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Vectors

Question 1
6
UCLES 2010 0580/23/M/J/10
For
Examiner's
Use

14 Solve the equation 9
2
) 4 ( 3 = +
y
y .












Answer y =

[3]


15
G
O
H
N
g
h
NOT TO
SCALE


In triangle OGH, the ratio GN : NH = 3 : 1.

= g and = h.

Find the following in terms of g and h, giving your answers in their simplest form.

(a)



Answer(a) =

[1]

(b)






Answer(b) =

[2]


Question 2
9
UCLES 2012 0580/23/M/J/12 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
18
Q R
O
P
M
X q
p
NOT TO
SCALE


O is the origin and OPRQ is a parallelogram.
The position vectors of P and Q are p and q.
X is on PR so that PX = 2XR.

Find, in terms of p and q, in their simplest forms

(a) ,









Answer(a)

=

[2]


(b) the position vector of M, the midpoint of QX.









Answer(b)

[2]


Question 3
!!
0580/23/M/J/13 UCLES 2013
"#$%& ()*%
!"#
$%&'()*#+
,+*
!+
C
O
E A
D B
c
b
-./01$ is a regular polygon.
,-. Write down the geometrical name Ior this polygon.
.)+2*#3&4 ............................................... |1|
,/. - is the origin. / and 0.
Find, in terms oI / and 0, in their simplest Iorm,
,1. ,
.)+2*#354(i) ............................................... |1|
,11. ,
.)+2*#354(ii) ............................................... |2|
,111. the position vector oI $.
.)+2*#354(iii) ............................................... |1|

2$*341(& 56 13 7%1&4*8 (& 49* &*:4 7-;*<


Question 4
9
UCLES 2012 0580/23/O/N/12 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
20
O C
D
E
d
c
NOT TO
SCALE


In the diagram, O is the origin.
= c and = d.
E is on CD so that CE = 2ED.

Find, in terms of c and d, in their simplest forms,

(a) ,





Answer(a)
=


[2]


(b) the position vector of E.















Answer(b)

[2]


Question 5
16
UCLES 2011 0580/43/M/J/11
For
Examiner's
Use
10 (a)
D
A
C
B
p
q
L
N
M
NOT TO
SCALE


ABCD is a parallelogram.
L is the midpoint of DC, M is the midpoint of BC and N is the midpoint of LM.
= p and = q.

(i) Find the following in terms of p and q, in their simplest form.

(a)




Answer(a)(i)(a) =

[1]

(b)




Answer(a)(i)(b) =

[2]

(c)




Answer(a)(i)(c) =

[2]

(ii) Explain why your answer for shows that the point N lies on the line AC.



Answer(a)(ii)

[1]


Question 6
14

UCLES 2010 0580/43/O/N/10
For
Examiner's
Use
9 (a)
3
2
1
1
2
3
4
0 1 1 2 3 4 5 2 3 4
C
B
A
y
x


The points A (5, 3), B (1, 4) and C (4, 2) are shown in the diagram.

(i) Write as a column vector.



Answer(a)(i) =


[1]

(ii) Find as a single column vector.



Answer(a)(ii)


[2]

(iii) Complete the following statement.



=

[1]

(iv) Calculate .









Answer(a)(iv)

[2]
15
UCLES 2010 0580/43/O/N/10 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
(b)
A B
D C
M
u
t
NOT TO
SCALE


ABCD is a trapezium with DC parallel to AB and DC =
2
1
AB.

M is the midpoint of BC.

= t and = u.


Find the following vectors in terms of t and / or u.

Give each answer in its simplest form.

(i)







Answer(b)(i) =

[1]

(ii)







Answer(b)(ii) =

[2]

(iii)







Answer(b)(iii) =

[2]