" tables, for of &hich are obli"atory,
for are recommendable, and for are ethical$
The for obli"atory characters are to %no& &hat to eat,
be"in &ith bismillahirrahmanirraheem .In the Name of Allah,
the )ompassionate, the Mercifl/, than%, and satisfy
.yorself &ith the food/$
The for recommendable characters are to rely on the
left le", eat &ith three ;n"ers, eat from only &hat is before
yo, and sc% the ;n"ers$
The for ethical characters are to ma%e the bite as small
as possible, che& the food properly, a#oid loo%in" in people+s
faces, and &ash the hands$
O Ali, Allah created (aradise from t&o adobes: "olden
and sil#er$ He created the &alls from corndm, the ceilin"
from a,amarine, the pebbles from pearl, and the dst from
sa1ron and odoros ms%$ Then Allah ordered it to spea%2
hence, (aradise said: FNo "od bt Allah the E#erlastin" the
Eternal$ He &ho enters me &ill be srely happy$G
Allah then said: FBy My "lory and ma*esty I s&ear, the
alcoholic, the talebearers, the pimps, the detecti#es, the
e1eminate, the "ra#edi""ers, the tithers, the disre"arders
.of their relati#es/, and the 9adarites

'all these shall not


enter (aradise$G
O Ali, ten people of this mma are disbelie#in" in
Almi"hty Allah: the talebearer, the sorcerer, the pimp, he
&ho coplates &ith a lady annally ille"ally, he &ho coplates
&ith an animal, he &ho coplates &ith married ladies, the
a"itator, he &ho sells &eapons to the parties of &ar, he &ho
refrains from defrayin" the -a%at, and he &ho dies before he
performs the obli"atory ha** &hile he &as &ealthy eno"h to
do so$

9adariya, in Islam, are the adherents of the doctrine of free &ill$


O Ali, ban,ets shold be ser#ed only in ;#e sitations:
&eddin" parties, birth of male babies, circmcision, prchase
of hoses, and arri#al from Mecca .after performin" the ha**/$
<ommentar" of The 'om=iler&
1
Q The (rophet .s/ said: To obser#e fastin" in &inter is a
blessed "ain$
)
O Ali, the intelli"ent shold not tra#el e:cept in three
sitations: in see%in" the &orldly earnin"s, "ettin" spplies
for the life to come, and "ainin" a le"al pleasre$
O Ali, three manners are the charities of this &orld and
the &orld to come: to pardon him &ho oppressed yo, re"ard
him &ho rptred relations &ith yo, and possess yorself
&hen one+s i"norance inSicts yo$
O Ali, employ for before the fallin" of for: employ yor
yoth before old a"e comes pon yo, employ yor health
before ailment comes pon yo, employ yor &ealth before
po#erty comes pon yo, and employ yor life before death
comes pon yo$
O Ali, Allah disli%ed for my people to play drin" o1erin"
prayers, to remind those to &hom alms are "i#en of fa#ors,
to attend in mos,es &hile bein" ceremonially impre, to
la"h amon" "ra#es, to spy on hoses, and to loo% in
&omen+s "enitals, for this may case blindness$
Allah also disli%ed .for people/ to spea% &hile coplation,
for this may case deafness$
He disli%ed to sleep in the period bet&een the Ma"hrib
(rayer and the Esha+ (rayer, for this may depri#e of
sstenance$
He disli%ed to &ash oneself .na%ed/ otdoors nless an
apron is pt on$

The compiler "oes on e:plainin" the pre#ios sayin", for the (rophet,
peace be pon him and his family, sed terms that are nfamiliar for
ordinary people$
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BC6 H$CK64, al-Khissal2 A:BAJ, and
Meaani al-Akhbar2 4K4$
He disli%ed to be in ri#ers #ery na%ed, for they are
inhabited by an"els$
He disli%ed to be in bathrooms #ery na%ed nless an
apron is pt on$
He disli%ed to spea% bet&een the a-an and i,ama of the
7a*r (rayer$
He disli%ed to embar% on a ship in sea&ays$
He disli%ed to sleep on a srface .of a hose/ &ithot a
fence and said: FNo responsibility is ta%en of those &ho sleep
on a srface .of a hose/ &ithot a fence$G
He disli%ed for men to sleep alone in a hose$
He disli%ed for men to coplate &ith their menstral
&omen for if their babies are born mad or lepros, they
shold not blame anybody bt themsel#es$
He disli%ed to spea% &ith lepros people nless a
distance of one cbit is left bet&een the t&o$
.The (rophet .a/ said: Escape the lepros people in the
same &ay as yo escape from lions$

/
)
Allah disli%ed for men &ho had &et dreams to coplate
&ith their &omen before they &ash themsel#es$ If they
coplate before &ashin" themsel#es and their babies are
born insane, they shold blame nobody e:cept themsel#es$
He disli%ed to rinate on the coast of a rnnin" ri#er$
He disli%ed for men to e:crete nder a fritfl tree
.incldin" date0palm trees/$
He disli%ed for men to e:crete &hile they are standin"
p$
He disli%ed for men to &ear sandals &hile they are
standin" p$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 B:CCK H$J5AJ and CK64 and al-
Khissal2 4:C4P$
)
This statement seems to be &ithin the comment of the compiler$
(robably, it is said by Amir l0M?minin, peace be pon him$
He disli%ed for men to enter dar% hoses nless there is
a torch in the hand$
O Ali, pride is the epidemic of ancestry$
O Ali, as for him &ho fears Allah, Allah &ill ma%e
e#erythin" fear him, and &ill ma%e him &ho does not fear
Him fear e#erythin"$
O Ali, Allah &ill not accept the prayers of ei"ht classes:
the f"iti#e sla#es ntil they retrn to their masters, the
recalcitrant &i#es &hose hsbands are an"ry at them, those
&ho refrain from defrayin" the -a%at, those &ho lea#e the
.rital/ abltion, the pbescent bondmaids &ho o1er the
prayers &ithot #eils, the imam .of a collecti#e prayer/
&hose follo&ers are not satis;ed &ith him, the drn%en, and
those &ho resisted rination and e:cretion$
O Ali, Allah &ill establish a hose in (aradise for those
&ho en*oy for characters: to shelter the orphans,
compassion the &ea%, treat the parents %indly, and treat the
sla#es leniently$
O Ali, those &ho meet Allah en*oyin" three featres are
the most fa#orable of people: the best &orshipper is he &ho
fl;lls the obli"atory dties of Allah properly$ The most pios
of people is he &ho abstains from the forbidden matters$ The
&ealthiest of people is he &ho satis;es himself &ith that
&hich Allah has "i#en to him$
O Ali, the mma cannot stand three characters: to
console the friends by o1erin" them one+s fortne, to
consider people fairly, and to mention Allah in e#ery
sitation$ To mention Allah does not mean to tter:
subhaanallah walhamdu lillah wa la ilaha illallah wallahu
akbar .All Hlory is to Allah, All praise is to Allah, there is no
"od bt Allah, and Allah is the most "reatest/$ To mention
Allah stands for lea#in" a prohibited matter ot of fear of
Allah$
O Ali, three &ill &ron" yo if yo do not &ron" them: the
lo&s, the &ife, and the ser#ant$

The (rophet, peace be pon him and his family, intends to say that these
three indi#idals carry sch an a""ressi#e spirit$ It is not an
Three cannot be treated fairly by three: the masters
cannot be treated fairly by the sla#es, the %no&led"eable
cannot be treated fairly by the i"norant, and the stron"
cannot be treated fairly by the &ea%$
O Ali, the reality of faith and the portals of (aradise are
perfect and opened for those &ho en*oy se#en characters: to
perform the .rital/ abltion properly, o1er the prayers
perfectly, defray the -a%at, sppress the an"er, control the
ton"e, see% Allah+s for"i#eness for the sin, and ad#ise for
the sa%e of .follo&in"/ the (rophet+s hosehold$
O Ali, Allah crse three ones: those &ho eat their food
alone, those &ho tra#el in the deserts alone, and those &ho
pass a ni"ht in a hose alone$
O Ali, insanity is e:pected from doin" three thin"s: to
e:crete amon" "ra#es, to &al% in a sin"le sandal, and to
sleep alone .in a hose/$
O Ali, lyin" is acceptable in three sitations: in tric%eries
of &ar, promisin" one+s &ife, and reconciliation bet&een t&o
parties$
O Ali, sittin" &ith three ones deadens the heart: the
mean, the rich, and to tal% &ith &omen .e:cessi#ely/$
O Ali, &ithin the realities of faith is to spend in times of
hardship, treat people fairly, and o1er %no&led"e to the
learners$
O Ali, a man+s deed is imperfect before he en*oys three
characters: piety that stops him from committin" acts of
disobedience to Allah, morality thro"h &hich people are
treated corteosly, and clemency by &hich the i"norance of
the i"norant is refted$
O Ali, a .faithfl/ belie#er has three sitations of bliss:
meetin" &ith the friends, o1erin" food to the fastin", and
practicin" rites of &orship in the last hors of ni"ht$
O Ali, I &arn yo a"ainst three characters: en#y,
ac,isiti#eness, and arro"ance$
encora"ement to a#oid treatin" them fairly$ It is only an in#itation to treat
them corteosly and stand their harm and disobedience$
O Ali, for thin"s are si"ns of nhappiness: solidity of the
eye, hardheartedness, lon" hope, and fondness of the
&orldly sr#i#al$
O Ali, three characters raise the ran%, three others
for"i#e the sins, three others case perdition, and three
others achie#e sal#ation$
The three characters that raise the ran% are to perform
the .rital/ abltion perfectly in bitin" cold, to &ait for the
comin" prayer after accomplishin" the crrent one, and to
&al% to the collecti#e prayers in days and ni"hts$
The three characters that case the sins to be for"otten
are to "reet e#erybody, to o1er food .to the needy/, and to
&orship at ni"hts &hen people are sleepin"$
The three characters that case perdition are the obeyed
ni""ardliness, the prsed passion, and self0conceit$
The three characters that achie#e sal#ation are to fear
Allah, E:alted is He, openly and secretly, to be moderate in
richness and po#erty, and to say the ri"ht in sitations of
satisfaction and dissatisfaction$
O Ali, sc%lin" after &eanin" is #oid and orphana"e after
pberty is meanin"less$
O Ali, &al% for t&o years so as to treat yor parents
piosly

, &al% for one year so as to re"ard yor relati#es,


&al% for a mile so as to #isit a sic% person, &al% for t&o miles
so as to participate in a fneral ceremony, &al% for three
miles so as to ans&er an in#itation, &al% for for miles so as
to #isit a friend &ith &hom yo made friends for the sa%e of
Allah, &al% for ;#e miles so as to aid a see%er of help, &al%
si: miles for the sa%e of spportin" the oppressed, and %eep
on see%in" Allah+s for"i#eness$
O Ali, there are three si"ns for the .faithfl/ belie#ers:
o1erin" prayers, payin" the -a%at, and fastin"$

This means that yo shold treat yor parents %indly e#en if this cases
yo to &al% a distance that ta%es t&o years$
The false belie#er en*oys three characteristics: he
Satters sla#ishly &hen he &itnesses .a sitation/, bac%bites
the absent, and re*oices o#er the others+ misfortnes$

The n*st people en*oy three characteristics: they


dominate him &ho is less po&erfl than they are by means
of their po&ers, dominate him &ho is more po&erfl than
they are by means of acts of disobedience .to Allah/
)
, and
spport the oppressors$
The sho&y has three characteristics: he acti#ates amon"
people, becomes la-y &hen he is alone, and desires to be
praised in all sitations$
The hypocrite has three characteristics: he lies in
speech, brea%s his promise, and breaches his trsts$
O Ali, nine thin"s case obli#ion: to eat sor apples, to
eat coriander and cheese, to eat remainders of mice, to
recite the &ritin"s of the "ra#es, to &al% bet&een t&o
&omen, to %ill lice, to cp in the pit of the head, and to
rinate in sta"nant &ater$
O Ali, nice life lies in three: &ide hose, beatifl
maiden, and handsome horse$
Q
-
O Ali, if the modest, in the "o#ernment of the e#ils, are
in the bottom of a &ell, Allah &ill case &ind to blo& for
raisin" them o#er the "ood people$
O Ali, Allah crse those &ho claim of bein" the sb*ects
of other than their .tre/ masters$ Allah crse those &ho
refrain from "i#in" the &a"e of a hirelin"$ Allah crse those
&ho brin"s abot a heresy or protect him &ho brin"s abot a
heresy$
<O Allah+s Messen"er,+ he &as as%ed, <!hat is that
heresyM+ He .s/ ans&ered, <It is %illin"$+

In al-Faqih and al-%ihar, <act of disobedience+ replaces <misfortne+$


)
In al-Faqih, <misfortne+ replaces <acts of disobedience .to Hod/+$
-
The compiler, here, "oes on e:plainin" the &ords of the pre#ios sayin"
and citin" some poetic #erses as e#idence$
O Ali, the tre belie#er is only he &hom Mslims can
trst in re"ard &ith their estates and sols$ The tre Mslim
is only he &hom Mslims are sa#ed from his hand 8physical
harm0 and ton"e0 #erbal harm0$ The tre Mha*ir 8emi"rant0
is that &ho deserts the sins$
O Ali, the ;rmest handle of faith is to spport and hate
for the sa%e of Allah$
O Ali, for those &ho obey their &i#es, Allah &ill trn them
on the faces in Hell$
Ali .a/ as%ed, <!hat sort of obedience is thatM+ The
(rophet .s/ ans&ered:
.That obedience is/ to permit her to participate the
collections

of &omen, "o for &eddin" parties, "o for


mornin" ceremonies, and &ear transparent clothes$
O Ali, by &ay of Islam, Allah too% a&ay the arro"ance
and ta%in" pride in ancestors that &ere follo&ed in the pre0
Islamic era$ All people are .the o1sprin"/ of Adam &ho &as
created from dst$ The honorable amon" them in the si"ht of
Allah is the most pios of them$
O Ali, prices of the dead animals, do"s, and &ine, do&ry
of the fornicatress, bribe of the *d"e, and &a"es of the
di#iner'all these are parts of ill0"otten properties$
O Ali, as for those &ho learn .%no&led"e/ for the prpose
of disptin" &ith the foolish ones, #yin" prodly &ith the
scholars, or attractin" people+s attentions so that they &ill
deify them, they &ill be in Hell$
O Ali, &hen a ser#ant .of Allah/ dies, people as% abot
&hat he lea#es, &hile the an"els as% abot &hat he has
ad#anced$
O Ali, this &orld is the *ail of the belie#er and the
paradise of the atheist$
O Ali, sdden death is rest for the belie#ers and re"ret
for the disbelie#ers$

<(blic bathrooms+ replaces <collections+ in other reference boo%s that


refer to this narration$
O Ali, Allah re#ealed to this &orld: FSer#e him &ho &ill
ser#e Me and distrb him &ho &ill ser#e yo$G

O Ali, Allah &ill not "i#e any atheist or hypocrite a sin"le


drin% of &ater of this &orld if it e,als for Him the amont of
a mos,ito+s &in"$
O Ali, on the Day of Resrrection, e#ery indi#idal,
incldin" all the past and the comin" "enerations, &ill hope
&ere they "i#en only the minimm sstenance$
O Ali, the e#ilest of people is that &ho complains a"ainst
the act of Allah$
O Ali, as for the belie#ers, their moanin" is .re"arded as/
Tasbih 'sayin" subhaanallah& All "lory is de to Allah',
their cries are tahlil 'sayin" la ilaha illallah: there is no "od
bt Allah', their sleep in beds is a sort of &orship, and their
trnin"s are .re"arded as/ *ihad for Allah+s sa%e$ If they are
cred, they &al% amon" people "iltless$
O Ali, if a foot of an animal is presented to me, I &ill
accept it$ If I am in#ited to a foot of a sheep
)
, I &ill ans&er$
O Ali, it is not obli"atory pon &omen to attend the
7riday (rayers and the collecti#e prayers, recite the a-an or
the i,ama, #isit the sic%, participate in fneral ceremonies,
roam bet&een Safa and Mar&a, %iss the Blac% Stone, ha#e
their hair ct .as a rital of the ha**/, assme the
ma"istratre, be conslted, sla"hter animals e:cept in
emer"encies, recite the talbi"a lodly, reside near a "ra#e,
listen to the sermon .of the 7riday (rayers/, and mana"e the
ceremonies of their marria"e themsel#es$ !omen shold not
lea#e their hsbands+ hoses before they obtain their
permissions2 lest, Allah, Habriel, and Michael 8the an"les0 &ill

Refer to /ami ul-Akhbar2 AKK, >ddat ud-$aee2 AAA, al->dad ul-?awi""a2


ACP, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 JB5, Keshf ul-+humma2 4:A3B, and %ihar ul-
Anwar2 KK:CJ H$B and K3:4PB H$JP$
)
There is a #illa"e called <=ra+ &hich is a place bet&een Mecca and al0
Medina and abot ei"ht miles a&ay from Osfan$ Accordin"ly, the (rophet,
peace be pon him and his family, mi"ht ha#e meant: FIf I am in#ited to
the #illa"e of =ra+, I &ill ans&er despite its remoteness$
crse them$ They shold also a#oid "i#in" anythin" of their
hsbands+ hoses before they obtain their permission and
a#oid passin" a sin"le ni"ht &hile their hsbands are an"ry
at them e#en the hsbands &ere the &ron"$
O Ali, Islam is na%ed2 pdency is its dress, "ra#ity is its
ornament, ri"hteos deed is its personality, and piety is its
spport$ E#erythin" has its basis2 the basis of Islam is to
cherish s'the (rophet+s hosehold$
O Ali, bad mannerism is e#il omen and the compliance
&ith &omen is re"ret$
O Ali, if e#il omen is fond in somethin", it &ill de;nitely
be fond in &omen+s ton"es$
O Ali, the li"ht &ill be sa#ed &hile the hea#y &ill lose$
O Ali, he &ho for"es lies a"ainst me intentionally shold
;nd himself a place in Hell$
O Ali, three thin"s better the memory and remo#e the
phle"m: che&in" "m, cleanin" the teeth .&ith a special
stic% called <mis&a%+/, and recitin" the 9ran$
O Ali, cleanin" the teeth .&ith a special stic% called
<mis&a%+/ is a recommendable practice, for it pri;es the
moth, betters the si"ht, satis;es the Iord, &hitens the
teeth, remo#es the bad smell of moth, stren"thens the
"ms, stimlates the appetite, remo#es the phle"m, betters
the memory, dobles the ad#anta"es, and ma%es the an"els
happy$
O Ali, sleep is of for cate"ories: the sleep of the
prophets is on their bac%s, the sleep of the faithfl belie#ers
is on their ri"ht sides, the sleep of the atheists and the
hypocrites is on their left sides, and the sleep on the de#ils is
on their faces$
O Ali, Allah selects the pro"eny of e#ery messen"er that
He chooses from that messen"er+s descendants, bt He
selects my pro"eny from yor descendants$ !ithot yo, I
&old not ha#e pro"eny$
O Ali, for matters deal a death blo&: a leader &ho is
obeyed &hile he disobeys Allah, a &ife &ho betrays her
hsband &hile he considers her, a creless po#erty, and a
bad nei"hbor in the permanent residence$
O Ali, in the pre0Islamic era, Abdl0Mttalib passed ;#e
la&s that Allah enacted in Islam$ He forbade sons from
marryin" their fathers+ &omen, and Allah re#ealed: FDo not
marry, from no& on, the e:0&i#es of yor fathers$G .J:44/
As Abdl0Mttalib fond a treasre, he "a#e its one0;fth
as alms$ Allah re#ealed: F=no& that &hate#er property yo
may "ain, one ;fth belon"s to Allah, the Messen"er, the
%indred, orphans, the needy and those &ho need money
&hile on a *orney$G .3:JA/
!hen he d" the Ram-am sprin", he called it <the
&aterin" of the pil"rims+$ Allah re#ealed: FDo yo, becase
yo ser#ed &ater to the pil"rims and constrcted the Sacred
Mos,e, consider yorsel#es e,al to those &ho ha#e
belie#ed in Allah, the Day of >d"ment, and ha#e fo"ht for
the case of AllahMG .5:A5/
Abdl0Mttalib issed the la& that one hndred camels
shold be paid as the blood money of mrderin"$ Allah
passed the same in Islam$
7or the =oreishites, they did not stop at a limited nmber
of circmamblations arond the =aaba2 hence, Abdl0
Mttalib decided se#en circlations for them$ In Islam, Allah
passed this la&$
O Ali, Abdl0Mttalib sed to a#oid di#idin" by castin"
sperstitios and "amblin" arro&s, &orshippin" the idols,
and ha#in" the Sesh of an animal that had been sacri;ced on
the stone bloc%s$ He sed to say: I follo& the reli"ion of my
father Abraham the prophet .a/$
O Ali, the people of the most admirable faith and the
"reatest con#iction are those &ho &ill li#e in the last of time:
they did not catch .the time/ of the (rophet .s/ and &ere not
"i#en an opportnity to meet the Representati#e of Allah2
yet, they belie#ed &hile they did not see anythin"$
O Ali, three matters harden the heart: listenin" to the
nla&fl amsement, see%in" of hnt, and stoppin" at the
rlers+ doors$
O Ali, do not o1er prayers &hile yo &ear a s%in of an
animal &hose mil% is nla&fl to drin% or a s%in of an animal
&hose meat is nla&fl to eat$ Do not o1er prayers in Thatl0
>aysh, Thats0Salassil, and Dha*nan$

O Ali, eat only the e""s &hose ed"es are not e#en, the
;sh &ho has shells, the birds &hose &in"s are Sappin" and
lea#e those &hose &in"s are still, and the &aterfo&ls that
ha#e "i--ards or bac% nails$
It is nla&fl to ha#e the meat of any beast that has a
canine tooth or any bird that has a cla&$
O Ali, it is nacceptable to o1er frits or treasre
)
in
mortmain$
O Ali, it is nacceptable for the fornicators to sla"hter
an animal as ransom$ There is no doctrinal pro#ision for the
innendo and there is no intercession in the e:ection of the
doctrinal pro#isions$ Oaths are in#alid if they are ta%en for
rptrin" the relations of %inship$ The oath of sons, &i#es,
and sla#es re"ardin" their fathers, hsbands, and masters is
#oid$ To obser#e fastin" a &hole day p to ni"ht is #oid$ To
fast for t&o .or more/ days ceaselessly is #oid$ To mi"rate to
the non0Mslim contries 'after li#in" in a Mslim contry'
is #oid$
O Ali, retaliation is inoperati#e for fathers &ho %ill their
sons$
O Ali, Allah, E:alted is He, &ill not ans&er the prayer of
an inattenti#e heart$
O Ali, the sleep of the %no&led"eable is better than the
ritals of the .n%no&in"/ &orshipper$
O Ali, t&o ra%+as of the %no&led"eable is better than one
thosand ra%+as of the .n%no&in"/ &orshipper$

These are three areas near Mecca$ Many narrati#es con;rmed that these
places &ere sn% do&n$
)
In al-Faqih and al-%ihar, the &ord <spadi:+ replaces the &ord <treasre+$
O Ali, it is nacceptable for &i#es, sla#es, and "ests to
o1er optional prayers before they obtain the permission of
the hsbands, masters, and hosts .respecti#ely/$
O Ali, it is haram to fast on the days of Eid l07itr and Eid
l0Adha$ It is also haram to fast on t&o days continosly,
fast from spea%in", fast for the #o& of an act of disobedience
to Allah, and fast all lifetime$
O Ali, fornication cases si: bad conse,ences2 three are
in this &orld and the others are in the &orld to come$
Re"ardin" the three of this &orld, it ta%es a&ay the
bri"htness, hastens the perdition, and stops the sstenance$
Re"ardin" the three that are in the &orld to come, it cases
hard *d"ment, dissatisfaction of the Bene;cent Allah, and
immortality in the ;re .of Hell/$
O Ali, sry is of se#enty parts the .pnishment of the/
easiest of &hich is as same .pnishment/ as perpetratin"
incest &ith one+s mother inside the Holy Hose of Allah$
O Ali, a sin"le dirham of sry is more horrible in the si"ht
of Allah than se#enty times of the commitment of incest
inside the Holy Hose of Allah$
O Ali, he &ho refses to pay a sin"le carat of the -a%at of
his estate is de;nitely neither belie#er nor Mslim$
O Ali, those &ho ne"lect to defray the -a%at &ill as% Allah
to ta%e them bac% to the &orld$ They are the intendeds in
Allah+s sayin": F!hen death approaches one of them, he
says, <Iord, send me bac% a"ain so that perhaps I shall act
ri"hteosly for the rest of my life$+ Altho"h he &ill say so
bt his &ish &ill ne#er come tre$ After death they &ill be
behind a barrier ntil the day of their resrrection$G .4B:550
APP/
O Ali, those &ho omit performin" the ha** &hile they are
capable eno"h for so are re"arded as disbelie#ers$ Allah
says: FThose &ho ha#e the means and ability ha#e a dty to
Allah to #isit the Hose and perform the ha** .pil"rima"e/
ritals$G .B:5K/
O Ali, as for him &ho ne"lects to perform the ha** ntil he
dies, Allah &ill rec%on him &ith the >e&s or the )hristians on
the Day of Resrrection$
O Ali, alms"i#in" stops the act of Allah that is ;nally
determined$
O Ali, re"ard of the %inship increases the a"e$
O Ali, be"in and end yor meals &ith salt, for it cres
from se#enty0t&o maladies$
O Ali, &hen I come p to the (raise&orthy (osition

, I &ill
intercede for my father, ncle, mother, and a friend of mine
in the pre0Islamic era$
O Ali, I am the son of the t&o slain men$
)
O Ali, I am the pray of my father Abraham the prophet$
-
O Ali, the best of intellect is that by &hich (aradise is
"ained and the satisfaction of the Bene;cent Allah is so"ht$
O Ali, the ;rst creation of Allah &as the intellect$ !hen
Allah created him, He said to him: FApproach .by Me/$G The
intellect approached$ Allah said: FHo a&ay$G The intellect
&ent a&ay$ Then, Allah said: FBy My "lory and loftiness I
s&ear, I ha#e ne#er created anythin" that is more fa#orable
to Me than yo are$ By yo, I &ill "i#e and ta%e$ The re&ard
&ill be for yo and the pnishment &ill fall on yo$G
O Ali, alms"i#in" .to the stran"ers/ is nacceptable &hen
one of the relati#es is needy$
O Ali, to spend a sin"le dirham for the dye is better than
one thosand dirhams that are spend for the sa%e of Allah$
There are forteen characteristics in the dye: it releases the
&ind from the ears, betters the si"ht, softens the nasals,

This is an indication to Hod+s sayin": FNor Iord &ill raise yo to a hi"hly


(raise&orthy (osition$G .AK:5K/$
)
The t&o slain men are Ishmael the prophet and Abdllah2 the (rophet+s
father$
-
This is an indication to Hod+s sayin": F.Abraham prayed/ Q And ordain
for me a "oodly mention amon" posterity$G .46:3J/$
scents the Sa#or, stren"thens the "ms, dismisses
feebleness, lessens the de#ilish inspirations, "laddens the
an"els, bears the "ood tidin"s to the belie#ers, enra"es the
disbelie#er, .it is his ornament and odor,/ ma%es Mn%ar and
Na%eer feel shy, and it is a docment of ac,ittal .of sins/ in
the "ra#e$
O Ali, &ordin" is &orthless nless it is applied practically$
Appearances are &orthless nless they a"ree &ith the reality$
!ealth is &orthless nless there is liberality$ Trthflness is
&orthless nless there is loyalty$ =no&led"e is &orthless
nless there is piety$ Alms"i#in" is &orthless nless there is
"ood faith$ Iife is &orthless nless there is health$ Homeland
is &orthless nless there is secrity and pleasre$
O Ali, Allah deemed nla&fl se#en thin"s of the sheep:
the blood, "enitals, rinary bladder, bone marro&, "lands,
spleen, and "allbladder$
O Ali, do not bar"ain &ith those from &hom yo &ant to
by a sacri;ce .animal/, a coLn, or a sla#e or &hen yo &ant
to hire a ridin" animal to Mecca$
O Ali, may I inform of the closest to my mannerismM
FNes, yo may, Allah+s messen"er,G said he$ The (rophet .s/
e:pressed: The closest to my mannerism are the most &ell0
mannered, the most self0possessed, the %indest to their
relati#es, and the fairest$
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed from dro&nin" if they
recite the follo&in" .9ranic Eerses/ &hen they embar% on
ships:
JKL MNOP QRSTOP JUSTOP VWX . PXYZ[ MNOP
\S ]YZ[ ^Y_PX V
`
aURb Mcde[ fgh ijjWVUkOP
lPXVRKOPX lVhgmW MnURUL MoVpejjq rOVjjasX
VRt ugvTwh .
JKL MNOP VxPTyW VxVqTWX uz {LY Ygjj|}
.JUSY
.In the Name of Allah, the Bene;cent, the Mercifl$ They
ha#e not paid de respect to Allah$ The &hole earth &ill be
"ripped in His hands on the Day of >d"ment and the
hea#ens &ill be *st li%e a scroll in His ri"ht hand$ Allah is too
Hlorios and Hi"h to be considered e,al to their idols$ B5:6K
It &ill sail in the name of Allah, in His Name it &ill sail
and in His Name it &ill cast anchor$ My Iord is All0for"i#in"
and All0mercifl$ AA:JA/
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed from larceny if they recite
the follo&in" .9ranic Eerses/:
~

gjjt

P M

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OP X

gjjt

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gt Z

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VR

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V s V

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PX

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Ue

jjq

jj[

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Z

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.Mhammad, tell them, TIt is all the same &hether yo
call Him Allah or the Bene;cent$ All the "ood names belon"
to Him$T .Mhammad/, do not be too lod or slo& in yor
prayer$ )hoose a moderate &ay of prayin"$ Say, TIt is only
Allah &ho deser#es all praise$ He has not be"otten a son and
has no partner in His =in"dom$ He does not need any
"ardian to help Him in His need$ (roclaim His "reatness$
AK:AAP0A/
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed from pllin" do&n if they
recite .Allah+s sayin"/:
u

jjjN

OP

jjjK

PX

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.Allah pre#ents the hea#ens and the earth from fallin"


apart$ If they do fall apart, then, no one besides Him can
restore them$ He is All0forbearin" and All0for"i#in"$ BC:JA/
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed from care if they recite:
gS X g[ z MNOVL yNW X VynW
QW MNOP z .MUOz
*a hawla wa la quwwata illa billah. la maljaa wa la manja
min allahi illa ila"h
.All po&er and mi"ht belon" to Allah$ No ref"e and no
escape from Allah e:cept to Him$/
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed from brnin" if they recite
.Allah+s sayin"s/:
u

O X

OP

Vc

P g

x X

rO

c h

.Q

Up O V

OP
VWX PXYZ[ MNOP \jjS ]YZjj[ ^Y_PX V
`
jjaURb
Mcjjde[ fgjjh ijjWVUkOP lPXVRjjKOPX lVjjhgmW
MnURUL MoVpeq rOVasX VRt ugvTwh .
.The tre Hardian is certainly Allah &ho has re#ealed
the Boo% and is the Hardian of the ri"hteos ones$ K:A56$/
.They ha#e not paid de respect to Allah$ The &hole
earth &ill be "ripped in His hands on the Day of >d"ment
and the hea#ens &ill be *st li%e a scroll in His ri"ht hand$
Allah is too Hlorios and Hi"h to be considered e,al to their
idols$ B5:6K/
O Ali, he &ho fears beasts shold recite .Allah+s sayin"/:
Z

kO

Vb gq

t M

t
VjjW

jjc n t

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.A Messen"er from yor o&n people has come to yo$
Nor destrction and s1erin" is e:tremely "rie#os to him$
He really cares abot yo and is #ery compassionate and
mercifl to the belie#ers$ .Mhammad/, if they trn a&ay
from yo, say, TAllah is SLcient .spport/ for me$ There is
no Allah bt He$ In Him do I trst and He is the O&ner of the
Hreat Throne$T 5:A4305/
O Ali, he &hose ridin" animal refses to mo#e shold
recite in its ri"ht ear .Allah+s sayin"/:
M

jjO

jjq

QjjW

{jj l

PX

VR

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uga

.
.All that is in the hea#ens and the earth ha#e sbmitted
themsel#es to His &ill, either by their o&n free &ill or by
forceM To Allah do all thin"s retrn$ B:3B/
O Ali, he &hose abdomen is a1ected by a yello& li,id
shold &rite the Eerse of =rsi

on his abdomen and drin%


it$
)
By the &ill of Allah, he &ill be cred .if he e:ercise so/$
O Ali, he &ho fears a sorcerer or a de#il shold recite
.Allah+s sayin"/:
u

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OP

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jjjN

PX

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jjjK

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Vjjh

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Vjj

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U S

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P T

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P
.Nor Iord is Allah &ho established His dominion o#er the
Throne .of the realm/ after ha#in" created the hea#ens and
the earth in si: days$ He made the ni"ht dar%en the day
&hich it prses at a .considerable/ speed and He made the
sn and the moon sbmissi#e to His command$ Is it not He
!ho creates and "o#erns all thin"sM Blessed is Allah, the
)herisher of the @ni#erse$ K:CJ/
O Ali, the ri"hts of sons that are imposed pon their
fathers is to choose "ood name for them, edcate them
properly, and choose "ood positions for them$ The ri"hts of
fathers that are imposed pon their sons is to a#oid callin"

The Eerse of =rsi is chapter 4CC of Sra of al0Ba,ara .4/$


)
<To drin% it,+ means to recite the Eerse on a cp of &ater, then drin% that
&ater$
them by name, precedin" them in paths, sittin" before them,
and enterin" to bathrooms &ith them$
O Ali, three deeds are ori"inated from e:treme
solicitde: eatin" soil, clippin" the nails &ith the teeth, and
bitin" the hair of the beard$
O Ali, Allah crse the parents &ho encora"e their sons
to treat them disrespectflly$
O Ali, li%e sons+ treatin" their parents impiosly, fathers
may treat their sons impiosly$
O Ali, Allah may ha#e mercy pon the parents &ho
edcate their sons ho& to treat them respectflly$
O Ali, to depress the parents is impiety to them$
O Ali, for those &ho cold defend their Mslim brothers
&hom had been bac%bitten bt they did not, Allah &ill
disappoint them in this &orld as &ell as the &orld to come$
O Ali, (aradise is n,estionably ine#itable for him &ho
meets the needs of an orphan ot of his o&n fortne ntil
that orphan attains matrity$
O Ali, for those &ho pass their hands on an orphan+s
head as a si"n of mercy, Allah &ill "i#e them illmination for
e#ery sin"le hair .of that head/ on the Day of Resrrection$
O Ali, no po#erty is harsher than i"norance, no fortne
better than the intellect, no loneliness drearier than pride, no
intellect li%e moderation, no piety li%e abstinence from the
acts that Allah forbids, no linea"e li%e "ood manners, and no
&orship li%e ponderin" .o#er thin"s/$
O Ali, ntrth is the epidemic of tal%in", obli#ion is the
epidemic of %no&led"e, la-iness is the epidemic of &orship,
arro"ance is the epidemic of handsomeness, and en#y is the
epidemic of %no&led"e$
O Ali, for matters "o selessly: to eat after .attainin"/
satiety, to li"ht a lamp in the moonlit, to seed in the briny
land, and to do fa#ors to the ndeser#ed$
O Ali, he &ho for"ets to see% blessin"s for me is missin"
the path to (aradise$
O Ali, be&are of the %noc% of cro& and the prey of lions$
O Ali, to pt yor hand to the elbo& bet&een the *a&s of
a dra"on is better than as%in" those &ho ha#e ne&ly had
fortne$
O Ali, the remotest people from Allah are those &ho
a#en"e themsel#es improperly$ He &ho claims of bein" the
sb*ect of other than his proper masters

is disbelie#in" in all
that &hich &as re#ealed to me by Allah, (o&erfl and
Ma*estic is He$
O Ali, &ear yor rin" in the ri"ht hand, for it is a merit of
Allah for the preferential ones$
Imam Ali .a/ as%ed: F!hat shold I choose for the rin",
Allah+s messen"erMG He .s/ ans&ered:
@se the "arnet, for it is the ;rst montain that declared
its sbmission to Allah, E:alted is He, and confessed of my
prophecy, yor sccession of prophecy, yor sons+ imamate,
yor Shia+s bein" in (aradise, and yor enemies+ bein" in
Hell$
O Ali, as Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, too% a loo% at
the creatres, He selected me amon" the men of this &orld$
He too% a second loo% and selected yo amon" the men of
this &orld$ He too% a third loo% and selected the Imams that
are yor descendants amon" the men of this &orld$ He too%
a forth loo% and selected 7atima amon" the &omen of this
&orld$
O Ali, I sa& yor name attached to mine in for places$ I
&as so deli"hted for so$ !hen I &as ascended to the
hea#ens, I fond that it &as &ritten on the Roc% of the
>ersalem, <There is no "od bt Allah and Mohammed is the
messen"er of Allah$ I spport him &ith his sccessor and
bac% him &ith his sccessor$+ I as%ed Habriel .the an"el/

Shei%h As0Sad,, in his al-Faqih, relates the follo&in" narrati#e: Eban bin
Othman reported: Imam As0Sadi,, peace be pon him, as%ed Ibrahim As0
Say,al: FDo yo %no& to &hom the (rophet, peace be pon him and his
family, referred in his sayin" 8in the sermon of the 7are&ell (il"rima"e0
<mastersM+G FNo,G ans&ered Ibrahim, FI do not %no&$G The Imam, peace be
pon him, ans&ered: F<Masters+ stands from the (rophet+s family$G
abot that sccessor$ FHe is Ali bin Abi Talib,G ans&ered the
an"el$
!hen I arri#ed at the Iote0tree .of the se#enth hea#en/, I
fond that it &as &ritten on it, <I am Allah, there in no "od
bt I e:clsi#ely$ Mohammed is the choice of My creatres$ I
spport him &ith his sccessor and bac% him &ith his
sccessor$+ F!ho is my sccessorMG I as%ed Habriel$ He
ans&ered, FHe is Ali bin Abi Talib$G
!hen I passed by that Iote0tree, I came to the .Di#ine/
Throne of the Iord of the &orlds, Hi"hly E:alted is He$ On the
spports of that Throne, I fond that it &as &ritten, <I am
Allah$ There is no "od bt I e:clsi#ely$ Mohammed is My
dear$ I spport him &ith his sccessor and bac% him &ith his
sccessor$+
!hen I raised my head to the inside of the Throne, I
fond that it &as &ritten, <I am Allah$ There is no "od bt I
e:clsi#ely$ Mohammed is My sla#e and messen"er$ I spport
him &ith his sccessor and bac% him &ith his sccessor$+
O Ali, Allah "a#e yo se#en characters that are common
&ith me$ No, alon" &ith me, are the ;rst man &hose "ra#e
&ill be split apart .for the Resrrection/$ No, alon" &ith me,
are the ;rst man &ho &ill stand on the (ath$ No &ill be
dressed &hen I &ill be dressed and yo &ill be resrrected
&hen I &ill be resrrected$ No &ill be the ;rst man &ho &ill
li#e in Illiyyin &ith me$ No &ill be the ;rst man &ho &ill drin%
the sealed nectar .&hich is sealed by ms%/ of (aradise$

The (rophet .s/ then said to Salman al07arsi, Allah may


ha#e mercy pon him:
O Salman, &hen yo become sic%, yo &in three thin"s:
yo mention Allah continosly, yor prayin" is ans&ered,

Abot the commandments of the (rophet, peace be pon him and his
family, for Imam Ali, peace be pon him,, they are recorded in As0Sad,+s
Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BC40BKC H$CK64$ Al0Ma*lisi, in his %ihar ul-
Anwar2 4K:4 H$C, JP:B6 H$KP, and KK:J6 H$B .,oted from Mekarim ul-
Akhlaq2 JJC/ refers to some of these commandments$
and all yor sins are pardoned de to that ailment$ Allah may
ma%e yo en*oy "ood health p to the time of yor death$

The (rophet .s/ then said to Ab Tharr, Allah may ha#e


mercy pon him:
O Ab Tharr, be&are of petition, for it is present
hmiliation, crrent po#erty, and &ill case lon" *d"ment on
the Day of Resrrection$
O Ab Tharr, yo &ill li#e alone, die alone, and enter
(aradise alone$ Some Ira,i people &ill be deli"hted becase
of yo$ They &ill &ash yor .dead/ body, arran"e yor
fnerals, and bry yo$
O Ab Tharr, do not as% from people directly, bt if
somethin" is o1ered to yo, yo shold accept it$
)

The (rophet .s/ then said to his companions:
May I inform yo of the e#ilest of yoM
FNes, yo may, Allah+s messen"er,G ans&ered they$ He
.s/ said:
They are the talebearers &ho so& enmity bet&een the
associates and stic% defects to those &ho are ac,itted of
defects$
-
Brie# Serm'n( '# the .r',het
The follo&in" are the ;rst0time brief sermons of the
(rophet .a/ and his family:

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKC H$ CK64, al-Khissal2 A:AKP


H$44J, al-Amali2 BKK, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:64 H$B and 3A:A3C H$BK$
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKC H$ CK64, al-Khissal2 A34
H$4J5, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 JJC,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:64 H$B$
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKC H$ CK64, al-Khissal2 A34
H$4J5, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 JJC, Az-Zuhd2 6 H$3, =eshf r0
Rayba2 JA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:64 H$B$
.4/ The hi"h hand is better than the lo&$

(3) The fe& that is sLcient is better than the mch that
di#erts$
)
(4) Hod0fearin" is the best of pro#isions$
-
(5) The head of clemency is to fear Allah, (o&erfl and
Ma*estic is He$
3
(6) )on#iction is the best thin" that is thro&n in hearts$
4
(7) Dobt is a part of atheism$
D
(8) Iamentation is a non0Islamic deed$
E

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CK6B, al-Khissal2 A34


H$4J5, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Ibn Shahrashob+s al-
Manaqib2 B:4CK, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 B3P, Tanbih ul-
Khawattir2 4:445, (rshad ul-?uloub2 KB, Awali ul-*aaali2 A:AJA H$ CC and
B63 H$6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:BK5 H$A4$
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CK6J, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
JK3 H$A, ?urb ul-(snad2 A6, al-Khissal2 A34 H$4J5, Alikhtisas2 4BJ and BJ4,
al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, (rshad ul-?uloub2 KB, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6,
Mishkat ul-Anwar2 434, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 A4:B4$
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CK6C, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
JK3 H$A, Alikhtisas2 4BJ, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, (rshad ul-?uloub2 KB,
Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6$
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CK66, al-Khissal2 AAA H$3B,
Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, (rshad ul-?uloub2 KB, Mishkat ul-
Anwar2 A4P, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4 and KK:AKC H$JB
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CK6K, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
JAK H$A, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 KP:AKB H$4C$
D
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CK63, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al0
9mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4
E
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CK65, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al0
9mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4
(9) Drn%enness is the ;rebrand of Hell$

(10) Eblis is the sorce of poetry$


)
(11) !ine is the collector of all sins$
-
(12) !omen are snares of Eblis$
3
(13) Noth is a branch of insanity$
4
(14) The &orst of "ains is the "ain of sry$
D
(15) The &orst of food is to sei-e the estate of an orphan
&ron"ly$
E
.in &hich the &ord <desertion+ replaces <lamentation+$/ and KK:ABC HJB

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CKKP, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al0


9mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4
and KK: ABC H$JB$
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CKKA, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al0
9mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4
and KK: ABC H$JB
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CKK4, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al0
9mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4
and KK: ABC H$JB
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CKKB, al09mmi+s Tafsir2
A:45A, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Nah* l0Bala"ha2 A3:A55,
(rshad ul-?uloub2 K4, /ami ul-Akhbar2 AC3, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4, KK:
ABC H$JB, and APB: 4J5 H$ B3
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK6 H$ CKKJ, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al0
9mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, (rshad ul-?uloub2 KB, Awali
il-*aaali2 A:45A H ACB, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4, and KK: ABC H$JB
D
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CKKC, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al0
9mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, (rshad ul-?uloub2 KB, /ami
ul-Akhbar2 AC3
%ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4, KK: ABC H JB, and APB:A4P H 43
E
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CKK6, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
J3K H$ A, al-Khissal2 64A, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, Tanbih
(16) The tre happy is that &ho learns lessons from
others$

(17) The tre nhappy is that &ho &as nhappy in his


mother+s &omb .before he &as born/, and the tre happy is
that &ho &as happy in his mother+s &omb$
)
(18) The end of yo all is that for cbits ."ra#e/$
-
(19) The &orst sry is ntrth$
3
(20) To re#ile at a belie#er is .re"arded as/ commitment of
sins, to ;"ht him is atheism, and to bac%bite him is an act of
disobedience to Allah$ The belie#ers+ estates are as
sancti;ed as their sols$
4
ul-Khawattir2 4:54, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4AA H$4 and KK: ABC H JB

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CKKK, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


J3K H A and p$CPB H$ A, al-Khissal2 64A, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al09mmi+s Tafsir2
A:45A, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 4:446, 6:BCB, AP:A4A, A4:AB,
AK:AJ, and 4P:435, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:JK and p$4AA, Awali il-*aaali2
A:456 H$A56, (rshad ul-?uloub2 KB, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 p$33, APP, and 4J5,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:B4J H$AB and KK: AB3 H J5
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CKK3, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
J3K H$ A, At-Tawhid@ BC6 H$B, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:44K and
45A, Mutashabah ul-?uraan2 A:AK5, Awali il-*aaali2 A:BC H$A5, Ibn Kenz ul-
Fawaid2 A:4A6, Az-Zuhd2 AJ H$43, %ihar ul-Anwar2 C:ACB H$A p$ACK H$AP
and KK: AAK H$3
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CKK5, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al0
9mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK: ABC H$JB
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CK3P, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, %ihar
ul-Anwar2 KK: ABC H$JK
4
Refer to al-Mahaasin2 AP4 H$KK, Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$
CK3A, Thawab ul-Amaal2 4JP, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, Fiqh ul-?uraan2 A:43B,
Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:6C and 4P5, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, Mekarim ul-
Akhlaq2 J65, Alam ud-$in2 AJ3 and 4PA, /ami ul-Akhbar2 A6P, Az-Zuhd2 AA
H$4B, Mun"at ul-Mureed2 B43, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC: A6P H$BB
(21) Allah &ill re&ard him &ho sppresses his ra"e$

(22) Allah &ill recompense him &ho is steadfast a"ainst


misfortnes$
)
(23) No&, the heat of battle is ;ery$
-
(24) The belie#ers shold not be stn" in the same place
t&ice$
3
(25) Nothin" &ron"s a man e:cept his o&n hand$
4
(26) The tre stron" is that &ho o#ercomes his o&n
&hims$
D
(27) Reportin" is not li%e &itnessin"$
E

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CK34, Kenz ul-Fawaid2


A:4A6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4A4 H$4 and KK: ABC H$JB
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CK3B, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al0
9mmi+s Tafsir2 A:433, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:4A6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:4A4 H$4
and KK: ABC H$JB
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CK3J, al-(rshad2 A:AJB, Ibn
Shahrashob+s al-Manaqib2 A:4AA, =eshf l0Hhmma2 A:44B, al09mmi+s
Tafsir2 A:433
A+lam l0!ara2 AAC, Ar0Ra&andi+s ?assas ul-Anbi"aa2 BCP H$J4C, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 4A:ACA H$A, p$ACK H$6 and BB: JJC H$6C6
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BKK H$ CK3C, (lal ash-Sharaa"i2 J5,
Alikhtisas2 BJC, Awali il-*aaali2 A:443 H$A44, al-Kharaij wal-/araih2 AJ5,
!ahj ul-Haqq2 C4P, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4P:K5 H$A6 and K6: B64 H$6K
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$ CK36$
D
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$ CK3K$
E
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$ CK33, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s
Nah* l0Bala"ha2 K:44P and 4CB and AA:AA
(28) O Allah, bless my people &ho &a%e p .or settle their
needs/ early on Satrdays and Thrsdays$

(29) Sessions shold be %ept secret$


)
(30) The master of a people is their ser#ant$
-
(31) If a montain oppresses a montain, Allah &ill trn it
into dst$
3
(32) Be"in &ith yor dependants$
4
(33) .Strate"ies of/ !ar is tric%ery$
D

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$CK35, al-Khissal2 B5J H$53,


#"ounu Akhbar ir-0idha2 A: BJ H$KB, Sahifat ur-0idha: CA H$J3, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 C5: BC H$B U JK H$C and APB:JA H$A
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$CK35, At0Tosi+s al-Amali2
4:K, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:6C and KP, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 J65, A+lam d0
Din2 4P4 and 4P5, Ma+dan l0>a&har2 BB, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC: J6C H$K U J6K
H$A6$ The narration, as recorded by al0Ma*lisi in his %ihar ul-Anwar .and
,oted from At0Tosi+s al-Amali/ is as follo&s: >abir bin Abdillah: The
(rophet, peace be pon him and his family, said: Sessions shold be %ept
secret e:cept those in &hich a respected sol is %illed ille"ally, a chaste
honor is #iolated ille"ally, and an ill0"otten estate is sei-ed ille"ally$
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$CK5A, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2
J65, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K6: 4KB H$BA
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$CK54, Thawab ul-Amaal2
4KC, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 A:CB, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC: 4KC H$AP and AB
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$CK5B, Ali%htisas2 4A5, Fiqh
ul-?uraan A:4B3, and 4:APA, Awali il-*aaali2 A:AJA H$CC U p$ B63 H$ 65,
Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 BJ3 U B3P, %ihar ul-Anwar2 JK: 4BJ H$44 U AB
D
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$CK5B, !a,+at Si1een2 AKP,
al0Irshad2 A:A6B, Ibn Shahrashob+s al-Manaqib2 J: BA, Keshf ul-+humma2
A:4BA, (rshad ul-?uloub2 4J6, As-Sirat ul-Mustaqeem@ A:ACP, Mtashabah
l09r+aan2 A:446, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharh Nah* il0Bala"ha2 B:B4C, 6:ABA,
AC:B4, A6:4B, and AK:AK, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4P: 4PK, p$4J6 H$AA U APP:J4 H$
CB$ As a comment on this hadith, al0Ma*lisi, in his An-!iha"a2 4:AJ, says:
(34) The Mslims are mirrors of each other$

