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Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Electron Devices and Circuits Lab

FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF COMMON EMITTER AMPLIFIER

Circuits Lab FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF COMMON EMITTER AMPLIFIER Remarks (if any): Signature Assessment Pre Lab Test
Circuits Lab FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF COMMON EMITTER AMPLIFIER Remarks (if any): Signature Assessment Pre Lab Test
Circuits Lab FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF COMMON EMITTER AMPLIFIER Remarks (if any): Signature Assessment Pre Lab Test
Circuits Lab FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF COMMON EMITTER AMPLIFIER Remarks (if any): Signature Assessment Pre Lab Test
Circuits Lab FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF COMMON EMITTER AMPLIFIER Remarks (if any): Signature Assessment Pre Lab Test

Remarks (if any):

Signature

Assessment

Pre Lab Test (10 marks):

Performance (15 marks):

Viva voce (10 marks):

Total:

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Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Electron Devices and Circuits Lab

FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF COMMON EMITTER AMPLIFIER

OBJECTIVE The purpose of the experiment is to design a common emitter amplifier. Also to plot the frequency response of the amplifier with and without bypass capacitor. Compare the bandwidth of the amplifier with and without feedback.

EQUIPMENT REQUIRED BC107 Bipolar Junction Transistor 3MHz Function generator (0-30V) Dual Regulated Power Supply

1k 10 F, 15 F, 22 Capacitor
1k
10
F, 15
F, 22
Capacitor

resistor, ½ W

30MHz Cathode Ray Oscilloscope

Breadboard

COMPONENTS AND PURPOSE

S.No

Components

 

Purpose

1

BJT

Amplification

2

Dual regulated power supply

Device biasing

3

Function generator

 

Provide input weak signal

4

Resistors

4 Resistors Voltage divider biasing

Voltage divider biasing

5

Resistor

5 Resistor Collector resistor
5 Resistor Collector resistor
5 Resistor Collector resistor
5 Resistor Collector resistor

Collector resistor

6

Resistor 680

Resistor 680
 

Emitter resistor

7

Resistor 1k

Resistor 1k
 

Load

8

Capacitors 10 F, 15 F

Capacitors 10 F, 15 F
Capacitors 10 F, 15 F

Coupling

9

Capacitor 22

Capacitor 22 F

F

 

Bypass

THEORY

RC coupled CE amplifier is widely used in audio frequency applications in radio and television receivers.Coupling 9 Capacitor 22 F   Bypass THEORY Base current controls the collector current of a

Base current controls the collector current of a common emitter amplifier.frequency applications in radio and television receivers. A small increase in base current results in a

A small increase in base current results in a relatively large increase in collector current.the collector current of a common emitter amplifier. The resistors R 1 and R 2 are

The resistors R 1 and R 2 are employed for the voltage divider bias of the transistor. 1 and R 2 are employed for the voltage divider bias of the transistor.

Voltage divider bias provides high dc bias stabilization independent of variations inare employed for the voltage divider bias of the transistor. The input is coupled through coupling

The input is coupled through coupling capacitor C C 1 to the base. C1 to the base.

The purpose of the coupling capacitor is to couple the ac signal to the input of the amplifier and block dc. It isolates the input signal source and the voltage divider circuit.coupled through coupling capacitor C C 1 to the base. Sri Krishna College of Engineering and

the input signal source and the voltage divider circuit. Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology,

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Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Electron Devices and Circuits Lab

The output voltage is coupled from collector through the capacitor C C 2 . C2 .

Current series feedback is used in this circuit using emitter resistor R E . E .

The emitter resistor R E stabilizes the operating point against temperature variations. E stabilizes the operating point against temperature variations.

The purpose of the bypass capacitor is to bypass signal currents to ground.the operating point against temperature variations. FURTHER READING 1. 2. 3. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM DESIGN Output

FURTHER READING 1. 2. 3.
FURTHER READING
1.
2.
3.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

to ground. FURTHER READING 1. 2. 3. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM DESIGN Output requirements: Mid-band voltage gain of

DESIGN Output requirements: Mid-band voltage gain of the amplifier = 50. Select transistor BC107 Details of BC107:

Type: NPN

Nominal ratings: V CB = 5 V, I C =2 mA, h FE =100 to 500 DC biasing conditions V CC =12 V, I C =2 mA V RC =40% of V CC = 4.8 V V RE =10% of V CC = 1.2 V V CE =50% of V CC = 6 V Design of R C V RC =I C x R C = 4.8 V => R C =2.4 k

V R C =I C x R C = 4.8 V => R C =2.4 k

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Electron Devices and Circuits Lab

Design of RE

V RE =I E x R E = 1.2 V => R E

of RE V R E =I E x R E = 1.2 V => R E

Design of voltage divider R 1 and R 2

B =I C /h FE Assume current through R 1 =10 I B and that through R 2 =9 I B to avoid loading the potential divider network

R 1 and R 2 by the base current.

