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Constitution of Biak na

Bato
Drafted by Isabello
Artacho and Felix
Ferrer and based on
First Cuaban
Constitution.
It is known as
Constitucion
Provisional de la
Republica de
Filipinas, and was
originally written in
Spanish and tagalog
languages.
Provided for the
creation of the
Supreme council.
The Supreme
Council is the
highest governing
body.
It also outlined
certain basic human
rights such as
freedom of religion,
freedom of the
press and the right
to education.
Malolos Constitution

The first
democratic
constitution in the
whole of Asia.
Known as the
Constitution
Politica de
Malolos and it was
written in Spanish
The form of
government is
parliamentary.
The president was
elected for a term
of four years by
majority of the
assembly.
It states basic civil
rights, separated
the church from
the state, and
called for the
creation of an
Assembly of
Representatives
which would act
as a legislative
body.
Ratified on
November 29,
1898, sign into
law on December
23, approved on
January 20, 1899


1935 Constitution
The government
established by this
constitution is
known as
Commonwealth of
the Philippines
upon the final and
complete
withdrawal of the
sovereignty of the
U.S. and
proclamation of
Philippine
Independence.
It declared the
Philippines as a
Republican State.
The executive
power is vested on
the President who
holds office for a
term of four years
with a maximum of
two consecutive
terms, elected by
direct vote of the
people.
Provided for a
bicameral congress
composed of the
Senate and House
of Representative.
The judicial body is
vested in one
Supreme Court
Ratified on May 14,
1935.
1943 Constitution
Constitution of the
Japanese
Sponsored Republic
of the Philippines
It was never
recognized as
binding by the
government of the
United States or of
the Commonwealth
of the Philippines.
The executive
power is vested in
the President, who
shall be elected by
the majority of the
members of the
National Assembly.
Provided strong
executive powers,
legislature
consisted of a
unicameral national
assembly.
Judicial power is
vested in the
Supreme courtand
such inferior court
as established by
the law.

1973 Constitution

Promulgated after
Macros declaration
of Martial law
Provided a shift
from presidential to
a Parliamentary
form of
Government
It is a Parliamentary
form of
government, the
President as the
Head of State while
the Prime Minister
is the Head of
Government.
The president is
elected among the
members of the
national assembly
for six year term
and could be
reelected while the
Prime minister was
also elected from
among the
assembly men
Legislative power is
vested in the
National Assembly
while the Judicial
power is vested on
the Supreme court.
Retains the
independence of
Commission on
Elections.
Established Civil
Service Commission
and Commission on
Audit
1986 Freedom
Constitution
Corazon C. Aquino,
issued Proclamation
No. 3,following the
1986 People Power
Revolution,
declaring a national
policy to implement
the reforms
mandated by the
people, protecting
their basic rights,
adopting a
provisional
constitution and
providing for an
orderly translation
to a government
under a new
constitution.
Establishes the
Philippines as a
Democratic and
Republican State.
The President under
this constitution
exercised legislative
power, until the
legislature is
elected and
convened under a
new constitution
1987 Constitution
Fourth fundamental
law to govern the
Philippines.
Establishes the
Philippines as a
Democratic and
Republican State
where sovereignty
resides in the
people and
Government
authority emanates
from them.
Consistent with the
Doctrine of
Separation of
Powers. Executive
branch headed by
the President,
Legislative branch
composed of
Congress and
Judicial Branch by
the Supreme court,
occupying he
highest tier of
judiciary.
Bicameral congress
and the presidential
system have been
restored
The president and
the members of the
congress are
directly elected by
the people while
the member of the
supreme court are
appointed by the
President from a list
formed by judicial
and bar council.
EVOLUTION OF PHILIPPINE
CONSTITUTION