(35) He died despite of his nose$


)
(36) Misfortnes follo& the tterance$
-
(37) (eople are e,al li%e the teeth of a comb$
3
(38) There is no malady more e:tremely than
ni""ardliness$
4
(39) (dency is "ood all in all$
D
(40) (er*ry chan"es contries into deserted &astelands$
E
This hadith has many meanin"s$ It may mean that a ;"hter &ill be ;nally
terminated if he is trapped by a sin"le tric%ery$ This is, ho&e#er, the most
accrate meanin"$ It may also mean that &ar is misleadin"$ 7inally, it may
mean that &ar promise men of "ood retrn bt it is not faithfl$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$CK5C, al-Khissal2 6A3


Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 AP3, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KJ: 4BB H$45
)
This is a famos Arabic e:pression, &hich means <he dies a natral
death$+ It is mentioned here for the handsome rhetorical featre that the
e:pression dra&s$ Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$ CK56
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK3 H$CK5K, %isharat ul-Mustafa2
46C, >ami+ l0A%hbar2 5B, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 AKJ, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2
J65, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharh Nah* il0Bala"ha2 J:A4K and AB:BA6, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 KA:436 H$J4
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$CK53, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 B63,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 6A:6C H$CA and K3:4CA H$AP3
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$CK53, (lal ush-Shara"i@ CJ3
H$J, al0Ayyashi+s Tafsir2 4:4JJ H$46, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharh Nah* il0
Bala"ha2 A5:4AK, %ihar ul-Anwar2 A4:AKJ H$A and 44:AP6 H$AP6
D
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$C3PP, Me+aani al0A%hbar2
JP5 H$54, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:4C66, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:BBC H$AC
E
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$C3PA, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
J44 H$A, al-Khissal2 A4J H$AA5, Me+aani al0A%hbar2 46J H$A, Thawab ul-
Amaal2 446, al0M;d+s al-Amali2 53 H$3, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:4C6, al0
(41) A""ression is the ,ic%est in pnishment$

(42) )harity is the ,ic%est in re&ardin"$


)
(43) Mslims shold respect their stiplations$
-
(44) Some poetry is .&ords of/ &isdom and some speech
has ma"ical inSence$
3
(45) )ompassion them &ho are on this earth and yo &ill
be compassioned by Him !ho is in the Hea#ens$
4
(46) Those &ho are %illed drin" defendin" their &ealth are
martyrs$
D
!asila2 BJ5, %ihar ul-Anwar2 APJ:4P5 H$AK

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$C3P4, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 J5,


+hurar ul-Hikam wa $urar ul-Kelim2 JCK H$APJC4, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC:4KC
H$AA and AC
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$C3PB, al-Khissal2 AAP H$3A,
Thawab ul-Amaal2 A66, al0Mahaasin2 454 H$JJK, al0M;d+s al-Amali2 6K H$A
and 4K3 H$J
Ali%htisas2 443, Keshf ul-+humma2 4:AA3, Az-Zuhd2 3 H$AB, %ihar ul-Anwar2
A4:ACP H$BP, K4:A5C H$A3, and KC:JK H$6
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$C3PJ, ?urb ul-(snad2 A4J,
$aaa"im ul-(slam2 4:JJ H$AP6, p$CJ H$ AJB U BAA H$AAKC, Awali il-*aaali2
4:4CK H$K, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4:4KK H$BP
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$C3PC, Mtashabah l0
9r+aan2 4:4B, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 K:B5, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 K5:45P H$C
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$C3P6, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s
Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 AK:AAK, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:A65 H$J
D
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:BK5 H$C3PK, al-Khissal2 6PK
@yon A%hbar ir0Ridha2 A: A4J H$A, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-
%ala)ha2 A5:4AB, A&ali il0Ia+aali2 A:B3 H$ BP, As0Sa&arim l0Mhri,a2 BA,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 K5:A5C H$6
(47) Those &ho &ithdra& their "ifts are as same as those
&ho s&allo& their #omit$

(48) It is illicit for t&o belie#ers to desert each other for


more than three days$
)
(49) He &ho does not ha#e mercy pon others &ill not
en*oy others+ mercy$
-
(50) Sorro& is repentance$
3
(51) The baby is for the o&ner of the bed, and the share of
the prostitte is the stone$
4

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3P3


)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3P5, al-Khissal2 6PK
Ra&dhat l0!a+idheen2 B63, Awali ul-*aaali2 A:A64 H$ AC3, =eshf r0Rayba2
3A H$J, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC:A35 H$AJ
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3AP, Ibn Shahrashob+s al-
Manaqib2 B:B3J U J:4C, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 A:AAB, Ra&dhat l0!a+idheen2
B65
A&ali il0Ia+aali2 A:35 H$ 4B, al0@mda2 JPA H$3A5, %ihar ul-Anwar2 44:ACA
H$A U 34:K6 H$AP
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3AA, @yon A%hbar ir0
Ridha2 A: ABK, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 CC, A&ali il0Ia+aali2 A:454 H$A63, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 3:BJ H$C U KK:A6A H$A04
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3A4, al-Khissal2 4AA H$BC,
Keshf ul-+humma2 A:JA3, As-Sirat ul-Mustaqeem2 B:JC, Tanbih ul-
Khawattir2 A:B3, Alihtijaj2 45K, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 BP, Fiqh ur-0idha2 464,
Mesaa+il Ali bin >a?far2 AAP ,$4J, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-
%ala)ha2 A:A46, C:BC, and AC:AKK, A&ali il0Ia+aali2 4:AB4 H$ BC5, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 BB:4AA H$J54 U APJ:6J H$A4
(52) The "ide to a "ood deed is .re&arded/ as same as
those &ho ;: to it$

(53) The lo#e of somethin" cases blindness and


deafness$
)
(54) He &ho does not sho& "ratitde to people &ill not
sho& "ratitde to Allah$
-
(55) E:cept the de#iants, no one shelters the de#iant$
3
(56) Hard .yorsel#es/ a"ainst Hell e#en by a half of a
sin"le "rain of dates .that yo shold "i#e as alms/$
4
(57) Spirits are in "rops$ Amicability occrs only bet&een
the spirits that are ac,ainted &ith one another &hile
disa"reement occrs bet&een those &ho oppose one
another$
D

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3AB, al-Khissal2 ABJ H$AJC,


Alikhtisas2 4JP, Tafsir of Imam al0As%ari2 B6B H$4C4, %isharat ul-Mustafa2
ABK, al-/afari"at2 AKA, Awali il-*aaali2 A:BK6 H$ APA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC:A3
H$C U 56:AKC H$A
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3AJ, Keshf ul-+humma2
A:AJC, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 AA:K3, A6:AAK, and
A3:B54
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3AC, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:JJ
H$JK
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3A6, A&ali il0Ia+aali2 B:J3J
H$ B, -assail ush-Shia2 4C:JJA H$B4BPC
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3AK, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
5B H$J, @yon A%hbar ir0Ridha2 A: 45C H$ BC, Fadhaail ul-Ashhur ith-
Thalatha2 KK: H$6A
Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 A5:4AP, al0I,bal2 4, Tanbih ul-
Khawattir2 A:B U AAP, al-/afari"at2 CK, Ar0Ra&andi+s An-!awadir2 B, %ihar
ul-Anwar2 K:A3B H$45
D
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3A3, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
AJC H$A6, Ilal ash0Sharaayi+2 J46 H$K, Mtashabah l09r+aan2 A:3, Alam
(58) The procrastination of the &ealthy is oppression$

(59) Tra#elin" is a piece of ;re$


)
(60) Ii%e "old and sil#er, people are di1erent metals$
-
(61) The o&ner of a session is the most meritorios of the
seat of priority$
3
(62) )ast dst in the faces of the elo"ists$
4
(63) )ase earnin"s to come do&n by means of
alms"i#in"$
D
(64) Repeal the misfortnes by prayin" .to Allah/$
E
ud-$in2 JJP, >ami+ l0A%hbar2 AKA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KJ:JAP H$A6

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C3A5


)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C34P, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s
Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 4P:BB3, A&ali il0Ia+aali2 A:AP4 H$ 43, Mekarim ul-
Akhlaq2 466, al-/afari"at2 AKP, Ar0Ra&andi+s Ad-$aawat2 45C H$C5, %ihar
ul-Anwar2 56:BAK H$5
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C34A, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s
Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 6:BKP, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 46P, %ihar ul-Anwar2
6A:6C H$CA
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3P H$C344, %ihar ul-Anwar2
66:JPK H$A
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C34B, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
J46, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:4C5, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 J43, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s
Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 AA:APB and AK:JC, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KB:45J H$A and
K6:BBA H$A
D
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C34J, al-Khissal2 64A
At0Ta&hid: 63 H$4J, ?urb ul-(snad2 C6, Keshf ul-+humma2 4:A3J U 4PK,
Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 6P U AAP
Al-/afari"at2 CK, al->dad ul-?awi""a2 ACP, >ddat ud-$aee2 65, Ibn Abi al0
Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 AA:APB and AK:JC, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K3:6P
H$A3B and 56:AA3 H$AJ, 44, 4C, 66 U 63
E
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C34C, Mohaj ud-$aawat2
(65) Hearts .i$e$ sols/ are amended to lo#e those &ho do
them fa#ors and hate those &ho maltreat them$

(66) Alms"i#in" &ill ne#er case redction of a fortne$


)
(67) Alms"i#in" .to the stran"ers/ is nacceptable &hen
any of the relati#es is needy$
-
(68) Health and free time are t&o i"nored "races$
3
(69) Amnesty of %in"s perpetates their %in"doms$
4
(70) Hsbands+ presti"e
D
impro#es their &i#es+ chastity$
E
(71) No creatre shold be obeyed in matters that .case
or/ are re"arded as acts of disobedience to the )reator$
F
4AK, %ihar ul-Anwar2 J3:ACP H$4C and 5J:BA3 H$A

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C346, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 BK,


Falah us-Sail2 AAA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:AJ4 H$ A
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C34K, Keshf ul-+humma2
4:4PK, al-/afari"at2 CC, Ar0Ra&andi+s An-!awadir2 B, Awali ul-*aaali2 B:AAB
H$ A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K3:4P5 H$K5 and 56:A4A H$64
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C343, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2
JJ4, As-Sirat ul-Mustaqeem2 B:434, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:C5 H$B and 56:AJK
H$4J
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C345, al-Khissal2 A:BAJ,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:A65 H$ J
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C3BP, -assail ush-Shia2
A4:AKP FAA4G H$AC53K$
D
In some other reference boo%s, this &ord is chan"ed into <"ift+$ In others,
it is chan"ed into <"ood mien+, &hich seems to be the most appropriate$
E
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C3BA, -assail ush-Shia2
A5:4JA FKG H$4JCP4$
F
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B3A H$C3B4, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
B63 H$A, al-Khissal2 AB5, H$AC3, #"ounu Akhbar ir-0idha2 A:A4J H$A, al-
Manaqib2 Ibn Shahrashob, AAA, Keshf ul-+humma2 A:46B, $aaa"im ul-
(slam2 A:BCP, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 A:CA, Khassais ul-Aimma2 AP5, Mekarim
Imam A!i and A S"rian +!d Man
.K4/ Mohammed bin Ibrahim bin Isha, related to me
from Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Saeed al0Hamadani from al0
Hasan bin al09asim from Ali bin Ibrahim bin al0M+alla from
Ab Abdllah Mohammed bin =halid from Abdllah bin Ba%r
al0Mradi from Msa bin >a+far .Imam al0=adhim/ from his
father from his father from Ali bin al0Hssein that his father
.a/ said:
One day, Amir l0M?minin &as mobili-in" his
companions &hen an old man, &hose face &as pale ot of
tra#elin", approached and as%ed: F!here is Amir l0
M?mininMG FHere he is,G some ans&ered .as they pointed to
Imam Ali/$
The old man mo#ed to&ard him, "reeted him, and said:
FO Amir l0M?minin, I ha#e come to yo from Syria in spite
of my old a"e becase I ha#e heard abot yo sch
innmerable #irtes$ I see yo &ill be assassinated$ I &ish
yo &old instrct me &ith items that Allah has con#eyed to
yo$G
Imam Ali .a/ said:
Nes, old man$ He &hose t&o days are moderate is
&ron"ed$ He &hose main concern is the &orldly pleasres
&ill s1er "reat re"ret for their departre$ He &hose day to
come is e#iler than his present day is srely depri#ed$ He
&ho does not care for &hate#er redces from his &orld to
come as lon" as his &orldly life &ill not be inSenced is
srely perishin"$ He &ho does not pay attention to the
defects of his o&n personality is o#ercome by passions$
Death is srely better for those &ho are mo#in" to the abyss$
O Old man, this &orld is s&eet and "reen$ It has its o&n
people$ The &orld to come is also has its o&n people &hose
sel#es are too lofty to compete &ith the people of this &orld$
ul-Akhlaq2 JA5, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 C:AA4, A6:AC3 U
A3:B35, -assail ush-Shia2 A5:4JA FKG H$4JCP4, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KJ:3CC
H$53 and 54:AK5 H$5
They neither contend &ith each other for "ainin" the &orldly
pleasres, nor do they feel happy for its fertility, nor do they
feel sad for its misery$
O Old man, he &ho anticipates sdden shoc%s &ill hardly
sleep$ Ni"hts and days are #ery ,ic% in one+s a"e$ Hence,
control yor ton"e and say nothin" bt the "ood$
O Old man, yo shold li%e for people all that &hich yo
li%e for yorself and treat them in the same &ay yo &ant
them to treat yo$
Imam Ali .a/ then trned to his companions and said:
O people, do yo not see that people in this &orld
enconterin" a "reat #ariety of conditions &hene#er they
enter into e#enin" or mornin"M They are either a #ictim that
&rithes .ot of pain/, a #isitor of a sic%, a person that is
#isited in his ailment, a person that is dyin", a person that is
not e:pected to li#e any lon"er, or a .dead/ person that is
laid ot$ The see%ers of this &orld are chased by death, and
the ne"li"ent are not i"nored$ The present ones &ill srely
face the same fate of the past ones$

Raid bin Sa&han al0Abdi as%ed and Amir l0M?minin


ans&ered:
- O Amir l0M?minin, &hat is the most po&erfl and
inSential athorityM
- It is death$
- !hat is the most de"radin" hmilityM
- It is care for the &orldly pleasres$
- !hat is the harshest po#ertyM
- It is apostasy after faith$
- !hat is the most aberrant ad#ocacyM
- It is the ad#ocacy to the impossible$
- !hat is the best deedM
- It is Hod0fearin"$

Refer to Men la ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B34 H$C3BB, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


B4A04 H$J, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:BKA H$A and K5:BPA H$AP$
- !hat is the most sccessfl deedM
- It is to see% for that &hich is in the possession of Allah,
(o&erfl and Ma*estic is He$
- !ho is the e#ilest companionM
- The e#ilest companion is that &ho encora"es yo to
commit acts of disobedience to Allah$
- !ho is the nhappiest of peopleM
- The nhappiest of people is he &ho sold his reli"ion
&ith the &orldly life of others$
- !ho is the most po&erfl of peopleM
- The most po&erfl of people is the self0possessed$
- !ho is the stin"iest of peopleM
- The stin"iest of people is he &ho sei-es estates
nla&flly and spends them ndly$
- !ho is the most corteos of peopleM
- The most corteos of people is he &ho inclined to the
ri"ht "idance after he had discriminated it from the
&ron" &ay$
- !ho is the most clement of peopleM
- The clement of people is he &ho ne#er becomes
an"ry$
- !ho is the most resolteM
- The most resolte is he &ho is not decei#ed by people
in re"ard to his personality and is not decei#ed by this
&orld and its sedcti#e matters$
- !ho is the most foolishM
- The most foolish is he &ho is decei#ed by this &orld
altho"h he is noticin" the chan"eability of its
conditions$
- !ho is the most re"retflM
- The most re"retfl is he &ho is depri#ed of this &orld
as &ell as the &orld to come$ This is srely the clear
loss$
- !ho is the blindestM
- The blindest is he &ho desired for "ainin" the re&ards
of Allah thro"h acts that he had practiced for
somethin" other than the case of Allah$
- !hat is the best sort of satisfactionM
- It is the satisfaction &ith that &hich Allah has "i#en$
- !hat is the most shatterin" misfortneM
- It is the misfortne of the reli"ion$
- !hat is the most fa#orable deed to AllahM
- It is to e:pect the Relief$
- !ho are the best people in the si"ht of AllahM
- They are the most carefl abot Allah, the most
obser#ant of Hod0fearin", and the most abstinent in
the &orldly pleasres$
- !hat is the most fa#orable tterance in the si"ht of
AllahM
- It is the fre,ent reference to Him and the re#erential
spplication to Him$
- !hat is the most trthfl &ordin"M
- It is the confession that there is no "od bt Allah$
- !hat is the "reatest deed in the si"ht of AllahM
- It is the sbmission .to Him/ and piety$
- !ho is the most trthfl of peopleM
- It is he &ho resists in battles$
Imam Ali .a/ then trned to the old man and said:
O Old man, Allah has created some people and made the
&orldly a1airs diLclt for them$ He has also indced them to
abstain from the &orldly pleasres and transitory &rec%a"e$
They desired from the Abode of (eace to &hich Allah has
called them, stood the harsh li#elihood and the misfortnes,
and lon"ed for the honor that is fond &ith Allah, (o&erfl
and Ma*estic is He$ They therefore sacri;ced themsel#es for
the sa%e of Allah+s satisfaction and ended their deeds &ith
martyrdom to meet Allah !ho &ill be pleased &ith them$ As
they reco"ni-ed that death &as ine#itable for the past ones
as &ell as the present ones, they too% alon" pro#isions, not
"old and sil#er, for their li#es to come, &ore to"h clothes,
ad#anced charity, and lo#ed and hated for the sa%e of Allah$
These are srely the lanterns and people of bliss and peace
in the &orld to come$
The old man commented: F!here shold I "o and ho&
shold I lea#e (aradise &hile I can see it and its people &ith
yo, Amir l0M?mininM E,ip me &ith &eapons by &hich I
can ;"ht a"ainst yor enemy$G
Hence, Imam Ali .a/ e,ipped him &ith &eapons and
prepared a horse for him$ He &ent on ;"htin" in front of Amir
l0M?minin so bra#ely, and the Imam &as hi"hly admired by
his ;"ht$ As the &ar attained its clima:, the old man &as
ad#ancin" &ith his horse ntil he &as %illed$ One of the
companions of Amir l0M?minin traced him$ He fond him
%illed and fond his horse and s&ord still in his hand$
!hen the &ar &as o#er, the horse and s&ord of the old
man &as pt before Amir l0M?minin .a/ &ho prayed for his
body and said: FThis is, by Allah, the tre happy$ See% Allah+s
mercy for yor brother$G

The /'mmandment '# Amir *!-


M*0minin #'r hi( S'n
M'hammed 1in a!-Hana2""a
.KB/ In his commandment for his son Mohammed bin al0
Hana;yya, Amir l0M?minin .a/ said:
O son, be&are of relyin" on hopes, for they are the
"oods of the foolish$ They also frstrate of "ettin" the
.means of the/ life to come$ It is hi"hly fortnate to ha#e a
"ood friend$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B34 H$ C3BB, al-Amali2 Shei%h As0


Sad, B44, H$J, Meaani al-Akhbar2 A5K H$J, al-Amali2 At0Tsi JBJ, H$5JK,
al-Hhayat2 66, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:AKB, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:BK6 H$A
Sit &ith the people of charity and yo &ill be one of
them$ Be a&ay from those &ho preclde yo from
mentionin" Allah and death by means of decorated falsities
and fabricated lies and yo &ill be discriminated from them$
Do not let mistrst of Allah o#ercome yo, for it &ill spoil
e#ery conciliation bet&een yor friends and yo$
=indle yor heart &ith "ood manners li%e ;re &hen
%indled &ith &ood, for "ood manners are the best spport to
the charitable people and e:periments are the best spport
to the intelli"ent$ )ollect the opinions of men then choose
the nearest to the re&ard and the remotest from sspect$
O son, there is no honor hi"her than Islam, no "enerosity
more "lorios than Hod0fearin", no fortress more protecti#e
than piety, no interceder more sccessfl than repentance,
no dress ;tter than "ood health, no defense more shieldin"
than safety, no treasre more sLcient than satisfaction,
and no &ealth more dismissi#e of po#erty than satisfaction
&ith the sstenance$
He &ho con;nes himself to the minimm necessity &ill
ha#e rest before others and &ill ;nd himself a place in the
tran,il life$ Ac,isiti#eness is the %ey to the pln"in" into
sins$ Repeal the incomin" "rie#es by means of the
resoltions of patience$ Accstom yorself to steadfastness,
for it is the best of moralities and ma%e yorself stand the
&orldly horrors and "riefs that befall yo$
The trimphant ones ha#e &on and those to &hom Allah
has already promised blessin"s ha#e been sa#ed, Q for it is
a "ard from po#erty$ In all of yor a1airs, rely e:clsi#ely
pon Allah, the One the Omnipotent, for, if yo do so, yo
&ill entrst them to a protecti#e ca#ern, defendin" fortress,
and shieldin" stron"hold$ (ray to Allah sincerely becase
"ood, e#il, "i#in", depri#ation, "rantin", and di#estment'all
are in His hand e:clsi#ely$
In the same commandment, Imam Ali .a/ said:
O son, sstenance is of t&o %inds'one is that &hich yo
see% and one is that &hich see%s yo and &ill come to yo
e#en if yo do not approach it$ Do not apply the care of yor
year on the care of yor day, for e#ery ne& day &ill co#er all
yor needs .of that day/$ If that year is decided to be &ithin
yor a"e, Allah &ill ta%e to yo all that &hich is decided for
yo e#ery ne& day$ If it is not, &hat is yor bsiness &ith the
care and "rief that are not yorsM
No shold also %no& that no see%er &ill precede yo to
the sstenance that is decided for yo and no one, no matter
ho& po&erfl he is, &ill sei-e it a"ainst yo$ All that &hich is
determined for yo &ill not be %ept a"ainst yo$ Many are
those &ho fati"e themsel#es for see%in" earnin"s, bt their
sstenance is &ithheld a"ainst them and many are those
&ho are moderate .in see%in" earnin"s/, bt the decrees of
fate helped them .in en*oyin" abndant pro#isions/$
Ne#ertheless, e#erybody is sb*ect to e:tinction$ Today is
yors, bt it is ncertain that yo &ill attain tomorro&O It
often happens that an indi#idal &ho be"ins a day cannot
see its end and it often happens that an indi#idal &ho is
happy in the ;rst hors of a ni"ht &ill shed tears in the last
hors .of the same ni"ht/$ Do not be decei#ed by the lon"
term of Allah+s sho&erin" of "races and the postponement of
His pnishments, for He &old ha#e anticipated the
pnishment before .yor/ death if He had e:pected yor
escape$
O son, accept the sermons of the &ise people and
ponder o#er their dicta$ (recede others in applyin" .to
yorself/ the matters &ith &hich yo as% people to do and
stop committin" the matters a"ainst &hich yo forbid others$
En*oin "ood and yo &ill be one of its people, for the
perfection of matters in the si"ht of Allah is to en*oin "ood
and forbid e#il$ Iearn the reli"ios ,estions, for the scholars
are the heirs of the prophets$ The prophets did not be,eath
dinars and dirhams, bt they be,eathed %no&led"e$ He
&ho ac,ires %no&led"e is srely ac,irin" "reat "oodness$
No shold also %no& that all those &ho are in the
hea#ens and the earth, incldin" the birds in the s%y and
&hales in the oceans, are see%in" Allah+s for"i#eness to the
see%ers of %no&led"e$ As a si"n of sbmission, the an"els
lo& their &in"s for the see%er of %no&led"e, &hich achie#es
honor in this &orld and the obtainment of (aradise in the life
to come, for the scholars are the callers to the paradises and
the "ide to Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He$
Treat all people %indly as lon" as yo &ant them to treat
yo %indly$ Accept for them &hate#er yo accept for yorself,
and ;nd "ly for yorself all that &hich yo ;nd "ly for
others$ Treat all people &ith "ood manners so that they &ill
lon" for yo &hen yo are absent and &ill &eep for yo and
say, <!e all are Allah+s and to Him &e &ill retrn,+ .(nna lillah
wa inna ila"hi rajioun/ &hen yo depart this life$ Do not be
one of those abot &hom people say, <All praise is de to
Allah the Iord of the &orlds,+ &hen they depart this life$
No shold also %no& that compliance &ith people+s
moods is the head of intelli"ence after belie#in" in Allah,
(o&erfl and Ma*estic is He$ Those &ho do not associate
corteosly &ith the ones the association &ith &hom is
inescapable, ntil Allah ma%es for them a &ay of sal#ation,
are &orthless$ I ha#e fond that all the a1airs of people+s
mtal association can be considered as one measre, t&o0
thirds of &hich is appro#al and one is ne"li"ence$ !ordin" is
both the nicest and the most hideos thin" that Allah has
e#er created$ By means of &ordin", some faces ha#e
become &hite and by means of &ordin", some faces ha#e
become blac%$
No shold %no& that &ordin" is nder yor control so
lon" as yo do not say it$ If yo say it, yo &ill be nder its
control$ Sa#e yor ton"e in the same &ay as yo sa#e yor
"old and crrencies$ The ton"e is as same as a mordacios
do"2 if yo "i#e free rein to it, it &ill bite others$ It happens
that a sin"le &ord cases the remo#al of a "race$ He &ho
"i#es fll rein to his ton"e &ill be dri#en to e#ery item of
misfortne and scandal$ Then, he &ill not "et rid of sch
conse,ences before he becomes the sb*ect of the
detestation of Allah and the censre of people$
He &ho prses his opinions e:clsi#ely is ris%in"$ He
&ho proponds the #arios opinions &ill reali-e the places of
errors$ He &ho en"a"es himself in a1airs &ithot loo%in" in
their otcomes &ill s1er scandalos misfortnes$ (lannin"
before actin" sa#es a"ainst re"ret$ The tre intelli"ent is he
&ho learns lessons from .others+/ e:periments$ In
e:periences lies resmed %no&led"e$ The in&ardness of men
is reali-ed in the #icissitdes of time$ Days sho& yo the
hidden secrets$
No therefore shold nderstand my commandment and
a#oid ne"lectin" it$ In fact, the best &ordin" is the most
sefl$
=no&, my son, that it &ill be ine#itable for yo to be
retrned and as%ed abot yor pro#isions$ Hence, try to be
li"ht0brdened$ Do not load yor bac% beyond yor po&er
lest its &ei"ht becomes a mischief for yo &hen yo &ill be
resrrected and interro"ated on the Day of Resrrection$
Eiolence a"ainst the ser#ants 8of Allah0 is the &orst spplies
to the &orld to come$ =no& that in front of yo lie pitfalls,
abysses, brid"es, and impassable #alley2 yor terminatin"
point at the other end of this passa"e &ill necessarily be
either (aradise or Hell$ Therefore, prepare the place before
"ettin" do&n$ If a person is &illin" to borro& from yo in the
days of yor aVence to pay it bac% to yo at the time of
yor need then ma%e se of this opportnity and borro& him
as mch as possible so lon" as yo are able to do so$ (t in
that pro#ision as mch as yo are able to, for it is li%ely that
if yo may need him .after&ards/, yo may not "et hold of
him$ Be&are of relyin" pon the impios and the distrstfl
in the ,estion of loadin" yor spplies$ If yo do it, yo &ill
be li%e the thirsty that is ad#ancin" to mira"e2 &hen he
reached it, he fond nothin"$ Hence, yo &ill be alone
&ithot any spplies on the Day of Resrrection$
In the same commandment, Imam Ali .a/ said:
O son, oppression ta%es to destrction$ A man &ho
appreciates himself #ery precisely &ill not fail$ He &ho
controls his passions &ill "ard his presti"e$ The #ale of a
man is &hat he does e:pertly$ Iearnin" lessons .from others/
achie#es "ood sense$ The honorable &ealth is to ne"lect
hopes$ Ac,isiti#eness is the permanent po#erty$ A1ection is
an ad#anta"eos %inship$ Nor friend is yor fll brother, bt
not e#ery fll brother is yor friend$ Do not befriend the
enemy of yor friend lest yo become the enemy of yor
friend$ Many are the remote ones &ho are closer than the
nearer .%inship/$ A poor man &ho %eeps "ood relations is
better than a &ealthy one &ho brea%s his relations .&ith
others/$
Admonition is the ha#en of him &ho %eeps it$ He &ho
reminds reproachflly of his fa#ors is spoilin" his fa#ors$ The
mentality of the ill0mannered indi#idals is al&ays bad and it
&old better to hate sch ones$ It is not fair to depend pon
con*ectre in issin" *d"ments$
Ho& "ly &ic%edness in sitations of in"ratitde isO Ho&
"ly depression in e:cessi#e hardships isO Ho& "ly se#erity
&ith the nei"hbors isO Ho& "ly disa"reement &ith the
.intimate/ associate isO Ho& "ly the per*ry of the men of
personality isO Ho& "ly the treachery of the po&erfl isO
In"ratitde is foolishness$ Sittin" &ith the foolish is e#il
omen$ Respect the ri"hts of e#erybody, &hether masters or
hmble indi#idals$
He &ho i"nores moderation &ill &ron"$ He &ho
trespasses the ri"ht &ill be detained in narro& corses$ Many
diseased persons &ere cred and many healthy ones passed
a&ay$ Despair may be sccess and "reed may be
destrction$ Blame him &hom yo &ish to blame$ Matters of
cheatin" are re&ardless$ The e#ilest dress of Mslims is
betrayal$ It is ,ite proper to be disloyal to the betrayers$
)orrption destrcts the mch amont &hile moderation
cases the small to "ro&$
Re"ard of the relati#es is a sin" of "enerosity$ He &ho is
"eneros &ill be master and he &ho nderstands
.somethin"/ &ill see% more .%no&led"e abot it/$ O1er
proper ad#ice to yor friends and help them in e#ery
sitation e:cept those &ho lead to the acts of disobedience
to Allah$ 7ollo& yor friends in e#ery sitation$ Do not desert
yor friend de to sspicion and do not lea#e him before yo
blame him$ (erhaps, he has his e:cse &hile yo are blamin"
him$ Accept the apolo"y of e#eryone so that yo &ill be
inclded &ith the Intercession$ Honor those &ho spport yo
and increase yor charity, honor, respect, and re#erence to
them as lon" as yo en*oy "ood health$ It is improper for yo
to disre"ard him &ho respects yo or in*re him &ho co#ers
p yor defects$
Treat yor companion &ith %indness as mch as yo can,
for yo can "ain his ri"hteos deeds if yo &ill$ He &ho
beta%es pdency as his dress &ill ha#e his defects screened
from eyes$ The brdens of those &ho see% moderation are
li"ht$ He &ho pre#ents his sol from its passion &ill "ain his
ri"ht "idance$ )omfort lies &ith e#ery hardship and cho%in"
is e:pected in e#ery bite$
No "race can be obtained nless it is preceded by harm$
Be lenient &ith him &ho enra"ed yo so that yo &ill &in
yor need$ Times of care are times of for"i#eness$ Hors,
ho&e#er, ta%e yor a"e to termination$ The pleasre that is
follo&ed by ;re .of Hell/ is &orthless and e#ery "ood matter
that is follo&ed by ;re .of Hell/ is also &orthless$ Ii%e&ise,
the e#il that prodces (aradise is not e#il$ Any bliss other
than (aradise is #aleless and any misfortne other than Hell
is .re"arded as/ "ood health$ Do not i"nore yor friends+
ri"hts in reliance on yor relationship, for those &hose ri"hts
are i"nored by yo are not yor tre friends$ Do not ma%e
the disre"ard of yor friend control yor bildin" "ood
relation &ith him and do not ma%e his mistreatment &ith yo
control yor %ind act to him$
O son, if yo are stron", employ yor stren"th in the
;elds of acts of obedience to Allah, and if yo are &ea%,
employ yor &ea%ness to a#oid the acts of disobedience to
Him$ If yo can depri#e &omen of the possession of matters
other than the personal, then yo shold do it, for this is
better for achie#in" prosperos and peacefl life and
permanent beaty &ith them$ A &oman is a So&er, not an
administrator$ To en*oy tran,il life &ith a &oman, treat her
so %indly$ Stand the satisfaction &ith the acts of Allah$ If yo
&ant to ha#e the "ood of this life and the life to come
alto"ether, yo shold dri#e yorself to despair of all that
&hich is in people+s possession$
(eace and Allah+s mercy and blessin"s be pon yo$
That has been the commandment of Amir l0M?minin for
Mohammed bin al0Hana;yya$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B5A H$C3BJ, Alam ud-$in2 J36,


Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:B5, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 A6:56
U A5:BPA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KB:A6P H$K, -assail ush-Shia2 AK:6A FA5G
H$4A53J
Ma3im( '# the .r',het and the
Imam(
.KJ/ Mohammed bin Abi @mair narrated from Eban bin
Othman and Hsham bin Salem and Mohammed bin Hamran
that Imam As0Sadi, .a/ said:
I &onder at for .people/2 &hy they do not restore to for
.acts/O I &onder at those &ho feel fearfl2 &hy they do not
restore to Allah+s sayin": FAllah is All0sLcient as or
Hardian$G .B:AKB/ I heard Allah say after this: FThey
retrned &ith the fa#ors and the bonties of Allah ntoched
by e#il and follo&ed by the pleasre of Allah$ Allah?s fa#or is
"reat$G .B:AKJ/
I &onder at those &ho are "rie#os'&hy they do not
restore to Allah+s sayin": FIord, No are the Only Hod &hom I
"lorify$ I ha#e certainly done &ron" to myself .so for"i#e
me/G.4A:3K/ I heard Allah say after this: F!e ans&ered his
prayer and sa#ed him from his "rief$ Ths !e sa#e the
faithfl ones$G.4A:33/
I &onder at those &hom are cheated2 &hy they do not
restore to Allah+s sayin": FI entrst Allah &ith my a1airs$
Allah is !ell A&are of His ser#ants$G .JP:JJ/ I heard Allah say
after this: FAllah protected him a"ainst their e#il plans$G
.JP:JC/
I &onder at those &ho see% the &orldly life and its
adornments2 &hy they do not restore to Allah+s sayin": FAll
(o&er belon"s to Allah$G I heard Allah say after this: FE#en if
yo consider me inferior to yorself in &ealth and o1sprin",
perhaps my Iord &ill "i#e me a "arden better than yors and
stri%e yor "arden &ith a thnderbolt from the s%y to trn it
into a barren "rond, or case the streams in yor "arden to
disappear nder the "rond sch that yo &ill ne#er be able
to ;nd them$G .A3:B50JA/
<(erhaps+ in the pre#ios Eerse stands for ine#itability$
.KC/ Mohammed bin Riyad al0A-di related to me that
Eban bin Othman al0Ahmar said:
A man came to Imam As0Sadi, .a/ and said: I sacri;ce
my father and mother for yo, son of Allah+s Messen"er$
!old yo please instrct meM
The Imam ans&ered:
If it is Allah !ho too% the char"e of sparin" yor
sstenance, &hy do yo care for it thenM
If the shares of the sstenance are already distribted
and decided .for people/, &hy are yo ac,isiti#e thenM
If the >d"ment &ill na#oidably fall, &hy are yo
e:cessi#ely cheerfl thenM
If Allah &ill certainly "i#e bac% .that &hiche#er yo
spend as alms/, &hy do yo beha#e stin"ily thenM
If the pnishment of Allah is n,estionably the ;re .of
Hell/, &hy do yo commit acts of disobedience thenM
If death &ill inescapably fall, &hy are yo happy thenM
If Allah &ill se e#erybody na#oidably, &hy are yo
plottin" tric%eries thenM
If the Shaitan is yor enemy, &hy are yo inad#ertent
thenM
If yo &ill inescapably ha#e to pass by the (ath, &hy are
yo arro"ant thenM
If e#erythin" is sb*ect to the acts of Allah, &hy are yo
depressin" thenM
If this &orldly life &ill be beyond dobt cease to e:ist,
&hy do yo feel secre thenMG

.K6/ Imam As0Sadi, .a/ said:


I feel sympathetic for three classes of people$ Anyho&,
they shold be treated merciflly$ They are those &ho
s1ered hmiliation after honor, those &ho became needy

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B54 H$C3B6, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


K H$C, al-Khissal2 JCP H$ CC, At-Tawhid@ B6K H$4A, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2
JJA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K3:A5P H$A and APB:4K H$JB
after ha#in" been &ealthy, and the scholars &hom ha#e
been belittled by their fol%s and the i"norant people$

.KK/ Imam As0Sadi, .a/ said:


7i#e classes of people are as e:actly as I &ill describe
them ' The stin"y do not en*oy comfort, the en#ios cannot
en*oy pleasre, the ensla#ed cannot be loyal, the liars do not
ha#e personality, and the foolish cannot be masters .o#er
others/$
)
.K3/ The (rophet .s/ said:
No &ill not co#er people &ith yor fortnes2 ths, co#er
them &ith yor "ood mannerism$
-
.K5/ Nons bin Rhabyan related that Imam As0Sadi,
>a+far bin Mohammed .a/ said:
The fame of &orship is mistrst$ My father said that he
heard his father relatin" on the athority of his father .a/
that the (rophet .s/ said: The best &orshippers are they &ho
perform the obli"atory ritals .properly/$ The most "eneros
people are they &ho defray the -a%at$ The most abstinent
people are they &ho a#oid the forbidden acts$ The most
pios people are they &ho say the ri"ht &hether for or
a"ainst them$ The fairest people are they &ho li%e for people
&hate#er they li%e for themsel#es and hate for them
&hate#er they hate for themsel#es$ The most corteos
people are they &ho refer to death more than the others$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B5J H$C3BK, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


A4 H$3, al-Khissal2 36 H$ A3, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 B6K, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 3,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 4:AJ H$A and KJ:JPC H$A
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B5J H$C3B3, al-Khissal2 4KA H$ AP,
Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 JCP, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K4:A5B H$AB, KB:4C4 H$A4, KB:BB
H$AK, KC:BPP H$K, KC:AB3 H$AB and K3:A5J H$AP
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B5J H$C3B5, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
A4 H$5, Alikhtisas2 44C, Alam ud-$in2 45J, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj
ul-%ala)ha2 6:BB3 and AA:4A3, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 BK6, Awali ul-
*aaali2 4:KJ H$ A5K and J:3P H$K3, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 4AA, %ihar ul-Anwar2
KA:B3B H$A5, KA:B3J H$44, KJ:A65 H$46, KK:A63 H$B, KK:AKC H$ 3
The happiest people are they &ho are sa#ed from the
pnishment and hope for the re&ard &hen they "o nder the
dst .in their "ra#e/$ The most obli#ios people are they &ho
do not learn lessons from the ceaseless chan"es of this
&orld$ The most respectfl people are they &ho disrespect
this &orld$ The most %no&led"eable people are they &ho add
people+s %no&led"es to theirs$ The most cora"eos people
are they &ho o#ercome their passions$ The most #alable
people are the most %no&led"eable$ The less #alable
people are the less %no&led"eable$ The less pleasant people
are the en#ios$ The less comfortable people are the stin"y$
The stin"iest people are they &ho &ithhold the dties that
Allah imposed pon them$ The most precedent to the ri"ht
are they &ho apply it to themsel#es$ The less re#erent
people are the sinfl$ The less loyal people are the sla#es$
The less friendly people are the %in"s$ The poorest people
are the "reedy$ The richest people are they &hom are not
captred by ac,isiti#eness$ The most faithfl people are the
bearers of the best manners$ The most "eneros people are
the most Hod0fearin"$ The loftiest people are they &ho do
not intrde themsel#es in that &hich does not concern them$
The pios people are they &ho lea#e all sorts of disptation
incldin" the ri"ht$ The o&ners of the &ea%est personalities
are the liars$ The nhappiest people are the ensla#ed$ The
most hatefl people are the arro"ant$ The most hard0&or%in"
people are they &ho ne"lect the sins$ The &isest people are
they &ho escape the i"norant$ The most content people are
they &ho associate &ith the honorable people$ The most
intelli"ent people are the most corteos &ith people$ The
most accsed people are those &ho associate &ith the
dobted ones$ The most insolent people are they &ho %ill or
beat ones other than their %illers or beaters$ The &orthiest of
pardon are the most po&erfl$ The &orthiest of "ilt are the
bac%bitin" foolish ones$ The most dis"racefl people are they
&ho debase others$ The most *dicios people are they &ho
sppress their ra"e most$ The most #irtos people are they
&ho do fa#ors to people most$ The best people are they &ho
bene;t the people$

.3P/ As he passed by a man &ho &as spea%in"


nonsense, Amir l0M?minin .a/ stopped and said to him:
O yoO No are dictatin" to the =eepin" An"els a record
that &ill be ta%en to yor Iord$ No therefore shold say only
that &hich concerns yo and shold lea#e that &hich does
not concern yo$
)
.3A/ He .a/ also said:
A Mslim indi#idal is recorded as "ood0doer so lon" as
he is silent$ If he spea%s, he is recorded either "ood0doer or
e#ildoer$
-
.34/ Imam As0Sadi, .a/ said:
Silence is a rich treasre$ It is the adornment of the
clement and the shelter of the i"norant$
3
.3B/ He .a/ said:
Ri"ht &ordin" is better than %eepin" silent abot
&ron"doin"$
4

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B56 H$C3JP, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


4K03 H$J, Meaani al-Akhbar2 A5C H$A, Mustatrafat us-Saraair2 6B4, %ihar
ul-Anwar2 K4:45K H$K and KK:AAB H$4
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B56 H$C3JA, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
B4 H$J, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 BKP, %ihar ul-Anwar2 C:B4K H$4A and
KA:4K6 H$J
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B56 H$C3J4, al-Khissal2 AC H$ CB
.In this boo%, the &ord <belie#er+ replaces <Mslim+/, Thawab ul-Amaal2
AK3, Alikhtisas2 4B4, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 J6K, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 AKB,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 C:B4K H$44, KA:453 H$C4, and KA:BPK H$ 3C
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B56 H$C3JB, Alikhtisas2 4B4, %ihar
ul-Anwar2 KA:433 H$CP, and KA:4B5 H$ 6J
4
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B56 H$C3JJ, -assail ush-Shia2
.3J/ Ismaeel bin Mslim narrated that >a+far bin
Mohammed As0Sadi, related on the athority of his fathers
that Amir l0M?minin .a/ said:
Scholars and &ise people sed to correspond to each
other three statements only: As for those &hose main
concern is the .preparations for the/ life to come, Allah &ill
satisfy their &orldly concerns$ As for those &ho maintain
their hidden intentions, Allah &ill maintain their pblic
a1airs$ As for those &ho establish "ood relations bet&een
Allah and them, Allah &ill establish "ood relations bet&een
people and them$

.3C/ The (rophet .s/ said:


Blessed are those &ho en*oy lon" a"es &ith "ood deeds
and pleasant resorts &hen their Iord is pleased &ith them$
!oe are those &ho en*oy lon" a"es bt &ith e#ildoin"s and
bad resort &hen their Iord is displeased &ith them$
)
.36/ Omar bin Shemr narrated from >abir bin Na-id al0>+;
that Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0Ba,ir .a/ said:
Allah re#ealed to the (rophet .s/ that He appreciated
>a+far bin Abi Talib for for characters$
The (rophet .s/ smmoned >a+far and as%ed him abot
these characters$ >a+far ans&ered: FE:cept that Allah,
Blessed and E:alted is He, told yo abot them, I &old not
tell yo at all$ I ha#e ne#er drn% &ine becase I %ne& that it
&old ta%e a&ay one+s mind$ I ha#e ne#er told ntrth
becase I %ne& that it &old #iolate one+s personality$ I ha#e
ne#er committed fornication becase I %ne& that others
&old abse my honor if I abse others+ honors$ I ha#e ne#er
A4:A3J FAAKG H$A6PB4

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B56 H$C3JC, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


B3 H$6, al-Khissal2 A4P H$ABB, Thawab ul-Amaal2 4A6, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2
4:A6B, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:A3A H$B6, KK:B3A H$ 4 and APB:J45 H$CP
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B56 H$C3J6, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
CC H$3, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 JKC, %ihar ul-Anwar2 65:JPP H$5C, KA:AKA
H$4 and KK:AAC H$B
&orshipped an idol becase I %ne& that idols cannot bene;t
or harm$G
The (rophet .s/ pt his hand on >a+far+s sholder and
said: It is incmbent pon Allah to "i#e yo t&o &in"s &ith
&hich yo &ill Sy in (aradise$

.3K/ The (rophet .s/ said:


Allah, E:alted is He, said: O My ser#ants, yo all are lost
e:cept those &hom I "ide$ No all are poor e:cept those
&hom I enrich$ No all are "ilty e:cept those &hom I "ard
.a"ainst sins/$
)
.33/ As0Sa%ni related that Ali .a/ said:
E#ery ne& day that comes pon man says to him: FI am
a ne& day and I &ill &itness yo$ Hence, yo shold say only
"ood &ordin" and do only "ood deeds so that I &ill testify for
yor "ood on the Day of Resrrection, for yo &ill not see me
e#er a"ain$G
-
.35/ Mas+ada bin Sada,a related that the (rophet .s/
said:
Belie#ers shold en*oy se#en ri"hts that are imposed 0by
Allah0 on each other: honor each other in their si"hts, bear
lo#e to each other in the hearts, o1er the &ealth to each
other, pre#ent bac%bitin" each other, #isit each other in
ailment, participate in the fneral ceremonies of each other,
and mention each other in "ood manners after death$
3

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B56 H$C3JK, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


KJ H$K, (lal ash-Sharaa"i2 CCC3 H$A, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 456, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 44:4K4 H$A6
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B56 H$C3J3, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
5P H$A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 C:A53 H$A6
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B5K H$C3J5, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
5C H$4, Falah us-Sail2 4AC, Muhasabat un-!afs2 AJ, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2
B5B, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:A3A H$BC and KK:B3A H$B
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B53 H$C3CP, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
B4 H$4, al-Khissal2 BCA H$4K, Ar0Ra&andi+s Ad-$aawat2 444 H$6AP,
.5P/ Ibn Abi @mair narrated from Ibn Abi Riyad At0Thami
from Abdllah bin !ahab that >a+far bin Mohammed As0Sadi,
.a/ said:
To see the enemy pln"e in the acts of disobedience to
Allah is a sLcient #ictory that Allah besto&s pon a
ser#ant$

.5A/ Ibn Abi @mair narrated from Ma&iya bin !ahab


that >a+far bin Mohammed As0Sadi, .a/ said:
Be steadfast a"ainst the enemies of the "races, for yor
best retaliation for those &ho acted disobediently to Allah
a"ainst yo is to act obediently to Allah &ith them$
)
.54/ Al0M+alla bin Mohammed al0Basri narrated from
Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Abdllah from Amr bin Riyad from
Mdri% bin Abdirrahman that Ab Abdllah >a+far bin
Mhammad As0Sadi, .a/ said:
On the Day of Resrrection, all people &ill be "athered
on one hi"hland and the scales &ill be maintained$ The blood
of the martyrs &ill be pt in a scale and the in% of the
scholars in the other$ The in% of the scholars &ill ot&ei"h
the blood of the martyrs$
-
.5B/ Mohammed bin Abi @mair narrated from Abdllah
bin al09asim that >a+far bin Mohammed As0Sadi, .a/ related
on the athority of his fathers that Ali .a/ said:
0awdhat ul--aidheen2 454, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KJ:444 H$B

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B53 H$C3CA, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


JA H$C and B6A H$AB, al-Khissal2 4K H$56, Sifat ush-Shia2 H$C3, Mishkat ul-
Anwar2 B3A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC:B4P H$JC
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B53 H$C3C4, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
33 H$C, al-Khissal2 4P H$KA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:JP3 H$44, KA:JAA H$46, and
KA:JA6 H$B3
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B53 H$C3CB, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
A63 H$A, Mustatrafat us-Saraair2 644, >ddat ud-$aee2 KK, (rshad ul-
?uloub2 A6C, Awali ul-*aaali2 J:6 H$AP, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 ABK, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 4:AJ H$46, 4:A6 H$BC
No shold hope for the ne:pected more than the
e:pected$ As he &ent for fetchin" a %indle of ;re for his
family, Moses .a/ &as bac% &ith prophecy after Allah had
spo%en &ith him$ As she &ent ot, the ,een of Sheba
con#erted to Islam &ith Solomon the prophet .a/$ Similarly,
the sorcerers of the (haraoh &ent for spportin" the %in",
bt they &ent bac% &ith faith$

.5J/ Abdllah bin Abbas narrated that the (rophet .s/


said:
The honorable men of my mma are the retainers of the
9ran and the &orshippers at ni"hts$
)
.5C/ The (rophet .s/ as%ed Archan"el Habriel for ad#ice$
He said:
O Mohammed 8or O Allah+s Messen"er0, li#e in this &orld
as yo li%e, for yo &ill certainly die$ Io#e &hate#er yo
&ant, for yo &ill certainly lea#e it$ Do &hate#er yo &ant,
for yo &ill certainly "et .the conse,ence of/ yor deeds$
The belie#er+s honor is his ni"ht prayers, and his "lory is to
abstain from harmin" people$
-
.56/ Al0Hasan bin Msa al0=hashab narrated from
Hhiyath bin =alb from Isha, bin Ammar that As0Sadi, .a/
related on the athority of his fathers that Ali .a/ sed to say:

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B53 H$C3CJ, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


AK3 H$K, Mustatrafat us-Saraair2 644, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 4P3, Mishkat ul-
Anwar2 AAK, Fiqh ur-0idha2 BC5, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 CP4, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 AB:54, KA:ABJ H$5
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B53 H$C3CC, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
A5J H$6, al-Khissal2 K H$4A, Meaani al-Akhbar2 AKK H$A, 0awdhat ul-
-aidheen2 6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 3K:AB3 H$6, 54:AKK H$4
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B55 H$C3C6, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
A5J H$C, al-Khissal2 K H$A504P and AK3 H$4, al-/afari"at2 A3A, /ami ul-
Akhbar2 AP3, Musakkin ul-Fuad2 A4P, Az-Zuhd2 K5 H$4AJ, Madan ul-
/awhar2 JJ, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 CP4, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 BPA, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 KA:A33 H$CJ, KC:APC H$4, KK:A5 H$B U C, and 3K:AB3 H$C
The aVicted people 8no matter ho& intense their
aVictions are0 are not &orthier of prayin" to Allah than those
&ho li#e peaceflly bt they do not %no& &hen an aViction
&ill befall them$