I

divider network R 1 and R 2 by the base current. I V R 2 =voltage

V R2 =voltage across R 2 = V BE + V RE = 0.7 + 1.2 = 1.9 V

Also VR 2 = 9I B R 2 = 1.9 V

Then R 2 = 1.9 / 9 x 20 x 10-6 = 10.6 k.

V R1 =voltage across R 1 = V CC

Also VR 1 =10I B R1 = 10 v

Then R 1 = 10/10 x 20 x 10-6 = 50 k. Select 47 k std.

v Then R 1 = 10/10 x 20 x 10-6 = 50 k. Select 47 k

V R2 = 12-1.9 V = 10.1 V

Design of R L

Assume R L

V R 2 = 12-1.9 V = 10.1 V Design of R L Assume R L

Design of coupling capacitors C C1 and C C2

X C1 in = R 1 2 We get Rin=1.1 k. Then X C1 So
X C1
in = R 1
2
We get Rin=1.1 k. Then X C1
So C C1
X
C2
C2

C C2

1 2 We get Rin=1.1 k. Then X C1 So C C1 X C2 C2 C

Design of bypass capacitors C E

To bypass the lowest frequency (say 100 Hz), X CE should be equal to one-tenth or less than the

resistance R E .

X E /10 CE C E PRACTICE PROCEDURE
X
E /10
CE
C
E
PRACTICE PROCEDURE

Connections are made as per the circuit diagram.resistance R E . X E /10 CE C E PRACTICE PROCEDURE The input sine wave

The input sine wave signal with appropriate amplitude from the function generator is fed to the circuit.PROCEDURE Connections are made as per the circuit diagram. The output is viewed in the CRO;

The output is viewed in the CRO; the corresponding gain is calculated and compared with theamplitude from the function generator is fed to the circuit. designed values. The frequency of the

designed values.

The frequency of the input signal is varied and the output signal gain is tabulated for differentgain is calculated and compared with the designed values. frequencies. A Frequency vs Gain (dB) plot

frequencies.

A Frequency vs Gain (dB) plot using semilog sheet is plotted and the bandwidth of the given amplifieroutput signal gain is tabulated for different frequencies. is calculated from the plot. Repeat the above

is calculated from the plot.

Repeat the above by removing the bypass capacitor.of the given amplifier is calculated from the plot. Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology,

Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore

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MODEL GRAPH

Electron Devices and Circuits Lab

Engineering MODEL GRAPH Electron Devices and Circuits Lab POST LAB 1. Use SPICE to obtain a

POST LAB 1. Use SPICE to obtain a plot of the frequency response of the common emitter amplifier over the frequency range from 1 Hz through 10kHz. 2. Use SPICE to obtain a plot of the frequency response of the two stage common emitter amplifier. Find the midband voltage gain and the lower cut off frequency.

Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore

95

Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Exp. No:

Electron Devices and Circuits Lab

Date:

FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF COMMON EMITTER AMPLIFIER

OBJECTIVE

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

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Electrical & Electronics Engineering

DATA SHEET

Table1: Frequency response with bypass capacitor

Electron Devices and Circuits Lab

Input voltage, Vs = mV Input frequency (Hz) Output voltage, Vo (volts) Gain = Vo
Input voltage, Vs =
mV
Input frequency
(Hz)
Output voltage, Vo
(volts)
Gain = Vo
Vs
20 log Gain
(Gain in dB)
10
20
50
100
200
500
1k
2k
5k
10k
20k
50k
100k
200k
500k
1M
MODEL CALCULATION
Instructor
Date

Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore

97

Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Electron Devices and Circuits Lab

Table2: Frequency response without bypass capacitor

Input voltage, Vs = mV Input frequency (Hz) Output voltage, Vo (volts) Gain = Vo
Input voltage, Vs =
mV
Input frequency
(Hz)
Output voltage, Vo
(volts)
Gain = Vo
Vs
20 log Gain
(Gain in dB)
10
20
50
100
200
500
1k
2k
5k
10k
20k
50k
100k
200k
500k
1M
MODEL CALCULATION
Instructor
Date

Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore

98

Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Electron Devices and Circuits Lab

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION

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