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ABSTRACT

In this study, a static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) is used to


investigate the effect of this device in controlling active and reactive powers as well as
damping power system oscillations in transient mode. The SSSC equipped with a source
of energy in the DC link can supply or absorb the reactive and active power to or from
the line. Simulations have been done in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. Simulation
results obtained for selected bus-2 in two machine power system shows the efficacy of
this compensator as one of the FACTS devices member in controlling power flows,
achieving the desired value for active and reactive powers, and damping oscillations
appropriately.
CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE NO
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. FACTS 3
2.1 INTRODUCTION 4
2.2 FACTS BASIC TERMS AND DEFINITIONS 6
2.3 PRESENT STATUS OF FACTS CONTROLLERS 9
2.4 FACTS CONTROLLERS CURRENTLY UNDER DEVELOPMENT 11
3. APPLICATION AND BENEFITS OF FACTS 15
3.1 APPLICATIONS 16
3.2 BENEFITS 19
4. STATIC SYNCHRONOUS SERIES COMPENSATOR (SSSC) 22
4.1 INTRODUCTION 23
4.2 BASICS OF POWER TRANSMISSION NETWORK 23
4.3 CONTROL OF POWER FLOW IN AC TRANSMISSION LINES 27
4.4 SSSC WORKING 38
4.5 APPLICATIONS OF SSSC 45
5. INTODUCTION TO MATLAB 46
5.1 MATLAB 47
5.2 SIMULINK 48
6. TWO MACHINE POWER SYSTEM MODELLING 50
6.1 INTRODUCTION 51
6.2 CONTROL STRATEGY OF SSSC 53
CONCLUSION 59
BIBLIOGRAPHY 60
LIST OF FIGURES
CHAPTER LIST OF FIGURES PAGE NO
4.1 A TRANMISSION LINE CARRYING A POWER 24
4.2 TWO GENERATING STATIONS SUPPLYING A LOAD 26
4.3 TWO AREAS CONNECTED BY A TIE LINE 27
4.4 POWER TRANSFER CAPABILTY AS A FUNCTION OF
LINE LENGTH
28
4.5 A LOSS LESS LINE WITH AN IDEAL PST 29
4.6 TRANSMISSION LINE COMPENSATED BY
CONTROLLABLE REACTIVE POWER SOURCE AT
RECEVING END
30
4.7 SHUNT CONNECTED STATCOM 30
4.8 SERIES CONNECTED SSSC 31
4.9 UNIFIED POWER FLOW CONTROLLER 31
4.10 A THREE PHASE SIX PULSE VSC 32
4.11 A SINGLE PHASE HALF WAVE RECTIFIER 32
4.12 WAVE OF V
AN
AND THE FUNDAMENTAL
COMPONENT
34
4.13 AN ELEMENTARY TRANSMISSION POWER SYSTEM 37
4.14 BASIC TWO MACHINE POWER SYSTEM 40
4.15 TRANSMITTED POWER VS TRANSMISSION ANGLE 41
4.16 P VS (DEGREE OF SERIES COMPENSATION) 42
4.17 OSCILLOGRAMS FROM TNA SIMULATIONS 42
6.1 TWO MACHINE POWER SYSTEM WITHOUT SSSC 51
6.2 TWO MACHINE POWER SYSTEM WITH SSSC 52
6.3 CONVERTER CIRCUIT OF SSSC 54
6.4 CONTROL CIRCUIT OF SSSC 55
6.5 VOLTAGE AND CURRENT WAVEFORMS WITH AND
WITHOUT SSSC
56
6.6 ACTIVE AND REACTIVE POWER WAVEFORMS WITH
AND WITHOUT SSSC
57


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
This acknowledgement transcends the reality of formality when we would like to
express our deep gratitude and respect to all those people behind the screen who guided,
inspired and helped us for completion of this Main Project.
We express our sincere thanks to our external guide Mr. K.MANOHAR, B.Tech,
assistant professor for providing his guidance without which carrying of this project
would not be possible.
We are highly indebted to Mr.P.R.Murali Mohan, M.Tech, M.I.S.T.E, Head Of
The Department, Electrical And Electronics Engineering, in providing a flexible
atmosphere at the college.
We hereby express our humble and sincere thanks to Dr.S.M.V.Narayana, M.Tech,
Ph.D, M.I.E, Principal, Gokula Krishna College of Engineering for providing the
necessary facilities in making this project a reality.
We express our sincere thanks to Project Coordinators Mr.P.Naveen, M.Tech,
M.I.S.T.E (Associate Professor) and Mr.V.Masthanaiah, B.Tech, M.I.S.T.E,
(Assistant professor), Department Of Electrical And Electronics Engineering. We
also thank Staff Members and Lab Technicians in the Department of Electrical and
Electronics Engineering for their valuable support throughout this main project.
We are also grateful to our Parents, faculty and friends who rendered help directly
or indirectly at various stages of this project to make it successful.
Submitted by
V. SAI BHARGAV (08F81A0235)
G. PRAVEEN KUMAR (08F81A0226)
K. SRIDHAR (09F85A0204)
U. SATHISH (08F81A0237)
V. RAMANAIAH (09F85A0202)