.5K/ Ali bin Mah-yar narrated from al0Hssein bin Saeed


from al0Harth bin Mohammed bin Annman al0Ah&al .Sahib
t0Ta,/ from >amil bin Salih that Ab Abdllah As0Sadi, .a/
related on the athority of his fathers that the (rophet .s/
said:
He &ho &ants to be the most "eneros shold fear Allah,
he &ho &ants to be the most Hod0fearin" shold depend
pon Allah, and he &ho &ants to be the &ealthiest of people
shold trst in &hat is in Allah+s hand more than &hat is in
his o&n hand$
May I inform of the e#ilest peopleM
The attendants said: FNes, yo may, Allah+s Messen"er$G
He .s/ said:
The e#ilest people are those &ho hate people and people
hate them$ May I inform yo of the people that are e#iler
than the pre#iosM
The attendants said: Yes, you may, Aah!s "essen#e$%&
'e (s) said:
The people that are e#iler than the pre#ios are those
&ho do not pardon others, do not accept any e:cse, and do
not for"i#e$ May I inform yo of the people that are e#iler
than the pre#iosM
The attendants said: Yes, you may, Aah!s "essen#e$%&
'e (s) said:
The people that are e#iler than the pre#ios are those
&hose fa#or is not e:pected and &hose e#il is not secred$
Once, >ess .a/ orated before the Israelites$ He said:
O children of Israel, do not spea% &ords of &isdom before
the i"norant so that yo &ill not &ron" these &ords$ Do not

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:B55 H$C3CK, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


46C H$C, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:A66, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 4AK, >ddat ud-
$aee2 A6, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 B4K, %ihar ul-Anwar2 5B:B3P H$4
pre#ent the &ise people from recei#in" the &isdom2 lest, yo
&ill &ron" those people$ Do not help the n*st ones2
other&ise, yor fa#ors &ill be nll$
Matters mst be one of three: a clearly ri"ht matter that
yo shold follo&, a clearly &ron" matter that yo shold
a#oid, or a confsed matter that yo shold commend to
Allah$G

.53/ Al0Hasan bin Ali bin 7addhal narrated from al0Hasan


bin al0>hm from al07dhayl bin Nessar that >a+far bin
Mohammed As0Sadi, .a/ said:
If the intention is po&erfl .to do any matter/, the body
&ill not be &ea%$
)
.55/ Al0Hasan bin 7addhal narrated from Hhalib bin
Othman from Shaib al0A,ar,o; that >a+far bin Mohammed
as0Sadi, .a/ said:
As for those &ho possess themsel#es in sitations of
desire, fear, appetite, and ra"e ntil they feel pleased, Allah
&ill pre#ent the ;re .of Hell/ from consmin" their bodies$
-
.APP/ As he &as as%ed abot the abstinent in this &orld,
Imam As0Sadi, .a/ ans&ered:
The tre abstinent is he &ho ne"lects the le"al matters
ot of fear of the *d"ment .of it/ and ne"lects the ille"al
matters ot of fear of the tortre .of it/$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPP H$C3C3, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


BPC H$AA, Meaani al-Akhbar2 A56 H$4, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 A:444, Tuhaf ul-
#qoul2 4K, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 J46, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-
%ala)ha2 A5:4A6, +hurar ul-Hikam wa $urar ul-Kelim2 35 H$ACPK, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 KA:AB3 H$4, K4:4PB H$A, KB:AKK H$4P and KK:A46 H$BP
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPP H$C3C5, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
4K H$6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KP:4C H$AJ
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPP H$C3C5, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
4KP H$6, Thawab ul-Amaal2 AC5, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 4:4KK, /ami ul-Akhbar2
A3P, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 B3P, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 4JK0BPK, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 KA:B5C H$K
.APA/ Mohammed bin Sinan narrated from Abdllah bin
Mes%an that Ab Abdllah As0Sadi, .a/ said:
The misers shold be the &orthiest of hopin" for
richness to people, becase people &ill not as% from them if
they become rich$ The falty people shold be the &orthiest
of hopin" for perfection to people, becase people &ill not
inspect their defects &hen they are perfect$ The foolish
shold be the &orthiest of hopin" for clemency to people,
becase they need for bein" treated clemently$
@nfortnately, the misers, no&, hope for po#erty to people,
the falty hope for defects to people, and the foolish hope
for foolishness to people$ In fact, po#erty re,ires stin"iness,
faltiness re,ires inspectin" people+s defects, and
foolishness re,ires the commitment of sins$

.AP4/ Ab Hashim al0>a+fari related:


I &ent to Ab al0Hasan Ali bin Mohammed .Imam al0
>a&ad/ .a/ after I had been inSicted by harsh po#erty$ !hen
he permitted me and I sat before him, he .a/ said: FO Ab
Hashim, &hich one of Allah+s "races do yo &ant to than%MG
I cold say no sin"le &ord after I heard this statement$
He .a/ then added: FAllah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, has
besto&ed pon yo &ith faith de to &hich He &ill pre#ent
yor body from bein" in Hell, besto&ed pon yo &ith "ood
health to help yo obey Him, and besto&ed pon yo &ith
satisfaction to protect yo from de"radation$ O Ab Hashim, I
ha#e said this to yo initially becase I nderstood that yo
&old complain to me abot yor crrent po#erty2 hence, I
&ill "i#e yo one hndred dinars$G
)
.APB/ Mohammed bin Sinan narrated from Talha bin Raid
that Ab Abdllah as0Sadi, .a/ said:

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPP H$C364, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


B3KP H$4, al-Khissal2 AC4 H$A33, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:AJ5, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 KB:BPP H$C and K3:5A H$B
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPA H$C36B, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
JA4 H$AA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 C:A45 H$K
He &ho acts indeliberately is as same as him &ho ta%es
a &ron" &ay2 the hastier he is the remoter from his prpose
be$

.APJ/ Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said:


Sleep is the rest of the body, spea%in" is the rest of the
sol, and silence is the rest of the mind$
)
.APC/ Mohammed bin Sinan narrated from Al0Mfaddhal
bin Omar that >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said:
As for anyone &ho lac%s heart0preachin", self0repro#in",
and a "ide friend, his enemy &ill srely control him$
-
.AP6/ >a+far bin Mohammed bin Mali% al07a-ari al0=; .of
=fa/ narrated from >a+far bin Mohammed bin Sahl from
Saeed bin Mohammed from Mas+ada that Ab al0Hasan Msa
bin >a+far .Imam al0=adhim/ said to him:
Man+s dependants are his prisoners$ Anyone pon &hom
Allah confers &ith "races shold be "eneros to&ards his
prisoners$ If he does not, he &ill soon be depri#ed of these
"races$
3
.APK/ Saf&an bin Nahya narrated that Ab as0Sabah al0
=inani said:
I as%ed >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ to name the
sayer of the follo&in" preach:
FI implore to Allah to "rant me faith and piety$ I see% His
"ard a"ainst the bad reslts$ The best sayin" is the mention
of Allah, E:alted is He$ The head of &isdom is the obedience
to Him$ The most trthfl, the most e1ecti#e preach, and the
best storyteller is the Boo% of Allah$ The ;rmest handle is the
belie#in" in Allah$ The best creed is the creed of Abraham
.a/$ The best norm is the norm of the prophets$ The best
"idance is the "idance of Mohammed .s/$ The best

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPA H$C36J


)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JP4 H$C36C
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JP4 H$C366
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JP4 H$C36K
spplies is Hod0fearin"$ The best %no&led"e is the most
ad#anta"eos$ The best "idance is the prsed "idance$
The best richness is the self0sLciency$ The best thin" that is
thro&n in the heart is the con#iction$ The embellishment of
spea%in" is trthflness$ The embellishment of %no&led"e is
bene#olence$ The best death is martyrdom$ The best matters
are these &hose reslts are "ood$ The sLcient fe&ness is
better than the di#ertin" mchness$ The tre nhappy is that
&ho &as nhappy since he &as in his mother+s &omb$ The
tre happy is he &ho learns lessons from others$ The &ittiest
people are the Hod0fearin"$ The most foolish thin" is
libertinism$ The e#ilest intentions are the false intentions$
The e#ilest matters

are the most recently in#ented ones$


The &orst blindness is the heart blindness$ The &orst re"ret
is the re"ret on the Day of Resrrection$ The &orst sinfl
thin" in the si"ht of Allah is the ton"e of the liars$ The &orst
"ain is the "ain of sry$ The &orst consmin" is the &ron"
consmin" of the orphan+s &ealth$ The best embellishment
of a man is tran,ility &ith faith$ As for those &ho prse
moc%in" at people, Allah &ill ma%e them the sb*ect of
people+s moc%in"$ He &ho identi;es the misfortnes
)
&ill
stand them$ Ii%e&ise, those &ho do not identify the
misfortnes &ill not stand them$ Sspect is disbelief$ The
arro"ant &ill be hmiliated by Allah$ He &ho complies &ith
the Shaitan &ill disobey Allah, and Allah &ill torment him
&ho disobeys Him$ Allah, li%e&ise, &ill increase .His "races
to/ those &ho than% Him$ Allah &ill help him &ho beha#es
steadfastly a"ainst misfortnes$ Allah is SLcient for the
needs of &hoe#er trsts in Him and &ill re&ard them &ho
depend pon Him$ Do not enra"e Allah for the prpose of
see%in" the fa#ors of any of His creatres$ Do not crry
fa#ors &ith anybody thro"h means that ta%e yo a&ay from

<Matters+, in this re"ard, stands for e#ery ne& heresy that is added to the
reli"ion$
)
To identify a misfortne means to belie#e in the compensation that &ill
be "ained de to s1erin" it or to %no& that the sorce of misfortnes is
Hod the E:alted !ho o1ers only the "ood$
Allah$ Allah accepts no means other than the obedience to
Him and the see%in" of His satisfaction thro"h &hich He
confers a "ood matter or sa#es from an e#il$ The obedience
to Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He, is the prosperity of all of
the e:pected &elfares and the sal#ation from all of the
dan"eros e#ils$ Allah &ill srely "ard &hoe#er obeys Him$
As for those &ho disobey Allah, they &ill ne#er ;nd any
shelter a"ainst Him nor can any f"iti#e be sa#ed a"ainst
Him since the act of Him &ill befall and hmiliate that
f"iti#e &hether the creatres are pleased or not$ E#erythin"
that &ill be ine#itably fallin" is imminent$ Only &ill that &hich
Allah &ants occr, and that &hich He does not &ant &ill
ne#er occr$ Help each other in ;elds of piety and Hod0
fearin", not sin and a""ression, and fear Allah, for He is
tense in pnishment$G
>a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said: This sayin" is the
(rophet+s$

.AP3/ The (rophet .s/ said:


Allah, E:alted is He, says: 7or the ser#ants &ho obey Me,
I &ill not commend their a1airs to anyone other than Me$ 7or
those &ho disobey Me, I &ill commend their a1air to
themsel#es and I &ill not care &here they &ill perish$
)
.AP5/ Mohammed bin Abi @mair narrated from Easa al0
7erra from Abdllah bin Abi Nafr from Ab Abdllah .a/ that
Ab >a+far al0Ba,ir .a/ said:

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JP4 H$C363


)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPB H$C365, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
J35 H$4, /ami ul-Akhbar2 APP, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 KC, 0awdhat ul-
-aidheen2 J4P, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:AK3 H$44
As for those &hose appearances are preferable to their
realities, their "ood deeds &ill be li"hter

.on the scale of the


Day of Resrrection/$
)
.AAP/ The (rophet .s/ said:
Allah, E:alted is He, says: If anyone of my creatres, &ho
ac%no&led"es Me, disobeys Me, I &ill sb*"ate him to the
absolte control of one of my creatres that does not
ac%no&led"e Me$
-
.AAA/ Ibn Abi @mair narrated from Isha, bin Ammar that
Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said to him:
O Isha,, se %ind &ords &ith the hypocrite, lo#e the
faithfl belie#er sincerely, and re"ard yor association &ith
.e#en/ the >e& &ho sits &ith yo$
3
.AA4/ Al0Mfaddhal bin Omar narrated that >a+far bin
Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ related on the athority of his
fathers that al0Hssein bin Ali &as as%ed: FHo& is yor
mornin", son of Allah+s Messen"erMG He ans&ered:
I be"in this day &hile my Iord is hi"her than I am, ;re .of
Hell/ is in front of me, death is prsin" me, the >d"ment is
&aylayin" me, and I am sb*ect to my deeds$ I cannot "ain

This is an indication to Hod+s sayin": Those &hose "ood deeds &ill &ei"h
hea#ier .on the scale/ &ill li#e a pleasant life, bt those &hose "ood deeds
&ill be li"hter .on the scale/ &ill ha#e ha&iyah as their d&ellin"$ !old
that yo %ne& &hat ha&iyah is$ It is a brnin" 7ire$ .APA:30AA/
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPJ H$C3KP, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
J54 H$3, (rshad ul-?uloub2 A33, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 45J, Mishkat ul-Anwar2
B4A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:B6C H$5, K3:AKB H$C and K3:A33 H$B3
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPJ H$C3KA, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
445 H$A4, (rshad ul-?uloub2 3B, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 JA5, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 KB:BJB H$4K and KB:BJK H$BC
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPJ H$C3K4, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
643 H$3, Alikhtisas2 4BP, Alam ud-$in2 BPA, Az-Zuhd2 44, Mishkat ul-Anwar2
34, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 BKA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K4:AC4 H$AA, K4:A6A H$44,
K3:AK4 H$C, and K3:A33 H$J4
that &hich I li%e and I cannot "ard myself a"ainst that
&hich I disli%e$ After all, all my a1airs are in the hand of the
One !ho is other than me$ He may torment me and may
for"i#e me if He &ills$ Is there anyone &ho is poorer than I
am, thenM

.AAB/ Al0Mfaddhal narrated that Imam as0Sadi, .a/


related:
A ,arrel bro%e ot bet&een Salman al07arsi, Allah may
ha#e mercy pon him, and a man &ho addressed to him:
F!ho are yo and &hat are yoMG Salman ans&ered:
The ;rst of yo and me is a dirty sperm$ The last of yo
and me is a stin%in" carrion$ On the Day of Resrrection, the
scales &ill be maintained$ Those &hose "ood deeds &ill
&ei"h hea#ier on the scale &ill be the tre noble men, bt
those &hose "ood deeds &ill be li"hter on the scale, &ill be
the tre in"lorios$G
)
.AAJ/ Al0Mfaddhal said: I heard Imam as0Sadi, .a/
sayin":
The ordeal of people &ith re"ard to s is really "reat: if
&e call them, they do not respond, and if &e lea#e them,
they &ill not be "ided by anyone else$G
-
.AAC/ Amir l0M?minin said:
The "ood, as a &hole, is "athered in three thin"s:
consideration, silence, and &ordin"$ E#ery consideration that
lac%s learnin" lessons is inattention, e#ery silence that lac%s

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPJ H$C3KB, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


6P5 H$B, al->dad ul-?awi""a2 BC, /ami ul-Akhbar2 5P, %ihar ul-Anwar2
K6:JAC H$4 and K3:AAB H$K
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPJ H$C3KJ, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
6P5 H$K, (lal ash-Sharaa"i2 4KCC H$B, Meaani al-Akhbar2 4PK H$A, 0awdhat
ul--aidheen2 JA4, %ihar ul-Anwar2 44:BCC H$A, KP:45A H$43, and KB:4AA
H$4J
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPC H$C3KC, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
6P5 H$K, Alihtijaj2 BBA, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 4:BK, %ihar ul-Anwar2 466:4CB H$4C
and J6:433 H$AA
thin%in" is inad#ertence, and e#ery &ordin" that lac%s the
mention of Allah is nonsense$ Blessed are those &hose
consideration teaches them lessons, &hose silence cases
them to thin%, &hose &ordin" is mention of Allah, &ho &eep
for their sins, and sa#e people from their e#il$

.AA6/ Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said that Allah, (o&erfl and


Ma*estic is He, re#ealed to Adam:
O Adam, I &ill "ather the "ood, as a &hole, in for &ords:
one is for Me, one is for yo, one is bet&een yo and Me, and
one is bet&een people and yo$ The &ord that is for Me is
that yo shold &orship only Me &ithot associatin"
anythin" .or anyone/ &ith Me$ The &ord that is for yo is that
I &ill re&ard yo in yor most critical need .for the
compensation of yor acts/$ The &ord that is bet&een yo
and Me is that yo shold spplicate to Me and I &ill ans&er$
The &ord that is bet&een people and yo is that yo shold
accept for yorself &hate#er yo accept for people$
)
.AAK/ Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said:
Hood health is a secret fa#or'it is for"otten if it is
present, and missed if it is absent$
-

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPC H$C3K6, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


4K H$4 and AP5 H$6, al-Khissal2 53 H$JK, Meaani al-Akhbar2 BJJ H$A,
Thawab ul-Amaal2 AKK, al-Mahaasin2 C H$AP, al-(rshad2 45K, Alikhtisas2
4BA, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:AC3, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 4:3B, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2
4AC, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 BK, CC, and AK6$ Keshf ul-,aqin2 A3A, Madan ul-
/awhar2 BJ, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:4KC H$4 and KK:JP3 H$BK
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPC H$C3KK, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
6P3 H$A, al-Khissal2 4JB H$53, Alikhtisas2 4B5, Fiqh ur-0idha2 BCB, Ibn Abi
al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 A3:ACK, Ar0Ra&andi+s ?assas ul-
Anbi"aa2 65 H$CP, %ihar ul-Anwar2 AA:4AC H$A and KC:46 H$3
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPC H$C3K3, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
445 H$AB, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 JK4, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 B4K, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 K3:4JB H$AP3 and 3A:AK4 H$C
.AA3/ As0Sa%ni narrated that >a+far bin Mohammed .a/
related on the athority of his fathers that the (rophet .s/
said:
T&o &ords are stran"e: a &ord of &isdom that is ttered
by a foolish$ No shold accept it$ The other is a foolish &ord
that is ttered by a &ise man$ No shold pardon it$

.AA5/ Omar bin Shemr narrated from >abir bin Na-id al0
>+; that Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0Ba,ir .a/ related on
the athority of his fathers that Amir l0M?minin .a/
deli#ered a sermon after the death of the (rophet .s/ in
&hich he said:
O people, there is no honor hi"her than Islam, no
"enerosity more "lorios than Hod0fearin", no fortress more
protecti#e than piety, no interceder more sccessfl than
repentance, no treasre more bene;cial than %no&led"e, no
po&er loftier than clemency, no ancestry nobler than "ood
manners, no fati"e hmbler than ra"e, no beaty more
handsome than intelli"ence, no defect &orse than ntrth,
no %eeper more preser#in" than silence, no dress more "ood0
loo%in" than "ood health, and no absent more imminent
than death$
O people, yo shold %no& that e#eryone &ho &al%s on
the srface of this earth &ill e#entally "o beneath it$ Ni"ht
and day are e:peditin" in rinin" the a"es$ E#ery breath of
life has a pro#ision and e#ery seed has an eater$ No are the
food of death$ He &ho reali-es the .#icissitdes of/ time trly
&ill not bypass readiness$ Neither the &ealth of the rich nor
&ill the po#erty of the poor sa#e them from death$
O people, he &ho fears his Iord &ill stop his &ron"doin"$
Anyone &ho does not care for his &ordin" &ill case his
ra#in" to appear$ He &ho cannot distin"ish "ood from e#il is
as same as an animal$ The &orldly misfortnes are so scanty
if compared &ith the h"e neediness of tomorro&$ Nor

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPC H$C3K5, al-Khissal2 BB H$B,


Meaani al-Akhbar2 B6K H$A, al-Mahaasin2 4BP H$AKP, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2
4:KC, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 C5, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 ABJ, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4:J4 H$K
and KK:AA5 H$A4
enmity is srely the reason of yor mch commitment of sins
and many acts of disobedience to Allah$ Rest is #ery close to
fati"e, and misery is #ery close to bliss$ Any e#il that is
follo&ed by (aradise is not a tre e#il, and any &elfare that is
follo&ed by Hell is not a tre &elfare$ E#ery comfort other
than (aradise is #aleless, and e#ery misfortne other than
Hell is a "ood health$

.A4P/ Ismaeel bin Mslim related that the (rophet .s/


said:
7or my mma, I am only afraid of three thin"s'de#iation
after the prsance of the ri"ht "idance, the misleadin"
seditions, and the food and the se:al appetites$
)
.A4A/ One day, the (rophet .s/ sa& some people tryin"
to roll a roc% as a competition of po&er$ He .s/ as%ed them
abot that "ame$ They ans&ered that it is a competition to
identify the most po&erfl$ He commented:
The most po&erfl of yo are those &hose satisfaction
does not lead them to the commitment of sins or the &ron",
&hose displeasre does not ta%e them ot of the ri"ht, and
&hose ability does not lead them to sei-e &hat is not theirs$
-
.or F&hat is not ri"htfl for them to sei-eG accordin" to other
&ays of narration/
3
.A44/ Al0Hasan bin Mahbob narrated that Ab !allad al0
Hennat said: I as%ed Ab Abdllah >a+far bin Mohammed as0

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPK H$C33P, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


B4P H$3, At-Tawhid2 K4 H$4K, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 J35, +hurar ul-Hikam2
AC5 H$BPJ6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:B34
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPK H$C33A, al0M;d+s al-Amali2
AAA H$A, Sahifat ur-0idha2 JJ H$A66, %ihar ul-Anwar2 AP:A63 H$AC, 44:JCA
H$K, KA:465 H$C, KA:4K4 H$A6 and K4:A56 H$44
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPK H$C334, Meaani al-Akhbar2
B66 H$A, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:K6, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 BK5, Mishkat
ul-Anwar2 B4 and 4A3, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC:43 H$A6
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPK H$C334, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
4 H$B, %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:453, 6K:BPP H$43, KA:BC3 H$J U C, KC:43 H$A3
Sadi, .a/ abot the sort of %indness that is mentioned in
Allah+s sayin", FNo mst be %ind to yor parents$G .AK:4B/
He ans&ered:
The %indness to the parents .that is intended in the
pre#ios 9ranic te:t/ is to treat them properly and not let
them as% yo to settle any of their needs e#en if they can
co#er all of their needs sLciently$ Allah says: FNo can
ne#er ha#e e:tended #irte and ri"hteosness nless yo
spend part of &hat yo dearly lo#e for the case of Allah$G
.B:54/
Re"ardin" Allah+s sayin", FIf either or both of yor
parents shold become ad#anced in a"e, do not e:press to
them &ords &hich sho& yor sli"htest disappointment,G this
incldes the sitations &hen they &eary yo$ FNe#er yell at
them,G means e#en if they beat yo$ FBt al&ays spea% to
them &ith %indness$G The %ind spea%in" to them is to say:
Allah may for"i#e yo both$ FBe hmble and mercifl
to&ards them,G means that yo shold ne#er loo% at them
sharply$ No shold loo% at them &ith the loo%s of mercy and
compassion$ No shold ne#er raise yor #oice abo#e theirs,
yo shold not raise yor hand abo#e theirs, and yo shold
not precede them$

.A4B/ Al0Hasan bin Mahbob narrated from Mali% bin


Atiyya from Aabid al0Ahmasi from Ab Ham-a at0Themali that
Rayn l0Aabidin Ali bin al0Hssein .a/ said:
)ertainly, the most fa#orable of yo to Allah are the best
"ood0doers, the "ainers of the best re&ards of Allah are the
most desiros for "ainin" &hat He has in possession, the
safest from Allah+s pnishment are the most fearfl of Him,
the closest to Allah are the best &ell0mannered, the most
pleased in the si"ht of Allah are the most "eneros to&ards

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPK H$C33B, al0Ayyashi+s Tafsir2


4:43C H$B5, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 A6B, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KJ:B5, H$B KJ:5K H$K5
the dependants, and the best of yo in the si"ht of Allah are
the most Hod0fearin"$

.A4J/ Al0Hasan bin Mahbob narrated from Sa+d bin Abi


=halaf that Ab al0Hasan Msa bin >a+far .al0=adhim/ .a/ said
to one of his sons:
O son, let not Allah see yo committin" an act of
disobedience a"ainst &hich He &arned yo, and let Him not
miss yo in an act of obedience to Him of &hich He ordered
yo$ =eep serios and do not con#ince yorself that yo are
&orshippin" and obeyin" Allah perfectly, becase no one can
achie#e perfection in the ;elds of &orshippin" Allah$ Be&are
of *o%in" becase it e:tin"ishes the illmination of yor
faith and dis"races yor personality$ Be&are of indolence and
la-iness becase they both pre#ent yo from recei#in" yor
shares of the pleasres of this &orld and the &orld to come$
)
.A4C/ Ali bin al0Ha%am narrated from Hsham bin Salem
that >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said:
This &orld is see%in" and is so"ht$ He &ho see%s it &ill
be so"ht by death, &hich &ill ta%e him ot of it$ He &ho
see%s the &orld to come &ill be so"ht by this &orld to "i#e
him his .decided/ shares of sstenance$
-
.A46/ Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said:
To see the enemy pln"e in the acts of disobedience to
Allah is a sLcient #ictory that Allah besto&s pon a
belie#er$
3
.A4K/ The (rophet .s/ said:

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JPK H$C33J, al-/afari"at2 4B3,


Mishkat ul-Anwar2 KJ, Alam ud-$in2 5P U 444, %ihar ul-Anwar2 65:B5C H$K5
and K3:BA5 H$B
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JP3 H$C33C, %ihar ul-Anwar2
65:B5C H$K5 and K3:BA5 H$B
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JP5 H$C336$
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JP5 H$C33K, %ihar ul-Anwar2
KP:B36 H$JK
Ta%e the initiati#e to the "ardens of (aradise$
F!hat are the "ardens of (aradise, Allah+s Messen"erMG
some as%ed$
He .s/ ans&ered:
The "ardens of (aradise are the sha#in" of the pbes$

.A43/ Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Nahya narrated from


Mohammed bin Adam from His father that Ab al0Hasan ar0
Ridha .a/ related on the athority of his fathers that the
(rophet said to Ali, peace be pon them:
O Ali, do not conslt the co&ard, for he sho&s yor e:its
as narro&$ Do not conslt the stin"y, for he frstrates yo
a"ainst yor "oal$ Do not conslt the ac,isiti#e, for he
"arnishes the e#ils for yo$ No shold %no& that co&ardice,
stin"iness, and ac,isiti#eness are instincts that are
contained by mistrst$
)
.A45/ Al0Hasan bin Mahbob narrated from al0Haitham
bin !a,id that >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said:
As Allah mo#es some people from the hmility of the
acts of disobedience to Him, to the honor of acts of
obedience to Him, He enriches them &ithot need of &ealth,
spports them &ithot need of a clan, and entertains &ithot
need to a bosom friend$ 7or him &hoe#er fears Allah, Allah
&ill ma%e e#erythin" fear him, and &ill ma%e him &ho does
not fear Him fear e#erythin"$ Allah accepts the fe& deeds of
those &ho satisfy themsel#es &ith fe& earnin"s from Him$
7or those &ho ha#e the cora"e of see%in" le"al earnin"s,
their pro#isions &ill be easily obtainable and their
dependants &ill be l:rios$ 7or those &ho abstain from
prsin" the &orldly pleasres, Allah &ill ;: &isdom in their
minds, ma%e it "lide on their ton"es, sho& them the malady

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JP5 H$C333, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


B3 H$B U B66 H$AB, al-Khissal2 4K H$56, Sifat ush-Shia2 H$C3, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 A:4P4 H$A4 and 5B:ACC H$4P
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JP5 H$C335, al-Khissal2 APA H$CK,
(lal ush-Shara"i2 CCC5 H$A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KP:B36 H$JK
and remedy of the &orldly defects, and mo#e them from this
&orld to the Eternal Abode safely$

.ABP/ Ab Ham-a ath0Themali narrated that Ab >a+far


.Imam al0Ba,ir/ .a/ said: !hen my father .a/ &as dyin", he
embraced me to the chest and said:
O son, "o thro"h the ri"ht, e#en if it is bitter, so that
yor re&ards &ill be "i#en to yo completely &ithot
*d"ment$G
)
.ABA/ Ibn Mes%an narrated from Abdllah bin Abi Nafr
that >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said to a man:
)onsider yor mind as a %insman &hose opinion yo
see%, consider yor %no&led"e as the father that yo follo&,
consider yor self as the enemy that yo ;"ht, and consider
yor &ealth as the loan that yo shold defray$
-
.AB4/ He .a/ also said:
Stri#e a"ainst yor self in the same &ay as yo ;"ht
yor enemy$
3
.ABB/ Al0Hasan bin Rashid narrated from Ab Ham-a ath0
Themali that Ab >a+far .Imam al0Ba,ir/ .a/ related:
A man came to the (rophet .s/ and said: FO Allah+s
Messen"er, instrct me$G He .s/ said:
)lin" to the despair of e#erythin" that is at peoples+
hands$ This is srely the present richness$
As the man as%ed for more, the (rophet .s/ said:

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAP H$C35P, Mustatrafat us-


Saraair2 C5B, Alam ud-$in2 45B, Keshf ul-+humma2 4:ABC, Tanbih ul-
Khawattir2 A:6C U 4:35, %ihar ul-Anwar2 65:6PJ H$AAJ
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAP H$C35A, Tanbih ul-=ha&attir:
A:AK, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 44, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:K6 H$AP
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAP H$C354, al-Ka2 4:JCJ H$K,
Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 BPJ, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 4JJ, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K3:43B H$A
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAP H$C35B, -assail ush-Shia2
AC:43 FB4G H$4PCAB
Be&are of "reed, for it is srely the present po#erty$
As the man as%ed for more, the (rophet .s/ said:
Before yo &ant to do a matter that yo intend, yo
shold consider its reslt$ If the reslt is "ood or ri"ht
"idance, yo shall then follo&$ If it is e#il or misleadin", yo
shold lea#e$

.ABJ/ Al0Hssein bin Na-id narrated from Ali bin Hhrab


that >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said:
As for anyone &ho has the ability to commit a sin in a
seclsion bt he .does not commit it becase he/ considers
Allah and feels ashamed of the =eepin" An"els, Allah &ill
for"i#e all of his sins, e#en if they are as many as the sins of
all man%ind and all *inn$
)
.ABC/ Al0Abbas bin Be%%ar ad0Debi narrated from
Mohammed bin Slaiman al0=; al0Be--a- from Amr bin
=halid that Raid bin Ali related on the athority of his fathers
.Ali bin al0Hssein and al0Hssein bin Ali/ that Amir l0
M?minin Ali .a/ said:
As for the faithfl belie#ers &ho die in the period
bet&een midday of Thrsday and midday of 7riday, Allah &ill
sa#e them from the brial pressre and &ill "rant them the
ri"ht of intercession for indi#idals as many as the
indi#idals of .the tribes of/ Rabeea and Madhar
-
$
7or the belie#ers &ho die on Satrdays, Allah &ill ne#er
*oin them to the >e&s in Hell$
7or the belie#ers &ho die on Sndays, Allah &ill ne#er
*oin them to the )hristians in Hell$
7or the belie#ers &ho die on Mondays, Allah &ill ne#er
*oin them to or enemies'sons of @mayya in Hell$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAP H$C35J, al-Mahaasin2 A6


H$J6, Ar0Ra&andi+s Ad-$aawat2 JP H$53, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 AJC, Ibn Abi al0
Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 B:A6B, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KK:ABA H$B6
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAA H$C35C, -assail ush-Shia2
AC:43 FAJG H$4PB43
-
Rabeea and Madhar are the t&o lar"est Arabic tribes$
7or the belie#ers &ho die on Tesdays, Allah &ill add
them to s in the Hi"hest )omrade$
7or the belie#ers &ho die on !ednesdays, Allah &ill
"ard them a"ainst the e#il omen on the Day of
Resrrection, bless them by His #icinity, and "rant them,
thro"h His fa#or, an e#erlastin" d&ellin" &herein they shall
e:perience no hardship or any fati"e$
Amir l0M?minin .a/ then added:
The faithfl belie#er, no matter on &hiche#er state or
&hene#er he dies, is re"arded as #eracios and martyr$ I
ha#e heard my dear the (rophet .s/ sayin":
FDeath &ill srely erase the sins of the faithfl belie#er
&ho departs this &orld e#en if he is brdened &ith the sins of
all people on this earth$G
He .s/ then added:
FHe &hoe#er says la ilaha illa AaBllah -There is no "od bt
Allah0 prely &ill be ac,itted of polytheism, and &hoe#er
departs this &orld &ithot &orshippin" anythin" besides
Allah &ill be in (aradise$G
He then recited the Eerse:
Allah &ill not for"i#e the sin of considerin" somethin"
e,al to Him, bt He may for"i#e the other sins of &home#er
He &ants$ .J:AA6/
He .s/ commented:
FRe"ardin" the pre#ios Eerse, Allah &ill for"i#e the sins
of &home#er he &ants amon" yor Shia and adorers, Ali$G
I &ondered: FO Allah+s Messen"er, all this is for my Shia,
is it notMG
The (rophet .s/ ans&ered:
FNes, it is, by my Iord$ All this is for yor Shia$ On the
Day of Resrrection, they &ill come ot of their "ra#es
sayin", <There is no "od bt Allah, Mohammed is the
Messen"er of Allah, and Ali bin Abi Talib is the ar"ment of
Allah$+ Sbse,ently, they &ill be "i#en "reen "arments,
&reathes, cro&ns, and ridin" animals'all from (aradise$
Each of them, then, &ill pt on the "reen "arment, the
&reath, and the cro&n and &ill ride the animal that &ill
hasten to (aradise$ They &ill not be a1ected by the "reat
terror$ The an"els &ill come to them &ith this "lad ne&s: This
is yor day &hich &as promised to yo$G

.AB6/ Imam as0Sadi, .a/ &as as%ed abot the limit of


"ood mannerism$ He ans&ered:
It is to be tractable, spea% "ood &ordin", and recei#e
yor friends &ith "ood hmor$
)
.ABK/ As he &as as%ed abot the limit of
openhandedness, Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said:
It is to spend the ri"ht that Allah has imposed pon yo
from yor &ealth and se it in its proper ;eld$
-
.AB3/ Na+,ob bin Na-id narrated from Ahmed bin al0
Hasan al0Maithami from al0Hssein bin Abi Ham-a that he
heard Ab Abdllah .a/ sayin":
Spend .in the case of Allah/ and be certain of the
compensation$ No shold also %no& that he &ho does not
spend .some of his &ealth/ in the ;elds of obedience to Allah
&ill ha#e to spend in the ;elds of disobedience to Allah$
Ii%e&ise, he &ho does not e:ert e1orts for settlin" the needs
of Allah+s disciples &ill ha#e to e:ert e1orts for settlin" the
needs of Allah+s enemies$
3
.AB5/ Ahmed bin Isha, bin Sa+d narrated from Abdllah
bin Maymon that >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ related
.on the athority of his father/ that al07adhl bin Abbas said:
The %in" of (ersia or the Romans presented a she0mle to
the (rophet .s/ &ho rode it Q and as%ed me to ride behind
him$ He .s/ then said:

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAA04 H$C356, /ami ul-Akhbar2 A6C


)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA4 H$C35K, Meaani al-Akhbar2
4CB H$A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:B35 H$J4 and KJ:AKA H$B5
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA4 H$C353, Meaani al-Akhbar2
4C6 H$A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KA:BCB H$AP
3
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA4 H$C355, Meaani al-Akhbar2
4CB H$A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 56:ABP H$CK
O boy, %eep ."ood relations &ith/ Allah so that He &ill
%eep yo$ =eep ."ood relations &ith/ Allah and yo &ill
al&ays ;nd Him ahead of yo$ Ac%no&led"e Allah in
sitations of facility so that He &ill ans&er yo in sitations
of hardship$ If yo &ant to as% .somebody/, yo shold as%
Allah only$ If yo &ant to see% .somebody+s/ help, yo shold
see% Allah+s$ The (en had already recorded all that &hich &ill
come abot$ If people e:ert all e1orts for bene;tin" yo in a
matter &hose bene;t has not been decided for yo by Allah,
they &ill not ha#e the ability to do it$ Ii%e&ise, if they e:ert
all e1orts for harmin" yo in a matter &hose harm has not
been decided by Allah for yo, they &ill not be able to do it$
If yo can se steadfastness &ith con#iction, then do it$ If
yo cannot, yo shold then be tolerant, for "reat ad#anta"e
lies in bein" steadfast a"ainst the detestable .matters/$ No
shold also %no& that #ictory accompanies steadfastness
and relief accompanies the hardships$ After e#ery diLclty,
there is relief$ )ertainly, after e#ery diLclty there comes
relief$

.AJP/ Mohammed bin Ali al0=; narrated from Ismaeel


bin Mehran from Mra-im from >abir bin Na-id from >abir bin
Abdllah al0Ansari that The (rophet .s/ said:
!hen a fets settles in the mother+s &omb, its face
becomes in the direction of the mother+s bac% if it is boy$ If it
is "irl, the face becomes in the direction of the mother+s
front$ Ii%e a "rie#ed and sad person, the fets sits in the
mother+s &omb &ith the hands on the chee%s and the chin
on the %nees$ It is *st li%e a tied p person$ A tie that lin%s
its na#el to its mother+s na#el ma%es it trobled$ Thro"h
that na#el, the fets recei#es its food the sorce of &hich is
its mother+s food and drin%$ This contines p to the time
that is decided for its birth$ !hen that time falls, Allah sends
an an"el to record on the forehead of that fets &hether it
&ill be happy or nhappy, belie#er or nbelie#er, and rich or
poor$ The an"le also records its time of death, amont of
sstenance, ailment, and health$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAB H$C5PP, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 4P,


%ihar ul-Anwar2 6J:4A6 H$BA and KP:A3B H$C4
!hen the sstenance that is decided for the fets to
recei#e from its mother+s na#el ceases, the an"el scolds it so
hea#ily that it trns o#er and its head becomes in the
direction of the e:it$ !hen it falls to the "rond, it faces
"reat terror and painfl torment$ Any &ind, hardship, or
toch of hand falls on that baby &ill case him to s1er the
same pain that is s1ered by the s%inned$ !hen he feels
hn"ry, he cannot as% for food$ !hen he feels thirsty, he
cannot as% for &ater$ !hen he feels pain, he cannot see%
help$ Ot of His mercy, pity, and lo#e for that baby, Allah,
Blessed and E:alted is He, entrsts the baby+s mother to
"ard him a"ainst hot and cold &eather by herself to the
de"ree that she is ready to sacri;ce her sol for her baby$
She also becomes sch steadfast in sho&in" the baby her
lo#e to the de"ree that she does not care if she is hn"ry,
thirsty, or na%ed so lon" as her baby is fll, sated, or
dressed$
Allah deposits the baby+s norishment in his mother+s
breasts'one carries the food and the other the drin%$ !hen
the baby sc%les, Allah brin"s him the decided share of
e#eryday$ !hen he attains discernment, he becomes carefl
for his family members, &ealth, e#il, and ac,isiti#eness$
Not&ithstandin", he is the sb*ect of epidemics, deformities,
and misfortnes that befall him from e#ery&here$ In the
meantime, the an"els "ide and lead him and the de#ils .try
to/ mislead and mis"ide him$ He is therefore perishin"
nless Allah sa#es him$
In His Boo% of &isdom, Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He,
refers to the creation of man$ He says:
!e ha#e created the hman bein" from an e:tract of
clay, &hich &as then trned into a li#in" "erm and placed in
safe depository$ The li#in" "erm, then, &as trned into a
shapeless lmp of Sesh from &hich bones &ere formed$ The
bones, then, &ere co#ered &ith Sesh$ At this sta"e, !e
cased it to become another creatre$ All blessin"s belon" to
Allah, the best )reator$ Thereafter yo &ill certainly die and
yo &ill be bro"ht bac% to life a"ain on the Day of
Resrrection$ .4B:A406/
>abir said: FO Allah+s Messen"er,G I as%ed, FThe pre#ios
discssion concerns s'the ordinary people, &hat abot yo
as &ell as yor sccessorsMG
The (rophet .s/ %ept silent for a &hile before he said:
O >abir, yo ha#e as%ed abot a bi" matter that nobody
can nderstand e:cept those &ho ha#e been "ranted a "reat
share of Allah?s fa#or$ The prophets and their sccessors are
created from the illmination of Allah+s ma*esty$ Allah
deposits their illminations in clean spines and pre &ombs,
ma%es the an"els preser#e them, adorns them ot of His
&isdom, and norishes them &ith His %no&led"e$ Ths, their
matter is too lofty to be described and their manners are too
accrate to be %no&n, for they are the stars of Allah on His
earth, the si"ns of Allah in His creation, the representati#es
of Allah to His ser#ants, the li"hts of Allah in His lands, and
the ar"ments of Allah a"ainst His creatres$
O >abir, this is part of the sealed and concealed
%no&led"e$ Hence, yo shold %eep it secret from e#erybody
e:cept its sitable people$

.AJA/ Al0Mfaddhal bin Omar narrated from Thabit ath0


Themali that Habbaba al0!alibiyya related: I heard my
master Amir l0M?minin .a/ sayin":
!e'the hosehold of the prophecy' do not consme
into:icants, eat the Sesh of eel, or pass or hands o#er or
slippers .drin" the rital abltion/$ He &ho claims bein" one
of or Shia shold imitate and ta%e s as e:amples$
)
.AJ4/ Hemmad bin Othman narrated: Abot the &isdom
that Allah "ranted to the family of (rophet Da#id, Imam as0
Sadi, .a/ said:

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAB H$C5PA, %ihar ul-Anwar2


6P:BC4 H$B6
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAC H$C5P4, -assail ush-Shia2
4J:AB4 F5G BPA646
It is necessary for the intelli"ent to be interested in his
a1airs, control his ton"e 8tterance0 and discriminate the
people of his a"e$

.AJB/ Saf&an bin Nahya and Mohammed bin Abi @mair


narrated from Msa bin Ba%r from Rrara that >a+far bin
Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said:
7a#ors are &orthless nless they are done to the
hi"hborn and the reli"ios$
(rayer is the o1ertory of the pios$
Ha** is the *ihad of the &ea%$
E#erythin" has its ta:, and the ta: of bodies is fastin"$
>ihad of &omen is their "ood beha#ior &ith their
hsbands$
)ase the earnin"s to come do&n thro"h alms"i#in"$
He &ho is certain of the re&ard &ill srely spend
"enerosly$
Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He, "rants help as mch as
re,ired$
7ortify yor &ealth by means of defrayin" the -a%at$
Moderation is the half of li#in"$
The moderate &ill ne#er be needy$
7e&ness of dependants is one of the t&o facilities$
The instrctors &ho do not apply their instrctions to
themsel#es are li%e those &ho try to shoot &ithot ha#in" a
strin"$
Amicability is the half of intelli"ence$
)are is the half of senility$
Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He, "rants steadfastness
accordin" to the measre of the misfortne$
As for those &ho beat the hand on the thi"h in
misfortnes, their re&ards &ill be cancelled$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAC H$C5P4, -assail ush-Shia2


A4:A54 FAA5G A6P5C
To depress the parents is impiety to them$

Imam as0Sadi, .a/ also said: Allah, Blessed and E:alted


is He, has "i#en each yo de;nite shares of moralities in the
same &ay as He has decided for each of yo de;nite shares
of sstenance$
)
.AJJ/ Al0Mfaddhal bin Salih narrated from Ab >amila
from Sa+d bin Tarif from al0Asba"h bin Nbata that Amir l0
M?minin Ali bin Abi Talib .a/ said:
The Archan"el Habriel descended to Adam and said: O
Adam, I ha#e been "i#en the orders of ma%in" yo choose
one of three$ Hence, yo shold choose one and lea#e t&o$
Adam as%ed: !hat are these threeM
The an"el said: They are the intellect, the pdency, and
the reli"ion$
Adam said: I choose the intellect$
Habriel then as%ed the pdency and the reli"ion to
lea#e$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA6 H$C5PJ$ These ma:ims &ere


also mentioned in many other reference boo%s bt &ith little di1erence in
their se,ence, sch as As0Sad,+s al-Amali2 JJ6 H$5 U CCA H$B, al-
Khissal2 C3C H$A4 U 64P0A H$AP, #"ounu Akhbar ir-0idha2 A:K H$A6,
Fadhaail ul-Ashhur ith-Thalatha2 A44 H$A4K, Thawab ul-Amaal2 J6, ?urb
ul-(snad2 CC, Alikhtisas2 BP, Mustatrafat us-Saraair2 CCP, al-Muqannaa2
465, al-/afari"at2 B4, Ar0Ra&andi+s An-!awadir2 BP, Keshf ul-+humma2
4:A3J U 4PK, Khassais ul-Aimma2 APB, al->dad ul-?awi""a2 ACP, Az-Zuhd2
B4 H$3P, /ami ul-Akhbar2 K4, Awali ul-*aaali2 A:BCB H$AK, Mekarim ul-
Akhlaq2 B33, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 AAP U 44A, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-
%ala)ha2 A3:BB6 U A5:BA3, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K3:4PB H$JA
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA6 H$C5PC, al-Khissal2 AP4, al-
Ka2 A:AP, %ihar ul-Anwar2 A:36 H$3
They both said: O Habriel, &e ha#e been ordered to
follo& the intellect &hene#er it "oes$
Ths, the an"el left them and ascended$

.AJC/ Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Easa narrated from Ali


bin Ismaeel from Abdllah bin al0!aleed from Ab Bassir that
Ab Abdllah >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said:
7or thin"s are seless: a1ection to&ards the nfaithfl,
a fa#or that is done to the n"ratefl, %no&led"e that is
"i#en to the inattenti#e, and a secret that is said to the
nsafe$
)
.AJ6/ Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said:
Allah has de;nite ;elds called <Nemesis+ .al0Mnta,ima/$
Allah &ill ma%e the ser#ant, &ho does not dedicate some of
his &ealth to the fl;llment of the obli"atory ri"hts of Allah,
the sb*ect of one of these ;elds in &hich he &ill spoil all his
&ealth ntil he dies and departs his &ealth completely$
-
.AJK/ Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said:
He &ho does not care for &hat he says or &hat is said
abot him is semi0son of the de#ils$ He &ho does not care if
people consider him as harmfl is semi0son of the de#ils$ He
&ho bac%bites a faithfl friend &ithot bein" in state of
enmity &ith him is semi0son of the de#ils$ He &ho is fond of
the haram and the fornication is semi0son of the de#il$
The Imam .a/ then added:
The bastards en*oy de;nite characteristics$ 7irst, they
hate s 8the (rophet+s hosehold0$ Second, they lon" for the

Refer to al-Mahaasin2 A5A H$4, Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA6


H$C5P6, al-Khissal2 AP4 H$C5, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:C6, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2
B66, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 4J3$
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAK H$C5PK, al-Khissal2 46J
H$AJJ, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4:6K H$AP, KJ:A5J H$4P, and KC:666 H$J
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAK H$C5P3, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
B3 H$J, Meaani al-Akhbar2 4BC H$A, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:AP, 0awdhat ul-
-aidheen2 BC6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 56:AA H$AJ
haram from &hich they &ere created$ Third, they dispara"e
the reli"ion$ 7orth, they are considered as n&elcome
persons$ Only those &hom &ere formed by persons other
than their fathers or &hose mothers concei#ed them in their
periods of menstration may be considered as n&elcome
persons$

.AJ3/ Amir l0M?minin .a/ said:


He &ho thin%s it is fortnate for him to ha#e only &hat
sLces him &ill be sLced &ith the least needs of this
&orld$ He &ho thin%s it is not sLcient for him to ha#e the
minimm needs of this &orld &ill not be sLced by all the
&orldly pleasres$
)
.AJ5/ Isha, bin Ammar narrated that Imam as0Sadi, .a/
said:
Help of the hea#ens is "ranted accordin" to the measre
of the need$
-
.ACP/ Al0Hasan bin 7addhal narrated from Maisar that
>a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said:
!ithin the re#elations of the hea#ens is .this statement/:
If son of Adam 8man0 possesses t&o #alleys that prodce
"old and sil#er, he &ill see% for a third one$ O son of Adam,

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JAK H$C5P5, al-Khissal2 4666


H$JP, Meaani al-Akhbar2 JPP H$6P, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KB:BC6 H$66
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA3 H$C5AP, Fiqh ur-0idha2 B6J,
Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 55, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 4PK, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 ABA, %ihar
ul-Anwar2 KB:AK3 H$B and K3:JJ H$JA
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA3 H$C5AA, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
CCA H$B, At-Tawhid2 JPA H$6, Alikhtisas2 BP, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 4CJ, Tuhaf
ul-#qoul2 JPB, +hurar ul-Hikam wa $urar ul-Kelim2 B56 H$5A3A, -assail
ush-Shia2 A6:B4J FAJG H$4A66J
yor stomach is an ocean and a #alley$ Nothin" &ill ;ll in it
e:cept dst$

.ACA/ The (rophet .s/ said:


To re#ile at a belie#er is a sort of sinflness, to ;"ht
a"ainst him is a sort of disbelief, and to bac%bite him is an
act of disobedience to Allah$ The &ealth of the belie#er is as
sancti;ed as his sol$
)
.AC4/ Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Saeed al0=; narrated
from Ali bin al0Hasan bin 7addhal from His father that Ab al0
Hasan Ali bin Msa ar0Ridha .a/ said:
The Imam carries de;nite characteristics$ He is the most
%no&led"eable, the &isest, the most Hod0fearin", the most
clement, the most cora"eos, the most openhanded, and
the best &orshipper$ He is born circmcised and pri;ed$ He
can see that &hich behind him in the same &ay as he sees
that &hich is in front of him$ He has no shado&$ !hen he ;rst
falls on the earth 8from his mother+s &omb0, he falls on his
palms recitin" the t&o shahadas 8creeds of Islam: I declare
there is no "od bt Allah and Mohammed is the Messen"er of
Allah0 lodly$ He does not enconter &et dreams$ His eyes
may sleep bt his heart ne#er sleeps$ He is addressed from
the hea#ens$ The armor of the (rophet .s/ ;ts him$ His
rination and feces cannot be seen becase Allah has
ordered the earth to s&allo& that &hiche#er is dischar"ed
from him$ His smell is more fra"rant than ms%$ He en*oys
more athority o#er the belie#ers than themsel#es$ He is
more compassionate &ith the belie#ers than their fathers

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA3 H$C5A4, Thawab ul-Amaal2


43K H$4, Ibn Abi al0Hadid+s Sharhu !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 AK:J and 4P:AKJ,
Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 A:A64
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA3 H$C5AB, Thawab ul-Amaal2
4JP, al-Mahaasin2 AP4 H$KK, Alikhtisas2 BJ4, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:45A, /ami
ul-Akhbar2 A6P, Mun"at ul-Mureed2 B43, Az-Zuhd2 AA H$4B, Fiqh ul-?uraan2
A:43B, Alam ud-$in2 AJ3, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:4P5, Kenz ul-Fawaid2
A:4A6, Awali ul-*aaali2 A:B54 H$JJ, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 APP, %ihar ul-Anwar2
KC:AJ3 H$6, KC:ACP H$A6, KC:A6P H$BB, KC:4CC H$B5
and mothers$ He is the most modest for Allah, the best
performer of Allah+s orders and the best abstinent from the
matters that Allah forbids$ His prayer is responded to the
de"ree that if he in#o%es Allah a"ainst a roc%, it &ill be rent
asnder$ He possesses the &eapon of the (rophet .s/ and the
s&ord of Thlfe,ar$ He possesses a record that incldes the
names of his adherents and another record that incldes the
names of his enemies p to the Day of Resrrection$ He also
possesses al0>ami+a .the comprehensi#e/, &hich is a record of
se#enty0cbit lon" that contains all the re,irements of
people$ He also possesses the Ma*or )ipher, &hich is &ritten
on s%in of a "oat, and the Minor )ipher, &hich is &ritten on
s%in of a ram$ They contain the &hole body of sciences and
information, incldin" the rlin"s of the compensation of the
defect that occrs de to the retaliation of a scratch and the
rlin"s of one lash, half a lash, and one third of a lash$
7inally, the Imam possesses the Boo% of 7atima .a/$

.ACB/ Abdl0!ahid bin Mohammed bin Abdos an0


Nisapri narrated to s from Ali bin Mohammed bin 9taiba
from al07adhl bin Shathan that he heard Imam ar0Ridha .a/
sayin":
!hen the head of Imam al0Hssein .a/ &as carried to
Syria, Na-id, the crsed, ordered to pt a dinin" table on it$
His companions and he sat to that table eatin" and drin%in"
beer$ !hen they ;nished, Na-id, the crsed, ordered to pt
the head in a &ashtb nder his bed$ He then pt a
chessboard on the head and &ent on playin" chess and
re#ilin" and moc%in" at al0Hssein, his father, and his
"randfather, peace be pon them$ !hen his companion
"ambled, he too% the beer and dran% it three times$ He then
pored the remainder near the &ashtb$

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA3 H$C5AJ, al-Khissal2 C4K03 H$A,


Meaani al-Akhbar2 AP4 H$J, #"ounu Akhbar ir-0idha2 A:4A4 H$A, Ibn
Shahrashob+s al-Manaqib2 A:4CB, Keshf ul-+humma2 4:45P, As-Sirat ul-
Mustaqeem@ A:AP3, al-Kharaij wa al-/araih2 C65, Alihtijaj2 JB66, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 4C:AA6 H$A
He &ho claims bein" one of or Shia shold abstain from
drin%in" beer and playin" chess$ !hene#er yor si"ht falls
on beer or on chess, yo shold remember al0Hssein .a/
and crse Na-id, his family, and the family of Riyad$ If yo do
it, Allah &ill for"i#e yor sins e#en if they are as many as the
stars$

.ACJ/ Imam ar0Ridha .a/ said:


He &ho be"ins his day &ith "ood health, peace of mind,
and a#ailability of that day+s food is as if he is "i#en the
&hole "ood of this &orld$
)
.ACC/ Imam ar0Ridha .a/ said:
Hearts are molded on cherishin" those &ho treat them
charitably and abhorrin" those &ho treat them nastily$
-
.AC6/ Sa+d bin Tarif narrated from al0Asba"h bin Nbata
that Amir l0M?minin .a/ said in one of his sermons:
O people, listen to and nderstand my sayin"s, for the
departre is imminent$ I am the imam of the creation,
3
the

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA3 H$C5AC, #"ounu Akhbar ir-


0idha2 4:44 H$CP0A .in another series of narrators/, /ami ul-Akhbar2 ACB,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 JC:AK6 H$4B and 66:J54 H$BJ
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA5 H$C5A6, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
BAC H$B, al-Khissal2 A6A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KP:BA4 H$AC and KK:AA6 H$K
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA5 H$C5AK, %ihar ul-Anwar2
KK:AJ4 H$A
3
In his ad-$urr ul-Manthour2 6:BK5, as0Syotti .the Sha;ite/ records the
follo&in" narrati#e as related to Ibn Abbas:
!hen Hod+s sayin", FThe ri"hteosly stri#in" belie#ers are the best of all
creatres, .53:5/G &as re#ealed, the (rophet, peace be pon him and his
family, said to Ali: This is yo and yor Shia$ On the Day of Resrrection,
yo &ill be content and pleased$
In ,anabii ul-Mawadda2 KJ, al09anad-i .the Hana;te/ records the
follo&in" narrati#e as related to Aamir bin !aaila:
7rom the mimbar of Mas*id l0=fa, Ali, Allah be pleased &ith him,
sccessor of the best of the creatres, the hsband of the
mistress of &omen of this mma, and the father of the
immaclate pro"eny and the "ide Imams$ I am the brother,
sccessor, "ardian, #i-ier, ac,aintance, choice, dear, and
intimate friend of the (rophet .s/$ I am the commander of the
faithfl belie#ers, the leader of the &hite0forheaded
honorables, and the master of the .prophets+/ sccessors$ To
;"ht me is to ;"ht a"ainst Allah, to ma%e peace &ith me is to
ma%e peace &ith Allah, to obey me is to obey Allah, and to
be loyal to me is to be loyal to Allah$ My Shia are the
disciples of Allah and my spporters are the spporters of
Allah$ I s&ear by Allah !ho created me &hen I &as nothin",
the entrsted people amon" the companions of the (rophet
.s/ ha#e certainly %no&n that the per;dios party, the
de#iators, and the apostates

&ere crsed by the @mmi


deli#ered a sermon in &hich he said:
FO (eople, as% me$ As% me$ By Hod I s&ear, I can inform yo abot e#ery
Eerse of the Boo% of Hod$ I can tell &hether it &as re#ealed at ni"ht or in
day, drin" residence or *orney, or in a plain or on a montain$ I can also
tell &hether it &as re#ealed &ith re"ard to a faithfl belie#er or a hypocrite
and &hether its meanin" is "eneral or particlar$ F
Ibn l0=a&&a as%ed him abot Hod+s sayin", <the ri"hteosly stri#in"
belie#ers are the best of all creatres$ .53:5/+ He ans&ered: FThose are or
follo&ers and &e$ On the Day of Resrrection, &e &ill be &hite0forheaded,
honorable, sated, and &ell &atered$ !e &ill be %no&n thro"h or
distincti#e featres$G

The per;dios party are those &ho fo"ht a"ainst Imam Ali, peace be
pon him, drin" the battle of the )amel, amon" &hom there &ere the
(rophet+s &ife 8Aisha0 and other companions$ The de#iators are those &ho
fo"ht a"ainst Imam Ali, peace be pon him, drin" the battle of Si1een
nder the commandment of Ma&iya bin Abi SLan and Amr bin al0Aas$
The apostates are those &ho fo"ht a"ainst Imam Ali, peace be pon him,
drin" the battle of an0Nahra&an after they had formed a party called
=ha&ari*$
(rophet$ !hoe#er in#ents falsehood a"ainst Allah &ill
certainly be lost$

.ACK/ Amir l0M?minin .a/ related that the (rophet .s/


prayed:
O Allah, ha#e mercy pon my sccessors$
He repeated the statement three times$
Some as%ed: O Allah+s Messen"er, &ho are yor
sccessorsM
The (rophet .s/ said: My sccessors are those &ho &ill
come after me and relate my hadith and Snna$G
)

.AC3/ Al0M+alla bin Mohammed al0Basri narrated from
>a+far bin Salama from Abdllah bin al0Ha%am from His father
from Saeed bin >bair from Ibn Abbas that the (rophet .s/
said:
Ali is certainly my representati#e and sccessor$ His
lady2 the mistress of &omen of the &orld is my da"hter$ Al0
Hasan and al0Hssein2 the masters of the yoth of (aradise
are my sons$ He &hoe#er follo&s them is follo&in" me,
&hoe#er anta"oni-es them is anta"oni-in" me, &hoe#er
ma%es an enmity &ith them is ma%in" an enmity &ith me,
&hoe#er trns a&ay from them is trnin" a&ay from me, and
&hoe#er honors them is honorin" me$ Allah &ill re"ard him
&hoe#er re"ards them, disre"ard him &hoe#er disre"ards
them, spport him &hoe#er helps them, and disappoint him
&hoe#er disappoints them$ O Allah, li%e Nor prophets and
messen"ers &ho had momentos people and hosehold, Ali
and 7atima and al0Hassan and al0Hssein are my momentos

Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA5 H$ C5A5, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2


6PC H$5, al09mmi+s Tafsir2 A:AKA, %isharat ul-Mustafa2 A5A, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 B5:BBC H$J
)
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:JA5 H$ C54P, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
6PC H$5, Meaani al-Akhbar2 BKJ H$A, #"ounu Akhbar ir-0idha2 A: BK H$5J,
/ami ul-Akhbar2 A3A, Sahifat ur-0idha: C6 H$KB, Awali ul-*aaali2 J:C5 H$B,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 4:AJJ H$B, J U K and 35:44A H$6C
people and hosehold$ O Allah, ta%e a&ay from them ;lth
and prify them thoro"hly$
-
All praise is de to Allah the Iord of the &orlds$
All peace and blessin"s be pon or master Mohammed
and his immaclate family$
-
Refer to Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:J4P H$ C54P, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2
C6 H$AP U JKB H$6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 BC:4AP H$AA and BK:BC H$4, Keshf ul-
+humma2 4:4P3, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 B4J, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:K6, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 6K:BPB H$BJ
E2SE HUM<E2 *AAE
Allah is All0sLcient as or
HardianQ
B:AKB
They retrned &ith the fa#orsQ B:AKJ
No can ne#er ha#e e:tended
#irteQ
B:54
Those &ho ha#e the means and
abilityQ
B:5K
No can ne#er ha#e e:tended #irte
and ri"hteosnessQ
B:54
Do not marry, from no& on, the e:0
&i#es of yor fathersQ
J:44
Allah &ill not for"i#e the sin of
considerin"Q
J:AA6
Nor Iord is Allah &ho established
His dominionQ
K:CJ
The tre Hardian is certainly AllahQ K:A56
=no& that &hate#er property yo
may "ainQ
3:JA
Do yo, becase yo ser#ed &aterQ 5:A5
A Messen"er from yor o&n people
has come to yoQ
5:A43
It &ill sail in the name of AllahQ AA:JA
No mst be %ind to yor parentsQ AK:4B
If either or both of yor parents
shold becomeQ
AK:4B
Mhammad, tell them, TIt is all the
same &hether yoQ
AK:AAP
All (o&er belon"s to AllahQ A3:B5
E#en if yo consider me inferior to
yorselfQ
A3:B5
Iord, No are the Only Hod &homQ 4A:3K
!e ans&ered his prayerQ 4A:33
The an"els &ill come to themQ 4A:APA
!e ha#e created the hman bein"Q 4B:A4
!hen death approaches one of
themQ
4B:55
Allah pre#ents the hea#ensQ BC:JA
They ha#e not paid de respectQ B5:6K
I entrst Allah &ith my a1airsQ JP:JJ
Allah protected him a"ainstQ JP:JC
2. INDEX OF THE
NARRATIONS
HA22ATI!H
SANER (AHE
A Mslim indi#idal is recorded
as "ood0doerQ
Amir l0M?minin
A""ression is the ,ic%est in
pnishmentQ
The (rophet
Ali is certainly my representati#e
and sccessorQ
The (rophet
Allah has de;nite ;elds called
<NemesisQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Allah re#ealed to the (rophet .a/
Q
Imam al0Ba,ir
Allah &ill recompense him &ho is
steadfast a"ainstQ
The (rophet
Allah &ill re&ard him &ho
sppresses his ra"eQ
The (rophet
Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He,
"rants Q
Imam as0Sadi,
Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He,
"rants helpQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He,
has "i#en eachQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Alms"i#in" .to the stran"ers/ is
nacceptable &henQ
The (rophet
Alms"i#in" &ill ne#er case
redction of a fortneQ
The (rophet
Amicability is the half of
intelli"enceQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Amnesty of %in"s perpetates
their %in"domsQ
The (rophet
As Allah mo#es some people
from the hmility ofQ
Imam as0Sadi,
As for anyone &ho has the ability
to commit a sin inQ
Imam as0Sadi,
As for anyone &ho lac%s heart0
preachin", self0Q
Imam as0Sadi,
As for the faithfl belie#ers &ho
die in the periodQ
Amir l0M?minin
As for those &ho beat the hand
on the thi"hQ
Imam as0Sadi,
As for those &ho possess
themsel#es in sitationsQ
Imam as0Sadi,
As for those &hose appearances
are preferable toQ
Imam al0Ba,ir
Be steadfast a"ainst the enemies
of the "races, forQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Be"in &ith yor dependantsQ The (rophet
Belie#ers shold en*oy se#en
ri"hts that areQ
The (rophet
Blessed are those &ho en*oy lon"
a"es &ith "oodQ
The (rophet
)are is the half of senilityQ Imam as0Sadi,
)ast dst in the faces of the
elo"istsQ
The (rophet
)ase earnin"s to come do&n by
means ofQ
The (rophet
)ase the earnin"s to comeQ Imam as0Sadi,
)ertainly, the most fa#orable of
yo to Allah are theQ
Imam as0Se**ad
)harity is the ,ic%est in
re&ardin"Q
The (rophet
)lin" to the despair of e#erythin"
that is at peoples+Q
The (rophet
)ompassion them &ho are on
this earth and yoQ
The (rophet
)onsider yor mind as a %insman
&hose opinionQ
Imam as0Sadi,
)on#iction is the best thin" that
is thro&n inQ
The (rophet
Dobt is a part of atheismQ The (rophet
Drn%enness is the ;rebrand of
HellQ
The (rophet
Eblis is the sorce of poetryQ The (rophet
E#ery ne& day that comes pon
man says to himQ
Amir l0M?minin
E#erythin" has its ta:, and the
ta: of Q
Imam as0Sadi,
E:cept the de#iants, no one
shelters the de#iantQ
The (rophet
7a#ors are &orthless nless they
are doneQ
Imam as0Sadi,
7e&ness of dependants is one of
the t&o facilitiesQ
Imam as0Sadi,
7i#e classes of people are as
e:actly as I &illQ
Imam as0Sadi,
7or my mma, I am only afraid of
three thin"sQ
The (rophet
7or the ser#ants &ho obey Me, I
&ill not commendQ
9dsi
7ortify yor &ealth by meansQ Imam as0Sadi,
7or thin"s are seless: a1ection
to&ards theQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Hod0fearin" is the best of
pro#isionsQ
The (rophet
Hood health is a secret fa#or'it
is for"otten if it isQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Ha** is the *ihad of the &ea%Q Imam as0Sadi,$
He died despite of his noseQ The (rophet
He &ho acts indeliberately is as
same as him &hoQ
Imam as0Sadi,
He &ho be"ins his day &ith "ood
health, peace ofQ
Imam ar0Ridha
He &ho does not care for &hat
he says or &hat isQ
Imam as0Sadi,
He &ho does not ha#e mercy
pon others &ill notQ
The (rophet
He &ho does not sho& "ratitde
to people &ill notQ
The (rophet
He &ho is certain of the re&ard
&illQ
Imam as0Sadi,
He &ho thin%s it is fortnate for
him to ha#e onlyQ
Amir l0M?minin
He &ho &ants to be the most
"eneros shold fearQ
The (rophet
Health and free time are t&o
i"nored "racesQ
The (rophet
Hearts .i$e$ sols/ are amended
to lo#e those &hoQ
The (rophet
Hearts are molded on cherishin"
those &ho treatQ
Imam ar0Ridha
Help of the hea#ens is "ranted
accordin" to theQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Hsbands+ presti"e impro#es
their &i#es+ chastityQ
The (rophet
I be"in this day &hile my Iord is
hi"her than I amQ
Imam al0Hssein
I feel sympathetic for three
classes of peopleQ
Imam as0Sadi,
I implore to Allah to "rant me
faith and piety$ IQ
The (rophet
I &onder at for .people/2 &hy
they do not restoreQ
Imam as0Sadi,
If a montain oppresses a
montain, Allah &ill trnQ
The (rophet
If anyone of my creatres, &ho
ac%no&led"es MeQ
9dsi
If it is Allah !ho too% the char"e
of sparin" yorQ
Imam as0Sadi,
If son of Adam 8man0 possesses
t&o #alleysQ
9dsi
If the intention is po&erfl .to do
any matter/, theQ
Imam as0Sadi,
It is illicit for t&o belie#ers to
desert each other forQ
The (rophet
It is necessary for the intelli"ent
to be interested inQ
Imam as0Sadi,
It is to be tractable, spea% "ood
&ordin", andQ
Imam as0Sadi,
It is to spend the ri"ht that Allah
has imposed ponQ
Imam as0Sadi,
>ihad of &omen is their "ood
beha#ior Q
Imam as0Sadi,
Iamentation is a non0Islamic
deedQ
The (rophet
Ii#e in this &orld, as yo li%e, for
yo &ill certainly die$ Io#eQ
Archan"el Habriel
Man+s dependants are his
prisoners$ Anyone ponQ
Imam al0=adhim
May I inform yo of the e#ilest of
yoQ
The (rophet
Misfortnes follo& the
tteranceQ
The (rophet
Moderation is the half of li#in"Q Imam as0Sadi,$
Mslims shold respect their
stiplationsQ
The (rophet
No creatre shold be obeyed in
matters that .caseQ
The (rophet
Nothin" &ron"s a man e:cept his
o&n handQ
The (rophet
No&, the heat of battle is ;eryQ The (rophet
O Ab Hashim, &hich one of
Allah+s "races doQ
Imam al0>a&ad
O Ab Tharr, be&are of petition,
for it is presentQ
The (rophet
O Ab Tharr, do not as% from
people directly, bt ifQ
The (rophet
O Ab Tharr, yo &ill li#e alone,
die alon", andQ
The (rophet
O Adam, I &ill "ather the "ood,
as a &hole, in forQ
9dsi
O Ali, a .faithfl/ belie#er has
three sitations ofQ
The (rophet
O Ali, a man+s deed is imperfect
before he en*oysQ
The (rophet
O Ali, a Mslim shold en*oy
t&el#e characters inQ
The (rophet
O Ali, a sin"le dirham of sry is
more horrible inQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah created (aradise from
t&o adobes: Q
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah crse the parents
&ho encora"e theirQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah crse those &ho
claim of bein" theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah crse three ones:
those &ho eat theirQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah deemed nla&fl
se#en thin"s of theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah disli%ed for my people
to play drin"Q
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah "a#e yo se#en
characters that areQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah li%ed tellin" ;bs for
the prpose ofQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah may ha#e mercy
pon the parents &hoQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah re#ealed to this
&orld: FSer#e him &hoQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah selects the pro"eny
of e#ery messen"erQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah &ill establish a hose
in (aradise forQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah &ill not accept the
prayers of ei"htQ
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah &ill not ans&er the
prayer of an Q
The (rophet
O Ali, Allah &ill not "i#e any
atheist or hypocrite aQ
The (rophet
O Ali, alms"i#in" .to the
stran"ers/ is nacceptableQ
The (rophet
O Ali, alms"i#in" stops the act of
Allah that isQ
The (rophet
O Ali, an hor comes pon the
drin%ers of &ines inQ
The (rophet
O Ali, any into:icatin" drin% is
haram 8prohibited0Q
The (rophet
O Ali, all the sins are sitated in a
hose &hose %eyQ
The (rophet
O Ali, as Allah too% a loo% at the
creatres, HeQ
The (rophet
O Ali, as for him &ho fears Allah,
Allah &ill ma%eQ
The (rophet
O Ali, as for him &ho ne"lects to
perform the ha**Q
The (rophet
O Ali, as for the belie#ers, their
moanin" isQ
The (rophet
O Ali, as for those &ho learn
.%no&led"e/ for theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, bad mannerism is e#il
omen and theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, ban,ets shold be ser#ed
only in ;#eQ
The (rophet
O Ali, be"in and end yor meals
&ith salt, for itQ
The (rophet
O Ali, be&are of the %noc% of
cro& and the preyQ
The (rophet
O Ali, blessed is he &hose a"e is
lon" and deeds areQ
The (rophet
O Ali, by &ay of Islam, Allah too%
a&ay theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, cleanin" the teeth .&ith a
special stic% calledQ
The (rophet
O Ali, do not bar"ain &ith those
from &hom yoQ
The (rophet
O Ali, do not conslt the co&ard,
for he sho&s yorQ
The (rophet
O Ali, do not *o%e2 lest, yo &ill
lose respect, and doQ
The (rophet
O Ali, do not o1er prayers &hile
yo &ear a s%in ofQ
The (rophet
O Ali, eat only the e""s &hose
ed"es are not e#en, Q
The (rophet
O Ali, ei"ht classes of people
shold blame no oneQ
The (rophet
O Ali, employ for before the
fallin" of for: Q
The (rophet
O Ali, e#ery sin can be repented
e:cept badQ
The (rophet
O Ali, for e#ery obscene,
indecent, and shamelessQ
The (rophet
O Ali, for the drin%ers of &ines,
Allah &ill notQ
The (rophet
O Ali, for those &ho cold defend
their MslimQ
The (rophet
O Ali, for those &ho "i#e p
drin%in" &ines forQ
The (rophet
O Ali, for those &ho obey their
&i#es, Allah &illQ
The (rophet
O Ali, for those &ho pass their
hands on anQ
The (rophet
O Ali, for those &ho sppress
their an"er &hileQ
The (rophet
O Ali, fornication cases si: bad
conse,ences2 Q
The (rophet
O Ali, for matters are the
,ic%est in pnishment: Q
The (rophet
O Ali, for matters deal a death
blo&: a leader &hoQ
The (rophet
O Ali, for matters "o selessly:
to eat afterQ
The (rophet
O Ali, for thin"s are si"ns of
nhappiness: Q
The (rophet
O Ali, he &ho does not pro#ide a
proper &ill in hisQ
The (rophet
O Ali, he &ho fears a sorcerer or
a de#il sholdQ
The (rophet
O Ali, he &ho fears beasts shold
recite .Allah+sQ
The (rophet
O Ali, he &ho for"es lies a"ainst
me intentionallyQ
The (rophet
O Ali, he &ho for"ets to see%
blessin"s for me isQ
The (rophet
O Ali, he &ho refses to pay a
sin"le carat of theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, he &ho re*ects an apolo"y,
&hether tre orQ
The (rophet
O Ali, he &hose abdomen is
a1ected by a yello&Q
The (rophet
O Ali, he &hose ridin" animal
refses to mo#eQ
The (rophet
O Ali, he &hose tterance is
a#oided by people &illQ
The (rophet
O Ali, I am the pray of my father
Abraham theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, I am the son of the t&o
slain men$ Q
The (rophet
O Ali, I sa& yor name attached
to mine in forQ
The (rophet
O Ali, I &arn yo a"ainst three
characters: en#y, Q
The (rophet
O Ali, I &ill con#ey to yo a
commandment thatQ
The (rophet
O Ali, if a foot of an animal is
presented to me, IQ
The (rophet
O Ali, if e#il omen is fond in
somethin", it &illQ
The (rophet
O Ali, if the modest, in the
"o#ernment of the e#ils, Q
The (rophet
O Ali, in the pre0Islamic era,
Abdl0Mttalib passedQ
The (rophet
O Ali, insanity is e:pected from
doin" three thin"s: Q
The (rophet
O Ali, Islam is na%ed2 pdency is
its dress, "ra#ityQ
The (rophet
O Ali, it is haram to fast on the
days of Eid l07itrQ
The (rophet
O Ali, it is not obli"atory pon
&omen to attend theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, it is nacceptable for the
fornicators toQ
The (rophet
O Ali, it is nacceptable for
&i#es, sla#es, andQ
The (rophet
O Ali, it is nacceptable to o1er
frits or treasreQ
The (rophet
O Ali, it is &orthless to sit &ith
him &ho does notQ
The (rophet
O Ali, li%e sons+ treatin" their
parents impiosly, Q
The (rophet
O Ali, lyin" is acceptable in three
sitations: inQ
The (rophet
O Ali, may I inform of the closest
to myQ
The (rophet
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed
from brnin" if theyQ
The (rophet
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed
from care if theyQ
The (rophet
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed
from dro&nin" ifQ
The (rophet
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed
from larceny if theyQ
The (rophet
O Ali, my people &ill be sa#ed
from pllin" do&nQ
The (rophet
O Ali, nice life lies in three: &ide
hose, beatiflQ
The (rophet
O Ali, nine thin"s case obli#ion:
to eat sor apples, Q
The (rophet
O Ali, no po#erty is harsher than
i"norance, noQ
The (rophet
O Ali, on the Day of Resrrection,
e#ery indi#idal, Q
The (rophet
O Ali, (aradise is n,estionably
ine#itable for himQ
The (rophet
O Ali, prices of the dead animals,
do"s, and &ine, Q
The (rophet
O Ali, pride is the epidemic of
ancestry$ Q
The (rophet
O Ali, re"ard of the %inship
increases the a"e$ Q
The (rophet
O Ali, rest &ill depart him
&home#er is Q
The (rophet
O Ali, retaliation is inoperati#e for
fathers &ho %illQ
The (rophet
O Ali, sittin" &ith three ones
deadens the heart: theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, sleep is of for cate"ories:
the sleep of theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, sc%lin" after &eanin" is
#oid andQ
The (rophet
O Ali, sdden death is rest for the
belie#ers andQ
The (rophet
O Ali, ten people of this mma
are disbelie#in" inQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the .faithfl/ belie#er
shold en*oy ei"htQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the best of intellect is that
by &hich (aradiseQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the best of *ihad is to be"in
yor day &ithotQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the drin%er of &ines is as
same as theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the e#ilest of my people
are those &homQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the e#ilest of people is that
&ho complainsQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the e#ilest people are
those &ho sold their Q
The (rophet
O Ali, the ;rmest handle of faith
is to spport andQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the ;rst creation of Allah
&as the intellect$ Q
The (rophet
O Ali, the intelli"ent shold not
tra#el e:cept inQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the li"ht &ill be sa#ed
&hile the hea#y &illQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the people of the most
admirable faith andQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the prayers of for classes
of people are ne#erQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the reality of faith and the
portals of (aradiseQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the remotest people from
Allah are thoseQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the ri"hts of sons that are
imposed pon theirQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the sleep of the
%no&led"eable is better thanQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the tre belie#er is only he
&hom MslimsQ
The (rophet
O Ali, the mma cannot stand
three characters: toQ
The (rophet
O Ali, there are three si"ns for
the .faithfl/ Q
The (rophet
O Ali, this &orld is the *ail of the
belie#er and theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, those &ho meet Allah
en*oyin" three featresQ
The (rophet
O Ali, those &ho ne"lect to defray
the -a%at &ill as%Q
The (rophet
O Ali, those &ho omit performin"
the ha** &hileQ
The (rophet
O Ali, three characters raise the
ran%, three othersQ
The (rophet
O Ali, three deeds are ori"inated
from e:tremeQ
The (rophet
O Ali, three manners are the
charities of this &orldQ
The (rophet
O Ali, three matters harden the
heart: listenin" toQ
The (rophet
O Ali, three thin"s better the
memory and remo#eQ
The (rophet
O Ali, three &ill &ron" yo if yo
do not &ron"Q
The (rophet
O Ali, to depress the parents is
impiety to them$ Q
The (rophet
O Ali, to mo#e a montain from
its place is easierQ
The (rophet
O Ali, to pt yor hand to the
elbo& bet&een theQ
The (rophet
O Ali, to spend a sin"le dirham for
the dye is betterQ
The (rophet
O Ali, t&o ra%+as of the
%no&led"eable is betterQ
The (rophet
O Ali, ntrth is the epidemic of
tal%in", obli#ion isQ
The (rophet
O Ali, sry is of se#enty parts
the .pnishment ofQ
The (rophet
O Ali, &al% for t&o years so as to
treat yor parentsQ
The (rophet
O Ali, &ear yor rin" in the ri"ht
hand, for it is aQ
The (rophet
O Ali, &hen a ser#ant .of Allah/
dies, people as%Q
The (rophet
O Ali, &hen I come p to the
(raise&orthyQ
The (rophet
O Ali, &ithin the realities of faith
is to spend inQ
The (rophet
O Ali, &ordin" is &orthless nless
it is appliedQ
The (rophet
O Allah, bless my people &ho
&a%e p .or settleQ
The (rophet
O Allah, ha#e mercy pon my
sccessorsQ
The (rophet
O boy, %eep ."ood relations &ith/
Allah so that HeQ
The (rophet
O Isha,, se %ind &ords &ith the
hypocrite, lo#eQ
Imam as0Sadi,
O My ser#ants, yo all are lost
e:ceptQ
9dsi
O people, listen to and
nderstand my sayin"s, forQ
Amir l0M?minin
O people, there is no honor
hi"her than Islam, noQ
The (rophet
O Salman, &hen yo become
sic%, yo &in threeQ
The (rophet
O son, be&are of relyin" on
hopes, for they are theQ
Amir l0M?minin
O son, "o thro"h the ri"ht, e#en
if it is bitter, soQ
Imam as0Se**ad
O son, let not Allah see yo
committin" an act ofQ
Imam al0=adhim
O yoO No are dictatin" to the
=eepin" An"els aQ
Amir l0M?minin
On the Day of Resrrection, all
people &ill beQ
Imam as0Sadi,
(eople are e,al li%e the teeth of
a combQ
The (rophet
(er*ry chan"es contries into
desertedQ
The (rophet
(rayer is the o1ertory of the
piosQ
Imam as0Sadi,$
(dency is "ood all in allQ The (rophet
Repeal the misfortnes by
prayin" .to Allah/ Q
The (rophet
Reportin" is not li%e &itnessin"Q The (rophet
Ri"ht &ordin" is better than
%eepin" silent abotQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Scholars and &ise people sed to
correspond toQ
Amir l0M?minin
Sessions shold be %ept secretQ The (rophet
Silence is a rich treasre$ It is the
adornment of theQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Sleep is the rest of the body,
spea%in" is the rest ofQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Some poetry is .&ords of/
&isdom and some speechQ
The (rophet
Sorro& is repentanceQ The (rophet
Spend .in the case of Allah/ and
be certain of theQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Stri#e a"ainst yor self in the
same &ay as yo ;"htQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Ta%e the initiati#e to the "ardens
of (aradiseQ
The (rophet
The aVicted people 8no matter Amir l0M?minin
ho& intense theirQ
The Archan"el Habriel descended
to Adam andQ
Amir l0M?minin
The baby is for the o&ner of the
bed, and the shareQ
The (rophet
The belie#ers shold not be
stn" in the same placeQ
The (rophet
The end of yo all is that for
cbits ."ra#e/ Q
The (rophet
The false belie#er en*oys three
characteristics: heQ
The (rophet
The fame of &orship is mistrst$
My father said thatQ
Imam as0Sadi,
The fe& that is sLcient is better
than the mchQ
The (rophet
The ;rst of yo and me is a dirty
sperm$ The last ofQ
Salman al07arsi
The "ood, as a &hole, is
"athered in three thin"sQ
Amir l0M?minin
The "ide to a "ood deed is
.re&arded/ as same asQ
The (rophet
The head of clemency is to fear
Allah, (o&erfl andQ
The (rophet
The hi"h hand is better than the
lo&Q
The (rophet
The honorable men of my mma
are the retainers ofQ
The (rophet
The hypocrite has three
characteristics: he lies inQ
The (rophet
The Imam carries de;nite
characteristics$ He is theQ
Imam ar0Ridha
The instrctors &ho do not apply
theirQ
Imam as0Sadi,
The %indness to the parents .that Imam as0Sadi,
is intended in theQ
The lo#e of somethin" cases
blindness andQ
The (rophet
The master of a people is their
ser#antQ
The (rophet
The misers shold be the
&orthiest of hopin" forQ
Imam as0Sadi,
The moderate &ill ne#er be
needyQ
Imam as0Sadi,$
The most po&erfl of yo are
those &hoseQ
The (rophet
The Mslims are mirrors of each
otherQ
The (rophet
The ordeal of people &ith re"ard
to s is reallyQ
Imam as0Sadi,
The o&ner of a session is the
most meritorios ofQ
The (rophet
The sho&y has three
characteristics: he acti#atesQ
The (rophet
The tre abstinent is he &ho
ne"lects the le"alQ
Imam as0Sadi,
The tre happy is that &ho learns
lessons fromQ
The (rophet
The tre stron" is that &ho
o#ercomes his o&nQ
The (rophet
The tre nhappy is that &ho
&as nhappy in hisQ
The (rophet
The n*st people en*oy three
characteristicsQ
The (rophet
The &orst of food is to sei-e the
estate of an orphanQ
The (rophet
The &orst of "ains is the "ain of
sryQ
The (rophet
The &orst sry is ntrthQ The (rophet
There is no malady more
e:tremely thanQ
The (rophet
This &orld is see%in" and is
so"ht$ He &ho see%sQ
Imam as0Sadi,
Those &ho are %illed drin"
defendin" their &ealthQ
The (rophet
Those &ho &ithdra& their "ifts
are as same asQ
The (rophet
Three cannot be treated fairly by
three: the mastersQ
The (rophet
To depress the parents is impiety
to themQ
Imam as0Sadi,
To re#ile at a belie#er is
.re"arded as/ commitmentQ
The (rophet
To re#ile at a belie#er is a sort of
sinflness, to ;"htQ
The (rophet
To see the enemy pln"e in the
acts of disobedienceQ
Imam as0Sadi,
To see the enemy pln"e in the
acts of disobedienceQ
Imam as0Sadi,
T&o &ords are stran"e: a &ord of
&isdom that isQ
The (rophet
@se the "arnet, for it is the ;rst
montain thatQ
The (rophet
!ar is tric%eryQ The (rophet
!e'the hosehold of the
prophecy' do notQ
Amir l0M?minin
!hen a fets settles in the
mother+s &omb, his faceQ
The (rophet
!hen the head of Imam al0
HsseinQ
Imam ar0Ridha
!ine is the collector of all sinsQ The (rophet
!omen are snares of EblisQ The (rophet
Nes, old man$ He &hose t&o days
are moderate isQ
Amir l0M?minin
No shold hope for the
ne:pected more than theQ
Amir l0M?minin
No &ill not co#er people &ith
yor fortnes2 thsQ
The (rophet
Noth is a branch of insanityQ The (rophet
NAME (AHE
Adam
Archan"el Habriel
Michael
The (rophet Mohammed
Amir l0M+minin Ali
7atima
Al0Hasan bin Ali
Al0Hssein bin Ali
Ali bin Al0Hssein as0Se**ad
Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0Ba,ir
Ab Abdllah >a+far bin Mohammed as0
Sadi,
Ab al0Hasan Msa bin >a+far al0=adhim
Ab al0Hasan Ali bin Msa ar0Ridha
Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0>a&ad
Aabi' al-Ah/asi
Ab'ul-Ahee/ al-Hasani
Ab'ullah bin Abbas
Ab'ullah bin Abi 0afur
Ab'ullah bin al-Ha7a/
Ab'ullah bin al-Qasi/
Ab'ullah bin al-Walee'
Ab'ullah bin <a7r al-Mura'i
Ab'ullah bin Ma%/oun
Ab'ullah bin Mes7an
Ab'ullah bin Wahab
Ab'ul-Muttalib
Ab'ul-Wahi' An-Hisa&uri
Ab'ul-Wahi' bin Moha//e' bin Ab'ous
Abu Ab'illah al-Hussein bin <abawa%h
Abu al-Hasan Ali bin <abawa%h
Abu al-Hasan Ali bin Easa al-Mu.awir
Abu al-Hasan Ali bin Thabit A'-Dawalibi
Abu al-Hasan Moha//e' bin al-Qasi/ Alistraba'i
Abu Ali Ah/e' bin al-Hasan al-Qattan
Abu Ali al-Hussein bin Ah/e' al-<a%hai
Abu al-Qasi/ al-Hasan bin Moha//e' As-Sa7uni
Abu al-Qasi/ al-Hussein bin 2awh
Abu as-Sabah al-Kinani
Abu at-Ta%%ib al-Hussein bin Ah/e' bin Moha//e'
Ar-2ai
Abu <assir
Abu Ha/a ath-The/ali
Abu Hashi/ al-6a:fari
Abu 6afar Moha//e' bin Ali al-Aswa'
Abu 6ura'a al-<ar'a:i
Abu Lahab
Abu Mansour Ah/e' bin Ibrahi/ bin <a7r al-Khui
Abu Moha//e' Ab'ous bin Ali bin al-Abbas al-6ur.ani
Abu Moha//e' al-Hasan bin Moha//e' bin 0ah%a
Abu Moha//e' al-Qasi/ bin Moha//e' Alistraba'i
Abu Hasr Moha//e' bin Ah/e' bin Ta/i/ As-
Sara7hsi
Abu Saee' al-Muthe77ir An-Hisa&uri
Abu Talib"
Abu Tharr
Abu Tharr 0ah%a bin Zai' bin al-Abbas bin al-Walee'
al-<ea
Abu Walla' al-Hennat
Abu 0ousuf bin Ab'ullah bin Ab'ul-Mali7
Ah/e' bin al-Hasan al-Maitha/i
Ah/e' bin Ibrahi/ bin Harun al-Ia/i
Ah/e' bin Isha bin Sa:'
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin Ab'ullah
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin As-Sar
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin Easa
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin Saee' al-Ha/a'ani
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin Saee' al-Ku1
Aisha
Al-Abbas
Al-Abbas bin <e77ar a'-Debi
Al-Asba#h bin Hubata
Al-<ahaa:i
Al-Ia'hl bin Abbas
Al-Ia'hl bin Shathan
Al-Haitha/ bin Wai'
Al-Harth bin Moha//e' bin An-Hu:/an
Al-Hasan bin Ali bin Ia''hal
Al-Hasan bin al-Qasi/
Al-Hasan bin Ia''hal
Al-Hasan bin Mahboub
Al-Hasan bin Moha//e' bin Saee' al-Hashi/i
Al-Hasan bin Musa al-Khashab
Al-Hasan bin 2ashi'
Al-Hurr Al-Aa/ili
Al-Hussein bin Abi Ha/a
Al-Hussein bin Saee'
Al-Hussein bin 0ai'
Ali bin Al-Ha7a/
Ali bin al-Hasan bin Ia''hal
Ali bin Ahurab
Ali bin Ibrahi/ bin al-Mu:alla
Ali bin Is/aeel
Ali bin Mah%ar
Ali bin Moha//e' bin Qutaiba
Al-Khawansari
Al-Ma.lisi
Al-Ma/uani
Al-Mu:alla bin Moha//e' al-<asri
Al-Mufa''hal
Al-Mufa''hal bin !/ar
Al-Mufa''hal bin Salih
Al-Mu1'
Al-Ur'uba'i
A/r bin Khali'
A/r bin She/r
A/r bin Zi%a'
Anas bin Moha//e'
An-He.ashi
An-Huri
Ar-2awan'i
As-Sa7uni
At-Tabari
At-Tabirsi
At-Tehrani
At-Tusi
A%atollah al-Mar:ashi an-Ha.a1
Aiullah Attari'i
<anu Saai'a
Easa al-Ierra
Eban bin !th/an
Eban bin !th/an al-Ah/ar
Ie'a Ali al-Musawi
Ahalib bin !th/an
Ahi%ath bin Kalub
Habbaba al-Walibi%%a
Ha/a bin Moha//e' bin Ah/e'
Ha/a"
He//a' bin A/r
He//a' bin !th/an
Husha/ bin Sale/
Hussein al-Mua''as al-Mashha'i
Hussein bin Ab'us-Sa/a' al-Harithi
Ibn Abbas
Ibn Abi U/air
Ibn Abi Zi%a' At-Tuha/i
Ibn I'ris
Ibn Mes7an
Ibn Shahrashoub
Ibn Tahir" an' Shei7h Ibrahi/ bin Harun al-Hiti
Ibrahi/
I/a'u''in Moha//e' bin Ali At-Tusi
Isha bin A//ar
Is/aeel bin Mehran
Is/aeel bin Musli/
6a:far bin Abi Talib
6a:far bin Moha//e'
6a:far bin Moha//e' bin Mali7 al-Iaari
6a:far bin Moha//e' bin Sahl
6a:far bin Sala/a
6abir bin Ab'illah al-Ansari
6abir bin 0ai' al-6u:1
6a/il bin Salih
Maisar
Mali7 bin Ati%%a
Mas:a'a bin Sa'aa
Mira Ali <eha'i
Moha//e' bin Abi U/air
Moha//e' bin A'a/
Moha//e' bin Ah/e' bin Ali bin Shathan
Moha//e' bin Ah/e' bin 0ah%a
Moha//e' bin al-Hana1%%a
Moha//e' bin al-Hussein bin al-Walee'
Moha//e' bin Ali Alistraba'i
Moha//e' bin Ali al-Ku1
Moha//e' bin Ali al-Marwalruthi
Moha//e' bin <abawa%h al-Qu//i
Moha//e' bin <a7ran An-Haash
Moha//e' bin Ha/ran
Moha//e' bin Ibrahi/
Moha//e' bin Khali'
Moha//e' bin !th/an al-!/ari
Moha//e' bin Sinan
Moha//e' bin Sulai/an al-Ku1
Moha//e' bin Zi%a' al-A'i
Muawi%a
Muawi%a bin Wahab
Mu'ri7 bin Ab'irrah/an
Murai/
Musa bin <a7r
Musa bin I/ran
Haathal
Ha./u''in ash-Sharif al-As7ari
!th/an bin A=an
2u7n a'-Dawla
Sa:' bin Abi Khalaf
Sa:' bin Tarif
Saee' bin 6ubair
Saee' bin Moha//e'
Safwan bin 0ah%a
Sal/an al-Iarsi
Sa%%i' Ali bin Ab'ul-Kari/ An-Ha.a1
Sa%%i' al-Murte'ha Ala/ ul-Hu'a
Sa%%i' Hashi/ al-<ahrani
Shuaib al-Aarou1
Sulai/an
Sultan Iat:h Ali Shah
Talha bin Zai'
Thabit ath-The/ali
The *haraoh
0a:oub bin 0ai'
0a:oub bin 0ousuf bin 0a:oub
0ai'
0ounus bin Zhab%an
Zai' bin Ali
Zai' bin Sawhan al-Ab'i
Zurara
THE PUBLISHERS WORD.............................................1
THE REVISERS WORD..................................................3
THE REVISION.............................................................11
A$ AI0MA!AAIRH$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$AA
4$ SI7AT @SH0SHIA$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$A4
B$ 7ADHAAII @SH0SHIA$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$AB
BIOGRAPHY OF THE COMPILER.................................17
Name and Iinea"e$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$AK
Birth and Early Iife$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$A3
Scholastic >orneys$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$44
Scholastic State and Scholars+ Opinions$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$4J
Teachers and Stdents$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$46
His !or%s$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$4K
His Death$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$43
INTRODUCTION OF THE COMPILER..........................30
The (rophet+s )ommandments for Amir l0M+minin$ $BP
Brief Sermons of the (rophet$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
Imam Ali and A Syrian Old Man$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
The )ommandment of Amir l0M?minin for his Son
Mohammed bin al0Hana;yya$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
Ma:ims of the (rophet and the Imams$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
1. INDEX OF THE QURANIC TEXTS............................30
2. INDEX OF THE NARRATIONS..................................30
3. INDEX OF THE NAMES OF THE SINLESS...............30
. INDEX OF PROPER NAMES.....................................30
. TABLE OF CONTENTS.............................................30
SHEIKH AS-
SHEIKH AS-
SADUQ
SADUQ
THE QUALITIES !I
THE QUALITIES !I
THE SHIA
THE SHIA
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate the
Merciful
From Him, We Seek Help
All Praise is Due to Allah, the Lord of the
Worlds
All !lessin"s !e upon Mohammed and His
Immaculate Household
Abu /afar Mohammed bin Ali bin al-Hussein bin Musa bin
%abawa"h Athe 'om=iler of this bookB sa"s&
415 The Shia are the ,e',!e '#
,iet" and di!igen&e
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to me from Mohammed bin Nahya
al0Attar al0=; from Msa bin Imran an0Na%h+i from his ncle
al0Hssein bin Na-id an0Na&fali from Ali bin Salem from his
father from Ab Bassir that Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said:
Or Shia are the people of piety and dili"ence, loyalty
and honesty, and asceticism and &orship$ They perform ;fty0
one ra%+as in a sin"le day and ni"ht$ They pass their ni"hts
&ith &orship and their days &ith fastin"$ They defray the
-a%at from their &ealth, perform the ha**, and refrain from
committin" any forbidden thin"$

425 The Shia are th'(e 6h'


(*1mit t' the imam(
My father, Allah ha#e mercy pon him, related to s from
Ali bin Ibrahim from his father from Ali bin Mabad from al0
Hssein bin =halid that Ab al0Hasan ar0Ridha .a/ said:
Or .tre/ Shia are those &ho sbmit to or orders, carry
ot or directi#es, and dissent from or enemies$ He &ho
does not en*oy sch characteristics is not one of s$
)
435 The Shia and ta7i"ah
>a+far bin Mohammed bin Masror narrated to s from al0
Hssein bin Mohammed bin Aamir from his ncle Abdllah

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:A6K H$4B, al--assail2 B:JA H$46


)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:A6K H$4J, al--assail2 A3:3B H$4C
bin Aamir from Mohammed bin Abi @mair from Eban bin
Othman that >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said:
The reli"ion of those &ho deny ta,iyah is nll and the faith
of those &ho lac% piety is nll, too$

4$5 The #a!(e Shiite


Mohammed bin Ali Ma*il&ayh, Allah may ha#e mercy pon
him, narrated to s from his ncle Mohammed bin Abi al0
9asim from Mohammed bin Ali al0=; from Mohammed
bin Sinan from al0Mfaddhal bin Omar that Imam as0Sadi,
.a/ said:
He &ho claims bein" one of or Shia &hile he is clin"in" to
the handle of somebody else is srely tellin" a lie$
)
4%5 The Shia 6ere &reated #r'm
the (ame &!a" '# the Imam(
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to s
from Abdllah bin >a+far from Ahmed bin Mohammed from
Ibn Abi Ne*ran that he heard Ab al0Hasan .Imam ar0
Ridha/ sayin":
He &ho anta"oni-es or Shia is anta"oni-in" s and
&hoe#er follo&s them is follo&in" s, becase they are
part of s$ They &ere created from the same clay from
&hich &e &ere created$ He &ho lo#es them is one of s,
and &hoe#er hates them is not &ith s$ Or Shia see
thro"h the li"ht of Allah, mo#e abot in the mercy of
Allah, and &ill &in the di"nity of Allah$ !e feel the same
pains that any of or Shia feels drin" ailment, &e

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:BPB H$BJ, al--assail2 AA:J6C H$44


)
Refer to Meaani al-Akhbar2 B55 H$CK .&ith another series of relaters/,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 4:53 H$J5
become "rie#ed &hene#er any of or Shia becomes
"rie#ed, and &e feel happy &hene#er any of or Shia feels
happy$ No one of or Shia can be ot of or aspices,
&hether he &as in the east or the &est of the earth$ The
debt that is left by any of or Shia is in or responsibility
&hile the estate is his heirs+$ Or Shia are those &ho o1er
the prayers, defray the -a%at, perform the ha** to the Holy
Hose of Allah, fast drin" the month of Ramadan, declare
their loyalty to the (rophet+s hosehold, and declare their
disa#o&al of the enemies of the (rophet+s hosehold$
Those are the people of faith, Hod0fearin", piety, and
de#otness$ He &hoe#er re*ects them is re*ectin" Allah,
becase they are the tre ser#ants and the "enine
disciples of Allah$ By Allah I s&ear, each indi#idal of them
&ill be "ranted .on the Day of Resrrection/ the ri"ht to
intercede for people as many as the indi#idals of the
tribes of Rabeea and Madhar, ot of Allah+s honor to
them$

485 The re6ard '# !a i!aha i!!a


4a5!!ah
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to s
from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Na+,ob bin Na-id from
Mohammed bin Abi @mair from Mohammed bin Hamran that
Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
He &hoe#er says <*a ilaha illa AABllah 8there is no "od bt
Allah0 sincerely &ill be in (aradise$ Sincerity, here, means
that this sayin" shold pre#ent him from #iolatin" the thin"s
that Allah forbids$
)

Refer to Fadhaail ul-Ashhur ith-Thalatha2 APC H$5C, %ihar ul-Anwar2


63:A6K H$4C, al--assail2 A:AC H$43
)
Refer to At-Tawhid2 4K H$46, Meaani al-Akhbar2 BKP H$A, Thawab ul-
Amaal2 A5 H$A, Kifa"at ul-Athar2 AA5, Falah us-Sail2 AAK, Awali ul-*aaali2
J:5J H$ABJ, %ihar ul-Anwar2 5B:A5K H$4A
495 The re6ard '# !a i!aha i!!a
4a5!!ah
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Ahmed bin Mohammed, al0
Hasan bin Ali al0=;, and al0Hssein bin Saif from Slaiman
bin Amr from Mha*ir Ab al0Hasan from Raid bin Ar,am that
the (rophet .s/ said:
He &ho says <*a ilaha illa AABllah 8there is no "od bt
Allah0 sincerely &ill be in (aradise$ Sincerity, here, means
that this sayin" shold pre#ent him from #iolatin" the thin"s
that Allah forbids$

4:5 The Shia are the ;'d-#earing


Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to s from Abdllah bin >a+far al0
Himyari from Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Easa from al0Hasan
bin Mahbob from Ali bin Riaab from Ab @baida al0Hetthaa
that Ab Abdllah .a/ related that &hen the (rophet .s/
con,ered Mecca, he stood in Safa and said:
O sons of Hashim and sons of Abdl0Mttalib, I am the
messen"er of Allah to all of yo$ I feel pity for yo$ Do not
depend on the fact that Mohammed is from yo$ By Allah I
s&ear, my follo&ers, &hether they are from yor clan or any
other clan, are only the Hod0fearin"$
I &ill not admit yo on the Day of Resrrection if yo
come to me brdened &ith the &orldly disad#anta"es &hile
others come &ith the ad#anta"es of the &orld to come$ I am
e:csed re"ardin" my mission to yo and the

At-Tawhid2 43 H$4K, Meaani al-Akhbar2 4KP H$4, Thawab ul-Amaal2 4P


H$B, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 BAP, %ihar ul-Anwar2 5B:A5K H$44
commandments of Allah for yo$ I ha#e my o&n deeds and
yo &ill ha#e yor o&n deeds$

4<5 The &'m,an" '# the e=i!( and


the &'m,an" '# the g''d
Ahmed Bin Mohammed bin Nahya al0Attar, Allah may
ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to s from Sa+d bin Abdllah
from Ibrahim bin Hashim from Ibn Abi Ne*ran from Aassim
bin Hamid from Mohammed bin 9ays that Ab >a+far
Mohammed bin Ali al0Ba,ir .a/ related on the athority of his
fathers that Amir l0M?minin .a/ said:
To sit &ith the e#ils cases mistrst in the "ood$ To sit
&ith the "ood attaches the e#ils to the "ood$ The sinfl ones+
sittin" &ith the "ood ones attaches the sinfl ones to the
"ood ones$ If yo cannot discern the belief of somebody, yo
shold in#esti"ate his associates$ If they are follo&in" the
ri"ht creed, he &ill ine#itably be on the ri"ht creed$ If they
are not, he then has no share in the reli"ion of Allah$
The (rophet .s/ sed to say:
He &ho belie#es in Allah and the 7inal Day shold not
fraterni-e &ith any disbelie#er or associate &ith any sinfl$
He &hoe#er fraterni-es &ith a disbelie#er or associates &ith
a sinfl one is certainly re"arded as disbelie#er and sinfl$
)

Refer to Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:ACA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4A:AAA H$4, KA:A33


H$CA, and 56:4BB H$BP
)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 KJ:A5K H$BA, al--assail2 AA:CP6 H$A3
41>5 He 6h' h'n'r( a di((ident
i( n't Shiite
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin al0!aleed related to s
from Mohammed bin al0Hasan as0Sa1ar from Mohammed bin
Easa bin @baid from Ibn 7addhal that Imam ar0Ridha .a/ said:
As for anyone &ho bilds relations &ith somebody &ho
disre"ards s, disre"ards somebody &ho bilds "ood
relations &ith s, praises somebody &ho re#iles at s, or
honors somebody &ho dissents from s, he is srely not one
s and &e are srely not from him$

4115 The !'"a!t" t' the enemie(


'# A!!ah
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il narrated to s
from Ali bin al0Hssein as0Sa+dabadi from Ahmed bin
Mohammed bin =halid from Ibn 7addhal that Imam ar0Ridha
.a/ said:
He &ho follo&s the enemies of Allah &ill certainly
anta"oni-e the disciples of Allah, and &hoe#er anta"oni-es
the disciples of Allah &ill anta"oni-e Allah !ho &ill
incmbently pt him in the ;re of Hell$
)

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC:B5A H$AA, al--assail2 AA:CPK H$A5


)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC:B5A H$AA, al--assail2 AA:JJA H$AA
4125 The Shia '# A!i a1(tain #r'm
the #''d a,,etite and 6'r-
#'r their /reat'r
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to me from Ahmed bin AbdllahQ
that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
By Allah I s&ear, the Shia of Ali are only those &ho
abstain from the food and the se:al appetites, &or%
sincerely for the )reator, hope for "ainin" His re&ard, and
fear from His pnishment$


4135 M'ra!itie( '# the Shia
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Ali bin as0Salt that
Mohammed bin A*lan said:
I &as &ith Ab Abdllah .a/ &hen a man attended and
"reeted$ The Imam as%ed him abot the manners of his
friends$ The man praised, admired, and honored$
The Imam as%ed: Ho& abot the rich men+s #isitin" the
poorM
He ans&ered: It is fe&$
The Imam .a/ as%ed: Ho& abot the rich men+s re"ardin"
and helpin" the poorM
He said: No are referrin" to moralities that &e do not
en*oy$
The Imam .a/ said: Ho& do they claim bein" Shia, thenM
)

Refer to Alam ud-$in2 A4C .in another series of relaters/, Mishkat ul-
Anwar2 C3, %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:A63 H$46
)
Refer to Mishkat ul-Anwar2 4B5, %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:A63 H$4K
41$5 The a?e&ti'n #'r the
.r',het( h'*(eh'!d
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to s from Mohammed bin Nahya
from Ahmed bin Mohammed al0=he--a- that Imam ar0Ridha
.a/ said:
Some of those &ho claim the a1ection for s 8the
(rophet+s hosehold0 are more dan"eros for or Shia than
the ordeal of the Da**al$

I as%ed: Ho& do sch people become dan"erosM


The Imam .a/ ans&ered: They spport or enemies and
anta"oni-e or follo&ers$ !hen this occrs, the ri"ht &ill be
confsed &ith the &ron" and the &hole matter &ill be
perple:ed$ Then, there &ill be no distinction bet&een the
belie#ers and the hypocrites$
)
41%5 The #riend '# A!!ah( enem"
i( A!!ah( enem"
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed
narrated to s from Ahmed bin Idris from >a+far bin
Mohammed Bin Mali% al07a-ari from Mohammed bin al0
Hssein bin Raid from Mohammed bin Sinan from al0Alaa bin
al07dhayl that Imam as0Sadi, .a/ said:
He &ho lo#es a disbelie#er &ill hate Allah and &hoe#er
hates a disbelie#er lo#es Allah$
He .a/ then added:

The Da**al: A great personal opponent of mam !ahdi, peace be upon him, e"pected to
appear before the end of the world.
)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC:B5A H$AA, al--assail2 AA:JJA H$5
The friend of Allah+s enemy is Allah+s enemy$

4185 The &'m,an" '# the


(*(,i&i'*(
>a+far bin Mohammed bin Masror, Allah may ha#e mercy
pon him, narrated to s from a nmber of or
ac,aintances that >a+far bin Mohammed .a/ said:
He &ho sits to the sspicios people is sspicios$
)
4195 The Na(i1i i( he 6h'
antag'ni@e( the Shia
Mohammed bin Ali Ma*il&ayh narrated to s from his
ncle Mohammed bin Abi al09asim from Mohammed bin Ali
al0=; from Ibn 7addhal from al0M+alla bin =hnais that he
heard Ab Abdllah .a/ sayin":
The Nasibi
-
is not he &ho declares anta"onism a"ainst
s2 the (rophet+s hosehold$ No cannot meet any person
&ho declares that he hates Mohammed and his family
openly$ The Nasibi is he &ho pro#o%es hostility a"ainst yo
&hile he %no&s that yo spport s and disa#o& or
enemies$
He .a/ also said:
He &ho "rati;es one of or enemies is %illin" one of or
disciples$
3

Refer to As0Sad,+s al-Amali2 J3J H$3, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 JAK, %ihar


ul-Anwar2 65:4BK H$B, al--assail2 AA:JJ4 H$A4
)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 KJ:A5K H$BA, al--assail2 AA:CPK H$4P
-
Nasibi is the person &ho pro#o%es hostility a"ainst the (rophet+s
hosehold$
41:5 The Shia '# A!i are
atr',hied-(t'ma&hed and dr"-
!i,,ed
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Sa+d bin Abdllah and Abdllah bin >a+far al0Himyari
from Ahmed bin Mohammed bin al0HasanQ that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:
The Shia of Ali are atrophied0stomached, dry0lipped, and
people of compassion, %no&led"e, and clemency$ Their
distincti#e featre is re#erence$ Help the beliefs that yo
embrace by means of piety and dili"ence$

41<5 The Shia '# A!i are the ,a!e


and the thin
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed, Allah
may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to s from Mohammed
bin al0Hasan as0Sa1ar from Ahmed bin Mohammed al0Bar,i
from Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Shamon from Abdllah
bin Amr bin al0Ash+ath from Abdllah bin Hemmad al0Ansari
from Abdllah bin Sinan from Amr bin Abi al0Mi,dam from his
father that Ab >a+far .a/ said:
O Ab al0Mi,dam, the Shia of Ali .a/ are only the pale,
the thin, and the feeble$ Their lips are faded becase of
&orship and their stomachs are atrophied$ Their colors are
pale and they are &hite0faced$ !hen ni"ht comes pon
3
Refer to Meaani al-Akhbar2 B6C H$A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4K:4BB H$JB$ In
Thawab ul-Amaal2 4PK, (lal ash-Sharaa"i2 6PA H$6P .&ith other series of
relaters/, a part of this narration is recorded$

Mishkat ul-Anwar2 64 U 35, %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:A33 H$JB$ In another &ay


of relation, the same narration is recorded in al-Ka2 4:4BB and at-
Tamhees2 66 H$AC6
them, they beta%e the "rond as their bed and the direction
of their foreheads$ Their eyes are teary, their teardrops are
hea#y, and their prayers are #ery mch$ They recite the Boo%
of Allah$ !hen people are happy, they are "rie#ed$

42>5 The mar-( '# the Shia


My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Ali bin as0Salt from
Ahmed bin Mohammed from as0Sindi bin Mohammed that
Amir l0M?minin .a/ trned his face to the "rop &ho &ere
follo&in" him and as%ed them abot their beliefs$ F!e are
yor Shia, Amir l0M?minin,G they ans&ered$ He said, FBt I
cannot see the mar%s of the Shia on yor faces$G F!hat are
the mar%s of the ShiaMG as%ed they$ He .a/ spo%e:
The Shia are pale0faced becase of stayin" p at ni"hts,
atrophied0stomached becase of fastin", and dry0lipped
becase of prayers to Allah$ The dst of the sbmissi#e
co#ers them$
)
4215 The Shia '# )a#ar a1(tain
#r'm the #''d a,,etite and
6'r- di!igent!"
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to me from Ali bin al0Hssein as0
Sa+dabadi from al0Bar,i from his father from al0Mfaddhal
that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:

Refer to Alam ud-$in2 AJ4, Falah us-Sail2 463, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 K5,
0awdhat ul--aidheen2 45J, al--assail2 J:3JB H$AJ$ In another &ay of
relation, the same narration is recorded in al-Khissal2 4:JJJ H$JP$
)
Refer to al-Amali2 At0Tsi ABC, al0M;d+s al-(rshad2 AJP, Mishkat ul-Anwar2
C3
The Shia of >a+far are only those &ho abstain from the
food and the se:al appetites, act dili"ently, &or% for the
)reator, hope for "ainin" His re&ard, and fear from His
pnishment$ If yo see them, %no& that they are the Shia of
>a+far$

4225 The #a!(e em1ra&ement '#


Shii(m
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Ali bin al0Hssein as0Sa+dabadiQ from >abir al0>+;
that Ab >a+far .a/ said:
O >abir, do yo thin% that it is sLcient for those &ho
claim bein" Shia to say that they cherish s2 the (rophet+s
hoseholdM
By Allah I s&ear, or Shia are only those &ho fear and
obey Allah$ Their si"ns are modesty, sbmission, fl;llment
of the trsts, #ery mch reference to Allah, fastin", o1erin"
prayers, piety to .their/ parents, aidin" the nei"hbors
especially the poor, the destitte, the indebted, and the
orphans, trth, recitin" the 9ran, and a#oidin" mentionin"
people e:cept for praisin"$ In addition, they are the most
trstfl of the people of their tribes$
>abir said: O son of Allah+s Messen"er, &e do not %no&
anyone &ho bears sch characters$
The Imam .a/ said: No, >abir$ Do not misnderstand the
matter$ It is eno"h for a man to claim that he lo#es and
follo&s Ali .a/$ As a matter of fact, if he claims that he lo#es
the (rophet .s/ &ho is preferable to Ali .a/ bt he does not
follo& the (rophet+s traditions and does not act pon his
instrctions, sch claim of lo#e &ill be de;nitely seless$
Hence, yo shold fear Allah and &or% for the case of

Refer to al-Ka2 4:4BB H$5, al-Khissal2 A:A5C H$6B, $aaa"im ul-(slam2


A:C3, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 CAC, Alam ud-$in2 A45, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 C3 U 6B,
(khti"aru Marifat Ar-0ijal2 BP6 H$CC4, %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:A3K H$J4
obtainin" that &hich He has in possession$ There is no
relation bet&een Allah and anybody$

The most fa#orable


and honorable ser#ants of Allah are the most Hod0fearin"
and the most pios$
O >abir, the only means thro"h &hich a ser#ant see%s to
"ain Allah+s fa#or is the obedience to Him$ !e 8the (rophet+s
hosehold0 do not carry a patent for sa#in" from Hell$
Ii%e&ise, none of yo has a claim a"ainst Allah$ He &ho
obeys Allah is only or disciple and &hoe#er disobeys Him is
or enemy$ The loyalty to s cannot be "ained e:cept by
means of dili"ent &or% and piety$
)
4235 The Shia '# A!i meet the
need( '# ea&h 'ther and !'=e
ea&h 'ther
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed, Allah
may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to me from Mohammed
bin al0Hasan as0Sa1ar from al0Abbas bin Marof from al0
Hasan bin Ali bin 7addhal from Rharif bin NasihQ that
Mohammed bin Ali .a/ said:

Allama al0Ma*lisi commented: This means that there is no .family/


relation bet&een Hod and the Shia de to &hich He may for"i#e them
&hile He does not for"i#e the others &ho ha#e committed the same sins$ It
also may mean that there is no .family/ relation bet&een Hod and Ali de
to &hich Hod may for"i#e Ali+s follo&ers &hile He does not for"i#e the
follo&ers of the (rophet, for e:ample, &ho ha#e committed the same sins$
As a reslt, the only relation bet&een Hod and His ser#ants is the
obedience to Him and fear of Him$ 7rom that case, the Imams, peace be
pon him, are the dearest people to Hod$
)
Refer to al-Ka2 4:6P H$B, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2 J55 H$B, .in another
series of relation/, al-Amali2 At0Tsi KBCWACBC, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 C5, Tanbih
ul-Khawattir2 4:A3CC, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KP:5K H$J
The Shia of Ali .a/ are srely those &ho meet the needs
of each other for the sa%e of .their loyalty to/ or leadership,
lo#e each other for the sa%e of or cherishment, and
e:chan"e #isits for the sa%e of proclaimin" or a1airs$ They
do not oppress &hen they are enra"ed and do not
e:a""erate &hen they are pleased$ They are blessin"s for
their nei"hbors and peace for their associates$

42$5 The Shia '# A!i are ,a!eA


thinA and ema&iated
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Ahmed bin Idris from Mohammed bin Ahmed from
Mohammed bin Easa from Ab Mohammed al0Ansari from
Amr bin Abi al0Mi,dam from his father that Ab >a+far .a/ said
to him:
O Ab al0Mi,dam, the Shia of Ali .a/ are the pale, the
thin, and the emaciated$ Their lips are dry, their stomachs
are atrophied, and their colors are faded$
42%5 The Shia '# A!i are th'(e
6h'(e ='i&e( d' n't e3&eed
their hearing(
The same pre#ios series of narrationQ that Ab >a+far
.a/ said to >abir:
O >abir, the Shia of Ali .a/ are only those &hose #oices do
not e:ceed their hearin"s and detestation does not e:ceed
their bodies
)
$ They do not praise those &ho abhor s, re"ard
those &ho hate s, or associate &ith those &ho re#ile at s$

Refer to al-Ka2 4:KJ H$B, al-Khissal2 4:B5K H$APJ, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 BPP,
Alam ud-$in2 AA4, at-Tamhees2 65 H$A663, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 6A, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 63:A5P H$J6
The tre Shia of Ali .a/ do not bar% li%e do"s, co#et li%e
cra&s, or be" people openly e#en if they star#e$ Their li#in"
is hardly sLcient$ Their d&ellin"s are ro#in"$ !hen they are
present, they are not reco"ni-ed$ !hen they are absent,
they are not missed$ !hen they are ailed, nobody #isit them$
!hen they die, nobody participate in their fneral
ceremonies$ They e:chan"e #isits in their "ra#es$
(a)i$ as*ed: +he$e ,an - .nd su,h /eo/e0
The -mam (a) ans1e$ed: No &ill ;nd them li#in" in
the ots%irts and amon" the marts$ They are the intendeds
in Allah+s sayin": They are hmble to&ards the belie#ers and
di"ni;ed to the nbelie#ers$ .C:CJ/

4285 The Shia (a" 'n!" the tr*th


Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin al0!aleed, Allah may please
him, Q from al0Mfaddhal bin 9ays that Ab Abdllah .a/
as%ed him abot the nmber of the Shia in =fa$
He ans&ered: They are ;fty thosand$
The Imam .a/ said: Do yo hope they &ere lessM
He &ent on sayin" ntil he said:
Do yo hope they &ere t&enty indi#idalsM By Allah I
s&ear, I &ish they &ere t&enty ;#e indi#idals pro#ided that
they ac%no&led"e or beliefs and say abot s nothin" bt
the trth$G
)
)
This means that they are so ,iet and so self0possessed$

Refer to $aaa"im ul-(slam2 A:6J, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:4PB, al-+ha"bah2


an0Nmani 4PB H$J, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 BK3, Alam ud-$in2 AAB, at-Tamhees2
KP H$A665, %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:A63 H$43
)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:AC3 H$4
4295 The (6eetne(( '# #aith i( in
the Shia( &he(t(
Mohammad bin Ali Ma*il&ayh, Allah may ha#e mercy
pon him, Q
In al0Hira drin" the rei"n of Ab al0Abbas,

Ab >a+far
ad0Da&ani,i
)
said to Imam Ab Abdllah .a/ FO Ab
Abdllah, I noticed that any indi#idal of the Shia spea% ot
all that he hides in one session so that his trend &old be
easily %no&n$ !hy is thatMG
The Imam .a/ ans&ered: This is becase of the
s&eetness of faith that the Shia carry in their chests$ 7or that
s&eetness, they sho& the hidden all at once$
-
42:5 The 1e(t '# the Shia are the
m'(t -n'6!edgea1!e
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Ahmed bin Idris from Mohammed bin Ahmed from
Ibn Abi @mair that one of the Imams .a/ said:
Some of yo o1er more prayers than others do$ Some
perform the ha** more often than others do$ Some "i#e alms
more than others do$ Some obser#e the fastin" more than
others do$ The best of yo, ho&e#er, are the most
%no&led"eable$
3

Ab al0Abbas &as the ;rst Abbasid caliph$


)
Ab >a+far ad0Da&ani,i &as the second Abbasid caliph$
-
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 JK:A66 and 63:6J H$AAK
3
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 B:AJ H$B3
42<5 The Shia( &'n&ernA and
their enemie( &'n&ern
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to me from Mohammed bin Nahya
al0Attar from Q al0Mfaddhal bin Riyad al0Abdi that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:
!e are trthfl hosehold$ Nor main concern is the
a1airs of yor reli"ion$ The main concern of yor enemies is
yo$ Their hearts are fll of enmity a"ainst yo$ They distort
the &ords that they hear from yo, consider other thin"s as
e,al to yo, and they accse yo of sch thin"s ot of
slander$ This is srely a sLcient act of disobedience in the
si"ht of Allah$

43>5 The Shia are (a=ed #r'm


ad*!ter"
Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Nahya al0Attar from Q
Mohammed bin Nahya bin Sadir that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
On the Day of Resrrection, all the creatres &ill be
called &ith the names of their mothers$ !e, as &ell as or
Shia, are not bond by this act, becase &e are sa#ed from
adltery$
)

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 4:4A3 H$AB


)
Re"ardin" this meanin", refer to al-Mahaasin2 AJA H$BB0J, al0M;d+s al-
Majalis2 B4K H$AA, at0Tosi+s al-Amali2 A:54 U 4KC, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:4BK
F5G
4315 The !arge n*m1er( '# the
Shia( enemie(
Al0Hasan bin Ahmed from his father that Abdllah bin
>ibilla al0=inani related:
A ;sh &as han"in" do&n my hand &hen I met Ab al0
Hasan Msa bin >a+far .a/$ He as%ed me to thro& that ;sh and
said:
I do not li%e for the noble men to carry cheap thin"s
themsel#es$
He then added: O Shia, yor enemies are nmeros$ All
people anta"oni-ed yo$ Hence, yo shold %eep "ood
appearances before them as mch as possible$

4325 The Shiite 1eha=e( ni&e!"


and ,r'=ide( the grand
matter
Mohammed bin Ali Ma*il&ayh narrated to me from his
ncle Mohammed bin Abi al09asim from Harn bin Mslim
that Mas+ada bin Sada,a related:
As he &as as%ed abot the Shia, Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
Or Shia are those &ho prefer &hat they fa#or, &ithhold
&hat they ;nd "ly, beha#e nicely, and pro#ide the "rand
matter ot of their desire for the mercy of the Ma"ni;cent
Allah$ Those are from, belon" to, and accompany s
&here#er &e are$
)

Refer to al-Ka2 6:J3P H$A4, al--assail2 B:BJC H$4


)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:A65 H$45,
4335 The 7*a!itie( '# the Shia
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to me from Abdllah bin >a+far al0
Himyari from Q al0Asba"h bin Nbata related:
!e &ere "atherin" &hen Amir l0M?minin .a/ &ent ot
and as%ed abot the reason of or "atherin"$ F!e are yor
Shia, Amir l0M?minin,G &e ans&ered$ He said, FBt I cannot
see the mar%s of the Shia on yor faces$G F!hat are the
mar%s of the ShiaMG as%ed &e$ He .a/ spo%e:
The Shia are pale0faced becase of stayin" p at ni"hts
for o1erin" prayers, bleary0eyed becase of fear of Allah,
and dry0lipped becase of fastin"$ The dst of the sbmissi#e
co#ers them$

43$5 A(-Sadi7 4a5 de(&ri1e( the


Shia
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Q Ab Bassir related:
I as%ed Ab Abdllah .a/: May Allah ma%e me yor
sacri;ce$ Describe the Shia for me$
He said: Or Shia are only those &hose #oices do not
e:ceed their hearin"s and detestation does not e:ceed their
bodies$ They do not brden others &ith their loads$ They do
not as% anybody other than their friends e#en if they star#e$
Or Shia do not bar% li%e do"s or co#et li%e cra&s$ Or Shia+s
li#in"s are hardly sLcient and their d&ellin"s are ro#in"$
Or Shia are those &ho dedicate a de;nite ri"ht in their
&ealth$ They help each other, do not &orry abot death, and
e:chan"e #isits in their "ra#es$
I as%ed: !here can I ;nd sch peopleM

Refer to al-(rshad2 A:4KK, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 C3, %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:ACA


H$C
He .a/ ans&ered: No &ill ;nd them li#in" in the
ots%irts and amon" the marts$ They are the intendeds in
Allah+s sayin": They are hmble to&ards the belie#ers and
di"ni;ed to the nbelie#ers$ .C:CJ/

43%5 A!i 4a5 de(&ri1e( the ;'d-


#earing
B
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed
related to me from Mohammed bin al0Hasan as0Sa1ar from
Ali bin Hassan al0!asiti from his ncle Abdirrahman bin
=thair al0Hashimi from >a+far bin Mohammed that his father
.a/ related:
A companion of Amir l0M?minin called Homam &ho &as
a man de#oted to &orship said to him, FO Amir l0M?minin,
describe to me the pios men in sch a &ay as tho"h I see
them$G Amir l0M?minin .a/ a#oided the reply and said:
O Homam, fear Allah and perform "ood acts becase
F#erily, Allah is &ith those &ho "ard .themsel#es a"ainst
e#il/ and those &ho do "ood .to others/G .A6:A43/$
Homam &as not satis;ed &ith this2 therefore, he said, FO
Amir l0M?minin, I implore to yo by the One !ho honored
yo as He "a#e yo some merits e:clsi#ely and fa#ored yo
as He endo&ed yo &ith special "ifts$ Describe the pios
man to me$G Hence, he pshed Amir l0M?minin to spea%$
Therepon, Amir l0M?minin stood p, praised Allah,
e:tolled Him, so"ht His blessin"s on the holy (rophet, and
then spo%e:
No& then, Allah, the Hlori;ed the Sblime, created .the
thin"s of/ creation$ He created them &ithot any need for
their obedience or bein" safe from their sinnin", becase the

Refer to Kenz ul-Fawaid2 A:3K, at-Tamhees2 KP H$A65, Tanbih ul-


Khawattir2 4:4PB, $aaa"im ul-(slam2 A:6J, %ihar ul-Anwar2 65:JPA H$55
C
Most of the para"raphs of this sermon is ,oted from Syed Ali Re-a?
translation of Nah* l Bala"ha
sin of anyone &ho sins does not harm Him nor does the
obedience of anyone &ho obeys Him bene;t Him$ He has
distribted amon" them their li#elihood, and has assi"ned
them their positions in the &orld$
Allah cased Adam and E#e .a/ to descend from (aradise
as pnishment for them since they bro%e His orders and
breached his instrction$
Ths, the Hod0fearin", in this &orld, are the people of
distinction$ Their speech is to the point, their dress is
moderate and their "ait is hmble$ They sbmit to Allah the
Sblime and so therefore, they are astonished$ They %eep
their eyes closed to &hat Allah has made nla&fl for them,
and they pt their ears to that %no&led"e &hich is bene;cial
to them$ They remain in the time of trials as tho"h they
remain in comfort, becase they satisfy themsel#es &ith the
acts of Allah$ If there had not been ;:ed periods .of life/
ordained for each, their spirits &old not ha#e remained in
their bodies e#en for the t&in%lin" of an eye becase of
.their/ ea"erness for the re&ard and fear of chastisement$
The "reatness of the )reator is seated in their heart, and so,
e#erythin" else appears small in their eyes$
Ths, to them, (aradise is as tho"h they see it and are
en*oyin" its fa#ors$ To them, Hell is also as if they see it and
are s1erin" pnishment in it$ Their hearts are "rie#ed, e#ils
are not e:pected from them, their bodies are thin, their
needs are scanty, their sols are chaste, and their spplies
that they ta%e from this &orld are "reat$ They endred
.hardship/ for a short &hile, and, in conse,ence, they
secred comfort for a lon" time$ It is a bene;cial transaction
that the All0"eneros Iord made easy for them$ The &orld
aimed at them, bt they did not aim at it$ It captred them,
bt they freed themsel#es from it$
Drin" a ni"ht, they are pstandin" on their feet readin"
portions of the 9ran and recitin" it in a &ell0measred &ay,
creatin" thro"h it "rief for themsel#es, bearin" "ood tidin"s
for themsel#es, stirrin" their sorro&s for their sins, and
see%in" by it the cre for their ailments$ !hen they come
across a Eerse, &hich contains fear .of Hell/, they bend the
ears of their hearts to&ards it, and feel as tho"h the sond
of Hell and its cries are reachin" their ears$ !hen they come
across a Eerse creatin" ea"erness .for (aradise/, they prse
it a#idly, and their spirits trn to&ards it ea"erly, and they
feel as if it is in front of them$ They bend themsel#es from
their bac%s, "lorify Allah the Sblime the Omnipotent, and
prostrate themsel#es on their foreheads, their palms, their
toes, and their %nees$ Their tears are So&in" on their chee%s$
They pray ardently to Allah for releasin" them .from Hell/$
Drin" the day, they are endrin", learned, #irtos and
Hod0fearin"$ 7ear .of Allah/ has made them thin li%e arro&s$
If any one loo%s at them, he belie#es they are sic%, altho"h
they are not sic%, and he says that they ha#e "one mad$ In
fact, "reat concern .i$e$, fear/ has made them mad$ If they
ponder o#er the "reatness and absolte po&er of Allah,
alon" &ith the mention of death and the terrors of the Day of
Resrrection that a1ect them deeply, their hearts become
fri"htened, their minds a"itated, and their mentalities
astonished$ If they &a%e p, they ta%e the initiati#e to doin"
the pre acts to Allah$ They are not satis;ed &ith their
mea"er "ood acts and do not re"ard their ma*or acts as
"reat$ They al&ays blame themsel#es and are afraid of their
deeds$
!hen anyone of them is spo%en of hi"hly, he says: FI
%no& myself better than others do, and my Iord %no&s me
better than I %no&$ O Allah do not blame me for &hat they
say, and ma%e me better than &hat they thin% of me and
for"i#e me .those shortcomin"s/ &hich they do not %no&$ No
are srely the %no&er of the thin"s nseen and the co#erer
of the defects$G
The pecliarity of anyone of them is that yo &ill see
that he has stren"th in reli"ion, determination alon" &ith
leniency, faith &ith con#iction, ea"erness in .see%in"/
%no&led"e, nderstandin" alon" &ith comprehension,
%no&led"e alon" &ith clemency, "ain alon" &ith lenience,
%indness alon" &ith alms"i#in", moderation in riches,
de#otion in &orship, s1erance in star#ation, endrance in
hardship, mercy for the e1orts, ri"htfl "i#in", lenience in
see%in" earnin"s, desire for the la&fl, pleasre in "idance,
hatred from "reed, piety &ith strai"htfor&ardness, and
ninterest in appetite$
He is not decei#ed by the praise of the i"norant and
does not for"et to e#alate his past deeds$ He re"ards all his
acts as slo&$
He performs #irtos deeds bt still feels afraid$ In the
e#enin", he is an:ios to o1er than%s .to Allah/$ In the
mornin", his an:iety is to remember .Allah/$ He passes the
ni"ht in fear and rises in the mornin" in *oy ' fear lest ni"ht
is passed in for"etflness, and *oy o#er the fa#or and mercy
recei#ed by him$ If his self refses to endre a thin", &hich it
does not li%e, he does not "rant its re,est to&ards &hat it
li%es$ His deli"ht lies in that &hich &ill remain fore#er and
last lon"$ The coolness of his eye lies in &hat is to last
fore#er$ His desire lies in that &hich &ill contine, &hile from
the thin"s .of this &orld/ that &ill not last, he %eeps aloof$ He
transfses %no&led"e &ith forbearance, and speech &ith
action$
No &ill see his la-iness remote, his acti#ity ceaseless,
his hopes simple, his shortcomin"s fe&, his e:pectation is
the comin" of death, his heart fearin", his reference is to his
Iord, his fear is of his sin, his spirit contented, his i"norance
absent, his a1airs easy, his reli"ion safe, his desires dead,
his ra"e sppressed, his manners pre, his nei"hbor secred,
his pride &ea%, his steadfastness stron", reference to Allah
#ery fre,ent, and his matters decisi#e$
He does not di#l"e that &hich the friends as% to %eep
secret and does not conceal a testimony for the enemies$ He
does not act any deed ot of sho&in" o1 and does not
ne"lect actin" it ot of pdency$ Hood alone is e:pected from
him$ E#il from him is not to be feared$ E#en if he is fond
amon" those &ho for"et .Allah/, he is conted amon" those
&ho remember .Him/, bt if he is amon" those &ho
remember .Allah/, he is not conted amon" the for"etfl$
He for"i#es him &ho is n*st to him, he "i#es to him
&ho depri#es him, and he beha#es &ell &ith him &ho
beha#es ill &ith him$ His forbearance is ne#er absent and he
does not hrry p in matters that he sspects$ He o#erloo%s
him &hose falt is sho&n to him$ Indecent speech is far from
him, his tterance is lenient, his e#ils are non0e:istent, his
#irtes are e#er present, his speech is trthfl, his deeds are
"ood, his "ood is ahead, and mischief has trned its face
.from him/$ He is di"ni;ed drin" calamities, patient in
distresses, and than%fl drin" ease$ He does not commit
e:cess o#er him &hom he hates, and does not commit sin for
the sa%e of him &hom he lo#es$ He does not claim of
possessin" that &hich is not his and does not deny the ri"ht
that is incmbent pon him$ He admits trth before e#idence
is bro"ht a"ainst him$ He does not misappropriate &hat is
placed in his cstody, and does not for"et &hat he is
re,ired to remember$ He does not call others bad names,
he does not oppress anybody, he does not ta%e the initiati#e
in en#y, he does not case harm to his nei"hbor, and he
does not feel happy at others misfortnes$
He hrries to o1er the prayers, %eeps the trsts that are
deposited &ith him so honestly, slo&s do&n in actin" the e#il
deeds, en*oins "ood, forbids e#il, does not en"a"e himself in
matters i"norantly, and does not "o ot of the ri"ht ot of his
failre$ If he is silent, his silence does not "rie#e him$ If he
spea%s, he does not err$ If he la"hs, he does not raise his
#oice beyond his hearin"$
He is satis;ed &ith that &hich is decided for him$ Ra"e
does not case his to e:ceed the limits, passion does not
o#ercome him, and stin"iness does not predominate him$ He
is not "reed for that &hich is not his$ He associates &ith
people so as to learn, %eeps silent so as to sa#e himself, pts
,estions so as to nderstand, and in#esti"ates so as to
ha#e %no&led"e$ His silence is not prposed for ma%in"
people &onderin" at him and his &ordin" is not prposed for
pridin" himself on others$
If he is &ron"ed, he endres ntil Allah ta%es re#en"e on
his behalf$ His o&n self is in distress becase of him, &hile
the people are in ease from him$ He pts himself in hardship
for the sa%e of his ne:t life, and ma%es people feel safe from
himself$ His %eepin" a&ay from others is by &ay of
asceticism and pri;cation, and his nearness to those to
&hom he is near is by &ay of leniency and merciflness$ His
%eepin" a&ay is not by &ay of #anity or feelin" of "reatness,
nor is his nearness by &ay of deceit and cheatin"$ He
imitates the #irtos people &ho preceded him and is the
leader of the pios people &ho &ill come after him$
It is related that Homam passed into a deep s&oon and
then e:pired$ Then Amir l0M?minin said: FEerily, by Allah I
had this fear abot him$G
The Imam .a/ ordered people to prepare Homam+s
fneral ceremonies$ He o1ered the Deceased (rayer on his
body$ Then he added: FE1ecti#e ad#ises prodce sch e1ects
on recepti#e minds$G
Someone said to him: FO Amir l0M?minin, ho& is it yo
do not recei#e sch an e1ectMG Amir l0M?minin replied:
F!oe to yo$ 7or death, there is a ;:ed hor, &hich cannot
be e:ceeded and a case, &hich does not chan"e$ No& loo%,
ne#er repeat sch tal%, &hich the Shaitan had pt on yor
ton"e$G

38. The Shiite in anger and


(ati(#a&ti'n
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Sa+d bin AbdllahQ from Saf&an bin Mehran that
Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
The tre belie#er is he &hose ra"e does not ta%e him ot
of the ri"ht and &hose satisfaction does not enter him into
the &ron"$ !hen he has po&er, he shold not sei-e more
than that &hich is his ri"ht$
)

Refer to al-Ka2 4:AK5 H$A, Kitab Sulaim bin ?a"s2 4B3, As0Sad,+s al-
Amali2 JCK H$4, at-Tamhees2 KP H$AKP, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 JKC, 0awdhat
ul--aidheen2 JBK, !ahj ul-%ala)ha2 AP:AB4 .sermon No$ A54/, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 6K: BAC H$CP and 6K:BJA H$CA,
)
Refer to Alam ud-$in2 ABA U BPB, Keshf ul-+humma2 4:4P3, Tuhaf ul-
#qoul2 B4J, Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:K6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K: BPB H$BJ
4395 ;'d-#earing i( in heart(
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Sa+d bin AbdllahQ from Ali bin Abdil0A-i- that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said to him:
O Ali bin Abdil0A-i-, do not be decei#ed by their &eepin"$
Hod0fearin" is srely in the heart$

43:5 The Imam( &'mmandment(


t' the Shia
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated from Q Abdllah bin Sinan that he
heard Ab Abdllah .a/ sayin":
O ser#ants of Allah, I command yo to clin" to Hod0
fearin"$ Do not disre"ard people so that yo &ill not be
hmiliated$ Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, says in His
Boo%: Spea% ri"hteos &ords to people$ .4:3B/
He .a/ then said: Eisit the ailed people, participate in
their fneral ceremonies, testify for and a"ainst them, o1er
prayer &ith them in their mos,es, and fl;ll their ri"hts$
He .a/ then said: Some people claim bein" or follo&ers
and actin" pon or commandments, bt they do not
obser#e the matters of &hich &e order them and do not stop
committin" the acts that &e forbid$ Moreo#er, they di#l"e
or secrets before or enemies, &ho come to s for
interro"atin" &hether &e had really said sch thin"s$ In sch
cases, &e ha#e to deny and disa#o& e#eryone &ho di#l"es
sch matters$ Ths, or disa#o&al incldes sch people$
)

Refer to Mishkat ul-Anwar2 JJ, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KP:43B H$J


)
Refer to al-Mahaasin2 A:A3 H$CA, al0Ayyashi+s Tafsir2 A:J3 H$C6,
Mustatrafat us-Saraair2 C55, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KJ: AC5 H$AJ
43<5 The ShiaA tr*th#*!ne((A and
#aith#*!ne((
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin al0!aleed, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to me from Mohammed bin al0
Hasan as0Sa1ar from Mohammed bin al0Hssein bin Ab al0
=hattabQ that Abdllah bin Riyad related:
In Mina, &e "reeted Ab Abdllah .a/ and said, FO son of
Allah+s Messen"er, &e are itinerant people$ !e cannot attend
yor sessions$ Hence, &e as% yo to "i#e s some ad#ices$G
The Imam .a/ said:
)lin" to Hod0fearin", trthflness, fl;llment of the
trsts that are deposited &ith yo, "ood company &ith
&hoe#er accompanies yo, spread of saltation, and ser#in"
of food$
O1er prayers in the mos,es of people, #isit the ailed,
and participate in their fneral ceremonies$ My father told
me that the adherents of s 8the (rophet+s hosehold0 &ere
the best of their fol%s$ The *risprdent of any people &as
the Shiite$ The me--in of any people &as the Shiite$ The
most trstfl of any people &as the Shiite$ The most
dependable of any people &as the Shiite$ Ths, yo shold
carry sch characters$ Iead people to lo#e s$ Do not ma%e
them hate s$

4$>5 The Shia are -n'6n #r'm


their 6'r(hi, and #a&e(
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Ali bin Ibrahim bin Hashim from his father from
Ismaeel bin Mehran from Hamran bin Aayn that Ab
Abdllah .a/ related:

Refer to Mishkat ul-Anwar2 AJ6, %ihar ul-Anwar2 KJ:A64 H$4C


Ali bin al0Hssein .a/ &as sittin" in his hose &hen the
door &as %noc%ed$ He as%ed one of his bondmaids to open
the door$ F!e are some of yor Shia,G they shoted from
behind the door$ As soon as he heard this statement, the
Imam *mped so hrriedly that he &as abot to fall do&n$
!hen he opened the door, he too% bac% and said:
No are lyin"$ !here are the mar%s of yor facesM !here
are the si"ns of &orshipM !here are the featres of
prostrationM Or Shia are characteri-ed by their &orship and
sha""iness$ Their noses are impaired de to &orship, and
their foreheads, as &ell as or"ans of prostration, are e1aced$
Their stomachs are atrophied, and their lips are &ithered$
!orship has chan"ed their faces, stayin" p at ni"hts has
fati"ed them, and hot &eather has a1ected their bodies$
They praise Allah &hen people are silent, o1er prayers &hen
people are asleep, and are sad &hen people are happy$ Their
distincti#e featre is asceticism$ Their &ordin" is mercy and
their main concern is (aradise$

4$15 The Shia and the di(a='6a!


'# the )i1t and Tagh*t
Ali bin Ahmed bin Abdllah narrated to s from his father
from his "randfather from Ahmed bin Abi Abdllah al0Bar,i
from his father from Amr bin Shemr from Abdllah that Imam
as0Sadi, .a/ said:
He &ho belie#es in se#en thin"s is .re"arded as/
belie#er: the disa#o&al of the >ibt and Ta"ht
)
, the
declaration of the di#ine leadership .of the Imams/, the belief

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:A65 H$BP


)
>ibt stands for the idols as &ell as anythin" that is &orshipped or obeyed
in #iolation of Hod+s commandments$ Ta"ht is e#ery oppressor and, as a
modern term, dictator$
of ra*aa

, the le"ality of the temporary marria"e, the


ille"ality of the .Sesh of/ eel, and the ille"ality of passin" the
.&et/ hands o#er the slippers .drin" the rital abltions/$
4$25 Manner( '# the 1e!ie=er(
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Abdllah bin >a+far al0Himyari from Harn bin Mslim
from Mas+ada bin Sada,a:
As he &as as%ed abot the clear resolteness that is
seen in the manners of the belie#ers, Ab Abdllah .a/
ans&ered:
This is becase of the e:istence of the "lory of the 9ran
in the belie#ers+ hearts and the e:istence of the prity of
faith in their chests$ They &orship Allah, (o&erfl and
Ma*estic is He, obey Him, and belie#e the Messen"er of Allah$
They as%ed: !hat abot the stin"iness that is noticed in
the belie#ers+ mannersM
He .a/ ans&ered: This is becase the belie#ers see% only
le"al earnin"s$ To see% le"al earnin"s is somethin" #ery
hard2 therefore, the belie#ers disli%e to forsa%e the thin"s
that they e:erted all e1orts painsta%in"ly to obtain$ !hen
they are "eneros, they spend so properly$
They as%ed: !hat are the characters of the belie#ersM
He .a/ ans&ered: The belie#ers sleep li%e the dro&ned,
eat li%e the ailed, &eep li%e the mother that is berea#ed of
her child, and sit li%e the one a"ainst &hom people are
rallied$
They as%ed: !hy are the belie#ers more importnate
than others are in the ,estion of marria"eM

The belief of ra*aa 8re#i#iscence0 is to belie#e that Hod &ill "i#e ne& life
to some people in order to &itness the state of Imam al0Mahdi, Hod hasten
his ad#ent$ @ninterrpted relations pro#e that only some indi#idals &ill be
"i#en ne& a"es in the rei"n of Imam al0Mahdi$ Those people are those &ho
are prely belie#ers and those &ho are absoltely disbelie#ers$
He .a/ ans&ered: This is becase the belie#ers restrain
their carnal desires and do not #iolate the others+ honors$
Besides, they do so in order that their se:al dri#es &ill not
lead them astray$ If a belie#er "ains the le"al, he satis;es
himself &ith it and dispends &ith anythin" else$
X Imam as0Sadi, .a/ also said:
Only the belie#ers en*oy three characters alto"ether: the
%no&led"e of Allah, %no&led"e of those &hom they li%e, and
%no&led"e of those &hom they disli%e$
X He .a/ also said:
A belie#er+s po&er lies in his heart2 therefore, he stays
p at ni"hts .for &orship/ and obser#es fastin" drin" days
&hile his body is &ea% and thin$
X He .a/ also said:
!ith re"ard to his reli"ion, the belie#er is ;rmer than the
nsha%able montains$ One can ta%e from the nsha%able
montains, &hile no one can ta%e anythin" from the beliefs
of the belie#ers, for they are so obser#ant and abidin" by his
reli"ion$

4$35 The 1e!ie=erA the M*(!imA


and the M*haCir
.The same series of relaters/Q The (rophet .s/ said:
Do yo %no& &hy the belie#ers are called soM This is
becase people can entrst them &ith their sols and
fortnes$
May I tell yo abot the tre MslimsM The tre Mslims
are those from &hose hands 8i$e$ acts0 and ton"es 8i$e$
&ords0 people are sa#ed$

Refer to (lal ush-Sharaa"i2 4:CCK H$A, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K6:455 H$4J


May I tell yo abot the tre Mha*irsM They are those
&ho deserted the sins as &ell as e#erythin" that Allah has
forbidden$

4$$5 The 1e!ie=er i( di(,!ea(ed


1" hi( e=i! deed(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q The (rophet .s/
said:
He &ho is displeased by his e#il deeds and pleased by
his "ood deeds is belie#er$
)
$%. The *g!" 1e!ie=er
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated
from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Q Hebbab al0!asiti that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:
It is #ery "ly for a belie#er to be hmiliated by his
desires$
4$85 Le,r'(" i( (emi-&*r(e
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q Ab Abdllah .a/
said:
Ieprosy is semi0crse$ Neither &e, nor &ill or
descendants and Shia be a1ected by leprosy$
-

Refer to (lal ush-Sharaa"i2 4:C4B H$4, %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:4C3 H$64$ .Al0
=layni, in al-Ka2 4:4BC H$A5, relates the same narrati#e to another series
of relaters$/
)
Refer to 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 454, %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:BPB H$BJ .&ith
sli"ht di1erence in &ords/
4$95 The 1e!ie=er i( 2rmer than
1!'&-( '# ir'n
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from Hssein bin
Amr said that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
The belie#er is ;rmer than bloc%s of iron$ Iron is chan"ed
&hen it is sb*ected to ;re, &hile the belie#er &ill not be
chan"ed e#en if he is %illed, ct by a sa&, and then %illed
ane&$

4$:5 A!!ah &reated the 1e!ie=er(


#r'm the (ame 'rigin
Al0Hasan bin Ahmed, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him,
narrated fromQ al0Mfaddhal that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He, has created all the
belie#ers from the same ori"in$ No one is added to them and
no one of them is e:clded$ By Allah .I s&ear/, they are li%e a
head for a body and ;n"ers for a hand$ If yo notice anyone
nli%e this description, yo shold %no& that he is
hypocrite$
)
-
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:4PP H$A

Refer to al-Mahaasin2 4CA, H$466 .&ith another series of narrators: 0


Mohammed bin Ismaeel bin Ba-i"h: Ab Ismaeel as0Sarra*: =hadhir bin
Amr/, %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:BPB H$BJ
)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:BPJ H$BC
4$<5 Winter i( the 1e!ie=er(
(,ring
Mohammad bin Ali Ma*il&ayh, Allah may ha#e mercy
pon him, narrated to s fromQ Mohammed bin Slaiman
ad0Dailami that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
!inter is the belie#er+s sprin"$ Its lon" ni"hts help the
belie#er o1er his rites of &orship$

4%>5 The 1e!ie=er and the


6'r!d!" mi(#'rt*ne(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from
Mohammed bin Ahmed from Ma&iya bin Ammar that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:
Allah has not insred the belie#ers a"ainst the &orldly
misfortnes$ In fact, He insres them a"ainst the blindness in
the Hereafter
)
and the nhappiness 8i$e$ si"htlessness$
-

Refer to as0Sad,+s al-Amali2 A5K H$4, .He relates it to Ibn al0!aleed: al0
Attar: Mohammed bin Slaiman ad0Dailami: His father$/ Meaani al-Akhbar2
443 H$A, .The follo&in" addition to this narrati#e is recorded in the
pre#ios reference boo%: FIts short days help the belie#er obser#e fastin"
drin" them$G/ 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 BAK, %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:BPJ H$B6
)
This is an indication to Hod+s sayin": F!hoe#er i"nores My "idance &ill
li#e a &oefl life and &ill be bro"ht in Or presence blind on the Day of
>d"ment$ He &ill say, TMy Iord, &hy ha#e yo bro"ht me bac% to life
blind2 before I cold seeMT The Iord &ill say, TThis is tre$ Bt *st as yo
for"ot Or re#elations that had come to yo, so, too, are yo for"otten on
this day$T .4P:A4J06/
-
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:4PP .&ithin/ H$A
4%15 The 1e!ie=er i( n't
*n1!e((ed
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from
Mohammed bin Ahmed from Saeed bin Hha-&an that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:
The belie#er is not nblessed$

4%25 D*a!itie( '# the 1e!ie=er


.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from Ahmed bin
Mohammed from as0Salih Bin Maitham that Ab Abdllah .a/
said:
He &ho en*oys three characters has the ,alities of faith
in perfect: to tolerate the &ron", to sppress the an"er, and
to pardon for the sa%e of "ainin" Allah+s re&ards$ 7or anyone
&ho en*oys sch characters, Allah &ill ta%e him to (aradise
and &ill "rant him the ri"ht to intercede for indi#idals as
many as the indi#idals of .the tribes of/ Rabeea and
Madhar$
)

Refer to al-Mahaasin2 AC3 .&ithin/ H$56 .In this reference boo%, the &ord
<rash+ replaces the &ord <nblessed+$/ %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K: BPJ .&ithin/ H$B6
)
The same narration is recorded in al-Khissal2 APJ H$6B &ith the follo&in"
series of narrators: 0 .My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated
to s from Mohammed bin Nahya al0Attar from Mohammed bin Ahmed from
Mohammed bin Hassan from Ibrahim bin Aassim bin Hamid from Salih bin
Maitham/$ Refer to Alam ud-$in2 ABA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:BPJ H$B6
4%35 Stead#a(tne(( again(t
mi(#'rt*ne(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from
Mohammed bin Ahmed from Raid that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
No &ill not be considered as belie#ers before yo
become trst&orthy and re"ard the fa#or of l:ry as
misfortne$ In fact, to be steadfast a"ainst misfortnes is
better than to en*oy "ood health &ith l:ry$
4%$5 thi&( and m'ra!itie( '# the
1e!ie=er
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from
Mohammed bin Ahmed that a man as%ed Ab Abdllah .a/ to
describe the belie#er$ He .a/ said:
The belie#er en*oys stren"th &ith reli"iosness,
determination &ith lenience, faith &ith con#iction,
careflness &ith nderstandin", acti#ity &ith ri"ht "idance,
charity &ith strai"htfor&ardness, o#erloo%in" &ith appetite,
%no&led"e &ith clemency, &it &ith indl"ence, ri"htfl
openhandedness, moderation in &ealth, temperance

in
po#erty, pardon in ability, obedience &ith ad#ice, "odliness
in desires, prdence in *ihad, prayin" in concern, and
steadfastness a"ainst hardship$ In sha%in" disasters, he is
solemn$ In misfortnes, he is steadfast$ In l:ry, he is
than%fl$ He does not bac%bite anyone, pride himself a"ainst
anyone, or oppress anyone$ He sho&s tolerance &hen he is
oppressed$ He does not rptre his relations &ith his
relati#es$ He is not &ea%, rde, or coarse$ His si"ht does not

In other copies of this boo%, the &ord <tolerance+ replaces <temperance+$


precede him,

his stomach does not dis"race him, and his


carnal desire does not dominate him$ He does not en#y
others$ He does not scant, &aste, or e:ceed the proper
limits$ He only economi-es$
He spports the &ron"ed and compassions the poor$ His
o&n self is in distress becase of him, &hile the people are in
ease from him$ He does not desire for the di"nity of this
&orld and does not &orry abot people+s hmiliation$
(eople are en"a"ed in their concerns &hile the belie#er
has his o&n concern$ He does not see any blemish in his
clemency, any &ea%ness in his opinion, or any &aste in his
reli"ion$
)
He "ides him &hoe#er see%s his consltation,
helps him &ho helped him, and refrains from the &ron", the
obscene lan"a"e, and i"norance$ These are the moralities
of the belie#er$
-
4%%5 The 1e!ie=er i( ,'6er#*! in
the re!igi'n
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from
Mohammed bin Ahmed from Ab al0Alaa that Ab Abdllah
.a/ said:

This statement means that the belie#er controls his si"ht totally that he
loo%s at a thin" after he %no&s it is le"al for him to loo% at it$
)
This means that his reli"ion is too ;rm to be sha%en by sspicions,
dobts, or acts of disobedience to Hod$
-
Refer to al-Khissal2 4:CKA H$4 .He relates the narration to his father from
Mohammed bin Nahya al0Attar and Ahmed bin Idris from Mohammed bin
Ahmed bin Nahya bin Arran al0Ash+ari from al0Hasan bin Ali from .a man
from/ Ab Slaiman al0Hala&aniQ/, al-Ka2 4:4BA H$J, %ihar ul-Anwar2
6K:45J H$J
In /ami ul-Akhbar .BB5 H$5J5W4 p$3P/, a part of this narration is related by
Mohammed bin Mohammed as0Sab-a&ari$
The tre belie#er is feared by e#erythin", for he is
po&erfl in the reli"ion of Allah and he does not fear
anythin"$ This is the distincti#e featre of the belie#ers$

4%85 =er"thing i( (*1mi((i=e t'


the 1e!ie=er
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from
Mohammed bin Ahmed from Q Saf&an al0>ammal that he
heard Ab Abdllah .a/ sayin":
E#erythin" is sbmissi#e to the belie#er$
He .a/ then added:
Allah &ill case e#erythin", incldin" #ermin, beasts,
and birds, to fear the belie#er if he is sincere to Allah$
)
4%95 In the hea=en(A the 1e!ie=er
gi=e( !ight a( (ame a( the
(tar(
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Ahmed bin al0Hasan bin Ali
bin 7addhal from Q Ammar bin Msa that Ab Abdllah .a/
&as as%ed &hether the inhabitants of the hea#ens can see
the inhabitants of the earth$ He .a/ ans&ered:
The inhabitants of the hea#ens can see only the
belie#ers, becase they "i#e li"ht li%e the li"ht of the stars$
Some as%ed: )an they see the people on this earth
mar%edlyM

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:BPC .&ithin/ H$B6


)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:BPC .&ithin/ H$B6
He .a/ ans&ered: No, they cannot$ They can only see
their li"hts &here#er they "o$
He .a/ then added: On the Day of Resrrection, e#ery
belie#er &ill be "i#en ;#e hors drin" &hich he &ill be
"ranted the ri"ht of intercession$

4%:5 The 1e!ie=er and hi( enem"


My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Q al0Harithi from Riyad al0
9andi that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
To see the enemy pln"e in the acts of disobedience to
Allah is a sLcient #ictory that Allah besto&s pon the
ser#ant$
)
4%<5 The 1e!ie=er i( neither
&'6ard n'r (ting"
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Q al0Harithi that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:6B H$6


)
Refer to as0Sad,+s al-Amali2 54 H$6 s$AP .He relates the narration to
Mohammed bin Msa al0Mta&a%%il: Abdllah bin >a?far al0Himyari: Ahmed
bin Mohammed bin =halid: his father: Ibn Abi @mair: Ab Riyad an0Nahdi:
Abdllah bin !ahabQ On pa"e JJ3 H$AJ s$C3, the same narration is
related to al0Hasan bin Ibrahim bin Natana: Ali bin Ibrahim: his father:
Mohammed bin Abi @mair: Ab Riyad an0Nahdi: Abdllah bin B%airQ/, al-
Khissal2 4K H$56, Men *a ,ahdhuruh ul-Faqih2 J:43J H$3JK, %ihar ul-Anwar2
KA:JAJ H$BB and KC:B4P H$JC
Anyone &ho en*oys stin"iness, en#y, and co&ardice
cannot be belie#er$ The belie#er is ne#er co&ard, stin"y, or
ac,isiti#e$

48>5 The 1e!ie=er i( (e!#-


righte'*(
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed, Allah
may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to s from Mohammed
bin Nahya al0Attar from one of his companions that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:
The belie#er is self0ri"hteos$ He is more sincere &ith
himself than se#enty belie#ers$
)
4815 The 1e!ie=er ha( &hara&ter(
#r'm hi( L'rdA .r',hetA and
Imam
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Ahmed bin Idris from Mohammed bin Ahmed bin
Nahya bin Imran al0Ash+ari from Sahl bin Riyad from al0Harith
bin ad0Delhath .the ser#ant of Imam ar0Ridha/ that Ab al0
Hasan .a/ said:
A ser#ant &ill not be a faithfl belie#er before he learns
three characters: one from the Iord, one from His

Refer to al-Khissal2 A:34 H$3 .In this reference boo%, the compiler relates
the narration to Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed:
Mohammed bin al0Hasan as0Sa1ar: Mohammed bin al0Hssein bin Ab al0
=hattab: an0Nadhr bin Shaib: al0HarithiQ/, Alam ud-$in2 AAA, Mishkat ul-
Anwar2 BAP, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 J4J, %ihar ul-Anwar2 6K:B6J H$63,
KB:A66A H$5, KB:4CA H$AP, KB:4PB H$A4 and KC:BPA H$A
)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 KC:4A6 H$A3
Messen"er, and one from the Imam$ The character that he
shold learn from Allah is the concealment of secrets$ Allah
the Hlori;ed says: He %no&s the nseen and He does not
allo& anyone to %no& His secretsQ .K4:43/
The character that he shold learn from the (rophet .s/
is that he shold treat people corteosly$ Allah says: Ta%e
the srpls, preach the trth, and %eep a&ay from the
i"norant ones$ .K:A55/
The character that he shold learn from the Imam .a/ is
to be steadfast a"ainst sitations of misfortne and crises$
Allah says: Q and those &ho e:ercise patience in po#erty
and in distress$ .4:AKK/

4825 The intenti'n t' d' g''d 'r


1ad
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
s from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Q Ali bin Saaih that Abdllah
bin Msa bin >a+far .a/ related:
I as%ed my father .Imam al0=adhim/ &hether the =eepin"
An"els %no& the "ood or bad deed before the ser#ant acts
them$
He as%ed me: Is the smell of the toilet as same as the
perfmeM

Refer to #"ounu Akhbar ir-0idha2 A:4C6 H$5, al-Khissal2 A:34 H$K, As0
Sad,+s al-Amali2 4KP H$3, Meaani al-Akhbar2 A3J H$A .In this reference
boo%, the narration is related to Ali bin Ahmed bin Msa: Mohammed bin
Ab Abdillah al0=;: Sahl bin Riyad al0Adami: Mbara% 8the ser#ant of
Imam r0Ridha, peace be pon him,0: Q/, Keshf ul-+humma2 4:454,
Mishkat ul-Anwar2 3C, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 J44, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4J:B5
H$A6, 6K:43P H$C, KC:63 H$4 and KC:JAK H$KA
Al0=layni, in al-Ka2 4:4JA04 H$B5/ relates the same narration to Ali bin
Mohammed bin Bendar: Ibrahim bin Isha,: Sahl bin al0Harith: ad0Delhath
.the ser#ant of Imam r0Ridha, peace be pon him,/
I ans&ered: Of corse not$
He .a/ said: In the same manner, &hen a ser#ant intends
to do a "ood deed, his breath becomes s&eet0smellin"$ In
this case, the an"el on the ri"ht

says to the an"el on the


left, <Stop it$ He intends to do a "ood deed$+ If the ser#ant
does that "ood deed, his ton"e stands for the pen .&ith
&hich the "ood deed &ill be recorded/ and his sali#a stands
for the in% and, hence, the an"el &ill record it for him$
!hen the ser#ant intends to do an e#il deed, his breath
becomes stin%in"$ In this case, the an"el on the left says to
the an"el on the ri"ht, <Stop it$ He intends to do an e#il
deed$+ If the ser#ant commits that e#il deed, his ton"e
stands for the pen .&ith &hich the "ood deed &ill be
recorded/ and his sali#a stands for the in% and, hence, the
an"el &ill record it a"ainst him$
)
4835 Amir *!-M*minin de(&ri1e(
the (in&ere
Mohammed bin Salih narrated to me from .Q/ Ab al0
Abbas ad0Dainori that Mohammed bin al0Hana;yya related:
Al0Ahnaf bin 9ays in#ited Amir l0M?minin .a/ in Basra
after the Battle of the )amel$ !hen Amir l0M?minin
responded to the in#itation, he as%ed al0Ahnaf to in#ite his
companions, too$ Al0Ahnaf did$
After that, some people &ho &ere #ery re#erent as if
they &ere &orn ot s%ins came in$ FO Amir l0M?minin,G
as%ed al0Ahnaf, F!hat happened to those peopleM !as it

There are t&o an"els, &ith each hman bein", &hose mission is to
record the "ood as &ell as the bad deeds that man does$ The an"els are
standin" on the ri"ht and the left sholders of each hman bein"$ The
an"el on the ri"ht is char"ed &ith recordin" the "ood deeds, &hile the
an"el on the left is char"ed &ith recordin" the e#il deeds$
)
Refer to al-Ka2 4:J45 H$B
becase scarce of food or &as it becase of the terror of
&arMG
Amir l0M?minin .a/ ans&ered:
No, Ahnaf$ It &as not$ Allah, Hlori;ed is He, lo#ed some
people &ho &orshipped Him de#otedly in this &orld as if they
&ere nder bloc%ade, becase He has %no&n their dread of
the Day of Resrrection before they ha#e &itnessed it$ They
therefore e:erted all their possible e1orts in this re"ard$ If
they remember that mornin" &hen the creatres &ill be
bro"ht before their Iord, they ima"ine a line comes ot of
Hell to "ather all the creatres before their Iord and ima"ine
a record that is opened before the !itnesses and nco#ers
all of their sins$ Ths, their sols are abot to rn So&in"ly,
their hearts are abot to Sy &ith &in"s of fear hi"hly, and
their minds are as if they are boilin" in a caldron$
They ha#e lon"ed .for meetin" Allah/ li%e the lon"in" of
the distracted in the mr% and they ha#e been distressed
becase of the fear of that to &hich they dedicated
themsel#es$ Ths, they ha#e become &ea%0bodied,
bro%enhearted, "loomy0faced, dry0lipped, and atrophied0
stomached$ No see them as if they are drn%2 they tal% in
the loneliness of ni"hts and are sbmissi#e li%e &orn ot
s%ins$ They ha#e o1ered their acts to Allah so sincerely in
secret and in pblic$ Their hearts ha#e ne#er felt secre
becase of their fear of Allah$ They ha#e beha#ed as if they
&ere the "ards of the domes of their tribtes$
!ere yo to see them at ni"hts'&hen the eyes are
asleep, the sonds are ,iet, and the mo#ements of the
birds in their nests are calm'the threatenin" horror of the
Day of Resrrection has deterred them from sleepin", *st as
Allah says: FDid the people of the to&ns thin% themsel#es
secre from Or &rath that cold stri%e them at ni"ht drin"
their sleepM .K:5K/G So, they &a%e p panic0stric%en, hrried
to their prayers cryin"'they, sometimes, &eep and
sometimes praise Allah$ In their places of &orship, they &eep
and resond$ At "loomy ni"hts, they &eep$
!ere yo, O Ahnaf, to see them at ni"hts standin" on
their limbs &ith the bac%s bent$ They recite the parts of the
9ran in their prayers$ Their &ailin", lamentin", and si"hin"
are #ery deep$ If they si"h, yo thin% as if the ;re .of Hell/
has ta%en them from the throat$ If they &ail, yo thin% as if
the chains are fastened on their nec%s$ If yo loo% at them in
days, yo see the people &ho F&al% "ently on the earth,G
say F"ood &ordin" to people,G F&hen addressed by the
i"norant ones, their only response is, <(eace be &ith yo,+G
and F&hen they come across somethin" impios, they pass it
by nobly$G

They ha#e pre#ented their feet from inspectin"


the people+s defects, stopped their ton"es from mentionin"
the people+s honors, chec%ed their hearin"s from interferin"
in the others+ reference to the &ron", feasted their eyes on
trnin" them a&ay from .loo%in" at/ the acts of disobedience
to Allah, and directed to&ards the Abode of (eace'he
&hoe#er enters there &ill be sa#ed from dobt and "riefs$
It seems, O Ahnaf, that yo ha#e been en"a"ed by
loo%in" at the face of that one &hich aVicts yo &ith
.#arios sorts of/ misfortnes in the #ery moment yo en*oy
loo%in" at its Sorishin" face, and yo ha#e been en"a"ed
by loo%in" at the dra&in"s of the portico of that lod"in", as
&ell as its han"ed crtains, &hile &ind and hot &eather are
char"ed &ith its frits$ Ne#ertheless, that lod"in", &hich is
de;nitely not yor permanent abode, has distracted yo
from .&or%in" for/ the 7inal Abode that Allah created from a
&hite pearl, holed ri#ers, planted trees, cast shado&s of its
ripen frits o#er it, and ;lled in it &ith the yon" &omen$
Then, He &ill hose .permanently/ His disciples and obedient
people there$
!ere yo, O Ahnaf, to see them &hen they &ill come to
their Iord the Hlori;ed$ !hen their mares are stric%en, their
ridin" she0camels &ill ma%e sch a nice sond that no one
has e#er heard its li%e$ A clod that rains ms% and sa1ron
&ill o#ershado& them$ Their mares &ill nei"h bet&een the
plants of the "ardens .of (aradise/, and their she0camels &ill
ta%e them bet&een the hei"hts of sa1ron$ They &ill &al%
"ra#ely on pearls and corals$ The crators of (aradise &ill
recei#e them &ith the plpits of basil$ A &ind from the

These statements are ,oted from the Holy 9ran$


direction of the Di#ine Throne &ill then disperse o#er them
*asmine and daisy$ !hen they approach the portals .of
(aradise/, Ridh&an

&ill open them in their faces and they


&ill prostrate themsel#es for Allah in the cortyard of
(aradise$
The All0omnipotent Allah &ill say to them, FRaise yor
heads$ I ha#e freed yo from the brden of &orship and
hosed yo in the paradise of contentment$G
If yo, O Ahnaf, disre"ard that &hich I ha#e pre#iosly
said, yo &ill be left in the shirts of tar, yo &ill rn arond in
bla-in" ;re and boilin" &ater, and yo &ill be &atered #ery
boilin" &ater$ On that day, many spines &ill be bro%en, many
faces &ill be destroyed, and many &ill be deformed and
beaten on the noses$ Ii%e&ise, the chains &ill eat the palms
of many, and the bands &ill cohere &ith the nec%s of many$
!ere yo, O Ahnaf, to see them slippin" in the #alleys of
Hell and climbin" the montains there &hile they are dressed
&ith pieces of tar and matched to the sinfl and the de#ils$ If
they call for help a"ainst the ;re, the scorpions and sna%es
&ill attac% them$
!ere yo also to see the caller &ho &ill say: FO people of
(aradise and its bliss and *e&els and "arments, yo &ill li#e
fore#er and yo &ill ne#er die$G Only then, they lose hope
completely, the doors &ill be loc%ed, and the relations &ill be
ct$ On that day, many old men &ill morn for their old a"e,
many yon" people &ill morn for their yoth, and many
&omen &ill &ail for their scandals$ Their screens &ill be torn$
On that day, many &ill be dipped and detained bet&een the
layers of Hell$ It is a dip that &ill case yo to dress a
"arment 8after yo had dressed linen clothes, drn% &ater
that &as cooled on the &alls, and eaten the #arios meals0,
&hich &ill trn "ray e#ery sin"le and smooth hair that yo
&ere feedin" and &ill "o"e ot the eye &ith &hich yo sa&
e#ery dear one$ This is &hat Allah has prepared for the

Ridh&an is the name of the door%eeper of (aradise$


criminals and that &as &hat Allah has prepared for the Hod0
fearin"$

48$5 The 1e(t '# (er=ant(


Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed, Allah
may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to s from Mohammed
bin al0Hasan as0Sa1ar from Ahmed bin Mohammed bin =halid
from Ismaeel bin Mehran from Saif bin @maira from Slaiman
bin >a+far an0Na%h+i from Mohammed bin Mslim and others
from Q that Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0Ba,ir .a/ said:
As he &as as%ed abot the best ser#ants, the (rophet .s/
said:
The best ser#ants are those &ho become happy &hen
they do a "ood deed, see% Allah+s for"i#eness &hen they
ma%e a mista%e, sho& "ratitde &hen somethin" is "i#en to
them, and pardon &hen they are enra"ed$
)
48%5 A!i i( the di(&i,!e '# A!!ah
Mohammed bin al09asim Alistrabadi, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to s from Nosf bin Mohammed
bin Riyad and Ali bin Mohammed bin Sayyar from their
fathers that al0Hasan .Imam al0As%ari/ bin Ali bin Mohammed

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:4A5 H$AB4, .As a comment on this narration,


Allama al0Ma*lisi says: This narration is clearly distorted and &ea%2
therefore, I omitted some of its statements$/, 63:AKP H$BA .As a comment
on this narration, Allama al0Ma*lisi says: This narration is e:tremely &ea%$ I
cold not ;nd it in any other reference boo% in order that I &old correct it$
Besides, distortion and omission occrred to it$/
)
Refer to As0Sad,+s al-Amali2 A5 H$J, al-Khissal2 A:BAK H$55, Madan ul-
/awhar2 CP, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 JJC, 0awdhat ul--aidheen2 45C, Alam ud-$in2
A45, Fiqh ur-0idha2 BCJ, %ihar ul-Anwar2 65:BPC .the end of/ H$ 46 and
KA:4C5 H$4
bin Ali bin Msa bin >a+far bin Mohammed bin Ali bin al0
Hssein bin Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be pon them all, related
that the (rophet .s/ said to one of his companions:
No, O Abdllah, shold lo#e, hate, spport, and
anta"oni-e'all for the sa%e of Allah$ No cannot "ain the
loyalty to Allah e:cept thro"h this &ay$ A man cannot ;nd
the taste of faith, no matter ho& many his prayers and days
of fastin" are, nless he follo&s so$ @nfortnately, these
days, people are fraterni-in" &ith each other on the bases of
the &orldly bene;ts$ Ii%e&ise, they lo#e each other and hate
each other for the same reason$ This &ill in no means bene;t
them in the si"ht of Allah$
The man as%ed: Ho& can I %no& &hether my spport or
anta"onism &as for the sa%e of AllahM !ho is the disciple of
Allah so that I &ill spport him, and &ho is the enemy of
Allah so that I &ill anta"oni-e himMG
The (rophet .s/ pointed to Ali .a/ and said: Do yo see
this oneM
The man said: Nes, I do$
He .s/ said: The spporter of this one is srely the
disciple of Allah2 therefore, yo shold spport him$ The
enemy of this one is srely the enemy of Allah2 therefore,
yo shold anta"oni-e him$ No shold spport him &hoe#er
spports this man, 8Ali0 e#en if he is the %iller of yor father
and sons$ No shold anta"oni-e him &hoe#er anta"oni-es
this man, e#en if he &as yor father or yor sons$


4885 The &hara&ter( '# the
re!igi'*(
Al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin Idris, Allah may ha#e mercy
pon him, narrated to s from his father from Ahmed bin

Refer to (lal ash-Sharaa"i2 AJP H$A, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2 AA H$K, Meaani


al-Akhbar2 B55 H$C3, #"ounu Akhbar ir-0idha2 45A H$JA, 0awdhat ul-
-aidheen2 JAK, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 A4B, %ihar ul-Anwar2 65:4B6 H$A
Mohammed bin Easa from his father from Abdllah bin al0
9asim from his father from Ab Bassir that Ab Abdllah
related on the athority of his fathers that Amir l0M?minin
.a/ said:
The reli"ios people en*oy de;nite characters de to
&hich they are reco"ni-ed: tellin" trth, redemption of
trsts, fl;llment of the pled"e, infre,ency of pride,
shyness, re"ard of the relati#es, merciflness to the &ea%,
rarity of coplation, doin" of fa#ors, "ood mannerism, broad0
mindedness, and prsance of %no&led"e as &ell as e#ery
matter that ta%es near to Allah$ They &ill recei#e abndant
blessin"s and the best eternal d&ellin"$
Tba 8abndant blessin"s0 is the name of a tree that is in
(aradise$ Its ori"in is in the hose of the (rophet .s/$ In the
hose of e#ery belie#er, there &ill be a branch of that tree$
That branch &ill carry any desire that occrs to the belie#ers$
If a painsta%in" rider &al%s for one hndred years nder
the shado& of that tree, he &ill not be able to "et ot of it$ If
a cro& be"ins his *orney of Si"ht from the lo&er part of that
tree, it &ill not attain its hi"her part before it dies ot of old
a"e$ No shold desire for so$
The .tre/ belie#er en"a"es himself .in acts and rites of
&orship to Allah/ &hile people feel restfl to&ards him$ !hen
ni"ht comes pon him, he ta%es the face as his bed and
prostrates his honorable or"ans before Allah, (o&erfl and
Ma*estic is He$ He con;des to the One !ho created him
.secretly/ to release him .from Hell/$ No shold be li%e this$

Refer to al0Ayyashi+s Tafsir2 4:4AB, As0Sad,+s al-Amali2 A3B H$K, al-


Khissal2 J3B H$C66 .He relates this narration to al0Mstafa bin >a+far as0
Samar,andi: >a+far bin Mas+od al0Ayyashi: his father Ab an0Nadhr:
Ibrahim bin Ali: Ibn Isha,: Nons bin Abdirrahman: Ibn Sinan: Abdllah bin
Mes%an: Ab BassirQ/, at-Tamhees2 6K H$A6A, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 4AA,
Mishkat ul-Anwar2 B3, %ihar ul-Anwar2 3:AAK H$4, 6K:435 H$AA, KP:434
.&ithin/ H$4 and APB:44B H$B
4895 The n'1i!itie( '# &hara&ter
Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Nahya al0Attar, Allah may
ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to s from his father from
Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Easa from Othman bin Easa from
Abdllah bin Mes%an that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He, has "i#en the (rophet
.s/ the nobilities of character e:clsi#ely$ No shold test
yorsel#es thro"h sch characters$ If yo ha#e them all,
yo shold than% Allah and see% more$ These are ten:
con#iction, satisfaction, tolerance, than%flness, clemency,
"ood mannerism, openhandedness, sense of honor, cora"e,
and personality$

48:5 A1d*!-A@heem a!-Ha(ani


and Imam a!-Hadi
Ali bin Ahmed bin Msa ad0Da,,a, and Ali bin Abdllah
al0!arra, narrated to s from Mohammed bin Harn as0S;
from Ab Trab @baidllah bin Msa al0Hyani that Abdl0
A-heem al0Hasani related:
I #isited my master Ali bin Mohammed bin Ali bin Msa
bin >a+far, peace be pon them$ !hen his eyes fell on me, he
said: F!elcome, O Ab al09asim, yo are srely or
disciple$G
FO son of the Messen"er of Allah,+ I said, FI &ant to
pro#ide my beliefs before yo$ If they are ri"ht, I &ill
maintain ntil I meet Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He$G
F!ell,G said the Imam .a/ Fsho& me$G
I be"an, FAllah, Blessed and E:alted is He, is One$ There
is nothin" li%e Him$ He is ot of the t&o ed"es'the ed"e of

Refer to As0Sad,+s al-Amali2 A3J H$3, Meaani al-Akhbar2 A5A H$B, al-
Khissal2 JBA4 H$A4, Mekarim ul-Akhlaq2 4BB, Fiqh ur-0idha2 BCB, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 65:B63 H$C
netrali-ation and the ed"e of anthropomorphism$
)
He is not
corporeality, ima"e, accident, or essence$ He, Hlori;ed is His
Name, is the Ma%er of the corporalities, the 7ormer of the
ima"es, and the )reator of the accidents and the essences$
He is the Iord, the (ossessor, the Ma%er, and the (rodcer of
e#erythin"$ He is All0&ise2 He neither does the "ly nor does
He brea% the obli"atory$ I also belie#e that Mohammed .s/ is
His ser#ant and messen"er as &ell as the seal of the
prophets$ No prophet &ill come forth after him p to the Day
of Resrrection$ His code is the seal of codes$ No code &ill be
enacted after his code p to the Day of Resrrection$
I also belie#e that the Imams, sccessors, and la&fl
leaders after him are Amir l0M?minin Ali bin Abi Talib, al0
Hasan, al0Hssein, Ali bin al0Hssein, Mohammed bin Ali,
>a+far bin Mohammed, Msa bin >a+far, Ali bin Msa,
Mohammed bin Ali, and yo'my master, peace be pon yo
all, respecti#ely$G
The Imam .a/ said: FAfter me, my son al0Hasan &ill come$
!hat &ill people do &ith his sccessorMG
F!hat is that, masterMG I as%ed$
Imam al0Hadi .a/ ans&ered: FHis appearance &ill not be
seen and his name cannot be mentioned ntil he comes
forth to ;ll in the earth &ith *stice and fairness in the same
&ay as it &old be ;lled &ith &ron" and in*stice$G
FI sbmit to this,G I said, FI also declare that the follo&er
of the Imams is srely the disciple of Allah, their enemy is
srely the enemy of Allah, the obedience to them is srely
the obedience to Allah, and the disobedience to them is
srely the disobedience to Allah$
I declare that the (rophet+s Midni"ht Ascension is ri"ht,
the tomb interro"ation is ri"ht, (aradise is ri"ht, Hell is ri"ht,
the (ath is ri"ht, the Balance is ri"ht, and there is no dobt
abot the comin" of the Hor of Doom and that Allah &ill
raise e#ery one from the "ra#es$
)
The ed"e of netrali-ation stands for the fact that no description can
e:press the actal attribtes of Hod$ The ed"e of anthropomorphism
stands for the fact that Hod cannot be anthropomorphi-ed$
I declare that the obli"atory reli"ios dties, after the
.obli"atory/ loyalty to the Imams, are the prayer, the -a%at,
the fastin", the ha**, the *ihad, the en*oinment of "ood, the
forbiddance of e#il, and the %eepin" of the parents+ ri"hts$
This has been my reli"ion, belief, and faith$G
Ali bin Mohammed .a/ said: FO Ab al09asim, this is, by
Allah, the #ery reli"ion that Allah has accepted for His
ser#ants2 therefore, yo shold %eep it$ Allah may stren"then
yor faith by the tre !ords in this &orld and in the life to
come$G

48<5 The Shiite d'e( n't den"


#'*r matter(
Ahmed bin al0Hasan al09attan, Allah may ha#e mercy
pon him, narrated to s from Ahmed bin Nahya bin
Ra%ariyya from Ba%r bin Abdllah bin Habib from Tamim bin
Bhlol from Mohammed bin Emara from his father that
>a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ said:
He &ho denies for matters does not belon" to or Shia:
the (rophet+s Midni"ht Ascension, the tomb interro"ation,
the creation of (aradise and Hell, and the ri"ht of
intercession$
)
49>5 T' den" the A(&en(i'n i( t'
den" the .r',het
Mohammed bin Ibrahim bin Isha, at0Tali,ani, Allah may
ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to s from Ahmed bin

Refer to As0Sad,+s al-Amali2 4K3 H$4J, at-Tawhid2 3A H$BK, Kamal ud-


$in2 4K5 H$A, Keshf ul-+humma2 4:C4C, Kifa"at ul-Athar2 436, 0awdhat ul-
-aidheen2 BA, Alam ud-$in2 JB6$
)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 3:A56 H$A366, A3:BAA H$44 and 65:5 H$AA
Mohammed bin Saeed al0Hamadani from Ali bin al0Hasan bin
Ali bin 7addhal from his father that Ab al0Hasan Ali bin Msa
ar0Ridha .a/ said:
He &ho denies the (rophet+s Midni"ht Ascension is
belyin" the (rophet$

4915 The tr*e 1e!ie=er


Abdl0!ahid bin Mohammed bin Abdos al0Attar an0
Nisapri, Allah may please him narrated to s from Ali bin
Mohammed bin 9taiba from al07adhl bin Shathan that Ali
bin Msa ar0Ridha .a/ said:
7or anyone &ho declares the oneness of Allah, denies His
bein" anthropomorphi-ed, deems Him far abo#e that
&hiche#er does not ;t Him, declares that mi"ht, po&er, &ill,
#olition, creation, athority, and acts'all are in the
possession of Allah, belie#es that the acts of the ser#ants
.the plannin" for the acts, not their brin"in" into bein"/ are
created, declares that Mohammed .s/ is the messen"er of
Allah and Ali and the Imams &ho follo& him are the
ar"ments of Allah .a"ainst the creatres/, spports their
disciples, anta"oni-es their enemies, a#oids committin" the
"rand sins, belie#es in ra*aa and the t&o mt+as, and has
faith in the (rophet+s Midni"ht Ascension, the tomb
interro"ation, the Di#ine (ool, the ri"ht of intercession, the
creation of (aradise and Hell, the (ath, the Balance, the
raisin" from the death, and the Resrrection, he is srely
belie#er and one of or Shia'the Shia of the (rophet+s
hosehold$
)

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 3A:BA4 H$4B


)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 3:A5K H$A3K, CB:A4A .the end of/ H$A6A, 65:5
E2SE HUM<E2 *AAE
S&ea7 ri#hteous wor's to
&eo&le
)F-
An' those who e@er+ise
&atien+e
)EE
The% are hu/ble towar's the
belie$ers
443
Di' the &eo&le of the towns EE
Ta7e the sur&lus" &rea+h the
truth
E
Wal7 #entl% on the earth )4D-
When a''resse' b% the
i#norant ones" their
)4E)
He 7nows the unseen E))F
HA22ATI!H SA0E2 *AAE
!ur Shia are the &eo&le of &iet% an'
'ili#en+e
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
!ur >true? Shia are those who
sub/it to our or'ers
I/a/ ar-
2i'ha
The reli#ion of those who 'en%
tai%ah is null an'
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
He who +lai/s bein# one of our Shia
while he is
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
He who anta#onies our Shia is
anta#oniin# us an'
I/a/ ar-
2i'ha
He whoe$er sa%s La ilaha illa
>A?llah: (there is no #o'
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
He who sa%s La ilaha illa >A?llah: (
there is no #o'
The *ro&het
! sons of Hashi/ an' sons of Ab'ul-
Muttalib" I a/
The *ro&het
To sit with the e$ils +auses /istrust
in the #oo'. To
A/ir ul-
Mu/inin
He who belie$es in Allah an' the
Iinal Da% shoul'
The *ro&het
As for an%one who buil's relations
with so/ebo'%
I/a/ ar-
2i'ha
He who follows the ene/ies of Allah
will +ertainl%
I/a/ ar-
2i'ha
<% Allah I swear" the Shia of Ali are
onl% those who
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
How about the ri+h /en:s $isitin# I/a/ as-
Sa'i
So/e of those who +lai/ the
a=e+tion for us
I/a/ ar-
2i'ha
He who lo$es a 'isbelie$er will hate
Allah an'
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The frien' of Allah:s ene/% is
Allah:s ene/%
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
He who sits to the sus&i+ious &eo&le
is sus&i+ious
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The Hasibi is not he who 'e+lares
anta#onis/
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
He who #rati1es one of our ene/ies
is 7illin# one of
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The Shia of Ali are atro&hie'-
sto/a+he'" 'r%
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! Abu al-Mi'a/" the Shia of Ali"
&ea+e be u&on
I/a/ al-
<air
The Shia are &ale-fa+e' be+ause of
sta%in# u& at
I/a/ as-
Se..a'
The Shia of 6a:far are onl% those who
abstain fro/
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! 6abir" 'o %ou thin7 that it is
su8+ient for those
I/a/ al-
<air
The Shia of Ali >a? are surel% those I/a/ al-
<air
! Abu al-Mi'a/" the Shia of Ali"
&ea+e be u&on
I/a/ al-
<air
! 6abir" the Shia of Ali are onl% those
whose $oi+es
I/a/ al-
<air
Do %ou ho&e the% were less I/a/ as-
Sa'i
This is be+ause of the sweetness I/a/ as-
Sa'i
So/e of %ou o=er /ore &ra%ers than
others 'o
!ne of the
I/a/s
We are truthful househol'. 0our
/ain +on+ern is
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
!n the Da% of 2esurre+tion" all the
+reatures will be
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
I 'o not li7e for the noble /en to
+arr% +hea& thin#s
I/a/ al-
Ka'hi/
!ur Shia are those who &refer what
the% fa$or
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The Shia are &ale-fa+e' be+ause of
sta%in# u& at
A/ir ul-
Mu/inin
!ur Shia are onl% those whose
$oi+es 'o
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! Ho/a/" fear Allah an' &erfor/
#oo' a+ts
A/ir ul-
Mu/inin
The true belie$er is he whose ra#e
'oes not ta7e
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! Ali bin Ab'il-Ai" 'o not be
'e+ei$e' b% their
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! ser$ants of Allah" I +o//an' %ou
to +lin# to
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
isit the aile' &eo&le" &arti+i&ate
in
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
So/e &eo&le +lai/ bein# our
followers an'
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Glin# to Ao'-fearin#" truthfulness"
ful1ll/ent of the
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
!ur Shia are +hara+terie' b% their I/a/ as-
Se..a'
He who belie$es in se$en thin#s is
>re#ar'e' as?
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
This is be+ause of the e@isten+e of
the #lor% of the
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
!nl% the belie$ers en.o% three
+hara+ters alto#ether
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
A belie$er:s &ower lies in his heart9
therefore" he
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
With re#ar' to his reli#ion" the
belie$er is 1r/est
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Do %ou 7now wh% the belie$ers are
+alle' so
The *ro&het
He who is 'is&lease' b% his e$il
'ee's an' &lease'
The *ro&het
It is $er% u#l% for a belie$er to be
hu/iliate' b% his
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Le&ros% is se/i-+urse. Heither we"
nor will our
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The belie$er is 1r/er than blo+7s of
iron. Iron is
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Allah" <lesse' an' E@alte' is He" has
+reate' all the
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Winter is the belie$er:s s&rin#. Its
lon# ni#hts hel&
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Allah has not insure' the belie$ers
a#ainst the
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The belie$er is not unblesse' I/a/ as-
Sa'i
He who en.o%s three +hara+ters has
the ualities of
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
0ou will not be +onsi'ere' as
belie$ers before %ou
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The belie$er en.o%s stren#th with
reli#iousness
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The true belie$er is feare' b%
e$er%thin#" for he is
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
E$er%thin# is sub/issi$e to the
belie$er
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Allah will +ause e$er%thin#"
in+lu'in# $er/in
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The inhabitants of the hea$ens +an
see onl% the
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
!n the Da% of 2esurre+tion" e$er%
belie$er will be #i$en 1$e
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
To see the ene/% &lun#e in the a+ts
of 'isobe'ien+e
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
An%one who en.o%s stin#iness" en$%"
an'
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The belie$er is self-ri#hteous. He is
/ore sin+ere
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
A ser$ant will not be a faithful
belie$er before he
I/a/ ar-
2i'ha
When a ser$ant inten's to 'o a
#oo' 'ee'" his breath
I/a/ al-
Ka'hi/
Ho" Ahnaf. It was not. Allah"
Alori1e' is He" lo$e'
A/ir ul-
Mu/inin
The best of the ser$ants are those
who be+o/e
The *ro&het
0ou" ! Ab'ullah" shoul' lo$e" hate"
su&&ort" an'
The *ro&het
The reli#ious &eo&le en.o% 'e1nite
+hara+ters 'ue
A/ir ul-
Mu/inin
Allah" <lesse' an' E@alte' is He" has
#i$en the
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Wel+o/e" ! Abu al-Qasi/" %ou are
surel% our 'is+i&le
I/a/ al-
Ha'i
He who 'enies four /atters 'oes
not belon# to our
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
He who 'enies the *ro&het:s
Mi'ni#ht As+ension is
I/a/ ar-
2i'ha
Ior an%one who 'e+lares the
oneness of Allah
I/a/ ar-
2i'ha
Adam
The (rophet Mohammed
Amir l0M?minin Ali
Al0Hasan bin Ali
Al0Hssein bin Ali
Ali bin al0Hssein as0Se**ad
Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0Ba,ir
Ab Abdllah >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi,
Ab al0Hasan Msa bin >a+far al0=adhim
Ab al0Hasan Ali bin Msa ar0Ridha
Ab >a+far Mohammed bin Ali al0>a&ad
Ali bin Mohammed al0Hadi
Al0Hassan bin Ali al0As%ari
Aassi/ bin Ha/i'
Ab'irrah/an bin Kuthair al-Hashi/i
Ab'ul-Ahee/ al-Hasani
Ab'ullah
Ab'ullah bin Aa/ir
Ab'ullah bin al-Qasi/
Ab'ullah bin A/r bin al-Ash:ath
Ab'ullah bin He//a' al-Ansari
Ab'ullah bin 6a:far
Ab'ullah bin 6a:far al-Hi/%ari
Ab'ullah bin 6ibilla al-Kinani
Ab'ullah bin Mes7an
Ab'ullah bin Sinan
Ab'ullah bin Zi%a'
Ab'ullah bun Musa bin 6a:far
Ab'ul-Wahi' bin Moha//e' al-Attar
Abu al-Abbas >as-Sa=ah?
Abu al-Abbas a'-Dainouri
Abu al-Alaa
Abu al-Mi'a/
Abu al-Qasi/
Abu <assir
Abu 6a:far a'-Dawanii
Abu Moha//e' al-Ansari
Abu Ubai'a al-Hetthaa
Ah/e' bin Ab'ullah
Ah/e' bin Abi Ab'ullah al-<ari
Ah/e' bin al-Hasan al-Qattan
Ah/e' bin al-Hasan bin Ali bin Ia''hal
Ah/e' bin I'ris
Ah/e' bin Moha//e'
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' al-<ari
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' al-Khea
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin Easa
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin Khali'
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin Saee' al-Ha/a'ani
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin 0ah%a al-Attar
Ah/e' bin 0ah%a bin Za7ari%%a
Al-Abbas bin Marouf
Al-Ahnaf bin Qa%s
Al-Alaa bin Iu'ha%l
Al-Asba#h bin Hubata
Al-<ari
Al-Ia'hl bin Shathan
Al-Harith bin A'-Delhath
Al-Harithi
Al-Hasan bin Ah/e'
Al-Hasan bin Ah/e' bin I'ris
Al-Hasan bin Ali al-Ku1
Al-Hasan bin Ali bin Ia''hal
Al-Hasan bin Mahboub
Al-Hussein bin Khali'
Al-Hussein bin Moha//e' bin Aa/ir
Al-Hussein bin Saif
Al-Hussein bin 0ai' an-Hawfali
Ali bin Ab'ul-Aee
Ali bin Ab'ullah al-Warra
Ali bin Ah/e' bin Ab'ullah
Ali bin Ah/e' bin Musa a'-Daa
Ali bin al-Hasan bin Ali bin Ia''hal
Ali bin al-Hussein as-Sa:'aba'i
Ali bin Hassan al-Wasiti
Ali bin Ibrahi/
Ali bin Ibrahi/ bin Hashi/
Ali bin Maba'
Ali bin Moha//e' bin Qutaiba
Ali bin Moha//e' bin Sa%%ar
Ali bin 2iaab
Ali bin Saaih
Ali bin Sale/
Al-Mu:alla bin Khunais
Al-Mufa''hal
Al-Mufa''hal bin !/ar
Al-Mufa''hal bin Qa%s
Al-Mufa''hal bin Zi%a' al-Ab'i
A//ar bin Musa
A/r bin Abi al-Mi'a/
A/r bin She/r
As-Salih bin Maitha/
As-Sin'i bin Moha//e'
<a7r bin Ab'ullah bin Habib
Eban bin !th/an
Ha/ran bin Aa%un
Harun bin Musli/
Hebbab al-Wasiti
Ho/a/
Hussein bin A/r
Ibn Abi He.ran
Ibn Abi U/air
Ibn Ia''hal
Ibrahi/ bin Hashi/
Is/aeel bin Mehran
6a:far bin Moha//e' bin Mali7 al-Iaari
6a:far bin Moha//e' bin Masrour
6abir al-6u:1
Mas:a'a bin Sa'aa
Moha//e' bin Abi al-Qasi/
Moha//e' bin Abi U/air
Moha//e' bin Ah/e'
Moha//e' bin Ah/e' bin Ali
Moha//e' bin Ah/e' bin 0ah%a al-Ash:ari
Moha//e' bin A.lan
Moha//e' bin al-Hana1%%a
Moha//e' bin al-Hasan as-Sa=ar
Moha//e' bin al-Hasan bin al-Walee'
Moha//e' bin al-Hasan bin Sha/oun
Moha//e' bin al-Hussein bin Abi al-Khattab
Moha//e' bin al-Hussein bin Zai'
Moha//e' bin Ali
Moha//e' bin Ali al-Ku1
Moha//e' bin Ali bin Al-Hussein bin <abawa%h
Moha//e' bin Ali Ma.ilwa%h
Moha//e' bin al-Qasi/ Alistraba'i
Moha//e' bin Easa
Moha//e' bin Easa bin Ubai'
Moha//e' bin E/ara
Moha//e' bin Ha/ran
Moha//e' bin Harun as-Su1
Moha//e' bin Ibrahi/ bin Isha at-Taliani
Moha//e' bin Musa al-Mutawa77il
Moha//e' bin Musli/
Moha//e' bin Qa%s
Moha//e' bin Salih
Moha//e' bin Sinan
Moha//e' bin Sulai/an a'-Daila/i
Moha//e' bin 0ah%a
Moha//e' bin 0ah%a al-Attar al-Ku1
Moha//e' bin 0ah%a bin Sai'
Muawi%a bin A//ar
Muha.ir Abu al-Hasan
Musa bin I/ran An-Ha7h:i
!th/an bin Easa
Sa:' bin Ab'ullah
Saee' bin Ahawan
Safwan al-6a//al
Safwan bin Mehran
Sahl bin Zi%a'
Saif bin U/aira
Sulai/an bin A/r
Sulai/an bin 6a:far an-Ha7h:i
Ta/i/ bin <uhloul
Ubai'ullah bin Musa al-Hu%ani
0a:oub bin 0ai'
0ousuf bin Moha//e' bin Zi%a'
Zai'
Zai' bin Ara/
Zharif bin Hasih
Zi%a' al-Qan'i
T
.A/ The Shia are the people of piety and dili"ence$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
.4/ The Shia are those &ho sbmit to the imams$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
.B/ The Shia and ta,iyah$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
.J/ The false Shiite$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
.C/ The Shia &ere created from the same clay of the Imams
BP
.6/ The re&ard of la ilaha illa .a/llah$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
.K/ The re&ard of la ilaha illa .a/llah$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
.3/ The Shia are the Hod0fearin"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
.5/ The company of the e#ils and the company of the "ood$ BP
.AP/ He &ho honors a dissident is not Shiite$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
AA$ The loyalty to the enemies of Allah$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
A4$ The Shia of Ali abstain from the food appetite and &or%
for their )reator$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
AB$ Moralities of the Shia$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
AJ$ The a1ection for the (rophet+s hosehold$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
AC$ The friend of Allah+s enemy is Allah+s enemy$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
A6$ The company of the sspicios$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
AK$ The Nasibi is he &ho anta"oni-es the Shia$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
A3$ The Shia of Ali are atrophied0stomached and dry0lipped$ BP
A5$ The Shia of Ali are the pale and the thin$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
4P$ The mar%s of the Shia$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
4A$ The Shia of >a+far abstain from the food appetite and
&or% dili"ently$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
44$ The false embracement of Shiism$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
4B$ The Shia of Ali meet the needs of each other and lo#e
each other$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ BP
4J$ The Shia of Ali are pale, thin, and emaciated$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
4C$ The Shia of Ali are those &hose #oices do not e:ceed
their hearin"s$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ BP
46$ The Shia say only the trth$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
4K$ The s&eetness of faith is in the Shia+s chests$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
43$ The best of the Shia are the most %no&led"eable$$$$$$$$$$$BP
45$ The Shia+s concern, and their enemies+ concern$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
BP$ The Shia are sa#ed from adltery$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
BA$ The lar"e nmbers of the Shia+s enemies$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
B4$ The Shiite beha#es nicely and pro#ides the "rand matter
BP
BB$ The ,alities of the Shia$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
BJ$ As0Sadi, .a/ describes the Shia$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
BC$ Ali .a/ describes the Hod0fearin"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
B6$ The Shiite in an"er and satisfaction$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
BK$ Hod0fearin" is in hearts$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
B3$ The Imams+ commandments to the Shia$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
B5$ The Shia, trthflness, and faithflness$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
JP$ The Shia are %no&n from their &orship and faces$$$$$$$$$$$BP
JA$ The Shia and the disa#o&al of the >ibt and Ta"ht$$$$$$$$$$BP
J4$ Manners of the belie#ers$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
JB$ The belie#er, the Mslim, and the Mha*ir$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
JJ$ The belie#er is displeased by his e#il deeds$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
JC$ The "ly belie#er$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
J6$ Ieprosy is semi0crse$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
JK$ The belie#er is ;rmer than bloc%s of iron$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
J3$ Allah created the belie#ers from the same ori"in$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
J5$ !inter is the belie#er+s sprin"$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
CP$ The belie#er and the &orldly misfortnes$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
CA$ The belie#er is not nblessed$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
C4$ 9alities of the belie#er$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
CB$ Steadfastness a"ainst misfortnes$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
CJ$ Ethics and moralities of the belie#er$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
CC$ The belie#er is po&erfl in the reli"ion$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
C6$ E#erythin" is sbmissi#e to the belie#er$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
CK$ In the hea#ens, the belie#er "i#es li"ht as same as the
stars+ BP
C3$ The belie#er and his enemy$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
C5$ The belie#er is neither co&ard nor stin"y$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
6P$ The belie#er is self0ri"hteos$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
6A$ The belie#er has characters from his Iord, (rophet, and
Imam BP
64$ The intention to do "ood or bad$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
6B$ Amir l0Mminin describes the sincere$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
6J$ The best of ser#ants$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
6C$ Ali is the disciple of Allah$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
66$ The characters of the reli"ios$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
6K$ The nobilities of character$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
63$ Abdl0A-heem al0Hasani and Imam al0Hadi$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
65$ The Shiite does not deny for matters$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
KP$ To deny the Ascension is to deny the (rophet$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
KA$ The tre belie#er$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$BP
1. INDEX OF THE QURANIC TEXTS............................30
2. INDEX OF THE NARRATIONS...........................................30
3. INDEX OF THE NAMES OF THE SINLESS...............30
. INDEX OF PROPER NAMES.....................................30
!. TABLE OF CONTENTS.............................................30
SHEIKH AS-
SHEIKH AS-
SADUQ
SADUQ
IADHAAIL USH-
SHI:A
THE ME2ITS !I THE
THE ME2ITS !I THE
SHIA
SHIA
Translated by:
Badr Shahin
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate the
Merciful
All Praise is Due to Allah, the Lord of the
Worlds
All !lessin"s #e upon Mohammed and His
Immaculate Household
Abu 6a:far Moha//e' bin Ali bin al-Hussein bin
Musa bin <abawa%h >the +o/&iler of this boo7? sa%s
1. A!i( ran- i( a( (ame a( the
.r',het(
My father, Allah may please him, related to s from
Abdllah bin al0Hssein al0Meddib from Ahmed bin Ali al0
Isfahani from Mohammed bin Aslam at0Tsi from Ab Ra*aa
from Hemmad bin Raid from Abdirrahman as0Sarra* from
Na;i that Ibn Omar said:
!hen &e as%ed him abot Ali bin Abi Talib, the (rophet
.s/ &as an"ry and said:
!hy do some people mention that one &hose ran% in the
si"ht of Allah is as same as mineM

He &ho lo#es Ali lo#es me, and Allah &ill accept him &ho
lo#es me, and &home#er Allah accepts &ill be re&arded &ith
(aradise$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali &ill not depart this &orld before he
drin%s from the Di#ine Ri#er of =a&thar, eats from the Di#ine
Tree of Tba, and sees his place in (aradise$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali &ill ha#e his prayers, fastin", and
&orship accepted and &ill ha#e his spplications responded$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali, the an"els &ill see% Allah+s
for"i#eness for him and the ei"ht portals of (aradise &ill all
be opened before him so that he can choose the one &hich
ta%es him to (aradise$

Ibn Ha"ar, in his boo% titled as-Sawaaiq ul-Muhriqa2 AP3, records a


similar narration, bt there is an addition in its be"innin" and distortion in
its middle$ Refer also to ar-0i"adh un-!adhira2 4:A64
!hoe#er lo#es Ali, Allah &ill "i#e him his record .of
deeds/ in his ri"ht hand

and &ill call him to accont in the


same &ay as He calls His prophets$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali, Allah &ill alle#iate for him the a"onies
of death and &ill chan"e his "ra#e into a "arden of (aradise$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali, Allah &ill "i#e him in marria"e &omen
of (aradise as many as the arteries of his body, &ill "rant
him the ri"ht to intercede for ei"hty indi#idals from his
family members, and &ill "i#e him &omen and cities of
(aradise as many as the hairs of his body$
)
!hoe#er lo#es Ali, Allah &ill send the An"el of Death to
him in the same &ay as He sends him to the prophets, &ill
sa#e him from the horrible interro"ation of Mn%ar and
Na%eer, &ill li"hten his heart, &ill &hiten his face, and &ill
*oin him &ith Ham-a2 the master of the martyrs$
-
!hoe#er lo#es Ali, Allah &ill sa#e him from the ;re .of
Hell$/
!hoe#er lo#es Ali, Allah &ill place &isdom in his heart
;rmly, &ill ma%e the trth slide on his ton"e, and &ill open
before him the doors to His mercy$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali &ill be called <the prisoner of Allah+ in
the hea#ens and the earth$
3

This is an indication to Allah+s sayin" in the 9ran: FOn the day &hen !e
call e#ery nation &ith their leaders, those &hose record of deeds are "i#en
to their ri"ht hands &ill read the boo% and the least &ron" &ill not be done
to them$G AK:KA/
)
The pre#ios statements are recorded in al0=ha&ar-mi+s al-Manaqib2 JB$
-
Ham-a .bin Abdl0Mttalib/ is the (rophet+s ncle and one of the most
celebrated personalities of Islam$ He &as martyred drin" the battle of
@hd$
3
In %ihar ul-Anwar, this statement is recorded in the follo&in" form:
F!hoe#er lo#es Ali, the inhabitants of the hea#ens &ill call him <the
prisoner of Allah on the earth$+
!hoe#er lo#es Ali, an an"el from beneath the Di#ine
Throne &ill call at him: O ser#ant of Allah, ma%e a ne& start,
for Allah has for"i#en all of yor sins$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali &ill attend on the Day of Resrrection
&ith a face that is as bri"ht as the fll moon$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali &ill be cro&ned and &ill be dressed
the "arment of honor$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali &ill pass the (ath li%e the s&ift
li"htnin"$
!hoe#er lo#es Ali &ill be "ranted an ac,ittance from
Hell, a permit to pass the (ath, and a secrity a"ainst the
pnishment$ Besides, no record of *d"ment &ill be opened
for him, no balance .for &ei"hin" his "ood acts and e#il acts
for identifyin" &hich one is more/ &ill be maintained for him,
and it &ill be said to him, <Enter (aradise &ithot *d"ment$+
!hoe#er lo#es Ali, the an"els &ill sha%e hands &ith him,
the prophets &ill #isit him, and Allah &ill settle all of his
needs$
!hoe#er lo#es the family of Mohammed &ill be sa#ed
from the >d"ment, the Balance, and the (ath$
!hoe#er dies on the lo#e for the family of Mohammed, I
"arantee for him a place in (aradise &ith the prophets$

!hoe#er dies on the hatred for the family of Mohammed


&ill ne#er smell the essence of (aradise$
..Ab Ra*aa commented: Hemmad bin Raid sed to ta%e
pride in this, for he considered it as the only hope$//
)

Refer to al0=ha&ar-mi+s al-Manaqib2 JB


)
Refer to Mietu Manqaba2 Ibn Shathan CC M$BK and 5C, Taawil ul-Aa"at2
34J, %isharat ul-Mustafa2 B603, Keshf ul-+humma2 A:APJ, (rshad ul-?uloub2
44C, Alam ud-$in2 J6J, !ahj ul-Haqq2 46P, Keshf ul-,aqin2 44K, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 K:44A H$ABB, B5:4KK03 H$CC, and 63:A46
2. The merit '# the !'=e #'r the
#ami!" '# M'hammed
Al0Hasan bin Abdllah bin Saeed narrated to s from
Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Hamdan al09shairi from al0
M"heera bin Mohammed bin al0Mhallab al0A-di from
Abdl0Hha1ar bin Mohammed al0=elabi from Amir bin Thabit
from >abir that Ab >a+far related on the athority of Ali bin
al0Hssein from his father, peace be pon them all, that the
(rophet .s/ said:
The lo#e for my hosehold and me &ill help in se#en
sitations &hose horrors are enormos: at death, in the
"ra#e, in the Resrrection, in the Recorded Accont, in the
>d"ment, in the Balance, and on the (ath$

3. The Shia 6i!! 1e the m'(t


(*re-#''ted 'n the .ath
>a+far bin Ali bin al0Hasan bin Ali bin Abdllah bin al0
M"heera narrated to s from his "randfather from his
"randfather from Ismaeel bin Mslim ash0Shairi from >a+far
bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ that the (rophet .s/ said:
The most sre0footed of yo on the (ath &ill be the most
lo#in" for my hosehold$
)

Refer to al-Amali2 as0Sad, A3 H$B, al-Khissal2 4:B6P H$J5, 0awdhat ul-


-aidheen2 4KA, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:4J3 H$4, and 4K:AC3 H$B$ !ith little
di1erence, the same narration is recorded in 0ashfat us-Sadi2 JJ$
)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 3:665 H$A6 and 4K:AC3 H$C$ As0Syotti, in his
(h"aa ul-Mait %i-Fadhaail ahl ul-%ait2 &hich is printed in the mar"ins of the
boo% titled al-(thaf Hubb il-Ashraf2 46J H$JK, records this narration and
relates it to Amir l0M?minin, peace be pon him$ As &ell, Ibn Ha"ar
records the same narration in his as-Sawaaiq ul-Muhriqa2 A3C, and al0
Manna&i in his Kunouz ul-Haqaaiq2 C$
$. The !'=e #'r A!i i( in the
1e!ie=er( heart
Al0Hssein bin Ibrahim, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him,
narrated from Ahmed bin Nahya from Ba%r bin Abdllah from
Mohammed bin @baidllah from Ali bin al0Ha%am from
Hsham from Ab Ham-a ath0Themali that Ab >a+far
Mohammed bin Ali relates on the athority of his fathers,
peace be pon them all, that the (rophet .s/ said to Ali:
7or any belie#er &ho has the lo#e for yo ;:ed in his
heart, if one of his feet slips on the (ath, the other &ill be
;rm so that Allah &ill ta%e him to (aradise for his lo#e to
yo$

%. The Shia 6i!! ha=e (e&*rit"


and #aith
Ali bin Mohammed bin al0Hasan al09i-&ini .Ab al0Hasan
Ibn Ma,bara/ narrated to s from Mohammed bin Abdllah
bin Aamir from Essam bin Nosf from Mohammed bin
Ayyob al0=elabi from Amr bin Slaiman from Abdllah bin
Imran from Ali bin Raid from Saeed bin al0Msayyab from
Raid bin Thabit that the (rophet .s/ said:
7or anyone &ho lo#es Ali in his lifetime and after his
death, Allah &ill "rant him secrity and faith as lon" as the
sn rises and sets$ Anyone &ho hates Ali in his lifetime and
after his death &ill die as if he has ne#er been Mslim and
&ill be called to accont for his deeds$
)

Refer to al-Amali2 as0Sad, BJ3 s$3C, al-Manaqib2 Ibn Shahrashob


B:A53, %isharat ul-Mustafa2 KA U A4C, Keshf ul-+humma2 A:B33, Taawil ul-
Aa"at2 34K, %ihar ul-Anwar2 3:65 H$AK, 4K:AC3 H$66, B5:BPC H$AA5$ In his
Kenz ul-#mmal2 al0Mtta,i al0Hindi records a similar narration &ith little
di1erence from this one$
8. .e',!e 6i!! 1e interr'gated
a1'*t the !'=e #'r the
.r',het( #ami!"
Mohammed bin Ahmed bin Ali al0Asadi .Ibn >rada al0
Barda+i/ narrated to s from R,ayya bint Isha, bin Msa bin
>a+far bin Mohammed bin Ali bin al0Hssein bin Ali bin Abi
Talib, peace be pon them all, related on the athority of her
fathers that the (rophet .s/ said:
On the Day of Resrrection, a ser#ant+s feet &ill not
mo#e before he is as%ed abot for matters$ He &ill be as%ed
ho& he had spent the a"e of his yoth, ho& he had ;nished
his a"e, &hat earnin"s he had "ot and &here from he had
"ot them and ho& he had spent them, and he &ill be also
as%ed abot his a1ection to s2 the (rophet+s family$

)
Refer to al-Amali2 as0Sad, J6K H$4K, (lal ush-Sharaa"i2 A:AJJ H$AA,
%isharat ul-Mustafa2 AC3, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4K:K66 H$K and 4K:35 H$JP$ In
Kenz ul-#mmal2 AA:6A5, another narration that contains the meanin"s that
are mentioned in this narration is recorded$ Another narration, &hose
relaters are trstfl .as al0Bossiri declared/, of the same contents is
recorded on pa"e JPJ of the same boo%$

Refer to Refer to al-Amali2 as0Sad, J4 H$5, al-Khissal2 A:4CB H$A4C,


Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 C6 H$A6B, al-Manaqib2 Ibn Shahrashob 4:ACB, .He relates
it to Ibn Abbas and Ab Saeed al0=hidri/ Tanbih ul-Khawattir2 4:KC, al-
#mda2 CK, %isharat ul-Mustafa2 65 U A4J, Alam ud-$in2 A4J .He relates it
to Ab Brda al0Aslami/, Keshf ul-+humma2 A:APC, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 AK,
Mutashabah ul-?uraan2 4:JB, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:4C3 H$A, 4K:BAA H$A,
KA:A3P H$BB and KK:A64 H$A46$ As0Syotti, in his (h"aa ul-Mait %i-
Fadhaail ahl ul-%ait2 &hich is printed in the mar"ins of the boo% titled al-
(thaf Hubb il-Ashraf2 46A H$JJ, records this narration and relates it to Ibn
Abbas$ As &ell, the same narration is recorded by al09adhi at0Tstari in his
(hqaq ul-Haqq2 5:JP5, al0Ha;- Nrddin in his Majmaa uz-Zawaaid2 AP:BJ6,
and al0=en*i .the Sha;ite/ in his Kifa"at ut-Talib2 A3B and relates it to Ab
Tharr$
9. The Shia enC'" ran-( higher
than the ange!(
Abdllah bin Mohammed bin Abdl0!ahab narrated to s
from Ab al0Hasan Mohammed bin Ahmed al09a&ariri from
Ab al0Hssein Mohammed bin Ammar from Ismaeel bin
Ta&ba from Riyad bin Abdllah al0B%aai from Slaiman bin
al0Amish that Ab Saeed al0=hidri related:
!e &ere sittin" &ith the (rophet .s/ &hen a man came
and as%ed him:
FO Allah+s Messen"er, Allah says: <Eblis, &hat pre#ented
yo from prostratin" before &hat I ha#e created &ith My o&n
handsM !as it becase of yor pride or are yo one of those
&ho are e:altedM+ .B3:KC/ !ho are those e:alted ones &hose
ran%s are hi"her than the an"els+MG
The (rophet .s/ ans&ered: Those are Ali, 7atima, al0
Hasan, al0Hssein, and I$ !e &ere in the pa#ilion of the
Di#ine Throne praisin" Allah$ The an"els &ere imitatin" s$
That &as t&o thosand years before the creation of Adam$
!hen He created Adam, Allah, (o&erfl and E:alted is
He, ordered the an"els to prostrate themsel#es before him$
Allah did not inclde s in this order$ All of the an"els
therefore prostrated e:cept Eblis &ho re*ected to prostrate$
Referrin" to the ;#e indi#idals &hose names are
recorded on the pa#ilion of the Di#ine Throne, Allah said to
Eblis, <!as it becase of yor pride or are yo one of those
&ho are e:altedM+
Ths, &e are the doors that ta%e to Allah$ !e "ide the
follo&ers of the ri"ht path$ 7or him &hoe#er lo#es s, Allah
&ill lo#e him and hose him in His (aradise$ 7or him &ho
hates s, Allah &ill hate him and hose him in Hell$ Only do
the le"itimate sons lo#e s$

Refer to Kenz ul-Fawaid2 4:CP305, Taawil ul-Aa"at iz-Zhahira2 A34 H$A, al-
%urhan2 J:6J H$B, %ihar ul-Anwar2 AA:AJ4 H$5, AC:4A H$BJ, 4C:4 H$4,
45:BP6 H$A4A, 466:BJ6 H$A5
:. The Shia( ran-( in the (ight
'# the Imam(
Abdllah bin Mohammed bin Abdl0!ahab narrated to s
from Q Mohammed bin Hamran from his father that Ab
Abdllah >a+far bin Mohammed as0Sadi, .a/ related:
One day, my father and I &ent ot to the mos,e$ !e
met some people &ho &ere ta%in" the place bet&een the
tomb and the mimbar$ My father approached and "reeted
them$ He then said:
I, by Allah, lo#e yo as &ell as yor smells and sols$
Hence, help s %eep on so by means of yor piety and
dili"ence$ No shold %no& that the loyalty to s cannot be
obtained e:cept by means of piety and dili"ence$ He &ho
follo&s someone shold imitate his deeds$ No are the Shia
of Allah, yo are the spporters of Allah, and yo are the
foremost forernners, the last forernners, the foremost to
the lo#e for s in this &orld, and the foremost to &in (aradise
on the Iast Day$
I ha#e "aranteed (aradise for yo, for the "arantee
that is "ranted by Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, and the
(rophet .s/$ No are the hi"hborn and yor &omen are the
hi"hborn$ Each belie#in" female &ill be &oman of (aradise,
and each belie#in" male &ill be #eracios$
More than once, Amir l0M?minin .a/ said to 9anbar,

<Be happy and annonce this "ood ne&s$ !hen the (rophet
.s/ died, he &as discontent &ith all of the indi#idals of his
mma e:cept the Shia$
E#erythin" has a handle$ The handle of the reli"ion is the
Shia$
E#erythin" has its honor$ The honor of the reli"ion is the
Shia$
E#erythin" has a master$ The master of the sessions is
the sessions of the Shia$

9anbar is the ser#ant of Amir l0M?minin Ali, peace be pon him$


E#erythin" has a leader$ The leader of this earth is the
land on &hich the Shia li#e$
E#erythin" has desire$ The desire of this &orld is or
Shia+ li#in" in it$
By Allah I s&ear, had it not been for yor e:istence on
this earth, yor dissidents &old not ha#e en*oyed the
pleasres of their fortnes$ Ne#ertheless, they &ill not ha#e
anythin" in the &orld to come$ Any Nasibi, no matter ho&
dili"ently he &orships and &or%s, is inclded in this Eerse:
FOn that day, the faces of some people &ill be hmbly cast
do&n, trobled and tired as a reslt of their deeds in the
past$ They &ill s1er the heat of the bla-in" ;re$G .46:40B/
The response of the prayer of yor dissidents is yors$
Anyone of yo &ho as%s one re,est from Allah &ill ha#e one
hndred re,ests settled$ Anyone of yo &ho as%s one
,estion &ill ha#e one hndred ,estions ans&ered$ Anyone
of yo &ho spplicates to Allah once &ill ha#e the re&ard of
one hndred spplications$ Anyone of yo &ho acts one "ood
deed &ill ha#e it dobled many times$ As for anyone of yo
&ho commits an e#il act, Mohammed .s/ &ill be his
ad#ocate$
By Allah I s&ear, the fastin" ones amon" yo &ill
l:riate in the "ardens of (aradise and the an"les %eep on
prayin" for them to &in .(aradise/ ntil they brea% their
fastin"$ No all are srely the people of the ad#ocacy and the
loyalty to Allah$ No &ill not ha#e fear and &ill not be
"rie#ed$ No all &ill be in (aradise2 hence, compete &ith each
other in doin" "ood acts$
After s, no one &ill be nearer to the Di#ine Throne of
Allah than yo &ill on the Day of Resrrection$ !ere it not for
that yo mi"ht fail, s1er yor enemies+ "loatin" o#er yo,
and people mi"ht not accept it for yo, the an"els &old
"reet yo in "rops$
Amir l0M?minin .a/ said: On the Day of Resrrection,
the people of or di#ine leadership &ill lea#e their "ra#es
&ith bi"ht faces and deli"hted eyes$ They &ill be "ranted
secrity$ !hile all people &ill be fearfl, they 8the Shia0 &ill
not be fearfl$ !hile all people &ill be "rie#ed, they &ill not
be "rie#ed$
X Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin al0!aleed, Allah may
ha#e mercy pon him, reported to me this narration after he
had related it to al0Hssein bin al0Hasan bin Eban, al0Hssein
bin Saeed, Mohammed bin Abi @mair, Ali bin Abi Ham-a, and
Ab Bassir respecti#ely$ Altho"h the contents are nearly the
same, this narration incldes some para"raphs, &hich &ere
not in the other one$

<. +*r Shia are the ma(ter( and


the high1'rn
Ab Tharr, Allah may please him, related:
I sa& the (rophet .s/ stri%e on the sholder of Ali bin Abi
Talib .a/ and say:
O Ali, he &ho lo#es s is the tre Arab and he &ho hates
s is the in;del$ Or Shia are the masters, the hi"hborn, the
honorable, and the le"itimate$ Only are or Shia and &e
follo&in" the reli"ion of Abraham .a/$ The remainin" people
are all ot of it 8i$e$ the reli"ion of Abraham0$ Allah and His
an"els are srely destroyin" the e#il deeds of or Shia in the
same &ay as an a:e destroys the bildin"$
)

Refer to al-Ka2 3:4AB H$4C5, 7rat+s Tafsir2 4P305, 0awdhat ul-


-aidheen2 BJK, %isharat ush-Shia2 A6, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 5B, al-%urhan2
4:BJK U J:JCB, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:4PB H$5P and 63:3P H$AJA
)
Refer to al-Amali2 al0M;d A65 H$J, al-Amali2 at0Tsi A:A5B0J, Keshf ul-
+humma2 A:B5P, %isharat ul-Mustafa2 AP4, +ha"at ul-Maram2 C33 H$A,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 63:4B H$JA
1>. The !'=e #'r A!i &'n(*me(
the e=i! deed(
Abdllah bin Mohammed bin Abdl0!ahab narrated to s
from Hemmad bin Na-id from Ayyob from Attaa from Ibn
Abbas that the (rophet .s/ said:
The lo#e for Ali bin Abi Talib consmes the e#il deeds in
the same &ay as ;re consmes &ood$

11. The Shia 6i!! 1e 'n !*min'*(


(tage(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from Mstafad
bin Nahya from Ra%ariyya from Nahya bin Eban al09ammat
from Mohammed bin Riyad that Aamir al0>hani related:
The (rophet .s/ entered the mos,e &hile &e, incldin"
Ab Ba%r, Omar, Othman, and Ali, &ere sittin" there$ He sat
ne:t to Ali .a/ and loo%ed to the ri"ht and left$
He .s/ then spo%e:
There &ill be some men standin" to the ri"ht and left of
the Di#ine Throne on lminos sta"es$ Their faces &ill be
"litterin"$
Ab Ba%r stood p and said: I sacri;ce my father and
mother for yo, Allah+s Messen"er$ !ill I be one of themM
He .s/ said: Sit do&n$
Omar, then, repeated the same ,estion of Ab Ba%r,
and the (rophet .s/ repeated the same ans&er$

Refer to al-Manaqib2 Ibn Shahrashob B:A53, Maqssad ur-0a)hib2 BA


.manscript/, as-Sirat ul-Mustaqeem2 A: A53, Taawil ul-Aa"at2 34K$ In his
Kenz ul-#mmal2 al0Mtta,i al0Hindi records a similar narration, &hich is
also recorded in Thakhaair ul-#qba2 5A, Kifa"at ut-Talib2 A3J0C$ They all
relate the narration to Ibn Abbas and Meaath$
As he noticed the ans&ers of the (rophet .s/ to these t&o
men, Ibn Mas+od stood p and said: O Allah+s Messen"er,
describe them for s so that &e &ill reco"ni-e them$
The (rophet .s/ stro%e the sholder of Ali and said: They
&ill be this man and his Shia$ They &ill be the &inners$

Refer to (thbat ul-Hudat2 B:JJ4 H$BJC, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:AK3 H$AC U


63:66 H$A4P$ Similar narration is recorded in Kifa"at ut-Talib2 AA5, Kenz ul-
Haqaaiq .in the mar"ins of al-/ami ul-Sa)hir2 4:4A/, al-Manaqib2 al0
=ha&ar-mi 66, and ad-$urr ul-Manthour2 6:BK5$
Al0=ha&ar-mi, in his al-Manaqib2 A55, records the follo&in" narration:
!e &ere sittin" &ith the (rophet, peace be pon him and his family, &hen
7atima .a/ came &ith al0Hasan and al0Hssein on her sholders$ She &as
&eepin" sobbin"ly$ The (rophet, peace be pon him and his family, as%ed
her, FO 7atima, &hat for are yo &eepin"M Allah may ne#er case yor
eyes to &eep$G
She said, FO Allah+s Messen"er, the =oreishite &omen are "ibin" at me$
They said that my father has "i#en me in marria"e to a fortneless poor
man$G
FDo not &eep, 7atima,G said the (rophet, peace be pon him and his
family, FIt &as not I &ho "a#e yo in marria"e$ In fact, it &as Allah$ He
"a#e yo in marria"e from abo#e His se#en hea#ens and called pon
Habriel, Michael and Israfeel .the an"els/ as &itnesses on that marria"e$
As He loo%ed at the earth, Allah .(o&erfl and Ma*estic is He/ selected
yor father amon" all the creatres for the prophecy$ As He loo%ed another
loo% at the earth, Allah selected Ali to &hom He married yo and too% as
the sccessor$ Ths, Ali is from me and I am from him$
O 7atima, yor hsband is the most cora"eos, the most %no&led"eable,
the most clement, the foremost Mslim, the most openhanded, and the
most &ell0mannered$
O 7atima, I &ill raise the pennon of Hamd and &ill ha#e the %eys of
(aradise in my hand$ I &ill then hand the pennon to Ali$ Adam, as &ell as
all his descendants, &ill be behind that pennon$
12. The Shia 6i!! n't 1e ,*ni(hed
#'r their !'"a!t" t' the Imam(
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to s from Abdllah bin >a+far al0
Himyari from Ahmed bin Mohammed from al0Hasan bin
Mahbob from Hsham bin Salem from Habib as0Se*istani
from Ab >a+far .Imam al0Ba,ir/ that the (rophet .s/ said:
Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, said: I &ill pnish
e#ery Mslim "rop &ho reco"ni-ed the leadership of any
n*st rler &hom is not selected by Allah, e#en if the
indi#idals of sch a "rop are pios and Hod0fearin"$ I &ill,
li%e&ise, for"i#e e#ery Mslim "rop that reco"ni-ed .only/
the leadership of the *st imams &hom are appointed by
O 7atima, I &ill 8on the Day of Resrrection0 appoint Ali as the "ardian of
my Di#ine (ool$ He &ill &ater only those &hom he %no&s amon" the
indi#idals of my mma$ Al0Hasan and al0Hssein2 his sons, &ill be the
masters of the early and the late yoth of (aradise$ Their names are
mentioned in the Torah of Moses .the prophet/$ They &ere &ritten as
Shbbar and Shbair$ Allah "a#e them the names Hasan and Hssein for
the special ran% that Mohammed, as &ell as they, en*oys in the si"ht of
Allah$
O 7atima, yor father &ill dress t&o "arments of (aradise and Ali, too, &ill
dress t&o "arments of (aradise and &ill ha#e the pennon of Hamd in his
hand$ !hile my mma are "atherin" nder my pennon, I &ill hand it to Ali
for the special fa#or that he en*oys in the si"ht of Allah$ Then, someone
&ill call: O Mohammed, yor "randfather Abraham is the best "randfather
and yor brother Ali is the best brother$ !hen the Iord of the &orlds &ill
smmon me, He smmons Ali &ith me$ !hen I &ill be resrrected, Ali &ill
be resrrected &ith me$ !hen I &ill be "ranted the ri"ht of intercession, Ali
&ill be "ranted the same ri"ht$ !hen my intercession &ill be accepted,
Ali+s intercession &ill be accepted &ith mine$ He &ill be in the (raise&orthy
Standin" &ith me$ He &ill help me hold the %eys of (aradise$
O 7atima, Ali and his Shia &ill be the &inners in the morro&$G
Allah, e#en if the indi#idals of sch a "rop are &ron"in"
.themsel#es/ and committin" bad deeds$

13. The Shia are the ,e',!e '#


A!!ah( ,re#eren&e and mer&"
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed, Allah
may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to s from Q al0
Mfaddhal from Ab Ham-a that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
No are the people of Allah+s "reetin" and saltation$ No
are the people of Allah+s preference and mercy, Allah+s
sccess and "ard, and the ad#ocacy and the obedience to
Allah$ No *d"ment &ill be maintained for yo$ No fear and
no sadness &ill a1ect yo$
)
1$. The Shia are n't (*1Ce&t t'
the re&'rd
Ab Ham-a narrated that he heard Ab Abdllah >a+far
bin Mohammed .a/ sayin":
By &ay of Allah+s "ard and protection, the Shia are not
sb*ect to the record .of the "ood and e#il deeds/$
-

Refer to al-Mahaasin2 5J, al-Ka2 A:BK6 H$J, Thawab ul-Amaal2 4JC H$A,
al0Ayyashi+s Tafsir2 A:AB5, al-+ha"bah2 an0Nmani AB4, Alikhtisas2 4C5,
%isharat ul-Mustafa2 4AK, Alam ud-$in2 4JK, +ha"at ul-Maram2 A4 H$AA,
(thbat ul-Hudat2 A:4BK H$A5B, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4C:AAP H$A, 4K:A5B H$CA,
63:AJ4 H$33
)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:AJ4 H$35
-
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:AJ4 .the end of/ H$35
1%. The Shia '# A!i are the tr*e
,i'*(
Ab Ham-a narrated that he heard Ab Abdllah .a/
sayin":
I %no& some people &hom Allah has for"i#en, accepted,
"arded, compassioned, protected a"ainst any e#il,
spported, "ided to e#ery ri"ht matter, and ta%en them to
the hi"hest places$
Some as%ed: !ho are they, Ab AbdllahM
He .a/ said: These are or pios Shia: the adherents of
Ali .a/$

18. The Shia are 6itne((e( 'n


,e',!e
Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
!e are &itnesses on or Shia, and or Shia are
&itnesses on people$ De to the testimony of or Shia,
people &ill be re&arded or pnished$
)
19. The ran- '# A!i( ad'rer( in
the (ight '# A!!ah
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated
from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Ahmed bin Mohammed bin
=halid from al09asim bin Nahya from his "randfather al0
Hasan bin Rashid from Ab Bassir from Ab Abdllah .a/ that
the (rophet .s/ said:

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:AJ4 .the end of/ H$35


)
Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:B4C H$A5 and 63:AJ4 .the end of/ H$35
O Ali, Allah has besto&ed pon yo &ith the lo#e of the
poor and the oppressed on this earth$ No ha#e accepted
them as brothers and they ha#e accepted yo as their imam$
Blessed are they &ho lo#ed and belie#ed yo$ !oe to them
&ho hated and belied yo$
O Ali, yo are the most %no&led"eable in this mma$ He
&ho lo#es yo &ill &in, &hile &hoe#er hates yo &ill perish$
O Ali, I am the city .of %no&led"e/ and yo are its door$
Ho& can a city be entered from anythin" other than its doorM
O Ali, the people &ho lo#e yo are e#ery repentant and
%eeper .of his promises/ as &ell as e#ery &earer of shabby
clothes

&hose spplications are tterly ans&ered by Allah$


O Ali, yor brothers are the pre, chaste, and dili"ent
ones &ho lo#e and hate for yor sa%e$ They are hmiliated in
the si"ht of people, bt they are hi"h0ran%in" in the si"ht of
Allah$
O Ali, the people &ho lo#e yo &ill be the nei"hbors of
Allah in the Abode of Hi"h (aradise$ They do not feel sorry
for &hat they had left in the &orld$
O Ali, I am the spport of him &hoe#er yo spport and
the enemy of him &hoe#er yo anta"oni-e$
O Ali, he &ho lo#es yo lo#es me and &hoe#er hates yo
hates me$
O Ali, yor brothers are the dry0lipped ones$ Re#erence is
identi;ed in their faces$
O Ali, yor brothers &ill be happy in three sitations:
&hen they "o ot of their "ra#es &hile yo and I &ill be their
&itnesses, &hen they enconter the tomb interro"ation, and
&hen they enconter the (resentation and the (ath &hen the
other people &ill not ;nd ans&ers as they &ill be as%ed
abot their faith$
O Ali, to ;"ht yo is to ;"ht a"ainst me and to ma%e
peace &ith yo is to ma%e peace &ith me$ To ;"ht a"ainst
me is to ;"ht a"ainst Allah and to ma%e peace &ith me is to

This refers to the indi#idals &ho possess nothin"$


ma%e peace &ith Allah$ He &ho ma%es peace &ith yo is
ma%in" peace &ith Allah$
O Ali, bear the "ood tidin"s to yor brothers2 Allah has
been satis;ed &ith them so lon" as He accepted yo as their
leader and they accepted yo as their master$
O Ali, yo are the commander of the faithfl belie#ers
and the leader of the &hite0forheaded honorables$
O Ali, yor Shia are the choice$ !ithot yo as &ell as
yor Shia, the reli"ion of Allah &old not ha#e risen$ If the
earth is empty of yo, the hea#ens &ill not case its drops of
rain to descend$
O Ali, yo &ill ha#e a treasre in (aradise$ No are the
t&o0horned

of this nation$ Nor Shia are %no&n as He-bollah


.the (arty of Allah/$
O Ali, yor Shia and yo are the administrators of *stice
and the best creatres of Allah$
O Ali, I &ill be the ;rst one &ho sha%es o1 the dst from
the head
)
and yo &ill be &ith me$ Then the other creatres
&ill do$
O Ali, yor Shia and yo &ill be the "ardians of the
Di#ine (ool$ No &ill &ater &home#er yo li%e and pre#ent
&home#er yo disli%e$ No are the sa#ed on the Day of the
Hrand Horror$ No &ill be nder the shado& of the Di#ine
Throne$ (eople &ill panic, bt yo &ill not panic$ (eople &ill
be sad, bt yo &ill not be sad$ No are the only intendeds in
Allah+s sayin": FBt those to &hom !e ha#e already
promised blessin"s &ill be far a&ay from Hell$ They &ill not
e#en hear the sli"htest sond from it &hile en*oyin" the best
that they can &ish for in their e#erlastin" life$ They &ill not
be a1ected by the "reat terror$ The an"els &ill come to them
&ith this "lad ne&s: <This is yor day &hich &as promised to
yo$+ .4A:APA0B/G

This means that yo &ill be stric%en on yor head t&ice$


)
This is an indication to the Resrrection: the (rophet &ill be the ;rst one
&ho is resrrected from his tomb$
O Ali, yor Shia and yo &ill as% in the Sitation .of the
>d"ment/ and yo &ill bas% in the "ardens .of (aradise/$
O Ali, the an"els and the door%eepers .of (aradise/ lon"
for meetin" yo$ The bearers of the Di#ine Throne and the
intimate an"els pray for yo e:clsi#ely, implore to Allah by
their lo#e for yo, and become happy for the comin" of
anyone of yo to them the same &ay as family members
become happy for the retrn of the absent after a lon"
period of bein" a&ay$
O Ali, yor Shia fear Allah secretly and ad#ise people for
His case openly$
O Ali, yor Shia compete &ith each other for "ainin" the
ran%s, becase they &ill meet Allah &ithot bein" brdened
&ith any sin$
O Ali, the deeds of yor Shia are presented before me
e#ery 7riday$ I become happy for their "ood deeds and
implore to Allah to for"i#e their sins$
O Ali, in the Torah and the Hospel, yor Shia and yo are
mentioned in a "ood reference$ As% the people of the Torah
and the people of the =itab

to tell yo abot <Eli+2 yet, yo


are &ell #ersed in the Torah and the Hospel$ The
scriptralists honor Eli, bt they do not %no& his Shia$ They
%no& him as mch as that &hich is recorded in their boo%s$
O Ali, the "ood reference to yor companions in the
hea#ens is "reater than it is on the earth$ Ths, they shold
be happy for so and shold be more dili"ent$
O Ali, the spirits of yor Shia ascend to the hea#ens
drin" their sleep$ There, the an"els, ot of their lon"in" for
them and the ran%s that Allah has decided for them, loo% at
the spirits of the Shia in the same &ay as people loo% at the
crescent$
O Ali, as% yor companions &ho ac%no&led"e yo to be
too "reat for committin" the acts that their enemies commit$
No sin"le day and no sin"le ni"ht pass &ithot ha#in" the

=itab, among !uslims, is the sacred boo# of any of certain other revealed religions. $efer
to Oxford Talking Dictionary.
mercy of Allah o#ershado&ed o#er them$ Hence, they shold
a#oid imprity$
O Ali, the &rath of Allah is intense on anyone &ho hates
the Shia, disa#o&s them and yo, chooses anyone else other
than them and yo, inclines to yor enemy, lea#es yor Shia
and yo, opts for de#iation, &a"es &ar a"ainst yor Shia and
yo, hates s'the (rophet+s family, and hates him &ho
follo&s, spports, chooses, and o1ers his sol and &ealth for
yor sa%e$
O Ali, send my "reetin"s to them &hom I &ill not see and
they &ill not see me and tell them that they are my tre
brothers that I lon" for meetin"$ They shold deli#er my
%no&led"e to the comin" "enerations, hold fast and clin" to
the tie of Allah, and &or% dili"ently$ !e &ill not ta%e them ot
of the ri"ht "idance and &ill not lead them to de#iation$
O Ali, tell them that Allah is pleased &ith them, ta%es
pride in them before the an"els, loo%s at them e#ery 7riday
&ith His mercy, and orders the an"els to see% His
for"i#eness to them$
O Ali, do not trn a&ay from spportin" them &ho lo#ed
yo becase they had heard that I lo#e yo and too% their
lo#e for yo as a belief that ta%es them nearer to Allah, "a#e
yo their pre a1ection of their hearts, preferred yo to their
fathers, brothers, and sons, prsed yor path, stood all the
misfortnes for or sa%e, re*ected e#erythin" for bac%in" s,
sacri;ced their sols for s, and endred harm, inslt, and
bitterness for or sa%e$ Therefore, be mercifl to them and
satisfy yorself &ith them, for Allah has chosen them for s
ot of His %no&led"e from amon" the creatres, created
them from the same clay from &hich He created s,
deposited &ith them or secret, bond their hearts to
ac%no&led"e or ri"ht, comforted their hearts, and made
them clin" to or tie$ They ne#er prefer the dissidents to s
e#en if this ta%es the &orldly pleasres a&ay from them and
cases the Shaitan to inSict them &ith misfortnes$ As Allah
spported and led them to the ri"ht &ay, they ha#e held fast
to Him &hile people are pln"in" in the Soods of de#iation
and perple:ed in the midst of passions$ They cold not see
the ri"ht path and that &hich has come from Allah2 therefore,
they be"in and end their day &ith the &rath of Allah$ On the
other side, yor Shia are on the corse of ri"ht and
strai"htfor&ardness$ They do not li%e the company of those
&ho dissented them$ The &orld is not their concern and they
are not its concern$
These are srely the lanterns of "loom$ These are srely
the lanterns of "loom$ These are srely the lanterns of
"loom$

1:. A!!ah h'n'r( the "'*ng


Shiite( and re=eren&e( their
'!d men
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed, Allah
may ha#e mercy pon him, related to s from Mohammed
bin al0Hasan as0Sa1ar from Ebbad bin Slaiman from
Mohammed bin Slaiman that his father Slaiman ad0Dailami
.of Daylam/ said:
I &as &ith Ab Abdllah .a/ &hen Ab Bassir, &ho &as
ot of breath, came in$ !hen he too% his seat, Ab Abdllah
.a/ as%ed him:
FO Ab Mohammed, &hat for &as yor breathlessnessMG
He ans&ered: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce, son of
Allah+s Messen"er$ I "re& old, my bones "re& thin, and time
of my death is abot to fall$ Still, I do not %no& &hat I &ill
face in my life to come$G
Ab Abdllah .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, is it yo &ho
says sch a thin"MG

Refer to al-Amali2 as0Sad, JCA .&ithin/ H$4, 7rat+s Tafsir2 5C, Kifa"at ul-
Athar2 A3J, %isharat ul-Mustafa2 44A, Keshf ul-+humma2 A:A664, Missbah
ul-Anwar 175 C 3;1. Shawahid ut-Tanzil2 A:JC5, !ahj ul-Haqq2 4JC, Keshf
ul-,aqin2 3C, Taawil ul-Aa"at2 A:BBA H$A3, (thbat ul-Hudat2 B:JJ4 H$BJ6,
%ihar ul-Anwar2 3:43 H$B4 and 63:JC H$5A
He ans&ered: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce, &hy
shold I not say itMG
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, ha#e yo not
%no&n that Allah, Blessed and E:alted is He, honors the
yoth amon" yo and re#erences the old onesMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce, ho& does
Allah honor the yoth and re#erence the old onesMG
The Imam .a/ said: FAllah &ill not pnish the yoth ot
of His honorin" them and &ill not settle an accont &ith the
old men ot of His re#erencin" them$G
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ Is this
pecliarity "ranted .to s/ e:clsi#ely or is it "eneral for the
commnity of Ta&hid 8belie#in" in Allah+s oneness0MG
The Imam said: FNo, by Allah$ It is pecliar for yo, not
the "eneral .Mslims/$G

He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ !e ha#e


been called &ith a name de to &hich or bac%s ha#e been
bro%en, or hearts ha#e been dead, and the "o#ernors ha#e
deemed la&fl to %ill s'all for a narration that their
scholars ha#e related$G
The Imam .a/ said: FNo mean Ra;dah, do yo notMG
)
He ans&ered: FNes, I do$G

It is related that Allah, E:alted is He, says: FThe "ray hairs of the
belie#ers is My li"ht, and I am too modest to brn My li"ht &ith My ;re$G
Others said: FThe "ray hair is the *e&el of the mind and the si"n of
di"nity$G
)
Ra;dah: .Arabic: TRe*ectersT/, broadly, Shiite Mslims &ho re*ect .rafd/
the caliphate of The (rophet Mhammad?s, peace be pon him and his
family, t&o sccessors Ab Ba%r and ?Omar$ Many Mslim scholars,
ho&e#er, ha#e stated that the term Ra;dah cannot be applied to the
Shiites in "eneral bt only to those &ho condemn Ab Ba%r and ?Omar as
nla&fl rlers of the Mslim commnity$ To the ma*ority of the Shiites, the
term Ra;dah is pe*orati#e, coined by their opponents to cast the shado&
of e:tremism on them$ .DE'er=ted from D!<,<*>FAD$(A %0(TA!!(<A
3;;;/
The Imam .a/ said: FNo, by Allah$ It &as not they &ho
named yo so$ It &as, in fact, Allah !ho chose this name for
yo$ O Ab Mohammed, ha#e yo not %no&n that there &ere
se#enty men amon" the Israelites &ho re*ected the (haraoh
and his people &hen their de#iation had been pro#ed to
themM Accordin"ly, they *oined Moses .a/ &hen they %ne&
his ha#in" been the ri"ht party$ Becase they re*ected the
(haraoh, the party of Moses called them the Ra;dah 8the
re*ecters0$ They &ere the best &orshippers amon" the
indi#idals of the party of Moses$ Besides, they &ere the
most a1ectionate of Moses, Aaron, and their descendants$
Then, Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, ordered Moses,
by &ay of re#elation, to record this name for those people in
the Torah, for He has chosen it for them$ Moses .a/ did$ Allah
then sa#ed this name so as to se it for yo$
O Ab Mohammed, the others re*ected the "ood and yo
ha#e re*ected the e#il and held fast on the "ood$
As people &ent in #arios directions and separated into
di1erent sects, yo &ent in &ith the hosehold of yor
(rophet Mohammed .s/$ No ths opted for &hat Allah has
opted, chosen &hat Allah has chosen, and &anted &hat Allah
has &anted$
En*oy the "ood tidin"s$ Srely, en*oy the "ood tidin"s$
No are, by Allah, the compassioned ones &hose ri"hteos
deeds &ill be accepted and &ron"doin"s &ill be o#erloo%ed$
7or him &hoe#er does not come to Allah, on the Day of
Resrrection, &ith the same beliefs that yo ha#e, his "ood
deeds &ill not be accepted and his &ron"doin"s &ill not be
o#erloo%ed$
O Ab Mohammed, ha#e I made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, there are
de;nite an"els of Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, &hose
mission is to nload the sins that or Shia carry on their
bac%s in the same &ay as &ind cases the lea#es of trees to
fall do&n in the season of fall$ This is the meanin" of Allah+s
sayin": <The an"els "lorify their Iord &ith His praise and see%
for"i#enessQ .J4:C/+ for the belie#ers$
The an"els, by Allah, see% for"i#eness for yo e:clsi#ely$
O Ab Mohammed, ha#e I made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, Allah has
referred to yo in His Boo%$ He says: <Amon" the belie#ers,
there are people &ho are tre in their promise to Allah$ Some
of them ha#e already passed a&ay and some of them are
&aitin"$ They ne#er yield to any chan"e$ .BB:4B/+ No ha#e
fl;lled the pled"e nder &hich Allah pt yo concernin" the
loyalty to s$ No ha#e not sbstitted anythin" for s$ If yo
had not done it, Allah &old ha#e reb%ed yo in the same
&ay as He reb%ed the others$ He, Hlori;ed is His mention,
says: <!e did not ;nd many amon" them %eepin" their
promises$ Ho&e#er, !e did ;nd many e#il0doers amon"
them$ .K:AP4/+ O Ab Mohammed, ha#e I made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, Allah has
referred to yo in His Boo%$ He says: <!e shall remo#e all
hatred from their breasts and ma%e them as brothers
reclinin" on thrones facin" one another$ .AC:JK/+ By Allah I
s&ear, no one other than yo is intended in this Eerse$
O Ab Mohammed, ha#e I made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, Allah has
referred to yo in His Boo%$ He says: <All intimate friends on
that day &ill become each other+s enemies e:cept for the
pios$ .JB:6K/+ By Allah, yo are the <pios+ that are intended
in this Eerse$ O Ab Mohammed, ha#e I made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, in one the Eerses
of His Boo%, Allah refers to or enemies and s$ He says: <Are
those &ho %no& e,al to those &ho do not %no&M Only the
people of reason ta%e heedM .B5:5/+ !e are <those &ho
%no&+, or enemies are <those &ho do not %no&+, and or
Shia are <the people of reason$+ O Ab Mohammed, ha#e I
made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, Allah has not
e:clded any one amon" the sccessors of the prophets and
their follo&ers e:cept Amir l0M?minin .a/ and his Shia$
Allah !hose &ord is the ri"ht says in His Boo%: <On this day,
masters &ill be of no bene;t to their follo&ers, nor &ill they
recei#e any help e:cept for those to &hom Allah "rants
mercy$ .JJ:JA04/+ This means Ali and his Shia$ Ha#e I made
yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, Allah has
referred to yo in His Boo%$ He says: <Tell My ser#ants &ho
ha#e committed in*stice to themsel#es: Do not despair of
the mercy of Allah$ Allah certainly for"i#es all sins$ He is All0
for"i#in" and All0mercifl$ .B5:CB/+ This is, by Allah, an
indication to yo$ Ha#e I made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, Allah has
referred to yo in His Boo%$ He says: <And yo 8the Shaitan0
ha#e no athority o#er My ser#ants$ .AC:J4/+ By Allah I
s&ear, e:cept the Imams .a/ and their Shia, no one is
intended in the pre#ios Eerse$ Ha#e I made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, Allah has
referred to yo in His Boo%$ He says: <.One &ho obeys Allah
and the Messen"er is/ the friend of the prophets, saints,
martyrs, and the ri"hteos ones to &hom Allah has "ranted
His fa#ors$ They are the best friends that one can ha#e$
.J:65/+ The (rophet Mohammed .s/ is one of the prophets,
&e 8the Imams0 are the saints and the martyrs, and yo are
the ri"hteos ones$ Hence, yo shold be tre ri"hteos so
as to meet the ,ality that Allah has ascribed to yo$ Ha#e I
made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, as He tells abot
yor enemies &hile they are in Hell, Allah refers to yo$ He
says: <Bt &hy is it that &e cannot see men &hom &e had
considered as &ic%ed and &hom &e moc%edM Ha#e they
been resced or can or eyes not ;nd themM .B3:640B/+ By
Him I s&ear, Allah has only referred to yo, not anyone else$
In the si"ht of the people of this &orld, yo are re"arded as
the e#ilest ones$ No, by Allah, &ill en*oy (aradise$ No &ill be
sa#ed if yo &ill be decided to be in Hell$ Ha#e I made yo
happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, e#ery sin"le
Eerse that refers to (aradise and mentions its people is only
spea%in" of s as &ell as or Shia$ Ii%e&ise, e#ery sin"le
Eerse that censres some people and leads to Hell is only
referrin" to or enemies as &ell as those &ho disa"ree &ith
s$ Ha#e I made yo happyMG
He said: FMay Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ I see% more
from yo$G
The Imam .a/ said: FO Ab Mohammed, no one is
follo&in" the reli"ion of Abraham .a/ e:cept s and or Shia$
All the others are a&ay from it$ Ha#e I made yo happy, Ab
MohammedMG

Refer to al-Ka2 3:BB H$66, 7rat+s Tafsir2 44C, $aaa"im ul-(slam2 A:K6,
Alikhtisas2 APA, Taawil ul-Aa"at2 4:CPK H$3 U 5, %ihar ul-Anwar2 4J:4C5 H$5
and JK:B5P H$AAJ
1<. The Shia 6i!! enter int'
A7a1a #'r their !'"a!t"
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to
me from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Ebbad bin Slaiman from
Mohammed bin Slaiman from his father from Eban bin
Ta"hlib that he as%ed Ab Abdllah .a/: FMay Allah ma%e me
yor sacri;ce$ !hat it the meanin" of <Net, he has not
entered into A,aba 8obstacle0M .5P:AA/+G The Imam .a/
ans&ered:
Only he &hom Allah "rants fa#or thro"h the loyalty to
s &ill pass that A,aba$ !e are that A,aba$ He &ho enters
into that A,aba &ill be sa#ed$
The Imam %ept silent for a &hile, then said: May I tell yo
abot another piece of %no&led"e that is better for yo
than the &orld alon" &ith all that &hich is in itM
I said: FNes, yo may$ Allah ma%e me yor sacri;ce$G
He said: FIt is the settin" free of a sla#e$ .5P:AB/G All
people are the sla#es of this &orld e:cept yor
ac,aintances and yo$ Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He,
&ill set yo free from Hell becase of yor loyalty to s'the
(rophet+s hosehold$

Refer to al-Ka2 A:JBP H$33, 7rat+s Tafsir2 CC3, al-Manaqib2 Ibn


Shahrashob 4:ACC, Alam ud-$in2 4K3 .&ith an addition/, Shawahid ut-
Tanzil2 4:JBA, Taawil ul-Aa"at2 KKB, +ha"at ul-Maram2 446 H$B, al-%urhan2
J:J6C H$C
2>. The Shia are ,a!e-#a&ed
1e&a*(e '# the menti'n '#
A!!ah
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from Slaiman
ad0Dailami related from Ab Bassir from Ab Abdllah .a/
that Amir l0M?minin .a/ said:
I am the shepherd'the shepherd of people$ Is it
acceptable that a shepherd does not identify his sheepM
>&airiya stood p and as%ed: O Amir l0M?minin, &ho
are yor sheepM
He .a/ ans&ered: My sheep are pale0faced and dry0lipped
becase of the mention of Allah$

21. A!!ah &reated the 1e!ie=er(


#r'm Hi( !ight
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/ Q from Slaiman
from Othman bin Aslam that Ma&iya ad0Dhani said:
I as%ed Ab Abdllah .a/: Allah may ma%e me yor
sacri;ce$ !hat is the meanin" of the sayin" that I ha#e
heard from yoM
The Imam .a/ as%ed: !hich oneM
I said: .Nor sayin"/ The belie#er sees thro"h the li"ht
of Allah$
He said: O Ma&iya, Allah created the belie#ers from His
li"ht, made them in His mercy, and pt them nder the
obli"ation of bein" loyal to s &hen He introdced Himself to
them and they ac%no&led"ed Him$ Hence, the belie#ers are
the brothers of each other$ Their father is the li"ht and their

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:AK6 H$B4


mother is the mercy$ They ths see thro"h that li"ht from
&hich they &ere created$
22. The Shia( a&-n'6!edgement
'# the Imma&*!ate Imam(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from Slaiman
that Da&od ar0Ra,,i said:
!hen I &as before Ab Abdllah .a/ I said to him: Allah
may ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ Re"ardin" the Holy sayin" of
Allah, FI am All0for"i#in" to him &ho repented, belie#ed, and
did ri"hteos acts then follo&ed the ri"ht "idance, .4P:34/G
&hat is that ri"ht "idance, &hich comes after repentance,
faith, and the ri"hteos actsM
He .a/ said: .This ri"ht "idance is/ the
ac%no&led"ement of the Imams'one after the other$
23. The Shiite 6'r(hi,( A!!ah
6hi!e (tanding 'r (itting
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him narrated
from Sa+d bin Abdllah from Ebbad bin Slaiman that Sadir
as0Sayra; said:
Ab Bassir, Maysara, and other indi#idals &ere &ith Ab
Abdllah .a/ &hen I #isited him$ As soon as I sat, he trned to
me and said: O Sadir, or disciple &orships Allah &hile he is
standin", sittin", sleepin", ali#e, and dead$
I said: Allah may ma%e me yor sacri;ce$ !e can
nderstand ho& he &orships Allah &hile he is standin",
sittin", and ali#e$ Bt ho& is it &hen he is asleep and deadM
He .a/ said: !hen the time of the prayer comes &hile
or disciple is asleep, t&o an"els &hom &ere created in the
earth and had ne#er ascended to the hea#ens or seen the
%in"dom there &ill o1er prayers ne:t to him so as to a&a%en
him$ Allah &ill record the re&ard of the prayers of these t&o
an"els for that disciple$ A sin"le ra%+a that is o1ered by these
an"els is e,al to one thosand prayers that are o1ered by
people$
!hen Allah sei-es the sol of or disciple, his t&o an"els
ascend to the hea#ens and say, <O or Iord, Nor ser#ant
.so0and0so/ has &ithdra&n from &orship and ta%en in fll his
life$ No, ho&e#er, are more %no&led"eable &ith this matter
than &e are$ Allo& s to &orship yo in the hori-ons of Nor
hea#ens and the e:tremes of Nor lands$+
Allah, then, says to them 0in a form of re#elation0, <In My
hea#ens, there are many &ho &orship Me &hile I am not in
need for their &orship$ In fact, it is they &ho are in need for
&orshippin" Me$ On My lands, li%e&ise, there are many &ho
&orship me so properly2 yet, I ha#e not created anythin" that
is needier for Me than they are$ Hence, descend to the "ra#e
of my disciple$+
They &ill say, <O or Iord, &ho is that one &ho is
en*oyin" Nor lo#e for himM+
Allah &ill ans&er them 8in a form of re#elation0, <That
one is he &ho has pt himself nder the pled"e of bein"
loyal to Mohammed2 My ser#ant, his sccessor, and their
descendants$ Descend to the "ra#e of My disciple .so0and0
so/ and o1er prayers there ntil I resrrect him for the Day of
Resrrection$+
The an"els then descend to o1er prayers at the "ra#e
ntil Allah resrrects him$ Allah &ill record the re&ard of the
prayers of these t&o an"els for that disciple$ A sin"le ra%+a
that is o1ered by these an"els is e,al to one thosand
prayers that are o1ered by people$
I said: Allah may ma%e me yor sacri;ce, son of Allah+s
Messen"er$ In his sleep and death, yor disciple &orships
Allah in a &ay better than it is in his life and &a%in"$
He .a/ said: No, Sadir$ This is too far .from the trth/$ On
the Day of Resrrection, or disciple &ill see% secrity 8for
others, probably0 from Allah and Allah &ill "rant him .that
secrity/$G

2$. The Ange! '# Death ,itie( #'r


the Shiite
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/ Q Sadir said:
I as%ed Ab Abdllah .a/: Allah may ma%e me yor
sacri;ce, son of Allah+s Messen"er$ Is the belie#er coerced to
ha#e his sol sei-edM
He .a/ said: No, by Allah$ !hen the an"el of death
attends for sei-in" his sol, the belie#er sho&s impatience$
There, the an"el of death says to him: FO disciple of Allah, do
not be &orry$ I s&ear by Him !ho sent Mohammed .a/ &ith
the trth, I am more compassionate and %inder to yo than a
mercifl father to his son$ Open yor eyes and loo%$G In these
moments, the belie#er &ill see the Messen"er of Allah, Amir
l0M?minin, 7atima, al0Hasan, al0Hssein, and the Imams,
peace be pon them all, in front of him$ The an"el &ill say to
him: FThose are yor companions$G Then, a caller from the
direction of the Di#ine Throne &ill call at his sol: FO sol
that is serene 8to Mohammed and his hosehold0, retrn to
yor Iord &ell pleased 0&ith the loyalty to the (rophet+s
hosehold0 and He &ill please yo 8by means of the re&ard0$
Enter amon" My ser#ants 8&ho are Mohammed and his
hosehold0 into My (aradise$G .35:4K0BP/
Then, nothin" &ill be more preferable for that belie#er
than the snea%in" of his sol and *oinin" the caller$
)

Refer to (thbat ul-Hudat2 4:JCB H$BCC, al-%urhan2 J:444 H$44A, %ihar ul-
Anwar2 C:B4K H$4B and 63:6K H$A4A
)
Refer to al-Ka2 B:A4K H$4, 7rat+s Tafsir2 CCJ, Taawil ul-Aa"at2 4:K5K H$5,
al-%urhan2 J:J6P H$4, %ihar ul-Anwar2 6:A56 H$J5, 4J:5J H$K and 6A:J3
H$4J
2%. The Shia 'n the Da" '#
Ee(*rre&ti'n
My father, Allah ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to me
from Sa+d bin AbdllahQ from Ma&iya bin Ammar from
>a+far bin Mohammed from his father from his "randfather
that the (rophet .s/ said:
FOn the Day of Resrrection, some people &ill come on
sta"es of li"ht &ith their faces "litterin" li%e the fll moon$
They &ill be en#ied by the past and the last "enerations$G
The (rophet .s/ %ept silent for a &hile then added the
statement three times$
Omar bin al0=hattab as%ed: FMy father and mother be
sacri;ced for yo$ Are they the martyrsMG
The (rophet .s/ said: FThey are martyrs, bt not the
martyrs that yo %no&$G
Omar as%ed: FAre they the prophetsMG
The (rophet .s/ said: FThey are prophets, bt not the
prophets that yo %no&$G
Omar as%ed: FAre they the sccessors of the prophetsMG
The (rophet .s/ said: FThey are sccessors of the
prophets, bt not the sccessors that yo %no&$G
Omar as%ed: FAre they from the hea#ens or the earthMG
The (rophet .s/ said: FThey are from the earthMG
Omar said: FTell me, &ho are theyMG
The (rophet .s/ pointed to Ali .a/ and said: FThey are this
one and his Shia$ No one from =oreish hates him e:cept the
bastard, no one of Ansar hates him e:cept the >e&, no one
from the Arabs hates him e:cept the &horeson, and no one
from the hman bein"s hates him e:cept the scondrel$
O Omar, he &ho claims he lo#es me &hile he hates Ali is
srely lyin"$

28. The ,r',het(A ange!(A and


mart"r( 6i!! en=" the Shia
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed, Allah
may ha#e mercy pon him, related to me from Mohammed
bin al0Hasan as0Sa1arQ from Mohammed bin 9ays and
Aamir bin as0Simt from Ab >a+far .a/ that the (rophet .s/
said:
On the Day of Resrrection, some people dressin"
clothes of li"ht &ith lminos faces &hom &ill be identi;ed
by the si"ns of prostration &ill come$ They &ill o#erstep the
ro&s ntil they stand in front of the Iord of the &orlds$ The
prophets, an"els, martyrs, and ri"hteos people &ill en#y
them$
Omar bin al0=hattab as%ed: O Allah+s Messen"er, &ho
are they &hom the prophets, an"els, martyrs, and ri"hteos
men &ill en#yM
The (rophet .s/ ans&ered: They &ill be or Shia, and Ali
&ill be their imam$
)

Refer to Mishkat ul-Anwar2 5K, al-%urhan2 J:45B H$AB, %ihar ul-Anwar2


K:AK5 H$A3$
The last statement of this narration is recorded in many reference boo%s,
sch as al-Amali2 as0Sad, A4C H$3 U 463 H$AK03, al-Khissal2 CKK, at-
Tahsin2 CC, al-Manaqib2 Ibn Shahrashob B:APA, Keshf ul-+humma2 A:5J,
0awdhat ul--aidheen2 AP4, (rshad ul-?uloub2 5B U 4C5, at-Taraaif2 ABB
H$4AA, Kenz ul-Fawaid2 4:CC, %isharat ush-Shia2 4B, and Alam ud-$in2 A3K$
)
Refer to al-Mahaasin2 A3A H$AKC, %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:A3P H$A5 and 63:A4B
29. When he &'me( '*t '# the
gra=eA the Shiite( #a&e i( !i-e
#*!! m''n
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed, Allah
may ha#e mercy pon him, narrated to me that Mohammed
bin al0Hasan as0Sa1ar narrated to him from Mohammed bin
al0Hssein from Abdllah bin >ibilla from Ma&iya bin Ammar
from Ab Abdllah .a/ from his father from his "randfather
that the (rophet .s/ said to Ali .a/:
O Ali, all the sols of my people, incldin" the children
and the old, &ere sho&n before me before the creation of
their bodies$ I passed by yo and yor Shia, and so"ht
Allah+s for"i#eness for yo$
Ali said: O Allah+s (rophet, tell me more abot them$
The (rophet .s/ said: Nes, Ali$ !hen yor Shia and yo
&ill come ot from yor "ra#es, yor faces &ill be as bri"ht
as the fll moon, yor hardships &ill be alle#iated, yor
"riefs &ill be ta%en a&ay from yo, and yo &ill be in the
shado& of the Di#ine Throne$ (eople &ill be fearfl, bt yo
&ill not, and &ill be sad, bt yo &ill not$ A dinin" table &ill
be installed for yo &hile people &ill be called to the
*d"ment$

2:. The re!ie#A &'ntentmentA and


g!ad tiding( are #'r the Shia
'# A!i
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, said that
Ahmed bin Idris narrated to them that Na+,ob bin Na-id

Refer to %assaair ud-$arajat2 3J H$C, (rshad ul-?uloub2 45B, Alam ud-


$in2 434, and %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:A3P H$4P and 63:4K H$CP$
narrated to them from Mohammed bin Abi @mair that
Mohammed al09ibtti said that he heard Ab Abdllah .a/
sayin":
(eople disre"arded the (rophet+s sayin" abot Ali on that
day in Hhadir =hmm and disre"arded his sayin" on that day
in the chamber of @mm Ibrahim$ The (rophet .s/ felt pain in
his le" and people came to #isit him$ Ali .a/ as &ell, came to
see him, bt people did not "i#e him an opportnity to see
the (rophet .s/ de to their cro&ds$
!hen the (rophet .s/ noticed this thin", he said:
O people, these are my hosehold$ No are disre"ardin"
them &hile I am ali#e amon" yo$ By Allah I s&ear, if I am no
lon"er present amon" yo, Allah shall ne#er be absent$ It is
certainly that relief, rest, content, and "lad tidin"s &ill be for
him &ho follo&s, abide by, and sbmit to Ali as &ell as the
sccessors &ho &ill come after him$ It is incmbent pon me
to inclde sch indi#idals &ith my .ri"ht of/ intercession,
becase they are my follo&ers$ FHe &ho follo&s me &ill
belon" to me$G I repeat this statement of Abraham becase I
belon" to Abraham and Abraham belon"s to me$ My reli"ion
is the same as Abraham+s, my Snna is the same as
Abraham+s, and Abraham+s #irte is the same as mine$ I,
ho&e#er, am preferable to him$ This preference comes to
spport the sayin" of my Iord: FThey &ere the o1sprin" of
one another$ Allah is All0hearin" and All0seein"$ .B:BJ/G

2<. The !'=e #'r the .r',het(


h'*(eh'!d i( g''d deed
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, said that
Sa+d bin Abdllah narrated to themQ from Ab Da&od al0

Refer to al-Amali2 as0Sad, AAA H$AP, %assaair ud-$arajat2 CB H$A,


%isharat ul-Mustafa2 4P, (thbat ul-Hudat2 4:J4A H$43C U 4:JC6 H$BC5, and
%ihar ul-Anwar2 B6:4J3 H$6C and B3:5C H$A4$
Aama .the blind/ that Ab Abdllah al0>adali said that Ali .a/
said to him:
O Ab Abdllah, may I tell yo abot the "ood deed
&hose doer &ill be sa#ed from the terror of the Day of
ResrrectionM
I said: Nes, yo may$
He .a/ said: This "ood deed is the lo#e for s$ The e#il
deed is to hate s$

3>. The Imam( !'=e their Shia


.The same pre#ios series of relaters/ Qfrom al0Hasan
bin Ali from Aassim bin Hamid that Ab Isha, an0Naha&i .the
"rammarian/ said that he heard Ab Abdllah .a/ sayin":
Allah edcated His (rophet .s/ as He li%ed for him$ He
says: FNo ha#e attained a hi"h moral standard .63:J/$G Allah
then athori-ed him to represent Him$ He says: FTa%e only
&hat the Messen"er "i#es to yo and desist from &hat he
forbids yo .C5:K/$G FOne &ho obeys the Messen"er has
certainly obeyed Allah .J:3P/$G In the same manner, the
(rophet .s/ athori-ed Ali .a/ to represent him and deposited
&ith him .all the reli"ios a1airs/$ No sbmitted .to this
athority/ &hile the others denied$ By Allah I s&ear, &e do
lo#e yo to say &hen &e say and %eep silent &hen &e %eep
silent$ !e are the mediators bet&een Allah and yo$ Allah
has ne#er made any "oodness lie in the contradiction to His
commandments$
)

Refer to al-Mahaasin2 ACP H$65, al-#mda2 KC H$5A, al-Manaqib2 Ibn


Shahrashob B:APP, Keshf ul-+humma2 A:BJC, Alam ud-$in2 JJ3, Keshf ul-
,aqin2 B3B, Shawahid ut-Tanzil2 A:CJ3 H$C34, and !ahj ul-Haqq2 4PA$
)
Refer to al-Mahaasin2 A:A64 H$AAA, al-Ka2 A:46C, al0Ayyashi+s Tafsir2
A:4C5 H$4PB, %assaair ud-$arajat2 B3J H$J U B3C H$K, Alikhtisas2 BBP, al-
%urhanF J:BAJ H$A, and %ihar ul-Anwar2 4:5C H$BK, AK:B H$A, and 4C:BBJ
H$A4$
31. The (in( '# the 1e!ie=er( are
#'rgi=en
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from al0Hasan in
Mahbob from al0Alaa from Mohammed bin Mslim that Ab
>a+far .a/ said:
The sins of the belie#ers are already for"i#en$ Hence, a
belie#er shold pt a ne& start$ This is srely "ranted for the
people of faith e:clsi#ely$

32. A!!ah 6i!! grant the 1e!ie=er


6hate=er he a(-(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q that Ab >a+far
.a/ said:
Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, "i#es .the pleasres
of/ this &orld to anyone, &hether He li%es or disli%es, &hile
He "i#es the &orld to come only to those &hom He li%es$ It
happens that Allah does not ans&er the belie#er &ho as%s
for a location that is as small as a place of a lash, and "i#es
the &orld to the disbelie#er before he as%s for anythin"$ Bt,
if that disbelie#er as%s Allah for a location that is as small as
a place of a lash in the &orld to come, Allah &ill not ans&er
him$
)

Refer to al-Ka2 4:JBJ H$6, al-Mumin2 B6 h$34, and %ihar ul-Anwar2 6:JP
H$KA
)
Refer to al-Mumin2 4K, at-Tamhees2 CA, Mishkat ul-Anwar2 45P, and
%ihar ul-Anwar2 5B:B63 H$4
33. The Shia are #'r .aradi(e and
.aradi(e i( their(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from al0Hasan
bin Ali bin 7addhal from Mohammed bin al07adhl from Ab
Ham-a that he heard Ab Abdllah .a/ sayin":
No are for (aradise and (aradise is yors$ To s, yo are
called the #irtos and the reformers$ No are the people of
the contentment &ith Allah, for He is pleased &ith yo$ The
an"els are yor brothers in #irte if they &or% dili"ently$

3$. The Shia( h'*(e( and


gra=e( are ,aradi(e(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:
Nor hoses are yor paradises$ Nor "ra#es are yor
paradises$ No &ere created for (aradise and yo &ill be in
(aradise$
)
3%. The 6'men '# ,aradi(e !''-
at the 1e!ie=er in ,ra"er(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:
!hen a belie#er stands p for o1erin" a prayer, Allah
allo&s the &omen of (aradise to loo% at him$ If he ;nishes his

Refer to Alam ud-$in2 JCK and %ihar ul-Anwar2 63:AJJ .the end of/ H$5P$
)
Refer to Alam ud-$in2 JCK and %ihar ul-Anwar2 3:B6P H$46 and 63:AJJ
.the end of/ H$5P
prayer &ithot as%in" Allah to "i#e him &omen of (aradise in
marria"e, they "o bac% &ith astonishment$
-
38. The highe(t ran-( '#
.aradi(e are the Shia(
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin Ahmed bin al0!aleed
narrated to me from Mohammed bin al0Hasan as0Sa1ar from
Mohammed bin al0Hssein bin Abi al0=hattab from al0Hasan
bin Ali bin an0N+man from al0Harith bin Mohammed al0Ah&al
from Ab Abdllah .a/ that he heard his father Ab >a+far .a/
sayin":
After the Ni"ht Ascension, the (rophet .s/ related to Ali
.a/: O Ali, in (aradise, I sa& a ri#er that &as &hiter than mil%,
s&eeter than honey, and strai"hter than arro&$ There &ere
pitchers as many as the stars in it$ On its shore, there stand
the domes of rby and &hite pearls$ As Habriel stro%e the
ban% of that ri#er &ith his &in", it &as pre ms%$
.He then added/ I s&ear by Him !ho pre#ails
Mohammed+s sol, there are trees in (aradise clappin" &ith
the praise .of Allah/ and ma%in" sonds that no one amon"
the early and the late "enerations has e#er heard li%e them$
They bear frits li%e pome"ranates$ The one on &hom sch
frits are thro&n cts it into ninety "arments$ There, the
belie#er &ill be sittin" on chairs of li"ht$ They are the &hite0
forheaded honorables$ On the Day of Resrrection, yo &ill
be their leader$ Each one of them &ill pt slippers &hose
laces are lminos to cast li"ht pon the &ay he &ants to
ta%e in (aradise$ Mean&hile, a &oman &ill loo% do&n pon
him and say, <All Hlory be to Allah$ O Allah+s ser#ant, do yo
not ha#e anythin" &ith meM+ He &ill as% her &ho she is$ She
&ill ans&er, <I am one of those abot &hom Allah said: So, no
sol %no&s &hat is hidden for them of that &hich &ill refresh
the eyes2 a re&ard for &hat they did$+
-
Refer to >ddat ud-$aee2 C3, Alam ud-$in2 JCK, and %ihar ul-Anwar2
36:AK H$AJ
.The (rophet .s/ then added/ I s&ear by Him !ho pre#ails
Mohammed+s sol, se#enty thosand an"els &ill #isit that
belie#er e#ery day in (aradise and &ill call him by his name
and his father+s$

39. The dead Shiite i( a( the


mart"r
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il
)
narrated to
meQ from Mali% al0>hani that Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
O Mali%, do yo not accept to o1er the .obli"atory/
prayers, defray the -a%at, and stop yor a""ressions so as to
be in (aradiseM .He then added/
O Mali%, as for any people &ho follo& a leader in this
&orld, that leader &ill crse them and they &ill crse him on
the Day of Resrrection$ Only yor li%es and yo are
e:clded from this rle$ .He then added/
O Mali%, anyone of yo &ho dies &hile he %eeps p these
beliefs &ill en*oy the same ran% of the martyrs &hose s&ords
are en"a"ed in ;"htin" for the sa%e of Allah$
.Mali% said/ One day, I &as sittin" before him 8i$e$ Imam
Ab Abdllah as0Sadi, .a/ 0 and tal%in" to myself abot some
of the Imams+ credits$ He .a/ said to me:
No are, by Allah, or Shia$ Do not thin% that yo are
ne"li"ent in re"ard &ith or ri"hts$
O Mali%, no one can describe Allah e:actly$ In the same
manner, no one can describe the Messen"er .s/ e:actly, no

Refer to al-Mahaasin2 A:A3P H$A4K, Taawil ul-Aa"at2 C3 H$A, al-%urhan2


B:43C H$K, and %ihar ul-Anwar2 3:AB3 H$C
)
In al-Mahaasin2 this narration is narrated by Mohammed bin Msa bin al0
Mta&a%%il &ho narrates it to al0Hasan bin Mahbob from Amr bin Abi al0
Mi,dam from Mali% bin Aayn al0>hani$ The compiler added: FIt is also
narrated by my father &ho relates it from Ali bin an0N+man from Ibn
Mes%an$
one can describe s e:actly, and no one can describe the
belie#er e:actly$
O Mali%, as the belie#er sha%es hands &ith his brother
&hen they meet, Allah loo%s at them ma%in" their sins fall
ot ntil they lea#e$ It is impossible to describe the bearers
of sch ,alities$
My father .a/ sed to say: The ;re .of Hell/ &ill not
consme him &ho describes this matter$


3:. F'r the ShiaA their deed( are
a&&e,ted and (in( are
#'rgi=en
Mohammed bin Ali bin Ma*il&ayh narrated to me from his
ncle Mohammed bin al09asimQ from Omar bin Eban al0
=elbi that Ab Abdllah .a/ said to him:
Ho& nmeros the hman bein"s areO
I said: Nes, son of Allah+s Messen"er$ Ho& nmeros the
hman bein"s areO
He said: By Allah I s&ear, no one performs the ha** for
the sa%e of Allah, (o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, e:cept yo, no
one o1ers the t&o prayers
)
e:cept yo, and no one &ill be
re&arded t&o0fold e:cept yo$ No are certainly the

Refer to al-Mahaasin2 A66 H$A44, al-Ka2 3:AJ6 H$A44, Tanbih ul-


Khawattir2 4:AJ6, Alam ud-$in2 4BJ, and Taawil ul-Aa"at2 6JA and 6K5$
)
As a comment, Allama al0Ma*lisi says: FThe t&o prayers may refer to the
obli"atory and the sperero"atory prayers, the residential and the *orney
prayers, or the ;#e prayers and the blessin"s of the (rophet, peace be
pon him and his family$ 7inally, it may refer to the separation bet&een
each t&o prayers, for the other sects decide a #ery lon" period bet&een
the t&o prayers$
"ardians of the sn, the moon, and the stars$ Nor sins &ill
be for"i#en and yor deeds &ill be accepted$

3<. The Shiite and the hater(


>a+far bin Mohammed bin Masror, Allah may ha#e mercy
pon him, narrated to s that al0Hssein bin Aamir narrated
to him from his ncle Abdllah bin Aamir from al0Hasan bin
Ali bin 7addhal from Thaalaba bin Omar from Omar bin Eban
ar0Rifaee from as0Sabah bin Sayyaba that Ab Abdllah .a/
said:
It happens that a man lo#es yo 8the Shia0 bt he does
not %no& &hat yo say$ Accordin"ly, Allah &ill allo& him to
enter (aradise$ It also happens that a man hates yo bt he
does not %no& &hat yo say$ Accordin"ly, Allah &ill send him
to Hell$ Hence, a man may ;ll in his record &ith "ood deeds
&ithot bein" doin" any of them$
.I as%ed ho&, and the Imam ans&ered/
This occrs &hen he passes by some people &hile they
are re#ilin" at s$ As they see him, some of them tell that he
is one of the Shia$ They then "o on railin" and re#ilin" at
him$ Hence, Allah records for him "ood deeds becase of so
ntil his record of "ood deeds is ;lled$
)

Refer to al-Mahaasin2 A:A6K H$A4K, .In this reference boo%, this narration
is narrated by Mohammed bin Ali bin Ma*il&ayh from Ibn 7addhal from Ali
bin A,aba bin Amr bin Eban al0=elbi$/ and %ihar ul-Anwar2 4K:A3J H$JP
)
Refer to al-Ka2 4:A46 H$AP and 3:BAC H$J5C and %ihar ul-Anwar2 65:4J6
H$4A
$>. The Shia eat and dre(( the
!ega!
My father, Allah may ha#e mercy pon him, said that
Sa+d bin Abdllah narrated to himQ that Mansor as0Say,al
said:
I &as &ith Ab Abdllah .a/ in his pa#ilion in Mina .drin"
the season of the ha**/ &hen he loo%ed at people and said:
They eat, dress, and marry ille"ally$ Bt yo eat, dress,
and marry le"ally$ By Allah, it is only yo &hose ha** is #alid
and &hose deeds are accepted$

$1. The Shia are #'!!'6ing the


re!igi'n '# M'hammed and hi(
#'re#ather(
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from al0Hasan
bin Ali from Aassim bin Hamid from Omar bin Han-hala that
Ab Abdllah .a/ said:
O Omar, Allah srely "rants the pleasres of this &orld to
e#eryone &hether He li%es or disli%es, bt He does not "rant
this matter e:cept for His choice$ No, by Allah, are follo&in"
my reli"ion as &ell as the reli"ion of my forefathers Abraham
and Ishmael, not Ali bin al0Hssein or al0Ba,ir .a/ altho"h
these are follo&in" the reli"ion of those$
)

Refer to %ihar ul-Anwar2 4K:A55 H$6C and Mustadrak ul--assail2 A:4B


H$CB
)
Refer to al-Mahaasin2 4AK H$AAP0A, Tuhaf ul-#qoul2 BKJ, Mishkat ul-
Anwar2 45A, Alam ud-$in2 JJ5, and %ihar ul-Anwar2 4K:ABB H$APK$
$2. The Shia are added t' th'(e
6h'm the" !i-e
.The same pre#ios series of relaters/Q from al0Hasan
bin Ali from Ali bin A,aba from Msa an0Nmayri that Ab
Abdllah .a/ said:
A man came to the (rophet .s/ and said: O Allah+s
Messen"er, I do li%e yo$
He .s/ as%ed: Do yo really li%e meM
The man said: By Allah I s&ear, I lo#e yo$
The (rophet .s/ said: No &ill be &ith &home#er yo
li%e$

$3. The Shiite 6i!! n't (ee He!!


Mohammed bin Ali bin Ma*il&ayh, Allah may ha#e mercy
pon him, said to s that Mohammed bin Nahya narrated to
himQ from Han-hala that Maisar said that Ab al0Hasan ar0
Ridha said:
No t&o of yo &ill be seen in Hell$ 7rthermore, no sin"le
one of yo &ill be seen in Hell$
I said: Ho& can this be pro#ed thro"h the Boo% of AllahM
The Imam did not ans&er me for a &hole year$
On the )ircmamblatin" day of the ne:t year, he said
to me: O Maisar, only today I am permitted to ans&er yor
last ,estion$
I said: !ell, ho& can it be pro#ed thro"h the Boo% of
AllahM
He .a/ said: This is in sra of Arrahman$ It is: FOn that
day, no man%ind 8amon" yo0 or *inn &ill be as%ed abot his
sin .CC:B5/$G

Refer to Alam ud-$in2 JJ5 and %ihar ul-Anwar2 4K:ABK H$ABK$


I said: This Eerse does not inclde <amon" yo+ that yo
ha#e said$
He .a/ ans&ered: The ;rst one &ho distorted the Eerse

&as son of Ar&a,


)
becase it &as e#idence a"ainst his
ac,aintances and him$ !ithot the e:istence of <amon"
yo+ in the Eerse, the sentence of the pnishment of Allah,
(o&erfl and Ma*estic is He, &ill cease to be #alid for all the
creatres$ If Allah &ill not as% any man or *inn abot his sin,
&hom &ill he pnish on the Day of Resrrection, thenM
-

Mslims "enerally and Shia particlarly belie#e that the 9ran is only
&hat is bet&een the t&o co#ers of the crrent copies of the Holy 9ran
&ithot any addition or imperfection$ Ho&e#er, this point &as a matter of
disa"reement and e:chan"eable accsation amon" the di1erent sects of
Mslims, becase of many reasons some of &hich is the e:istence of many
reports and narrati#es claimin" the distortion of the 9ran in addition to
the e:istence of a nmber of di1erent copies of the Holy 9ran each is
referred to one of the (rophet+s companions, sch as @bay bin =a+b,
Abdllah bin Mas+od and others$ Anyho&, &hen a statement is reported
to ha#e been added to a 9ranic Eerse, this means that the statement is
only an e:planation of the Eerse, not a part of it, bt &as deleted or
distorted$
)
Al0Ma*lisi commented: Son of Ar&a is Othman bin A1an$
-
It is clear that this narration refers to the distortion of the Holy 9ran,
and this matter is absoltely re*ected$ The proof of the narration is
imperfect$ Besides, many other narrations sol#e this misnderstandin" of
the Eerse$ No sin"le e:e"esist of the Holy 9ran has referred to sch a
meanin" for the intended Eerse$ Accordin"ly, this narration seems to be
fabricated$ Anyho&, it is recorded in the follo&in" reference boo%s:
7rat+s Tafsir2 AKK, Taawil ul-Aa"at2 4:6B3 H$4P, and %ihar ul-Anwar2 K:4KB
H$JC, 3:BCB H$B, 3:B6P H$43, 4J:4KC H$6A, 63:AJJ H$5A and 54:C6 H$BA
$$. The h'n'ring '# the Shia in
.aradi(e
Mohammed bin al0Hasan bin al0!aleed, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to s that Mohammed bin al0
Hasan as0Sa1ar related to him Q that al0Abbas bin Na-id
said:
One day, I said to Ab Abdllah .a/: Allah may ma%e me
yor sacri;ce$ !hat is the meanin" of: FIf yo &ere to see it,
yo &old ;nd it to be a "reat %in"dom &ith "reat bonty
.K6:4P/GM
He said to me: After Allah allo&s the people of (aradise
to enter there, he sends a messen"er to one of His disciples$
The messen"er &ill ;nd on the door of that disciple some
door%eepers &ho &ill as% him to &ait ntil they obtain
permission for him$ Hence, e#en the messen"er of Allah
cannot attend before the disciples before they are permitted$
This is the meanin" of Allah+s sayin": FIf yo &ere to see it,
yo &old ;nd it to be a "reat %in"dom &ith "reat bonty
.6K:4P/G

$%. The Imam( are the


inter&e(('r( '# .aradi(e
Mohammed bin Msa bin al0Mta&a%%il, Allah may ha#e
mercy pon him, narrated to s that Mohammed bin Nahya
al0Attar narrated to him from Ahmed bin al0AyesQ that >a+far
bin Mohammed .a/ said:

Refer to Meaani al-Akhbar2 4AP H$A .He relates it to his father from Sa+d
bin Abdllah from al0Hasan bin Msa al0=hashab from Na-id bin Isha, from
Abbas bin Na-id/, al-%urhan2 J:JAC H$4, and %ihar ul-Anwar2 3:A5K H$A33
On the Day of Resrrection, &e &ill intercede for the
sinfl indi#idals amon" or Shia$ Allah &ill sa#e the
ri"hteos ones$

Refer to Mishkat ul-Anwar2 B43 and %ihar ul-Anwar2 3:C5 H$KK$


E2SE HUM<E
2
*AAE
The% were the o=s&rin# of
one another
--3
the frien' of the &ro&hets"
saints" /art%rs
3D
!ne who obe%s the
Messen#er has
3F,
We 'i' not 1n' /an% a/on#
the/ 7ee&in#
E,)
An' %ou (the Shaitan- ha$e
no
443)
We shall re/o$e all hatre' 43E
I a/ All-for#i$in# to hi/ who
re&ente'
),F)
<ut those to who/ We ha$e
alrea'% &ro/ise'
),
So" no soul 7nows what is
hi''en for the/
-)E
A/on# the belie$ers" there
are &eo&le
--)-
<ut wh% is it that we +annot
see
-FD)
Eblis" what &re$ente' %ou
fro/
-FE4
Are those who 7now eual to
those
-
Tell M% ser$ants who ha$e
+o//itte' in.usti+e
-4-
The an#els #lorif% their Lor'
with His
3)4
All inti/ate frien's on that
'a%
3-DE
!n this 'a%" /asters will be of
no bene1t
333
!n that 'a%" no /an7in' or
.inn
44-
Ta7e onl% what the Messen#er
#i$es
4E
0ou ha$e attaine' a hi#h
/oral stan'ar'
DF3
If %ou were to see it" %ou
woul' 1n'
ED),
! soul that is serene F)E
He has not entere' into
Aaba
,
HA22ATI!H SA0E2
*AAE
After Allah allows the &eo&le of
*ara'ise to
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Allah e'u+ate' His *ro&het >a?

I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Allah #i$es >the &leasures of?
this worl' to an%one
I/a/ al-
<air
<e ha&&% an' announ+e this
#oo' news
A/ir ul-
Mu/inin
<% wa% of Allah:s #uar' an'
&rote+tion" the Shia
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Do %ou reall% li7e /e The *ro&het
Ior an% belie$er who has the
lo$e for %ou 1@e' in
The *ro&het
Ior an%one who lo$es Ali in his
lifeti/e an' after
The *ro&het
How nu/erous the hu/an
bein#s are
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
I a/ the she&her'the
she&her' of &eo&le
A/ir ul-
Mu/inin
I 7now so/e &eo&le who/
Allah has for#i$en
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
I will &unish e$er% Musli/ Qu'si
#rou& who re+o#nie'
I" b% Allah" lo$e %ou as well as
%our s/ells an'
I/a/ al-
<air
It ha&&ens that a /an lo$es
%ou (the Shia- but he
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Ho two of %ou will be seen in
Hell. Iurther/ore" no
I/a/ ar-
2i'ha
Ho" b% Allah. When the an#el
of 'eath atten's
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! Abu Ab'ullah" /a% I tell %ou
about the #oo'
A/ir ul-
Mu/inin
! Abu Moha//e'" what for
was %our
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! Ali" all the souls of /%
&eo&le" in+lu'in# the
The *ro&het
! Ali" Allah has bestowe' u&on
%ou with the lo$e
The *ro&het
! Ali" as7 %our +o/&anions
who a+7nowle'#e %ou
The *ro&het
! Ali" bear the #oo' ti'in#s to
%our brothers9 Allah
The *ro&het
! Ali" 'o not turn awa% fro/
su&&ortin# the/ who
The *ro&het
! Ali" he who lo$es us is the
true Arab an' he who
The *ro&het
! Ali" he who lo$es %ou lo$es
/e an' whoe$er
The *ro&het
! Ali" I a/ the +it% >of
7nowle'#e? an' %ou are its
The *ro&het
! Ali" I a/ the su&&ort of hi/
whoe$er %ou
The *ro&het
! Ali" I will be the 1rst one who
sha7es o= the 'ust
The *ro&het
! Ali" in *ara'ise" I saw a ri$er
that was whiter
The *ro&het
! Ali" in the Torah an' the
Aos&el" %our Shia an' %ou
The *ro&het
! Ali" sen' /% #reetin#s to
the/ who/ I will not
The *ro&het
! Ali" tell the/ that Allah is
&lease' with the/
The *ro&het
! Ali" the an#els an' the
'oor7ee&ers
The *ro&het
! Ali" the 'ee's of %our Shia
are &resente' before
The *ro&het
! Ali" the #oo' referen+e to
%our +o/&anions in the
The *ro&het
! Ali" the &eo&le who lo$e %ou
are e$er% re&entant
The *ro&het
! Ali" the &eo&le who lo$e %ou
will be the
The *ro&het
! Ali" the s&irits of %our Shia
as+en' to the hea$ens
The *ro&het
! Ali" the wrath of Allah is
intense on an%one who
The *ro&het
! Ali" to 1#ht %ou is to 1#ht
a#ainst /e an' to
The *ro&het
! Ali" %ou are the +o//an'er
of the faithful
The *ro&het
! Ali" %ou are the /ost
7nowle'#eable in this
The *ro&het
! Ali" %ou will ha$e a treasure
in *ara'ise. 0ou are
The *ro&het
! Ali" %our brothers are the
'r%-li&&e' ones
The *ro&het
! Ali" %our brothers are the
&ure" +haste" an'
The *ro&het
! Ali" %our brothers will be
ha&&% in three
The *ro&het
! Ali" %our Shia an' %ou are
the a'/inistrators of
The *ro&het
! Ali" %our Shia an' %ou will
as7 in the Situation
The *ro&het
! Ali" %our Shia an' %ou will be
the #uar'ians of
The *ro&het
! Ali" %our Shia are the +hoi+e.
Without %ou as well
The *ro&het
! Ali" %our Shia +o/&ete with
ea+h other for
The *ro&het
! Ali" %our Shia fear Allah
se+retl% an' a'$ise
The *ro&het
! Mali7" 'o %ou not a++e&t to
o=er the >obli#ator%?
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! Muawi%a" Allah +reate' the
belie$ers
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! !/ar" Allah surel% #rants the
&leasures of this
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
! &eo&le" these are /%
househol'. 0ou are
The *ro&het
! Sa'ir" our 'is+i&le worshi&s
Allah
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
!n the Da% of 2esurre+tion" a
ser$ant:s feet will not
The *ro&het
!n the Da% of 2esurre+tion"
so/e &eo&le 'ressin#
The *ro&het
!n the Da% of 2esurre+tion"
so/e &eo&le will
The *ro&het
!n the Da% of 2esurre+tion" we
will inter+e'e for
I/a/ al-
<air
!nl% he who/ Allah #rants
fa$or throu#h the
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
*eo&le 'isre#ar'e' the
*ro&het:s sa%in# about Ali
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
The lo$e for Ali bin Abi Talib
+onsu/es the e$il
The *ro&het
The lo$e for /% househol' an'
/e will hel& in
The *ro&het
The /ost sure-foote' of %ou on
the *ath will be the
The *ro&het
The sins of the belie$ers are
alrea'% for#i$en
I/a/ al-
<air
There will be so/e /en
stan'in# to the ri#ht an'
The *ro&het
The% eat" 'ress" an' /arr%
ille#all%. <ut %ou eat
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
This ri#ht #ui'an+e is the
a+7nowle'#e/ent
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Those are Ali" Iati/a" al-
Hasan" al-Hussein
The *ro&het
We are witnesses on our Shia"
an' our Shia are
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
When a belie$er stan's u& for
o=erin# a &ra%er
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
Wh% 'o so/e &eo&le /ention
that one whose ran7
The *ro&het
0ou are for *ara'ise an'
*ara'ise is %ours. To us
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
0ou are the &eo&le of Allah:s
#reetin# an'
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
0our houses are %our
&ara'ises. 0our #ra$es are
I/a/ as-
Sa'i
A'a/
Abraha/
The *ro&het Moha//e'
A/ir ul-Mu/inin Ali
Iati/a
Al-Hasan bin Ali
Al-Hussein bin Ali
Ali bin al-Hussein as-Se..a'
Abu 6a:far Moha//e' bin Ali al-<air
Abu Ab'ullah 6a:far bin Moha//e' as-Sa'i
Abu al-Hasan Musa bin 6a:far al-Ka'hi/
Abu al-Hasan Ali bin Musa ar-2i'ha
Aa/ir al-6uhani
Aa/ir bin As-Si/t
Aassi/ bin Ha/i'
Ab'irrah/an as-Sarra.
Ab'ul-Aha=ar bin Moha//e' al-Kelabi
Ab'ullah bin Aa/ir
Ab'ullah bin al-Hussein al-Mue''ib
Ab'ullah bin al-Mu#heera
Ab'ullah bin I/ran
Ab'ullah bin 6a:far al-Hi/%ari
Ab'ullah bin 6ibilla
Ab'ullah bin Moha//e' bin Ab'ul-Wahab
Abu Ab'ullah al-6a'ali
Abu <a7r
Abu <assir
Abu Dawou' al-Aa/a
Abu Ha/a
Abu Isha an-Hahawi
Abu 2a.aa
Abu Saee' al-Khi'ri
Abu Tharr
Ah/e' bin al-A%es
Ah/e' bin Ali al-Isfahani
Ah/e' bin I'ris
Ah/e' bin Moha//e'
Ah/e' bin Moha//e' bin Khali'
Ah/e' bin 0ah%a
Al-Abbas bin 0ai'
Al-Alaa
Al-Harith bin Moha//e' al-Ahwal
Al-Hasan bin Ab'ullah bin Saee'
Al-Hasan bin Ali bin al-Mu#heera
Al-Hasan bin Ali bin Annu/an
Al-Hasan bin Ali bin Ia''hal
Al-Hasan bin Mahboub
Al-Hasan bin 2ashi'
Al-Hussein bin al-Hasan bin Eban
Al-Hussein bin Ibrahi/
Al-Hussein bin Moha//e' bin Aa/ir
Al-Hussein bin Saee'
Ali bin Abi Ha/a
Ali bin al-Ha7a/
Ali bin Aaba
Ali bin Moha//e' bin al-Hasan al-Qiwini
Ali bin Zai'
Al-Mufa''hal
Al-Mu#heera bin Moha//e' bin al-Muhallab al-
A'i
Al-Qasi/ bin 0ah%a
A/r bin Sulai/an
A/r bin Thabit
Aaba
As-Sabah bin Sa%%aba
A%%oub bin Attaa
<a7r bin Ab'ullah
Dawou' bin Kuthair ar-2ai
Eban bin Ta#hlib
Ebba' bin Sulai/an
Eblis
Eli
Essa/ bin 0ousuf
Habib as-Se.istani
Hanhala
Harun
He//a' bin 0ai'
He//a' bin Zai'
Husha/
Husha/ bin Sale/
Ibn Abbas
Ibn Arwa
Ibn 6ura'a al-<ar'a:i
Ibn Mabara
Ibn Mas:ou'
Ibn !/ar
Isha bin Musa al-Ka'hi/
Is/aeel
Is/aeel bin Musli/ ash-Shuairi
Is/aeel bin Tawba
6a:far bin Ali bin al-Hasan bin Ali
6a:far bin Moha//e' bin Masrour
6abir
Maisar
Mali7 al-6uhani
Mansour as-Sa%al
Moha//e' al-Qibtti
Moha//e' bin Ab'ullah bin Aa/ir
Moha//e' bin Ab'ul-Wahab
Moha//e' bin Abi al-Qasi/
Moha//e' bin Abi U/air
Moha//e' bin Ah/e' al-Qawariri
Moha//e' bin Ah/e' bin Ali al-Asa'i
Moha//e' bin Ah/e' bin Ha/'an al-Qushairi
Moha//e' bin al-Ia'hl
Moha//e' bin al-Hasan as-Sa=ar
Moha//e' bin al-Hasan bin al-Mutawa77il
Moha//e' bin al-Hasan bin al-Walee'
Moha//e' bin al-Hussein
Moha//e' bin al-Hussein bin Abi al-Khattab
Moha//e' bin Ali bin al-Hussein bin <abawa%h
Moha//e' bin Ali Ma.ilwa%h
Moha//e' bin A//ar
Moha//e' bin Asla/ at-Tusi
Moha//e' bin A%%oub al-Kelabi
Moha//e' bin Ha/ran
Moha//e' bin Musa bin al-Mutawa77il
Moha//e' bin Musli/
Moha//e' bin Qa%s
Moha//e' bin Sulai/an
Moha//e' bin Ubai'ullah
Moha//e' bin 0ah%a al-Attar
Moha//e' bin Zi%a'
Muawi%a a'-Duhani
Muawi%a bin A//ar
Musa an-Hu/a%ri
Mustafa' bin 0ah%a
Ha1i
!/ar bin al-Khattab
!/ar bin Eban al-Kelbi
!/ar bin Eban ar-2ifaee
!/ar bin Hanhala
!th/an bin Asla/
Qanbar
2ua%%a bint Isha bin Musa al-Ka'hi/
Sa:' bin Ab'ullah
Sa'ir as-Sa%ra1
Saee' bin Al-Musa%%ab
Sulai/an
Sulai/an a'-Daila/i
Sulai/an bin Al-A: /ash
Thaalaba bin !/ar
The *haraoh
U//u Ibrahi/
0a:oub bin 0ai'
0ah%a bin Eban al-Qa//at
Zai' bin Thabit
Za7ari%%a
Zi%a' bin Ab'illah al-<u7aai
. Ali:s ran7 is as sa/e as the *ro&het:s............-,
). The /erit of the lo$e for the fa/il% of
Moha//e'......................................................-,
-. The Shia will be the /ost sure-foote' on the
*ath................................................................-,
3. The lo$e for Ali is in the belie$er:s heart........-,
4. The Shia will ha$e se+urit% an' faith..............-,
D. *eo&le will be interro#ate' about the lo$e for
the *ro&het:s fa/il%.........................................-,
E. The Shia en.o% ran7s hi#her than the an#els:. -,
F. The Shia:s ran7s in the si#ht of the I/a/s.....-,
. !ur Shia are the /asters an' the hi#hborn....-,
,. The lo$e for Ali +onsu/es the e$il 'ee's......-,
. The Shia will be on lu/inous sta#es.............-,
). The Shia will not be &unishe' for their lo%alt%
to the I/a/s....................................................-,
-. The Shia are the &eo&le of Allah:s &referen+e
an' /er+%........................................................-,
3. The Shia are not sub.e+t to the re+or'.........-,
4. The Shia of Ali are the true &ious.................-,
D. The Shia are witnesses on &eo&le................-,
E. The ran7 of Ali:s a'orers in the si#ht of Allah
-,
F. Allah honors the %oun# Shiites an'
re$eren+es their ol' /en..................................-,
. The Shia will enter into Aaba for their lo%alt%
-,
),. The Shia are &ale-fa+e' be+ause of the
/ention of Allah...............................................-,
). Allah +reate' the belie$ers fro/ His li#ht.....-,
)). The Shia:s a+7nowle'#e/ent of the
I//a+ulate I/a/s...........................................-,
)-. The Shiite worshi&s Allah while stan'in# or
sittin#.............................................................-,
)3. The An#el of Death &ities for the Shiite........-,
)4. The Shia on the Da% of 2esurre+tion............-,
)D. The &ro&hets" an#els" an' /art%rs will en$%
the Shia...........................................................-,
)E. When he +o/es out of the #ra$e" the Shiite:s
fa+e is li7e full /oon........................................-,
)F. The relief" +ontent/ent" an' #la' ti'in#s are
for the Shia of Ali.............................................-,
). The lo$e for the *ro&het:s househol' is #oo'
'ee'................................................................-,
-,. The I/a/s lo$e their Shia...........................-,
-. The sins of the belie$ers are for#i$en..........-,
-). Allah will #rant the belie$er whate$er he as7s
-,
--. The Shia are for *ara'ise an' *ara'ise is
theirs..............................................................-,
-3. The Shia:s houses an' #ra$es are &ara'ises.-,
-4. The wo/en of &ara'ise loo7 at the belie$er in
&ra%ers............................................................-,
-D. The hi#hest ran7s of *ara'ise are the Shia:s
-,
-E. The 'ea' Shiite is as the /art%r..................-,
-F. Ior the Shia" their 'ee's are a++e&te' an'
sins are for#i$en..............................................-,
-. The Shiite an' the haters............................-,
3,. The Shia eat an' 'ress the le#al..................-,
3. The Shia are followin# the reli#ion of
Moha//e' an' his forefathers.........................-,
3). The Shia are a''e' to those who/ the% li7e
-,
3-. The Shiite will not see Hell..........................-,
33. The honorin# of the Shia in *ara'ise............-,
34. The I/a/s are the inter+essors of *ara'ise. -,
1. INDEX OF THE QURANIC TEXTS............................30
2. INDEX OF THE NARRATIONS..................................30
3. INDEX OF THE NAMES OF THE SINLESS...............30
. INDEX OF PROPER NAMES.....................................30
!. TABLE OF CONTENTS.............................................30
ISLAMIC TERMS..............................................................30
Allah Almi"hty Hod$
Ansar The spporters$ The people of Medina &ho
recei#ed, &elcomed, and protected the (rophet .s/ and
the Mha*irs$
Aan Annoncement$ The Mslim call to rital prayer$
Gali&h The chief ci#il and reli"ios rler of the Mslim
commnity$
Eblis The De#il$
Ei' ul-A'ha 7east of sacri;ce$ A festi#al mar%in" the
clmination of the annal pil"rima"e .Hajj/ to Mecca$
Ei' ul-Iitr 7east of brea%in" fast$ A festi#al mar%in"
the end of Ramadan$
Esha: *ra%er The obli"atory for0ra%+a prayer of
e#enin"$
Ia.r *ra%er The obli"atory t&o0ra%+a prayer of da&n$
Aha%bah The sta"e of in#isibility of Imam Al0Mahdi
.a/$
Ha'ith The body of traditions concernin" the sayin"s,
doin"s, and con;rmations of the (rophet Mhammad,
peace be pon him and his family$
Ha.. The pil"rima"e to the Sacred Mos,e at Mecca
nderta%en in the t&elfth month of the Mslim year and
constittin" one of the reli"ios dties of Islam$
Halal The allo&able accordin" to the Islamic Sharia$
Hara/ The forbidden accordin" to the Islamic Sharia$
I/a/ A$ One of the t&el#e immaclate Imams namely
Ali bin Abi Talib, Al0Hasan bin Ali, Al0Hssein bin Ali, Ali
bin Al0Hssein .As0Se**ad/, Mohammed bin Ali .Al0Ba,ir/,
>a+far bin Mohammed .As0Sadi,/, Msa bin >a+far .Al0
=adhim/, Ali bin Msa .Ar0Ridha/, Mohammed bin Ali .Al0
>a&ad/, Ali bin Mohammed .Al0Hadi/, Al0Hasan bin Ali
.Al0As%ari/, and Mohammed bin Al0Hasan .Al0Mahdi/
peace be pon them all$ 4$ A leader "enerally or of a
collecti#e prayer$
Ia/a The prefatory statements of the rital prayers$
6iha' Reli"ios &arfare or a &ar for the propa"ation or
defense of Islam$
Kaaba The s,are0shaped bildin" in the center of the
Hreat Mos,e in Mecca, in the direction of &hich
Mslims mst face in doin" the obli"atory prayer$
Koreish The tribe that inhabited Mecca in the time of
The (rophet Mhammad .s/ and to &hich he belon"ed$
.Koreishite: one &ho belon"s to =oreish/
Ma#hrib *ra%er The obli"atory three0ra%+a prayer of
snset$
Mah'i 7or Shia, the t&elfth Imam Mohammed bin Al0
Hasan Al0Mahdi .a/2 the restorer of reli"ion and *stice
&ho &ill rle before the end of the &orld$
Mas.i' Mos,e$
Mihrab A niche in a mos,e directin" to the %iblah$
Mi/bar The sta"e in a mos,e from &hich sermons
are deli#ered$
Mosue A place of &orship$
Muha.irs The emi"rants$ The early Mslims of Mecca
&ho had to See their homeland to Medina$
Mu.ahi' The performer of *ihad$
Mun7ar an' Ha7eer The t&o an"els &hose mission is
interro"atin" the dead in their "ra#es$
Quran >Koran? The Di#ine Boo% that &as re#ealed to
the (rophet Mohammed .s/$
2a7:a The nit of a prayer$
2a/a'an The ninth month of the year in the Islamic
calendar, drin" &hich Mslims obser#e strict fastin"
bet&een da&n and snset$
Shaha'a The Mslim profession of faith, *a ilaha illa
AABllah. Muhammadun rasul Allah .There is no Hod bt
Allah, YandZ Mhammad is the messen"er of Allah/$
Shaitan The De#il$
Sunna The body of the (rophet Mohammed+s &ords,
deeds, and con;rmations$
Sharia The Islamic code of reli"ios la&, based on the
teachin"s of the =oran and the traditional sayin"s of the
(rophet Mhammad .peace be pon him and his
family/$
Sura Any of the sections of the =oran$
Tahlil Sayin" *a ilaha illa AABllah G There is no Hod bt
Allah:
Tai%ah .pios dissimlation/$ The belief of the
concealment of the tre beliefs in sitations &here
harm or death &ill de;nitely be encontered if the tre
beliefs are declared$
Tasbih The sayin" of <sbhaanallah+'e:tolment of
Hod$
U//a The Islamic commnity$
U//i The inhabitant of @mm l09ra: Mecca$
U/rah A lesser pil"rima"e to Mecca made
independently of or at the same time as the ha**, and
consistin" of a nmber of de#otional ritals performed
&ithin the city$
Za7at The obli"atory payment made annally nder
Islamic la& on certain %inds of property and sed for
charitable and reli"ios ob*ects$